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British Standard
A single copy of this British Standard is licensed to
Nga Pham
on April 26, 2002
This is an uncontrolled copy. Ensure use of the most
current version of this document by searching British
Standards Online at bsonline.techindex.co.uk
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BRITISH STANDARD
BS EN
752-6:1998
The European Standard EN 752-6:1998 has the status of a
British Standard
ICS 13.060.30
NO COPYING WITHOUT BSI PERMISSION EXCEPT AS PERMITTED BY COPYRIGHT LAW
Drain and sewer systems
outside buildings
Part 6: Pumping installations
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This British Standard, having
been prepared under the
direction of the Sector Board for
Building and Civil Engineering,
was published under the
authority of the Standards Board
and comes into effect on
15 September 1998
BSI 1998
ISBN 0 580 30093 5
BS EN 752-6:1998
Amendments issued since publication
Amd. No. Date Text affected
National foreword
This British Standard is the English language version of EN 752-6:1998.
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted by Technical Committee
B/505, Wastewater engineering, to Subcommittee B/505/22, Drain and sewer systems
outside buildings, which has the responsibility to:
aid enquirers to understand the text;
present to the responsible European committee any enquiries on the
interpretation, or proposals for change, and keep the UK interests informed;
monitor related international and European developments and promulgate
them in the UK.
A list of organizations represented on this subcommittee can be obtained on request
to its secretary.
Cross-references
The British Standards which implement international or European publications
referred to in this document may be found in the BSI Standards Catalogue under the
section entitled International Standards Correspondence Index, or by using the
Find facility of the BSI Standards Electronic Catalogue.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.
Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, the EN title page,
pages 2 to 19 and a back cover.
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B
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CEN
European Committee for Standardization
Comite Europe en de Normalisation
Europa isches Komitee fu r Normung
Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels
1998 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national
Members.
Ref. No. EN 752-6:1998 E
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 752-6
NORME EUROPE

ENNE
EUROPA

ISCHE NORM
April 1998
ICS 13.060.30; 23.080
Descriptors: Sanitation, water removal, sewage, water pipelines, buildings, exterior, installation, pumping, structural design, organization,
equipments, safety
English version
Drain and sewer systems outside buildings
Part 6: Pumping installations
Reseaux d'evacuation et d'assainissement a
l'exterieur des batiments
Partie 6: Installations de pompage
Entwasserungssysteme auerhalb von Gebauden
Teil 6: Pumpanlagen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 March 1998.
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations
which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a
national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical
references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to
the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German).
A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a
CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the
same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and
United Kingdom.
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Page 2
EN 752-6:1998
BSI 1998
Foreword
This European Standard has been prepared by
Technical Committee CEN/TC 165, Wastewater
engineering, the Secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a
national standard, either by publication of an identical
text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 1998,
and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn
at the latest by October 1998.
According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations,
the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European
Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland,
Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
This part is the sixth in a series relating to the
functional requirements of drain and sewer systems
outside buildings that operate essentially under gravity.
There will be seven parts, as follows:
Drain and sewer systems outside buildings
Part 1: Generalities and definitions
Part 2: Performance requirements
Part 3: Planning
Part 4: Hydraulic design and environmental
considerations
Part 5: Rehabilitation
Part 6: Pumping installations
Part 7: Maintenance and operations.
In drafting this part of this European Standard account
has been taken of other available standards, in
particular EN 476 General requirements for
components used in discharge pipes, drains and
sewers for gravity systems and prEN 773 General
requirements for components used in hydraulically
pressurised discharge pipes, drains and sewers.
Contents
Page
Foreword 2
1 Scope 3
2 Normative references 3
3 Definitions 3
4 Sources of additional information 3
5 General 4
6 Planning of pumping installations 4
7 Design of pumping stations 5
8 Design of rising mains 6
9 Components and appliances 7
10 Health and safety 8
Annex A (informative) Sources of additional
information 9
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Page 3
EN 752-6:1998
BSI 1998
1 Scope
This European Standard is applicable to drain and
sewer systems, which operate essentially under gravity,
from the point where the sewage leaves a building or
roof drainage system, or enters a road gully, to the
point where it is discharged into a treatment works or
receiving water.
Drains and sewers below buildings are included
provided that they do not form part of the drainage
system of the building.
This European Standard sets out principles for
planning and design of pumping installations for drain
and sewer systems which otherwise operate essentially
under gravity.
For pumping installations for pressurized drainage
systems EN 1671 applies.
2 Normative references
This European Standard incorporates by dated or
undated reference, provisions from other publications.
These normative references are cited at the
appropriate places in the text and the publications are
listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent
amendments to or revisions of any of these
publications apply to this European Standard only
when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For
undated references the latest edition of the publication
referred to applies.
EN 752-1, Drain and sewer systems outside
buildings Part 1: Generalities and definitions.
EN 752-2:1996, Drain and sewer systems outside
buildings Part 2: Performance requirements.
EN 752-3, Drain and sewer systems outside
buildings Part 3: Planning.
EN 752-4:1997, Drain and sewer systems outside
buildings Part 4: Hydraulic design and
environmental considerations.
EN 752-7, Drain and sewer systems outside
buildings Part 7: Maintenance and operation.
EN 1671, Pressure sewerage systems.
3 Definitions
For the purposes of this European Standard, the
following definitions, together with those given in
EN 752-1 apply.
3.1
air valve
valve used to allow air to escape from or enter into a
rising main
3.2
dry well
dry chamber forming part of a pumping station and
containing pumping equipment, normally used in
conjunction with a wet well
3.3
duty point
rate of flow and the corresponding total head for
which a pump is designed or selected
3.4
explosion proof
protected from causing ignition of flammable gases
3.5
pumping installation
pumping station together with any associated rising
main(s)
3.6
pumping station
building, structures and equipment used to transfer
sewage through a rising main or otherwise to raise the
sewage
3.7
retention time
time during which sewage is held within the pumping
installation
3.8
wet well
chamber forming a part of a sewage pumping station
into which sewage discharges prior to pumping. It can
include submersible pumping equipment and pipework
4 Sources of additional information
This European Standard sets out the essential
requirements for good practice in various engineering
activities relating to the planning, design and operation
of drain and sewer systems. For supplementary detail
and guidance reference should be made to national
documents until such time as fully comprehensive
European Standards are available.
The documents listed in annex A contain details which
may be used in the framework of this part, given
approval by the relevant authority.
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Page 4
EN 752-6:1998
BSI 1998
5 General
Pumping installations are occasionally required in
gravity drain and sewer systems in order to avoid
excessive depths, or to drain low lying areas. They
may also be required at combined sewer overflows or
outfalls to discharge flows into treatment works or
receiving waters.
Installations shall be planned and designed taking into
account:
a) total cost;
b) energy usage;
c) operations and maintenance requirements;
d) risk and consequences of failure;
e) health and safety of public and operating staff;
f) environmental impact;
g) the nature of sewage which can:
be aggressive, corrosive and/or erosive;
have a high solid content increasing the
potential for blockage;
be toxic;
lead to potentially explosive conditions.
Clauses 7, 8 and 9 deal separately with the design of
pumping stations, rising mains and components.
However these shall not be considered in isolation as
there is interaction between them.
6 Planning of pumping installations
6.1 Preliminary considerations
Where part of a system cannot be effectively drained
using a gravity system then consideration should be
given to the use of one or more pumping installations.
The optimum number of installations shall first be
determined having regard to the total cost (see also
EN 752-3). The preliminary considerations for each
pumping installation shall include:
the general location in relation to such features
as flood plains, rivers, railways, major roads and
over all topography;
the relation to existing sewer systems;
environmental considerations including the
potential impact on any environmentally sensitive
areas and the siting of combined sewer overflows;
access requirements;
land ownership;
availability of power supply, water supply and
telecommunications;
risk of explosion;
risk of flooding;
risk of flotation;
risk of saline infiltration;
the suitability of geotechnical conditions.
Once these have been established consideration can be
given to more detailed planning.
6.2 Planning
The requirements for the pumping installation shall be
determined in accordance with EN 752-2:1996, clause 6,
with particular reference to:
the nature and quantity of flows including the
range of flow rates (diurnal, dry/wet weather, etc.)
and the range of heads to be pumped;
the effect of the flows on the downstream sewer
system and treatment works;
measures to limit the impact of failure, which
may include the use of standby pumps, generators,
duplicate rising mains, emergency overflows,
screens, overpumping arrangements, detention tanks,
all including the requirements of the relevant
authority;
the requirements of the relevant authority with
regard to combined sewer overflows;
limiting noise and odour;
limiting retention time in order to avoid septicity
and/or sedimentation;
provision of facilities and equipment for operation
and maintenance;
requirements for future expansion;
consideration of special conditions (e.g. aquifer
protection zones).
Once the requirements for the pumping installation
have been determined, consideration can be given to
the requirements for the site and the location taking
into account:
the estimated size of the pumping station, relating
to the number, size and type of duty and stand-by
pumps, whether there is to be a wet well/dry well,
wet well only arrangement, or duplicated wet wells;
space for detention tanks, screens or grit
chambers if required;
space for future expansion of the pumping
station;
access to the site in all weather conditions;
space for maintenance vehicles and ancillary
equipment;
the route and levels of the incoming and outgoing
sewers;
environmental impact including odour, noise,
visual impact, impact of discharge to receiving
waters;
location of receiving waters for overflows if
required;
the risk of vandalism, site security and the need
for fencing.
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Page 5
EN 752-6:1998
BSI 1998
7 Design of pumping stations
7.1 Internal design
Design requirements shall be determined for:
pumps;
drive units;
controls and electrical equipment;
instrumentation and telemetry;
alarms;
pipework and valves.
These shall take account of the basic requirements
(see clause 6). Consideration shall be given to:
maximum and minimum predicted flow rates to
determine the duty points of the pumps and the size
of mechanical and electrical equipment;
type and number of pumps being used (in general
at least two pumps are required);
fixed speed, multi-speed or variable speed drive
units;
provision of screens, grit chambers or, where
permitted, macerators at the inlet to minimize the
risk of clogging of, or damage to the pump impellers
and downstream components;
removal of screenings and grit;
odour control;
physical size of the various items of plant such as
pumps;
provision of access to, and sufficient working
space around, all components which may require
maintenance or replacement;
means of lifting for removal or dismantling of
equipment;
size of the wet well(s) and, where applicable, the
dry well;
inlet configuration;
welfare facilities for staff where required;
power source for drive units (e.g. electricity or
diesel) and if necessary, standby power source;
fuel storage capacity, where appropriate;
overpumping facilities;
susceptibility to vandalism.
The layout shall also:
allow pumps to be installed so they can be
primed;
keep the suction pipelines substantially
horizontal, as short as possible and with no areas for
air to become trapped;
ensure that non-immersible electrical and
mechanical equipment is protected from flooding;
Control equipment should be grouped together where
possible.
The hydraulic design of the pumping station and rising
main shall be considered together.
Buildings and chambers shall be adequately ventilated
to avoid build-up of toxic or explosive gases. Wet wells
shall be provided with forced ventilation where
necessary. Gas testing facilities shall be made available
(either portable or permanently installed).
7.2 Wet well design
The design of the wet well shall take into account the
need:
for the sump to extend below the level of
incoming sewers;
to be able to isolate, empty and clean the wet
well (e.g. by partitioning or duplicating the wet well);
to avoid dead zones where sedimentation can
build up (in some cases model testing may be
useful);
to design the intake configuration to ensure
stable flow conditions to the pump, particularly
avoiding air entrainment (in some cases model
testing may be useful);
to allow adequate clearance between the base
and sides of the wet well and the pump inlet;
to protect against septicity (see EN 752-4:1997,
clause 7);
to take any necessary measures to guard against
explosion.
The size of the wet well and its detailed design shall be
determined from the maximum and minimum flow
rates. The capacity between start and cut out shall be
set to limit the frequency of switching to within the
drive unit manufacturer's recommendations. Start
levels shall take into account the need to prime pumps.
7.3 External layout and access
Access and appropriate parking shall be provided at all
times for emergency vehicles, maintenance vehicles
and ancillary equipment. Adverse weather conditions
shall be considered. The site shall be designed to deter
unauthorized access.
Adequate protection against lightning shall be provided.
7.4 Environmental impact
The design of the pumping station shall take into
account its effect on the environment including:
consequences of discharges from combined sewer
overflows;
noise, vibration and odour inside and outside the
pumping station;
consequences of failure;
visual impact.
The relevant authority can lay down requirements
pertaining to the quality, quantity and frequency of
discharges to receiving waters (see EN 752-4:1997,
clause 12).
Where emergency overflows are provided they shall be
designed to ensure maximum retention of solids.
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Page 6
EN 752-6:1998
BSI 1998
7.5 Structural design
The structural design of chambers and buildings shall
take account of:
a) structural integrity (taking into account loads
from lifting equipment and seismic loadings where
appropriate);
b) watertightness;
c) prevention of flotation;
d) bearing capacity and chemical nature of the soil;
e) aggressive, corrosive and/or erosive effluents;
f) possible differential settlement between the
structure and all incoming sewers and outgoing
rising mains and other services;
g) requirements of the relevant authority.
7.6 Maintenance considerations
Mechanical and electrical equipment shall be selected
which is robust and reliable and shall require minimal
maintenance. Consideration should also be given to the
availability of spare parts.
The provision of appropriate lifting hoists and beams,
and of lifting eyes or similar features on heavy
equipment, shall be considered.
Complete sets of current general arrangement and
sectional drawings, operational, maintenance and
service manuals, circuit diagrams and parts lists shall
be supplied and be available at all times.
8 Design of rising mains
8.1 Principal considerations
The principal considerations for the design of rising
mains for sewers, in the context of total cost, shall
include:
choice of a route;
choice of diameter;
positive and negative pressures and external
loads;
choice of materials;
thrust;
discharge points;
control of septicity;
valve chambers.
The hydraulic design of the rising main and pumping
station shall be considered together. Methods for
calculation of head losses and flows in pipes are
described in EN 752-4:1997, clause 9.
The location of rising mains shall take account of the
requirements for access for maintenance and
operations. Flushing or rodding connections may be
incorporated.
8.2 Choice of route
Where possible the route should avoid pipeline
summits and valleys.
8.3 Choice of diameter
The diameter of the rising mains shall be selected by
considering:
design flow rates and associated velocities and
pumping costs;
capital cost;
minimum velocities to limit sedimentation;
minimum diameter to limit clogging;
septicity implications of retention time.
8.4 Pressures and external loads
Pipelines shall be designed for pressure resulting from
maximum flow, no flow and transient pressures
(positive or negative), also taking account of external
loads. In the case of transient conditions, the
amplitude and frequency shall be estimated.
Surge analysis shall be carried out taking into account
all possible operating conditions. Numerous methods
to reduce or suppress surge are available.
8.5 Choice of materials
The material for the rising main shall be selected
having regard to prevention of leaks, pressures,
effluent and ground/soil conditions. Particular care
shall be taken:
where wastewater contains aggressive substances;
in contaminated or aggressive soil conditions;
in adverse ground conditions;
in difficult terrain;
in aquifer protection zones.
8.6 Thrust
Thrust forces occur at valves, changes in direction and
diameter, branches and blank ends and shall be
contained. The methods available include:
restrained joints over an adequate length of
pipeline;
thrust or anchor blocks;
cradles and clamps, generally for non-buried
pipelines.
Anchorages should be designed to avoid transmitting
vibration.
Where thrust or anchor blocks are to bear against the
soil, the safe bearing pressures shall be determined.
The possibility of shear failure, sliding, and potential
disturbance of the block by subsequent excavation
shall be considered.
8.7 Discharge points
Discharge points shall be designed to minimize
splashing and noise. Manholes into which rising mains
discharge shall be well ventilated having regard to the
need for odour control.
Receiving manholes shall be protected against
chemical attack and erosion where appropriate.
8.8 Control of septicity
Septicity should be limited (see EN 752-4:1997,
clause 7).
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Page 7
EN 752-6:1998
BSI 1998
8.9 Valve chambers
Valve chambers shall be provided where necessary to
allow maintenance of valves. The design of valve
chambers shall include for:
removal and replacement of valves;
safe access for personnel into the chamber;
vehicle access to the site of the chamber.
Arrangements shall be made for removing standing
water from the valve chambers.
Air valve chambers shall be adequately ventilated.
9 Components and appliances
9.1 Pumps
Each pump and its drive unit shall be suitable for the
nature and composition of the sewage to be pumped
and for duty throughout the specified range of station
requirements such as flow rates, heads, duty points.
In some cases it may be necessary to modify the
pumping station design to find an acceptable
combination of pump and pumping station to avoid:
instability of pumping units, particularly when
two or more pumps are operating in parallel;
overloading of pumps, leading to abnormal
increase in power consumption;
cavitation throughout the permissible range of
operating speeds, flows and available suction level;
negative suction head.
In addition to any testing carried out before delivery,
pumps shall be tested after installation for compliance
with user requirements. Performance tests for
acceptance shall be agreed with the pump supplier.
Further factors to be considered shall include:
optimization of efficiency;
anticipated future flows taking into consideration
the design life of the pump;
pump speed (fixed speed, multi-speed or variable
speed);
materials used in pump construction, including
susceptibility to corrosion and erosion;
ability to pass permitted solids without clogging.
9.2 Prime movers and drives
Prime movers and drives shall be suitable for the types
of pump selected and rated for all the operational
conditions. They shall be designed to be energy
efficient.
Where electric motors are to be in contact with
potentially explosive atmospheres, they shall be
explosion proof.
All non-submersible plant shall be located in a
machinery room which is protected from flooding.
Types of prime movers which may be used include:
electric motors;
internal combustion engines.
These may be multiple or variable speed prime movers.
Types of drive which may be used are:
direct;
geared;
belt;
close coupled;
intermediate shafting.
Vibration shall be kept at a minimum. Any requirements
of the relevant authority to limit vibration shall be
adhered to.
9.3 Valves
Valves of varying types may be required as follows:
isolating valves to allow sections of pipework,
pumps, valves etc. to be removed without emptying
the whole rising main;
washout valves at low or intermediate points to
allow sections of the rising main to be emptied;
non-return valves at pumps to prevent backflow
from the rising main;
air valves at summits and other points indicated
by the surge analysis. When a single valve is used
this shall be double acting.
When fully open valves should not disturb the flow
distribution. Consideration shall be given to the surge
effects of valve operation.
To minimize surge pressures in the rising mains, valves
on rising mains may be arranged to close before
pumps are stopped, and to open after they have
reached full speed, both at controlled rates.
All valves shall be suitable for use with wastewater
and shall be designed to prevent retention of solids.
All valves shall be identified by durable tags.
9.4 Controls and electrical equipment
All electrical installations shall meet the requirements
of the relevant authority and, where appropriate, shall
be protected by suitable enclosures (e.g. drip proof,
explosion proof). High voltage equipment shall be
secure from access by unauthorized personnel. All
electrical equipment shall be properly earthed and
protected from lightning damage.
Switchboards and motor control centres should be of
modular construction. Each circuit should be totally
segregated. Each pump set shall be provided with a
separate starter. Safeguards shall be incorporated in
pump controls to stop units in the event of loss of
suction pressure or unacceptable flow conditions.
Control systems shall ensure that unnecessary repeated
stopping and starting or speed changes are avoided.
Controls may use various devices to activate the
closing of the electrical circuit e.g. floats, electrodes,
ultrasonics, pressure transducers, time controls.
Control systems should allow for the switching
sequences to be varied, where two or more pumps are
used in parallel or to change from a normal duty pump
to the standby pump.
A separate connection point for a temporary power
generator, with switching arrangements, may be
required.
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Page 8
EN 752-6:1998
BSI 1998
9.5 Instrumentation
Suitable instrumentation shall be provided. This may
include:
monitoring equipment (e.g. level, flow, pressure,
speed, voltage, current, power factor, gas content,
hours run etc.);
indication of operation of duty/standby pumps.
Information, alarms, and instructions may be relayed
by telemetry to or from a remote location. The design
of telemetry systems shall consider present and future
data requirements and the means of data transmission.
9.6 Alarms
Provision of alarms shall be considered, these may
include:
flammable gas;
fire;
high water level;
bearing temperature;
motor temperature;
pump failure;
power failure;
vandalism.
An alarm system should have an emergency power
source capable of operating for at least 24 h in the
event of failure of the main power supply.
Alarms should be relayed by telemetry to a central
location.
10 Health and safety
The relevant authority may lay down requirements in
respect of the health, safety and welfare of the public
and/or operational personnel (see also EN 752-7).
Examples are:
alarm systems (see 9.6);
guards to protect operators from falling or injury
by machinery;
adequate lighting;
first aid equipment;
fire protection;
gas detection;
potable water supply;
hand washing facilities;
insulation to reduce excessive noise;
forced ventilation to exclude toxic, noxious, or
flammable gases;
warning signs to indicate hazardous areas;
procedures to assess potential risks;
provision of safety equipment including personal
protection equipment;
safe systems of work.
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BSI
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