You are on page 1of 14

1

STATION 2 : THE MAGNIFICENT FOUR (10 minutes)




Force is required in most of our daily
activities. All activities that involve
movement of the body require force.
Force can change the shape, position,
speed or direction of the movement of
an object. There are many types of
forces.





TASK : Carry out the activities to identify four types of forces.


Materials / Apparatus

 A coin
 A plasticine ball
 A plastic ruler
 Woolen cloth
 Some bits of tissue paper
 Two magnets

Procedure


1. Slide a coin on the floor.

2. Lift a plasticine ball from the table and drop it to the floor.

3. Rub a plastic ruler with a woolen cloth and bring it close to some tiny bits of
tissue paper.
4. Bring the south pole of a bar magnet close to the north pole of another bar
magnet.
5. Record your observations in the table given.

6. Write a conclusion for this experiment
2

STATION 2 :

GROUP NUMBER:
ANSWERS

My Observation:

Activity Observation Type of force


1. A coin is slid on the
floor.


2. A plasticine ball is
dropped to the floor.

3. A plastic ruler is

rubbed with a woolen
cloth and brought
close to some tiny bits
of tissue paper.

4. The south pole of a

bar magnet is brought
close to the north
pole of another bar
magnet


Conclusion:



3
STATION 3: THE SIZE OF MY FOOD PLOT (10 minutes)

















TASK : Carry out the activity to see to estimate the area of an leaf.
Materials / Apparatus

 Leaf
 Graph paper
 Glue
 Scissors

Procedure

1. Place a leaf on a piece of graph paper.

1. Draw an outline of the shape of the leaf.

2. Cut and paste the graph paper on the answer sheet.

3. Count the number of 1cm x 1cm squares covered by the leaf. *

* The estimated area is the number of 1 cm x 1 cm squares.

Questions

1. Is this a good way to estimate the area of a leaf?

Give a reason for your answer.








4


STATION 3 :

GROUP NUMBER:

ANSWERS




My Observation:


Paste your graph paper here
5
Number of 1cm x 1 cm squares =

Area of leaf =



1.



















































6
STATION 4: MY TASTE ORGAN (10 minutes)




















TASK : Carry out the activity to see to identify different areas of taste on a
tongue.


Materials / Apparatus

 Solution A, B, C and D
 Distilled water
 4 droppers
 Cup

Procedure

1. Rinse your mouth with the clean water.

2. Put 2 drops of solution A on your tongue with a dropper.

3. Record the taste you get in the table below.

4. Repeat steps 2 and 3 for solutions B, C and D.

5. Record your observation.


Questions

1. Why do you have to rinse your mouth with distilled water?

2. Give an example of the food which tastes like each of the solutions.

3. Why is it that when your nose is blocked, it is difficult to taste your food?


7
STATION 4 :

GROUP NUMBER:

ANSWERS

My Observation:

Solution Taste
A

B

C

D




1. I have to rinse my mouth with distilled water





2.

Solution Example of a food
A

B

C

D



4. When my nose is blocked, it is difficult to taste my food because







8

STATION 5 : SINGLE ME OUT! (10 minutes)

A mixture consists of
two or more elements
or compounds. A
mixture can be
separated through
physical methods.





TASK : Carry out the activity to separate the components of a mixture.


Materials / Apparatus
 Beaker (250 ml)
 Spatula
 Glass rod
 Filter funnel
 Petri dishes
 Retort stand and clamp


Procedure
 A mixture of substances X,Y and Z
 Water
 Filter paper
 Bar magnet

1. Observe the mixture of 3 substances X,Y and Z.

2. Carry out the experiment to separate the substances.
3. Identify the substances and describe the method that you have used for
each separation.


Questions

1. How can you separate salt from the sea water?

2. Why do we boil water before drinking it?

3. Why is distilled water not suitable for our health?
9


STATION 5:

GROUP NUMBER:

ANSWERS

My Observation:



Substance Method of separation









1. I can separate salt from the sea water by







2. We boil water before drinking it







3. Distilled water is not suitable for our health because





Marking scheme

STATION : THE MAGNIFICENT FOUR (10 Marks)

Activity Observation Type of force
1. A coin is slid on
the floor.
The coin stops moving after a
short while.
Frictional force
2. A plasticine ball is
dropped to the
floor.
The plasticine ball falls to the
ground.
Gravitational force
3. A plastic ruler is
rubbed with a
woolen cloth and
brought close to
some tiny bits of
paper.



The tiny bits of tissue paper are
attracted to the ruler.



Electrostatic force
4. The south pole of a
bar magnet is
brought close to
the north pole of
another bar magnet.


The magnets are attracted to each
other.


Magnetic force
(8 marks)

Conclusion: A force can make a moving object come to a stop, cause an object at rest to
move and cause objects to be attracted to each other. (2 marks)


























STATION : THE SIZE OF MY FOOD PLOT (10 marks)



(4 marks)
Graph paper





Number of 1cm x 1 cm squares = (refer to graph) (2 marks) Area of
leaf = (the same as no.of 1cmx1cm squares) (2 marks)
1. No, because some area is left out. (2 marks)






















































STATION : AN INTERESTING CONCONCTION (10 marks)

Activity Observation
Vinegar, dishwashing liquid and baking
soda is added to water.
Bubbles are formed.
(2 marks)

1. Vinegar reacts with baking soda to form a gas.
The gas produces tiny bubbles of soap. (2 marks)

2. More bubbles are produced. (2 marks)
Maximum Circumference of our balloon: 61.2 cm (1 decimal place) (4 marks)




















































STATION : MY TASTE ORGAN (10 marks)

Solution Taste
A (vinegar) Sour
B (honey) Sweet
C (coffee) Bitter
D (soya sauce) Salty
(4 marks)

1. To clean the tongue. (2 marks)

2. (2 marks)
Solution Example
A Mango
B Sugar
C Bitter gourd
D Salt


3. Because the sense of smell and the taste work together . (2 marks)
























STATION : SINGLE ME OUT! (10 Marks)

Substance Method of separation
Iron powder Using a magnet.
Iron powder will be attracted to a magnet
Sawdust Put the remaining mixture into a beaker of water.
The sawdust will float to the top.
A spatula is used to remove the sawdust.
Sand Filtration.
The sand is collected in the filter funnel.
(6 marks)



1. evaporation (1 mark)

2. to kill the bacteria/microorganisms (2 marks)

3. distilled water does not contain minerals (1 mark)