# ME2114

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE

ME2114 – MECHANICS OF MATERIALS II

(Semester II : AY2010/2011)

Time Allowed : 2 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

1. This examination paper contains FOUR (4) questions and comprises SIX (6) printed
pages.

2. Answer ALL FOUR (4) questions.

3. Answer questions 1 and 2 in one booklet and questions 3 and 4 in another booklet.

4. All questions carry equal marks.

5. This is a CLOSED-BOOK EXAMINATION.

6. Programmable calculators are NOT allowed for this examination.

PAGE 2 ME2114

QUESTION 1

A steel column ( L = 3000 mm) loaded eccentrically by a point load 50 kN as shown in
Figure 1 is fixed at its base and free at the top. The column has a T-section and is made of
steel which has a Young’s modulus of 200 GPa. Determine the maximum tensile and
compressive stresses in the column.
(25 marks)

The following equation (usual notations apply) may be used without derivation:

The secant formula for a pinned-pinned column is given by:

(
¸
(

¸

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ ÷ =
EA
P
r
L
r
ec
A
P
2
sec 1
2
max
o

Figure 1
y
y
x
x
50 kN
Column cross-section
3000
120
120
20
20
All dimensions in mm
x x
PAGE 3 ME2114

QUESTION 2

A beam made of an elastic-perfectly plastic material has a tensile and compressive yield
stress of 250 MPa. It has a cross-section as shown in Figure 2.

Determine:

(a) the bending moment about the z-axis required to cause first yield in the beam, and
(10 marks)

(b) the bending moment required to cause the beam to be fully plastic and also the shape
factor of the beam.
(15 marks)

100
130
250
35
y
z
All dimensions in mm
Figure 2
PAGE 4 ME2114

QUESTION 3

The doubly-bent rod abc of circular cross-section in Figure 3 is fixed perpendicularly to a
wall at a and loaded by a force P at c. The wall is normal to the x-axis and the force acts in
the yz-plane.

Determine the displacement of c in the x, y and z directions (i.e. u
x
, u
y
and u
z
).

Consider strain energy due to bending and torsion only. Use E and G for the Young’s and
shear moduli, and I and J for the second moment of area and polar moment of area,
respectively.
(25 marks)

Figure 3

45
o
P
y
z
x
a
b
c
L
L
PAGE 5 ME2114

QUESTION 4

Figures 4a and 4b show a truss system comprising 4 truss members of cross-sectional area A
and Young’s modulus E.

(a) In Figure 4a, a load P is applied vertically downwards at d. Determine the stiffness
matrix [K] in [K][u]=[f], if

| |
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

=
d
d
c
c
v
u
v
u
u
,

and [f] is the force vector; u
c
and v
c
represent the x and y displacements of joint c, and
u
d
and v
d
represent the x and y displacements of joint d.
(17 marks)

(b) In Figure 4b, joint d is constrained from displacing horizontally. Determine the
displacement of c if d is pulled downwards a small distance o.
(8 marks)

Figure 4a Figure 4b

L
L
L
a
b
c
d
x
y
P
L
L
L
a
b
c
d
x
y
PAGE 6 ME2114

LIST OF EQUATIONS

Unless otherwise stated, the following expressions may be used without derivation. All
symbols have their usual meaning.

1. Strain energy in slender rods due to axial loads

dx
x
u
EA dx
EA
N
U
L L
} }
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
= =
0
2
0
2
2
1
2
1

2. Strain energy in slender rods due to bending

dx
x
v
EI dx
EI
M
U
L L
} } |
|
.
|

\
|
c
c
= =
0
2
2
2
0
2
2
1
2
1

3. Strain energy in slender rods due to torsion

dx
GJ
T
U
L
}
=
0
2
2
1

4. Stiffness matrix of a truss member

| |
L
EA
k s c
v
u
v
u
s cs s cs
cs c cs c
s cs s cs
cs c cs c
k
v u v u
= = =
(
(
(
(
(
¸
(

¸

÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
÷ ÷
=
and sin , cos where

2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
local
u u
|
|
o
o
| | o o
k

- END OF PAPER -
--------
pg..-L
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF  SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Module  Code: ____Module Title:  M"Gltl'tE;ME 2, ,t
Solution to Question No.
--=--
120
x -----------
A,.- ---
r---t--....::;.,-----I

---------x
20
A, = (d-o -i;ro  =2trov Wp n'I v
A2-:::  (d-6 'K."Po ==-;;L1-o VVl r'l1  ").-
A"A  :::- tm  V1-1J'h)..
WloWtfJllt" :J 'j
(A,-t-f!t2-) -;:  =  AI (/ ihho) T A2. (60
::  d<?-oo (r-7c  TID)"t"d-1-cb (CD)
.......  -:;  - '7J )Ih l""1
e :::
Set By:  ___________  Date:
Pg.
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF  SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Module Code:  Module
Solution to Question No. __
- 1 q-n )( -t- 2%0 (}5:)1-+ -1-.,(CJ-oX I
-

-+- C>  r-)'- :::::. J>-..  g4- X ,() {, 1m rY1 4-
A'{7- == l ,-. y-::  Jl:
b

- - y .::
.:fryy t\.  f tt1 a/VI "",,,
r-f
-- 6bOO  S1>;< Itl>
d-14l·9, (1f:Dx,t1
=- 0" )'D!"
Set By  :  Date: __
--------
Pg.  3
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF  SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Module Code:  Module
Solution to Question No.  __
::: -{-U-t
= -   -r  tr'>< 41' S"ec b"JDr1
j
- l7-2P1ftJ...,
-
Set By: ______ Date:
l pg__
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Module Code: ME l!1Lt: Module Title:_--,M,---,-",O,-,-M-'--..:...t.ll__
Solution to Question No_ --"'2"'---_
y
100 130
_________
All dimensions in mm
,
A
250
1.....r---35
/1 i :: (olt-di
2
) :::
3 r-)l ;)-r0 ::::- h JO WI Yl) ""'l--
SetBy: ___________________ Date: __________
------ ---------------------
---
--------

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Module Code: Module Title:
Solution to Question No.
At I i71 L.--==- It == (4-1 6Cj vt-, YJ, 'l-
A3 = AI (;f-1oTbr) T I\v l
j"4-/C) X 51r -r 2-7jD X (2-r
"" j = 1'17· 7 1'l?rY\
I.z q bDtAt L-tYlTYO (01
.
-::;. -fi. X3r-)( zro>-t- 3r?<OLJl) (   -/97· iJ
_ 2-
-t ftC/50t_ (67)4-) + StJ9 (3I'f- 1<J7-Z'
- /L
/. 7 X10 VV1 tY) T
L\S;"j Vy = I C I
. "T bc,-rto w> +brf W II \ :JI dol c-frv:yt: cv
7> +, y--rtrf >---t - IV 11
M'( = - ct
I
c
:= .JfOX j. 75 _
let?7 --2·21><IO/Vn.,M
Set By: ___________ Date:
----
pg.--2
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Module Code: Module
Solution  to  Question No. ___
y
All dimensions in mm
1......-;-.--35
6f
250
130
fqr J«lIj pttJ,
S
1i

A-t -::. A-C :::
Set By: ____________
Date: _________
---
-------
pg.-1'
NATIONAL  UNIVERSITY OF  SINGAPORE
Department of Mechanical  Engineering
Module Code:
Solution  to  Question  No. __
A3  3t,. 7D 81-.r
_"_ -t.::: 2<J2  ' 4- »1
}Vt t')      dlAe To lovJer t;A1f (11])

;;)-.>0 ><  di,7- 4-)( Jr X  Z-ot4- = (07'1X/D yry¥V)
M0 V11f;rt 0114 e -to  A. 1.  f:!o r  IP
::=- ;?-SO X 3 S-X: 4-7.6  'I 4-7J  ..  cVrx/
o
t N ...,
No V\rfv(t  c{!t1e.  -fo  A,  C10f
::- d-.jb  X S 4"jq X (t.r-tf,·6)
10 r 2- ) X /0 N PV, W)
lMOW,fHT Mf =
- 3 ; fl '1 >(, D N WI Y"1
Set By  : _________  Date: