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BLADDER EXPANSI ON TANKS
L SERI ES - TOP OUTLET INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION: Do not remove the drain plug or loosen the nuts on the dip tube/flange assembly.
If it is necessary to remove the drain plug, be sure the air
pressure in the tank is at zero. Before bleeding to zero psi, isolate
the tank from the system by closing the isolation valve. Also, DO
NOT remove the dip tube/flange assembly before first bleeding to
zero gauge pressure.
1. Inspect the Expansion Tank for damage which may have
occurred during shipping. If any damage exists, note it on the
freight bill and file a claim with the shipping company. DO
NOT INSTALL THE UNIT.
2. A gate valve, with lockshield recommended to isolate the tank
from the system should be installed to facilitate:
a) Hydrostatic testing of the system.
b) Service of the tank.
3. A drain valve should be installed between the gate valve in #2
and the tank system connection to facilitate service.
4. System air must be purged and not allowed to enter the tank.
5. Check the tank system connection to be sure nothing is
obstructing the inlet passage way.
6. Allow at least 18" (457 mm) clearance above the tank for the
7. See sketches 1 and 2 for typical piping configurations.
8. Tanks are pre-charged at 12 psi (83kPa). Before installing the
tank, check the charge with an automotive tire gauge. If the tank
charge is not at the desired psi, bleed off or fill to the psi
required. Any alteration in the factory pre-charge should be
completed JUST PRIOR to filling the system with water.
9. Tank connection piping and air separators with air vents
should be arranged so that the air will not be trapped in the
tank. When possible, connect the piping with the pitch down to
the tank, using air vents as illustrated In the sketches.
10. On a closed system, connect the tank on the suction side of
the pump. This Is the point of no pressure change.
CHANGING A SERIES L BLADDER IN THE FIELD
The L Series water system tank has been' designed with a replaceable bladder. It is unlikely that replacement will be necessary;
however, should some incident occur which requires the replacement of the bladder, the procedure outlined below should be followed:
Before proceeding with bladder replacement, read these
instructions through and check the "Required tooling and
supplies" listing at the end.
1. Isolate the tank from the system. Shut off the automatic fill valve
and drain the boiler to release all of the system pressure.
2. Drain the bladder tank as much as possible through the drain
valve installed between the system isolation valve and the
tank. Compressed air may be added through the charging
valve to assist in draining the tank.
3. Release air from the tank through the air valve.
4. Remove the air valve core to bleed the remaining air charge
(fig. 1). CAUTION: Be sure most of the air has been released
before attempting this.
5. Open the drain plug to remove the water from the tank (fig. 2).
6. Disconnect the system connection.
7. Remove the bolted upper flange and dip tube. Prior to
removal, mark the mating flanges to match when re-
FILE NO.: 37.80
DATE: Mar. 30, 2000
SUPERSEDES: Form #6985
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8. Attached to the upper flange is the bladder support and dip
tube (fig. 4). Examine and clean prior to re-assembly.
9. Pump or siphon the water out of the inside of the bladder, if
necessary. Do not puncture the bladder.
10. Using a chain block, lift the bladder out of the tank with a
11. Pump out the remaining water from the very bottom of the tank.
Hose down the inside walls to remove sediment if necessary.
12. Mop up the remaining water.
13. Dry out the inside of the tank (using a reversed vacuum cleaner).
14. Clean out any remaining dirt.
15. Roll up the replacement bladder (lengthwise) and tie at
necessary intervals WITH ROPE to keep it rolled.
16. Insert the new bladder with the arrow on the flange pointing
to the top of the tank (fig. 5). Remove the ties as they near
the tank opening. With a long wooden stick, clear a path for
the dip tube. DO NOT USE A SHARP STICK.
17. Check the top flange marking to be sure the upper/lower
flanges line up per # 7 above. Be sure the flange faces are
clean and the bladder is positioned correctly in the tank.
18. Assemble the upper mating flange. Cross tighten the bolts
evenly in several stages, per the accompanying torque chart.
19. Clean the drain plug and coupling.
20. Install the factory supplied drain plug, using a liberal amount
of Tite-Seal Compound 55 or equivalent. THIS
CONNECTION MUST BE ABSOLUTELY AIR-TIGHT.
21. Install the air valve core. Charge the tank to fill-pressure or
minimum operating pressure before the system is filled with water.
22. Using soapy water, check the drain fitting threads, air valve
core and flange joint for leakage.
23. Connect the tank to the system. Close the drain valve and
open the fill-valve. Replace the lock shield if used and check
operation. ALWAYS PRE-CHARGE THE TANK BEFORE
COMPLETING THIS STEP.
REQUIRED TOOLING & SUPPLIES
1. Plumber's tool box.
2. Source of compressed air.
3. Portable pump with 20 ft. (6096 mm) suction hose.
4. Light with 20 ft. (6096 mm) cord.
5. Power extension cord (as required).
6. Chain block.
7. Rope (to tie diaphragm).
8. Pressure gauge and air valve tool (to remove valve core).
9. New replacement bladder.
10. Long wooden stick (not sharp), at least 1 ft. (305 mm) longer
than tank height.
DRY BOLT TORQUE FOR FLANGED TANK OPENINGS
psi kPa IN-LBS FT-LBS
6" 125 863 84 7
6" 175 1208 120 10
6" 250 1724 168 14
8" 125 865 168 14
8" 175 1211 240 20
8" 250 1730 336 28
10" 125 863 252 21
10" 175 1208 300 25
10" 250 1724 420 35
14" 125 863 252 21
14" 175 1208 360 30
14" 250 1724 444 37
TORQUE LISTED ARE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS TO SEAT SEAL
GASKET AGAINST DESIGN PRESSURE.
Armstrong Pumps Inc. S.A. Armstrong Limited Armstrong Pumps Limited Armstrong Darling
93 East Avenue 23 Bertrand Avenue Peartree Road, Stanway 9001 De L'Innovation, Suite 200
North Tonawanda, New York Toronto, Ontario Colchester, Essex Montreal, Quebec
U.S.A. 14120-6594 Canada, M1L 2P3 United Kingdom, CO3 0LP Canada, H1J 2X9
Tel: (716) 693-8813 Tel: (416) 755-2291 Tel: +44 (0) 1206 579491 Tel: (514) 352-2424
Fax: (716) 693-8970 Fax: (416) 759-9101 Fax: +44 (0) 1206 760532 Fax: (514) 352-2425
www.armstrongpumps.com © S.A. Armstrong Limited 2003