You are on page 1of 16

Firestone Country Club November 20091


Communication/Mal McLaren Award
Charles (Chuck) E. Hayes

Historical/Government & Public Relations The annual meeting is fast approaching.
Craig Kachline Please take time out to be involved in our
440.785.0870 election process and hear details of the
committee reports.
George (Fred) F. Hanson Firestone Country Club
330.715.2171 Monday, November 2, 2008
SECRETARY/TREASURER 9:30am Registration
Newsletter Editor/Benevolent
Michelle L. Frazier-Feher, CGCS 12:00pm Lunch 1:00pm Golf

Social/Government Relations
$30.00 Lunch/Program
Scott Brickley $55.00 Lunch/Program/Golf
Register from the meeting notice or call Michelle at 216-469-9287.
Jerry Cox On a final note, it has been an honor pleasure serving as your president over
the past two years! The board has worked very hard to meet the needs of the
Social/Website membership during these very challenging and changing times. I would like to
Tyler Good thank them for all of their hard work!

Strategic Planning Have a great fall season, and see you at the Annual Meeting!
Dan Gross
330.332.9095 Chuck Hayes, NOGCSA President.
Program & Education
Chad Mark

Golf & Tournament

Brent Palich

Golf & Tournament

Dave Peck
Schedule of Events 3
440.248.4646 Superintendent’s Korner 4
Jeff Austin
November Meeting Profile 9
INDUTRIAL RELATIONS On the Fairway, New Lesson in Saving Water 10
Scholarship & Research
Tim Hughes BWC Safety Leaders Discussion 14
Advertiser Directory 16
Morgan Timberlake

Mission Statement
Promoting the profession of the golf course
superintendent through education, camaraderie and
cooperation among fellow members in Northern
Ohio since 1923


October 6, 2009
OTF Annual Golf Tournament
Toledo Country Club
December 1, 2009
October 19, 2009 Acacia Country Club
Kensington Country Club Cost: $25
Host: Sean Novotny Time: 9:00 AM
Time: 11:00 AM
Cost: $25 December 8-10, 2009
Speaker: Dr. Silcox OTF Conference & Show
Topic: Annual Bluegrass Weevil Greater Columbus Convention Center
Points: 0.1 Service Point
March 6, 2009
November 2, 2009 REVERSE RAFFLE
Annual Meeting Benefit Scholarship & Research
Firestone Country Club Raintree Country Club
Host: Larry Napora 6:00 PM
Time: 8:30 AM Board Meeting $65/person
9:30 AM – 10:30 AM Registration
10:30 AM – 12:00 PM Program & Meeting March 2009
12:00 PM – 1:00 PM Lunch Joint Educational Seminar
Cost: TBA w/ the Cleveland CMAA
Points: 0.1 Service Point

November 6, 2009

Twenty-five years ago moss was of little problem on golf

courses. Moss was found in dense, moist, shaded areas in
roughs, or if present on golf greens, it usually was restricted
to mild moist oceanic climates. In areas like United
Kingdom, Ireland, and New Zealand moss is a "ubiquitous"
problem on golf courses. The photograph to the left was
taken in Ireland and the light green streak in the rough is
moss along what appears to follow a drainage pattern.
Although still considered a minor nuisance, moss is
becoming a more severe weed problem on an increasing
number of putting greens throughout the temperate
region. Present in many different habitats, the lack of
economic importance has either encumbered or impeded
extensive research on moss.
History and Characterization
Mosses are primitive plants that have changed little over
the course of history. Fossil records date the appearance of
moss 350 million years ago (Lacey, 1969). Moss is believed
to have originated from filamentous (thread-like) green
algae. Interestingly, moss and algae often share the same
habitat and are often confused with each other. However,
algae lack the leafy stems associated with moss and for the
most part algae exist as individual cells or clusters of cells.
Mosses are classified as Bryophytes, which include the
liverworts and hornworts. Within the mosses,
approximately 15,000 species are classified into three
groups. The first group is the granite mosses, which contain
approximately 100 species. These mosses are primarily
restricted to mountainous and arctic regions. The second
group is the peat mosses which consist of roughly 350
species. Sphagnum is the important genus in this group, as
it is added to soil mixes to enhance the soil's water holding
capabilities. Each dead cell of sphagnum peat moss can
hold up to 20 times its dry weight in water. The third group
containing the true mosses, is the most pertinent to golf
courses, and also the largest group with over 14,000
species. The true mosses can be divided into two major
groups: tufted mosses which form on trees and rocks, and
carpet-type mosses which are found on forest floors. In
relatively dry conditions such as putting greens, the short,
compact carpet mosses generally predominate (Birse,

The most common moss species on golf course greens is

silvery thread (Bryum argenteum). Somewhat easy to
identify because 4
of a slender stalk with a capsule at the top of the stalk
containing spores. This phase, from the fertilization of
the egg until the production of the stalk and the
capsule, is termed the sporophyte phase. The spores
are released from the capsule and will give rise to new
moss plants, thus completing the cycle.
One difference between the life cycle of mosses and
of its silvery white appearance, it also found in open vascular plants is the production of spores (which
sites, paths, sidewalks, and parking lots. As a point of requires free moisture for fertilization) by mosses,
interest silvery moss is commercially in bonsai versus the production of seeds by vascular plants. Thus,
plantings. It is also commonly found in open sites, Spanish moss is not a true moss because it produces
paths, sidewalks and parking lots. Another species we seeds (it is related to the pineapple family).
have experienced in our studies is Bryum lisae. It
appears as dark green to yellowish tufts or dense Adaptation
clumps. It is a common species in the Midwest and is Moss is difficult to control because it will grow in
found on rocky or sandy soil. Finally, we have also found extreme situations where vascular plants including
the species Amblystegium trichopodium on putting turfgrasses cannot. The most common areas most of us
greens but it is rather inconspicuous. This species we associate with moss, is heavily shaded moist
usually find in wet conditions. Although silvery thread environments. However, certain mosses can survive
moss is probably the most commonly found, given the where moisture is lacking. Mosses are limited in the
diversity of species no doubt numerous mosses are amount of moisture they can draw from rhizoids for
colonizing turf sites. metabolic requirements, and the need for free moisture
for sexual reproduction, these constraints have resulted
Mosses differ structurally from higher plants, including in mosses a) becoming aquatic b) being confined to
turfgrasses, in that they are nonvascular (lack a phloem continually moist habitats or c) evolving the ability to
and xylem), have a very thin cuticle, and have no "true" loose water almost as rapidly as its surrounding
roots, but do have structures called rhizoids that absorb environment does and then resume metabolic
water and nutrients. The lack of a vascular and root processes as moisture returns (Richardson, 1981).
system restricts the size that the vast majority of Continued on next page
mosses can grow. The moss species that inhabit a
putting green may grow only to a millimeter or two in
height. This is well below the acceptable mowing height
for a creeping bentgrass, annual bluegrass, or
bermudagrass putting green.

Life Cycle
Mosses have two phases in their life cycle. The green
leafy phase that is observed on golf courses is called the
gametophyte. This phase consists of a germinating
spore giving rise to a green filament (protonema) from
which the moss plant with its stems and leafs
(gametophores) and rhizoids develop. At maturity the
production of sperm and egg give rise to a zygote
(fertilized egg). Upon germination, the zygote does not
produce another moss plant, but a structure consisting 5
The mosses we faced in our studies typically survive moss.
extreme desiccation - and then upon remoistening, Nutrient/liming practices:
resume growth. One moss species we found in our Nitrogen fertilization: In our studies we have found
studies, Bryum argenteum, is known to retain viability spring and fall applications of ammonium sulfate
after 2 years of desiccation (Malta, 1921). The alone or in combination with ferrous sulfate to reduce
presence of moss may also be an indicator of a moss infestation. The most effective treatment was
nutrient or chemical imbalance in the soil. Previous 0.75 lbs N/1000 sq.ft./month for two successive
research has shown that mosses may be an indicator months. Compared to other nitrogen sources,
of Mg and Ca levels, and pH (Streeter, 1970). ammonium sulfate was the most effective.
Generally moss has been reported to be associated Ferrous sulfate is a standard recommendation for
with low pH's, but Hummel (1988) found that mosses moss control. At rates between 4 and 7 ounces/1000
were present on soils with a wide range of pH. Given sq.ft./month during the spring and fall we have found
the intensity of current golf green management that that ferrous sulfate turns the moss black with some
reduction in population. In our studies moss tended
to return after treatments stopped.

Hydrated lime in a few locations in the northeast

United States have been observed to reduce moss
populations. In our studies we have observed some
modest reductions, but experienced phytotoxic
affects with the product.
reduces the competitive ability of turfgrasses (lower
mowing heights, reduced fertility, and modified soil Soaps and salts
mixes that may have chemical properties out of Dawn Ultra applications have reduced moss in our
balance), moss will increasingly colonize these test studies. The applications have been made by
conditions (Radko, 1985). mixing 10 ounces of Dawn Ultra in 2.5 gallons of
water. The mixture is sprayed by hand onto the moss
Hummel (1988) cited factors that may encourage spots until saturation. Do not apply when the
moss, which include: 1) potassium deficiencies 2) high creeping bentgrass is under stress. It should be noted
calcium to magnesium ratio and 3) heavy soils. Past that this product is not labeled for moss control
studies have identified that applications of ferrous
sulfate, mercury based fungicides, lime, nitrogen Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate) significantly
fertilizers, and raising the mowing height as methods reduced the amount of moss in our studies. Applied
of moss control (Anonymous, 1985). Additionally, if in our studies as 6 ounces / gallon of water spot spray
moss invasion is small or limited to small areas, (other rates reported include 2 to 3 tablespoons per
plugging is an effective control. With the elimination quart of water) effectively reduced moss populations.
of the mercury based fungicides, current It is best to apply on warm sunny days. We did get
management practices that tend to stress creeping some burning affect around the moss areas with
bentgrass on putting greens, and the increased spraying. Regarding a dry application (with a shaker)
occurrence of moss on sand based greens in our burn was much greater. It should be noted that this
region, further studies are warranted. product is not labeled for moss control.

Cultural Control TerraCyte (sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate) is a

Beginning with the statement, "Moss grows where granular product that is applied in the spring or fall.
other plants can't." Attempt to identify why moss is We have observed reduction in moss with TerraCyte.
there in the first place. Check soil test reports for This product should not be applied when
nutrient deficiency, and any soil layering especially on temperatures are high, and TerraCyte should be
sand based greens that disrupts water flow. Minimize watered in immediately after application because
extreme management practices, fertilization, some phytotoxicity can be observed.
mowing, watering, cultural practices, etc. Listed Continued on next page
below are a few more specific options for reducing 6
Fungicides and Herbicides moss follow labeled instructions. In other cases, be
Daconil Ultrex ® (chlorothalonil) is one of the most sure to test out moss control strategies in small test
effective products for controlling algae. Regarding areas.
moss we have observed significant reduction of moss Literature Cited
with repeated (biweekly) applications through the Anonymous. 1985. And where did all this moss come
growing season. Most effective results are achieved from? USGA Green Section Record 23(2):30.
when initiated early in the spring. Birse, E. M. 1958. Ecological studies on growth-form in
bryophytes. J. Ecol. 46:9-27.
Junction ® (copper hydroxide) a turf fungicide contains Hummel, N.W. 1988. Controlling moss on golf course
copper hydroxide and mancozeb. The suggested greens. Grounds Maintenance 23(1):82,130.
program is 4 ounces/1000 sq.ft. applied weekly to Lacey, W.S. 1969. Fossil bryophytes. Biol. Rev. 44:189-
biweekly starting in the fall. If application number 205.
exceeds 4 in one year monitor closely, because copper Malta, N. 1921. Acta Univ. Latv. 1:125-129.
related toxicity issues may occur. This product has been Miller, R.H. and J.F. Wilkinson. 1977. Nature of the
effective in the northeast and through the mid-Atlantic organic coating on sand grains of nonwettable golf
region, but may cause injury to creeping bentgrass in greens. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 41:1203-1204.
the southeastern United States. Radko, A.M. 1985. Have we gone too far with low
nitrogen on greens? USGA Green Section Record
Quicksilver® (carfentrazone) a herbicide is effective for 23(2):26-28.
moss control, specifically the silvery thread moss. Richardson, D.H.S. 1981. The Biology of Mosses.
Usually 2 to 3 sequential applications will give good Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford. Streeter, D.T.
moss control. Applications should be made when 1970. Bryophyte ecology. Sci. Prog. Oxford 58:419-434.
creeping bentgrass is not under stress.

Caution: In all cases when using products labeled for Posted by Karl Danneberger

By R.A. (Bob) Brame, Director removing clippings will force more fertilization to achieve the
November 3, 2009 same/healthy turf. Additionally, since clippings have no
impact on thatch accumulation, housekeeping becomes the
It’s very interesting to watch neighbors maintain their yards. only argument for catching and removing. A quick dragging
Interesting because there are direct ties to golf turf of fairways or blowing can disburse any clipping clumping,
maintenance and they tend to either over or under manage. should it occur. The end result is typically less maintenance
The tie is the similarity between golf course rough and home cost; a more environmentally friendly operation; and, no
lawn maintenance. However, not many courses catch and change (good or bad) in playability.
remove clippings when the rough is mowed, nor do they bag
and remove leaves. Homeowners, will often do both. This is the time of year when it is common for various
Removing clippings and leaves adds cost and compromises projects to be pursued along with routine maintenance. As
environmental friendliness and the compromise can be such, it is important to guard prioritization. In the final
significant. It must be a lack of knowledge and/or the analysis it is routine maintenance like aeration, fertilization,
tendency to compete with neighbors. Research is clear – continued appropriate mowing frequency and pest
returning clippings and mulching leaves reduces cost and the management, which will directly impact health and
negative environmental impact of disposing, while also playability next season. Projects offer improvements, but
allowing quality turf. Clearly, mulching leaves on fairways never will improvements justify compromising needed
will not work due to the lower mowing height and maintenance. Closely tied is the importance of separating
compromise to playability, but it can work very nicely in the the cost of improvements from routine maintenance. The
rough. Blowers can be used to spread the pulverized leaves. operating budget is normally fitted to maintenance needs
Research has shown that, when appropriate mowing heights and trying to add projects or renovation can quickly pull
and reasonably good density are in place prior to mulching, down the ability to do either.
there is no negative impact on plant health.
With the 2009 – 2010 conference season underway, the KTC
While I’ve never talked with a course about returning Turf Conference in Bowling Green, KY has already come and
clippings when rough is mowed, because everyone already gone. Next up is the Ohio Turfgrass Conference and Show
does, it is a common topic with fairway management. Proper during the 2nd week of December in Columbus, OH
fertilization and appropriate use of plant growth regulation ( Call or email
can set the stage nicely for returning clippings on fairways. anytime and keep in mind the value of a fall visit to review
Clipping production, when regulation is in place and 2009 and plan for 2010.
fertilization properly fitted, is manageable and there can Source: Bob Brame, or 859.356.3272
actually be a reduction in fertilizer input. Catching and
streams played the host to the 1976 American Golf Classic
and the 1994 World Series of Golf.
Firestone Country Club is a club full of history and lore,
2009 marks the 80th anniversary of this legendary club, as The latest addition to the Firestone was the West Course.
well as the 55th consecutive year of the tournament golf. Opened in 1989 and redesigned by Tom Fazio in 2002, this
Established in 1929 by Harvey Firestone and later acquired course together with the North and South courses make
by ClubCorp in 1981, Firestone Country Club remains one of Firestone Country Club family complete.
a kind golf facility. It is the only course in the world to have
held three televised golf events in one calendar year – The Many golfers and fans do not know this, but Firestone
American Golf Classic, the CBS Golf Classic, and The World Country Club also owns the Raymond Firestone Public
Series of Golf. With its three championship level courses, Course, opened in 1996 and is located adjacent to the
Firestone Country Club is as unique today as it has ever North Course. When conditions are right, it is said that
been. these nine greens are some of the most difficult to hit and
putt on in the area.
The words Firestone South can conjure up fond memories
for many golf fans. Designed originally by Bert Way in 1929
and redesigned by Robert Trent Jones in 1960, few will The Director of Golf Course Operations at
forget Jack Nicklaus’s magnificent comeback in the 1975 Firestone Country Club is Larry Napora.
PGA Championship. Down by 5 strokes to Bruce Compton, Larry has just completed his second season
Nicklaus made an unbelievable par on the “monster” 16th at Firestone and his seventeenth year with
hole. He continued his comeback to win by four strokes, ClubCorp. During his twenty-four year
collecting his 4th PGA Championship. A more recent career as a Golf Course Superintendent, he
memory might be from 2000 World Golf Championship – has had the honor and pleasure of working at Oakmont C.C.,
NEC Invitational, where Tiger Woods hit the now famous Philadelphia C.C. and Treesdale Golf and C.C., all in the state
“shot in the dark” on the 18th hole to secure his victory in of Pennsylvania. A Penn State graduate, Larry has enjoyed the
the event. past two years at Firestone. “I am very blessed and fortunate
to have a staff that has the tenure and dedication of those at
The North Course at Firestone Country Club, designed by Firestone Country Club starting with the talented
Robert Trent Jones in 1968, with its beautiful lakes and Superintendents, John DiMascio (South Course), Scott
Traphagen (North Course) and Brian Rafferty (West Course).”

Published: August 5, 2009

ATLANTA — Six years ago, when Georgia’s state go-to gurus on water conservation for both
government rewrote its rules for water use during industries and nonprofit groups.
droughts, it cut no slack for an obvious culprit: golf Marriott International is applying lessons learned at
courses. its golf course here to its resort properties in other
states. Habitat for Humanity is landscaping front
With emerald fairways that glistened even in the yards with drought-tolerant plants recommended by
most blistering conditions, they were a tempting golf superintendents.
target. Yet golf course managers were indignant.
They argued that they were reining in water use in “Look, if you want to learn how to irrigate, these are
dozens of ways, like planting native grasses and the guys to ask,” said Garith Grinnell, who recently
auditing sprinkler spray patterns. Instead of being retired from the Southern Nevada Water Authority.
penalized, they said, they should be emulated.
It took a while, but from the South to the arid West, Such accolades are a turnabout for a business that is
their wish is coming true. Mindful that global often faulted for harming the environment through
warming could provoke more and longer dry spells, excess use of water and pesticides.
state governments are increasingly consulting golf
courses on water strategies.
In Georgia, golf course managers have emerged as Continued on the next page

In Georgia, the shift in perspective came about
largely because of a crippling drought that peaked in
2007. By that year, 97 percent of the clubs that
belonged to the Georgia Golf Course Superintendents
Association had voluntarily adopted what are viewed
as best-management practices for water use,
reducing consumption, they estimated, by 25 percent
in just three years.
Lake Lanier, Atlanta’s main source of water, had
meanwhile dropped to record low levels, exposing
muddy bottom not seen in half a century. It dawned
on state and local water managers that golf courses
might have some useful know-how.

Golfing grounds managers “are great technical

assistance to me,” said Kathy Nguyen, president of
the Georgia Water Wise Council, a state association
of water professionals that encourages conservation.
“I can call them up and talk to them about different
technologies.” (Georgia’s drought eased significantly
this year.)

Continue on next page

Ms. Nguyen has relied on golf superintendents in with golf courses to encourage wildlife preservation.)
drafting guidelines for homeowners like letting grass
grow longer, fixing leaks in hoses as promptly as possible Mark Esoda, superintendent of the Atlanta Country Club
and keeping lawn mower blades razor sharp. (Grass cut in suburban Marietta, where initiation fees are $85,000,
by duller blades is more frayed and requires more water acknowledges that practices among the nation’s courses
to stay healthy.) range from indifferent to conscientious. But Mr. Esoda
maintains that he and other superintendents have a lot
The golf industry still draws strong criticism from to teach municipalities about watering their ball fields
environmentalists. Turf is, after all, the thirstiest of and homeowners about tending to their yards. Zipping
plants. The average American golf course drinks up around the course on pine-shaded paths, Mr. Esoda
some 50 million gallons of water a year — comparable stopped abruptly near the seventh hole. He gestured
to the yearly usage of 1,400 people. In the West, the toward a patch of newly laid turf of zoysia, a warm-
figures are higher. weather shade grass native to Southeast Asia and
Yet that reality, coupled with rising water prices, is what Australia. On shady parts of the course it is replacing
led to strides like irrigating golf courses with “gray fescue, a genus of cold-weather shade grass that can live
water,” or nonindustrial wastewater that is recycled for through the winter and thus requires five months’ more
other purposes. watering and mowing.

Tom Bancroft, chief scientist with the National Audubon Mr. Esoda said he had also installed affordable monitors
Society, says that for all the progress golf has made, it that prevent automatic sprinklers from activating during
remains a deeply problematic industry. Many courses or right after a rain.
“use fertilizers that can run off into fresh water, and
many use pesticides in lawn and grass,” Mr. Bancroft Continued on next page
said. (Audubon International, a separate group, works

And when isolated dry spots appear on the greens, choosing those that are attractive to native wildlife.
he said, he sends staff members out with watering
cans rather than turning on the sprinkler system. Since he took charge of the two courses in 2005, Mr.
Finally, Mr. Esoda has made an aesthetic adjustment Williams has cut water consumption by 45 percent,
after years of savoring the green glow of a perfect he said, and witnessed the return of some wildlife
lawn. “Crispy around the edges is O.K.,” he confided. species like the red-tailed hawk.
Water is just one area where golf courses and The changes have come with a price, like the
environmentalists may find a rapprochement, said occasional large brown spot on the fairway. But Mr.
Anthony L. Williams, director of grounds at Marriott’s Williams says the golfers do not mind.
Stone Mountain public courses just outside Atlanta. “I just stand out there on the greens and explain, ‘We
As metropolitan areas sprawl outward, golf courses are doing this so your grandchildren can come out
may be the only large-scale green space for miles here and play,’ ” he said. “People understand that.”
around, offering crucial potential habitat for
migrating birds and other wildlife.
Reprinted from New York Times, August 6, 2009.
Mr. Williams, who has a degree in local horticulture,
has been letting native grasses take over his lawns.
Off the fairways he does not even bother to mow,
and on the greens he is maintaining grass at one-
sixteenth of an inch higher than typical courses. It
makes playing slow, he allows, but “consistent.” He
has also replaced all the flowering annuals with
perennials, which generally require less water,

By Karen Jensen
Like OSHA, the National Institute for Occupational
Introduction Safety and Health (NIOSH) is a federal government
As you use the Safety Leader’s Discussion Guide agency. However, instead of issuing standards,
throughout the year, you may fi nd you know some NIOSH conducts research. You can navigate the site
topics better than others. Before presenting a topic by using the handy index on the home page, or via
to your group, you may want to brush up on it with the yellow tabs found above the index. NIOSH is
additional information. The Internet is a great source especially strong on information about workplace
of information. But where do you start? Below are health issues.
pointers to help you fi nd what you’re looking for.
Three sites to get you started From BWC’s home page, select Safety services to access
These Web sites offer a variety of workplace safety a variety of tools and resources, including publications,
and health information. They may be all you need. lifting guidelines, ergonomics information
and training materials. There are also links to other Web sites on occupational safety and health, disaster
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration planning and ergonomics.
(OSHA) Web site is an excellent place to check fi rst,
especially if OSHA has a standard or rule on a particular Where to find additional information
topic. If you want more information on hazard You can find more occupational safety and health
communication or bloodborne pathogens or lockout/ information
tag out, OSHA is an authoritative source. The best via lists or directories that organizations or
way to navigate the site is to use the index across individuals have compiled. On BWC’s Web site (see
the top of the home page. Select the first letter of the above), you’ll find links to many safety- and health related
topic, for example H for hazard communication, and sites in the Safety services section under Online
you will gain access to a plethora of information on tools and resources. Below are other sources for
your selected topic. workplace safety and health information.

Continued on the next page

14 university sites.
The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and
Safety provides an extensive directory of Internet BWC’s Division of Safety & Hygiene libraries
sites called OSH Links. While most of the sites in the If you’ve spent about 20 minutes or more searching
directory are Canadian, this particular Web page lists for information and still haven’t found what you’re
more than 125 U.S. sites. looking for, you can call BWC’s librarians for assistance.
They can help you refine your search, suggest appropriate sites or e-mail you links to Web pages is an occupational safety and health that will answer your questions. You can reach the
resource directory sponsored by the Center for Research BWC librarians by calling 1-800-OHIOBWC and following
on Occupational and Environmental Toxicology the prompts.
(CROET) at Oregon Health & Science University
in Portland, Ore.
Karen Jensen has been a librarian with BWC’s Division of Safety & Hygiene libraries since 1986. She
Osh.Net is an Internet gateway for occupational assists internal and external customers who have
health and safety resources and information. information inquiries, primarily on the subject of
Improving your Internet searches safety and health. She also is responsible
Here are suggestions on how to improve Internet for adding new titles to BWC’s video library.
Search terms: The search terms we use can help refine a Reprinted from the:
search. If you’re not getting what you’re looking Safety Leader’s Discussion Guide 2009
for, try thinking about other terms you can use.
Instead of “forklift,” for example, try “powered industrial
truck,” or “lift truck.”
Advanced search: Most search functions have an
advanced search option. If you use a particular search
engine regularly, learn how to use its advanced
search. It will help you narrow your searches by giving
you the ability to use phrases and limit by format
and domain. A search for the phrase “power press”
will be more precise than a search for “power” and
“press” as separate terms. With advanced search,
you can specify you want a PowerPoint presentation
on your topic. If you want to avoid commercial sites,
you can limit your search to only government and/or

2009 Advertiser Directory
Turfgrass Inc.
Advanced Turf Solutions John Deere Golf Tony Cardinale – Gary
Allan Truelson 216.299.0576 Bob Burkett D’Andrea – Bob Figurella -
Morgan Timberlake 440.653.1778 Mark Slavick – Luke Stratton
330.353.0816 Ron Rucinski 330.225.2084
Paul Taliaferro 412.818.9241 440.647.1051
Walker Supply
Arms Trucking Loos Golf Construction Mike Sekula - Bill Walker
Brian Bates Matt Loos 800.792.5537
800.362.1343 330.414.4151

Baker Vehicle Systems Nutramax Agriculture, Inc.

Rick Baker - Gary Guhde - 800.925.5187 * denotes new advertiser
Lenny Marino - Steve McCoy -
Ron Wolf Perk Air
330.467.2250 Bob Doty
BASF Corporation Remember to thank our
Gerald Husemann Precision Golf Construction advertisers for supporting
937.604.5617 Mike O’Donnell, CGCS you!
Century Equipment NOGCSA
Norton Brick - Tim Hughes - Reynolds Golf & Turf
Ryan Miller - Ron Smolik Jim Keller – Steve Green – CONTACT INFORMATION
800.522.8676 Nick Novak - George Reese –
Mike Sterzer
Golf Sense, Inc. 877.723.6675
Brian Huntley
330.699.6409 South East Golf Car Co.
Harrell’s Turf Specialty E-Mail:
Glenn Omori Superior Striping
440.439.1393 Lucas Fowler
H & S Stump Removal
Jack Hopkins Syngenta Website:
330.654.2347 Gary Watschke
Lake Erie Golf Cars
Frank Cisterino Turfcare with Air, Inc. Address:
800.276.0909 Bruce Denning
800.397.2044 1106 Royce St. NW
Uniontown, OH 44685


You might also like