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T

he global automotive industry is driven by environmental


and safety standards, increased longevity due to extended
warranty and lower costs of production. Consumers are
demanding less frequent maintenance, more comfortable
driving experiences, and better fuel economy, with no
deterioration in performance.
The reduction of the vehicle weight, driven by the desire for
lower CO
2
emissions and improved mileage, results in the
miniaturization of components and functional integration which
are at the forefront of the auto motive industries' efforts.
Legislative requirements, with tight tolerances applied and rising
overall costs are pushing OEMs to identify materials that
provide higher performance with lower weight and lower costs.
The demand for smaller, more reliable components made from
lighter high temperature materials which have excellent strength
and flow characteristics has increased. This demand can be met
by producing thinner-walled parts made from high performance
thermoplastics. In addition, there can be the added benefit of
reducing overall costs by consolidating complex metal parts
into a single injection-molded thermoplastic component.
Industry standards dictate that materials today need to perform
at 150C (302F) or higher depending on the application, whereas
years ago temperature range requirements were 100-120C
(212-248F). OEMs, for example, are searching for materials that
can perform up to 180C (356F) in the lower areas of steering
columns and 220C (428F) in turbocharger components. With
these requirements in mind, and while still meeting the other
drivers in this industry, it may not be feasible to use metal or
traditional plastics in such hostile environments, where even
light alloys show a loss in mechanical strength at temperature
ranges around 200C (392F).
Victrex Polymer Solutions, a division of Victrex plc, manufactures
polyaryletherketones (PAEK) including VICTREX

PEEK polymer.
Exhibiting consistent mechanical properties at 150C (302F) and
higher, these high performance thermoplastics meet the revised
automotive industry requirements. A recent study demonstrates
that VICTREX PEEK polymers maintained their original stiffness,
tensile and impact strength after 5000 hours of use; conventional
materials like polyphthalamide (PPA) and nylon 4.6 recorded
property losses up to 50% under the same conditions.
Victrex thermoplastic polymers have melting temperatures
between 343C (649F) and 387C (729F) and glass transition
temperatures between 143C (289F) and 162C (324F), allowing
them to perform in the most aggressive of environments.
AUTOMOTIVE REQUIREMENTS
s Longer life
sAble to withstand temporary loss of lubrication without failure
s Able to withstand higher operating temperatures
s Improved energy efficiency
s Reduced system weight
s Reduced maintenance, so lower costs and more up time
s Lower noise generation
VICTREX SOLUTION
s Superior combination of high fatigue strength and ductility
s High mechanical properties through a wide range of
temperatures
s Excellent chemical resistance against automotive fluids
s Good resistance to aging
s High resistance to wear
s Low coefficient of friction
s Resists absorption of moisture
s Thermal expansion can be made to match those of metals
s Low specific gravity
s Ease of processing
Superior Performance
A High Performance Alternative to Liquid Crystal Polymers
For Automotive Components
VICTREX

PEEK Polymer For Automotive Components 2


HIGH MECHANICAL STRENGTH
Due to the semi-crystalline structure of VICTREX PEEK polymer
its mechanical properties are maintained well past the glass
tran sition temperature.
DYNAMIC TENSILE FATIGUE
VICTREX PEEK HMF grades are a high modulus carbon fiber-filled
compounds which combine easy processability with superior
mechanical performance and improved fatigue performance
compared to the existing high strength grade range of carbon
fiber-filled VICTREX PEEK polymer.
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
As most automotive applications are also used under compressive
load Victrex supports customers by providing the relevant data
with respect to compressive strength.
THERMAL EXPANSION
The inclusion of fillers into VICTREX PEEK polymer results in a
reduction in the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), to a
level where it is comparable to metals, thus allowing direct
replacement of metal components with polymer-based components
without any risks arising due to differential expansion.
VICTREX

PEEK Polymer
0 50
[100]
100
[200]
150
[300]
200
[400]
250
[500]
300
[600]

400
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g p
Temperature C [F]
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5800
11600
17400
23200
29000
34800
40600
46400
52200
58000
VICTREX PEEK 90HMF20
VICTREX PEEK 90HMF40
VICTREX PEEK 450G
VICTREX PEEK 450CA30
VICTREX PEEK 450FC30
VICTREX WG101
Figure 1: Tensile Strength
0

VICTREX PEEK 450CA30
VICTREX PEEK 450FC30
VICTREX PEEK 450FE20
VICTREX PEEK 450G
VICTREX PEEXK 90HMF20
VICTREX PEEK 90HMF40
VICTREX WG101
50000
45000
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35000
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[200]
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[600]
Figure 3: Compressive Strength
Cycles to Failure
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VICTREX PEEK 90HMF40
VICTREX PEEK 90HMF20
VICTREX PEEK 90CA30
D
Figure 2: Dynamic Tensile Fatigue Performance of VICTREX
PEEK 90HMF20 and 90HMF40 at 120C (248F)
20
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VICTREX
Composite
UF*
VICTREX
PEEK
450CA30
VICTREX
PEEK
450GL30
VICTREX
PEEK
450G
Aluminum
7075-T6
Steel
AISI 4130
Titanium
A-55
Magnesium
ZK60A-T5
*Unidirectional fibers
C
T
E

[

m

m
-
1

C
-
1
]
Figure 4: Coefficient of Linear Expansion of VICTREX PEEK
Polymer-Based Materials in Comparison with Other
Common Materials.
3 VICTREX

PEEK Polymer For Automotive Components


STRUCTURAL STRENGTH
When considering substitution of metal components with plastic,
VICTREX PEEK 90HMF40 provides by far the lowest weight per
volume ratio. It allows extremely high weight savings versus metals.
The material is capable of outperforming standard aluminum
alloys in weight and profile height, and is almost volume neutral
when compared to tribo-alloy brass materials. Weight savings
up to 80% are achievable when substituting VICTREX PEEK
90HMF40 for metal components.
TOLERANCES
Tolerances of injection molded parts are usually in the range of
0.05% of the dimension required. More and more high precision
injection molders are now able to hold tolerances down to
0.02% and tighter.
SPECIFIC STRENGTH
VICTREX PEEK polymer has high tensile strength and low density
compared to metals. Reinforcing the polymer with chopped
glass or carbon fibers yields strength-to-weight ratios that meet
or exceed those of common lightweight materials.
Continuous fiber reinforced composites made with a VICTREX
PEEK polymer matrix have even higher strength and stiffness
than some metals..
LONG TERM BEHAVIOR
The properties of high performance thermoplastics such as
VICTREX PEEK polymer favor its use in automotive applications
and provide distinct advantages that lead to long-term benefits.
With components becoming smaller and weight reductions
becoming even more necessary, the use of these materials is
becoming more significant and beneficial.
State-of-the-art materials like polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) are
becoming close to their strength limits, but still are recognized
for dimensional stability. High temperature nylons demonstrate
high stress capabilities, but sometimes have issues with
dimensional stability. Amorphous materials like polyetherimide
(PEI) have a high stress capability and dimensional stability,
but are susceptible to chemical attack.
for Superior Performance
PPS GF40 PPA GF33 PA4.6 GF30 PEI GF30 VICTREX PEEK
450 CA30
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50

+ 200% Load Capacity!!!
7% 6% 9% 13% 16%
Percentage of Initial Strength (Average)
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Figure 6: Permissible Permanent Stress at 150C (302F)
400 1600
1200
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VICTREX
PEEK
90HMF40
VICTREX
PEEK
450CA30
Aluminum
7075-T6
Steel
AISI 4130
Titanium
A-55
Magnesium
ZK60A-T5
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c
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Figure 5: Specific Strength of VICTREX PEEK Polymer-Based
Materials in Comparison with Other Materials.
Steel Brass Aluminum VICTREX
PEEK
90HMF40
PPS GF40 PA GF30 PPA
GF45
0

2.50
0.50
1.00
1.50
2.00
Relative Weight
Relelative Profile Height
Figure 7: Beams With Same Structural Strength at
120C (248F)
VICTREX

PEEK Polymer For Automotive Components 4


STRUCTURAL STIFFNESS
When structural stiffness is more important than strength,
VICTREX PEEK 90HMF40 provides by far the lowest weight to
space ratio. Significant weight savings when compared to
metals, are achievable. The properties of VICTREX HMF range
of materials are similar to those of aluminum but the lower
density results in considerably lower weight.
Dimensional stability and long-term stress performance showed
improvements when compared to other materials in temperature
ranges above 120C (248F).
CREEP RESISTANCE
Creep may be defined as the deformation observed in a
sample versus time under a constant applied stress. VICTREX
PEEK polymer has outstanding creep resistance for an
engineering thermoplastic material and may sustain large
stresses over a useful service life without significant time
induced deformation.
The figure below displays the creep behavior of VICTREX PEEK
450G and 450CA30 with respect to applied stress, time and
temperature. The magnitude of stress, time and temperature
required to induce accurately measurable (> 0.5%) strains is
exceptionally large for an unfilled polymer. Values of creep
modulus may be calculated from such data and used as a
measure of resistance to creep deformation. The creep strain
for some of the high performance compounds from the VICTREX
PEEK grade range are plotted against time in chart below.
At room temperature both filled and unfilled VICTREX PEEK
polymer show excellent creep resistance. At temperatures beyond
the glass tran sition temperature (T
g
) only reinforced VICTREX PEEK
polymer will be suitable for structural applications. The apparent
modulus of VICTREX PEEK polymer is in many cases higher than
tensile/flexural modulus of other high temperature thermoplastics.
Steel Brass Aluminum VICTREX
PEEK
90HMF40
PPS GF40 PAI
CF30
PPA
GF45

3.50
2.50
3.00
0
0.50
1.00
1.50
2.00
Relative Weight
Relative Profile Height
Figure 8: Relative Weight and Height of Beams with Same
Structural Stiffness at 120C (248F)
VICTREX PEEK 450CA30
Time [s]
Time [s]
VICTREX PEEK 450G
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%
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2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0
10
-3
10
-2
10
-1
10
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1
10
-3
10
-2
10
-1
10
0
10
2
10
3
10
1
150MPa
[22000 psi]
130MPa
[19000 psi]
110MPa
[16000 psi]
90MPa
[13000 psi]
70MPa
[10000 psi]
50MPa
[7000 psi]
60MPa
[8700 psi]
55MPa
[8000 psi]
50MPa
[7200 psi]
40MPa
[5800 psi]
30MPa
[4300 psi]
20MPa
[2900 psi]
Figure 9: Tensile Strain versus Time at 23C (73F)
VICTREX

PEEK Polymer
5 VICTREX

PEEK Polymer For Automotive Components


TRIBOLOGY
Tribology is defined as the interaction of contacting surfaces
under an applied load in relative motion. If the surface of a
material is viewed on a microscopic scale, a seemingly smooth
finish is, in fact, a series of peaks and troughs. When two materials
are then placed in contact and moved relative to one another,
the peaks of both surfaces collide. The removal of material from
the top of the peaks may be considered as wear, and resistance
to the motion as a frictional force.
VICTREX PEEK polymer, and compounds based on VICTREX PEEK
polymer, are used to form tribological components due to their
outstanding resistance to wear under high pressure (p) and high
velocity (v) conditions.
The friction and wear behavior of a material may be evaluated
using one of several test geometries. The data given in this flyer
were generated under dry conditions using the standard ASTM
D3702 method on injection molded thrust washers.
BENEFITS FOR WEAR APPLICATIONS
s Thermoplastic processing, no secondary operations necessary
s Intricate, smaller components can be produced
s Compatible with automotive fluids
s No swelling in moist environments
s No post annealing
s RoHS and GADSL compliant
s High compressive strength
s Grades without PTFE available
s Increased lifetime and performance
s Enables the bearing to survive longer under poor
lubrication conditions
VICTREX WG polymers offer a lower coefficient of friction
compared to other established wear grades from Victrex and
also against thermoset materials such as polyamide-imide (PAI)
and polyimide (PI).
Within tribological systems the coefficient of friction varies
depending on the choice of counterface material and its surface
roughness, as well as on the specific conditions of speed and
pressure as shown in Figure 10. The specific wear rate shown in
Figure 11 is another important consideration in design.
Under these specific conditions, VICTREX WG polymers are
shown to be among the highest performing wear grade materials.
Bearings for many applications are produced in large numbers,
and production speed and costs are critical. Victrex polymers are
one of the few high performance tribological materials which
can be injection molded to form finished components without
further thermal treatment. Although PV values are a useful
guide to comparative tribological performance, there are no
absolute values because identical experimental conditions
cannot be reproduced.
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]
VICTREX PEEK
450FC30
VICTREX
WG101
VICTREX
WG102
VICTREX
PEEK/PBI
Wear Grade
PI Wear
Grade
PAI Wear
Grade
0
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.14
0.16
0.18
1.75 MPa [250 psi]
3.50 MPa [500 psi]
7.00 MPa [1000 psi]
Figure 10: Coefficient of Friction of Various Victrex Materials
Compared to Other High Performance Polymers Tested Using
the Thrust Washer Method at 1m/s Test Speed
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VICTREX PEEK
450FC30
VICTREX
WG101
VICTREX
WG102
VICTREX
PEEK/PBI
Wear Grade
PI Wear
Grade
PAI Wear
Grade
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18 0.71
0.63
0.55
0.47
0.39
0.31
0.24
0.16
0.08
0
1.75 MPa [250 psi]
3.50 MPa [500 psi]
7.00 MPa [1000 psi]
Figure 11: Wear Rate of Various Victrex Materials Compared
to Other High Performance Polymers Tested Using the
Thrust Washer Method at 1m/s Test Speed
for Superior Performance
VICTREX

PEEK Polymer For Automotive Components 6


PUMPS
When used in vane-type pumps, gear-oil pumps and centrifugal-
type pumps, Victrex materials offer the following benefits:
s Reduced moment of inertia
s Low clearance
s Higher efficiency
s Cost competitive with metal
s Space reduction
s Long lifetime
s No swelling when submersed in fluids
s CO
2
reduction longer lifetime
SEALS AND SUPPORTING RINGS
Seals and supporting rings made with VICTREX PEEK polymers
have been used in automotive applications for many years replacing
metal and PTFE seals. The material provides the following benefits:
s High elongation at break
s Excellent compressive strength
s High creep resistance
s Resists absorption of humidity
s No swelling when submerged in fluids
s Tight tolerances
s Low coefficient of thermal expansion
s Maintenance free longer lifetime
Applications
Gerotor
Vacuum Pump
Seals
Seal Ring
7 VICTREX

PEEK Polymer For Automotive Components


HYDRAULIC VALVES
In hydraulic valves carbon fiber reinforced VICTREX PEEK polymer
substitutes the steel valve poppets which act upon the valve
cones and ball valves by offering following benefits:
s Creep resistance
s Reduced weight
s Better sealing
s Wear resistance
s Good dynamic fatigue
s Tight tolerances
s Noise reduction better responding behavior
GEARS
Gear wheels are required to meet a complex spectrum of
demands because various types of loads always occur in
combination. The correct functioning of a gear wheel depends
on good tribological and mechanical properties, resistance to
aggressive media, durability and heat resistance, and of course
dimensional accuracy.
Figure 12 demonstrates that the durability of VICTREX PEEK
polymer-based gears is higher than gears made from other
polymers. This means that the gears and the assemblies around
them can be made smaller, saving weight and cost, but
delivering the same lifetime.
Advantages using Victrex materials in gear application include:
s High mechanical strength at elevated temperatures
s Excellent dynamic fatigue resistance at temperatures above
120C (248F)
s High strength and stiffness
s Low moisture absorption ensuring dimensional integrity
and improved stability
s Increased design flexibility
s Ease of processing gears can be injection molded to high
accuracy
Gears made from VICTREX PEEK polymer are commonly used in
electrically-actuated parking brakes to provide a significant
weight reduction compared to conventional parking brake
assemblies, as well as enhancing design freedom around the
center console within the auto interior.
Balance Shaft Module Gear
Valve Poppet
Cycles

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7
30.0
22.5
15.0
7.5
0
40
30
20
10
0
VICTREX PEEK
PA46
PA66
Figure 12: Comparison of Gear Performance @ 120C (248F)
and 1020 rpm Under Lubricated Conditions
VICTREX

PEEK Polymer For Automotive Components 8


THRUST WASHERS
VICTREX PEEK polymer in thrust bearing material can provide
the following benefits:
s Reduce heat generated by the bearing due to lower
coefficient of friction
s VICTREX PEEK polymer can tolerate shock loads
s Maintenance-free
s High volume production via injection molding
s Increased system efficiency
BEARING CAGES
VICTREX PEEK polymer as bearing cage material can provide
the following benefits:
s Reduces energy consumption
s Accommodates shock loads and high centrifugal forces
s Enables the bearing to survive longer under poor lubrication
conditions
s Quieter performance
s Extended bearing service life
Advantages of VICTREX PEEK polymers in automotive
applications include high resistance against aging and creep at
high operating temperatures and high circumferential speeds.
ELECTRONICS
With the introduction of hybrid or electrical powered vehicles,
the demands on electronic components such as connectors and
sensors have changed. New opportunities including flexible
printed circuit substrates and wire and cable protection benefit
from the advantages offered by VICTREX PEEK polymer:
s Heat deflection temperature (HDT) over 300C (572F)
s Maintains strength and dimensional stability with the
increased processing temperature associated with lead-free
solder systems
s No deformation following reflow at 250-280C (482-536F)
for 5-10 sec for multiple cycles
s Significantly stronger impact strength and weld-line strength
compared with liquid crystal polymers (LCP)
s High stiffness and minimum level of creep
s Low dielectric constant and dissipation factor at various frequency
ranges at room temperature and elevated temperature
s RoHS compliant
s Flame retardant properties certain grades of VICTREX PEEK
polymer can meet UL94 V-0 rating at the minimum thickness
down to 0.5 mm (0.021 in)
DATA GENERATION FOR HIGH HEAT AND
HARSH ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS
More and more demanding application areas ask for the
resistance against aggressive automotive fluids and extreme
temperatures which are close to the melting point of many
technical plastics. To meet these demands, Victrex Polymer
Solutions generated compatibility data for Victrex products in:
s Aqueous urea solution 32.5%
s Biodiesel
s Automatic transmission oils
s Synthetic fuels
s Biogasoline
Data available on request:
s High heat creep data
s Material properties at 150C (302F) / 5,000 hours
s Ageing up to 300C (572F) (12 weeks)
s Cryogenic data down to -196C (-321F)
VICTREX

PEEK Polymer
VICTREX PEEK Polymer Overmolded on Metal Lead Frame
Thrust Washer
Bearing Cages
9 VICTREX

PEEK Polymer For Automotive Components


Lightweight Technologies
Legal requirements throughout the world demand from
auto motive manufacturers (OEMs) to report on the content of
the vehicle.
All substances used in VICTREX products are REACH and GADSL
compliant.
LIGHTWEIGHT OPPORTUNITIES WITH
COMPOSITES
In addition to standard VICTREX PEEK grades for injection
molding or extrusion, VICTREX PEEK polymer can be used as a
matrix for thermoplastic composite pre-pregs made of carbon,
glass or aramid continuous fibers. Its outstanding properties
make it an excellent substitute for metals and thermoset
composite structures for demanding applications with dynamic
loads at elevated temperatures. VICTREX PEEK polymer-based
composites are available as:
s Braid s Consolidated fabrics
s Dry fabrics s Long fiber flakes
s Long fiber pellets s Multiaxial fabrics
s Tow s Unidirectional tape
s Unidirectional sheet
APTIV

FILM
APTIV

film is among the most versatile and high performing


thermoplastic films on the market today. They are produced
exclusively by Victrex in thicknesses ranging from 6-750 microns
(0.00024-0.030 in) and in widths up to 1,450 mm (57.09 in). A range
of grades are available depending on application requirement.
APTIV film is compatible with a wide range of secondary processes
including thermoforming, adhesive-less lamination, heat sealing,
laser welding and metallization. APTIV is used in a range of
automotive applications including wear resistant motor
washers, gaskets, labels, RFID tags, high frequency circuit
substrates, pressure sensor diaphragms, electrical insulation for
motors and alternators, even high performance speaker cones.
Carbon Fabric
Harsh Environment RFID Tags
Printed Circuit Board Laminates
Unidirectional Tape
VICTREX

PEEK Polymer For Automotive Components 10


VICOTE

DISPERSION COATINGS
VICOTE

Coatings are based on Victrex's range of polymers and


provide reduced coefficient of friction along with enhanced wear,
scratch, abrasion resistance, high heat resistance and resistance to
chemical attack. All of the key properties of VICTREX PEEK polymer
are present once a thin [25-50 microns (0.001-0.002 in)] layer is
applied to any metallic substrate. VICOTE Coatings are non-solvent
based and have some of the industrys lowest content of volatile
organic compounds (VOC) of any commercially available
coating. The majority of VICOTE Coatings grades are GADSL and
RoHS compliant.
VICOTE Coatings provide:
s Exceptional abrasion resistance, very hard, tough, and
scratch resistant
s Excellent wear, creep and cut-through resistance
s Extremely durable at high temperatures
s One of the lowest coefficients of friction
s Excellent levels of elongation
VICOTE Coatings are one of the highest performing thermoplastic
coatings on the market. Highly resistant to creep and flow caused
by compression, these are key factors which can contribute to
automotive applications lasting longer and working more efficiently.
VICTREX

PEEK Polymer
High Performance Lead-Free Bushing
Needle Roller Bearings
CONCLUSION
The use of Victrexs materials is gaining momentum in the
automotive industry, as engineers and designers use the
exceptional combination of material properties, in
conjunction with the ease of processing, to facilitate
achieving their objectives. Parts made out of Victrex
materials are economical to produce, and facilitate overall
systems cost reductions by eliminating secondary operations
for parts, such as machining, as well as facilitating a
reduction in part count when compared with metal parts.
In addition, the use of Victrex PAEKs facilitates the
achievement for vehicles of a reduction in weight,
enhanced fuel consumption, lower CO
2
emissions, and
reductions in noise, vibration and harshness, and finally as
thermoplastics are fully recyclable, meeting another key
driver in the industry.
By utilizing Victrex materials, automotive suppliers and
manufacturers are able to better meet the constantly
increasing demands of this important industry, and their
consumers. With over 30 years of polyketone experience
in serving the automotive industry, Victrex Polymer
Solutions can help you identify your material and
processing needs.
11 VICTREX

PEEK Polymer For Automotive Components


for Superior Performance
PROPERTIES OF VICTREX PEEK POLYMER
Property Units VICTREXPEEK VICTREXPEEK VICTREXPEEK VICTREX VICTREX PEEK

VICTREX PEEK
450FE20 450G 450FC30 WG101 450CA30 90HMF40
GENERAL
Density
Amorphous gcm
-3
1.40 1.30 1.45 1.44 1.4 1.45
Crystalline 1.26
Water Absorption
24h, 23 C (73F) % 0.07 0.04 0.04 0.03
Equilibrium, 23C (73F) 0.40 0.3 0.3 0.3
MECHANICAL
Tensile Strength MPa (psi)
Break, 23C (73F) 78 (11,300) 100 (14,500) 140 (20,300) 180 (26,100) 260 (37,700) 330 (47,900)
Break, 130C (266F) 50 (7,300) 95 (13,800) 125 (18,100) 160 (23,200) 230 (33,400)
Break, 225C (437F) 13 (2,000) 45 (6,500) 65 (9,400) 50 (7,300) 85 (12,300)
Tensile Elongation, Break, 23C (73F) % 25 45 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.2
Flexural Strength, 23C (73F) MPa (psi) 125 (18,000) 165 (23,900) 230 (33,000) 280 (41,000) 380 (55,100) 480 (70,000)
Flexural Modulus, 23C (73F) GPa (psi) 3.2 (464,121) 4.1 (590,000) 11.5 (1,700,000) 17 (2,465,000) 23 (3,300,000) 37 (5,400,000)
Izod Impact Strength
0.25 mm (.01 in) Notch, 23C (73F) kJm
-2
((ft lb/in
2
) 7.5 (3.6) 7.5 (3.6) 6.0 (2.9) 5.5 (2.6) 9.8 (4.5) 10.5 (5.0)
Unnotched, 23C (73F) I no break 35 (16.5) 35 (16.5) 45 (21) 60 (29)
THERMAL
Melting Point C (F) 343 (649) 343 (649) 343 (649) 343 (649) 343 (649) 343 (649)
Glass Transition (T
g
) C (F) 143 (289) 143 (289) 143 (289) 143 (289) 143 (289) 143 (289)
Specific Heat Capacity, 23C (73F) kJ/kgC 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.8
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion ppm/C (ppm/F)
Along flow below T
g
40 (22) 45 (22) 15 (8) 9 (5) 5 (2.8) 3 (1.7)
Average below T
g
60 (31) 55 (31) 45 (25) 35 (19) 40 (22) 35 (19)
Along flow above T
g
120 (67) 120 (67) 20 (11) 10 (6) 6 (3.3) 1 (0.6)
Average above T
g
140 (78) 140 (78) 115 (64) 90 (50) 100 (56) 80 (44)
Heat Deflection Temperature, 1.8 MPa (261 psi) C (F) 152 (305) 315 (599) 343(649) 336 (637) 349 (660)
Thermal Conductivity, 23C (73F) w/mk 0.29 0.87 1.30 0.95 349 (660)
Continuous Use Temperature C (F)
Electrical 260 (500)
Mechanical w/o impact 240(464) 240(464) 240(464)
Mechanical w/ impact 180 (356) 180 (356) 200 (392)
FIRE, SMOKE & TOXICITY
Flammability Rating n/a V-0 @ 1.5mm V-0 @ .75mm V-0 @ .5mm
(V-0 @ 0.060in) (V-0 @ 0.030in) (V-0 @ 0.020in)
Limiting Oxygen Index n/a
0.4 mm (0.02 in) thickness 25 43
3.2 mm (0.13 in) thickness 35
ELECTRICAL
Dielectric Strength
2.5 mm (0.1 in) thickness kVmm
-1
21 16
50m thickness 190
Loss Tangent
23C (73F), 1MHz n/a 0.004 0.003
Dielectric Constant
50Hz, 0-150C (32-302F) n/a 2.8 3.2
50Hz, 200C (392F) 4.5
Volume Resistivity, 23C (73F) 10
16
cm 10
16
10
10
10
6
10
6
10
5

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Victrex Polymer Solutions, a division of Victrex plc, is the worlds leading manufacturer of Polyaryletherketones, high
performance polymers, which are sold under the brand names VICTREX

PEEK polymer, VICOTE

Coatings, APTIV

films
and VICTREX Pipes. With production facilities in the UK backed by sales and distribution centres serving more than
30 countries worldwide, our global market development, sales, and technical support services work hand-in-hand with
OEMs, designers and processors offering assistance in the areas of processing, design and application development to
help them achieve new levels of cost savings, quality, and performance.
VICTREX PLC BELIEVES THAT THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS BROCHURE IS AN ACCURATE DESCRIPTION OF THE TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND/OR USES OF THE PRODUCT OR PRODUCTS,
BUT IT IS THE CUSTOMER'S RESPONSIBILITY TO THOROUGHLY TEST THE PRODUCT IN EACH SPECIFIC APPLICATION TO DETERMINE ITS PERFORMANCE, EFFICACY AND SAFETY FOR EACH END-USE
PRODUCT, DEVICE OR OTHER APPLICATION. SUGGESTIONS OF USES SHOULD NOT BE TAKEN AS INDUCEMENTS TO INFRINGE ANY PARTICULAR PATENT. THE INFORMATION AND DATA CONTAINED
HEREIN ARE BASED ON INFORMATION WE BELIEVE RELIABLE. MENTION OF A PRODUCT IN THIS DOCUMENTATION IS NOT A GUARANTEE OF AVAILABILITY. VICTREX PLC RESERVES THE RIGHT TO
MODIFY PRODUCTS, SPECIFICATIONS AND/OR PACKAGING AS PART OF A CONTINUOUS PROGRAM OF PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT. VICTREX IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF VICTREX
MANUFACTURING LIMITED. VICTREX PIPES IS A TRADEMARK OF VICTREX MANUFACTURING LIMITED. PEEK-ESD, HT, ST AND WG ARE TRADEMARKS OF VICTREX PLC. VICOTE AND APTIV
ARE REGISTERED TRADEMARKS OF VICTREX PLC.
VICTREX PLC MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING,WITHOUT LIMITATION, A WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
NON-INFRINGEMENT, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO PATENT NON-INFRINGEMENT, WHICH ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED, WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, IN FACT OR BY LAW. FURTHER, VICTREX PLC
MAKES NO WARRANTY TO YOUR CUSTOMERS OR AGENTS, AND HAS NOT AUTHORIZED ANYONE TO MAKE ANY REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY OTHER THAN AS PROVIDED ABOVE. VICTREX PLC
SHALL IN NO EVENT BE LIABLE FOR ANY GENERAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE, INCIDENTAL OR SIMILAR DAMAGES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR HARM TO
BUSINESS, LOST PROFITS OR LOST SAVINGS, EVEN IF VICTREX HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF ACTION.
World Headquarters
Victrex plc
Hillhouse International
Thornton Cleveleys
Lancashire FY5 4QD
United Kingdom
Tel: + (44) 1253 897700
Fax: + (44) 1253 897701
Email: victrexplc@victrex.com
Americas
Victrex USA Inc
300 Conshohocken State Road
Suite 120
West Conshohocken, PA 19428
USA
Tel: + (1) 800-VICTREX
Tel: + (1) 484-342-6001
Fax: + (1) 484-342-6002
Email: americas@victrex.com
Europe
Victrex Europa GmbH
Langgasse 16
65719 Hofheim/Ts.
Germany
Tel: + (49) 6192 96490
Fax: + (49) 6192 964948
Email: eurosales@victrex.com
Asia Pacific
Victrex Japan Inc.
Mita Kokusai Building Annex
4-28, Mita 1-chome
Minato-ku
Tokyo 108-0073
Japan
Tel: +81 (0)3 5427 4650
Fax: +81 (0)3 5427 4651
Email: japansales@victrex.com
Asia Pacific
Victrex High Performance
Materials (Shanghai) Co Ltd
Part B Building G
No. 1688 Zhuanxing Road
Xinzhuang Industry Park
Shanghai 201108
China
Tel: + (86) 21-6113 6900
Fax: + (86) 21-6113 6901
Email: scsales@victrex.com
www.victrex.com