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Construction Project Management

A Practical Guide to Field
Construction Management
5th Edition
S. Keoki Sears
Glenn A. Sears
Richard H. Clough
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
Copyright 2008 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved
Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
Published simultaneously in Canada
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data:
Clough, Richard Hudson.
Construction project management : a practical guide to eld
construction management / Richard H. Clough, Glenn A. Sears, S. Keoki
Sears. 5th ed.
p. cm.
Includes index.
ISBN 978-0-471-74588-4 (hbk. : CD-ROM)
1. Construction industryManagement. 2. Project management. I.
Sears, Glenn A. II. Sears, S. Keoki. III. Title.
TH438.C62 2008
Printed in the United States of America.
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Preface vii
1 Construction Practices 1
2 Management System 17
3 Project Cost Estimating 31
4 Project Planning 63
5 Project Scheduling 85
6 Production Planning 129
7 Project Time Acceleration 147
8 Resource Management 173
9 Project Time Management 197
10 Project Cost System 223
11 Project Financial Management 259
12 Scheduling Applications 285
Appendix A Highway Bridge Bid-Item Summary Sheets 309
Appendix B SI Unit Highway Bridge Bid-Item Summary Sheets 323
Appendix C Highway Bridge Project Outline 345
Appendix D Arrow Notation 347
Appendix E The PERT Procedure 367
Appendix F Analysis of Estimating Accuracy 373
Appendix G Highway Bridge Case Studies 381
Index 395
This book is about Critical Path Method (CPM)based planning and
scheduling as applied to the construction industry. The books distinguish-
ing feature is the use of one example project throughout to demonstrate
planning, scheduling, project acceleration, resource management, time
control, nancial control and the project cost system. The example project
is a highway bridge.
It has been suggested that a building project might be more appropriate
for many readers. We have seriously considered that suggestion, although
the complexity of even a simple building tends to obscure project man-
agement fundamentals in logistical detail and diminish the clarity of the
book. The bridge example, although a civil engineering project, typies the
basics of construction by incorporating critical aspects of most construction
projects: the construction of foundations, concrete work, structural steel,
and nish work, all of which require labor and equipment supervision,
subcontractor management, and material expediting. The entire highway
bridge project takes 10 weeks to construct and can be completely illustrated
in 70 distinct activities.
This fth edition has been updated with current labor, material, and
equipment pricing and includes a complete estimate for the highway
bridge. Scheduling and management concepts, such as Work Breakdown
Structures (WBS) and the Earned Value Management System (EVMS), are
developed in this edition. An estimate in SI units is included in Appendix
B for readers outside the United States.
Of particular interest is Chapter 6, which includes discussions of pro-
duction planning as it affects personnel, safety, quality, paperwork, and
material control. A site layout drawing shows the location of temporary
buildings, formwork fabrication, material laydown and staging area, re
extinguishers, and rst aid kits. Much of the information in this chapter is
gleaned from years of construction experience and is unique to this text.
For generations Men, Machines, Materials, Methods, and Money have
been the ve Ms of construction. Efcient usage of these ve resources
viii Preface
is the essence of construction management. However, in recent years,
an important change in these basic resources has occurred. Women now
constitute an important part of the construction industry. They occupy
responsible positions in the eld trades and at all levels of management.
Construction terms like journeyman, foreman, and piledriverman
have been used in the industry for literally hundreds of years. Because such
words are the only ones generally recognized, these words are used in this
text but are not meant in any way to imply gender. At times, the word he
or him is used as a singular pronoun. Such use of the masculine gender
is done solely for the sake of readability and has no presumption of gender.
The authors of this text recognize and applaud the important contribution
that women have made and are making to the construction industry.
This book teaches a method for capturing, modeling, and viewing the
entirety of a construction project so that it can be effectively planned
and managed from start to nish. Consequently, many of the illustrations
are quite large and presented on extra-wide pages called tip-ins. Due
to production limitations, these tip-ins can only be inserted at specic
intervals throughout the book rather than at the point they are referenced.
Where a tip-in is referenced, guidance is provided on where to locate the
gure within the text. In some cases, the tip-ins are located in the chapter
following the point where they are referenced.
This fthedition represents 37 years of publication andthree generations
of authors. We trust that this fully updated edition will continue as a
principal reference for todays professionals and an instructive guide for
tomorrows constructors.
S. Keoki Sears, London, England
Glenn A. Sears, Durango, Colorado
January 2008

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