DPS Overview

DPS Group
Overview
• Process system integrators
• Multi-disciplined engineering team
• Innovative technical solutions
• Project execution excellence
• Recent clients include:



Core Skills
• Field Development Plans
• Basic/Conceptual Engineering
• FEED & Detailed Designs
• Process System Design, Supply & Support
• Process Package/Module Study
• Construction and Commissioning Supervision
• FPSO and Floating Production Expertise
• MOPU
• Well Head Platform Design
• CPPs
• Brownfield Engineering


Portfolio of latest design and process tools
including:
HYSYS
TASC
FLARENET
AutoCAD – Full
Navisworks
PDMS
MicroStation
STAAD.Pro
PV Elite
SACS
Caesar II
UniSim
Design Tools
Que$tor
SmartPlant PID
SmartPlant Review
Intools
PDS
PipeFlo
ProEngineer
PipeSim
FlareSim
PipeNet
In addition to many in-
house bespoke sizing
software
FPSO
Process topsides
Integration
Conversion
Fixed Platforms
Jackets
Topsides
WHPs
CPPs
MOPU
Jack up
conversion
Semisubmersible
Non-ship shaped
Brownfield
Offshore
upgrades
FPSO
recertification
Concept to FEED to Detail Design
Total Offshore Capability
• Independent & Tailored Service
• QUE$TOR™ Utilisation
• Benchmarked Solution
• Competitive Rates
• Marginal Field & Lower Flow Rate Specialists
• Deliverables
• Review of available options (floating v fixed)
• State of art review
• High value options
• Concept Selection
• CAPEX/OPEX

Basic Engineering and
Field Development Studies
Typical Que$tor Output
Study Basis
Option
Review
Definition
of
Preferred
Option
Final
Report
State of the
Art Review
QUE$TOR
Data
Client Data DPS Data
Export
Options
Market /
DPS Data
Flow
Assurance
Phase 1
Activity 1 – Project Management
Activity 2 – Study Basis Definition
Activity 3 – Definition of new build
development options
Activity 5 – State of the Art review
Activity 6 – Coarse screening of
development options
Phase 2
Activity 1 – Project Management
Activity 4 – Re-use of existing
facilities
Activity 5 – State of the Art review
Activity 7 – Fine screening of
development options
Activity 8 – Hydraulic Modelling
Activity 9 – Final Report
State of the
Art Review
Typical Concept Screening Activities
• TLP (148m (Hutton) to 1,500m)
• FPSO (up to and beyond 3,000m)
• Spar (500m up to and beyond 3,000m)
• Semi-submersible (75m (Argyll) up
to and beyond 3,000m)

Deepwater Platform Options
Plus lots of other acronyms

Other Deepwater Platform Options
Control Buoy
Subsea to Shore (subsea
processing) Ormen Lange
+ Subsea to Platform
Compliant
Towers
<600m
Versabuoy Concept
Basic Evaluation Criteria – All Concepts
 Field Life
 Remoteness of field
location/location of
infrastructure
 Reservoir structure
 Number of wells / drilling
centres
 Dry Tree or Wet Tree
 Drilling or work over
capability
 Production Capacity
 Total Topsides weight
 Motion Characteristics
 Riser Technologies
 Installation Method
 Constructability and lead time
 Concept maturity
 Field Operators experience of
concept
 CAPEX
 OPEX
 Abandonment Costs
OPTION 1
Minimum Topsides
OPTION 2
Medium Topsides
OPTION 3
Maximum Topsides
Field Located Facilities

• 6 well slots (5 + 1 spare)
• Production & test manifold
• Topsides MPM for well tests
• Topsides pig launcher (remote
operation)
• Topsides UTU
• Topsides crane (5te capacity)
• Small power (batteries)
• NavAids

Dry – 110te
Operating – 130te
Field Located Facilities

• 6 well slots (5 + 1 spare)
• Production & test manifold
• Topsides MPM for well tests
• Topsides pig launcher (remote
operation)
• HPU
• Topsides UTU
• Topsides crane (5te capacity)
• Solids removal unit (retrofit)
• Helideck
• Small power (batteries)
• Free Water Knock Out (at
host)

Dry – 180te
Operating – 210te
Field Located Facilities

• 6 well slots (5 + 1 spare)
• Production & test manifold
• Topsides MPM for well tests
• Topsides pig launcher (remote
operation)
• HPU
• Topsides UTU
• Topsides crane (30-40te
capacity)
• Solids removal unit
• Helideck
• Personnel shelter &
emergency lifecraft
• FW pump
• Small power (batteries)
• Free Water Knock Out (at
host)

Dry – 600te
Operating – 760te
Work-over equipment included –
100te (CTU dry)
Topsides Definition
Lightweight
Jacket
Steel Braced
Monotower
Conductor
Supported
Self-Installed
Platform
Light Weight Structure Options
Project: Lerek Field Development
Location: Offshore Terengganu
Client: Newfield Peninsula Malaysia Inc
Central Processing Platform
• Production :45000 BLPD
• 4-Leg Jacket
• Production Separator
• Heat Exchanger
• Produced Water Treatment
• Free water knock out
• Export Pumping
• Water Inject
• Power Gen (GTG)
• Flare System
• LQ (30 People)
• Utilities
• Pipelines
WP-1:
• Production :30000 BLPD
• 4-Leg Jacket
• 4 wells
• Test Separator
• Production/Test/Gas lift Manifold
WP-2:
• Production :15000 BLPD
• 4-Leg Jacket
• 2 wells
• Test Separator
• Production/Test/Gas lift Manifold
• Utilities
• Temporary Shelter
Basic / FEED Case Study
Project: Frøy Field Development
Location: Offshore Norway
Client: Larsen Oil & Gas

Front end design study to provide process topsides
and interfacing solution for jack-up destined for the
North Sea.

Process footprint was critical so module
design and layout was important.

Cost estimate included in final solution.
2007 Froy
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PROJECT MANAGEMENT/
ENGINEERING
TOPSIDES MODULES
100,000 bpd
FEED Case Study
Project: Dulang Field Development
Client: PetroMalaysia Sdn Bhd

Provision of Engineering Services for Conceptual
Engineering of Dulang Full Field Development

Three new wellhead platforms (DL-DX. DL-AX & DL-E)

One new processing platform (DL-BX).

Completed all engineering to pass Petronas MR4
development gate

Concept / FEED Case Study
Project: Kambuna Field Development, Indonesia

Client: Serica Energy

Provision of Concept selection to review offshore vs
onshore process requirements to meet the onshore pipe
gas specifcation.

Client had originally selected a FPSO, but our study
worked showed that a wet gas pipeline with onshore
treatment was the most economic solution and this was
carried through to detail design and project completion.


Basic Engineering Case Study
Project: Cendor Phase II FEED
Location: Offshore Terengganu
Client: Petrofac (Malaysia –PM304) Limited

1. Wellhead Platform 1 (WHP-1)-Max Production: 40,000BLPD
2. Wellhead Platform 2 (WHP-2)-Max Production: 56,000BLPD
3. Wellhead Platform 3 (WHP-3)-Max Production: 56,000BLPD
4. FPSO -Max Production:80,000BLPD (marine, mooring and
topsides)
5. Removal of existing MOPU
6. Infield Pipelines
7. Submarine Cables Between CPP & WHP-3
8. Pipelines to ANDR-A

Basic / FEED Case Study
FPSO: D1 Field
Location: West Coast India
Client: ONGC

Project Management Consultant for specifications
of appropriate FPSO for D1 marginal field

Includes assistance preparing ITT through to
vessel commissioning

FPSO conversion rather than new build for fast
track project
FPSO Consultancy
DPS- Recent FPSO Topsides
Projects
2012/2013 Dana Western Isles North Sea
Detailed Engineering Of Topsides (New Build)

2010/2012 OSX-1 Brazil (Heavy Oil)
Detailed Engineering Of Topsides (Upgrade)

2011/2012 Petrofac Berantai Malaysia
Detailed Engineering Of Topsides (Upgrade)

2009/2011 EMAS Lewek Vietnam
Detailed Engineering Of Topsides (Conversion)

FPSO: Berantai
Location: Malaysia
Client: Keppel / Petrofac / Petronas

Upgrade of the East Fortune FPSO to make it
suitable for Berantai Field in Malaysia

Includes 9 new modules and significant
upgrading




FPSO Topsides Case Study
FPSO before upgrade FPSO after upgrade
Berantai FPSO upgrade
FPSO: Cascade & Chinook
/ BW Pioneer
Location: Gulf of Mexico
Client: BW Offshore

First FPSO for Gulf of Mexico – production
scheduled 2011

Storage capacity - 600,000 barrels of oil

FPSO installed in a water depth of 2,600 metres

Disconnectable during storms
2008
Cascade &
Chinook
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PROJECT MANAGEMENT/
ENGINEERING
TOPSIDES MODULES
80,000 bpd
16 mmscfd
FPSO Topsides Case Study
• EPC detailed design and supply of the
- M10 (Main Production) &
- M30 (Flare Knock-Out) modules
• Topsides process interface engineering
• Design of process pipe rack
• Flare system design
Cascade & Chinook DPS Scope
Module 3D Software used
FPSO Autodesk Inventor
CSU Module Intergraph PDS
Flare Module Intergraph PDS
Pipe Rack Aveva PDMS
M60 A&B Gas Compression CADWorx
M61 TEG Module Bentley Autoplant
5 x 3D Software Packages
Clash Checking
Interface Engineering
FEED
Detail
Delivery
P30: Compression Module
(20.7x21x13.4m)
P40: Metering Skid
(10x4.25x2m)
P50 : Water Injection Module
(18x10.8x13.4m)
Z10: Blast
Wall
H10:
Helideck
L10: Living
Quarter
O10: Office
Block
U10: EIT
Block
U40 : Power Generation
Area
P20: Separation Module
(20.7x18.6x13.4m)

F10: Flare Boom

P10: Pigging & Manifold Module
(13x7.7x7.4m)
TEG Skid
Western Isles FEED Verification
FPSO Topsides Case Study
FPSO: OSX-1 FPSO
Location: Brazil
Client: Keppel / BW Offshore

Upgrade of the new-build Nexus 1 FPSO
to make it suitable for the OSX Waimea
heavy oil field (API 17.6) offshore Brazil

Involves 7 new modules including
• Inlet Manifold
• Crude Heating
• Water Injection
• Fuel Gas Compression
• Power Module


everything in pink is a change
OSX-1 FPSO
Significant Upgrade Project
OSX-1 FPSO
PDMS modelling through to completion
FPSO: Chim Sao Dua
Location: Vietnam
Client: EMAS / Premier Oil

Topsides Detailed Engineering for CSU,
Injection Water Treatment and Flare Modules

Also responsible for entire process topsides
piping interface engineering

Successful through design competition
2009
Chim Sao
Dua
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PROJECT MANAGEMENT/
ENGINEERING
TOPSIDES MODULES
80,000 bpd
50 mmscfd
FPSO Topsides Case Study
CRUDE STABILISATION
FLARE KNOCK OUT
FLARE KNOCK OUT MODULE
WATER INJECTION
CRUDE
STABILISATION &
PRODUCED WATER
TREATMENT
FPSO: Ruby FPSO – formally Ruby
Princess
Location: Vietnam
Client: MISC / MMHE

DPS to design and supply the complete process
topsides

FPSO will replace the FPSO Ruby Princess,
and have the ability to process 30,000 bopd
2008 Ruby
45,000 bpd
29 mmscfd
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TOPSIDES MODULES
FPSO Topsides Case Study
FPSO: Nexus FPSO
Location: (Norway) now Brazil (OSX)
Client: Samsung Heavy Industries

DPS responsible for the design of separator (60,000
bopd) and glycol dehydration packages (~100
MMSCFD unit including TEG Contactor, and Glycol
Regeneration unit) – part of Nexus FPSO project
destined for North Sea

Partnership with Whasung Industries Company Ltd
(Korea) who are responsible for fabrication

Now OSX-1 (DPS undertaking upgrade)
FPSO Topsides Case Study
FPSO: Oyo
Location: Nigeria
Client: Bumi Armada

DPS scope initially involved the FEED elements
of the entire process topsides design and
integration

Extended to include detailed designn
2008 Oyo
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PROJECT MANAGEMENT/
ENGINEERING
TOPSIDES MODULES
45,000 bpd
60 mmscfd
FPSO Topsides Case Study
FPSO: East Fortune
Location: Singapore
Client: Nortechs FPSO / Songa

Generic FPSO

Following on from the execution of conceptual
and FEED studies, execution of EPC. Vessel
fabrication China, module fabrication and vessel
conversion in Singapore

DPS involved in looking at suitability for various
feilds
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TOPSIDES MODULES
2007
East
Fortune
30,000 bpd
35 mmscfd
FPSO Topsides Case Study
FPSO: Bunga Kertas
Location: Malaysia
Client: MSE (Now MMHE)

Built in Malaysia, a first for MSE, DPS provided
the engineering for MSE’s first EPC contract.

Responsible for all detailed engineering design
activities, including CSU; Produced Water,
Gas Compression & Utility packages;
Structural design through to the full
topsides integrated control systems.
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PROJECT MANAGEMENT/
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TOPSIDES MODULES
2004
Bunga
Kertas
30,000 bpd
40 mmscfd
FPSO Topsides Case Study
BW. Carmen –
Upgrade
Ithaca Athena
North Sea
FPSO Topsides Case Study
Name: D-111 (Dolphin)
Location: Angola (West Morsa)
Client: Angola Drilling Contractors / Sonangol

Full EPC for conversion of jack-up drilling rig into
production facility for marginal field offshore Angola

20,000 bpd oil production

Remote Un-manned Wellheads

33km export pipeline to FPSO

Produced by 10 Electric Submersible Pumps

FPSO Topsides Case Study
Detail Design of Wellhead Platform for
Newfield West Belumut Field
Jacket Engineering
Name: Khurmala Dome Field Development
Location: Northern Iraq
Client: Kar-AvrAsya / SCOP


Major total Greenfield development - 3 separate sites

100,000 bopd of oil & 100 mmscfd of gas

Engineering design and provision of
‘domain expertise’ in all engineer aspects

In-country construction and creation of jobs
Onshore Engineering
Name: Bangora Expansion
Location: Bangladesh
Client: Tullow Oil


Receipt & review of Basic Engineering docs with site
visit to understand facilities concept, layout and
verify as-built information

Detailed Engineering Schedule and associated CTR's

Preparation, submittal, review & final approval of Detailed
Engineering deliverables list

Weekly & monthly reports against agreed schedule and the
associated CTR's
Onshore Engineering
Name: Bangora IIC Development HDPC
Location: Bangladesh
Client: Tullow Oil

Receipt & review Phase IIA of detailed design documents and
drawings

Review of vendor’s document & drawing of the HDPC package

Detailed civil & structural engineering & review of the HDPC
package

Detailed Engineering Schedule and associated CTR's

Preparation, submittal, review & final approval of Detailed
Engineering deliverables list
Onshore Engineering
Client: Texaco and Mariner Expro
Field: Mariner, UKCS
Scope: Extended Well Test (EWT) package
API: 14.5

Client: Texaco
Field: Captain, UKCS
Scope: EWT work including pre-separation
hydrocyclones, deoiling hydrocyclones and offshore
trials test work
API: 20.5

Client: Santa Fe Snyder
Field: Carauna Field FPSO, Offshore Brazil
Scope: Design of 5,000bpd crude oil and produced
water treatment process topsides module,
including centrifuge and coalescer.
API: 19

Client: Chevron
Field: Bressay Field, UKCS
Scope: Review the process facilities required to complete
an EWT vessel.
API: 11

Client: TK Petrojarl/Petrobras
Field: Siri Field, Brazil
Scope: Electrostatic coalescer
API: 12.8
Heavy Oil Experience
Client: OSX
Field: Wamea Field, Brazil
Scope: Topsides Detailed Design
Conversion for Heavy Oil
API: 17.6

HP Ref.
HM
AGRU
DEHYDRATION
AND
MERCURY
REMOVAL
LNG
FUEL GAS
FEED GAS
CONDENSATE
TO CRUDE
PROCESSING
COOLING
WATER
COOLING
WATER
COOLING
WATER
LP Ref.
COOLING
WATER
M
M
GT
FUEL GAS
LNG
Mini–LNG (Associated Gas)
Onshore / Offshore
Liquefaction Process
DPS Group
• Dedicated development facilities
• Increasing patent portfolio
• Focus in innovation and creativity
• Separation and filtration specialists
• Oil / water flow loop
• Online reporting and data management
• Available for oil companies to outsource
R&D Facilities
R&D Centres in
Portishead (UK) and
Utah (USA)
• Multiphase separation system
• Enhanced gravity separator with 5 phase
capability:
i. Liquid heavy phase
ii. Liquid light phase
iii. Solids slurry – sub-micron particles
iv. Rag / emulsion layer
v. Gas
• Flexible operation – ability to deal with
100% oil – 100% water with no change of
internals
• Shale gas (frac water flow back),
• Heavy oil dehydration
• PWT (the difficult streams)
• Bilge water treatment
HydroLoc – The Versatile Centrifuge
HydroLoc – Internal Arrangement
Fluid Inlet
Solids Discharge
NRV
Solids Collection
Funnel
Gas Volume
Annulus
Water Outlet
Oil Outlet
Gas Outlet
Emulsion/ Rag
Layer Outlet
Internal Jetting
Nozzles
Solids Collection
• Extensive Testing of Solids
Evacuation Valves in DPS Test Rig.

Solids Evacuation from HydroLoc

HydroLoc
30GPM unit on test in
our R&D facility in Utah
30GPM unit on shale
gas project in Colorado
Results on Frac Water Flow Back
HydroLoc – Extensive Performance Trials
5gpm HydroLoc on
Performance Trials in
DPS UK Flow Loop
Typical HydroLoc P&ID
Interface Level Control
In the Hydroloc
• The skid dimensions = 8ft x
8ft x 8ft (2.44m x 2.44m x
2.44m)
• Plant air at 150psi (10.3 bar)
through a ½” line
• Electricity supply 480V 100A
3 phase 60 Hz Number 2
wire
• Inlet process connection is 1”
male camlock
• Water outlet, oil outlet and
solids outlet are 1” female
camlock connections
• A standard Nitrogen cylinder
and spare cylinder are
required
H-5 Pilot Plant (Haz. Area Rated)
Online solids management – no shutdowns
Zoned removal and disposal of solids
No moving parts or wear – high availability
Slurry density preset for optimal process
performance
Sand Cleaning for discharge overboard
Solids Management – CyFlo
®
Cyclone Design
Well Fluids
Gas
Oil
Water
Where do we Manage Solids in Process?
Upstream of Choke
Well Fluids
Gas
Oil
Water
Solids
• Installed Subsea or Surface
• Prevent erosion in piping/risers
• Prevent erosion in choke
Cyclone
Vessel
Fluids
Inlet
Fluids
Outlet
Isolation
Valves,
Integral
DB&B
Solids
Discharge
Upstream of Production Separator
Well Fluids
Gas
Oil
Water
Solids
• Prevent solids entering production separator
• Solids actively removed
• Multi phase cyclone design
Removal from Production Separator
Well Fluids
Gas
Oil
Water
• Separator designed
to retain solids
• Solids removed on-
line with no impact of
separation
performance
S
o
l
i
d
s

Water
Downstream of Production Separator
Well Fluids
Gas
Oil
Water
Solids
• Solids removed from produced water stream
• Simpler single phase cyclone design
• Separator designed to carry solids in water outlet
Cleaning Solids Offshore?
Clean Solids Discharge
Solids from Production
Clean Produced Water
Oily Water
Solids
Accumulation
Vessel
Jet Pump
Cleaning
Cyclone
CyFlo
Case Study – P57 FPSO
(Petrobras)
 Design of Sand Wash
 Package and Supply of Internals
 5 off 316 Manifolds - 20 CyFlo Units
 Crude Degassers & Test Separator
 Cascade & Chinook FPSO
 7 off Duplex Manifolds - 28 CyFlo Units
 1st US Gulf of Mexico FPSO
Cascade & Chinook – BW / PAI
 4 CyFlo Manifolds for Vietnam - 16 CyFlo
Units
 for Production Separators
Ruby FPSO – Premier Vietnam
Solids Management Technology
Options
DPS provides a total solids
management solution
Offline Sand
Removal
Online Sand Removal
Atmospheric
Transfer
Solids Cleaning
Deoiling Hydrocyclones - Evolution
High Flow
Low Differential Pressure
Combined Desanding and
Deoiling
The Right Hydrocyclone for the
Right Duty
Combined Desander and HFD
Inlet
Water Outlet Solids Outlet
Oily Reject
Desanders
HFD
Grade efficiency of 20
microns (de-sander)
Reference - typical example of solids distribution from oil producing wells – Sand Management Network
presentation (Aberdeen)
• Combining de-sanding
and de-oiling with a
grade efficiency circa
d
95
20 microns gives
the following benefits:
o 95% solids removed
(by volume)
o Coalesce oil droplets,
increasing grade
efficiency of de-oiling
hydrocyclone stage
o Combine de-sanding
and de-oiling in
same cyclone
Efficiency of Separation
Water Polishing for Discharge
• As water discharge limits
have reduced from 40ppm to
15ppm or less then tertiary
treatment is required
• Compact Flotation has been
favoured
• DPS offer alternative
Degassing Self Cleaning
Filter (DSCF)
• Based on High Flux Media
Filtration
• Combines Degassing so no
need for separate degasser
upstream
DSCF Principle of Operation
1. Inlet Degassing
Uses Cyclonic inlet
optimised with CFD
2. Three Band Media Filter
1. Fine Media
2. Coarse Media
3. Media Support
3. Active Media Wash
System
All media bands can be
washed independently and
actively using CyFlo and
Cyclone
Gas
Oil
Water
Standard Water
Treatment Scheme

• Degasser after primary separators
and hydrocyclones
• Use of floatation flocculant
• 2 stage floatation achieves 15ppm
oil in water

Reject
Compact
Floatation
Degassin
g Vessel
Gas
Oil
Productio
n
Separator
Hydrocyclon
e
Reject
Gas
Oil
HFD + Degassing Self Cleaning Filter

Recycle
Water
Media
Cleaning
DSCF
Productio
n
Separator
HFD
Hydrocyclon
e
Gas
Electrostatic Coalescers
Glycol Dehydration Packages
Project: Knarr FPSO
Location: Norwegian North Sea
Client: SHI / TK / BG
Project: Ruby FPSO
Location: Vietnam
Client: Emas / Premier
Project: Khalda
Location: Onshore Egypt
Client: Petrofac
Project: OSX FPSO
Location: Offshore Brazil
Client: SHI / OSX
Project: Oyo FPSO
Location: Offshore Nigeria
Client: Bumi Armada
Specialist Packages – Knarr FPSO
DEBUTANISER TOWER
+ CONDENSATE
DEHYDRATION
MODULE
GLYCOL REGEN PACKAGE
• Compact onsite waste to energy
technology
• Up to 250kg/hr processing offers
economic and environmental benefits
• First continuous system to market
• Uses Pyrolysis Technology
• Meets WID requirement in Europe
• Fully Patented
• Proven in with Military
ST150 – Small Scale W2E
Feed
Hopper
Cold End
Feed
Pyro
Chamber
& Screw
Oxidiser
& Start-
up
burner
Gasifier
Hot Gas
Outlet
Ash
Drum
W2E Principle of Operation
W2E Video
 Commissioned 2001
 First in UK to pre-qualify for Renewable
Obligation Certificate (ROCs) and
awarded an Integrated Pollution
Prevention and Control (IPPC)
 Tested successfully on Municipal Solid
Waste (MSW), Refuse Derived Fuel
(RDF), tannery waste, abbatoir waste,
tyres, car frag, sewerage and oil
sludges.
 Power produced, steam used for
adjacent sterilisation plant as
commercial improvement
 Run commercially on clinical / pharma
waste since 2001. Treated over 50K
tonnes of clinical wastes.
 Waste Incineration Directive (WID)
compliant throughout operational history
Case Study – Avonmouth (Bristol)
HMS Ocean
Testing, Operation and Upgading:
 2 years of extensive testing was undertaken by
Qinetiq and the MoD on a technical demonstrator
in Portsmouth
 Processed a wide range of waste streams from
food waste to oil sludges
 Very high availability throughout normal operation
 Average 7% char residue

Queen Elizabeth Class
Aircraft Carrier
 4 off skid mounted ST150s for the UK Royal Navy
 Destined for Queen Elizabeth Class Aircraft
Carrier
 1,000tpa mixed waste

Case Study – UK Navy
Waste Site- Leeds
• Operating on real waste
at accredited waste
facility
• Completed
comprehensive
processing of wide
range of wastes to
establish throughputs
and waste mixes
• Completed 24/7
endurance running tests
• Trained waste site
operators in use
• Improved design as
consequence of tests
ENQUIRY N°: EXXXXXX
CUSTOMER: TBD
1 - FEED SYSTEM
THROUGHPUT (MAX PER ST150) 196 Kg/h
CALORIFIC VALUE (WET) 27 MJ/kg
MOISTURE (MAX) 15 %
MASS FRACTION C (APPROX) 45 %
MASS FRACTION H₂ (APPROX) 15 %
2 - ASH COMPOSITION
VOLUME REDUCTION >90 %
TOTAL ORGANIC CONTENT (TOC) <3 %
As defi ned i n WI D TOC i s % wei ght l oss from dry
3 - ENERGY RECOVERY
THERMAL HEAT RECOVERY 639 kW
4 - GAS EMISSIONS (DAILY AV.)
TOTAL DUST <10 mg/m³
VOC (AS C) <10 mg/m³
HYDROGEN CHLORIDE (HCL) <10 mg/m³
HYDROGEN FLUORIDE (HF) <1 mg/m³
SULPHUR DIOXIDE (SO2) <50 mg/m³
NITROGEN OXIDES (AS NO2) <200 mg/m³
DIOXINS & FURANS <400 mg/m³
Adjusted for temperature 273 K, pressure 101.3 kPa, 11 % oxygen, dry gas
ST150 PERFORMANCE SUMMARY
1
2
4
1
2
3
Performance Specifications
(Typical)
Waste properties paper plastic textiles wood food waste yard waste Carbon rich Hydrogen
CV (MJ/kg) 16 33 18.7 17 4 6 22 22
moisture (%) 8 2 10 15 70 50 0 0
mass fraction C % 45.4 60 46.2 48.3 41.7 49.2 99 0.1
mass fraction H2 % 6.1 8.3 6.5 6 5.8 5.8 0.1 99
The following assumes just C and H content of the waste
molar fraction C 0.55 0.55 0.54 0.57 0.55 0.59 0.99 0.00
molar fraction H (atomic) 0.45 0.45 0.46 0.43 0.45 0.41 0.01 1.00
Calculations
Combustion air input (kg/s) 0.1694 0.1694 0.1694 0.1694 0.1694 0.1694 0.1694 0.1694
Oxygen input (assume some excess O2 in exhaust) (kg/s) 0.0254 0.0254 0.0254 0.0254 0.0254 0.0254 0.0254 0.0254
moles of oxygen (kmols/s) 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016
moles of oxygen per mole of fuel (-) 0.6652 0.6598 0.6567 0.6797 0.6588 0.6893 0.9955 0.2501
moles of fuel used (kmol/s) 0.0024 0.0024 0.0024 0.0023 0.0024 0.0023 0.0016 0.0064
moles of carbon used 0.0013 0.0013 0.0013 0.0013 0.0013 0.0013 0.0016 0.0000
moles of hydrogen used (atomic) 0.0011 0.0011 0.0011 0.0010 0.0011 0.0010 0.0000 0.0063
weight of carbon (kg/s) 0.0159 0.0158 0.0157 0.0161 0.0158 0.0162 0.0190 0.0000
weight of hydrogen (kg/s) 0.0011 0.0011 0.0011 0.0010 0.0011 0.0010 0.0000 0.0063
Energy from carbon (MW) 0.5188 0.5162 0.5147 0.5254 0.5157 0.5297 0.6224 0.0004
Energy from hydrogen (MW) 0.1279 0.1310 0.1329 0.1198 0.1316 0.1146 0.0012 0.7620
Total energy (MW) 0.6467 0.6473 0.6476 0.6452 0.6474 0.6443 0.6236 0.7624
Throughput of waste based on CV analysis (kg/s) 0.0404 0.0196 0.0346 0.0380 0.1618 0.1074 0.0283 0.0347
MAXIMUM Throughput of waste (kg/hr) 145.50 70.61 124.67 136.63 582.63 386.55 102.04 124.76
water flowrate (kg/s) 0.003 0.000 0.003 0.006 0.113 0.054 0 0
heat required for water (kW) 161.671 19.614 173.153 284.647 5664.442 2684.388 0 0
Assumed losses on system (kW) 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 206
Heat into ash assuming CP of 1 an dT of 800 (kW) 18.790 2.188 14.226 16.709 115.978 72.178 7.440 22.634
Net heat (kW) 266.22 424.45 258.21 140.84 -5337.05 -2317.31 410.11 533.77
Total weight of air, C and H (kg/s) 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.18
Temperature in oxidiser (°C) 1448 2298 1406 775 -28626 -12399 2196 3056
Waste CV Values - Typical
Space Including Access
• Length = 12m
• Width = 6.5mm
• Height = 4.5mm
Weight = 20Te
Size and Weight

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