ORGANIC GARDENING WORKSHOP.oo3

ORGANIC GARDENING WORKSHOP
1 Overview of a Diversified Micro-scale Food Production System
1.1 Vegetables 1.2 Fruit 1.3 Mushrooms 1.4 Poultry 1.5 Waste Stream Management

2 Organic Soil Preparation and Management
2.1 Understanding How Soils Function 2.1.1 Soil Components 2.1.2 Soil Structure 2.1.3 Soil Texture 2.1.4 Nutrient Management 2.1.4.1 The Role of Organic Matter 2.1.4.2 The Role Microorganisms 2.1.4.3 The Role of Minerals 2.2 The Living Soil 2.2.1 Compost 2.2.1.1 What is it? 2.2.1.2 How Much Do I Need? 2.2.1.3 Where do I Get It? 2.2.1.3.1 Outside Sources 2.2.1.3.2 Make Your own 2.2.1.3.3 Vermiculture 2.3 Mineral Nutrients 2.4 Tillage and Soil Preparation 2.5 Ongoing Soil Management

3 Design Principles, Siting and Layout
3.1 Site Analysis 3.1.1 Light and Shade 3.1.2 Surface Water Flow 3.1.3 Soils 3.2 Needs Assessment 3.2.1 What do I Want to Grow

3.2 Needs Assessment ORGANIC GARDENING WORKSHOP 3.2.1 What do I Want to Grow 3.2.2 How Much Do I Want to Grow 3.2.2.1 Personal Consumption 3.2.2.2 Sell for Profit 3.2.3 How Much Time Do I Have 3.2.4 What Equipment Do I Need 3.3 What Goes Where? Space Requirements Light Requirements Water Requirements

4 Crop Planning, Sequencing and Rotation
4.1 What Will Grow in Each Season? 4.2 When Do I Need To Plant What? 4.3 How Long Does It Take for a Crop to Mature 4.4 Developing a Crop Rotation 4.4.1 Nomenclature 4.4.1.1 Why is it important - many of the most common vegetables are in the same family. They have the same pests and take the same nutrients from the soil. By knowing which plants are related to one another you can develop a crop rotation avoids growing related vegetables in the same beds from one year to the next. 4.4.1.1.1 Families 4.4.1.1.1.1 Brassicas - kale, collards, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, radish, arugula, turnip, mustard, asian greens, rutabaga, tatsoi, komatsuna, bok choy, kohlrabi 4.4.1.1.1.2 Solanaceous (nightshade) species - eggplant, potato, tomato, pepper, tomatillo, petunia, datura, angels trumpet, 4.4.1.1.1.3 Leguminous species - peas, beans, clover, alfalfa, vetch 4.4.1.1.1.3.1 Nitrogen fixation - plants in this family have a symbiotic relationship with the rhizobium family of bacteria which grow in the roots of the plant and fix nitrogen from the air in the soil which is used by the plants. 4.4.1.1.1.3.1.1 inoculation - It is necessary to inoculate the seed with the specific species of bacteria for each plant to take advantage of the nitrogen fixation. You inoculate the seed by coating it with the bacteria which comes in the form of a black powder. 4.4.1.1.1.4 Cucurbits - cucumber, squash, melons, gourds, pumpkins, zucchini 4.5 Multi-cropping Systems

5 Plant Propagation
5.1 Seed Starting 5.1.1 Plug Production 5.1.1.1 1st true leaves / cotyledons - the first leaves that emerge from a seed are called cotyledons. The next leaves are the first true leaves. Sometimes you will see instructions on a seed packet that says to transplant when the first true leaves appear. 5.1.2 Direct Seeding

5.1.1 Plug Production 5.1.1.1 1st true leaves / cotyledons - the first leaves that emerge from a seed are called cotyledons. The next leaves are the first true leaves. Sometimes you will see instructions GARDENING WORKSHOP says to transplant when the first true leaves appear. on a seed packet that 5.1.2 Direct Seeding 5.2 Seed Saving 5.2.1 Biennial - a biennial grows vegetatively the first year. It goes through a process called vernalization (short days and cold weather) in the fall and winter which stimulates to flower and produce seeds the following spring then dies. Examples are carrots and parsley. 5.2.2 Annual - An annual grows, flowers, produces seeds and dies in one season. 5.2.3 Open pollinated

ORGANIC

5.2.3.1 Open pollination is pollination by insects, birds, wind, or other natural mechanisms. The seeds of open-pollinated plants will produce new generations of those plants; however, because breeding is uncontrolled and the pollen (male parent) source is unknown, open pollination results in plants that vary widely in genetic traits. Open pollination increases biodiversity but results in some plants less suitable for their environment or intended human use. This is in contrast with hand pollination, which is controlled so that all seeds of a crop carry the same traits. Another type, hybrid pollination, increases suitability, especially through heterosis, but decreases biodiversity. Some hybrid strains are inbred and selected for desired traits until a strain that breeds true by open pollination can be developed. One of the bigger challenges in maintaining a strain by open pollination is avoiding introduction of pollination by other strains. Based on how broadly the pollen for the plant tends to disperse, it can be controlled to varying degrees by greenhouses, tall wall enclosures, or field isolation. (source:wikipedia)
5.2.4 F-1 hybrid

5.2.4.1 Crossing specific parent plants produces a hybrid seed (plant) by means of controlled pollination. To produce consistent F1 hybrids, the original cross must be repeated each season. As in the original cross, in plants this is usually done through controlled hand-pollination, and explains why F1 seeds can often be expensive. (source: wikipedia)
5.3 Cuttings and Other Propagation Methods

in the original cross, in plants this is usually done through controlled hand-pollination, and explains why F1 seeds can ORGANIC GARDENING WORKSHOP often be expensive. (source: wikipedia)
5.3 Cuttings and Other Propagation Methods

6 Crop Management
6.1 Weed Control 6.2 Insect Control 6.2.1 Bugscaping 6.2.2 Biological Pest Control 6.3 Disease Control 6.3.1 Crop Rotation 6.3.2 Variety Selection 6.3.3 Sanitation 6.3.4 Compost tea 6.3.5 Biological Disease Control

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