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You are on page 1of 2

**Team Selection Test
**

1986

Day 1

1 If ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral, then prove that the incenters of the triangles ABC, BCD,

CDA, DAB are the vertices of a rectangle.

2 Let a

1

, a

2

, ..., a

n

and b

1

, b

2

, ..., b

n

be 2 · n real numbers. Prove that the following two

statements are equivalent:

i) For any n real numbers x

1

, x

2

, ..., x

n

satisfying x

1

≤ x

2

≤ . . . ≤ x

n

, we have

n

k=1

a

k

· x

k

≤

n

k=1

b

k

· x

k

,

ii) We have

s

k=1

a

k

≤

s

k=1

b

k

for every s ∈ {1, 2, ..., n −1} and

n

k=1

a

k

=

n

k=1

b

k

.

3 Given a positive integer A written in decimal expansion: (a

n

, a

n−1

, . . . , a

0

) and let f(A)

denote

n

k=0

2

n−k

· a

k

. Deﬁne A

1

= f(A), A

2

= f(A

1

). Prove that:

I. There exists positive integer k for which A

k+1

= A

k

. II. Find such A

k

for 19

86

.

4 Given a triangle ABC for which C = 90 degrees, prove that given n points inside it, we can

name them P

1

, P

2

, . . . , P

n

in some way such that:

n−1

k=1

(P

K

P

k+1

)

2

≤ AB

2

(the sum is over the consecutive square of the segments from 1 up

to n −1).

Edited by orl.

http://www.artofproblemsolving.com/

This ﬁle was downloaded from the AoPS Math Olympiad Resources Page Page 1

China

Team Selection Test

1986

Day 2

1 Given a square ABCD whose side length is 1, P and Q are points on the sides AB and AD.

If the perimeter of APQ is 2 ﬁnd the angle PCQ.

2 Given a tetrahedron ABCD, E, F, G, are on the respectively on the segments AB, AC and

AD. Prove that:

i) area EFG ≤ maxarea ABC,area ABD,area ACD,area BCD. ii) The same as above

replacing ”area” for ”perimeter”.

3 Let x

i

, 1 ≤ i ≤ n be real numbers with n ≥ 3. Let p and q be their symmetric sum of degree

1 and 2 respectively. Prove that:

i) p

2

·

n−1

n

−2q ≥ 0

ii)

x

i

−

p

n

≤

p

2

−

2nq

n−1

·

n−1

n

for every meaningful i.

4 Mark 4 · k points in a circle and number them arbitrarily with numbers from 1 to 4 · k. The

chords cannot share common endpoints, also, the endpoints of these chords should be among

the 4 · k points.

i. Prove that 2 · k pairwisely non-intersecting chords can be drawn for each of whom its

endpoints diﬀer in at most 3 · k −1. ii. Prove that the 3 · k −1 cannot be improved.

http://www.artofproblemsolving.com/

This ﬁle was downloaded from the AoPS Math Olympiad Resources Page Page 2

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