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CBSE TEST PAPER-02
CLASS - XII PHYSICS (Unit – Current Electricity)


[ANSWERS]

Ans 1. i = 5 + 3 – 2 – 7 + 8
i = 16 - 9
i = 7A


Ans 2. Since =
R + r
E
I for maximum current, external resistance should be Zero.

Ans 3.

2
2
2
2
1
2
= I Rt ( I = )
H =
1
=> H
1 1
1

2 2 2 4
R
R
V
H
R
V
H R t
R
V
t
R
R
Hseries Rparallel R R R
Hparallel Rseries R R R R
α
=

= × ×
 
+
 
 
= = = =
+ ×




Ans 4. Slope
1 i
V R
=




= Smaller the slope larger is the resistance and since resistance increases with the
increases in temperature. Slope is small for T2
T2 temperature is higher
8A
7A
2A
3A
5A
O
v
i
T
1
T
2



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Ans 5. (1) Since Vd =
( )
( )
=

d
I V V V
V
neA R neA nep
neA
A
= = =
 
Ρ
 
 
ℓ ℓ


If V is doubled, drift velocity gets halved.
(2) If l is doubled, drift velocity gets halved.
(3) Since V of is independent of D, drift velocity remains unchanged.

Ans 6. If is defined as the average velocity with which free electrons gets drifted in a
direction opposite to that of electric field
If m is the mass of the electron and e be the charge of electron


Then on application of the electric field E, acceleration acquired by the electron is


eE
a
m
=
first eg of motion u + a t v =
since average initial velocity
u = O V= υ d
t = τ
( relaxation time )
=>vd = aτ

E
=
e
vd
m
τ

where e is the change on electron
E os the electric field intensity
τ is the relaxation time
m is the mass of electron.


Ans 7 (a) When resistance R is increased, the current through potentiometer wire AB will
decrease, hence potential difference across A will decrease, so balance point shifts
towards B.
(b) When resistance S is increased terminal potential difference of the battery will
decrease, so balance point will be obtained at smaller length and hence shifts
towards A.
A
A
e
+ -
Free Election



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(c) When cell P is replaced by another cell whose emf is lower than that of cell Q, the
P.D. across AB will be less than that of emfQ so balance point will not be obtained.

Ans 8.
(a) Close the Key (k) and jockey is moved along the wire till a certain point B is
reached where galvanometer shows no deflection. Then the bridge is said to be
balanced.
If Rcm is the resistance per can length of the wire then.


Rcm
=
(100 )
R l
X l Rcm −


R (100- )
X =



Since
1
XA
P =

Where
1
ℓ is the length of the wire.
=
(100 )
( ')
R A
P

=

ℓ ℓ



(b) When the bridge is balanced, there will be no current in key, therefore constant
current flows through the galvanometer and hence no change in deflection on
pressing the key.