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Create A Simple Homemade Water Sensor
Yourself For Low Cost Projects
57

This is a simple way to make a water sensor out of very minimum electronics you got. You will only
need a general purpose switching transistor and 2 resistors only with a power suplly to power up the
sensor. There are many electronic projects which uses a module or a part to sense water from a some
kind of source, tap or ovweflow etc.

But buying a high cost sensor which useshigh voltages may not be a good choice for simple projects
like school, home or even for a low budget under graduate project.

In this case a small sensor circuit like this will be useful and I searched on internet for such a thing
but results found zero matches in google. This sensor uses the simple theory of conductivitythrough
water using irons in it.

Here is the circuit diagram for the sensor with the calculated resistor values. Actually it is nothing but
a switch mode operation of a transistor.


Transistor can be any genaral purpose. Cables used for the sensor can be telecommunication twisted
pair specially for long distances. Voltage level can be any (4.5V is for the LED). And also LED can be
replaced by an optocoupler, relay etc as the work to be done after sensing.
57
Posted by Roshan Hd at 8:27 AM
Labels: Electronic Engineering
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11 comments
1.
AnonymousAugust 26, 2013 at 12:43 AM
nice device. Just what i need, to check to stop the pump, when the tank is full.

The LED lights when there's water. What do i do, if i want it to light when there is NO water. I want to
protect some heat elements from turning on, if there's no water present.

I have absolute no knowledge of electronics.

/lars
Reply
Replies
1.
goonboySeptember 19, 2013 at 1:24 PM

I don't see any way to attach a drawing on this, so I'll try to describe it:

1. add a 150 ohm resistor between the + side of the battery and the rest of the circuit.
2. Delete the LED and replace with a straight wire.
3. Bridge the collector and emitter with the following: collector -> LED -> 100 ohm -> emitter

I haven't boarded it up, but that should work.
2.
goonboySeptember 19, 2013 at 1:24 PM

I don't see any way to attach a drawing on this, so I'll try to describe it:

1. add a 150 ohm resistor between the + side of the battery and the rest of the circuit.
2. Delete the LED and replace with a straight wire.
3. Bridge the collector and emitter with the following: collector -> LED -> 100 ohm -> emitter

I haven't boarded it up, but that should work.
2.
ancyOctober 16, 2013 at 6:13 AM
what is meant by sensor leads?
Reply
3.
annsOctober 16, 2013 at 6:17 AM
what is meant by sensor leads?
Reply
4.
AnonymousOctober 19, 2013 at 7:51 AM
Great, it works, I tried it out. A really cheap water sensor. I wondered if it would not be better to use the
negative poles as sensor leads instead. These leads are often placed close to a housing and housings are
often connected to ground and the negative poles (e.g. a container, boat). Like this a shortcut would be
less likely. The scheme would have to be the other way round, so to speak. One would need a pnp
transistor instead, right?
Reply
5.
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6.
AnonymousJanuary 27, 2014 at 9:09 AM
very nyc nd helpful......
Reply
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8.
prajyot ArgulwarFebruary 20, 2014 at 5:58 AM
Graeat job...
But if we connect a buzzer or an alarm to indicate the output...
Pls reply what can we do...
Reply
9.
aldexJuly 24, 2014 at 11:03 AM
nice..
Reply
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