You are on page 1of 5

 What are the MySQL Enterprise Monitor Advisor Rules?


The MySQL Enterprise Monitor Advisor Rules are a set of MySQL supplied best
practices that allow DBAs to implement new MySQL servers with confidence and to
proactively manage the dynamic nature of all of their MySQL servers over time. The
MySQL Advisor Rules monitor all MySQL servers for adherence to MySQL
recommended configuration and server settings and notify the DBA with specific
instructions to proactively address found exceptions and to align these exceptions
with MySQL best practices. To this end, the Enterprise Monitor employs over 100
MySQL Advisor Rules that monitor over 600 MySQL and OS specific variables and
metrics that track and report on the overall health, security, availability, and
performance of each MySQL server.
The Enterprise Monitor ships with the following set of MySQL Advisors:
o Administration Advisor
Monitors and advises on problems relating to general database
administration, recoverability and performance configuration settings.
o Upgrade Advisor
Monitors and advises on specific bugs that can potentially impact versions of
MySQL Enterprise Server deployed within an environment. Advises on specific
upgrade path to version of MySQL that provides fix for identified bugs.
o Performance Advisor
Monitors and advises on deviations from MySQL performance best-practice
rules.
o Schema Advisor
Monitors and advises on unexpected changes to database schema and
objects.
o Memory Usage Advisor
Monitors and advises on the optimal use of memory and cache settings for
specific MySQL implementations.
o Security Advisor
Monitors and advises on security vulnerabilities in a MySQL Server.
o Replication Advisor
Monitors and advises on issues relating to replication setup, synchronization
or performance problems.
o Custom Advisor
Allows a DBA to define best practices to fit their organization's specific
needs.
Each of the Advisors is designed to cover specific DBA areas of concern and is
comprised of a set of Advisor Rules that help DBAs proactively find problems and
tuning opportunities that they may not have the time or expertise to find
themselves. The Advisors and examples of the Rules they provide are summarized
below:
Administration Advisor Rules
Administration Advisor rules are designed to ensure all MySQL servers are running
with optimal availability, uptime, performance and recoverability settings. For
example, the Administration Advisor provides an Advisor Rule designed to monitor
the number of active connections to a MySQL server and to proactively notify you
when this number approaches the maximum allowed for a specific server. You can
then use the advice and command provided by the Advisor Rule to adjust this value
before additional user connections are aborted or denied.
Upgrade Advisor Rules
Upgrade Advisor Rules ensure you are running the most secure, up to date versions
of the MySQL Enterprise Server. Rules are designed to identify and alert you to
specific bugs in the MySQL bug database that affect a version of MySQL you have
running in your production environment. They also advise you on the upgrade path
to the specific version of the MySQL Enterprise Server that contains the fix for any
bugs that have been identified.
Performance Advisor Rules
Performance Advisor Rules ensure the highest levels of performance by monitoring
dynamic server metrics (cache usage/hit ratios, sorting activity, row accesses,
concurrent queries, temp tables, etc.) and advising on adjustments to configuration
settings. The Performance Advisor provides advanced monitoring of your stored
code objects to ensure the proper use of indexes in your SELECT and ORDER BY
statements and advises you when row accesses or sorting activities exceed best
practice threshold values.
Schema Advisor Rules
Schema Advisor Rules identify and notify you of schema level add, drop, and alter
activities that may affect database performance and availability. For example, the
Schema Advisor provides Advisor Rules that are designed to identify and notify you
of altered tables or dropped indexes that may affect the design and performance of
your database. In addition, the Schema Advisor Rules provide you with the advice
needed to help quickly identify the unexpected changes and recover the affected
objects.
Memory Usage Advisor Rules
Memory Usage Advisor rules ensure the highest levels of performance by
monitoring dynamic server metrics (memory usage, cache usage, hit ratios, etc.) and
advising on adjustments to configuration settings. For example, the Memory Usage
Advisor provides an Advisor Rule that proactively monitors your read intensive,
common query Web or Intranet based applications. If these applications suddenly
spike in disk I/O, and consequently degrade in performance, the Memory Usage
Advisor will proactively identify the problem and advise you how to tune and
optimize your MySQL configurations settings for things like key_buffer_size or
query_cache_size for improved performance.
Security Advisor Rules
Security Advisor Rules identify and notify you of security vulnerabilities and
unplanned changes to security settings across all of your MySQL servers. For
example, if a new MySQL user is added to one of your production MySQL servers or
if privileges are granted without your knowledge, the Security Advisor provides
Advisor Rules that will immediately notify you of this security hole and provide you
with instructions on how to quickly fix the issue.
Replication Advisor Rules
Replication Advisor Rules find issues and recommend solutions to replication setup
and performance problems. For example, the Replication Advisor provides Advisor
Rules that monitor Slave/Master latency against MySQL or user-defined time
thresholds. If a slave is too far behind the master, the Replication Advisor will notify
you of the problem and show you how to troubleshoot your MySQL environment,
including network related issues, so that your high-volume mission-critical
applications maintain their performance.
Custom Advisor Rules
This feature is for DBAs with advanced monitoring needs: The MySQL Advisors can
be extended to include custom Advisor Rules that monitor existing metrics or that
the DBA opts to collect from the MySQL server. DBAs can easily copy and edit the
MySQL provided Advisor Rules to better meet their organization's specific needs. Or,
they can create Advisor Rules and evaluated expressions from scratch using the
MySQL provided template and the MySQL and OS variables and counters collected by
the Enterprise Monitor.
For example, a good indicator of how well a MyISAM powered data warehouse is
performing is to analyze the MyISAM cache hit rate by calculating the percentage of
key read requests that were satisfied by key reads. Users can assign the thresholds
that best align with their specific server level agreements (SLAs). If the Query Cache
hit ratio falls below 99%, an email notification can be delivered to the DBA to
increase the query_cache_size value to correct the problem and improve
throughput.