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M You can start 1


S1 This year the date was the same in both 2
S2 The date of Easter 3
S3 (struggling) the Orthodox in (sic) the Western 4
S4 Church. I like Easter 5
M OK the Orthodox and Western Church, hm? OK. 6
1 This year the date was the same in both 7
S2 The date of Easter 8
S3 (struggling) the Orthodox and the Western 9
S4 Church. 10
M Good. Ok, go on 11
S5 I like Easter(does not pronounce the s) It is a season 12
S1 and S2 of renewal and hope 13
S3 and often the weather is good. 14
S4 On Thursday my mother and I 15
S5 went to the church and ate some (sic) 16
S1 chandles. 17
M No you say candles. And remembered 18
S2 deprtchd reltiv 19
M relatives. 20
S2 The next 21
S3 day my sister went to church 22
S4 but I made the dark red paint 23
S5 for the eggs which we boiledboiled 24

2

S1 and decortd to kele.. 1
M celebrate 2
S1 celbrate 3
S2 the day when we feel close to 4
S3 each other and the people 5
S4 beforeuz 6
M us 7
S4 usso we took the eggs 8
S5 to the borial [M burial] place on Sunday 9
S1 (a bit struggling) wherewealsoleft 10
M where we also left 11
S2 it was a happy moment really, cooking for my mother and 12
S3 (a bit mangled, excellent teleological peroration) a season of renewal and hope 13
******* 14
(viewing video) 15
M Whats he doing now? 16
S (very quiet) swimmingwatching 17
M Yeah - Whats he doing? 18
S (quiet) swimming 19
M .hes swimming, yes. Because this rock is outside the coast: it is 20 meters from the coast; he has to 20
take his bag, with all the climbing things, on his back in the water. 21
S (very very quiet) And hes swimming? 22
M As you see, hes going to swim back the other man is swimming back now 23
****** 24

3

M So beautifuleh? He must find this placehe must swim.. 1
S1 Where (is it) ? 2
M He must go uphe must come downhe must swimand everything is wettheres a good 3
sunshinetheyre going home. Theres it. (indicating sea stack on video) 4
***** 5
M So where is it, Tamazi? Which country is it in? A beautiful countryWhere is it? 6
S1 Hmm.(very quiet indeed) Its Scotland? 7
M What country is it in? 8
S1 Scotland 9
M Yes its in Scotland.What do you think about this place? 10
S1 Its very beautiful.. 11
M Its very beautiful 12
M ExcellentOK 13
**** 14
M Tamazi, Can you read? 15
S1 When I arrived at Store Lighthouse it looked 16
like I had made the right deci (pronouncing it de-sigh) 17
M decision 18
S2 When (for while) there was still a lot of mist it had britenedit had britened up and looked like the 19
sun might break through 20
S3 But my hopes were soon dashed, with more mist rolling in again 21
S4 shortly after I left for the walk. 22
S5 As I was already on my way I decided to continue anyway. 23

4

M OK great. There is a lighthouse and at the beginningof the walk to this placeif you look at the 1
beginning of the filmyou can see the lighthousethe lighthouse (plays extract) 2
M: Whats its name? 3
S lantern 4
M lantern, thats right. Now this section of the filmis what we have here.so what we can dois 5
carry on here But.. 6
S3 But my hopes were soon dashed, with more mist rolling in again shortly after I left for the walk. As I 7
was already on my way I decided to [wild guess] purpose anyway. 8
M Con 9
S3 confort(corrected by other students) continue 10
M Good Mmm..hmn 11
S4 When orthe (corrects himself) Walking over(tries to say Sidhean Morch) 12
M This is Gaelicthis is old Scottish. I dont know what it means. I tried to find out but the internet did 13
not tell me. Sidhean Mor it maybe means the mountain by the seaBecause this is Morch which is like 14
the Welsh and the French 15
S3 hmm 16
M for the sea, it has an M and a R M at the beginning; R at the end; Latin : mare; so thats what it 17
means I spottedI spotted 18
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S4 I spotted theOldOld Manof Store 20
21
M Yeah what. I think this Stoer *as in stir+ its a Scottish wordand its hard enough to learn English, 22
or to teachI would say, stoerstir the sugar in the tea. 23
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S3 (hesitates) 25
26
M through the 27
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S3 going through the mist 29
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M through 31
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S3going through the mister 33
34

5

M mist. Now thats an easy (word). Mist. 1
2
S4 Someone 3
4
M What? Now all of you, what you need to do is you need to put more hhhhh. And I want more 5
volume. And Im gettingI want more volumeAnd Im getting squeakingIts goodI want more sound 6
you know? Its like Im listening in mono; and I want stereo. You know> Stereo. Mist. Well done. 7
8
S5 Someone in a yellow jacket stood on the cliffs above it, taking pictures. 9
10
M Very much better. Very much better. Now. I have a question. Old Man of Stoer. Is it an old man?.... 11
12
Is it an old man? 13
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S1-5 (murmuring) 15
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M Is it Im asking you old man is that old man of Stoer a man? Is it a man? The Old Man of Stoer: 17
is it a man, or not?......What is the Old Man of Stoer?....You think its a man?.......Well, what dyou think 18
of this.? What is this thing? (indicates sea stack on video, which is paused) 19
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S1-5 err 21
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M And what are they climbing? 23
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S1-5 mmm 25
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M Tamazi? What are they climbing? 27
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S1 Mountain rocks 29
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M yes, and what is the name of mountain rock? 31
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S1 Ahhh!? 33
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S4 Lighthouse. 35
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M NowThe lighthouse is the lighthouse.right? The lighthouse is to stop the ships crashing into the 37
edge of the land..the Old Man of Stoer is.???? 38
39
S1 A. 40
41
S4 stone. 42
43
M Yes!!!!!!!! The Old Man of Stoer 44
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S (several) Stoer 46
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M .is the stack what they call a stack.Nowstack...if I take these cards here, right? Give me the 1
cards pleaseThese are our cards for our dialogue(laughing) now give it back! This is a stack of cards 2
Hm? A stack means.? In writing. What dyou ? Tell me what is a stack! When you have [stacked 3
them] tell me, what (is) it? 4
5
S Twelve 6
7
M Not good! Fourfour hundredfour thousandwhen you have? 8
9
S um? 10
11
M some 12
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S (loudly) some cards? 14
15
M well manymanymany!!! what? 16
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S um.. 18
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M Many? 20
21
S Many things. 22
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M Yeah. Butin general, a stack this is a stack, yes? when you have many.? many? 24
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S s--- 26
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M What is it?? 28
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S (whispered) cards 30
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M Yeah! When you have many. 32
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S and M cards 34
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M on the(M taps..) 36
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S table. 38
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M it is a ? a.what? I just told you: a? 40
41
S (very softly) stack. 42
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M sta-? [no response] stack! 44
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S stack! 46
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M Can you write stack on the board please? 48

7

S c-tah-c-k [first try] 1
2
M That says: steak [second try] 3
4
(discussion between students) 5
6
M Take a better pen than that! 7
8
(student writes) 9
10
M Great! Excellent! So: shes written: what has she written? Read what shes written: s 11
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Students s-t-a-c-k 13
14
M Great! Brilliant ! Now.when we look at that.This isthis iswhere I am not to be teaching you! 15
Im so happy to have that, because 16
17
S Because?...because? 18
19
M Take this red pen! Divide this word(now, I want some intelligencefrom you!) Divide this word 20
into threeinto three [it has] one, two, three, four, five letters.OK? Dividewhere the new three 21
(will) comethreeinto threesooks1..ok1OK? Oknow, second one? Is what? good! 22
Stack! and number three is? 23
24
(murmurings and consultations, M does not helpWe hear stack whispered, sotto voce) 25
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M Good! Fantastic! How many letters? How many letters here? 27
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S1-5 (variously) four! one! four, one 29
30
M How many letters here? 31
32
(students count) 33
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S1-5 (variously) four! one! one! one! 35
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M Yes, one! And how many letters here? 37
38
S Two letters here! 39
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M How many start(ing) sounds here? 41
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S (quietly) two 43
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M st! one sound! 45
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S Two! 47
48

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M Yeah! but you say it fast: st! 1
2
M st! st! That is one sound! 3
4
S (quietly) one sound 5
6
M one sound ? Whats the beginning? (to a visitor: In a minute!) So: two in one! This is a question in 7
English. One sound but two symbols. Yes? This is normal for English. OK. So, the Old Man of Stoer is 8
a? is a? is a? My ear is weak! 9
10
(students generally very quietly saying st, st, sticksteck) 11
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S1 stack! 13
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M Ok. The sound in the middle is , , , , ! 15
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S stack! 17
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M (beating breast) comes from here! Stack! stack! It is.now! this is a stack of.? a stack of? 19
20
S mmmm? 21
22
M What is this? Stack of? 23
24
S1 cards 25
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M cards ok. And what is the Old Man of Stoer? It is a ? stackof.(indicating on board) 27
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S1 (very quietly) rrrocks Other S (playing for time) stack of? 29
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M A stack of? 31
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S3 cards 33
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M No, its made ofstone. It is a stack of? 35
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S1 stone 37
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M Yes. And what do we call those kind of stones? You know the word, see if you know this word (writes 39
up partially on board) I pick TamaziIm naming youyou know this word? 40
41
S1 (faintly) Yes, its whats it? (after a silence) rock! 42
43
M Yes! yes. Now this: we have exactly the same sound. ck at the end. 44
45
S1 rock! 46
47
M Yes. A stack of 48

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S1-5 rock 1
2
M of rock? In English? 3
4
S1 Ah! A stack ofst...rocks! 5
6
M yeah a stack of rocks! And its also called (writing on board) Mari? 7
8
S Sea stack a sea stack of 9
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M A sea stack a sea stack. A sea stack is a? What is a sea stack? It isa 11
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S asea 13
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M stack 15
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S1 stack of rock! 17
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M rocks! where? Where..? InIn the? 19
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S1 sea! 21
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M Yeah! In the sea! This is a stack of rocks in the sea. 23
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S1 Ah!!! 25
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M And to getto get to this stack of rocks in the sea Which country? Which country is it? (showing 27
book, Scotland..) 28
29
S1 Of course its 30
31
M Yes in Scotland. It is here! (indicates on map on the wall). It is here! Right at the top of Scotland! On 32
the left. North-west. A stack of rocks To get to this stack of rocksyou must go there, huh? So: heres 33
Georgia: you take your plane from Tbilisi airport, which is here 34
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S1-5 Near here! 36
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M Right! Ok! And youre flying towhere are you flying to? (discussion) You go to Turkey firstTurkey 38
Istanbul. 39
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S1 Turkey! 41
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M Yes. 43
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S3 No Turkey is this! (indicating) 45
46
M Yes. Now, Istanbul is.(reading the Georgian map) Stamboul. You fly from 47
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S 1-5 Georgia 1
2
M Georgia to? 3
4
S 1-5 Istanbul 5
6
M And then you? Then you have coffee! 7
8
(laughter) 9
10
M And then you.the you fly from? Go on! 11
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S1-5 and M Istanbul 13
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M to. 15
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S1 Scot- 17
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M No 19
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S1-5 EngEngland! 21
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M Right! Then England.Then you stop. And you have coffee. 23
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(giggling) 25
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M And then you go to? 27
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S1 (?) Glasgow, actually (another student: Coffee) 29
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M Yes, so you go by plane to maybe (looking at map) 31
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S I dont know 33
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M No what does that say? 35
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S1 Sea? 37
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M Nothis word here! GlaGlaWhat does that say? Its in Georgian! Gla-- 39
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(children jokingly try to decode word but map is too high for them to read) 41
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M (not realizing this) Glas Glas 43
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S1 Glasgow. 45
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M Glasgow. 47
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S3 Glasgow! 1
2
S kheli dautset (write it by hand!) 3
4
M Glasgow. Here! 5
6
S iqo! (there it was!) 7
8
M It is inda khlebisze (yes, at the point where your hands are..) This is Scotland. Then you have a little 9
bit more and you go right out here 10
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S Ahyeah! 12
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M And atRight on the edge of this is this island 14
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S1 igive! (the same) 16
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M And when youve gone to this island 18
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S1 ipove! (Ive found it!) 20
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M Yeah! - No- Im talking island ss 22
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S Ireland? Yes! 24
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M Yeah- but Im talking about the island 26
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S Island, yes. Im hearing you now. 28
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M Yes. But theres two things. Theres a place with water around 30
31
S1 Around the sea with 32
33
M with a S. island ... island 34
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S Ok, aba? (but what?) 36
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M But what are you going to call that one? Ireland ! 38
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S Oh! I see this, yes! 40
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M Ireland 42
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S3 This one 44
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M Yes. Exactly which you must pronounce as Ireland in English. 46
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S Ireland. 48

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M (indicating e of Ireland on board) This is a sleeping letter- its not pronounced. lreland! 1
2
S1 Ireland! 3
4
M With an ai . And this problem now what you mustwhat you must begin to try to show sh!and 5
this (an) experiment, soits exciting. When you have letters in English, right? a b c d ..iz. Ok look 6
no? That is an aeee vowel, that one is: that is the name of the letter: the name. Like: what is your 7
name? 8
9
S3 Erakle 10
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M Erakle. Ask me what is..? What is? Ask meAsk! 12
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S (finally) What is your name? 14
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M My name is Martin. Ok. Ask her: What is 16
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Students (one to another) Whats your name? My name is Eka. What is your name? My name is Alex. 18
What is your name? My name is Mary. 19
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M Ok so great. So here we haveok, now imagineimagine the lettersare people, ok? And I say to 21
people, Hello! 22
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S1 And whats your name? 24
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M (very loud) Hello! What is your name? 26
27
S1 Ahmy name.. 28
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M My name is 30
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S1 Tamazi! 32
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M Nomy name isB 34
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(laughter) 36
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S1 Ah! B (laughs) 38
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M Hello, what is your name? 40
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S3 My names C 42
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M My name is C. Can you go on? 44
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S3 Hello whats your name? 46
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S4 My name is D 48

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S5 Hello, my name is Aki [? diminutive of Alex] 1
2
M Ah a! Good. Now. Notice the name of this letter is . Its the name of the letter. Ok now. Youre 3
called Tamazi. And your father is from the family.I guess your name may beGogoladzeTabidve [ a 4
bit of playing around+ Whats your name? 5
6
S1 Ah! Razmadze 7
8
M Razmadze? Ok so that is also your name. So you have two names! 9
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S1 yes! One name and [one] last name. 11
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M Now. (indicating letters on boards and making them into dancing men) These are likehuman 13
beings! Oh how about this one. Oh gamarjobat hello! Hello! This is Y. hello! Hello! It has two names. But 14
the second name is a sound. So theres aeee: its like back in the first class 15
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S and M bee-b; cee-c; 17
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M I thought this was going to be (fun) 19
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S dee-d aii- 21
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N Now youve heard thisBut what (we are) having to do.you have to be very clever 23
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S1 Why you have to be clever? 25
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M Why exactly. You ask me why, I will explain. The reason you need to be very cleveris because in 27
English, really, the letters are dancing like your Georgian dances; the letters are dancing. Seriously 28
difficult: seriously difficult to knowhow to pronounce a word. As it is. As you have trouble. Itsits not 29
your fault. English is difficult for how the words operate: (dancing) sometimes theyre like this; 30
sometimes theyre like this. (a little laughter) Its very difficult to actually know now even for English 31
children: they may be ten or eleven years.your ageor even a bit younger, reallythey thought, they 32
can really read: but in England now, some people just cannot even read! (I read [that] in the paper!) 33
Even English, yeuh? So your language has a difficulty in this way (draws a Georgian strong ch ) 34
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S ch 36
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M Yeah- exactly. This is difficult for me. Now we have a difficulty of theletters. You see, they dont 38
have straightdifferent ID. Different ID(s) Rightsosomeone in yellow 39
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S3 Someone in a yellow jacket stood on the cliffs above it, taking pictures. While the mist created a 41
curtain- (for certain) 42
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M No curtain: interesting! You had this sound, didnt you: c before e is not k in English it is? 44
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S cut? 46
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M Why would it be? Its not k, it must be? 48

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S q.q? 1
2
M No! Here it was? 3
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S Ah! 5
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M Yes, go on! 7
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S Euh! cert- 9
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M Ye-ees! So 11
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S spooky atmosphere it wasn't exactly helpful while ( recte: when) trying to take picture (for pictures) of 13
a sea stack (good stress on sea rather than stack) 14
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M Great. Erakle? Butbut 16
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S3 But luck was on my side again: Suddenly the mist lifted and some hay [for hazy - student looks at z of 18
hazy; is unsure, decides to leave it out altogether as a calculated risk ensuring the ability not to be 19
stopped here!] sunshine broke through, giving me a great view of the Old Man of Stoer. I even 20
(pronounces this -vn..) had some unexpected action: 21
M Great! The only thing there is eeeven . Thres two es together with something in the middle, like 22
evening in English its similar - eeee v e. It was very good! Now. 23
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S (after false start) When (for while) I was taking pictures I suddenly I suddenly heard the sound of a 25
helicoptera helicoptors rotor. Looking up a helicoptera helicopter approa.. 26
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M (very slowly and deliberatively) approach 28
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S .very (says wery) low over the sea, flying quite close to the stack.(all OK, words done in individual 30
takes with background vocalizations of err.. between them)As the Old Man of Stoer is only two 31
hundred(?) 32
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M feet 34
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S sixty..mmm 36
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M meters 38
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S metershigh it probably wasn't flying much higher than 150ft 40
M feet. 41
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S feet. It all happened veryquietly 43
M hahaha! 44
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S very quicklyquickly. I only managed to 46

15

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M managed 2
3
S managed to take the two quick snaps of the helicopter below 4
5
next S (very muffled and halting) From the Old Man of Stoer I continued northwards towards the Point 6
of Stoer. I found a nice rock on a cliff overlooking the Point of Stoer where I sat down and had my 7
lunch (pronounes my as (e.g.It) mi) 8
9
M My 10
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S My lunch, enjoying the mild.. pronounces mil-d (to rhyme with build) 12
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M No, this one is mildmildmild 14
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S sunshine 16
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M This one isthis one is mild now; how we picked (this) out: two letters after the i ; ok? ; two 18
letterstwo letters after the i and they are both consonantsthe are both not vowels. We might call 19
these dark, heavy: Ld. Yes? Where the e i o utheyre? 20
21
S light (inaudible but suggested by the context) 22
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M Very good! Yeah! Very good, good, good! (laughter) They are on the groundAnd this is what we 24
already had dgood after eee : and this is mild 25
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S Yesnow 27
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M yes 29
30
S yes 31
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M if you haveno d.maybe you would be right 33
34
S eee ? 35
36
M (indicating next word) sunshine(responding to question) yes. 37
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S sunshine? 39
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M Right, nowRefreshed 41
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S Refreshed 43
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M I walked.. 45
next S (after a moment of hesitation) Refreshed I walked past the Point of Stoer for a view north and 46
east, but the mist and low clouds pretty much prevented any good views any good views. 47
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M Ok. 1
2
S With more mist (first tries maist but immediately corrects himself..) 3
4
M Yes good 5
6
S and low clouds coming in again I decided against walking back over Sidhean Mor and Sidhean Beag 7
and I returned along the coastal path I had walked out on 8
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M Ok-Tamazi? 10
11
S1 A (says the) last view of the Old Man of Stoer from the north before the mist closed (ending left 12
vague) in again, reducing (says redu-king) 13
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M re-du.? 15
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S1 redu-king 17
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M What is? 19
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S1 reducing(now, recte: redu-sing) visibility sign-(pronounces as in sign) 21
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M i-i-i ! 23
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S1 sain-fi-ci (in attempting a correction transposes order of consonantspronounces c soft, from 25
previous learning point) ity (ending with end of the previous word, having lost his place) 26
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M Say, my dear, weve got two consonants after if.. 28
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S1 sign- if 30
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M Yes..no, no 32
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S1 We say? 34
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M We had that last week: signis [the one] on theon its own; 36
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S1 sign icent 38
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M Yeah but no. When youve gotwhen youve got 40
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S1 Ah! I had timed my work (for walk) almost to per...fect 42
S3 perfection 43
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S1 perfection , having been at my destination for the short time the sun broke through (pronounced thu- 45
hoo) 46
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M OK Tamazi, what I was saying : we have the same thing in Russian 48

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S1 Ah! now 2
3
M..which is, that if you have a long word, it has to have a strong 4
5
S1 strong 6
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M beat. So. Now. So: to keep us interested in this word, some bits are quick; and short; and bright; and 8
some bits one beat is heavy. In a word. 9
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S1 Yes. 11
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M Now, in these words, here, signifiCANT signifiCANTly its a(n) a. Yes. signifiCANTly. NowI one 13
thing I need to tell you is some English words aregeneral English words are pronounced in two ways: 14
very quickly; and standardly. 15
16
S1 Quickslow? 17
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M Yeh. We say quickly: but a standard pronunciation, signifiCANT : significnt . If you say it more quickly: 19
significnt, significnt: significant (M pronounces normally and at normal speed) significant. 20
21
(students try it out) 22
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M But the point [the reason why you need] to learn this: i-i- ; i-i- ; I : signi- ; signi- ; si: i- , i- , i ! : signifi- 24
signifi CNT! 25
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(student laughter) 27
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M Now if you start saying: sigh youve put *the stress in already! Youve put your stress already! And 29
then, the word ishas a problem! What happens next? 30
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S1 yes. 32
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M same word, this last word, this! : destiNAtion ! DES-TI- NA-tion! destination 34
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S1 (impeccably) destination! 36
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M Thats right: we have a word, nation you know nation? Georgia is a nation. England is a nation. 38
France is a nation. What is a nation? It is a? 39
40
S a nation? 41
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M Whats a nation? 43
44
S1 (just practising) destination 45
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M Its a place where people 47
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(silence) 1
2
M ..where people live, yeah? 3
4
S1 live..? 5
6
M Yes. A nation is a country. 7
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S1 Are you sure? 9
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M The Georgian nation. Nation-*said nash-un] nationaldaynational 11
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S1 national 13
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M nationaler.. (hums first four bars of the British National Anthem while giving mock salute) national 15
anthem. Its a national song. 16
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S yeuh! 18
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M Does Georgia have a national song, yeah? 20
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Students Yes, yes, hymn! 22
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M A hymn! Exactly! OK. Now, what we have here nowwill not be entirelyunfamiliar. Just take it, and 24
read this in a minuteOK? 25
26
Tamazi begin. 27
28
[Students read short extracts from the preceding text, the text having been removed to cards each 29
having on them 3-7 words presented more or less in the order of the story. Minimal correction by M; 30
but Eracles giving me a great view elicits: 31
32
M Thats beautiful speaking! nice and loud; nice and clear; right, well done, Eracle! 33
34
* 35
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*The remainder of the lesson is taken up with listening to the first two chapters of the Oxford 37
Bookworms Reader, Scotland from the CD, following the text; and colouring in pictures of the Mold 38
cape interlace patterns (from Wales lesson, previously) maps to examine and maybe label, of Eastern 39
Europe (reinforcing a comparison between the UK sphere and that of Black Sea/Eurasia) words games 40
on this theme; and the famous portrait of Mary Queen of Scots in reserve for home colouring+ 41
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