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NATTONAL IJNIVERSITY OF SINGA.FORE
ME2I1I
_
MECf,TNCS OF MATEnIAI,SI tr
(S€mest i 2: AY2fltG2m4
Time AlloP€d: 2 Bours
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:
l, This eraDinrtioo
popar codains FOftR
(4) qu€stions and cof|pds6 FIVE
(9
Fificd
pogc$
2. Ar|s|flet AII quc$ic'
3. All questions crtry cqrd filrts"
4. This is s CII)SEDB(X)X EXAMINATION.
Pr:.2
ME2l t 4
Ou€slior I
A steel column
(L
=
3600 mm) loaded eccenttically by a poim load P as shown in Figut€ I is
fixed al its bas€ and biac€d at the top so that it is restrained ftom displacement in the x-x
direction but is fiee lo defl€.{ in lhe y-y ditction' lt is also ft€e to rorab about th€ y-y axis.
The column has a rectangular cross-section ofwidth 12 mm (along r-r axis) and depth 30 mm
(alongt/ axis) and is made ofsieel which has a yield stiess in compression of250 MPa' For
a safe9 facto. of 1.5, determine lhe maximum allowable load P rhat tbe column can support
before buckling or
lelding
ofthe column occurs Assume E
:
200 GPa-
The following equations
(usual nolations apply) may be us€d without d€tivation:
Th€ effectiv€ l€ngth
L
for a pinned-fixed column is 0.7L.
Th€ secant folmula for a pinn€d-pinncd column is given
[6
"*=-:l'.r"{+E\
Q5
narks)
(4,
(b)
, l
r-+
N
v
C,otumn cmss-section
2mm
1600 nm
Figurc I
MD2l l 4
Oucstion 3
(a) Strain gauge signals are recorded using a Whealstone bridge. ExPlain wilh the aid ofa
simple diagam, the half-bridge citcuit arrangement and how this arrdngement is used
to measure bcnding stmin in a cantilever beam. You ma) use the following equation
(usual nolations apply) to support your explanation.
np-y,144
_M,
*A4
_M.y (t0 marh,r)
' &
& &
R . '
(b) A rectangular strain gauge rosette installed on a structural mernber produc€s the
following strains when a load is applied:
€.
:
500 x I 05 (at 05, et
:
500 x I 0{ (at 45o) and
%
: 4l o
x 106 ( al 905
Using a graphical method, del€mine rhe ptitcipal slrains and h€nce the principal
stresses and theit directions. Illusrate your results with a sketch- Assume E
=
200
GPa"v=o3
t )5
morks)
, - ? \
/
lcf Civen rhat D=l6nn *a o,l
*-
| f
f
=ltm
where or is the yield stress of rod
' \
4
) l
AB, obtain ao expression for the possible values oft and It so thal rod AB will nol
yield ba-sed on Tresca's yield criteria. Show that lhes€ values ofl, and -It correspond to
the shaded .egion of the graph in Figure 3(b) and state the values of a and ,5 in the
grapn'
llo
marks)
Ouestion 4
The slender cylindrical rcd AB in Figule 3(a) is clamped to a wall at A and is welded
perpendicularly to a rigid beam at B. A load P acts downwards at C.
(a) Explain why, ifthc cylindrical rod AB yields, it is mo6t likelyto occur either al the top
or bottom ofthe clamped end.
6 narks)
(b) Delermine the principal stress€s at the top of6e clamped end ofrod ,48 in tems ofP,
D. H and L. where D is $e diameter ofthe rcd- Stresses due to bending and torsion
b4Mv 32Tr
are given by o
- - ----+
^nd t
--
flr
respeqrvely.
(10 narks)

Solution to Question No. 1





Solution to Question No. 3
Pg 2

Pg 3

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