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The role of recycling in

aluminium sustainability
Katy Tsesmelis



Miners


Refiners


Smelters


Fabricators
Aluminium supply chain



Miners



Refiners



Smelters



Fabricators



Refiners



Smelters



Fabricators
Where has
it come
from?
What is the
carbon
footprint?
Is it
sustainable?
MATERIAL
ACQUISITION
PRODUCTION
END OF LIFE
USE
PHASE
Life cycle stages of a product
MATERIAL
ACQUISITION
PRODUCTION
END OF LIFE
USE
PHASE
Life cycle stages of a product
MATERIAL
ACQUISITION
PRODUCTION
END OF LIFE
USE
PHASE
Life cycle stages of a product
END OF LIFE
MATERIAL
ACQUISITION
PRODUCTION
END OF LIFE
USE
PHASE
Life cycle stages of a product
END OF LIFE
USE PHASE
PRODUCT
MANUFACTURE
SEMI
FABRICATION
BAUXITE
MINING
ALUMINA
PRODUCTION
PRIMARY
ALUMINIUM
PRODUCTION
End of life recycling approach
USE
PHASE
PRODUCT
MANUFACTURE
SEMI
FABRICATION
BAUXITE
MINING
ALUMINA
PRODUCTION
PRIMARY
ALUMINIUM
PRODUCTION
End of life recycling approach
90% of aluminium goes
into products with long
life times




Approximately 75% of all the
aluminium ever produced is
still in productive use



Recycling aluminium saves energy

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
%

Recycled
Aluminium
Primary
Aluminium
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
P
r
o
d
u
c
t

l
i
f
e
t
i
m
e

(
y
e
a
r
s
)

Recycling rate
Product lifetimes vs. recycling rates
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Mass flow Model 2011
Total Products
Stored in Use
Since 1888
727.4
Finished
Products (output)
54.1
Other
Applications
3
1.5
Semi-fabricated
and Finished
Products (input)
89.3
Traded
New
Scrap
7
11.2
Fabricator
Scrap
2
24.0
Traded
New
Scrap
1
1.9
Ingots
9
90.8
Metal Losses 2.2 Recovery and Disposal
8
4.4 Under Investigation
4
3.1
Old
Scrap
11.2
Bauxite
5
256.9
Bauxite Residues 120.7
and Water 47.8
Alumina*
6
88.4
Values in millions of metric tonnes. Values might not add up due to rounding. *Change in stocks not shown
1 Aluminiumin skimmings; 2 Scrap generated byfoundries, rolling mills and extruders. Most is internal scrap and not taken into account in statistics; 3 Such as deoxidation aluminium(metal
propertyis lost ) 4 Area of current research to identifyfinal aluminiumdestination (reuse, recycling, recoveryor disposal); 5 Calculated based on IAI LCI report - update 2010. Includes,
depending on the ore, between 30% and 50% alumina; 6 Calculated. Includes on a global average 52% aluminium; 7 Scrap generated during the production of finished products fromsemis;
8 Either incinerated with/without energyrecovery, material recoveryor disposal; 9 Estimated stock decrease 440,000 tonnes.
METAL FLOW
Primary
Aluminium used
44.6
MATERIAL FLOW
Remelted
Aluminium 46.1
incl.Recycled
Aluminium 22.1
Building 34%
Transport 27%
a.o.Automotive16%
Net Addition 2011: 33.9
Packaging 1%
and Cable 28%
Engineering Other 10%
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