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IS; 5525.

1 9 6 9
-indian Standard
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
DETAILING OF REINFORCEMENT IN
REINFORCED CONCRETE WORKS
(Fourth Reprint APRIL 1 9 83)
e
UDC 72[021 744A 6 9 3554
__ [Ed
____________________ ~f Cop.,r:gh: 1 9 70
iNDiAN STANDARDS INSTITUTION
MANAK RHAVAN. 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG
NEW DELHI 1 1 0002
t , Gi~
<~ J ~
Gi 7 September 1970
IS: 5525 - 1969
J Indian Standard
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
DETAILING OF REINFORCEMENT IN
REINFORCED CONCRETE WORKS
Joint Sect ional Commit t ee for Concret e Reinforcement , BSMDC 8
chairman Repre tenting
SHRI C. P. MALIK Cent ral Public Works Depart ment
Members
SuRf B. D. AHUJA Nat ional Buildings Organizat ion
Ssias 0. N. GUETA (Alternate)
SHRI A. P. BACCIII Sahu Cement Service. New Dclhi
SHRI K. K. BASU Indian Iron & St eel Co Lt d C, slcust a
Sn~s B. B. BUATTACHARjEE IRC St eels Lt d. Calcut t a
SIIR.s A. S. BIst iNol Minist ry of Transport & Shipping ( Roads \V~i~
SHRI H. P. BODHANWALLA Tat a Iron & St eel Co Lt d, Jamslt edpur
DR S. M. K. CHETTY Cent ral Building Research Inst it ut e $ I
Roorkee
DEPUTY DIRECTOR STANDARDS Research Designs & St andards Orgaei ~LoIi
B & S ).l ( Minist ry of Railways)
AssIsTANT DIRECTOR S~ANDARDS
( M/C) (Alternate)
DIRECTOR ( FARARKA B.ARRAGE) Cent ral Wat er & Power Commission
SHRI V. GULATI Heat ly & Gresbam j.ed, New Delhi
SuEs B. N. GUPTA St eel Re-Rolling Mills Associat ion of India, ~
SsRl S. BANEEJEE ( Alternate)
SHRI P. K. GumTL Nat ional Met allurgical Laborat ory ( C.>IR.
Jamshedpur
SHRI HARCSIAND SlNdn Indian St eel and Wire Product s Lt d, jamshcdpur
SuEs R. R. KAPLISII ( Alternate)
SHRI C. L. N. IVF.NoAR The ~oncrese Associat ion ofIndia, Bombay
SuRf V. K. MEUTA (Alternate)
SHRI S. S. KASHYAP Gammon India Limit ed. Bombay
SuET S. Y. KHAN Killick Nixon & CoLt d, Bombay
Suas S. M. BILORAMI (Alternate)
S~~s S. C. MAZURDAR Gannon Dunkerley & Co Lt d~ New Delhi
SuEs N. H. PAT ( Alternate
D~ P. K. MOHANTY Tor Ist eg St eel Corporat ion, Calcut t a
DR ING P. K. BANEEJEE (Alternate)
Si~i P. R. NAt E Iron & St eel Cont roller, Calcut t a
SHE! K. R. N. SWAMI (Alternate)
SKE in M. L. NANDA Cent ral Public Works Depart ment
SUPERINTENDING SImYRYOR OP
WORKS ( NORTHERN ZuNE) (Alternate)
I &ttiEIlCd t~. p O . ~ e 2
INDIAN STANDARDS INSTITUTION
MANAK BHAVAN. 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARO
NEW DELHI 110002
18:5525-1969
(Continued frompage 1
Members Represensing
Biuo 0. P. NARULA Engineer-in-Chiefs Branch, Army Headquart ers
SHRI P. K. PANTHAKY Hindust an Const ruct ion CoLt d, Bombay
SHRI P. G. V. RAo Direct orat e General of Supplies & Disposals
PROF C. S. RAMASWAMY St ruct ural Engineering Research Cent re ( CSIR),
Roorkee
Snas Z. GEORGE (Alternate)
REPRESENTATIVE M. N. Dast ur & Co ( P) Lt d, Bombay
SHRI Ru~ RAt Hindust an St eel Lt d, Ranchi
Snsu R. C. Joo(Alternate)
SECRETARY Cent ral Board of Irrigat ion& Power, New Delhi
Ssnu SisIRISH H. SHAH Tensile St eel Lt d, Bombay
Ssssu DINESH P. MEnD (Alternate)
SnmV. M. TA1..A~rs Spun Pipe and Const ruct ion Co ( Baroda) Lt d,
Baroda
SsssuR. NAGARAJAN, Direct or General, ISI (Ex-officia Member)
Direct or ( Civ Engg)
Secretary
SHRI Y. R. TANEJA
Deput y Direct or ( Civ Engg), 151
Panel for Det ailing of Reinforcement , BSMDC 8: P1
Convener
BRIG 0. P. NARULA Engineer-in-Chiefs Branch, Army Headquart ers
Members
SHE! A. K. BHATrACHARYYA Railway Board
DEPUTY DIREcTOR S TA ND A Ro Research Designs & St andards Organizat ion
( B&S)
SuEs N. S. D. KHAMBHATI Public Works Depart ment , Government of Gujarat
Sit E S M. S.JALUNDHWALA (Alternate)
SHE! C. P. LAuIEs Chat t erjee & Polk, Calcut t a
SHE! N. V. SHASTRI Cent ral Public Works Depart ment
SHE! C. N. SEINIVASAN M/s C. R. Narayana Rao, Madras
2
IS:5525-1969
Indian Standard
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
DETAILING OF REINFORCEMENT IN
REINFORCED CONCRETE WORKS
0. FOREWORD
0.1 This Indian St andard was adopt ed by t he IndianSt andards Inst it t it ion
on 22 December 1969, aft er t he draft finalized by t he Joint Sect ional Corn-
mit t ee for Concret e Reinforcement had been appr3ved by t he Civil Engi-
neering Division Council and t he St ruct t sral and Met als Division Council.
0.2 Much t ime, effort and expense can he saved in t he design office and at
t he sit e of work, if simple, clear and comprehensive drawings are prepared.
Different pract ices have hit hert o been followed in various design offices in
det ailing of reinforcing st eel in reinforced concret e st ruct ures and t his lids
quit e oft enresult ed in wast e of t ime and energy inint erpret at ion of designers
ideas and inst ruct ions by various agencies connect ed wit h fabricat ion and
placement of reinforcement and const ruct ion of reinforced concret e st rise-
t ures. It has beenat t empt ed in t his st andard t opresent unified and improved
met hods of preparing drawings for t he fabricat ionand placing of reinforcing
st eel in reinforced concret e st ruct ures. The use of t hcse improved met hods,
int is hoped, will not only result in bet t er reinforced concret e const roct iot t
but will also simplify and redt sce t he amount of work ordinasily required
t o prepar. ~eh drawings.
0.3 These recommendat ions shot sld be read in conjunct ion wit h 15: 456-
1964* and IS: 2502-1963t . While t he common met hods of det ailing of
reinforcement based on good pract ice have been recomnment led in t his
st andard, suit able deviat ions may he made in special cases, if warrant ed by
design requirement s, provided t hey sat isfy t he reqt siresnent s of IS 456-
1964* and IS 2502-1963t and ensure adeqt sat e safet y by analysis or t esl
or bot h.
0.4 For t he purpose of deciding whet her a parlicular rce
1ssircment of t his
st andard is complied wit h, t he final valt ie, observed or calcolat ed, expressing
t he result of a t est or analysis, shall he rounded off in accordance wit h IS
2-l96O~. The number of significant places ret ained in t he rounded off valt ie
should he t he same as t hat of t he specified value in t his st andard.
*Code of pract ice for plain and reinforced concret e (second relisioti ).
t Codeof pract ice for bending and fixing of bars for concret e reinforcement .
Rules for rounding offnumerical values (revised).
3
IS~5525-1 9 6 9
1. SCOPE
1.1 This st andard deals wit h t he general requirement s of det ailing of rein-
forcement in reinforced concret e st ruct ures. The recommendat ions may be
applied t o all reinforced concret e st ruct ures willy suit able modificat ions as
may be necessary.
2. SYMBOLS AND ABBRE VIATIONS
2.1 For t he purpose of t his st andard and unless uLiserwise defined in t he t est ,
t he symbols and abbreviat ions given in 2.i.l t o 2.1.4 may be used. All
reinforcement bars used in t he st ruct ures shall be suit ably designat ed and
numbered bot h in drawing and schedule.
2.1.1 Symbols Relating to Cross Sectional Shape and Site of Reinforcement Bars
Plain round bar
or
Diamet er of plain round bar
Plain square bar
D or
Side of plain square bar
Deformed bar ( including square
t wist ed bar ) -
or
Nominal size ( equivalent diamet er or
side) of t hedeformed bar (see Not e
NOTE In accordance wit h IS:l 139-1966 and IS: 1786-1966t, t he nominal size of
the deformed bar is equivalent t o t he diamet er or side of a plain bar having t he same
weight per metre runas t hedeformed bar.
2.1.2 Symbols Relating to Shape of the Bar Along Its Length
Bt Bent bar
St St raight bar
Stp St irrup
Sp Spiral
Ct Column t ie
Spccificat ionfor hot rolled mild st eel, medium t ensilest eel and high yield st rengt h
st eel defQrmed bars for concret e reinforcement ( reri~ed ).
t Specificat ionfor cold t willed st eel bars for concreie reinforcement .
4
IS: 5525 - 1 q 6 9
2.1.3 Symbols Relating to Position and Direction
EW Each way
Spacing cent re t o cent re
~ Limit of area covered by bars
-- Direct ion in which bars ext end
21.4 Symbols Relating to Various Structural Members
Bm Beam( s)
Col Column( s)
FG Foot ing( s)
GR Girder( s)
JT Joist ( s)
LL Lint el( s)
LB Lint el Beam( s)
Sb Slab( s)
WL Longit udlinal Wall
WX Cross Wall
2.2 The symbols, abbreviat ions and not es shall be used in a manner t hat
will not creat e any ambiguit y. For example, t he not at ion 5 ~ 12 bot h
ways may be int erpret ed as 12 No. 5 mm dia bars in each dlirect ion making
a t ot al of 24 or 6 Nos. 5 mm dia bars in each direct ion making a t ot al of ~2.
Toavoid t his, it is bet t er t o writ e 5 ~ St 12 EW, t hat is, 12 No. 5 mm t ma
plain round st i~sight bars in each direct ion. The same would be t rue in
referrin g to each face of a concret e st ruct t sre.
2.3 The use of t he same t ype of line for t he same pt srpose considerably
enhances t he clarit y and usefulness of t he drawing. The following not at ions
are suggest ed:
Concret e line
Unexposed concret e or masonry wall
line
Reinforcement
Cent re line
Dimension line
Concret e beam framing int o column
which ext ends t hrough floor
Concret e beam framing int o column
which st ops at floor
5
IS:5525-1969
2.4 Where bars end up in hooks or bends, as far as possible t he hooks and
bends shall be clearly indicat ed in t he drawing.
3. MARKS
3.1 Marks for Parts of Buildin gs Marks are used t o designat e t he
different st rt sct ural sneml)ers of a st ruct ure. Different st ruct ural members
of a st ruct ure shall be marked using symbols, abbreviat ions and not at ions
indicat ed in 2 and in t he manner indicat ed in 3.2 and 3.3.
3.2 A key framing plan shall be prepared t o a convenient scale and t he
t wo axes marked, one side wit h alphabet s A, B, C, et e, and t he ot her wit h
numbers ( see Fig. IA ). Normally wit h rect angular pat t ern, t he same key
frami~sg plan may be used for all floors. However, if arrangement of beams
vary for different floors a separat e key framing plan wit h grid arrangement
and axes may be used for each of t he floor. The floors shall be specified
in accordance wit h requirement s of IS: 2332~l963* and abbreviat ions BT
and MZ shall beused for basement and mezzanine respect ively, for example:
BT Basement
MZ Mezzanine
Floor 1
Floor 2
3.2.1 Columns Columns and foundat ions shall be specified by grid
arrangement giving reference t o t he floor, for example ( see Fig. IA):
FG E l Foot ing for column E I
Col 2 E 1 Column E 1 at floor 2 ( t hat is, column for st orey 2,
or column bet weenfloor 2 and 3)
3.2.2 Beams, slabs, and lint els, t ie beams shall be consecut ively numbered
fromleft hand t op corner ( see Fig. IA ).
3.2.3 If longit udinal sect ion of t he beam is shown, t hen t he grid of t he
column or number of t he beamsupport ing t he beam t hat is being det ailed
shall be shown as indicat ed in Fig. lB and if possible inset on t he drawing
showing t he key framing plan; on t he ot her hand if a beam schedule is
included, a t able (see Fig. lC) may be prepared and inset on t he drawing
showing t he key framing plan (see Fig. IA).
3.2.3.1 Beams or slabs t hat are similar may be given in t he same
number.
3.3 Walls Marking of walls shall be made int heserial order st art ing from
t op left corner of plan and proceeding t owards t he right , followed by subse-
qt sent rows, in order. Longit udinal walls and cross walls shall be marked
separat ely ( see Fig. 2 ) and ident ified in t lse drawing wit h reference t o t he
serial number of t hefloor.
sNomen clature of floors an dstoreys ( Sincerevised ).
6
IS: 5525-1969
Example:
2 WL 1 Longit udinal Wall No. 1 at floor 2 ( bet ween
floor 2 and 3)
4 WX 3 Cross Wall No. 3 at floor 4 (between floor
4 an d 5)
3.4 Floors and st oreys shall be designat ed in accordan ce wit h requirement s
of IS: 2332~l963*
4. SCALE S
4.1 Scales shall be so chosenas t o bring out t he det ails clearly and t o keep
t he drawings wit hin workable size. The choice of scalewill depend on t he
discret ion of t he designer and no general recommendat ions can be given
int his respect , alt hough commonly used scales are givenbelow as examples:
Plan 1:100, 1:5
Elevat ion c-. 1:5,1:30
Sect ions 1:50, 1:30, 1:25, 1:15, 1:10
5. STRUCTURAL DRAWINGS
5.1 St ruct ural drawings prepared by t he designer shall show det ails of
reinforcement and all ot her informat ion needed for det ailing t he rein force-
men t. The drawings shall also indicat e by separat e not es, live loads, con-
cret e st rengt h, qualit y and grade of st eel, number of bars t o be lapped and
lengt hs of laps, concret e cover and if necessary, any special inst ruct ions
regat ding erect ion of fot m work, fabricat ion and placing of st eel.
5.2 It is always convenient t odet ail and fabricat e t he reinforcement by unit s
which generally consist of foot ings, walls, columns, each floor and roof. A
separat e st ruct ural drawing supplement ed by bar bending schedule should
preferably be made for each unit . For small st ruct ures t he ent ire require-
ment s may be handled as one unit . For a large project a part icular unit
such as floor may be divided t o correspond wit h t he const ruct ion schedule.
All sect ions should be kept as large as pract icable, since it is moreeconomical
t o fabricat e for large unit s, especially where t hereis liable t obe a duplica.t ion
of bars. All t he drawings inone set should preferably be of t hesame ssze.
5.2.1 Inbridgework, especially for t ypical designs t hat are oft en repeat ed
it is cust omary t o show t he det ails of reinforcement bars on t he general
drawing.
5.3 Toensure t hat all of t he reinforcement is properly placed or posit ioned
a unit , a longit udinal sect ion or cross-sect ionor bot h should be shown in
addit ion t o t he plan and elevat ionof t he unit on which t he bars are shown.
*Nomenclat ure of floors and st oreys ( Sincerevised ).
7
1St 5525- 1969
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IS: 5525 - 1969
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FIG. 2 TYPICAL MARKING DE TAILS FOR WALLS
5.4 The drawin g should be complete an d clear, so as t o leave no doubt
on any point of const ruct ion. Complet e and accurat e dimensions shall
be shown. Clear and adequat e det ails for special and unusual condit ions
shall be given t o ensure proper placing of reinforcement . Det ails at cor-
ners and int ersect ions of walls, bridge seat const ruct ionjoint s, window and
door openings and similar special condit ions should be shown in t he
relevant drawings along wit h sket ches if necessary.
5.5 For clear demarcat ion of reinforcement bars, t hose in t heisear face shall
beshown in full lines and t hose t hat are placed in t he far face shall be shown
in dot t ed line.
5.6 All bars st raight or bend, requiring hooks shall be so designat ed by t he
designer or a not e t o t his effect included in t he drawing.
5.7 Lengt hs of laps, point s of bend, and ext ension of bars should bespecified
by t hedesigner. Therat ios L/7, LIS and L/4, et c shownon t ypical dr~.wings
shall not be used unless just ified by st ruct ural analysis.
10
18:5525-1369
5.6 Differen t sizes ofbar supports such as holsters an d high chairs in in cre-
men tsip which stock sizes are common ly available shall be in dicated on the
drawin g.
5.9 Whereverpossible, all con trol an d con struction join ts should be in dicated
on structural drawin gs an d details provided for such join ts.
5.10 Notes an d lastructioms An y ambiguity an d scope for misint er-
pret at ion of in struction s shall be avoided. All in struction s shall be in the
imperative form, specific, brief an d clear.
5.11 Schedules
5.11.1 The rein forcemen t ofslabs, beams an d man y other parts ofstruc-
tures may be effectively shown on workin g drawin gs or in a tabular form,
kn own as a schedule. The schedule is a compact summary of the dimen -
sion s ofthe con cern ed structural part, all the bars complete with the n umber
of pieces, shape an d size, len gths an d ben din gdetails fromwhich fabrication
det ails may be easily worked out. Bar len gths for st raight bars should pre-
ferably be det ailed in increment s of 75 mm.
5.11.1.1 Aschedule shall besupplement ed wit h diagram.. and sket ches,
wherever n ecessary. Where bars of different dimensions are used, t he
exact arran gemen t of the rein forcemen t shall be shown by mean s of
clear diagrams. No abbreviation or symbol shall be used in a schedule
without proper explan ation .
5.11.1.2 For small structures detailed on a sin gle sheet, t he schedule
may be place4in the upper left corn er of the drawin g. For larger structures
requirin g more than on e drawin g the complete schedulo.may appear on the
last sheet of t he det ails, or if t he size of t he st ruct ure warrant s, separat e
schedules may beprepared for each unit ( foundat ion, abut ment s, piers, et c)
on t he drawing covering t hat specific unit of t hest ruct ure.
5.11.2 Beams, Girders and Joists Det ails of reinforcement for beams,
girders and joist s are usually shown in schedules. The schedules should
show t he number, mark and size of number; number, size, posit ion and
lengt h of st raight bars; number, size, posit ion, bending det ails and t ot al
lengt h of bent bars and st irrups; size, shape and spacing of bar support s;
and any ot her special inforsuat ion necessary for proper fabricat iosm and
placement of t he reinforcement (see Fig. 3). Care shall be t aken not t o
omit anycont rolling dimension such as over-all lengt h of t hebar and height
of t hebent bar and locat ionof bar wit h respect t osupport ing members where
t he bar is not placed symmet rically. Theschedule should alsoinclude special
not es onbending and any special informat ion, such as t he requirement of
laps, t wo layers of st eel.
5.11.3 Slabs The reinforcement for slabs is generally indicat ed on t he
plan, wit h det ails for t he various t ypes of bend bars shown Ln a schedi.le
(see Fig. 3 and 4). The schedule shall be similar t o t hat for bars inbeams,
except that the n umber of bars may also be obt ained fromt heplan. Panels
exact ly alikeshall be givenanident ifying mark or sospecified int heschedule.
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12
IS: 5525 - 1969
5.11.4 WalLs The reinforcement for walls shall be indicat ed on t he
plan elevat ion and SeCt ion wit h t he det ails for various t ypes of bent bars
shown in schedule in a mannee similar t o t hat for beams and slabs,
5.11.5 (~olumns The reinforcement for columns may he shown in a
column schedule ( see Fig. 3 XVhen pedest als are used, t hey should be
included in t he column ~clieduie Piles and pile caps should be t reat ed
as separat e unit s and separat e det ails or schedule or bot h may be provided.
The main schedule may he supplement ed xx it h xmaller schedule for t ies
and bent bars, diagram; showine t he arrangemen and bending of t he t iex,
and any special feat ure of t he const ruct ion pet t in nt t o t he fahricat ionand
placing of t he column reinforcement see Fig 6 sisd 7 In ease of rect an-
gular column t he reinforcement det ails ma~ lx indu at ed wit h reference t o
framing plan. In case of square columns dcsian ci for bt iilding and axial
load wit h unequal reinforecinct it in t wo din t iut e, det ailed plan should he
givenshowing t he reinforcement , t he heaum Ii sming int o t he column, and
ot her salient reference line; so t hat t he hais are placed in correct places in
t he plane of bet iding.
-12mm ~ 8t 0 25cm CAL~ERNATE END CRAN~ttO
Ft c. 4 TYPICAL DETAILS OF SLABREINFORCEMENT IN
STRUCTURAL DRAWING
5.11.3.1 In skewed panels, bars shall be fanned t o maint ain given
spacing in t he mid span. Addit ional bars for reinforcing t he openings
shall he as shown on plan ( see Fig. 5 ).
13
IS: 5525- 1969
REINFORCING
BARS
NomCrou4ect ional area of the ext rabars placed parallel t oprincipal reinforce-
inent should be at least equal to t hearea of principal reinforcement disturbed by the
open in g.
Fzo. 5 Typxcu.. RE INFORCE ME NT Dzmu.s FOR OPE NINGS IN SLAE
14
# BARS@ 500 mm C/C
IS: 5525 -1969
In addition toshowin g size an d regular spacin g of column ties, the
design er shall also show an y addition al ties required for special con dition s
such as splices, offset-ben ds, etc (see Fig. 6).
BOWELS-
SPLIcE
BARS
SLOPE
ito s
(6 ) ( I)
Fio. 6 TYPICAL DE TAILS or COLUMN SPLICE S
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(a) (b) (C)
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16
IS: 5525 - 1969
5.11.6 Dowels and Bar Supports Dowels and bar support s, spacer bars,
bar chairs, et e, should be specifically list ed on t he st ruct ural drawing and
should be scheduled in t hat port ionof t he structure in which t hey are first
required so t hat t hey can be delivered wit h t he reinforcement and are
available for placement at proper t ime. Foot ing dowels shall be scheduled
wit h foot ings rat her t han in column schedules.
5.11.7 Other Structures On some types of structures, such as bridges,
t anks, sewers and conduit s, and cert ain component s of buildings, such as
stairs, special procedures may beused and adapt ed t o t he particular struc-
ture ( see Fig. 8 ). The principal object is t o show t he reinforcement in a
sisnple clear and easy manner. This may be accomplished by a small
det ailed sket ch of each bar or t ype of bar wit h a t able of dimensions.
6. MISCE LLANE OUS
6.1 Congest ionof st eel should beavoided at point s where members int ersect .
It should be ensured t hat all reinforcement shown can be properly placed.
For example, at t he int ersect ionof a beamand girder, t hebeam bars should
be placed at a different elevat ion t han t hose in t he girder so as t o avoid
int erference when t he st eel is being placed. Anot her very t roublesome point
is t he int ersect ionof columns wit h beams and girders and a large-scalelayout
det ail should be shown on t he drawing for guidance of st eel set t er (see
Fig. 9).
6.2 It should be ensured t hat hooked And bent bars canbeplaced int he form
work and have adequat e concret e cover.
6.3 It shot Flcl be ensured t hat t he unusual bends shown in t he drawing can
be made wit h bending equipment normally available ( see IS : 2502~l963*
6.4 When a member has a break in it s direet Fon so t ha.. t he reint orcement
in ten sion t ends to separate from t hr body of t he concret e, special anchorage
shall be provided and shown in det ail. Examples are t he junct ion of
st airs and landings (see Fig. 8) t he soflit of a beam forming an angle,
inside corners of walls, and inside corners of rigid frames.
6.4.1 Where slabs frame flush wit h t he bot t om of upst and beams,
adequat e reinforcement shall be provided t o t ake careof ext ra t ension.
6.5 Where t helengt hs of bars are riot spcilically fixed, suds as fur t empera-
t urest eel, slabs onground and t ie bars irs Iluurs ciFlvert s and ret aining walls,
st ock lengt hs or lengt hs which canhe cut front st ock lengt h wit h a rnininsum
of wast e shot sld be t t sed.
6.6 When larger diamet er bars are required in columns or in beams, and
t o avoid congest ion t hey have t o be welded rat her t han lapped for splicing,
t he met hod of welding should bespecified as ~vell as t he locat ionof t he st ag-
gered welds at height s or posit ions convenient for welding.
eCodeof pracricr for bending and fixin g ofbars for conercie reinforcement .
17
ISs 5525 - 1969
BC STRAIGHT STAIR FLIGHT SUPPORTED ON BRICKWORK
FIG. 8 ~r.PICAL DE TAJ L5 OF RE INFORCE ME NT IN STAIR FLIGHT
6.7 Splices Where beams or girders require bars longer t han carried
inst ock, t he splices in t he bars shall be made where t he st ress int he bar is
minimum, t hat is, at t he point of inflect ion. Splices inbent bars cansome-
t imes be avoided by using st raight t op and bot t om bars, t hough bent bars
aid incarrying diagonal t ension.
BA STRAIGHT STAIR FUGHT
BB STRAIGHT STAIR FLIGHT WITH LANDING
18
1525525-1969
H
v
I
V
It II
ii II
I, II
r,:
I... I
II
I
ENLARGED ENLARGED ENLARGED
SECTION XX SECTION VY SEClION U
FIG. 9 TYPICAL RE INFORCE ME NT DE TAILS AT J UNCTION OF
COLUMN AND BE AM
Splices shall best aggered andshall be made by lapping, welding or ot her
posit ive connect ions. Lap splices should, however, not be used for 45 mm
and 50 mm deformed bars in t ension. Splices shall be avoided where t he
crit ical design st ress is t ensile. Lapped bars, if used, may he eit her irs
cont act or separat ed.
6.7.1 Lap lSplices Since t he st rengt h of a lap splice does not snerease
direct ly wit h t he lengt h of ap, but varies wit h bar diamet er, concret e
st rengt h, posit ion of t he bar, dist ance from ot her bars, and t ype of st ress
compression or t ension ), it is necessary for t he desigt scr t o showlengt h ant i
locat ionof all lap splices.
6.7.1.1 At splice point s, sufficient bars ( or dowels ) frons t he lower
column shall ext end int o t he upper column t o provide not less t han t he
sect ional area of t he bars in t he upper column. These bars shall exscnd
at least t he minimum dist ance required for colt smn splices. The remaining
bars in t he lower column shall ext end t o wit hin 75 mm of t he t op of t he
floor, or t o wit hin 75 mm of t he t op of ot her member t ransmit t ing Use
addit ional load t o t he column.
6.7.1.2 Where t he t ops of column bars are less t lsass 18 rn above
t het op of foot ings or pedest als, t hebars shall ext end int o t he ibot ing or pedes-
t al, and dowels shall not be used t inIest specifically indicat ed by t hede;igner.
6.7.1.3 Dowels shall havea crosssect ional area at least eqt ial t o t hat
of t he bars above and t hey shall ext end bot h above and below t lse point s
19
IS: 5525 - 1969
splice t he minimum dist ance required for splices. The minimum lengt h of
lapshall be based on t he size of t he largest bat in t he column above t he
splices.
6.7.1.4 Where t he dept h of t he foot ing, or foot ing and pedest al
combined, is less t han t he minimum lengt h of embedment required for
dowels of t he desired size, t hesizeor number of dowels shall beincreased and
shown ondesign drawings. Inexcept ional cases, hooks at t he bot t omof t he
bars may be desirable t o resist t ension, but t he lengt h of bars in anysuch
hook shall n ot be con sidered in determin in g t he bond area provided for
compression.
6.7.1.5 Theuse of at ier of columns one above t he ot her is rare inbridge
const ruct ion, but when used, t he pract ice described above should apply.
6.7.2 Butt Splices Reinforcing bar but t splices may be made by arc
welding, fusion welding, or using posit ive connect ion ( mechanical connec-
t ions). The propert ies of t hese connect ors, and t he reinforcing bar and
preparat ion requirement s vary wit h t he t ype of connect ion used. It is
import ant t hat t he designer should specify t he t ype of connect ion which
will meet t he design requirement s (see IS: 456~l964* and IS: 275 l-1966t ).
6.7.2.1 Det ails of t he more common ly used t ypes of but t joint splices
are shown in Fig. 10. On t he drawings and on orders t o t he fabricat ing
shop, t he designer shall clearly show t he reinforcing bar and preparat ion,
t he met hod of welding and det ails of positive con n ection s, when used. In
cases where material is ordered cut t o lengt h from t he mill, considerat ion
should begivenwhileordering lengt h t o allowfor re-cut t ing by t he fabricat -
ing shop.
TWO ADDITIONAL
SETS O F TYPICAL
TIES PROVIDED
AT EACH END
WELD
3mmi~ CUT
SOUARE
END
1OA POSITIVE CONNECTION 108 WELDED SPLICE
FIG. 10 TYPICAL DE TAILS OC BUTT SPLICES
6.8 Dowels Dowels may be necessary for splicing column bars or where
t he concret ing for part of t he st ruct ure is delayed, or bet ween various unit >
Codc ofpract ice for plain asud reinforced concret e ( second re~ision
ICodeof pract ice for welding of mild st eel barsused fo~ rcnforced concret e consiruct iun.
I
20
ISI 5525 - 1969
of st ruct ures. Dowels should always be det ailed first so t hat t hey will be
delivered t o t hejob at t he proper t ime. Except for special cases in columns,
dowels shall be of t he same number, size, and grade as t he barsjoined and
shall be of sufficient lengt h t o splice wit h t he main bars.
6.9 Lon gitudin al Rein forcemen t for Column Where a column at a
part icular floor is smaller ( in cross-sect ion) t han t he column immediat ely
below it , t he vert ical bars from t he lower column shall be offset t o come
wit hin t he upper column, or dowels shall beused. The slope of t he inclined
port ion shall not exceed 1 in 6 (see Fig. 6). In det ailing offset column
bars, a bar diamet er should be added t o t he desired offset ; and in t he
corners of square columns, t he bars should be offset on t he diagonal.
6.9.1 Longit udinal reinforcement bars in squarer or rect angular columns
should be offset bent int o t he column above. Lousgit udinal re-inforcing bars
in round columns wherecolumns size is not changed should be offset beat if
maximum number of bars are desired in t he column above. General
pract ice is t o sket ch t he offset for t he corner bars which should be bent
diagonally and make t his t he t ypical offset dim~nsion for all t he bars iii
t he column.
6.9.2 For any offset bet weencolumn faces up t o a maximum of 75 mm
t he longit udinal bars should be offset bent . When t he offset exceeds
75 mm, t helongit udinal bars int hecolumn belowshould bet erminat ed at t he
floor slab and separat e dowels used,
6.9.2.1 Where upst and beamis not provided, t he height of t he column
equal t o 75 mm above t he floor level should be cast along wit h t he lower
column .
6.9.3 When t he bar arrangement changes bet ween floors, bars may
ext end t hrough, st op off, or require separat e dowels. Eachsit uat ionrequires
it s own solut ion. St eel equal in area and bond capacit y t o t hat in t he
column above shall be ext ended.
6.9.3.1 Column bars shall bespliced at t he t op of upst and beams rat her
t han at floor level.
6.9.4 Where column vert icals are offset bent , addit ional t ies shall be
provided and placed not more t han eight bar diamet ers from t he point
of bend. For pract ical purposes, t hree closely spaced t ies are usually used,
one of which may be part of t he regularly spaced t ies plus two extra ties.
The designer should indicat e t he general arrangement s of vert ical bars and
all t ie requirement s.
6.9.5 Welded splices or ot her posit ive connect ions may be used as but t
splices for vertical column bars inst ead of lapped splices. For bars of size
32mm and above such splices or connect ions maybe used t oavoid overcrowd-
ing of t he bars due t o t he ext remely long laps which would ot herwise be
required. Special preparat ion of t he ends of t he vert ical bars is usually
21
15:5525-1969
required. Where bars are arc welded, t he most common pract ice is t o pro-
vide a square-cut end at t he t op and a double bevelled end ont hebot t om of
t he upper bar t o re s t o n t h e s quare -cut e nd. This permit s filling t heresult ing
spacewit h weld met al t o develop t he splice ( see Fig. 10 ). Where awelded
sleeveor mechanical device is used bot h ends of t he bar may beeit her square
cut or st andard-shear cut , depending on t he t ype of connect ion used. Since
t h e p o i nt s o f s p l i ce are usually st aggered bet weenalt ernat e vert ical bars and
t h e s p l i ce l o cat i o n w i l l de p e nd up o n t h e de s i gn re qui re me nt s , t h e de s i gne r
s h o ul d i ndi cat e t he t ypes of splices permissible and t heir locat ion (see IS:
456~l964* and IS: 275 1-1966t ).
6.10 Lateral Rein forcemen t for Column s The arrangement of lat eral
t ies and spirals shall conform t o t he requirement s of IS: 456~l964* and
s h al l be ade quat e l y i l l us t rat e d and det ailed. Typical arrangement of t ies
fo r vari o us numbe rs o f l o ngi t udi nal bars are s h o w n i n F i g. 7. Ifaccess t o t he
i nt e ri o r o f a co l umn o r p i e r i s ne ce s s ary s o me p at t e rn of t ies may be s ubs t i -
t ut e d p ro vi de d t h e t i e arrange me nt co nfo rms t o t h e re qui re me nt s of IS:
456~l964*. The arrangement should preferably be such as t o leave t he
inside core area of t h e column free from maze of int ersect ing t ies.
6.10.1 Bundled liars shall be t ied, wired, or ot herwise fast ened t o ensure,
t hat t hey remainin posit ion. End-bearing compression splices will be held
concenurt e, al l bundles of column vert icals will be held by addit ional t ies at
each side of end-bearing splices, and any short splice bars added for t ension
should be t ied as part of t he bundle wit hin t he limit of four bars t o a bundle.
Aco rne r o f a t ie should be provided at each bundle.
6.11 Spiral Rein forcemen t
6.11.1 General Spirals, whet her in building or in bridges shall be
p ro vi de d w i t h o ne and o ne -h al f e xt ra t t t rns at bo t h t op and bot t om. Where
necessary t o splice t he spiral it shall be done by shop welding or by a lap
of one and one-half t urns. Where a spiral cannot be furnished in one piece
it may be furnished in t wo or more sect ions by providing one and one-half
t urns at e ach o f t h e e nds o f e ach s e ct i o n t o be lapped in t he field. The
sect ions shall be properly ident ificd by mark numbers t o ensure proper
assembly.
6.11.1.1 The height ( or lengt h ) of a spiral is defined as t he dist ance
out -t o-out of coils including t he finishing t urns at t op and bot t om wit h a
t olerance of 40 mm. The maximum lengt h of spacers shall be t hat of t he
spiral plus one pit ch.
6.11.2 Colwnns Unless ot herwise specially provided, spirals shall be
det ailed as ext ending from t he floor level or t op of foot ing or pedest al t o t he
*Code ofpract ice for plain and reinforced concret e ( second r~risious).
t Co de of pract ice for welding of mild st eel bars used for reinforced concret e
const ruct ion.
22
IS: 5525 - 1969
level of t he lowest horizont al reinforcement in t he slab, drop panel, or beam
above. Inacolumnwit h a capit al, it shall ext end t o t he plane at whicli t he
diamet er or widt h of t he capit al is t wice t hat of t he column. If t he design
requires lat eral reinforcement in t he column bet ween t he t op of t he main
spiral and ~he foot level above, it shall be provided by a st ub spiral ( short
sect ion of spiral ) or by circular column t ies. This is necessary t o permit
placing of t hereinforcement in t hefloor syst em. Where st ub spirals areused,
t hey should be at t ached t o t he main spiral for t ransport at ion or carefully
ident ified by bar t ype numbers.
6.11.3 Piles Themost common use of spirals is in reinforced concret e
piles. They rest rain t he longit udinal bars during driving of t h e p i l e and
support t he st ruct ural loads. Piling spirals are generally furnished formed t o
t herequired diamet er and wit h t he proper number of t urns, but unmount ed,
t hat is wit hout rigid spacers t o hold t he spirals t o adesignat ed pit ch. The
s p s ral i s t i e d and t rans p o rt e d i n a co mp act bundl e . On t h e jo b it i s unt i e d and
p ul l e d o ut over t h e l o ngi t udi nal p i l i ng bars fo r t h e p ro p e r specified dist ance.
It i s t h e n t kd t o t h e longit udinal bars at t herequired pit ch. The diamet er
vari e s w i t h e ach t urn. Two t ypes of spiral are fabricat ed, t he circular spiral
fo r ro und o r o ct ago nal p i l e s and t h e s quare s p i ral fo r s quare p i l e s . Sp i ral s
may be supplied in t wo or more pieces. The t apered spiral is always fur-
nished separat ely and t he const ant shaped spiral may be furnished in more
t han one piece t o suit t he lengt h of spiral st ock available or t hefabricat or~s
equipment . Unless t he separat e pieces cont ain t he same number of t urns,
t hey should be carefullymarked t o ensure proper placing. At least one and
one-half ext ra t urns of spiral should beprovided at t he ends of each sect ion
of spiral and t he ext ra t urns fromone sect ion lapped int o t hat of t he adjoin-
ing sect ion.
6.11.3.1 Spirals are also used in circular caissons, columns of cont i-
nuous bent s for viaduct s, columns over arches, and ot her special cases.
When t hus used, t hey are generally mount ed on spaces t o hold t he spiral
firmly in place at t he desired pit ch during placing of t he concret e.
6.12 E dge Beams Where t he designer shows st irrups in any edge or
spandrel beam, t hese st irrups shall be closed and at least one longit udinal
bar shall be locat ed in each corner of t he beans sect ion, t he size of t his bar
t o be at least equal t o t he diamet er of t he st irrup but not less t han 12 mm
These det ails shall be clearly indicat ed by t he designer. Typical det ails
are shown in Fig. II for normal and upt urned edge or spandrel beams.
For easier placing of t he longit udinal bars in t he beam, det ails for t wo-
piece closed st irrups are also shown. For t he same reason, t he 900
st irrup hook is preferred ( see Fig. 11 ). The designer should showt he general
arrangement of all such bars and st irrups.
6.13 WaIl In tersection s an d Corn ers Horizont al wall reinforcement
may be required by t he designer t o resist moment , shear, or merely changes
in lengt h due t o t emperat ure or shrinkage. Inany case, unless t he designer
23
IS:5525-1969
0
CLOSED BY STANDARD 9 0
6 d OPT1 Al. tO SO OK HOOKS EX TENSION
~~~~1~~~
24 d
(300 MIN)
ALL STIRRUPS IN EDGE
BEAM SHALL BE CLOSED
dl
1~
CEPT WHEN SPLICED TO [.~12@ MIN BARS CONTINt.~US
HER TOP STEEL. THESE
ARS SHALL BE OF SAME
ZE AS STIRRUPS IF STIRRUPS
RE LARGER THAN 1 2 ~s
12 ORNER BARS SHALL BE PROPERLY ANCHORED AT SUPPORTS
STIRRUPS AS CLOSED TIE
STANDARD 9d~ HOOK
1 2~ MIN BARS CONTINUOUS
EX CEPT WHEN SPLICED TO
ONE TOP BAR PER OTHER TOP STEEL
STIRRUP AT LEAST o
STANDARD 9 0 STIRRUP
hOOK EX TENSION Bd
CORNER BARS SHALL BE
PROPERLY ANCHORED AT
SUPPORTS
STIRRUPS AND TOP BARS
FORM CLOSED TIE
FIG. II TYPICAL DETAILs OF REINFORCEMENT IN EDGE AND
SPANDREL BEAM
1 20 MIN BARS CONTINUOUS
EX CEPT WHEN SPLICED
OTHER TOP STEEL
WHERE REQUIRED BY
ORNER BARS SHALL BE
PROPERLY ANCHORED AT
SUPPORTS
TWO-PIECE STIRRUPS FORM CLOSED TIE
All dimensions inmillimet res.
24
IS:5525. 1969
indicat es ashrinkage cont rol joint at t his point , all t hehorizont al bars inone
or somet imes bot h faces of a wall should be sufficient ly ext ended past a
corner or int ersect ion t o be fully developed (see Fig. 12 ). Nevert heless
it is necessary for t he designer t o indicat e which, if any, horizont al reinforce-
ment should be ext ended for full development at int ersect ions and .corners
of walls and foot ings. Typical det ails are shown in Fig. 12 for resist ance
against moment inward, out ward, or bot h, wit h t he reinforcement fromt he
appropriat e face or faces anchored.
/
1 0 ~ @ 130
c/c c~
1 0 ~ @ 130
C/C 03
12A TYPICAL CORNER
~I2#@)30rlD~@15o
a.
c\35
031
a
4
DE T.A IL S
a +
LAP
F 10~@130
C/C a5
~ C/C 02
LAP LAP
10 ~ 0 1 50
C/C ~1
4-
It .
f
1 0 ~ t~ 1 30
C/C a4
~ @ 1 50
C/C 05
128 TYPICAL INTERSECTION DETAILS
FIG. 12 TYPICAL CORNER AND INTERSECTION DETAILS FOR WALLS
7. WE LDE D WIRE FABRIC
7.1 Gen eral We l de d w i re fabri c i s e i t h e r o bl o ng me s h o r s quare me s h
and is supplied in eit her rolls or flat sheet s. The det ails regarding mat erial,
LAP I 0~#~ 1 50
12 d MINFV1..-.- C/Ca1
tO ~ @ 1 50
C/C a2~>
~
-4-
I.
25
IS: 5525 - 1969
t ypes and designat ion, dimensions, sizes of sheet s or rolls, weight , t clerances,
mechanical propert ies, et e, are covered in IS : l566~l967*.
7.2 Design ation Welded wire fabric should bedesignat ed as recommend-
ed in IS: l566~l967*, t hat is eit her by complet e descript ion of t he fabric
specifying t he desired mesh size and diamet er of bot h longit udinal and
t ransverse wires, or by t he reference number of t he mesh as indicat ed in
Appendix A of IS: l566~l967*. While denot ing size of sheet or roll of
oblong mesh fabric t he first dimension shall be lengt h of main wires.
7.3 Detailin g
7.3.1 Toensure t hat correct size of fabric is laid in right direct ion, small
sket ches should beinsert ed on t he plant oindicat e t he direct ionof span of t he
fabric. Det ails at A and B i n F i g. 13 will indicat e square and oblong welded
wire fabric respect ively in plan view of slab.
A B
FIG. 13 WELDED WIRE FABRIC INPLAN VIE W OF SLAB
7.3.2 The act ual posit ion of t he welded wire fabric sheet in slab panels
may be shown by adiagonal line t oget her wit h t he descript ion of t he mesh
used. Bot t om sheet s should beshown wit h diagonal drawn frombot t omleft
hand corner t o t he t op right -hand corner. Top sheet s should beshown from
t op left -hand corner t o t he bot t om right -hand corner. A schedule may also
be included in t he st ruct ural drawing indicat ing t he mesh sizes and lengt h
and widt h, and cut t ing det ails for welded wire fabricsheet s for different slab
panels. A t ypical planand schedule is givenin Fig. 14 and Fig. 15.
7.4 LAPS
7.4.1 The fabric is supplied in long rolls and it is rarelynecessary t o have
ajoint of t he main wires. The rigidly connect ed cross members provide
mechanical anchorage, and adequat e lapping where necessary, may be
accomplished wit h a comparat ively short lap when cross wires occur wit hin
t he lap.
7.4.2 In structural slabs, laps in regions of maximumst ress shall beavoid-
ed. Such splices where used for eit her end or edge laps, shall be made
so t hat t he dist ance bet ween out ermost cross wire of each fabric sheet is
not less t han t he spacing of t he wire parallel t o t he lap plus 50 mm (see
Fig. 16A).
*Speciflcat ion for hard-drawn st eel wire fabricfor concret e reinforcement .
26
ISI 3525-1969
Fabric placed at bot t om
F abri c p l ace d at t op
All dimensions inrnillinset res.
FIG. 14 PLAN SHOWING TYPICAL DE TAILS OF WE LDE D WIRE FABIUC
AT To~ AND BOTTOM OF SLAB
27
I
1
1St 5525. 1969
~Is Q
(4 0
Sn
~2
Sc
C
0
C
cc
~ C
(4
U.
H
5-
(-(4
U.
z i
- 5-
C ..)
C~.z -~
7 -. . C ~
-
SUU.
.5 ~.~
K i c~ (4
0
-n _ _
CC C~.
4
-(.9 -~ I ~

-(0 -o 0
~ ~
213
C
-5.
CNJ
K
5
C
N
0
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z
-.~ts
C s
0
54
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C -,
5.
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C
IS:5525-3969
7.4.3 Inot her cases for end laps, welded wire fabricshall be lapped not
l e s s t h an o ne me s h p l us 50 s t i m, t h at i s , t h e l e ngt h o f t h e l ap s h al l be 50 mm
gre at e r t h an t h e s p aci ng o f wires parallel t o t he lap (see Fig. 16B). F o r
edge laps, a lap of50 mmis sufficien t (see Fig. 160).
ONE MESH .5Omm+ 2 END OVERhANGS,
LAP TIP TO TIP OF WIRE
TRANSVERSE WIRE
LONGITUDINALWIRE
1 6 A MORE THAN HALF STRESS END AND EDGE LAPS
ONE F4ESH+ 50mm
END LAP TIP TOTIP
OF WIRE
JOINAL WIRES
1 6 B HALF STRESS END LAP
50 mm, EDGE LAP C/C
TRANSVERSE I OF SELVAGE WIRE
WIRES
ISC HALF STRESS EDGE LAP
FIG. 16 TYPICAL DE TAILS FOR LAPS INWE LDE D WIRE FABRIC
7.4.4 These requiremen ts for lappin g should be covered by suitable
clauses in t he general specificat ions. But whet her specified by wording or
shown on t he plans, cert aindist inct ions should be made bet weenedge laps
and end laps .
7.4.5 The widt h of anedge lap shall be indicat ed as t he cent re t o cent re
dist ance bet weent heout side or selvagelongit udinal wires of t he overlapping
sheet s as illust rat ed in Fig. 16.
7.4.6 The lengt h of anend lap shall be indicat ed as t he t ip-t o-t ip dist ance
bet ween t he ends of t he longit udinal wires of t he overlapping sheet s as
illust rat ed in Fig. 16.
29