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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cariosa (Spanish pronunciation: [kaiosa], meaning the loving or affectionate one) is a Philippine dance
of Hispanic origin from the Maria Clara suite of Philippine folk dances, where the fan orhandkerchief plays an
instrumental role as it places the couple in romance scenario.
1 History and Emergence as a national folk dance
2 Bicolano Cariosa
3 Costume of Carinosa
4 Music
5 See also
[edit]History and Emergence as a national folk dance
The dance was originated in the Panay Islands on the Visayan Islands and it was introduced by
the Spaniards during their colonization of the Philippines. It is related to some of the Spanishdances like
the bolero and the Mexican dance Jarabe Tapatio or the Mexican Hat Dance.
[edit]Bicolano Cariosa
According to the book of Francisca Reyes-Aquino, Philippine Folk Dances, Volume 2, there is a different
version of the dance in the region of Bicol. In the Bicol Region Carinosa, hide and seek movement is different.
In the original version, the dancers used the Fan and handkerchief as the way to do the hide and seek
movement, in Bicol they used two handkerchiefs holding the two corners of the handkerchief and doing the
hide and seek movement as they point their foot forward and their hands go upward together with their
handkerchiefs following the movement. It is a complicated step however it is still used in Bicol Region region
during festivals and social gatherings.
[edit]Costume of Carinosa
Originally Carinosa was danced with Maria Clara dress and Barong Tagalog for it is a Maria Clara Spanish
Dance when it is introduced. However as the Filipino people saw and imitated this dance, they wore the
patadyong kimona and camisa de chino to reveal their love as a Filipino and other steps was revised to make it
more Filipino but the music did not change at all and reveals aSpanish Influence to the Filipinos. As listed by
the book of F.R. Aquino dancers may wear balintawak style (a native dress of the Tagalog regions), camisa (a
white sleeve) or patadyong kimona ( a dress of the Visayan of people)and for boys a barong Tagalog and
colored pants. Because it is a national dance, the dancers may wear any Filipino costumes.
The music of Carinosa shows a great Spanish influence to the Filipinos. It is 3/4 in rhythm like some of
the Spanish dances. The Philippine Rondalla are playing this music of the dance where it is an ensemble or
an orchestra of string instruments in the Philippines similar to the Spanish musicians in Spain that
comprises bandurrias, mandolins, guitar, basses, drums, and banjos. Mostly men are playing rondalla
instruments but women may also take part.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tinikling dancers.
The tinikling dance is one of the most popular and well-known of traditional Philippine dances.
The tinikling is
a pre-Spanish dance from thePhilippines that involves two people beating, tapping, and sliding bamboo poles
on the ground and against each other in coordination with one or more dancers who step over and in between
the poles in a dance. The name is a reference to birds locally known as tikling, which can be any of a number
ofrail species; the term tinikling literally means "tikling-like."
The dance originated in Leyte among
the Visayan islands in the central Philippines as an imitation of the tikling bird dodging bamboo traps set by rice
farmers. The dance imitates the movement of the tikling birds as they walk between grass stems, run over tree
branches, or dodge bamboo traps set by rice farmers. Dancers imitate the tikling bird's legendary grace and
speed by skillfully maneuvering between large bamboo poles.
Legend says that Tinikling originated during the time when the Spaniards took over the Philippines. Natives
worked on large plantations under the control of the King of Spain. Those who didn't work productively were
punished by standing between two bamboo poles.

For this traditional folk dance, females wear a dress called balintawak or patadyong, and males wear a
uniform called barong tagalog. The balintawak are colorful dresses with wide arched sleeves and the
patadyong is a pineapple fiber blouse paired with checkered skirts. The barong tagalog uniform is usually
lightweight long sleeved shirts and worn with red trousers. Dancers wear no footwear while performing.

Tinikling involves five steps; during the first four steps, the dancers dance opposite each other, and during the
last step, they start from the same side of the poles. The bamboo is also used as a percussive instrument as it
is banged against the ground (or a piece of wood to make it easier to hold) and each other in a pattern. The
bamboo has to be closed hard enough to make a sound, and the dancers must be quick enough to not get their
foot (or feet) caught. As the dance continues, the banging of the bamboo becomes faster and harder, the
sound of the clashing bamboo and the quickness of feet demonstrated by the dancers thrilling and awing the
crowd. In the United States, this dance had been altered into a four-beat rhythm to adjust to popular music. In
some cases, it has been used in conjunction with traditional Filipino martial arts to demonstrate fleetness of foot
and flow of movement.

Today Tinikling is taught throughout the United States. In grades K-12 they use this type of folk dance as an
aerobic exercise for physical education classes to help expand physical movements such as hand coordination,
foot speed, and also their rhythm.

Traditional Folk Dances of the Philippines
The Philippines has many popular folk dances which have evolved and changed as they have been
passed down from generation to generation. Although a particular dance might be performed slightly
differently from one region to the next, its remains true to its roots. Here are some of the most
popular dances from the region.
The Itik-Itik
The best description of the Itik-Itik is that the steps mimic the way a duck walks, as well as the way it
splashes water on its back to attract a mate. According to popular tradition , the dance was created
by a lady named Kanang who choreographed the steps while dancing at a baptismal party. The
other guests copied her movements, and everyone liked the dance so much that it has been passed
along ever since.
Watch a performance of the Itik-Itik .
The Tinikling
The Tinikling is considered by many to be the Philippines' national dance. The dance's movements
imitate the movement of the tikling bird as it walks around through tall grass and between tree
branches. People perform the dance using bamboo poles. The dance is composed of three basic
steps which include singles, doubles and hops. It looks similar to playing jump rope, except that the
dancers perform the steps around and between the bamboo poles, and the dance becomes faster
until someone makes a mistake and the next set of dancers takes a turn.
The Sayaw sa Bangko
The Sayaw sa Bangko is performed on top of a narrow bench. Dancers need good balance as they
go through a series of movements that include some impressive acrobatics. This dance traces its
roots back to the areas of Pangapisan, Lingayen and Pangasinan.
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Watch a performance of the Sayaw sa Bangko .
The Binasuan
The Binasuan is an entertaining dance that is usually performed at festive social occasions like
weddings and birthdays. Dancers carefully balance three half-filled glasses of rice wine on their
heads and hands as they gracefully spin and roll on the ground. The dance originated in Bayambang
in the Pangasinan province, and though it's usually performed alone, it can also become a
competition between several dancers.
Watch a performance of the Binasuan .
The Pandanggo sa Ilaw
The Pandanggo sa Ilaw is similar to a Spanish Fandango, but the Pandanggo is performed while
balancing three oil lamps - one on the head, and one in each hand. It's a lively dance that originated
on Lubang Island. The music is in 3/4 time and is usually accompanied by castanets.
Watch a performance of the Pandanggo sa Ilaw .
The Pandanggo Oasiwas
The Pandanggo Oasiwas is similar to the Pandanggo sa Ilaw, and is typically performed by
fishermen to celebrate a good catch. In this version, the lamps are placed in cloths or nets and
swung around as the dancers circle and sway.
Watch a performance of the Pandanggo Oasiwas .
The Maglalatik
The Maglalatik is a mock war dance that depicts a fight over coconut meat, a highly-prized food. The
dance is broken into four parts: two devoted to the battle and two devoted to reconciling. The men of
the dance wear coconut shells as part of their costumes, and they slap them in rhythm with the
music. The Maglalatik is danced in the religious procession during the fiesta of Bian as an offering
to San Isidro de Labrador, the patron saint of farmers.
The Kuratsa
The Kuratsa is described as a dance of courtship and is often performed at weddings and other
social occasions. The dance has three parts. The couple first performs a waltz. In the second part,
the music sets a faster pace as the man pursues the woman around the dance floor in a chase. To
finish, the music becomes even faster as the man wins over the woman with his mating dance.
Watch a performance of the Kuratsa .
La Jota Moncadea
The La Jota Moncadea is adapted by the Filipinos from an old Spanish dance. It's a combination of
Spanish and Ilocano dance steps set to Spanish music and castanets. A more solemn version of this
dance is sometimes used to accompany a funeral procession, but it is also performed at
Watch a performance of the La Jota Moncadea .
The Kappa Malong-Malong
The Kappa Malong-Malong is a Muslim-influenced dance. The malong is a tubular garment, and the
dance essentially shows the many ways it can be worn. There are men's and women's versions of
the dance since they wear malongs in different ways.
Watch a performance of the Kappa Malong-Malong .
The Habanera Botolena
The Habanera Botolena is a strongly flamenco-influenced dance that comes from Botolan,
Zambales. It combines Filipino and Spanish steps, and is a popular dance at weddings. It is also
considered a courting dance in some situations.
Watch a performance of the Habanera Botolena .
The Pantomina
Also known as the Dance of the Doves, the Pantomina mimics the courtship between doves and is
often also a courtship dance between the couples that perform it. This dance is an important part of
the Sorsogon Kasanggayahan Festival held each October, where it is mainly performed by the
elders of the community.
Watch a performance of the Pantomina .
The Cariosa
The Cariosa is a dance made for flirting! Dancers make a number of flirtatious movements as they
hide behind fans or handkerchiefs and peek out at one another. The essence of the dance is the
courtship between two sweethearts.
The Surtido
Surtido literally means "assortment," and this square dance combines influences of French, Spanish
and Mexican dance. Traditionally the Surtido is performed by a head couple accompanied by two
other couples who lead all the dancers through various formations that resemble an old-fashioned
Watch a performance of the Surtido .
The Singkil
The Singkil is a dance traditionally performed by single women to attract the attention of potential
suitors. Dancers perform a series of graceful movements as they step in and out from between
bamboo poles which are rhythmically clapped together. Fans and scarves are often used to enhance
the dancers' movements.
Watch a performance of the Singkil .
The Polkabal
The Polkabal shows some European influence in its steps. The dance is composed of nine different
steps which include various movements such as fluttering, stepping heel-to-toe, a reenactment of a
bull fight, and even a leisurely walk.
Watch a performance of the Polkabal .
History Through Dance
Dancing plays an important role in Filipino culture, telling their history and preserving traditions
throughfolk dances and music. These dances are entertaining to observe, and even more fun to
learn and perform yourself.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Maglalatik is an indigenous dance from the Philippines in which coconut shell halves that are
secured onto the dancers' hands and on vests upon which are hung four or six more coconut shell halves.
The dancers - all male - perform the dance by hitting one coconut shell with the other - sometimes the
ones on the hands, sometimes, the ones on the body, and sometimes the shells worn by another
performer, all in time to a fast drumbeat. Like many native Filipino dances, it is intended to impress the
viewer with the great skill of the dancer, and in some Filipino Martial Arts (FMA) circles, it has been noted
that the manlalatik "consists of a trapping and boxing method hidden in a dance."

By-product, 2012 Good Friday burned "latik" with thecoconut healing oil as main product.
The name of the dance comes from the Filipino word "Latik", which means "fried coconut milk curd", a
coconut product that is used in Filipino cooking, particularly in snacks.
1. ^ Kautz, Pete (2005). "The Tinikling: How Traditional Filipino Dance Can Develop Your Combative
Attributes!". Alliance Martial Arts. Retrieved January 15, 2009.
The Maglalatik is an indigenous dance from the Philippines in which coconut shell halves that are secured
onto the dancers' hands and on vests upon which are hung four or six more coconut shell halves. The
dancers - all male - perform the dance by hitting one coconut shell with the other - sometimes the ones on
the hands, sometimes, the ones on the body, and sometimes the shells worn by another performer, all in
time to a fast drumbeat.
Originally performed in Binan, Laguna as a mock-war dance that demonstrates a fight between the Moros
and the Christians over the prized latik or coconut meat during the Spanish rule, this dance is also shown
to pay tribute to the towns patron saint, San Isidro Labrador. It has a four-part performance such as the
palipasan and the baligtaran showing the intense battle, the paseo and the escaramusa- the
reconciliation. Moro dancers wear read trousers while the Christian dancers show up in blue. All dancers
are male; with harnesses of coconut shells attached on their chests, backs, thighs and hips.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the traditional Philippine dance. For a town in Indonesia, see Singkil, Indonesia.

Dancers practising the steps of the Singkil
Singkl (or Sayaw sa Kasingkil) is a famous dance of the Maranao people of Lake Lanao, which was
popularised by theBayanihan Philippine National Folk Dance Company.
1 Description
2 Adaptations
o 2.1 Bayanihan
2.1.1 Storytelling
o 2.2 Other versions
3 Films
4 References
The Singkl originated from the Maranao people who inhabit the shores of Lake Lanao. It is derived from a story
in the Darangen, the Maranao interpretation of the ancient Indian epic, the Ramayana. The name of the dance
itself means "to entangle the feet with disturbing objects such as vines or anything in your path". It is a popular
dance performed during celebrations and other festive entertainment. Originally only women, particularly
royalty, danced the Singkl, which serves as either a conscious or unconscious advertisement to potential
The lead dancer, in the role of Putri Gandingan (the Darangen name for Sita), graciously step in and out of
closing bamboos poles arranged in either a parallel, rectangular, or criss-cross fashion while manipulating
either apir (fans), mosala (scarves), or even just their bare hands. A kulintang and agung ensemble always
accompanies the dance.
While often erroneously referred to by non-Maranaos as a "Muslim dance", the Singkl is in fact secular in
nature, performed by the Ummah communities of the Maranao and Maguindanao. Initially, the dance was
performed with just one pair of bamboo poles, eventually adopting the use of two criss-crossing pairs.
When the Bayanihan Dance Company began performing the Singkl, the traditional dance was adapted to
convey Western aesthetics. The Bayanihan portrayal, branded as the Princess Dance or the Royal Maranao
Fan Dance, became so popular that it is often mistaken for the authentic version of the dance.
A notable variation from the original is its inclusion of male dancers, as pole clappers and in the role of the
Prince, Rajah Bantugan (the Darangen adaptation of Rama). Additional sets of criss-crossing bamboo poles
were also added.
Further adaptation divided the dance into 4 movements:
First movement- Asik, where the slave with umbrella is introduced.
Second movement- entrance of Putri Gandingan, the entourage of female fan (sometimes scarves)
dancers, and the Prince.
Third movement- Patay, which is a slow section, and is a structural dance convention often found in
Western performances.
Fourth movement- the climax in which all dancers dance to the crescendo of music.
The Bayanihan version attempts to blatantly exposit the story as per Western conventions, and re-tells
the Darangen. The dance itself narrates a scene in which Putri Gandingan escapes her abductor, the demon
king Ravana, and is lost in the forests of Alangka, thereupon being found by her husband Rajah Bantugan. Of
note is that while in the original Rama selects the Hindu monkey-god Hanuman to find Sita on his behalf, in the
Singkl it is Rajah Bantugan himself who finds her. This possibly suggests a modification of the
original Hindu narrative in order for it to be compatible with the predominant Islamic monotheistic ideology.
Performers would therefore gracefully step in and out of bamboo poles, arranged in a criss-cross fashion while
manipulating either fans or simply their bare hands.

The dance is said to have been named after either the leg bracelets or anklets of silver, nickel or brass with
chiming bells of the same name
or the act of voluntarily or accidentally entangling ones feet in either vines or
tall grass.

[edit]Other versions
PCN (Pilipino Cultural Night) festivities held by foreign-based student groups and other theatrical dance
companies have modernised interpretations of the dance, resulting in unorthodox portrayals of the 'Singkl by
even the most esteemed Philippine folk dance choreographers.
Some dance companies have even fuse the Singkl with ballet, or make use of multiple layers of overlapping
The Singkl was performed in the film "The Debut", released in 2001. The film was directed by Filipino
American film-maker Gene Cajayon and starred Dante Basco. The film captured the essence of Filipino
traditions and the blending of these with modern American culture.
Folk Dance History in the Philippines
It is impossible to know when exactly dancing became a part of life in the Philippines. Many
traditional dances were designed to thank the gods for natural and agricultural events, such as rain
and harvests. The dances were performed during festivals and remembrances of past military
victories, and still are performed at celebrations of births and weddings in modern times. Many
modern folk dance festivals still feature ancient dances performed in costume of the tribal period of
the Philippines.
Some dances such as the Palok and the Lumagen are performed with traditional percussion
instruments such as the gangsa (a small copper gong), a tobtob (brass gong) or a hibat (a gong
played with a soft wooden stick). For many tribal dances there are no external musicians; the
dancers generate their own accompaniment with stomping and hand clapping.
Later Dances in Philippine History
More recent dances done in the Philippines derive from historical events such as the arrival of the
Spaniards in the 16th century and the conflicts with the Moors. While certain words and movements
from those cultures have been integrated into the dances, the Filipino dance genre remains true to
its ancient tradition and roots.
Philippine Folk Dances
From courtship dances to those portraying various elements of nature, many different sub-genres
exist within Philippine folk dancing.
Courtship Dances
Several dances, especially those influenced by Spanish dance forms, re-enact the courtship of a
man and a woman in all its many aspects from the sublime to the ridiculous. For example, the Maria
Clara is named after the main female character in Jose Rizal's Noli Me Tangere.
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Epitomizing virtue and nobility in a Filipina, the dancers wear traditional Spanish-style gowns and flirt
coquettishly behind fans. The addition of bamboo castanets lend a distinctly Philippine feel.
Idudu: A Snapshot of Ancient Culture
From the area of Abra, Cordillera comes the Idudu, which is a celebration of the family as the
fundamental building block of Philippine culture. Depicting a typical day in the life of a family, the
father is shown working in the fields while the mother cares for the children. As soon as the father is
done, the mother goes into the fields to continue the work while the father goes back to the house to
put the baby to sleep.
A singer usually provides a well-known lullaby during this part of the dance, and it emphasizes the
necessity of cooperation and mutual support in the Tingulan family structure.
Maglalatik: The Dance of War
A dance from before the conversion of the Philippines to Christianity is called the Maglalatik. It
represents a fierce battle between the Moro tribesmen (wearing red trousers) and the Christian
soldiers from Spain (wearing blue). Both groups wear harnesses with coconut shells attached tightly
to their bodies which are struck repeatedly with other shells held in the hands.
Originally from the Binan, Laguna province, it is now one of the most common dances in Philippine
folk dance performances.
Pandanggo sa Ilaw: Grace and Balance
Derived from the Spanish word fandango, this dance is one of several designed to show off the
grace, balance, and dexterity of the performers. Three glasses of wine (or, in modern times, water)
are held in hands and on top of the dancers' heads as they move, never spilling a drop.
This is similar to the Binasuan dance from the Pangasinan Province which is done with drinking
Tinikling: Birds Dancing Over Bamboo
Perhaps the best-known dance in Philippine folk dance history, the Tinikling mimics the high-
stepping strut of birds in the Philippine jungles over the bamboo traps the hunters would set for
them. Two dancers, usually male and female, gracefully step in and out of crossed sets of bamboo
poles being moved together and apart to the music.
The dance gets faster and faster as it goes on, and it has been an audience favorite for Philippine
dance companies touring the world.
More on Cultural Dances
A recent rebirth in interest for folk and cultural dances has spurred many resources to appear online.
You can watch these folk dances on YouTube, read about the cultural history on informational sites,
and even learn some of the dances through instructional videos. Check out some of these resources
to further develop your knowledge of Philippine folk dancing:
Sayam Pilipinas: Plenty of information is available through this informational website,
where the dances are divided into categories and then explained with the help of pictures.
Bayanihan: The official website of the national folk dance company of the Philippines, this
site, written in English, provides authentic glimpses into folk dance of the Philippines, as
well as performance dates.
Parangal: A Filipino dance company based out of San Francisco which brings the art of
the Philippines to American audiences.
ArtsBridge America: The way that dance and culture intertwine all around the world is
explored in this performance curriculum designed to teach about cultural dances of the
Ritwal: A DVD featuring several different types of Philippine folk dancing, this is a visual
feast for anyone interested in the genre.
Ancient to Modern Dance History
The history of dancing in the Philippines is a long and rich story that shows how intertwined the
dances are with daily life and important events. Learn a few of the dances in order to really increase
your understanding and appreciation of this dance genre; while the choreography may seem difficult
at first, a little focused study can go a long way.