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For and against essays

A "for and against" essay is a formal piece of writing in which a topic is considered from opposing
points of view. You should present both sides in a fair way by discussing them objectively and in equal
A good essay of this type should consist of:
1. An introductory paragraph in which you clearly state the topic to be discussed, without giving your
2. A main body in which the points for and against along with your justifications, eamples or reasons are
presented in separate paragraphs.
!. A closing paragraph in which you state your opinion or give a balanced consideration of the topic.
Note: "pinion words #$ thin%, $ believe, $n my opinion, etc.& can only be used in the closing paragraph
where you give your opinion on the topic.
A for and against essay can end in a balanced consideration in which you restate that there are
points for and against the topic using appropriate epressions given above.
Alternatevely, it can end by epressing an opinion, in which case you state, directly or indirectly, that you
are either in favour of or against the topic, using appropriate epressions given above.
Points to consider
' (efore you start writing your essay you should ma%e a list of the points for and against.
' )ach paragraph should start with a topic sentence which summari*es the topic of the paragraph. e.g. $n
addition, many people feel reading is a relaing and worthwhile activity.
' +o not use informal style #e.g. short forms, colloquial language, etc.& or strong language to epress your
opinion #e.g. $ %now,, etc.&.
)press your opinion in a non-emotional way #e.g. $t seems that, $ therefore feel, etc.&.
' .ell-%nown quotations relevant to the topic you are writing about will ma%e your composition more
interesting. /or eample, if you are writing an essay on education, a quotation you may include is:
0)ducation is a progressive discovery of our own ignorance.0 #.ill +urant&.
1ote: Although these are 0balanced0 arguments, if you feel that either the for or against side is stronger
and should be supported, this side should be presented in paragraphs 2 3 4, thus leading the reader to
your conclusion.
Paragraph 1: state topic #summary of the topic without giving your opinion&
Main Body
Paragraphs 2 & 3: arguments for 3 justifications, eamples, and5 or reasons
Paragraphs 4 & 5: arguments against 3 justification, eamples, and5or reasons
Final Paragraph: balanced consideration5 your opinion directly or indirectly