Determination of Maximum Span between Pipe Supports

Maximum Spacing between Pipe Supports
The locations of piping supports are dependent upon four factors: pipe size, piping configuration, locations of Valves and fittings, and
the structure available for support !ndividual piping materials have independent considerations for span and placement of supports
Pipe size relates to the maximum allowable span between pipe supports Span is a function of the weight that the supports must carr"
#s pipe size increases, the weight of the pipe also increases The amount of fluid which the pipe can carr" increases as well, thereb"
increasing the weight per unit length of pipe
NPS
$ater
Service
Steam, %as
#ir Service
%&'&(#) '*T&S:
• Suggested maximum spacing between pipe supports for
horizontal straight runs of standard and heavier pipe at maximum
operating temperature of +,-./ 01--.23
• Does not appl" where span calculations are made or where there
are concentrated loads between supports, such as flanges, Valves,
specialties, etc
• The spacing is based on a fixed beam support with a bending
stress not exceeding 4,5-- psi 06,78 MPa3 and insulated pipe
filled with water or the e9uivalent weight of steel pipe for steam,
gas, or air service, and the pitch of the line is such that a sag of
-6 in 04, mm3 between supports is permissible
6 46 4+
4 5- 1-
5 5+ 18
1 15 ,4
8 ,4 81
7 ,7 +5
64 +- :6
68 74 6-+
4- :6 66:
41 :7 647
The configuration of the piping s"stem affects the location of pipe supports $here practical, a support should be located ad;acent to
directional changes of piping *therwise, common practice is to design the length of piping between supports e9ual to, or less than,
+,< of the maximum span length where changes in direction occur between supports (efer to the appropriate piping material
chapters for maximum span lengths
Valves re9uire independent support, as well as meters and other miscellaneous fittings These items contribute concentrated loads to
the piping s"stem !ndependent supports are provided at each side of the concentrated load
)ocation, as well as selection, of pipe supports is dependent upon the available structure to which the support ma" be attached The
mounting point shall be able to accommodate the load from the support Supports are not located where the" will interfere with other
design considerations Some piping materials re9uire that the" are not supported in areas that will expose the piping material to
excessive ambient temperatures #lso, piping is not rigidl" anchored to surfaces that transmit vibrations !n this case, pipe supports
isolate the piping s"stem from vibration that could compromise the structural integrit" of the s"stem
Spacing is a function of the size of the pipe, the fluid conve"ed b" piping s"stem, the temperature of the fluid and the ambient
temperature of the surrounding area Determination of maximum allowable spacing, or span between supports, is based on the
maximum amount that the pipeline ma" deflect due to load T"picall", a deflection of 4, mm is allowed, provided that the maximum
pipe stress is limited to 6,,-- psi or allowable design stress divided b" a safet" factor of 16,, whichever is less Some piping s"stem
manufacturers and support s"stem manufacturers have information for their products that present recommended spans in tables or
charts These data are t"picall" empirical and are based upon field experience
Note:
Please check with relevant sources the author doesn’t take any authencity of the above data published

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