DRAFT OUTCOME DOCUMENT COMPARISONS 07/08/2014 &

08/08/2014
The frst diference is that in 07/08 document there is a preamble which has
been converted into paragraph 1 in the 08/08 document. The second
diference is that the 07/08 document has 39 paragraphs and the 08/08 has
3. The !ollowing are side"b#"side comparisons$
07/08/2014 08/08/2014 Comments:
%e& the 'eads o!
(tate and
)overnment& *inisters
and representatives o!
*ember (tates& in a
spirit o! cooperation
with the +ndigenous
,eoples o! the world&
assembled at -nited
.ations 'ead/uarters
in .ew 0or1 on 22 and
23 (eptember 201&
on the occasion o! the
%orld 3on!erence on
+ndigenous ,eoples& to
reiterate the
important and
continuing role o! the
-nited .ations in
promoting and
protecting the rights
o! +ndigenous peoples.
%e welcome the
contribution o!
indigenous peoples to
the %orld 3on!erence
in terms o!
articulating the issues
o! greatest
importance to them&
as set out in the 4lta
5utcome 6ocument7
emanating !rom the
)lobal +ndigenous
,reparator#
3on!erence !or the
%orld 3on!erence on
+ndigenous ,eoples
held in 4lta& .orwa# in
8une 2013. 94nne: +;.
%e also note the
inclusive preparator#
1. %e& the 'eads o!
(tate and )overnment&
*inisters and
representatives o!
*ember (tates& noting
our solemn commitment
to the purposes and
principles o! the -nited
.ations 3harter& in a
spirit o! cooperation
with the +ndigenous
,eoples o! the world&
assembled at -nited
.ations 'ead/uarters in
.ew 0or1 on 22 and 23
(eptember 201& on the
occasion o! the %orld
3on!erence on
+ndigenous ,eoples& to
reiterate the important
and continuing role o!
the -nited .ations in
promoting and
protecting the rights o!
+ndigenous peoples.
<chapeau:=
08/08 is much shorter
because the#>ve removed
the re!erence to the
?contributions o! indigenous
peoples@ and the re!erence
to the 4lta 5utcome
6ocument. 4lso missing is
their noting o! the
?inclusive preparator#
process@. These points
ma1e"up paragraph 2 o! the
08/08 document.
1
process !or this 'igh"
level ,lenar# meeting&
including the
comprehensive
engagement o! the
representatives o!
indigenous peoples in
all consultations.
+. AeaBrm our solemn
commitment to
promote and advance
the rights o!
indigenous peoples
alread# established in
universall# agreed
international human
rights norms and
standards& including
the -nited .ations
6eclaration on the
Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples
2
& which sets
the minimum
standards !or the
survival& dignit#& and
well"being o! the
+ndigenous ,eoples o!
the world.
2. %e welcome the
contribution o!
indigenous peoples to
the %orld 3on!erence in
terms o! articulating the
issues o! greatest
importance to them& as
set out in the 4lta
5utcome 6ocument
1
emanating !rom the
)lobal +ndigenous
,reparator# 3on!erence
!or the %orld
3on!erence on
+ndigenous ,eoples held
in 4lta& .orwa#& in 8une
2013 94nne: 1;. %e also
note the inclusive
preparator# process !or
this 'igh"level ,lenar#
meeting& including the
comprehensive
engagement o! the
representatives o!
indigenous peoples.
<chapeau:=
,aragraph 1 in 07/08
becomes paragraph in
08/08
2. Aecall other
maCor achievements o!
the past two decades in
building an international
!ramewor1 !or the
advancement o! the
rights and aspirations o!
the world7s indigenous
peoples& including the
establishment o! the
,ermanent Dorum on
+ndigenous +ssues& the
creation o! an E:pert
*echanism on the Aights
3. +n adopting this
outcome document& we
commit to consult and
cooperate in good !aith
with indigenous peoples
through their own
representative
institutions in order to
obtain their !ree& prior
and in!ormed consent
be!ore adopting and
implementing legislative
or administrative
measures that ma# afect
them. <chapeau: " new
011
,aragraph 2 in 07/08
becomes paragraph 7 in
08/08.
%hat we have here is a
commitment to act ?in good
!aith@ and we have a lot
e:perience o! what that>s
li1e.
This is frst re!erence to
?representative institutions@
This is also the frst
domestic application
2
o! +ndigenous ,eoples&
and the appointment o!
a (pecial Aapporteur on
the Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples and commit to
!ollow up on the
recommendations and
advice issued b# these
bodies.
paragraph.
3. AeaBrm that
indigenous peoples
are !ree and e/ual to
all other peoples and
individuals and have
the right to be !ree
!rom an# 1ind o!
discrimination in the
e:ercise o! their
rights.
4. %e reaBrm our
solemn commitment to
promote and advance the
rights o! indigenous
peoples& including the
-nited .ations
6eclaration on the Aights
o! +ndigenous ,eoples
adopted b# the )eneral
4ssembl# on 13
(eptember 2007
2
& which
sets the minimum
standards !or the survival&
dignit#& and well"being o!
the +ndigenous ,eoples o!
the world. [ON
These are dramaticall#
diferent statements. +n !act
paragraph 3 o! 07/08
completel# disappears !rom
08/08 document.
4. 3ommit to actions
directed at translating
the -nited .ations
6eclaration on the
Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples into national
law& and to promote
awareness o! it among
all sectors o! societ#&
especiall# the Cudiciar#&
*embers o! ,arliament&
electoral oBcers&
educators and the civil
service.
5. %e recall other maCor
achievements o! the past
two decades in building an
international !ramewor1 !or
the advancement o! the
rights and aspirations o! the
world7s indigenous peoples&
including the establishment
o! the ,ermanent Dorum on
+ndigenous +ssues& the
creation o! an E:pert
*echanism on the Aights o!
+ndigenous ,eoples& and the
appointment o! a (pecial
Aapporteur on the Aights o!
+ndigenous ,eoples. [0P2
F 'armoniGe our
national constitutions
and legislation& where
relevant& to recogniGe
and protect the rights o!
indigenous peoples&
consistent with the
provisions o! the -nited
6. %e commit to actions at
the national level intended
to achieve the ends o! the
-nited .ations 6eclaration
on the Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples& including as
appropriate& legislative
measures& and to promote
This is the big
domestication o! our rights
statement. The loophole in
this statement is the
?including as appropriate@.
This leave the decision o!
deciding what is
?appropriate@ up to the
3
.ations 6eclaration on
the Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples.
awareness o! it among all
sectors o! societ#&
especiall# *embers o!
,arliament& the Cudiciar#&
electoral oBcers& educators
and the civil service. [0P4
&!
(tate.
H. +nvite )overnments
that have not done so
to rati!# +nternational
Iabour 5rganiGation
3onvention .o. 1H9 on
+ndigenous and Tribal
,eoples.
7. %e recall other maCor
achievements o! the past
two decades in building
an international
!ramewor1 !or the
advancement o! the
rights and aspirations o!
the world7s indigenous
peoples& including the
establishment o! the
,ermanent Dorum on
+ndigenous +ssues& the
creation o! an E:pert
*echanism on the Aights
o! +ndigenous ,eoples&
and the appointment o! a
(pecial Aapporteur on
the Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples. [0P2
7. Encourage
)overnments to
prepare national action
plans or strategies
devoted to the
implementation o! the
-nited .ations
6eclaration on the
Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples.
8. %e commit to
implement national action
plans devoted to
achieving the ends o! the
-nited .ations 6eclaration
on the Aights o!
+ndigenous ,eoples. %e
will cooperate with
indigenous peoples
through their own
representative institutions
in the preparation o! such
plans. [0P7
+n the original& governments
were being ?encouraged@
and now the new paragraph
calls !or the coop"eration o!
?representative
institutions@. This is two
diferent sets o! meanings.
The second one calls on us
to collaborate in the
creation o! these plans. +n
.orth 4merica this can
mean .34+ and 4D.& but
not +ndigenous govern"
ments.
8 4c1nowledge that
indigenous peoples7
Custice mechanisms can
pla# a positive role in
dispute resolution and
contribute to
harmonious relationships
within indigenous
peoples7 communities
and within societ# in line
9. %e ac1nowledge that
indigenous peoples have
the right& without
discrimination& to the
improvement o! their
economic and social
conditions. %e there!ore
commit to include in
national action plans&
special measures to
,aragraph 8 in 07/08 is
moved down to paragraph
1 in 08/08.
%hile the# ac1nowledge the
rights the#>ve listed it will
most certainl# be in the
conte:t o! their national
laws as the# pertain to all
citiGens with some ?special

with international human
rights standards. 4ll
indigenous persons
should enCo# !ull and
e/ual access to these
Custice mechanisms.
address the rights and
needs o! indigenous
persons with disabilities.
<new 5,=
measures@ !or +ndigenous
persons with disabilities.
Economic and social sel!"
determination are maCor
rights areas and there is no
concession being made
here.
9 3ommit to
coordination and
dialogue with indigenous
peoples7 Custice
institutions so as to
improve access to
Custice !or indigenous
peoples& in particular
indigenous persons with
disabilities and
indigenous women and
girls& as well as
enhancing Custice
awareness campaigns&
including ones directed
at men and bo#s.
10. %e commit to
cooperate and coordinate
with indigenous peoples to
disaggregate data and
utilise cultural indicators to
better understand and
address the situation and
needs o! indigenous
peoples& particularl# elders&
women& #outh& children
and persons with
disabilities. [OPE"
+n the new paragraph 10
908/08; versus the original
11 907/08; the# have cut
out ?!ree prior and in!ormed
consent@ and commit to
?cooperate and coordinate@.
10 Aecognise the need
to enable and empower
indigenous peoples to
more efectivel# address
all !orms o! violence
against indigenous
women& #outh and
children& in particular
se:ual and domestic
violence& traBc1ing and
violence related to
e:tractive industries.
++. %e commit to ensure
e/ual access to& and
empower indigenous
peoples to deliver as !ar as
possible& high"/ualit# and
culturall# ade/uate
education& health& housing&
and other economic and
social programmes to
improve their well"being&
through the provision o!
ade/uate resources.
[0P#1
'ere>s the 1ic1er J
?ade/uate resources@.
6efning and !unding what
is ?ade/uate@ remains
frml# in the hands o! the
oppressor.
This is also a discussion
about ?programmes@ versus
the development and
control o! ?s#stems@.
Keeping it in the realm o!
programmes 1eeps it in the
hands o! the government.
Lottom line$ continuing
domestication.
11. 3ommit to wor1&
with the !ree& prior and
in!ormed consent o!
indigenous peoples& to
disaggregate data
based on indigenous
identit#& including in
our population and
housing censuses. This
12. %e commit to ensure
that indigenous peoples
enCo# the highest
attainable standard o!
ph#sical and mental
health& including with
respect to se:ual and
reproductive health& '+M&
and non"communicable
5nce again& we have the
?ade/uate resource@ issue.
+n the -.(. +ndian 'ealth
(ervice !unding has not
increased since 1997. The
LemidCi 4rea is operating at
H8N o! need.
F
would be aimed at
helping to dra!t and
implement public polic#
and legislation that
better addresses the
situation o! indigenous
elders& women& #outh&
children and persons
with disabilities.
diseases& through the
provision o! ade/uate
resources. <new 5,=
+n 3anada we have seen
much o! the same
stagnation in +ndigenous
health services.
Lottom line$ continuing
domestication.
12. 3ommit to develop
!air& transparent and
efective mechanisms&
in conCunction with
indigenous peoples
concerned& to enable
access to and/or
repatriation o!
ceremonial obCects and
human remains.
13. %e ac1nowledge the
importance to indigenous
peoples o! development
o! their #outh& in
accordance with their
aspirations and needs&
and ensuring the
transmission o!
traditional 1nowledge&
innovation& languages
and practices. %e will
support indigenous
peoples in the
development o!
indigenous #outh& b#
providing ade/uate
resources. [0P#2
The 07/08 paragraph 12 is a
?no brainer@ !or them.
This 08/08 paragraph 13 is
once again tied to
?ade/uate resources@
+n the -.(. L.+.4. schools
have been operating at an
average o! 72N o! need
since 1997. 3anada
routinel# pa#s Dirst .ation
schools an average o! 38N
less than a non"+ndian
school.
Lottom line$ continuing
domestication.
13. Ae/uest the -nited
.ations 'uman Aights
3ouncil& in consultation
and cooperation with
indigenous peoples& to
consider recommending
to the 71st session o! the
)eneral 4ssembl#
possible wa#s to more
efectivel# evaluate and
improve the
implementation o! the
-nited .ations
6eclaration on the Aights
o! +ndigenous ,eoples.
1. %e ac1nowledge that
indigenous peoples7 Custice
institutions can pla# a
positive role in dispute
resolution and contribute to
harmonious relationships
within indigenous peoples7
communities and within
societ#& in line with
international human rights
standards. %e commit to
coordination and dialogue
with indigenous peoples7
Custice institutions& where
those institutions e:ist.
[OP8 & 0P$
The giant loophole in
paragraph 1 is the phrase
?where those institutions
e:ist@. There are tribal
courts and traditional
Custice s#stems in the -.(. J
where else in the world are
there such s#stems or
institutionsO
(o i! #ou don>t have an
institution or s#stem J
there>s no reason to
coordinate or have a
dialogue.
1. Encourage 'uman
Aights Treat# bodies to
consider including in
their deliberations the
relevant provisions o!
the -nited .ations
1!% %e will increase as a
matter o! priorit#& in
cooperation with
indigenous peoples& our
eforts to prevent and
eliminate all !orms o!
The silence on this being an
inter"national matter is
dea!ening. The
empowerment piece !ound
in paragraph 10 <07/08= is
H
6eclaration on the
Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples& and to !ocus
attention on their
implementation.
violence and
discrimination against
indigenous women& #outh
and children& including b#
strengthening relevant
legal& polic# and
institutional !ramewor1s.
[OP10
long gone and it will be
addressed within (tate
legal& polic# and
institutional !ramewor1s.
Lottom line$ continuing
domestication.
1F. -rge the -nited
.ations s#stem to
support national and
regional consultation and
cooperation mechanisms
with indigenous peoples
consistent with the
-nited .ations
6evelopment )roup
)uidelines !or +ndigenous
,eoples to ensure the
implementation o!
indigenous peoples7
priorities and rights.
1&% %e commit to establish
at the national level&
where appropriate and
necessar# and in
conCunction with
indigenous peoples
concerned& !air&
independent& impartial&
open and transparent
mechanisms to
ac1nowledge& advance and
adCudicate the rights o!
indigenous peoples
pertaining to their lands&
territories and resources.
[0P22
0ou could drive a truc1
through the loophole
created b# the phrase
?where appropriate and
necessar#@. That is the frst
step J i! the (tate deems an
issue ?appropriate and
necessar#@ the# will then do
something ?in con"Cunction
with indigenous peoples@.
That prett# much shuts
down paragraph 1F <07/08=
J no -. involvementPP
Lottom line$ continuing
domestication.
1H. Aecall the )eneral
4ssembl# Aesolution on
.ational institutions !or
the ,romotion and
,rotection o! 'uman
Aights
3
and welcome the
increasingl# important
role o! national human
rights institutions in the
promotion and protection
o! the human rights o!
indigenous peoples and
encourage their active
role in advancing the
implementation o! the
6eclaration on the Aights
o! +ndigenous ,eoples.
17% %e commit to defne
and where appropriate
provide& in conCunction
with indigenous peoples&
programmes and
resources to protect and
support indigenous
peoples7 traditional
occupations& economies&
livelihoods& and !ood
securit#. [0P2#
+! we were reading these
paragraphs as though the
new ones were answering
the original ones& a prett#
clear message emerges. +n
this case the# won>t discuss
national institutions& but
the# will ?defne and where
appropriate provideQ
programmes@
This goes right to the heart
o! the battle over the issue
o! ?inherent rights@ J those
unsurrendered rights we
have as nations and
peoples. The hard line sa#s
J ?we will defne and onl# i!
we deem it appropriate& will
we tal1 to indigenous
peoplesPP
Lottom line$ continuing
domestication. .o !ree&
prior and in!ormed consent.
17. Ae/uest the 18% %e commit to address
7
(ecretar#")eneral& with
the support o! the
-nited .ations +nter"
4genc# (upport )roup
!or +ndigenous +ssues&
and with indigenous
peoples& *ember
(tates& and other
relevant sta1eholders&
to develop a dra!t
(#stem"wide 4ction
,lan !ocused on the
!ollowing priorit# areas$
(a) Eradication o!
pover
t#R
(b) Miolence against
indigenous women
and childrenR
(c) The right to
communicationR
(d) +nter"culturalit# o!
health and
educationR
(e) 5ccupations& livel#"
hoods&
entrepreneur"shipR
(f) 6ate
disaggregation and
indicators>R
(g) Establishment o!
national level inter"
agenc# support
groupsR
(h) +ndigenous persons
with a disabilit#R
(i) )ood governance
and access to
CusticeR and
(j) (trengthening
human rights
protection
mechanisms.
the impact or potential
impact o! maCor
development proCects&
including e:tractive
industries& on indigenous
peoples to ensure
transparenc# and beneft
sharing. %here appropriate&
the rights o! indigenous
peoples regarding
development o! their
lands& territories and
resources& will be
incorporated into law&
policies and practice.
[0P2!
'ere we go again with the
?where appropriate@ as the
frst step be!ore an#thing
else occurs.
.o discussion or re!erence
to the )eneral 4ssembl#
Aesolution on ?,ermanent
(overeignt# 5ver .atural
Aesources@. This ties
together with the above
para"graph and the
complete avoidance o! an#
lin1age to inherent rights.
The last sentence in
paragraph 18 <08/08= sa#s
it all J ?will be incorporated
into law& policies and
practice.@
Lottom line$ continuing
domestication.
18. +nvite the (ecretar#
)eneral to give
consideration to the
appointment o! a 'igh
Aepresentative !or
+ndigenous ,eoples& at the
appropriate level& to raise
awareness o! the proposed
4ction ,lan& a!ter its
adoption& and to mobiliGe
support !or its subse/uent
1$% %e commit to give
efect to indigenous
peoples7 right to their
religious and cultural
sites& including access to
and repatriation o!
ceremonial obCects and
human remains. %e will
ensure !air& transparent
and efective mechanisms
are established& in
8
implementation. conCunction with
indigenous peoples
concerned. [0P12' 0P2&
19. Ae/uest the
(ecretar# )eneral&
ta1ing into account the
a!orementioned priorit#
areas& in particular&
violence against
indigenous women and
children& to assign
responsibilit# to the
(pecial Aapporteur on
Miolence against %omen&
to e:amine the causes
and conse/uences o!
this violence dimension.
20. %e urge *ember (tates
to initiate processes to
demilitariGe indigenous
peoples lands and
territories& unless
militariGation is Custifed b#
a relevant public interest.
%here militariGation e:ists&
we urge *ember (tates to
immediatel# commence
efective consultations with
the indigenous peoples
concerned% [0P##
?-nless militariGation is
Custifed..@ 6oesn>t ta1e
much to do that. +n the -.(.
the ,atriot 4ct provides all
sorts o! Custifcation.
20. Luilding on the
report o! the (ecretar#"
)eneral on wa#s and
means o! promoting
participation at the
-nited .ations o!
indigenous peoples7
representatives on the
issues afecting them

&
and the proposals it
contains& re/uest the
(ecretar#")eneral to
consider preparation o!
specifc proposals
regarding participation
o! indigenous peoples7
governments at the
-nited .ations.
21. %e invite the -nited
.ations 'uman Aights
3ouncil& in cooperation with
the 'igh 3ommissioner !or
'uman Aights& and in
consultation with
indigenous peoples& to
recommend to the 717
session o! the )eneral
4ssembl# on the occasion o!
the tenth anniversar# o! the
-nited .ations 6eclaration
on the Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples& options to use
e:isting -nited .ations
mechanisms to more
efectivel# promote respect
!or and !ull application o!
the -nited .ations
6eclaration on the Aights o!
+ndigenous ,eoples. [0P1#
The idea o! ?indigenous
governments@ gets wiped
out in the second
document.
21. Ae/uest the
E:ecutive Loard o! the
-nited .ations
6evelopment
,rogramme& in
consultation with
indigenous peoples and
*ember (tates& to ma1e
indigenous peoples
issues a !ocus o! its
'uman 6evelopment
Aeport no later than
22. %e invite 'uman
Aights Treat# bodies to
consider the -nited .ations
6eclaration on the Aights o!
+ndigenous ,eoples as
appropriate. %e commit&
where relevant& to include
in!ormation regarding
indigenous rights and the
implementation o! the
-nited .ations 6eclaration
on +ndigenous ,eoples in
our reports to 'uman Aights
9
2018. Treat# bodies and in
-niversal ,eriodic Aeview
procedures. [0P14
22. 3ommit to
establish& in
conCunction with
indigenous peoples
concerned& !air&
independent& impartial&
open and transparent
mechanisms& giving due
recognition to
indigenous peoples7
laws& traditions&
customs and land
tenure s#stems& to
recognise and
adCudicate the rights o!
indigenous peoples
pertaining to their
lands& territories and
resources& including
those that were
traditionall# owned or
otherwise occupied or
used. (uch mechanisms
should be dul#
authoriGed b# Cudicial
bodies empowered to
resolve disputes over
lands& territories and
resources ta1en without
the !ree& prior and
in!ormed consent o!
indigenous peoples.
+ndigenous peoples
shall have the right to
participate in this
process.
23. %e welcome the
increasingl# important
role o! national human
rights institutions

& as well
as civil societ#& the
private sector& and
academia& in the
promotion and protection
o! the human rights o!
indigenous peoples and
encourage their active
role in achieving the ends
o! the 6eclaration on the
Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples. [0P1&
The phrase J ?promotion
and protection o! the
human rights o! indigenous
peoples..@ is bother"some.
+n the -.(. the diferences
between ?civil rights@ and
?indigenous rights@ has
been the source o! an on"
going debate. +t gets
con!used when our own
people opt in to being
?4merican citiGens@.
%e have not onl# human
rights but national rights. 4s
humans we deserve to be
treated right& even b# the
settler. Lut as nations and
governments we have both
inherent and treat# rights
that no one else on this
continent with us has.
23. 3ommit to defne&
with !ree& prior and
in!ormed consent o!
indigenous peoples&
programmes and
resources to support
indigenous peoples7
traditional occupations&
local and diverse
economies and
livelihoods& traditional
subsistence activities
and !ood securit#.
2. %e re/uest the
(ecretar#")eneral& in
consultation and
cooperation with
indigenous peoples&
*ember (tates& and other
relevant sta1eholders& to
develop a (#stem"wide
4ction ,lan to achieve
-nited .ations s#stem
coherence which& through
the mobiliGation inter alia
o! fnancial cooperation
and technical assistance&
'ere is where the new
paragraph 17 1ic1s the crap
out o! this para"graph 23.
.o !ree& prior and in!ormed
consent will be toleratedP
10
will contribute to the !ull
realiGation o! the
provisions o! -nited
.ations 6eclaration on the
Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples. [0P17
2. 3ommit to develop
and implement with
indigenous peoples&
national consultation
mechanisms based on
human rights
standards& which are
culturall# appropriate
and Se:ible& and
relevant !or the
promotion o! the right
to !ree& prior and
in!ormed consent and
that& in particular& are
directed at respecting
the lands& territories&
resources& oceans and
waters o! indigenous
peoples.
2F. %e invite the
(ecretar# )eneral& in light
o! the need !or increased
awareness o! the rights o!
indigenous peoples& to
give consideration to the
appointment o! a -nited
.ations oBcial at the
highest possible level.
[0P#!
'ere>s another paragraph
!rom the original document
that gets banned to the
nether regions& never to be
heard !rom again.
2F. 3ommit to e:amine&
in consultation and
coop"eration with
indigenous peoples& the
negative implications o!
resource e:traction in
order to incorporate
indigenous peoples7
rights under
international law&
including respect !or
the principle o! !ree&
prior and in!ormed
consent.
2H. %e invite the (pecial
Aapporteur on Miolence
against %omen to
consider continuing to
e:amine the causes and
conse/uences o! violence
against indigenous women
and girls within her
mandate. %e also call
upon the 3ommission on
the (tatus o! %omen to
consider Tthe
empowerment o!
indigenous womenT as a
theme !or a !uture
session& to be underta1en
in consultation with the
-nited .ations ,ermanent
Dorum on +ndigenous
+ssues. [0P1$
+ can>t help but wonder who
wrote paragraphs 2 and 2F
<07/08= and whether or not
the# reall# thought the#
had better than a snow
ball>s chance in hell o!
survivingO
The# stri1e me as the 1ind
o! !ace saving statements
that some !ol1s can point to
and tell us J ?Ioo1 we tried&
it>s not our !ault it got shot
down.@ %ell it is their !ault i!
the# wrote these lines with
a c#nical heart 1nowing !ull
well the# wouldn>t survive.
2H. 4Brm and
recognise the right to
the protection&
preservation and
restitution o! sacred
27. Luilding on the report
o! the (ecretar#")eneral
on wa#s and means o!
promoting participation at
the -nited .ations o!
indigenous peoples7
?Enhanced participation@&
there>s a set o! words we
haven>t heard be!ore. +t>s a
long wa#s !rom the original
paragraph 20 <07/08= which
11
places& sites and
cultural landscapes&
and will cooperate with
indigenous peoples to
establish procedures
and mechanisms that
efectivel# promote the
implementation o!
these rights.
representatives on the
issues afecting them
F
&
and recogniGing the right
o! indigenous peoples to
maintain and strengthen
their distinct political
institutions& we re/uest
the (ecretar#")eneral to
!urther develop proposals
to the )eneral 4ssembl#
on enhanced participation
o! indigenous peoples7 at
the -nited .ations.
[0P20
specifcall# re/uested the
(ecretar#")eneral to
?consider preparation o!
specifc proposals regarding
participation o! indigenous
people>s governments@.
)iven the Sow o! the new
docu"ment and its emphasis
on rep"resentative
institutions +>m sure there is
an agreed upon defnition
!or this phrase that will be
revealed later.
27. 3ommit to promote
the development o!
review mechanisms and
protocols to ensure that
the private sector
upholds principles o!
good governance and
the standards contained
in the -nited .ations
6eclaration on the
Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples.
28. %e invite E35(53 to
consider a broad
discussion& during its
3oordination and
*anagement meetings
and under the agenda
item on (ocial and 'uman
Aights Uuestions& which
will e:plore s#stem"wide
in the -. the policies and
procedures on indigenous
peoples within E35(53
subsidiar# bodies&
engaging with +ndigenous
peoples and the relevant
-nited .ations
mechanisms. < new 5,=
%ow& a ?broad discussion@
that should be good !or
another 30 #ears o!
inactivit#.
28. 3ommit to give due
consideration to the
rights o! indigenous
peoples in the
elaboration o! the post"
201F development
agenda and to
mainstream the
promotion and
protection o! these
rights into the
development agenda at
the national& regional
and international levels.
29. %e recogniGe and
respect the relevance o!
the e:periences o!
indigenous peoples to
securing sustainable
development. This
includes 1nowledge
generated through
e:perience in hunting&
gathering& fshing&
pastoralism and
agriculture& as well as
their sciences&
technologies and cultures.
[0P2$ & 0P#0
This whole section has an
insidious !eel to it. 5n the
one hand we have had a
long on"going battle with
those states and groups
who want to limit our
development within the
parameters o!
?subsistence@. Tied to this
is an insistence that we use
?traditional technologies@ J
no motors& guns& modern
nets& etc.
%hen it comes to science
the battle has been over
the phrase ?evidence based
practices@ versus ?practice
based evidence@. EL,
maintains that ever#thing is
12
measureable and replicable
based on ?sound scientifc
evidence@. 5ur wa# o!
1nowing bac1ed b#
thousands o! #ears o!
practice is deemed not
valid. To be ?valid@ it has to
be proven b# %estern
science.
29. AecogniGe the
particular e:perience
and 1nowledge
accumulated b#
indigenous peoples
with respect to
securing sustainable
development& through
hunting& gathering&
pastoralism& small
scale agriculture and
!arming and call upon
all actors to share their
e:periences in the
!ormulation o! the post"
201F development
!ramewor1.
30. %e agree that
indigenous peoples7
1nowledge and strategies
to sustain their
environment should be
respected when we
develop national and
international policies&
standards and measures
on climate change
prevention& mitigation and
adaptation. [0P#0
%ow& that>s aw!ull#
patroniGing o! #ou to
?agree@.
,aragraph 29 <07/08= ir1s
me because i! it was written
b# an +ndigenous person it
is defnitel# someone who
has no grounding or belie!
in their laws& teachings&
ceremonies or wa#s. %e
didn>t Cust start behaving
that wa# J we were
instructed to do conduct
ourselves in certain wa#s
that are compatible to the
eco"s#stem we have been
created in& These are laws&
teachings and ceremonies
that come !rom 3reation&
the (pirits and our
4ncestors and that
paragraph does not reSect
that at all.
30. AecogniGe the role
o! indigenous peoples7
traditional 1nowledge
and strategies as well
as mani!estation o!
their sciences&
technologies and
cultures in maintaining
resilience when
developing all national
and international
policies& standards and
measures on climate
change prevention&
adaptation and
mitigation.
31. %e decide to give due
consideration to the rights
o! indigenous peoples in
the post"201F
development agenda and
to mainstream the
promotion and protection
o! these rights into the
development agenda at
the national& regional and
international levels.
[0P28
13
31. 3ommit to provide&
with the !ull& e/ual and
efective participation
o! indigenous peoples&
and ade/uate resources
that enable the
empowerment o!
indigenous peoples to
deliver and have access
to high"/ualit# and
culturall# ade/uate
education& health&
including mental
health& and housing to
improve the well"being
o! indigenous peoples.
32. %e invite *ember
(tates& the private sector&
and other institutions to
contribute to the -nited
.ations Moluntar# Dund
!or +ndigenous ,eoples&
the -nited .ations Trust
Dund on +ndigenous
+ssues& +D46 +ndigenous
,eoples 4ssistance
Dacilit#& and the -nited
.ations +ndigenous
,eoples ,artnership as a
means o! promoting the
rights o! indigenous
peoples worldwide.
[0P#&
,aragraph 31 <07/08=
certainl# as1s to 1eep the
domestication in place.
32. AeaBrm that
indigenous #outh are
e/ual to all other #outh
and we will support
programmes o!
indigenous peoples to
strengthen the capacit#
o! indigenous #outh&
including the
transmission o!
traditional 1nowledge&
innovation and
practices& as well as
languages.
33. %e re/uest the
(ecretar# )eneral to
include a specifc !ocus on
indigenous peoples in the
fnal report on the
achievement o! the
millennium development
goals. [OP#8
,aragraph 32 <07/08=
vanishes into the nether
regions never to be heard
!rom again.
33. -rge *ember (tates
to cease militariGation
o! lands& territories&
waters and oceans o!
+ndigenous ,eoples and
initiate processes to
demilitariGe these
areas. (pecial measures
should be adopted to
ensure the protection o!
+ndigenous Elders&
women& #outh& children
and persons with
disabilities& particularl#
in the conte:t o! armed
conSicts.
3. %e
re/uest the (ecretar#"
)eneral& in coordination
with all the relevant
-nited .ations s#stem
entities& to report on
progress to the 71st
session o! the )eneral
4ssembl# and ma1e
recommendations& as
appropriate& !or !urther
concrete steps to
implement this outcome
document. 10P#7 & 0P#$
.ew paragraph 20 <08/08=
neutraliGes paragraph 33
<07/08=
3. ,roclaim the Third
1
+nternational 6ecade o!
the %orld7s +ndigenous
,eoples& commencing
on 1 8anuar# 201F& and
decide that the goal o!
the Third 6ecade shall
be international
cooperation !or the
efective
implementation o! the
6eclaration on the
Aights o! +ndigenous
,eoples.
Time>s up J no 3
rd
6ecade.
3F. +nvite the (ecretar#"
)eneral to consider
assigning responsibilit#
!or coordination o! the
Third +nternational
6ecade to the proposed
'igh Aepresen"tative
!or +ndigenous ,eoples.
.o 'igh Aepresentative J
instead the#>re willing to
consider &@.. to give
consideration to the
appoint"ment o! a -nited
.ations oBcial at the
highest possible level@.
The person has to alread#
be a -. oBcial who will get
a promotionO
3H. +nvite *ember
(tates and the private
sector ali1e to
contribute to the -nited
.ations Moluntar# Dund
!or +ndigenous ,eoples&
the -nited .ations Trust
Dund on +ndigenous
+ssues and the -nited
.ations +ndigenous
,eoples ,artnership as
a means o! promoting
the rights o! indigenous
peoples worldwide.
37. Ae/uest the
(ecretar#")eneral& in
coordination with all
the relevant -nited
.ations entities& to
include in!ormation on
progress made in the
implementation o! this
outcome document in
reports on issues
concerning +ndigenous
,eoples& and to ma1e
recommendations& as
1F
appropriate& !or
concrete and !urther
steps to implement the
present outcome
document within the
conte:t o! the
development agenda
be#ond 201F.
38. Ae/uest the )eneral
4ssembl# to include a
specifc !ocus on
indigenous peoples in
its fnal report on o!
the achievement o! the
millennium
development goals.
39. Ae/uest the
(ecretar# )eneral to
report to the 70
th
session o! the )eneral
4ssembl# on progress
toward implementation
o! this outcome
document.
,aulo Driere has a wonder!ul description o! a process he termed$ 6is"
interpretation. 'e points out the process is alwa#s activated when the
oppressed ma1e an articulation to their oppressor about their condition9s;.
(ince we never have access to the highest level o! settler government we
must alwa#s ma1e the articulation to a low level lac1e#. The lac1e# in turn
has to report our articulation to his superior and this goes on up the line until
it fnall# arrives on the des1 o! a decision ma1er. The problem is that ever#
level has interpreted our articulation in the conte:t o! their interests J never
ours. (o what fnall# arrives at the decision ma1er is a gross distortion o!
what was said.
Lut the game isn>t over. ,hase 2 starts now when the decision ma1er issues
a ?prescription@ on how to heal or cure the ailment that has been articulated.
?5h& the# have bad housingO 'ere ta1e 10 o! these !ederal homes and call us
in fve #ears.@ ?5h& it>s some sort o! complaint about their health. 'ere& ta1e
one o! our clinics& two o! our nurses and one o! our doctors ever# three
wee1s and call us in fve #ears.@
The sic1 part is how we have been conditioned into pla#ing the game. %e
1now the rules& all o! the scenario& and consider ourselves /uite smart that
1H
we ?gamed the s#stem@. %e spend all sorts o! time thin1ing about ?gaming
the s#stem@ and not one minute on our !reedom and liberation.
The oppressor then activates an award process& giving out awards to the
best game pla#ers.
The other scenario is how we continuousl# participate in the ?,overt#
4uction@. This is where we auction of our people>s povert# and miser# to get
the highest government grant possible. Lut we never& never ever get enough
o! an award to ever reall# change an#thing. %e get enough to ma1e us thin1
we>ve ?gamed the s#stem@& and ta1e pride in that.
This whole scenario with the 'I,* is defnitel# the process o! 6is"
interpretation and +>ve gotten tired watching all o! these +ndigenous !ools
running around thin1ing the#>re ?gaming the s#stem@ and we>re ma1ing such
great gains. Le!ore the invasion we would Cust banish these idiots& but now
we>re stuc1 with them.
17