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Salvador Allende, the founder leader of the Socialist Party of

Chile became the President in 1970 after his party was voted to
He took several policy decisions to help the poor and the
workers which made him unpopular amongst certain groups of
In 1973, a military coup led by General Augusto Pinochet
overthrew Allendes government and killed him.
Pinochet became the President of Chile and ruled for the next 17
years. A military dictatorship was thus established.
Several supporters of Allende were tortured and killed. Some
were put in prison and many were reported missing.
In 1988, Pinochet decided to hold a referendum being confident
that people will support him but their vote was a decisive no to
Pinochet. Pinochet lost both his political and military powers.
Thus political freedom was established in Chile.
In 1980, Poland was ruled by Polish United Workers Party- a
communist party which was supported and controlled by the
government of the Soviet Union.
Here no other political party was allowed to function and people
had no right to choose their leaders or their government or to speak
against the government.
All factories and big properties in Poland were owned by the
Independent trade unions were not allowed to be formed.
A strike by workers led by Lech Walesa at Lenin Shipyard finally
forced the government to sign a 21 point agreement and to agree to
the demands of the strikers which included the right to form
independent trade unions, release of political prisoners and end of
censorship on press.
Revelations of widespread corruption and mismanagement in the
government made the government impose martial law.
Strikes continued and finally the government had to agree for
free elections.
In October 1990, Poland had its first presidential election in
which more than one party contested and Walesa was elected
This makes it clear that Democracy is a form of government that
allows people to choose their leader.
Democracy has expanded throughout the twentieth century but it
did not spread evenly in all parts of the world.
In many countries which adopted a democratic constitution, the
right to vote was limited to very few men.
Many Asian and African countries which were European colonies
had to wage struggles to achieve independence.
Most countries that became democracies after gaining
independence had a mixed record. They could not remain
democracies for long with the exception of India.
International organizations like the United Nations, Security
Council, IMF, etc which should be more democratic in their
functioning are becoming less democratic. Their decisions are
influenced by a few powerful countries especially America.

Some powerful countries like USA have taken on the task of
democracy promotion in the rest of the world. But the use of
external force to gift democracy to the people is against the spirit of