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Lessons from my 20s

THE WORLD
Part III:
ABOUT THIS PRESENTATION
THIS presentation can be found
Online at
HUMAN RIGHTS
Human progress
SYSTEMs thinking
WORLD 2050
PART 3 THE WORLD INCLUDES SECTIONS ON
PART 3 TOPICS
MILLENNIALS
CLIMATE CHANGE
The innovation age

Lessons from my 20s

HUMAN
RIGHTS
PART III, Section 1
A THOUGHT EXERCISE
Lets begin this section on
Human rights with a
Famous thought exercise
A THOUGHT EXERCISE
IMAGINE YOU WERE a soul
Hanging out around a campfire
IN A CAVE with
five other souls
A THOUGHT EXERCISE
NOW IMAGINE that god
gave you and the five other souls
The task of determing the
Principles for the world
A THOUGHT EXERCISE
God said that the principles
for the world should be fair and
That you all must agree on them
Before you could be born
A THOUGHT EXERCISE
Or how much money Your parents will have
None of the six of you know yet
where youll be born
The color of your skin
Your sexual orientation
Your gender
A THOUGHT EXERCISE
And your task is to come up
with the principles for the world
That you can all agree on
Before you can be born into your bodies
A THOUGHT EXERCISE
What principles would you come up
with for the world?
A THOUGHT EXERCISE
What principles would you come up
with for the world if you didnt know
where youll be born
The color of your skin
Your gender
Your sexual orientation
how much money Your parents will have

A THOUGHT EXERCISE
Take a moment to write down
at least 2 principles for the world
That would create a fair society
A THOUGHT EXERCISE
John Rawls
This famous thought exercise
Is called The original position
And was created by 20
th
century
Harvard professor & philosopher

A THOUGHT EXERCISE
A theory of justice
John rawls writes about
The original position
In his 1971 classic

The most reasonable principles of
justice are those everyone would
accept and agree to from a fair
position.
- John Rawls, 20
th
Century Philosopher
A THOUGHT EXERCISE
Here are the two principles
We have come up with at Hive
That would create a just world

The First principle
All people would have the same basic
Rights regardless of birthplace, gender,
Sexual orientation, or skin color


1
The second principle
All people would have access
To the basic human needs of food, water
Shelter, medicine, education, and
electricity


2
What would be the implication of these principles?
IN THIS WORLD
WOULD YOU prevent some PEOPLE
FROM TRAVELING to other places
While others could
Travel Freely
SIMPLY BASED ON WHERE THEY WERE BORN?
What would be the implication of these principles?
IN THIS WORLD
WOULD YOU ENSURE EVERYONE HAD ACCESS
TO FOOD, WATER & SHELTER OR JUST
SOME PEOPLE?
What would be the implication of these principles?
IN THIS WORLD
WOULD YOU ENSURE EVERYONE HAD ACCESS
TO basic education and medicine or just
SOME PEOPLE?
What would be the implication of these principles?
IN THIS WORLD WOULD YOU ENSURE
THAT ALL INFANTS HAD LIFE SAVING
IMMUNIZATIONS OR JUST RESERVE THOSE
FOR SOME INFANTS?
What would be the implication of these principles?
IN THIS WORLD WOULD YOU CONDEMN
SOME BABIES TO DEATH
BECAUSe CANCER TREATMENTS
WERENt available?
What would be the implication of these principles?
WHAT TYPE OF WORLD WOULD YOU
CREATE
IF YOU DIDNt know where you
WOULD BE BORN?
THIS IS THE WORLD
WE CAN ACTUALLY
CREATE
IN OUR LIFETIME
The world we can create
A WORLD IN WHICH
FREE SPIRIT AND ENTERPRISE
IS ENCOURAGED
The world we can create
The world we can create
A WORLD IN WHICH
Everyone has access to
Their basic needs
The world we can create
A WORLD that is run
On clean energy
The world we can create
A WORLD IN WHICH
PROPERTY RIGHTS
ARE RESPECTED
The world we can create
A WORLD IN WHICH
GOVERNMENTs are RUN
EFFICIENTLY
AND TRANSPARENTLY
The world we can create
A WORLD IN WHICH
EVERY CHILD
IS GIVEN THE ABILITY
TO LEARN TO CREATE
TO INNOVATE TO CONTRIBUTE
The world we can create
A WORLD IN WHICH
EVERY CHILD IS ASSURED
ACCESS TO THEIR BASIC NEEDS

FOOD WATER SHELTER
EDUCATION
MEDICINE
ELECTRICITY
Basic human need % Without # Without Source
1. Clean Water 10.8% 780M UNICEF
2. Sufficient Food 12.8% 925M UNFAO
3. Basic Shelter 13.8% 1.0B UNHCR
4. Literacy 12.7% 920M UNESCO
5. Basic Medicine 23.6% 1.7B WHO
6. Electricity 18.0% 1.3B IEA
% of people without basic human needs
The world we can create
IMAGINE THE JOB CREATION
AND THE HUMAN INNOVATION
To 9 BILLION PEOPLE WHOSE
BASIC NEEDS ARE MET
As we GO FROM 3B
Ending Poverty in Singapore in 50 years
SINGAPORE IS AN INTERESTING CASE
In 1960 its per capita income was $428

How did Singapore
END POVERTY in one LIFETIME?
By 2011 per capita income grew to $50,123
Ending Poverty in Singapore in 50 years
Low tolerance of corruption
High pay of public officials to attract best talent and discourage bribery
An efficiently run government with competent leadership
Government budget surpluses
Focus on ease of starting a business
Focus on a scientific knowledge-based economy
Focus on export-led growth
Low taxes
A clean environment
While many have criticised a lack of political FREEDOM
HERE ARE SOME THINGS leadership GOT RIGHT in singapore
A GOOD QUESTION FROM Bucky
How do we make the world work for
100% of humanity in the shortest
possible time through spontaneous
cooperation without ecological
damage or disadvantage to anyone?
- Buckminster fuller

Human Rights?
WHAT IF THERE WERE A DOCUMENT
ESTABLISHING THE RIGHTS OF HUMANS
THAT THE USA AND 48 other
COUNTRIES Had already ADOPTED?
A universal declaration of human rights?
There actually is
Its called the
Universal declaration of human rights
And it was adopted in 1948
A universal declaration of human rights?
A universal declaration of human rights?
A universal declaration of human rights?
What if we actually created
A human society
Based upon these principles?
We will be the first generation
To be connected globally

The world we can create
The world we can create
And we will have the opportunity
To reshape THE WORLD

Into a joyous, sustainable, and abundant WORLD
Lets work together on this


The world we can create
In the decades to come
Human rights exercise
You can do the following 5 minute
Human rights exercise now
Or put a time on your calendar
To return to it
Human rights
EXERCISE
Exercise: human rights
Write down two principles you would
Create for the world if you were a
Pre-birth soul and didnt know where
youd be born, your skin color, your gender,
or your Parents income
Exercise: human rights
Now, write down:
Are you committed to working toward
Creating a world based on those principles?
Why or why not?
Lessons from my 20s

HUMAN
progress
PART III, Section 2
A few important questions
SOMETIMES WITH ALL THE
NEGATIVE HEADLINES

ITs HARD TO zoom out and
And look at THE ANSWER TO
A very IMPORTANT QUESTION

How are we doing?
HOW IS
OUR SPECIES

DOING?
How are we doing?
Is humanity DOING
better or worse than

40 years ago?
Progress
Is humanity making

Progress?
Measuring Progress
And canprogress

Be measured?
SOME EXISTING MEASURES OF HUMAN PROGRESS
1. United Nations Human Development Index
2. Legatum Prosperity Index
3. Social Progress Index (SPI)
4. Gross National Happiness (GNH)
SOME EXISTING MEASURES OF HUMAN PROGRESS
The challenge with these four measures
Is that they provide data at a country level
Not at a human level
Measuring human progress
WE NEED A MORE COMPRENSIVE
Measure OF HUMAN PROGRESS
How humans are doing
WHAT IF WE COULD
AGREE On METRICS

THAT TOLD US
HOW OUR SPECIES
IS DOING?

How humans are doing
Wed probably look for data in AREAS LIKE

Health
education
PEACE
Economics
environment


How humans are doing
Here are the exact measures
we use at hive
To track human progress
at a species level

How humans are doing
Health

1. Life Expectancy
2. Infant Mortality
3. Literacy
4. Internet Access
7. Average Income
8. Global Poverty Rate
9. CO2 PPM
10. Temperature Increase
Education

Economics

Environment
5. Active Conicts
6. Deaths From War
Peace
How humans are doing
Lets look at how were doing
As a species across THESE

10 metrics
Health
The global report card
1. Life Expectancy
12% Higher
2012
71
1980
63
Source: World Bank
2. Infant Mortality
2012
4.8%
1980
11.6%
59% Decline
Source: World Bank
EDUCATION
The global report card
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
1980 1990 1995 2000 2012
2012
84%
1980
70%
20% Higher
3. Literacy Rate
2012
36%
1980
0%
Innitely Higher
4. Internet Access
PEACE
The global report card
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
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2
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1
2

2
0
1
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2008-2013 Avg.
6
1980-1985 Avg.
13
54% Lower
5. Active Major Conicts
Source: Uppsala Conict Data Program
0
10000
20000
30000
40000
50000
60000
70000
80000
90000
1
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1
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1
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2008-2013 Avg.
33,159
1980-1985 Avg.
40,370
18% Lower
6. Deaths from War
Even as global population
has expanded 45%
Syria conict has caused
recent spike
ECONOMICS
The global report card
2012
$10395
1980
$5960
74% Higher
7. Annual Income Per Person
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
B
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l
i
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s

o
f

P
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P
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t

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000
$10395
$6055
$2111
$467 $450
$453
$1261
$666
"#$ %&'()*+,-. /0$
"#$ 1&.,0#*$&2$&*
"#$ %&34+2-54& /0$
$605
$566
"#$ 6$&-,))-&7$
Population & Income Over 2000 Years
The time to get to now
IT took humans
13.78 Billion yearS
TO EVOLVE
Time to 1B People
IT took humans
200,000 years to
reach1B people
POPULATION AND INCOME GROWTH
BUT just
200 years to go
from 1b to 7B
POPULATION AND INCOME GROWTH
NEVER BEFORE
HAVE WE HAD
SO MANY PEOPLE
POPULATION AND INCOME GROWTH
NEVER BEFORE has
our species had
SO much wealth
0.0%
10.0%
20.0%
30.0%
40.0%
50.0%
60.0%
70.0%
80.0%
90.0%
100.0%
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1
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2012
16.9%
1980
43.6%
61% Lower
8. % Living in Extreme Poverty
LOOKING GOOD SO FAR
So things are
Looking up, right?

LOOKING GOOD SO FAR
Mostly, except for
The environment

LOOKING GOOD SO FAR
Which sort of
Underpins
Everything else
ENVIRONMENT
The global report card
250
270
290
310
330
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370
390
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2012
395
1980
334
19% Higher
9. CO2 in Atmosphere (Parts Per Million)
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
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2012
1.37
1980
0.61
125% Higher
10. Surface Temperature Increase (F)
Health

The Global Report Card
Education

Peace
Environment
1980 2013 % Change Grade
1. Life Expectancy 63 71 ! 12% A
2. Infant Mortality 11.6% 4.8% 59% A
3. Literacy 70% 84% ! 20% B
4. Internet Access 0% 36% ! Innite B
5. Active Conicts 13 6 54% B
6. Deaths from War 40,370 33,159 18% B
7. Average Income $5.9k $10.4k ! 74% A
8. Poverty Rate 43.6% 16.9% 61% B
9. CO2 PPM 334 395 ! 19% F
10. Temp. Increase +0.61 +1.37 ! 125% F
Economics
!
!
!
!
What would a 5 DeGree farenheight increase mean?
As the Arctic continues to warm, melting
permafrost in the boreal forests and further north
in the Arctic tundra is now starting to melt,
triggering the release of methane, a greenhouse
gas twenty times more powerful than CO2, from
thick layers of thawing peat.
- Climate Code Red
Lots of progress on the abundance side
1812 2014
HOW LONG WE LIVE
Avg. annual INCOME
Inflation adjusted to current $
INFANT MORTALITY
POVERTY %
30
$700
25% 4%
17%
98%
$10800
70
Under $1.25 per day globally current $
Infant deaths before age 5 globally
Average life expectancy globally
The key challenge for our generation
So they key challenge is
how we can together create

An abundant and sustainable world
For all people
Lessons from my 20s

SYSTEMS
THINKING
PART III, Section 3
WHAT IS A SYSTEM?
THAT INTERACT
A SYSTEM is
A COLLECTION OF PROCESSES

SYSTEMS THINKING
SYSTEMS THINKERS
INTEGRATE knowledge

ACROSS DISCIPLINES
SYSTEMS THINKING
SYSTEMS THINKERS
UNDERSTAND

COMPLEXITY & NUANCE
SYSTEMS THINKING
SYSTEMS THINKERS
BUILD

MENTAL MAPS
Three Types of SYStems
1. INTERNAL SYSTEMS
2. EXTERNAL SYSTEMS
3. ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS
INTERNAL SYSTEMS EXAMPLEs
RESPIRATION
CELL REPLICATION
DIGESTION
IMMUNE SYSTEM
HORMONAL REGULATION
NEURAL PLASTICITY




EXTERNAL SYSTEMS EXAMPLEs
GLOBAL TRADE
ELECTRICAL GRIDS

COMPANY METRICS REPORTING
ELECTIONS
THE INTERNET
ACADEMIC ADMISSIONS
EXTERNAL SYSTEMS EXAMPLEs
CONDENSATION
GEOLOGICAL FORMATION

ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY
NUCLEAR FUSION
GAMMA WAVES
EVOLUTION
AN example of external systems theory
JAMES LOCKLOCKs GAIA HYPOTHESIS
EXPLORED THE EARTH as one

self-regulating
Interconnected system
Of biosphere, atmosphere,
Oceans, and soil
The great SYSTEMS THINKERS
Some of the most well known
Systems thinkers in last century were
Donella meadows
Albert einstein
Thomas Edison
Buckminster fuller
JAMES LOVELOCK

Lessons from my 20s

WORLD
2050
PART III, Section 4
The World in 2050
Here are some predictions
About What will happen

In the next 40 years
From the pardee center
For international futures

World Population Will RISE
GLOBAL POPULATION
WILL RISE to

9.2 Billion
Energy DEMAND WILL INCREASE
GLOBAL ENERGY
DEMAND WILL go up

2.3x
CO2 output from fossil fuels
FOSSIL FUEL USAGE
WILL PEAK THEN

DECLINE
Mobile phones per 100 people
The average person
Will have >1

Cloud connected
Mobile device
Global Life Expectancy
WE LIVE LONGER AS
LIFE EXPECTANCY REACHES
77
Infant Mortality
FEWER BABIES DIE
As INFANT MORTALITY
Goes under 10 per 1000
GDP Per Capita (In thousands)
WE BECOME WEALTHIER
Global GDP PER CAPITA UP
140%
POVERTY DECLINES RAPIDLY
Extreme POVERTY nearly eliminated
% living on <$1.25 Per Day
Down 78%
Secondary education completion
WE ARE BETTER EDUCATED
SECONDARY SCHOOLING up
52%
COLLEGE EDUCATED
% oF PEOPLE
WITH COLLEGE DEGREES
UP159%
WOMEN WITH COLLEGE EDUCATION
UP 189%
MORE OF US WILL LIVE IN CITIES
PERCENTAGE IN CITIES
UP
32%
Major innovations are coming
NANOTECHNOLOGY
3D Printing

GENOME SEQUENCING
SYNTHETIC LIFE
PRIVATE SPACE TRAVEL
DESALINATION


Governments will have to adapt
INCREASED GOVERNMENT TRANSPARENCY
OPEN GOV DATA APIS

STRONGER PROPERTY RIGHTS
EASIER TO START A BUSINESS
BETTER co2 REGULATIONS
REMAINING REGIMES OVERTHROWN


MAJOR GEOPOLITICAL CHANGES
CHINA WORLDS LARGEST GDP
INDIA THE MOST POPULOUS NATION

AFRICA 2B People + ECONOMIC POWER
FOSSIL FUEL PRODUCERS LESS INFLUENCE
INSECURITY UNTIL WE LOWER EMISSIONS


AFRICA BECOMES AN ECONOMIC POWER
Lessons from my 20s

MILLENNIALS
PART III, Section 5
Its our turn to lead
MILLENNIALS
WILL BE LEADING

THE NEXT 40 YEARS
People born between 1980 and 2000
SO whats different about millennials?
SO Whats different
ABOUT Millennials?

SO whats different about millennials?
WE ARE
DEEPLY AWARE

OF SOCIAL ISSUES
SO whats different about millennials?
WE UNDERSTAND THE
IMPORTANCE OF A

SUSTAINABLE WORLD
SO whats different about millennials?
WE SEE BUSINESS
& ENTREPRENEURSHIP
AS TOOLS TO MAKE A
SCALABLE POSITIVE CHANGE
IN THE WORLD



SO whats different about millennials?
Status quo
& ARE IMPATIENT with the
WE ARE USED TO A
FASTER PACE OF CHANGE
SO whats different about millennials?
NEVER BEFORE
TECHNOLOGY LIKE
WE ARE CONNECTED
GLOBALLY THROUGH
SO whats different about millennials?
ACCOUNTABLE
CORRUPT LEADERS
WE NOW HAVE THE
TOOLS TO HOLD
AND CREATE THE MOMENTUM TO OVERTHROW THEM
OUR GREAT OPPORTUNITY
OUR GREATEST opportunity
Is creating a sustainable world

IN WHICH EVERY HUMAN HAS
ACCESS TO FOOD, WATER, SHELTER
EDUCATION, MEDICINE, ELECTRICITY
OUR GREAT OPPORTUNITY
THE GOOD NEWS IS
WE GIVE A DAMN

HAVE THE TECH TOOLS
CAN INNOVATE LIKE HELL
AND ARE HIGHLY COMPETENT
Lessons from my 20s

CLIMATE CHANGE
PART III, Section 6
Co2 traps heat
AN INCREASE IN Co2
IN AN ATMOSPHERE
TRAPS HEAT & MAKES THE


TEMPERATURE GO UP
Carbon emissions
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2
0
0
5

2
0
0
8

2
0
1
1

ANNUAL CO2 OUTPUT
HAS INCREASED FROM 4GT
To 40GT SINCE 1900


CO2 in the atmoshphere
270
290
310
330
350
370
390
410
1
9
0
0

1
9
0
3

1
9
0
6

1
9
0
9

1
9
1
2

1
9
1
5

1
9
1
8

1
9
2
1

1
9
2
4

1
9
2
7

1
9
3
0

1
9
3
3

1
9
3
6

1
9
3
9

1
9
4
2

1
9
4
5

1
9
4
8

1
9
5
1

1
9
5
4

1
9
5
7

1
9
6
0

1
9
6
3

1
9
6
6

1
9
6
9

1
9
7
2

1
9
7
5

1
9
7
8

1
9
8
1

1
9
8
4

1
9
8
7

1
9
9
0

1
9
9
3

1
9
9
6

1
9
9
9

2
0
0
2

2
0
0
5

2
0
0
8

2
0
1
1

2
0
1
4

CO2 Parts per million
HAVE INCREASED
FROM 293 to 401 SINCE 1900


-0.40
-0.20
0.00
0.20
0.40
0.60
0.80
1.00
1.20
1.40
1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013
Surface Temperature change over 1937 baseline
EARTHs AVERAGE SURFACE
TEMPERATURE HAS RISEn 1.3F
SINCE 1967


Source: NOAA
The link between co2 and temperature
In 1896, Swedish scientist
svante arrhenius FIRST Showed the link
between the amount Of co2 in the atmosphere


and temperature
97% of Scientists Agree that co2 " Higher temps
As of 2010, 97% of American CLIMATE SCIENTISTS
BELIEVEd the INCREASE
In earths TEMPERATUREs IS CAUSED BY


INCREASED CO2 in the ATMOSPHERE
21
st
century temperature increases
THE IPCC INDICATES GLOBAL
Surface TEMPERATURES wILL
INCREASE ANOTHER 3.4 to 7.9F

Sea Levels Rising
A 5F increase in
Surface TEMPERATURES WOULD
INCREASE SEA LEVELS by ~11 FT



Hundreds of millions of refugees
BANGLADESH UNDER WATER
35% of FL Under water
20% of NYC Under Water
An 11 foot sea level rise would mean:
Moving to a clean energy economy
Move away from fossil fuels
As quickly as we can
TO stop this we must
Moving to a clean energy economy
And to clean energies like solar,
wind, geothermal, and Biofuels
As quickly as we can
We must move away from coal, oil, and natural gas
What would a 5 degree (F) increase mean?
In the pliocene, three million years ago temperatures were
5 degrees (F) higher than our pre-industrial levels, so it
gives us an insight into the ve-degree world. The northern
hemisphere was free of glaciers and icesheets, beech trees
grew in the transantarctic mountains, sea levels were 25
metres higher

- Climate Code red
What would a 5 degree (F) increase mean?
Between 3 and 5 degrees (F) the Amazon rainforest,
whose plants produce 10 percent of the world's
photosynthesis and have no evolved resistance to
re, may turn to savannah, as drought and mega-res
rst destroy the rainforest, turning trees back into
carbon dioxide as they burn or rot and decompose


- Climate Code red
What would a 5 degree (F) increase mean?
As the Arctic continue to warm, melting
permafrost in the boreal forests and further
north in the Arctic tundra is now starting to melt,
triggering the release of methane, a greenhouse
gas twenty times more powerful than CO2, from
thick layers of thawing peat.
- Climate Code red
What would a 5 degree (F) increase mean?
There are thousands of gigatons of methane
beneath the seas, comparable to the amount
of carbon contained in the Earths coal
deposits. And, as the Arctic waters warm,
some of this methane is likely to bubble up into
the atmosphere.

- Ezra klein
The current debate
THE CURRENT DEBATE
DOES NOT RECOGNIZE THE
GRAVITY OF THE SITUATION


A huge economic threat
INCREASED
TEMPERATURES ARE
INEVITABLE


AND ARE ON TRACK TO
THREATEn OUR
Economy + CIVILIZATION

Passed to 400 PPM Barrier
WE ARE At 401
CARBON PPM
AS OF 2014


Past the 400 PPM Barrier
WHERE WE STABILIZE
CARBON PPM
WILL DRASTICALLY AFFECT


The type of world
Our children live in
We Passed the 400 PPM Barrier
500 PPM
WE MUST DO ALL WE CAN
AS A SOCIETY
TO NEVER GO ABOVE


500 PPM
350 PPM
AND to get back
To 350 PPM
Where we were in


1987
The Historical perspective on CO2
Steps we can take
THERE ARE
STEPS WE CAN TAKE

TO REDUCE C02 output
MORE QUICKLY

Steps we can take
1) STOP FOSSIL FUEL SUBSIDIES
2) PRICE IN THE COST OF C02 pollution cleanup
3) INVEST IN energy & geoengineering R&D
4) SubSIDIZE RENEWABLE ENERGY USE
5) INCREASE ENERGY EFFICIENCY


1. STOP subsidizing fossil fuel production
Every year the usa
Provides $11.5b in
Subsidies to the
Oil industry
This needs to stop
Immediately





2. Price in cost of co2 cleanup
FOSSIL FUELS ARE CHEAP
BECAUSE THE COST OF
CLEANING UP CO2 POLLUTION


IS NOT INCLUDED IN THE PRICE


Lets FIX THIS and CORRECT THE
INCENTIVES TO USE FOSSIL FUELS
3. INVEST IN RENEWABLES & GEOENGINEERING RESEARCH
WIND, SOLAR, BIOFUELS, & FUSION
HAVE GREAT PROMISE


As does carbon SEQUESTRATION
And other geoengineering
techniques


FUNDING GeoENGINEERING RESEARCH
GEOENGINEERING TECHNIQUES
LIKE carbon sequestration


SOLAR RADIATION MANAGEMENT
CLOUD SEEDING and
VERTICAL OCEAN PIPING
Are worthy of careful research


US Govt spends 457x more on military than renewables
USA ANNUAL DEFENSE BUDGET
$640 BILLION


USA ANNUAL RENEWABLES R&D
$1.4 Billion


SOMETHING IS OFF HERE
U.S. ANNUAL DEFENSE BUDGET
$640 BILLION
USA ANNUAL RENEWABLES R&D
$1.4 Billion
U.S. ANNUAL FOSSIL FUEL SUBSIDIES
$11.5 Billion

4. Subsidize renewables R&D
iN ORDER TO INCREASE MARKET
INVESTMENT IN RENEWABLES
IN THE NEXT FEW YEARS


WHILE THE R&D iS CONDUCTED
WE SHOULD SUBSIDIZE THE
COST OF RENEWABLE ENERGY



5. INCREASE ENERGY EFFICIENCY
EFFICIENT BUILDINGS
SMART 2-way grids
SMART APPLIANCES


CLEAN ENERGY
INVESTING IN CLEAN ENERGY FROM
RENEWABLE SOURCES
IS OUR BEST BET TO REDUCE


THE COMING ECONOMIC COST OF
CLIMATE CHANGE



GRID PARITY is coming
SOLAR POWER
WILL BE LESS EXPENSIVe
THAN GRID POWER BY 2020
This moment will be the


THE TIPPING POINT



GRID PARITY is coming
COST OF SOLAR COST OF GRID
RETAIL COST PER KWH IN USA RETAIL COST PER KWH IN USA
$0.25
$0.04
8
2014
GRID PARITY is coming
COST OF SOLAR COST OF GRID
RETAIL COST PER KWH IN USA RETAIL COST PER KWH IN USA
$0.04
$0.04
9
2020
THIS IS A BIG DEAL
The apollo mission of our generation
Its a race to
GRID PARITY

THIS IS OUR
MOON LANDING

THE PRESIDENT HAS YOUR BACK
We're issuing a challenge. We're telling America's scientists and engineers that if
they assemble teams of the best minds in their elds, and focus on the hardest
problems in clean energy, we'll fund the Apollo projects of our time. At the
California Institute of Technology, they're developing a way to turn sunlight and
water into fuel for our cars. At Oak Ridge National Laboratory, they're using
supercomputers to get a lot more power out of our nuclear facilities. With more
research and incentives, we can break our dependence on oil
President Obama, State of the union address, January 26, 2011
FUNDING RESEARCH
The JOINT CENTER FOR
ARTIFICIAL PHOTOSYNTHESIS
IS THE DOES
SOLAR RESEARCH HUB
ENERGY USAGE
Humans ARE using
15 Terawatts of power
ANNUALLY


ENERGY USAGE
Humans are EXPECTED TO need
40 Terawatts of power


PER YEAR by 2050
2012 SOURCES OF GLOBAL ENERGY PRODUCTION
86.3%
6.5%
6.5%
0.7%
Fossil Fuels
Nuclear
Hydro
Solar/Wind/Bio
The potential oF THE SUN
THE SUN PROVIDES
ENOUGH ENERGY
IN A MINUTE
TO POWER THE EARTH
FOR A YEAR







What if?
WHAT IF THERE WERE
MICROORGANISMS WHOSE FOOD SOURCE
WAS CARBON DIOXIDE

AND THEIR OUTPUT WAS FUEL?
The potential of algae
ALGAE HAVE THE POTENTIAL
TO BE THE WORLDs FUTURE
RENEWABLE FUEL SOURCE


The potential of algae
BIOFUELS PRODUCED FROM
SYNTHETIC ALGAE
SHOW GREAT PROMISE


FOR RENEWABLE FUEL PRODUCTION



The potential of algae
ALGAE
CONSUME CARBON DIOXIDE

PRODUCE FUEL
And REQUIRE 1/7
th
the LAND OF CORN-BASED ETHANOL
iN SUMMARY
CLEAN ENERGY IS OUR
Generations
Apollo MISSION
Lessons from my 20s

The Innovation
Age
PART III, Section 7
About this section
This final section called
the innovation age Is about
The trends I am seeing
in history and humanity
And where that may lead us in
The Decades ahead
A Timeline of history
TO PUT everything
In perspective

Here is a timeline of
Earths history
A big picture timeline of earth
Formation of
Universe
(13.8B Yrs Ago)
Formation of Earth
(4.5 B Yrs Ago)
Land Animals
(400M Yrs Ago)
Formation of The Sun
(4.6B Yrs Ago)
Oceans Form (3.8B
Yrs Ago)
Dinosaurs
(250M Yrs Ago)
Pangea Shifts
(200M Yrs Ago)
Plants Form
(500M Yrs Ago)
Dinosaurs
Extinct
(65M Yrs Ago)
A human Timeline
TO further PUT THINGs
In perspective

Here is a timeline of
human history
HUMAN HISTORY TIMELINE
Homo Sapiens
(200,000 Yrs Ago)
Language
(100,000 Yrs Ago)
Homo Habilis
(2.3 M Yrs Ago)
Homo Erectus
(1.8M Yrs Ago)
Chimps diverge
(5.4M Yrs Ago)
Homo Erectus
(2.3 M Yrs Ago)
Fire
(400,000 Yrs Ago)
The human story
And at a very simplified
Level, heres the story

Of the last 13.8B years
(as far as we know so far)
The Great story of humanity
Once upon a time
All matter was in
a single point
The Great story of humanity
Then a massive
Explosion we call
The big bang occurred
The Great story of humanity
initially there
was
no life in the
universe
The Great story of humanity
The universe was
A VAST expanse
Of matter and
energy
The Great story of humanity
THEN ALONG CAME
CARBON ATOMS
The Great story of humanity
WHICH COULD
ENCODE INFORMATION
The Great story of humanity
AND MOLECULES
EVOLVED
The Great story of humanity
A BILLION YEARS LATER
DNA EVOLVED
The Great story of humanity
AND from CHEMISTRY came
LIFE
The Great story of humanity
ORGANISMS EVOLVED
DECISION networks
called
NERVOUS SYSTEMS
The Great story of humanity
NEURONS Aggregated
INTO
BRAINS
The Great story of humanity
Brains formed
frontal
cortexes
The Great story of humanity
And emotions and
reason
formed
The Great story of humanity
WE WENT FROM ATOMS
to MOLECULES TO DNA
TO BRAINS to
awareness
The Great story of humanity
Now thats
awesome
The Great story of humanity
BRAINS PLUS
OPPOSABLE THUMBS
created
TOOLS
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE CREATED
LANGUAGE
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE started
farming
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE FORMED
CITIES
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE CREATED
WRITING
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE CREATED
MATHEMATICS
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE CREATED the
Scientific method
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE DISCOVERED
A WAY OF ORGANIZING
OUR EFFORTS
(We called it a company which in Latin means to break bread with)
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE CREATED
we called it capitalism
it created incentives for creating what humans want
we had to improve it a few times before it worked for everyone
And We still have some reforms to go
a system for funneling money to people
working together effectively to create
value for humans
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE CREATED
We CALLED IT THE FINANCIAL SYSTEM
And it took a while before we made sure the right rules
were in place so it worked for everyone
A SYSTEM FOR sharing risk so that we
could allocate money to projects that
create what humans want
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE DISCOVERED
ELECTRCITIY
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE DISCOVERED
Stored ENERGY
WATER " STEAM " Oil/Gas/Coal " nuclear " SOLAR / WIND / BIOFUEL / FUSION
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE invented
engines
The Great story of humanity
Thats when things
really
TOOK OFF
The Great story of humanity
With energy &
engines
So much
became
possible
The Great story of humanity
THAT BROUGHT US THE
INDUSTRIAL
REVOLUTION
The Great story of humanity
using machinery
one human could be more
efficient than ever before
LEADING TO MUCH HIGHER
LIVING STANDARDS
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE CREATED
FLYING
MACHINES
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE sent
encoded messages
Through the air
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE built
computers
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE built
computers
A global network of
The Great story of humanity
THEN WE built
supercomputers
Pocket-sized
And we called them smartphones
Now, We Are Entering the innovation Age
The Industrial Age
The industrial age began with
The invention of the engine
And ended with the invention of the
computer
The Information Age
The INFORMATION age began In 1950
With The invention of the computer
And will end when 50% of humanity
is connected
The Information Age
In mid-2014 40% of humanity has access
To the cloud. By the end of 2015 this
figure is on track to reach a tipping point
Of 50%
The impact of a connected world
The impact of more than half of
Humanity finally being connected
Will further accelerate change
A new age is upon us
i believe the world is going to look
So different in the decades ahead
That we should consider ourselves
Entering a new age
The innovaiton age
I suggest we call this new age
The innovation age
The INNOVATION AGE
Instead of the lucky few having
Access to free cloud education
Soon all humans will be able to access
EdX, wikipedia, khanacademy
Itunesu, udemy, and coursera
The INNOVATION AGE
As we enter the innovation age in 2015
We stand on the shoulders of
Giants who have come
Before us
The INNOVATION AGE
Synthetic biology is here
Clean energy is here
Global connection is here
The platforms have been built
The INNOVATION AGE
We are entering the most exciting
Time in human history
FOR Creators and
Innovators
The INNOVATION AGE
The greater the cultural interconnection
The faster memes can replicate,
Learnings can be shared, and progress can
Be made
The INNOVATION AGE
The rate of human progress
Is a function of the rate of ideas
spreading
The INNOVATION AGE
And The rate of ideas spreading is a function
of the speed of communication tools
And the level of species interconnection
Human cultural evolution
Were culturally evolving as a species
Faster than ever before due to rapid
Communication tools that are spreading
Understanding and connection across
borders faster than any time in
Human History
Human cultural evolution
The speed of communication tools
The level of species-wide literacy
And the level of species interconnection
Are all rapidly increasing
Leading to the rapid evolution of
Human culture
Human cultural evolution
There is a palpable sense that the leaders
Of the millennial generation
See beyond the divisions of national borders
And religious identities that have kept
Human beings apart for
Millennia
Digital Natives
The four billion digital natives born
Between 1980 and 2015 intuitively
Understand global connection,
Species-level identity, and innovation
And will be leading the next
40 years
What millennials see
Millennials see entrepreneurship
As a tool for
good
What millennials see
And we see efficient, effective
Transparent, and tech-enabled
Government as
Essential
Socially RESPONSIBLE CAPITALISM
In the 200 year debate of
Socialism vs. capitalism it is
socially responsible capitalism that will win
built on a foundation of efficiently-run
Cloud enabled
Government
The GREAT OPPORTUNITY
Our next great opportunity is creating
A carbon-neutral world in which
Every human being has access to what
They need to
Create & ThRive
The industrial age
1712-1950
The information age
1950-2015
The innovation age
2015-2050
Entering the innovation age
Entering the innovation age
WEre entering THE
innovation AGE
Entering the innovation age
the age of ubiquitous
global connection to
people and information
For everyone not just the wealthy
Entering the innovation age
Soon everyone will
have a cloud-connected
supercomputer in their
pocket
Entering the innovation age
Education will be
democratized
Entering the innovation age
Atrocities will be
publicized
(Better publicized, at least)
Entering the innovation age
Bad leaders will be
exposed
Entering the innovation age
Dense Networks of
world changers will be
constructed
Entering the innovation age
Imagine the
world we can
create
Entering the innovation age
Imagine the
world we WILL
create
Entering the innovation age
Its time to show
our parents
what we can do
Lessons from my 20s

Staying in
touch
Lets work together
Lets find a way to WORK TOGETHER
AS A GENERATION
TO CREATE A WORLD THAT IS SUSTAINABLE
IN WHICH ALL PEOPLE HAVE ACCESS TO
BASIC HUMAN NEEDS AND EVERYONE Can
ACHIEVE THEIR DREAMS
Exercises
Now that youre at the end
Dont forget to put time on your calendar
To go back and
Do the exercises
Join the Hive network
Hive is building a global network
Of leaders & entrepreneurs under 40
Dedicated to creating a better world
Id love for you to apply to join us
www.Hive.org
Program Influences
Here are programs I have participated in the last ten years that have shaped my
perspectives. Thank you to all of the individuals behind these great organizations.
For Further Reading
The following resources were extremely valuable in the creation of this work:
Films:
Connected by Tiffany Shlain
Mankind by The History Channel
The Commanding Heights by PBS
The History of the World in Two Hours by The History Channel

Books:
Abundance by Peter Diamandis
The Rational Optimist by Matt Ridley
Anticipating 2025 by The London Futurist Society
The 100 Scientic Discoveries That Changed the World by National Geographic
The Power of Habit by Charles Duhigg
Rich Dad Poor Dad by Robert Kiyosaki
Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill
How to Win Friends & Inuence People by Dale Carnegie

If you enjoyed this presentation also check out
www.startupguide.com www.hive.org/book
How to get in touch
@ryanallis
ryan@connect.com
Send me a note or a Tweet. Id love to hear from you!
Dedication
Dedicated to Mom
Pauline Ann Middleton Allis
March 29, 1952 May 25, 2012

A mother who inspired others to

1) Love Everyone
2) Be Condent
3) Dream Big
Lessons from my 20s

THE END