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Abrupt ( adjective ) - describes something that is sudden and unexpected, and often unpleasant

Acute (adjective )- If a bad situation is acute, it causes severe problems or damage


- An acute pain or illness is one that quickly becomes very severe
Adopt ( verb ) - to take another person's child into your own family and legally look after him or her
as your own child
Ally ( noun ) - a country that has agreed officially to give help and support to another one, especially
during a war
- someone who helps and supports someone else
Alter ( verb ) - to change something, usually slightly, or to cause the characteristics of something to
change
- to change the size of clothes so that they fit better
Ambiguous ( adjective ) - having or expressing more than one possible meaning, sometimes
intentionally
Anxiety ( noun ) - an uncomfortable feeling of nervousness or worry about something that is
happening or might happen in the future
- something that causes a feeling of fear and worry
Artificial ( adjective ) - made by people, often as a copy of something natural
- not sincere
Capability ( noun ) - the ability to do something
Chain ( noun ) - a set of connected or related things
Charity ( noun ) - a system of giving money, food or help free to those who are in need because they
are ill, poor or have no home, or any organization which has the purpose of providing money or
helping in this way
Companion ( noun ) - a person you spend a lot of time with either because you are friends or
because you are travelling together
- in the past, a young woman who was paid to care for and provide friendship for an
old or ill woman, especially while she was travelling
Confront ( verb ) - to face, meet or deal with a difficult situation or person
Consumer ( noun ) - a person who buys goods or services for their own use
Content ( adjective ) - pleased with your situation and not hoping for change or improvement
Convey ( verb ) - to express a thought, feeling or idea so that it is understood by other people
Countless ( adjective ) - very many; too many to be counted
Crucial ( adjective ) - extremely important or necessary
Curse ( verb ) - to say a word or an expression which is not polite and shows that you are very angry
Debut ( noun ) - when someone performs or presents something to the public for the first time
Defect ( noun ) - a fault, problem or lack (= something that is missing) in something or someone that
spoils them or causes them not to work correctly
- a physical condition in which something is wrong with a part of someone's body
Detect ( verb ) -to notice something that is partly hidden or not clear, or to discover something,
especially using a special method
- to discover something, usually using special equipment
Determine ( verb ) - to control or influence something directly, or to decide what will happen
- to make a strong decision
Devoted ( adjective ) - extremely loving and loyal
Diminish ( verb ) - to reduce or be reduced in size or importance
Discouraged ( adjective ) - having lost your confidence or enthusiasm for something
Dramatically ( adverb ) - suddenly or obviously
Dread ( verb ) - to feel extremely worried or frightened about something that is going to happen or
that might happen
Eager ( adverb ) - wanting very much to do or have something, especially something interesting or
enjoyable


Encounter ( noun ) - a meeting, especially one that happens by chance
- an occasion when people have sex, usually with someone they have not met before
- an occasion when two teams play against each other
Enormously ( adverb ) - extremely or very much
Epic ( noun ) - a film, poem or book which is long and contains a lot of action, usually dealing with a
historical subject
Essential ( adjective ) - necessary; needed
Estimate ( verb ) - to guess the cost, size, value, etc. of something
Exclusive ( adjective ) - limited to only one person or group of people
- expensive and only for people who are rich or of a high social class
Exotic ( adjective ) - unusual and often exciting because of coming (or seeming to come) from a far,
especially tropical country
Expectancy ( noun ) - when you think that something exciting or pleasant is going to happen
Expose (noun ) - a public report of the facts about a situation, especially one that is shocking or has
been kept secret
Extensively ( adverb ) - covering a large area; having a great range
Faint ( adjective ) - not strong or clear; slight
Frustrating ( adjective ) - making you feel annoyed or less confident because you cannot achieve
what you want
Gadget ( noun ) - a small device or machine with a particular purpose
Gender ( noun ) - the physical and/or social condition of being male or female
- all males, or all females, considered as one group
Grief ( noun ) - very great sadness, especially at the death of someone
Impact ( noun ) - the force or action of one object hitting another
- a powerful effect that something, especially something new, has on a situation or person
Impoverished ( adjective ) - very poor
- made weaker or worse in quality
Intend ( verb ) - to have as a plan or purpose
Intensity ( noun ) - the quality of being felt strongly or having a very strong effect
-the strength of something which can be measured such as light, sound, etc.
-the quality of being very serious and having strong emotions or opinions
Intimate ( adjective ) - having, or being likely to cause, a very close friendship or personal or sexual
relationship
Ironically ( adverb ) - interesting, strange or funny because of being very different from what you
would usually expect
- showing that you really mean the opposite of what you are saying
Kidnap ( verb ) - to take a person away illegally by force, usually in order to demand money in
exchange for releasing them
Leftover ( noun ) - food remaining after a meal
Limitation ( noun ) - the act of controlling and especially reducing something
Literal ( adjective ) - The literal meaning of a word is its original, basic meaning
Logo ( noun ) - a design or symbol used by a company to advertise its products
Lucrative ( adjective ) - (especially of a business, job or activity) producing a lot of money
Materialistic ( adjective ) - believing that having money and possessions is the most important thing
in life
Miserable ( adjective ) - very unhappy
- unpleasant and causing unhappiness
Monitor ( verb ) - to watch and check a situation carefully for a period of time in order to discover
something about it
Myth (noun ) - an ancient story or set of stories, especially explaining in a literary way the early
history of a group of people or about natural events and facts
Obstacle ( noun ) - something that blocks you so that movement, going forward or action are
prevented or made more difficult
Orbit ( noun ) - the curved path through which objects in space move around a planet or star
Outlandish ( adjective ) - strange and unusual and difficult to accept or like
Passionately ( adverb ) - having very strong feelings or emotions
Phenomenon ( noun ) - something that exists and can be seen, felt, tasted, etc., especially
something which is unusual or interesting
Pregnant ( adjective ) - (of a woman and some female animals) having young developing inside the
womb
Prestigious ( adjective ) - very much respected and admired, usually because of being important
Prominent ( adjective ) - very well known and important
Promote ( verb ) - to encourage the popularity, sale, development or existence of something
Reflect ( verb ) - If a surface reflects light, heat, sound, or an image, it sends the light, etc. back and
does not absorb it
Resolution ( noun ) - an official decision that is made after a group or organization have voted
- a promise to yourself to do or to not do something
Restless ( adjective ) - unwilling or unable to stay still or to be quiet and calm, because you are
worried or bored
Rigorous ( adjective ) - careful to look at or consider every part of something to make certain it is
correct or safe
Shortcoming ( noun ) - a fault or a failure to reach a particular standard
Significant ( adjective ) - important or noticeable
Similarly ( adverb ) - in a similar way
Simulate ( verb ) - to do or make something which looks real but is not real
Simultaneous ( adjective ) - happening or being done at exactly the same time
Sophisticate ( noun ) - a person who is sophisticated
Soul ( noun ) - the spiritual part of a person which some people believe continues to exist in some
form after their body has died, or the part of a person which is not physical and experiences deep
feelings and emotions
Spirit ( noun ) - a particular way of thinking, feeling or behaving, especially a way that is typical of a
particular group of people, an activity, a time or a place
Spontaneous ( adjective ) - happening or done in a natural, often sudden way, without any planning
or without being forced
Stab ( verb ) - to injure someone with a sharp pointed object such as a knife
- to make a short forceful pushing movement with a finger or a long thin object
Stereotype ( noun ) - a fixed idea that people have about what someone or something is like,
especially an idea that is wrong
Struggle ( verb )- to experience difficulty and make a very great effort in order to do something
Temperament ( noun ) - the part of your character that affects your moods and the way you behave
Throne ( noun ) - the special chair used by a ruler, especially a king or queen
Unconventional ( adjective ) - different from what is usual or from the way most people do things
Vast ( adjective ) - extremely big
Villain ( noun ) - a bad person who harms other people or breaks the law
- a criminal
- a character in a book, play, film, etc. who harms other people
- something or someone considered harmful or dangerous
Virtually ( adverb ) - almost
Vow ( verb ) - to make a determined decision or promise to do something
Welfare ( noun ) - help given, especially by the state or an organization, to people who need it,
especially because they do not have enough money
Witness ( noun ) - a person who sees an event happening, especially a crime or an accident