Openhole “Fishbone” Multilaterals

Improve Production of Viscous Oil
offshore China
DEA Europe
4
th
Quarter Meeting 2003
Jon Ruszka (Baker Hughes INTEQ)
Overview

Introduction
Introduction

Reservoir Description
Reservoir Description

Objectives
Objectives

Technical Considerations
Technical Considerations

Drilling Operation
Drilling Operation

Overall Results
Overall Results

Conclusion
Conclusion
Introduction
China
Tanggu
Korea
Hong Kong
Beijing
0 100 200 300 km
Shanghai
SZ36-1
As of Dec 31, 2002
Bohai
SuiZhong SZ36-1
Biggest Oilfield in Gulf of Bohai
High viscous oil
Commercial production in 1993
Low productivity per well
Investigate horizontal and
openhole ML option
C15
SP
1500
1550
1600
1650
GR RD
RS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
C20
SP
1500
1550
1600
1650
GR RD
RS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
C23
RD
1500
1550
1600
1650
GR
SP RS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
海拔(m)
-1430
-1440
-1450
-1460
-1470
-1480
-1490
-1500
-1510
-1520
-1530
-1540
-1550
-1560
-1570
-1580
-1590
-1600
-1610
-1620
-1630
-1640
-1650
-1660
-1670
海拔(m)
-1430
-1440
-1450
-1460
-1470
-1480
-1490
-1500
-1510
-1520
-1530
-1540
-1550
-1560
-1570
-1580
-1590
-1600
-1610
-1620
-1630
-1640
-1650
-1660
-1670
Oil Water Gas
Reservoir
Dongying – thinly bedded claystone, siltstone, silty sandstone
Shallow depth 1450-1600m subsea Water depth – 30m
R4 - 12m thick, dipping 6-8°
Position wellpath @ 5m below R4 top
Drainage Profile
Porosity Map
Objectives
Land HEP in 12 Land HEP in 12- -¼” ¼” hole, then cased 9 hole, then cased 9- -5/8 5/8” ”
Laterals # 1,3 down Laterals # 1,3 down- -dip ~6 dip ~6° °
150m long 150m long
Laterals # 2,4 up Laterals # 2,4 up- -dip dip
150m long 150m long
Main bore 8 Main bore 8- -½” ½” hole 400m along strike hole 400m along strike
Target TVD 5m below R4 top Target TVD 5m below R4 top
± ±1m tolerance 1m tolerance
Sidetrack points 50m separation Sidetrack points 50m separation
± ±5m tolerance 5m tolerance
Only Main bore to be cased and completed Only Main bore to be cased and completed
Technical Considerations
Formation Formation – – soft, unconsolidated soft, unconsolidated
prone to washout, hole enlargement prone to washout, hole enlargement – – low flow low flow
Hole cleaning Hole cleaning – – high flow rate high flow rate
therefore wide range of flow rates required therefore wide range of flow rates required
Openhole Openhole exposure time exposure time
water water- -based mud based mud - - limited limited
Quality well bore, least tortuosity Quality well bore, least tortuosity
Main bore re Main bore re- -accessible, then cased accessible, then cased
Laterals very close to each other Laterals very close to each other
Very tight geometric and geosteering tolerances Very tight geometric and geosteering tolerances
Study control Study control
Steerable Motor vs Rotary Steerable
Drilling System Selection

Motors selected to land the well at HEP
Motors selected to land the well at HEP

Motors deemed unsuitable for use in
Motors deemed unsuitable for use in
reservoir section:
reservoir section:

steering precision
steering precision

hole quality
hole quality

flow rate range
flow rate range
Rotary Steerable System Selection

AutoTrak RCLS Selected:
AutoTrak RCLS Selected:

Proven open hole sidetracking capability
Proven open hole sidetracking capability

Closed loop steering control
Closed loop steering control

LWD / MWD sensors close to bit
LWD / MWD sensors close to bit

Proven hole quality
Proven hole quality

Steering unaffected by stick
Steering unaffected by stick
-
-
slip & bit
slip & bit
nozzling
nozzling

Wide flow rate operating range
Wide flow rate operating range

Experienced people
Experienced people
BCPM ATK G3
Steering Unit Sensor Module
Bi-directional Comm. &
Power Module Inclination
1.0m (3.1ft)
Pressure
4.7m (16.4 ft)
Gamma
5.0m 16.4ft)
Resistivity
6.1m (20.0ft)
Directional
7.8m (25.6ft)
Vibration & Stick-Slip
7.8m 25.6ft)
AutoTrak System Overview
Proven OH Sidetracking Capability
Closed Loop Control System
Rotary Closed Loop Steering
Accurately
on Plan
Formation
Tendencies
Continuous
Near Bit
Inclination
Steering
Control Logic
Target
Inclination
(0.125deg increment)
AutoTrak
Steering
SuiZhong Drilling Operation
1 1
st st
well spud in September 2002 well spud in September 2002
Drilling sequence consisted of : Drilling sequence consisted of :
short section of Main Bore short section of Main Bore
then 1 Lateral section then 1 Lateral section
pull back to planned point and sidetrack to Main bore pull back to planned point and sidetrack to Main bore
repeat sequence repeat sequence
Prior to drill each lateral, prepare sidetrack point by Prior to drill each lateral, prepare sidetrack point by
building a “ ramp” building a “ ramp”
Sidetrack principle based on cutting a ledge then “ time Sidetrack principle based on cutting a ledge then “ time
drilling” a new hole on the low side drilling” a new hole on the low side
Sidetracking Principle
1. 1. Cut the Groove Cut the Groove
Lowside Lowside: :
– – Steer low side Steer low side
– – Ream Ream
– – Operation complete Operation complete
when NBI indicates when NBI indicates
groove cut groove cut
3. 3. Once sidetrack Once sidetrack
established: established:
– – Re Re- -activate steering activate steering
– – Geosteer Geosteer as required as required
– – Use Hold Mode to Use Hold Mode to
precisely control TVD precisely control TVD
(closed loop) (closed loop)
1
2
3
L1
L2
L1 L2
3 2
1
S
Constant
Steer Vector
BHA bent into curved hole
by steering vector
Bit “ pointing” in
direction of steer
2. 2. Continue the Continue the
lowside lowside groove: groove:
– – Ribs Off (ribs Ribs Off (ribs
retract into tool retract into tool
body) body)
– – Work pipe to Work pipe to
deepen groove deepen groove
– – Time drill (monitor Time drill (monitor
NBI) NBI)
Overall Results

All 4 Laterals and main bore drilled in 1 BHA run
All 4 Laterals and main bore drilled in 1 BHA run

A 2
A 2
nd nd
tool was run to reconfirm and validate FE data
tool was run to reconfirm and validate FE data

7” liner and screen ran to bottom smoothly w/o any
7” liner and screen ran to bottom smoothly w/o any
problem
problem

Production increased 5 times over single well
Production increased 5 times over single well

2 new wells drilled in Dec 2002 for further studies
2 new wells drilled in Dec 2002 for further studies

2
2
nd nd
ML Well consisted of Main + 2 Laterals
ML Well consisted of Main + 2 Laterals

All 3 sections drilled up
All 3 sections drilled up
-
-
dip @ 97°
dip @ 97°

3
3
rd rd
ML Well consisted of Main + 1 Lateral
ML Well consisted of Main + 1 Lateral

Both wells drilled using only 1 BHA/trip
Both wells drilled using only 1 BHA/trip

Production rates showed several fold improvement
Production rates showed several fold improvement
Overall View
Summary

Extensive reservoir modeling & well planning
Extensive reservoir modeling & well planning
(local & global experience)
(local & global experience)

Fewer wells better positioned giving better
Fewer wells better positioned giving better
production
production

Low Cost Well???
Low Cost Well???

“ High tech” drilling solution was required
“ High tech” drilling solution was required
all other available options were considered all other available options were considered

Single BHA run to drill all laterals
Single BHA run to drill all laterals
Reduced trips as much as possible Reduced trips as much as possible

No NPT running completion
No NPT running completion
This was a significant risk This was a significant risk
Low Cost Well?

Drilling Services Costs
Drilling Services Costs

Drilling 5 ML legs cost ~5x that of 1 vertical well
Drilling 5 ML legs cost ~5x that of 1 vertical well

Savings
Savings

Slot
Slot

Casing
Casing

Completion
Completion

Wellhead
Wellhead

Production
Production

Production from ML ~5x that of 1 vertical well
Production from ML ~5x that of 1 vertical well
Thank You