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Republic Act No.

9346 June 24, 2006


AN ACT PROHIBITING THE IMPOSITION OF DEATH PENAT! IN THE PHIIPPINES
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:
SECTION 1. The imposition of the penalty of eath is he!e"y p!ohi"ite. #$$o!in%ly, &epu"li$ #$t No.
Ei%ht Thousan One 'un!e Se(enty)Se(en *&.#. No. +1,,-, othe!.ise /no.n as the #$t 0esi%natin%
0eath "y 1ethal In2e$tion is he!e"y !epeale. &epu"li$ #$t No. Se(en Thousan Si3 'un!e 4ifty)Nine
*&.#. No. ,656-, othe!.ise /no.n as the 0eath 7enalty 1a., an all othe! la.s, e3e$uti(e o!e!s an
e$!ees, insofa! as they impose the eath penalty a!e he!e"y !epeale o! amene a$$o!in%ly.
SEC. 2. In lieu of the eath penalty, the follo.in% shall "e impose.
*a- the penalty of reclusion perpetua, .hen the la. (iolate ma/es use of the nomen$latu!e of
the penalties of the &e(ise 7enal Coe8 o!
*"- the penalty of life imp!isonment, .hen the la. (iolate oes not ma/e use of the
nomen$latu!e of the penalties of the &e(ise 7enal Coe.
SEC. 9. 7e!son $on(i$te of offenses punishe .ith reclusion perpetua, o! .hose senten$es .ill "e !eu$e to
!e$lusion pe!petua, "y !eason of this #$t, shall not "e eli%i"le fo! pa!ole une! #$t No. 41+0, othe!.ise /no.n
as the Inete!minate Senten$e 1a., as amene.
SEC. 4. The :oa! of 7a!ons an 7a!ole shall $ause the pu"li$ation at least one a .ee/ fo! th!ee
$onse$uti(e .ee/s in a ne.spape! of %ene!al $i!$ulation of the names of pe!sons $on(i$te of offenses
punishe .ith reclusion perpetua o! life imp!isonment "y !eason of this #$t .ho a!e "ein% $onsie!e o!
!e$ommen fo! $ommutation o! pa!on8 Provided, however, That nothin% he!ein shall limit the po.e! of
the 7!esient to %!ant e3e$uti(e $lemen$y une! Se$tion 16, #!ti$le ;II of the Constitutions.
SEC. 5. This #$t shall ta/e effe$t immeiately afte! its pu"li$ation in t.o national ne.spape!s of %ene!al
$i!$ulation
REP"BIC ACT NO. 9#6#

AN ACT DEFINING $IOENCE AGAINST %OMEN AND THEIR CHIDREN& PRO$IDING FOR
PROTECTI$E MEAS"RES FOR $ICTIMS& PRESCRIBING PENATIES THEREFORE& AND FOR OTHER
P"RPOSES.
Se$tion 1. Sho!t Title.) This #$t shall "e /no.n as the "Anti!iolence Against "omen and #heir Children
Act of $%%&'"
Se$. 2. 0e$la!ation of 7oli$y.) It is he!e"y e$la!e that the State (alues the i%nity of .omen an $hil!en
an %ua!antees full !espe$t fo! human !i%hts. The State also !e$o%ni<es the nee to p!ote$t the family an
its mem"e!s pa!ti$ula!ly .omen an $hil!en, f!om (iolen$e an th!eats to thei! pe!sonal safety an
se$u!ity.
To.a!s this en, the State shall e3e!t effo!ts to a!ess (iolen$e $ommitte a%ainst .omen an $hil!en
in /eepin% .ith the funamental f!eeoms %ua!antee une! the Constitution an the 7!o(isions of the
=ni(e!sal 0e$la!ation of 'uman &i%hts, the $on(ention on the Elimination of all fo!ms of is$!imination
#%ainst >omen, Con(ention on the &i%hts of the Chil an othe! inte!national human !i%hts inst!uments of
.hi$h the 7hilippines is a pa!ty.
Se$. 9. 0efinition of Te!ms.) #s use in this #$t:
*a- "!iolence against women and their children" !efe!s to any a$t o! a se!ies of a$ts $ommitte "y any
pe!son a%ainst a .oman .ho is his .ife, fo!me! .ife, o! a%ainst a .oman .ith .hom the pe!son has o!
ha a se3ual o! atin% !elationship, o! .ith .hom he has a $ommon $hil, o! a%ainst he! $hil .hethe!
le%itimate o! ille%itimate, .ithin o! .ithout the family a"oe, .hi$h !esult in o! is li/ely to !esult in physi$al,
se3ual, psy$holo%i$al ha!m o! suffe!in%, o! e$onomi$ a"use in$luin% th!eats of su$h a$ts, "atte!y, assault,
$oe!$ion, ha!assment o! a!"it!a!y ep!i(ation of li"e!ty. It in$lues, "ut is not limite to, the follo.in% a$ts:
#. "Physical !iolence" !efe!s to a$ts that in$lue "oily o! physi$al ha!m8
:. "Se(ual violence" !efe!s to an a$t .hi$h is se3ual in natu!e, $ommitte a%ainst a .oman o! he! $hil. It
in$lues, "ut is not limite to:
a- &ape, se3ual ha!assment, a$ts of las$i(iousness, t!eatin% a .oman o! he! $hil as a se3 o"2e$t, ma/in%
emeanin% an se3ually su%%esti(e !ema!/s, physi$ally atta$/in% the se3ual pa!ts of the (i$tim?s "oy,
fo!$in% he!@him to .at$h o"s$ene pu"li$ations an ine$ent sho.s o! fo!$in% the .oman o! he! $hil to o
ine$ent a$ts an@o! ma/e films the!eof, fo!$in% the .ife an mist!ess@lo(e! to li(e in the $on2u%al home o!
sleep to%ethe! in the same !oom .ith the a"use!8
"- #$ts $ausin% o! attemptin% to $ause the (i$tim to en%a%e in any se3ual a$ti(ity "y fo!$e, th!eat of fo!$e,
physi$al o! othe! ha!m o! th!eat of physi$al o! othe! ha!m o! $oe!$ion8
$- 7!ostitutin% the .oman o! $hil.
C. "Psychological violence" !efe!s to a$ts o! omissions $ausin% o! li/ely to $ause mental o! emotional
suffe!in% of the (i$tim su$h as "ut not limite to intimiation, ha!assment, stal/in%, ama%e to p!ope!ty,
pu"li$ !ii$ule o! humiliation, !epeate (e!"al a"use an mental infielity. It in$lues $ausin% o! allo.in%
the (i$tim to .itness the physi$al, se3ual o! psy$holo%i$al a"use of a mem"e! of the family to .hi$h the
(i$tim "elon%s, o! to .itness po!no%!aphy in any fo!m o! to .itness a"usi(e in2u!y to pets o! to unla.ful o!
un.ante ep!i(ation of the !i%ht to $ustoy an@o! (isitation of $ommon $hil!en.
0. ")conomic abuse" !efe!s to a$ts that ma/e o! attempt to ma/e a .oman finan$ially epenent .hi$h
in$lues, "ut is not limite to the follo.in%:
1. >ith!a.al of finan$ial suppo!t o! p!e(entin% the (i$tim f!om en%a%in% in any le%itimate p!ofession,
o$$upation, "usiness o! a$ti(ity, e3$ept in $ases .he!ein the othe! spouse@pa!tne! o"2e$ts on (ali, se!ious
an mo!al %!ouns as efine in #!ti$le ,9 of the 4amily Coe8
2. 0ep!i(ation o! th!eat of ep!i(ation of finan$ial !esou!$es an the !i%ht to the use an en2oyment of the
$on2u%al, $ommunity o! p!ope!ty o.ne in $ommon8
9. 0est!oyin% househol p!ope!ty8
4. Cont!ollin% the (i$tims? o.n money o! p!ope!ties o! solely $ont!ollin% the $on2u%al money o! p!ope!ties.
*"- "Battery" !efe!s to an a$t of infli$tin% physi$al ha!m upon the .oman o! he! $hil !esultin% to the
physi$al an psy$holo%i$al o! emotional ist!ess.
*$- "Battered "oman Syndrome" !efe!s to a s$ientifi$ally efine patte!n of psy$holo%i$al an "eha(io!al
symptoms foun in .omen li(in% in "atte!in% !elationships as a !esult of $umulati(e a"use.
*- AStal/in%A !efe!s to an intentional a$t $ommitte "y a pe!son .ho, /no.in%ly an .ithout la.ful
2ustifi$ation follo.s the .oman o! he! $hil o! pla$es the .oman o! he! $hil une! su!(eillan$e i!e$tly o!
ini!e$tly o! a $om"ination the!eof.
*e- "*ating relationship" !efe!s to a situation .he!ein the pa!ties li(e as hus"an an .ife .ithout the
"enefit of ma!!ia%e o! a!e !omanti$ally in(ol(e o(e! time an on a $ontinuin% "asis u!in% the $ou!se of
the !elationship. # $asual a$Buaintan$e o! o!ina!y so$iali<ation "et.een t.o ini(iuals in a "usiness o!
so$ial $onte3t is not a atin% !elationship.
*f- "Se(ual relations" !efe!s to a sin%le se3ual a$t .hi$h may o! may not !esult in the "ea!in% of a $ommon
$hil.
*%- "Safe place or shelter" !efe!s to any home o! institution maintaine o! mana%e "y the 0epa!tment of
So$ial >elfa!e an 0e(elopment *0S>0- o! "y any othe! a%en$y o! (olunta!y o!%ani<ation a$$!eite "y
the 0S>0 fo! the pu!poses of this #$t o! any othe! suita"le pla$e the !esient of .hi$h is .illin%
tempo!a!ily to !e$ei(e the (i$tim.
*h- "Children" !efe!s to those "elo. ei%hteen *1+- yea!s of a%e o! ole! "ut a!e in$apa"le of ta/in% $a!e of
themsel(es as efine une! &epu"li$ #$t No. ,610. #s use in this #$t, it in$lues the "iolo%i$al $hil!en
of the (i$tim an othe! $hil!en une! he! $a!e.
Se$. 4. Const!u$tion.) This #$t shall "e li"e!ally $onst!ue to p!omote the p!ote$tion an safety of (i$tims
of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en.
Se$. 5. #$ts of ;iolen$e #%ainst >omen an Thei! Chil!en.) The $!ime of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an
thei! $hil!en is $ommitte th!ou%h any of the follo.in% a$ts:
*a- Causin% physi$al ha!m to the .oman o! he! $hil8
*"- Th!eatenin% to $ause the .oman o! he! $hil physi$al ha!m8
*$- #ttemptin% to $ause the .oman o! he! $hil physi$al ha!m8
*- 7la$in% the .oman o! he! $hil in fea! of imminent physi$al ha!m8
*e- #ttemptin% to $ompel o! $ompellin% the .oman o! he! $hil to en%a%e in $onu$t .hi$h the .oman o!
he! $hil has the !i%ht to esist f!om o! esist f!om $onu$t .hi$h the .oman o! he! $hil has the !i%ht to
en%a%e in, o! attemptin% to !est!i$t o! !est!i$tin% the .oman?s o! he! $hil?s f!eeom of mo(ement o!
$onu$t "y fo!$e o! th!eat of fo!$e, physi$al o! othe! ha!m o! th!eat of physi$al o! othe! ha!m, o!
intimiation i!e$te a%ainst the .oman o! $hil. This shall in$lue, "ut not limite to, the follo.in% a$ts
$ommitte .ith the pu!pose o! effe$t of $ont!ollin% o! !est!i$tin% the .oman?s o! he! $hil?s mo(ement o!
$onu$t:
*1- Th!eatenin% to ep!i(e o! a$tually ep!i(in% the .oman o! he! $hil of $ustoy to he!@his family8
*2- 0ep!i(in% o! th!eatenin% to ep!i(e the .oman o! he! $hil!en of finan$ial suppo!t le%ally ue he! o! he!
family, o! eli"e!ately p!o(iin% the .oman?s $hil!en insuffi$ient finan$ial suppo!t8
*9- 0ep!i(in% o! th!eatenin% to ep!i(e the .oman o! he! $hil of a le%al !i%ht8 an
*4- 7!e(entin% the .oman in en%a%in% in any le%itimate p!ofession, o$$upation, "usiness o! a$ti(ity o!
$ont!ollin% the (i$tim?s o.n mon4ey o! p!ope!ties, o! solely $ont!ollin% the $on2u%al o! $ommon money, o!
p!ope!ties.
*f- Infli$tin% o! th!eatenin% to infli$t physi$al ha!m on oneself fo! the pu!pose of $ont!ollin% he! a$tions o!
e$isions8
*%- Causin% o! attemptin% to $ause the .oman o! he! $hil to en%a%e in any se3ual a$ti(ity .hi$h oes not
$onstitute !ape, "y fo!$e o! th!eat of fo!$e, physi$al ha!m, o! th!ou%h intimiation i!e$te a%ainst the
.oman o! he! $hil o! he!@his immeiate family8
*h- En%a%in% in pu!poseful, /no.in%, o! !e$/less $onu$t, pe!sonally o! th!ou%h anothe!, that ala!ms o!
$auses su"stantial emotional o! psy$holo%i$al ist!ess to the .oman o! he! $hil. This shall in$lue, "ut
not "e limite to, the follo.in% a$ts:
*1- Stal/in% o! follo.in% the .oman o! he! $hil in pu"li$ o! p!i(ate pla$es8
*2- 7ee!in% in the .ino. o! lin%e!in% outsie the !esien$e of the .oman o! he! $hil8
*9- Ente!in% o! !emainin% in the .ellin% o! on the p!ope!ty of the .oman o! he! $hil a%ainst he!@his .ill8
*4- 0est!oyin% the p!ope!ty an pe!sonal "elon%in%s o! infli$tin% ha!m to animals o! pets of the .oman o!
he! $hil8 an
*5- En%a%in% in any fo!m of ha!assment o! (iolen$e.
*i- Causin% mental o! emotional an%uish, pu"li$ !ii$ule o! humiliation to the .oman o! he! $hil, in$luin%,
"ut not limite to, !epeate (e!"al an emotional a"use, an enial of finan$ial suppo!t o! $ustoy of mino!
$hil!en of a$$ess to the .oman?s $hil@$hil!en.
Se$. 6. 7enalties.) The $!ime of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en, une! Se$. 5 he!eof shall "e
punishe a$$o!in% to the follo.in% !ules:
*a- #$ts fallin% une! Se$. 5*a- $onstitutin% attempte, f!ust!ate o! $onsummate pa!!i$ie o! mu!e! o!
homi$ie shall "e punishe in a$$o!an$e .ith the p!o(isions of the &e(ise 7enal Coe8
If these a$ts !esulte in mutilation, it shall "e punisha"le in a$$o!an$e .ith the &e(ise 7enal Coe8
those $onstitutin% se!ious physi$al in2u!ies shall ha(e the penalty of p!ison mayo!8 those $onstitutin% less
se!ious physi$al in2u!ies shall "e punishe "y p!ision $o!!e$$ional8 an those $onstitutin% sli%ht physi$al
in2u!ies shall "e punishe "y a!!esto mayo!8
#$ts fallin% une! Se$. 5*"- shall "e punishe "y imp!isonment of t.o e%!ees lo.e! than the p!es$!i"e
penalty fo! the $onsummate $!ime as spe$ifie in the p!e$ein% pa!a%!aph "ut shall in no $ase "e lo.e!
than a!!esto mayo!8
*"- #$ts fallin% une! Se$. 5*$- an 5*- shall "e punishe "y a!!esto mayo!8
*$- #$ts fallin% une! Se$. 5*e- shall "e punishe "y p!ision $o!!e$$ional8
*- #$ts fallin% une! Se$. 5*f- shall "e punishe "y a!!esto mayo!8
*e- #$ts fallin% une! Se$. 5*%- shall "e punishe "y p!ision mayo!8
*f- #$ts fallin% une! Se$. 5*h- an Se$. 5*i- shall "e punishe "y p!ision mayo!.
If the a$ts a!e $ommitte .hile the .oman o! $hil is p!e%nant o! $ommitte in the p!esen$e of he! $hil,
the penalty to "e applie shall "e the ma3imum pe!io of penalty p!es$!i"e in the Se$.
In aition to imp!isonment, the pe!pet!ato! shall *a- pay a fine in the amount of not less than One hun!e
thousan pesos *7100,000.00- "ut not mo!e than th!ee hun!e thousan pesos *900,000.00-8 *"-
une!%o manato!y psy$holo%i$al $ounselin% o! psy$hiat!i$ t!eatment an shall !epo!t $omplian$e to the
$ou!t.
Se$. ,. ;enue.) The &e%ional T!ial Cou!t esi%nate as a 4amily Cou!t shall ha(e o!i%inal an e3$lusi(e
2u!isi$tion o(e! $ases of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en une! this la.. In the a"sen$e of su$h
$ou!t in the pla$e .he!e the offense .as $ommitte, the $ase shall "e file in the &e%ional T!ial Cou!t
.he!e the $!ime o! any of its elements .as $ommitte at the option of the $ompliant.
Se$. +. 7!ote$tion O!e!s.) # p!ote$tion o!e! is an o!e! issue une! this a$t fo! the pu!pose of
p!e(entin% fu!the! a$ts of (iolen$e a%ainst a .oman o! he! $hil spe$ifie in Se$. 5 of this #$t an %!antin%
othe! ne$essa!y !elief. The !elief %!ante une! a p!ote$tion o!e! se!(e the pu!pose of safe%ua!in% the
(i$tim f!om fu!the! ha!m, minimi<in% any is!uption in the (i$tim?s aily life, an fa$ilitatin% the oppo!tunity
an a"ility of the (i$tim to inepenently !e%ain $ont!ol o(e! he! life. The p!o(isions of the p!ote$tion o!e!
shall "e enfo!$e "y la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies. The p!ote$tion o!e!s that may "e issue une! this #$t
a!e the "a!an%ay p!ote$tion o!e! *:7O-, tempo!a!y p!ote$tion o!e! *T7O- an pe!manent p!ote$tion
o!e! *77O-. The p!ote$tion o!e!s that may "e issue une! this #$t shall in$lue any, some o! all of the
follo.in% !eliefs:
*a- 7!ohi"ition of the !esponent f!om th!eatenin% to $ommit o! $ommittin%, pe!sonally o! th!ou%h anothe!,
any of the a$ts mentione in Se$. 5 of this #$t8
*"- 7!ohi"ition of the !esponent f!om ha!assin%, annoyin%, telephonin%, $onta$tin% o! othe!.ise
$ommuni$atin% .ith the petitione!, i!e$tly o! ini!e$tly8
*$- &emo(al an e3$lusion of the !esponent f!om the !esien$e of the petitione!, !e%a!less of o.ne!ship
of the !esien$e, eithe! tempo!a!ily fo! the pu!pose of p!ote$tin% the petitione!, o! pe!manently .he!e no
p!ope!ty !i%hts a!e (iolate, an if !esponent must !emo(e pe!sonal effe$ts f!om the !esien$e, the $ou!t
shall i!e$t a la. enfo!$ement a%ent to a$$ompany the !esponent has %athe!e his thin%s an es$o!t
!esponent f!om the !esien$e8
*- 0i!e$tin% the !esponent to stay a.ay f!om petitione! an esi%nate family o! househol mem"e! at a
istan$e spe$ifie "y the $ou!t, an to stay a.ay f!om the !esien$e, s$hool, pla$e of employment, o! any
spe$ifie pla$e f!eBuente "y the petitione! an any esi%nate family o! househol mem"e!8
*e- 0i!e$tin% la.ful possession an use "y petitione! of an automo"ile an othe! essential pe!sonal
effe$ts, !e%a!less of o.ne!ship, an i!e$tin% the app!op!iate la. enfo!$ement offi$e! to a$$ompany the
petitione! to the !esien$e of the pa!ties to ensu!e that the petitione! is safely !esto!e to the possession of
the automo"ile an othe! essential pe!sonal effe$ts, o! to supe!(ise the petitione!?s o! !esponent?s
!emo(al of pe!sonal "elon%in%s8
*f- C!antin% a tempo!a!y o! pe!manent $ustoy of a $hil@$hil!en to the petitione!8
*%- 0i!e$tin% the !esponent to p!o(ie suppo!t to the .oman an@o! he! $hil if entitle to le%al suppo!t.
Not.ithstanin% othe! la.s to the $ont!a!y, the $ou!t shall o!e! an app!op!iate pe!$enta%e of the in$ome
o! sala!y of the !esponent to "e .ithhel !e%ula!ly "y the !esponent?s employe! fo! the same to "e
automati$ally !emitte i!e$tly to the .oman. 4ailu!e to !emit an@o! .ithhol o! any elay in the
!emittan$e of suppo!t to the .oman an@o! he! $hil .ithout 2ustifia"le $ause shall !ene! the !esponent
o! his employe! lia"le fo! ini!e$t $ontempt of $ou!t8
*h- 7!ohi"ition of the !esponent f!om any use o! possession of any fi!ea!m o! ealy .eapon an o!e!
him to su!!ene! the same to the $ou!t fo! app!op!iate isposition "y the $ou!t, in$luin% !e(o$ation of
li$ense an isBualifi$ation to apply fo! any li$ense to use o! possess a fi!ea!m. If the offene! is a la.
enfo!$ement a%ent, the $ou!t shall o!e! the offene! to su!!ene! his fi!ea!m an shall i!e$t the
app!op!iate autho!ity to in(esti%ate on the offene! an ta/e app!op!iate a$tion on matte!8
*i- &estitution fo! a$tual ama%es $ause "y the (iolen$e infli$te, in$luin%, "ut not limite to, p!ope!ty
ama%e, mei$al e3penses, $hil$a!e e3penses an loss of in$ome8
*2- 0i!e$tin% the 0S>0 o! any app!op!iate a%en$y to p!o(ie petitione! may nee8 an
*/- 7!o(ision of su$h othe! fo!ms of !elief as the $ou!t eems ne$essa!y to p!ote$t an p!o(ie fo! the
safety of the petitione! an any esi%nate family o! househol mem"e!, p!o(ie petitione! an any
esi%nate family o! househol mem"e! $onsents to su$h !elief.
#ny of the !eliefs p!o(ie une! this Se$. shall "e %!ante e(en in the a"sen$e of a e$!ee of le%al
sepa!ation o! annulment o! e$la!ation of a"solute nullity of ma!!ia%e.
The issuan$e of a :7O o! the penen$y of an appli$ation fo! :7O shall not p!e$lue a petitione! f!om
applyin% fo!, o! the $ou!t f!om %!antin% a T7O o! 77O.
Se$. 6. >ho may file 7etition fo! 7!ote$tion O!e!s. D # petition fo! p!ote$tion o!e! may "e file "y any of
the follo.in%:
*a- The offene pa!ty8
*"- 7a!ents o! %ua!ians of the offene pa!ty8
*$- #s$enants, es$enants o! $ollate!al !elati(es .ithin the fou!th $i(il e%!ee of $onsan%uinity o! affinity8
*- Offi$e!s o! so$ial .o!/e!s of the 0S>0 o! so$ial .o!/e!s of lo$al %o(e!nment units *1C=s-8
*e- 7oli$e offi$e!s, p!efe!a"ly those in $ha!%e of .omen an $hil!en?s es/s8
*f- 7unon% :a!an%ay o! :a!an%ay Ea%a.a8
*%- 1a.ye!, $ounselo!, the!apist o! health$a!e p!o(ie! of the petitione!8
*h- #t least t.o *2- $on$e!ne !esponsi"le $iti<ens of the $ity o! muni$ipality .he!e the (iolen$e a%ainst
.omen an thei! $hil!en o$$u!!e an .ho has pe!sonal /no.le%e of the offense $ommitte.
Se$. 10. >he!e to #pply fo! a 7!ote$tion O!e!. D #ppli$ations fo! :7Os shall follo. the !ules on (enue
une! Se$. 406 of the 1o$al Co(e!nment Coe of 1661 an its implementin% !ules an !e%ulations. #n
appli$ation fo! a T7O o! 77O may "e file in the !e%ional t!ial $ou!t, met!opolitan t!ial $ou!t, muni$ipal t!ial
$ou!t, muni$ipal $i!$uit t!ial $ou!t .ith te!!ito!ial 2u!isi$tion o(e! the pla$e of !esien$e of the petitione!:
7!o(ie, ho.e(e!, That if a family $ou!t e3ists in the pla$e of !esien$e of the petitione!, the appli$ation
shall "e file .ith that $ou!t.
Se$. 11. 'o. to #pply fo! a 7!ote$tion O!e!. D The appli$ation fo! a p!ote$tion o!e! must "e in .!itin%,
si%ne an (e!ifie une! oath "y the appli$ant. It may "e file as an inepenent a$tion o! as in$iental
!elief in any $i(il o! $!iminal $ase the su"2e$t matte! o! issues the!eof pa!ta/es of a (iolen$e as es$!i"e
in this #$t. # stana! p!ote$tion o!e! appli$ation fo!m, .!itten in En%lish .ith t!anslation to the ma2o!
lo$al lan%ua%es, shall "e mae a(aila"le to fa$ilitate appli$ations fo! p!ote$tions o!e!, an shall $ontain,
amon% othe!, the follo.in% info!mation:
*a- names an a!esses of petitione! an !esponent8
*"- es$!iption of !elationships "et.een petitione! an !esponent8
*$- a statement of the $i!$umstan$es of the a"use8
*- es$!iption of the !eliefs !eBueste "y petitione! as spe$ifie in Se$. + he!ein8
*e- !eBuest fo! $ounsel an !easons fo! su$h8
*f- !eBuest fo! .ai(e! of appli$ation fees until hea!in%8 an
*%- an attestation that the!e is no penin% appli$ation fo! a p!ote$tion o!e! in anothe! $ou!t.
If the appli$ants is not the (i$tim, the appli$ation must "e a$$ompanie "y an affia(it of the appli$ant
attestin% to *a- the $i!$umstan$es of the a"use suffe!e "y the (i$tim an *"- the $i!$umstan$es of $onsent
%i(en "y the (i$tim fo! the fillin% of the appli$ation. >hen is$losu!e of the a!ess of the (i$tim .ill pose
an%e! to he! life, it shall "e so state in the appli$ation. In su$h a $ase, the appli$ant shall attest that the
(i$tim is !esiin% in the muni$ipality o! $ity o(e! .hi$h $ou!t has te!!ito!ial 2u!isi$tion, an shall p!o(ie a
mailin% a!ess fo! pu!pose of se!(i$e p!o$essin%.
#n appli$ation fo! p!ote$tion o!e! file .ith a $ou!t shall "e $onsie!e an appli$ation fo! "oth a T7O an
77O.
:a!an%ay offi$ials an $ou!t pe!sonnel shall assist appli$ants in the p!epa!ation of the appli$ation. 1a.
enfo!$ement a%ents shall also e3ten assistan$e in the appli$ation fo! p!ote$tion o!e!s in $ases "!ou%ht
to thei! attention.
Se$. 12. Enfo!$ea"ility of 7!ote$tion O!e!s. D #ll T7Os an 77Os issue une! this #$t shall "e
enfo!$ea"le any.he!e in the 7hilippines an a (iolation the!eof shall "e punisha"le .ith a fine !an%in%
f!om 4i(e Thousan 7esos *75,000.00- to 4ifty Thousan 7esos *750,000.00- an@o! imp!isonment of si3
*6- months.
Se$. 19. 1e%al &ep!esentation of 7etitione!s fo! 7!ote$tion O!e!. D If the .oman o! he! $hil !eBuests in
the appli$ations fo! a p!ote$tion o!e! fo! the appointment of $ounsel "e$ause of la$/ of e$onomi$ means
to hi!e a $ounsel e pa!te, the $ou!t shall immeiately i!e$t the 7u"li$ #tto!ney?s Offi$e *7#O- to
!ep!esent the petitione! in the hea!in% on the appli$ation. If the 7#O ete!mines that the appli$ant $an
affo! to hi!e the se!(i$es of a $ounsel e pa!te, it shall fa$ilitate the le%al !ep!esentation of the petitione!
"y a $ounsel e pa!te. The la$/ of a$$ess to family o! $on2u%al !esou!$es "y the appli$ant, su$h as .hen
the same a!e $ont!olle "y the pe!pet!ato!, shall Bualify the petitione! to le%al !ep!esentation "y the 7#O.
'o.e(e!, a p!i(ate $ounsel offe!in% f!ee le%al se!(i$e is not "a!!e f!om !ep!esentin% the petitione!.
Se$. 14. :a!an%ay 7!ote$tion O!e!s *:7Os-8 >ho Fay Issue an 'o.. ) :a!an%ay 7!ote$tion O!e!s
*:7Os- !efe! to the p!ote$tion o!e! issue "y the 7unon% :a!an%ay o!e!in% the pe!pet!ato! to esist
f!om $ommittin% a$ts une! Se$. 5 *a- an *"- of this #$t. # 7unon% :a!an%ay .ho !e$ei(es appli$ations
fo! a :7O shall issue the p!ote$tion o!e! to the appli$ant on the ate of filin% afte! e3 pa!te ete!mination
of the "asis of the appli$ation. If the 7unon% :a!an%ay is una(aila"le to a$t on the appli$ation fo! a :7O,
the appli$ation shall "e a$te upon "y any a(aila"le :a!an%ay Ea%a.a. If the :7O is issue "y a
:a!an%ay Ea%a.a the o!e! must "e a$$ompanie "y an attestation "y the :a!an%ay Ea%a.a that the
7unon% :a!an%ay .as una(aila"le at the time fo! the issuan$e of the :7O. :7Os shall "e effe$ti(e fo!
fifteen *15- ays. Immeiately afte! the issuan$e of an e3 pa!te :7O, the 7unon% :a!an%ay o! :a!an%ay
Ea%a.a shall pe!sonally se!(e a $opy of the same on the !esponent, o! i!e$t any "a!an%ay offi$ial to
effe$t is pe!sonal se!(i$e.
The pa!ties may "e a$$ompanie "y a non)la.ye! a(o$ate in any p!o$eein% "efo!e the 7unon%
:a!an%ay.
Se$. 15. Tempo!a!y 7!ote$tion O!e!s. D Tempo!a!y 7!ote$tion O!e!s *T7Os- !efe!s to the p!ote$tion
o!e! issue "y the $ou!t on the ate of filin% of the appli$ation afte! e3 pa!te ete!mination that su$h o!e!
shoul "e issue. # $ou!t may %!ant in a T7O any, some o! all of the !eliefs mentione in this #$t an shall
"e effe$ti(e fo! thi!ty *90- ays. The $ou!t shall s$heule a hea!in% on the issuan$e of a 77O p!io! to o! on
the ate of the e3pi!ation of the T7O. The $ou!t shall o!e! the immeiate pe!sonal se!(i$e of the T7O on
the !esponent "y the $ou!t she!iff .ho may o"tain the assistan$e of la. enfo!$ement a%ents fo! the
se!(i$e. The T7O shall in$lue noti$e of the ate of the hea!in% on the me!its of the issuan$e of a 77O.
Se$. 16. 7e!manent 7!ote$tion O!e!s. D 7e!manent 7!ote$tion O!e! *77O- !efe!s to p!ote$tion o!e!
issue "y the $ou!t afte! noti$e an hea!in%.
&esponents non)appea!an$e espite p!ope! noti$e, o! his la$/ of a la.ye!, o! the non)a(aila"ility of his
la.ye! shall not "e a %!oun fo! !es$heulin% o! postponin% the hea!in% on the me!its of the issuan$e of a
77O. If the !esponents appea!s .ithout $ounsel on the ate of the hea!in% on the 77O, the $ou!t shall
appoint a la.ye! fo! the !esponent an immeiately p!o$ee .ith the hea!in%. In $ase the !esponent
fails to appea! espite p!ope! noti$e, the $ou!t shall allo. e3 pa!te p!esentation of the e(ien$e "y the
appli$ant an !ene! 2u%ment on the "asis of the e(ien$e p!esente. The $ou!t shall allo. the
int!ou$tion of any histo!y of a"usi(e $onu$t of a !esponent e(en if the same .as not i!e$te a%ainst
the appli$ant o! the pe!son fo! .hom the appli$ant is mae.
The $ou!t shall, to the e3tent possi"le, $onu$t the hea!in% on the me!its of the issuan$e of a 77O in one
*1- ay. >he!e the $ou!t is una"le to $onu$t the hea!in% .ithin one *1- ay an the T7O issue is ue to
e3pi!e, the $ou!t shall $ontinuously e3ten o! !ene. the T7O fo! a pe!io of thi!ty *90- ays at ea$h
pa!ti$ula! time until final 2u%ment is issue. The e3tene o! !ene.e T7O may "e moifie "y the $ou!t
as may "e ne$essa!y o! appli$a"le to a!ess the nees of the appli$ant.
The $ou!t may %!ant any, some o! all of the !eliefs spe$ifie in Se$. + he!eof in a 77O. # 77O shall "e
effe$ti(e until !e(o/e "y a $ou!t upon appli$ation of the pe!son in .hose fa(o! the o!e! .as issue. The
$ou!t shall ensu!e immeiate pe!sonal se!(i$e of the 77O on !esponent.
The $ou!t shall not eny the issuan$e of p!ote$tion o!e! on the "asis of the lapse of time "et.een the a$t
of (iolen$e an the filin% of the appli$ation.
&e%a!less of the $on(i$tion o! a$Buittal of the !esponent, the Cou!t must ete!mine .hethe! o! not the
77O shall "e$ome final. E(en in a ismissal, a 77O shall "e %!ante as lon% as the!e is no $lea! sho.in%
that the a$t f!om .hi$h the o!e! mi%ht a!ise i not e3ist.
Se$. 1,. Noti$e of San$tion in 7!ote$tion O!e!s. D The follo.in% statement must "e p!inte in "ol)fa$e
type o! in $apital lette!s on the p!ote$tion o!e! issue "y the 7unon% :a!an%ay o! $ou!t:
A;IO1#TION O4 T'IS O&0E& IS 7=NIS'#:1E :G 1#>.A
Se$. 1+. Fanato!y 7e!io 4o! #$tin% on #ppli$ations 4o! 7!ote$tion O!e!s D 4ailu!e to a$t on an
appli$ation fo! a p!ote$tion o!e! .ithin the !e%lementa!y pe!io spe$ifie in the p!e(ious Se$. .ithout
2ustifia"le $ause shall !ene! the offi$ial o! 2u%e aminist!ati(ely lia"le.
Se$. 16. 1e%al Sepa!ation Cases. D In $ases of le%al sepa!ation, .he!e (iolen$e as spe$ifie in this #$t is
alle%e, #!ti$le 5+ of the 4amily Coe shall not apply. The $ou!t shall p!o$ee on the main $ase an othe!
in$ients of the $ase as soon as possi"le. The hea!in% on any appli$ation fo! a p!ote$tion o!e! file "y the
petitione! must "e $onu$te .ithin the manato!y pe!io spe$ifie in this #$t.
Se$. 20. 7!io!ity of #ppli$ation fo! a 7!ote$tion O!e!. D E3 pa!te an a(e!sa!ial hea!in%s to ete!mine the
"asis of appli$ations fo! a p!ote$tion o!e! une! this #$t shall ha(e p!io!ity o(e! all othe! p!o$eein%s.
:a!an%ay offi$ials an the $ou!ts shall s$heule an $onu$t hea!in%s on appli$ations fo! a p!ote$tion
o!e! une! this #$t a"o(e all othe! "usiness an, if ne$essa!y, suspen othe! p!o$eein%s in o!e! to
hea! appli$ations fo! a p!ote$tion o!e!.
Se$. 21. ;iolation of 7!ote$tion O!e!s. D # $omplaint fo! a (iolation of a :7O issue une! this #$t must
"e file i!e$tly .ith any muni$ipal t!ial $ou!t, met!opolitan t!ial $ou!t, o! muni$ipal $i!$uit t!ial $ou!t that has
te!!ito!ial 2u!isi$tion o(e! the "a!an%ay that issue the :7O. ;iolation of a :7O shall "e punisha"le "y
imp!isonment of thi!ty *90- ays .ithout p!e2ui$e to any othe! $!iminal o! $i(il a$tion that the offene
pa!ty may file fo! any of the a$ts $ommitte.
# 2u%ement of (iolation of a :7O ma "e appeale a$$o!in% to the &ules of Cou!t. 0u!in% t!ial an upon
2u%ment, the t!ial $ou!t may motu p!op!io issue a p!ote$tion o!e! as it eems ne$essa!y .ithout nee of
an appli$ation.
;iolation of any p!o(ision of a T7O o! 77O issue une! this #$t shall $onstitute $ontempt of $ou!t
punisha"le une! &ule ,1 of the &ules of Cou!t, .ithout p!e2ui$e to any othe! $!iminal o! $i(il a$tion that
the offene pa!ty may file fo! any of the a$ts $ommitte.
Se$. 22. #ppli$a"ility of 7!ote$tion O!e!s to C!iminal Cases. D The fo!e%oin% p!o(isions on p!ote$tion
o!e!s shall "e appli$a"le in impliely institute .ith the $!iminal a$tions in(ol(in% (iolen$e a%ainst .omen
an thei! $hil!en.
Se$. 29. :on to Eeep the 7ea$e. D The Cou!t may o!e! any pe!son a%ainst .hom a p!ote$tion o!e! is
issue to %i(e a "on to /eep the pea$e, to p!esent t.o suffi$ient su!eties .ho shall une!ta/e that su$h
pe!son .ill not $ommit the (iolen$e sou%ht to "e p!e(ente.
Shoul the !esponent fail to %i(e the "on as !eBui!e, he shall "e etaine fo! a pe!io .hi$h shall in no
$ase e3$ee si3 *6- months, if he shall ha(e "een p!ose$ute fo! a$ts punisha"le une! Se$. 5*a- to 5*f-
an not e3$eein% thi!ty *90- ays, if fo! a$ts punisha"le une! Se$. 5*%- to 5*i-.
The p!ote$tion o!e!s !efe!!e to in this Se$. a!e the T7Os an the 77Os issue only "y the $ou!ts.
Se$. 24. 7!es$!ipti(e 7e!io. D #$ts fallin% une! Se$.s 5*a- to 5*f- shall p!es$!i"e in t.enty *20- yea!s.
#$ts fallin% une! Se$.s 5*%- to 5*i- shall p!es$!i"e in ten *10- yea!s.
Se$. 25. 7u"li$ C!ime. D ;iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en shall "e $onsie!e a pu"li$ offense
.hi$h may "e p!ose$ute upon the filin% of a $omplaint "y any $iti<en ha(in% pe!sonal /no.le%e of the
$i!$umstan$es in(ol(in% the $ommission of the $!ime.
Se$. 26. :atte!e >oman Syn!ome as a 0efense. D ;i$tim)su!(i(o!s .ho a!e foun "y the $ou!ts to "e
suffe!in% f!om "atte!e .oman syn!ome o not in$u! any $!iminal an $i(il lia"ility not.ithstanin% the
a"sen$e of any of the elements fo! 2ustifyin% $i!$umstan$es of self)efense une! the &e(ise 7enal
Coe.
In the ete!mination of the state of min of the .oman .ho .as suffe!in% f!om "atte!e .oman syn!ome
at the time of the $ommission of the $!ime, the $ou!ts shall "e assiste "y e3pe!t psy$hiat!ists@
psy$holo%ists.
Se$. 2,. 7!ohi"ite 0efense. D :ein% une! the influen$e of al$ohol, any illi$it !u%, o! any othe! min)
alte!in% su"stan$e shall not "e a efense une! this #$t.
Se$. 2+. Custoy of $hil!en. D The .oman (i$tim of (iolen$e shall "e entitle to the $ustoy an suppo!t
of he! $hil@$hil!en. Chil!en "elo. se(en *,- yea!s ol ole! "ut .ith mental o! physi$al isa"ilities shall
automati$ally "e %i(en to the mothe!, .ith !i%ht to suppo!t, unless the $ou!t fins $ompellin% !easons to
o!e! othe!.ise.
# (i$tim .ho is suffe!in% f!om "atte!e .oman syn!ome shall not "e isBualifie f!om ha(in% $ustoy of
he! $hil!en. In no $ase shall $ustoy of mino! $hil!en "e %i(en to the pe!pet!ato! of a .oman .ho is
suffe!in% f!om :atte!e .oman syn!ome.
Se$. 26. 0uties of 7!ose$uto!s@Cou!t 7e!sonnel. D 7!ose$uto!s an $ou!t pe!sonnel shoul o"se!(e the
follo.in% uties .hen ealin% .ith (i$tims une! this #$t:
a- $ommuni$ate .ith the (i$tim in a lan%ua%e une!stoo "y the .oman o! he! $hil8 an
"- info!m the (i$tim of he!@his !i%hts in$luin% le%al !emeies a(aila"le an p!o$eu!e, an p!i(ile%es fo!
ini%ent liti%ants.
Se$. 90. 0uties of :a!an%ay Offi$ials an 1a. Enfo!$e!s. D :a!an%ay offi$ials an la. enfo!$e!s shall ha(e
the follo.in% uties:
*a- !espon immeiately to a $all fo! help o! !eBuest fo! assistan$e o! p!ote$tion of the (i$tim "y ente!in%
the ne$essa!y .hethe! o! not a p!ote$tion o!e! has "een issue an ensu!e the safety of the (i$tim@s8
*"- $onfis$ate any ealy .eapon in the possession of the pe!pet!ato! o! .ithin plain (ie.8
*$- t!anspo!t o! es$o!t the (i$tim@s to a safe pla$e of thei! $hoi$e o! to a $lini$ o! hospital8
*- assist the (i$tim in !emo(in% pe!sonal "elon%s f!om the house8
*e- assist the "a!an%ay offi$ials an othe! %o(e!nment offi$e!s an employees .ho !espon to a $all fo!
help8
*f- ensu!e the enfo!$ement of the 7!ote$tion O!e!s issue "y the 7unon% :a!an%y o! the $ou!ts8
*%- a!!est the suspe$te pe!pet!ato! .iithout a .a!!ant .hen any of the a$ts of (iolen$e efine "y this #$t
is o$$u!!in%, o! .hen he@she has pe!sonal /no.le%e that any a$t of a"use has 2ust "een $ommitte, an
the!e is imminent an%e! to the life o! lim" of the (i$tim as efine in this #$t8 an
*h- immeiately !epo!t the $all fo! assessment o! assistan$e of the 0S>0, so$ial >elfa!e 0epa!tment of
1C=s o! a$$!eite non)%o(e!nment o!%ani<ations *NCOs-.
#ny "a!an%ay offi$ial o! la. enfo!$e! .ho fails to !epo!t the in$ient shall "e lia"le fo! a fine not e3$eein%
Ten Thousan 7esos *710,000.00- o! .hene(e! appli$a"le $!iminal, $i(il o! aminist!ati(e lia"ility.
Se$. 91. 'ealth$a!e 7!o(ie! &esponse to #"use D #ny health$a!e p!o(ie!, in$luin%, "ut not limite to,
an attenin% physi$ian, nu!se, $lini$ian, "a!an%ay health .o!/e!, the!apist o! $ounselo! .ho suspe$ts
a"use o! has "een info!me "y the (i$tim of (iolen$e shall:
*a- p!ope!ly o$ument any of the (i$tim?s physi$al, emotional o! psy$holo%i$al in2u!ies8
*"- p!ope!ly !e$o! any of (i$tim?s suspi$ions, o"se!(ations an $i!$umstan$es of the e3amination o! (isit8
*$- automati$ally p!o(ie the (i$tim f!ee of $ha!%e a mei$al $e!tifi$ate $on$e!nin% the e3amination o! (isit8
*- safe%ua! the !e$o!s an ma/e them a(aila"le to the (i$tim upon !eBuest at a$tual $ost8 an
*e- p!o(ie the (i$tim immeiate an aeBuate noti$e of !i%hts an !emeies p!o(ie une! this #$t, an
se!(i$es a(aila"le to them.
Se$. 92. 0uties of Othe! Co(e!nment #%en$ies an 1C=s D Othe! %o(e!nment a%en$ies an 1C=s shall
esta"lish p!o%!ams su$h as, "ut not limite to, eu$ation an info!mation $ampai%n an semina!s o!
symposia on the natu!e, $auses, in$ien$e an $onseBuen$es of su$h (iolen$e pa!ti$ula!ly to.a!s
eu$atin% the pu"li$ on its so$ial impa$ts.
It shall "e the uty of the $on$e!ne %o(e!nment a%en$ies an 1C=?s to ensu!e the sustaine eu$ation
an t!ainin% of thei! offi$e!s an pe!sonnel on the p!e(ention of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en
une! the #$t.
Se$. 99. 7!ohi"ite #$ts. D # 7unon% :a!an%ay, :a!an%ay Ea%a.a o! the $ou!t hea!in% an appli$ation fo!
a p!ote$tion o!e! shall not o!e!, i!e$t, fo!$e o! in any .ay unuly influen$e he appli$ant fo! a p!ote$tion
o!e! to $omp!omise o! a"anon any of the !eliefs sou%ht in the appli$ation fo! p!ote$tion une! this #$t.
Se$. , of the 4amily Cou!ts #$t of 166, an Se$.s 410, 411, 412 an 419 of the 1o$al Co(e!nment Coe
of 1661 shall not apply in p!o$eein%s .he!e !elief is sou%ht une! this #$t.
4ailu!e to $omply .ith this Se$. shall !ene! the offi$ial o! 2u%e aminist!ati(ely lia"le.
Se$. 94. 7e!sons Inte!(enin% E3empt f!om 1ia"ility. D In e(e!y $ase of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei!
$hil!en as he!ein efine, any pe!son, p!i(ate ini(iual o! poli$e autho!ity o! "a!an%ay offi$ial .ho,
a$tin% in a$$o!an$e .ith la., !espons o! inte!(enes .ithout usin% (iolen$e o! !est!aint %!eate! than
ne$essa!y to ensu!e the safety of the (i$tim, shall not "e lia"le fo! any $!iminal, $i(il o! aminist!ati(e
lia"ility !esultin% the!ef!om.
Se$. 95. &i%hts of ;i$tims. D In aition to thei! !i%hts une! e3istin% la.s, (i$tims of (iolen$e a%ainst
.omen an thei! $hil!en shall ha(e the follo.in% !i%hts:
*a- to "e t!eate .ith !espe$t an i%nity8
*"- to a(ail of le%al assistan$e fo!m the 7#O of the 0epa!tment of Justi$e *0OJ- o! any pu"li$ le%al
assistan$e offi$e8
*$- To "e entitle to suppo!t se!(i$es fo!m the 0S>0 an 1C=s?
*- To "e entitle to all le%al !emeies an suppo!t as p!o(ie fo! une! the 4amily Coe8 an
*e- To "e info!me of thei! !i%hts an the se!(i$es a(aila"le to them in$luin% thei! !i%ht to apply fo! a
p!ote$tion o!e!.
Se$. 96. 0ama%es. D #ny (i$tim of (iolen$e une! this #$t shall "e entitle to a$tual, $ompensato!y, mo!al
an e3empla!y ama%es.
Se$. 9,. 'ol 0epa!tu!e O!e!. D The $ou!t shall e3peite the p!o$ess of issuan$e of a hol epa!tu!e
o!e! in $ases p!ose$ute une! this #$t.
Se$. 9+. E3emption f!om 7ayment of 0o$/et 4ee an Othe! E3penses. D If the (i$tim is an ini%ent o!
the!e is an immeiate ne$essity ue to imminent an%e! o! th!eat of an%e! to a$t on an appli$ation fo! a
p!ote$tion o!e!, the $ou!t shall a$$ept the appli$ation .ithout payment of the filin% fee an othe! fees an
of t!ans$!ipt of steno%!aphi$ notes.
Se$. 96. Inte!)#%en$y Coun$il on ;iolen$e #%ainst >omen an Thei! Chil!en *I#C);#>C-. In pu!suan$e
of the a"o(ementione poli$y, the!e is he!e"y esta"lishe an Inte!)#%en$y Coun$il on ;iolen$e #%ainst
>omen an thei! $hil!en, he!einafte! /no.n as the Coun$il, .hi$h shall "e $ompose of the follo.in%
a%en$ies:
*a- 0epa!tment of So$ial >elfa!e an 0e(elopment *0S>0-8
*"- National Commission on the &ole of 4ilipino >omen *NC&4>-8
*$- Ci(il Se!(i$e Commission *CSC-8
*- Commission on 'uman !i%hts *C'&-
*e- Coun$il fo! the >elfa!e of Chil!en *C>C-8
*f- 0epa!tment of Justi$e *0OJ-8
*%- 0epa!tment of the Inte!io! an 1o$al Co(e!nment *0I1C-8
*h- 7hilippine National 7oli$e *7N7-8
*i- 0epa!tment of 'ealth *0O'-8
*2- 0epa!tment of Eu$ation *0epE-8
*/- 0epa!tment of 1a"o! an Employment *0O1E-8 an
*l- National :u!eau of In(esti%ation *N:I-.
These a%en$ies a!e tas/e to fo!mulate p!o%!ams an p!o2e$ts to eliminate ;#> "ase on thei! manates
as .ell as e(elop $apa"ility p!o%!ams fo! thei! employees to "e$ome mo!e sensiti(e to the nees of thei!
$lients. The Coun$il .ill also se!(e as the monito!in% "oy as !e%a!s to ;#> initiati(es.
The Coun$il mem"e!s may esi%nate thei! uly autho!i<e !ep!esentati(e .ho shall ha(e a !an/ not lo.e!
than an assistant se$!eta!y o! its eBui(alent. These !ep!esentati(es shall atten Coun$il meetin%s in thei!
"ehalf, an shall !e$ei(e emoluments as may "e ete!mine "y the Coun$il in a$$o!an$e .ith e3istin%
"u%et an a$$ountin% !ules an !e%ulations.
Se$. 40. Fanato!y 7!o%!ams an Se!(i$es fo! ;i$tims. D The 0S>0, an 1C=?s shall p!o(ie the (i$tims
tempo!a!y shelte!s, p!o(ie $ounselin%, psy$ho)so$ial se!(i$es an @o!, !e$o(e!y, !eha"ilitation p!o%!ams
an li(elihoo assistan$e.
The 0O' shall p!o(ie mei$al assistan$e to (i$tims.
Se$. 41. Counselin% an T!eatment of Offene!s. D The 0S>0 shall p!o(ie !eha"ilitati(e $ounselin% an
t!eatment to pe!pet!ato!s to.a!s lea!nin% $onst!u$ti(e .ays of $opin% .ith an%e! an emotional out"u!sts
an !efo!min% thei! .ays. >hen ne$essa!y, the offene! shall "e o!e!e "y the Cou!t to su"mit to
psy$hiat!i$ t!eatment o! $onfinement.
Se$. 42. T!ainin% of 7e!sons In(ol(e in &esponin% to ;iolen$e #%ainst >omen an thei! Chil!en
Cases. D #ll a%en$ies in(ol(e in !esponin% to (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en $ases shall "e
!eBui!e to une!%o eu$ation an t!ainin% to a$Buaint them .ith:
a. the natu!e, e3ten an $auses of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en8
". the le%al !i%hts of, an !emeies a(aila"le to, (i$tims of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en8
$. the se!(i$es an fa$ilities a(aila"le to (i$tims o! su!(i(o!s8
. the le%al uties impose on poli$e offi$e!s to ma/e a!!est an to offe! p!ote$tion an assistan$e8 an
e. te$hniBues fo! hanlin% in$ients of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en that minimi<e the
li/elihoo of in2u!y to the offi$e! an p!omote the safety of the (i$tim o! su!(i(o!.
The 7N7, in $oo!ination .ith 1C=?s shall esta"lish an eu$ation an t!ainin% p!o%!am fo! poli$e offi$e!s
an "a!an%ay offi$ials to ena"le them to p!ope!ly hanle $ases of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei!
$hil!en.
Se$. 49. Entitle to 1ea(e. D ;i$tims une! this #$t shall "e entitle to ta/e a pai lea(e of a"sen$e up to
ten *10- ays in aition to othe! pai lea(es une! the 1a"o! Coe an Ci(il Se!(i$e &ules an
&e%ulations, e3teni"le .hen the ne$essity a!ises as spe$ifie in the p!ote$tion o!e!.
#ny employe! .ho shall p!e2ui$e the !i%ht of the pe!son une! this Se$. shall "e penali<e in a$$o!an$e
.ith the p!o(isions of the 1a"o! Coe an Ci(il Se!(i$e &ules an &e%ulations. 1i/e.ise, an employe!
.ho shall p!e2ui$e any pe!son fo! assistin% a $o)employee .ho is a (i$tim une! this #$t shall li/e.ise "e
lia"le fo! is$!imination.
Se$. 44. Confientiality. D #ll !e$o!s pe!tainin% to $ases of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en
in$luin% those in the "a!an%ay shall "e $onfiential an all pu"li$ offi$e!s an employees an pu"li$ o!
p!i(ate $lini$s to hospitals shall !espe$t the !i%ht to p!i(a$y of the (i$tim. >hoe(e! pu"lishes o! $auses to
"e pu"lishe, in any fo!mat, the name, a!ess, telephone num"e!, s$hool, "usiness a!ess, employe!,
o! othe! ientifyin% info!mation of a (i$tim o! an immeiate family mem"e!, .ithout the latte!?s $onsent,
shall "e lia"le to the $ontempt po.e! of the $ou!t.
#ny pe!son .ho (iolates this p!o(ision shall suffe! the penalty of one *1- yea! imp!isonment an a fine of
not mo!e than 4i(e 'un!e Thousan pesos *7500,000.00-.
Se$. 45. 4unin% D The amount ne$essa!y to implement the p!o(isions of this #$t shall "e in$lue in the
annual Cene!al #pp!op!iations #$t *C##-.
The Cene! an 0e(elopment *C#0- :u%et of the manate a%en$ies an 1C=?s shall "e use to
implement se!(i$es fo! (i$tim of (iolen$e a%ainst .omen an thei! $hil!en.
Se$. 46. Implementin% &ules an &e%ulations. D >ithin si3 *6- months f!om the app!o(al of this #$t, the
0OJ, the NC&4>, the 0S>0, the 0I1C, the 0O', an the 7N7, an th!ee *9- !ep!esentati(es f!om NCOs
to "e ientifie "y the NC&4>, shall p!omul%ate the Implementin% &ules an &e%ulations *I&&- of this
#$t.
Se$. 4,. Suppleto!y #ppli$ation D 4o! pu!poses of this #$t, the &e(ise 7enal Coe an othe! appli$a"le
la.s, shall ha(e suppleto!y appli$ation.
Se$. 4+. Sepa!a"ility Clause. D If any Se$. o! p!o(ision of this #$t is hel un$onstitutional o! in(ali, the
othe! Se$.s o! p!o(isions shall not "e affe$te.
Se$. 46. &epealin% Clause D #ll la.s, 7!esiential e$!ees, e3e$uti(e o!e!s an !ules an !e%ulations, o!
pa!ts the!eof, in$onsistent .ith the p!o(isions of this #$t a!e he!e"y !epeale o! moifie a$$o!in%ly.
Se$. 50. Effe$ti(ity D This #$t shall ta/e effe$t fifteen *15- ays f!om the ate of its $omplete pu"li$ation in
at least t.o *2- ne.spape!s of %ene!al $i!$ulation.
Approved: Fa!$h 0+, 2004
PRESIDENTIA DECREE No. '(66 )*+e,-e- b. RA (#94/
CODIF!ING THE A%S ON IEGA0"NA%F" POSSESSION& MAN"FACT"RE& DEAING IN&
AC1"ISITION OR DISPOSITION& OF FIREARMS& AMM"NITION OR E2POSI$ES OR
INSTR"MENTS "SED IN THE MAN"FACT"RE OF FIREARMS& AMM"NITION OR E2POSI$ES&
AND IMPOSING STIFFER PENATIES FOR CERTAIN $IOATIONS THEREOF AND FOR
REE$ANT P"RPOSES
>'E&E#S, the!e has "een an upsu!%e of $!imes (itally affe$tin% pu"li$ o!e! an safety ue to the
p!olife!ation of ille%ally possesse an manufa$tu!e fi!ea!ms, ammunition an e3plosi(es8
>'E&E#S, these $!iminal a$ts ha(e !esulte in loss of human li(es, ama%e to p!ope!ty an
est!u$tion of (alua"le !esou!$es of the $ount!y8
>'E&E#S, the!e a!e (a!ious la.s an p!esiential e$!ees .hi$h penali<e ille%al possession an
manufa$tu!e of fi!ea!ms, ammunition an e3plosi(es8
>'E&E#S, the!e is a nee to $onsoliate, $oify an inte%!ate sai la.s an p!esiential e$!ees to
ha!moni<e thei! p!o(isions8
>'E&E#S, the!e a!e some p!o(isions in sai la.s an p!esiential e$!ees .hi$h must "e upate
an !e(ise in o!e! to mo!e effe$ti(ely ete! (iolato!s of the la. on fi!ea!ms, ammunition an
e3plosi(es.
NO>, T'E&E4O&E, I, 4E&0IN#N0 E. F#&COS, 7!esient of the 7hilippines, "y (i!tue of the
po.e!s in me (este "y the Constitution, o he!e"y e$!ee:+awphi+,
Sectio, '. -nlawful .anufacture, Sale, Ac/uisition, *isposition or Possession of 0irearms or
Ammunition or 1nstruments -sed or 1ntended to be -sed in the .anufacture of 0irearms of
Ammunition' ) The penalty of !e$lusion tempo!al in its ma3imum pe!io to !e$lusion pe!petua shall "e
impose upon any pe!son .ho shall unla.fully manufa$tu!e, eal in, a$Bui!e, ispose, o! possess any
fi!ea!m, pa!t of fi!ea!m, ammunition o! ma$hine!y, tool o! inst!ument use o! intene to "e use in
the manufa$tu!e of any fi!ea!m o! ammunition.
If homi$ie o! mu!e! is $ommitte .ith the use of an unli$ense fi!ea!m, the penalty of eath shall "e
impose.
If the (iolation of this Se$tion is in fu!the!an$e of, o! in$ient to, o! in $onne$tion .ith the $!imes of
!e"ellion, insu!!e$tion o! su"(e!sion, the penalty of eath shall "e impose.
The penalty of !e$lusion tempo!al in its ma3imum pe!io to !e$lusion pe!petua shall "e impose upon
the o.ne!, p!esient, mana%e!, i!e$to! o! othe! !esponsi"le offi$e! of any pu"li$ o! p!i(ate fi!m,
$ompany, $o!po!ation o! entity, .ho shall .illfully o! /no.in%ly allo. any of the fi!ea!ms o.ne "y
su$h fi!m, $ompany, $o!po!ation o! entity to "e use "y any pe!son o! pe!sons foun %uilty of (iolatin%
the p!o(isions of the p!e$ein% pa!a%!aphs.
The penalty of p!ision mayo! shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall $a!!y any li$ense fi!ea!m
outsie his !esien$e .ithout le%al autho!ity the!efo!.
Sectio, #. Presumption of 1llegal .anufacture of 0irearms or Ammunition' ) The possession of any
ma$hine!y, tool o! inst!ument use i!e$tly in the manufa$tu!e of fi!ea!ms o! ammunition, "y any
pe!son .hose "usiness o! employment oes not la.fully eal .ith the manufa$tu!e of fi!ea!ms o!
ammunition, shall "e p!ima fa$ie e(ien$e that su$h a!ti$le is intene to "e use in the
unla.ful@ille%al manufa$tu!e of fi!ea!ms o! ammunition.
Sectio, 3. -nlawful .anufacture, Sales, Ac/uisition, *isposition or Possession of )(plosives' ) The
penalty of !e$lusion tempo!al in its ma3imum pe!io to !e$lusion pe!petua shall "e impose upon any
pe!son .ho shall unla.fully manufa$tu!e, assem"le, eal in, a$Bui!e, ispose o! possess
han%!enae*s-, !ifle %!enae*s- an othe! e3plosi(es, in$luin% "ut not limite to Aphil"o3 "om"sA,
Amoloto( $o$/tail "om"A, Afi!e)"om"sA, o! othe! in$enia!y e(i$es $apa"le of p!ou$in% est!u$ti(e
effe$t on $onti%uous o"2e$ts o! $ausin% in2u!y o! eath to any pe!son.+awphi+,1#C
#ny pe!son .ho $ommits any of the $!imes efine in the &e(ise 7enal Coe o! spe$ial la.s .ith
the use of the afo!ementione e3plosi(es, etonation a%ents o! in$enia!y e(i$es, .hi$h !esults in
the eath of any pe!son o! pe!sons shall "e punishe .ith the penalty of eath.
If the (iolation of this Se$tion is in fu!the!an$e of, o! in$ient to, o! in $onne$tion .ith the $!imes of
!e"ellion, insu!!e$tion o! su"(e!sion, the penalty of eath shall "e impose.
The penalty of !e$lusion tempo!al in its ma3imum pe!io to !e$lusion pe!petua shall "e impose upon
the o.ne!, p!esient, mana%e!, i!e$to! o! othe! !esponsi"le offi$e! of any pu"li$ o! p!i(ate fi!m,
$ompany, $o!po!ation o! entity, .ho shall .illfully o! /no.in%ly allo. any of the e3plosi(es o.ne "y
su$h fi!m, $ompany, $o!po!ation o! entity to "e use "y any pe!son o! pe!sons foun %uilty of (iolatin%
the p!o(isions of the p!e$ein% pa!a%!aphs.
Sectio, 4. Presumption of -nlawful .anufacture' ) The possession of any ma$hine!y, tool o!
inst!ument i!e$tly use in the manufa$tu!e of e3plosi(es, "y any pe!son .hose "usiness o!
employment oes not la.fully eal .ith the manufa$tu!e of e3plosi(es shall "e p!ima fa$ie e(ien$e
that su$h a!ti$le is intene to "e use in the unla.ful@ille%al manufa$tu!e of e3plosi(es.
Sectio, 3. #ampering of 0irearm2s Serial 3umber' ) The penalty of p!ision mayo! shall "e impose
upon any pe!son .ho shall unla.fully tampe!, $han%e, efa$e o! e!ase the se!ial num"e! of any
fi!ea!m.
Sectio, 6. Repac4ing or Altering the Composition of 5awfully .anufactured )(plosives' ) The penalty
of p!ision mayo! shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall unla.fully !epa$/, alte! o! moify the
$omposition of any la.fully manufa$tu!e e3plosi(es.
Sectio, 4. -nauthori6ed 1ssuance of Authority to Carry 0irearm and7or Ammunition 8utside of
Residence' ) The penalty of p!ision $o!!e$$ional shall "e impose upon any pe!son, $i(ilian o! milita!y,
.ho shall issue autho!ity to $a!!y fi!ea!m an@o! ammunition outsie of !esien$e, .ithout autho!ity
the!efo!.
Sectio, (. Rules and Regulations' ) The Chief of the 7hilippine Consta"ula!y shall p!omul%ate the
!ules an !e%ulations fo! the effe$ti(e implementation of this 0e$!ee.
Sectio, 9. Repealing Clause' ) The p!o(isions of &epu"li$ #$t No. 4, 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 6,
7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 1,2+ an all la.s, e$!ees, o!e!s, inst!u$tions, !ules an !e%ulations .hi$h
a!e in$onsistent .ith this 0e$!ee a!e he!e"y !epeale, amene o! moifie a$$o!in%ly.
Sectio, '5. )ffectivity' ) This 0e$!ee shall ta/e effe$t afte! fifteen *15- ays follo.in% the $ompletion
of its pu"li$ation in the Offi$ial Ca<ette.
0one in the City of Fanila, this 26th ay of June, in the yea! of Ou! 1o!, nineteen hun!e an
ei%hty)th!ee.
REP"BIC ACT NO. (#94
AN ACT AMENDING THE PRO$ISIONS OF PRESIDENTIA DECREE NO. '(66& AS AMENDED&
ENTITED 6CODIF!ING THE A%S ON IEGA0"NA%F" POSSESSION& MAN"FACT"RE&
DEAING IN& AC1"ISITION OR DISPOSITION OF FIREARMS& AMM"NITION OR E2POSI$ES OR
INSTR"MENTS "SED IN THE MAN"FACT"RE OF FIREARMS& AMM"NITION OR E2POSI$ES&
AND IMPOSING STIFFER PENATIES FOR CERTAIN $IOATIONS THEREOF& AND FOR REE$ANT
P"RPOSES6
SECTION 1. Se$tion 1 of 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 1+66, as amene, is he!e"y fu!the! amene to
!ea as follo.s:
ASECTION 1. =nla.ful Fanufa$tu!e, Sale, #$Buisition, 0isposition o! 7ossession of 4i!ea!ms o!
#mmunition o! Inst!uments =se o! Intene to "e =se in the Fanufa$tu!e of 4i!ea!ms o! #mmunition.
H The penalty of p!ision $o!!e$$ional in its ma3imum pe!io an a fine of not less than 4ifteen thousan
pesos *715,000- shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall unla.fully manufa$tu!e, eal in, a$Bui!e,
ispose, o! possess any lo. po.e!e fi!ea!m, su$h as !imfi!e han%un, .9+0 o! .92 an othe! fi!ea!m of
simila! fi!epo.e!, pa!t of fi!ea!m, ammunition, o! ma$hine!y, tool o! inst!ument use o! intene to "e
use in the manufa$tu!e of any fi!ea!m o! ammunition: 7!o(ie, That no othe! $!ime .as $ommitte.
AThe penalty of p!ision mayo! in its minimum pe!io an a fine of Thi!ty thousan pesos *790,000- shall
"e impose if the fi!ea!m is $lassifie as hi%h po.e!e fi!ea!m .hi$h in$lues those .ith "o!es "i%%e! in
iamete! than .9+ $ali"e! an 6 millimete! su$h as $ali"e! .40, .41, .44, .45 an also lesse! $ali"e!e
fi!ea!ms "ut $onsie!e po.e!ful su$h as $ali"e! .95, an $ali"e! .22 $ente!)fi!e ma%num an othe!
fi!ea!ms .ith fi!in% $apa"ility of full automati$ an "y "u!st of t.o o! th!ee: 7!o(ie, ho.e(e!, That no
othe! $!ime .as $ommitte "y the pe!son a!!este.
AIf homi$ie o! mu!e! is $ommitte .ith the use of an unli$ense fi!ea!m, su$h use of an unli$ense
fi!ea!m shall "e $onsie!e as an a%%!a(atin% $i!$umstan$e.
AIf the (iolation of this Se$tion is in fu!the!an$e of o! in$ient to, o! in $onne$tion .ith the $!ime of
!e"ellion o! insu!!e$tion, seition, o! attempte $oup ?Itat, su$h (iolation shall "e a"so!"e as an
element of the $!ime of !e"ellion, o! insu!!e$tion, seition, o! attempte $oup ?Itat.
AThe same penalty shall "e impose upon the o.ne!, p!esient, mana%e!, i!e$to! o! othe! !esponsi"le
offi$e! of any pu"li$ o! p!i(ate fi!m, $ompany, $o!po!ation o! entity, .ho shall .illfully o! /no.in%ly allo.
any of the fi!ea!ms o.ne "y su$h fi!m, $ompany, $o!po!ation o! entity to "e use "y any pe!son o!
pe!sons foun %uilty of (iolatin% the p!o(isions of the p!e$ein% pa!a%!aphs o! .illfully o! /no.in%ly allo.
any of them to use unli$ense fi!ea!ms o! fi!ea!ms .ithout any le%al autho!ity to "e $a!!ie outsie of thei!
!esien$e in the $ou!se of thei! employment.
AThe penalty of a!!esto mayo! shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall $a!!y any li$ense fi!ea!m
outsie his !esien$e .ithout le%al autho!ity the!efo!.A
SECTION 2. Se$tion 9 of 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 1+66, as amene, is he!e"y fu!the! amene to
!ea as follo.s:
ASECTION 9. =nla.ful Fanufa$tu!e, Sale, #$Buisition, 0isposition o! 7ossession of E3plosi(es. H The
penalty of p!ision mayo! in its ma3imum pe!io to !e$lusion tempo!al an a fine of not less than 4ifty
thousan pesos *750,000- shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall unla.fully manufa$tu!e,
assem"le, eal in, a$Bui!e, ispose o! possess han %!enae*s-, !ifle %!enae*s-, an othe! e3plosi(es,
in$luin% "ut not limite to ?pill"o3,? ?moloto( $o$/tail "om"s,? ?fi!e "om"s,? o! othe! in$enia!y e(i$es
$apa"le of p!ou$in% est!u$ti(e effe$t on $onti%uous o"2e$ts o! $ausin% in2u!y o! eath to any pe!son.
$tai
A>hen a pe!son $ommits any of the $!imes efine in the &e(ise 7enal Coe o! spe$ial la.s .ith the
use of the afo!ementione e3plosi(es, etonation a%ents o! in$enia!y e(i$es, .hi$h !esults in the eath
of any pe!son o! pe!sons, the use of su$h e3plosi(es, etonation a%ents o! in$enia!y e(i$es shall "e
$onsie!e as an a%%!a(atin% $i!$umstan$e.
AIf the (iolation of this Se$tion is in fu!the!an$e of, o! in$ient to, o! in $onne$tion .ith the $!ime of
!e"ellion, insu!!e$tion, seition o! attempte $oup ?Itat, su$h (iolation shall "e a"so!"e as an element
of the $!imes of !e"ellion, insu!!e$tion, seition o! attempte $oup ?Itat.
AThe same penalty shall "e impose upon the o.ne!, p!esient, mana%e!, i!e$to! o! othe! !esponsi"le
offi$e! of any pu"li$ o! p!i(ate fi!m, $ompany, $o!po!ation o! entity, .ho shall .illfully o! /no.in%ly allo.
any of the e3plosi(es o.ne "y su$h fi!m, $ompany, $o!po!ation o! entity, to "e use "y any pe!son o!
pe!sons foun %uilty of (iolatin% the p!o(isions of the p!e$ein% pa!a%!aphs.A
SECTION 9. Se$tion 5 of 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 1+66, as amene, is he!e"y fu!the! amene to
!ea as follo.s:
ASECTION 5. Tampe!in% of 4i!ea!m?s Se!ial Num"e!. H The penalty of p!ision $o!!e$$ional shall "e
impose upon any pe!son .ho shall unla.fully tampe!, $han%e, efa$e o! e!ase the se!ial num"e! of any
fi!ea!m.A
SECTION 4. Se$tion 6 of 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 1+66, as amene, is he!e"y fu!the! amene to
!ea as follo.s:
ASECTION 6. &epa$/in% o! #lte!in% the Composition of 1a.fully Fanufa$tu!e E3plosi(es. H The
penalty of p!ision $o!!e$$ional shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall unla.fully !epa$/, alte! o!
moify the $omposition of any la.fully manufa$tu!e e3plosi(es.A
SECTION 5. Co(e!a%e of the Te!m =nli$ense 4i!ea!m. H The te!m unli$ense fi!ea!m shall in$lue:
1- fi!ea!ms .ith e3pi!e li$ense8 o!
2- unautho!i<e use of li$ense fi!ea!m in the $ommission of the $!ime.
SECTION 6. &ules an &e%ulations. H The 0epa!tment of Justi$e an the 0epa!tment of the Inte!io!
an 1o$al Co(e!nment shall 2ointly issue, .ithin ninety *60- ays afte! the app!o(al of this #$t, the
ne$essa!y !ules an !e%ulations pe!tainin% to the aminist!ati(e aspe$t of the p!o(isions he!eof, fu!nishin%
the Committee on 7u"li$ O!e! an Se$u!ity an the Committee on Justi$e an 'uman &i%hts of "oth
'ouses of Con%!ess $opies of su$h !ules an !e%ulations .ithin thi!ty *90- ays f!om the p!omul%ation
he!eof.
SECTION ,. Sepa!a"ility Clause. H If, fo! any !eason, any se$tion o! p!o(ision of this #$t is e$la!e
to "e un$onstitutional o! in(ali, the othe! se$tions o! p!o(isions the!eof .hi$h a!e not affe$te the!e"y
shall $ontinue to "e in full fo!$e an effe$t.
SECTION +. &epealin% Clause. H #ll la.s, e$!ees, o!e!s, !ules an !e%ulations o! pa!ts the!eof
in$onsistent .ith the p!o(isions of this #$t a!e he!e"y !epeale, amene, o! moifie a$$o!in%ly.
SECTION 6. Effe$ti(ity. H This #$t shall ta/e effe$t afte! fifteen *15- ays follo.in% its pu"li$ation in
the Offi$ial Ca<ette o! in t.o *2- ne.spape!s of %ene!al $i!$ulation.
PRESIDENTIA DECREE No. '(#9
PENAI7ING OBSTR"CTION OF APPREHENSION AND PROSEC"TION OF CRIMINA
OFFENDERS
>'E&E#S, $!ime an (iolen$e $ontinue to p!olife!ate espite the sustaine (i%o!ous effo!ts of the
%o(e!nment to effe$ti(ely $ontain them8
>'E&E#S, to is$ou!a%e pu"li$ iniffe!en$e o! apathy to.a!s the app!ehension an p!ose$ution of
$!iminal offene!s, it is ne$essa!y to penali<e a$ts .hi$h o"st!u$t o! f!ust!ate o! ten to o"st!u$t o!
f!ust!ate the su$$essful app!ehension an p!ose$ution of $!iminal offene!s8
NO>, T'E&E4O&E, I, 4E&0IN#N0, E. F#&COS, 7!esient of the 7hilippines, "y (i!tue of the po.e!s
(este in me "y la. o he!e"y e$!ee an o!e! the follo.in%:
Sectio, '. The penalty of p!ision $o!!e$$ional in its ma3imum pe!io, o! a fine !an%in% f!om 1,000 to
6,000 pesos, o! "oth, shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho /no.in%ly o! .illfully o"st!u$ts, impees,
f!ust!ates o! elays the app!ehension of suspe$ts an the in(esti%ation an p!ose$ution of $!iminal $ases
"y $ommittin% any of the follo.in% a$ts:
*a- p!e(entin% .itnesses f!om testifyin% in any $!iminal p!o$eein% o! f!om !epo!tin% the
$ommission of any offense o! the ientity of any offene!@s "y means of "!i"e!y,
mis!ep!esentation, e$eit, intimiation, fo!$e o! th!eats8
*"- alte!in%, est!oyin%, supp!essin% o! $on$ealin% any pape!, !e$o!, o$ument, o! o"2e$t, .ith
intent to impai! its (e!ity, authenti$ity, le%i"ility, a(aila"ility, o! amissi"ility as e(ien$e in any
in(esti%ation of o! offi$ial p!o$eein%s in, $!iminal $ases, o! to "e use in the in(esti%ation of, o!
offi$ial p!o$eein%s in, $!iminal $ases8
*$- ha!"o!in% o! $on$ealin%, o! fa$ilitatin% the es$ape of, any pe!son he /no.s, o! has
!easona"le %!oun to "elie(e o! suspe$t, has $ommitte any offense une! e3istin% penal la.s in
o!e! to p!e(ent his a!!est p!ose$ution an $on(i$tion8
*- pu"li$ly usin% a fi$titious name fo! the pu!pose of $on$ealin% a $!ime, e(ain% p!ose$ution o!
the e3e$ution of a 2u%ment, o! $on$ealin% his t!ue name an othe! pe!sonal $i!$umstan$es fo!
the same pu!pose o! pu!poses8
*e- elayin% the p!ose$ution of $!iminal $ases "y o"st!u$tin% the se!(i$e of p!o$ess o! $ou!t
o!e!s o! istu!"in% p!o$eein%s in the fis$al?s offi$es, in Tano"ayan, o! in the $ou!ts8
*f- ma/in%, p!esentin% o! usin% any !e$o!, o$ument, pape! o! o"2e$t .ith /no.le%e of its
falsity an .ith intent to affe$t the $ou!se o! out$ome of the in(esti%ation of, o! offi$ial
p!o$eein%s in, $!iminal $ases8
*%- soli$itin%, a$$eptin%, o! a%!eein% to a$$ept any "enefit in $onsie!ation of a"stainin% f!om,
is$ountin%, o! impein% the p!ose$ution of a $!iminal offene!8
*h- th!eatenin% i!e$tly o! ini!e$tly anothe! .ith the infli$tion of any .!on% upon his pe!son,
hono! o! p!ope!ty o! that of any immeiate mem"e! o! mem"e!s of his family in o!e! to p!e(ent
su$h pe!son f!om appea!in% in the in(esti%ation of, o! offi$ial p!o$eein%s in, $!iminal $ases, o!
imposin% a $onition, .hethe! la.ful o! unla.ful, in o!e! to p!e(ent a pe!son f!om appea!in% in
the in(esti%ation of o! in offi$ial p!o$eein%s in, $!iminal $ases8
*i- %i(in% of false o! fa"!i$ate info!mation to mislea o! p!e(ent the la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies
f!om app!ehenin% the offene! o! f!om p!ote$tin% the life o! p!ope!ty of the (i$tim8 o! fa"!i$atin%
info!mation f!om the ata %athe!e in $onfien$e "y in(esti%atin% autho!ities fo! pu!poses of
"a$/%!oun info!mation an not fo! pu"li$ation an pu"lishin% o! isseminatin% the same to
mislea the in(esti%ato! o! to the $ou!t.
If any of the a$ts mentione he!ein is penali<e "y any othe! la. .ith a hi%he! penalty, the hi%he! penalty
shall "e impose.
Sectio, #. If any of the fo!e%oin% a$ts is $ommitte "y a pu"li$ offi$ial o! employee, he shall in aition
to the penalties p!o(ie the!eune!, suffe! pe!petual isBualifi$ation f!om holin% pu"li$ offi$e.
Sectio, 3. This 0e$!ee shall ta/e effe$t immeiately.
ACT NO. 4'53
As Amended by Act No. 4225 and Republic Act No. 4203 [June 19, 1965
AN ACT TO PRO$IDE FOR AN INDETERMINATE SENTENCE AND PAROE FOR A PERSONS
CON$ICTED OF CERTAIN CRIMES B! THE CO"RTS OF THE PHIIPPINE ISANDS8 TO CREATE A
BOARD OF INDETERMINATE SENTENCE AND TO PRO$IDE F"NDS THEREFOR8 AND FOR OTHER
P"RPOSES.
Se$tion 1. 'e!eafte!, in imposin% a p!ison senten$e fo! an offense punishe "y the &e(ise 7enal Coe,
o! its amenments, the $ou!t shall senten$e the a$$use to an inete!minate senten$e the ma3imum te!m
of .hi$h shall "e that .hi$h, in (ie. of the attenin% $i!$umstan$es, $oul "e p!ope!ly impose une! the
!ules of the sai Coe, an the minimum .hi$h shall "e .ithin the !an%e of the penalty ne3t lo.e! to that
p!es$!i"e "y the Coe fo! the offense8 an if the offense is punishe "y any othe! la., the $ou!t shall
senten$e the a$$use to an inete!minate senten$e, the ma3imum te!m of .hi$h shall not e3$ee the
ma3imum fi3e "y sai la. an the minimum shall not "e less than the minimum te!m p!es$!i"e "y the
same.
Se$. 2. This #$t shall not apply to pe!sons $on(i$te of offenses punishe .ith eath penalty o! life)
imp!isonment8 to those $on(i$te of t!eason, $onspi!a$y o! p!oposal to $ommit t!eason8 to those $on(i$te
of misp!ision of t!eason, !e"ellion, seition o! espiona%e8 to those $on(i$te of pi!a$y8 to those .ho a!e
ha"itual elinBuents8 to those .ho ha(e es$ape f!om $onfinement o! e(ae senten$e8 to those .ho
ha(in% "een %!ante $onitional pa!on "y the Chief E3e$uti(e shall ha(e (iolate the te!ms the!eof8 to
those .hose ma3imum te!m of imp!isonment oes not e3$ee one yea!, not to those al!eay senten$e
"y final 2u%ment at the time of app!o(al of this #$t, e3$ept as p!o(ie in Se$tion 5 he!eof.
Se$. 9. The!e is he!e"y $!eate a :oa! of 7a!ons an 7a!ole to "e $ompose of the Se$!eta!y of
Justi$e .ho shall "e its Chai!man, an fou! mem"e!s to "e appointe "y the 7!esient, .ith the $onsent
of the Commission on #ppointments .ho shall hol offi$e fo! a te!m of si3 yea!s: 7!o(ie, That one
mem"e! of the "oa! shall "e a t!aine so$iolo%ist, one a $le!%yman o! eu$ato!, one psy$hiat!ist unless
a t!aine psy$hiat!ist "e employe "y the "oa!, an the othe! mem"e!s shall "e pe!sons Bualifie fo!
su$h .o!/ "y t!ainin% an e3pe!ien$e. #t least one mem"e! of the "oa! shall "e a .oman. Of the
mem"e!s of the p!esent "oa!, t.o shall "e esi%nate "y the 7!esient to $ontinue until 0e$em"e! thi!ty,
nineteen hun!e an si3ty)si3 an the othe! t.o shall $ontinue until 0e$em"e! thi!ty, nineteen hun!e
an si3ty)nine. In $ase of any (a$an$y in the mem"e!ship of the :oa!, a su$$esso! may "e appointe to
se!(e only fo! the une3pi!e po!tion of the te!m of the !espe$ti(e mem"e!s.
Se$. 4. The :oa! of 7a!ons an 7a!ole is autho!i<e to aopt su$h !ules an !e%ulations as may "e
ne$essa!y fo! $a!!yin% out its fun$tions an uties. The :oa! is empo.e!e to $all upon any "u!eau,
offi$e, "!an$h, su"i(ision, a%en$y o! inst!umentality of the Co(e!nment fo! su$h assistan$e as it may
nee in $onne$tion .ith the pe!fo!man$e of its fun$tions. # ma2o!ity of all the mem"e!s shall $onstitute a
Buo!um an a ma2o!ity (ote shall "e ne$essa!y to a!!i(e at a e$ision. #ny issent f!om the ma2o!ity
opinion shall "e !eu$e to .!itin% an file .ith the !e$o!s of the p!o$eein%s. Ea$h mem"e! of the
:oa!, in$luin% the Chai!man an the E3e$uti(e Offi$e!, shall "e entitle to !e$ei(e as $ompensation fifty
pesos fo! ea$h meetin% a$tually attene "y him, not.ithstanin% the p!o(isions of Se$tion t.o hun!e
an fifty)nine of the &e(ise #minist!ati(e Coe, an in aition the!eto, !eim"u!sement of a$tual an
ne$essa!y t!a(elin% e3penses in$u!!e in the pe!fo!man$e of uties: 7!o(ie, ho.e(e!, That the :oa!
meetin%s .ill not "e mo!e than th!ee times a .ee/.
Se$. 5. It shall "e the uty of the :oa! of Inete!minate Senten$e to loo/ into the physi$al, mental an
mo!al !e$o! of the p!isone!s .ho shall "e eli%i"le to pa!ole an to ete!mine the p!ope! time of !elease of
su$h p!isone!s. >hene(e! any p!isone! shall ha(e se!(e the minimum penalty impose on him, an it
shall appea! to the :oa! of Inete!minate Senten$e, f!om the !epo!ts of the p!isone!?s .o!/ an $onu$t
.hi$h may "e !e$ei(e in a$$o!an$e .ith the !ules an !e%ulations p!es$!i"e, an f!om the stuy an
in(esti%ation mae "y the :oa! itself, that su$h p!isone! is fitte "y his t!ainin% fo! !elease, that the!e is a
!easona"le p!o"a"ility that su$h p!isone! .ill li(e an !emain at li"e!ty .ithout (iolatin% the la., an that
su$h !elease .ill not "e in$ompati"le .ith the .elfa!e of so$iety, sai :oa! of Inete!minate Senten$e
may, in its is$!etion, an in a$$o!an$e .ith the !ules an !e%ulations aopte he!eune!, autho!i<e the
!elease of su$h p!isone! on pa!ole, upon su$h te!ms an $onitions as a!e he!ein p!es$!i"e an as may
"e p!es$!i"e "y the :oa!. The sai :oa! of Inete!minate Senten$e shall also e3amine the !e$o!s
an status of p!isone!s .ho shall ha(e "een $on(i$te of any offense othe! than those name in Se$tion
2 he!eof, an ha(e "een senten$e fo! mo!e than one yea! "y final 2u%ment p!io! to the ate on .hi$h
this #$t shall ta/e effe$t, an shall ma/e !e$ommenation in all su$h $ases to the Co(e!no!)Cene!al .ith
!e%a! to the pa!ole of su$h p!isone!s as they shall eem Bualifie fo! pa!ole as he!ein p!o(ie, afte!
they shall ha(e se!(e a pe!io of imp!isonment not less than the minimum pe!io fo! .hi$h they mi%ht
ha(e "een senten$e une! this #$t fo! the same offense.
Se$. 6. E(e!y p!isone! !elease f!om $onfinement on pa!ole "y (i!tue of this #$t shall, at su$h times an
in su$h manne! as may "e !eBui!e "y the $onitions of his pa!ole, as may "e esi%nate "y the sai
:oa! fo! su$h pu!pose, !epo!t pe!sonally to su$h %o(e!nment offi$ials o! othe! pa!ole offi$e!s he!eafte!
appointe "y the :oa! of Inete!minate Senten$e fo! a pe!io of su!(eillan$e eBui(alent to the !emainin%
po!tion of the ma3imum senten$e impose upon him o! until final !elease an is$ha!%e "y the :oa! of
Inete!minate Senten$e as he!ein p!o(ie. The offi$ials so esi%nate shall /eep su$h !e$o!s an
ma/e su$h !epo!ts an pe!fo!m su$h othe! uties he!eune! as may "e !eBui!e "y sai :oa!. The limits
of !esien$e of su$h pa!ole p!isone! u!in% his pa!ole may "e fi3e an f!om time to time $han%e "y
the sai :oa! in its is$!etion. If u!in% the pe!io of su!(eillan$e su$h pa!ole p!isone! shall sho.
himself to "e a la.)a"iin% $iti<en an shall not (iolate any of the la.s of the 7hilippine Islans, the :oa!
of Inete!minate Senten$e may issue a final $e!tifi$ate of !elease in his fa(o!, .hi$h shall entitle him to
final !elease an is$ha!%e.
Se$. ,. The :oa! shall file .ith the $ou!t .hi$h passe 2u%ment on the $ase, an .ith the Chief of
Consta"ula!y, a $e!tifie $opy of ea$h o!e! of $onitional o! final !elease an is$ha!%e issue in
a$$o!an$e .ith the p!o(isions of the ne3t p!e$ein% t.o se$tions.
Se$. +. >hene(e! any p!isone! !elease on pa!ole "y (i!tue of this #$t shall, u!in% the pe!io of
su!(eillan$e, (iolate any of the $onitions of his pa!ole, the :oa! of Inete!minate Senten$e may issue
an o!e! fo! his !e)a!!est .hi$h may "e se!(e in any pa!t of the 7hilippine Islans "y any poli$e offi$e!. In
su$h $ase the p!isone! so !e)a!!este shall se!(e the !emainin% une3pi!e po!tion of the ma3imum
senten$e fo! .hi$h he .as o!i%inally $ommitte to p!ison, unless the :oa! of Inete!minate Senten$e
shall, in its is$!etion, %!ant a ne. pa!ole to the sai p!isone!.
Se$. 6. Nothin% in this #$t shall "e $onst!ue to impai! o! inte!fe!e .ith the po.e!s of the Co(e!no!)
Cene!al as set fo!th in Se$tion 64*i- of the &e(ise #minist!ati(e Coe o! the #$t of Con%!ess app!o(e
#u%ust 26, 1616 entitle A#n #$t to e$la!e the pu!pose of the people of the =nite States as to the futu!e
politi$al status of the people of the 7hilippine Islans, an to p!o(ie a mo!e autonomous %o(e!nment fo!
those Islans.A
Se$. 10. >hene(e! any p!isone! shall "e !elease on pa!ole he!eune! he shall "e entitle to !e$ei(e the
"enefits p!o(ie in Se$tion 1,51 of the &e(ise #minist!ati(e Coe.
PRESIDENTIA DECREE No. 96( 9ul. #4& '946 [amended by !" 1990
ESTABISHING A PROBATION S!STEM& APPROPRIATING F"NDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER
P"RPOSES
>'E&E#S, one of the ma2o! %oals of the %o(e!nment is to esta"lish a mo!e enli%htene an humane
$o!!e$tional systems that .ill p!omote the !efo!mation of offene!s an the!e"y !eu$e the in$ien$e of
!e$ii(ism8
>'E&E#S, the $onfinement of all offene!s p!isons an othe! institutions .ith !eha"ilitation p!o%!ams
$onstitutes an one!ous !ain on the finan$ial !esou!$es of the $ount!y8 an
>'E&E#S, the!e is a nee to p!o(ie a less $ostly alte!nati(e to the imp!isonment of offene!s .ho a!e
li/ely to !espon to ini(iuali<e, $ommunity)"ase t!eatment p!o%!ams8
NO>, T'E&E4O&E, I, 4E&0IN#N0 E. F#&COS, 7!esient of the 7hilippines, "y (i!tue of the po.e!s
(este in me "y the Constitution, o he!e"y o!e! an e$!ee the follo.in%:
Sectio, '. #itle and Scope of the *ecree' This 0e$!ee shall "e /no.n as the 7!o"ation 1a. of 16,6. It
shall apply to all offene!s e3$ept those entitle to the "enefits une! the p!o(isions of 7!esiential
0e$!ee num"e!e Si3 'un!e an th!ee an simila! la.s.
Sectio, #. Purpose' This 0e$!ee shall "e inte!p!ete so as to:
*a- p!omote the $o!!e$tion an !eha"ilitation of an offene! "y p!o(iin% him .ith ini(iuali<e
t!eatment8
*"- p!o(ie an oppo!tunity fo! the !efo!mation of a penitent offene! .hi$h mi%ht "e less p!o"a"le
if he .e!e to se!(e a p!ison senten$e8 an
*$- p!e(ent the $ommission of offenses.
Sectio, 3. .eaning of #erms' #s use in this 0e$!ee, the follo.in% shall, unless the $onte3t othe!.ise
!eBui!es, "e $onst!ue thus:
*a- A7!o"ationA is a isposition une! .hi$h a efenant, afte! $on(i$tion an senten$e, is
!elease su"2e$t to $onitions impose "y the $ou!t an to the supe!(ision of a p!o"ation offi$e!.
*"- A7!o"atione!A means a pe!son pla$e on p!o"ation.
*$- A7!o"ation Offi$e!A means one .ho in(esti%ates fo! the $ou!t a !efe!!al fo! p!o"ation o!
supe!(ises a p!o"atione! o! "oth.
Sectio, 4. 9rant of Probation' Su"2e$t to the p!o(isions of this 0e$!ee, the $ou!t may, afte! it shall ha(e
$on(i$te an senten$e a efenant an upon appli$ation at any time of sai efenant, suspen the
e3e$ution of sai senten$e an pla$e the efenant on p!o"ation fo! su$h pe!io an upon su$h te!ms
an $onitions as it may eem "est. :Provided, #hat no application for probation shall be entertained or
granted if the defendant has perfected the appeal from the ;udgment of conviction'<
7!o"ation may "e %!ante .hethe! the senten$e imposes a te!m of imp!isonment o! a fine only. #n
appli$ation fo! p!o"ation shall "e file .ith the t!ial $ou!t, .ith noti$e to the appellate $ou!t if an appeal
has "een ta/en f!om the senten$e of $on(i$tion. The filin% of the appli$ation shall "e eeme a .ai(e! of
the !i%ht to appeal, o! the automati$ .ith!a.al of a penin% appeal.
#n o!e! %!antin% o! enyin% p!o"ation shall not "e appeala"le.
Sectio, 3. Postsentence 1nvestigation' No pe!son shall "e pla$e on p!o"ation e3$ept upon p!io!
in(esti%ation "y the p!o"ation offi$e! an a ete!mination "y the $ou!t that the ens of 2usti$e an the "est
inte!est of the pu"li$ as .ell as that of the efenant .ill "e se!(e the!e"y.
Sectio, 6. 0orm of 1nvestigation Report' The in(esti%ation !epo!t to "e su"mitte "y the p!o"ation offi$e!
une! Se$tion 5 he!eof shall "e in the fo!m p!es$!i"e "y the 7!o"ation #minist!ato! an app!o(e "y
the Se$!eta!y of Justi$e.
Sectio, 4. Period for Submission of 1nvestigation Report' The p!o"ation offi$e! shall su"mit to the $ou!t
the in(esti%ation !epo!t on a efenant not late! than si3ty ays f!om !e$eipt of the o!e! of sai $ou!t to
$onu$t the in(esti%ation. The $ou!t shall !esol(e the petition fo! p!o"ation not late! than fi(e ays afte!
!e$eipt of sai !epo!t.
7enin% su"mission of the in(esti%ation !epo!t an the !esolution of the petition, the efenant may "e
allo.e on tempo!a!y li"e!ty une! his "ail file in the $!iminal $ase8 7!o(ie, That, in $ase .he!e no "ail
.as file o! that the efenant is in$apa"le of filin% one, the $ou!t may allo. the !elease of the efenant
on !e$o%ni<e the $ustoy of a !esponsi"le mem"e! of the $ommunity .ho shall %ua!antee his appea!an$e
.hene(e! !eBui!e "y the $ou!t.
Sectio, (. Criteria for Placing an 8ffender on Probation' In ete!minin% .hethe! an offene! may "e
pla$e on p!o"ation, the $ou!t shall $onsie! all info!mation !elati(e, to the $ha!a$te!, ante$eents,
en(i!onment, mental an physi$al $onition of the offene!, an a(aila"le institutional an $ommunity
!esou!$es. 7!o"ation shall "e enie if the $ou!t fins that:
*a- the offene! is in nee of $o!!e$tional t!eatment that $an "e p!o(ie most effe$ti(ely "y his
$ommitment to an institution8 o!
*"- the!e is unue !is/ that u!in% the pe!io of p!o"ation the offene! .ill $ommit anothe! $!ime8
o!
*$- p!o"ation .ill ep!e$iate the se!iousness of the offense $ommitte.
Sectio, 9. *is/ualified 8ffenders' The "enefits of this 0e$!ee shall not "e e3tene to those:
*a- senten$e to se!(e a ma3imum te!m of imp!isonment of mo!e than si3 yea!s8
*"- $on(i$te of any offense a%ainst the se$u!ity of the State8 :convicted of subversion or any
crime against the national security or the public order<
*$- .ho ha(e p!e(iously "een $on(i$te "y final 2u%ment of an offense punishe "y
imp!isonment of not less than one month an one ay an@o! a fine of not less than T.o 'un!e
7esos8
*- .ho ha(e "een on$e on p!o"ation une! the p!o(isions of this 0e$!ee8 an
*e- .ho a!e al!eay se!(in% senten$e at the time the su"stanti(e p!o(isions of this 0e$!ee
"e$ame appli$a"le pu!suant to Se$tion 99 he!eof.
Sectio, '5. Conditions of Probation' E(e!y p!o"ation o!e! issue "y the $ou!t shall $ontain $onitions
!eBui!in% that the p!o"atione! shall:
*a- p!esent himself to the p!o"ation offi$e! esi%nate to une!ta/e his supe!(ision at su$h pla$e
as may "e spe$ifie in the o!e! .ithin se(enty)t.o hou!s f!om !e$eipt of sai o!e!8
*"- !epo!t to the p!o"ation offi$e! at least on$e a month at su$h time an pla$e as spe$ifie "y
sai offi$e!.
The $ou!t may also !eBui!e the p!o"atione! to:
*a- $oope!ate .ith a p!o%!am of supe!(ision8
*"- meet his family !esponsi"ilities8
*$- e(ote himself to a spe$ifi$ employment an not to $han%e sai employment .ithout the p!io!
.!itten app!o(al of the p!o"ation offi$e!8
*- une!%o mei$al, psy$holo%i$al o! psy$hiat!i$ e3amination an t!eatment an ente! an
!emain in a spe$ifie institution, .hen !eBui!e fo! that pu!pose8
*e- pu!sue a p!es$!i"e se$ula! stuy o! (o$ational t!ainin%8
*f- atten o! !esie in a fa$ility esta"lishe fo! inst!u$tion, !e$!eation o! !esien$e of pe!sons on
p!o"ation8
*%- !ef!ain f!om (isitin% houses of ill)!epute8
*h- a"stain f!om !in/in% into3i$atin% "e(e!a%es to e3$ess8
*i- pe!mit to p!o"ation offi$e! o! an autho!i<e so$ial .o!/e! to (isit his home an pla$e o! .o!/8
*2- !esie at p!emises app!o(e "y it an not to $han%e his !esien$e .ithout its p!io! .!itten
app!o(al8 o!
*/- satisfy any othe! $onition !elate to the !eha"ilitation of the efenant an not unuly
!est!i$ti(e of his li"e!ty o! in$ompati"le .ith his f!eeom of $ons$ien$e.
Sectio, ''. )ffectivity of Probation 8rder' # p!o"ation o!e! shall ta/e effe$t upon its issuan$e, at .hi$h
time the $ou!t shall info!m the offene! of the $onseBuen$es the!eof an e3plain that upon his failu!e to
$omply .ith any of the $onitions p!es$!i"e in the sai o!e! o! his $ommission of anothe! offense, he
shall se!(e the penalty impose fo! the offense une! .hi$h he .as pla$e on p!o"ation.
Sectio, '#. .odification of Condition of Probation' 0u!in% the pe!io of p!o"ation, the $ou!t may, upon
appli$ation of eithe! the p!o"atione! o! the p!o"ation offi$e!, !e(ise o! moify the $onitions o! pe!io of
p!o"ation. The $ou!t shall notify eithe! the p!o"atione! o! the p!o"ation offi$e! of the filin% su$h an
appli$ation so as to %i(e "oth pa!ties an oppo!tunity to "e hea! the!eon.
The $ou!t shall info!m in .!itin% the p!o"ation offi$e! an the p!o"atione! of any $han%e in the pe!io o!
$onitions of p!o"ation.
Sectio, '3. Control and Supervision of Probationer' The p!o"atione! an his p!o"ation p!o%!am shall "e
une! the $ont!ol of the $ou!t .ho pla$e him on p!o"ation su"2e$t to a$tual supe!(ision an (isitation "y
a p!o"ation offi$e!.
>hene(e! a p!o"atione! is pe!mitte to !esie in a pla$e une! the 2u!isi$tion of anothe! $ou!t, $ont!ol
o(e! him shall "e t!ansfe!!e to the E3e$uti(e Ju%e of the Cou!t of 4i!st Instan$e of that pla$e, an in
su$h a $ase, a $opy of the p!o"ation o!e!, the in(esti%ation !epo!t an othe! pe!tinent !e$o!s shall "e
fu!nishe sai E3e$uti(e Ju%e. The!eafte!, the E3e$uti(e Ju%e to .hom 2u!isi$tion o(e! the p!o"atione!
is t!ansfe!!e shall ha(e the po.e! .ith !espe$t to him that .as p!e(iously possesse "y the $ou!t .hi$h
%!ante the p!o"ation.
Sectio, '4. Period of Probation'
*a- The pe!io of p!o"ation of a efenant senten$e to a te!m of imp!isonment of not mo!e than
one yea! shall not e3$ee t.o yea!s, an in all othe! $ases, sai pe!io shall not e3$ee si3
yea!s.
*"- >hen the senten$e imposes a fine only an the offene! is mae to se!(e su"siia!y
imp!isonment in $ase of insol(en$y, the pe!io of p!o"ation shall not "e less than no! to "e mo!e
than t.i$e the total num"e! of ays of su"siia!y imp!isonment as $ompute at the !ate
esta"lishe, in #!ti$le thi!ty)nine of the &e(ise 7enal Coe, as amene.
Sectio, '3. Arrest of Probationer= Subse/uent *isposition' #t any time u!in% p!o"ation, the $ou!t may
issue a .a!!ant fo! the a!!est of a p!o"atione! fo! (iolation of any of the $onitions of p!o"ation. The
p!o"atione!, on$e a!!este an etaine, shall immeiately "e "!ou%ht "efo!e the $ou!t fo! a hea!in%,
.hi$h may "e info!mal an summa!y, of the (iolation $ha!%e. The efenant may "e amitte to "ail
penin% su$h hea!in%. In su$h a $ase, the p!o(isions !e%a!in% !elease on "ail of pe!sons $ha!%e .ith a
$!ime shall "e appli$a"le to p!o"atione!s a!!este une! this p!o(ision. If the (iolation is esta"lishe, the
$ou!t may !e(o/e o! $ontinue his p!o"ation an moify the $onitions the!eof. If !e(o/e, the $ou!t shall
o!e! the p!o"atione! to se!(e the senten$e o!i%inally impose. #n o!e! !e(o/in% the %!ant of p!o"ation o!
moifyin% the te!ms an $onitions the!eof shall not "e appeala"le.
Sectio, '6. #ermination of Probation' #fte! the pe!io of p!o"ation an upon $onsie!ation of the !epo!t
an !e$ommenation of the p!o"ation offi$e!, the $ou!t may o!e! the final is$ha!%e of the p!o"atione!
upon finin% that he has fulfille the te!ms an $onitions of his p!o"ation an the!eupon the $ase is
eeme te!minate.
The final is$ha!%e of the p!o"atione! shall ope!ate to !esto!e to him all $i(il !i%hts lost o! suspen as a
!esult of his $on(i$tion an to fully is$ha!%e his lia"ility fo! any fine impose as to the offense fo! .hi$h
p!o"ation .as %!ante.
The p!o"atione! an the p!o"ation offi$e! shall ea$h "e fu!nishe .ith a $opy of su$h o!e!.
Sectio, '4. Confidentiality of Records' The in(esti%ation !epo!t an the supe!(ision histo!y of a
p!o"atione! o"taine une! this 0e$!ee shall "e p!i(ile%e an shall not "e is$lose i!e$tly o! ini!e$tly
to anyone othe! than the 7!o"ation #minist!ation o! the $ou!t $on$e!ne, e3$ept that the $ou!t, in its
is$!etion, may pe!mit the p!o"atione! of his atto!ney to inspe$t the afo!ementione o$uments o! pa!ts
the!eof .hene(e! the "est inte!est of the p!o"atione! ma/e su$h is$losu!e esi!a"le o! helpful: 7!o(ie,
4u!the!, That, any %o(e!nment offi$e o! a%en$y en%a%e in the $o!!e$tion o! !eha"ilitation of offene!s
may, if ne$essa!y, o"tain $opies of sai o$uments fo! its offi$ial use f!om the p!ope! $ou!t o! the
#minist!ation.
Sectio, '(. #he Probation Administration' The!e is he!e"y $!eate une! the 0epa!tment of Justi$e an
a%en$y to "e /no.n as the 7!o"ation #minist!ation he!ein !efe!!e to as the #minist!ation, .hi$h shall
e3e!$ise %ene!al supe!(ision o(e! all p!o"atione!s.
The #minist!ation shall ha(e su$h staff, ope!atin% units an pe!sonnel as may "e ne$essa!y fo! the
p!ope! e3e$ution of its fun$tions.
Sectio, '9. Probation Administration' The #minist!ation shall "e heae "y the 7!o"ation #minist!ato!,
he!einafte! !efe!!e to as the #minist!ato!, .ho shall "e appointe "y the 7!esient of the 7hilippines. 'e
shall hol offi$e u!in% %oo "eha(io! an shall not "e !emo(e e3$ept fo! $ause.
The #minist!ato! shall !e$ei(e an annual sala!y of at least fo!ty thousan pesos. 'is po.e!s an uties
shall "e to:
*a- a$t as the e3e$uti(e offi$e! of the #minist!ation8
*"- e3e!$ise supe!(ision an $ont!ol o(e! all p!o"ation offi$e!s8
*$- ma/e annual !epo!ts to the Se$!eta!y of Justi$e, in su$h fo!m as the latte! may p!es$!i"e,
$on$e!nin% the ope!ation, aminist!ation an imp!o(ement of the p!o"ation system8
*- p!omul%ate, su"2e$t to the app!o(al of the Se$!eta!y of Justi$e, the ne$essa!y !ules !elati(e to
the methos an p!o$eu!es of the p!o"ation p!o$ess8
*e- !e$ommen to the Se$!eta!y of Justi$e the appointment of the su"o!inate pe!sonnel of his
#minist!ation an othe! offi$es esta"lishe in this 0e$!ee8 an
*f- %ene!ally, pe!fo!m su$h uties an e3e!$ise su$h po.e!s as may "e ne$essa!y o! in$iental to
a$hie(e the o"2e$ti(es of this 0e$!ee.
Sectio, #5. Assistant Probation Administrator' The!e shall "e an #ssistant 7!o"ation #minist!ato! .ho
shall assist the #minist!ato! pe!fo!m su$h uties as may "e assi%ne to him "y the latte! an as may "e
p!o(ie "y la.. In the a"sen$e of the #minist!ato!, he shall a$t as hea of the #minist!ation.
'e shall "e appointe "y the 7!esient of the 7hilippines an shall !e$ei(e an annual sala!y of at least
thi!ty)si3 thousan pesos.
Sectio, #'. >ualifications of the Administrator and Assistant Probation Administrator' To "e eli%i"le fo!
#ppointment as #minist!ato! o! #ssistant 7!o"ation #minist!ato!, a pe!son must "e at least thi!ty)fi(e
yea!s of a%e, hole! of a maste!?s e%!ee o! its eBui(alent in eithe! $!iminolo%y, so$ial .o!/, $o!!e$tions,
penolo%y, psy$holo%y, so$iolo%y, pu"li$ aminist!ation, la., poli$e s$ien$e, poli$e aminist!ation, o!
!elate fiels, an shoul ha(e at least fi(e yea!s of supe!(iso!y e3pe!ien$e, o! "e a mem"e! of the
7hilippine :a! .ith at least se(en yea!s of supe!(iso!y e3pe!ien$e.
Sectio, ##. Regional 8ffice= Regional Probation 8fficer' The #minist!ation shall ha(e !e%ional offi$es
o!%ani<e in a$$o!an$e .ith the fiel se!(i$e a!ea patte!ns esta"lishe une! the Inte%!ate
&eo!%ani<ation 7lan.
Su$h !e%ional offi$es shall "e heae "y a &e%ional 7!o"ation Offi$e! .ho shall "e appointe "y
7!esient of the 7hilippines in a$$o!an$e .ith the Inte%!ate &eo!%ani<ation 7lan an upon the
!e$ommenation of the Se$!eta!y of Justi$e.
The &e%ional 7!o"ation Offi$e! shall e3e!$ise supe!(ision an $ont!ol o(e! all p!o"ation offi$e! .ithin his
2u!isi$tion an su$h uties as may assi%ne to him "y the #minist!ato!. 'e shall ha(e an annual sala!y
of at least t.enty)fou! thousan pesos.
'e shall, .hene(e! ne$essa!y, "e assiste "y an #ssistant &e%ional 7!o"ation Offi$e! .ho shall also "e
appointe "y the 7!esient of the 7hilippines, upon !e$ommenation of the Se$!eta!y of Justi$e, .ith an
annual sala!y of at least t.enty thousan pesos.
Sectio, #3. Provincial and City Probation 8fficers' The!e shall "e at least one p!o"ation offi$e! in ea$h
p!o(in$e an $ity .ho shall "e appointe "y the Se$!eta!y of Justi$e upon !e$ommenation of the
#minist!ato! an in a$$o!an$e .ith $i(il se!(i$e la. an !ules.
The 7!o(in$ial o! City 7!o"ation Offi$e! shall !e$ei(e an annual sala!y of at least ei%hteen thousan fou!
hun!e pesos.
'is uties shall "e to:
*a- in(esti%ate all pe!sons !efe!!e to him fo! in(esti%ation "y the p!ope! $ou!t o! the
#minist!ato!8
*"- inst!u$t all p!o"atione!s une! his supe!(ision of that of the p!o"ation aie on the te!ms an
$onitions of thei! p!o"ations8
*$- /eep himself info!me of the $onu$t an $onition of p!o"atione!s une! his $ha!%e an use
all suita"le methos to "!in% a"out an imp!o(ement in thei! $onu$t an $onitions8
*- maintain a etaile !e$o! of his .o!/ an su"mit su$h .!itten !epo!ts as may "e !eBui!e "y
the #minist!ation o! the $ou!t ha(in% 2u!isi$tion o(e! the p!o"atione! une! his supe!(ision8
*e- p!epa!e a list of Bualifie !esients of the p!o(in$e o! $ity .he!e he is assi%ne .ho a!e .illin%
to a$t as p!o"ation aies8
*f- supe!(ise the t!ainin% of p!o"ation aies an o(e!see the latte!?s supe!(ision of p!o"atione!s8
*%- e3e!$ise supe!(ision an $ont!ol o(e! all fiel assistants, p!o"ation aies an othe! pe!sonnel8
an
*h- pe!fo!m su$h uties as may "e assi%ne "y the $ou!t o! the #minist!ation.
Sectio, #4. Fis$ellaneous 7o.e!s of 7!o(in$ial an City 7!o"ation Offi$e!s. 7!o(in$ial o! City 7!o"ation
Offi$e!s shall ha(e the autho!ity .ithin thei! te!!ito!ial 2u!isi$tion to aministe! oaths an
a$/no.le%ments an to ta/e epositions in $onne$tion .ith thei! uties an fun$tions une! this 0e$!ee.
They shall also ha(e, .ith !espe$t to p!o"atione!s une! thei! $a!e, the po.e!s of poli$e offi$e!.
Sectio, #3. Jualifi$ations of &e%ional, #ssistant &e%ional, 7!o(in$ial, an City 7!o"ation Offi$e!s. No
pe!son shall "e appointe &e%ional o! #ssistant &e%ional o! 7!o(in$ial o! City 7!o"ation Offi$e! unless he
possesses at least a "a$helo!?s e%!ee .ith a ma2o! in so$ial .o!/, so$iolo%y, psy$holo%y, $!iminolo%y,
penolo%y, $o!!e$tions, poli$e s$ien$e, aminist!ation, o! !elate fiels an has at least th!ee yea!s of
e3pe!ien$e in .o!/ !eBui!in% any of the a"o(ementione is$iplines, o! is a mem"e! of the 7hilippine :a!
.ith at least th!ee yea!s of supe!(iso!y e3pe!ien$e.
>hene(e! p!a$ti$a"le, the 7!o(in$ial o! City 7!o"ation Offi$e! shall "e appointe f!om amon% Bualifie
!esients of the p!o(in$e o! $ity .he!e he .ill "e assi%ne to .o!/.
Sectio, #6. 8rgani6ation' >ithin t.el(e months f!om the app!o(al of this 0e$!ee, the Se$!eta!y of Justi$e
shall o!%ani<e the aminist!ati(e st!u$tu!e of the #minist!ation an the othe! a%en$ies $!eate he!ein.
0u!in% sai pe!io, he shall also ete!mine the staffin% patte!ns of the !e%ional, p!o(in$ial an $ity
p!o"ation offi$es .ith the en in (ie. of a$hie(in% ma3imum effi$ien$y an e$onomy in the ope!ations of
the p!o"ation system.
Sectio, #4. 4iel #ssistants, Su"o!inate 7e!sonnel, 7!o(in$ial o! City 7!o"ation Offi$e!s shall "e
assiste "y su$h fiel assistants an su"o!inate pe!sonnel as may "e ne$essa!y to ena"le them to $a!!y
out thei! uties effe$ti(ely.
Sectio, #(. Probation Aides' To assist the 7!o(in$ial o! City 7!o"ation Offi$e!s in the supe!(ision of
p!o"atione!s, the 7!o"ation #minist!ato! may appoint $iti<ens of %oo !epute an p!o"ity to a$t as
p!o"ation aies.
7!o"ation #ies shall not !e$ei(e any !e%ula! $ompensation fo! se!(i$es e3$ept fo! !easona"le t!a(el
allo.an$e. They shall hol offi$e fo! su$h pe!io as may "e ete!mine "y the 7!o"ation #minist!ato!.
Thei! Bualifi$ations an ma3imum $ase loas shall "e p!o(ie in the !ules p!omul%ate pu!suant to this
0e$!ee.
Sectio, #9. !iolation of Confidential 3ature of Probation Records' The penalty of imp!isonment !an%in%
f!om si3 months an one ay to si3 yea!s an a fine !an%in% f!om hun!e to si3 thousan pesos shall "e
impose upon any pe!son .ho (iolates Se$tion 1, he!eof.
Sectio, 35. Appropriations' The!e is he!e"y autho!i<e the app!op!iation of the sum of Si3 Fillion 4i(e
'un!e Thousan 7esos o! so mu$h as may "e ne$essa!y, out of any funs in the National T!easu!y not
othe!.ise app!op!iate, to $a!!y out the pu!poses of this 0e$!ee. The!eafte!, the amount of at least Ten
Fillion 4i(e 'un!e Thousan 7esos o! so mu$h as may "e ne$essa!y shall "e in$lue in the annual
app!op!iations of the national %o(e!nment.
Sectio, 3'. Repealing Clause' #ll p!o(isions of e3istin% la.s, o!e!s an !e%ulations $ont!a!y to o!
in$onsistent .ith this 0e$!ee a!e he!e"y !epeale o! moifie a$$o!in%ly.
Sectio, 3#. Separability of Provisions' If any pa!t, se$tion o! p!o(ision of this 0e$!ee shall "e hel in(ali
o! un$onstitutional, no othe! pa!ts, se$tions o! p!o(isions he!eof shall "e affe$te the!e"y.
Sectio, 33. )ffectivity' This 0e$!ee shall ta/e effe$t upon its app!o(al: 7!o(ie, 'o.e(e!, That, the
appli$ation of its su"stanti(e p!o(isions $on$e!nin% the %!ant of p!o"ation shall only ta/e effe$t t.el(e
months afte! the $e!tifi$ation "y the Se$!eta!y of Justi$e to the Chief Justi$e of the Sup!eme Cou!t that
the aminist!ati(e st!u$tu!e of the 7!o"ation #minist!ation an of the othe! a%en$ies has "een o!%ani<e.
ACT NO. 33#6 : AN ACT TO ESTABISH PERIODS OF PRESCRIPTION FOR $IOATIONS PENAI7ED
B! SPECIA ACTS AND M"NICIPA ORDINANCES AND TO PRO$IDE %HEN PRESCRIPTION SHA
BEGIN TO R"N
Se$tion 1. ;iolations penali<e "y spe$ial a$ts shall, unless othe!.ise p!o(ie in su$h a$ts, p!es$!i"e
in a$$o!an$e .ith the follo.in% !ules: *a- afte! a yea! fo! offenses punishe only "y a fine o! "y
imp!isonment fo! not mo!e than one month, o! "oth8 *"- afte! fou! yea!s fo! those punishe "y
imp!isonment fo! mo!e than one month, "ut less than t.o yea!s8 *$- afte! ei%ht yea!s fo! those
punishe "y imp!isonment fo! t.o yea!s o! mo!e, "ut less than si3 yea!s8 an *- afte! t.el(e yea!s fo!
any othe! offense punishe "y imp!isonment fo! si3 yea!s o! mo!e, e3$ept the $!ime of t!eason, .hi$h
shall p!es$!i"e afte! t.enty yea!s. ;iolations penali<e "y muni$ipal o!inan$es shall p!es$!i"e afte!
t.o months.
Se$. 2. 7!es$!iption shall "e%in to !un f!om the ay of the $ommission of the (iolation of the la., an if
the same "e not /no.n at the time, f!om the is$o(e!y the!eof an the institution of 2ui$ial p!o$eein%
fo! its in(esti%ation an punishment.
The p!es$!iption shall "e inte!!upte .hen p!o$eein%s a!e institute a%ainst the %uilty pe!son, an
shall "e%in to !un a%ain if the p!o$eein%s a!e ismisse fo! !easons not $onstitutin% 2eopa!y.
Se$. 9. 4o! the pu!poses of this #$t, spe$ial a$ts shall "e a$ts efinin% an penali<in% (iolations of the
la. not in$lue in the 7enal Coe.
Se$. 4. This #$t shall ta/e effe$t on its app!o(al.
PRESIDENTIA DECREE No. 33# Au;u<t (& '944
ANTI:PIRAC! AND ANTI:HIGH%A! ROBBER! A% OF '944
>'E&E#S, !epo!ts f!om la.)enfo!$ement a%en$ies !e(eal that la.less elements a!e still $ommittin% a$ts
of ep!eations upon the pe!sons an p!ope!ties of inno$ent an efenseless inha"itants .ho t!a(el f!om
one pla$e to anothe!, the!e"y ist!i"utin% the pea$e, o!e! an t!anBuility of the nation an stuntin% the
e$onomi$ an so$ial p!o%!ess of the people8
>'E&E#S, su$h a$ts of ep!eations $onstitute eithe! pi!a$y o! hi%h.ay !o""e!y@"!i%ana%e .hi$h a!e
amon% the hi%hest fo!ms of la.lessness $onemne "y the penal statutes of all $ount!ies8 an,
>'E&E#S, it is impe!ati(e that sai la.less elements "e is$ou!a%e f!om pe!pet!atin% su$h a$ts of
ep!eations "y imposin% hea(y penalty on the offene!s, .ith the en in (ie. of eliminatin% all o"sta$les
to the e$onomi$, so$ial, eu$ational an $ommunity p!o%!ess of the people8
NO>, T'E&E4O&E, I, 4E&0IN#N0 E. F#&COS, 7!esient of the 7hilippines, "y (i!tue of the po.e!s
(este in me "y the Constitution an pu!suant to p!o$lamation No. 10+1, ate Septem"e! 21, 16,2 an
No. 1104, ate Janua!y 1,, 16,9 an Cene!al O!e! No. 1, ate Septem"e! 22, 16,2, o he!e"y o!e!
an e$!ee as pa!t of the la. of the lan the follo.in%:
Sectio, '. #itle' This 0e$!ee shall "e /no.n as the #nti)7i!a$y an #nti)'i%h.ay &o""e!y 1a. of 16,4.
Sectio, #. *efinition of #erms' The follo.in% te!ms shall mean an "e une!stoo, as follo.s:
a. 7hilippine >ate!s. It shall !efe! to all "oies of .ate!, su$h as "ut not limite to, seas, %ulfs,
"ays a!oun, "et.een an $onne$tin% ea$h of the Islans of the 7hilippine #!$hipela%o,
i!!espe$ti(e of its epth, "!eath, len%th o! imension, an all othe! .ate!s "elon%in% to the
7hilippines "y histo!i$ o! le%al title, in$luin% te!!ito!ial sea, the sea)"e, the insula! shel(es, an
othe! su"ma!ine a!eas o(e! .hi$h the 7hilippines has so(e!ei%nty o! 2u!isi$tion.
". ;essel. #ny (essel o! .ate!$!aft use fo! t!anspo!t of passen%e!s an $a!%o f!om one pla$e to
anothe! th!ou%h 7hilippine >ate!s. It shall in$lue all /ins an types of (essels o! "oats use in
fishin%.
$. 7hilippine 'i%h.ay. It shall !efe! to any !oa, st!eet, passa%e, hi%h.ay an "!i%es o! othe!
pa!ts the!eof, o! !ail.ay o! !ail!oa .ithin the 7hilippines use "y pe!sons, o! (ehi$les, o!
lo$omoti(es o! t!ains fo! the mo(ement o! $i!$ulation of pe!sons o! t!anspo!tation of %oos,
a!ti$les, o! p!ope!ty o! "oth.
. 7i!a$y. #ny atta$/ upon o! sei<u!e of any (essel, o! the ta/in% a.ay of the .hole o! pa!t the!eof
o! its $a!%o, eBuipment, o! the pe!sonal "elon%in%s of its $omplement o! passen%e!s, i!!espe$ti(e
of the (alue the!eof, "y means of (iolen$e a%ainst o! intimiation of pe!sons o! fo!$e upon thin%s,
$ommitte "y any pe!son, in$luin% a passen%e! o! mem"e! of the $omplement of sai (essel, in
7hilippine .ate!s, shall "e $onsie!e as pi!a$y. The offene!s shall "e $onsie!e as pi!ates an
punishe as he!einafte! p!o(ie.
e. 'i%h.ay &o""e!y@:!i%ana%e. The sei<u!e of any pe!son fo! !ansom, e3to!tion o! othe!
unla.ful pu!poses, o! the ta/in% a.ay of the p!ope!ty of anothe! "y means of (iolen$e a%ainst o!
intimiation of pe!son o! fo!$e upon thin%s of othe! unla.ful means, $ommitte "y any pe!son on
any 7hilippine 'i%h.ay.
Sectio, 3. Penalties' #ny pe!son .ho $ommits pi!a$y o! hi%h.ay !o""e!y@"!i%ana%e as he!ein efine,
shall, upon $on(i$tion "y $ompetents $ou!t "e punishe "y:
a. 7i!a$y. The penalty of !e$lusion tempo!al in its meium an ma3imum pe!ios shall "e
impose. If physi$al in2u!ies o! othe! $!imes a!e $ommitte as a !esult o! on the o$$asion the!eof,
the penalty of !e$lusion pe!petua shall "e impose. If !ape, mu!e! o! homi$ie is $ommitte as a
!esult o! on the o$$asion of pi!a$y, o! .hen the offene!s a"anone the (i$tims .ithout means of
sa(in% themsel(es, o! .hen the sei<u!e is a$$omplishe "y fi!in% upon o! "oa!in% a (essel, the
manato!y penalty of eath shall "e impose.
". 'i%h.ay &o""e!y@:!i%ana%e. The penalty of !e$lusion tempo!al in its minimum pe!io shall "e
impose. If physi$al in2u!ies o! othe! $!imes a!e $ommitte u!in% o! on the o$$asion of the
$ommission of !o""e!y o! "!i%ana%e, the penalty of !e$lusion tempo!al in its meium an
ma3imum pe!ios shall "e impose. If /inappin% fo! !ansom o! e3to!tion, o! mu!e! o! homi$ie,
o! !ape is $ommitte as a !esult o! on the o$$asion the!eof, the penalty of eath shall "e impose.
Sectio, 4. Aiding pirates or highway robbers7brigands or abetting piracy or highway
robbery7brigandage' #ny pe!son .ho /no.in%ly an in any manne! ais o! p!ote$ts pi!ates o! hi%h.ay
!o""e!s@"!i%ans, su$h as %i(in% them info!mation a"out the mo(ement of poli$e o! othe! pea$e offi$e!s
of the %o(e!nment, o! a$Bui!es o! !e$ei(es p!ope!ty ta/en "y su$h pi!ates o! "!i%ans o! in any manne!
e!i(es any "enefit the!ef!om8 o! any pe!son .ho i!e$tly o! ini!e$tly a"ets the $ommission of pi!a$y o!
hi%h.ay !o""e!y o! "!i%ana%e, shall "e $onsie!e as an a$$ompli$e of the p!in$ipal offene!s an "e
punishe in a$$o!an$e .ith the &ules p!es$!i"e "y the &e(ise 7enal Coe.
It shall "e p!esume that any pe!son .ho oes any of the a$ts p!o(ie in this Se$tion has pe!fo!me
/no.in%ly, unless the $ont!a!y is p!o(en.
Sectio, 3. Repealing Clause' 7e!tinent po!tions of #$t No. 9+15, othe!.ise /no.n as the &e(ise 7enal
Coe8 an all la.s, e$!ees, o! o!e!s o! inst!u$tions, o! pa!ts the!eof, insofa! as they a!e in$onsistent
.ith this 0e$!ee a!e he!e"y !epeale o! moifie a$$o!in%ly.
Sectio, 6. )ffectivity' This 0e$!ee shall ta/e effe$t upon app!o(al.
REP"BIC ACT No. 6#33
AN ACT PROHIBITING CERTAIN ACTS INIMICA TO CI$I A$IATION& AND FOR OTHER
P"RPOSES.
Sectio, '. It shall "e unla.ful fo! any pe!son to $ompel a $han%e in the $ou!se o! estination of an
ai!$!aft of 7hilippine !e%ist!y, o! to sei<e o! usu!p the $ont!ol the!eof, .hile it is in fli%ht. #n ai!$!aft is in
fli%ht f!om the moment all its e3te!nal oo!s a!e $lose follo.in% em"a!/ation until any of su$h oo!s is
opene fo! isem"a!/ation.
It shall li/e.ise "e unla.ful fo! any pe!son to $ompel an ai!$!aft of fo!ei%n !e%ist!y to lan in 7hilippine
te!!ito!y o! to sei<e o! usu!p the $ont!ol the!eof .hile it is .ithin the sai te!!ito!y.
Sectio, #. #ny pe!son (iolatin% any p!o(ision of the fo!e%oin% se$tion shall "e punishe "y an
imp!isonment of not less than t.el(e yea!s "ut not mo!e than t.enty yea!s, o! "y a fine of not less than
t.enty thousan pesos "ut not mo!e than fo!ty thousan pesos.
The penalty of imp!isonment of fifteen yea!s to eath, o! a fine of not less than t.enty)fi(e thousan
pesos "ut not mo!e than fifty thousan pesos shall "e impose upon any pe!son $ommittin% su$h
(iolation une! any of the follo.in% $i!$umstan$es:
1. >hene(e! he has fi!e upon the pilot, mem"e! of the $!e. o! passen%e! of the ai!$!aft8
2. >hene(e! he has e3ploe o! attempte to e3ploe any "om" o! e3plosi(e to est!oy the
ai!$!aft8 o!
9. >hene(e! the $!ime is a$$ompanie "y mu!e!, homi$ie, se!ious physi$al in2u!ies o! !ape.
Sectio, 3. It shall "e unla.ful fo! any pe!son, natu!al o! 2u!ii$al, to ship, loa o! $a!!y in any passen%e!
ai!$!aft ope!atin% as a pu"li$ utility .ithin the 7hilippines, an e3plosi(e, flamma"le, $o!!osi(e o!
poisonous su"stan$e o! mate!ial.
Sectio, 4. The shippin%, loain% o! $a!!yin% of any su"stan$e o! mate!ial mentione in the p!e$ein%
se$tion in any $a!%o ai!$!aft ope!atin% as a pu"li$ utility .ithin the 7hilippines shall "e in a$$o!an$e .ith
!e%ulations issue "y the Ci(il #e!onauti$s #minist!ation.
Sectio, 3. #s use in this #$t
*1- AE3plosi(eA shall mean any su"stan$e, eithe! soli o! liBui, mi3tu!e o! sin%le $ompoun,
.hi$h "y $hemi$al !ea$tion li"e!ates heat an %as at hi%h spee an $auses t!emenous
p!essu!e !esultin% in e3plosion. The te!m shall in$lue "ut not limite to ynamites, fi!e$!a$/e!s,
"lastin% $aps, "la$/ po.e!s, "u!ste!s, pe!$ussions, $a!t!i%es an othe! e3plosi(e mate!ials,
e3$ept "ullets fo! fi!ea!m.
*2- A4lamma"leA is any su"stan$e o! mate!ial that is hi%hly $om"usti"le an self)i%nitin% "y
$hemi$al !ea$tion an shall in$lue "ut not limite to a$!olein, allene, aluminum yethyl
mono$hlo!ie, an othe! aluminum $ompouns, ammonium $hlo!ate an othe! ammonium
mi3tu!es an othe! simila! su"stan$es o! mate!ials.
*9- ACo!!osi(eA is any su"stan$e o! mate!ial, eithe! liBui, soli o! %aseous, .hi$h th!ou%h
$hemi$al !ea$tion .ea!s a.ay, impai!s o! $onsumes any o"2e$t. It shall in$lue "ut not limite to
al/aline "atte!y flui pa$/e .ith empty sto!a%e "atte!y, allyl $hlo!ofo!mate, allyt!i$hlo!osilane,
ammonium init!o)o!tho$!esolate an othe! simila! mate!ials an su"stan$es.
*4- A7oisonousA is any su"stan$e o! mate!ials, e3$ept mei$inal !u%, eithe! liBui, soli o!
%aseous, .hi$h th!ou%h $hemi$al !ea$tions /ills, in2u!ies o! impai!s a li(in% o!%anism o! pe!son,
an shall in$lue "ut not limite to allyl isothio$yanate, ammunition *$hemi$al, non)e3plosi(e "ut
$ontainin% Class #, : o! poison-, aniline oil, a!sine, "!omo"en<yle $yanie, "!omoa$etone an
othe! simila! su"stan$es o! mate!ials.
Sectio, 6. #ny (iolation of Se$tion th!ee he!eof shall "e punisha"le "y an imp!isonment of at least fi(e
yea!s "ut not mo!e than ten yea!s o! "y a fine of not less than ten thousan pesos "ut not mo!e than
t.enty thousan pesos: Provided, That if the (iolation is $ommitte "y a 2u!ii$al pe!son, the penalty shall
"e impose upon the mana%e!, !ep!esentati(e, i!e$to!, a%ent o! employee .ho (iolate, o! $ause,
i!e$te, $oope!ate o! pa!ti$ipate in the (iolation the!eof: Provided, further, That in $ase the (iolation is
$ommitte in the inte!est of a fo!ei%n $o!po!ation le%ally oin% "usiness in the 7hilippines, the penalty
shall "e impose upon its !esient a%ent, mana%e!, !ep!esentati(e o! i!e$to! !esponsi"le fo! su$h
(iolation an in aition the!eto, the li$ense of sai $o!po!ation to o "usiness in the 7hilippines shall "e
!e(o/e.
#ny (iolation of Se$tion fou! he!eof shall "e an offense punisha"le .ith the minimum of the penalty
p!o(ie in the ne3t p!e$ein% pa!a%!aph.
Sectio, 4. 4o! any eath o! in2u!y to pe!sons o! ama%e to p!ope!ty !esultin% f!om a (iolation of Se$tions
th!ee an fou! he!eof, the pe!son !esponsi"le the!efo! may "e hel lia"le in a$$o!an$e .ith the
appli$a"le p!o(isions of the &e(ise 7enal Coe.
Sectio, (. #i!$!aft $ompanies .hi$h ope!ate as pu"li$ utilities o! ope!ato!s of ai!$!aft .hi$h a!e fo! hi!e
a!e autho!i<e to open an in(esti%ate suspi$ious pa$/a%es an $a!%oes in the p!esen$e of the o.ne! o!
shippe!, o! his autho!i<e !ep!esentati(es if p!esent8 in o!e! to help the autho!ities in the enfo!$ement of
the p!o(isions of this #$t: Provided, That if the o.ne!, shippe! o! his !ep!esentati(e !efuses to ha(e the
same opene an inspe$te, the ai!line o! ai! $a!!ie! is autho!i<e to !efuse the loain% the!eof.
Sectio, 9. E(e!y ti$/et issue to a passen%e! "y the ai!line o! ai! $a!!ie! $on$e!ne shall $ontain amon%
othe!s the follo.in% $onition p!inte the!eon: A'ole! he!eof an his han)$a!!ie lu%%a%e*s- a!e su"2e$t
to sea!$h fo!, an sei<u!e of, p!ohi"ite mate!ials o! su"stan$es. 'ole! !efusin% to "e sea!$he shall not
"e allo.e to "oa! the ai!$!aft,A .hi$h shall $onstitute a pa!t of the $ont!a$t "et.een the passen%e! an
the ai! $a!!ie!.
Sectio, '5. The Ci(il #e!onauti$s #minist!ation is he!e"y i!e$te to p!omul%ate .ithin one month afte!
the app!o(al of this #$t su$h !e%ulations as a!e p!o(ie in Se$tion fou! he!eof an $ause the pu"li$ation
of su$h !ules an !e%ulations in the Offi$ial Ca<ette an in a ne.spape! of national $i!$ulation fo! at least
on$e a .ee/ fo! th!ee $onse$uti(e .ee/s. Su$h !e%ulations shall ta/e effe$t fifteen ays afte! pu"li$ation
in the Offi$ial Ca<ette.
Sectio, ''. This #$t shall ta/e effe$t afte! the pu"li$ation mentione in the p!e$ein% se$tion.
Republic Act No. 934# M*=c> 6& #554
AN ACT TO SEC"RE THE STATE AND PROTECT O"R PEOPE FROM TERRORISM
Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:
SECTION '. #$o%t &itle. ) This #$t shall hen$efo!th "e /no.n as the AHu+*, Secu=it. Act o? #554.A
SEC. #. "ecla%ation o' !olicy. ) It is e$la!e a poli$y of the State to p!ote$t life, li"e!ty, an p!ope!ty
f!om a$ts of te!!o!ism, to $onemn te!!o!ism as inimi$al an an%e!ous to the national se$u!ity of the
$ount!y an to the .elfa!e of the people, an to ma/e te!!o!ism a $!ime a%ainst the 4ilipino people,
a%ainst humanity, an a%ainst the la. of nations.
In the implementation of the poli$y state a"o(e, the State shall uphol the "asi$ !i%hts an funamental
li"e!ties of the people as ensh!ine in the Constitution.
The State !e$o%ni<es that the fi%ht a%ainst te!!o!ism !eBui!es a $omp!ehensi(e app!oa$h, $omp!isin%
politi$al, e$onomi$, iplomati$, milita!y, an le%al means uly ta/in% into a$$ount the !oot $auses of
te!!o!ism .ithout a$/no.le%in% these as 2ustifi$ations fo! te!!o!ist an@o! $!iminal a$ti(ities. Su$h
measu!es shall in$lue $onfli$t mana%ement an post)$onfli$t pea$e)"uilin%, a!essin% the !oots of
$onfli$t "y "uilin% state $apa$ity an p!omotin% eBuita"le e$onomi$ e(elopment.
Nothin% in this #$t shall "e inte!p!ete as a $u!tailment, !est!i$tion o! iminution of $onstitutionally
!e$o%ni<e po.e!s of the e3e$uti(e "!an$h of the %o(e!nment. It is to "e une!stoo, ho.e(e! that the
e3e!$ise of the $onstitutionally !e$o%ni<e po.e!s of the e3e$uti(e epa!tment of the %o(e!nment shall
not p!e2ui$e !espe$t fo! human !i%hts .hi$h shall "e a"solute an p!ote$te at all times.
SEC. 3. &e%%o%ism.) #ny pe!son .ho $ommits an a$t punisha"le une! any of the follo.in% p!o(isions of
the &e(ise 7enal Coe:
a. #!ti$le 122 *7i!a$y in Cene!al an Futiny in the 'i%h Seas o! in the 7hilippine >ate!s-8
". #!ti$le 194 *&e"ellion o! Insu!!e$tion-8
$. #!ti$le 194)a *Coup ? Etat-, in$luin% a$ts $ommitte "y p!i(ate pe!sons8
. #!ti$le 24+ *Fu!e!-8
e. #!ti$le 26, *Einappin% an Se!ious Ille%al 0etention-8
f. #!ti$le 924 *C!imes In(ol(in% 0est!u$tion-, o! une!
1. 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 1619 *The 1a. on #!son-8
2. &epu"li$ #$t No. 6666 *To3i$ Su"stan$es an 'a<a!ous an Nu$lea! >aste Cont!ol
#$t of 1660-8
9. &epu"li$ #$t No. 520,, *#tomi$ Ene!%y &e%ulato!y an 1ia"ility #$t of 166+-8
4. &epu"li$ #$t No. 6295 *#nti)'i2a$/in% 1a.-8
5. 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 592 *#nti)7i!a$y an #nti)'i%h.ay &o""e!y 1a. of 16,4-8
an,
6. 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 1+66, as amene *0e$!ee Coifyin% the 1a.s on Ille%al an
=nla.ful 7ossession, Fanufa$tu!e, 0ealin% in, #$Buisition o! 0isposition of 4i!ea!ms,
#mmunitions o! E3plosi(es-
the!e"y so.in% an $!eatin% a $onition of .iesp!ea an e3t!ao!ina!y fea! an pani$ amon% the
popula$e, in o!e! to $oe!$e the %o(e!nment to %i(e in to an unla.ful eman shall "e %uilty of the $!ime
of te!!o!ism an shall suffe! the penalty of fo!ty *40- yea!s of imp!isonment, .ithout the "enefit of pa!ole
as p!o(ie fo! une! #$t No. 4109, othe!.ise /no.n as the Inete!minate Senten$e 1a., as amene.
SEC. 4. (onspi%acy to (ommit &e%%o%ism. ) 7e!sons .ho $onspi!e to $ommit the $!ime of te!!o!ism
shall suffe! the penalty of fo!ty *40- yea!s of imp!isonment.
The!e is $onspi!a$y .hen t.o o! mo!e pe!sons $ome to an a%!eement $on$e!nin% the $ommission of the
$!ime of te!!o!ism as efine in Se$tion 9 he!eof an e$ie to $ommit the same.
SEC. 3. Accomplice. ) #ny pe!son .ho, not "ein% a p!in$ipal une! #!ti$le 1, of the &e(ise 7enal Coe
o! a $onspi!ato! as efine in Se$tion 4 he!eof, $oope!ates in the e3e$ution of eithe! the $!ime of
te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism "y p!e(ious o! simultaneous a$ts shall suffe! the penalty of
f!om se(enteen *1,- yea!s, fou! months one ay to t.enty *20- yea!s of imp!isonment.
SEC. 6. Accesso%y. ) #ny pe!son .ho, ha(in% /no.le%e of the $ommission of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o!
$onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism, an .ithout ha(in% pa!ti$ipate the!ein, eithe! as p!in$ipal o! a$$ompli$e
une! #!ti$les 1, an 1+ of the &e(ise 7enal Coe, ta/es pa!t su"seBuent to its $ommission in any of
the follo.in% manne!: *a- "y p!ofitin% himself o! assistin% the offene! to p!ofit "y the effe$ts of the $!ime8
*"- "y $on$ealin% o! est!oyin% the "oy of the $!ime, o! the effe$ts, o! inst!uments the!eof, in o!e! to
p!e(ent its is$o(e!y8 *$- "y ha!"o!in%, $on$ealin%, o! assistin% in the es$ape of the p!in$ipal o!
$onspi!ato! of the $!ime, shall suffe! the penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of
imp!isonment.
Not.ithstanin% the a"o(e pa!a%!aph, the penalties p!es$!i"e fo! a$$esso!ies shall not "e impose upon
those .ho a!e su$h .ith !espe$t to thei! spouses, as$enants, es$enants, le%itimate, natu!al, an
aopte "!othe!s an siste!s, o! !elati(es "y affinity .ithin the same e%!ees, .ith the sin%le e3$eption of
a$$esso!ies fallin% .ithin the p!o(isions of su"pa!a%!aph *a-.
SEC. 4. #u%)eillance o' #uspects and *nte%ception and Reco%din+ o' (ommunications. )The
p!o(isions of &epu"li$ #$t No. 4200 *#nti)>i!e Tappin% 1a.- to the $ont!a!y not.ithstanin%, a poli$e o!
la. enfo!$ement offi$ial an the mem"e!s of his team may, upon a .!itten o!e! of the Cou!t of #ppeals,
listen to, inte!$ept an !e$o!, .ith the use of any moe, fo!m, /in o! type of ele$t!oni$ o! othe!
su!(eillan$e eBuipment o! inte!$eptin% an t!a$/in% e(i$es, o! .ith the use of any othe! suita"le .ays
an means fo! that pu!pose, any $ommuni$ation, messa%e, $on(e!sation, is$ussion, o! spo/en o! .!itten
.o!s "et.een mem"e!s of a 2ui$ially e$la!e an outla.e te!!o!ist o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup
of pe!sons o! of any pe!son $ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit
te!!o!ism.
Provided, That su!(eillan$e, inte!$eption an !e$o!in% of $ommuni$ations "et.een la.ye!s an $lients,
o$to!s an patients, 2ou!nalists an thei! sou!$es an $onfiential "usiness $o!!esponen$e shall not "e
autho!i<e.
SEC. (. ,o%mal Application 'o% Judicial Aut$o%i-ation. ) The .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision of
the Cou!t of #ppeals to t!a$/ o.n, tap, listen to, inte!$ept, an !e$o! $ommuni$ations, messa%es,
$on(e!sations, is$ussions, o! spo/en o! .!itten .o!s of any pe!son suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism
o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism shall only "e %!ante "y the autho!i<in% i(ision of the
Cou!t of #ppeals upon an e3 pa!te .!itten appli$ation of a poli$e o! of a la. enfo!$ement offi$ial .ho has
"een uly autho!i<e in .!itin% "y the #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il $!eate in Se$tion 59 of this #$t to file su$h
e3 pa!te appli$ation, an upon e3amination une! oath o! affi!mation of the appli$ant an the .itnesses
he may p!ou$e to esta"lish: *a- that the!e is p!o"a"le $ause to "elie(e "ase on pe!sonal /no.le%e of
fa$ts o! $i!$umstan$es that the sai $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism has "een
$ommitte, o! is "ein% $ommitte, o! is a"out to "e $ommitte8 *"- that the!e is p!o"a"le $ause to "elie(e
"ase on pe!sonal /no.le%e of fa$ts o! $i!$umstan$es that e(ien$e, .hi$h is essential to the $on(i$tion
of any $ha!%e o! suspe$te pe!son fo!, o! to the solution o! p!e(ention of, any su$h $!imes, .ill "e
o"taine8 an, *$- that the!e is no othe! effe$ti(e means !eaily a(aila"le fo! a$Bui!in% su$h e(ien$e.
SEC. 9. (lassi'ication and (ontents o' t$e .%de% o' t$e (ou%t. ) The .!itten o!e! %!ante "y the
autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals as .ell as its o!e!, if any, to e3ten o! !ene. the same, the
o!i%inal appli$ation of the appli$ant, in$luin% his appli$ation to e3ten o! !ene., if any, an the .!itten
autho!i<ations of the #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il shall "e eeme an a!e he!e"y e$la!e as $lassifie
info!mation: 7!o(ie, That the pe!son "ein% su!(eille o! .hose $ommuni$ations, lette!s, pape!s,
messa%es, $on(e!sations, is$ussions, spo/en o! .!itten .o!s an effe$ts ha(e "een monito!e,
listene to, "u%%e o! !e$o!e "y la. enfo!$ement autho!ities has the !i%ht to "e info!me of the a$ts
one "y the la. enfo!$ement autho!ities in the p!emises o! to $hallen%e, if he o! she intens to o so, the
le%ality of the inte!fe!en$e "efo!e the Cou!t of #ppeals .hi$h issue the .!itten o!e!. The .!itten o!e! of
the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals shall spe$ify the follo.in%: *a- the ientity, su$h as name
an a!ess, if /no.n, of the $ha!%e o! suspe$te pe!son .hose $ommuni$ations, messa%es,
$on(e!sations, is$ussions, o! spo/en o! .!itten .o!s a!e to "e t!a$/e o.n, tappe, listene to,
inte!$epte, an !e$o!e an, in the $ase of !aio, ele$t!oni$, o! telephoni$ *.hethe! .i!eless o!
othe!.ise- $ommuni$ations, messa%es, $on(e!sations, is$ussions, o! spo/en o! .!itten .o!s, the
ele$t!oni$ t!ansmission systems o! the telephone num"e!s to "e t!a$/e o.n, tappe, listene to,
inte!$epte, an !e$o!e an thei! lo$ations o! if the pe!son suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o!
$onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism is not fully /no.n, su$h pe!son shall "e su"2e$t to $ontinuous su!(eillan$e
p!o(ie the!e is a !easona"le %!oun to o so8 *"- the ientity *name, a!ess, an the poli$e o! la.
enfo!$ement o!%ani<ation- of the poli$e o! of the la. enfo!$ement offi$ial, in$luin% the ini(iual ientity
*names, a!esses, an the poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement o!%ani<ation- of the mem"e!s of his team,
2ui$ially autho!i<e to t!a$/ o.n, tap, listen to, inte!$ept, an !e$o! the $ommuni$ations, messa%es,
$on(e!sations, is$ussions, o! spo/en o! .!itten .o!s8 *$- the offense o! offenses $ommitte, o! "ein%
$ommitte, o! sou%ht to "e p!e(ente8 an, *- the len%th of time .ithin .hi$h the autho!i<ation shall "e
use o! $a!!ie out.
SEC. '5. /''ecti)e !e%iod o' Judicial Aut$o%i-ation. ) #ny autho!i<ation %!ante "y the autho!i<in%
i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals, pu!suant to Se$tion 6*- of this #$t, shall only "e effe$ti(e fo! the len%th
of time spe$ifie in the .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals, .hi$h shall not
e3$ee a pe!io of thi!ty *90- ays f!om the ate of !e$eipt of the .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision
of the Cou!t of #ppeals "y the appli$ant poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ial.
The autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals may e3ten o! !ene. the sai autho!i<ation fo! anothe!
non)e3teni"le pe!io, .hi$h shall not e3$ee thi!ty *90- ays f!om the e3pi!ation of the o!i%inal pe!io:
7!o(ie, That the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals is satisfie that su$h e3tension o! !ene.al
is in the pu"li$ inte!est: an Provided, further, That the e3 pa!te appli$ation fo! e3tension o! !ene.al,
.hi$h must "e file "y the o!i%inal appli$ant, has "een uly autho!i<e in .!itin% "y the #nti)Te!!o!ism
Coun$il.
In $ase of eath of the o!i%inal appli$ant o! in $ase he is physi$ally isa"le to file the appli$ation fo!
e3tension o! !ene.al, the one ne3t in !an/ to the o!i%inal appli$ant amon% the mem"e!s of the team
name in the o!i%inal .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals shall file the
appli$ation fo! e3tension o! !ene.al: 7!o(ie, That, .ithout p!e2ui$e to the lia"ility of the poli$e o! la.
enfo!$ement pe!sonnel une! Se$tion 20 he!eof, the appli$ant poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ial shall
ha(e thi!ty *90- ays afte! the te!mination of the pe!io %!ante "y the Cou!t of #ppeals as p!o(ie in the
p!e$ein% pa!a%!aphs .ithin .hi$h to file the app!op!iate $ase "efo!e the 7u"li$ 7!ose$uto!?s Offi$e fo!
any (iolation of this #$t.
If no $ase is file .ithin the thi!ty *90-)ay pe!io, the appli$ant poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ial shall
immeiately notify the pe!son su"2e$t of the su!(eillan$e, inte!$eption an !e$o!in% of the te!mination of
the sai su!(eillan$e, inte!$eption an !e$o!in%. The penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12-
yea!s of imp!isonment shall "e impose upon the appli$ant poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ial .ho fails to
notify the pe!son su"2e$t of the su!(eillan$e, monito!in%, inte!$eption an !e$o!in% as spe$ifie a"o(e.
SEC. ''. (ustody o' *nte%cepted and Reco%ded (ommunications. ) #ll tapes, is$s, an !e$o!in%s
mae pu!suant to the autho!i<ation of the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals, in$luin% all
e3$e!pts an summa!ies the!eof as .ell as all .!itten notes o! memo!ana mae in $onne$tion the!e.ith,
shall, .ithin fo!ty)ei%ht *4+- hou!s afte! the e3pi!ation of the pe!io fi3e in the .!itten o!e! of the
autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals o! .ithin fo!ty)ei%ht *4+- hou!s afte! the e3pi!ation of any
e3tension o! !ene.al %!ante "y the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals, "e eposite .ith the
autho!i<in% 0i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals in a seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e, as the $ase may "e,
an shall "e a$$ompanie "y a 2oint affia(it of the appli$ant poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ial an the
mem"e!s of his team.
In $ase of eath of the appli$ant o! in $ase he is physi$ally isa"le to e3e$ute the !eBui!e affia(it, the
one ne3t in !an/ to the appli$ant amon% the mem"e!s of the team name in the .!itten o!e! of the
autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals shall e3e$ute .ith the mem"e!s of the team that !eBui!e
affia(it.
It shall "e unla.ful fo! any pe!son, poli$e offi$e! o! any $ustoian of the tapes, is$s an !e$o!in%, an
thei! e3$e!pts an summa!ies, .!itten notes o! memo!ana to $opy in .hate(e! fo!m, to !emo(e, elete,
e3pun%e, in$ine!ate, sh!e o! est!oy in any manne! the items enume!ate a"o(e in .hole o! in pa!t
une! any p!ete3t .hatsoe(e!.
#ny pe!son .ho !emo(es, eletes, e3pun%es, in$ine!ates, sh!es o! est!oys the items enume!ate
a"o(e shall suffe! a penalty of not less than si3 yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment.
SEC. '#. (ontents o' Joint A''ida)it. ) The 2oint affia(it of the poli$e o! of the la. enfo!$ement offi$ial
an the ini(iual mem"e!s of his team shall state: *a- the num"e! of tapes, is$s, an !e$o!in%s that
ha(e "een mae, as .ell as the num"e! of e3$e!pts an summa!ies the!eof an the num"e! of .!itten
notes an memo!ana, if any, mae in $onne$tion the!e.ith8 *"- the ates an times $o(e!e "y ea$h of
su$h tapes, is$s, an !e$o!in%s8 *$- the num"e! of tapes, is$s, an !e$o!in%s, as .ell as the num"e!
of e3$e!pts an summa!ies the!eof an the num"e! of .!itten notes an memo!ana mae in $onne$tion
the!e.ith that ha(e "een in$lue in the eposit8 an *- the ate of the o!i%inal .!itten autho!i<ation
%!ante "y the #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il to the appli$ant to file the e3 pa!te appli$ation to $onu$t the
t!a$/in% o.n, tappin%, inte!$eptin%, an !e$o!in%, as .ell as the ate of any e3tension o! !ene.al of the
o!i%inal .!itten autho!ity %!ante "y the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals.
The 2oint affia(it shall also $e!tify une! oath that no upli$ates o! $opies of the .hole o! any pa!t of any
of su$h tapes, is$s, an !e$o!in%s, an that no upli$ates o! $opies of the .hole o! any pa!t of any of
su$h e3$e!pts, summa!ies, .!itten notes, an memo!ana, ha(e "een mae, o!, if mae, that all su$h
upli$ates an $opies a!e in$lue in the seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e, as the $ase may "e,
eposite .ith the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals.
It shall "e unla.ful fo! any pe!son, poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ial to omit o! e3$lue f!om the 2oint
affia(it any item o! po!tion the!eof mentione in this Se$tion.
#ny pe!son, poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$e! .ho (iolates any of the a$ts p!es$!i"e in the p!e$ein%
pa!a%!aph shall suffe! the penalty of not less than ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of
imp!isonment.
SEC. '3. "isposition o' "eposited 0ate%ial. )The seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e an the $ontents
the!eof, .hi$h a!e eposite .ith the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals, shall "e eeme an
a!e he!e"y e$la!e $lassifie info!mation, an the seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e shall not "e
opene an its $ontents *in$luin% the tapes, is$s, an !e$o!in%s an all the e3$e!pts an summa!ies
the!eof an the notes an memo!ana mae in $onne$tion the!e.ith- shall not "e i(ul%e, !e(eale,
!ea, !eplaye, o! use as e(ien$e unless autho!i<e "y .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision of the
Cou!t of #ppeals, .hi$h .!itten o!e! shall "e %!ante only upon a .!itten appli$ation of the 0epa!tment
of Justi$e file "efo!e the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals an only upon a sho.in% that the
0epa!tment of Justi$e has "een uly autho!i<e in .!itin% "y the #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il to file the
appli$ation .ith p!ope! .!itten noti$e the pe!son .hose $on(e!sation, $ommuni$ation, messa%e
is$ussion o! spo/en o! .!itten .o!s ha(e "een the su"2e$t of su!(eillan$e, monito!in%, !e$o!in% an
inte!$eption to open, !e(eal, i(ul%e, an use the $ontents of the seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e as
e(ien$e.
#ny pe!son, la. enfo!$ement offi$ial o! 2ui$ial autho!ity .ho (iolates his uty to notify in .!itin% the
pe!sons su"2e$t of the su!(eillan$e as efine a"o(e shall suffe! the penalty of si3 yea!s an one ay to
ei%ht yea!s of imp!isonment.
SEC. '4. Application to .pen "eposited #ealed /n)elope o% #ealed !ac1a+e. ) The .!itten
appli$ation .ith noti$e to the pa!ty $on$e!ne to open the eposite seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e
shall $lea!ly state the pu!pose o! !eason: *a- fo! openin% the seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e8 *"- fo!
!e(ealin% o! is$losin% its $lassifie $ontents8 *$- fo! !eplayin%, i(ul%in%, an o! !eain% any of the
listene to, inte!$epte, an !e$o!e $ommuni$ations, messa%es, $on(e!sations, is$ussions, o! spo/en
o! .!itten .o!s *in$luin% any of the e3$e!pts an summa!ies the!eof an any of the notes o!
memo!ana mae in $onne$tion the!e.ith-8 K an, *- fo! usin% any of sai listene to, inte!$epte, an
!e$o!e $ommuni$ations, messa%es, $on(e!sations, is$ussions, o! spo/en o! .!itten .o!s *in$luin%
any of the e3$e!pts an summa!ies the!eof an any of the notes o! memo!ana mae in $onne$tion
the!e.ith- as e(ien$e.
#ny pe!son, la. enfo!$ement offi$ial o! 2ui$ial autho!ity .ho (iolates his uty to notify as efine a"o(e
shall suffe! the penalty of si3 yea!s an one ay to ei%ht yea!s of imp!isonment.
SEC. '3. /)identia%y 2alue o' "eposited 0ate%ials. ) #ny listene to, inte!$epte, an !e$o!e
$ommuni$ations, messa%es, $on(e!sations, is$ussions, o! spo/en o! .!itten .o!s, o! any pa!t o! pa!ts
the!eof, o! any info!mation o! fa$t $ontaine the!ein, in$luin% thei! e3isten$e, $ontent, su"stan$e,
pu!po!t, effe$t, o! meanin%, .hi$h ha(e "een se$u!e in (iolation of the pe!tinent p!o(isions of this #$t,
shall a"solutely not "e amissi"le an usa"le as e(ien$e a%ainst any"oy in any 2ui$ial, Buasi)2ui$ial,
le%islati(e, o! aminist!ati(e in(esti%ation, inBui!y, p!o$eein%, o! hea!in%.
SEC. '6. !enalty 'o% 3naut$o%i-ed o% 0alicious *nte%ceptions and4o% Reco%din+s. ) #ny poli$e o! la.
enfo!$ement pe!sonnel .ho, not "ein% autho!i<e to o so "y the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of
#ppeals, t!a$/s o.n, taps, listens to, inte!$epts, an !e$o!s in .hate(e! manne! o! fo!m any
$ommuni$ation, messa%e, $on(e!sation, is$ussion, o! spo/en o! .!itten .o! of a pe!son $ha!%e .ith
o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism shall "e %uilty of an
offense an shall suffe! the penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment.
In aition to the lia"ility atta$hin% to the offene! fo! the $ommission of any othe! offense, the penalty of
ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment an the a$$esso!y penalty of pe!petual
a"solute isBualifi$ation f!om pu"li$ offi$e shall "e impose upon any poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement
pe!sonnel .ho mali$iously o"taine an autho!ity f!om the Cou!t of #ppeals to t!a$/ o.n, tap, listen to,
inte!$ept, an !e$o! in .hate(e! manne! o! fo!m any $ommuni$ation, messa%e, $on(e!sation,
is$ussion, o! spo/en o! .!itten .o!s of a pe!son $ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o!
$onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism: 7!o(ie, That not.ithstanin% Se$tion 19 of this #$t, the pa!ty a%%!ie(e
"y su$h autho!i<ation shall "e allo.e a$$ess to the seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e an the $ontents
the!eof as e(ien$e fo! the p!ose$ution of any poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel .ho mali$iously
p!o$u!e sai autho!i<ation.
SEC. '4. !%osc%iption o' &e%%o%ist .%+ani-ations, Association, o% 5%oup o' !e%sons. ) #ny
o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons o!%ani<e fo! the pu!pose of en%a%in% in te!!o!ism, o!
.hi$h, althou%h not o!%ani<e fo! that pu!pose, a$tually uses the a$ts to te!!o!i<e mentione in this #$t o!
to so. an $!eate a $onition of .iesp!ea an e3t!ao!ina!y fea! an pani$ amon% the popula$e in
o!e! to $oe!$e the %o(e!nment to %i(e in to an unla.ful eman shall, upon appli$ation of the
0epa!tment of Justi$e "efo!e a $ompetent &e%ional T!ial Cou!t, .ith ue noti$e an oppo!tunity to "e
hea! %i(en to the o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons $on$e!ne, "e e$la!e as a te!!o!ist
an outla.e o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons "y the sai &e%ional T!ial Cou!t.
SEC. '(. !e%iod o' "etention 6it$out Judicial 6a%%ant o' A%%est. ) The p!o(isions of #!ti$le 125 of the
&e(ise 7enal Coe to the $ont!a!y not.ithstanin%, any poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel, .ho,
ha(in% "een uly autho!i<e in .!itin% "y the #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il has ta/en $ustoy of a pe!son
$ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism shall,
.ithout in$u!!in% any $!iminal lia"ility fo! elay in the eli(e!y of etaine pe!sons to the p!ope! 2ui$ial
autho!ities, eli(e! sai $ha!%e o! suspe$te pe!son to the p!ope! 2ui$ial autho!ity .ithin a pe!io of
th!ee ays $ounte f!om the moment the sai $ha!%e o! suspe$te pe!son has "een app!ehene o!
a!!este, etaine, an ta/en into $ustoy "y the sai poli$e, o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel: 7!o(ie,
That the a!!est of those suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism must !esult
f!om the su!(eillan$e une! Se$tion , an e3amination of "an/ eposits une! Se$tion 2, of this #$t.
The poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel $on$e!ne shall, "efo!e etainin% the pe!son suspe$te of the
$!ime of te!!o!ism, p!esent him o! he! "efo!e any 2u%e at the latte!?s !esien$e o! offi$e nea!est the pla$e
.he!e the a!!est too/ pla$e at any time of the ay o! ni%ht. It shall "e the uty of the 2u%e, amon% othe!
thin%s, to as$e!tain the ientity of the poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel an the pe!son o! pe!sons they
ha(e a!!este an p!esente "efo!e him o! he!, to inBui!e of them the !easons .hy they ha(e a!!este the
pe!son an ete!mine "y Buestionin% an pe!sonal o"se!(ation .hethe! o! not the suspe$t has "een
su"2e$te to any physi$al, mo!al o! psy$holo%i$al to!tu!e "y .hom an .hy. The 2u%e shall then su"mit a
.!itten !epo!t of .hat he@she ha o"se!(e .hen the su"2e$t .as "!ou%ht "efo!e him to the p!ope! $ou!t
that has 2u!isi$tion o(e! the $ase of the pe!son thus a!!este. The 2u%e shall fo!th.ith su"mit his@he!
!epo!t .ithin th!ee $alena! ays f!om the time the suspe$t .as "!ou%ht to his@he! !esien$e o! offi$e.
Immeiately afte! ta/in% $ustoy of a pe!son $ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o!
$onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism, the poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel shall notify in .!itin% the 2u%e of
the $ou!t nea!est the pla$e of app!ehension o! a!!est: 7!o(ie ,That .he!e the a!!est is mae u!in%
Satu!ays, Sunays, holiays o! afte! offi$e hou!s, the .!itten noti$e shall "e se!(e at the !esien$e of
the 2u%e nea!est the pla$e .he!e the a$$use .as a!!este.
The penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment shall "e impose upon
the poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel .ho fails to notify an 2u%e as 7!o(ie in the p!e$ein%
pa!a%!aph.
SEC. '9. !e%iod o' "etention in t$e /)ent o' an Actual o% *mminent &e%%o%ist Attac1. ) In the e(ent of
an a$tual o! imminent te!!o!ist atta$/, suspe$ts may not "e etaine fo! mo!e than th!ee ays .ithout the
.!itten app!o(al of a muni$ipal, $ity, p!o(in$ial o! !e%ional offi$ial of a 'uman &i%hts Commission o! 2u%e
of the muni$ipal, !e%ional t!ial $ou!t, the Sani%an"ayan o! a 2usti$e of the Cou!t of #ppeals nea!est the
pla$e of the a!!est. If the a!!est is mae u!in% Satu!ays, Sunays, holiays o! afte! offi$e hou!s, the
a!!estin% poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel shall "!in% the pe!son thus a!!este to the !esien$e of any
of the offi$ials mentione a"o(e that is nea!est the pla$e .he!e the a$$use .as a!!este. The app!o(al
in .!itin% of any of the sai offi$ials shall "e se$u!e "y the poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel
$on$e!ne .ithin fi(e ays afte! the ate of the etention of the pe!sons $on$e!ne: Provided, however,
That .ithin th!ee ays afte! the etention the suspe$ts, .hose $onne$tion .ith the te!!o! atta$/ o! th!eat
is not esta"lishe, shall "e !elease immeiately.
SEC. #5. !enalty 'o% ,ailu%e to "eli)e% #uspect to t$e !%ope% Judicial Aut$o%ity 7it$in &$%ee
"ays. ) The penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment shall "e impose
upon any poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel .ho has app!ehene o! a!!este, etaine an ta/en
$ustoy of a pe!son $ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism
an fails to eli(e! su$h $ha!%e o! suspe$te pe!son to the p!ope! 2ui$ial autho!ity .ithin the pe!io of
th!ee ays.
SEC. #'. Ri+$ts o' a !e%son unde% (ustodial "etention. ) The moment a pe!son $ha!%e .ith o!
suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism is app!ehene o!
a!!este an etaine, he shall fo!th.ith "e info!me, "y the a!!estin% poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$e!s
o! "y the poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$e!s to .hose $ustoy the pe!son $on$e!ne is "!ou%ht, of his o!
he! !i%ht: *a- to "e info!me of the natu!e an $ause of his a!!est, to !emain silent an to ha(e $ompetent
an inepenent $ounsel p!efe!a"ly of his $hoi$e. If the pe!son $annot affo! the se!(i$es of $ounsel of
his o! he! $hoi$e, the poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$e!s $on$e!ne shall immeiately $onta$t the f!ee
le%al assistan$e unit of the Inte%!ate :a! of the 7hilippines *I:7- o! the 7u"li$ #tto!ney?s Offi$e *7#O-. It
shall "e the uty of the f!ee le%al assistan$e unit of the I:7 o! the 7#O thus $onta$te to immeiately (isit
the pe!son*s- etaine an p!o(ie him o! he! .ith le%al assistan$e. These !i%hts $annot "e .ai(e
e3$ept in .!itin% an in the p!esen$e of the $ounsel of $hoi$e8 *"- info!me of the $ause o! $auses of his
etention in the p!esen$e of his le%al $ounsel8 *$- allo.e to $ommuni$ate f!eely .ith his le%al $ounsel
an to $onfe! .ith them at any time .ithout !est!i$tion8 *- allo.e to $ommuni$ate f!eely an p!i(ately
.ithout !est!i$tions .ith the mem"e!s of his family o! .ith his nea!est !elati(es an to "e (isite "y them8
an, *e- allo.e f!eely to a(ail of the se!(i$e of a physi$ian o! physi$ians of $hoi$e.
SEC. ##. !enalty 'o% 2iolation o' t$e Ri+$ts o' a "etainee. ) #ny poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel,
o! any pe!sonnel of the poli$e o! othe! la. enfo!$ement $ustoial unit that (iolates any of the afo!esai
!i%hts of a pe!son $ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to
$ommit te!!o!ism shall "e %uilty of an offense an shall suffe! the penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to
t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment.
=nless the poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel .ho (iolate the !i%hts of a etainee o! etainees as
state a"o(e is uly ientifie, the same penalty shall "e impose on the poli$e offi$e! o! hea! o! leae! of
the la. enfo!$ement unit ha(in% $ustoy of the etainee at the time the (iolation .as one.
SEC. #3. Re8ui%ement 'o% an .''icial (ustodial 9o+boo1 and its (ontents. ) The poli$e o! othe! la.
enfo!$ement $ustoial unit in .hose $a!e an $ont!ol the pe!son $ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime
of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism has "een pla$e une! $ustoial a!!est an
etention shall /eep a se$u!ely an o!e!ly maintaine offi$ial lo%"oo/, .hi$h is he!e"y e$la!e as a
pu"li$ o$ument an opene to an mae a(aila"le fo! .the inspe$tion an s$!utiny of the la.ye! o!
la.ye!s of the pe!son une! $ustoy o! any mem"e! of his o! he! family o! !elati(e "y $onsan%uinity o!
affinity .ithin the fou!th $i(il e%!ee o! his o! he! physi$ian at any time of the ay o! ni%ht .ithout any fo!m
of !est!i$tion. The lo%"oo/ shall $ontain a $lea! an $on$ise !e$o! of: *a- the name, es$!iption, an
a!ess of the etaine pe!son8 *"- the ate an e3a$t time of his initial amission fo! $ustoial a!!est an
etention8 *$- the name an a!ess of the physi$ian o! physi$ians .ho e3amine him physi$ally an
mei$ally8 *- the state of his health an physi$al $onition at the time of his initial amission fo! $ustoial
etention8 *e- the ate an time of ea$h !emo(al of the etaine pe!son f!om his $ell fo! inte!!o%ation o!
fo! any pu!pose8 *f- the ate an time of his !etu!n to his $ell8 *%- the name an a!ess of the physi$ian
o! physi$ians .ho physi$ally an mei$ally e3amine him afte! ea$h inte!!o%ation8 *h- a summa!y of the
physi$al an mei$al finin%s on the etaine pe!son afte! ea$h of su$h inte!!o%ation8 *i- the names an
a!esses of his family mem"e!s an nea!est !elati(es, if any an if a(aila"le8 *2- the names an
a!esses of pe!sons, .ho (isit the etaine pe!son8 */- the ate an time of ea$h of su$h (isits8 *1- the
ate an time of ea$h !eBuest of the etaine pe!son to $ommuni$ate an $onfe! .ith his le%al $ounsel o!
$ounsels8 *m- the ate an time of ea$h (isit, an ate an time of ea$h epa!tu!e of his le%al $ounsel o!
$ounsels8 an, *n- all othe! impo!tant e(ents "ea!in% on an all !ele(ant etails !e%a!in% the t!eatment of
the etaine pe!son .hile une! $ustoial a!!est an etention.
The sai poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement $ustoial unit shall upon eman of the afo!ementione la.ye! o!
la.ye!s o! mem"e!s of the family o! !elati(es .ithin the fou!th $i(il e%!ee of $onsan%uinity o! affinity of
the pe!son une! $ustoy o! his o! he! physi$ian issue a $e!tifie t!ue $opy of the ent!ies of the lo%"oo/
!elati(e to the $on$e!ne etaine pe!son .ithout elay o! !est!i$tion o! !eBui!in% any fees .hatsoe(e!
in$luin% o$umenta!y stamp ta3, nota!ial fees, an the li/e. This $e!tifie t!ue $opy may "e atteste "y
the pe!son .ho has $ustoy of the lo%"oo/ o! .ho allo.e the pa!ty $on$e!ne to s$!utini<e it at the time
the eman fo! the $e!tifie t!ue $opy is mae.
The poli$e o! othe! la. enfo!$ement $ustoial unit .ho fails to $omply .ith the p!e$ein% pa!a%!aph to
/eep an offi$ial lo%"oo/ shall suffe! the penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of
imp!isonment.
SEC. #4. No &o%tu%e o% (oe%cion in *n)esti+ation and *nte%%o+ation. ) No th!eat, intimiation, o!
$oe!$ion, an no a$t .hi$h .ill infli$t any fo!m of physi$al pain o! to!ment, o! mental, mo!al, o!
psy$holo%i$al p!essu!e, on the etaine pe!son, .hi$h shall (itiate his f!ee.ill, shall "e employe in his
in(esti%ation an inte!!o%ation fo! the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism8
othe!.ise, the e(ien$e o"taine f!om sai etaine pe!son !esultin% f!om su$h th!eat, intimiation, o!
$oe!$ion, o! f!om su$h infli$te physi$al pain o! to!ment, o! mental, mo!al, o! psy$holo%i$al p!essu!e, shall
"e, in its enti!ety, a"solutely not amissi"le an usa"le as e(ien$e in any 2ui$ial, Buasi)2ui$ial,
le%islati(e, o! aminist!ati(e in(esti%ation, inBui!y, p!o$eein%, o! hea!in%.
SEC. #3. !enalty 'o% &$%eat, *ntimidation, (oe%cion, o% &o%tu%e in t$e *n)esti+ation and
*nte%%o+ation o' a "etained !e%son. ) #ny pe!son o! pe!sons .ho use th!eat, intimiation, o! $oe!$ion,
o! .ho infli$t physi$al pain o! to!ment, o! mental, mo!al, o! psy$holo%i$al p!essu!e, .hi$h shall (itiate the
f!ee).ill of a $ha!%e o! suspe$te pe!son une! in(esti%ation an inte!!o%ation fo! the $!ime of te!!o!ism
o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism shall "e %uilty of an offense an shall suffe! the penalty of
t.el(e *12- yea!s an one ay to t.enty *20- yea!s of imp!isonment.
>hen eath o! se!ious pe!manent isa"ility of sai etaine pe!son o$$u!s as a $onseBuen$e of the use
of su$h th!eat, intimiation, o! $oe!$ion, o! as a $onseBuen$e of the infli$tion on him of su$h physi$al pain
o! to!ment, o! as a $onseBuen$e of the infli$tion on him of su$h mental, mo!al, o! psy$holo%i$al p!essu!e,
the penalty shall "e t.el(e *12- yea!s an one ay to t.enty *20- yea!s of imp!isonment.
SEC. #6. Rest%iction on &%a)el. ) In $ases .he!e e(ien$e of %uilt is not st!on%, an the pe!son $ha!%e
.ith the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism is entitle to "ail an is %!ante the same,
the $ou!t, upon appli$ation "y the p!ose$uto!, shall limit the !i%ht of t!a(el of the a$$use to .ithin the
muni$ipality o! $ity .he!e he !esies o! .he!e the $ase is penin%, in the inte!est of national se$u!ity an
pu"li$ safety, $onsistent .ith #!ti$le III, Se$tion 6 of the Constitution. T!a(el outsie of sai muni$ipality o!
$ity, .ithout the autho!i<ation of the $ou!t, shall "e eeme a (iolation of the te!ms an $onitions of his
"ail, .hi$h shall then "e fo!feite as p!o(ie une! the &ules of Cou!t.
'e@she may also "e pla$e une! house a!!est "y o!e! of the $ou!t at his o! he! usual pla$e of
!esien$e.
>hile une! house a!!est, he o! she may not use telephones, $ellphones, e)mails, $ompute!s, the inte!net
o! othe! means of $ommuni$ations .ith people outsie the !esien$e until othe!.ise o!e!e "y the $ou!t.
The !est!i$tions a"o(ementione shall "e te!minate upon the a$Buittal of the a$$use o! of the ismissal
of the $ase file a%ainst him o! ea!lie! upon the is$!etion of the $ou!t on motion of the p!ose$uto! o! of
the a$$use.
SEC. #4. Judicial Aut$o%i-ation Re8ui%ed to /:amine ;an1 "eposits, Accounts, and Reco%ds. ) The
p!o(isions of &epu"li$ #$t No. 1405 as amene, to the $ont!a!y not.ithstanin%, the 2usti$es of the Cou!t
of #ppeals esi%nate as a spe$ial $ou!t to hanle anti)te!!o!ism $ases afte! satisfyin% themsel(es of the
e3isten$e of p!o"a"le $ause in a hea!in% $alle fo! that pu!pose that: *1- a pe!son $ha!%e .ith o!
suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o!, $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism, *2- of a 2ui$ially e$la!e an
outla.e te!!o!ist o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons8 an *9- of a mem"e! of su$h 2ui$ially
e$la!e an outla.e o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons, may autho!i<e in .!itin% any poli$e
o! la. enfo!$ement offi$e! an the mem"e!s of his@he! team uly autho!i<e in .!itin% "y the anti)
te!!o!ism $oun$il to: *a- e3amine, o! $ause the e3amination of, the eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts,
assets an !e$o!s in a "an/ o! finan$ial institution8 an *"- %athe! o! $ause the %athe!in% of any !ele(ant
info!mation a"out su$h eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets, an !e$o!s f!om a "an/ o! finan$ial
institution. The "an/ o! finan$ial institution $on$e!ne, shall not !efuse to allo. su$h e3amination o! to
p!o(ie the esi!e info!mation, .hen so, o!e!e "y an se!(e .ith the .!itten o!e! of the Cou!t of
#ppeals.
SEC. #(. Application to /:amine ;an1 "eposits, Accounts, and Reco%ds. ) The .!itten o!e! of the
Cou!t of #ppeals autho!i<in% the e3amination of "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets, an
!e$o!s: *1- of a pe!son $ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit
te!!o!ism8 *2- of any 2ui$ially e$la!e an outla.e te!!o!ist o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of
pe!sons, o! *9- of any mem"e! of su$h o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons in a "an/ o!
finan$ial institution, an the %athe!in% of any !ele(ant info!mation a"out the same f!om sai "an/ o!
finan$ial institution, shall only "e %!ante "y the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals upon an e3
pa!te appli$ation to that effe$t of a poli$e o! of a la. enfo!$ement offi$ial .ho has "een uly autho!i<e in
.!itin% to file su$h e3 pa!te appli$ation "y the #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il $!eate in Se$tion 59 of this #$t to
file su$h e3 pa!te appli$ation, an upon e3amination une! oath o! affi!mation of the appli$ant an, the
.itnesses he may p!ou$e to esta"lish the fa$ts that .ill 2ustify the nee an u!%en$y of e3aminin% an
f!ee<in% the "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets, an !e$o!s: *1- of the pe!son $ha!%e
.ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism8 *2- of a 2ui$ially e$la!e
an outla.e te!!o!ist o!%ani<ation, asso$iation o! %!oup of pe!sons8 o! *9- of any mem"e! of su$h
o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons.
SEC. #9. (lassi'ication and (ontents o' t$e (ou%t .%de% Aut$o%i-in+ t$e /:amination o' ;an1
"eposits, Accounts, and Reco%ds. ) The .!itten o!e! %!ante "y the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of
#ppeals as .ell as its o!e!, if any, to e3ten o! !ene. the same, the o!i%inal e3 pa!te appli$ation of the
appli$ant, in$luin% his e3 pa!te appli$ation to e3ten o! !ene., if any, an the .!itten autho!i<ations of the
#nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il, shall "e eeme an a!e he!e"y e$la!e as $lassifie info!mation: 7!o(ie,
That the pe!son .hose "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets, an !e$o!s ha(e "een
e3amine, f!o<en, seBueste!e an sei<e "y la. enfo!$ement autho!ities has the !i%ht to "e info!me of
the a$ts one "y the la. enfo!$ement autho!ities in the p!emises o! to $hallen%e, if he o! she intens to
o so, the le%ality of the inte!fe!en$e. The .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals
esi%nate to hanle $ases in(ol(in% te!!o!ism shall spe$ify: *a- the ientify of the sai: *1- pe!son
$ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism8 *2- 2ui$ially
e$la!e an outla.e te!!o!ist o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons8 an *9- mem"e! of su$h
2ui$ially e$la!e an outla.e o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons, as the $ase may "e.
.hose eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets, an !e$o!s a!e to "e e3amine o! the info!mation to
"e %athe!e8 *"- the ientity of the "an/ o! finan$ial Institution .he!e su$h eposits, pla$ements, t!ust
a$$ounts, assets, an !e$o!s a!e hel an maintaine8 *$- the ientity of the pe!sons .ho .ill $onu$t
the sai e3amination an the %athe!in% of the esi!e info!mation8 an, *- the len%th of time the
autho!i<ation shall "e $a!!ie out.
SEC. 35. /''ecti)e !e%iod o' (ou%t Aut$o%i-ation to /:amine and .btain *n'o%mation on ;an1
"eposits, Accounts, and Reco%ds. ) The autho!i<ation issue o! %!ante "y the autho!i<in% i(ision of
the Cou!t of #ppeals to e3amine o! $ause the e3amination of an to f!ee<e "an/ eposits, pla$ements,
t!ust a$$ounts, assets, an !e$o!s, o! to %athe! info!mation a"out the same, shall "e effe$ti(e fo! the
len%th of time spe$ifie in the .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals, .hi$h shall
not e3$ee a pe!io of thi!ty *90- ays f!om the ate of !e$eipt of the .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in%
i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals "y the appli$ant poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ial.
The autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals may e3ten o! !ene. the sai autho!i<ation fo! anothe!
pe!io, .hi$h shall not e3$ee thi!ty *90- ays !ene.a"le to anothe! thi!ty *90- ays f!om the e3pi!ation of
the o!i%inal pe!io: 7!o(ie, That the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals is satisfie that su$h
e3tension o! !ene.al is in the pu"li$ inte!est: an, 7!o(ie, fu!the!, That the appli$ation fo! e3tension o!
!ene.al, .hi$h must "e file "y the o!i%inal appli$ant, has "een uly autho!i<e in .!itin% "y the #nti)
Te!!o!ism Coun$il.
In $ase of eath of the o!i%inal appli$ant o! in $ase he is physi$ally isa"le to file the appli$ation fo!
e3tension o! !ene.al, the one ne3t in !an/ to the o!i%inal appli$ant amon% the mem"e!s of the !eam
name in the o!i%inal .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals shall file the
appli$ation fo! e3tension o! !ene.al: 7!o(ie, That, .ithout p!e2ui$e to the lia"ility of the poli$e o! la.
enfo!$ement pe!sonnel une! Se$tion 16 he!eof, the appli$ant poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ial shall
ha(e thi!ty *90- ays afte! the te!mination of the pe!io %!ante "y the Cou!t of #ppeals as p!o(ie in the
p!e$ein% pa!a%!aphs .ithin .hi$h to file the app!op!iate $ase "efo!e the 7u"li$ 7!ose$uto!?s Offi$e fo!
any (iolation of this #$t.
If no $ase is file .ithin the thi!ty *90-)ay pe!io, the appli$ant poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ial shall
immeiately notify in .!itin% the pe!son su"2e$t of the "an/ e3amination an f!ee<in% of "an/ eposits,
pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s. The penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12-
yea!s of imp!isonment shall "e impose upon the appli$ant poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ial .ho fails to
notify in .!itin% the pe!son su"2e$t of the "an/ e3amination an f!ee<in% of "an/ eposits, pla$ements,
t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s.
#ny pe!son, la. enfo!$ement offi$ial o! 2ui$ial autho!ity .ho (iolates his uty to notify in .!itin% as
efine a"o(e shall suffe! the penalty of si3 yea!s an one ay to ei%ht yea!s of imp!isonment.
SEC. 3'. (ustody o' ;an1 "ata and *n'o%mation .btained a'te% /:amination o' "eposits,
!lacements, &%ust Accounts, Assets and Reco%ds. ) #ll info!mation, ata, e3$e!pts, summa!ies, notes,
memo!ana, .o!/in% sheets, !epo!ts, an othe! o$uments o"taine f!om the e3amination of the "an/
eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s of: *1- a pe!son $ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of
the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism8 *2- a 2ui$ially e$la!e an
outla.e te!!o!ist o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons8 o! *9- a mem"e! of any su$h
o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons shall, .ithin fo!ty)ei%ht *4+- hou!s afte! the e3pi!ation of the
pe!io fi3e in the .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals o! .ithin fo!ty)ei%ht *4+-
hou!s afte! the e3pi!ation of the e3tension o! !ene.al %!ante "y the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of
#ppeals, "e eposite .ith the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals in a seale en(elope o! seale
pa$/a%e, as the $ase may "e, an shall "e a$$ompanie "y a 2oint affia(it of the appli$ant poli$e o! la.
enfo!$ement offi$ial an the pe!sons .ho a$tually $onu$te the e3amination of sai "an/ eposits,
pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s.
SEC. 3#. (ontents o' Joint A''ida)it. ) The 2oint affia(it shall state: *a- the ientifyin% ma!/s, num"e!s,
o! sym"ols of the eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets, an !e$o!s e3amine8 *"- the ientity an
a!ess of the "an/ o! finan$ial institution .he!e su$h eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets, an
!e$o!s a!e hel an maintaine8 *$- the num"e! of "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets,
an !e$o!s is$o(e!e, e3amine, an f!o<en8 *- the outstanin% "alan$es of ea$h of su$h eposits,
pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets8 *e- all info!mation, ata, e3$e!pts, summa!ies, notes, memo!ana,
.o!/in% sheets, !epo!ts, o$uments, !e$o!s e3amine an pla$e in the seale en(elope o! seale
pa$/a%e eposite .ith the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals8 *f- the ate of the o!i%inal .!itten
autho!i<ation %!ante "y the #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il to the appli$ant to file the e3 pa!te #ppli$ation to
$onu$t the e3amination of the sai "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s, as
.ell as the ate of any e3tension o! !ene.al of the o!i%inal .!itten autho!i<ation %!ante "y the autho!i<in%
i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals8 an *%- that the items Enume!ate .e!e all that .e!e foun in the "an/ o!
finan$ial institution e3amine at the time of the $ompletion of the e3amination.
The 2oint affia(it shall also $e!tify une! oath that no upli$ates o! $opies of the info!mation, ata,
e3$e!pts, summa!ies, notes, memo!ana, .o!/in% sheets, !epo!ts, an o$uments a$Bui!e f!om the
e3amination of the "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s ha(e "een mae, o!, if
mae, that all su$h upli$ates an $opies a!e pla$e in the seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e eposite
.ith the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals.
It shall "e unla.ful fo! any pe!son, poli$e offi$e! o! $ustoian of the "an/ ata an info!mation o"taine
afte! e3amination of eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s to $opy, to !emo(e, elete,
e3pun%e, in$ine!ate, sh!e o! est!oy in any manne! the items enume!ate a"o(e in .hole o! in pa!t
une! any p!ete3t .hatsoe(e!,
#ny pe!son .ho $opies, !emo(es, eletes, e3pun%es, in$ine!ates, sh!es o! est!oys the items
enume!ate a"o(e shall suffe! a penalty of not less than si3 yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of
imp!isonment.
SEC. 33. "isposition o' ;an1 0ate%ials. ) The seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e an the $ontents
the!eof, .hi$h a!e eposite .ith the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals, shall "e eeme an
a!e he!e"y e$la!e $lassifie info!mation an the seale en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e shall not "e
opene an its $ontents shall not "e i(ul%e, !e(eale, !ea, o! use as e(ien$e unless autho!i<e in a
.!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals, .hi$h .!itten o!e! shall "e %!ante only
upon a .!itten appli$ation of the 0epa!tment of Justi$e file "efo!e the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of
#ppeals an only upon a sho.in% that the 0epa!tment of Justi$e has "een uly autho!i<e in .!itin% "y
the #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il to file the appli$ation, .ith noti$e in .!itin% to the pa!ty $on$e!ne not late! than
th!ee ays "efo!e the s$heule openin%, to open, !e(eal, i(ul%e, an use the $ontents of the seale
en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e as e(ien$e.
#ny pe!son, la. enfo!$ement offi$ial o! 2ui$ial autho!ity .ho (iolates his uty to notify in .!itin% as
efine a"o(e shall suffe! the penalty of si3 yea!s an one ay to ei%ht yea!s of imp!isonment.
SEC. 34. Application to .pen "eposited ;an1 0ate%ials. ) The .!itten appli$ation, .ith noti$e in
.!itin% to the pa!ty $on$e!ne not late! than th!ee ays of the s$heule openin%, to open the seale
en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e shall $lea!ly state the pu!pose an !eason: *a- fo! openin% the seale
en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e8 *"- fo! !e(ealin% an is$losin% its $lassifie $ontents8 an, *$- fo! usin% the
$lassifie info!mation, ata, e3$e!pts, summa!ies, notes, memo!ana, .o!/in% sheets, !epo!ts, an
o$uments as e(ien$e.
SEC. 33. /)identia%y 2alue o' "eposited ;an1 0ate%ials. ) #ny info!mation, ata, e3$e!pts,
summa!ies, notes, memo!ana, .o!/ sheets, !epo!ts, o! o$uments a$Bui!e f!om the e3amination of the
"an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s of: *1- a pe!son $ha!%e o! suspe$te of
the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism8 *2- a 2ui$ially e$la!e an
outla.e te!!o!ist o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons8 o! *9- a mem"e! of su$h o!%ani<ation,
asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons, .hi$h ha(e "een se$u!e in (iolation of the p!o(isions of this #$t, shall
a"solutely not "e amissi"le an usa"le as e(ien$e a%ainst any"oy in any 2ui$ial, Buasi)2ui$ial,
le%islati(e, o! aminist!ati(e in(esti%ation, inBui!y, p!o$eein%, o! hea!in%.
SEC. 36. !enalty 'o% 3naut$o%i-ed o% 0alicious /:amination o' a ;an1 o% a ,inancial *nstitution. )
#ny pe!son, poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel .ho e3amines the eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts,
assets, o! !e$o!s in a "an/ o! finan$ial institution of: *1- a pe!son $ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime
of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism8 *2- a 2ui$ially e$la!e an outla.e te!!o!ist
o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons8 o! *9- a mem"e! of su$h o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o!
%!oup of pe!sons, .ithout "ein% autho!i<e to o so "y the Cou!t of #ppeals, shall "e %uilty of an offense
an shall suffe! the penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment.
In aition to the lia"ility atta$hin% to the offene! fo! the $ommission of any othe! offense, the penalty of
ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment shall "e impose upon any poli$e o! la.
enfo!$ement pe!sonnel, .ho mali$iously o"taine an autho!ity f!om the Cou!t of #ppeals to e3amine the
eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets, o! !e$o!s in a "an/ o! finan$ial institution of: *1- a pe!son
$ha!%e .ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism8 *2- a 2ui$ially
e$la!e an outla.e te!!o!ist o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons8 o! *9- a mem"e! of su$h
o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons: 7!o(ie, That not.ithstanin% Se$tion 99 of this #$t, the
pa!ty a%%!ie(e "y su$h autho!i<ation shall upon motion uly file "e allo.e a$$ess to the seale
en(elope o! seale pa$/a%e an the $ontents the!eof as e(ien$e fo! the p!ose$ution of any poli$e o! la.
enfo!$ement pe!sonnel .ho mali$iously p!o$u!e sai autho!i<ation.
SEC. 34. !enalty o' ;an1 .''icials and /mployees "e'yin+ a (ou%t Aut$o%i-ation. ) #n employee,
offi$ial, o! a mem"e! of the "oa! of i!e$to!s of a "an/ o! finan$ial institution, .ho !efuses to allo. the
e3amination of the eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets, an !e$o!s of: *1- a pe!son $ha!%e
.ith o! suspe$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism8 *2- a 2ui$ially
e$la!e an outla.e o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons8 o! *9- a mem"e! of su$h 2ui$ially
e$la!e an outla.e o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons in sai "an/ o! finan$ial institution,
.hen uly se!(e .ith the .!itten o!e! of the autho!i<in% i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals, shall "e %uilty
of an offense an shall suffe! the penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of
imp!isonment.
SEC. 3(. !enalty 'o% ,alse o% 3nt%ut$'ul #tatement o% 0is%ep%esentation o' 0ate%ial ,act in Joint
A''ida)its. ) #ny false o! unt!uthful statement o! mis!ep!esentation of mate!ial fa$t in the 2oint affia(its
!eBui!e !espe$ti(ely in Se$tion 12 an Se$tion 92 of this #$t shall $onstitute a $!iminal offense an the
affiants shall suffe! ini(iually the penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of
imp!isonment.
SEC. 39. #ei-u%e and #e8uest%ation. ) The eposits an thei! outstanin% "alan$es, pla$ements, t!ust
a$$ounts, assets, an !e$o!s in any "an/ o! finan$ial institution, moneys, "usinesses, t!anspo!tation an
$ommuni$ation eBuipment, supplies an othe! implements, an p!ope!ty of .hate(e! /in an natu!e
"elon%in%: *1- to any pe!son suspe$te of o! $ha!%e "efo!e a $ompetent &e%ional T!ial Cou!t fo! the
$!ime of te!!o!ism o! the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism8 *2- to a 2ui$ially e$la!e an outla.e
o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o! %!oup of pe!sons8 o! *9- to a mem"e! of su$h o!%ani<ation, asso$iation, o!
%!oup of pe!sons shall "e sei<e, seBueste!e, an f!o<en in o!e! to p!e(ent thei! use, t!ansfe!, o!
$on(eyan$e fo! pu!poses that a!e inimi$al to the safety an se$u!ity of the people o! in2u!ious to the
inte!est of the State.
The a$$use o! a pe!son suspe$te of may .ith!a. su$h sums as may "e !easona"ly neee "y the
monthly nees of his family in$luin% the se!(i$es of his o! he! $ounsel an his o! he! family?s mei$al
nees upon app!o(al of the $ou!t. 'e o! she may also use any of his p!ope!ty that is une! sei<u!e o!
seBuest!ation o! f!o<en "e$ause of his@he! ini$tment as a te!!o!ist upon pe!mission of the $ou!t fo! any
le%itimate !eason.
#ny pe!son .ho un2ustifia"ly !efuses to follo. the o!e! of the p!ope! i(ision of the Cou!t of #ppeals to
allo. the pe!son a$$use of the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! of the $!ime of $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism to
.ith!a. su$h sums f!om seBueste!e o! f!o<en eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s
as may "e ne$essa!y fo! the !e%ula! sustenan$e of his@he! family o! to use any of his@he! p!ope!ty that
has "een sei<e, seBueste!e o! f!o<en fo! le%itimate pu!poses .hile his@he! $ase is penin% shall suffe!
the penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment.
SEC. 45. Natu%e o' #ei-ed. #e8ueste%ed and ,%o-en ;an1 "eposits, !lacements, &%ust Accounts,
Assets and Reco%ds. ) The sei<e, seBueste!e an f!o<en "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts,
assets an !e$o!s "elon%in% to a pe!son suspe$te of o! $ha!%e .ith the $!ime of te!!o!ism o!
$onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism shall "e eeme as p!ope!ty hel in t!ust "y the "an/ o! finan$ial
institution fo! su$h pe!son an the %o(e!nment u!in% the penen$y of the in(esti%ation of the pe!son
suspe$te of o! u!in% the penen$y of the t!ial of the pe!son $ha!%e .ith any of the sai $!imes, as the
$ase may "e an thei! use o! isposition .hile the $ase is penin% shall "e su"2e$t to the app!o(al of the
$ou!t "efo!e .hi$h the $ase o! $ases a!e penin%.
SEC. 4'. "isposition o' t$e #ei-ed, #e8ueste%ed and ,%o-en ;an1 "eposits, !lacements, &%ust
Accounts, Assets and Reco%d. ) If the pe!son suspe$te of o! $ha!%e .ith the $!ime of te!!o!ism o!
$onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism is foun, afte! his in(esti%ation, to "e inno$ent "y the in(esti%atin% "oy,
o! is a$Buitte, afte! his a!!ai%nment o! his $ase is ismisse "efo!e his a!!ai%nment "y a $ompetent
$ou!t, the sei<u!e, seBuest!ation an f!ee<in% of his "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets
an !e$o!s shall fo!th.ith "e eeme lifte "y the in(esti%atin% "oy o! "y the $ompetent $ou!t, as the
$ase may "e, an his "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s shall "e eeme
!elease f!om su$h sei<u!e, seBuest!ation an f!ee<in%, an shall "e !esto!e to him .ithout any elay "y
the "an/ o! finan$ial institution $on$e!ne .ithout any fu!the! a$tion on his pa!t. The filin% of any appeal
on motion fo! !e$onsie!ation shall not state the !elease of sai funs f!om sei<u!e, seBuest!ation an
f!ee<in%.
If the pe!son $ha!%e .ith the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism is $on(i$te "y a final
2u%ment of a $ompetent t!ial $ou!t, his sei<e, seBueste!e an f!o<en "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust
a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s shall "e automati$ally fo!feite in fa(o! of the %o(e!nment.
=pon his o! he! a$Buittal o! the ismissal of the $ha!%es a%ainst him o! he!, the amount of 4i(e hun!e
thousan pesos *7500.000.00- a ay fo! the pe!io in .hi$h his p!ope!ties, assets o! funs .e!e sei<e
shall "e pai to him on the $on$ept of liBuiate ama%es. The amount shall "e ta/en f!om the
app!op!iations of the poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement a%en$y that $ause the filin% of the enume!ate $ha!%es
a%ainst him@he!.
SEC. 4#. !enalty 'o% 3n<usti'ied Re'usal to Resto%e o% "elay in Resto%in+ #ei-ed, #e8ueste%ed and
,%o-en ;an1 "eposits, !lacements, &%ust Accounts, Assets and Reco%ds. ) #ny pe!son .ho
un2ustifia"ly !efuses to !esto!e o! elays the !esto!ation of sei<e, seBueste!e an f!o<en "an/ eposits,
pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s of a pe!son suspe$te of o! $ha!%e .ith the $!ime of
te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism afte! su$h suspe$te pe!son has "een foun inno$ent "y the
in(esti%atin% "oy o! afte! the $ase a%ainst su$h $ha!%e pe!son has "een ismisse o! afte! he is
a$Buitte "y a $ompetent $ou!t shall suffe! the penalty of ten *10- yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s
of imp!isonment.
SEC. 43. !enalty 'o% t$e 9oss, 0isuse, "i)e%sion o% "issipation o' #ei-ed, #e8ueste%ed and ,%o-en
;an1 "eposits, !lacements, &%ust Accounts, Assets and Reco%ds. ) #ny pe!son .ho is !esponsi"le
fo! the loss, misuse, i(e!sion, o! issipation of the .hole o! any pa!t of the sei<e, seBueste!e an
f!o<en "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s of a pe!son suspe$te of o!
$ha!%e .ith the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism shall suffe! the penalty of ten *10-
yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment.
SEC. 44. *n'idelity in t$e (ustody o' "etained !e%sons. ) #ny pu"li$ offi$e! .ho has i!e$t $ustoy of a
etaine pe!son o! une! the p!o(isions of this #$t an .ho "y his eli"e!ate a$t, mis$onu$t, o!
ine3$usa"le ne%li%en$e $auses o! allo.s the es$ape of su$h etaine pe!son shall "e %uilty of an offense
an shall suffe! the penalty of: *a- t.el(e *12- yea!s an one ay to t.enty *20- yea!s of imp!isonment, if
the etaine pe!son has al!eay "een $on(i$te an senten$e in a final 2u%ment of a $ompetent $ou!t8
an *"- si3 yea!s an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment, if the etaine pe!son has not "een
$on(i$te an senten$e in a final 2u%ment of a $ompetent $ou!t.
SEC. 43. *mmunity and !%otection o' 5o)e%nment 6itnesses. ) The p!o(isions of &epu"li$ #$t No.
66+1 *>itness 7!ote$tion, Se$u!ity an :enefits #$t- to the $ont!a!y not.ithstanin%, the immunity of
%o(e!nment .itnesses testifyin% une! this #$t shall "e %o(e!ne "y Se$tions 1, an 1+ of &ule 116 of
the &ules of Cou!t: 7!o(ie, ho.e(e!, That sai .itnesses shall "e entitle to "enefits %!ante to
.itnesses une! sai &epu"li$ #$t No.66+1.
SEC. 46. !enalty 'o% 3naut$o%i-ed Re)elation o' (lassi'ied 0ate%ials. ) The penalty of ten *10- yea!s
an one ay to t.el(e *12- yea!s of imp!isonment shall "e impose upon any pe!son, poli$e o! la.
enfo!$ement a%ent, 2ui$ial offi$e! o! $i(il se!(ant .ho, not "ein% autho!i<e "y the Cou!t of #ppeals to o
so, !e(eals in any manne! o! fo!m any $lassifie info!mation une! this #$t.
SEC. 44. !enalty 'o% ,u%nis$in+ ,alse /)idence, ,o%+ed "ocument, o% #pu%ious /)idence. ) The
penalty of t.el(e *12- yea!s an one ay to t.enty *20- yea!s of imp!isonment shall "e impose upon any
pe!son .ho /no.in%ly fu!nishes false testimony, fo!%e o$ument o! spu!ious e(ien$e in any
in(esti%ation o! hea!in% une! this #$t.
SEC. 4(. (ontinuous &%ial. ) In $ases of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism, the 2u%e shall set
the $ontinuous t!ial on a aily "asis f!om Fonay to 4!iay o! othe! sho!t)te!m t!ial $alena! so as to
ensu!e speey t!ial.
SEC. 49. !%osecution 3nde% &$is Act #$all be a ;a% to Anot$e% !%osecution unde% t$e Re)ised
!enal (ode o% any #pecial !enal 9a7s. ) >hen a pe!son has "een p!ose$ute une! a p!o(ision of this
#$t, upon a (ali $omplaint o! info!mation o! othe! fo!mal $ha!%e suffi$ient in fo!m an su"stan$e to
sustain a $on(i$tion an afte! the a$$use ha pleae to the $ha!%e, the a$Buittal of the a$$use o! the
ismissal of the $ase shall "e a "a! to anothe! p!ose$ution fo! any offense o! felony .hi$h is ne$essa!ily
in$lue in the offense $ha!%e une! this #$t.
SEC. 35. "ama+es 'o% 3np%o)en ($a%+e o' &e%%o%ism. ) =pon a$Buittal, any pe!son .ho is a$$use of
te!!o!ism shall "e entitle to the payment of ama%es in the amount of 4i(e hun!e thousan pesos
*7500,000.00- fo! e(e!y ay that he o! she has "een etaine o! ep!i(e of li"e!ty o! a!!este .ithout a
.a!!ant as a !esult of su$h an a$$usation. The amount of ama%es shall "e automati$ally $ha!%e a%ainst
the app!op!iations of the poli$e a%en$y o! the #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il that "!ou%ht o! san$tione the filin%
of the $ha!%es a%ainst the a$$use. It shall also "e !elease .ithin fifteen *15- ays f!om the ate of the
a$Buittal of the a$$use. The a.a! of ama%es mentione a"o(e shall "e .ithout p!e2ui$e to the !i%ht
of the a$Buitte a$$use to file $!iminal o! aminist!ati(e $ha!%es a%ainst those !esponsi"le fo! $ha!%in%
him .ith the $ase of te!!o!ism.
#ny offi$e!, employee, pe!sonnel, o! pe!son .ho elays the !elease o! !efuses to !elease the amounts
a.a!e to the ini(iual a$Buitte of the $!ime of te!!o!ism as i!e$te in the pa!a%!aph immeiately
p!e$ein% shall suffe! the penalty of si3 months of imp!isonment.
If the eu$tions a!e less than the amounts ue to the etaine pe!sons, the amount neee to $omplete
the $ompensation shall "e ta/en f!om the $u!!ent app!op!iations fo! intelli%en$e, eme!%en$y, so$ial o!
othe! funs of the Offi$e of the 7!esient.
In the e(ent that the amount $annot "e $o(e!e "y the $u!!ent "u%et of the poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement
a%en$y $on$e!ne, the amount shall "e automati$ally in$lue in the app!op!iations of the sai a%en$y fo!
the $omin% yea!.
SEC. 3'. "uty to Reco%d and Repo%t t$e Name and Add%ess o' t$e *n'o%mant. ) The poli$e o! la.
enfo!$ement offi$e!s to .hom the name o! a suspe$t in the $!ime of te!!o!ism .as fi!st !e(eale shall
!e$o! the !eal name an the spe$ifi$ a!ess of the info!mant.
The poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$ials $on$e!ne shall !epo!t the info!mant?s name an a!ess to thei!
supe!io! offi$e! .ho shall t!ansmit the info!mation to the Con%!essional O(e!si%ht Committee o! to the
p!ope! $ou!t .ithin fi(e ays afte! the suspe$t .as pla$e une! a!!est o! his p!ope!ties .e!e
seBueste!e, sei<e o! f!o<en.
The name an a!ess of the info!mant shall "e $onsie!e $onfiential an shall not "e unne$essa!ily
!e(eale until afte! the p!o$eein%s a%ainst the suspe$t shall ha(e "een te!minate.
SEC. 3#. Applicability o' t$e Re)ised !enal (ode. ) The p!o(isions of :oo/ I of the &e(ise 7enal
Coe shall "e appli$a"le to this #$t.
SEC. 33. Anti=&e%%o%ism (ouncil. ) #n #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il, he!einafte! !efe!!e to, fo! "!e(ity, as the
ACoun$il,A is he!e"y $!eate. The mem"e!s of the Coun$il a!e: *1- the E3e$uti(e Se$!eta!y, .ho shall "e
its Chai!pe!son8 *2- the Se$!eta!y of Justi$e, .ho shall "e its ;i$e Chai!pe!son8 an *9- the Se$!eta!y of
4o!ei%n #ffai!s8 *4- the Se$!eta!y of National 0efense8 *5- the Se$!eta!y of the Inte!io! an 1o$al
Co(e!nment8 *6- the Se$!eta!y of 4inan$e8 an *,- the National Se$u!ity #(iso!, as its othe! mem"e!s.
The Coun$il shall implement this #$t an assume the !esponsi"ility fo! the p!ope! an effe$ti(e
implementation of the anti)te!!o!ism poli$y of the $ount!y. The Coun$il shall /eep !e$o!s of its
p!o$eein%s an e$isions. #ll !e$o!s of the Coun$il shall "e su"2e$t to su$h se$u!ity $lassifi$ations as
the Coun$il may, in its 2u%ment an is$!etion, e$ie to aopt to safe%ua! the safety of the people, the
se$u!ity of the &epu"li$, an the .elfa!e of the nation.
The National Intelli%en$e Coo!inatin% #%en$y shall "e the Se$!eta!iat of the Coun$il. The Coun$il shall
efine the po.e!s, uties, an fun$tions of the National Intelli%en$e Coo!inatin% #%en$y as Se$!eta!iat of
the Coun$il. The National :u!eau of In(esti%ation, the :u!eau of Immi%!ation, the Offi$e of Ci(il 0efense,
the Intelli%en$e Se!(i$e of the #!me 4o!$es of the 7hilippines, the #nti)Foney 1aune!in% Coun$il, the
7hilippine Cente! on T!ansnational C!ime, an the 7hilippine National 7oli$e intelli%en$e an in(esti%ati(e
elements shall se!(e as suppo!t a%en$ies fo! the Coun$il.
The Coun$il shall fo!mulate an aopt $omp!ehensi(e, aeBuate, effi$ient, an effe$ti(e anti)te!!o!ism
plans, p!o%!ams, an $ounte!)measu!es to supp!ess an e!ai$ate te!!o!ism in the $ount!y an to p!ote$t
the people f!om a$ts of te!!o!ism. Nothin% he!ein shall "e inte!p!ete to empo.e! the #nti)Te!!o!ism
Coun$il to e3e!$ise any 2ui$ial o! Buasi)2ui$ial po.e! o! autho!ity.
SEC. 34. ,unctions o' t$e (ouncil. ) In pu!suit of its manate in the p!e(ious Se$tion, the Coun$il shall
ha(e the follo.in% fun$tions .ith ue !e%a! fo! the !i%hts of the people as manate "y the Constitution
an pe!tinent la.s:
1. 4o!mulate an aopt plans, p!o%!ams an $ounte!)measu!es a%ainst te!!o!ists an a$ts of
te!!o!ism in the $ount!y8
2. Coo!inate all national effo!ts to supp!ess an e!ai$ate a$ts of te!!o!ism in the $ount!y an
mo"ili<e the enti!e nation a%ainst te!!o!ism p!es$!i"e in this #$t8
9. 0i!e$t the speey in(esti%ation an p!ose$ution of all pe!sons a$$use o! etaine fo! the
$!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism an othe! offenses punisha"le une! this #$t,
an monito! the p!o%!ess of thei! $ases8
4. Esta"lish an maintain $omp!ehensi(e ata)"ase info!mation system on te!!o!ism, te!!o!ist
a$ti(ities, an $ounte!)te!!o!ism ope!ations8
5. 4!ee<e the funs p!ope!ty, "an/ eposits, pla$ements, t!ust a$$ounts, assets an !e$o!s
"elon%in% to a pe!son suspe$te of o! $ha!%e .ith the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to
$ommit te!!o!ism, pu!suant to &epu"li$ #$t No. 6160, othe!.ise /no.n as the #nti)Foney
1aune!in% #$t of 2001, as amene8
6. C!ant moneta!y !e.a!s an othe! in$enti(es to info!me!s .ho %i(e (ital info!mation leain% to
the app!ehension, a!!est, etention, p!ose$ution, an $on(i$tion of pe!son o! pe!sons .ho a!e
lia"le fo! the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism8
,. Esta"lish an maintain $oo!ination .ith an the $oope!ation an assistan$e of othe! nations
in the st!u%%le a%ainst inte!national te!!o!ism8 an
+. &eBuest the Sup!eme Cou!t to esi%nate spe$ifi$ i(isions of the Cou!t of #ppeals an
&e%ional T!ial Cou!ts in Fanila, Ce"u City an Ca%ayan e O!o City, as the $ase may "e, to
hanle all $ases in(ol(in% the $!ime of te!!o!ism o! $onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism an all matte!s
in$ient to sai $!imes. The Se$!eta!y of Justi$e shall assi%n a team of p!ose$uto!s f!om: *a-
1u<on to hanle te!!o!ism $ases file in the &e%ional T!ial Cou!t in Fanila8 *"- f!om the ;isayas to
hanle $ases file in Ce"u City8 an *$- f!om Finanao to hanle $ases file in Ca%ayan e O!o
City.
SEC. 33. Role o' t$e (ommission on >uman Ri+$ts. ) The Commission on 'uman &i%hts shall %i(e
the hi%hest p!io!ity to the in(esti%ation an p!ose$ution of (iolations of $i(il an politi$al !i%hts of pe!sons
in !elation to the implementation of this #$t8 an fo! this pu!pose, the Commission shall ha(e the
$on$u!!ent 2u!isi$tion to p!ose$ute pu"li$ offi$ials, la. enfo!$e!s, an othe! pe!sons .ho may ha(e
(iolate the $i(il an politi$al !i%hts of pe!sons suspe$te of, o! etaine fo! the $!ime of te!!o!ism o!
$onspi!a$y to $ommit te!!o!ism.
SEC. 36. (%eation o' a 5%ie)ance (ommittee. ) The!e is he!e"y $!eate a C!ie(an$e Committee
$ompose of the Om"usman, as $hai!, an the Soli$ito! Cene!al, an an une!se$!eta!y f!om the
0epa!tment of Justi$e *0OJ-, as mem"e!s, to !e$ei(e an e(aluate $omplaints a%ainst the a$tuations of
the poli$e an la. enfo!$ement offi$ials in the implementation of this #$t. The Committee shall hol offi$e
in Fanila. The Committee shall ha(e th!ee su"$ommittees that .ill "e !espe$ti(ely heae "y the 0eputy
Om"usmen in 1u<on, the ;isayas an Finanao. The su"$ommittees shall !espe$ti(ely hol offi$e at
the Offi$es of 0eputy Om"usman. Th!ee #ssistant Soli$ito!s Cene!al esi%nate "y the Soli$ito!
Cene!al, an the !e%ional p!ose$uto!s of the 0OJ assi%ne to the !e%ions .he!e the 0eputy Om"usmen
hol offi$e shall "e mem"e!s the!eof. The th!ee su"$ommittees shall assist the C!ie(an$e Committee in
!e$ei(in%, in(esti%atin% an e(aluatin% $omplaints a%ainst the poli$e an othe! la. enfo!$ement offi$e!s in
the implementation of this #$t. If the e(ien$e .a!!ants it, they may file the app!op!iate $ases a%ainst the
e!!in% poli$e an la. enfo!$ement offi$e!s. =nless seasona"ly iso.ne o! enoun$e "y the
$omplainants, e$isions o! 2u%ments in the sai $ases shall p!e$lue the filin% of othe! $ases "ase on
the same $ause o! $auses of a$tion as those that .e!e file .ith the C!ie(an$e Committee o! its
"!an$hes.
SEC. 34. ;an on /:t%ao%dina%y Rendition. ) No pe!son suspe$te o! $on(i$te of the $!ime of te!!o!ism
shall "e su"2e$te to e3t!ao!ina!y !enition to any $ount!y unless his o! he! testimony is neee fo!
te!!o!ist !elate poli$e in(esti%ations o! 2ui$ial t!ials in the sai $ount!y an unless his o! he! human
!i%hts, in$luin% the !i%ht a%ainst to!tu!e, an !i%ht to $ounsel, a!e offi$ially assu!e "y the !eBuestin%
$ount!y an t!ansmitte a$$o!in%ly an app!o(e "y the 0epa!tment of Justi$e.
SEC. 3(. /:t%a=&e%%ito%ial Application o' t$is Act. ) Su"2e$t to the p!o(ision of an e3istin% t!eaty of
.hi$h the 7hilippines is a si%nato!y an to any $ont!a!y p!o(ision of any la. of p!efe!ential appli$ation, the
p!o(isions of this #$t shall apply: *1- to ini(iual pe!sons .ho $ommit any of the $!imes efine an
punishe in this #$t .ithin the te!!est!ial omain, inte!io! .ate!s, ma!itime <one, an ai!spa$e of the
7hilippines8 *2- to ini(iual pe!sons .ho, althou%h physi$ally outsie the te!!ito!ial limits of the
7hilippines, $ommit, $onspi!e o! plot to $ommit any of the $!imes efine an punishe in this #$t insie
the te!!ito!ial limits of the 7hilippines8 *9- to ini(iual pe!sons .ho, althou%h physi$ally outsie the
te!!ito!ial limits of the 7hilippines, $ommit any of the sai $!imes on "oa! 7hilippine ship o! 7hilippine
ai!ship8 *4- to ini(iual pe!sons .ho $ommit any of sai $!imes .ithin any em"assy, $onsulate, o!
iplomati$ p!emises "elon%in% to o! o$$upie "y the 7hilippine %o(e!nment in an offi$ial $apa$ity8 *5- to
ini(iual pe!sons .ho, althou%h physi$ally outsie the te!!ito!ial limits of the 7hilippines, $ommit sai
$!imes a%ainst 7hilippine $iti<ens o! pe!sons of 7hilippines es$ent, .he!e thei! $iti<enship o! ethni$ity
.as a fa$to! in the $ommission of the $!ime8 an *6- to ini(iual pe!sons .ho, althou%h physi$ally
outsie the te!!ito!ial limits of the 7hilippines, $ommit sai $!imes i!e$tly a%ainst the 7hilippine
%o(e!nment.
SEC. 39. Joint .)e%si+$t (ommittee. ) The!e is he!e"y $!eate a Joint O(e!si%ht Committee to o(e!see
the implementation of this #$t. The O(e!si%ht Committee shall "e $ompose of fi(e mem"e!s ea$h f!om
the Senate an the 'ouse in aition to the Chai!s of the Committees of 7u"li$ O!e! of "oth 'ouses
.ho shall also Chai! the O(e!si%ht Committee in the o!e! spe$ifie he!ein. The mem"e!ship of the
Committee fo! e(e!y 'ouse shall at least ha(e t.o opposition o! mino!ity mem"e!s. The Joint O(e!si%ht
Committee shall ha(e its o.n inepenent $ounsel. The Chai! of the Committee shall !otate e(e!y si3
months .ith the Senate $hai!in% it fo! the fi!st si3 months an the 'ouse fo! the ne3t si3 months. In e(e!y
$ase, the !an/in% opposition o! mino!ity mem"e! of the Committee shall "e the ;i$e Chai!. =pon the
e3pi!ation of one yea! afte! this #$t is app!o(e "y the 7!esient, the Committee shall !e(ie. the #$t
pa!ti$ula!ly the p!o(ision that autho!i<e the su!(eillan$e of suspe$ts of o! pe!sons $ha!%e .ith the $!ime
of te!!o!ism. To that en, the Committee shall summon the poli$e an la. enfo!$ement offi$e!s an the
mem"e!s of the #nti)Te!!o!ism Coun$il an !eBui!e them to ans.e! Buestions f!om the mem"e!s of
Con%!ess an to su"mit a .!itten !epo!t of the a$ts they ha(e one in the implementation of the la.
in$luin% the manne! in .hi$h the pe!sons suspe$te of o! $ha!%e .ith the $!ime of te!!o!ism ha(e "een
ealt .ith in thei! $ustoy an f!om the ate .hen the mo(ements of the latte! .e!e su"2e$te to
su!(eillan$e an his o! he! $o!!esponen$es, messa%es, $on(e!sations an the li/e .e!e listene to o!
su"2e$te to monito!in%, !e$o!in% an tappin%. >ithout p!e2ui$e to its su"mittin% othe! !epo!ts, the
Committee shall !ene! a semiannual !epo!t to "oth 'ouses of Con%!ess. The !epo!t may in$lue .he!e
ne$essa!y a !e$ommenation to !eassess the effe$ts of %lo"ali<ation on te!!o!ist a$ti(ities on the people,
p!o(ie a sunset $lause to o! amen any po!tion of the #$t o! to !epeal the #$t in its enti!ety. The $ou!ts
ealin% .ith anti)te!!o!ism $ases shall su"mit to Con%!ess an the 7!esient a !epo!t e(e!y si3 months of
the status of anti)te!!o!ism $ases that ha(e "een file .ith them sta!tin% f!om the ate this #$t is
implemente.
SEC. 65. #epa%ability (lause. ) If fo! any !eason any pa!t o! p!o(ision of this #$t is e$la!e
un$onstitutional o! in(ali, the othe! pa!ts o! p!o(isions he!eof .hi$h a!e not affe$te the!e"y shall !emain
an $ontinue to "e in full fo!$e an effe$t.
SEC. 6'. Repealin+ (lause. ) #ll la.s, e$!ees, e3e$uti(e o!e!s, !ules o! !e%ulations o! pa!ts the!eof,
in$onsistent .ith the p!o(isions of this #$t a!e he!e"y !epeale, amene, o! moifie a$$o!in%ly.
SEC. 6#. #pecial /''ecti)ity (lause. ) #fte! the "ill shall ha(e "een si%ne into la. "y the 7!esient, the
#$t shall "e pu"lishe in th!ee ne.spape!s of national $i!$ulation8 th!ee ne.spape!s of lo$al $i!$ulation,
one ea$h in llo$os No!te, :a%uio City an 7ampan%a8 th!ee ne.spape!s of lo$al $i!$ulation, one ea$h in
Ce"u, lloilo an Ta$lo"an8 an th!ee ne.spape!s of lo$al $i!$ulation, one ea$h in Ca%ayan e O!o, 0a(ao
an Cene!al Santos $ity.
The title of the #$t an its p!o(isions efinin% the a$ts of te!!o!ism that a!e punishe shall "e ai!e
e(e!yay at p!imetime fo! se(en ays, mo!nin%, noon an ni%ht o(e! th!ee national tele(ision an !aio
net.o!/s8 th!ee !aio an tele(ision net.o!/s, one ea$h in Ce"u, Ta$lo"an an lloilo8 an in fi(e !aio an
tele(ision net.o!/s, one ea$h in 1anao el Su!, Ca%ayan e O!o, 0a(ao City, Cota"ato City an
Lam"oan%a City. The pu"li$ation in the ne.spape!s of lo$al $i!$ulation an the announ$ements o(e! lo$al
!aio an tele(ision net.o!/s shall "e one in the ominant lan%ua%e of the $ommunity. #fte! the
pu"li$ation !eBui!e a"o(e shall ha(e "een one, the #$t shall ta/e effe$t t.o months afte! the ele$tions
a!e hel in Fay 200,. The!eafte!, the p!o(isions of this #$t shall "e automati$ally suspene one month
"efo!e an t.o months as afte! the holin% of any ele$tion.
REP"BIC ACT N5. 9443
AN ACT PENAI7ING TORT"RE AND OTHER CR"E& INH"MAN AND DEGRADING TREATMENT
OR P"NISHMENT AND PRESCRIBING PENATIES THEREFOR
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled?
Sectio, '. Short #itle' ) This # shall "e /no.n as the ?Anti=&o%tu%e Act o' 2009?.
Sectio, #. Statement of Policy' ) It is he!e"y e$la!e the poli$y of the State:
*a- To (alue the i%nity of e(e!y human pe!son an %ua!antee full !espe$t fo! human !i%hts8
*"- To ensu!e that the human !i%hts of all pe!sons, in$luin% suspe$ts, etainees an p!isone!s
a!e !espe$te at all times8 an that no pe!son pla$e une! in(esti%ation o! hel in $ustoy of any
pe!son in autho!ity o!, a%ent of a pe!son autho!ity shall "e su"2e$te to physi$al, psy$holo%i$al o!
mental ha!m, fo!$e, (iolen$e, th!eat o! intimiation o! any a$t that impai!s his@he! f!ee .i11 o! in
any manne! emeans o! e%!aes human i%nity8
*$- To ensu!e that se$!et etention pla$es, solita!y, in$ommuni$ao o! othe! simila! fo!ms of
etention, .he!e to!tu!e may "e $a!!ie out .ith impunity, a!e p!ohi"ite8 an
*- To fully ahe!e to the p!in$iples an stana!s on the a"solute $onemnation an p!ohi"ition
of to!tu!e as p!o(ie fo! in the 16+, 7hilippine Constitution8 (a!ious inte!national inst!uments to
.hi$h the 7hilippines is a State pa!ty su$h as, "ut not limite to, the Inte!national Co(enant on
Ci(il an 7oliti$al &i%hts *ICC7&-, the Con(ention on the &i%hts of the Chil *C&C-, the
Con(ention on the Elimination of #ll 4o!ms of 0is$!imination #%ainst >omen *CE0# >- an the
Con(ention #%ainst To!tu!e an Othe! C!uel, Inhuman o! 0e%!ain% T!eatment o! 7unishment
*C#T-8 an all othe! !ele(ant inte!national human !i%hts inst!uments to .hi$h the 7hilippines is a
si%nato!y.
Sectio, 3. *efinitions' ) 4o! pu!poses of this #$t, the follo.in% te!ms shall mean:
*a- ATo!tu!eA !efe!s to an a$t "y .hi$h se(e!e pain o! suffe!in%, .hethe! physi$al o! mental, is
intentionally infli$te on a pe!son fo! su$h pu!poses as o"tainin% f!om him@he! o! a thi! pe!son
info!mation o! a $onfession8 punishin% him@he! fo! an a$t he@she o! a thi! pe!son has $ommitte
o! is suspe$te of ha(in% $ommitte8 o! intimiatin% o! $oe!$in% him@he! o! a thi! pe!son8 o! fo!
any !eason "ase on is$!imination of any /in, .hen su$h pain o! suffe!in% is infli$te "y o! at
the insti%ation of o! .ith the $onsent o! a$Buies$en$e of a pe!son in autho!ity o! a%ent of a pe!son
in autho!ity. It oes not in$lue pain o! :uffe!in% a!isin% only f!om, inhe!ent in o! in$iental to
la.ful san$tions.
*"- AOthe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishmentA !efe!s to a eli"e!ate an
a%%!a(ate t!eatment o! punishment not enume!ate une! Se$tion 4 of this #$t, infli$te "y a
pe!son in autho!ity o! a%ent of a pe!son in autho!ity a%ainst a pe!son une! his@he! $ustoy, .hi$h
attains a le(el of se(e!ity $ausin% suffe!in%, %!oss humiliation o! e"asement to the latte!.
*$- A;i$timA !efe!s to the pe!son su"2e$te to to!tu!e o! othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain%
t!eatment o! punishment as efine a"o(e an any ini(iual .ho has suffe!e ha!m as a !esult
of any a$t*s- of to!tu!e, o! othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment.
*- AO!e! of :attleA !efe!s to any o$ument o! ete!mination mae "y the milita!y, poli$e o! any
la. enfo!$ement a%en$y of the %o(e!nment, listin% the names of pe!sons an o!%ani<ations that it
pe!$ei(es to "e enemies of the State an that it $onsie!s as le%itimate ta!%ets as $om"atants
that it $oul eal .ith, th!ou%h the use of means allo.e "y omesti$ an inte!national la..
Sectio, 4. Acts of #orture' ) 4o! pu!poses of this #$t, to!tu!e shall in$lue, "ut not "e limite to, the
follo.in%:
*a- 7hysi$al to!tu!e is a fo!m of t!eatment o! punishment infli$te "y a pe!son in autho!ity o! a%ent
of a pe!son in autho!ity upon anothe! in his@he! $ustoy that $auses se(e!e pain, e3haustion,
isa"ility o! ysfun$tion of one o! mo!e pa!ts of the "oy, su$h as:
*1- Systemati$ "eatin%, hea"an%in%, pun$hin%, /i$/in%, st!i/in% .ith t!un$heon o! !ifle
"utt o! othe! simila! o"2e$ts, an 2umpin% on the stoma$h8
*2- 4oo ep!i(ation o! fo!$i"le feein% .ith spoile foo, animal o! human e3$!eta an
othe! stuff o! su"stan$es not no!mally eaten8
*9- Ele$t!i$ sho$/8
*4- Ci%a!ette "u!nin%8 "u!nin% "y ele$t!i$ally heate !os, hot oil, a$i8 "y the !u""in% of
peppe! o! othe! $hemi$al su"stan$es on mu$ous mem"!anes, o! a$is o! spi$es i!e$tly
on the .oun*s-8
*5- The su"me!sion of the hea in .ate! o! .ate! pollute .ith e3$!ement, u!ine, (omit
an@o! "loo until the "!in/ of suffo$ation8
*6- :ein% tie o! fo!$e to assume fi3e an st!essful "oily position8
*,- &ape an se3ual a"use, in$luin% the inse!tion of fo!ei%n o"2e$ts into the se3 o!%an o!
!e$tum, o! ele$t!i$al to!tu!e of the %enitals8
*+- Futilation o! amputation of the essential pa!ts of the "oy su$h as the %enitalia, ea!,
ton%ue, et$.8
*6- 0ental to!tu!e o! the fo!$e e3t!a$tion of the teeth8
*10- 7ullin% out of fin%e!nails8
*11- 'a!mful e3posu!e to the elements su$h as sunli%ht an e3t!eme $ol8
*12- The use of plasti$ "a% an othe! mate!ials pla$e o(e! the hea to the point of
asphy3iation8
*19- The use of psy$hoa$ti(e !u%s to $han%e the pe!$eption, memo!y. ale!tness o! .ill of
a pe!son, su$h as:
*i- The aminist!ation o! !u%s to inu$e $onfession an@o! !eu$e mental $ompeten$y8 o!
*ii- The use of !u%s to inu$e e3t!eme pain o! $e!tain symptoms of a isease8 an
*14- Othe! analo%ous a$ts of physi$al to!tu!e8 an
*"- AFental@7sy$holo%i$al To!tu!eA !efe!s to a$ts $ommitte "y a pe!son in autho!ity o! a%ent of a
pe!son in autho!ity .hi$h a!e $al$ulate to affe$t o! $onfuse the min an@o! une!mine a
pe!son?s i%nity an mo!ale, su$h as:
*1- :linfolin%8
*2- Th!eatenin% a pe!son*s- o! his@fhe! !elati(e*s- .ith "oily ha!m, e3e$ution o! othe!
.!on%ful a$ts8
*9- Confinement in solita!y $ells o! se$!et etention pla$es8
*4- 7!olon%e inte!!o%ation8
*5- 7!epa!in% a p!isone! fo! a Asho. t!ialA, pu"li$ isplay o! pu"li$ humiliation of a
etainee o! p!isone!8
*6- Causin% uns$heule t!ansfe! of a pe!son ep!i(e of li"e!ty f!om one pla$e to
anothe!, $!eatin% the "elief that he@she shall "e summa!ily e3e$ute8
*,- Falt!eatin% a mem"e!@s of a pe!son?s family8
*+- Causin% the to!tu!e sessions to "e .itnesse "y the pe!son?s family, !elati(es o! any
thi! pa!ty8
*6- 0enial of sleep@!est8
*10- Shame infli$tion su$h as st!ippin% the pe!son na/e, pa!ain% him@he! in pu"li$
pla$es, sha(in% the (i$tim?s hea o! puttin% ma!/s on his@he! "oy a%ainst his@he! .ill8
*11- 0eli"e!ately p!ohi"itin% the (i$tim to $ommuni$ate .ith any mem"e! of his@he! family8
an
*12- Othe! analo%ous a$ts of mental@psy$holo%i$al to!tu!e.
Sectio, 3. 8ther Cruel, 1nhuman and *egrading #reatment or Punishment' ) Othe! $!uel, inhuman o!
e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment !efe!s to a eli"e!ate an a%%!a(ate t!eatment o! punishment not
enume!ate une! Se$tion 4 of this #$t, infli$te "y a pe!son in autho!ity o! a%ent of a pe!son in autho!ity
a%ainst anothe! pe!son in $ustoy, .hi$h attains a le(el of se(e!ity suffi$ient to $ause suffe!in%, %!oss
humiliation o! e"asement to the latte!. The assessment of the le(el of se(e!ity shall epen on all the
$i!$umstan$es of the $ase, in$luin% the u!ation of the t!eatment o! punishment, its physi$al an mental
effe$ts an, in some $ases, the se3, !eli%ion, a%e an state of health of the (i$tim.
Sectio, 6. 0reedom from #orture and 8ther Cruel, 1nhuman and *egrading #reatment or Punishment, An
Absolute Right' ) To!tu!e an othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment as $!iminal
a$ts shall apply to all $i!$umstan$es. # state of .a! o! a th!eat of .a!, inte!nal politi$al insta"ility, o! any
othe! pu"li$ eme!%en$y, o! a o$ument o! any ete!mination $omp!isin% an Ao!e! of "attleA shall not an
$an ne(e! "e in(o/e as a 2ustifi$ation fo! to!tu!e an othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o!
punishment.
Sectio, 4. Prohibited *etention' ) Se$!et etention pla$es, solita!y $onfinement, in$ommuni$ao o! othe!
simila! fo!ms of etention, .he!e to!tu!e may "e $a!!ie out .ith impunity a!e he!e"y p!ohi"ite.
In .hi$h $ase, the 7hilippine National 7oli$e *7N7-, the #!me 4o!$es of the 7hilippines *#47- an othe!
la. enfo!$ement. a%en$ies $on$e!ne shall ma/e an upate list of all etention $ente!s an fa$ilities
une! thei! !espe$ti(e 2u!isi$tions .ith the $o!!esponin% ata on the p!isone!s o! etainees in$a!$e!ate
o! etaine the!ein su$h as, amon% othe!s, names, ate of a!!est an in$a!$e!ation, an the $!ime o!
offense $ommitte. This list shall "e mae a(aila"le to the pu"li$ at all times, .ith a $opy of the $omplete
list a(aila"le at the !espe$ti(e national heaBua!te!s of the 7N7 an #47. # $opy of the $omplete list shall
li/e.ise "e su"mitte "y the 7N7, #47 an all othe! la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies to the Commission on
'uman &i%hts *C'&-, su$h list to "e pe!ioi$ally upate, "y the same a%en$ies, .ithin the fi!st fi(e *5-
ays of e(e!y month at the minimum. E(e!y !e%ional offi$e of the 7N7, #47 an othe! la. enfo!$ement
a%en$ies shall also maintain a simila! list fa! all etainees an etention fa$ilities .ithin thei! !espe$ti(e
a!eas, an shall ma/e the same a(aila"le to the pu"li$ at all times at thei! !espe$ti(e !e%ional
heaBua!te!s, an su"mit a $opy. upate in the same manne! p!o(ie a"o(e, to the !espe$ti(e !e%ional
offi$es of the C'&.
Sectio, (. Applicability of the )(clusionary Rule= )(ception' ) #ny $onfession, amission o! statement
o"taine as a !esult of to!tu!e shall "e inamissi"le in e(ien$e in any p!o$eein%s, e3$ept if the same is
use as e(ien$e a%ainst a pe!son o! pe!sons a$$use of $ommittin% to!tu!e.
Sectio, 9. 1nstitutional Protection of #orture !ictims and 8ther Persons 1nvolved' ) # (i$tim of to!tu!e shall
ha(e the follo.in% !i%hts in the institution of a $!iminal $omplaint fo! to!tu!e:
*a- To ha(e a p!ompt an an impa!tial in(esti%ation "y the C'& an "y a%en$ies of %o(e!nment
$on$e!ne su$h as the 0epa!tment of Justi$e *0OJ-, the 7u"li$ #tto!ney?s Offi$e *7#O-, the 7N7,
the National :u!eau of In(esti%ation *N:I- an the #47. # p!ompt in(esti%ation shall mean a
ma3imum pe!io of si3ty *60- .o!/in% ays f!om the time a $omplaint fo! to!tu!e is file .ithin
.hi$h an in(esti%ation !epo!t an@o! !esolution shall "e $omplete an mae a(aila"le. #n appeal
.hene(e! a(aila"le shall "e !esol(e .ithin the same pe!io p!es$!i"e he!ein,
*"- To ha(e suffi$ient %o(e!nment p!ote$tion a%ainst all fo!ms of ha!assment8 th!eat an@o!
intimiation as a $onseBuen$e of the filin% of sai $omplaint o! the p!esentation of e(ien$e
the!efo!. In .hi$h $ase, the State th!ou%h its app!op!iate a%en$ies shall affo! se$u!ity in o!e! to
ensu!e his@he! safety an all othe! pe!sons in(ol(e in the in(esti%ation an p!ose$ution su$h as,
"ut not limite to, his@he! la.ye!, .itnesses an !elati(es8 an
*$- To "e a$$o!e suffi$ient p!ote$tion in the manne! "y .hi$h he@she testifies an p!esents
e(ien$e in any fo!a in o!e! to a(oi fu!the! t!auma.
Sectio, '5. *isposition of "rits of Habeas Corpus, Amparo and Habeas *ata Proceedings and
Compliance with a @udicial %A2der' ) # .!it of ha"eas $o!pus o! .!it of ampa!o o! .!it of ha"eas ata
p!o$eein%, if any, file on "ehalf of the (i$tim of to!tu!e o! othe! $!uel, e%!ain% an inhuman t!eatment
o! punishment shall "e ispose of e3peitiously an any o!e! of !elease "y (i!tue the!eof, o! othe!
app!op!iate o!e! of a $ou!t !elati(e the!eto, shall "e e3e$ute o! $omplie .ith immeiately.
Sectio, ''. Assistance in 0iling a Complaint' ) The C'& an the 7#O shall !ene! le%al assistan$e in the
in(esti%ation an monito!in% an@o! filin% of the $omplaint fo! a pe!son .ho suffe!s to!tu!e an othe! $!uel,
inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment, o! fo! any inte!este pa!ty the!eto.
The (i$tim o! inte!este pa!ty may also see/ le%al assistan$e f!om the :a!an%ay 'uman &i%hts #$tion
Cente! *:&&#C- nea!est him@he! as .ell as f!om human !i%hts non%o(e!nment o!%ani<ations *NCOs-.
Sectio, '#. Right to2 Physical, .edical and Psychological )(amination' ) :efo!e an afte! inte!!o%ation,
e(e!y pe!son a!!este, etaine o! une! $ustoial in(esti%ation shall ha(e the !i%ht to he info!me of
his@he! !i%ht to eman physi$al e3amination "y an inepenent an $ompetent o$to! of his@he! o.n
$hoi$e. If su$h pe!son $annot affo! the se!(i$es of his@he! o.n o$to!, he@she shall he p!o(ie "y the
State .ith a $ompetent an inepenent o$to! to $onu$t physi$al e3amination. The State shall
enea(o! to p!o(ie the (i$tim .ith psy$holo%i$al e(aluation if a(aila"le une! the $i!$umstan$es. If the
pe!son a!!este is a female, she shall "e attene to p!efe!a"ly "y a female o$to!. 4u!the!mo!e, any
pe!son a!!este, etaine o! une! $ustoial in(esti%ation, in$luin% his@he! immeiate family, shall ha(e
the !i%ht to immeiate a$$ess to p!ope! an aeBuate mei$al t!eatment. The physi$al e3amination
an@o! psy$holo%i$al e(aluation of the (i$tim shall "e $ontaine in a mei$al !epo!t, uly si%ne "y the
attenin% physi$ian, .hi$h shall in$lue in etail his@he! mei$al histo!y an finin%s, an .hi$h shall he
atta$he to the $ustoial in(esti%ation !epo!t. Su$h !epo!t shall "e $onsie!e a pu"li$ o$ument.
4ollo.in% appli$a"le p!oto$ol a%!ee upon "y a%en$ies tas/e to $onu$t physi$al, psy$holo%i$al an
mental e3aminations, the mei$al !epo!ts shall, amon% othe!s, in$lue:
*a- The name, a%e an a!ess of the patient o! (i$tim8
*"- The name an a!ess of the nea!est /in of the patient o! (i$tim8
*$- The name an a!ess of the pe!son .ho "!ou%ht the patient o! (i$tim fo! physi$al,
psy$holo%i$al an mental e3amination, an@o! mei$al t!eatment8
*- The natu!e an p!o"a"le $ause of the patient o! (i$tim?s in2u!y, pain an isease an@o!
t!auma8
*e- The app!o3imate time an ate .hen the in2u!y, pain, isease an@o! t!auma .as@.e!e
sustaine8
*f- The pla$e .he!e the in2u!y, pain, isease an@o! t!auma .as@.e!e sustaine8
*%- The time, ate an natu!e of t!eatment ne$essa!y8 an
*h- The ia%nosis, the p!o%nosis an@o! isposition of the patient.
#ny pe!son .ho oes not .ish to a(ail of the !i%hts une! this p!M8l(ision may /no.in%ly an (olunta!ily
.ai(e su$h !i%hts in .!itin%, e3e$ute in the p!esen$e an assistan$e of his@he! $ounsel.
Sectio, '3. "ho are Criminally 5iable' ) #ny pe!son .ho a$tually pa!ti$ipate O! inu$e anothe! in the
$ommission of to!tu!e o! othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment o! .ho $oope!ate
in the e3e$ution of the a$t of to!tu!e o! othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment "y
p!e(ious o! simultaneous a$ts shall "e lia"le as p!in$ipal
#ny supe!io! milita!y, poli$e o! la. enfo!$ement offi$e! o! senio! %o(e!nment offi$ial .ho issue an o!e!
to any lo.e! !an/in% pe!sonnel to $ommit to!tu!e fo! .hate(e! pu!pose shall "e hel eBually lia"le as
p!in$ipals.
The immeiate $ommanin% offi$e! of the unit $on$e!ne of the #47 o! the immeiate senio! pu"li$
offi$ial of the 7N7 an othe! la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies shall "e hel lia"le as a p!in$ipal to the $!ime of
to!tu!e o! othe! $!uel o! inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment fo! any a$t o! omission, o!
ne%li%en$e $ommitte "y him@he! that shall ha(e le, assiste, a"ette o! allo.e, .hethe! i!e$tly o!
ini!e$tly, the $ommission the!eof "y his@he! su"o!inates. If he@she has /no.le%e of o!, o.in% to the
$i!$umstan$es at the time, shoul ha(e /no.n that a$ts of to!tu!e o! othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain%
t!eatment o! punishment shall "e $ommitte, is "ein% $ommitte, o! has "een $ommitte "y his@he!
su"o!inates o! "y othe!s .ithin his@he! a!ea of !esponsi"ility an, espite su$h /no.le%e, i not ta/e
p!e(enti(e o! $o!!e$ti(e a$tion eithe! "efo!e, u!in% o! immeiately afte! its $ommission, .hen he@she has
the autho!ity to p!e(ent o! in(esti%ate alle%ations of to!tu!e o! othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain%
t!eatment o! punishment "ut faile to p!e(ent o! in(esti%ate alle%ations of su$h a$t, .hethe! eli"e!ately
o! ue to ne%li%en$e shall also "e lia"le as p!in$ipals.
#ny pu"li$ offi$e! o! employee shall "e lia"le as an a$$esso!y if he@she has /no.le%e that to!tu!e o!
othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment is "ein% $ommitte an .ithout ha(in%
pa!ti$ipate the!ein, eithe! as p!in$ipal o! a$$ompli$e, ta/es pa!t su"seBuent to its $ommission in any of
the follo.in% manne!:
*a- :y themsel(es p!ofitin% f!om o! assistin% the offene! to p!ofit f!om the effe$ts of the a$t of
to!tu!e o! othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment8
*"- :y $on$ealin% the a$t of to!tu!e o! othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o!
punishment an@o! est!oyin% the effe$ts o! inst!uments the!eof in o!e! to p!e(ent its is$o(e!y8
o!*$- :y ha!"o!in%, $on$ealin% o! assistin% m the es$ape of the p!in$ipal@s in the a$t of to!tu!e o!
othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment: 7!o(ie, That the a$$esso!y a$ts
a!e one .ith the a"use of the offi$ial?s pu"li$ fun$tions.
Sectio, '4. Penalties' ) *a- The penalty of !e$lusion pe!petua shall "e impose upon the pe!pet!ato!s of
the follo.in% a$ts:
*1- To!tu!e !esultin% in the eath of any pe!son8
*2- To!tu!e !esultin% in mutilation8
*9- To!tu!e .ith !ape8
*4- To!tu!e .ith othe! fo!ms of se3ual a"use an, in $onseBuen$e of to!tu!e, the (i$tim
shall ha(e "e$ome insane, im"e$ile, impotent, "lin o! maime fo! life8 an
*5- To!tu!e $ommitte a%ainst $hil!en.
*"- The penalty of !e$lusion tempo!al shall "e impose on those .ho $ommit any a$t of
mental@psy$holo%i$al to!tu!e !esultin% in insanity, $omplete o! pa!tial amnesia, fea! of "e$omin%
insane o! sui$ial tenen$ies of the (i$tim ue to %uilt, .o!thlessness o! shame.
*$- The penalty of p!ision $o!!e$$ional shall "e impose on those .ho $ommit any a$t of to!tu!e
!esultin% in psy$holo%i$al, mental an emotional ha!m othe! than those es$!i"e 1n pa!a%!aph
*"- of this se$tion. ?
*- The penalty of p!ision mayo! in its meium an ma3imum pe!ios shall "e impose if, in
$onseBuen$e of to!tu!e, the (i$tim shall ha(e lost the po.e! of spee$h o! the po.e! to hea! o! to
smell8 o! shall ha(e lost an eye, a han, a foot, an a!m o! a le%8 o! shall ha(e lost the use of any
su$h mem"e!8 O! shall ha(e "e$ome pe!manently in$apa$itate fo! la"o!.
*e- The penalty of p!ision mayo! in its minimum an meium pe!ios shall "e impose if, in
$onseBuen$e of to!tu!e, the (i$tim shall ha(e "e$ome efo!me o! shall ha(e lost any pa!t of
his@he! "oy othe! than those afo!e$ite, o! shall ha(e lost the use the!eof, o! shall ha(e "een ill
o! in$apa$itate fo! la"o! fo! a pe!io of mo!e than ninety *60- ays.
*f- The penalty of p!ision $o!!e$$ional in its ma3imum pe!io to p!ision mayo! in its minimum
pe!io shall "e impose if, in $onseBuen$e of to!tu!e, the (i$tim shall ha(e "een ill o!
in$apa$itate fo! la"o! fo! ma!e than thi!ty *90- ays "ut not mo!e than ninety *60- ays.
*%- The penalty of p!ision $o!!e$$ional in its minimum an meium pe!io shall "e impose if, in
$onseBuen$e of to!tu!e, the (i$tim shall ha(e "een ill o! in$apa$itate fo! la"o! fo! thi!ty *90- ays
o! less.
*h- The penalty of a!!esto mayo! shall "e impose fo! a$ts $onstitutin% $!uel, inhuman o!
e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment as efine in Se$tion 5 of this #$t.
*i- The penalty of p!ision $o!!e$$ional shall "e impose upon those .ho esta"lish, ope!ate an
maintain se$!et etention pla$es an@o! effe$t o! $ause to effe$t solita!y $onfinement,
in$ommuni$ao o! othe! simila! fo!ms of p!ohi"ite etention as p!o(ie in Se$tion , of this #$t
.he!e to!tu!e may "e $a!!ie out .ith impunity.
*2- The penalty of a!!esto mayo! shall "e impose upon the !esponsi"le offi$e!s o! pe!sonnel of
the #47, the 7N7 an othe! la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies fo! failu!e to pe!fo!m his@he! uty to
maintain, su"mit o! ma/e a(aila"le to the pu"li$ an upate list of etention $ente!s an fa$ilities
.ith the $o!!esponin% ata on the p!isone!s o! etainees in$a!$e!ate o! etaine the!ein,
pu!suant to Se$tion , of this #$t.
Sectio, '3. #orture as a Separate and 1ndependent Crime' ) To!tu!e as a $!ime shall not a"so!" o! shall
not "e a"so!"e "y any othe! $!ime o! felony $ommitte as a $onseBuen$e, o! as a means in the $onu$t
o! $ommission the!eof. In .hi$h $ase, to!tu!e shall "e t!eate as a sepa!ate an inepenent $!iminal a$t
.hose penalties shall "e imposa"le .ithout p!e2ui$e to any othe! $!iminal lia"ility p!o(ie fo! "y
omesti$ an inte!national la.s.
Sectio, '6. )(clusion from the Coverage of Special Amnesty 5aw' ) In o!e! not to ep!e$iate the $!ime
of to!tu!e, pe!sons .ho ha(e $ommitte any a$t of to!tu!e shall not "enefit f!om any spe$ial amnesty la.
o! simila! measu!es that .ill ha(e the effe$t of e3emptin% them f!om any $!iminal p!o$eein%s an
san$tions.
Sectio, '4. Applicability of Refouler' ) No pe!son shall "e e3pelle, !etu!ne o! e3t!aite to anothe!
State .he!e the!e a!e su"stantial %!ouns to "elie(e that su$h pe!son shall "e in an%e! of "ein%
su"2e$te to to!tu!e. 4o! the pu!poses of ete!minin% .hethe! su$h %!ouns e3ist, the Se$!eta!y of the
0epa!tment of 4o!ei%n #ffai!s *04#- an the Se$!eta!y of the 0OJ, in $oo!ination .ith the Chai!pe!son of
the C'&, shall ta/e into a$$ount all !ele(ant $onsie!ations in$luin%, .he!e appli$a"le an not limite to,
the e3isten$e in the !eBuestin% State of a $onsistent patte!n of %!oss, fla%!ant o! mass (iolations of human
!i%hts.
Sectio, '(. Compensation to !ictims of #orture' ) #ny pe!son .ho has suffe!e to!tu!e shall ha(e the
!i%ht to $laim fo! $ompensation as p!o(ie fo! une! &epu"li$ #$t No. ,906: 7!o(ie, That in no $ase
shall $ompensation "e any lo.e! than Ten thousan pesos *710,000.00-. ;i$tims of to!tu!e shall also
ha(e the !i%ht to $laim fo! $ompensation f!om su$h othe! finan$ial !elief p!o%!ams that may "e mae
a(aila"le to him@he! une! e3istin% la. an !ules an !e%ulations.
Sectio, '9. 0ormulation of a Rehabilitation Program' ) >ithin one *1- yea! f!om the effe$ti(ity of this #$t,
the 0epa!tment of So$ial >elfa!e an 0e(elopment *0S>0-, the 0OJ an the 0epa!tment of 'ealth
*0O'- an su$h othe! $on$e!ne %o(e!nment a%en$ies, an human !i%hts o!%ani<ations shall fo!mulate a
$omp!ehensi(e !eha"ilitation p!o%!am fo! (i$tims of to!tu!e an thei! families. The 0S>0, the 0OJ an
th$ 0O' shall also $all on human !i%hts non%o(e!nment o!%ani<ations uly !e$o%ni<e "y the %o(e!nment
to a$ti(ely pa!ti$ipate in the fo!mulation of su$h p!o%!am that shall p!o(ie fo! the physi$al, mental, so$ial,
psy$holo%i$al healin% an e(elopment of (i$tims of to!tu!e an thei! families. To.a! the attainment of
!esto!ati(e 2usti$e, a pa!allel !eha"ilitation p!o%!am fo! pe!sons .ho ha(e $ommitte to!tu!e an othe!
$!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% punishment shall li/e.ise "e fo!mulate "y the same a%en$ies.
Sectio, #5. .onitoring of Compliance with this Act' ) #n O(e!si%ht Committee is he!e"y $!eate to
pe!ioi$ally o(e!see the implementation of this #$t. The Committee shall "e heae "y a Commissione!
of the C&&, .ith the follo.in% as mem"e!s: the Chai!pe!son of the Senate Committee on Justi$e an
'uman &i%hts, the !espe$ti(e Chai!pe!sons of the 'ouse of &ep!esentati(es? Committees on Justi$e an
'uman &i%hts, an the Fino!ity 1eae!s of "oth houses o! thei! !espe$ti(e !ep!esentati(es in the mino!ity.
Sectio, #'. )ducation and 1nformation Campaign' ) The C'&, the 0OJ, the 0epa!tment of National
0efense *0N0-, the 0epa!tment of the Inte!io! an 1o$al Co(e!nment *0I1C- an su$h othe! $on$e!ne
pa!ties in "oth the pu"li$ an p!i(ate se$to!s shall ensu!e that eu$ation an info!mation !e%a!in%
p!ohi"ition a%ainst to!tu!e an othe! $!uel, inhuman an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment shall "e fully
in$lue in the t!ainin% of la. enfo!$ement pe!sonnel, $i(il o! milita!y, mei$al pe!sonnel, pu"li$ offi$ials
an othe! pe!sons .ho may "e in(ol(e in the $ustoy, inte!!o%ation o! t!eatment of any ini(iual
su"2e$te to any fo!m of a!!est, etention o! imp!isonment. The 0epa!tment of Eu$ation *0epE0- an
the Commission on 'i%he! Eu$ation *C'E0- shall also ensu!e the inte%!ation of human !i%hts eu$ation
$ou!ses in all p!ima!y, se$ona!y an te!tia!y le(el a$aemi$ institutions nation.ie.
Sectio, ##. Applicability of the Revised Penal Code' ) The p!o(isions of the &e(ise 7enal Coe insofa!
as they a!e appli$a"le shall "e suppleto!y to this #$t. Fo!eo(e!, if the $ommission of any $!ime punisha"le
une! Title Ei%ht *C!imes #%ainst 7e!sons- an Title Nine *C!imes #%ainst 7e!sonal 1i"e!ty an Se$u!ity-
of the &e(ise 7enal Coe is attene "y any of the a$ts $onstitutin% to!tu!e an othe! $!uel, inhuman
an e%!ain% t!eatment o! punishment as efine he!ein, the penalty to "e impose shall "e in its
ma3imum pe!io.
Sectio, #3. Appropriations' ) The amount of 4i(e million pesos *7hp5,000,000.00- is he!e"y app!op!iate
to the C'& fo! the initial implementation of tills #$t. The!eafte!, su$h sums as may "e ne$essa!y fo! the
$ontinue implementation of this #$t shall "e in$lue in the annual Cene!al #pp!op!iations #$t.
Sectio, #4. 1mplementing Rules and Regulations' ) The 0OJ an the C'&, .ith the a$ti(e pa!ti$ipation of
human !i%hts non%o(e!nmental o!%ani<ations, shall p!omul%ate the !ules an !e%ulations fo! the effe$ti(e
implementation of tills #$t. They shall also ensu!e the full issemination of su$h !ules an !e%ulations to
all offi$e!s an mem"e!s of (a!ious la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies.
Sectio, #3. Separability Clause' ) If any p!o(ision of this #$t is e$la!e in(ali o! un$onstitutional, the
othe! p!o(isions not affe$te the!e"y shall $ontinue to "e in full fo!$e an effe$t.
Sectio, #6. Repealing Clause' ) #ll la.s, e$!ees, e3e$uti(e o!e!s o! !ules an !e%ulations $ont!a!y to
o! in$onsistent .ith the p!o(isions of this #$t a!e he!e"y !epeale o! moifie a$$o!in%ly.
Sectio, #4. )ffectivity' ) This #$t shall ta/e effe$t fifteen *15- ays afte! its pu"li$ation in the Offi$ial
Ca<ette o! in at least t.o *2- ne.spape!s of %ene!al $i!$ulation.
KREP"BIC ACT NO. '539'N
AN ACT PRO$IDING FOR A COMPREHENSI$E A% ON FIREARMS AND AMM"NITION AND
PRO$IDING PENATIES FOR $IOATIONS THEREOF
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled?
#&TIC1E I
TIT1E, 0EC1#&#TION O4 7O1ICG #N0
0E4INITION O4 TE&FS
SECTION 1. Short #itle' D This #$t shall "e /no.n as the OComp!ehensi(e 4i!ea!ms an #mmunition
&e%ulation #$tP.
SEC. 2. *eclaration of State Policy' D It is the poli$y of the State to maintain pea$e an o!e! an p!ote$t
the people a%ainst (iolen$e. The State also !e$o%ni<es the !i%ht of its Bualifie $iti<ens to self)efense
th!ou%h, .hen it is the !easona"le means to !epel the unla.ful a%%!ession une! the $i!$umstan$es, the
use of fi!ea!ms. To.a!s this en, the State shall p!o(ie fo! a $omp!ehensi(e la. !e%ulatin% the
o.ne!ship, possession, $a!!yin%, manufa$tu!e, ealin% in an impo!tation of fi!ea!ms, ammunition, o!
pa!ts the!eof, in o!e! to p!o(ie le%al suppo!t to la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies in thei! $ampai%n a%ainst
$!ime, stop the p!olife!ation of ille%al fi!ea!ms o! .eapons an the ille%al manufa$tu!e of fi!ea!ms o!
.eapons, ammunition an pa!ts the!eof.
SEC. 9. *efinition of #erms' D #s use in this #$t:
*a- Accessories !efe! to pa!ts of a fi!ea!m .hi$h may enhan$e o! in$!ease the ope!ational effi$ien$y o!
a$$u!a$y of a fi!ea!m "ut .ill not $onstitute any of the ma2o! o! mino! inte!nal pa!ts the!eof su$h as, hut
not limite to, lase! s$ope, teles$opi$ si%ht an soun supp!esso! o! silen$e!.
*"- Ammunition !efe!s to a $omplete unfi3e unit $onsistin% of a "ullet, %unpo.e!, $a!t!i%e $ase an
p!ime! o! loae shell fo! use in any fi!ea!m.
*$- Anti/ue firearm !efe!s to any: *1- fi!ea!m .hi$h .as manufa$tu!e at least se(enty)fi(e *,5- yea!s p!io!
to the $u!!ent ate "ut not in$luin% !epli$as8 *2- fi!ea!m .hi$h is $e!tifie "y the National Fuseum of the
7hilippines to "e $u!io o! !eli$ of museum inte!est8 an *9- any othe! fi!ea!m .hi$h e!i(es a su"stantial
pa!t of its moneta!y (alue f!om the fa$t that it is no(el, !a!e, "i<a!!e o! "e$ause of its asso$iation .ith
some histo!i$al fi%u!e, pe!io o! e(ent.
*- Arms smuggling !efe!s to the impo!t, e3po!t, a$Buisition, sale, eli(e!y, mo(ement o! t!ansfe! of
fi!ea!ms, thei! pa!ts an $omponents an ammunition, f!om o! a$!oss the te!!ito!y of one $ount!y to that of
anothe! $ount!y .hi$h has not "een autho!i<e in a$$o!an$e .ith omesti$ la. in eithe! o! "oth
$ount!y@$ount!ies.
*e- Authority to import !efe!s to a o$ument issue "y the Chief of the 7hilippine National 7oli$e *7N7-
autho!i<in% the impo!tation of fi!ea!ms, o! thei! pa!ts, ammunition an othe! $omponents.
*f- Authori6ed dealer !efe!s to any pe!son, le%al entity, $o!po!ation, pa!tne!ship o! "usiness entity uly
li$ense "y the 4i!ea!ms an E3plosi(e Offi$e *4EO- of the 7N7 to en%a%e in the "usiness of "uyin% an
sellin% ammunition, fi!ea!ms o! pa!te the!eof, at .holesale o! !etail "asis.
*%- Authori6ed importer !efe!s to any pe!son, le%al entity, $o!po!ation, pa!tne!ship o! "usiness uly
li$ense "y the 4EO of the 7N7 to en%a%e in the "usiness of impo!tin% ammunition an fi!ea!ms, o! pa!ts
the!eof into the te!!ito!y of the &epu"li$ of the 7hilippines fo! pu!poses of sale o! ist!i"ution une! the
p!o(isions of this #$t.
*h- Authori6ed manufacturer !efe!s to any pe!son, le%al entity, $o!po!ation, o! pa!tne!ship uly li$ense "y
the 4EO of the 7N7 to en%a%e in the "usiness of manufa$tu!in% fi!ea!ms, an ammunition o! pa!ts
the!eof fo! pu!poses of sale o! ist!i"ution.
*i- Confiscated firearm !efe!s to a fi!ea!m that is ta/en into $ustoy "y the 7N7, National :u!eau of
In(esti%ation *N:I-, 7hilippine 0!u% Enfo!$ement #%en$y *70E#-, an all othe! la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies
"y !eason of thei! manate an must "e ne$essa!ily !epo!te o! tu!ne o(e! to the 7EO of the 7N7.
*2- *emilitari6ed firearm !efe!s to a fi!ea!m eli"e!ately mae in$apa"le of pe!fo!min% its main pu!pose of
fi!in% a p!o2e$tile.
*/- *uty detail order !efe!s to a o$ument issue "y the 2u!ii$al entity o! employe! .he!ein the etails of
the isposition of fi!ea!m is spelle)out, thus ini$atin% the name of the employee, the fi!ea!m info!mation,
the spe$ifi$ u!ation an lo$ation of postin% o! assi%nment an the autho!i<e "one fi!ea!m $ustoian
fo! the 2u!ii$al entity to .hom su$h fi!ea!m is tu!ne o(e! afte! the lapse of the o!e!.
*l- 0irearm !efe!s to any hanhel o! po!ta"le .eapon, .hethe! a small a!m o! li%ht .eapon, that e3pels
o! is esi%ne to e3pel a "ullet, shot, slu%, missile o! any p!o2e$tile, .hi$h is is$ha!%e "y means of
e3pansi(e fo!$e of %ases f!om "u!nin% %unpo.e! o! othe! fo!m of $om"ustion o! any simila! inst!ument
o! implement. 4o! pu!poses of this #$t, the "a!!el, f!ame o! !e$ei(e! is $onsie!e a fi!ea!m.
*m- 0irearms 1nformation .anagement System B01.SC !efe!s to the $ompilation of all ata an info!mation
on fi!ea!ms o.ne!ship an isposition fo! !e$o! pu!poses.
*n- 0orfeited firearm !efe!s to a fi!ea!m that is su"2e$t to fo!feitu!e "y !eason of $ou!t o!e! as a$$esso!y
penalty o! fo! the isposition "y the 4EO of the 7N7 of fi!ea!ms $onsie!e as a"anone, su!!ene!e,
$onfis$ate o! !e(o/e in $omplian$e .ith e3istin% !ules an !e%ulations.
*o- 9un club !efe!s to an o!%ani<ation uly !e%iste!e .ith an a$$!eite in %oo stanin% "y the 4EO of
the 7N7 .hi$h is esta"lishe fo! the pu!pose of p!opa%atin% !esponsi"le an safe %un o.ne!ship, p!ope!
app!e$iation an use of fi!ea!ms "y its mem"e!s, fo! the pu!pose of spo!ts an shootin% $ompetition, self)
efense an $olle$tion pu!poses.
*p- 9unsmith !efe!s to any pe!son, le%al entity, $o!po!ation, pa!tne!ship o! "usiness uly li$ense "y the
4EO of the 7N7 to en%a%e in the "usiness of !epai!in% fi!ea!ms an othe! .eapons o! $onst!u$tin% o!
assem"lin% fi!ea!ms an .eapons f!om finishe o! manufa$tu!e pa!ts the!eof on a pe! o!e! "asis an
not in $omme!$ial Buantities o! of ma/in% mino! pa!ts fo! the pu!pose of !epai!in% o! assem"lin% sai
fi!ea!ms o! .eapons.
*B- 1mitation firearm !efe!s to a !epli$a of a fi!ea!m, o! othe! e(i$e that is so su"stantially simila! in
$olo!ation an o(e!all appea!an$e to an e3istin% fi!ea!m as to lea a !easona"le pe!son to "elie(e that
su$h imitation fi!ea!m is a !eal fi!ea!m.
*!- 5icensed citi6en !efe!s to any 4ilipino .ho $omplies .ith the Bualifi$ations set fo!th in this #$t an uly
issue .ith a li$ense to possess o! to $a!!y fi!ea!ms outsie of the !esien$e in a$$o!an$e .ith this #$t.
*s- 5icensed, ;uridical entity !efe!s to $o!po!ations, o!%ani<ations, "usinesses in$luin% se$u!ity a%en$ies
an lo$al %o(e!nment units *1C=s- .hi$h a!e li$ense to o.n an possess fi!ea!ms in a$$o!an$e .ith
this #$t.
*t- 5ight weapons a!e: Class)# 1i%ht .eapons .hi$h !efe! to self)loain% pistols, !ifles an $a!"ines,
su"ma$hine %uns, assault !ifles an li%ht ma$hine %uns not e3$eein% $ali"e! ,.62FF .hi$h ha(e fully
automati$ moe8 an Class): 1i%ht .eapons .hi$h !efe! to .eapons esi%ne fo! use "y t.o *2- o! mo!e
pe!sons se!(in% as a $!e., o! !ifles an ma$hine %uns e3$eein% $ali"e! ,.62FF su$h as hea(y ma$hine
%uns, hanhel une!"a!!el an mounte %!enae laun$he!s, po!ta"le anti)ai!$!aft %uns, po!ta"le anti)
tan/ %uns, !e$oilless !ifles, po!ta"le laun$he!s of anti)tan/ missile an !o$/et systems, po!ta"le laun$he!s
of anti)ai!$!aft missile systems, an mo!ta!s of a $ali"e! of less than 100FF.
*u- 5ong certificate of registration !efe!s to li$enses issue to %o(e!nment a%en$ies o! offi$es o!
%o(e!nment)o.ne o! )$ont!olle $o!po!ations fo! fi!ea!ms to "e use "y thei! offi$ials an employees
.ho a!e Bualifie to possess fi!ea!ms as p!o(ie! in this #$t, e3$luin% se$u!ity %ua!s.
*(- 5oose firearm !efe!s to an un!e%iste!e fi!ea!m, an o"lite!ate o! alte!e fi!ea!m, fi!ea!m .hi$h has
"een lost o! stolen, ille%ally manufa$tu!e fi!ea!ms, !e%iste!e fi!ea!ms in the possession of an ini(iual
othe! than the li$ensee an those .ith !e(o/e li$enses in a$$o!an$e .ith the !ules an !e%ulations.
*.- .a;or part or components of a firearm !efe!s to the "a!!el, slie, f!ame, !e$ei(e!, $yline! o! the "olt
assem"ly. The te!m also in$lues any pa!t o! /it esi%ne an intene fo! use in $on(e!tin% a semi)
automati$ "u!st to a full automati$ fi!ea!m.
*3- .inor parts of a firearm !efe!s to the pa!ts of the fi!ea!m othe! than the ma2o! pa!ts .hi$h a!e
ne$essa!y to effe$t an $omplete the a$tion of e3pellin% a p!o2e$tile "y .ay of $om"ustion, e3$ept those
$lassifie as a$$esso!ies.
*y- Permit to carry firearm outside of residence !efe!s to a .!itten autho!ity issue to a li$ense $iti<en "y
the Chief of the 7N7 .hi$h entitles su$h pe!son to $a!!y his@he! !e%iste!e o! la.fully issue fi!ea!m
outsie of the !esien$e fo! the u!ation an pu!pose spe$ifie in the autho!ity.
*<- Permit to transport firearm !efe!s to a .!itten autho!ity issue to a li$ense $iti<en o! entity "y the Chief
of the 7N7 o! "y a 7N7 &e%ional 0i!e$to! .hi$h entitles su$h pe!son o! entity to t!anspo!t a pa!ti$ula!
fi!ea!m f!om an to a spe$ifi$ lo$ation .ithin the u!ation an pu!pose in the autho!ity.
*aa- Residence !efe!s to the pla$e o! pla$es of a"oe of the li$ense $iti<en as ini$ate in his@he!
li$ense.
*""- Shooting range !efe!s to a fa$ility esta"lishe fo! the pu!pose of fi!ea!ms t!ainin% an s/ills
e(elopment, fi!ea!m testin%, as .ell as fo! spo!ts an $ompetition shootin% eithe! fo! the e3$lusi(e use of
its mem"e!s o! open to the %ene!al pu"li$, uly !e%iste!e .ith an a$$!eite in %oo stanin% "y the
4EO of the 7N7.
*$$- Short certificate of registration !efe!s to a $e!tifi$ate issue "y the 4EO of the 7N7 fo! a %o(e!nment
offi$ial o! employee .ho .as issue "y his@he! employe! epa!tment, a%en$y o! %o(e!nment)o.ne o!
)$ont!olle $o!po!ation a fi!ea!m $o(e!e "y the lon% $e!tifi$ate of !e%ist!ation.
*- Small arms !efe! to fi!ea!ms intene to "e o! p!ima!ily esi%ne fo! ini(iual use o! that .hi$h is
%ene!ally $onsie!e to mean a .eapon intene to "e fi!e f!om the han o! shoule!, .hi$h a!e not
$apa"le of fully automati$ "u!sts of is$ha!%e, su$h as:
*1- 'an%un .hi$h is a fi!ea!m intene to "e fi!e f!om the han, .hi$h in$lues:
*i- # pistol .hi$h is a han)ope!ate fi!ea!m ha(in% a $ham"e! inte%!al .ith o! pe!manently ali%ne .ith
the "o!e .hi$h may "e self)loain%8 an
*ii- &e(ol(e! .hi$h is a han)ope!ate fi!ea!m .ith a !e(ol(in% $yline! $ontainin% $ham"e!s fo! ini(iual
$a!t!i%es.
*2- &ifle .hi$h is a shoule! fi!ea!m o! esi%ne to "e fi!e f!om the shoule! that $an is$ha!%e a "ullet
th!ou%h a !ifle "a!!el "y iffe!ent a$tions of loain%, .hi$h may "e $lassifie as le(e!, "olt, o! self)
loain%8 an
*9- Shot%un .hi$h is a .eapon esi%ne, mae an intene to fi!e a num"e! of "all shots o! a sin%le
p!o2e$tile th!ou%h a smooth "o!e "y the a$tion o! ene!%y f!om "u!nin% %unpo.e!.
*ee- Sports shooting competition !efe!s to a efensi(e, p!e$ision o! p!a$ti$al spo!t shootin% $ompetition
uly autho!i<e "y the 4EO of the 7N7.
*ff- #ampered, obliterated o! altered firearm !efe!s to any fi!ea!m .hose se!ial num"e! o! othe!
ientifi$ation o! "allisti$s $ha!a$te!isti$s ha(e "een intentionally tampe!e .ith, o"lite!ate o! alte!e
.ithout autho!ity o! in o!e! to $on$eal its sou!$e, ientity o! o.ne!ship.
*%%- #hermal weapon sight !efe!s to a "atte!y ope!ate, un$oole the!mal ima%in% e(i$e .hi$h amplifies
a(aila"le the!mal si%natu!es so that the (ie.e s$ene "e$omes $lea! to the ope!ato! .hi$h is use to
lo$ate an en%a%e ta!%ets u!in% ayli%ht an f!om lo. li%ht to total a!/ness an ope!ates in a(e!se
$onitions su$h as li%ht !ain, li%ht sno., an !y smo/e o! in $on2un$tion .ith othe! opti$al an !e ot
si%hts.
#&TIC1E II
O>NE&S'I7 #N0 7OSSESSION O4 4I&E#&FS
SEC. 4. Standards and Re/uisites for 1ssuance of and 8btaining a 5icense to 8wn and Possess
0irearms' D In o!e! to Bualify an a$Bui!e a li$ense to o.n an possess a fi!ea!m o! fi!ea!ms an
ammunition, the appli$ant must "e a 4ilipino $iti<en, at least t.enty)one *21- yea!s ol an has %ainful
.o!/, o$$upation o! "usiness o! has file an In$ome Ta3 &etu!n *IT&- fo! the p!e$ein% yea! as p!oof of
in$ome, p!ofession, "usiness o! o$$upation.
In aition, the appli$ant shall su"mit the follo.in% $e!tifi$ation issue "y app!op!iate autho!ities attestin%
the follo.in%:
*a- The appli$ant has not "een $on(i$te of any $!ime in(ol(in% mo!al tu!pitue:
*"- The appli$ant has passe the psy$hiat!i$ test aministe!e "y a 7N7)a$$!eite psy$holo%ist o!
psy$hiat!ist8
*$- The appli$ant has passe the !u% test $onu$te "y an a$$!eite an autho!i<e !u% testin%
la"o!ato!y o! $lini$8
*- The appli$ant has passe a %un safety semina! .hi$h is aministe!e "y the 7N7 o! a !e%iste!e an
autho!i<e %un $lu"8
*e- The appli$ant has file in .!itin% the appli$ation to possess a !e%iste!e fi!ea!m .hi$h shall state the
pe!sonal $i!$umstan$es of the appli$ant8
*f- The appli$ant must p!esent a poli$e $lea!an$e f!om the $ity o! muni$ipality poli$e offi$e8 an
*%- The appli$ant has not "een $on(i$te o! is $u!!ently an a$$use in a penin% $!iminal $ase "efo!e any
$ou!t of la. fo! a $!ime that is punisha"le .ith a penalty of mo!e than t.o *2- yea!s.
4o! pu!poses of this #$t, an a$Buittal o! pe!manent ismissal of a $!iminal $ase "efo!e the $ou!ts of la.
shall Bualify the a$$use the!eof to Bualify an a$Bui!e a li$ense.
The appli$ant shall pay the !easona"le li$ensin% fees as may "e p!o(ie in the implementin% !ules an
!e%ulations of this #$t.
#n appli$ant .ho intens to possess a fi!ea!m o.ne "y a 2u!ii$al entity shall su"mit his@he! uty etail
o!e! to the 4EO of the 7N7.
SEC. 5. 8wnership of 0irearms and Ammunition by a @uridical )ntity' D # 2u!ii$al pe!son maintainin% its
o.n se$u!ity fo!$e may "e issue a !e%ula! li$ense to o.n an possess fi!ea!ms an ammunition une!
the follo.in% $onitions:
*a- It must "e 4ilipino)o.ne an uly !e%iste!e .ith the Se$u!ities an E3$han%e Commission *SEC-8
*"- It is $u!!ent, ope!ational an a $ontinuin% $on$e!n8
*$- It has $omplete an su"mitte all its !epo!to!ial !eBui!ements to the SEC8 an
*- It has pai all its in$ome ta3es fo! the yea!, as uly $e!tifie "y the :u!eau of Inte!nal &e(enue.
The appli$ation shall "e mae in the name of the 2u!ii$al pe!son !ep!esente "y its 7!esient o! any of its
offi$e!s mentione "elo. as uly autho!i<e in a "oa! !esolution to that effe$t: Provided, That the offi$e!
applyin% fo! the 2u!ii$al entity, shall possess all the Bualifi$ations !eBui!e of a $iti<en applyin% fo! a
li$ense to possess fi!ea!ms.
Othe! $o!po!ate offi$e!s eli%i"le to !ep!esent the 2u!ii$al pe!son a!e: the (i$e p!esient, t!easu!e!, an
"oa! se$!eta!y.
Se$u!ity a%en$ies an 1C=s shall "e in$lue in this $ate%o!y of li$ense hole!s "ut shall "e su"2e$t to
aitional !eBui!ements as may "e !eBui!e "y the Chief of the 7N7.
SEC. 6. 8wnership of 0irearms by the 3ational 9overnment' D #ll fi!ea!ms o.ne "y the National
Co(e!nment shall "e !e%iste!e .ith the 4EO of the 7N7 in the name of the &epu"li$ of the 7hilippines.
Su$h !e%ist!ation shall "e e3empt f!om all uties an ta3es that may othe!.ise "e le(ie on othe!
autho!i<e o.ne!s of fi!ea!ms. 4o! !eason of national se$u!ity, fi!ea!ms of the #!me 4o!$es of the
7hilippines *#47-, Coast Cua! an othe! la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies shall only "e !epo!te to the 4EO of
the 7N7.
SEC. ,. Carrying of 0irearms 8utside of Residence or Place of Business' D # pe!mit to $a!!y fi!ea!ms
outsie of !esien$e shall "e issue "y the Chief of the 7N7 o! his@he! uly autho!i<e !ep!esentati(e to
any Bualifie pe!son .hose life is une! a$tual th!eat o! his@he! life is in imminent an%e! ue to the
natu!e of his@he! p!ofession, o$$upation o! "usiness.
It shall "e the "u!en of the appli$ant to p!o(e that his@he! life is une! a$tual th!eat "y su"mittin% a th!eat
assessment $e!tifi$ate f!om the 7N7.
4o! pu!poses of this #$t, the follo.in% p!ofessionals a!e $onsie!e to "e in imminent an%e! ue to the
natu!e of thei! p!ofession, o$$upation o! "usiness:
*a- Fem"e!s of the 7hilippine :a!8
*"- Ce!tifie 7u"li$ #$$ountants8
*$- #$$!eite Feia 7!a$titione!s8
*- Cashie!s, :an/ Telle!s8
*e- 7!iests, Finiste!s, &a""i, Imams8
*f- 7hysi$ians an Nu!ses8
*%- En%inee!s8 an
*h- :usinessmen, .ho "y the natu!e of thei! "usiness o! une!ta/in%, a!e e3pose to hi%h !is/ of "ein%
ta!%ets of $!iminal elements.
#&TIC1E III
&ECIST&#TION #N0 1ICENSINC
SEC. +. Authority to 1ssue 5icense' D The Chief of the 7N7, th!ou%h the 4EO of the 7N7, shall issue
li$enses to Bualifie ini(iuals an to $ause the !e%ist!ation of fi!ea!ms.
SEC. 6. 5icenses 1ssued to 1ndividuals' D Su"2e$t to the !eBui!ements set fo!th in this #$t an payment of
!eBui!e fees to "e ete!mine "y the Chief of the 7N7, a Bualifie ini(iual may "e issue the
app!op!iate li$ense une! the follo.in% $ate%o!ies8
Type 1 li$ense D allo.s a $iti<en to o.n an possess a ma3imum of t.o *2- !e%iste!e fi!ea!ms8
Type 2 li$ense D allo.s a $iti<en to o.n an possess a ma3imum of fi(e *5- !e%iste!e fi!ea!ms8
Type 9 li$ense D allo.s a $iti<en to o.n an possess a ma3imum of ten *10- !e%iste!e fi!ea!ms8
Type 4 li$ense D allo.s a $iti<en to o.n an possess a ma3imum of fifteen *15- !e%iste!e fi!ea!ms8 an
Type 5 li$ense D allo.s a $iti<en, .ho is a $e!tifie %un $olle$to!, to o.n an possess mo!e than fifteen
*15- !e%iste!e fi!ea!ms.
4o! Types 1 to 5 li$enses, a (ault o! a $ontaine! se$u!e "y lo$/ an /ey o! othe! se$u!ity measu!es fo!
the safe/eepin% of fi!ea!ms shall "e !eBui!e.
4o! Types 9 to 5 li$enses, the $iti<en must $omply .ith the inspe$tion an "on !eBui!ements.
SEC. 10. 0irearms #hat .ay Be Registered' D Only small a!ms may "e !e%iste!e "y li$ense $iti<ens o!
li$ense 2u!ii$al entities fo! o.ne!ship, possession an $on$eale $a!!y. # li%ht .eapon shall "e la.fully
a$Bui!e o! possesse e3$lusi(ely "y the #47, the 7N7 an othe! la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies autho!i<e
"y the 7!esient in the pe!fo!man$e of thei! uties: Provided, That p!i(ate ini(iuals .ho al!eay ha(e
li$enses to possess Class)# li%ht .eapons upon the effe$ti(ity of this #$t shall not "e ep!i(e of the
p!i(ile%e to $ontinue possessin% the same an !ene.in% the li$enses the!efo!, fo! the sole !eason that
these fi!ea!ms a!e Class O#P li%ht .eapons, an shall "e !eBui!e to $omply .ith othe! appli$a"le
p!o(isions of this #$t.
SEC. 11. Registration of 0irearms' D The li$ense $iti<en o! li$ense 2u!ii$al entity shall !e%iste!
his@he!@its fi!ea!ms so pu!$hase .ith the 4EO of the 7N7 in a$$o!an$e .ith the type of li$ense su$h
li$ense $iti<en o! li$ense 2u!ii$al entity possesses. # $e!tifi$ate of !e%ist!ation of the fi!ea!m shall "e
issue upon payment of !easona"le fees.
4o! pu!poses of this #$t, !e%ist!ation !efe!s to the appli$ation, app!o(al, !e$o!)/eepin% an monito!in% of
fi!ea!ms .ith the 4EO of the 7N7 in a$$o!an$e .ith the type of li$ense issue to any pe!son une!
Se$tion 6 of this #$t.
SEC. 12. 5icense to Possess Ammunition 3ecessarily 1ncluded' D The li$enses %!ante to Bualifie
$iti<ens o! 2u!ii$al entities as p!o(ie in Se$tion 6 of this #$t shall in$lue the li$ense to possess
ammunition .ith a ma3imum of fifty *50- !ouns fo! ea$h !e%iste!e fi!ea!m: Provided= That the 4EO of
the 7N7 may allo. mo!e ammunition to "e possesse "y li$ense spo!ts shoote!s.
SEC. 19. 1ssuance of 5icense to .anufacture or *eal 1n 0irearms and Ammunition' D #ny pe!son esi!in%
to manufa$tu!e o! eal in fi!ea!ms, pa!ts of fi!ea!ms o! ammunition the!eof, o! inst!uments an
implements use o! intene to "e use in the manufa$tu!e of fi!ea!ms, pa!ts of fi!ea!ms o! ammunition,
shall ma/e an appli$ation to:
*a- The Se$!eta!y of the 0epa!tment of the Inte!io! an 1o$al Co(e!nment *0I1C- in the $ase of an
appli$ation fo! a li$ense to manufa$tu!e8 an
*"- The Chief of the 7N7 in the $ase of a li$ense to eal in fi!ea!ms an fi!ea!ms pa!ts, ammunition an
%un !epai!.
The appli$ant shall state the amount of $apitali<ation fo! manufa$tu!e o! $ost of the pu!$hase an sale of
sai a!ti$les intene to "e t!ansa$te "y su$h appli$ant8 an the types of fi!ms, ammunition o!
implements .hi$h the appli$ant intens to manufa$tu!e o! pu!$hase an sell une! the li$ense applie fo!8
an su$h aitional info!mation as may "e espe$ially !eBueste "y the Se$!eta!y of the 0I1C o! the Chief
of the 7N7.
The Se$!eta!y of the 0I1C o! the Chief of the 7N7 may app!o(e o! isapp!o(e su$h appli$ation "ase on
the p!es$!i"e %uielines. In the $ase of app!o(al, the Se$!eta!y of the 0I1C o! the Chief of the 7N7 shall
ini$ate the amount of the "on to "e e3e$ute "y the appli$ant "efo!e the issuan$e of the li$ense an
the pe!io of time "y .hi$h sai li$ense shall "e effe$ti(e, unless soone! !e(o/e "y thei! autho!ity.
=pon app!o(al of the li$ense to manufa$tu!e o! othe!.ise eal in fi!ea!ms "y the Se$!eta!y of the 0I1C o!
the Chief of the 7N7 as the $ase may "e, the same shall "e t!ansmitte to the 4EO of the 7N7 .hi$h
shall issue the li$ense in a$$o!an$e .ith the app!o(e te!ms an $onitions, upon the e3e$ution an
eli(e!y "y the appli$ant of the !eBui!e "on $onitione upon the faithful $omplian$e on the pa!t of the
li$ensee to the la.s an !e%ulations !elati(e to the "usiness li$ense.
SEC. 14. Scope of 5icense to .anufacture 0irearms and Ammunition' D The s$ope of the 1i$ense to
Fanufa$tu!e fi!ea!ms an ammunition shall also in$lue the follo.in%:
*a- The autho!ity to manufa$tu!e an assem"le fi!ea!ms, ammunition, spa!e pa!ts an a$$esso!ies,
ammunition $omponents, an !eloain% of ammunitions, .ithin sites, a!eas, an fa$to!ies state the!ein.
The Se$!eta!y of the 0I1C shall app!o(e su$h li$ense8
*"- The li$ense to eal in o! sell all the items $o(e!e "y the 1i$ense to Fanufa$tu!e, su$h as pa!ts,
fi!ea!ms o! ammunition an $omponents8
*$- The autho!ity to su"$ont!a$t the manufa$tu!in% of pa!ts an a$$esso!ies ne$essa!y fo! the fi!ea!ms
.hi$h the manufa$tu!e! is li$ense to manufa$tu!e: Provided, That the su"$ont!a$to! of ma2o! pa!ts o!
ma2o! $omponents is also li$ense to manufa$tu!e fi!ea!ms an ammunition8 an
*- The autho!ity to impo!t ma$hine!y, eBuipment, an fi!ea!m pa!ts an ammunition $omponents fo! the
manufa$tu!e the!eof. 4i!ea!m pa!ts an ammunition $omponents to "e impo!te shall, ho.e(e!, "e limite
to those autho!i<e to "e manufa$tu!e as !efle$te in the app!o(e 1i$ense to Fanufa$tu!e. The Impo!t
7e!mit shall "e une! the aminist!ation of the 7N7.
# li$ense manufa$tu!e! of ammunition is also entitle to impo!t (a!ious !efe!en$e fi!ea!ms neee to test
the ammunition manufa$tu!e une! the 1i$ense to Fanufa$tu!e. # li$ense manufa$tu!e! of fi!ea!ms, on
the othe! han, is entitle to impo!t (a!ious fi!ea!ms fo! !efe!en$e, test an e(aluation fo! manufa$tu!e of
simila!, types of fi!ea!ms $o(e!e "y the 1i$ense to Fanufa$tu!e.
#n e3po!t pe!mit shall, ho.e(e!, "e ne$essa!y to e3po!t manufa$tu!e pa!ts o! finishe p!ou$ts of
fi!ea!ms an ammunition. The E3po!t 7e!mit of fi!ea!ms an ammunition shall "e une! the aminist!ation
of the 7N7.
SEC. 15. Registration of 5ocally .anufactured and 1mported 0irearms' D 1o$al manufa$tu!e!s an
impo!te!s of fi!ea!ms an ma2o! pa!ts the!eof shall !e%iste! the same as follo.s:
*a- 4o! lo$ally manufa$tu!e fi!ea!ms an ma2o! pa!ts the!eof, the initial !e%ist!ation shall "e one at the
manufa$tu!in% fa$ility: Provided, That fi!ea!ms intene fo! e3po!t shall no lon%e! "e su"2e$te to "allisti$
ientifi$ation p!o$eu!es8 an
*"- 4o! impo!te fi!ea!ms an ma2o! pa!ts the!eof, the !e%ist!ation shall "e one upon a!!i(al at the 4EO of
the 7N7 sto!a%e fa$ility.
SEC. 16. 5icense and Scope of 5icense to *eal' D The 1i$ense to 0eal autho!i<es the pu!$hase, sale an
%ene!al "usiness in hanlin% fi!ea!ms an ammunition, ma2o! an mino! pa!ts of fi!ea!ms, a$$esso!ies,
spa!e pa!ts, $omponents, an !eloain% ma$hines, .hi$h shall "e issue "y the Chief of the 7N7.
SEC. 1,. 5icense and Scope of 5icense for 9unsmiths' D The li$ense fo! %unsmiths shall allo. the
%!antee to !epai! !e%iste!e fi!ea!ms. The li$ense shall in$lue $ustomi<ation of fi!ea!ms f!om finishe o!
manufa$tu!e pa!ts the!eof on pe! o!e! "asis an not in $omme!$ial Buantities an ma/in% the mino!
pa!ts the!eof, i.e. pins, t!i%%e!s, t!i%%e! "o.s, si%hts an the li/e only fo! the pu!pose of !epai!in% the
!e%iste!e fi!ea!m. The li$ense fo! %unsmiths shall "e issue "y the Chief of the 7N7.
SEC. 1+. 0irearms for -se in Sports and Competitions' D A Bualifie ini(iual shall apply fo! a pe!mit to
t!anspo!t his@he! !e%iste!e fi!ea!m@s f!om his@he! !esien$e to the fi!in% !an%e@s an $ompetition sites as
may "e .a!!ante.
SEC. 16. Renewal of 5icenses and Registration' D #ll types of li$enses to possess a fi!ea!m shall "e
!ene.e e(e!y t.o *2- yea!s. 4ailu!e to !ene. the li$ense on o! "efo!e the ate of its e3pi!ation shall
$ause the !e(o$ation of the li$ense an of the !e%ist!ation of the fi!ea!m@s une! sai li$ensee.
The !e%ist!ation of the fi!ea!m shall "e !ene.e e(e!y fou! *4- yea!s. 4ailu!e to !ene. the !e%ist!ation of
the fi!ea!m on o! "efo!e the ate of e3pi!ation shall $ause the !e(o$ation of the li$ense of the fi!ea!m. The
sai fi!ea!m shall "e $onfis$ate o! fo!feite in fa(o! of the %o(e!nment afte! ue p!o$ess.
The failu!e to !ene. a li$ense o! !e%ist!ation .ithin the pe!ios state a"o(e on t.o *2- o$$asions shall
$ause the hole! of the fi!ea!m to "e pe!petually isBualifie f!om applyin% fo! any fi!ea!m li$ense. The
appli$ation fo! the !ene.al of the li$ense o! !e%ist!ation may "e su"mitte to the 4EO of the 7N7, .ithin
si3 *6- months "efo!e the ate of the e3pi!ation of su$h li$ense o! !e%ist!ation.
SEC. 20. 1nspection and 1nventory' D The Chief of the 7N7 o! his@he! autho!i<e !ep!esentati(e shall
!eBui!e the su"mission of !epo!ts, inspe$t o! e3amine the in(ento!y an !e$o!s of a li$ense
manufa$tu!e!, eale! o! impo!te! of fi!ea!ms an ammunition u!in% !easona"le hou!s.
#&TIC1E I;
#CJ=ISITION, 0E7OSIT O4 4I&E#&FS, #:#N0ONE0,
0EFI1IT#&ILE0 #N0 #NTIJ=E 4I&E#&FS
SEC. 21. Ac/uisition or Purchase and Sale of 0irearms and Ammunition' D 4i!ea!ms an ammunition may
only "e a$Bui!e o! pu!$hase f!om autho!i<e eale!s, impo!te!s o! lo$al manufa$tu!e!s an may "e
t!ansfe!!e o! sol only f!om a li$ense $iti<en o! li$ense 2u!ii$al entity to anothe! li$ense $iti<en o!
li$ense 2u!ii$al entity: Provided, That, u!in% ele$tion pe!ios, the sale an !e%ist!ation of fi!ea!ms an
ammunition an the issuan$e of the $o!!esponin% li$enses to $iti<ens shall "e allo.e on the $onition
that the t!anspo!t o! eli(e!y the!eof shall st!i$tly $omply .ith the issuan$es, !esolutions, !ules an
!e%ulations p!omul%ate "y the Commission on Ele$tions.
SEC. 22. *eposit of 0irearms by Persons Arriving 0rom Abroad' D # pe!son a!!i(in% in the 7hilippines
.ho is le%ally in possession of any fi!ea!m o! ammunition in his@he! $ount!y of o!i%in an .ho has
e$la!e the e3isten$e of the fi!ea!m upon em"a!/ation an isem"a!/ation "ut .hose fi!ea!m is not
!e%iste!e in the 7hilippines in a$$o!an$e .ith this #$t shall eposit the same upon .!itten !e$eipt .ith
the Colle$to! of Customs fo! eli(e!y to the 4EO of the 7N7 fo! safe/eepin%, o! fo! the issuan$e of a
pe!mit to t!anspo!t if the pe!son is a $ompetito! in a spo!ts shootin% $ompetition. If the impo!tation of the
same is allo.e an the pa!ty in Buestion esi!es to o"tain a omesti$ fi!ea!m li$ense, the same shoul
"e une!ta/en in a$$o!an$e .ith the p!o(isions of this #$t. If no li$ense is esi!e o! lea(e to impo!t is
not %!ante, the fi!ea!m o! ammunition in Buestion shall !emain in the $ustoy of the 4EO of the 7N7 until
othe!.ise ispose of in)a$$o!an$e .ith la..
SEC. 29. Return of 0irearms to 8wner upon *eparture from the Philippines' D =pon the epa!tu!e f!om
the 7hilippines of any pe!son .hose fi!ea!m o! ammunition is in the $ustoy of the 4EO of the 7N7, the
same shall, upon timely !eBuest, "e eli(e!e to the pe!son th!ou%h the Colle$to! of Customs. In the $ase
of a pa!ti$ipant in a lo$al spo!ts shootin% $ompetition, the fi!ea!m must "e p!esente to the Colle$to! of
Customs "efo!e the same is allo.e to "e loae on "oa! the $a!!ie! on .hi$h the pe!son is to "oa!.
SEC. 24. Safe4eeping of 0irearms and Ammunition' D #ny li$ensee may eposit a !e%iste!e fi!ea!m to
the 4EO of the 7N7, o! any 7oli$e &e%ional Offi$e fo! safe/eepin%. &easona"le fees fo! sto!a%e shall "e
impose.
SEC. 25. Abandoned 0irearms and Ammunition' D #ny fi!ea!m o! ammunition eposite in the $ustoy of
the 4EO of the 7N7 pu!suant to the p!o(isions of this #$t, shall "e eeme to ha(e "een a"anone "y
the o.ne! o! his@he! autho!i<e !ep!esentati(e if he@she faile to !e$laim the same .ithin fi(e *5- yea!s o!
faile to a(ise the 4EO of the 7N7 of the isposition to "e mae the!eof. The!eafte!, the 4EO of the 7N7
may ispose of the same afte! $omplian$e .ith esta"lishe p!o$eu!es.
SEC. 26. *eath or *isability of 5icensee' D =pon the eath o! le%al isa"ility of the hole! of a fi!ea!m
li$ense, it shall "e the uty of his@he! ne3t of /in, nea!est !elati(e, le%al !ep!esentati(e, o! othe! pe!son
.ho shall /no.in%ly $ome into possession of su$h fi!ea!m o! ammunition, to eli(e! the same to the 4EO
of the 7N7 o! 7oli$e &e%ional Offi$e, an su$h fi!ea!m o! ammunition shall "e !etaine "y the poli$e
$ustoian penin% the issuan$e of a li$ense an its !e%ist!ation in a$$o!an$e, .ith this #$t. The failu!e to
eli(e! the fi!ea!m o! ammunition .ithin si3 *6- months afte! the eath o! le%al isa"ility of the li$ensee
shall !ene! the possesso! lia"le fo! ille%al possession of the fi!ea!m.
SEC. 2,. Anti/ue 0irearm' D #ny pe!son .ho possesses an antiBue fi!ea!m shall !e%iste! the same an
se$u!e a $olle$to!Qs li$ense f!om the 4EO of the 7N7. 7!ope! sto!a%e of antiBue fi!ea!m shall "e st!i$tly
impose. Non$omplian$e of this p!o(ision shall "e $onsie!e as ille%al possession of the fi!ea!m as
penali<e in this #$t.
#&TIC1E ;
7EN#1 7&O;ISIONS
SEC. 2+. -nlawful Ac/uisition, or Possession of 0irearms and Ammunition' D The unla.ful a$Buisition,
possession of fi!ea!ms an ammunition shall "e penali<e as follo.s:
*a- The penalty of prision mayor in its meium pe!io shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall
unla.fully a$Bui!e o! possess a small a!m8
*"- The penalty of reclusion temporal to reclusion perpetua shall "e impose if th!ee *9- o! mo!e small
a!ms o! Class)# li%ht .eapons a!e unla.fully a$Bui!e o! possesse "y any pe!son8
*$- The penalty of prision mayor in its ma3imum pe!io shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall
unla.fully a$Bui!e o! possess a Class)# li%ht .eapon8
*- The penalty of reclusion perpetua shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall, unla.fully a$Bui!e o!
possess a Class): li%ht .eapon8
*e- The penalty of one *1- e%!ee hi%he! than that p!o(ie in pa!a%!aphs *a- to *$- in this se$tion shall "e
impose upon any pe!son .ho shall unla.fully possess any fi!ea!m une! any o! $om"ination of the
follo.in% $onitions:
*1- 1oae .ith ammunition o! inse!te .ith a loae ma%a<ine8
*2- 4itte o! mounte .ith lase! o! any %a%et use to %uie the shoote! to hit the ta!%et su$h as the!mal
.eapon si%ht *T>S- an the li/e8
*9- 4itte o! mounte .ith snipe! s$opes, fi!ea!m muffle! o! fi!ea!m silen$e!8
*4- #$$ompanie .ith an e3t!a "a!!el8 an
*5- Con(e!te to "e $apa"le of fi!in% full automati$ "u!sts.
*f- The penalty of prision mayor in its minimum pe!io shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall
unla.fully a$Bui!e o! possess a ma2o! pa!t of a small a!m8
*%- The penalty of prision mayor in its minimum pe!io shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall
unla.fully a$Bui!e o! possess ammunition fo! a small a!m o! Class)# li%ht .eapon. If the (iolation of this
pa!a%!aph is $ommitte "y the same pe!son $ha!%e .ith the unla.ful a$Buisition o! possession of a
small a!m, the fo!me! (iolation shall "e a"so!"e "y the latte!8
*h- The penalty of prision mayor in its meium pe!io shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall
unla.fully a$Bui!e o! possess a ma2o! pa!t of a Class)# li%ht .eapon8
*i- The penalty of prision mayor in its meium pe!io shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall
unla.fully a$Bui!e o! possess ammunition fo! a Class)# li%ht .eapon. If the (iolation of this pa!a%!aph is
$ommitte "y the same pe!son $ha!%e .ith the unla.ful a$Buisition o! possession of a Class)# li%ht
.eapon, the fo!me! (iolation shall "e a"so!"e "y the latte!8
*2- The penalty of prision mayor in its ma3imum pe!io shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall
unla.fully a$Bui!e o! possess a ma2o! pa!t of a Class): li%ht .eapon8 an
*/- The penalty of prision mayor in its ma3imum pe!io shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall
unla.fully a$Bui!e o! possess ammunition fo! a Class): li%ht .eapon. If the (iolation of this pa!a%!aph is
$ommitte "y the same pe!son $ha!%e .ith the unla.ful a$Buisition o! possession of a Class): li%ht
.eapon, the fo!me! (iolation shall "e a"so!"e "y the latte!.
SEC. 26. -se of 5oose 0irearm in the Commission of a Crime' D The use of a loose fi!ea!m, .hen
inhe!ent in the $ommission of a $!ime punisha"le une! the &e(ise 7enal Coe o! othe! spe$ial la.s,
shall "e $onsie!e as an a%%!a(atin% $i!$umstan$e: Provided, That if the $!ime $ommitte .ith the use
of a loose fi!ea!m is penali<e "y the la. .ith a ma3imum penalty .hi$h is lo.e! than that p!es$!i"e in
the p!e$ein% se$tion fo! ille%al possession of fi!ea!m, the penalty fo! ille%al possession of fi!ea!m shall "e
impose in lieu of the penalty fo! the $!ime $ha!%e: Provided,further, That if the $!ime $ommitte .ith the
use of a loose fi!ea!m is penali<e "y the la. .ith a ma3imum penalty .hi$h is eBual to that impose
une! the p!e$ein% se$tion fo! ille%al possession of fi!ea!ms, the penalty of prision mayor in its minimum
pe!io shall "e impose in aition to the penalty fo! the $!ime punisha"le une! the &e(ise 7enal Coe
o! othe! spe$ial la.s of .hi$h he@she is foun %uilty.
If the (iolation of this #$t is in fu!the!an$e of, o! in$ient to, o! in $onne$tion .ith the $!ime of !e"ellion of
insu!!e$tion, o! attempte coup dD etat, su$h (iolation shall "e a"so!"e as an element of the $!ime of
!e"ellion o! insu!!e$tion, o! attempte coup dD etat.
If the $!ime is $ommitte "y the pe!son .ithout usin% the loose fi!ea!m, the (iolation of this #$t shall "e
$onsie!e as a istin$t an sepa!ate offense.
SEC. 90. 5iability of @uridical Person' D The penalty of prision mayor in its minimum to prision mayor in its
meium pe!io shall "e impose upon the o.ne!, p!esient, mana%e!, i!e$to! o! othe! !esponsi"le offi$e!
of@any pu"li$ o! p!i(ate fi!m, $ompany, $o!po!ation o! entity .ho shall .illfully o! /no.in%ly allo. any of
the fi!ea!ms o.ne "y su$h fi!m, $ompany, $o!po!ation o! entity to "e use "y any pe!son o! pe!sons
foun %uilty of (iolatin% the p!o(isions of the p!e$ein% se$tion, o! .illfully o! /no.in%ly allo. any of them
to use un!e%iste!e fi!ea!m o! fi!ea!ms .ithout any le%al autho!ity to "e $a!!ie outsie of thei! !esien$e
in the $ou!se of thei! employment.
SEC. 91. Absence of Permit to Carry 8utside of Residence' D The penalty of prision correccional an a
fine of Ten thousan pesos *710,000.00- shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho is li$ense to o.n a
fi!ea!m "ut .ho shall $a!!y the !e%iste!e fi!ea!m outsie his@he! !esien$e .ithout any le%al autho!ity
the!efo!.
SEC. 92. -nlawful .anufacture, 1mportation, Sale or *isposition of 0irearms or Ammunition or Parts
#hereof, .achinery, #ool or 1nstrument -sed or 1ntended to be -sed in the .anufacture of 0irearms,
Ammunition or Parts #hereof' D The penalty of reclusion temporal to reclusion perpetua shall "e impose
upon any pe!son .ho shall unla.fully en%a%e in the manufa$tu!e, impo!tation, sale o! isposition of a
fi!ea!m o! ammunition, o! a ma2o! pa!t of a fi!ea!m o! ammunition, o! ma$hine!y, tool o! inst!ument use
o! intene to "e use "y the same pe!son in the manufa$tu!e of a fi!ea!m, ammunition, o! a ma2o! pa!t
the!eof.
The possession of any ma$hine!y, tool o! inst!ument use i!e$tly in the manufa$tu!e of fi!ea!ms,
ammunition, o! ma2o! pa!ts the!eof "y any pe!son .hose "usiness, employment o! a$ti(ity oes not
la.fully eal .ith the possession of su$h a!ti$le, shall "e prima facie e(ien$e that su$h a!ti$le is intene
to "e use in the unla.ful o! ille%al manufa$tu!e of fi!ea!ms, ammunition o! pa!ts the!eof.
The penalty of prision mayor in its minimum pe!io to prision mayor in its meium pe!io shall "e impose
upon any la"o!e!, .o!/e! o! employee of a li$ense fi!ea!ms eale! .ho shall unla.fully ta/e, sell o!
othe!.ise ispose of pa!ts of fi!ea!ms o! ammunition .hi$h the $ompany manufa$tu!es an sells, an
othe! mate!ials use "y the $ompany in the manufa$tu!e o! sale of fi!ea!ms o! ammunition. The "uye! o!
possesso! of su$h stolen pa!t o! mate!ial, .ho is a.a!e that su$h pa!t o! mate!ial .as stolen, shall suffe!
the same penalty as the la"o!e!, .o!/e! o! employee.
If the (iolation o! offense is $ommitte "y a $o!po!ation, pa!tne!ship, asso$iation o! othe! 2u!ii$al entity,
the penalty p!o(ie fo! in this se$tion shall "e impose upon the i!e$to!s, offi$e!s, employees o! othe!
offi$ials o! pe!sons the!ein .ho /no.in%ly an .illin%ly pa!ti$ipate in the unla.ful a$t.
SEC. 99. Arms Smuggling' D The penalty of reclusion perpetua shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho
shall en%a%e o! pa!ti$ipate in a!ms smu%%lin% as efine in this #$t.
SEC. 94. #ampering, 8bliteration or Alteration of 0irearms 1dentification' D The penalty of prision
correccional to prision mayor in its minimum pe!io shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall tampe!,
o"lite!ate o! alte! .ithout autho!ity the "a!!el, slie, f!ame, !e$ei(e!, $yline!, o! "olt assem"ly, in$luin%
the name of the ma/e!, moel, o! se!ial num"e! of any fi!ea!m, o! .ho shall !epla$e .ithout autho!ity the
"a!!el, slie, f!ame, !e$ei(e!, $yline!, o! "olt assem"ly, in$luin% its ini(iual o! pe$ulia! ientifyin%
$ha!a$te!isti$s essential in fo!ensi$ e3amination of a fi!ea!m o! li%ht .eapon.
The 7N7 shall pla$e this info!mation, in$luin% its ini(iual o! pe$ulia! ientifyin% $ha!a$te!isti$s into the
ata"ase of inte%!ate fi!ea!ms ientifi$ation system of the 7N7 C!ime 1a"o!ato!y fo! futu!e use an
ientifi$ation of a pa!ti$ula! fi!ea!m.
SEC. 95. -se of an 1mitation 0irearm' D #n imitation fi!ea!m use in the $ommission of a $!ime shall "e
$onsie!e a !eal fi!ea!m as efine in this #$t an the pe!son .ho $ommitte the $!ime shall "e
punishe in a$$o!an$e .ith this #$t: Provided, That in2u!ies $ause on the o$$asion of the $onu$t of
$ompetitions, spo!ts, %ames, o! any !e$!eation a$ti(ities in(ol(in% imitation fi!ea!ms shall not "e
punisha"le une! this #$t.
SEC. 96. 1n Custodia 5egis' D 0u!in% the penen$y of any $ase file in (iolation of this #$t, sei<e
fi!ea!m, ammunition, o! pa!ts the!eof, ma$hine!y, tools o! inst!uments shall !emain in the $ustoy of the
$ou!t. If the $ou!t e$ies that it has no aeBuate means to safely /eep the same, the $ou!t shall issue an
o!e! to tu!n o(e! to the 7N7 C!ime 1a"o!ato!y su$h fi!ea!m, ammunition, o! pa!ts the!eof, ma$hine!y,
tools o! inst!uments in its $ustoy u!in% the penen$y of the $ase an to p!ou$e the same to the $ou!t
.hen so o!e!e. No "on shall "e amitte fo! the !elease of the fi!ea!m, ammunition o! pa!ts the!eof,
ma$hine!y, tool o! inst!ument. #ny (iolation of this pa!a%!aph shall "e punisha"le "y prision mayor in its
minimum pe!io to prision mayor in its meium pe!io.
SEC. 9,. Confiscation and 0orfeiture' D The imposition of penalty fo! any (iolation of this #$t shall $a!!y
.ith it the a$$esso!y penalty of $onfis$ation an fo!feitu!e of the fi!ea!m, ammunition, o! pa!ts the!eof,
ma$hine!y, tool o! inst!ument in fa(o! of the %o(e!nment .hi$h shall "e ispose of in a$$o!an$e .ith
la..
SEC. 9+. 5iability for Planting )vidence' D The penalty of prision mayor in its ma3imum pe!io shall "e
impose upon any pe!son .ho shall .illfully an mali$iously inse!t8 pla$e, an@o! atta$h, i!e$tly o!
ini!e$tly, th!ou%h any o(e!t o! $o(e!t a$t, any fi!ea!m, o! ammunition, o! pa!ts the!eof in the pe!son,
house, effe$ts, o! in the immeiate (i$inity of an inno$ent ini(iual fo! the pu!pose of impli$atin% o!
in$!iminatin% the pe!son, o! imputin% the $ommission of any (iolation of the p!o(isions of this #$t to sai
ini(iual. If the pe!son foun %uilty une! this pa!a%!aph is a pu"li$ offi$e! o! employee, su$h pe!son
shall suffe! the penalty of reclusion perpetua.
SEC. 96. 9rounds for Revocation, Cancellation or Suspension of 5icense or Permit' D The Chief of the
7N7 o! his@he! autho!i<e !ep!esentati(e may !e(o/e, $an$el o! suspen a li$ense o! pe!mit on the
follo.in% %!ouns:
*a- Commission of a $!ime o! offense in(ol(in% the fi!ea!m, ammunition, of ma2o! pa!ts the!eof8
*"- Con(i$tion of a $!ime in(ol(in% mo!al tu!pitue o! any offense .he!e the penalty $a!!ies an
imp!isonment of mo!e than si3 *6- yea!s8
*$- 1oss of the fi!ea!m, ammunition, o! any pa!ts the!eof th!ou%h ne%li%en$e8
*- Ca!!yin% of the fi!ea!m, ammunition, o! ma2o! pa!ts the!eof outsie of !esien$e o! .o!/pla$e .ithout,
the p!ope! pe!mit to $a!!y the same8
*e- Ca!!yin% of the fi!ea!m, ammunition, o! ma2o! pa!ts the!eof in p!ohi"ite pla$es8
*f- 0ismissal fo! $ause f!om the se!(i$e in $ase of %o(e!nment offi$ial an employee8
*%- Commission of any of the a$ts penali<e une! &epu"li$ #$t No. 6165, othe!.ise /no.n as the
OComp!ehensi(e 0an%e!ous 0!u%s #$t of 2002R8
*h- Su"mission of falsifie o$uments o! mis!ep!esentation in the appli$ation to o"tain a li$ense o! pe!mit8
*i- Non$omplian$e of !epo!to!ial !eBui!ements8 an
*2- :y (i!tue of a $ou!t o!e!.
SEC. 40. 0ailure to 3otify 5ost or Stolen 0irearm or 5ight "eapon' D # fine of Ten thousan pesos
*710,000.00- shall "e impose upon any li$ense fi!ea!m hole! .ho fails to !epo!t to the 4EO of the 7N7
that the su"2e$t fi!ea!m has "een lost o! stolen .ithin a pe!io of thi!ty *90- ays f!om the ate of
is$o(e!y.
1i/e.ise, a fine of 4i(e thousan pesos *75,000.00- shall "e impose upon any pe!son holin% a (ali
fi!ea!m li$ense .ho $han%es !esien$e o! offi$e a!ess othe! than that ini$ate in the li$ense $a! an
fails .ithin a pe!io of thi!ty *90- ays f!om sai t!ansfe! to notify the 4EO of the 7N7 of su$h $han%e of
a!ess.
SEC. 41. 1llegal #ransfer7Registration of 0irearms' D It shall "e unla.ful to t!ansfe! possession of any
fi!ea!m to any pe!son .ho has not yet o"taine o! se$u!e the ne$essa!y li$ense o! pe!mit the!eof.
The penalty of prision correccional shall "e impose upon any pe!son .ho shall (iolate the p!o(ision of
the p!e$ein% pa!a%!aph. In aition, he@she shall "e isBualifie to apply fo! a li$ense to possess othe!
fi!ea!ms an all his@he! e3istin% fi!ea!ms li$enses .hethe! fo! pu!poses of $omme!$e o! possession, shall
"e !e(o/e. If %o(e!nment)issue fi!ea!ms, ammunition o! ma2o! pa!ts of fi!ea!ms o! li%ht .eapons a!e
unla.fully ispose, sol o! t!ansfe!!e "y any la. enfo!$ement a%ent o! pu"li$ offi$e! to p!i(ate
ini(iuals, the penalty of reclusion temporal shall "e impose.
#ny pu"li$ offi$e! o! employee o! any pe!son .ho shall fa$ilitate the !e%ist!ation of a fi!ea!m th!ou%h
f!au, e$eit, mis!ep!esentation o! su"mission of falsifie o$uments shall suffe! the penalty of prision
correccional.
#&TIC1E ;I
4IN#1 7&O;ISIONS
SEC. 42. 0irearms Repository' D The 4EO of the 7N7 shall "e the sole !eposito!y of all fi!ea!ms !e$o!s
to in$lue impo!te an lo$ally manufa$tu!e fi!ea!ms an ammunition. >ithin one *1- yea! upon app!o(al
of this #$t, all milita!y an la. enfo!$ement a%en$ies, %o(e!nment a%en$ies, 1C=s an %o(e!nment)
o.ne o! )$ont!olle $o!po!ations shall su"mit an in(ento!y of all thei! fi!ea!ms an ammunition to the
7N7.
SEC. 49. 0inal Amnesty' D 7e!sons in possession of un!e%iste!e fi!ea!ms an hole!s of e3pi!e li$ense
o! un!e%iste!e fi!ea!ms shall !e%iste! an !ene. the same th!ou%h the 4inal Cene!al #mnesty .ithin si3
*6- months f!om the p!omul%ation of the implementin% !ules an !e%ulations of this #$t. 0u!in% the inte!im
pe!io of si3 *6- months, no pe!son applyin% fo! li$ense shall "e $ha!%e of any elinBuent payment
a$$!uin% to the fi!ea!m su"2e$t fo! !e%ist!ation. The 7N7 shall $onu$t an intensi(e nation.ie $ampai%n
to ensu!e that the %ene!al pu"li$ is p!ope!ly info!me of the p!o(isions of this #$t.
SEC. 44. 1mplementing Rules and Regulations' D >ithin one hun!e t.enty *120- ays f!om the
effe$ti(ity of this #$t, the Chief of the 7N7, afte! pu"li$ hea!in%s an $onsultation .ith $on$e!ne se$to!s
of so$iety shall fo!mulate the ne$essa!y !ules an !e%ulations fo! the effe$ti(e implementation of this #$t
to "e pu"lishe in at least t.o *2- national ne.spape!s of %ene!al $i!$ulation.
SEC. 45. Repealing Clause' D This #$t !epeals Se$tions 1, 2, 5 an , of 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 1+66, as
amene, an Se$tion 6 of &epu"li$ #$t No. +264 an all othe! la.s, e3e$uti(e o!e!s, lette!s of
inst!u$tion, issuan$es, $i!$ula!s, aminist!ati(e o!e!s, !ules o! !e%ulations that a!e in$onsistent he!e.ith.
SEC. 46. Separability Clause' D If any p!o(ision of this #$t o! any pa!t he!eof is hel in(ali o!
un$onstitutional, the !emaine! of the la. o! the p!o(ision not othe!.ise affe$te shall !emain (ali an
su"sistin%.
SEC. 4,. )ffectivity' D This #$t shall ta/e effe$t afte! fifteen *15- ays f!om its pu"li$ation in a ne.spape!
of nation.ie $i!$ulation.
Republic Act No. 9'94 M*=c> 4& #553
AN ACT AMENDING REP"BIC ACT NO. 9'65& OTHER%ISE @NO%N AS THE 6ANTI:MONE!
A"NDERING ACT OF #55'6
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representative of the Philippines in Congress assembled:
SECTION '. Se$tion 9, pa!a%!aph *"- of &epu"li$ #$t No. 6160 is he!e"y amene as follo.s:
A*"- ?Co(e!e t!ansa$tion? is a t!ansa$tion in $ash o! othe! eBui(alent moneta!y inst!ument
in(ol(in% a total amount in e3$ess of 4i(e hun!e thousan pesos *7h7 500,000.00- .ithin one
*1- "an/in% ay.
SECTION #. Se$tion 9 of the same #$t is fu!the! amene "y inse!tin% "et.een pa!a%!aphs *"- an *$- a
ne. pa!a%!aph esi%nate as *")1- to !ea as follo.s:
A*")1- ?Suspi$ious t!ansa$tion? a!e t!ansa$tions .ith $o(e!e institutions, !e%a!less of the
amounts in(ol(e, .he!e any of the follo.in% $i!$umstan$es e3ist:
1. the!e is no une!lyin% le%al o! t!ae o"li%ation, pu!pose o! e$onomi$ 2ustifi$ation8
2. the $lient is not p!ope!ly ientifie8
9. the amount in(ol(e is not $ommensu!ate .ith the "usiness o! finan$ial $apa$ity of the $lient8
4. ta/in% into a$$ount all /no.n $i!$umstan$es, it may "e pe!$ei(e that the $lient?s t!ansa$tion is
st!u$tu!e in o!e! to a(oi "ein% the su"2e$t of !epo!tin% !eBui!ements une! the #$t8
5. any $i!$umstan$es !elatin% to the t!ansa$tion .hi$h is o"se!(e to e(iate f!om the p!ofile of
the $lient an@o! the $lient?s past t!ansa$tions .ith the $o(e!e institution8
6. the t!ansa$tions is in a .ay !elate to an unla.ful a$ti(ity o! offense une! this #$t that is a"out
to "e, is "ein% o! has "een $ommitte8 o!
,. any t!ansa$tions that is simila! o! analo%ous to any of the fo!e%oin%.A
SECTION 3. Se$tion 9*i- of the same #$t is fu!the! amene to !ea as follo.s:
A*i- ?=nla.ful a$ti(ity? !efe!s to any a$t o! omission o! se!ies o! $om"ination the!eof in(ol(in% o!
ha(in% i!e$t !elation to follo.in%:
A*1- Einappin% fo! !ansom une! #!ti$le 26, of #$t No. 9+15, othe!.ise /no.n as the &e(ise
7enal Coe, as amene8
A*2- Se$tions 4, 5, 6, +, 6, 10, 12, 19, 14, 15, an 16 of &epu"li$ #$t No. 6165, othe!.ise /no.n
as the Comp!ehensi(e 0an%e!ous #$t of 20028
A*9- Se$tion 9 pa!a%!aphs :, C, E, C, ' an I of !epu"li$ #$t No. 9016, as amene, othe!.ise
/no.n as the #nti)C!aft an Co!!upt 7!a$ti$es #$t8
A*4- 7lune! une! &epu"li$ #$t No. ,0+0, as amene8
A*5- &o""e!y an e3to!tion une! #!ti$les 264, 265, 266, 266, 900, 901 an 902 of the &e(ise
7enal Coe, as amene8
A*6- Jueten% an Fasiao punishe as ille%al %am"lin% une! 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 16028
A*,- 7i!a$y on the hi%h seas une! the &e(ise 7enal Coe, as amene an 7!esiential une!
the &e(ise 7enal Coe, as amene an 7!esiential 0e$!ee No. 5928
A*+- Jualifie theft une! #!ti$le 910 of the &e(ise penal Coe, as amene8
A*6- S.inlin% une! #!ti$le 915 of the &e(ise 7enal Coe, as amene8
A*10- Smu%%lin% une! &epu"li$ #$t Nos. 455 an 169,8
A*11- ;iolations une! &epu"li$ #$t No. +,62, othe!.ise /no.n as the Ele$t!ini$ Comme!$e #$t of
20008
A*12- 'i2a$/in% an othe! (iolations une! &epu"li$ #$t No. 62958 est!u$ti(e a!son an mu!e!,
as efine une! the &e(ise 7enal Coe, as amene, in$luin% those pe!pet!ate "y te!!o!ists
a%ainst non)$om"atant pe!sons an simila! ta!%ets8
A*19- 4!auulent p!a$ti$es an othe! (iolations une! &epu"li$ #$t No. +,66, othe!.ise /no.n as
the Se$u!ities &e%ulation Coe of 20008
A*14- 4elonies o! offenses of a simila! natu!e that a!e punisha"le une! the penal la.s of othe!
$ount!ies.A
SECTION 4. Se$tion 4 of the same #$t is he!e"y amene to !ea as follo.s:
ASEC. 4. .oney 5aundering 8ffense' )) Foney laune!in% is a $!ime .he!e"y the p!o$ees of an
unla.ful a$ti(ity as he!ein efine a!e t!ansa$te, thee"y ma/in% them appea! to ha(e o!i%inate
f!om le%itimate sou!$es. It is $ommitte "y the follo.in%:
*a- #ny pe!son /no.in% that any moneta!y inst!ument o! p!ope!ty !ep!esents, in(ol(es, o! !elates
to, the p!o$ees of any unla.ful a$ti(ity, t!ansa$ts o! attempts to t!ansa$ts sai moneta!y
inst!ument o! p!ope!ty.
*"- #ny pe!son /no.in% that any moneta!y inst!ument o! p!ope!ty in(ol(es the p!o$ees of any
unla.ful a$ti(ity, pe!fo!ms o! fails to pe!fo!m any a$t as a !esult of .hi$h he fali$itates the offense
of money laune!in% !efe!!e to in pa!a%!aph *a- a"o(e.
*$- #ny pe!son /no.in% that any moneta!y inst!ument o! p!ope!ty is !eBui!e une! this #$t to "e
is$lose an file .ith the #nti)Foney 1aune!in% Coun$il *#F1C-, fails to o so.A
SECTION 3. Se$tion , of the same #$t is he!e"y amene as follo.s:
ASEC.,. Creation of Anti.oney 5aundering Council BA.5CC' )) The #nti)Foney 1aune!in%
Coun$il is he!e"y $!eate an shall "e $ompose of the Co(e!no! of the :an%/o Sent!al n%
7ilipinas as $hai!man, the Commissione! of the Insu!an$e Commission an the Chai!man of the
Se$u!ities an E3$han%e Commission as mem"e!. The #F1C shall shall a$t unanimously in the
is$ha!%e of its fun$tions as efine he!eune!:
A*1- to !eBui!e an !e$ei(e $o(e!e o! suspi$ious t!ansa$tion !epo!ts f!om $o(e!e institutions8
A*2- to issue o!e!s a!esse to the app!op!iate Supe!(isin% #utho!ity o! the $o(e!e institutions
to ete!mine the t!ue ientity of the o.ne! of any moneta!y inst!ument o! p!epe!ty su"2e$t of a
$o(e!e t!ansa$tion o! suspi$ious t!ansa$tion !epo!t o! !eBuest fo! assistan$e f!om a fo!ei%n
State, o! "elie(e "y the Coun$il, on the "asis fo su"stantial e(ien$e, to "e, in .hole o! in pa!t,
.he!e(e! lo$ate, !ep!esentin%, in(ol(in%, o! !elate to i!e$tly o! ini!e$tly, in any manne! o! "y
any means, the p!o$ees of an unla.ful a$ti(itity.
A*9- to institute $i(il fo!feitu!e p!o$eein%s an all othe! !emeial p!o$eein%s th!ou%h the Offi$e
of th Soli$ito! Cene!al8
A*4- to $ause the filin% of $omplaints .ith the 0epa!tment of Justi$e o! the Om"usman fo! the
p!ose$ution of money laune!in% offenses8
A*5- to in(esti%ate suspi$ious t!ansa$tions an $o(e!e t!ansa$tions eeme suspi$ious afte! an
in(esti%ation "y #F1C, money laune!in% a$ti(ities an othe! (iolations of this #$t8
A*6- to apply "efo!e the Cou!t of #ppeals, e( parte, fo! the f!ee<in% of any moneta!y inst!ument o!
p!ope!ty alle%e to "e the p!o$ees of any unla.ful a$ti(ity as efine in Se$tion 9*i- he!eof8
A*,- to implement su$h measu!es as may "e ne$essa!y an 2ustifie une! this #$t to $ounte!a$t
money laune!in%8
A*+- to !e$ei(e an ta/e a$tion in !espe$t of, any !eBuest f!om fo!ei%n states fo! assistan$e in thei!
o.n anti)money laune!in% ope!ations p!o(ie in this #$t8
A*6- to e(elop eu$ational p!o%!ams on the pe!ni$ious effe$ts of money laune!in%, the methos
an te$hniBues use in the money laune!in%, the (ia"le means of p!e(entin% money laune!in%
an the effe$ti(e .ays of p!ose$utin% an punishin% offene!s8
A*10- to enlist the assistan$e of any "!an$h, epa!tment, "u!eau, offi$e, a%en$y, o! inst!umentality
of the %o(e!nment, in$luin% %o(e!nment)o.ne an )$ont!olle $o!po!ations, in une!ta/in% any
an all anti)money laune!in% ope!ations, .hi$h may in$lue the use of its pe!sonnel, fa$ilities
an !esou!$es fo! the mo!e !esolute p!e(ention, ete$tion, an in(esti%ation of money laune!in%
offenses an p!ose$ution of offene!s8 an
A*11- to impose aminist!ati(e san$tions fo! the (iolation of la.s, !ules, !e%ulations, an o!e!s
an !esolutions issue pu!suant the!eto.A
SECTION 6. Se$tion 6*$- of the same #$t is he!e"y amene to !ea as follo.s:
A*$- &epo!tin% of Co(e!e an Suspi$ious T!ansa$tions. )) Co(e!e institutions shall !epo!t to the
#F1C all $o(e!e t!ansa$tions an suspi$ious t!ansa$tions .ithin fi(e*5- .o!/in% ays f!om
o$$u!!en$es the!eof, unless the Supe!(isin% #utho!ity p!es$!i"es a lon%e! pe!io not e3$eein%
ten *10- .o!/in% ays.
AShoul a t!ansa$tion "e ete!mine to "e "oth a $o(e!e t!ansa$tion an a suspi$ious
t!ansa$tion, the $o(e!e institution shall "e !eBui!e to !epo!t the same as a suspi$ious
t!ansa$tion.
A>hen !epo!tin% $o(e!e o! suspi$ious t!ansa$tions to the #F1C, $o(e!e institutions an thei!
offi$e!s an employees shall not "e eeme to ha(e (iolate &epu"li$ #$t No. 1405, as
amene, &epu"li$ #$t No. 6426, as amene, &epu"li$ #$t No. +,61 an othe! simila! la.s, "ut
a!e p!ohi"ite f!om $ommuni$atin%, i!e$tly o! ini!e$tly, in any manne! o! "y an means, to any
pe!son, the fa$t that a $o(e!e o! suspi$ious t!ansa$tion !epo!t .as mae, the $ontents the!eof,
o! any othe! info!mation in !elation the!eto. In $ase of (iolation the!eof, the $on$e!ne offi$e! an
employee of the $o(e!e institution shall "e $!iminally lia"le. 'o.e(e!, no aminist!ati(e, $!iminal
o! $i(il p!o$eein%s, shall lie a%ainst any pe!son fo! ha(in% mae a $o(e!e o! suspi$ious
t!ansa$tion !epo!t in the !e%ula! pe!fo!man$e of his uties in %oo faith, .hethe! o! not su$h
!epo!tin% !esults in any $!iminal p!ose$ution une! this #$t of any othe! la..
A>hen !epo!tin% $o(e!e o! suspi$ious t!ansa$tions to the #F1C, $o(e!e institutin% an thei!
offi$e!s an employees a!e p!ohi"ite f!om $ommuni$atin% i!e$tly o! ini!e$tly, in any manne! o!
"y any means, to any pe!son o! entity, the meia, the fa$t that a $o(e!e o! suspi$ious
t!ansa$tion !epo!t .as mae, the $ontents the!eof, o! any othe! info!mation in !elation the!eto.
Neithe! may su$h !epo!tin% "e pu"lishe o! ai!e in any manne! o! fo!m "y the mass meia,
ele$t!oni$ mail, o! othe! simila! e(i$es. In $ase of (iolation the!eof, the $on$e!ne offi$e! an
employee of the $o(e!e institution an meia shall "e hel $!iminally lia"le.
SECTION 4. Se$tion 10 of the same #$t is he!e"y amene to !ea as follo.s:
ASe$ 10. 0ree6ing of .onetary 1nstrument or Property' )) The Cou!t of #ppeals, upon
appli$ation e( parte"y the #F1C an afte! ete!mination that p!o"a"le $ause e3ists that any
moneta!y inst!ument o! p!ope!ty is in any .ay !elate to an unla.ful a$ti(ity as efine in Se$tion
9*i- he!eof, may issue a f!ee<e o!e! .hi$h shall "e effe$ti(e immeiately. The f!ee<e o!e! shall
"e fo! a pe!io of t.enty *20- ays unless e3tene "y the $ou!t.
SECTION (. Se$tion 11 of the same #$t is he!e"y amene to !ea as follo.s:
ASe$. 11. Authority to 1n/uire into Ban4 *eposits' )) Not.ithstanin% the p!o(isions of &epu"li$
#$t No. 1405, as amene, &epu"li$ #$t No. 6426, as amene, &epu"li$ #$t No. +,61, an
othe! la.s, the #F1C may inBui!e into o! e3amine any pa!ti$ula! eposit o! in(estment .ith any
"an/in% institution o! non)"an/ finan$ial institution upon o!e! of any $ompetent $ou!t in $ases of
(iolation of this #$t, .hen it has "een esta"lishe that the!e is p!o"a"le $ause that the eposits o!
in(estments a!e !elate to an unla.ful a$ti(ities as efine in Se$tion 9*I- he!eof o! a money
laune!in% offense une! Se$tion 4 he!eof, e3$ept that no $ou!t o!e! shall "e !eBui!e in $ases
in(ol(in% unla.ful a$ti(ities efine in Se$tions 9*I-1, *2- an *12-.
ATo ensu!e $omplian$e .ith this #$t, the :an%/o Sent!al n% 7ilipinas *:S7- may inBui!e into o!
e3amine any eposit of in(estment .ith any "an/in% institution o! non)"an/ finan$ial institution
.hen the e3amination is mae in the $ou!se of a pe!ioi$ o! spe$ial e3amination, in a$$o!an$e
.ith the !ules of e3amination of the :S7.
SECTION 9. Se$tion 14, pa!a%!aphs *$- an *- of the same #$t is he!e"y amene to !ea as follo.s:
A*$- Fali$ious &epo!tin%. #ny pe!son .ho, .ith mali$e, o! in "a faith, !epo!ts o! files a $ompletely
un.a!!ante o! false info!mation !elati(e to money laune!in% t!ansa$tion a%ainst any pe!son
shall "e su"2e$t to a penalty to si3 *6- months to fou! *4- yea!s imp!isonment an a fine of not less
than One hun!e thousan 7hilippine pesos *7hp100,000.00- "ut not mo!e than 4i(e hun!e
thousan 7hilippine pesos *7hp500,000.00-, at the is$!etion of the $ou!t: Provided, That the
offene! is not entitle to a(ail the "enefits of the 7!o"ation 1a..
AIf the offene! is a $o!po!ation, asso$iation, pa!tne!ship o! any 2u!ii$al pe!son, the penalty shall
"e impose upon the !esponsi"le offi$e!s, as the $ase may "e, .ho pa!ti$ipate in, o! allo.e "y
thei! %!oss ne%li%en$e, the $ommission of the $!ime. If the offene! is a 2u!ii$al pe!son, the $ou!t
may suspen o! !e(o/e its li$ense. If the offe! is an alien, he shall, in aition to the penalties
he!ein p!es$!i"e, "e epo!te .ithout fu!the! p!o$eein%s afte! se!(in% the penalties he!ein
p!es$!i"e. If the offene! is a pu"li$ offi$ial o! employee, he shall, in aition to the penalties
p!es$!i"e he!ein, suffe! pe!petual o! tempo!a!y a"solute isBualifi$ation f!om offi$e, as the $ase
may "e.
A#ny pu"li$ offi$ial o! employee .ho is $alle upon to testify an !efuses to o the same o!
pu!posely fails to testify shall suffe! the same penalties p!es$!i"e he!ein.
A*- :!ea$h of Confientiality. The punishment of imp!isonment !an%in% f!om th!ee *9- to ei%ht *+-
yea!s an a fine of not less than 4i(e hun!e thousan 7hilippine pesos *7hp500,000.00- "ut
not mo!e than One million 7hilippine pesos *7hp1,000,000.00- shall "e impose on a pe!son
$on(i$te fo! a (iolation une! Se$tion 6*$-. In the $ase of a "!ea$h of $onfientiality that is
pu"lishe o! !epo!te "y meia, the !esponsi"le !epo!te!, .!ite!, p!esient, pu"lishe!, mana%e!
an eito!)in)$hief shall "e lia"le une! this #$t.
SECTION '5. Se$tion 15 of &epu"li$ #$t No. 6160 is he!e"y elete.
SECTION ''. Se$tion 29 of the same #$t is he!e"y amene to !ea as follo.s:
ASEC. 29. )ffectivity' )) This #$t shall ta/e effe$t fifteen *15- ays afte! its $omplete pu"li$ation in
the 8fficial 9a6ette o! in at least t.o *2- national ne.spape!s of %ene!al $i!$ulation.
SECTION '#. #ransitory Provision' )) E3istin% f!ee<e o!e!s issue "y the #F1C shall !emain in fo!$e fo!
a pe!io of thi!ty *90- ays afte! the effe$ti(ity of this #$t, unless e3tene "y the Cou!t of #ppeals.
SECTION '3. )ffectivity' )) This #$t shall ta/e effe$t fifteen *15- ays afte! its $omplete pu"li$ation in
the 8fficial 9a6ette o! in at least t.o *2- national ne.spape!s of %ene!al $i!$ulation.