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# ANOVA

A B C A2 B2 C2
4 5 8 16 25 64
7 1 6 49 1 36
6 3 8 36 9 64
6 5 9 36 25 81
3 5 0 9 25
4 Sum of Ti = T.. 0 16 0 T^2
Ti 23 21 36 80 137 85 270 492
Ti^2/n 132.25 73.5 259.2 464.95 Xij^2
Sum of Ti^2
Testic Statistics
ANOVA TABLE
Sources SS Df MSS f F 0.05
TSS =
Type of Cars Type of Cars
Hypotheses Testing
Ho Ua = Ub = Uc Average No. of Defects in 3 model of ours
H1 Ua = Ub = Uc Vi+j+k=d Atleast of ane type averge defects are diff
Test Information
Distribution Distributors
Level of significance = 0.05
Decision Criteria if Fcal > Fcnt cal
then Ho will be rejected
Critical Value
From the f table form = 0.05, V1 = 2 & V2 = 12 and F 0.05 = 2.--- = 389
Result on Company A and B Tcal
Conclusion: TSS = 492 CSS 46495-80/15 = 38.28
TSS = When no. of samples are same Xij^2 - T^2 / Nk N = total no of Samples, K= Total no. of population
When no. of samples are not same Xij^2 - T^2 / N
The average No. of defects in 3 model are not the same that means that that means that
the perception of the people that higher price of the mobile are assembled with greater
pair
N = total no of Samples, K= Total no. of population
1 Equal Sample Size 1 Unequal Sample Size
T..
Ti
2
n nk
Ti
2
nk
ESS = TSS - CSS ESS =
2 Define all for each sample 2 Define all for each sample
H
o
& H
1
H
o
& H
1
3 Give Test Information 3 Give Test Information
1 Sided Test 1 Sided Test
Use F Distribution Table Use F Distribution Table
ANOVA Table ANOVA Table
Sum of
Square
Degree
of
Fredom
Mean of
Sum of
Square
Compute
d value
of f
Sum of
Square
SS f MSS F
cal
SS
CSS
Value of
CSS
V
1
= n-1 ESS / f CSS
Value of
CSS
ESS
Value of
ESS
V
2
= k(n-
1)
CSS / f ESS
Value of
ESS
4 Critical Value 4 Critical Value
From f table by using value From f table by using value
look in V1 & V2 look in V1 & V2
5 Decision Criterea 5 Decision Criterea
If Fcal > F critical then Accept Ho If Fcal > F critical then Accept Ho
6 Conclusion 6 Conclusion
=
TSS =
Source
ANOVA
MSS
1
/
MSS
2
Source
CSS =
TSS =
-
-
Xij
2
CSS
Unequal Sample Size
T..
Ti
2
n N
Ti
2
N
TSS - CSS
Define all for each sample
Give Test Information
Use F Distribution Table
Degree
of
Fredom
Mean of
Sum of
Square
Compute
d value
of f
f MSS F
cal
V
1
= n-1 ESS / f
V
2
= N-k CSS / f
From f table by using value
If Fcal > F critical then Accept Ho
MSS
1
/
MSS
2
ANOVA
-
Xij
2
-
Data
Total
A B C D E
5 9 3 2 7
4 7 5 3 6
8 8 2 4 9
6 6 3 1 4
3 9 7 4 7
26 39 20 14 33 132 Ti 17424

2
676 1521 400 196 1089 3882 T..
Square A B C D E Total
25 81 9 4 49
16 49 25 9 36
64 64 4 16 81
36 36 9 1 16
9 81 49 16 49
150 311 96 46 231 834
Xij
2
1 Equal Sample Size
T..
Ti
2
3882
n nk 5
Ti
2
nk
ESS = TSS - CSS = 137.04 -
2 Define all for each sample H
o
= The average time for pain relief for all brands are equal
H
o
& H
1
H
1 = The average time for pain relief for atleast 01 brands is unequal
3 Give Test Information
1 Sided Test
Use F Distribution Table
ANOVA Table
Tablets
Tablets
CSS = - = -
= - TSS =
Xij
2
- 834
Sum of
Square
Degree
of
Fredom
Mean of
Sum of
Square
Compute
d value
of f
Sum of
Square
SS f MSS F
cal
SS
CSS
Value of
CSS
V
1
= n-1 ESS / f CSS 79.44
ESS
Value of
ESS
V
2
= k(n-
1)
CSS / f ESS 57.6
4 Critical Value
From f table by using value From f table by using value = 0.05
look in V1 & V2 f(v1,v2) = 2.87
5 Decision Criterea
If Fcal > F critical then Accept Ho 6.90 >
H
o
=
6 Conclusion
The pain relief time for all brands are not equal
Source
MSS
1
/
MSS
2
Source
Ti
2
17424
25
17424
25
79.44 = 57.6
The average time for pain relief for all brands are equal
The average time for pain relief for atleast 01 brands is unequal
=
=
79.44
137.04
Degree
of
Fredom
Mean of
Sum of
Square
Computed
value of f
f MSS F
cal
4 19.86
20 2.88
From f table by using value = 0.05
2.8
Accepted
The pain relief time for all brands are not equal
6.90
Data
Tablets Total
A B C
4 5 8
7 1 6
6 3 8
6 5 9
3 5
4
23 21 36 80 Ti 6400
Ti
2

2
529 441 1296
n 4 6 5
Tablets
Square A B C Total
16 25 64
49 1 36
36 9 64
36 25 81
9 25
16
137 85 270 492
Xij
2
1 Equal Sample Size
T..
Ti
2
n N
Ti
2
N
ESS = TSS - CSS = 65.3333 -
2 Define all for each sample H
o
= The average number of defects in all brands of car are same
H
o
& H
1
H
1 = The average number of defects in 01 brand of car is not same
3 Give Test Information
1 Sided Test
Use F Distribution Table
464.95 T../n
-
= 492 -
= 464.95
TSS =
Xij
2
-
CSS = -
ANOVA Table
Sum of
Square
Degree
of
Fredom
Mean of
Sum of
Square
Compute
d value
of f
Sum of
Square
SS f MSS F
cal
SS
CSS
Value of
CSS
V
1
= n-1 ESS / f CSS 38.28
ESS
Value of
ESS
V
2
= N-k CSS / f ESS 27.05
4 Critical Value
From f table by using value From f table by using value = 0.05
look in V1 & V2 f(v1,v2) = 3.89
5 Decision Criterea
If Fcal > F critical then Accept Ho 8.49 >
H
o
=
6 Conclusion
The damages in all brands of car are equal
MSS
1
/
MSS
2
Source Source
6400
15
6400
15
38.2833 = 27.05
The average number of defects in all brands of car are same
The average number of defects in 01 brand of car is not same
= 38.28
= 65.33
Degree
of
Fredom
Mean of
Sum of
Square
Computed
value of f
f MSS F
cal
2 19.14
12 2.25
From f table by using value = 0.05
3.89
Accepted
The damages in all brands of car are equal
8.49