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To Trnng Hien

Word Parts

Prefix Meani Root


ng
A-, An- not, Amoral /ˌeɪˈmɒrəl/ someone who is amoral does not care whether or not
withou their behaviour is morally right
t Anesthetic /ˌænəsˈθetɪk/
Apolitical /ˌeɪpəˈlɪtɪk(ə)l/ not interested in politics or political issues
not connected with a particular political party
Asocial /ˌeɪpəˈlɪtɪk(ə)l/ not sociable
Ab- away, Abolish /əˈbɒlɪʃ/
from Abstract /ˈæbstrækt/
Abstain /əbˈsteɪn/ to deliberately avoid doing something that is
enjoyable but that may not be healthy, safe, or
morally right
to deliberately not vote in an election or at a meeting
Abduction
Abnormal /æbˈnɔː(r)m(ə)l/
Abandon /əˈbændən/ to leave someone when you should stay with them
and look after them
Abdicate /ˈæbdɪkeɪt/ to stop accepting a particular responsibility or
obligation that you have
Ad- to, Advance /ədˈvɑːns/ progress or an instance of progress in science,
toward technology, human knowledge etc
Admire /ədˈmaɪə(r)/
Adhere /ədˈhɪə(r)/ to stick to something
Adjoin /əˈdʒɔɪn/ to be next to and connected to another building,
room, area etc
Adjacent /əˈdʒeɪs(ə)nt/ next to or near something else
Advent /ˈædvent/ The coming of an important event, person, invention
Ambi- both Ambidextrou /ˌæmbiˈdekstrəs/ able to use your right hand and your left hand with
s equal skill
Ambivalent /æmˈbɪvələnt/ feeling two different things about someone or
something at the same time, for example that you
like them and dislike them
Ana- up, Analogy /əˈnælədʒi/ a comparison between two situations,
back, processes etc that is intended to show that
again the two are similar
Anatomy /əˈnætəmi/ the scientific study of the physical structure
of an animal or plant
Anagram /ˈænəˌɡræm/ a word or phrase that you can make from
another word or phrase by putting the
letters in a different order. For example
‘mean’ is an anagram of ‘name’.
Anti- Against Antiwar
Antipathy /ænˈtɪpəθi/ a strong feeling of not liking someone or something
Antibiotic /ˌæntibaɪˈɒtɪk/ a drug that cures illnesses and infections caused by
bacteria
Apo- from, Apology /əˈpɒlədʒi/ a statement that tells someone that you are
away sorry for doing something wrong or for
from causing a problem
Apologize
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Auto- self, Autobiography /ˌɔːtəʊbaɪˈɒɡrəfi/ a book about your life that you write yourself
Bene- same Autoimmune /ˌɔːtəʊɪˈmjuːn/ relating to conditions and diseases in which normal
Bone- good cells are attacked by someone’s immune system
Bi- two (=parts of the body that fight disease)

Benefit /ˈbenɪfɪt/ an advantage you get from a situation


Benevolence /bəˈnev(ə)lənt/ willing to help and be generous towards people
Bonus /ˈbəʊnəs/ something good that you get in addition to what you
expect
extra money that you are paid in addition to your
usual salary

Benevolent /bəˈnev(ə)lənt/ willing to help and be generous towards people


Bilingual /baɪˈlɪŋɡwəl/ someone who is bilingual is able to speak two
languages extremely well
Binary /ˈbaɪnəri/
Bilateral /baɪˈlæt(ə)rəl/
Cata-, down, Catastrophe /kəˈtæstrəfi/ an event that causes a lot of damage or
Cat- against makes a lot of people suffer
Centro, around Concentric /kənˈsentrɪk/ concentric circles all have the same centre
Centri- , Centrifugal /ˌsentrɪfjuːɡ(ə)l / a machine that uses centrifugal force to separate
center heavier substances from lighter ones by spinning
them round in a container.
circum- around Circumlocuti /ˌsɜː(r)kəmlə the use of too many words to say
on ˈkjuːʃ(ə)n/ something, especially in order to avoid
saying something clearly
Circumferenc /sə(r) the distance measured around the edge of
e ˈkʌmf(ə)rəns/ a circle or a round object or area
Circumvent /ˌsɜː(r)kəmˈvent/ to find a way of avoiding a rule or law that
limits you, especially using a clever trick
that does not break the law
Co-, with, Cooperate /kəʊˈɒpəreɪt/
com-, togeth Compose /kəmˈpəʊz/
con- er Convene /kənˈviːn/ to arrange a formal meeting, or to gather for a
meeting
Communal /kəˈmjuːn(ə)l/ owned or used by everyone in a group,
especially a group of people who live in the
same building
Community

Congregate /ˈkɒŋɡrɪɡeɪt/ to gather together in a group

Complement /ˈkɒmplɪmənt/ something that is added to something else

Comprehensiv /ˌkɒmprɪˈhensɪv/ including many details or aspects of something


e
Contra-, against Contrary /ˈkɒntrəri/
Counter Contradict /ˌkɒntrəˈdɪkt/ to say that the opposite of what someone has said is
- true
Counteract /ˌkaʊntərˈækt/ to reduce the negative effect of something by doing
something that has an opposite effect
Contravene /ˌkɒntrəˈviːn/ to do something that is not allowed by a
rule, law, or agreement
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De- down, Descend /dɪˈsend/ to go down a mountain or slope, or to go down some


from, stairs
away to become lower
Derive /dɪˈraɪv/ to receive or obtain something from something else
Dehydration /ˌdiːhaɪˈdreɪʃ(ə)n/ medical a dangerous lack of water in the body
resulting from not drinking enough or by sweating,
vomiting, or having diarrhoea
chemistry the process of removing water from food as
a way of preserving it
Demolish /dɪˈmɒlɪʃ/ to deliberately destroy a building
Dia-, throug Dialogue ˈdaɪəlɒɡ/ a process in which two people or groups have
Di h, discussions in order to solve problems
across Diagram /ˈdaɪəɡræm/ a drawing that explains something
Diagonal /daɪˈæɡən(ə)l/ a straight sloping line across a flat shape or surface
Diameter
Division
Dis- not, Disease /dɪˈziːz/
take Disability /ˌdɪsəˈbɪləti/
away Disappear /ˌdɪsəˈpɪə(r)/
Disperse /dɪˈspɜː(r)s/ to spread, or to make things spread, in different
directions over a wide area
Disengage /ˌdɪsɪnˈɡeɪdʒ/ if part of a machine disengages, or if you
disengage it, it is no longer connected to
the main part of the machine
if an army disengages, it stops fighting in
an area
Discord /ˈdɪskɔː(r)d/ disagreement between people
Discomfort /dɪsˈkʌmfə(r)t/ a feeling of slight pain
Dys- ill, Dysfunctiona /dɪsˈfʌŋkʃ(ə)nəl/ dysfunctional relationships do not work
difficul l normally and are not happy or successful
t, bad not working normally
Dysentery
E-, ec-, out Emigrate /ˈemɪɡreɪt/
Ex- Ecstasy /ˈekstəsi/ a feeling of great happiness and pleasure, often
sexual pleasure
Export /ɪkˈspɔː(r)t/
Exhilarating /ɪɡˈzɪləˌreɪtɪŋ/ making you feel extremely happy, excited, and full of
energy
Elect choose out of
Eject throw out
Exhume /eksˈhjuːm/ to remove a dead person’s body from where
it is buried, especially in order to find out
how they died
Exhale /eksˈheɪl/ to breathe air out through your mouth or
nose
Exodus /ˈeksədəs/ a situation in which a lot of people leave a
place or activity at the same time
En-, in Empathy /ˈempəθi/ feeling in
Em-
Endo- within, Endoscope /enˈdɒskəpi/ instrument for observing inside
inside
Epi- upon Epitaph /ˈepɪtɑːf/ a short piece of writing that honours a dead
person, especially one written on their
grave
Epidermis /ˌepɪˈdɜː(r)mɪs/ the outer layer of skin on top of the dermis.
Hair and feathers grow from the epidermis.
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Epicenter /ˈepɪˌsentə(r)/ the area of land directly over the centre of
an earthquake
Eu- well, Euthanasia good death, the practice of killing a very old
good or very ill person without causing them
pain.
Fore- front, Forehead /ˈfɔː(r)ˌhed/
before Forecast /ˈfɔː(r)kɑːst/
Foreshadow /fɔː(r)ˈʃædəʊ/ if something foreshadows a future event, it shows or
gives a warning that it will happen
Foremost /ˈfɔː(r)məʊst/ most important or most well known
Hetero- other, Heterosexual /ˌhetərəʊˈsekʃuəl/ sexually attracted to people of the opposite
differe sex
nt Heterodoxy (adj)
Heterodox /ˈhetərəʊˌdɒks/ heterodox beliefs are not in agreement with
the principles taught by a society or a
religion
Heterogeneo /ˌhetərəʊˈdʒiːniəs/ consisting of many different types of people
us or things
Homo- same Homosexual /ˌhəʊməʊˈsekʃuəl/ attracted sexually to people of the same
sex. In ordinary speech, it is more usual to
describe homosexual people as gay.
Homogeneou həʊməʊˈdʒiːniəs/ consisting of things that are very similar or
s all of the same type
Homogenized /həˈmɒdʒənaɪzd/ homogenized milk has had the cream mixed
in so that it will not separate
Hyper- over Hypertension /ˌhaɪpə(r) a condition in which your blood pressure is
ˈtenʃ(ə)n/ extremely high
Hypersensitiv /ˌhaɪpə(r) very easily upset or offended
e ˈsensətɪv/ extremely sensitive to certain substances
Hyperactivity a hypodermic needle or syringe is used for
putting drugs into your body through the
skin
hypo- under Hypotension a condition in which your blood pressure is
extremely low
Hypodermic /ˌhaɪpəˈdɜː(r)mɪk/ a hypodermic needle or syringe is used for
putting drugs into your body through the
skin
In-, im- in, Invade /ɪnˈveɪd/
In-, im-, into, Immigrate /ˈɪmɪˌɡreɪt/
il-, ir- on Impose /ɪmˈpəʊz/ to introduce something such as a new law or new
not system, and force people to accept it
Innate /ˌɪˈneɪt/ an innate quality or ability is one that you have
always had
Incursion /ɪnˈkɜː(r)ʃ(ə)n/ a sudden attack on an area controlled by other people
Inequality /ˌɪnɪˈkwɒləti/
Illegal /ɪˈliːɡ(ə)l/ not allowed by the law
Irrational /ɪˈræʃ(ə)nəl/ done or happening without clear or sensible reasons
Injustice /ɪnˈdʒʌstɪs/ an unfair action or event
Inept /ɪˈnept/ someone who is inept does not have much ability or
skill
Infinite /ˈɪnfɪnət/ very great, and seeming to have no limit
Indistinct /ˌɪndɪˈstɪŋkt/ difficult to see or hear clearly
Inexorable /ˌɪndɪˈstɪŋkt/ impossible to stop
Indispensable /ˌɪndɪˈspensəb(ə)l/ difficult or impossible to exist without or to do
something without
Incessant /ɪnˈses(ə)nt/ continuing for a long time without stopping in a way
that is annoying
Innocuous /ɪˈnɒkjuəs/ not likely to harm or hurt anyone or anything
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Indifferent /ɪnˈdɪfrənt/ lacking interest in something, or lacking sympathy
with someone; not very good
Imbibe /ɪmˈbaɪb/ drink in, take in
Illegitimate /ˌɪləˈdʒɪtəmət/ born to parents who are not married to each
other
not allowed by the rules or laws
Illicit /ɪˈlɪsɪt/ an illicit relationship, activity, or situation is
one that people do not approve of
Irrational
Irredeemable /ˌɪrɪˈdiːməb(ə)l/ Formal: impossible to change or make better
Business: an irredeemable debt can never
be paid
Inter- betwee International /ˌɪntə(r)
n ˈnæʃ(ə)nəl/
Intersect /ˌɪntə(r)ˈsekt/
Interstate
Intro-, within, Introspection /ˌɪntrəˈspekʃ(ə)n/ the process of carefully examining your own feelings,
Intra- inside thoughts, and ideas
Intravenous /ˌɪntrəˈviːnəs/ put directly into a vein
Intrastate /ˌɪntə(r)ˈsteɪt/ existing or taking place between states,
especially between the states in the US or
Australia
Intramural /ˌɪntrəˈmjʊərəl/ existing or happening among members of a
particular group
Mal, bad, Malediction The calling down of a curse.
Male- evil Malevolent /məˈlevələnt/ showing that you want to do something bad
to someone
Malnutrition /ˌmælnjʊˈtrɪʃ(ə)n/ a medical condition in which you are weak
or ill because you do not eat enough or do
not eat enough of the right foods
Meta- beyond metaphysical /ˌmetəˈfɪzɪk(ə)l/ relating to ideas about life, existence, and
other things that are not part of the physical
world
Micro- small Microchip /ˈmaɪkrəʊˌtʃɪp/
Microscope /ˈmaɪkrəˌskəʊp/ a piece of equipment for looking at things that are too
small to see normally
microeconom /ˌmaɪkrəʊˌiːkə the study of particular aspects of an
ics ˈnɒmɪks/ economy
microcosm /ˈmaɪkrəʊ something small that contains or represents
ˌkɒz(ə)m/ all the features or qualities of something
larger
Mis- bad, Misprint /ˈmɪsˌprɪnt/ a mistake such as a wrong spelling in a book,
wrong newspaper etc
Misunderstand /
ˌmɪsʌndə(r
)ˈstænd/

Mono- one Monopoly /məˈnɒpəli/ economics a company that has complete control of
the product or service it provides because it is the
only company that provides it
Monotonous /məˈnɒtənəs/ a monotonous sound or voice is boring and
unpleasant because it does not change in loudness or
become higher or lower

Neo- new, Neologism /niˈɒləˌdʒɪz(ə)m/ a new word or expression, or an existing


recent word used with a new meaning
neoclassical ˌniːəʊˈklæsɪk(ə)l/ neoclassical ideas or art are similar to
ancient Greek or Roman ideas or art
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Neolithic /ˌniːəˈlɪθɪk/ the Neolithic period of history began around
10,000 bc, when humans began to make
stone tools, grow their food, and live in
permanent communities
Multi- many Multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/
Multinational /ˌmʌltiˈnæʃ(ə)nəl/
To Trnng Hien

Ob-, against Object /əbˈdʒekt/


Op-, Of- , facing Opposite /ˈɒpəzɪt/
Offend /əˈfend/
Out- beyond Outlive /ˌaʊtˈlɪv/ to live longer than someone else
to continue to exist after something else has stopped
Outnumber /ˌaʊtˈnʌmbə(r)/ if one group outnumbers another, there are more in
the first group than in the second
Outspread /ˌaʊtˈspred/ spread out flat, or stretched wide
Over- too Overbearing /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈbeərɪŋ/ an overbearing person always tries to control other
much people’s behaviour and ignores their opinions and
feelings
Overcompens /ˌəʊvə(r)ˈkɒmpən to do more than you need to do in trying to correct a
ate ˌseɪt/ fault

Palin-, back, Palindrome /ˈpælɪnˌdrəʊm/ a word or phrase that is the same whether
Pali- again you read it forwards or backwards, such as
‘noon’ or ‘not a ton’
Pan- all, Pantheism /ˈpænθiˌɪz(ə)m/ belief in all the gods of all religions
every the existence of several gods in some
religions
Pan-Hellenic /heˈliːnɪk/ of or relating to all the Greeks; "the Olympic
Games were a Panhellenic celebration"
Panorama /ˌpænəˈrɑːmə/ a view of a large area of land or sea
a full description of a particular situation or
subject
Pandemic /pænˈdemɪk/ a disease that affects almost everyone in a
very large area
para- beside, Parallel /ˈpærəlel/
alongsi Paraphrase /ˈpærəˌfreɪz/
de Paragraph /ˈpærəˌɡræf/
Paramilitary /ˌpærəˈmɪlɪt(ə)ri/ organized and operating like an army
Parachute /ˈpærəˌʃuːt/ a large piece of cloth joined to heavy
strings, used by someone jumping out of a
plane
Per- throug Percolate /ˈpɜː(r)kəleɪt/ flow through, if a liquid or gas percolates
h through a substance, it gradually passes
through it
Perforated /ˈpɜː(r)fəˌreɪtɪd/ punch through, containing a hole or a series of
small holes in the surface
Peri- around Perimeter pəˈrɪmɪtə(r)/ the outer edge of an enclosed area of
ground such as a field or airport
Periscope /ˈperɪˌskəʊp/ a long tube with mirrors at each end, used
for looking over the top of something,
especially for looking at the surface of the
sea from a submarine
Phil-, like, Philosophy
Philo- lover Francophile A person who admires France, its people, or
of its culture.
Bibliophile /ˈbɪbliəˌfaɪl/ someone who likes books and enjoys
reading or collecting them
Philanthropy /fɪˈlænθrəpi/ the belief that you should help people,
especially by giving money to those who
need it
To Trnng Hien

Poly- many, Polygon


several Polygamy /pəˈlɪɡəmi/ the custom of having more than one
husband or wife at the same time in
societies where this is legal
Polytechnic /ˌpɒlɪˈteknɪk/ a college for people who want to study
scientific or technical subjects, especially in
order to train for a practical job
Polytheism /ˈpɒliθiˌɪz(ə)m/ the belief that there is more than one god
Post- after Postwar /ˌpəʊs(t)ˈwɔː(r)/
Posterior /pɒˈstɪəriə(r)/ relating to the back part of something, especially the
back part of your body
Postpone /pəʊsˈpəʊn/ to decide that something will not be done at the time
when it was planned for, but at a later time
posthumous /ˈpɒstjʊməs/ given to someone after their death, or
happening after their death
postgraduate /ˌpəʊs(t) relating to work or studies done after
ˈɡrædʒʊət/ receiving an advanced degree such as an
ma or a phd
Pre- before Prepare /prɪˈpeə(r)/ to make something ready for use
Pro- forwar Prevent /prɪˈvent/ to stop something from happening
d Preview /ˈpriːvjuː/
precede /prɪˈsiːd/ to happen or exist before another person or
thing
to be more important, or to have a higher
rank, than someone or something else
Process /ˈprəʊses/
Promote /prəˈməʊt/ to support or encourage something
Produce /prəˈdjuːs/
P/ros- toward Prospect view in front, something coming up
, in
front
Proto- first Prototype
Protoplasm
Protobiology
Pseudo false Pseudonym /ˈsjuːdənɪm/ a name that someone uses that is not their
real name, especially for writing a book
Pseudoscienc
e
Re- back, Return /rɪˈtɜː(r)n/
again Replay /ˌriːˈpleɪ/
Reunite /ˌriːjuːˈnaɪt/ to bring people or groups together again after they
have not seen each other for a period of time, or to be
brought together again after a period of time

Recede /rɪˈsiːd/ to move back from a high point or level


Recollect /ˌrekəˈlekt/ to remember something that has happened
Recount /rɪˈkaʊnt/ to say what happened
Retract /rɪˈtrækt/ to say that something that you previously said or
wrote is not true
regress /rɪˈɡres/ step back, to return to a previous and usually
less developed state or condition
retro- back Retrogressiv /ˌretrəʊˈɡresɪv/ returning to a condition or state that is
e worse than the present one, instead of
improving or making progress
To Trnng Hien
Retroactive /ˌretrəʊˈæktɪv/ a retroactive law or decision affects things
that have happened since a particular date
in the past, before the law was introduced
or before the decision was made
Se- apart, Separate /ˈsepəreɪt/ to keep people or things apart from each other
aside Secede /sɪˈsiːd/ to officially leave an organization. This word is used
especially about a state or region that chooses to
become independent and govern itself.
Segregate /ˈseɡrɪɡeɪt/ to separate groups of people or things, especially
because of race, sex, or religion. To integrate these
groups means to bring them together
Secluded /sɪˈkluːdɪd/ private, peaceful, and not near other people or places
Sever ˈsevə(r)/ to cut through a part of something so that it is
separated completely from the main part, or to be
separated completely in this way
seduce /sɪˈdjuːs/ lead away, to persuade someone to have sex
with you
Sub-, below Subsidize /ˈsʌbsɪdaɪz/ to pay some of the cost of goods or services so that
Sup-, under they can be sold to other people at a lower price
Sus- after Support /səˈpɔː(r)t/
Suspend /səˈspend/ to officially stop something for a short time
Subsequent /ˈsʌbsɪkwənt/ happening or coming after something else
Submarine /ˈsʌbməriːn/
Subhuman /ˌsʌbˈhjuːmən/ not as intelligent, kind etc as you think
humans should be
Syn-, with, Symphony /ˈsɪmfəni/ a long piece of classical music played by a
Sym-, togeth symphony orchestra
Syl-, er Synonym /ˈsɪnənɪm/
Sys- Syllable /ˈsɪləb(ə)l/

Tele- far, Telephone /ˈtelɪˌfəʊn/ to speak to someone using the telephone


distant Telepathy /təˈlepəθi/ the ability of people to communicate directly with
each other’s minds, without using words

Trans- across Translate /trænsˈleɪt/


Transmit /trænzˈmɪt/ to pass information, beliefs, or attitudes to other
people
Transaction /trænˈzækʃ(ə)n/
transient /ˈtrænziənt/ existing, happening, or staying somewhere for a short
period of time only
Un- not Unable /ʌnˈeɪb(ə)l/
Unreal /ˌʌnˈrɪəl/
Unreasonable /ʌnˈriːz(ə)nəb(ə)l/ not fair
not sensible
Unbearable /ʌnˈbeərəb(ə)l/ so extreme that you cannot deal with the pain, feeling
etc
Uncouth /ʌnˈkuːθ/ behaving in a way that polite people consider rude or
offensive
Ungainly /ʌnˈɡeɪnli/ not moving in an attractive or graceful way
Unravel /ʌnˈræv(ə)l/ if a piece of clothing unravels, or if you unravel it, its
fibres become separated from each other
Unruly /ʌnˈruːli/ very difficult to control
Unsound /ʌnˈsaʊnd/ not safe; not based on sensible ideas

Uni- one Unit /ˈjuːnɪt/


Uniform /ˈjuːnɪfɔː(r)m/
Universe /ˈjuːnɪˌvɜː(r)s/
To Trnng Hien
unique /juːˈniːk/
not the same as anything or anyone else
To Trnng Hien

-bio- life Biology /baɪˈɒlədʒi/ the scientific study of living things


Biodiversity /ˌbaɪəʊdaɪ the variety of different types of plant and animal life
ˈvɜː(r)səti/ in a particular region
Antibiotic /ˌæntibaɪˈɒtɪk/ a drug that cures illnesses and infections caused by
bacteria
-cap-, head, Captain /ˈkæptɪn/ an officer of middle rank in the army, marines, or US
-capit- chief Air Force
the player who leads a sports team
Capital /ˈkæpɪt(ə)l/
Decapitate /dɪˈkæpɪteɪt/ to cut off someone’s head
-cede-, go, Concede /kənˈsiːd/ to admit that something is true
-ceed-, move to stop trying to win a war, competition, or argument
-cess- because you realize that you cannot win it
Proceed /prəˈsiːd/ to continue to happen
to go in a particular direction
Success /səkˈses/
-chron- time chronicle /ˈkrɒnɪk(ə)l/ a record of events that happened in the past, in the
order in which they happened
Anachronism /əˈnækrəˌnɪz(ə)m/ something that is no longer suitable for or relevant to
modern times

-cred- believe Credit /ˈkredɪt/


Incredible /ɪnˈkredəb(ə)l/ surprising, or difficult to believe
Creed /kriːd/ a set of religious beliefs
-dic-, say, Dictator /dɪkˈteɪtə(r)/ someone who uses force to take and keep power in a
-dict- speak country
Predict /prɪˈdɪkt/
Jurisdiction /ˌdʒʊərɪsˈdɪkʃ(ə)n/ the right or power to make legal decisions
a country or area in which a particular legal system
operates
-dorm- sleep Dormant /ˈdɔː(r)mənt/ something that is dormant is not active or developing
now, but it may become active or develop in the
future
Dormitory /ˈdɔː(r)mɪtri/ a large room where a lot of people sleep, for example
in a school or army camp

-duc-, lead Duct /dʌkt/ a pipe or tube in a building that carries something
-duct- such as air or protects wires
Introduce /ˌɪntrəˈdjuːs/
Reduction /rɪˈdʌkʃ(ə)n/ the process or result of making something smaller or
less in amount, size, importance etc
-fact-, make, Factory /ˈfæktri/
-fect- do Manufacture /ˌmænjʊˈfæktʃə(r)/
Effect /ɪˈfekt/
-fid-, trust, Confidence /ˈkɒnfɪd(ə)ns/ the belief that you are able to do things well
-feder- faith Federation /ˌfedəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/ a large organization made up of several smaller
organizations or groups that share similar aims

-flect-, bend Deflect /dɪˈflekt/ to direct criticism, attention, or blame away from
-flex- yourself towards someone else
Reflect /rɪˈflekt/
Flexible /ˈfleksəb(ə)l/

-geo- earth Geology /dʒiːˈɒlədʒi/ the scientific study of the structure of the Earth, the
way in which it was formed, and how it has changed
over time
Geothermal /ˌdʒiːəʊ relating to the heat at the centre of the Earth
ˈθɜː(r)m(ə)l/
To Trnng Hien

-graph-, write, Graphic /ˈɡræfɪk/ relating to drawing


-gram- draw Photography /fəˈtɒɡrəfi/
Grammar
-hydro- water Hydroelectric /ˌhaɪdrəʊˈɪlektrɪk/ using water power to produce electricity
Dehydrate /ˌdiːhaɪˈdreɪt/

-log-, word, Logic


-ology- study Catalog
Psychology
-luc-, light Translucent /trænsˈluːs(ə)nt/ clear enough for light to pass through but not
-lum-, completely clear
-lus- Illuminate /ɪˈluːmɪneɪt/ to make a place bright with light, or to shine a light on
something
Luster /ˈlʌstə(r)/ a bright, shiny appearance
mainly literary the feeling that something special and
impressive is happening
Lucid /ˈluːsɪd/ showing or telling something in a clear, simple way
-man-, hand Manual
-manu- Manager
Manuscript /ˈmænjʊˌskrɪpt/ a writer’s original pages of a book, article, or
document before it is published
-mit-, send Transmit
-miss- Omit
Mission
-mob-, move Automobile
-mot-, Emotion
-mov- Remove
-mort- death Mortality /mɔː(r)ˈtæləti/ the number of deaths within a particular area, group
etc
Immortal /ɪˈmɔː(r)t(ə)l/ very well known, and therefore likely to be
remembered for a long time
living or existing for ever
Mortify /ˈmɔː(r)tɪfaɪd/ feeling extremely embarrassed or ashamed
-nov- new Novice /ˈnɒvɪs/ someone who is just beginning to learn a skill or
subject
Innovation
Renovate /ˈrenəveɪt/ to make something old look new again by repairing
and improving it, especially a building
-phon-, sound Microphone
-son- Supersonic

-polis-, city Metropolis


-polit- Politics
Police
-pon-, put, Postpone
-pos- place Position
Deposit
-port- carry Portable
Reporter
Import
-rect- right, Correct
straigh Rectangle
t Rectify /ˈrektɪfaɪ/ to correct a problem or mistake, or to make a bad
situation better
To Trnng Hien

-scrib-, write Describe


-script- Script
Inscription /ɪnˈskrɪpʃ(ə)n/ a piece of writing written or cut on or in something,
especially as a record of an achievement or in order
to honour someone
Prescribe /prɪˈskraɪb/ if a doctor prescribes a drug or treatment, they say
you should have it
-secut-, follow Consecutive /kənˈsekjʊtɪv/ following one after another in order and with nothing
-sequ- else in between
Sequence

-spec-, look at, Spectator /spekˈteɪtə(r)/


-spect- see, Spectacle
observ Inspector
e
-struct- build Structure
Instruct /ɪnˈstrʌkt/ to tell someone to do something, especially officially
or as their employer
to teach someone a subject or skill
Destructive
-therm- heat Thermometer
Hypothermia /ˌhaɪpəʊˈθɜː(r)miə/ a serious medical condition in which your body
temperature is very low

-ven-, come Convention


-vene- Intervene /ˌɪntə(r)ˈviːn/ to become involved in a situation in order to try to
stop or change it

-ver- true Verify


Conversation
Universal
-vid-, see Video
-vis- Visit
Invisible
Visinity /vəˈsɪnəti/ the area near a particular place
-viv-, alive, Vivid /ˈvɪvɪd/ having or producing very clear and detailed images in
-vita- life the mind
Revive /rɪˈvaɪv/ to make someone become conscious or alive again
Vitamin
Viable /ˈvaɪəb(ə)l/ able to live and grow in an independent way
Vital /ˈvaɪt(ə)l/ full of energy and life
Vivacious /vɪˈveɪʃəs/ lively and attractive

-voc-, call, Vocal /ˈvəʊk(ə)l/ relating to the voice, or done with the voice
-vok- voice Vocabulary
Revoke