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Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology

Deemed to be University under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956

Department of Chemistry

M. Tech.
Materials Science and Technology

Curriculum and Course Content


M. Tech.
Materials Science and Technology

Scope and Objectives

Materials Science is an interdisciplinary field concerned with the design, manufacture, and use of all
classes of materials (including polymers, ceramics, semiconductors, metals, and biomaterials), and with
energy, environmental, health, economic, and manufacturing issues relating to materials. Development
and characterisation of materials have a major role in advancement of human civilization. Thus, the
recent advances in electronics, energy conversion, and space flight have become possible due to the
advancements in Materials Science and Technology.
The proposed course is designed to provide opportunities to Science (postgraduate) and Engineering
(undergraduate) students to undergo training in different aspects of Materials Science and Technology.
At the end of the course the student will have an understanding of physical, chemical and mechanical
properties of materials, including metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites and the reasons for these
properties to exist.
There are some subjects that all students of Materials Science should know: materials structure,
electronic and mechanical properties of materials, polymeric materials, and materials processing. Core
subjects in these areas are offered. In addition, elective subjects covering a wide range of topics are
offered and one can obtain in-depth understanding in their field of interest.
The department has modern materials laboratories containing a wide variety of materials processing
and characterisation equipment. The laboratory for materials characterisation equipped with DSC, TGA,
IR, UV-vis, AFM, Rheometer, Brabender Plasticorder, Micro compounder, HPLC/GPC, Particle size
analyzers, etc. Universal Testing Machine and Scanning Electron Microscope are under procurement.
Course objectives:
To provide a strong foundation in Materials Science and understand how to manipulate
materials properties
To familiarize with recent advancements in the field
Learn to design new materials, the improvement of existing materials and the optimization of
manufacturing methods
To acquire capacity to solve problems and learn continually
To motivate students for research programmes
To nurture the highest quality scientific manpower to cater the needs of Society and ISRO


Provide an in-depth knowledge in fundamentals of materials, enabling the students for materials
Courses are designed for state-of-the-art orientation in different specialization through
interdisciplinary subjects with emphasis on Chemistry of Materials
Course contents are formulated to cater the R&D requirements of research organizations such as
Exposure in product realization at ISRO centers
In-house support from the Center for Nanoscience and Technology, IIST
Opportunity to participate in research projects of the department
Dynamic Faculty members: The department currently has eleven faculty members with expertise in
diverse areas of research and teaching
Guest lectures by experts from ISRO in selected areas
Hands-on experience in advanced materials processing and characterisation methods/instruments
available at the department
Possibility of doing project work under the joint supervision of ISRO experts
A vibrant research and learning environment backed by excellent staff and facilities
The academic content of the course is on par with that of leading Institutes; thus, the students will
be able to pursue higher studies in contemporary areas in the country or abroad
Eligibility Criteria
M.Sc. or M.S. in Chemistry (all branches)/ Physics/ Materials Science/ Nanoscience and
Technology (GATE papers: CY/PH /XE)
B.Tech or B.E. in Polymer Science and Technology/ Chemical Engineering/ Rubber Technology/
Metallurgy and Materials Science/ Mechanical Engineering/ Production and Industrial Engineering
(GATE papers: CH/ XE/ MT/ ME/PI)


Course Structure
Semester I
L-T-P Credit
CH Fundamentals of Materials Science 4-0-0 4
CH Polymer Science and Engineering 4-0-0 4
CH Mathematical Modeling and Simulation 3-0-0 3
CH Materials Characterisation Techniques 3-0-0 3
CH Elective 1 3-0-0 3
CH Lab 1: Polymer Science and Materials
0-0-3 1
CH Lab 2: Modeling and Simulation 0-0-3 1
Total credits in Sem I 19

Semester II
CH Processing and Design of Materials 3-0-0 3
CH Nanomaterials 3-0-0 3
CH Composites Science and Technology 3-0-0 3
CH Elective 2 3-0-0 3
CH Elective 3 3-0-0 3
CH Lab 3: Composite/Processing 0-0-3 1
CH Lab 4: Nanomaterials 0-0-3 1
Mini project/Seminar 1
Total credits in Sem II 18

Semester III
CH Energy Storage and Energy Conversion
3-0-0 3
CH Project (Phase 1)*
Literature Survey, Presentations, Phase 1 of
experimental work
*Prerequisite for project-audited course(s)
Total credits in Sem III


Semester IV
CH Project (Phase 2)
Experimental work, Data analysis and
Dissertation, Viva-voce
Total credits 70


Elective 1 (Sem I) Elective 2 (Sem II) Elective 3 (Sem II)
Transport Processes Chemical Rocket Propellants Advanced Characterisation Techniques
Soft Materials Thin Films and Surface
Materials for Extreme Environment
Corrosion and
Mechanical Behavior of Materials Smart and Intelligent Materials
Biomaterials Electronic, Photonic and Magnetic

Detailed Syllabi
Core courses (total: 8)

CH Fundamentals of Materials Science
Structure of solids, Band theory of solids, Significance of structure property relationship; Imperfections in
solids; Diffusion phenomenon, Applications of diffusion; Principles of solidification, Thermodynamics of
solutions; Phase diagrams and phase transformations, Basic definitions and determination and
applications; Heat treatment; Ceramic materials, Classification, Crystal structure, Properties,
Characterisation and applications
1. R. Abbaschian, R.E. Reed-Hill, Physical Metallurgy Principles, 4
ed., Cengage Learning, 2009.
2. D.R. Askeland, P.P. Phule, W.J. Wright, The Science and Engineering of Materials, 6
Cengage Learning, 2010.
3. W.D. Callister, D.G. Rethwisch, Materials science and Engineering: An Introduction, 8
Wiley, 2010.
4. B.S. Mitchell, An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science for Chemical and Materials
Engineers, 1
ed., Wiley- Interscience, 2003.
5. C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8
ed., Wiley, 2005.
6. V. Singh, Physical Metallurgy, 1
ed., 2008.
7. S.H. Avener, Introduction to Physical Metallurgy, 2
ed., Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2011.
8. V. Raghavan, Materials Science & Engineering: A first course, 5
ed., PHI Learning, 2004.
9. W.D. Kingery, Introduction to Ceramics, 2
ed., John Wiley & Sons, 1999.

CH Polymer Science and Engineering
Basic concepts of macromolecular science; Thermodynamic and kinetic aspects, Structure of glassy,
crystalline, and rubbery elastic states of polymers; Kinetic and thermodynamic considerations; Polymer

Solutions, Thermodynamics of polymer solutions, Solution properties of polymers, Flory-Huggins theory,
Flory-Krigbaum theory; Polymer engineering and Rheology, Introduction and definitions related to fluid
flow, Simple shear flow and its application, Dynamic flow behavior, Newtonian, Non-Newtonion and
viscoelastic fluids; Continuum theories; Properties of polymers, Mechanical, Static and dynamic, Stress
strain properties, Thermal and electrical, Conductivity, Surface resistivity, Volume resistivity; Specialty
Polymers, Electrically active polymers, Piezoelectric, Pyrroelectric and ferroelectric polymers, Photo
conducting polymers; Biomedical applications of polymers; Magnetically active polymers; High
performance polymers
1. G. Odian, Principles of Polymerization, 4
ed., Wiley-Interscience, 2004.
2. F.W. Billmeyer, Text book of Polymer Science, 3
ed.,Wiley-Interscience, 2007.
1. M. Rubinstein, R.H. Colby, Polymer Physics, Oxford University Press, 2003.
2. P. Gosh, Polymer Science and Technology, Mc-Graw Hill, 2002.
3. C.D. Han, Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials, Oxford University Press, 2007.

CH Mathematical Modeling and Simulation
Computational modeling and simulation for Material Science; Mathematical concepts; Introduction to
complex analysis, Ordinary differential equations, Partial differential equations, Statistical analysis,
Fourier analysis; Molecular mechanics- Force Field Methods, Postulates of quantum mechanics, The
Born-Oppenheimer approximation, Hartree- Fock molecular orbital theory, Self-consistent-field (SCF)
procedure; Basis sets - Slater and Gaussian functions, Density functional theory; Software for
geometry optimization vibrational frequency analysis, Symmetry analysis, Harmonics; Fundamental
frequencies, Zero-point vibrational energies; Microstructure modeling; Introduction and fundamentals
of process modeling-simulation and optimization-balance equations for mass, momentum, energy; and
estimation, Scaling, and model simplification, Heat Transfer; Fluid flow; Inertial and gravity effects;
Viscous-dominated Newtonian channel flows; Non-Newtonian flow phenomena; Power-law fluid, Mass
transfer and microstructures, Balance equations for mass transfer
1. I.N. Levine, Quantum Chemistry, 6
ed., Prentice Hall, 2009.
2. A.R. Leach, Molecular modeling: Principles and Applications, 2
ed., Pearson-Prentice Hall,
3. A. Pross, Theoretical and Physical Principles of Organic Reactivity, John Wiley and Sons, 1995.
4. E.G. Lewars, Computational Chemistry, Springer, 2003.
5. J. P. Lowe, K.A. Peterson, Quantum Chemistry, 3
ed., Elsevier Academic Press, 2006.
6. J.A. Dantzig, C.L. Tucker, Modeling in Materials Processing, 1
ed., Cambridge University
Press, 2001.
7. J.F. Agassant, P. Avenas, J.P. Sergent, P.J. Carreau, Polymer Processing: Principles and
Modeling, J.F. Agassant, Ed., Hanser Gardner Publications, 1991.

8. P.S. Ghosdastidar, Computer Simulation of Flow and Heat Transfer, Tata McGraw-Hill, New
Delhi, 1998.
10. S. V. Patankar, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Taylor and Francis, 1978.
11. S. K. Gupta, Numerical Methods for Engineers, 2
ed., New Age Publishers, 1995.
12. K. Muralidhar, T. Sundararajan, Computational Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer, 2
ed., Narosa
Publishing House, 1995.

CH Materials Characterisation Techniques
Introduction to materials and characterisation techniques; Spectroscopic methods- AAS, AES and
AFS,UV-Visible and vibrational spectroscopy- Infrared and Raman, NMR; Electron spectroscopies- X-
ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Ultra-violet photoelectron spectroscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy; X-
ray techniques- X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence spectrometry; Optical microscopy, Electron
microscopy- SEM, TEM; Scanning Probe microscopies- STM and AFM; Chromatographic methods;
Thermal analysis- TGA, DTA, DSC, DMA, TMA and DMTA; Electrical and magnetic properties- two
probe and four probe methods, VSM method; Non-destructive testing
1. S. Zhang, Lin Li, A. Kumar, Materials Characterisation Techniques, CRC press, 2008.
2. Y. Leng, Materials Characterisation: Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods,
John Wiley & Sons (Asia), 2008.
3. D.A. Skoog, F.J. Holler, S. R. Crouch, Instrumental Analysis, Cengage Learning, 2007.
4. W. Kemp, Organic Spectroscopy, 3
ed., Pagrave, 2007.
5. W. W. Wendlandt, Thermal Methods of Analysis, John Wiley, 1974.
6. B. Raj, T. Jayakumar, M. Thavasimuthu, Practical Non-Destructive Testing, 2
ed., Narosa
Publishing House, 2002.
1. R.M. Silverstein, Spectrometric identification of organic compounds, 7
ed., John Wiley and Sons,
2. C.R. Brundle, C.A. Evans, S. Wilson, Encyclopedia of Materials Characterisation, Butterworth-
Heineman, 1992.

CH Processing and Design of Materials
Introduction to materials processing; Polymer processing, Compounding of plastics and rubbers, Molding
techniques, Calendaring, Thermoforming, Casting, Sintering, Dip coating; Manufacturing processes of
fibers; Ceramic processing, Pressing, CIP, HIP, Slurry processing, Slip casting, Pressure casting, Tape
casting, Gel casting, Sol-gel processing, Thermal and plasma spraying, Thick and thin film coatings;
Metallic processing, Casting process, Solidification and volume shrinkage, Casting design and defects;
Fundamentals of deformation processing, Hot and cold working, Metal removal process; Introduction to
nontraditional machining; Metal joining process, Welding, Brazing and soldering; Introduction to powder
Metallurgy; Design aspects, Materials selection and design, Normalization of properties, Weighting
factors, Materials performance index; Design of engineering structures, The atomic, Nano-scales to
macroscopic levels; Case studies, Modern metallic, Ceramic, Polymeric and biomaterials devices and

1. P. Boch, J-C. Nipce, Ceramic Materials: Processes, Properties, and Applications, Wiley-ISTE,
2. J-H. He, Electrospun Nanofibres and Their Applications, Smithers Rapra Technology, 2008.
3. Z. Tadmor, C.G. Gogos, Principles of Polymer Processing, 2
ed., Wiley International, 2006.
4. T.A. Osswald, Polymer Processing Fundamentals, Hanser Publcations, 1998.
5. M.N. Rahaman, Ceramic Processing and Sintering, 2
ed.,, CRC press
6. F.C. Campbell, Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys, ASM International, 2008.
7. J. Beddoes, M.J. Bibby, Principles of Metal Manufacturing Processes, Elsevier, 2003.
8. G.E. Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy,McGraw-Hill,3
9. E. Degarmo, J.T. Black and R.A. Kohser, Materials and Processes in Manufacturing, 9
Wiley, 2002.
10. S. Kalpakjian, S.R. Schmid, Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, 6
ed., Pearson, 2009.

CH Nanomaterials
Introduction to nanomaterials; Size and shape dependent properties and their uniqueness; Surface
characteristics and stabilization; Quantum confinement, Zero, one and two dimensional nanostructures;
Processing of nanomaterials, Top down and bottom up approaches; Metal nano particles, Quantum dots,
Nanoclusters, Carbon based nano materials, Core-shells, Organic, inorganic, hybrid nanomaterials, Self-
assembled nanostructures, Nanofluids, Biomimetic nanomaterials; Techniques for characterisation and
property evaluation; Relevant applications; Societal implications and risk factors
1. K. J. Klabunde, R.M. Richards (Eds.), Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry, 2
ed., John Wiley &
Sons, 2009.
2. T. Pradeep, Nano: The Essentials, McGraw-Hill (India), 2008.
3. B. Bhushan, (Ed.), Handbook of Nanotechnology, Springer, 2007.
4. C.C. Koch (Ed.), Nanostructured Materials: Processing Propertiesand Applications, William
Andrew Inc., 2007.
5. A. Krueger, Carbon Materials and Nanotechnology, John Wiley & Sons, 2010.
6. G. Cao, Nanostructures and Nanomaterials Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, Imperial
College Press, 2004.
7. Z.L. Wang, (Ed.), Characterisation of Nanophase Materials, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2000.
8. J. Garcia-Martinez, (Ed.), Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH
& Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 2009.
9. W.A. Goddard III, D. Brenner, S.E. Lyshevski, G.J. Iafrate (Eds.), Handbook of Nanoscience,
Engineering, and Technology, 2
ed., CRC Press, 2007.

10. B.P.S. Chauhan (Ed), Hybrid Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterisation, and Applications,
Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2011.
11. J. Lei, F.Lin, Bioinspired Intelligent Nanostructured Interfacial Materials, World Scientific
Publishing Company, 2010.
12. C.S.S.R. Kumar (Ed.) Biomimetic and Bioinspired Nanomaterials, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH,

CH Composite Science and Technology
Introduction to Composite Materials, Classification, reinforcement; Polymer matrix composites,
Thermoplastic and thermosetting resins, Common matrix reinforcement system; Concept of A stage, B
stage and C stage resins; Particulate and fibre filled composites, Short fibre composites, Theories of stress
transfer; Continuous fibre composites, Failure mechanism and strength, Halpin-Tsai equations, Prediction
of Poissons ratio, Various failure modes; Specialty composites, Composites for satellites and advanced
launch vehicles, Design considerations, PMC- for structural composites, MMC- design, Silicon carbide
composites; Carbon-Carbon composites, Matrix precursors, Manufacturing considerations;
Nanocomposites, Nano particle dispersion in polymer matrix, Polymer-nanoclay and carbon nanotubes
composites; Design and analysis of composite structures macro mechanics, Micro mechanics, Laminate
analysis, FE model and analysis, Manufacturing techniques- hand lay-up, filament winding, pultrusion,
resin transfer molding, processing science of reactive polymer composites; Testing of composites, Raw
material testing, NDT techniques
1. R.M. Jones, Mechanics of Composites, 2
ed., Taylor & Francis, 1999.
2. T. G. Gutowski, (Ed.) Advanced Composites Manufacturing, John Wiley & Sons, New York
3. P.M. Ajayan, L. Schadler, P.V. Braun Nano Composite Science and Technology, Wiley VCH,
4. E. Fitzer, L.M. Manocha, Carbon Reinforcement and Carbon/Carbon Composites, Springer-
Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1998.
5. K.K. Chawla, Ceramic Matrix Composites, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003.
6. N. Chawla, K.K. Chawla, Metal Matrix Composites, Springer-Verlag, 2006.
7. J.C. Seferis, L. Nicolais, (Eds.) The Role of the Polymeric Matrix in the Processing and
Structural Properties of Composite Materials, Plenum Press, New York 1983.


CH Energy Storage and Energy Conversion Materials
Basic principles of electrochemistry; Electrochemical energy systems, Reversible cells and irreversible
cell reactions, Primary and Secondary cells, Different types of batteries and examples, Energy Conversion
materials; Fuel cells, Basics, Various types, Mass and thermal management, Fluid flow characteristics,
Reforming, Effciency; Test methods, Role of internal resistance, General causes for failure; Hydrogen
economy, Hydrogen storage, Super/ultracapacitors; Advances in electrochemical systems, MEMS-
molecular engineering and nanotechnology-semiconductor electrochemistry-solar energy conversion;
Photoelectrochemical cells, Photogalvanic cells, Photoelectrolysis, Computer/microprocessor based
instruments for electroanalytical methods; Photovoltaics, Introduction, PV Cells, Materials
1. P.H. Rieger, Electrochemistry, Prentice-Hall, 1987.
2. C.H. Hamann, A. Hamnett, W. Vielstich, Electrochemistry, 2
ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2007.
3. B.K. Hodge, Alternate Energy Systems and Applications, John Wiley & sons, 2010.
4. A.J. Heeger, N.S. Sariciftci, E.B. Namdas, Semiconducting and Metallic Polymers, Oxford
University Press, 2010.
1. A.J. Bard, L.R. Faulkner, Electrochemical Methods, Fundamentals and Application. Wiley,
2. C. Brabec, Organic Photovoltaics, Wiley-VCH, 2008.
3. N.S. Allen (Ed.), Photochemistry and Photophysics of Polymeric Materials, 2010.
4. N.C. Cahoon, G.W. Heise, Primary Battery (Vol I & II), John Wiley, New York, 1975.

Elective courses (total 11 courses)

CH Transport Processes
Momentum transfer, Basic laws of fluid mechanics, Reynolds regime, Boundary layer concept,
Transportation and metering of fluid; Heat transfer, Heat transfer by conduction, Convection and
radiation, Heat exchanger, Condenser, Evaporator; Mass transfer, Diffusion, Interphase mass transfer,
Mass transfer equipment; Transport phenomena, Basic laws of conservation of mass, Momentum and
energy, Energy and mass transport in boundary layer with relevant analogies
1. R. B. Bird, W.E. Stewart, E.N. Lightfoot, TransportPhenomena, 3
ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2006.
2. W. McCabe, J. Smith, P. Harriott, Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, 7
ed., McGraw-
Hill, 2004.
1. K. S. Raju, Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer: Chemical Engineering Practice,

Wiley-AIChE, 2011.
2. J. Welty, C. E. Wicks, G. L. Rorrer, R. E. Wilson, Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat and Mass
Transfer, 5
ed., Wiley, 2007.
3. M. M. Denn, Process Fluid Mechanics, Prentice Hall, 1980.
4. S. Whitaker, Fundamental Principles of Heat Transfer, New York, Pergamon, 1997.
5. E. L. Cussler, Diffusion: Mass Transfer in Fluid Systems, Cambridge, 1985.
6. T. W. F. Russell, A. S. Robinson, N. J. Wagner, Mass and Heat Transfer, Cambridge University
Press, 2008.
7. S.C. John, Interfacial Transport Phenomena, Springer, New York, 1990.

CH Soft Materials
Fundamentals of chemistry of soft materials; Basic concepts of soft materials, Various interactions,
Photoresponsive molecules and self-assembly, Micelles, Vesicles, Toroids, Colloids, Rods, Examples of
molecules forming soft materials, Instrumental techniques for morphology studies of soft materials,
Liquid crystals, Different class of gels- low molecular weight organo gels, hydrogels, basics,
1. J. -M. Lehn, Supramolecular Chemistry: Concepts and Perspectives, Wiley VCH Verlag, 1995.
2. J. Steed, J. L. Atwood, Supramolecular Chemistry, 2
ed., John Wiley, 2009.
3. J. Steed, J.L. Atwood, Organic Nanostructures, 2
ed., Wiley VCH Publishers, 2008.
4. V. V. Tsukruk, S. Singamaneni, Scanning Probe Microscopy of Soft Matter: Fundamentals and
Practices, Wiley VCH Publishers, 2011.
5. N. Takashi, Supramolecular Soft Matter, 1
ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
6. V.K. Pillai, M. Parthasarathy, Functional Materials: A Chemist's Perspective, Orient BlackSwan,
Universities Press- IIM Series, 2013.
7. S. K. Tripathy, Jayant Kumar, H.S. Nalwa, Handbook of Polyelectrolytes and Their Applications,
American Scientific Publishers, 2003.
8. B. Rolando, Hydrogels Biological Properties and Applications, 2
ed., Springer, 2009.
9. M. Tokita, K. Nishinari, Gels: Structures, Properties, and Functions: Fundamentals and
Applications in Vol. 136 of Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science, Springer, 2009.

CH Corrosion and Degradation
Corrosion principle: Thermodynamics, Theories of corrosion, Corrosion rate expressions, Exchange
current density, Polarization, Concentration, Activation and resistance, Passivity, Mixed potential theory
and its application; Forms of corrosion: Description, causes and remedial measures; Corrosion testing:
Purpose of testing, Laboratory, Semi-plant and field tests, Laboratory and on-site corrosion
investigations; ASTM standards for corrosion testing; Polarization methods; Corrosion prevention:
Material selection, Design improvements, Anodic and cathodic protection; Chemical degradation of non-
metallic materials: Ceramics, Plastics, Rubbers; Corrosion in industries

1. D.A. Jones, Principles and Prevention of Corrosion, 2
ed., Prentice Hall, USA, 1996.
2. M.G. Fontana, N.D. Greene, Corrosion Engineering, 2
ed., McGraw-Hill, USA, 1983.
3. R. Narayan, An Introduction to Metallic Corrosion and its Prevention, 1
ed., Oxford & IBH,
New Delhi, 1983.
4. ASM Metals Handbook, Vol. 13, Corrosion, Metals Park, Ohio, USA, 1994.
5. H.H. Uhlig, Corrosion and Corrosion Control, 2
ed., John Wiley, USA 1971.
6. D. Askeland, The Science and Engineering of Materials, Chapman and Hall, London, 1989.
7. D.E.J. Talbot, J.D.R. Talbot, Corrosion Science and Technology, 2
ed., CRC Press, 2007.

CH Chemical Rocket Propellants
Classification of chemical propellants; Liquid propellants- mono propellants and bi propellants, Oxidizers
and fuels; Liquid engines and solid motors, Selection criteria for oxidizers and fuels, Classification of
chemical propellants; Liquid propellants- mono propellants and bi propellants, Oxidizers and fuels; Solid
Propellants- Ingredients of composite propellants, Oxidizers and cross-linked binders, Advanced
oxidizers and binders; Propellant processing, Ballistic properties, Characterisation of solid propellant,
Solid motor subsystems; Space ordnance systems- introduction to explosives
1. G. P. Sutton, O. Biblarz, Rocket Propulsion Elements, 7
ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2001.
2. S. F. Sarner, Propellant Chemistry, Reinhold Publishing Co., 1966.
3. C. Boyars, K. Klager, Propellants Manufacture, Hazards and Testing, in Advances in Chemistry
Series 88, American Chemical Society: Washington DC, 1969.
4. H. Singh, H. Shekhar, Science and Technology of Solid Rocket Propellants, Printwell, Darbhanga,
5. K. Ramamurthi, Rocket Propulsion, Macmillan Publishers, 2010.
6. Kirk- Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Vol. 10, Explosives and Propellants
References (for selected topics):
1. Y. Vigor, T.B. Brill, R. We-Zhen, Solid Propellant Chemistry, Combustion and Motor Interior
Ballistic, Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautic, Vol. 185, AIAA, 2000.
2. L. Nielsen, R.F. Landel, Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites, 2
ed., Marcel
Dekker Inc., New York, 1994.
3. T. Urbanski, Chemistry and Technology of Explosives, Vol. I to IV, Pergamon Press.

CH Thin Films and Surface Engineering
Surface dependent engineering properties; Mechanism of surface degradation and failures; Surface
theory and adhesion, Thermodynamics of adhesion, Surface modification techniques, Surface

modification of ferrous and nonferrous metals, Surface engineering by energy beams, Film deposition
techniques- Physical method of film deposition, chemical method of film deposition, Other
techniques; Inter diffusion, reactions and transformations in thin films, Properties and characterisation of
thin films, Applications of coatings as finishes for various substrates, Testing and evaluation of coatings
1. K. L. Chopra, Thin Film Phenomena, McGraw Hill, 1979.
2. M. H. Francombe, S. M. Rossnagel, A. Ulman, Frontiers of Thin Film Technology, Vol. 28,
Academic press, 2001.
3. R.F. Bunshah, Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings, Noyes Publications, New Jersey,
4. F. A. Lowenheim, Electroplating, McGraw Hill, New York, 1978.
5. B. Bhushan, Introduction to Tribology, John &Sons, New York, 2002.
6. G.W. Stachowiak, A.W. Batchelor, Engineering Tribology, 3
ed., Elsevier-Butterworth-
Heinemann, 2005.
7. ASM Metals Handbook, Surface Engineering, American Society for Metals, Vol.5, 9
ed., 1994.
8. M. Ohring, Materials Science of Thin Films, 2
ed., Academic Press, San Diego, 2002.

CH Mechanical Behaviour of Materials
Review of structure and bonding in materials; Elastic, plastic and visco-elastic behavior; Yield criteria,
failure, ductile to brittle transition; Linear elastic fracture mechanics; Elastic-plastic fracture mechanics-
strengthening mechanisms, fatigue, creep; Super plasticity- tests of plastic behavior, embrittlement of
1. G.E. Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy, 2
ed., McGraw-Hill, 1976.
2. R.W. Hertzberg, Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials, John Wiley &
Sons, 1989.
3. J. Roesler, H. Harders, M. Baeker, Mechanical Behaviour of Engineering Materials: Metals,
Ceramics, Polymers, and Composites, Springer-Verlag, 2007.
1. T. H. Courtney, Mechanical Behavior of Materials, McGraw-Hill, 1990.
2. R. Hill, E. Robert, Physical Metallurgy Principles, 2
ed., East West Press, 1972.
3. W.M. Hyden, W.G.Moffatt, Structure and Properties of Materials, Vol. 3, McGraw Hill
4. M.A. Meyers, K.K. Chawla, Mechanical Behavior of Materials, 2
ed., Cambridge University
Press, 2009.
5. W.F. Hosford, Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Cambridge University Press, 2005.

6. R.W.K. Honeycombe, Plastic deformation of Metals, 2
ed., Edward Arnold Press, 1984.
CH Biomaterials
Introduction to classes of materials used in medical applications- metals, polymers, ceramics,
bioresorbable and biodegradable materials, ceramics, natural materials; Testing of biomaterials- in vitro
and in vivo assessment of tissue compatibility, blood-materials interactions; Toxicology- cytotoxicity,
systemic effects, genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, reproductive toxicity; Polymeric drug delivery systems-
targeted drug delivery; Passive or active targeting, Pharmacokinetics; Ceramic and metallic materials;
Dental materials; Smart biomaterials- Evolution of smart materials and structures: Classification of smart
materials according to their stimuli responsive behaviour and applications; Nanobiomaterials- Interaction
of bio-molecules and nano particle surfaces; Biocompatible nanomaterials, bio-inorganic nanostructures
Nanogels and microgels: preparation methods and characterisation-applications of nano/microgels; Tissue
engineering- Introduction to the basic concepts of scaffolds in tissue engineering; Functions,
Requirements and preparation of scaffolds in tissue engineering
1. B. Ratner, A. Hoffman, F. Schoen and J. Lemons, Biomaterials Science: An Introduction to
Materials in Medicine, 2
ed., Academic Press, 2004.
2. S. Dumitriu, Polymeric Biomaterials, 2
ed., Marcel Dekker, 2002.
1. C. T. Laurencin, L. S. Nair, (Eds.) Nanotechnology and Tissue Engineering: The Scaffold, CRC
Press, 2008.
2. S. Ramakrishna, T. S. Sampath Kumar, Biomaterials: A Nano Approach, CRC press, 2010.
3. I. Galaev, B. Mattiasson, Smart Polymers: Applications in Biotechnology and Biomedicine, 2
ed., CRC Press, 2007.
4. S. Li, A. Tiwari, M. Prabaharan, S. Aryal, Smart Polymer Materials for Biomedical Applications
(Materials Science and Technologies), Nova Science Publishers Inc, 2010.
5. M. De Villiers, P. Aramwit, G. S. Kwon. Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery, Springer, 2009.
6. A.I. Kirkland, J.L. Hutchison, J.L. Hutchison, Nanocharacterisation, RSC publishers, 2007.
7. S. Mann, Biomineralization: Principles and Concepts in Bioinorganic Materials Chemistry,
Oxford University Press, 2001.

CH Advanced Characterisation Techniques
Principles, instrumentation and applications of: Ion beam techniques- PIXE, Surface mass spectrometry,
LEIS, ISS; Mass spectrometry- MALDI and ESI; SAXS, Introduction synchrotron radiation and its
applications in materials science; Vibrational spectroscopy of surfaces- RAIR, EELS, INS, SFG, Laser
Raman and other advances in Raman; PALS, Surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy; In situ TEM,
STEM, QCM-Quartz crystal microbalance, TPD
1. J.C. Vickerman, I. Gilmore, Surface Analysis: The Principal Techniques, 2
ed., John Wiley &
Sons, Inc.2009.

2. H. Bubert, H. Jenett, Surface and Thin Film Analysis: A Compendium of Principles,
Instrumentation, and Applications, Wiley-VCH, 2002.
3. S. Zhang, L. Li, A. Kumar, Materials Characterisation Techniques, CRC Press, 2008.
4. A.R. Clarke, C.N. Eberhardt, Microscopy Techniques for Material Science, CRC Press, 2002.
5. Y.Leng, Materials Characterisation: Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods,
John Wiley & Sons, 2008.

CH Materials for Extreme Environment
Carbon based materials- carbon fiber, carbon-carbon composites, carbon aero-gels, carbon foams,
oxidation protection of carbon based materials; Ceramic materials- polymer derived ceramics, ceramic
fibers, ceramic matrix composites, thermal barrier coatings , thermal protection systems, porous ceramics
and ceramic foams, Ultrahigh temperature ceramics; Metallic materials- super alloys, titanium alloys,
intermetallics and metal matrix composites; High temperature polymers- aromatic liquid crystalline
polyesters, polyamide, phenolics, polyimide, bismaleimide, poly ether ether ketones; Materials for
cryogenic application, Materials for space environment, Functionally graded materials, Evaluation of
materials for extreme environment
1. G. Savage, Carbon-Carbon Composites, 1
ed., Chapman and Hall, 1993.
2. M. Scheffler, P. Colombo, Cellular Ceramics, Structure, Manufacturing, properties and
Applications, 1
ed., Wiley-VCH, 2006.
3. W.D. Kingery, H.K. Bowen, D.R. Uhlmann, Introduction to Ceramics, 2
ed., Wiley-
Interscience, 1976.
4. J.S. Reed, Principles of Ceramic Processing, 2
ed., Wiley-Interscience, 1995.
5. H.M. Flower, High Performance Materials in Aerospace, 1
ed., Chapman & Hall, 1995.
6. B.Horst, B. Ilschner, K.C. Russel, Advanced Aerospace Materials, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992.
7. F. Mohammad, Speciality Polymers: Materials and Applications, I.K. International publishing
House Pvt. Ltd , 2007.
8. W. Krenkel, R. Naslain, H. Schneider, (Eds.) High Temperature Ceramic Matrix composites, 1

ed., Wiley-VCH, 2006.
9. T.W. Clyne, P.J. Withers, E.A. Davis, I.M. Ward, Introduction to Metal Matrix Composites,
Cambridge Solid State Science Series, 1
ed., Cambridge University Press, 1993.
10. R.R. Luise, Applications of High Temperature Polymers, CRC press, 1
ed., 1996.

CH Smart and Intelligent Materials
Smart materials and structures- piezoelectric materials, peizoceramics, piezopolymers; Shape memory
materials- one way and two ways SME, Training of SMAs, Functional properties of SMAs; Chromogenic
materials- principles and design strategies; Smart polymers- temperature responsive and light responsive
polymers, Molecular imprinting using smart polymers, Smart hydrogels, Fast responsive hydrogels,
Applications; Smart systems for space applications- smart corrosion protection coatings, Self-healing
materials, Sensors, Actuators, Deployment devices

1. D.J. Leo, Engineering Analysis of Smart Material Systems, Wiley 2007.
2. M. Addington, D.L. Schodek, Smart Materials and New Technologies in Architecture, Elsevier
3. K. Otsuka, C.M. Wayman (Eds.), Shape Memory Materials, Cambridge University Press, 1998.
4. M.V. Gandhi, B. S. Thompson, Smart Materials and Structures, Chapman & Hall, 1992.
5. M. Schwartz, New Materials, Processes, and Methods Technology, CRC Press, 2006.
6. P. Ball, Made to Measure: Materials for the 21
Century, Princeton University Press, 1997.
7. I. Galaev, B. Mattiasson (Eds.), Smart Polymers: Applications in Biotechnology and Biomedicine,
ed., CRC Press, 2008.
8. N. Yui, R. J. Mrsny, K. Park (Eds.), Reflexive Polymers and Hydrogels: Understanding and
Designing Fast Responsive Polymeric Systems, CRC Press, 2004.

CH Electronic, Photonic and Magnetic Materials
Basics- electronic, magnetic and optical properties in metals, semiconductors, ceramics and polymers;
Electronic properties- dielectric properties, Concept of doping- high, very high and ultra-high frequency
fields; Organic semiconductors, -conjugated polymers; Magnetic domains- magnetic materials, thin
films, nanoparticles, magnetoresistive materials, magnetic recording, magnetic polymers; Optical
properties- optics-ray, electromagnetic, guided wave optics; Physics of light-matter interactions,
Photoactive and photorefractive polymers; Radiation sensitive resisters, Second order nonlinear optical
properties; Applications, Electro active, Conductivity, Electronic applications, Diodes, Transistors,
Photodetector, Solar cells, Displays, Lasers, Optical fibers, Photonic devices, Magnetic data storage and
1. T.A. Skotheim, R.L. Elsenbaumer, J.R. Reynolds, Hand Book of Conducting Polymers, 2
Marcel Dekker, New York, Vol.1-2, 1998.
2. S.O. Kasap, Optoelectronics and Photonics: Principles and Practices, Pearson Education, 2009
3. J. L. Bredas, R. Silbey, Conjugated Polymers, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1991.
4. M. Bikales, Overberger, Menges, Encyclopaedia of Polymer Science and Engineering, 2
Vol.5, John Wiley & Sons, 1986.
5. C.P. Wong, Polymers for Electronic and Photonic Applications, Academic Press, 1993.
6. J. David, Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 2
ed., Chapman & Hall, 1998.
7. S.O. Kasap, P. Capper, Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials, Springer, 2006.


Lab courses (total 4 labs)

CH Lab 1: Polymer Science and Materials Characterisation
1. Evaluations of structure-property relationship in polymers:
Analysis includes: molecular weight determination, viscosity, rheology, TGA, DMA and
mechanical properties of at least four polymers
2. Determination of kinetics of spherulite growth using polarized optical microscope
3. Determination of powder dispersion using zeta potential measurement
4. Electrical conductivity measurement of polymers using electrochemical workstation
5. Diffusion and gas permeability measurement of polymer films
6. Powder synthesis: XRD characterisation, particle size, surface area analysis
7. Dependency of molecular weight of a polymer with different initiator concentration:
establishment of square root law
8. Reactivity ratio of co-monomers: Fineman-Ross method
9. Kinetics of acid catalyzed poly esterification

CH Lab 2: Modelling and Simulation
1. Molecular modeling and geometry optimization using ChemDraw
2. Gaussian: Determination of transition state of simple reaction
a) Generating approximate transition state geometry
b) Optimisation to real transition state
c) Frequency calculations and confirmation
3. Calculation of minimum energy path on potential energy surface (PES) geometry
4. Modeling and simulation of fundamental flows
5. Modeling of reactor with mass transfer
6. Modeling of series reactors
7. Modeling of stage wise and differential mass transfer contacting
8. Modeling of heating in filling/agitated tank

CH Lab 3: Composite and Processing
1. Preparation of thermoplastic, thermoset, elastomer
2. Products realization by extrusion, injection molding, compression molding, vacuum bag methods,
3. Polymer blends and alloys
4. Ceramic processing: shape forming by slip casting/gel casting, optimization of sintering,
microstructural characterisation of sintered ceramics
5. Experiments on machining in conventional and CMC machine

6. Evaluation of plastic constant by compression testing
7. Joining of shape metals by resistance welding and its post characterisation
8. Demonstration of TIG welding and its post characterisation

CH Lab 4: Nanomaterials
1. Synthesis and characterisation of nanomaterials
(a) Sol-gel synthesis: TiO

(b) Polymer substrate: Ag@PVP(polyvinylpyrrolidone)
(c) Metallic nanoparticles: Ag@citrate and Au@citrate
2. Dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC): Fabrication and I-V curve characteristics
3. Synthesis and characterisation of soft nanostructures from self-assembled molecules
4. Nanocomposite (nanoclay based systems)
5. Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS): Detection of Rhodamine 6G using Ag nanoparticle
as SERS substrate