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Ex .No : 1
Date :
HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS NTU METHOD
AIM :
To find the temperature distribution of the given flat plate by using ANSYS 10.1.
Problem Description : Dimensions :
1) Length of the plate is 10 m
2) Height of the plate is 20 m
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS :
1) Top side of the plate is 200 C
2) Other sides of the plate is 100 C
FIGURE :

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PROCEDURE :
STARTING ANSYS :
Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu
PREFERENCES :
ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok
PRE- PROCESSOR :
Element Type :
Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > Thermal mass solid , quad 4 node 55
Material Properties :
Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX
401
Modelling The Structure :
Pre processor > modelling > create > areas > rectangle > by dimension
Key points / Nodes 1 2
X 0 10
Y 0 20

Meshing :
Pre processor > meshing > size control > manual size > lines > picked lines
Pre processor > meshing > mesh > areas > mapped > 3 or 4 sided
BOUINDARY CONDITIONS ON CONSTRAINTS :
Analysis Type
Solution > analysis type > new analysis > steady-state

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Apply Constraints
Solution > define loads > apply
Thermal > temperature > on lines
A picking menu appears. Highlight the two vertical lines (the 20 m lines ), which have a
temperature of 100 C , then click on ok in the picking menu. The box on the next page
appears. Highlight TEMP for DOFs to be constrained and enter 100 .
Repeat the above process to apply the 100 C temperature to the bottom horizontal line but in
this case , choose YES for apply TEMP to end points ? repeat the process once more , to
apply the 200 C temperature to the top horizontal line , but in this case choose NO for
apply TEMP to end points ?
Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > temperature > key points
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the key points to a constant temperature of 150.
Solution :
Solution > solve > current LS
Post Processing :
Plot the temperature distribution
General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution
> temperature TEMP
General post processing > list results >nodal solution > DOF solution > temperature
TEMP

Result :
Thus the temperature distribution of the given solid is determined.
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Ex .No : 2
Date :
HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS LMTD METHOD
AIM :
To find the temperature distribution in a turbine blade with cooling channels by using
ANSYS 10.1
Problem Description : Dimensions :
1) Length of the blade 6 mm
2) Height of the blade 2 mm
3) Length between the blades 4 mm
4) Height of the cooling channel 6 mm
FIGURE :

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PROCEDURE :
STARTING ANSYS :
Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu
PREFERENCES :
ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok
PRE- PROCESSOR :
Element Type :
Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > Thermal mass solid , quad 4 node 55
Material Properties :
Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX
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Modelling The Structure :
Pre processor > modelling > create > key points > in active CS
Fill in the field as shown at the top of the next page , then click APPLY when you click
on PPLY the command is issued to create key point number 1 at ( X , Y , Z ) = ( 0.005
,0.003 ,0) now that when the Z field is left blank , in this case the blank space default to zero ,
which is desired. Since you clicked on apply , instead of OK , then the key point
creation box remains open.
Create key point number 2 at ( X,Y,Z ) = ( 0.005 , 0.003 , 0 ). After entering the input
again click on APPLY.
Create 6 total key points in the same manner
Keypoint Number X-location Y-location
1 -0.005 0.003
2 0 0.003
3 0 0.001
4 -0.003 0.001
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5 -0.003 0
6 -0.005 0

5. Create an area through key points :
This is a situation in which it is probably easiest to just enter the area creation
command at the command line. As shown below, enter the command: a,1,2,3,4,5,6
After typing in the command, hit Enter. A schematic (not to scale) of the area,
showing the corner keypoints, is also shown at the top of the next page.
Meshing :
Pre processor > meshing > size control >lines >picked lines
The picking menu (below left) appears. On the graphics window, click on the top
horizontal line (this is one with end key points 1 and 2), to highlight it. Then, click OK
in the picking menu. Then, the Element Size menu (below right) appears. Enter 5
for NDIV, as shown, then click OK
Now, repeat the above process to specify
2 divisions along the vertical line with end key points 2 and 3.
3 divisions along the horizontal line with end key points 3 and 4.
1 division along the vertical line with end key points 4 and 5.
2 divisions along the horizontal line with end key points 5 and 6.
3 divisions along the vertical line with end key points 6 and 1.
If you make a mistake on a particular line, just re-specify the divisions for a particular
line.
Pre processor > meshing > mesh > areas > free > pick all

BOUINDARY CONDITIONS ON CONSTRAINTS :
Solution > define loads > apply
Thermal > convection > on lines
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A picking menu appears. Highlight the top horizontal line (with end key points 1
and 2), then click on OK in the picking menu. The box on the next page appears.
Enter 1000 for Film Coefficient and 1700 for Bulk temperature, as shown, and
click on OK. Repeat the process to apply the 200 W/(m2-K) film coefficient and the
400 K bulk temperature to the horizontal line, with end key points 3 and 4, and also to the
vertical line with end key points 4 and 5
Solution :
Solution > solve > current LS
Post Processing :
Plot the temperature distribution
General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution
> temperature TEMP

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RESULT :
Thus the temperature distribution of the turbine blade with cooling channels is
determined.
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Ex .No : 3
Date :
CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS
AIM :
To find the temperature distribution of the given solid by using ANSYS 10.1
Problem Description :
Dimensions :
1) Length of the solid is 5 cm
2) Height of the solid is 2 cm
Boundary Conditions :
1) Wall temperature is 20 C
2) Base of the rod is 320 C
3) Convection co-efficient of wall is 100 W/m C
4) Rod tip is insulated
Figure :

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PROCEDURE :
STARTING ANSYS :
Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu
PREFERENCES :
ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok
PRE- PROCESSOR :
Element Type :
Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > Thermal mass solid , 20 node 90
Material Properties :
Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX =
50
Modelling The Structure :
Pre processor > modelling > create > volume > cylinder > solid cylinder > radius = 1 ,
depth = 5
Meshing :
Pre processor > meshing > size control > manual size > areas > all areas > 0.5 mesh
Pre processor > meshing > mesh > volume > free > pick all

BOUNDARY CONDITIONS ON CONSTRAINTS :
Analysis type
Solution > analysis type > new analysis > steady-state
Apply constraints
Solution > define loads > apply
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Thermal > temperature > on areas
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a constant temperature of 320
Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > convection > on areas
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a film co-efficient of 100 and bulk
temperature of 20
Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > convection > on areas
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a film co-efficient of 0 and bulk
temperature of 0.
Solution :
Solution > solve > current LS
Post Processing :
Plot the temperature distribution
General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution
> temperature TEMP

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION
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Vector Plot :
General post processing plot results > vector plot > pre defined

VECTOR PLOT

Result :
Thus the temperature distribution of the given solid is determined .
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Ex .No : 4
Date :
CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS - INTERNAL FLOW
AIM :
To plot the velocity distribution of the flow of air over an infinite cylinder.
Problem Description : Dimensions :
1) The cylinder is 0.25 m in diameter
2) Because of symmetry , the problem is simplified so that only half of the cylinder is
computed. The results are assumed to be the same on the other side of the X axis ( axis of
symmetry )
3) The flow area is 2 m by 0.5 m this arbitrary size serves to step up the boundary
conditions of flow over a cylinder .
4) The velocity of the air at infinite distance from the plate is 5 mm/s ( 0.005 m/s )
Figure :

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PROCEDURE :
STARTING ANSYS :
Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu
PREFERENCES :
ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok
PREPROCESSOR :
1) Pre processor > element type > add / edit / delete etc., In the element types
windows that opens click on Add the following window opens.
2) Click on Flotran CFD and select 2D flotran 141. Click ok. Close the element types
window.
MODELLING THE STRUCTURE :
1) Pre processor > modelling > create > areas > rectangle > by 2 corners. The width
is 2 and the height is 0.5. the starting position is at ( 0,0 )
2) Pre processor > modelling > create > areas > circle > solid circle. The radius is
0.125 and the centre is at ( 0.5,0.25 ).
3) To subtract the circular area from the rectangle click. Pre processor > modelling >
operating > Booleans . subtract > area. Select the rectangle and click ok. Next select the circle
and click ok. You will be left with this area.
MESHING :
Dividing The Channels Into Elements :
1) Pre processor > meshing > size control > manual size > lines > picked lines click
pick all or manually pick all the lines.
2) In the window that comes up types 0.02 in the element edge length box : now go
to the pre-processor > meshing > mesh > areas > free. Click the area and the ok.

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FLUID PROPERTIES ( AIR ) :
1) Pre processor > flotran setup > fluid properties.
2) On the box , shown below , set the first two input field to air SI. Then click on
ok.
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS AND CONSTRAINTS :
1) To make loading easier, go to plot > lines on the main file menu.
2) Go to the pre-processor > loads > define loads > apply > fluid CFD > velocity > on
lines. Pick the left and top edge of the rectangle and click ok. Enter 0.005 in the VX field and
0 in the VY. Leave VZ blank then click ok.
This number corresponds to the velocity of 0.005 m/s of air flowing from the left side.
3) To account for symmetry, the normal component to the axis of symmetry is set
zero. To set this go to pre-processor > loads > define loads > apply > fluid CFD > velocity >
on lines. And select the bottom line of the rectangle. Enter 0 in the VY field. Leave VX and
VZ blank.
4) Repeat the above and set the velocity to zero for the 2 lines that up the half circle
(VX = VY = 0, VZ can be left blank ). This is due to the no-slip condition along the cylinder.
5) The last step is to apply atmospheric pressure to the outlet of the fluid region. Go to
pre-processor > loads > define loads > apply > fluid CFD > pressure DOF > on lines and
select the right most vertical line and click ok. In the window that appear , enter 0 for the
constant pressure value and click ok.
SOLUTION:
1) Solution > flotran setup > execution control. The following window appears.
Change the first input field value to 1000, as shown. No other changes are needed. Click ok.
2) Solution > Run FLOTRAN.
3) Wait for ANSYS to solve the problem.

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POST-PROCESSING :
1) Plotting the velocity distribution
2) Go to general post processing > read results > last set.
3) Then go to general post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution ,
select VSUM and click ok.

VELOCITY PLOT

4) Now go to general post processing > plot results > vector plot > pre defined and select
velocity.
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VECTOR PLOT

RESULT :
Thus the velocity distribution of a flow of air over an infinite cylinder is computed
and plotted.
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Ex .No : 5
Date :
RADIATION HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS - EMISSIVITY
AIM :
To find the temperature distribution of the given solid by using ANSYS 10.1
Problem Description : Dimensions :
1) Length of the strip is 2cm
2) Height of the strip is 1cm
Boundary Conditions :
1) Left and right side temperature is 900C and emissivity is 0.7.
2) Base of the rod is 320C.
3) Convection co-efficient of the top is 100 Wm C and bulk temperature is 50 C.
4) Bottom of the strip is insulated.
5) Stephen Boltzeman constant is 5.67e-8.7W/mK.
MATERIAL PROPERTIES :
1) Thermal conductivity is 3 W/m C.
2) Density is 1600 kg/m.
3) Specific heat is 800 J/kg C.
FIGURE :

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PROCEDURE :
STARTING ANSYS :
Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu
PREFERENCES :
ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok
PRE-PROCESSOR :
Element Type :
Preprocessor > Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > Thermal mass solid ,
quad 4 node 55
Material Properties :
Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX 3.
Specific heat = 800
Density = 1600
MODELLING THE STRUCTURE :
Preprocessor > modelling > create > areas > rectangle > by 2 corners > X = 0 , Y = 0 ,
width = 2 , height = 1.
MESHING :
Pre processor > meshing > size control > manual size > areas > all areas > 0.05 mesh
Pre processor > meshing > mesh > volume > free > pick all

BOUINDARY CONDITIONS ON CONSTRAINTS :
Analysis type
Solution > analysis type > new analysis > steady-state
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Constraints
Solution > define loads > apply
Thermal > temperature > on lines
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a constant temperature of 900
Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > convection > on lines
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a film co-efficient of 100 and bulk
temperature of 50
Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > convection > on lines
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a film co-efficient of 0 and bulk
temperature of 0.
Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > radiation > on lines
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a emissivity of 0.7 and enclosure no is 2.
Pre processor > radiation opts > solution opts.
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a Stephen Boltzeman constant of 5.67e-
8.7 and enclosure number is 2.
Main menu > radiation opts > matrix method > other settings.
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a Stephen Boltzeman constant of 5.67e-
8.7 and type of geometry is 2D.
Solution :
Solution > solve > current LS
Post Processing :
Plot the temperature distribution
General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution
> temperature TEMP
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TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION
Vector Plot :
General post processing > plot results > vector plot > pre defined and select velocity

VECTOR PLOT
RESULT :
Thus the temperature distribution of the given strip is determined
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Ex .No : 6
Date :
CRITICAL RADIUS OF INSULATION
AIM :
To determine the temperature distribution in a rectangular plane for the given
boundary condition by using ANSYS 10.1
PROBLEM DESCRIPTION :
Determine the temperature distribution for the plane using ANSYS in the given plane
having size of 10 mm X- axis and 20 mm in Y-axis.
Top is insulated.
Right side has constant temperature T = 100C
Left side has constant heat flux (q) = 50 W/m C
BOUNDARY CONDITION :
Top side of the plane has to be insulated.
Convection temperature T = 100C
Heat flow (i.e, heat flux) equation = 50 W/m
Convection co-efficient (h) = 50 W/m C
FIGURE :

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SELECTION :
Element type > solid > quard 8 node > plane 77
Number of element = 70
Size of the element edge length = 1
PROCEDURE :
STARTING ANSYS :
Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu
PREFERENCES :
ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok
PRE- PROCESSOR :
Element Type :
Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > quard 4 node plane 55 > ok
Material Properties :
Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX
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MODELLING :
Modelling > create > area > rectangle > by dimension .
Key points / Nodes 1 2
X 0 10
Y 0 20

MESHING :
Meshing > size control > manual size > areas > all areas > select > element edge
length = 1 > ok
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SOLUTION :
TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTIONS :
Solution > analysis type > new analysis > transient > ok > full > ok
Solution > analysis type > solution control > basic >
Time at the end load step = 60
Automatic time stepping = on
Time increment = on
Time step size = 1
Minimum time step size = 0.1
Maximum time step size = 1 > ok
TOP IS INSULATED :
Solution > define load > apply > thermal >convection > on lines > select > apply
H =0
T= 0
Right side of plane has constant temperature T = 100C
Solution > define load > apply > thermal > temperature > on lines > select > apply
T = 100C
LEFT SIDE OF PLANE HAS CONSTANT HEAT FLUX
Solution > define load > apply > thermal > heat flux > on lines > select > apply
q = 50 W/m
BOTTOM SIDE HAS CONVECTION
Solution > define load > apply > thermal > convection > on lines
h = 50 W/m
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T =100C
Solution > load step option > time / frequency > time sub step > ok
SOLVE :
Solution > solve > current LS
POST PROCESSING :
Plot the temperature distribution
General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution
> nodal displacement > X-displacement > ok

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION

Vector Plot :
General post processing plot results > vector plot > pre defined

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VECTOR PLOT

RESULT :
Thus the temperature distributions in a rectangular plane for the given convective and
conductive boundary condition using transient state condition is analysed and results were
observed by using ANSYS 10.1

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Ex .No : 7
Date :
CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS
AIM :
To find the temperature distribution of the given solid by using ANSYS 10.1
Problem Description : Dimensions :
1) Length of the solid is 1 cm
2) Height of the solid is 1 cm
Boundary Conditions :
1) Top is maintained at 500C
2) Other sides are maintained at 100C
3) Thermal conductivity (k) of the material is 10 W/m C
Figure :

PROCEDURE :
STARTING ANSYS :
Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu
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PREFERENCES :
ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok
PRE- PROCESSOR :
Element Type :
Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > thermal mass solid , quad 4 node 55
Material Properties :
Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX
10
Modelling The Structure :
Pre processor > modelling > create > areas > rectangle > by 2 corners > X = 0 , Y = 0
, width = 1 , height = 1.
Meshing :
Pre processor > meshing > size control > manual size > areas > all areas > 0.5 mesh
Pre processor > meshing > mesh > volume > free > pick all
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS ON CONSTRAINTS :
Analysis type
Solution > analysis type > new analysis > steady-state
Apply constraints
Solution > define loads > apply
Thermal > temperature > on lines
Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a constant temperature of 500
Using the same method , constrain the remaining 3 sides to a constant value of 100
Orange triangles in the graphics window indicate the temperature constraints
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Solution :
Solution > solve > current LS
Post Processing :
Plot the temperature distribution
General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution
> temperature TEMP

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION

Result :
Thus the temperature distribution of the given solid is determined .
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