1 Jennifer M Polk LAE 4335 13 March 2008 Unit Lesson Plan for Sir Gawain and The Green
Knight From March 03, 2008 through March 31, 2008
Content Area Literature & Reading
LA.1126.96.36.199 LA.1188.8.131.52 LA.1184.108.40.206 LA.1220.127.116.11
Goals Vocabulary Development Reading comprehension
skills Listen to, read and discuss. Determine meaning of words using Dict. The. And other digital tools Pre-reading strategies, previewing, discussing, generating questions
Organize by using various pre writing strategies i.e. Outline, story map, web, chunking, etc. Developing ideas from pre-writing plan Evaluate the draft for development of ideas and content Prepare writing using technology, Grammar, spelling, Punctuation etc. Student will edit and correct the draft for standard language conventions
Writing, grammar and editing
LA.118.104.22.168 LA122.214.171.124 LA1126.96.36.199 LA1188.8.131.52 LA1184.108.40.206 LA.1220.127.116.11
Prewriting Revising Publishing Grammar and editing
Ability to use computer i.e. word documents, publisher, graphics etc…
LA.1112.5. 2.3 LA.1112.6. 3.3
Speaking and Listening skills
The ability to work together in groups, and also the ability to share content before the class.
Introduction of Sir Gawain and the
Learning Objectives Teach background knowledge for the poem,
Green Knight and The Knight’s Tale by
History, manuscript, culture etc. Identify the bob-and-wheel poetic form. Understand the symmetry within the poem. Explore color symbolism within the poem. Connect the cyclical shape of the pentangle with other cyclical aspects of the poem, seasonal cycles, the journey cycle etc. Explore the conflicts within the poem Explore the quest of the Hero
T he Q u e s t of t he H e r o U n i t P l an
March, 1st Week Pre-Reading Strategies Power Point on Medieval England during Sir Gawain’s time, explain societal, and cultural trends. Some of those trends are knighthood, Codes of Chivalry, religious conventions, and Courtly Love. Also some background on manuscript culture that pervaded England during that time. Back ground on poem and its alliteration and its symmetrical structure, including the bob and wheel device found at the end of each stanza. Hand out on the “bob and wheel.”
Symmetry in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight — http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?id=601
First students will learn about what alliteration is (lecture). Then students will recognize and identify alliteration through seeing, reading and hearing it in poetry, and music. Then I will give the class an assignment that uses alliteration. I will then give the class an exercise, or alternative assessment. The students will write a sentence using alliteration. The Classroom will be broken up into groups of at least three no more than four, and each group if possible will have a student who is strong in verbal intelligence. I will write the instructions on the board in how this exercise will be done. a) The goal to this assignment is to write the longest sentence possible using alliteration. By doing this exercise the student will gain a better understanding on alliteration. This type of assignment is closely related to tongue twisters. Each group will decide on a specific consonant that will be used throughout the sentence i.e. L, M, and G etc. b) The core letters will begin with this chosen letter, for a legible sentence there must be conjunctions, prepositions, definite articles, and indefinite articles and pronouns. c) I will write an example on the board of a core which consists of a noun, verb noun i.e. noun; cat, verb; count, and noun, coins. An example of an alliterative sentence would look like this, in this pattern I chose the consonant C; the curly coated calico carefully counts her clean copper coins
and carefully casts them into a cobalt colored can, with the counting complete she climbs the cream coiled cord with her candied covered claws, and with cautious cunning she crunches candidly on her cod coated cracker while carelessly casting crumbs upon the crumb crusted couch…written by Jennifer Polk Alliteration exercise The students will have a take home (written) project that consists of finding
at least 10 alliterative examples in newspapers, web sites, blogs, magazines, and phonebooks. A good place to look at is headlines, advertisements, people’s names, and business names. Document what you find and where you found it. The student will use the examples they find 10-15 line poem.
Audio examples of alliteration; http://www.americanrhetoric.com/figures/alliteration.htm Visual example of SGGK; http://alliteration.net/Pearl.htm Color symbolism in SGGK; With Mandala Graphic, student chose five colors that represent them selves
Example of Mandala graphics
Six Elements of Story strategy/handout (Some Examples)
What is the historical background for the poem? What physical descriptions are provided for the characters and their surroundings? How is King Arthur described? How is Gawain described? How is the Green Knight described? What is the main plot of the story
March 1st Week
List themes that revolve around the plot Point of view, who is speaking Conflict, There is no journey without conflict
Vocabulary word web; vocabulary words that will prepare the student for the poem. Quiz on what was discussed during the week Read the first and second Fit (section) of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight for Monday. This poem consists of four fits, during your reading write down any vocabulary that can be covered on Monday.
Final project (assessment) handout Sir Gawain Think-Tac-Toe (multiple intelligences) The student picks any three assignments i.e. three across or three diagonally. Each square is dynamically connected to the poem or novel.
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight comic book project; Directions: You and your group members (4 to a group) are challenged to create a comic book representation of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. You will need to work as a group (4 to a group), planning together and delegating responsibilities among all members. If you have a great artist in the group, you may want to draw your own illustrations. But, you could decide on the use of online images or even pictures from magazines instead of drawings. The illustrations are only one aspect of your project. You will need to write a story line to accompany the illustrations. These lines should be original poetry in the style of the alliterative tradition. That means to employ alliteration for effect. You will want to choose the key events that you will illustrate. You need not illustrate every character or event, just a few. Your text can help tell the story as much as the pictures. Write an explanation at the back of your project which details how everyone in your group contributed. Use the following rubric to guide your efforts. It may be used to evaluate your work. Write a 20 line poem using alliteration of your favorite hero. It can be someone from the past, or someone from today. Is your hero a family member, or is your hero somebody you know at school like a school teacher. Remember to put in your poem why the person you chose is a hero. Create a new cover for the poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Design a one page cover page newsletter with your cover page and a two paragraph description of the poem. Make the description encaging. The goal is to have the reader look beyond the cover and into the book. Some examples of book covers are shown below
March 1st Week
Create a song or a rap that represents the poem. Make certain that you type out the words and inform me what tune you would use if you were to perform it. Extra credit will be given to those who perform it live in front of the class
Reader’s Theater, using the text as a script; recreate your favorite passage in the poem, at least two pages in length. You may pick up to two other people for this assignment. Each person will receive credit for completing this square.
Write two found poems of 10-12 lines each, one poem is about the SGGK poem, and the second poem is about one of the characters in the SGGK poem. The lines of these poems consist of the lines (sentence or pithy phrase) that you found in the poem. These lines should be recorded on numbered chart of 30 lines for easy reference.
Take the reader on a visual tour of Sir Gawain’s travels. In this assignment you need to create a travel map of Gawain’s journey; His starting point, his intermediate layovers and his final destination. Where does the story begin? What type of landscape do Gawain and his steed Gringolet travel through? What places does Gawain stop at, and who does he meet etc…? Remember, this is for someone who hasn’t read the book yet. How well will your map depict Gawain’s difficult adventure? Numbers and colors. Find a situation in the poem where either number symbolism or color symbolism is employed and write your observations in a (two page) newsletter format. The newsletter is a wonderful way to give your critical views a voice. Include all textual references (remember symmetry, some colors and numbers are found throughout the poem) and explain why you picked the color or number, and tell why you picked it and what you think it means within the poems overall context. Write a screenplay or play that focuses on a specific theme found within the poem. There is the main plot; however, as we discussed there are numerous themes that are skillfully woven within the text. Think of situations, because situations deal with specific themes. Think of the hunting scene, the wilderness scene, Gawain’s temptation scene etc.
March, 2nd Wk.
Begin each class with “to do” worksheet, each to do exercise will cover previous vocabulary. Discuss new vocabulary FCAT practice and preparation During Reading strategies, that deals with the first and second sections of SGGK. Hand out Character Map, this chart will help students note character and physical traits of each character in the poem Hand out Mandala graphic, this time it will be used to represent a character from the poem. Pop corn reading, this is where students take turns reading designated text Questing and answering discussion using “think-pair share. This encourages students to work together in pairs. They are asked a question and they both think about the answer and then share it with the rest of the class Computer lab work on final project Post reading strategies handouts / quiz; After each section of the poem, I will use post reading strategies as a way to measure student reading comprehension. Examples of post-reading strategies are “Hold your Thinking” hand out. Read fit III of SGGK and The Knights Tale Before class Monday
March, 2nd Wk.
Hold Your Thinking activity Quiz
Title of text:________ Author:___________ Chapter____________
One memorable Part
Five sentence Summary(retell what you read)
Connections You Made-at least one Text to text: How does this poem relate to something else you have read Text to Self: What situation in the poem can you relate to on a personal level Text to World: There are many things taking place in our world today. What modern situation can be connected with a situation or character in the poem
March, 3rd Wk To do hand out each day (Vocabulary Word Map) review for except FCAT test FCAT Read/vocabulary Read fit IV in class During reading strategies, handout “Discussion Web” Post reading activity Sir Gawain “Quest” hand out Post reading activity, the Flyleaf, discussion web Post reading activity the magic square Quiz “similarities and differences” between Sir Gawain and Palamon from The Knight’ Tale.
Below are the various reading/writing strategies that will be used
Discussion Web For
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
Within your groups, discuss the question in the center of the web. Come up with reasons on both sides of the issue, using the text to back up your assertions. Come to a group decision as to which side has the stronger argument—yes or no—and write down your group’s conclusion in the spaces below the conclusion box. No Yes
Was the Green Knight fair in the punishment he dealt Sir Gawain?
Chain of Events March, 3 Wk
Post reading strategy
The medieval quest is a circular process: the knight goes out to perform a task, has a journey and returns home an improved person. Bearing this in mind, show the chain of events in the poem. Write down the major milestones in Sir Gawain’s journey in each square as you read. This process will show you how the medieval quest works. This exercise will help with the Think-tac-toe
March, 3rd Wk
Similarities and Differences Another Post Reading strategy Geoffrey Chaucer describes a knight in the prologue of The Canterbury Tales who shares some similarities and some differences with the description of Sir Gawain in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. While you read, In
the Venn diagram below, list the similarities where the circles overlap, and the differences for each in the outer part of each circle.
Flyleaf For Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
The Flyleaf. The flyleaf is a modified cloze passage. This post-reading strategy evaluates student’s use of context and their reading ability. This particular cloze passage uses some of the words specific to the poem and its style, which helps teach the proper use of these terms that they will encounter again. The flyleaf is one of the first few pages of a book. To check your knowledge on your reading of Sir Gawain, you have an incomplete flyleaf to fill out. Choose the best word from the list below the flyleaf to fill in each blank.
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
An _________________ Poem In the __________________________ style. An Arthurian ________________ About _______________, temptation, __________________, And ______________________. The five _____________________ of knighthood are displayed In the heroic _______________ Of Sir Gawain. Written in the __________________ Ages, the author of this poem is assumed to be the author of The ___________________.
Magic Square. The magic square has been created to familiarize students with vocabulary. The vocabulary in the poem can be unfamiliar and challenging, as it is not modern English. This post-reading activity will allow students to search for meaning in the text, and use vocabulary to create meaning. Select the definition for each vocabulary word from the numbered definitions. Put the number in the proper space in the magic square box. If the total of the numbers are the same both across and down, you have found the magic number! A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. Boon Doughty Lese-Majesty Loth Matins Spurned Stratagem Solicit Whetted 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Sharpened Reluctant Courageous Prayer Offense Scheme Favor Persuade Rejected
March, 4th Wk The final week will be designated on the final project Review of content Talk with individual students about their progress and grades Quiz: Questioning the Poet What is the author trying to tell you Why is the Poet telling that? Does the poet say it clearly? How could the author have said things more clearly What would you say instead Computer Lab The remaining of the week will be dedicated to final project
Below is the hand out for the Color symbolism and the mandala graphic
Color Symbolism for Mandala Graphic Writers often use colors symbolically. If you study the list below, you will see that the same color can symbolize both • (positives and negatives.
Excitement, energy, passion, speed, strength, power, heat, love, marriage (in Eastern cultures), aggression, danger, fire, blood, war, violence Joy, happiness, optimism, idealism, imagination, hope, sunshine, gold, philosophy, dishonesty, cowardice, betrayal, jealousy, covetousness, deceit, illness, hazard Peace, tranquility, calm, stability, harmony, unity, trust, truth, confidence, conservatism, security, cleanliness, order, loyalty, cold, technology, depression Energy, balance, warmth, enthusiasm, vibrancy, expansiveness, flamboyance, demands for attention Nature, environment, health, good luck, renewal, youth, vigor, spring, generosity, jealousy, inexperience, envy Royalty, spirituality, nobility, ceremony, mystery, transformation, wisdom, enlightenment, cruelty, arrogance, mourning Security, reliability, intelligence, modesty, dignity, maturity, solidity, conservatism, practicality, old age, sadness, boredom Earth, hearth, home, outdoors, reliability, comfort, endurance, stability, simplicity Reverence, purity, simplicity, cleanliness, peace, humility, precision, innocence, youth, birth, winter, snow, good, marriage (in Western cultures), death (in Eastern cultures), cold
Black Power, sophistication, formality, elegance, wealth, mystery, fear, evil, anonymity, unhappiness, depth, style, evil, sadness, remorse, anger, underground, mourning, death (in Western cultures)