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2

2-1


1.




2.

3.

2-2

4.

5.

2-3

1. 8

2.
3 12 9

3.
4.

5. 9




1.

2.

3.

4.


-

2-4


5.



(
)
161


6.

2-5

2-6




()

, ,

()

()

2-7

1.






2.


3
(1)

6

(2)

(3)



3.

4.
2 ) 3)

2-8

5.



ILO

1. /
2.

2-9

3.

4.
5. /
6.
7.
8.

9.
10.
11.
12. (
)
13.

2 - 10






1.
1.1




1.2

2.













2 - 11








Limit Switch

2 - 12



()

300 Switch 2
0.5
1.




3 (Power
Switch) 3

2.

2 - 13

(Limit Switch) 2

3. (Overrun Mechanism)



Overrun Mechanism
()

2 - 14


()

2




1.

2.

3.

4.

5.


6.

2 - 15


1.





2.



3.





4.









5.


2 - 16



(Checking list)

1.


()





2.









1.
1)


2)
2 - 17





3)

load

4)

5)



6)


7)



()
8)

2 - 18

2.
1)


2)



3)

4)
(
)

5)



6)
/

7)



()
8)


2 - 19

9)

1.


1)

2)
()





3)




4)

2.


periodical voluntary Inspection

2 - 20



/
(special voluntary inspection)
3.
1)

2)

3)

2 - 21

1.
-
-
-
-
-
-
2.
-
-
-
3.
4.
-
-
-
-
5.
-
( Associated General Contractors U.S.A.)

2 - 22




4
1.
2. ,

3.

4. , ,

,





,




3

1.

2.

3.

2 - 23

4.

, ,

(Stationary Crane)
(Over Head Travelling Cranc)


,

(Mobile Crane)

2 - 24

2 - 25




1.

2.

3.
4.

5.

6.

7.
8.

9.
10.

1.

2.

3. 18
4.
5.

6.

7.

2 - 26

()
1.

2.
3.
4.

5.
6.

1.

2.

3.

4.

()
1. , , ,

2.

3.
4.
5.

6.

7.

2 - 27

8.

9. (Upper Limited
Switch)
10.
2
11.

1. ,
2.

3.
4.
5.

6.
7.

8.
9.

10.
11.
12.
13.

14.
15.
16.
17.
(Safety Latch)

2 - 28

18. (Hook
Block)
19. , ,

20.

21.
22.
23.

24.
25.
26.
27.

28.

29.
30. 2

1. 4

2.

3. (Total Weight)
4. 5
5.
6. (Guy rope)
7.

2 - 29

8.

9.

10. 2

11.

12.

1. ()

2. (Load
Chart)
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

9.
10.
11. ,

1.
2.
3. (Neutral) (off)

2 - 30






(HOOKS)


3
-
- ()
- (
)


(Wire Rope)


1.

- = 3.5
- = 6.0
2.

3.
4. ,
5.

6.

2 - 31

1. (Wire)

2. (Center) 1
4, 6, 8 10

3. (Strands)

4. (Core)

- (Fiber Core)
- (Independent Wire Rope Core)
- (Steel Strand Core)
- (Armored Core)
5. (Wire Rope)
6

2 - 32


(Safety Factors)

= (Catalogue Breaking Strength of The Rope)

(Maximum Safe Working Load)

2 - 33



, , , ,


(
, , , )
, ,


= ( .)2
20




= () X () X 7
1


= X X 7
= 1.75

2 - 34

5 / 8
= 5 / 8 X 5 / 8 X 7
= 2.73

1
= 1 X 1 X 7
= 7


)
) (Chock Load)
)
)


,


,





2 - 35

(Chain)




5 % (

-




2 - 36



1.
2.
3. , , , , ,

4.
5. (Limit Switch)
()

2 - 37

6.

7. (pin)
8.

9.
10.
11.
12.


A -

B -

C -

2 - 38

%
1

25 %
1,500

25 % - 10 %
1,500 - 400

10 %
400

(1) % =
1 ()
60
(2) 5
8
(3) 40C
(4)

, ,

2 - 39


2

1.


(Saturated steam)


2.

2 - 40

1. ( Fire tube boiler)



2. (Water tube boiler)






2
(Header or Drums)
(Mud drum)
(Steam drum)


3
1.







( )


2.

()

90C 110C A B C
2 - 41

3.


(p H) -



2 - 42

1. (Safety valve)

1.
10 %
2.
3 %
3. 1
1 2
4. 50
2
5.
1.2
6. -
7.
8.
9. 2
10.
11. 15
2. (Pressure gauge)

2
2.1 (Diaphragm)
2.2 (Bourdon tube)
2 - 43


1.
2. 100
3. 1.5 2

4. 200

5. (Siphon)

6.
7. 30
8. 66
9.
3. (Water level gauge)

1.
2.
3. 3.7
2
4.
5.
6.

7. 6
20
4. (Water level control)



2 - 44


3
1.

2. -

3.


4.1 (Float type)
. (Mercury switch)
. (Magnetic switch)
4.2 (Electrode)
4.3 (Thermostatic expansion)

1.

2.

3.

4.

5. 1
5. (Pressure control switch)

(Bellows)

2 - 45

1.
2.

3. 1
4.
6. (Feed water pump)



(Reciprocating pump)
(Multistage turbine pump) (Centrifugal pump)

1. 14
2
2.

3. 1.5

4.

2 - 46

7. (Blow down valve)



1.
2.
3.
4. -
5.
6. 1
7.
8.
8. (Check valve or non-return valve)



2

4
1. (Swing check valve)
2. (Piston check valve)
3. (Ball check valve)
4. (Lift check valve)

1.
2.
3.

2 - 47

9. (Main steam valve)


(Glove valve)

(Water
hammer)

1. 13 (190 )
220 (430 )
200 (8 )
(Steel
casting)
2.

3.
4.
5.
10. (Burner)

3
10.1 (Fuel oil pressure pump atomized)
16 25

10.2 (Air - steam atomized)



10.3 (Rotary cup)


2 - 48


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
11. (Steam trap)







1)

2)
3)







2 - 49

1.


1 (
2 ) ()

2.




3.



4.

.
(Blow down)
.
.

2 - 50

. (Header)
(Condensate)


5.






6.

(Spiral metallic)

7.
( 3 )


-



(Silica gel)

2 - 51


1.
()


. 170 (77
)
.

.
( )
2.


2




( )

3.



2 - 52

1.




2.
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7

2 - 53


1.




2.


3. (Blow down)



4. ()

5.




2 - 54

CO2

A
B
C
D

A
B
C
D

(%CO2) (%CO2)
(%CO2)
10.0
12.8
13.8
9.0
11.5
13.0
8.5
10.0
12.5
<9.0
<12.0
<12.0
=
=
=
=

1.

2.

3.




4.



2 - 55

5.





6.


7.
70 %

8.

()

9.



10.

1.

2 - 56

2.




3.

4.

5.
1.5

6.






1.

2 - 57


10


()

2.
2
2.1

2.2





2.1
3.

4.





2 - 58

5.






6.

1.5

7. 1.5

7.1
7.2
50 /

7.3

7.4

7.5

7.6 1.5
30

7.7

2 - 59

1.
Carbon-Silicon Steel No. ASTM A212
2.

3.

4.

5.
(Stress)

6.

1.

2.

3. (pH)

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

2 - 60


1.

2.
3.

4.

1.

2.

3.

4.

1.
2.
3.

2 - 61


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

9.

JAPAN INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AGENCY (JICA), 1996


Mobile Crane Operators Textbook, Japan
International Occupational Safety and Health Center, 1998 JAPAN CRANE
ASSOCIATION, LIFTING APPLIANCE SAFETY, PART 1 CRANES,
JAPAN CRANE ASSOCIATION, 1996 Japanese Legislation for Crane &
Mobile Crane,
2531 :

2544 :

2544 :

2545 :

2545 :

2546 :

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