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Training Leaders for Community Empowerment


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ADVANCED STUDIES ON HRBA
Published by the Peoples Development Institute
91 Madasalin Street,
Brgy. Sikatuna Village, 1101
Quezon City, Philippines
Tel. No. (632) 351-7553
Lay-out and photos by: Ramon T. Ayco, Sr.
of Peoples Development Institute
Set in Times New Roman Txt LT Std, pt. 12
Published in the Philippines
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Training Leaders for Community Empowerment
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ADVANCED STUDIES ON HRBA
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Training Leaders for Community Empowerment
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Advanced Studies
on
Human Rights-Based
Approach
Maria Socorro I. Diokno
July 2014
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ADVANCED STUDIES ON HRBA
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Training Leaders for Community Empowerment
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I. Objectives
Advanced Studies in HRBA is a three-month course
that builds HRBA training experts and advocates among
development practitioners. At the end of this course,
participants should be able to:
1. Defne HRBA, compare and contrast it against
other development approaches;
2. Explain all elements of HRBA:
a. Defne a specifc right, discuss the rights
normative content and relate these to
development and governance;
b. Identify corresponding obligations and relate
these to development and governance;
c. Identify and explain human rights violations;
d. Synthesize and explain the human rights
responsibilities of the private sector in the
context of development and governance;
e. Interpret and explain each PANTHER
principle and integrate these principles into
capacity building activities.
3. Develop their own human rights tools which they
can use for future capacity development activities;
4. Develop specifc strategies for training needs analysis,
curriculum development and training management;
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5. Demonstrate basic training skills related to using
multiple learner-centered methods, facilitating
groups and training documentation and evaluation.
II. Outline
A. Introduction to the Course (Day 1, 9:00 am
12:00 noon)
1. Introduction of Participants and Facilitator
2. Course Objectives and Outline
3. Required Readings
4. Templates
5. Focal Rights/Focus of Expertise
6. Note Taking
Ms. Socorro Diokno introducing the HRBA workshop.
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7. Assignments
a. Take Home Assignment A:
i. Read required readings.
ii. Use Template 1: The Basics of Human
Rights to organize your notes.
iii. Reduce your notes into a single,
powerful message about human rights.
b. Take Home Assignment B:
i. Read required readings. Based on
your readings and notes, fll in the frst
three sections of Template 2: Guide to
Philippine Human Rights Framework.
ii. Choose one (1) law or instrument and
prepare an outline for a 10-minute
presentation/discussion before the
community.
A participant presenting an outline of discussion for a human right
law she has chosen.
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ADVANCED STUDIES ON HRBA
B. Basic Human Rights (Day 2, 9:00 am 12:00 noon)
1. Review of Take Home Assignment A
2. Classes of Human Rights
3. Restrictions and Limitations
4. Key Human Rights Principles
5. Human Rights Duties and Responsibilities
C. Philippine Human Rights Framework Part
1 (Day 2, 1:00 4:00 pm)
1. Review of Take Home Assignment B
2. 1987 Philippine Constitution
3. Philippine human rights laws
4. Customary international human rights law
The Training proper starts with the question What is
Human Rights? to be answered in one word or a phrase by
all the participants.
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5. Take Home Assignment:
a. Read required readings.
b. Based on your readings and notes,
complete Template 2: Guide to Philippine
Human Rights Framework.
c. Choose one (1) development issue
and prepare an outline for a 15 minute
presentation discussing the issue in the
context of the human rights treaty before
the community.
D. Philippine Human Rights Framework Part
2 (Day 3, 9:00 am 4:00 pm)
1. Review of Take Home Assignment
2. ICCPR
3. ICESCR
4. CRC
One workshop group dramatized the rights of a mother and her baby.
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5. CEDAW
6. CAT
7. CERD
8. CMW
9. CRPD
10. Take Home Assignment:
a. Read required readings. Based on your
readings and notes, fll in frst two sections of
Template 3: Guide to Select Human Rights.
b. Together with other co-trainers who
have chosen the same right as you, and
as a group of experts on the selected
right, prepare a 20 minute activity to
introduce the right and its normative
contents to the community.
A workshop group dramatizing violence against women.
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E. Rights, Freedoms and Entitlements (Day 4,
9:00 am 4:00 pm)
1. Review of Take Home Assignment/Activity
Presentations
2. Factors that Affect Normative Elements
3. Take Home Assignment:
a. Read required readings. Based on your
readings and notes, complete Template 3:
Guide to Select Human Rights.
b. Together with other co-trainers who have
chosen the same right as you, and as group
of experts on the select right, prepare a 20
minute activity to introduce obligations
associated with the right to the community.
Presentation of assignments introducing obligations associated with
the right to the community.
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ADVANCED STUDIES ON HRBA
F. Human Rights Obligations (Day 5, 9:00 am
4:00 pm)
1. Review of Take Home Assignment/Activity
Presentations
2. Obligations of Conduct and Result
3. Nature and Levels of State Obligations
4. Violations of Human Rights
5. Take Home Assignment A:
a. Read required readings. Based on your
readings and notes, fll in Template 4: Guiding
Principles on Business and Human Rights.
Divided in 4 groups, each group of trainees made an artwork showing
human rights obligations and duties.
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b. Analyze a business operating in your area
by using the Guiding Principles.
6. Take Home Assignment B:
a. Read required readings. Based on your
readings and notes, fll in Template 5:
Quick Guide to PANTHER Principles.
G. Human Rights Duties of Other Actors (Day 6,
9:00 12:00 am)
1. Review of Take Home Assignment/
Presentation of analysis
2. Respect
3. Protect
4. Remedy
A workshop to present problems or issues identifable to each
PANTHER category.
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H. Human Rights (PANTHER) Principles (Day
6, 1:00 pm 4:00 pm)
1. Participation
2. Accountability
3. Nondiscrimination
4. Transparency
5. Human Dignity
6. Empowerment
7. Rule of Law
8. Take Home Assignment:
a. Read required readings.
b. Based on your readings and notes,
develop a skeletal framework on HRBA
for mining operations in the country.
A workshop group presenting their skeletal framewok on HRBA.
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I. Human Rights Based Approach: Theory and
Practice (Day 7, 9:00 am 4:00 pm)
1. Historical Antecedents
2. Generally Accepted Defnition
3. Dual Dimensions
4. Current Practices
5. Limitations and Constraints
6. Value Added
7. Skeletal Framework Presentations
8. Take Home Assignment:
a. Read required readings.
b. Develop your own tool of analysis;
you may create an entirely new tool or
you may choose and combine elements
from different tools or you may adapt an
existing tool.
J. HRBA Tools and Methodologies (Day 8, 9:00
am 4:00 pm)
1. Assessment and Indicator Setting
2. Goal and Target Setting
3. Strategy Development and Review
4. Monitoring and Evaluation
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5. Tool presentations
6. Take Home Assignment
K. Learner Centered Training for Human
Rights and Development - Part 1 (Day 9,
9:00 am 4:00 pm)
1. Review of Take Home Assignment
2. Learner Centered Training Processes and
Management
3. Training Needs Analysis
4. Curriculum Development
5. Learner Centered Training Approaches and
Methods
6. Take Home Assignment
UP instructor Thelma Magcuro, discussing the topic Training Process.
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L. Learner Centered Training for Human
Rights and Development - Part 2 (Day 10,
9:00 am 4:00 pm)
1. Review of Take Home Assignment
2. Facilitating groups
3. Training Materials
4. Training Documentation and Evaluation
5. Preparation for Practicum
6. Take Home Assignment: Prepare for your
practicum.
UP Professor Leticia S. Tojos, Ph. D., lectured on the topic Training
Needs Analysis.
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M. Practicum: HRBA in the Community (Day 11,
9:00 am 4:00 pm)
N. Evaluation of Practicum and Closing (Day 12,
9:00 am 2:00 pm)
1. Self-Evaluation
2. Evaluation by Co-Trainers
3. Evaluation by Facilitator and Resource
Persons
4. Distribution of Certifcates of Satisfactory
Completion
Practicum was the fnal part of the Training. One group conducted
it in Navotas City with the people in the communities as their
participants. The other group did it in the University of the
Philippines with the employees and workers of the University as
their participants. Photo above shows a group of practicumers
discussing HRBA.
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II. Required Readings
A. Basic Human Rights:
1. Steiner, Henry J. and Alston, Phillip.
International Human Rights in Context.
1996. Chapter 4: What are rights, Are they
everywhere, and everywhere the same?
Cultural relativism.
2. Anderlini, Sanam Naraghi and Shoemaker,
Jolynn. Human Rights. Inclusive Security,
Sustainable Peace: A Toolkit for Advocacy
and Action: A Toolkit for Advocacy and
Action. 2004 (Updated 2007).
Another group of practicumers in Navotas discussing
PANTHER principles.
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3. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Human Rights. First published Fri Feb. 7,
2003; substantive revision Tue Aug 24, 2010.
4. Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of
Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to
Promote and Protect Universally Recognized
Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
5. International Council on Human Rights Policy.
Taking Duties Seriously: Individual Duties in
International Human Rights Law. 1999.
B. Philippine Human Rights Framework Part 1:
1. Steiner, Henry J. and Alston, Phillip.
International Human Rights in Context.
1996. Chapter 2: International Law Concepts
and Doctrinal Background Relevant to the
Human Rights Movement.
2. United Nations Offce of the High Commissioner
for Human Rights. Fact Sheet No. 2 (Rev. 1),
The International Bill of Human Rights.
3. 1987 Constitution.
4. The Magna Carta of Women.
5. Anti-Torture Act of 2007.
6. Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive
Health Act of 2012.
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7. Anti-Enforced or Involuntary Disappearance
Act of 2012.
8. Human Rights Victims Reparation and
Recognition Act of 2012.
9. Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
10. Declaration on the Right to Development.
11. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
12. Draft Guiding Principles: Extreme Poverty and
Human Rights: The Rights of the Poor. UN Doc.
A/HRC/Sub.1/58/36. 24 August 2006.
C. Philippine Human Rights Framework Part 2:
1. United Nations Offce of the High Commissioner
for Human Rights. Fact Sheet No. 2 (Rev. 1),
The International Bill of Human Rights.
2. International Covenant on Civil and Political
Rights.
3. First Optional Protocol to the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
4. Second Optional Protocol to the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights aiming
at the abolition of the death penalty.
5. International Covenant on Economic, Social
and Cultural Rights.
6. Convention on the Rights of the Child.
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7. Optional Protocol on Involvement of Children
in Armed Confict.
8. Optional Protocol on Sale of Children, Child
Prostitution and Child Pornography.
9. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms
of Discrimination against Women.
10. Optional Protocol to Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
against Women.
11. Convention against Torture and Other
Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or
Punishment.
12. International Convention on the Elimination
of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
13. International Convention on the Rights of
All Migrant Workers and Members of their
Families.
14. Convention on the Rights of Persons with
Disabilities and its Optional Protocol.
D. Rights, Freedoms and Entitlements:
1. Right to Adequate Food
a. United Nations Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. General Comment
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No. 12, The right to adequate food (Art. 11).
UN Doc. E/C.12/1999/5. 1999.
b. De Schutter, Olivier. Report of the
Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food,
Olivier de Schutter. Building Resilience:
A Human Rights Framework for World
Food and Nutrition Security. UN Doc. A/
HRC/9/23. 8 September 2008.
c. De Schutter, Olivier. Report of the Special
Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Olivier
de Schutter. Addendum. UN Doc. A/
HRC/10/5/Add.2. 4 February 2009.
d. De Schutter, Olivier. Report of the Special
Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Olivier
de Schutter. Guiding Principles on Human
Rights Impact Assessments of Trade and
Investment Agreements. UN Doc. A/
HRC/19/59/Add.5. 19 December 2011.
e. De Schutter, Olivier. Report of the Special
Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Olivier
de Schutter. UN Doc. A/HRC/19/59. 26
December 2011.
f. Voluntary Guidelines to Support the
Progressive Realization of the Right to
Adequate Food in the Context of National
Food Security.
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g. United Nations Offce of the High
Commissioner for Human Rights and Food
and Agriculture Organization. The Right to
Adequate Food. Fact Sheet No. 34.
h. Coomans, Fons. Agrarian Reform as a
Human Rights Issue in the Activities of
the United Nations Human Rights Bodies
and Specialised Agencies. 2006.
2. Right to Adequate Housing
a. United Nations Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. General
Comment No. 4, The right to adequate
housing (Art. 11 (1) of the Covenant). UN
Doc. E/1992/23. 1991.
b. United Nations Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. General
Comment No. 7, The right to adequate
housing (art. 11(1) of the Covenant)
forced evictions. UN Doc. E/1998/22,
annex I. 1997.
c. The Pinheiro Principles. United Nations
Principles on Housing and Property
Restitution for Refugees and Displaced
Persons.
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d. Kothari, Miloon. Report of the Special
Rapporteur on adequate housing as a
component of the right to an adequate
standard of living, Miloon Kothari. UN
Doc. A/HRC/4/18, 5 February 2007.
e. United Nations General Assembly.
Resolution 18/ Adequate Housing
as a Component of the Right to an
Adequate Standard of Living in the
Context of Disaster Settings. UN Doc. A/
HRC/19/L.4. 12 March 2012.
f. Rolnik, Raquel. Report of the Special
Rapporteur on Adequate Housing as a
Component of the Right to an Adequate
Standard of Living. UN Doc. A/66/270. 5
August 2011.
g. Rolnik, Raquel. Report of the Special
Rapporteur on Adequate Housing as a
Component of the Right to an Adequate
Standard of Living, and on the Right
to Non-discrimination in this Context,
Raquel Rolnik. UN Doc. A/HRC/19/53.
26 December 2011.
h. United Nations Offce of the High
Commissioner for Human Rights and
United Nations Human Settlements
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Program (UN HABITAT). The Right to
Adequate Housing, Fact Sheet No. 21
(Rev. 1). November 2009.
i. United Nations Human Settlements
Program and United Nations Office
of the High Commissioner for Human
Rights. Indigenous Peoples Right to
Adequate Housing: A Global Overview.
2005.
3. Right to Education
a. United Nations Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. General
Comment No. 11, Plans of action for
primary education (art. 14). UN Doc.
E/C.12/1999/4. 1999.
b. United Nations Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. General
Comment No. 13, The right to education
(art. 13). UN Doc. E/C.12/1999/10.
1999.
c. United Nations Committee on the Rights
of the Child. General Comment 1, The
aims of education, UN Doc. HRI/
GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. II). 2001.
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d. United Nations Committee on the
Rights of the Child. General Comment
4, Adolescent health and development
in the context of the Convention on the
Rights of the Child. UN Doc. HRI/
GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. II). 2003.
e. United Nations Human Rights
Committee. General Comment 20,
Article 7 (Prohibition of torture, or other
cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
or punishment). UN Doc. HRI/GEN/1/
Rev.9 (Vol. I). 1992.
f. United Nations Committee on the Rights
of the Child. General Comment 8, The
right of the child to protection from
corporal punishment and other cruel or
degrading forms of punishment (arts. 19;
28, para. 2; and 37, inter alia). UN Doc.
HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. II). 2006.
g. United Nations Committee on Racial
Discrimination. General Recommendation
XXIX, On article 1, paragraph 1, of the
Convention (Descent). UN Doc. HRI/
GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. II). 2002.
h. United Nations Committee on the Rights
of the Child. General Comment 11,
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Indigenous children and their rights under
the Convention. UN Doc. CRC/C/GC/11.
2009.
i. Report of the United Nations Special
Rapporteur on the Right to Education.
UN Doc. A/65/162. 23 July 2010.
j. Interim Report of the Special Rapporteur
on the Right to Education. UN Doc.
A/66/269. 5 August 2011.
4. Right to Highest Attainable Standard of
Health
a. United Nations Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. General
Comment No. 14, The right to the
highest attainable standard of heath (art.
12). UN Doc. E/C.12/2000/4. 2000.
b. United Nations Committee on
Discrimination against Women. General
Recommendation 24, Article 12 of the
Convention (Women and health). UN
Doc. A/54/38/Rev. 1, chap. I. 1999.
c. United Nations Committee on the
Rights of the Child. General Comment
4, Adolescent health and development
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in the context of the Convention on the
Rights of the Child. UN Doc. HRI/
GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. II). 2003.
d. United Nations Committee on the Rights
of the Child. General Comment 11,
Indigenous children and their rights
under the Convention. UN Doc. CRC/C/
GC/11. 2009.
e. United Nations Committee on
Discrimination against Women. General
Recommendation 21, Equality in
marriage and family relations. UN
Doc. A/49/38. 1994.
f. United Nations General Assembly.
Resolution 17/ The Right of Everyone
to the Enjoyment of the Highest Attainable
Standard of Physical and Mental Health. UN
Doc. A/HRC/17/L.16. 10 June 2011.
g. Grover, Anand. Report of the Special
Rapporteur on the Right of Everyone to
the Enjoyment of the Highest Attainable
Standard of Physical and Mental Health.
Expert Consultation on Access to
Medicines as a Fundamental Component
of the Right to Health. UN Doc. A/
HRC/17/43. 16 March 2011.
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h. Grover, Anand. Thematic Study on
the Realization of the Right to Health
of Older Persons by the Special
Rapporteur on the Right of Everyone
to the Enjoyment of the Highest
Attainable Standard of Physical and
Mental Health, Anand Grover. UN Doc.
A/HRC/18/37. 4 July 2011.
i. Grover, Anand. Interim Report of
the Special Rapporteur on the Right
of Everyone to the Enjoyment of the
Highest Attainable Standard of Physical
and Mental Health. UN Doc. A/66/254. 3
August 2011.
j. United Nations Offce of the High
Commissioner for Human Rights and
World Health Organisation. The Right to
Health. Fact Sheet No. 31.
5. Right to Social Security
a. United Nations Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. General
Comment No. 19, The right to social
security (art. 9). UN Doc. E/C.12/GC/19.
2007.
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6. Right to Water and Sanitation
a. United Nations Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. General
Comment No. 15, The right to water
(arts. 11 and 12 of the International
Covenant on Economic, Social and
Cultural Rights). UN Doc. HRI/GEN/1/
Rev.9 (Vol. I). 2002.
b. Guiss, El Hadji. Realization of the right
to drinking water and sanitation: Report of
the Special Rapporteur, El Hadji Guiss,
UN Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2005/25, 11 July
2005.
c. de Albuquerque, Catarina. Report of the
independent expert on the issue of human
rights obligations related to access to safe
drinking water and sanitation, Catarina de
Albuquerque, UN Doc. A/HRC/12/24, 1
July 2009.
d. de Albuquerque, Catarina. Report of the
independent expert on the issue of human
rights obligations related to access to safe
drinking water and sanitation, Catarina de
Albuquerque, UN Doc. A/HRC/15/31, 29
June 2010.
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7. Right to Work
a. United Nations Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. General
Comment No. 18, The right to work.
UN Doc. E/C.12/GC/18. 2005.
b. United Nations Committee on
the Rights of the Child. General
Comment 11, Adolescent health
and development in the context of
the Convention on the Rights of the
Child. UN Doc. HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9
(Vol. II). 2003.
c. ILO Convention 29, Forced Labor
Convention. 1930.
d. ILO Convention 87, Freedom of
Association and Protection of the Right
to Organize Convention. 1948.
e. ILO Convention 88, Employment Service
Convention. 1948.
f. ILO Convention 98, Right to Organize and
Collective Bargaining Convention. 1949.
g. ILO Convention 100, Equal Remuneration
Convention. 1951.
h. ILO Convention 105, Abolition of Forced
Labor Convention. 1957.
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i. ILO Convention 111, Discrimination
(Employment and Occupation)
Convention. 1958.
j. ILO Convention 122, Employment Policy
Convention. 1962.
k. ILO Convention 138, Minimum Age
Convention. 1973.
l. ILO Convention 159, Vocational
Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled
Persons) Convention. 1983.
m. ILO Convention 182, Worst Forms of
Child Labor Convention. 1999.
E. Human Rights Obligations:
1. Limburg Principles on the Implementation
of the International Covenant on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights. 1985.
2. Maastricht Guidelines on Violations of
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. 1997.
3. Alston, Phillip and Quinn, Gerard. The
Nature and Scope of States Parties
Obligations under the International Covenant
on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 2. May,
1987.
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4. Robertson, Robert E. Measuring State
Compliance with the Obligation to Devote the
Maximum Available Resources to Realizing
Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. Human
Rights Quarterly, Vol. 16. 1994.
F. Human Rights Duties of Other Actors:
1. Ruggie, John. Protect, Respect and Remedy:
A Framework for Business and Human
Rights. Report of the Special Representative
of the Secretary-General on the issue of
human rights and transnational corporations
and other business enterprises. , 7 April 2008.
UN Doc. A/HRC/8/5.
2. Guiding Principles on Business and Human
Rights: Implementing the United Nations
Protect, Respect and Remedy Framework.
21 March 2011. Endorsed by the United
Nations Human Rights Council on 16 June
2011. UN Doc. A/HRC/17/31.
G. Human Rights (PANTHER) Principles:
1. United Nations Human Rights Committee.
General Comment 25, Article 25 (Participation
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in public affairs and the right to vote). UN Doc.
HRI/GEN/1/Rev.9 (Vol. I). 1996.
2. National Economic and Development
Authority. HRBA To Development
Planning Toolkit. Human Rights
PANTHER Principles in Development
Planning. (2010)
3. Gaventa, John. Finding the Spaces for
Change: A Power Analysis. IDS Bulletin,
Volume 37, Number 6. November 2006.
4. Luttrell, Cecilia, Bird, Kate, Byrne, Sarah,
Carter, Sarah and Chakravarti, Devanshu.
The Power Cube Explained. November
2007.
H. Human Rights Based Approach: Theory and
Practice:
1. Uvin, Peter. Human Rights and Development.
2004.
2. Steiner, Henry J. and Alston, Phillip. International
Human Rights in Context. 1996. Chapter 16:
Development and Human Rights.
3. Overseas Development Institute. What
can we do with a rights based approach to
development? 1999.
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4. United Nations Offce of the High Commissioner
for Human Rights. Primer on Human Rights in
Development: Rights Based Approaches.
I. HRBA Tools and Methodologies:
National Economic and Development Authority.
HRBA to Development Planning Toolkit. 2010.
1. HRBA to Assessment
2. HRBA to Goal Setting
3. HRBA to Target and Indicator Setting
4. HRBA to Strategy development and Review
5. HRBA to Monitoring and Evaluation
6. HRBA to HIV-AIDs Programmig
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