US standard Electrical Design

Wire Size Relationship US StandardAWG 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 1/0 2/0 3/0 4/0 250KCMIL 300KCMIL 350KCMIL 400KCMIL 500KCMIL 600KCMIL 700KCMIL Metric Size mm2 1 1.5 2.5 4 6 10 16 25 35 50 70 70 95 120 150 150 185 240 300 300 400 Imperial Standard Amp in Normal Cond. 15A 20A 30A 40A 50A 60A 70A 100A 120A 150~175A 200~225A 250A 300A 400A 500A 630A

* In US standard voltage separation in 120V/60Hz 1Ø & 220V/60Hz 3Ø basics * Color reference are BOY(Brown ~ AØ, Orange ~ BØ, Yellow ~ CØ, White ~ Neutral, Green/Yellow ~ Ground) * Some American runs 2Ø with Neutral & Ground together in some circuits. It may be for control 2Ø transformer or other purposed. * For power distribution in secondary side, it is separated in 2 portions: E-Bus & U-Bus system, actually EBus is essential power supply and Generator or some emergency power connected via ATS. U-Bus is directly supplied by power provider.

* US standard Normal Panel Board Wiring Color Code
Wire Color Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Ckt # 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 Phase A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A Circuit # 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 Wire Color Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown

Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow

33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 55 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 101

B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C A B C

34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102

Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow Brown Orange Yellow

Number of General Lighting Circuits  The code requires a minimum circuit capacity for “general lighting” of 3va/ft2 of building area excluding open porches, garages and unused or unoccupied spaces not adaptable for future used (NEC section 220-3b and table 220-3(b)  The term “general lighting” in the Code is somewhat misleading. This 3va/ft2 load includes not only ceiling and wall lighting but also all the convenience receptacles in the building. (Excluded are appliance outlets, which are considered as separate loads) here convenience receptacles are indeed used for general lighting such as floor lamps and table lamps. Actually it also used for permanently plugged –in electrical loads in the residence including TV, radio, hi-fi, radio, computer plus incidental loads such as razors, heaters, hair dryer and vacuum cleaner. For this reason it is not enough as per Code.  Summary: A circuit protected by 15A fuse/circuit beaker OR 20A fuse/circuit breaker. Provide one 15Amps general lighting circuit per 400-480Sq.ft, depending upon anticipated usage. The higher the anticipated load, the lower the square foot area per circuit. Provide one 20Amps general lighting circuit per 530-640 Sq.ft, depending upon anticipated usage. A minimum of 2EA 20Amps small appliance branch circuits feed be supplied to feed all the receptacle outlets in the kitchen, pantry, breakfast room, dinning room or similar area, and no other outlets except clock outlets and outdoor outlets. Good practice requires that these outlets be circuited no more than four and preferably two or three to 20Amps circuit. Other appliance Circuits : One outlet in each bedroom of a house, not for air condition but for small 120v room-air conditioner. No more than two such outlets should be placed on a single circuit and preferably only one plus up to three other outlets. For large air-condition units, special outlets and branch circuits are required. At least one receptacle outlet and preferably two or more, in garages and basement, for electrical workbench tools and other appliances: these outlets should be mounted no less than 42” above floor level. At least one receptacle in the laundry area of a dwelling unit, to be feed from 20Amps appliance circuit and need not be GFCI. A dedicated individual branch circuit should be supplied to serve this load via a special heavy duty receptacle. GFCI protected Circuits : The piping and water close to an electrical outlet needs GFCI protected circuit. Also recreation room, hobby area supply with water piping, a large indoor aquarium, rooftop outlets intended for antenna, at least one GFCI protected outlet in outdoor area. Circuits and Outlets for Electronic Equipment and Computers : The need for special circuitry and equipment for the electric outlets feeding. Among them are proper power conditioning : isolated grounds, electric noise filters and voltage surge suppressions.  Good Other practice Circuiting Guidelines include : Avoid combining receptacles and lighting on a single circuit. Avoid placing all the lighting in a building on a single circuit. Circuit lighting and receptacles so that each space contains parts and at least two circuits. That way, if one a single circuit is out, the entire space is not deprived of power. Do not use combination switch and receptacle outlets except where convenience of use dictates high mounting, as for example above counters. These combination outlets are often used in economy construction to save a few dollars in wiring. It makes an inconvenient and unsightly receptacle. Supply at least one receptacle in outside the house. In rooms without fixed overhead or wall lighting, provide switch control of onehalf of a strategically located receptacle that is intended to supply a floor or table lamp. Provide switch control for closet lights. Pull chains are a nuisance. In circuiting convenience outlets do not count in the building load total but in the circuit load : panel load as fixed outlet wattage + the number of receptacles.

 To standardize 12AWG wire, but for high temperature and/or when a large number of conductors are
run in a single raceway. It ampacity will derated to 18Amps and not 20A, the circuit breaker protecting the circuit would not exceed 15 Amp, and not 20Amp.

US Standard Color Coding  Color for 208/120V circuits : AØ ~ Black; BØ ~ Red; CØ ~ Blue  Color for 480V/277V circuits : AØ ~ Brown; BØ ~ Orange; CØ ~ Yellow  Neutral ~ White, Ground ~ Green/Yellow  Fire Alarm System ~ Red Colot  Fire Supression Supervisory and Control System ~ Red/Yellow  Combined Fire Alarm and Security System : Red/Blue  Mechanical and Supervisory System : Green and Blue  Telecomm System : Green and Yellow  Control Wiring : Green and Red  Departmental Lighting Requirements (Ref: U Ohn Myint) Arm storage 2.5 watt/sft Show rooms Lobby/waiting 2.5watts/sft Painting show rooms 100watt per Hallway/corridor 8watts/ft ft WALL Patient room 2.5watts/ft Motor showroom 4.0watts/sft Special Patient room 3.5watts/sft Auditorium 1.5watts/sft Operation Theatre Banks 4.0watts/sft Main Lobby 2.5watts/sft Around table Teller counter area 7.5watts/ft 3000watt/area Office & filing 4.0watts/sft Laboratory 4.0 Catering & Beauty parlor 4.0watts/sft watts/sft Bowling theatre 2.5watts/sft Hotels Columns area 300watts Receptionist area Billiard Lobby 2.5watt/sft 2.5watts/sft Billiard Table 450watt Dinning Room 2.5watts/sft Church Kitchen Auditorium 1.5watt/sft 2.5watts/sft Lecture room 2.5watt/sft Bedroom Abbot area/platform 3.5watt/sft 3.0watts/sft Clubs Hallway/corridor 10watt/ft Lobby 1.5watts/sft Drawing room 4.0watts/sft Reading rooms 4watts/sft Library Justice 2.5watts/sft Reading area 6.0watt/sft Ball room/Dancing 1.5watts/sft Bookshelf 12watt/ft Drawing Room 7.0watts/sft Movie theatre 1.5watt/sft Fire station 2.0watts/sft Play Theatre 2.5watt/sft Gymnasium Office Building Main hall area 3.0watts/sft Paid Room(no working) 3watt/sft Bath room 2.5watts/sft Paid Room(working) 5watt/sft Locker/Change room 1.5watts/sft General Office(no working) 3watt/sft Boxing Square 4.0watts/sft General Office(working) 4.5watt/sft Hand ball/soft ball 5.0watts/sft Filing room 2.5watt/sft Hallway/corridor 15watt/ft Receptionist area 1.5watt/sft Hospital Post Office

Lobby 2.5watt/sft Letter separation room 4.0watts/sft Filing room 2.0watts/sft Dentist Clinics Lobby 2.5watt/sft Consulting room 4.5watt/sft Work room 4.5watt/sft Dental chair 600watt/chair Railway station Traveller waiting 2.5watts/sft Ticket box 2.5watts/sft Ticket counter 75watt/ft Recreation room 2.5watt/sft Package rooms 2watts/sft Platform 1watt/sft Restaurant/Cafeteria Dinning area Table area School 2.5watts/sft 100w/ft

Theatre 2.5watts/sft Lecture room 4watts/sft Drawing room 7watts/sft Lab-room 3.0watts/sft Practical room 7.0watts/sft Store/mini markets Main floor 5.0watts/sft Other floor 3.5watts/sft Dancing Hall Main floor area 1.5watts/sft Entry area 2.5watts/sft Lobby 3.0watts/sft WALL 50/75watt per ft