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OF MA-rTEI!.

c:lMultiple Choice Questions with ONECorrect Answer:


I. Equal masses ofCH
4
and02 aremir.ed inanC'lllptyoontaincrat 25C.The fraclionof
thetotal pressure C)l;ertooby02 is; (1981)
(a) 1/3 (b) 1/2
(<:)(113)" 2731298 (d) 213
2. Theratioofrootmcan squarevelocity toaverage velocity ofa gas molecule at agiven
temperature is : (1981)
(3)1.086:1 (b) I : 1.086
(<:)2: 1.086 (d) 1.086: 2
3. Thcf,;orrectrepresentationofvandcr Waals' equation is: (1982)
(a) PV '" (If J)mnu
2
(b) (P.;. Q(V
2
){V -b) RT
(c)(P-aIV1)(V+b)=RT (d)/'V=RT
4. He_alomistwolimesasheavy asa11.2molecule. Al298 K theaverage kinetic energy
afHe-atomis: (1982)
(8) tvoicethaI of a"2 molccule (b) same asthat ofa H
2
molecule
(c) four times that ofa"2 molecule (d) halflhal ofa"2 molecule
5. A liquid is in equilibrium with its ,'apour at its boiling point. On the average the
moleculesinthetwophascshaveequal: (1984)
(a) intermolecular forces (b) potential energy
{el kinctic energy {dl activation cncrgy
6. 'Equal rnassesofH
2
andCH
4
aremi:\edinancmptycontain~'Tat 25
Q
C. Thefractionof
thetotal pressurccxened byil
2
is: (l'J84)
(a) 112 (b)819
(c) 1/9 (d) 16117
7. Thetotal KEora monoalomic ideal gasat 27C is; (1984)
(a) 300cal (b) 900 cal
(c) 1800cal (d) noneof these
8. When an ideal gas undergoes unrestricll-.1expansion. no cooling occur,. because the
mulecules: (1984)
(al arc above theinv~",ion temperature
(bl exert no attractive furec oneach other
(c) do wurk ""Iualtu loss inkinetic energy
(d) collide without lossof energy
9. Which of thefollowing i~truefortherateof dirru.ion of agas? (1985)
(a) It is inversely proportional tothesquare root of its molecular weIght (mol. "'1.)
(b) It is directly proponionalto the"'lu~rc root of its mol. WI.
(c) It isdirectly proportional to itsmol. ",I.
(d) It isdirectly proportional to its density
10. The average ve1ocityofan ideal gas moloculeat 27C is O.! mls. The average velocity
at 92rC will be: (1186)
(a) 0.6mls (b) 0.3mls
(c) 0.9mfs (d)3.0mls
II. A bottle of dry ammonia and a bottle of dry HCI connected through a long tube are
opened sUnultanOOllSlylit both ends.The while NH
4
CI ring flffi fonned ",ill be :
WII')
(a) at the centre of the tube (b) ncar the HCI bottle
(e) throughout the length of the tube (d) near ammonia bottle
12. In the van der Waals' equation fora real gas, the term that ll(:eoun\S for intermolecular
fOl"l:esis: fIJI')
(a) (V-b) (b) RT
(c)(P+,,/V
2
) (d)(RT)-1
13. The valuesofvan dcrWaals' con..~tant" forthegascs02' N
2
, NlI
J
andCH
4
is 1.360,
1.390,4.170 and 2.253 L
2
atm1001-
2
respectively. The gas which can most easily be
liquefied is: fIn9)
(a) 02 (b)N
z
(e)NH
J
(d)CH
4
14. The rate of diffusion of CH
4
at II given temperature is twiee that of a gas. The
molecularma.-sofXis; fI"')
(a) 64.0 (b)32.0
(e) 4.0 (d)8.0
IS. Thedensityofncon will behighest at: (1'90)
(a) S.T.P. (b)OC,2aim
(c) 273C, I aim (d) 273
Q
C, 2aim
16. Aecordingtothekineticthcoryofga.ses: (1991)
. (a) the pressure exerted by agas isproportional to the mean velocity of the molecules
(b) the pressure exerted by the gas is proportional to the fOOlmean square velocity of
thc molecules
(e) the root mean square velocity is inversely proportional to the temperature
(d) the mean uanslational kinetic energy of the molecules is directly proportional to
the absolutc temperature
17. At eonstant volume for II fIXed numocr of moles of a gas, the pressure of the gas
increases with rise intemperature due to: (1992)
(a) increase in average moleeular speed
(b) increase in rate of eollisions amongst molecules
(e) increase in molecular attraction
(d) increase in mean free path
18. Equal masses of ethane and Hz are mixed in all empty container at 25"C. The fraction
of the total pressure exerted by Hz is: (19'3)
(a)I:2 (b)I:1
(c)1:16 (d}15:16
19. Inaelosed room of 1000 m
J
aperfume bottle is opened up. The morn develops smell.
This isdue towhich propcrtyofgases? 0"4)
I
(3) Density
(e) Diffusion
21. Refer to thefigure given
t
z '
(b) Viseosity
(d) None of these
.,,0
/ ~gasA
r
/.
--:~_.-~./ Ideal gas
". - - - ' ...(
".. ./ ....
- .. gas 8
Whieh of thefollowing statements is wrong? (2006)
(a) For gasA, II =0andZwill linearly depend onpressure
(b) F~ gas B, b-= 0andZwilllinearly depend onpressure
(c) Gas Cis aJ eal gas aOOwecan fmd(a) and(b) if the interaction data is given
(d) All van der Waals' gases will behave like gas C and give positive slope at high
temperall.lre
21. Longeslmeanfreepathstandsfor: (1995)
(a) H
1
(b)N
1
(e) 01 (d)01
22. Theratiobetweenrms veiocityofH
1
alSOKand th.1lof0
1
at 800K is: (1996)
(a) 4 (b)2
(c) 1 (d)114
23. XmL of 111gas effuses through ahole inacontainer in 5see. The limetaken for th<::
effusion of thesamevolwne of thegas specified belowunder identical conditions is :
(1996)
(a) 55 sec: COl (b)20sec:Ol
(e) 25 sec: CO (d) 10sec: lie
24. OnemoleofN
1
0
4
(g)at 300Kis kept inaclosedcootaincrunder I aimpressure.llis
heated 10600 K when 20"10by mass of N
1
0
4
(g) deeomposes to N0
1
(g) The
resultant pressure is: (1996)
(a) 1.2aim (b) 2.4atm
(c) 2.0atm (d) 1.0alm
25. Thecompressibility faClorfor anideal gasis: (1997)
(a) 1.5 (b)1.0
(e) 2.0 (d)",
26. According to Graham's law, at agiven temperature theratio of therates of diffusion
rA1rS of thegasC3AandB isgiven by: (1998)
(a) (PAIP
o
) (M,fIMlJ )1/2 (b) (MAlMo ) (P,fIPf/ )112
(e) (PAfPg )(MgIM
A
) 1/2 (d) (MAlMo ) {Po IP
A
)111
27. A gas will approaeh theideal behaviour at : (1999)
(a) lowtemperature and lowpressure (b) lowtemperature and highpressure
(e) hightemperature andlowpressure (d) hightemperature andhighpressure
(2001)
28. At lOO"Cand I aim, iflhedm<ityofwater (l) is 1.0gem-
l
andlhHtofwaler vapour is
0_0006gem-
l
,then thevolume occupied by water molecules in I L of steamat lhHt
temperature is : (1000)
(a) 60em
l
(b) Q6em
J
(elO.06em
J
(d) 6em
3
29. The rmsvelocity orA
2
isJ 1limes thermsvelocity ofN
2
. If Tis thelemperarure of
thegas: (2000)
(a)T(1I
2
)=T(N
2
) (b)T(H
2
T(N2)
(e)T(H
2
)<T{N
2
) (d)T(H
2
)=J 1T(N
2
)
30. Theeornp=ibilityofagas islessthanunity atS.T.P. Hence: (1000)
(a)Y >22.4L (b)Y <22.4L
(c)Y=22.4 L (dW=44_8L
31. Thermsvelocity of anideal gasatconstant pressurevaries withdensity (d) as:
(a)d
2
(b)JJ
(c)lIJd (d)d
32. Whichof thefollowing volume (Y), t~"lIlpcrature(nplots represctlts thebehaviour of
onemoleof anideal gasatOneatmospheric pressure? (1001)
33. Whenthetemperature isincreased, surfacetensionof water:
(a) increases (b) decreases
(e) remains constant (d) show irregular behaviour
34. Positivedeviation fromideal behaviour takesplacebecause of:
(a) molecular internetionbetween atoms andPYlnRT >I
(b) molecular intcractiou between atoms andPYlnRT <1
(e) finitesizeof atoms and l'VlnRT> 1
(d) finitesizeof atoms and PVlnRT <I
35. Foramonoatomie gas, kineticenergy ~E. Therelationwithnm velocity is:
V(L)~38.8L'
(a) 373K)
(22.4 L,
273K) T(K)
V{L)~30.6L'
(e) 373K)
(22.4 L,
273 K) T {K}
(
' F )' " (a) I, =--;;
(
E )V'
(<.0),,= -
''''
----------
V(L)L:28_6 L,.
(b) 373K)
(20.4 L,
273K) T(K)
VIL'~
(d) {14.2L,
{22.4L, 373K}
273K} - T(K)
(
3 E )'"
(b) I'= 2m
(
E)' "
(d)lI= 3 m
(2001)
(2003 )

(1004)
I
I
(a) T
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
If helium and melhane are allowed 10diffuse QUI of a container under similar
conditions of tempcature andpressure, thentheratioof rateof diffusion of heliumto
methaneis: (1005)
(a)2.0 (b)1.0 (e)0.5 (d)4.0
One mole of amonoatornic ideal gas el>pandsadiabatically at initial temperature T
against aconstant external pressure of 1atmfromone litretotwo litre:>.Find out the
flllal temperature{R~ 0.0821 LatmK-
1
mol-I): (2005)
T
(b) j(5/3)-l)
{e)T 2 (d)T+ .2
3xU0821 3x00821
Thepressure exened by 17.gof anideal gasattemperature TO ein avessel of volun>eV
litreis I atm. Whenthetemperature isincreasedby 10degrees at thesamevolume, the
p~ in=sesby 10";" Thevolume Vis(moL wt. ofthegas= 120): (2006)
(a) 1.28L (b)0.28L (e) 0.41L (d)0.82L
The teJ mthaI corrects for the attractive forces present in areal gas in the van del
Waals' equatiOli is: (200'J)
an2 an
1
(a)nb (b)- (e)-- (d)-nb
,,2 ,,2
For onemole ofa 'lao der Waals' gas whenb =0andT= 300K,!he PV,'s. l/Vplol is
shown ahead. The value of \he \'an del W,aals' constant a (in ann.litre
2
mol-
2
) is ;
(2012)
.,
24.6
~ 23.1
~ 21.6
"", 21.1

~
~
(Graph no! bescala)
"''-''''
-..--.,.. ...
:",
-------.--...
, ,.
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
o 2.0 3.0
.1(mol~tre-')
,
(a)1.0 (b)4.5 (cl1.5 (d)3.0
mlMultiple Choice Questions with ONEor MORETHANONE
Correct Answer:
1. If agasexpands at consbnttempernture :
(a) pressure decreases , .
(b) KE oflhe molecules remains 1hesame
(c) nwnber .of~olecules "fthe gas increases
(d) KE of themolecules decreases
2. A gasdescribed byvander Waals' equation:
(a) behaves similar loan ideal gas inthelimit of largemolar volumes
(b) behaves similar toan ideal gas inthelimit oflarge pressures
(1986)
(2008)
(c) iscllatacterizcd by vande, Waals' coefficients that aredependent on theidentity
of thegas but areindependent of thetemperature
(d) bas thepressure that is lower than thepressure cxertw by th(: SlUllQgas behaving
ideally
J. According tokinetic theory of gases : (29j I)
(a) collisions arealways elastic
(b) heavier molecules tnmsfer more momentumto thewall oftM conta.in
(c) only asmall number of molecules havevay high velocity
(d) between oollisions, themolecules moveinstraight lincs withconstant velocities
mlMatrix Matching Problel;lUl :
l. This question contains statemetlts given in two columns which have to be matched.
Statements (a, b, c. d) inColumn-I haveto ~ matched withstat(IDCnlS(p, q. f.s) in
ColumnII. TheanswerStothisquestion have10beappropriaJely bubbled asiUustratod
inthefollowing example.
If thecom:ct matches are(a-p. s), (b-q, f),(c.p, q) and(d.a), !bentheCOITectIybubbled
4)( 4matrix should be asfollows:
p q f S
".@0.
><).00
'.000
'0@0.
Match gases under spified conditions listedinColulII,Q-1withtheir pmpertie:sJlaWl>
inColumn-II.lndicalc your answer by darkening theapproprial;ebubbles of the4)( 4
rn3trixgiven intheORS. a~7j
CQlumn_1
(a) Hydrogen gas (P=200 aIm, T"
273 K)
(b) Hydrogen gas (P- 0, T~273 K)
(e) CO
2
(p I aim, T- 2731Q
(d) Real gas with very large lnQ!ar
vQlume
COhllQlI-1I
(p) Compressibility factor oll
(q) Attractive forces aredominant
(t) PY"nRT
(5) P(V-nb)",nRT
mIInteger Answer Type Questions :
AlI.<,,"r to the [<,flowin!: qu<,.<lion is Q.<inCI" digil integer, rQnging from 0 10 9.
I. Toanevacua!ed vessel wi!!!movablepistonunderextemal pressureof! alln.0.1mol
of Heand 1.0mol of anunknown compound (vapour p~ 0.68 aIm. at O"C) are
introduced. Considering theideal gasbehaviour, thetotal volome(inlitre) "fthe gases
al OCisclose10__ (lOll)
This 6tion contains 4 ",ultipk choiu /lum(ms- Each /lue5tion hfl$/ow' c1lOicn (ill),
(6), (c) tuld (d) out o/which only one isCOIUet.
1, At !he Boyle's temperature, the effects of repulsive and attraclive inlelmOlC(:u1ar
forcesjust balanceeach other andaDon-idc;algasbehaves ideally. What is theBoyle's
te<uperaluR;of heliwn?
(l) 17.5K (b) 275 K
(c) 17.5"C (d) 27YC
~. ~ibility factor ofa gasisless thanunity at S.T.P., therefore:
(Il)V",>22.4L (b)V<22.4L
(e)V", =22.4L (dW>44.8L
l. If pressureistripled andtemperature (inKelvin) ishalved, thevohuru:ofagivrn mass
of anideal gasbecomes:
(a) 312times itsoriginal volume (b) Wid of itsoriginal volume
(e) 1I61hof its~inal volume (d) 6times ill;original volume
4. An ideal gas caonot be liquefied because :
(aJ itscritical temperature isvery high
(b) itsvander Waa!:;' constants a andb arevery high
(e) theinJ ennolecular fQn;ea.ffion.ggaseous molecules arenegligible
(d) a1Loftheabove
S. VlijlOW"densityofagasis 11.2.Tho:volumeoccupied by I gmofthi:<gasat S.T.P. is:
(a) 2Z,.4L (b)IL2L
(c) I L (d) 12.24L
6. 1h gashaving aveuge speed foUftimes asthat of SOl(molecular mass 64) is:
(a) He(mo~uIar mass4) (b) O
2
(molecular mass 32)
(c) H
2
(molecular mass2) (d) CU. (molecular IIl3SS 16)
,. Twochemically inactivegasesareoonlained separa!ely intwo bulbsof samecapacity
aI pressurePI andP
2
respectively. If thelwobulbsareoonnC(:ted, thetotal pressureof
gaseous mixture wouldbe :
(a) equal to (PI +P
2
) (b) greaterthan (PI +P
2
~
(e) less than(PI +P2 ) (d) equal to(PI xP
2
)
8. The rool me.lll square ve10cily of the molecules of a gas is 1260 mise<:.The most
prob.:lblevelocity of themolecules is:
(a) 1029mise<: (b) 1161m/s~'C
(c) 1671mise<: (d) 917 mlsec
9. Thequantity(~;)n:prescnts:
(a) mass oflhe gas (b) K.Eof thegas
(e) number of molesof thegas (d) number of molecules in thegas
10. A gas deviates lll'lXirnumfromideal gas laws at:
'(a) ~igh te~ture andhigh pressure (b) lowtemperature andlowp'?essure" .e:
(e) lowtemperature andhighpressure (d) high temperature ana lowpressure ,...,
." i
11. "f!t~~h ~~.I1PP'=~.in celsius. ~d pressure of a~ect ~ilSi.s: ,., .,
(a) ahyperbola
(b) astraight linepassing through origin
(c) astraight lineparallel topressure
(d) a straight line with positive intercept on pressure axis intereepting temperature
axis al-273"C
12. Two gasesA andBhaving thesametemperature T, SlImepressureP andsame::volume
Varemixed. If thetemperature of mi;<tureisunchanged andthevolumeoc<,;upiedby it
is Yf2, thenthepressure of themi;<turewill be:
(a) pf2 (b) P (c) 1P (d) 4P
13. Fivemolecules ofa gasaremoving withspeeds I, 2, 3, 4, 5kmlsec. What istheir root
meansquare speed?
(a),J 55 kmlsee (b).f44 kmlsee
(c) J il kmlsee (d) J 6kmlsec
14. If theaverage velocity of themolecules ofa gas isdoubled, thenwhat will happen to
\heir root mean square velocity?
(a) Doubled (b) Halved
(c) Becomes J 2times (d) Becomes ~ limes
15. Theroot mean squarevelocity oca gas is 'c'. Ifpressurc of gas isdoubled at constant
temperature, what will betheroot mean square velocity of thegas sample?
(a)2c (b)J 2c
(c)c (dl~
.f2
16. A vessel contains 6x 10
29
molecules of a gas per cubic metre. The mass of eaeb
molecule is Sx 10-
27
kg. If themolecules aremoving with linaverage speed of 1l<tn
soc-I. What isthepressure of thegas?
(a)10
J
pa (b)lO
s
Pa
(c) 10
7
Pa (d) 10
9
Pa
17. A horizontal uniformg13sslubeof 100emlengthscaledal bothendscontains IOcm
2
mercury eolullmin themiddle. The temperature andpressure of air on other sideof
mcrcuryeolumn arercspectively 81"C and76cmofHg. If theair column alone endis
kept at OCandolher end at 273C, thepressure of air which is at OCis :
(a) 76 (b)88.2
(cll17 (dll22
18. TheroOImean squarevelocity at constant pressure isrc1atedtothedensity of thegas,
according totherc1alion:
(a) (I""" ex:d
(c)lIrmsocdl/2 (d)vrms"'.fd
19. A real gascanbe liquefiedby:
(a) isothermal expansion (b) aWawtic expansion
(e) isothermal compression (d) adiabatic compression
20. , According 10thecquipartition principle, eachdegreeof frdom contribulefollowing ,
amoUll!tothetranslational kineticenergy of IOOlecule: (llere k '" BQ]tzmannconstant)
1
(a) '2kT (b).iT
(e) ~kT (d) ~kT
2 l
21. ThreeclosedvessclsA, B andCan: atthesametemperature Tandcontain gaseswhich
obey Mu.wellian distribution ofvc1ocity. Vessel If containsonly 02; B. onlyN2andC.
amil<tureof equal quantities 0[02 andN
2
. J fthc average speedof O
2
molecules in
vessel A is Ill. that of N
z
molecules in vessel B is liZ. the average speed of 02
molecules invessel Cis; " - ,
(a) II] +liZ (b) VI
2
(e) (Vltl2)1/2 (d) 1
J3ATlrn
22. Inthecorrections made10theideal gasequation, inorder toapply il forreal gases, the
reduction inpressure duetoattractive forces isdirectly proportional to:

(a) _ (b) "b
V
,,2 ,,2
(e) ----: (d)-
V2b V
2
23. At what temperature themolar KE of Hewill beequal tothat of AI at 400K? _
(a) 700K (b)400K
(c) 300K (d)600K
24. Twothermally insulatedvessels 1and2arcfilledwithairat temperature (TI andT2 );
volume (VI andV
2
) and pn:ssure (PI andP
2
) respectively. If !he vah'e joiniog the
vessels isopened, thetemperature inside theveSsel at equilibriumwill be :
{a)T
t
+T
z
(b) Tt;.+T
Z
2
(e) TtT
z
(PIV
I
+P
2
V
2
) (d) TITz {PIV( +PzV2l
P
l
Y
t
T
2
+P
2
Y
Z
T
1
PlY1Tl +P2
Y
2
T
2
25. Figure shows two spherical containers P and (). ~;'- T
eonnected by tap T. P contains an ideal gas at 8I80
pressure 5x 10
5
Nm-
2
andtemperature 300K. Q P .
contaim same gasat pressure 2x 10
5
Nm-
2
and
temperature 400K. If the t31'isopened the final pressure becomes mx IO~Nm-2.
What isthevalueof m? Thevolumeof Q isfour timesIilevolume of P:
(a) IA (b) 1.8
(e) 2.4 (d)2.8
I
Calculate lhenumbcr of moles in!heglass bulb shown infigure at 300 K.
Given: d glyccrinc" 2.72 glmL; d mercury ~13.6 glmL
(3) 0.36 mol (b) 0.94 mol
(e) 0.49 mol (d) 0.64 mol
(d) noneof\he$e
(b)-'-
4../2
Glyceline
n.
31.
' OL
Go,
".
U. Which of thefollowing relations for Ill"gonwill DOlgive slraigblline inthegraph?
I. Kinctieenergy lllldlelllpel'3tUre
2. Pressure andvolume litconstanl temperature andmass
3. Volume vern<s absolute lemperature at constant p=andmass
(a) 2 (b) I (c) 3 (d) 1,3
The relative raIcs of effusion of 02 to CH
4
through Bcontainer containing 02 and
CH
4
in3: 2mass ralio will he :
(a)3.fi
4
(e).2..-
2 - 1 2
Universal gas constani R depends on :
(i1.) volume (b)letllpem!ure
(e) \lIlitsof pressure andvolume (d) Dumberofmolcs
Partill1pl'CSSl.lfe "20(g land vapour p=ure of "20(/)arePandP
s
I(;spu;lively.
Pereenlage relative humidily will he:
(a)(P+P.)"100 (b)(P,~P}IOO
(c)!-"100 (d)P'"loo
~ P
When an open vessel isheated from300 K to 500 K, what pe=:nbge oflbe gas will
escapeoul?
{a) 20 (b)60
(e) 40 (d)80
Kinetic energy andpressure ofa g85ofunil volume and\lIlillllOlearerelaled as;
E
(b)P=-
2
(d)P",~E
,
Air (1 aim)
M
(b) RT
(d) .!..-
TM
33.
".
>S .
36.
37.
".
n.
<ft.
<J .

43.
For an ideal gas ratio or; iseqUll[\0:
(a) RT
M
MT
Col-
R
(M~ Molar mass of gas)
Ipajar having mixture ofH
2
andHeat temperature T:
(a) hydrogt:fl has more KE (b) Hehas more KE
(c) both have same KE (d) bothhave same internal energy
Vllpour pressure ofall liqui<hbecome equal at :
(a) their boiling point (b) their freezing point
{elO"C (d)dewpoillt
Thegas having average speedfour times asthat of80
2
(at same temperature) :
(a)He (b)02 (e)"2 (d)01
4
Most probable velocity ofhydrogell molecules al T"Cis tlo. At ('IT +273fC,all the
molecules aredissociated into atoms. Then newmost probable velocity will be :
{allio (b)2u
o
(e) Wo (d)4vo
At Boyle's temperature, compressibility factor Zfor areal gas is :
(a)Z",1 (b)Z=O
(e)2>1 (d)Z<l
Oxygen diffuses fromtwodifferent vessels 'A' and'B' under identical conditions bitt
'.(' has cirl:ular orificewhile' D' hassquareorifice. Theratioafrate of diffusion ill the
two vessel will be: (Given: Diagonal of square =Diameter ofcircle)
{a)2:n (b)4:n
(c)n:4 (d)rt:2
A gas shows heating effect 011sudden expansion. It shows that:
(a) thegas isnoble
(b) thegas is ideal
(c) theinversion temperature of thegas isvery low
(d) its vander Waals' COlIS tant'b' ishigh
It iseasier 10liquefy oxygen thanhydrogen because :
(a) oxygen has higher critical temperature and higher inversion temperature tlum.
hydrogen
(b) oxygen has ~'erylowcritical temperature and lower inversion temperature than
hydrogen
(c) oxygen has a higher critical temperature and lower inversion temperature than
hydrogen
(d) oxygen has lower critical temperature andhigher inversion temperature thanH
2
Under which of thefollowing conditions areal gas resembles anideal gas?
(a) 'a' and 'b' are~'erysmall (b) 'a' and' b' arevery large
(c) 'a' is large and 'b' is small (d) 'a' is small and 'b' is large
Air contains 77% nitrogen and 23%oxygen by rna..,,'.Thepercentage of oxygen by
volume is:
(3)22 (b)2i.8
(e) 20.8 (d) 27.1
44. Inaspacecraft, theoutput of carbon dioxideper aSlJ Qnautis44gpeThoUT.A catalytic
converter reduces carbon dioxide al therateof550 mL per minute intoH
2
0al S.T.P.
Thefraction oftime theconverter hastobeoperated for thekeeping Iheoutput of CO
2
of oneaslJ Qnautis :
47.
48.
50.
49.
(a) 0.68 (b) 0.34
(c) 0.75 (d)0.54
45. Thedensity ofa gasA is four timetolhat ofa gasB. If themolecular mass of A isM,
what isthemolecular mass of B?
(a)M (b)M
4 8
(e)4M (d)2M
46. ~duded volume of agas will belarger, if T~is:
P,
(a) small (b) large
(c) I (d) lessthan I
A vessel is filledwithmixture of oxygen andnitrogen. At what ratio partial pressure
willlhe mass of gases beidentical?
Po Po
(.)-' =U875 (b)~l =0.?85
P
Nl
P
Nl
Po Po
(e),_l =8.75 (d)_l =114
l\>l . ~l
A box isdivided intotwoequal partsA andB having two gasesX and Yrespectively.
The two pans have equal pressure of 250 mrn Hg. Thepressure after rcrriovinglIIe
partition will be ; ..
(a) 125nun (b) 250 mOl
(e) 350 mOl (d) 500 mm
Which of thefollowing iscorrect for molar volume Vof areal gas?
( . ) ( a p ) =1'"" ["'] =0 (b)(aP) =0,", ("'] =0
aV
r
av
2
T
aVr Dv
2
r
( , ) ( a r ) =0'"" ( a ' r ] =0 ( , ) ( a P ) =0'"" ( a P ) = 0
av p av
2
p av r av T
A mixture contains N
2
0
4
andN0
2
in 2: I ratiobyvolume. Thevapourdensityoflhe
mixture is :
(a) 45.4 (b) 49.8
, .
(c)32.6 (d)38.3
51. Iftwogascsofmolecularma'SlilA andmB wilhtcmpcratureT
A
andTB,thenwhich
property has samc llugnitude for boththegases; (suppose. T
A
me = T
o
"' A)
(a) density (b) pressure
(c) pcr mole KE (d) toot meansquarevelocity
I
5Z.
53.
5 4 .
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
Wbich of the following groups of gases will have same rate of diffusion under
identical ph)'sical conditions?
(a)CO, NzO, C
2
H
6
elHs (b)C
J
"8' CO
2
,N
2
0
(c)CO,C02,~H4 (d)CO
Z
,C
2
11
4
,N
2
0
!fthere isno intermolecular fOKe, what ",ill bethevolumeof 4.5 kg'Watervapour at
STP?
(a) 7.5 m] (b) 11.2m]
(e) 6.5m
l
(d)5.6m]
Ifl0--4dm3 ~fwater is introduced into aIdm
3
flask at 300 K, how many moles of
water are in the vapour phase when equilibrium is established? (Given; Vapour
pressure ofHzOa! 300K is 3170Pa, R~8.314J K-
1
tnll-
l
)
(a)4.46><10-
2
mol (b)1.27"10-
3
mol
(e) 5.56><10-
3
mol (d) J .53xIO~2mol
Thedensity of gas A istwicethat of B. Molecular mass of A ishalf of molecular mass
of B. Thepartial pressure ralio of A andB is:
(a).!. (b)..! (e)~ (d)~
4 2 1 1
At what temperature, therms velocity of gas shown at SOOCwill bedoubled?
(a) 626 K (b) 1019K (e) 200C (d) l019
Q
C.
What will happen 10thevolume of air bubble under water, where L!J etempera~ is
15C and the pressure is 1.5 atm, if the bubble then rises to the surface where the
tempera~ is 25C andthepressure is I atm?
(a) Itsvolume will become greater by afactor of2.5
(b) Its volume will bewme greater by afactor of 1.6
(c) It:;volume will become greater by afaClOrof 1.1
(d) Its volume will become smaller by afactor ofO.?O.
At idcntic:altemperntureandprcssure, therateof diffusion ofH
2
gas is3J 3times that
of ahydrocarbon having molecular formulaC
n
H
2n
_
2
. What isthevalue of,,?
(a) I (b)4 (c) 3 (d)8
Anevacuated glass vessel weighs 50g. When empty, 144gwhen filledwithliquidof
density 0.41gmL-
t
and50.5 gwhen filledwithanideal gas at 16{)nun Hg at 300K.
Themolar mass of ideal gas is: (R =0.0821 Latm K-
1
mol-I)
(a) 61.515 . "(b) 130.98 (clI23.15 (f7.81
What will be Utepartial pressure of Heand02 respectively, if mL of Heat 0.66
aimand400mL of0
2
al 0.52 atmpressure aremixed in400 m vessel at 20"c)
(a) 0.33 and0.56 (b) 0.33 and0.52
(el 0.38 and0.52 (d) 0.25 and0.45
A cylinder of 5L capacity, filledwithair at NTr isconnected with another evacuated
cylind<.'Tof30 L capacity. Theresultant air pressure inboththecylinder will be:
(a) 10.8 emofllg (b) 14.9cmofHg
(c) 21.8 emofllg (d) 38.8cmofllg
The inversion temperature Ti(K) ofhydrogcn is (Given van<lerWaals' constants a
andb arc 0,244atmL
2
mol-
2
and0.021 L nDI-
1
respectively.)
(a) 440 (b) 220
(c) 110 (d)330
63. CA. diffuses twotimes faster !hanagasX.Thenumber of molecules present in32gof
gas X is: (N is Avogadro's number.)
(a)N (b)N (c)N (d)N
2 4 16
64. What is 51unit of coefficient of visoosity (1\)?
(a) pascal (b) N5m-
2
(c) Km-
2
s (d) Nm-
2
65. Theinteraction energy of London forceisinversely proportional tosixthpower of the
distance between two interacting particles but their magnitude depends upon:
(a) chargeof interacting particles
(b) mass of interacting particles
(e) polarisabillty of interacting particles
(d) strength ofpermanenf dipoles intheparticlcs
66. G= possess ebaneteristi<; <;riticaltemperature which depends upon themagnitude
of int<:nIlOlecularfon;es between thepartidcs. Following an: thecritiealtemperatures
of somegdSCS
Gam: "2 lie 02 N
2
Critical temper-lure
(In Kelvin) 33.2 5.3 154.3 126
Fromtheabove data what would betheOlderofliqucfaetion of these gases?
Stan writing theorder fromthegas liquefying first?
(a)H
2
,He,02,N
2
(b)He,02,H
2
,N
2
(e)N2,02,He.H2 (d)02,N
2
,H
2
,He
67. A onelitreglass bulb isevacuated andweighed. Theweigbt is500 g. 1tis thenfilled
withanideal gas at I atmpressure at312.5K. Theweight offilled bulbis501.2g. The
molar mass of thegas is : (R - 0.08 L aimK-lrrol-
I
)
(a) 28 (b)32
(e) 30 (d)24
68. The vander Weals' coefficient of inert gallcsHe, MandXc an: given below:
Inert gas Q (atm dm~mol-2) 1>(10.
1
dm
3
mol-
t
)
H,
0.34 2.38
A,
1.337 3.20
X,
4.137 5.16
Choose theappropriate pair toromple1ethefollowing stateme1lL
"The increase in the value of 'a' signifies the incrcasin importance of
interaction while increase inthevalueof'b' isdueto .
(a) lon-ion; increased atomic vnlume
(b) Induced dipole,indueed dipole; inerea'Cd atomic volume
(e) Induced dipole-dipole; dipole-dipole interaction
(d) Dipole.dipole; decrea.,ing ionisation energies
69. 1(10
4
dm) water is introduced into a Idm! flask at 300 K..how many moles ofwate:r
are in the vapour phase when equilibrium is established? (Given: vapour pressure of
H
2
0at3oo K is 3170 Pa; R =8.314 J K -lrml-
l
)
(a) 4.46 x 10-
2
rml (b) 1.27 x 10-
3
mol
(e) 5.56 x 10-
2
rool (d) 153 x 10-
2
Iml
70. 'o'and 'b' are'Van der Waals' constants for gases. Chlorine ismore easily liquefied than
ethane because :
(a) '0' for CI
2
>'0' for C
2
11
6
but 'b' for CI
2
<'b' for C
2
"6
(b) '0' and 'b' for 0i >'0' and 'b' for C
2
"6
(e) 'a' and 'b'forCl
z
<'(/and 'b' for C
2
"6
(d) '0' for Cl
z
<'0' for C
2
"6 but 'b' for CI
2
>'b' for C
2
H
6
71. The C!'dtPressibility factor for areal gas at high pressure is:
~t n n
(a)I+- (b) 1 {c)I+_ (d) 1--
n RT RT
72. A certain gas takes three times as long to elTuseout as helium. Its rnolC(:ularmass will
re,
(a)27u (b)36u (c) 64 u (d)9u
MULTIPLE CORRECT ANSWER TYPE
(More thanOne CorrectAnswer
This sution COllMjn.~4 multiple correct OI . "'el'(s) type questions. Each questiOll has 4
choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out ofHihkh onf! or more is/are corrt.
l. According to the kinetic Ihoory of gas, absolute zero is the temperature at which;
(a) pressure ofidcal gas is 7-erO (b) volume of gas i. zero
(c) internal energy of ideal gas is 7.ero (d) ideal gas liquefies.
2. Select the COITC(:t statements about critical tempcrature:
(a) Surface tension of liquid at eriticaltemperature becomes zero
(b) Gas cannot be liquefied above this temperature, on applying pressure
(e) It is Ihe highesttemperntore at which liquid and vapour eoe"ist
(d) Critical temperature T
c
=3h
3. In isothennal expansion of agas:
(a) Ihe kinetic energy of gas molecules remains Same
(b) the kinetic energy of ga~ous molecules decreases
(e) the pressure of gas decrca.';Cs
(d) the kinetic energy of gascom molecules increases
4. A rcal gas deviates from perfect gas behaviour as its molecules:
(a) have definite si7-c (b) attract each other
(c) show Brownian movement (d) arc not spherical
5. The roct mean S<juarevelocity of the perfect gas molecules will bedoubled if:
(a) prcssure is doubled at constant volume
(b) pressure is made four times at constant volume
(c) volume is made four times al constant pressure
(d) volume is doubled al constanl pressure
6. Select litecorrect statements among thefollowing;
(a) J ouleThomson coefficient fI for ideal gas iszcro
(b)C
p
~Cv.,R
(c) InJ ou[c Thomson expansion, enlhalpy isconstant
(d) Expansion of real gas adiabatically (alxlVethe invm;ion lemperature) shows
cooling effect.
7. v., ,vrm<and v~ are average speed, rOOlmean square speed and most probable
speed of thegas respeclively al constantlemperature T. Molarmass oftlle gas is 'm'.
Then:
(a) no molecules canhaveaspeed greater than- J 2 vrm<
(h) no mol:ules can haveaspeed lessthan P"",l .., f i
(c) 0"", <p., <0rm<
(d) lheaverage kinetic energy of amolecule is~mp~
4
8. Which ofilie following statemenls arecorrecr!
(a) van dcr Waals' constant 'Q' measure intermolecular force anlOng the real gas
molecules
(b) vand~'fWaals' constam 'b' measures covolumc or excluded volume of one mok
g~
(c) unit of 'Q' =aun L
Z
ll101-
2
(d) unit of 'b' =L 1001-
1
9. Which of thefollowing expression is/arc correc!?
N
(a)PV=-RT (b) Pm, , =dRT
N,
(c) PV=NkT (d)PV., NRT
(Here, N =Number of gas molecules, Nof =Avogadro's number
k =Boltzmann constant, d =densily of gas)
10, Selccl thecom:ct statements among lhefollowing:
(a) Boyle's temperature =lx Inversiontemperalure
2
(b) Al Boyle's t<:mperalUre,areal gas behaves likcideal ga,
(c) A real gas behaves likeideal at very lowpressure andat very hightemperature
(d) For H
2
andlie,Z<1
II. According 10thekinetic lhenry of gases :
(a) Kinelic encrgy of gas molecules depends oil absolute tempcralure. It does not
depend onpressure, volume andmolar mass oflhe ga,
(b) The root mean r.quarevelocily is directly proportional In the r.quarerool of lhe
Kelvin temperalure
(cl Pressure of the gas molecules is proportional to mosl probable speed of the
molecule
(d) Pressure of the gas molecules is proportional to roOl mean square speed of lhe
mokcules
12. Which of thefollowing quantities issameforall idcalgascs allhc sametempernture?
(a) Thekinetic energy of I mol
(b) Thekinetic energy of I gmofa gas
(e) Thenumber of molecules in I mol
(d) Thenumber of molecule:; in I gInorthe gas
13. Thelimetak.enfor effusion of32 mL of oxygen wiUbethesame asthelimetakenfor
effusion under identical conditions of;
(a)64rnLofIl
2
(b) 50mL ofN
2
(e) 21.3 mL of CO
2
(d) 22.62rnL ofS0
2
14. Rateof elTusionofa gas through anorificedepends upon:
(a) molar ITIa5Sof thegas (b) thepressure of thegas
(e) cross-sectional areaof thehole (d) acceleration due\0gravity
IS. When anairbubble rises fromtheboUomof adeep laketoapoint just belowthewaler
surface, thepressure of air inside thebubble:
(a) is lessthan thepressure outside it
(b) isgreater than thepressure oul.ide it
(e) decreases asthehubble moves up
(d) increases as bubble moves up
16. Boyle's temperature is the temperature at which the gas obeys Boyle's law for an
al'l'reo.:iablerange of pressure fromzero pressure, It implies that,
(a) lim[ a P ' ] =0 (b)T
B
=~[I +n b ]
P...O DP Rb V
(c) T
B
=~ (d) T
B
=r,v,
m R
17. Select thecorrect sta1emenlSamong following:
(a) Themolecules inagas areinrapidrandommotion
(b) At absolute zero, thermal motion of themolecules of gases cease
(c) Vibrational motion ispresent inmonoatomic gases
(d) Gasmolecules arealways evenly distributed inatmosphere
18. Choose thecorrect statem~'D1:
(a) It is possible to liquefy a gas al critical temperat~ and at apressure equal 10
critical pressure
(b) Theexcluded volumeper molecule given inthe,.ander Waals' equation isequal
to4times theactual volume ufthe ga:;molecule
(e) Theroot mean square velocity of gas isdoubled, its temperature isdoubled
(d) At very high temperature all real gases show positive deviation as pressure
lllereases and ill!<.-'llllolecular force of aUraetiondeerea<;cs[ l' +. . ! ! . . - ] [V- b J =RT
"
gets converted 10l' (V-b ) =RT
19. In following statements, theeorrect statements are :
(a) Ideal gases are liquids ollly at very low tempernturt:s
(b) Ideal gases calUlOtbe liquefied
(e) Ideal gas behaviour is observed by real gases at lowpressures
(d) Ideal gases do not ellist
20. Whichof thc following changes decreasethevapour pressureof water kcpt inascaled
vessel?
(a) Decreasing the quantity of water
(b) Adding salt to water ~
(c) Decreasing the volume ofvcsselto one half
(d) Ikcreasing thetemperature of water
ASSERTION-REASON lYPE)
In ~ach of th~fo"owing que-nons, tH;ostat~m"nts auxiwn. Ch<HJS~ th" CO""d codda),
(1I), (c) or (d) dcfin<,dbe/ow:
(a) Sllltement_1and Sllltcment-2 ate true, Sllltemcnt-2 is thc correct explanation of
Statement. I.
(b) Sllltement.l and Sllltemcnt-2 are true but Suternent-2 is nOI the COlTect
explanation of Stalerncnt-l ,
(e) Stalement_l istruc and Stalemcnt-2 isfalse.
(d) Statement-! isfalseand Staterr>ent-2istrue.
1. Statement_I: Compressibility factor (Z) ofCH
4
andCO
2
areless thanunity.
Statement_2: 7. < I, indicates predominance of attt3etion force among gas
molecules.
2. Statement_): During evaporation of theliquid, itstemperatute does not change.
Statement-2 : Kinetic energy of liquid molecules is directly proportional to the
absolutc temperature.
3. Statement_I: Thegas withb..-eatervalueof' G' canbeeasily liquefied.
Statement_2: The van der Waals' constant 'G' measures the intermolecular force
among gas molecules.
4. Statement-I: vandcr Waals' constant' a' of Nil J is greater than that ofN
2
.
Statement_2 : InternlOlecular foree ofNH] is greater than that ofN
2
because NH]
involves intermolecular H-bond.
S. Statement_!: Vandcr Waals' constant 'b' ofN
2
isgreater than that ofNH).
Statement_2 : Molecular si7-cofN
2
issmaller than that ofNH].
6. Statement-!: Kinetic energy and momentum of ideal gas molecules areconserved
during intermolecular collision.
Statement_2 : Collision among real gas molecules is inelastic.
7. Statement -I : At eritica! stalethemeniscus between gas and liquid disappears.
Statement_2 : Surface tcnsion of liquid iszero at critical st.1te.
8. Statement.l: Whengasisfilledinaballoon itexpands. llalloon obeysBoyle's law.
StatemeDt_2 : Volumeofa definite mass of gas isinversely proportional topressure
at constant temperature.
9. Statement_I: Thereis nogas inthealmo>phcreof moon.
Statemeot.2 : Root mcansquarevelocity of gases aregreater thanescape velocity of
moon.
10. Statement_I: Heliumshows positive deviation fromideal behaviour.
Statemeof_2 : Hcliumis anoblegas.
II. Stafemeot_l: Sudden ClIpansionof idC'dlgases fromhigh pressure to lowprcssure.
will not show any temperature change.
Sfatement_2 : Inlermolecular force andJ oule-Thomson coefficient of ideal gases is
-
12. Stafement_l: The compressibility factor (Z) for 11
2
and He is greater than unity.
Z=I+ Ph.
RT
Stafement-2 : Compressibility factor for H
2
andHemaybe calculated using vander
Waals' equation neglecting vander Waals' constant' a'.
13. Statement_I: Rateof diffusion ofN
2
0and CO
2
aresame at constant temperature.
Sfatement_2 : Rate of diffusion of agas is inversely proportional to square root of
molecular mass at constant !<:mperature.
14. Statement.l: Compressibility factor isdcfined as theratio of molar volume of real
gas tothemolar volumc of ideal gas.
Statement_2 : Thecompressibility factor (Z) at critical state is~.
8
15. Statement_I: All therook-eules of ideal gas travel with samespeed.
Sfatenlenf.2 : Ideal gas molecules neither attract nOrrepel cach other.
Hi. Statl'ment_l: Thevander Waals' constant' a'ofH
2
0isgreater thanthat ofC
6
H
6
.
Stafement_2: The intennolecular force of H
2
0 is greato..'fthan C
6
H
6
due to
fom13tionof intermolecular hydrogen bond.
17. Statement_I: When hydrogen gas exp3J ldsadiabatically fromhigh pressure tolow
pressure at roomtemperature then heating cffect is observed.
Statement_2 : Hydrogengas atroomtemperature isabovc itsinvcn;iontemperature.
18. Sfateml'nt_1: Theinternal energy of anideal gas docs not change during isothcrmal
process.
Statl'ment_2 : Thedecrease in volume of agas is compensated by acorresponding
increase inpressure when it, telllperature is heldeOIL'>lant.
19. Statement_I: nlcvalueofl'V foronegramlllOleofanidealgasis8.4J K-t rrol-1.
T
Statement_2 : PV '" Universal gas constant R for Olleb'Ialnmole of an ideal gas.
T
20. Statement_l: Two <IifTerentidea! gases have ~'<J ualroot mean square speed at the
samc temperature.
Sfatemenl_2 : Root meansquarespeed ofa gasmolecules increases withincreasc in
temperature.
21. Statement_I: At constant temperature, 1'1' l"CrSIIS V plot for real gases is not a
straight linc.
Slatcment.2 : At highpressure all gases havc Z>I but at internlediate pressure DlOSl
ga'<CsZ <I.
- ._--------
22. Slate-menf_l: At critical temperature liquid passes inJ ogaseous Slaleimperceptibly
andcontinuously.
Statement_2 : The density of liquid and gas <..'O us phase is equal at critical
temperature.
13. Statement_!: Gases do not liquefy above their critical temperature, what ever the
highpressure isapplied.
Statement_l : Above critical temperature, molecular speed is high and inter_
molecular forcecannot holdthemolecules together.
OBJ ECTIVE QUESTIONS ON
GRAPHICAL AND DIAGRAMMATIC APIITUDE
The variation of PV with V of fixed mass of an ideal gas at constant temperature is
graphically represented by thecurve:
( . ) p ~ / (b) p ~ 1 ~
v_ v_
( , )p ~ l = (d) p ~ 1 ~
v_ v_
For Vwrsus Tplol at constant pressureP
j
andP2 for anideal gas is ~'
given in adjoining figure. t
Which of the following relalion is cOlTect? V PI
(a)PI >P2 ( b) P] <P2
(c)PI",P2 ( d) Pl ~ P2 T-
Among the plots of P versus V, as given below, which nnerorresponds to Doyle's
law?
( , ) J I ~ (b) J l=
v_ v. . . . . .
( , ) J ~ (d) . , ) / L
V_ log V_
WhIchofthe following represent, aplot of compressibility f"ctor (2) 'usus P atrOOm
temperature for helium'!
3.
I.
2 .

'. ) 4 ~b :
~) 4 ~t=
p-
p-
', ) 4 ~b =
<d )
4 ~b
p-
p-
s.
Thegraph given below illustrates:
1
V
. ./".
./
-273'C
,'C 2n"C
(a)Dalton'slaw (b)Charles'law
(e)Boyle's law (d)Gay-Lussac'slaw
6. The product (PV) is plotted against J' al two temperatutes T
1
andT2 andtheresult is
given in following figure:
t I----T,
PVI- _
T ,
What is corrc~t about T
t
andT
2
1
(a)T
1
>T
2
(b)T] <1
2
(elT
l
"'T
2
(d)T( .,T2
7. Which ofllle following is acorrect plot of the volume of fiJ (e<1amount of ideal gas as a
function of temperature (at constant pressure)?
~) ~lL
re-
,d) ~I~
TK-
8. Threeisothermal plots(P versus Y)A. B andCareplottcdat threetemperatures T
l
' T
2
and T
J
respeclively :
1
p
v-

Theconect order of (emperalures will be:
(a)T
I
<T
2
<T
J
(b)T] =T
2
=T
J
(c)T) >T
2
.,.T
J
(d)T) >T
2
<T
J
The ideal gasequation for I mnl of ideal gas is
PV=nRT
The graph between P and Tal constant volume, i.e., isnchorcs areplotted asunder:
(d) nonCofthcsc
1
Fraction of
'""="'
T-
Which oftbc following ord~'Tof volume iscom:ct?
(a)V
4
>V
l
>V
2
>V) (b) V] >V
2
>V
J
>1'4
(c)V] =1'2 =V} =1'4 (d)V
2
>V
l
>Vj >V4
We get following graph whcn thefraction of molecules isploUe<!against velocity
A
II.
1 0.
i.
i" l " , ' l
, : '
1
Vel ocity-
Fraction of molecules are plotted against
velocity of molecules, acwrding to t-
MaxweU-Boltzmann distribution law. The Fractionof
velocities corresponding to the point X, Y !"1 1 decules
andZare:
(a)lJ~,II.v,vrm;
(b) v..,vrml',vIql
(c)v""" v., , I I " ..,
[Here, 1 I"l' =Most probable velocity
v,v =Averngc velocity
V
m
" =Root mean square velocity]
Plot ofprodud (Pr') agains! pressure (P) for different gases is given below:
1 4,
1 3.
!
PV
Select the correct staten'en!s :
(a) CO
2
, CH
4
and 02 show negative deviation from ideal behaviour
(b) Hz and He show posilive deviation from ideal behaviour
(el 1 1
2
and He are less compressible as compared to CH
4
, O
2
, CO
2
and also as
compared to ideal gases.
(d)III and He shownegativedeviation whileCO
2
,CH
4
and 02 showpositive
deviation from ideal behaviour.
Ideal gas
1
z
1
1 5. Compressibility factor[z =PV J iS plotted against pressure :
oRr
",
p-
What is the eom:cl order ofliquefJ ability of the gases shown in the ahove gmph?
(a) 1 1 2<N
2
<CH
4
<C0
2
(b) CO
2
<CH
4
<N
2
<1 1
2
(<:)H2 <CH
4
<N
2
<C0
2
(d)CH
4
<H
2
<N
2
<CO
2
16. Compressibility factor {Z)is plotted against pressure at diffcrent temperature for same
g~.
I
z
p-
Which orthc following is the correct order oftempcralure shown in the above plot?
(a)T4 >T
J
>T
2
>T
1
(b)T
1
>T
2
>T
J
>T
4
(c)1 i >T
2
>T
4
>T) (d)T) >T
4
>T
2
>T]
17. What conclusions can be drawn from the following graphs?
1
V
OK
-273.1 S 'C
1
p
OK
-2731 5"C
(3) AlabsolUlC zero(O K), the volume and pressure bccomcthcorclicallyequa! !07.ero
(b) Both volume and pres,ure decrease with docrease in temperature
(e) As the temperature is lowered, the volume as well as pressure is increased
(d) Wh~'T1volume becomes 7Cro, thc pressure becomes infinily
18.
t
Fraction of
molecules
Molecular velocity-+
Abovegraph isploued (orCO
z
at wee different temperatures, i.. ,273K, 1273Kand
2713K. Which of tilefollowing option is correct about thesetemperatures?
T
I
T
2
T]
(a) 273K 1273K 2773K
(b) 2773K 1273K 273K
(e) 1273K 2773K 273K
(d) 2773K 273K 1273K
19. Ten moles of an ideal gas arefilled in a closed vesseL The vessel has cylinder and
piston type arrangement and pressure of the gas remains oonstant at 0.821 aun. Which
oCthe following graph reprcSCI lts correct variation oflog Y vslog T? (V =Volume in
litre and T= TempcralUre in Kelvin)
(.) logt
l
/ ~)logt~
~
logT- logT-
(0) '''' k(d) logtE
I09T- logT-
20. ProductPVis plolled against pressure(P) for areal gasat threedifferent temperatureS
T ,
..._ _ ..._ _ ._ ..-_ .. ...._ ....
t
PV
T ,
Which oCthe foHowing is the correct order oflernpcralure shown in alXlve graph?
(alT
t
>T
2
>T
1
(b)T
J
>T
2
>T
t
(elT
t
=T
2
=T) (d)T] >T1 >T2
21.
1IT-
(Plot of logP, wbere /' ~Vapour pres,ure ofliquid; again,l liT)
M{~
(d) +2303R
Theslopeof thelinewill beequal 10;
AH~
(a)Mlvop (b)-Mlvop (c)- 2.303R
(where, MI vop'" ulenl heat of vaporisation)
22. Gf3.phofspecific heat at constant volume for amonoatomlc gas is:
,.,c;~ 'bltL
T_ T_
'0' J :RL 'd'~,I~
T- T--
1.3. A mixed amount of nitrogen gas (I mol) taken and is subjected to pressure and
te11lperatun:variation. Thcexperiment isperformed at lowpressure aswell asat high
temmtun:. Theresultsobtained areshown inadjoining figure.1be correct variation
ofl~)with P will beexhibited by:
3
I 2
PV
RT 1
P-
(in atmosphere)
(a) curve I (b) curve2
(c) curve3 (d) curve4
1.4. Which of the following curves give:; the distribution of speeds in the state of
equilibrium incase ofa gas?
,.,!~ 'b'!~
v_ v--
,o'![G 'd'!IV
v_ v-
25. Wllichofthc following graphs corrcctlyn:prescnts thevariation ofP",- dV/dP with
V
P for an ideal gas at constant temperature?
t I ~ . . " " T . " '
(b) PV
p-
26. Whieh of the following graphs shows most significant deviation rrom ideal gas
behaviour?
(0' tl . : : ? " V , " j
T-
Tempel <l ture (K)-'
yletemneratures or1hrce gases aregiven inthetable.
Goo Boyle Temperature (K)
Ethcnc
735
Oxygcn 400
Hydrogen 110
27.
(ol ~ V( P" j (d, ~ I ~ (" j
T- V-
A plot orvolurne ( V)versus temperature (T) ror agas at
constant pressun: is a straight line passing tluough the f
"
origin. Theplotsat different valuesor pressureareshown E
infig. Whieh of therollowing order or pressure iscorrect .,
E
for this gas?
OOPI>P2>P]>P4 ~
(b)Pt =P2 =p] " ' P4
(e)pt <P2 <Pl <P4
(d)Pt<P2=P]<P4
28. TheBo
[rthc cornpres.sibility ractor was mcasurcd at 400K. thegases are:
"
'"
,
Prtlswro. bat
(a) l-ethene, lI-oxygen., III-hydrogen
(b) l-hydrogen.,II-ethen.e, III-oxygen
(c) I-hydrogen, II-o)(ygen, III-ethenc
(d) l-o)(ygen, ll-ethene, IH-hydrogen
".
For afIxedmass of anideal gas thecorrect representation is;

TT
2
>T,
P,>PpP,
>
~
'.

e .
( . )
""
(b)
,
""
"
e ,
"-
~
,
"
e ,

0
0
0
,
0
Tempe'at~re.
,
,,~
,
V,>V,p-V
3
~
T,>T".T,
"
,
'.

' 2
"
(,)

( ' )
'"
"

E.l!' I
'.
~
"
8
0
N
0
Temperat~re. 0
Pressure,
,,~
P(bar) -
MATRIXMATCHTYP0
Eachquestion of thissection contains statements given intwocolumns which haveto
be matched Statements in (Column-I) are labelled as (a), (b), (c) and (d) whereas
statements in (Column-In are labelled as (P). (q), (r) and (5). Thc answer to these
questions havetobe appropriately bubbles as illustrated inthefollowing example.
If thecorrect matches are(a-q, f), (b-p,s), (c-r,s) and(d-q) thenthecorre<:tlybubbled
mallU will look likethefullowing:
p q r S
'0~flll0
b@l00~
'00@@
'0@)00
1. Thediagranu; below depict thedifferent processes for agiven amount ofan ideal gas,
Ma.\ChColumn_I andColumn-II.
~~f ~t/f~~t~
v--- I 1/V--- T_ T_
(i) (ii) (iii) (i\')
i~initial state
f ~final state
Column-l
(a) Fig. (i) : System proceeding from
initial stateto final state
(b) Fig. (ii): System frominitial state
to final state
(c) Fig. (iii): Systempro=:ding from
initial stateto fmal slate
Column-II
(P) Temperature will remain constant
(q) PrcssW'l:will decrease
(r) Volume will be constant
(d) Fig. (iv) : Systempro=:ding from
initial statetofinal state
(s) Temperature may increase or
decrease or may first increase and
thende<;rea.>e
2. Match Column-I withColumn-II for ideal gases.
(b)
Colomn-l
(a) If temperature of given gas IS
increased
(b) If the pressure of a given gas is
increased at constant temperature
(c) If the d~'1lsityof a given gas is
lowered at constant temperature
(d) If the volume of a given gas is
increased at constant temperaturc
3. Match Clllunm-l with Column-II.
Columll-l
(a) Boyle's temperature
~ (Inversion temperature)
2
(e) Critical temperaturc
(d) Critical pressure
4. Match Column-I with Column-II.
Colunlll.l
(a) Real gas at highpressure
(b) Foree of aUraction among gas
nlOloculcsisnegligible
(c) At bigh tcmpemlure and low
p".:ssure
Column-II
(p) Averagespeedof gaswill inerease
(q) Root mean square speed of gas
molecules will inerease
(r) Most probable speed of gas
molecules will increase
(s) Speed of gas molecules will not
change
Column-II
(p) a/Rb
(q) &a /27Rb
(rl Thegas cannot be liquefied above
this temperature, on applying
pressure
(s) u/27b
2
Colunm-Il
(p) PV=RT+Pb
(q) I'V=nRT
(r) Z=l
Ii (d) RcaigasatN.T.P.
,
I

S. Match Column-I with Column-II.


(5) (P+~:)(V-tlb)=nRT
(d) Velocity posses,;ed by maximum
fraction of molecules
7. Match Column-l with Column-II.
6 .
Colo,",,-l i'
J.
'\l;':. t- '
(a) Intemalencrgyofgas~-'-+' ,_:.1'
(b) T~slational kineticcncrgy ofljt~
molecules
(c) The temperature at which there is
no ITlQlecular molion
(d) The lowest possible temperature at
which gas molecules have no heat
Match Columo-! withColumn-II.
Column-I
,\,1.'"
"",:,4 * ). Root mean square velocity
A;.~.
(b) Avcragevelocity
(c) Most probable velocity
C<llumn-I1
(P) ~11
,. '
(q) - RT
2
(r) _273C
(s) 3.116UaI298K
Column-II
{jP
(p) fa
p Rm T
(q)
(r) J g
P" m
T
(,)
I
,
I
I
I

i
Column-I
(pair of molc<.:ules)
(a) Two molecules nrHel
(b) Two propane molecules
(c);CfW~lIld,HCI mol<xules
(d) T% tri.oll!<:ulcsof NIl J
'~. . . ,.
8. MatchL~Illi:nD-IwilhColumn-II.
~~-, ..:, Co \o:inD_ J
."-'- -.1 .,',
(a) Pl.:rt O r-"- Mainsl P for ideal gas at
,,'
~i'fJ
conslantkinpcraturc andnumber of
moles
Column-II
(Type of lnlermnlecular force)
(p) Hydrogen bonding
(q) Dipole induceddipole interaetion
(r) Dipole-dipole interaction
Is) London dispe"ion force
Column-II
(c) Plot of P against T for ideal gas al
constant volume and number of
~b
(b) Plot of V against..!. fOTideal gas at
T ,
constant pressure and number of
~,~
Column-Il
(&illation)
(P) V '" 11 at constanl T andP
(q) Protol ",PI +P2 +p]+ ..
31constanl T, V
PV
(,) _ '" constant
T
(s) V'" T at constant 11 andr
,
(t) P",~lItconstanlnandT
V
(.)
(q)
( , )
\
(d) Avogadro'slaw
(c) Dalton's law
(d) Plot ofVa~ainst -'- for ideal gas al
p'
constanl temperature andnumber of
~,~
Match Column-I with Column-II.
ColUlIIn-J
(Gas 1.""5)
(3) Boyle's law
(b) Charle's law
9,
QUESTIONS WITH SINGL0
DIGIT ANSWER
The 111Iswer to I'hquestiDn o/this section L." single digiJintege" ,,,nging/rom 0 109.
1. If thevolume Df2 moles ofan ideal gas at 540 K is44.8 L, its pressure will bex atm.
Thevalue ofx is__ '
2. The eom.pressibilityfactor ofan ideal gas is .
3. A mixture of non reacting gases exert 3pressure ofS aIm. If oneof thegases occupy
40%volume of themixture, whal would be itspartial pressure in atm?
4. A gas is found tohavetheformula (C302) . Its vapour density is34. Thevalueof n
will be
--
5. The weighl of hydrogen gas obtained from42 gofCall2 by treatment with water is
_gm.
6. The stopcock containing m'o bulbs of,'olume Slim: and 10lim: containing anideal
gas at 9atmand6ann respectively isopened. What is!hefinal pressure inatmif the
temperature remains thesame?
7. Bowmany timesfaster !heheliumwill diffuseascomparedtomethane under identical
condition oftcmpernture and pressure?
8. How manymoles ofS0
2
will occupy avolume of 10litreal apressure of IS aimand
temperature 624 K? (a '" 6.7latmL
2
mr
2
; b =(l0564 litremJ l-
1
)
9. 3.2g ofoxygen and0.2g ofhydrogell m, placed in 1.12line flask at OC.The IOtal
pressure inatm oflhc gas mixttm: will be__ .
\Il. For6.023x 10
23
molecules ofan Ideal cas has PI' =xcaL Thevalue of 'x' IS
T -
tt. Theratio of ""chIded volume and actual volumeof areal gas is cqualto __ .
UNKED COMPREHENSION TYPE)
p " ' ' ' ' J
ut
pA-1
let us consider 1 mol of gas. If itis an ideal gas then
P V
-., 1 where, V .,molar volume of a gas
RT
For a non.ideal gas this quotient may notequal 10t.lt can alsobe less than or
greater than 1. Therefore, the above quotient isdefine(l as compressibility factor Z
Z =PV Molar volume of real gas
RT Molar volume of ideal gas
The compressibility factor of real gases can be written as
Z =PV =1+~+ C +-E-+.....(Virial equation}
RT V
y
2
V
3
Where B, C, D are called virial coefficients and are dependent onlhe nature of
the gas and temperature.
B =( b- : T lAt &oyle's temperature, second virial coefficienl becomes zero.
When Z >trepulsive forces are dominant and when Z <tthe forces of attraction
are dominant.
~ Answer the following questions:
I. Which oflhe following ,tatement' iscorrect'!
(a) Thc compressibility factor of ideal gas d~'J lCndsonlemperature andpressure
(bl(dZ ) for real gases is md~'J lCndenlofpre"ure
dP ,
( , ) ( d Z) isSalliefor all real gases
dF ,
(d) ( d L ) i,different for ditfcrctl1real gases
dP l'
RT
(d)I+_
Ph
Which Oflbe following slalcmCnl, is correct?
(a) When Z >I, then force o[altraction dominates over the force of repulsion
(b) Z >I, for ideal gas
(e) Z for ideal gas is independent oflemperature and pressure
(d) Z for real gas may be either less than or greater than tillily
What isthe vaJ ueof(Z) forO.02 mol of real gas atO.l atmprcs'urc? Assumingthesize
of gas molecule negligible. (Given: a =1000aimL
2
J rol-l ,NT =20L aImnbr-
I
)
(a) 2 (b) J (elO.02 (d) 0.01
Which of the following Slal~'111Cllls is com:<:t?
(a) When Z >I,rca! gascs are difficult to compress
(b) When Z =l,rcaJ gast.'Sare difficuh 10COmpress
(el When Z '" I,real gascs are easily compressed
(d) When Z >I,real gases acc easier to COtnpre"
Compressibility factor f"r agas at critical stale is :
J 33
(a)- (b)_ (c)-
4
85
2 .
3.
4.
5.
6. Compressibility factor for real gas at highpressure j,;
Ph Ph
(a) I (b)1-_ (c)I+_
RT RT
PW4tJ'~PA-Z
The three dirnensiooal distribulionfunctionof the velocity magnitudes is called
the Maxweli-Bolt.1:manndistribution. The expressionof this funclion is :
G(v) dv =4 n(--",--)3/ 2v2 _e-mv2/'lJ<Tdv
2nkT
This distribll1ion depends on the mass of gas particle andlhe absolule
temperature. Various plots of different gases are shownbelow;
Ar (298 K)
t
Reiative
probability
He (298 K)
I I
o 1000 2000 3000 4 000 5000
Velocity(mlsec)~
Maxwell definedthree types 01molecular velocities:
A
,
. f RT verage ve OCllyv
av
= _
,m
At (500 K)
At (298 K)
"
t
Relative
probability
Most probable velocity vmp ~~2RT
,m
Root mean square velocity vI TTlS '" ~ 3 : T
In Itle following plot the vnns, v
mp
and v
av
are mal1o:.ed.
,~
1 2
V
' "
i : 3 vrms
! I '
i I I
Velocity(m1sec)_
iii Answer the following questions:
t. Select the correct statemet1lsamong the following:
(a) The area under lhecurve at diffen:nttemperature will be same for same gas
(b) M;uima of the curve shifts towards right on increasing thetemperature
(e) Fraction of molecules having different velocity isdifferent
(d) A!; temperature increases, the velocity of molecules increases but fraction of
molecules withthat velocity decreases.
2. ThefOOtmeansquarevelocity of hydrogen is..rs timesthanthat of nitrogen. I f T is the
temperature of I hegas I hen:
(a)T
I I 2
",T
Nl
(b)T
Hl
> T "'2
OO~2<~l ~)~l l "' ~~l
3. Theroot meansquare speedofN
2
molecules inasampleat temperature Tis'",' .I fthe
temperature isdoubled, thennitrogen molecules dissociate intoatolll5.the root I I 1C3I l
square speed of nitrogen atoms becomes :
(a)x (b) 2x (e) 4x (d) 14x
4. The relative ratio v.v :o~ :0"", of agas at agiventcmperature is :
(a) .J56/22: .fi Jj (b) .J56f 22: ..fj: .fi
(e) ..fj: .J56! 22:.fi (d) .fi : .J56/ 22:..fj
S. The root meansquare speedof agaseous molecules isgiven as0nns=~3: .I t shows
that at given temperature:
(a) v"", 'X ; - ./P
(b) 0"", 'X;,q
(d) 0"", 'X;.I f
(c)p(V-b)",RT
!iii Answer the following questions:
b=4xNAx(~ltr3)
where, r =radius of gas molecules; NA =6.023 x 10
23
1. Gases vander\Vaais'constant'fI'
CO
2
3.59 atmdm
6
rrvl-
2
CO 1.49atmdrn
6
rrvl-
2
NH) 4.17 atmdrn
6
tool-
l
S02 6.71 atmdm
6
tool-
2
Which ofthesc gases will be most easily liquefied?
(a) CO
2
(b)CO
(c)NH) (d)SOl
2. At telatively bighpressure, thevandcr Waals' equation ofslale reduces to ;
oRr
(a)PV=RT+Pb (b)PV=-
v'
(c)P=RT-ll- (d)PV=RT-!!.-
~ v
3. At lowpressure, thevander Waals' equation isreduced to:
PYa PVPb
(.)_=1__ (b)-",I+-
RT YRT RT RT
PV "
(c)PV",RT (d)-=l--
RT RT
4. At higbtemperatun:: andlowpressure, thevandcr Waals' equalion isreduced to;
(V~mom volumeof gas)
(a)(p+ya2 )v=RT (b)PY=RT
J ohannes van der Waals' suggested a somewhat corrected version of the
ideal gas law. Itis ooe of the simpler equations of state for real gases and is referred
to as the van der Waals' equation ;
(PH ~:)(V-nb)=nRT
Where, n is the number of moles of gas and a and b are the van der Waals'
constant for a particular gas. The van der Waals' constant a represents the
pressure correction and is related to the magnitude of the Interactions betWeengas
particles. The van der Waals' constant b is the volume correction and is related 10
the size 01gas particles
Whichof thefollowing gasesis mOS1incompressiblein nalure?
(a) NII
J
(b) CO
2
(c) C
2
11
4
(d) C
2
H
6
pata,grapAJ,
Intermixing of two or more gases in available space is called diffusion.
Diffusion of gas from high pressure to low pressure through an orif~ is called
effusion. The rate of effusion is :
PA
, 0
-.f:~"'~R~T~mo
A =Area of cross-section of orifice
P =Pressure of gas filled in the cylinder
T=Absolute temperature
R =Universal gas constant
m=Molar mass of the gas
Effusion time 01agas is directly proportional to the square root of molar mass
leUuseA=) mA
leffuseB rna
Rate of diffusion/effusion is experimentally measured
. Number of moles of gas diffused '0 _
Time taken
=Volume of gas diffused
Time taken
Decrease in pressure of cylinder
Time taken
Distance travelled by the gas
- -
Time taken
IiiJ Answer the following questions:
s. G~ses
NH,
CO,
C
2
11
4
C2H~
v~ndcr \V~als' constant 'b'
0.0371 dm
J
mol-
1
O,0427dm'mol-
1
0.0571 din) 0101-
1
OJl638dm
J
IOOI-
I
I
I ,
1. 500ml ofmethane(CH
4
)dfuses 1hroughasmall holeIn48sec.llnw muchtimewill
Ix: t~ketl by s"me,'olumeof heliumtoeffusenUlof thesameorifice'!
(a) 192 sec
(c) 12 sec
(b) 24 sec
(d) 96 sec
I
H e,
Valye
y
i , - - . - r -
. i 'i~
A e
,
,
i
B
Accor ding 10Gr aham', law, ther alio ofr al"" of diffusion oflwo ga:;esA andB, i.e.,
rll al constanllcmper alur c isgi, - cnby :
"
(a) " ' 1 1 t s
" ' 8 P1 l
(c) P
A
~ms
PH mA
ValYe
~
NH
3
~
3.
2 .
(b) 45. 5
(d) 188
4.
In abovefigur e, Ihevalves X and Yar eopened simultanL"Ouslythen while fumes of
NIl
4
CI will befor med al:
(alA (b)B
(clC (d)A, BandCsimultaneously
Ther aleofdiffu, ion of Nil) is3. 32 limesthatofan unknown gasat 350K. Whal isthe
molecular mass of theunknown gas ?
(a)31
(e) 56. 5
I AnSwerSheet -
PANORAMA (liT ROUND_UP)
Multiple Choice Questi"n~",ith One Correct An~wer:

(.J
2. (a)
s.
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~J 5 . (oJ
5 .
~J ; .
~J

~J

('J
".
('J
n.
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B.
(oJ
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".
(a, b)
".
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30.
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36. (a)
"-
(oJ
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(dJ
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(oJ
Multiple Choice Question~with One or More than One Correct An~",u:

(a, b) , .
(a, c, d) ,.
(a, b, o. d)
,
Matm Matching ProblrnlS:
I

(a-p. s), (1)-1). (o-p, q), (d...-)


lotegcrAD~werT}l'e Questions:

OJ
SECTION-t
Straight Objective Type (Single Correct Answer)
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(oj

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5 . (oj

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OJ
".
('J
".
(dJ
".
OJ
5 ' OJ
".
('J

OJ

( . J
".
OJ os.
OJ

OJ

(oj

(dJ

(.J
'".
OJ

OJ
'".
('J
".
('J
"-
OJ
SECTION_II
Multiple Correct Answer Type (More than One Correct Answer)
1. (a, b, c) , .
(a, b, cJ
s. (a, 0)

(', b)
5 . (b,c)

(a, b. c) ;.
(c, d)
8. (', b, c, d)

(a, b, c)
".
(a, b, c)
".
(a. b)
n. (a, c)
B. (c, d)
".
(a, b, cJ
".
(',0)
".
(a, c)
17. (',b,d)
".
(b, d)

(b, 0, d)
".
(b. d}
SECTION-I1l
Assertion-Reason Type
, .
( . )
,.
(')
3. (d)

(. )
,
~)
s.
~)
7 . (. ) S. (d)

( . ) 10.
~)
!l. (. ) !l. (. ) 13. (a)
".
(. ) 1S.
("
lO. (. )
"-
( . ) 18. (b)
".
(0) 70.
")
".
0)
"-
(0) 23. (a)
SECTION-IV
Objective Queslions on Graphical and Diagrammatic Aptitude
1. (e) 2. (a) 3. (e) 4. (a) S. (b)
6. (b) 7. (e) S. (a) 9. (b) 10. (a)
II. (a,b.e.d) n. (b) 13. (a) 14. (a,b.e) 15. (a)
16. (b) 17. (a,b) 18. (a\ 19. (a) 20. (b)
21. ( ~ 22.( b) 23. ~) ~. OO 2S. ( ~
26. (d) 27. (e) 28. (e) 29. (b)
SECT10N-V
Matrix Match Type
2. (a--p. q. r). (lH;). (c--p. q. r). (ok)
4. ('--p). (b--p), (e-q. r), (d--c)
6. (...-p. q). (b-r). (e--;;). (d--c)
8. (.. ). (lH;). (e--p). (d-q)
1. (a-<),~), (e- r).(d-q)
3. (.-p). (b-p). (e-q. r). (d--t')
S. (.-p. q, 0). (b--p.I). (e...-). (d-r)
7. (.. ). (lH;). (e--q), (d-p)
9. (a-t). (lH;), {e --< V . (d-p)
1. ,
S. 7
n. 4
SECTION-VI
Questions with Single Digit Answer
2.1 3.2 4.1
7.2 8.3 9.4
s.
10. 2
SECTION-VII
Linked Comprehension Type
Parap:raph.l
1. (d)
6. (e)
Paragraph-2
l. (a, b, c, d)
rarap:raph.3
I. (d)
Paragraph-4
I. (b)
2. (d)
2. (e)
2. (a)
2. (e)
3. (d)
3. (b)
3. (a)
3. (e)
4. (a)
4. (a)
4. {b)
4. (d)
5. (b)
5. (e)
5. (d)
Multiple Cnoiu Que,rions H,ilnOn Correct AnsHw:
1132 1/32 I
o xp~_~xP",_1'
I I 3 3
-+- -
16 32 32
Kinetic energy depend. only 00 tornpernlure.
, ,
"H - "a! ..~
'2 16
J H .'-11 "p
, ,
,
1/2 xP " 21' " ,~><p
112+1116 9116 9
. ,
KF' =" 2
RT
,
2 "2 ><2dOl] '"900 cal
Ideal /:3<mol""ul"" neither 3tlI'3Ctnor repel cach otber.
n~8 ::
PRdOO ,.
~
J8R ,,1200
~.-
~
'i. II
~\.
0,3 I
-.-
" ,
, -,
'-':l" .6rn sec
Ammonia will diffuse til<tcr dIan llel hence fumes ofNll.Cl will be funned near the end
ofH CI.
The ga<with greater \'aloe of'a' CO"be easily liqudied
'aI, I"'",
'p< -\mOl,
,
. (a) n~, "'_
'.0, 16
4. (b)
6. (b)
7. (b)
I. (bj
10. (a)
Panorama (liT Round-up of Thirty Three Years)
I]. (bl
13. (el
14. (.)
15. (b)
Ill. (d)
28. (b)
29. (e)
30. (b)
31. (e)
32. (e)
33. (b)
35. (a)
d _ Pm
" High pre<sure and low temperature ",ill give higher density.
, ,
nll''''"2 nC~I4-30
fh, -.til, xP
, ,
- -
-~xP"-f6xP
-+- -
230. 30.
"
f\, _~xP
, "
Ma", of I L of "apour" IOOQ0.0006 _ 0.6 g
., Mas; 06 l
Volume ofhnu,d water_' -" 0.6 em
, Density 1
J 3 R Til r;; J 3 R TN
, _,,7 I
, "
3 R T
u
3 R T
N
---,-=7x '
, "
TN, =21][,
TN, >Tn,
Z=V ""' --L <l
V _
Vr<aI <V ;&,]
"real <224la[S.T.P
v~-~
,
v"", ' " 1J
Al 273 K and I ,1mP""'Uf<.m"l" volume of gas i, 22.4litre.
V ",nR T
V
lxo.O~21.373
30.6 I.
Surface len,ion of. liquid d",rease. wilh increase i" lemperamre beea" inlermolecular
force decrea= Wilhrise in lemperature.
u _ 1
3 R T
' " ~
"'" - \ '" \ ItJ
lIere. E- Kinelic energy
KE",~RT
,
(y_ c+UX form)
38. (d)
39. (b)
~o.(e)
12
I"V~-"R(T+273) ...(i)
120
I'
1.l"V-"R(T+283) ...(ii)
120
Fromeqns..(i) and(ii)
T -In.C, VO.82L
Inthevander Waals' equation, thetam ( ;:) n:preselllSintennolccularforo: of thegas.
lbe vanderWaals' equation for I mol gas will be
[ p + ;2}V-b1=RT
Since, b"

PY RT--
r
WhenPV isplotted against (llr), weg<1straighlline withnegativeslopei.e., (... ).
. Slope" 20.1-24.6 ._\.j
,
Muftipk Choia Questions with One or Mou Ihan One OJrTect A,nSWB:
1. (a,b) P '" ~ al eooslanllemperature anddefmitemass.
Kinetioenergy of molecules =ins sameal OOost:mllclt1perlllUrC.
2. (a,c,d) When smalJ amounl of rW gil';occupies very largevolume, il behaves likeideal gas_
0>aRcterisedbyvan derWaals' 00lStlUIlS ',,' and'b' which=independentof~.
p '"PMbI
integer A,/UWD' Type Questions:
1.(7) Pn." 1-0.68- 0.32aim
PV_nRT
0.32" V~0.1"O.()g2,,273
Y 7lilre
SECTlON-4: Straight Objective Type (Single Correct Answer)
I.(a)
2. (b)
3. (e)
Bnyle'. temperatureT
lI
:b" 17.5K for helium.
Z V{real)
V(ideal)
If Z '" ~then V",(miI) '" V(ideal), 1.,,-,22.4litreLI S.T.P.
IJ.V]"nRT
I
(3lj)V
2
=nR(% )
r
-'L.,
",
1
1'2=-1'1
,
...{i)
..(ii)
S.(e) Molarmass~hll.2",22.4g
224 L
Volume of Ig gas at S.T.P. =---" I L
22.4 g
7.(e) F\Y+Jl.!Y"'P.l:(Y+Y)
Resultant pn:sslIfC =~
2
8. (al 0 "" '" Q.816~O"'"
O.816~1260 '" 10 29rn/=
9. (d) PY =ttRT
py
-q
RT
py
ltJ r
..n"N,j
.!!.-r
H,
PY Nunt>cr oflmleculcs in !be P
IT
II. (dl
-273"C
I
Pressure
-Temperature
Jt"'Po(I+2~3)
lI.nee:.
12. (d)
13. (cl
1.(. (a)
15. (c)
17. (cl
I T ' " P= a' PC, Po ' " Pressure It O"C
F \ Y
I
+I ! z Y
2
=P
l l
(J'i +Y
2
)
y
PY+PY=Pll~
2
P
ll
",'(P
H=. P
R
Resultant p==of the mixture
11+22+31+41+51
""", ~ S ' " .JiI km/ s
If ave",&c vclocity is doubled, the root mean square vc10 city will also hi: doubled.
II ppy
- .
PY Constant at constant temperature, hen<:elb. root mean square velocity will remain
=,.
ungth of air on both sicks is 45 em. P=urc on both sid will he sam'.
!L .!l.
1i T
Z
18. (b)
19. (bl
21. (b)
13, (b)
, "
.----
273 273- + 273
"
II -
,
Il+ll~90cm '1=30cm,I
Z
" 60cm
Applying gas equation 10the ,ide, at I)'C, we gel
Ij./I =Pi
To T
ij 30= 76xW
273 (273+ Ill)
fj " 117.22
v ~ = P ?
I
v " " , " '7d {Al consum pressure)
Adiabatic exparu;;on brings oul cooling effect of the gas.
" =J 8 R T
.. ~
Av=ge speed d" P" nd> only on temperature and molecular llliIS'ofthe gas, hCflCC;1,,;11
be same in both vessels A and C
Kinetic encrgy ok1'C" ds only on absolute temperature KE =~ R T for I mol gas.
14. (e) Total flO. efmoles " " " l + n ,
I' (VI + 1'2) =1!l + P IV}
R T R7j R T
l
r.P (VI + 1'2) T)T
2
I]V)T
I
- + !lVlT
I
According to Boyle's law:
I]V, + I'll', =P (~i iI'll
Fromeqns. (1) and (2)
T =(1]1', iI)V
l
l1 j ? : ,.
(lWl T
2
+ P lVlT) )
25. (h) Let P and Q contain ,,] and n l molecules_
P I' " - n .T
~=5
nl 3
Inlernal " " I\ergyis conserved, IICflC'
%" IkT{ =% h+ n Il kT1 =% H
T" 27oo
K

..,(l)
_..(2)
PV ~ ( n l +N l l [ > : ]
1 1 h N I T ]
On solving, we 8CI l.8 .1O~N m-2
26. (a) Pressure venlL' vnlLlJ negraph is a I bngular hyperbola.
27. (b) ~ _!!!L J "t:H'
Tal, fbi, "'0,
~ j " ' L " H ,
nCH, , "'0,
316(J J 3
"32'1'J l"'W
]ll, (el Foropenvessel
"lT
I
"IT ,
xx300=n"SOO
,
nl"'x><-
,
h"
N umberofmoles escaped oUl =x -- _
, ,
,,/,
%of gas escaped out -- .100 4 0 "1 0
,
, '
31. ( d)
32. (b)
33. ( a)
34. ( e)
KE =!.RT
2
E= ipf'
2
E=!.P
2
p= ~E
3
h xd (glycerine) h "d (n.".oury)
5.272=h.I J .6
h =1m
Pg=1760mmllg OR (1000+7(0)n.nI I g
PV =nRT
n " ,
-- xHl n ,,0.082 dOO
' ' ' ' n ~0.94""I
PM =dRT
P RC
-~---
, M
KE=lRT
2
31. (h)
38. (a)
39. (d)
.(tl. (e)
,(1. (a)
.(3. (e)
44. (a)
.(5. (a)
,(6. (a)
Sll. (d)
j
2R rr +213)
~. -----
2
j
2R 2(T +213)
,.----~
I
~R!
, 2
v " ' 2 V O
At Boyle'. tempen.lure, lbe oompressibility factor (Z) of the: =1 gas will beunity as it
behaves like ideal gas.
Rate of effusion ,. PA
.J2RTm
A Area of erosHeroon of orifice
Expansion of real gas above its invenion leDIperahrfll .bows healing effeet.
Gas witb higher critical tempera!UJ 'l: and higher inversion lemperalun: can be easily
liquefied
77
"N.,--275
, "
23
"0,"'--0.72
" %by volume ofO
z
.,% by mol ofO]
'" nO, ><100_ 0.72 'dOll
Total moles 275 +0.72
'"20.8
Output ofro
l
per bour" 44 g" 224 litre ar. S.T.P.
Rcdl>Ction ofro
z
perlwur", 55<1,,60 nIl _ 33L
. . COl OUIJ 'ulnile 224
FractlOnoftllne the converter bas to beoperated '"-~~~-_ _ '"0.68
ro
z
red""uon rate 33
PM A dART, PU, '" d,RT
M
A
",!!..t",4 ~
M, d,
.. "
,"--,,"--
~ 27Rh < 27hz
FWI +IliVl" PR(I,! +V
1
)
2Sthl +25<1xl P
R
x2
P
R
- 250mm
Vapour density of mUlure _ "ld
,
+"zdz '" 2 x46 +I ,,23 38.3
"I+nl 2+1
SI. (d)
"""' ", --
(Unm)A.. rnA {TAm,
(u
nm
), lRT
S
"''I T- s mA
"
when TAmo" TOmA, then (unmJ A '" (u"",)o
52. (b) Gas"" wilh "'me molecular mass ha"" 83me<ateof diffusion under identical condition< of
lemperature and pressure.
$3. (0:1)
54. (b)
55. (c)
56. (0:I)
57. (b)
58. (b)
4.5 >dO
l
Numberof molesofwatervaprn:r = 18 oo2S0
250xU.4 l 1
Volwn.: of water vapourat511' , m c 5.6 m
"'"
PY nRT
317(1 x10-
5
xl ="xO.082 x300
n=l.72xIO-
J
Pm dRT
PA . '" "- !!. . L
_x~
P8 "'B dB
P, , - I .
- x- =2 . <'-
P, 2 ' ,
2pRX323 /3RT
. \.
T 4 x323 1292K
f. 1292-273 1019C
p,r; RY_
.T.! (Bottom) :J :..J . (Surface)
7i T
2
1. 5xYI_~
288 298
Y
2
l.55", 1.6
.'!t..t _ ~
'. V "'H ,
I
i I
III S4
C"H
2n
_
2
, ,,"4 i.e., C
4
H
6
Massofli qui d 144-50
5'. (a) VolwneofVessel=_ ~ " 200mL
Dem:i l} 0.47
Mass ofgas= 50.5- 50 =O.Sg
w
PV - RT
m
- '- ,
62. (b)
63. (b)
760 200 0.5
-.-- .-xO.1)82x3oo
76() 1000 III
III" 61.5
~V I-+ P2V2 PR(VI -+ V
2
)
76O
x
5- +0x30"P
R
x35
PJI ,,108!lI11 Hg 10.8em H~
Tj", la" 2xO.l44 220K
Rb 0.082xO.027
{."ll J III.
'" "I-.:u.
2=~7;
"'. ~64
'" 32 N
Number of molecules '" - ~N- -
m ..,
67, (ej Massofthegas,,501.2~500,,1,2g
We know, P V " ( : ) R T
I ~I" !dxO,OSx3l2.5
m
'" " 30
68. (h) tom gases invnlve induced dipole-induced dipole interacTionand it increases with
increasein[hevande.-Waals' coefficient '0'. However, thevande.-Waals' cod"d<n['b'
iocreases with increase inatomic .;z:or atomic vulume of inert gase:<.
69. (h) P I' " nR T ...(i)
p 3170Pa, V"ldm
3
"iO-
l
m
l
,
R"S.314JK-
1
....,1-1, T=300K
c. From'''In. (i).
3170~10-}=nxS.3l4.<300
n =1.27 x 10-J n",l
70. (a) ThegaswithgreaTerinter molecular fom: isliquefied easily and[heintermolecular force
isdirectly proportional to thevander Waa'" ooru;tant'0'.
0(0
2
) >0(C:!1I
6
)
Bigger isthe sizeof molecule, moreisthe valueof'b',
., b(L1,)<h(C:!H
6
)
71, (e) Inthereal gas equation:
( P + ; 1 ) ( V - b ) " R T (for I mo!)
Thep",,",un; eONeChon(;2)ean beneg!ectedat highpressure,
I'{V-h)=RT
P V R T + /'t>
PV Ph
-=1+-
R T R T
PO
i.e" 2=1+-
"
n. (h) According to Graham's lawof diffusion:
.' =r~
~ \ M2
V /31 rt:
VII e fit;
M
2
E
36. mu
SECTION-II: Multiple Correct Answer Type (More than One Correct
Answer)
...(i)
.,.(ii)
...(iii)
, , " " ( ; ] ; T
P'" '" dRT
I'or III .nd He. Z>l.
Kinetic energy } NT
,
PV ~Rr
m
I. (~,b,c) At absolute zero, press,"", volume a<".ell as internal energy become, zero, At this
lemperature, all motions of IOOleeubs cease,
2. (a,b,c) T<~ 2~b; gas can be liquefied on applying pressure only whrn the gas is cooled
below critical RTIlperature.
At critical temperature, the mcniscu, between liquid and vaJ '<>Urdisappe.rs because
surface tension ofli'luid becomes zero.
3. (a,c) KE ~~RT,the kinetic energy of g'" molecules "'lruIins const""t at constant
temperature.
ill isothermal cxpan.ion of gas, the prcsSillC'of gas decre."", 3ccording to Boylc's
bW (r.:)
$. (b,c) v " , . . ~ P: T . . t:
v
Root mean oquare velocity can be ~ double by iocreasing pressure four limes al
ClInstant ",lunIC and ~i""-wna.
6. (a,b,t) Cooling e!Tea is oOOervedwhen the real gas uDdc"rgOesadiabatic e~pansion below
the inversion temrc"'!Ul'e.
7. (<;d) "q> <~av<v "",
, " J " T
~ m
, 2I <T
~",,"~
!.",I l "" ~ RT KillClic rncrgy of gos IMlccu1e (per IMI)
. ,
9. (a,b,c) PV nRT
N
"w__
N"
PV ~ !!. . -RT
N"
PI' "'N (: ,,) RT "Nk,
". M""" of giS n_ ~~ ~ __
m Molarrmssoftbego,
10. (a,b,c)
t I. (a,b)
12. (0.,0:)
13. (c,d)
14. (a,b..,)
V""," p : r v "' "< > . . fi
,
KE '" "lRT (Constant.t con,;tanl temperature)
Number of molecules in 1mol gM" 6.023x IOll.;1 dOC1l nO!depend on temperature .
. 1 = 1 ~
, M,
! 1 - "l
M
1
~ M,
32", {44
x f3i
x_173mL
Similarly. volume of 502 will be 22.62 mL
Ratcofeffusiun= PA
,J21 r RTm
15. <.,0).... P=sur<: insi<k the bubble < I'=sure outside it
17. (a,b,d)
I'. (b,c,d)
20. (b. d)
16. ("0)
pressuJ '<' acting on bubble K Atnu;>;pheric Pressure +Hydrostatic pressure
On moving upwards press"", iniide the bubble decreases because the volume of
bubbleincr=s.
PV - Constant hence its differenti.1 will be zero. i . e "
lim d(PV)=o
P-oO r i P
Ik>ylc's temperature T
B
: h
Vibrational motion an: never fOUlldin monoolomic species.
Ideal gases can never be liquefioC: hence option (,/ is incorm:t.
Dy and non-volatile ,olnte. vapour pressure ofliquid docrcases (Raoul1 J aw). Vapour
ptes5llIe also decreast:$ by dec"'asing temper"!ure because rate of evaporation
,=
SECTION-III: Assertion-Reason Type
1. (.) Z < I shows ptedominanee of intermolecular fo;c among !he moleeuJ "" of C11~and
CO,
3. (d) Large value of",,' show~.1rong intenIK>lecuLlr foree .mong "-' molecules. The gas with
iare value of ',,' """ beeasily liquefkd ..
4. (aJ q.,H I > "N,: it i. becauso Nil) molecules inyol,'e strung imerm"locular hydrogen bond.
S. (b) Bigger i. the size of molecule, greater is U,ev.lue of'b', Thus, van der Waal." COn.tant
'h' ofN
l
i.< greater than lhat of Nl-i
J
.
6, (bl Ideal go< molecule< inyolve elastic c01li,;0,,-, ;n which the linclic ""ergy and momentum
of molecules are ='1. d,
9. (.J "'m~of.1l gases are gTealer than escap' velocity of mO<mhence, thc g=. escape out of
lhe atmO>l'here of moon.
12.(.) (r + :l)(f'-bJ~RT
',,'c'n be neglected for Hi and lie. The <>qllationm.y be given as
15. (d)
17, (a)
20. (d)
21. (b)
P(V~b)~RT
PV=RT~Po
PV Pb
'~~~1+~
RT RT
",
Rale of diffusion '" J 1
Molecular rna,.; of gas
(AI constant temperalure).
N.O and CO: have sanu:: molecular mass, hcnee their rale of diffusion wHl be same at
CO"-<lanltemperalure,
Z.V
'-
3
flY,," g R T "
z=PeV" =~
R T " 8
Only average speed of ideal gas mo!ecules are same, their speed are not same.
Healing effect is ~ed when the gas e>pands above invasion lempera~.
v ~ = r : T
ROO( mean square velocity depenes on the molecular mass of lbe gas and absolute
!entJ 'Cn'ture,
Graph of PV againsl Vis straightliDC (al oon"""'t temp.) for ideal gas. Z <I for most of
gases, i",they are more compressible os eomp.1red to ideal gas,
AI critical stale, density of liquid an;! vapour become same.
Gas can be liquefied by applying pl't'SSurt, only below crilical lempera~.
SECTION-IV: Objective Questions on Graphical and Diagrammatic
Aptitude
I. (e)
2. (a)
3. (cl
4. (aJ
6. (b)
7. (c)
8. (a)
9. (b)
PV- Constant at constant lcrnpcrnlW'e
AI same lemperature V '" .!.
P
Tho grapb will be rectangular hyrerl><>labecause thcre is inverse relalion between
pressure and volume al cOllSlallltempcrnture.
'He' is 1= compressible !han ideal gas because repulsive forces arc dominanl (Z >I).
Product PV increase, with increase ;" lcmpcrnllJ re.
V ocr at conslant pressure and definite mass. Tho graph of V," " r sl<' Twill be straighllinc
passing lbrough origin, i.c.(y ~"",'1 type line.
AI con,iant ,'olunlc and defmile mass,
P .'
Thus, lbe preurc and temperalure both will increase in the sequence given below,
7j<T
1
<T,
Al Conslaollcmpcralure T, V oc.!(fx 1mol gas).
P
Thus, correcl sequence uf"olume w:ll be,
VI<VI<VJ <V~
...(i)
...(1)
...(2)
Maxima=-porw.!s tothe most probable speed, i.e, ~ u ; , T
Lesser isthe"al"" of Zat apressure, e"y will be:theliquefaction of thegas. Z <I show,
thedominance ofattracti"e forces.
Real gas aprro3ches ideal behaviour withincrease intempernture.
Curve bceomes flat withincrease inte:npt'f3tureandthepeak oftJ le eun-e shins IOwanls
right.
logy ~ 10gTat<l>llstampressure
PV ="RT
o.S21V '" 10~o.OS2~ T
r
- =CoINalll 1
T
Slopeof the linewill be 1, i.e . anglewill be:45'.
Curve approaches ideal behaviour, i.e., horioonllli straight line. with increase in
temperature.
The straight lineisInaeconian"" wit!".Clausius dapcyron equation
log(~)=~~~(~ -; J
l~p=(-:rR H
20. (b)
21. (e)
19. (a)
16. (b)
18. (a)
10. (a)
15. (a)
22. (b)
23. (a)
25. (a)
26. (d)
27. (e)
28. (e)
29. (b)
y=nu
CV =1R; it is independent of tempernture. h"""e wegCl hori1.ontal straight linc inthe
graph withthe intcTccptequal to1R.
Z =~~ =\for ideal behaviour of gas
PI' eo.w:ara
Differentiating bothsides, wc get
PdV .. VdP=0
PdV =-YdP
" r -=--
" ,
~ ", , _dVldP =J }
, r
SinceJ :l~~; inv<- .relation results into rectangular hyperbola.
,
'0 ', " 0 " '" Pf : : r ~I~
Expe~todgraphwhen ~ isploued .gaiust V will he, V _
At afixe<ltemperalUrc, volume will decrease with inerease in pre"ure (Hoyle's law).
llence, inthegi'-cn gr.ph
PI <p: : !<P)<p,
ThetClnpoetatu,eat which real gas bcha; ',," lile iMal gas iscalled Boyletemperature at
thi, temperature Z =L Thus, graph (II) represent, oxygen and graph (I) rel'ttSCllts
II~(Z> I).
Plot of V against r i, ,traight li"e (/' ocT) and the ,lop<of the isohar decreases with
increase of pressure,
SECTION-V: Matrix Match Type
1. (a--s) (b-p) (e--r) (d-q)
Fig. (il P and V are inversely re13to.:!,therefore. eXra'ted plot i.e;tponenti3l curve
but it is straight line. ThU$, tempera:un: may increase Of decrease .
Fig. (ii) P and (~) 8tt directly related at conslant temperature helle<:, the
OOITeSp<m<lingplot is straight line.
Fi&- (iii) P and Tare dir:tly ",tatO<!, the $1r.I.ightline through nrigin sho~ thaI
volume is constant.
Fig. (iv) Vand Tare din:<:tJ y related, the line does DOtpass through origin, hen""
~re will not be constant PTessure will decrease.
2. (0"i'. q, r)(ll--s)--p, q. r) {.. I
Molecular ""locitie. increase with ;0="" in temperature or with decrease in demity.
Molecular veiocili . do DOl .Ilange by changing p<e<sun: or ,-olwne at eomlanl
temperature.
3. (a-;>l (b--p) (o--<!.,r) (d-s)
Boyle'. temperature =!~Invc:mon I~ture ~
, Rh
C
.. , g"
nUc. tempcratu", =--
27Rb
Ga, cannot be liqucfie<l above critical temperature.
Critieal pn:ssure =~
' 7b
4. (...l (b-p) (~, r)(d-s)
AI '-ery high J 'TC'S"Ul".van dct Waals' equal ion (for 1 mol gas) =IL1Ce$ to
PI' =RT +Pb. In this condition, l!ttaction force among gas mol<xulcs will be
ncgligibk
Al high tempenllUTe and low pressUTt, Teal gases behave like ideal gas and obey
(I'V =nRT). For ideal gases z. L
Al normallemperalUre and pressure, the real gases obey vao der Wasl.' equatioo of
.latc. i.e. (I' +;:) (V -nb) c nRT
5. (a-;J , q,.j(b-;>,') (~) (d-r)
loternal energy may be equal 10~Rl' or 3.716 ~J lmol or may be equal 101RT.
, ,
Translational kinetic energy E ~ RT 1716kJ o..,r t
,
At (-273"C or 0 K). molecular molioo. i.e., translational molioo Slops and al this
lemperalUre gs.' molecule< have no heal.
7. (a-r) (h-- (e---q) (d-;J )
Hel is polar molecule. it involves dipole-dipole inleraction,
Propane is non-polar molecule, il ir.volws LondO!>di.persion f=
eH. (non-polar) and Hel (polar) molecules involve dipole indllCed dipole
inreracl1on,
Nil J n",lecules fornJ strong ;nlennolecular hydrogen bond
SECTION-VI: Questions with Single Digit Answer
1. (2) PI' ~ llRT
:< _44.8 ~2_0.082_S4Q
t"'2
2. (I) For idea1 gas, the compl'eSSibility factor ( Z ~~~) is equal to unity.
3. (2) Partial press"'" - Mole fr3clion - TotlIl pn:ssun:
.,
__ 52atm
100
4. (I) Molar mass oflhe gas (C}02)" ='!I{I h 3+ 16_2)"' " 68
,,_68- 2 _ Vapour density
-2.34
Ill. (2)
5. (4)
6. (7)
7. (2)
8. (3)
9. (4)
.'I
The reaction ofhydrolyth with wt.ler is
caH2+2Hp_ Ca(Ollh+2H
2
i
I...,1 2lIDI
1.42g 2.2g
:.42 g caH2will gi,.., 4g H
2
.
We know
fll't +l':!1'2 cPRWI + VI)
5_9+ 1Il,,6"'P~ _15
lOS
P,'-"
I S
'11<"' J "U l' ( 16 2
'b!, mH, 'i"'4
.. 'I!<2.bl,
According to van dec Waal equation:
(1' + ; :)(1' -nb) ,,"RT
(1.5 + 6.71~"l )(I0 _" .0.0564) =11,,0.082 ,,624
Abo,'e equation ",; 11be satisfied by purling 11 =3.
We know
PI' =("t +"lJRT
(" ")
1',,1.12= -.- ,,0.0821,,273
" ,
l' =0.2,,0.0821 ,,273 4
I I >
Nwnw or nlo1c, a sample with 6.023 .102) :nolecules" I.
For ideal gas
PI' =llRT
PI' RT
"
_=R_2eal
,
..(ii)
...(i)
t'nnI"2.t
i."'-, TN, 28T
n
, or
v ,,13RT
- ,.
.t"t
RT
'"
v " r R~ 2 I
- "
Dividing eqn. (i)by eqn. (ii)
-'-.I'
v" " , '4
3. (bl
Par agr aph-2 :
Par agr aph-I :
3. (d) (p+;:)(V_nh) nRT
[0.1+\000~~0.0211V ~ 10xO,01
Here, h ~ 0, .ince sizeof melIlOlecule;,; ocgligible.
On..,Iving aboveequa{ion
V1L
PV o.lx1
Z._~_"o.Ol
RT 10
4 . (.) WhenZ >L repulsive forces ar<:dominanl hence, the real gases will be difficult 10
=-".
6. (el Whenp=ure isvery high, thevander Waals' equation"ill reduce 10
P(V_nb)~ nRT
PV" nRT . nPb
Z=PV "l+~-l .Ph
nRT nRT RT
2. (e)
.. ...,2
II. (4 ) vander Waals' eonS\all{'h' may begiven8',
h" 4NV' '" 4N X (~ n? )
Excluded or effective volume of r<;algas isfour times of il$ReNal vohune.
SECTION-VII: linked Comprehension Type
Purllgroph_J :
I. (d) The gas wilh gJ "ealer val"" of '",' ClI1lbe easily liquefied because il i$Pl'Oponiotlal to the
inlermolecular f,;m,eof altnletion among gas molecules.
2. (a) Al highp=sure.(p+ v ~ ) " p
"' P(V-b)~RT
/'V"Rr+n
J . (.) Ailowpressu."',(v_b) y
( Pi / ~ ) V " R r
PV " ..!!:" R T
V
"
PV E R T __
V
PV "
- I--
itT f'RT
~. (b) At high IC1tlperature ano;! low pressure, the real gas behaves like ideal gas.
S. Cd) On"'cr is lhe \'.lue of Vonder Waals' ton.s~l W, J esser i,lbe compros.ibjJ ity of gas.
l'" ragraph-4 :
!L~"4ttn ,
I. (b) _'" ~
Idli.,.flc mil.
~" [J 6
,i,
T" 24_
3. M r};; NH
3
will di/fus.e ("'t.,.than fie] hence, fumes ofNli
4
0 win be fonned near c.
4. (:I) J !.<lI, =F " \ '
~ "NIl,
lE"/"";
, "
"1;; 188