You are on page 1of 14

the pressure equipment safety authority

Requirements for Reduced


Supervision
of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems
and Heating Plants



AB-528

Edition 1, Revision 0 - Issued 2014-05-21












the pressure equipment safety authority

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 1 of 13
Table of Contents

1.0 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................... 2
2.0 DEFINITIONS .............................................................................................. 3
3.0 REFERENCED CODES AND STANDARDS AND OTHER PROVISIONS . 4
4.0 POWER PLANTS ........................................................................................ 5
5.0 THERMAL LIQUID HEATING SYSTEMS ................................................... 9
6.0 HEATING PLANTS .................................................................................... 11
7.0 REVISION LOG ......................................................................................... 13


Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 2 of 13
1.0 INTRODUCTION

The Power Engineers Regulation AR 85/2003 with amendments up to and
including AR 218/2013 (hereunder referred to as the Regulation) provides for
certain plants to operate with reduced supervision.

The term reduced in this document and in the Regulation reflects a reduced
physical presence of competent personnel at the various plants rather than any
reduction to the level of safety. Reduced supervision was allowed in recognition
that an equal or greater degree of safety is expected and supported by
technological changes that have taken place since the original supervision
requirements were identified.

The owner of a power plant, thermal liquid heating system or heating plant may
operate the plant with reduced supervision provided that:
the owner has reviewed the operating hazards of the installation to
determine that the necessary safety performance can be achieved, and
all the requirements set forth in this document are met.

In accordance with the provisions of the Regulation, reduced supervision must
meet the technical and supervision requirements established by the Administrator.
This document has been developed following wide consultation and is endorsed by
the Boilers and Pressure Vessels Technical Sub Council of the Safety Codes
Council. It describes the technical and supervision requirements for operation
under a reduced level of supervision, as established by the Administrator. Nothing
in this document provides any exemption from nor supersedes requirements
described in the Regulation.


NOTE: In this document, text within boxes hereunder is quoted from the respective
relevant sections of The Regulation.
Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 3 of 13
2.0 DEFINITIONS

Administrator means the Administrator with respect to the pressure equipment
discipline appointed under the Safety Codes Act (hereunder referred to as the Act).

competent, in relation to a person, means possessing the appropriate
qualifications, knowledge, skills and experience to supervise or perform work
safely and in accordance with the Act.

instrumentation alternative means a technology designed to ensure the safe
operation of pressure equipment without the level of supervision by a power
engineer or other competent operator that would otherwise be required,
specifically,
(i) a power plant or thermal liquid heating system designed to operate
with reduced supervision, or
(ii) a remote monitoring system for heating plants.

PEIM is an acronym for pressure equipment integrity management and a PEIM
system is a quality management system that meets the requirements of AB-512 and for
which the owner holds a Certificate of Authorization Permit in accordance with Section
11(3) of the Pressure Equipment Safety Regulation.

power engineer means a person who holds a certificate of competency referred
to in Section 7 of the Regulation.

remotely located facility means a facility at which any danger to persons possibly
affected by a failure of pressure equipment is significantly reduced because of the
distance of the facility from other areas of human habitation or use.

SCADA is an acronym for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition.

Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 4 of 13
3.0 REFERENCED CODES AND STANDARDS AND OTHER
PROVISIONS

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VI, Recommended Rules for the
Care and Operation of Heating Boilers.

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VII, Recommended Guidelines
for the Care of Power Boilers.

ASME CSD-1 Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers.

NFPA 85: Boiler and Combustion Systems Hazards Code.

AB-512 OwnerUser Pressure Equipment Integrity Management Requirements
This document specifies quality management system requirements for owners who
are required to hold a Certificate of Authorization Permit under Section 11(3) of the
Pressure Equipment Safety Regulation.
Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 5 of 13
4.0 POWER PLANTS

There are three types of power plants that are permitted under the Regulation to
operate under reduced supervision from the requirements described under Section
2 of the Regulation. The requirements for reduced supervision of these three
types are described in 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3 below.

4.1 If the plant containing thermal liquid is not open to atmosphere and
has a rated operating temperature exceeding 121C, it is classed as a
power plant. Section 2.1(1) allows this type of power plant to be supervised
as a thermal liquid heating system provided the blanketing gas pressure
imposed on the system does not exceed 700 kPa. Section 3 of the
Regulation contains the supervision requirements for thermal liquid heating
systems.

Section 2.1 (1) Despite section 2, a power plant that uses thermal liquid
under pressure of a blanketing gas not exceeding 700 kPa must, except as
provided in subsection (2), be supervised in accordance with section 3 by a
power engineer who holds a certificate of competency that meets or
exceeds the authorized scope of practice in Table 5 of the Schedule.

4.2 Section 2.1(2) of the Regulation describes specific, remotely located
facilities, that may be eligible to operate under reduced supervision.

Section 2.1 (2) Despite section 2, a power plant that does not produce
steam and that uses thermal liquid under pressure of a blanketing gas not
exceeding 700 kPa or uses a water-glycol mixture with a minimum of 40%
glycol may operate under a reduced level of supervision

The reduced supervision permitted is that the owner:
may suspend general or continuous and overall supervision; and
may have the supervision provided by an operator holding a Fired
Process Heater Operators Certificate of Competency

only if the power plant is situated at a remotely located facility and provided
that all of the following conditions of Supervision, Security and PEIM are
satisfied.

Supervision
The plant must be supervised by power engineers who hold a certificate
of competency that meets or exceeds the authorized scope of practice in
Table 1 of the Schedule in the Regulation.
The plant must be monitored on a continuous basis with a requirement
to contact a competent on-call power engineer to respond to abnormal
Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 6 of 13
conditions and confirm response to the call-out, whenever the plant is
not under on-site supervision.
Any loss of remote monitoring must trigger an alarm condition and
supervision must revert to the supervision requirements of Section 2(1)
or Section 2.1(1) of the Regulation, as applicable.
The plant must be equipped with instrumentation and control logic that
has been designed for unattended operation and conforms to the
requirements of CSD-1 or an appropriate alternative such as NFPA 85.
Automatic shutdowns are required for all critical control parameters.
The automatic shutdowns must go to a lockout condition with no
capability for unattended or remote restarting.
The owner shall ensure that all controls, safety devices and burners are
installed in accordance with the manufacturers instructions and safety
control functions shall be installed such that they may not be bypassed.
There must be a shift engineer of record for each shift that is covered by
continuous or general supervision.
A plant log book must be maintained as per Section 6 of the Regulation
with entries signed by the shift engineer of record for that shift.

Security
The plant site must be secured against access by a locked perimeter
fence at any time the plant is not under the supervision of a competent,
adequately certified power engineer.
No personnel are allowed on the plant site while it is in operation unless
the plant is under the on-site supervision of a competent power
engineer.

PEIM
The plant owner must have a PEIM system with a valid Certificate of
Authorization permit, and the requirements specified hereunder must be
addressed in the Operations element of the PEIM system documentation
for each plant operating under alternative supervision. The PEIM
documentation must:
specify the duties and responsibilities of the owner and the power
engineers regarding supervision of the pressure equipment in the plant;
specify the maximum period allowed between on-site physical checks of
the power plant equipment;
include details of the required training for power engineers providing
supervision for the plant and describe the requirements for retention of
training records;
require the owner to set, follow and document an inspection, cleaning
and maintenance schedule for all controls, burners and safety devices in
accordance with the manufacturer-suggested intervals but, at a
minimum, on an annual basis;
require operability and set points on all devices, where applicable, to be
verified by periodic testing;
Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 7 of 13
require that the qualified individual performing maintenance, inspections
and tests is trained and familiar with all operating procedures and
equipment functions and is capable of determining if the equipment is in
an as-designed operating condition;
require the quality of the heat medium to be regularly tested and
maintained; and
contain a summary of the analysis that has determined the facility is
remotely located and the determination of risk associated with public
safety;
The PEIM is subject to periodic audits.


4.3 Section 2.1(3) of the Regulation describes a remotely located facility
using a water-glycol or other organic fluid mixture with a reduced degree of
expansion which is heated by waste heat with no secondary fuel input.

Section 2.1 (3) Despite section 2, a power plant operated for the purpose of
recovering energy from waste heat may operate under a reduced level of
supervision by a competent operator who does not hold a certificate of
competency issued under this Regulation

The conditions for reduced supervision are described as follows and the
reduced supervision permitted is that the owner may:
suspend continuous and overall supervision; and
have supervision provided by a competent operator who does not hold a
certificate of competency issued under the Regulation;

only if the power plant is situated at a remotely located facility and while all
of the following conditions for Supervision, Security and PEIM are satisfied.

Supervision
Supervision must be provided at all times that personnel are on site, by a
competent operator.
All competent operators responsible for supervision of pressure
equipment must be fully trained on all operating procedures for the
power plant.
The plant must be monitored on a continuous basis with a requirement
to contact a competent on-call operator to respond to abnormal
conditions and confirm response to the call-out, whenever the plant is
not under on-site supervision.
Any loss of remote monitoring must trigger an alarm condition and
supervision must revert to the continuous supervision by a competent
operator.
The power plant must be equipped with instrumentation and control logic
that has been designed for unattended operation and conforms to the
requirements of CSD-1 or an appropriate alternative.
Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 8 of 13
Automatic shutdowns are required for all critical control parameters.
The automatic shutdowns must go to a lockout condition with no
capability for unattended or remote restarting.
The owner shall ensure that all controls, safety devices and burners are
installed in accordance with the manufacturers instructions and safety
control functions shall be installed such that they may not be bypassed.
There must be a competent operator of record for each shift that is
covered by on-site supervision.
A plant log book must be maintained as per Section 6 of the Regulation
with entries signed by the competent operator of record for that shift.

Security
The plant site must be secured against access by a locked perimeter
fence at any time the plant is not under the supervision of a competent
operator.
No personnel are allowed on the plant site unless the power plant is
under the on-site supervision of a competent operator.

PEIM
The plant owner must have a PEIM system with a valid Certificate of
Authorization permit, and the requirements specified hereunder must be
addressed in the Operations element of the PEIM system documentation
for each plant operating under reduced supervision. The PEIM
documentation must:
specify the duties and responsibilities of the owner and the competent
operators regarding supervision of the pressure equipment in the plant;
specify the maximum period allowed between on-site physical checks of
the power plant equipment;
include details of the required training for competent operators providing
supervision for the plant and describe the requirements for retention of
training records;
require the owner to set, follow and document an inspection, cleaning
and maintenance schedule for all controls, sources of waste heat and
safety devices in accordance with the manufacturer-suggested intervals
but, at a minimum, on an annual basis;
require operability and set points on all devices, where applicable, to be
verified by periodic testing;
require that the qualified individual performing maintenance, inspections
and tests is trained and familiar with all operating procedures and
equipment functions and is capable of determining if the equipment is in
an as-designed operating condition;
require the quality of the heat medium to be regularly tested and
maintained;
specify what is done to satisfy the regulatory responsibilities normally
assigned to the chief power engineer; and
Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 9 of 13
contain a summary of the analysis that has determined the facility is
remotely located and the determination of risk associated with public
safety.
The PEIM is subject to periodic audits.


5.0 THERMAL LIQUID HEATING SYSTEMS

Section 3 of the Regulation defines the general supervision requirements for
thermal liquid heating systems. Section 3.1 allows for operation under a reduced
level of supervision from that required in Section 3, for a remotely located facility.

Section 3.1 Despite section 3, a thermal liquid heating system may operate
under a reduced level of supervision only if it
(a) is situated at a remotely located facility, and
(b) meets the technical and supervision requirements established by the
Administrator respecting the safe operation of the type of thermal
liquid heating system, facility and instrumentation alternatives in
question.

The reduced supervision allowed is that the owner may suspend the general
supervision requirements outlined in Section 3(4) provided that the thermal liquid
heating system is located at a remotely located facility and all of the following
conditions for Supervision, Security and PEIM are satisfied.

Supervision
The thermal liquid heating system must be supervised by power
engineers who hold a certificate of competency that meets or exceeds
the authorized scope of practice in Table 5 of the Schedule in the
Regulation.
The plant must be monitored on a continuous basis with a requirement
to contact a competent on-call operator to respond to abnormal
conditions and confirm response to the call-out, whenever the plant is
not under on-site supervision.
Any loss of remote monitoring must trigger an alarm condition and
supervision must revert to the general supervision requirements of
Section 3.4.
The thermal liquid heating system must be equipped with
instrumentation and control logic that has been designed for unattended
operation and conforms to the requirements of CSD-1 or an appropriate
alternative such as NFPA 85.
Automatic shutdowns are required for all critical control parameters.
The automatic shutdowns must go to a lockout condition with no
capability for unattended or remote restarting.
Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 10 of 13
The owner shall ensure that all controls, safety devices and burners are
installed in accordance with the manufacturers instructions and safety
control functions shall be installed such that they may not be bypassed.
A plant log book must be maintained as per Section 6 of the
Regulation.



Security
The plant site must be secured against access by a locked perimeter
fence at any time the thermal liquid heating system is not under
supervision of a competent, adequately certified power engineer.
No personnel are allowed on the plant site unless the plant is under the
on-site supervision of a competent, adequately certified power engineer.

PEIM
The plant owner must have a PEIM system with a valid Certificate of
Authorization permit, and the requirements specified hereunder must be
addressed in the Operations element of the PEIM system documentation
for each plant operating under reduced supervision. The PEIM
documentation must:
specify the duties and responsibilities of the owner and the power
engineers regarding supervision of the pressure equipment in the plant;
specify the maximum period allowed between on-site physical checks of
the thermal liquid heating system;
include details of the required training for power engineers providing
supervision for the plant and describe the requirements for retention of
training records;
require the owner to set, follow and document an inspection, cleaning
and maintenance schedule for all controls, burners and safety devices in
accordance with the manufacturer-suggested intervals but, at minimum,
on an annual basis;
require operability and set points on all devices, where applicable, to be
verified by periodic testing;
require that the qualified individual performing maintenance, inspections
and tests is trained and familiar with all operating procedures and
equipment functions and is capable of determining if the equipment is in
an as-designed operating condition;
require the quality of the heat medium to be regularly tested and
maintained; and
contain a summary of the analysis that has determined the facility is
remotely located and the determination of risk associated with public
safety.
The PEIM is subject to periodic audits.
Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 11 of 13

6.0 HEATING PLANTS

Section 4 of the Regulation governs requirements for supervision of heating
plants. A heating plant that has a capacity exceeding 750 kW and 0.085 m
3
must
be under general supervision which means that the power engineer in charge of
the plant must conduct checks of the heating plants equipment, twice within each
24-hour period and at least 7 hours apart, while the heating plant is in operation.
The power engineer in charge may provide supervision to no more than 2 heating
plants unless authorized to do so by the Administrator.

There is provision, in Section 4(4)of the Regulation, to suspend the heating plant
checks provided the buildings served by the heating plant are unoccupied.

Section 4.1 of the Regulation permits a reduction to the level of
supervision of buildings that may be occupied.


Section 4.1 Despite section 4, a heating plant may operate under a reduced
level of supervision outside normal Monday to Friday working hours only if

The reduced supervision allowed is that:
the power engineer in charge must conduct checks of the heating plant
equipment, once within each 24-hour period; and
one power engineer may supervise no more than 5 hot water heating
plants or two steam heating plants during the period of reduced
supervision.

Operation under reduced supervision from the requirements of Section 4
requires that all the following conditions are satisfied.

The period of reduced supervision falls on a Saturday, Sunday or holiday
observed in the community where the heating plant is located.
The heating plant under reduced supervision must be monitored on a
continuous basis from a remotely located centre using a SCADA system.
There must be a competent power engineer on call during all periods of
reduced supervision who can respond immediately when abnormal
conditions are detected at the remote monitoring centre.
The SCADA system must not allow for remote re-starts of a heating
plant that has shut down to lockout condition.
The owner must set, follow and document an inspection, cleaning and
maintenance schedule for all controls, burners and safety devices in
accordance with the manufacturer-suggested intervals but, at a
minimum, on an annual basis.
Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 12 of 13
Safety control(s) that can electronically reset without local manual
intervention, such as when power or control input to the device is
interrupted and then restored, shall not be permitted.
Each heating plant operating under reduced supervision must have at
minimum, functional shutdown to lockout protection against conditions of
low water level and/or flow, high temperature and flame failure.
The owner must train, and retain training records for, the power
engineers responsible for supervision of the heating plant(s).
Requirements for Reduced Supervision of Power Plants,
Thermal Liquid Heating Systems and Heating Plants

Issued 2014-05-21 AB-528 Edition 1, Revision 0 13 of 13
7.0 REVISION LOG

Rev # Date Description
Edition 1, Rev 0 2014-05-21 Initial Issue