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APPENDIX 7.

0
Dimensional Criteria Concerning Fire Escape Stairs, Exit Wit!s etc.
a" #ele$ant Excerpts %rom NFPA &0&
Fire Escape Stairs
Feat're Ser$ing (ore t!an &0 )cc'pants Ser$ing &0 or Fe*er
)cc'pants
Minimum widths 22 in. (560 mm) clear between rails 18 in. (455 mm) clear
between rails
Minimum hri!ntal dimensin
" an# landin$ r plat"rm
22 in. (560 mm) clear 18 in. (455 mm) clear
Ma%imum riser hei$ht & in. (2'0 mm) 12 in. ('05 mm)
Minimum tread( e%clusi)e "
nsin$
& in. (2'0 mm) 6 in. (150 mm)
Minimum nsin$ r pr*ectin 1 in. (25 mm) + re,uirement
-read cnstructin Slid . in. (1' mm) diameter
per"ratins permitted
Flat metal bars n ed$e r
s,uare bars secured a$ainst
turnin$( spaced 1 / in. ('2
mm) ma%imum n centers
0inders +ne 1ermitted sub*ect t capacit#
penalt#
2isers +ne + re,uirement
Spiral +ne 1ermitted sub*ect t capacit#
penalt#
Ma%imum hei$ht between
landin$s
12 "t ('660 mm) + re,uirement
3eadrm( minimum 6 "t 8 in. (20'0 mm) 6 "t 8 in. (20'0 mm)
4ccess t escape 5r r casement windws( 24 in. %
6 "t 8 in. (610 mm % 1&80 mm)6 r
duble7hun$ windws( '0 in. % '6 in.
(860 mm % &15 mm) clear penin$
0indws pr)idin$ a clear
penin$ " at least 20 in. (510
mm) in width( 24 in. (610 mm)
in hei$ht( and 5.8 "t
2
(0.5' m
2
)
in area
9e)el " access penin$ +t )er 12 in. ('05 mm) ab)e
"lr6 steps i" hi$her
+t )er 12 in. ('05 mm)
ab)e "lr6 steps i" hi$her
5ischar$e t $rund Swin$in$ stair sectin permitted i"
appr)ed b# authrit# ha)in$
*urisdictin
Swin$in$ stair( r ladder i"
appr)ed b# authrit# ha)in$
*urisdictin
:apacit# . in (1' mm) per persn( i" access 10 persns6 i" winders r
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b# dr6 1 in (25 mm) per persn( i"
access b# climbin$ )er windwsill
ladder "rm bttm balcn#( 5
persns6 i" bth( 1 persn
+ew Stairs
5imensinal :riteria
Feat'res %t+in. mm
Minimum width 2e"er t rele)ant sectins
Ma%imum hei$ht " risers 8 in. 180
Minimum hei$ht " risers 4 in. 100
Minimum tread depth 11 in. 280
Minimum headrm 6 "t 8 in. 20'0
Ma%imum hei$ht between
landin$s
12 "t '660
9andin$ 2e"er t rele)ant sectins
E%istin$ Stairs
5imensinal :riteria
Feat'res %t+in. mm
Minimum width clear " all
bstructins( e%cept pr*ectins
nt mre than 4. in. (114mm)
at r belw handrail hei$ht n
each side
'6 in. &15
Ma%imum hei$ht " risers 8 in. 205
Minimum tread depth & in. 2'0
Minimum headrm 6 "t 8 in. 20'0
Ma%imum hei$ht
between landin$s
12 "t '660
9andin$ 2e"er t rele)ant sectins
+ew Stair 0idth
,otal c'm'lati$e )cc'pant
-oa Assigne to t!e Stair
Wit!
;2000 persns
<2000 persns
44in. (1120 mm)
56in. (1420 mm)
2ele)ant sectins " +F14101 shall be re"erred t while calculatin$ the minimum stair width.
=n $eneral( minimum stair width shall be deri)ed "rm
Ma%imum >ccupant :apacit# "r an# $i)en "lr ? E$ress :apacit# "actr
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(@rss "lr area A >ccupant lad "actr)
E%it widthB -he width " an e%it passa$ewa#( shall be ade,uate t accmmdate the a$$re$ate re,uired
capacit# " all e%its that dischar$e thru$h it( unless ne " the "llwin$ cnditins appliesB
(1) C0here an e%it passa$ewa# ser)es ccupants " the le)el " e%it dischar$e as well as ther stries(
the capacit# shall nt be re,uired t be a$$re$ated.
(2) 4s pr)ided in +F14 101 an e%it passa$ewa# in a mall buildin$ shall be permitted t accmmdate
ccupant lads independentl# "rm the mall and the tenant spaces.
+teB +F14 101 shall be re"erred t "r additinal in"rmatin A details.
." )t!er examples o% (inim'm *it! o% escape ro'tes, exits an minim'm n'm.ers o% exits
%rom large spaces /*!ere appropriate an necessar0, E1S2Fire Dept s!all insist 'pon
compliance *it! t!ese re3'irements"
Minimum 0idths " Escape 2utes 4nd E%its
+. " 1eple 0idth " E%its
1 t 50
51 t 110
111 t 180
181 t 220
221 t 240
241 t 260
261 t 280
281 t '00
'01 t '20
'21 t '40
800mm
&00mm
1000mm
1100mm
1200mm
1'00mm
1400mm
1500mm
1600mm
1800mm
Minimum +umbers " E%its "rm 9ar$e Spaces
+. " 1eple +umber " E%its
1 t 50
51 t 500
501 t 1000
1001 t 2000
1
2
'
4
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2001 t 4000
4001 t 8000
801 t 11000
5
6
8
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