You are on page 1of 4

Define Education, Planning, Management and Functions of

Educational Planning & Management
Define Education?
1) Developing the capacities and potential of the individual so as to prepare that individual to be successful in a
specific society or culture. From this perspective, education is serving primarily an individual development function.
2) The process by which society transmits to new members the values, beliefs, knowledge, and symbolic
expressions to make communication possible within society. In this sense, education is serving a social and cultural
The concept of management of education
Management of education is the process of planning, organizing, directing and controlling the activities of an
institution by utilizing human and material resources so utilizing human and material resources so as to effectively
and efficiently accomplish functions of teaching and extension work and research.
Importance of Educational management
finance management
Infrastructure management
Teaching learning process
Work of teacher management
Students work management
Co-curricular activity management
Examination management
Facilities management
Laboratory management Laboratory management
Computer management
Special lab ( language, history , geography, music ) management
It deals with material and institutional effectiveness.
It helps in decision-making and solving problems
It helps in communication and managing information
Building effective teams
It helps in curriculum making and managing co curricular planning, time table, discipline,
It wills helpful motivating staff and students.
Managing conflicts and stress
Helpful in healthy and conducive school climate.
Helpful in organization of counseling and guidance.
Helpful in maintaining school records and financing and budgeting.
Helpful in evaluating student achievement.
Objectives of Educational Management
Educational management helps is the achievement institutions objectives i.e. it ensures school
and college effectiveness.
It improves planning, organizing and implementing and institutions activities and process.
It helps in creating, maintain and enhancing a good public image of the institution.
It helps in appropriate utilization of its human resources i.e teaching staff, non teaching staff
and students.
It enhances efficiency of the institution i.e. it helps in attaining the goals with minimum cost and
time minimum cost and time.
It facilitates optimum utilization of infrastructural facilities (playground, building, equipments,
library etc)
It prevents duplication of work.
It enhances job satisfaction among staff members and satisfaction with the institution among
It enables the institution to create and maintain a congenial school and college climate.
It helps staff and students to manage, their interpersonal conflicts, stress and time effectively.
It improves interpersonal communication among members of the school /college.
It enables the principal to understand his role and carry out his function more effectively.
Need of educational management
Social change- the system of education is expected to provide society with human resources with specialized
knowledge , attitudes , work ethics and values social moral political values, expertise, and skills. so as to sustain
and enhance this development. This places demands on education to make its curriculum more relevant to the life
and needs of the changing society in and effective and efficient manner. It is also expected to enable students to
bring about desirable social changes, the same time preserving the desirable and positive aspects of the existing
To create congenial environment at institutional level for the attainment of the aims and objectives of the
educational system in particular and those of the country in general and knowledge of relevant management
theories, principles, concepts, techniques, skills and strategies and their application to educational systems is
necessary for its effective and efficient function and outputs.
Need to make our system of education is more proactive rather than reactive by using applying principles and
techniques of management science.
Leaders and managers in our educational institutions are selected and promoted from the teaching faculty. A large
majority of them have very little knowledge and experience of running a school or a college. This sometimes
creates a situations where the institution loses a very good teacher and receives a poor and bad managers
What Is Planning?
A primary managerial activity that involves:
Defining the organizations goals
Establishing an overall strategy for achieving those goals
Developing plans for organizational work activities.

Types of planning
Informal: not written down, short-term focus; specific to an organizational unit.
Formal: written, specific, and long-term focus, involves shared goals for the organization.
Why Do Managers Plan?
Purposes of Planning
Provides direction
Reduces uncertainty
Minimizes waste and redundancy
Sets the standards for controlling
Define Management
The process of coordinating work activities so that they are completed efficiently & effectively with and through the
Management is also defined as management is a process of planning, organizing, leading & controlling all activities
of the organization in pursuit of pre-defined objectives.
Getting the most output from the least amount of input. Refers to as "doing the thing right".
Completing activities so that organizational goals are attained: referred to as " getting the right thing."

Manager is someone who works with and through other people by coordinating their work activities, in order to
accomplish organizational goals.
First Line Mangers
Management at lowest level or organizational who manage the work of non-managerial employees who are
involved with the production or creation of the organizations products.
Middle Mangers
Managers between the first-line level and top level of the organizational who manage the work of first-line
Top Managers
Managers at or near the top level of the organization who responsible for making organization-wide decision and
establishing the goals and plans that affect the entire organization.

Management Functions
Management involves far more than just telling others what to do. Before any of you decide that you think you can
do your boss's job, let's take a look into more of what a manager does.
The major functions that a manager completes can be categorized into four different functions known as
planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. For some of us, we only see the final two - leading and controlling
- but you should know that for every managerial behavior you do see, there is an equal amount that you do not.
Behind the manager's closed door, he or she spends a good deal of his or her time planning and organizing so that
he or she can effectively carry out the functions of leading and controlling.

Now, before you think your boss is
different, you should also know that
the four functions of management
are standard across industries,
whether that be in a manufacturing
plant, a home office, a grocery
store, a retail store, a restaurant, a
hotel, or even an amusement park.
Effective managers understand how
planning, organizing, leading, and
controlling are used to achieve
organizational success.
Unfortunately, I do not have a
rebuttal for those of you who have ineffective managers, but perhaps learning a little more about the four functions
of management will help to identify what steps your ineffective manager needs to take to become an effective one.
Try to think about the four functions as a process where each step builds on the others. Managers must first plan,
then organize according to that plan, lead others to work towards the plan, and finally evaluate the effectiveness of
the plan. These four functions must be performed properly and, when done well, become the reason for
organizational success.
It involves the process of defining goals, establishing strategies for achieving these goals and developing plans to
integrate and coordinate activities.
It involves the process of determining what tasks are to be done. Who is to do them? How the tasks are to be
grouped? Who reports to whom and where decisions are to be made.
It involves motivating subordinates, influencing individuals or teams as they work. Selecting the most effective
communication channel.
It involves monitoring actual performance, comparing it to standard and taking actions if necessary

Managers spend a good deal of time planning, leading, controlling and organizing.