14 views

Uploaded by lumas

- FEM_nonlinear.pdf
- APDL
- Towards the Integration of Topology Optimization Into the CAD Process Cuilliere 2014
- 12 Ballroll Mill
- 13 Energy-flow-analysis-and-design-sensitivity-of-structural-problems-at-high-frequencies.pdf
- Idler Design
- Lecture 10
- FEA Report - Example 1
- KTF_7_Klebgerechte Konstruktion.pdf
- The Best FEA Mesh Density for Accuracy and Speed
- 10.1177@0954405414567522
- ch5
- Shock Simulation of the Optics Mirror Assembly By Numerical Method
- Cosmos Users Guide
- Analysis of a new concept in spline design for transmission output shafts.pdf
- Presentation
- MODELO NO-HIDROSATICO PARA SUPERFICIE LIBRE.pdf
- 002 3D Mesh Generation for Static
- Design Analysis
- New Syllabus SSA1

You are on page 1of 46

ME 741

Energy & Variational Methods in

Mechanics I

Instructor:

Dr. Jagadeep Thota

Lecture 3:

FEA Introduction

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Introduction

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Altair HyperWorks Software

The class uses HyperWorks software

predominantly

The software is available in TBE B367 & A311

computer labs

I can give out the software to interested students

to install on their personal laptop or desktop

I would highly recommend this to all the students

The license for the software is $2500 (free for ME 741

students!)

Hence, make sure you do not pass on the software to

non-ME 741 individuals

The license is valid for at least one year

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

CAD/CAM/CAE?

CAD:

Computer Aided Design (Drafting)

Involves designing/modeling a component with the aid of a

computer software

SolidWorks, Pro/E, AutoCAD,

CAM:

Computer Aided Manufacturing

Involves controlling machine tools with the help of computer

software

Mastercam, CAMWorks, HyperMill, .

CAE:

Computer Aided Engineering

Involves detailed analysis of engineering components with the aid

computer software

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) comes under this category

ANSYS, Altair HyperWorks, Nastran, LS-DYNA, COMSOL, .

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Finite Element Analysis (FEA)

Analysis of a problem by using finite element method is

known as FEA

Finite element method is a numerical method for solving

problems of engineering and mathematical physics

The problem can be structural analysis, heat transfer,

fluid flow, mass transport, and electromagnetic potential

For problems involving complicated geometries,

loadings, and material properties, it is difficult or not

possible to obtain analytical mathematical solutions

Most of the methods require solving of differential equations,

which is difficult or impossible for complicated problems

Finite element method (FEM) helps to solve such

complicated problems

FEM involves solving a system of simultaneous algebraic

equations irrespective of the complication of the problem

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Simple structural analysis problem

Apply basic material mechanics concepts

Find out the required stresses and strains

Complicated structural analysis problem

Can not apply basic material mechanics concepts

Can be solved by FEM

Application of FEA

L

P

b

h

Apply

Material Mechanics

Stress = P / (b x h)

Strain = L / L

w

P

V

Cannot Apply

Material Mechanics

Need to Apply FEM

Stress & Strain are obtained

by solving a set of

simultaneous algebraic

equations and finding out the

unknown displacements

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Complicated structural analysis problem

FEM divides the structure into such smaller elements (discretization)

Solves the necessary unknowns for each element

Combines the results from all the elements to give the solution for

the overall complicated structure

Dividing a body into an equivalent system of smaller bodies (finite

elements) interconnected at points common to two or more

elements and/or boundary lines and/or surfaces is called

discretization.

FEA Procedure

w

P

V

Consider a small element

of the structure

Enlarged view

of the element

P

Element

Boundary condition

Boundary condition

B

o

u

n

d

a

r

y

c

o

n

d

i

t

i

o

n

Analyze this element and

determine the necessary unknowns

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

FEA History

1943

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) first developed by R. Courant

Used the Ritz method and variational calculus to obtain

approximate solutions to vibration systems

1947

Prager and Synge also applied this method to analyze frames in

1947

1952

BOEING structural dynamics group begins using the method for

aircraft design

1960

The term Finite Element Method (FEM) is coined

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

FEA History

1960

The term Finite Element Method (FEM) is coined

1965

NASA sponsors a project to develop a unified approach to

computerized structural analysis

NASTRAN (NASA Structural Analysis Program) is born

1970

FEA was limited to expensive mainframe computers generally

owned by the aeronautics, automotive, defense, and nuclear

industries

ANSYS came into being

1985

Altair was established

HyperMesh was introduced in 1990

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Advantages of FEM

Easily model complex shaped bodies

Handle any general load conditions

Model bodies composed of several different

materials because the element equations are

evaluated individually

Handle unlimited numbers and kinds of

boundary conditions

Can vary size of the elements within a body

Can alter the FE model relatively easily and

cheaply

Can include dynamic effects

Handle non-linear behavior

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

FE Software

Altair HyperWorks, ANSYS, Abaqus, NASTRAN,

LS-DYNA, Pro/MECHANICA..

General capabilities of a FE software:

Different element types available (beam, shell, solid..)

Different analysis types available (static, nonlinear, ..)

General load types available (concentrated, thermal..)

Automatic FE model creation (nodes, elements, .)

Plotting contour results (deformation, stress, )

Option of selecting preferred output

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Introduction to HyperMesh

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Computational FEA Stages

Computational FEA can be broken down into

three stages:

Pre-processing

Involves creating the FE model and applying the necessary

loads and boundary conditions

HyperMesh

Processing (Solver)

Running the FE model created in the previous step

Radioss

Post-Processing

Looking at or plotting the required results obtained from

processing the FE model

HyperView

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Starting HyperMesh Software

Click on the Windows

start button

Click on Program Files

Click on Altair

HyperWorks 11.0 (62-

bit) folder

Click on HyperMesh

icon

(1)

(2)

Click/Select at this location

(#)

Sequence of steps

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

HyperMesh Graphics User Interface (GUI)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Description of HyperMesh GUI

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

HyperMesh View Toolbar

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

HyperMesh 3D View Control Toolbar

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Three Steps of FE Model Creation

First step in any FE software is to create nodes

The most common method is by typing the x, y & z coordinates

of the node

Second step is to create lines between any two nodes

The last step, which is meshing, is to either:

Divide the lines into smaller lines (elements) for 1D elements

For 2D models, divide the area enclosed by the lines into smaller

areas (elements)

Create

Nodes

Create

Lines

Create

Mesh

Nodes

Lines

2D

Elements

1D

Elements

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Geometry Creation in HyperMesh

Let us create a square of 2 units length

(1)

(2)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creation of Nodes

(1)

(2) Coordinates of

the first node

(3)

(4) Coordinates of

the second node

(5) Click on create

(6) Coordinates of

the third node

(7) Click on create

(8) Coordinates of

the fourth node

(9) Click on create

(10)

(11)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creation of Lines

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creation of Lines

(1)

(2) Select atleast two nodes

to create a line between them

(3)

(4)

(5) Repeat steps

(2), (3) & (4) to

draw lines

between other

nodes

(6)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Collectors

In order to define any single component in HyperMesh,

four collectors need to be created

Component Collector: the geometry and mesh of the component

is stored here

Material Collector: the material of the component needs to be

created here

Property Collector: this defines if the elements (mesh) used for

the component is 1D (beam), 2D (shell) or 3D (solid)

Load Collector: Any loads or boundary conditions (supports)

created for the component will be assigned to this collector

The component collector links the material and property

collector

The load collector does not need to be linked to the

component collector

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Collectors

Property Collector

Load Collector

Material Collector

Component Collector

An automatic component collector was created by HyperMesh as soon

as the first line was created

This only happens when there are no collectors under the Component

tree

If there is one (or more) component collector already created, then any

geometry or mesh created will automatically be assigned to the last

active component collector

Hence, make sure before creation of any geometry or mesh that you are

assigning the right collector to it

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Deleting

(1)

(2)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Deleting

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Deleting

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Deleting

Select these 3 lines

by clicking on them

(1)

(2)

(3)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creation of Circle

(1) (2)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creation of Circle

Select this node by

clicking on it

This will be center

node of the circle

(1)

(2)

(3)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creation of Circle

This defines the axis

normal to circle face

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creation of Circle

(1)

(2)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creating Component Collector

The circle and line are in the same component collector auto2

We are going to create a new component collector quarter circle

After step (5), there will

be component collector

named quarter circle

created in the tab area

under the Component

tree

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creating Quarter Circle

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

These two are defined

similar to the circle

Center of the arc

(quarter circle is the

present case)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creating Nodes on Line

We will be converting the quarter circle into

For this we need to create a node at either end of the quarter circle

(1) (2)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creating Nodes on Line

(1) (2)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Creating Nodes on Line

Select this line

(1)

(2)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Change Component Collector

We will create the lines in auto2 collector

For this we have to make auto2 the current active component collector

The current active collector will be shown in bold in the tab area under the collector tree

and also its name will be displayed at the bottom right box of the HyperMesh screen

Active collector will

be shown in bold

Active component collector

will be displayed here

Active load

collector will

be displayed

here

(1)

(2)

(3)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Create Lines

Select these

two nodes

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4) Repeat steps (2)

& (3) to create the

other line and close

the geometry

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Changing Component Collector

We will change the

component collector of

these two lines to the

component collector of

the quarter circle

(1)

(2)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Change Component Collector

(1)

(2)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Change Component Collector

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Change Component Collector

Select these

two lines

(1)

(2)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Change Component Collector

(2)

(1)

JT ME 741: FEA Introduction

Change Component Collector

(2)

(1)

- FEM_nonlinear.pdfUploaded byDevan1984
- APDLUploaded byKummitha Obula Reddy
- Towards the Integration of Topology Optimization Into the CAD Process Cuilliere 2014Uploaded byTerence Deng
- 12 Ballroll MillUploaded bykandhalarajashekar
- 13 Energy-flow-analysis-and-design-sensitivity-of-structural-problems-at-high-frequencies.pdfUploaded byAnonymous zXVPi2Ply
- Idler DesignUploaded byVaibhav Gupta
- Lecture 10Uploaded byTayyab Zafar
- FEA Report - Example 1Uploaded byroosterbrood123
- KTF_7_Klebgerechte Konstruktion.pdfUploaded byDanny Nguyen
- The Best FEA Mesh Density for Accuracy and SpeedUploaded byCarlo Farlocchiano
- 10.1177@0954405414567522Uploaded byMomo Pierre
- ch5Uploaded byJanaka Mangala
- Shock Simulation of the Optics Mirror Assembly By Numerical MethodUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Cosmos Users GuideUploaded byArklimantas2
- Analysis of a new concept in spline design for transmission output shafts.pdfUploaded bySantiago Molina
- PresentationUploaded byDiego Canales Aguilera
- MODELO NO-HIDROSATICO PARA SUPERFICIE LIBRE.pdfUploaded byManuel Suero
- 002 3D Mesh Generation for StaticUploaded bymshebbal2212
- Design AnalysisUploaded byanmol6237
- New Syllabus SSA1Uploaded byAhmedTaha
- 2007s2 Intel SocketsUploaded bylucamo
- 12_Fan chapter 3.pdfUploaded bySupriyaRong
- Introduction to Structural AnalysisUploaded byHarold Taylor
- Design of Steel Pipe-jacking Based on Buckling Analysis by Finite StripUploaded bylaican7
- FEPipev10.1FlyerUploaded bydelitesoft
- 30 - Buckling Mode Classification OfUploaded byJean Pestile Pereira Correa
- Ssrc2005 Modes Schafer AdanyUploaded byDhimaz A Firdauz
- IMECS2010_pp1722-1727Uploaded byNandan Obul Reddy
- Lst elementUploaded byБогдан Шакић
- l 26067074Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O

- Whos Best PracticesUploaded bylumas
- Wireframe and SurfacesUploaded bynards39
- HyperView 10.0 TutorialsUploaded bylumas
- Lander.pdf_20120209123419Uploaded bylumas
- Lecture 3Uploaded bylumas
- Turbomax VUW 242E 282EUploaded bythcerit
- Electrical Harness DesignUploaded bycs_harsha274280
- SCH80TECH_S80FITINGS_S80FITTTINGSUploaded bylumas
- SCH80TECH_S80FITINGS_S80FITTTINGSUploaded bylumas
- E4329_QuickGuideUploaded bylumas
- EDU_CAT_EN_GS1_FX_V5R19_toprint-libre.pdfUploaded bylumas
- Ungureanu_P_A_1.pdfUploaded byIonescu Ionut
- 2003-06 Optimization Using ABAQUS and TOSCAUploaded bylumas
- Catia V5 FundamentalsUploaded bymecheneg
- Catia V5 FundamentalsUploaded bymecheneg
- Ghid Instalare Certificat Oberthur Si AladdinUploaded byTroana Marian
- Futura Maintenance B267765 1 GBUploaded bylumas
- 4.TransNEW_2011_VZN_Dumper_BrevetUploaded bylumas
- Contact Update AnsysUploaded bylumas
- 56929599-BiomecanicaUploaded bylumas
- Sprengel FordUploaded bylumas
- Renault Clio Vehicle ManualUploaded bylumas
- BujiiUploaded bylumas
- HM GUI ExtractUploaded byDeepto Banerjee
- Geometric Tolerance AnalysisUploaded bylumas
- Geometric Tolerance AnalysisUploaded bylumas
- SDG-887e_Sample_Enlarged Plan, Elevations, DetailsUploaded bycamcad
- 3DCSUploaded bylumas
- Citroen C-Elysee Lista de Preturi 07 2013Uploaded bylumas

- Signal and System Ch#1Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- 33-005-PCI Datasheet DigitalPendulum MATLAB 10 2013Uploaded byAbdulHaseebArif
- Initial Classification Through Back Propagation In a Neural Network Following Optimization Through GA to Evaluate the Fitness of an AlgorithmUploaded byAnonymous Gl4IRRjzN
- IRJET-Music Genre Classification using MFCC and AANNUploaded byIRJET Journal
- AJP001073Uploaded bydeathangel123
- IMSBranchAssAssignment 4_RuoyuUploaded byRuoyu Tan
- Ba Yes OverheadsUploaded bymuryan_awaludin
- 20192_detailed_syllabus_201420140211150157Uploaded byDiamante Gomez
- Ecs-502 Design and Analysis of Algorithms 10-11Uploaded byAditya
- Project QuestionUploaded bykarthu48
- Two-stage Multivariable IMC Antiwindup (TMIA)Uploaded byAlli-Oke Olusegun Razak
- 7 Cryptography Part2Uploaded bySai Krishna
- E-Commerce With Digital SignatureUploaded bySubhash Bajaj
- Critcal Path AnalysisUploaded byatikson
- Performance Analysis Of Various Data Mining Classification Techniques On Healthcare DataUploaded byAnonymous Gl4IRRjzN
- AHP TutorialUploaded byAbhishek Kumar
- LMI_PID-Multi-Loop Decentralized PID Control Based on Covariance Control Criteria-An LMI Approach-(Huang2004)Uploaded byPereira
- methods based on linear experiment sampleUploaded byroquesa buray
- Nyquist–Shannon Sampling TheoremUploaded byLucas Gallindo
- Implementation of Modular Multiplication for RSA AlgorithUploaded byVeerender Chary T
- Construction of Global Lyapunov Functions Using Radial Basis FunctionsUploaded bykendrickamezquita
- An extended TOPSIS for multi-attribute decision making problems with neutrosophic cubic informationUploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- ch6-soltionUploaded byYaserYons
- DIP_Ch_5Uploaded byjbenaz
- GeRechap7Uploaded bydigonto
- Mechatronic System Design ProcessUploaded byHoang Huynh
- Schmidt 2008 When to Use the or or RR IJPHUploaded byEejay Nocete Laingo
- Reduced Stiffness Method for Nonlinear Analysis of Structural FramesUploaded byRicardo MG
- Operations ResearchUploaded byChalamaiah Guntupalli
- CarUploaded byAditya Nemani