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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA )
)
v. ) Crim. No.13-10200-GAO
)
DZHOKHAR A. TSARNAEV, )
Defendant )


GOVERNMENTS OPPOSITION TO DEFENDANT=S
RENEWED MOTION FOR HEARING TO ADDRESS LEAKS

The Uni t ed St at es of Amer i ca, by and t hr ough i t s under si gned
counsel , r espect f ul l y opposes def endant Dzhokhar Tsar naev s r enewed
mot i on f or a hear i ng t o addr ess l aw enf or cement l eaks.
INTRODUCTION
On J ul y 15, 2014, t he gr and j ur y r et ur ned an i ndi ct ment char gi ng
St ephen Si l va wi t h seven count s of di st r i but i ng her oi n and one count
of possessi ng a f i r ear mwi t h an obl i t er at ed ser i al number . Uni t ed
St at es v. St ephen Si l va, Cr i m. No. 14- 10210- MLW( D. Mass. ) . Si l va
was ar r est ed on t he ni ght of J ul y 21, 2014, and t he i ndi ct ment was
unseal ed t he f ol l owi ng mor ni ng. At Si l va s i ni t i al appear ance,
whi ch t ook pl ace at 12: 30 p. m. , t he gover nment moved f or pr et r i al
det ent i on. The gover nment sai d not hi ng about t he f i r ear mi n open
cour t , and i t di d not f i l e a det ent i on memor andumdi scussi ng t he
f i r ear m. The i ndi ct ment l i kewi se al l eged not hi ng about t he f i r ear m
except t hat i t was a Ruger P95 9mmpi st ol , t hat Si l va r ecei ved or
possessed i t i n or about Febr uar y 2013 i n Cambr i dge, and t hat i t s
ser i al number had been obl i t er at ed.
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Even so, al most as soon as t he i ndi ct ment was unseal ed,
r epor t er s f ami l i ar wi t h t he Tsar naev case who knew t hat Si l va was
Tsar naev s cl ose f r i end and t hat Tsar naev was al l eged t o have
mur der ed Of f i cer Sean Col l i er i n Cambr i dge wi t h a Ruger P95 9mmpi st ol
i n Apr i l 2013 per cei ved a possi bl e connect i on; sever al asked t he
Pr ess Of f i cer f or t he Uni t ed St at es At t or ney s Of f i ce f or t he
Di st r i ct of Massachuset t s whet her t he gun al l eged i n t he Si l va
i ndi ct ment was used t o ki l l of f i cer Col l i er . The Pr ess Of f i cer
r ef used al l comment . That di d not , however , st op news out l et s f r om
r epor t i ng on t he possi bl e connect i on. I n an ar t i cl e t hat same day,
f or exampl e, t he Bost on Gl obe not ed t hat [ t ] he US at t or ney s of f i ce
i n Bost on . . . decl i ned t o say i f t he ar r est of St ephen Si l va . . .
i s r el at ed t o t he Bost on Mar at hon bombi ng i nvest i gat i on . . . and
l aw enf or cement of f i ci al s woul d not comment .
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The Gl obe
never t hel ess hi ghl i ght ed t he f act s t hat Si l va and Tsar naev wer e cl ose
f r i ends and t hat t he gun Si l va al l egedl y possessed i s t he same model
al l eged t o have been used i n t he shoot i ng of MI T pol i ce Of f i cer Sean
Col l i er days af t er t he bombi ngs. I d. Ot her news out l et s r an
si mi l ar st or i es.
As Tsar naev cor r ect l y poi nt s out , t wo r epor t er s al so quot ed
anonymous sour ces i n t hei r r epor t s. Bot h r epor t er s quot ed l aw

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http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2014/07/22/friend-marathon-bombing-suspect-arrested-drug-gun-charges/kyqT
Z032qhejRHZxa96yzO/story.html
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enf or cement of f i ci al s as sayi ng t hat t he gun al l eged i n t he Si l va
i ndi ct ment was t he gun used t o ki l l Of f i cer Col l i er . One r epor t er
al so quot ed a hi gh- r anki ng gover nment of f i ci al as st at i ng t hat t hi s
al l egat i on woul d hel p r ebut a def ense mi t i gat i on t heor y t hat Tsar naev
was l ess cul pabl e t han hi s ol der br ot her . Tsar naev al so cor r ect l y
poi nt s out t hat at t he J une 18, 2014 st at us hear i ng, t he Cour t
expr essed unhappi ness t hat t wo f or mer l aw enf or cement of f i ci al s had
par t i ci pat ed i n news pr ogr ams concer ni ng t he Mar at hon bombi ng
i nvest i gat i on and di r ect ed t he gover nment t o r emi nd peopl e i nvol ved
i n t he case, even f or mer l y, of t hei r r esponsi bi l i t y t o t he i nt egr i t y
of t he t r i al .
Tsar naev now asks t hat t he Cour t : ( 1) ascer t ai n what st eps t he
gover nment t ook af t er t he J une 18 hear i ng, and what new i nst r uct i ons
( i f any) wer e pr ovi ded t o l aw enf or cement ; and ( 2) r equi r e t he
pr esence and t est i mony of t he l aw enf or cement of f i cer s i n char ge of
t he i nvest i gat i on [ at a hear i ng] t o det er mi ne who had access t o t he
i nf or mat i on t hat has r ecent l y been r el eased, and what st eps wer e
t aken t o pr event such l eaks. ( Def t . Mot . at 4) .
ARGUMENT
The gover nment agr ees wi t h t he def ense t hat l aw enf or cement
of f i ci al s i nvol ved i n t he i nvest i gat i on and pr osecut i on of t hi s
mat t er shoul d not make publ i c st at ement s ( i ncl udi ng subj ect i ve
obser vat i ons) about t he evi dence or t he def endant s char act er , gui l t
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or i nnocence, or r el at i ve cul pabi l i t y. No l aw enf or cement of f i ci al
i nvol ved i n t he i nvest i gat i on or pr osecut i on of t hi s case shoul d have
al l eged publ i cl y ( i . e. t o a r epor t er ) t hat t he gun r ef er enced i n t he
Si l va i ndi ct ment was t he gun used t o ki l l Of f i cer Col l i er , and no
f eder al gover nment of f i ci al , hi gh- r anki ng or ot her wi se, shoul d
have st at ed t hat t hi s al l egat i on woul d hel p r ebut a def ense
mi t i gat i on t heor y t hat Dzhokhar Tsar naev was l ess cul pabl e t han hi s
ol der br ot her . Assumi ng t hese comment s have been accur at el y
r epor t ed and at t r i but ed, t he gover nment depl or es t hem.
As t he def ense acknowl edges, t he pr osecut i on t eamhas i ssued
sever al or al and wr i t t en r emi nder s t o l aw enf or cement of f i ci al s
i nvol ved i n t hi s mat t er t o r ef r ai n f r omi nappr opr i at e publ i c
comment s. Si mi l ar r emi nder s wer e r epeat edl y gi ven t o t he l aw
enf or cement of f i cer s i nvol ved i n t he Si l va i nvest i gat i on.
Fol l owi ng t he J une 18, 2014 st at us hear i ng, t he gover nment
i mmedi at el y or der ed a copy of t he t r anscr i pt so t hat t he Cour t s own
wor ds coul d be i ncl uded a l et t er t o l aw enf or cement about t he
i mpor t ance of avoi di ng i nappr opr i at e publ i c comment . The
gover nment r ecei ved a cer t i f i ed copy of t he t r anscr i pt on J ul y 18,
2014, and sent a l et t er t o r el evant depar t ment heads and f or mer l aw
enf or cement agent s on J ul y 22, 2014. A copy of t he l et t er i s
at t ached. That ef f ect i vel y answer s t he quest i on of what st eps t he
gover nment t ook af t er t he J une 18 hear i ng and what new i nst r uct i ons
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( i f any) wer e pr ovi ded t o l aw enf or cement .
The gover nment does not bel i eve a hear i ng t o det er mi ne who had
access t o t he i nf or mat i on t hat has r ecent l y been r el eased ( Def t .
Mot . at 4) woul d ser ve any usef ul pur pose, because t he anonymous l aw
enf or cement sour ces ci t ed i n t he news ar t i cl es di d not act ual l y
l eak any i nf or mat i on and t hus di d not necessar i l y have knowl edge
of t he evi dence i n t he Si l va case. As not ed above, i t has l ong been
publ i c i nf or mat i on t hat Si l va and Tsar naev wer e cl ose f r i ends; t he
Si l va i ndi ct ment char ges t hat i n Febr uar y 2013 Si l va r ecei ved and
possessed a Ruger P95 9mmpi st ol ; and t he Tsar naev i ndi ct ment
char ges t hat i n Apr i l 2013 t he Tsar naevs used a Ruger P95 9mmpi st ol
t o ki l l Of f i cer Col l i er . The al l egat i on t hat t he gun r ef er enced i n
t he Si l va i ndi ct ment i s t he same gun t hat was used t o ki l l Of f i cer
Col l i er i s mer el y an al l egat i on. News r epor t er s made t he connect i on
based on publ i c i nf or mat i on; t he anonymous l aw enf or cement sour ces
ci t ed i n t hei r ar t i cl es si mpl y ( al bei t i mpr oper l y) expr essed t hei r
own vi ew t hat t he al l egat i on i s cor r ect . But no non- publ i c
i nf or mat i on i n suppor t of t hat al l egat i on has ever l eaked, ei t her
dur i ng t he mont hs- l ong i nvest i gat i on t hat pr eceded t he Si l va
i ndi ct ment or i n t he weeks si nce i t has been unseal ed.
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The anonymous
l aw enf or cement sour ces who conf i r med t he al l egat i on may wel l have
known l i t t l e or not hi ng mor e about t he evi dence i n t he Si l va case

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The detention affidavit that the government refrained from filing in the Silva case sets forth detailed facts about the
underlying investigation. A copy is attached hereto as Sealed Exhibit A.
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t han t he r epor t er s who sought t hei r conf i r mat i on i n t he f i r st pl ace.
Thi s si mpl y i s not a case wher e knowi ng who had access t o t he
evi dence i n t he Si l va case woul d meani ngf ul l y l i mi t t he uni ver se of
l aw enf or cement of f i ci al s who mi ght have expr essed a vi ew on t he
mat t er .
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The same hol ds t r ue f or t he hi gh- r anki ng gover nment of f i ci al
who pur por t edl y st at ed t hat t he al l egat i on about t he gun woul d hel p
r ebut a def ense mi t i gat i on t heor y t hat Tsar naev was l ess cul pabl e
t han hi s ol der br ot her . Thi s pur por t ed st at ement l i kewi se i s not
a l eak of non- publ i c i nf or mat i on but r at her an i mpr oper comment .
The gover nment depl or es t he maki ng of t hi s comment . But t her e i s
no i ndi cat i on i n t he ar t i cl e t hat t he gover nment of f i ci al i s a l aw
enf or cement of f i cer , someone el se wi t h act ual knowl edge of t he
evi dence i n t he Si l va case, or someone connect ed i n any of f i ci al way
wi t h t hi s case. I t coul d be any gover nment of f i ci al - - f eder al ,
st at e, or l ocal - - f r omany j ur i sdi ct i on. A hear i ng t o det er mi ne
t he i dent i t y of t hi s anonymous gover nment of f i ci al woul d al most
cer t ai nl y be f r ui t l ess.
As much as t he gover nment r egr et s al l i nst ances i n whi ch l aw

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Tsarnaev cites a news report that federal prosecutors briefed top officers in the [Cambridge Police Department]
about Silvas arrest. Ranking officers in the Cambridge Police Department were in fact briefed in advance about
Silvas arrest because the arrest took place in Cambridge. When armed federal agents plan to make an arrest in a
residential area they routinely notify local law enforcement. In this case, moreover, Cambridge police officers were
part of the task force that investigated the Silva case. But no federal prosecutors were involved in any such briefing.
This inaccuracy bolsters the likelihood that the anonymous officials who spoke to reporters may have had no actual
knowledge of the matters they commented on.
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enf or cement of f i ci al s - - r egar dl ess of whet her t hey ar e i nvol ved i n
t hi s case or have any access t o t he evi dence - - comment on t he
evi dence, t he gover nment cannot f ai r l y be hel d account abl e f or al l
of t hem. The gover nment has done i t s best t o not i f y r el evant l aw
enf or cement agenci es of t hei r r esponsi bi l i t i es and wi l l cont i nue t o
do so. I n t hi s par t i cul ar case, t he act i ons i n quest i on wer e not
l eaks of non- publ i c i nf or mat i on but r at her t he publ i cl y- st at ed
opi ni ons of anonymous l aw enf or cement of f i cer s and an anonymous
gover nment of f i ci al who may wel l have had no access t o t he evi dence
under l yi ng t he Si l va case. Ther e i s no evi dence of act ual pr ej udi ce
t o t he def endant . Under t he ci r cumst ances, a hear i ng t o det er mi ne
t he sour ce of t he l eaks woul d ser ve no pur pose.
CONCLUSION
WHEREFORE, t he gover nment r espect f ul l y r equest s t hat t he Cour t
deny Tsar naev s r enewed mot i on f or a hear i ng t o addr ess l aw
enf or cement l eaks.
Respect f ul l y submi t t ed,
CARMEN M. ORTI Z
UNI TED STATES ATTORNEY

By: / s/ Wi l l i amD. Wei nr eb
WI LLI AM D. WEI NREB
ALOKE S. CHAKRAVARTY
NADI NE PELLEGRI NI
Assi st ant U. S. At t or neys

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CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
I her eby cer t i f y t hat t hi s document , f i l ed t hr ough t he ECF
syst em, wi l l be sent el ect r oni cal l y t o t he r egi st er ed par t i ci pant s
as i dent i f i ed on t he Not i ce of El ect r oni c Fi l i ng ( NEF) and t hat paper
copi es wi l l be sent t o t hose i ndi cat ed as non- r egi st er ed par t i ci pant s
on t hi s dat e.
/s/ William D. Weinreb
WI LLI AM D. WEI NREB
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