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Thermal ansys experiments

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You are on page 1of 32

Ex .No : 1

Date :

HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS NTU METHOD

AIM :

To find the temperature distribution of the given flat plate by using ANSYS 10.1.

Problem Description : Dimensions :

1) Length of the plate is 10 m

2) Height of the plate is 20 m

BOUNDARY CONDITIONS :

1) Top side of the plate is 200 C

2) Other sides of the plate is 100 C

FIGURE :

2

PROCEDURE :

STARTING ANSYS :

Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu

PREFERENCES :

ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok

PRE- PROCESSOR :

Element Type :

Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > Thermal mass solid , quad 4 node 55

Material Properties :

Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX

401

Modelling The Structure :

Pre processor > modelling > create > areas > rectangle > by dimension

Key points / Nodes 1 2

X 0 10

Y 0 20

Meshing :

Pre processor > meshing > size control > manual size > lines > picked lines

Pre processor > meshing > mesh > areas > mapped > 3 or 4 sided

BOUINDARY CONDITIONS ON CONSTRAINTS :

Analysis Type

Solution > analysis type > new analysis > steady-state

3

Apply Constraints

Solution > define loads > apply

Thermal > temperature > on lines

A picking menu appears. Highlight the two vertical lines (the 20 m lines ), which have a

temperature of 100 C , then click on ok in the picking menu. The box on the next page

appears. Highlight TEMP for DOFs to be constrained and enter 100 .

Repeat the above process to apply the 100 C temperature to the bottom horizontal line but in

this case , choose YES for apply TEMP to end points ? repeat the process once more , to

apply the 200 C temperature to the top horizontal line , but in this case choose NO for

apply TEMP to end points ?

Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > temperature > key points

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the key points to a constant temperature of 150.

Solution :

Solution > solve > current LS

Post Processing :

Plot the temperature distribution

General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution

> temperature TEMP

General post processing > list results >nodal solution > DOF solution > temperature

TEMP

Result :

Thus the temperature distribution of the given solid is determined.

4

Ex .No : 2

Date :

HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS LMTD METHOD

AIM :

To find the temperature distribution in a turbine blade with cooling channels by using

ANSYS 10.1

Problem Description : Dimensions :

1) Length of the blade 6 mm

2) Height of the blade 2 mm

3) Length between the blades 4 mm

4) Height of the cooling channel 6 mm

FIGURE :

5

PROCEDURE :

STARTING ANSYS :

Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu

PREFERENCES :

ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok

PRE- PROCESSOR :

Element Type :

Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > Thermal mass solid , quad 4 node 55

Material Properties :

Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX

25

Modelling The Structure :

Pre processor > modelling > create > key points > in active CS

Fill in the field as shown at the top of the next page , then click APPLY when you click

on PPLY the command is issued to create key point number 1 at ( X , Y , Z ) = ( 0.005

,0.003 ,0) now that when the Z field is left blank , in this case the blank space default to zero ,

which is desired. Since you clicked on apply , instead of OK , then the key point

creation box remains open.

Create key point number 2 at ( X,Y,Z ) = ( 0.005 , 0.003 , 0 ). After entering the input

again click on APPLY.

Create 6 total key points in the same manner

Keypoint Number X-location Y-location

1 -0.005 0.003

2 0 0.003

3 0 0.001

4 -0.003 0.001

6

5 -0.003 0

6 -0.005 0

5. Create an area through key points :

This is a situation in which it is probably easiest to just enter the area creation

command at the command line. As shown below, enter the command: a,1,2,3,4,5,6

After typing in the command, hit Enter. A schematic (not to scale) of the area,

showing the corner keypoints, is also shown at the top of the next page.

Meshing :

Pre processor > meshing > size control >lines >picked lines

The picking menu (below left) appears. On the graphics window, click on the top

horizontal line (this is one with end key points 1 and 2), to highlight it. Then, click OK

in the picking menu. Then, the Element Size menu (below right) appears. Enter 5

for NDIV, as shown, then click OK

Now, repeat the above process to specify

2 divisions along the vertical line with end key points 2 and 3.

3 divisions along the horizontal line with end key points 3 and 4.

1 division along the vertical line with end key points 4 and 5.

2 divisions along the horizontal line with end key points 5 and 6.

3 divisions along the vertical line with end key points 6 and 1.

If you make a mistake on a particular line, just re-specify the divisions for a particular

line.

Pre processor > meshing > mesh > areas > free > pick all

BOUINDARY CONDITIONS ON CONSTRAINTS :

Solution > define loads > apply

Thermal > convection > on lines

7

A picking menu appears. Highlight the top horizontal line (with end key points 1

and 2), then click on OK in the picking menu. The box on the next page appears.

Enter 1000 for Film Coefficient and 1700 for Bulk temperature, as shown, and

click on OK. Repeat the process to apply the 200 W/(m2-K) film coefficient and the

400 K bulk temperature to the horizontal line, with end key points 3 and 4, and also to the

vertical line with end key points 4 and 5

Solution :

Solution > solve > current LS

Post Processing :

Plot the temperature distribution

General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution

> temperature TEMP

.

8

RESULT :

Thus the temperature distribution of the turbine blade with cooling channels is

determined.

9

Ex .No : 3

Date :

CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS

AIM :

To find the temperature distribution of the given solid by using ANSYS 10.1

Problem Description :

Dimensions :

1) Length of the solid is 5 cm

2) Height of the solid is 2 cm

Boundary Conditions :

1) Wall temperature is 20 C

2) Base of the rod is 320 C

3) Convection co-efficient of wall is 100 W/m C

4) Rod tip is insulated

Figure :

10

PROCEDURE :

STARTING ANSYS :

Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu

PREFERENCES :

ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok

PRE- PROCESSOR :

Element Type :

Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > Thermal mass solid , 20 node 90

Material Properties :

Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX =

50

Modelling The Structure :

Pre processor > modelling > create > volume > cylinder > solid cylinder > radius = 1 ,

depth = 5

Meshing :

Pre processor > meshing > size control > manual size > areas > all areas > 0.5 mesh

Pre processor > meshing > mesh > volume > free > pick all

BOUNDARY CONDITIONS ON CONSTRAINTS :

Analysis type

Solution > analysis type > new analysis > steady-state

Apply constraints

Solution > define loads > apply

11

Thermal > temperature > on areas

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a constant temperature of 320

Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > convection > on areas

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a film co-efficient of 100 and bulk

temperature of 20

Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > convection > on areas

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a film co-efficient of 0 and bulk

temperature of 0.

Solution :

Solution > solve > current LS

Post Processing :

Plot the temperature distribution

General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution

> temperature TEMP

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION

12

Vector Plot :

General post processing plot results > vector plot > pre defined

VECTOR PLOT

Result :

Thus the temperature distribution of the given solid is determined .

13

Ex .No : 4

Date :

CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS - INTERNAL FLOW

AIM :

To plot the velocity distribution of the flow of air over an infinite cylinder.

Problem Description : Dimensions :

1) The cylinder is 0.25 m in diameter

2) Because of symmetry , the problem is simplified so that only half of the cylinder is

computed. The results are assumed to be the same on the other side of the X axis ( axis of

symmetry )

3) The flow area is 2 m by 0.5 m this arbitrary size serves to step up the boundary

conditions of flow over a cylinder .

4) The velocity of the air at infinite distance from the plate is 5 mm/s ( 0.005 m/s )

Figure :

14

PROCEDURE :

STARTING ANSYS :

Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu

PREFERENCES :

ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok

PREPROCESSOR :

1) Pre processor > element type > add / edit / delete etc., In the element types

windows that opens click on Add the following window opens.

2) Click on Flotran CFD and select 2D flotran 141. Click ok. Close the element types

window.

MODELLING THE STRUCTURE :

1) Pre processor > modelling > create > areas > rectangle > by 2 corners. The width

is 2 and the height is 0.5. the starting position is at ( 0,0 )

2) Pre processor > modelling > create > areas > circle > solid circle. The radius is

0.125 and the centre is at ( 0.5,0.25 ).

3) To subtract the circular area from the rectangle click. Pre processor > modelling >

operating > Booleans . subtract > area. Select the rectangle and click ok. Next select the circle

and click ok. You will be left with this area.

MESHING :

Dividing The Channels Into Elements :

1) Pre processor > meshing > size control > manual size > lines > picked lines click

pick all or manually pick all the lines.

2) In the window that comes up types 0.02 in the element edge length box : now go

to the pre-processor > meshing > mesh > areas > free. Click the area and the ok.

15

FLUID PROPERTIES ( AIR ) :

1) Pre processor > flotran setup > fluid properties.

2) On the box , shown below , set the first two input field to air SI. Then click on

ok.

BOUNDARY CONDITIONS AND CONSTRAINTS :

1) To make loading easier, go to plot > lines on the main file menu.

2) Go to the pre-processor > loads > define loads > apply > fluid CFD > velocity > on

lines. Pick the left and top edge of the rectangle and click ok. Enter 0.005 in the VX field and

0 in the VY. Leave VZ blank then click ok.

This number corresponds to the velocity of 0.005 m/s of air flowing from the left side.

3) To account for symmetry, the normal component to the axis of symmetry is set

zero. To set this go to pre-processor > loads > define loads > apply > fluid CFD > velocity >

on lines. And select the bottom line of the rectangle. Enter 0 in the VY field. Leave VX and

VZ blank.

4) Repeat the above and set the velocity to zero for the 2 lines that up the half circle

(VX = VY = 0, VZ can be left blank ). This is due to the no-slip condition along the cylinder.

5) The last step is to apply atmospheric pressure to the outlet of the fluid region. Go to

pre-processor > loads > define loads > apply > fluid CFD > pressure DOF > on lines and

select the right most vertical line and click ok. In the window that appear , enter 0 for the

constant pressure value and click ok.

SOLUTION:

1) Solution > flotran setup > execution control. The following window appears.

Change the first input field value to 1000, as shown. No other changes are needed. Click ok.

2) Solution > Run FLOTRAN.

3) Wait for ANSYS to solve the problem.

16

POST-PROCESSING :

1) Plotting the velocity distribution

2) Go to general post processing > read results > last set.

3) Then go to general post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution ,

select VSUM and click ok.

VELOCITY PLOT

4) Now go to general post processing > plot results > vector plot > pre defined and select

velocity.

17

VECTOR PLOT

RESULT :

Thus the velocity distribution of a flow of air over an infinite cylinder is computed

and plotted.

18

Ex .No : 5

Date :

RADIATION HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS - EMISSIVITY

AIM :

To find the temperature distribution of the given solid by using ANSYS 10.1

Problem Description : Dimensions :

1) Length of the strip is 2cm

2) Height of the strip is 1cm

Boundary Conditions :

1) Left and right side temperature is 900C and emissivity is 0.7.

2) Base of the rod is 320C.

3) Convection co-efficient of the top is 100 Wm C and bulk temperature is 50 C.

4) Bottom of the strip is insulated.

5) Stephen Boltzeman constant is 5.67e-8.7W/mK.

MATERIAL PROPERTIES :

1) Thermal conductivity is 3 W/m C.

2) Density is 1600 kg/m.

3) Specific heat is 800 J/kg C.

FIGURE :

19

PROCEDURE :

STARTING ANSYS :

Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu

PREFERENCES :

ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok

PRE-PROCESSOR :

Element Type :

Preprocessor > Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > Thermal mass solid ,

quad 4 node 55

Material Properties :

Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX 3.

Specific heat = 800

Density = 1600

MODELLING THE STRUCTURE :

Preprocessor > modelling > create > areas > rectangle > by 2 corners > X = 0 , Y = 0 ,

width = 2 , height = 1.

MESHING :

Pre processor > meshing > size control > manual size > areas > all areas > 0.05 mesh

Pre processor > meshing > mesh > volume > free > pick all

BOUINDARY CONDITIONS ON CONSTRAINTS :

Analysis type

Solution > analysis type > new analysis > steady-state

20

Constraints

Solution > define loads > apply

Thermal > temperature > on lines

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a constant temperature of 900

Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > convection > on lines

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a film co-efficient of 100 and bulk

temperature of 50

Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > convection > on lines

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a film co-efficient of 0 and bulk

temperature of 0.

Solution > define loads > apply > thermal > radiation > on lines

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a emissivity of 0.7 and enclosure no is 2.

Pre processor > radiation opts > solution opts.

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a Stephen Boltzeman constant of 5.67e-

8.7 and enclosure number is 2.

Main menu > radiation opts > matrix method > other settings.

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a Stephen Boltzeman constant of 5.67e-

8.7 and type of geometry is 2D.

Solution :

Solution > solve > current LS

Post Processing :

Plot the temperature distribution

General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution

> temperature TEMP

21

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION

Vector Plot :

General post processing > plot results > vector plot > pre defined and select velocity

VECTOR PLOT

RESULT :

Thus the temperature distribution of the given strip is determined

22

Ex .No : 6

Date :

CRITICAL RADIUS OF INSULATION

AIM :

To determine the temperature distribution in a rectangular plane for the given

boundary condition by using ANSYS 10.1

PROBLEM DESCRIPTION :

Determine the temperature distribution for the plane using ANSYS in the given plane

having size of 10 mm X- axis and 20 mm in Y-axis.

Top is insulated.

Right side has constant temperature T = 100C

Left side has constant heat flux (q) = 50 W/m C

BOUNDARY CONDITION :

Top side of the plane has to be insulated.

Convection temperature T = 100C

Heat flow (i.e, heat flux) equation = 50 W/m

Convection co-efficient (h) = 50 W/m C

FIGURE :

23

SELECTION :

Element type > solid > quard 8 node > plane 77

Number of element = 70

Size of the element edge length = 1

PROCEDURE :

STARTING ANSYS :

Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu

PREFERENCES :

ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok

PRE- PROCESSOR :

Element Type :

Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > quard 4 node plane 55 > ok

Material Properties :

Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX

20

MODELLING :

Modelling > create > area > rectangle > by dimension .

Key points / Nodes 1 2

X 0 10

Y 0 20

MESHING :

Meshing > size control > manual size > areas > all areas > select > element edge

length = 1 > ok

24

SOLUTION :

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTIONS :

Solution > analysis type > new analysis > transient > ok > full > ok

Solution > analysis type > solution control > basic >

Time at the end load step = 60

Automatic time stepping = on

Time increment = on

Time step size = 1

Minimum time step size = 0.1

Maximum time step size = 1 > ok

TOP IS INSULATED :

Solution > define load > apply > thermal >convection > on lines > select > apply

H =0

T= 0

Right side of plane has constant temperature T = 100C

Solution > define load > apply > thermal > temperature > on lines > select > apply

T = 100C

LEFT SIDE OF PLANE HAS CONSTANT HEAT FLUX

Solution > define load > apply > thermal > heat flux > on lines > select > apply

q = 50 W/m

BOTTOM SIDE HAS CONVECTION

Solution > define load > apply > thermal > convection > on lines

h = 50 W/m

25

T =100C

Solution > load step option > time / frequency > time sub step > ok

SOLVE :

Solution > solve > current LS

POST PROCESSING :

Plot the temperature distribution

General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution

> nodal displacement > X-displacement > ok

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION

Vector Plot :

General post processing plot results > vector plot > pre defined

26

VECTOR PLOT

RESULT :

Thus the temperature distributions in a rectangular plane for the given convective and

conductive boundary condition using transient state condition is analysed and results were

observed by using ANSYS 10.1

27

Ex .No : 7

Date :

CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS

AIM :

To find the temperature distribution of the given solid by using ANSYS 10.1

Problem Description : Dimensions :

1) Length of the solid is 1 cm

2) Height of the solid is 1 cm

Boundary Conditions :

1) Top is maintained at 500C

2) Other sides are maintained at 100C

3) Thermal conductivity (k) of the material is 10 W/m C

Figure :

PROCEDURE :

STARTING ANSYS :

Click on ANSYS 10.1 in the programs menu

28

PREFERENCES :

ANSYS main menu > preference > thermal > ok

PRE- PROCESSOR :

Element Type :

Element type > add / edit / delete > click add > thermal mass solid , quad 4 node 55

Material Properties :

Material properties > material model > thermal > conductivity > isotropic > KXX

10

Modelling The Structure :

Pre processor > modelling > create > areas > rectangle > by 2 corners > X = 0 , Y = 0

, width = 1 , height = 1.

Meshing :

Pre processor > meshing > size control > manual size > areas > all areas > 0.5 mesh

Pre processor > meshing > mesh > volume > free > pick all

BOUNDARY CONDITIONS ON CONSTRAINTS :

Analysis type

Solution > analysis type > new analysis > steady-state

Apply constraints

Solution > define loads > apply

Thermal > temperature > on lines

Fill the window in as shown to constrain the side to a constant temperature of 500

Using the same method , constrain the remaining 3 sides to a constant value of 100

Orange triangles in the graphics window indicate the temperature constraints

29

Solution :

Solution > solve > current LS

Post Processing :

Plot the temperature distribution

General post processing > plot result > contour plot > nodal solution > DOF solution

> temperature TEMP

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION

Result :

Thus the temperature distribution of the given solid is determined .

30

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