·

1
[ pa
1
] n the twenty-first consonant of the Bengali alphabet.
·
2
[ pa
2
] a (used as a sfx.) breeding or keeping (:'|·), drinking (¯<·)..
·#¯| [ pich ] n a kind of bangle or bracelet.
·#¯| [ pih ] n a step or a flight of stairs.
·#·# [ pipi ] adv repeatedly, again and again (usu. ·#·# <¯< <¯¬|¯).
·¯|¯< [ pan#cttara ] n. & a seventy-five.
·¯||· [ pan#c#i ] n. & a eighty-five.
·|¯· [ pan#ci#a ] n. & a twenty-five. ·|¯¯· a. (of the days of a month) twenty-fifth. n. the
twenty-fifth day of a month, the twenty-fifth.
·¯¯||¤· [ pam#$atlli#a ] n. & a forty-five.
·¯|=· [ pam#$atri#a ] n & a. thirty-five.
·¯<|1 [ pam#$a'ai ] n. & a sixty-five.
·¯<¯ [ pak&a ] n a pocket. ·¯<¯ <|¯|, ·¯<¯ ¯|<| v. to pick someone's pocket. ·¯<¯ ¯<|, ·¯<¯¯ :·|<|
v. to put in the pocket, to pocket. «¬-·¯<¯ n. a side-pocket. |·¯¯¯< ·¯<¯ a hip-pocket. <<-·¯<¯ n.
a breast-pocket. |¯¯¯<< ·¯<¯ an inside pocket. (¯|; n. a pocket-watch. (<# n. a pocket-book. (¯|< n. a
pick pocket; a cut-purse. (¯- a. put or kept in the pocket. ·¯<¯¯- <<| v. to put or keep (a thing) in
the pocket.
·¯<|;|, ·¯<|;| [ pak))! , pakau)! ] n a chop of onion fried usu. in oil.
·¤ [ pakka ] a for. form of ·|<| (a.). (:<· n. grey hair. a. grey-haired; aged, old. (¯| n. ripeness;
greyness; maturity; precocity; digestion. (|<v|<¯<|º| a. & n. (for.) one whose or of one whose lips
are beautifully red. ·¤|·¯, ·|<|·¯ n. the stomach.
·¤ [ pak'a ] n a lunar fortnight (<ª·¤, <z·¤); a period of fifteen days, a fortnight (¡# ·¤<|¬);
(of birds) a wing, a feather; (of fish) a fin; (of an arrow) a feather; a team, a party, a side (·¤¯U);
a direction or side or hand (·¤|ë¯<); a flank, a side (·¤|¯|¯); question or answer in a debate,
support or opposition, a thesis or an antithesis (·<·¤, ¯¯<·¤); behalf (¯|< ·¯¤ ¯|<¬ ¯|;|¯|¯);
state or condition (·|<¯·¯¤); (of a person married, more than once) marriage (|ï¯|¯ ·¯¤< z|); a
husband or wife, spouse (=|¯ ¯|< ¯¯|¯·¤). (< n. (bot.) a. a pinule. (¤-º same as ·¤|<¬v¯ (:>¯, (:>¯¯
n. act of cutting off or clipping one's wings; (fig.) act of making powerless; refutation of one's
argument. ·¤¯>¯ <<|, ·¤¯>¯¯ <<| v. to cut off or clip one's wings; (fig.) to render powerless. (<<
a. winged. n. a bird; the moon. (·|¯, ("#|¯$#, (·||¯[ n. partiality; unreasonable love or fondness
(for), favouritism, bias, preference (:¯¯¬< ¤|¯ ¯|¯¯< ·¤·|¯). (·|¯¡³ a. biased, partial; corrupted
with partiality or favouritism. ·|¯·¯ a. impartial, unbiased. ·•·|¯| a. partial, prejudicial; biased,
prejudiced; inclined to favouring, prone or leaning to. fem. (·||¯¯| (·¯ n. the inner part or inside
of a wing. (·¯¯ adv. under cover of wings, within the wings; (fig.) under one's protection. (¯U a.
included in a side or team. (:¯¯ n. act of distinguishing one side from another; (chiefly pol.)
disintegration of a party; differentiation of the two opposing sides of an argument. (¬ a. winged;
having a fin or fins; (bot.) pinnate. (|·<||<¯|¯ n. (bot.) pinnate venation. (|·|<¯ a. (bot.) pinnately
veined. (¯+|¬¯ n. act of flapping or moving one's wings (as by a bird). (¯+|¬¯ <<| v. to flap or move
one's wings. (¯¯·< same as ·¤|<¬v| (¯¯·¯ same as ·¤|<¬v¯ (¯¯·¯<|<| same as ·¤|<¬v|
fem. (¯¯·¯<|<|º|
·¤|<|<, ·¤|<|¯ [ pak'kra, pak'k+ti ] a wing-shaped, feather-shaped; fin-shaped; pinnate.
·¤|¯|¯ [ pak'ghta ] n paralysis, palsy. (¤¯- a. paralysed, palsied.
·¤|ë [ pak'nta ] n the end or termination of a lunar fortnight; the full moon or the new
moon; (loos.) termination of a fort night or a period of fifteen days.
·¤|ë< [ pak'ntara ] n the other side or condition. ·¤|ë¯< adv. on the other side, on the other
hand, contrary-wise.
·¤|·¤ [ pak'pak'a ] n the other fortnight; one's friends and foes or supporters and
antagonists. (|<¯|< n. discrimination be tween one's friends and enemies. (|<¯|<-|¯ a. impartial
(·¤|·¤|<¯|<-|¯ ¯ë<ï); indiscriminate (·¤|·¤|<¯|<-|¯ -¯ï|).
·¤|<¬v¯ [ pak'balambana ] n act of siding with or following or standing for or supporting or
defending a particular (contending) party or person; partisanship; act of playing for a particular
team. ·¤|<¬v¯ <<| v. to side with; to follow, to adhere to; to stand for, to support, to defend; to
play for. ·¤|<¬v| a. siding with; following, adhering to; standing for, supporting, defending;
playing for a particular team. n. a party-man; a partisan; a follower, an adherent; a
supporter, a defender; a player of a particular team. fem. ·¤|<¬|v¯|
·|¤º| [ pak'i-+ ] fem of ·¤|
·|¤·|¬< [ pak'iplaka ] a employed in aviculture. n. a bird-fancier, an aviarist.
·|¤·|¬¯ [ pak'iplana ] n aviculture. ·|¤·|¬¯ <<| v. to collect, keep and breed birds, to be
engaged in aviculture. (·|¬| a. an aviary.
·|¤|<¯ï| [ pak'ibidy ] n ornithology.
·|¤<|• [ pak'irja ] n a king of birds; an appellation of Garuda ('!"); (myth.) a winged horse.
·|&·|<< [ pak'i#baka ] n the young ones of a bird; young of a bird (collectively).
·|(·|¬| [ pak'i#l ] n an aviary.
·|*|·<|< [ pak'i#ikra ] n killing or shooting of birds, fowling.
·,| [ pak'+ ] n the bird.
·.|¯|< [ pak'+mra ] n a fowler.
·0|¯ [ pak'+$a ] a of or concerning a side or group or party; belonging to a party.
·¯2|4'¯, ·¯6|¯8¯ [ pak')dgama, pak')dbh&da ] n fledging. ·¯:|<'¯ -=¯|, ·¯?|¯A¯ -=¯| v. to
be fledged.
·C [ pak'ma ] n eyelash; a feather.
·'|< [ pagra ] n a ditch or drain marking the boundary of tract or land. ·'|< ·|< -=¯| v. (lit.) to
leap over or cross a ditch; (fig.) to scamper off or to run away beyond reach.
·|EF [ pa/kti ] n a row, a line. (G¯|•¯ n. dining together sitting in a row, dining in company,
community-dining; community dinner.
·I [ pa/ka ] n soft mud, clay; filth; (geog.) silt; (bio.) protoplasm; a paste (¯K¯·M); (fig.) vice;
(archi.) finial. (• a. born of or grown in soft mud, clay-born. n. the lotus, the water-lily.
fem. (•| (¯¯¯, (N¯P a. lotus-eyed. fem. (¯¯¯| (|•¯| n. a pond in which lotuses grow, a lotus-pool; a
clump or cluster of lo tuses, a collection of lotuses. (¯¯, ·|R¬ a. full of soft mud, miry, muddy;
turbid; filthy; vicious. (S- n. lotus. ·|U¬¯| n. muddiness, miriness; turbidity; filthiness;
viciousness. ·¯W|Y|< n. dredging (as a river) (fig.); cleansing or purification; correction; act of
bringing into order out of an intolerable or intricateness; (fig.) reclamation from vice. ·¯[|]|<
<<| v. to dredge; (fig.) to bring into order out of an intolerable or intricateness; (fig.) to reclaim
from vice.
·_ [ pa/kha ] a (dial.—archi.) finial.
·a| [ pa/kh+ ] n (vul.) a bird; (vul.) a ganjasmoker and teller of cock-and-bull stories (·c|< ¯¬).
a. shaped like a bird (¯¯<·e|).
·g·|¬ [ pa/gapla ] n a swarm of locusts; a locust; (fig.) a huge crowd.
·i [ pa/gu ] a lame; crippled; deprived of the power of movement; rendered powerless. (¯| n.
lameness; crippledom, crippled state or condition; deprivation of the power of movement;
deprivation of power.
·¯ [ paca ] n putrefaction, rotting. ·¯ <<| v. to begin to rot or putrefy or decay.
·¯¯ [ pacana ] n cooking; digesting, digestion; putrefaction, rotting; (med.) sepsis. ( |¯<|<< a.
counteracting putrefaction: (med.) antiseptic. (·|¬ a. easily putrefied; putrescent, rotting; (med.)
getting septic.
·¯| [ pac ] v to rot, to putrefy, to decompose; (med.) to become septic; (fig.) to become too old
or hackneyed. a. rotten, putrefied, decomposed; (med.) that which has become septic; (fig.)
too old or hackneyed (·¯| j<<). ·¯| ¯|l (¯|n<) the humid and sweltering month of Bhadra.
·¯|# [ paci ] n a spirituous liquor distilled from rice, arrack.
·¯|¯¯| [ pacn) ] v to cause to rot, to rot, to putrefy, to decompose etc.; to ret (jute etc.); (med.)
to make septic. a. that which has been putrefied or decomposed.
·¯|¬ [ pacla ] n (dial.) useless garrulous or idle talk or scandal. ·¯|¬ ·|p| v. to indulge in useless
garrulous talk or scandal, to be talkative, to have a long tongue.
·¯r [ pacya ] a worth cooking; digestible.
·¯t [ pachanda ] n choice; liking; selection; approbation. a. chosen; liked; selected;
approved. ·¯v <<| v. to choose; to like; to select; to approve. (¯# a. to one's liking; choice, select.
·x [ pañca ] n. & a five. (< n. a set of five, a quintette, a quintet, a pentad ('|¯·z<). ({<|º, (|<|º| a.
pentagular. ('<~ n. the five articles derived from the cow, namely, curd, milk, clarified butter,
cow's urine and cowdung. (•º n. the five qualities or attributes, namely, beauty, exudation or
juice, smell, touch and sound. a. five times, five fold. ('|$ n. a collective name for the ancient
regions of Gaud (%'|'), Mithila (|¯|·¬), Utkal (¯)<¬), Kanauj (<¯¯|•), and the region situated on
the bank of the river Saraswati. (¯+||<,· a. forty-five. (¯.||<,·0 n. & a. forty-five. ˜¯2||<,·4¯ a. forty-
fifth. fem. (¯6||<,·8¯| (¯·| a. one who practises severe religious austerities with the blazing sun
overhead and enkindling four huge fires on four sides. (|:,· n. thirty-five. (|<,·> n. & a. thirty-
five. ˜|@,·B¯ a. thirty-fifth. fem. (|D,·F¯| ·HI n. death. ·KLM|O a. dead. ·QRS|U -=¯| v. to meet
with death, to give or yield up the ghost, to die. ·WXY||[ n. death. (¯¬ a. having five petals,
quinquepetalous; pentamerous; quinquepartite. (¯¬ ·] a cinquefoil. (¯¬|¯ a. pentamerous;
pertaining to or consisting of five parties, quinquepartite. (¯· n. & a. fifteen. &square; a.
fifteenth. (¯·| a. fem. fifteenth; fif teen years old. n. the ultimate day of a lunar fortnight; the
full moon or the new moon; one of the Vedantas (^<¯|`). (a¯<¯| n. five deities or Gods receiving
oblation before one's meal. (¯¯ n. the Punjab (it is inundated by five rivers). (·|c¯< n. the five
Pandava( ·|e¯<). brothers of the Mahabharata, the Pandava quintette. (·|g n. a vessel used in
Hindu religious service: it consists of four small metal cups placed on a metal tray. (|·¯| n. one's
progenitor, deliverer from fear, father-in-law, preceptor and maintainer collectively. (h¯|· n. a
metal lamp with room for five wicks. (<¯| n. a sacred place with the assemblage of five banyan
trees. (<|º n. the five arrows of Kam (<|¯) the god of love, namely, enchantment, excitement,
absorption, heating and stupefaction; Kama the god of love. (<|¯ n. the five vital airs (or breaths)
that are drawn into or sent out from the body. (|<,· a. twenty-five. (|<,·|¯ n. & a. twenty-five.
˜|<,·|¯¯¯ a. twenty-fifth. fem. (|<,·|¯¯¯| (¯ • n. (geom.) a pentagon. a. pentagonal. (¯¯ n. the
five vital elements collectively, namely, earth, water, heat, air and atmosphere or space. ·j¯¯¯
k¯·| v. (lit.) to be dissolved into the five vital elements; (fig.) to die. ·m¯ a. fifth. n. same as
·o¯q< (¯<|< n. wine, meat, fish, posture and sexual intercourse collectively, five essential
tantric (¯||s<) practices or rites. ·u¯<||-¯| n. the fifth column; the group of soldiers supporting
and working for the enemy within the country. ·w¯y< n. (mus.) the major fifth of the C-scale;
the cuckoo's note. (¯-|·|¯< n. the five mortal sins according to Hindu scriptures. ·{¯| a. fem.
fifth. n. fem. the fifth lunar day of either fortnight. (¯ j a. having five faces or mouths, five-
faced; eloquent (|·,¯|¯ ·~¯j). n. an appellation of Shiva (|·<). (¯j| a. fem. five-faced;
pentapetalous; having five surfaces (·¯j| ¯|¬|); having five bores or holes (·"¯j| #$|&); having
five parts or sections, pentamerous, five pronged. (¯j| ·( a cinquefoil. (<* (<, n. (in chess) one of
the systems of checkmating. (<, n. the five gems collectively, namely, sapphire, diamond, ruby,
pearl and coral. (<||·< n. (arith.) the double rule of three. (·< same as (<|º (·. n. the five
principal grains collectively, namely, paddy, kidney-bean or oat, barley, sesame and pigeon-pea.
·0|2 [ pañc/ka ] a having five acts, five-act (·4|6 ¯|¯<).
·8|¯¯ [ pañcnana ] a having five faces. n. an appellation of Shiva (|·<).
·:|¯< [ pañcnanda ] n a traditional deity of Bengal; (loos.) Shiva (|·<).
·>|¯¯ [ pañcm+ta ] n the five sweet edible things collectively, namely, curd, milk, clarified
butter, sugar and honey; the sacrament of feeding a woman with these five sweet things in the
fifth month of her pregnancy.
·@|¯¯¯ [ pañc$&ta ] n a village council (ori. consisting of five members), a panchayet. ·B|¯¯|¯
n. work or arbitration of a panchayet; councilship of a panchayet. a. relating to a panchayet.
·D||¬<|, ·F|¬| [ pañclik, pañcl+ ] n a doll, a puppet.
·H|·, ·J|·L [ pañc#a, pañc#at ] n. & a fifty. ·N|·P¯ a. fif tieth. fem. ·R|·T¯| ·V|·<|< adv.
fifty times; (fig.) many times, (cp.) thousand and one times, times without number.
·X|·||¯ [ pañc#+ti ] n. & a eighty-five. (¯¯ a. eighty-fifth. fem. (¯¯|
·¯Z|\¯ [ pañc&ndri$a ] n the five sense-organs collectively, namely, the eye(s), the nose, the
tongue, the skin.
·^< [ pañjara ] n the ribs; the thor; the skeletal frame of the chest; a flank; a cage. ·`<||b- n. a
rib-bone, a rib.
·d||< [ pañjbi ] a or born in the Punjab. n. a native of the Punjab; the language of the
Punjab; a loose-fitting upper-garment with no collar.
·|f, ·h|, ·|j<| [ pañji, pañj+, pañjik ] n an almanac, a calen dar, an ephemeris; a chronicle, a
journal, a diary (¯¯¯|·|l). ·|n<<, ·|p<|<|< n. the maker of an almanac.
·¯
1
[ paa
1
] n cloth or canvas (·¯¯r¯·); a can vas for painting on, a canvas with a painting on, a
painting (|¯t·¯); a painted earthen pot of convex shape; a painted slide as displayed on the
stage, a scene (¯ v·¯). (<|< n. a painter; a weaver.
·¯
2
, ·x [ paa2, pa ] int expressing: crackling noise; noise of bursting, splitting or snapping;
suddenness; quickness. ·¯ <¯< adv. with a crackling or snapping noise; suddenly; quickly. ·¯|·¯
adv. making such a noise in quick (and often sudden) succession; suddenly; quickly.
·¯<| [ paak ] a extremely weak or feeble (y<|'|·¯<|). n. a cracker; a squib; the bladder of a
fish.
·¯<|¯¯| [ paakn) ] v (coll.) to fling to the ground, to knock down; to defeat, to vanquish; to
be overpowered.
·¯·|¯
2
[ paapai
2
] n over-fastidiousness about purity; making too much of anything,
exaggeration, tall talk, bragging (¯¯j# ·¯·|¯); a kind of tiny crackling fire work; a kind of
crackling toy; crackling noise; the air-bladder of fish; a kind of small creeper or its berry.
·¯¯|¯ [ paabh-mi ] n background.
·¯¯{¯· [ paaman)apa ] n a canopied pavilion.
·¯¬
2
[ paala
2
] n a collection, a multitude('¯< •¬<<·¯¬'); (of a book) a chapter, a section, a
canto; a roof (·¯¬}|•); an eye-disease, cataract ¯"|¯·¯¬.
·¯- [ paaha ] n a drum, a war-drum, a kettle drum; a tabor; the ear-drum, the tympanum (usu.
<º$·¯-). (|¯¯|¯ n. noise of drum-beat, fanfare.
·¯| [ pa ] v to be on terms with, to be friendly with (%¯|¯|¯¯ &¯|¯¯ ·¯¯); to be familiar with or
to be in (usu. illicit) love with ('¯¯¯¯| ¯|< ¯¯) ·¯¯¯¯); to come to terms, to agree, to give in.
·¯|¯¯| [ pan) ] v to bring to terms; to persuade; to cause to agree or give in; to win over; to
lure, to seduce (*¯¯¯ ·¯|¯¯|).
·¯|<|¯ [ pabsa ] n a tented accommodation; a tent; a canopied pavilion.
·¯|· [ pa#a ] n potash.
·¯|¯ [ pasa ] int expressing: a loud ·, sound.
·|¯
1
[ pai
1
] n a small strip or band of cloth, a bandage (•¬·|¯); a pleat of cloth for tucking
with, a tuck; a strip of cloth wound round the leg (as by soldier), a puttee, a puttie (<¯·|¯). ·|¯
-¯=¯|, ·|¯ ¬|'|¯¯| v. to place a strip of cloth on; to bandage; to tuck with a pleat of cloth. ·|¯ ·<| v.
to put on puttees. ·|¯ ¯|<| v. to tuck with a pleat of cloth.
·|¯
2
[ pai
2
] n a section of a market, a market (.¯|·|¯, /¬|-|·|¯); a locality or quarters or
township (¯|¯|·|¯ = a China-town).
·¯|¯¯| [ pa+$as+ ] fem of ·¯ & ·¯|¯|¯
·¯|¯|¯ [ pa+$na ] a very expert or adroit; more expert or adroit.
·¯ [ pau ] a expert, adroit, skilful, dextrous; efficient, proficient, adept; able; clever;
experienced. (¯|, (0 n. expertness, adroitness, skill, dexterity; efficiency, proficiency; ability;
cleverness; experience.
·¯¯|¬ [ pa)la ] n a kind of a kitchen-vegetable shaped like a cylinder tapering at both ends.
·¯¯|¬ 1¯<| a. (of eyes) shaped like a longitudinal half of the aforesaid kitchen-vegetable, very
wide and beautiful. ·¯¬ 2¯|¬| v. (sarcas.) to die, to kick the bucket. (¬¯| n. the bitter tasting edible
creeper bearing the aforesaid kitchen-vegetable.
·4 [ paa ] n a plank, a slab; a plate (¯|6·8); a wooden seat for sitting upon squattingly; a seat
(<|•·:); a throne (·<¯|-<|); jute; silk, linen (·><@); a town, a city; a village (esp. a large one); a
port; a turban; a scarf. (A¯<| same as ·C¯|-<| ·E¯ n. a city, a town; a port. (<G n. silk-cloth,
linen. (¯|-<|, (<|I| n. the chief queen of a king, a queen consort.
·K|<|¯ [ pabsa ] n a tent.
·|M
2
[ pai
2
] n a fib. ·|O P¯=¯|, ·|R ¯|<| v. to fib, to spoof. (<|• n. a fibster.
·|T·, ·|V¯ [ pai#a, paisa ] n a kind of ancient sword used in fighting.
·X [ pau ] n a kind of coarse linen.
·|¯Z·| [ phadda# ] n student life, studentship.
·¯¯ [ pahana ] n act of reading, perusal; study; recitation. ·¯¯|¯ a. that which is to be or can be
read or studied or recited; prescribed for reading or study or recitation; readable; recitable. (·|¬
a. reading, studying; in the process of reading.
·|¯¯ [ pahita ] a that which has been read; perused; studied; recited.
·¯\¯|¯ [ pahyamna ] a that which is being read or perused or studied or recited.
·`¯| [ pa)! t ] n a continuous succession of win ning or lucky throws (as of dice); luck (·b¯|
¯d); favourable time, fortune; good terms, amiability (¯|< ¯¯f &¯|< ·h¯| -¬¯|); an approximate
number or amount, approximation ('j·l¯|); (comm.) cost of production or procurement. ·n¯|
·p| v. (at dice etc.) to be able to make winning or lucky throws in a row; to have a favourable or
fortunate time; (comn.) to meet the cost of production or procurement. ·r¯| s·|<|¯¯| v. to meet
or cover the cost of production or procurement.
·u|¯ [ pa)! ti ] n fall; decline (·w|¯< ¯j); (comm.) a fall in prices, business etc., slump (¯y|¯-
·{|¯); the portion of materials oringredient wasted or scattered in course of production of an
article («}|¯-·•|¯); remainder, remnant. a. falling, on the decline. ·#|¯ <|•|< slump, market
with falling prices.
·%¯
1
[ pa)! na
1
] n falling, fall; decline.
·'¯
2
[ pa)! na
2
] n (dial.) reading; perusal; study; recitation; recital.
·)* [ pa)! nta ] a about to fall; declining; about to terminate or end, coming to a close (·,-
.<¬|, ·01 |¯¯); setting (·34 5<|¯). ·78 9<¬| the closing hours of the day.
·;·=, ·¯?|·¯A| [ pa)! pa)! , pa)! )pa)! ) ] a about to fall or collapse or cave in ¯|·|< ¯·¯C <||E
·G·I.
·K·M
2
, ·OP·RP [ pa)! pa)!
2
, pa)! pa)! ] int suggesting: the noise of roughly tearing cloth etc.
·T|· [ pa)! śi ] n a neighbour.
·V|
1
[ pa)!
1
] v to fall, to drop (<|X ·Z|); to fall down, to drop down (·¯\ ]|=¯|, ¯|¬ ·_|); to lean
to ('|¯¯·a|); (as an aux.) to perform an action (¯|¯¯¯ ·c|); to come to, to fall into (de¯j ·g|); to be
uncultivated (•|¯ ·¯i ·|<|); to be vacant or unoccupied (<||k ·¯m ·|<|); to stay or remain (|·¯¯¯
·o|); to be unpaid or unreal ized, to get into arrears (¯¯< ¯|<| ·¯q &¯¯); to be outstanding (<|•
·¯s ·|<|); to set in, to begin, to ensue (&<|¬ ·u|); to attack, to raid (¯|<|¯ ·w|); to infest (x·|<|
·z|); to be attacked ({<|¯' ·}|); to be caught (in) (•|¯¬ ·•|, ¯|¯¯ ·#|); to be affected with, to
contact, to incur (¯<¯¯ ·%|, ¯|< ·'|, ¯|¯¯ ·)|); to arrive or appear (|'¯¯ ·+|); to come across or fall
upon (·¯· ·-|); to set in for a spell (¯|/¯| ·1|); to come upon, to strike, to occur (¯¯¯ ·3| = to call
to mind); to require or involve or to involve an expenditure (¯¯< ¯|<| ·5¯<); to exude, to ooze,
to flow out (<7 ·9|, <¯ ·;|, ¬|¬ ·=|); to fall off, to shed or to be shed, to fall (¯|¯ ·?|, ·|¯| ·A|);
to be placed (·|¯ ·C|); to be served (·|¯¯ j|<|< ·E|); to be paralyzed (G ·¯I ]|=¯|); to come to a
close, to decline (J<¬| ·L|); to terminate; to be applied or set (-|¯ ·N|); to be allayed (<|' ·P|); to
be abated, to decrease (Q¯• ·S|); to be directed or cast or set (T¯|j ·V|); to be attracted (¯¯ ·X|);
to go into, to take in (Y·¯¯ ·[|); to be born (\·¯ ]·¯< ·_|); to be married (`¯¯¯|¯ <b ¯¯< ·¯d¯¯).
a. fallen, dropped; fallen down, dropped down; leaning to ('|¯¯ ·f|); hanging loose («¯¬-·h|
¯|¯j|); fallen into (|<·¯¯ ·l| m¬|<); uncultivated or fallow; unoccupied, vacant; deserted (·o| <||q);
staying, remaining, laid down (|<¯|¯|¯ ·s| t¬|<); attacked; infested; caught; affected with; lying
unclaimed or met with by chance (·v| ¯|<|); abandoned, derelict (·x| ¯|¬). (y¯| v. to cause to fall
or drop or lean to or in fest or be attacked or be affected with or require or involve or involve an
expenditure of or be turned or be directed or be cast or be set or be attracted or enter. ·¯{ ·¯}
|<¬ <| ¯|< j|=¯| to take constant insult or suffer oppression without retaliation. ·¯•-·|=¯| v. to
come upon something unexpectedly; to get a thing by chance and unexpectedly. ·¯#-·|=¯| a. got
by chance and unexpectedly; that which has been obtained unexpectedly. See also ·|=¯| <|•|¯<
·%¯¯ ¯| ·|=¯| to have a ready market, to go or sell like hot cakes.
·'|
2
[ pa)!
2
] v to read, to go through, to peruse; to study; to recite (¯) ·+|, -¬, ·.|). n.
reading, perusal; study; recital, recitation; an instalment of lesson, lesson, exercise. a. that
which has been read, perused; studied; recited. ·0| <<| v. to learn or prepare one's lessons. 13|
<<|, ·5| 6¯=¯| v. to test whether one can say one's lessons. ·8| 9¯=¯|, ·;| <¬| v. to say one's
lessons. (<|<=) <|¯¯ ·=| v. to read, to take lessons from. ·¯? @·|¯|¯¯| v. to read to. |<¯B|¬¯¯ ·D¯¯
]|=¯| to go to school. (E¯| v. to teach; to cause to read or study or recite; to instruct, prepare by
(repeated) instruction, to tutor, to rehearse, to prime (¯||G ·I|¯). ·K|< ¯< n. a study; a reading
room. ·M|< N¯·| n. a great liking for or attachment to reading; love of reading. (O·|¯| n. study;
academic education, schooling. ·Q|¯·|¯| <<| v. to study; to have one's schooling; to learn one's
lessons. ·S|¯·|¯|¯ ¯¯ ·|<| to take care of one's lessons or studies, to be mindful of one's lessons
or studies.
·U¯| [ pa)! u$ ] n a student, a pupil; a scholar. a. given to study, studious; scholarly (·W¯|
X¯¯¬); employed in study, studying (·Z¯| <\-|).
·¯^¯
1
[ pa)! &na
1
] n woof, weft.
·¯`¯
2
[ pa)! &na
2
] n a mass of metal, adjusted to a standard and used for finding weight, a
weight.
·¯b|
2
[ pa)! )
2
] a uncultivated, fallow (·¯d| •|¯); unoccupied, vacant, deserted (·¯f| <||h <| |¯¯¯);
deprived of the power of movement, confined to bed (¯<-·¯j|, ·¯l| m¬|<).
·º [ pa-a ] n a promise, a resolve (·º <o|); a wager, a stake, a bet (·|·|¯j¬|< ·%); price (p|º·º); a
condition or term, a stipulation (<r<¯|s| ·º); compulsory dowry (esp, what is given to a bride
groom), marriage-money; a commodity; a measure of counting (= 2 'u¯|). ·º <<| v. to resolve. ·º
v¯=¯| v. to pay the dowry, to pay the bridegroom (or the bride) compulsory dowry or marriage-
money. ·º <<|, ·º <|j| v. to lay a wager, to bet, to stake. ·º w¯=¯| v. to exact compulsory dowry
or marriage-money. <y|·º n. compulsory dowry or marriage-money given to the bride. <<·º
compulsory dowry or marriage-money given to the bride groom. (<< n. betting tax. (|<¯| n. a table
of reckoning by pans (·º). (z·| n. the system of exacting dowry or marriage-money; (coll.) dowry
system. (<| a. bound by a promise, under pledge of.
·º< [ pa-aba ] n a kind of ancient tomtom.
·~¯ [ pan)a ] a abortive, futile, vain, useless, fruitless; spoiled, foiled, marred. ·¯ <<| v. to
render abortive, to bring to nothing, to baffle; to spoil, to foil, to mar, to undo. (!¯ n. fruitless
toil; abortive efforts.
·|#¯¯ [ pan)ita ] a learned, erudite; aufait, versed; wise; experienced; expert, skilled. n. a
teacher of Bengali and Sanskrit literature and language, a pundit. (¯'|¯|º n. (lit. and fig.) the
most precious jewel amongst learned men; the most learned man. ((<<, (<< same as ·|*¯¯¯,-
(¯/¯¬| n. an assembly of learned people; the learned community, the intelligentsia. (¯ j1 a. versed
in bookish learning but bereft of common sense, learned but unpractical; a wise fool, a
wiseacre. n. such a man, a learned fool, a pedant. (¯|¯| same as ·|3¯¯56 (789 a. most learned.
n. the most learned man. ·|;¯¯=>, ·|@¯¯||¯¯|¯| a. one who unduly as sumes an air of
(superior) learning or wisdom. ·|B¯¯DE <G|I a wiseacre. ·|K¯|¯ n. the post or office of a teacher of
Sanskrit and Bengali; (sarcas). wisdom or learning (·|M¯|¯ ,¬|¯¯|). a. of or like ancient pundits
(·|O¯|¯ ¯|¬¯¬¯); abounding in Sanskrit words and strictly following rules of Sanskrit grammar
·|Q¯|¯ ¯|<|.
·ºS [ pa-ya ] a that which is to be or can be sold, marketable, saleable, salable. n. a
commodity, an article for traffic, (pl.) merchandise; price, cost, charge, fare. (•|<| a. living on or
engaged in trade or business. n. a trader, a tradesman, a merchant, a businessman; a
dealer. (T<V n. a commodity; (pl.) merchandise, wares. (<||·, (<|·|, (<||·<| n. a row of shops; a
market. (·|¬| n. a shop; a departmental store; a market; a manufactory. (W| n. a woman of the
street, a prostitute, a harlot. ·ºY|'|< n. a warehouse. ·º[|]¯| same as (^| ·º`|•|< same as (•|<|
·¯' [ pataga ] n the bird.
·¯b [ pata/ga ] n the grasshopper; an insect; the fly; the moth; the bird; an arrow; the sun.
¯|·< a. capable of killing insects, insecticidal. ·¯d¯|·< ·¯|·f in secticide. (·<|'º n. (bot.)
entomophily. (·<|'¯ a. (bot.) insect-pollinated. (·<|'| a. (bot.) entomophilous. (|<h|¯, (|<¯j| n.
entomology. (|<l|¯|, (|<¯ n. an entomologist. (< n a. impelled by the insectile desire of killing
oneself in the fire of one's pleasure. (<|p n. the insectile impulse of killing oneself in the fire of
one's pleasure. (¯< a. in sectivorous. ·¯r¯< s|º| an insectivore. (¯¯ a. infested with insects.
·¯u [ patatra ] n a wing (of a bird). ·¯|w, ·¯y| n. the bird. ·¯|{<|• n. Garuda the king of birds
('}~).
·¯¯ [ patana ] n act of falling or dropping, a fall; act or state of being shed or showered; a
shower; decline, downfall (¯||¯•"< ·¯¯); overthrow, defeat (·$< ·¯¯); slaughter, death (]¯&
·¯¯); destruction ('¯¯-< ·¯¯); capture ((¯'*< ·¯¯); depravation, corruption (¯|<< ·¯¯); a defect
(¯,·¯¯); failing, omission ('-¬¯-·¯¯-.|¯'). ·¯¯ ¯¯| v. to have a fall; to fall, to drop; to be shed or
showered; to decline, to have a downfall, to be overthrown or defeated or killed or destroyed or
captured or depraved or corrupted; to be omitted. ·¯¯ ¯¯|¯¯| v. to cause a fall; to fell; to drop; to
shed or shower; to cause decline or downfall; to overthrow or defeat; to kill; to destroy; to
capture; to deprave or corrupt; to cause an omission. (·|¬ a. falling, dropping; being shed or
showered; declining; on the wane; perishable. ·¯¯¯|0j a. about to fall or drop or decline;
tottering.
·¯·¯, ·2·4 [ patapata, patpat ] int suggesting: a fluttering noise as of a flying flag or a sail
moving in air or a flying kite or of the wings of a flying bird.
·¯< [ patara ] n a metal hoop. ·¯< &¯| v. to fasten a metal hoop (to).
·¯|<| [ patk ] n a banner, a standard, a flag, a pennon. ·¯|<| <¯|¯¯ <| <6|<¯|¯¯ <<| v. to
lower or half-mast a flag. ·¯|<| ¯¯8|¬¯ <<| v. to hoist of flag. ·¯|<| ¯||¯¯¯ 9,¬| v. to strike a
flag. (¯;¯ n. a flagstaff, a flagpole, a flagstick. (<|<|, (<|-| a. carrying or bearing a flag or standard.
n. a standard-bearer; a flag-bearer; an ensign; (fig.) an outstanding leader. ·¯|<| a. same as
·¯|<|<|<| n. (astrol.) a circle drawn for ascertaining the good and evil (usu. ·¯|<|¯=). fem. a.
·¯||<¯|
·|¯ [ pati ] n a husband; a master, an employer, a boss; an owner; an overlord, a ruler, a king; a
chief; a leader. ('- n. the husband's house, a woman's husband's house. ·|¯,<<| a. & n. fem. one
who selects or chooses one's husband. ˜¯||¯¯| a. & n. fem. one who murders or kills one's
husband; one who is the cause of one's husband's death. (> n. the state of being a husband; state
of being a master or employer or boss; ownership; overlordship; rulership; kingship; office or
post of a chief; leadership. ·|¯¯@ <<º <<| v. to accept or take as one's husband. (¯B|' n. act of
deserting or divorcing one's husband. (C¯<¯| n. one's husband regarded as one's deity. (·<|¯º| a.
fem. extremely devoted (and faithful) to one's husband. (-·E| n. husband and wife. (-·G n. a
husband and a son or sons. (·I-|¯| a. deprived of both husband and son. (J|º| a. fem. one who
looks upon one's husband as one's life; one who can hardly live without one's husband,
extremely devoted to one's husband. (<L| a. fem. having one's husband living. (|<¯¯|' n. death of
one's husband. (|<<- n. separation (temporary or permanent) from one's husband. (|<<|-º| a. fem.
separated (temporarily or permanently) from one's husband. (M¯| a. fem. one who has taken the
vow of serving one's husband; extremely devoted to one's husband. (¯¯| a. fem. having a master
or ruler. (·|¯¯¯| ·O|). (P¯<| n. serving one's husband. (-|¯| a. widowed. ·|¯-|¯| ¯|<| a widow.
·|¯¯ [ patita ] a fallen, dropped; shed; showered; declined; downfallen; over thrown, defeated;
killed, slain; depraved; degenerated; guilty of a failing or lapse; depressed ·|¯¯ •||¯; socially cast
out, excommunicate (¯¯|¯• ·|¯¯); outcasted (•|¯¯ ·|¯¯); uncultivated, fallow (·|¯¯ •|¯);
deserted or unoccupied (·|¯¯ |¯¯|). ·|¯¯ <<| v. to cast out from the society, to excommunicate;
to outcaste. ·|¯¯ -=¯| v. to fall, to drop; to be shed or showered; to be guilty of a failing or lapse;
to be cast out or excommunicated; to be outcasted. (·|<¯ a. one who delivers sinners from
damnation. fem. (·|<¯|
·|¯¯| [ patit ] a. fem gone astray from the path of righteousness and chastity; unchaste; taken
to harlotry. n. a fallen woman; a prostitute, a harlot. (<|¯ n. reclamation of fallow land or
wastes. (<|R n. prostitution. ·|¯¯¯|T|< n. redemption or rescue of the sinful.
·V¯ [ pattana ] n a city, a town, a port; base, groundwork; construction; foundation, setting up,
institution, inauguration; establishment; commencement, beginning, outset; lease or
settlement (¯|¬¯<< ·X¯ Y¯=¯|); length (Z<|¯|< ·\¯). ·^¯ <<| v. to lay the foundation of; to
construct; to found, to institute, to inaugurate; to establish; to commence, to begin. ·`¯ a¯=¯|
v. to lease out or settle. ·c¯ d¯=¯| v. to come into possession by dint of a lease or settlement.
·f¯-&<h| n. the port-police. (¯|< same as ·j|¯¯|< (·|¬ n. port commissioner. ·l|¯ n. a piece of
land leased out, a leasehold; a settlement. a. leased out, held by dint of a settled tenure.
·n|¯¯|< n. a lease-holder, a lessee, a tenure-holder.
·|p [ patti ] n a foot-soldier, an infantryman.
·r| [ patn+ ] n a wife. ·t|¯v|' <<| v. to desert or divorce one's wife. (|<¯¯|' n. loss or death of one's
wife.
·x [ patra ] n a leaf (as of a book or a tree); a page (·z||); a foil or plate (¯|~·); a letter, a
missive (·"#||%); a piece of paper printed or written (&¯¯··'); a document or deed (<|¯¯|·)); a
written marriage-contract (usu. ·||¯·+); (of a bird) a wing; a correlative of <|'•, ¯|¬¬ etc. (|¯|¯·-,
<|'•·/, ·|··1); a collection, and similar things, etcetera (|<¯|¯|·3, ¯|¬·5, j<¯·7). ·9 <<| v. to
make a marriage-contract in writing. ·; <¯=¯| v. to send one a letter, to write a letter to. (& n. a
leaf; (bot.) a pinna. (<>¯< n. (bot.) a leaf-spine. (?¯ n. (bot.) a leaf-scar. (¯|<< n. a saw. (·|A<| n. pl.
journals and news papers. (·|¯ n. act of reading a letter. adv. as soon as a letter is read; forth
with, at once, immediately. (·¯ n. a cup made of tree-leaves. (<C n. a penfriend. (<|-, (<|-< n. a
carrier or bearer of a letter; a messenger; a post man. (<|-| a. mail-carrying, mail. (|<|¯¯¯ n. act of
writing letters to one another; exchange of letters; corre spondence. ·E|<|¯¯¯ <<| v. to write
letters to one another; to correspond (with). |<G|¯ n. (bot.) phyllotaxy. (¯I|< n. (bot.) a leafstalk,
a petiole. (¯ K¬ n. (bot.) a leafbud. (¯¬ n. (bot.) a leaf-base. (L¯|¯¯ n. (bot.) leaf-fall, defoliation. (M]|¯'
adv. by letter. (<¯¯| n. act of writing or composing a letter; (bot.) foliation; (bot.) foliage. (<O n.
stoma. (P¬j| n. act of writing a letter; decorative paintings on one's person with sandal-paste or
similar articles. (-|<R n. (bot.) chlorophyl.
·T|V [ patr/ka ] n (of a book) page-number, page mark. ·X|Z¯ n. pagination. ·\||^¯ a.
paginated. ·`||b¯ <<|, ·d|f g¯=¯| v. to paginate, to page.
·i|<|¬, ·k|<¬|, ·m||¬, ·o|¬| [ patrbali, patrbal+, patrli, patrl+ ] n. plletters collectively,
correspondence; (of a tree) leaves collectively, foliage; (of a book) pages collectively; decorative
painting on one's person with sandal paste or similar articles. ·q||¬<| n. a tiny or concealed
decorative painting on one's person with sandal-paste etc.
·s|u¯| [ patr#ra$+ ] a epiphyllous.
·|w<| [ patrik ] n a letter, a missive, an epistle; a newspaper; a periodical, a magazine (x¯|¯<
·|z<|, ¯||¯< ·||<|); a paper containing a writing, a horoscope (•~·|=<|); (rare) a deed, a
document; a leaf of young shoot (¯<·|=<|).
·=| [ patr+ ] a leafed; foliaceous; winged. n. a tree; a bird; an arrow; a letter, a missive; a
newspaper, a periodical.
·¯=|¯< [ patr)ttara ] n the reply of a letter. ·¯=|¯¯< adv. in reply to a letter.
·¯=|('¯ [ patr)dgama ] n (bot.) foliation.
·· [ patha ] n a passage, a path, a way, a road, a street, a route; doorway, an entrance; a mode
or manner (¯¦ ·¯· •|<¯]|·¯); a means, an expedient (¯|U< ··); range (¯|³··). <·¯· |¯|¬¯ -=¯| to
meet halfway; to compromise. ·· <<| v. to make one's way; to make way. ·· ¯¬| v. to travel on
foot; to walk; to travel; (arch.) to wayfare. ·· ¯|=¯| v. to look forward to the coming of, to wait
for or expect eagerly the coming of. ·· ¯|;| v. to get out of the way, to let one pass, to give one
way, to make way for; to give up a way or practice (esp. a bad one). ·· :•|;| v. to block a way; to
block one's way; to obstruct. ·· :¯=¯| v. to make way for, to let one pass, to give one way. ··
:¯j| v. to devise (ways and) means; to find a way out; (sarcas.) to go one's way, to depart; to find
one's way. ·· :¯j|¯¯| v. to show one the way; to guide; to lead the way; (sarcas.) to turn one out,
to show one the door. ·· <<| v. to follow a (particular) path; to adopt a (particular) method or
practice; to set off, to depart, to take the road. ·· ¯|;|¯¯| v. to go or come by a particular way;
(fig.) to associate with; (fig.) to come or go in the neighbourhood of. ·¯· &¯| v. to yield, to
submit; to follow the right track (at last). ·¯· <|¯| :¯=¯| v. (fig.) to block or obstruct a way. ·¯·
<¯| v. (fig.) to be utterly ruined or to be bank rupt, to have nothing to fall back on or to have
none to turn to for support or help. ·¯· <¯|¯¯| v. (fig.) to ruin utterly. ·¯·< <|¯| n. a thorn in
one's side; (fig.) an obstacle, a hindrance. ·¯·< {{< (fig.) a street beggar, (cp.) a street Arab. ·¯·<
·|·< a homeless person. =< ·¯·< ·|·< a fellow-traveller; (fig.) one who is in the same boat. (<< n.
a road-cess. ·¯·< ¯||· n. a companion in travel; a co-passenger. (j<¯, (j<¯| n. travelling expenses;
travelling allowance; (chiefly reli.) viaticum. (¯¬|¯ a. passing by the way, passing (·· ¯¬|¯ '||;);
wayfaring (··¯¬|¯ :¬|<); happening or experienced during wayfaring (··¯¬|¯ ¯¯¯|). ··¯¬|¯ :¬|<
same as ··¯|<| (¯|<| n. a wayfarer, a pedestrian, a passer-by. fem. ··¯||<º| (¯ï¯ same as ··¯³
(·|¤ n. wayside, road side. (·|¤¯- a. wayside, roadside. (¤¯·< a. showing one the way, leading the
way, guiding or leading. n. a guide; a leader, a pioneer. (¤¯·¯ n. act of showing one the way,
guidance; act of leading the way. ··¤¯·¯ <<|¯¯| same as ·· :¯j|¯¯| (¤|ë n. wayside, roadside; the
end of a road, (cp.) roadhead. (:¯|¬|, (¯³, (¯|ë a. strayed, lost; failing to ascertain the right path;
confused, nonplussed; guilty of moral or religious lapse, deviating from the path of
righteousness. (:<|< n. act of blocking a way, road block; act of obstructing (that makes
movement difficult or impossible). (n¯, ·¯·< z||ë n. the exertion or exhaustion from travel,
wayweariness. n|ë a. tired with constant walking, wayworn. (-|<| same as ··¯³
·|·< [ pathika ] n a wayfarer, a pedestrian, a passer-by; a traveller.
·|·<¦ [ pathik+t ] a preparing the way. n. a pioneer.
·|··|¤¯- [ pathipr#basha ] a wayside, roadside.
·|·¯¯<ï [ pathimadhy& ] adv on the way, on the road, enroute.
·¯·¯|¯¯ [ path&gh& ] adv anywhere and everywhere, at all places, in all parts; everywhere;
here and there.
··ï [ pathya ] a wholesome. n. sick-diet; diet for the convalescent. ··ï <<| v. to take for the
first time such diet as is suitable for a convalescent. (|<¯|< n. dietetics, dietary. ··ï|··ï n. proper
and improper diet, good and harmful diet.
·¯ [ pada ] n a leg, a foot; a pace, a footstep, a step; a footprint, a vestige; a line of poetry (|=·¯|,
¯¯¯··¯|); a distich (¯]|·¯); a song or lyric (`<ª< ·¯|<|¬); a post, an office, an employment
(·¯¤|·|); a position, a station, a rank (<|•·¯); favour, grace, shelter, refuge (as may be granted by
a venerable person) (·¯¯<|j|); a place or habitation (•¯·¯); (gr.) an inflected word, a part of
speech, a word (¯|¯·¯); a fourth part, a quarter (usu. ·|¯); an item (<: ·¯ <|r| -¯¯¯¯); (arith. alg.
& log.) a term (<:·¯ = a polynomial). ·¯¯ ·|<| v. to continue somehow in a (particular) post or
station, (pop.) to be in a tolerable condition; to be so so. ·¯¯ ·¯¯, ¤|¯ ·¯¯ at every step. (<¯| n. a
composer of a distich or song or lyric, a poet. fem. (<=| a poetess. (:¤· n. stepping or pacing; a
pace, a step, a stride. ¤|¯ ·¯¯¤· at every step. ·¯¯¤· <<| v. to set foot, to tread; to
come. ('<, (:'|<< n. glory or dignity peculiar to an office, post, position, rank etc., a prerogative,
official status. (¯|<º n. pacing; strolling or walking. ·¯¯|<º <<| v. to pace; to stroll, to walk. (¯|¬¯| n.
pacing; strolling or walking; kicking; (in football etc.) footwork. ·¯¯|¬¯| <<| v. to pace; to stroll,
to walk; to kick; to foot. (¯||¬¯ a. (of a lever or treadle) driven or operated or propelled by
foot. (|¯¤ n. a footprint, a footmark; a vestige. (>|¯| (loos.) (¯|¯| n. shelter at one's feet; (fig.)
favour, grace, gracious protection. (¯ï¯ a. dismissed from office, dismissed, (sl.) sacked;
cashiered. ·¯¯ï¯ <<| v. to dismiss, (sl.) to sack; to cashier. (¯ï|¯ n. dismissal; cashierment. (¯¬ n.
the sole (of the foot). ·¯¯¯¬ adv. under foot (·¯¯¯¬ |·³); at one's feet (·¯¯¯¬ ¬|¯¯¯ ·;|). ·¯¯¯¬
·|¯¯ -=¯| v. to fall at the feet (in humble submission). (¯ï|' n. resignation, relinquishment of a
post or position or office, abdication. ·¯¯ï|' <<| v. to resign, to submit resignation, to
relinquish. (¯ï|' ·= n. letter of resignation. (¯¬¯ n. trampling; (fig.) act of disobeying or
discarding slightingly. ·¯¯¬¯ <<| v. to trample; (fig.) to disobey or discard slightingly. (¯|¬¯ a.
trampled; slightingly disobeyed or discarded; (fig.) downtrodden. fem. ·¯¯|¬¯| ·¯¯|¬¯ <<|
same as ·¯¯¬¯ <<| (<|¬ n. dust of one's feet (placed on head by another in reverence). («|¯ same
as ·¯·÷ (¯|¯ n. (gr.) syntax. (·×• n. feet conceived as lotuses, lotus-like beautiful feet. (·|<¯¯ n.
parsing. (·¤< n. feet conceived as petals, feet as tender as petals. (·º n. the in step. (¤|ë n. the
corner of one's feet. (¤|¯ë adv. at one's feet. (¤|·| a. offering one's candidature for a post or
employment, applying for a post or employment. n. an applicant, a candidate. fem. (¤||·¯|
(|<¯¤· n. act or manner of stepping (as in a dance or walking); pacing or walking. (|<¯|¯ n. act or
manner of stepping (as in a dance or walking); (gr.) syntax. (<|+ n. an advancement in office or
rank, promotion. (<• n. act of going on foot, act of walking. (•¯• adv. on foot. (¯¯< adv. under the
weight of one's feet (esp. when walking haughtily). (¯³ a. removed or dismissed from a position
or office. (¯]|¯| n. the dignity of a post or position. (]'¬ n. a pair of feet or legs. (<•, (:<º same as
·¯<|¬ (:¬-¯ n. act of licking one's feet; (fig.) act of cringing, footlicking, bootlicking. (:¬-| a.
licking one's feet; (fig.) cringing, footlicking, bootlicking. ·¯¯¬-| <ï|U a cringeling, a footlicker, a
bootlicker, a servile person. (·÷ n. a footfall. (:¯<| n. massaging one's feet and legs; (fig.) worship;
(dero.) act of serving abjectly, cringing, footlicking, bootlicking. (׬¯ n. a false step; stumbling;
(fig.) a moral lapse or slip or aberration. ·¯×¬¯ -=¯| same as ·¯×|¬¯ -=¯| (×|¬¯ a. stumbled;
(fig.) lapsed, sinful. fem. ·¯×|¬¯| ·¯×|¬¯ -=¯| v. to stumble; (fig.) to lapse. (¯- a. placed in a
post or station; (pop.) in high office. ·¯|,· n. (gr.) a syllable or part of a word. ·¯|¤ n. the tip of a
foot. ·¯|¯|¯ n. a kick. ·¯|¯|¯ <<| v. to kick, to spurn. ·¯|× n. a footprint, a footmark, a vestige.
·¯|*¬ n. a toe. ·¯|*¬|<|< a. (bot.) pedate. ·¯|¯¯ a. prostrate at one's feet; thoroughly subdued or
dominated; submissive or dependent (·¯<< ·¯|¯¯ -¯¯ •|<¯<|<º). fem. ·¯|¯¯| ·¯|¡'¯¯ n. act of
following one's footprints. ·¯|¡'¯¯ <<| v. same as ·¯|¡<¯| -=¯| ·¯|¡<¯| a. following one's
footprints; act of following; (fig.) succeeding. fem. ·¯|¡<|¯¯| ·¯|¡<¯| -=¯| to follow one's
footprints; to follow; (fig.) to succeed. ·¯|v¯ (gr.) syntax; parsing. ·¯|v¯| a. (gr.) prepositional.
·¯|v¯| <ï¯ (gr.) a preposition. ·¯|<¯¯ a. prostrate at one's feet; thoroughly subdued or
dominated; submissive or dependent; demoted or degraded in rank or office. fem. ·¯|<¯¯|
·¯|<¯|¯ n. demotion or degradation in rank or office. ·¯|<|¬, ·¯|<¬| n. a collection or anthology
of songs or lyrics or distichs (`<ª< ·¯|<¬|). ·¯||¯¬|<| a. desirous of holding a (particular) post or
office. fem. ·¯||¯¬||<º| ·¯|v•, ·¯|<|<+ same as ·¯·×• ·¯|·º n. (lit.) act of placing one's feet
upon; (rare) stepping or pacing; (pop.) act of stepping in or coming. ·¯|·º <<| v. to place or set
one's feet upon; to step in, to come. ·¯|n¯ n. shelter at one's feet; (fig.) favour, grace, gracious
protection. ·¯|n¯ :¯=¯| v. to give shelter at one's feet; (fig.) to treat with favour or grace, to
protect graciously. ·¯|n¯|, ·¯||n¯ a. sheltered at one's or another's feet; (fig.) enjoying favour or
grace (of), favoured, graciously protected (by). fem. ·¯||n¯| ·¯|-¯ a. kicked, spurned; (fig.)
grievously insulted.
·¯< [ padaka ] n a locket; a medal. (¤|« a. one who has won a medal, medalled. ·¯<¤|« <ï|• a
medallist.
·¯|< [ padabi ] n a title, an appellation; a nick name; a family name, a surname.
·¯||¯, ·¯||¯< [ padti, padtika ] n a foot-soldier, an infan tryman; a footman.
·¯||<<|¯<, ·¯||<<|<<¯¬ [ paddhikr&, paddhikrabal& ] adv by virtue of one's office or
position, ex-officio.
·¯|·! [ padrtha ] n meaning of a word; connotation of a term; a thing, an article, a material,
substance, intrinsic worth ("¬|<¯|< &< ·¯|·$ %¯#); (log.) category; (phil. & sc.) matter; (sc.) an
element. (|<'|¯, (|<¯)| n. physics. (|<+|¯|, (|<¯, a. versed in physics. n. a physicist, a person skilled
in physics.
·¯¯|-|¯ [ pad)nnati ] n advancement in rank or office, promotion.
·/|¯ [ paddhati ] n a way, a path, a road; a method, a mode, a manner, a system, a rule; a
custom, a practice; a row, a stretch, a series; a current; a line. ·1|¯ 3¯|¯< methodically,
systematically.
·5 [ padma ] n the lotus, the lily. n. & a. one thousand million. ˜<|¯| n. a thorn on the stem
of a lotus. (6<·< n. the filament of the lotus. ('|8 a. smelling like a lotus. (|¯|¯ n. a large pond full of
lotuses, a lotus-pond. (¯|¯ a. having a lotus in one's navel. n. Vishnu (|<:). (¯|¬ n. lotus-
stalk. (;¯= a. lotus eyed. (·? n. a leaf of a lotus-plant. (·¬|· n. a lotus-petal or a leaf of a lotus-plant.
·¬|·¯¬|¯¯ a. having eyes as large as lotus-petals. n. Vishnu (|<A). (·||º. a. having a lotus in one's
hand. n. Brahma (BC|); the sun or Sun-god; Buddha. (<¯ n. a clump of lotus. (<|• n. lotus-
seed. (¯< n. essence or honey of the lotus. (¯j| a. fem. having a face as beautiful or sweet as a
lotus. (D]||¯ a. born out of a lotus. n. Brahma (EF|). (<|' n. ruby; spinel. (G¬|¯¯ a. lotus-eyed.
·I| [ padm ] n goddess Lakshmi (¬K|); Manasa (¯¯¯|) the snake-goddess; a river of Eastern
Bengal.
·M|<< [ padmkara ] n a large pond full of lotuses, a lotus-pond.
·O|Q [ padmk'a ] a lotus-eyed. n. the lotus-seed.
·S|·<|º [ padmpur-a ] n a legend in verse narrating the glory of Padma (·U) or Manasa
(¯¯¯|) the snake-goddess.
·W|<¯| [ padmbat+ ] n Manasa (¯¯¯|) the snake-goddess.
·Y|¬¯| [ padmla$ ] a living in a lotus. n. goddess Lakshmi (¬[|).
·]|¯¯ [ padmsana ] n a particular posture of yogic sitting; one seated in this posture; an
appellation of Brahma (^_|). ·a|¯¯| a. seated on a lotus. n. goddess Lakshmi (¬c|).
·e|¯|¯| [ padms+n ] a. fem seated on a lotus. masc. ·g|¯|¯
·|i¯| [ padmin+ ] n a collection of lotuses; a clump of lotuses; (inc.) the lotus; a woman
belonging to the best of the four physical categories from the sexual point of view. (<|k, (<m¯ n.
the sun.
·¯o [ padya ] n a verse, a poem; poetry.
·¯¯ [ panasa ] n the jack-fruit; the jack-tree.
-·¯| [ -pan ] sfx denoting: showy or feverish practice or imitation, -ness (|'|q·¯|, r¯·¯|).
·|¯< [ panira ] n cheese.
·¯¯¯<| [ pan&r) ] n. & a fifteen. (# a. (of the days of a month) fifteenth. n. the fifteenth day of
a month, the fifteenth.
·t- [ panha ] n (poet. & obs.) a way, a path ('·v- |<•¯ |¯ w¯|<').
·y-| [ panh ] n a way, a path; a means, an expedient (¯{|¯<< ·}-|); a system of religious practice
(¯||•< ·!-|); a manner or mode or style or school. ("¯<º n. act of following a particular path or
system or mode.
·$-|&¯|<| [ panhnusr+ ] a following or obeying a particular path or system or mode.
·(-| [ panh+ ] a (used as a sfx.) belonging to a particular school or religious community
(¯|¯<·*-|), following a particular doctrine (+|¯|¯·--|), following a particular style or mode
(<<|/·1-|), -ist.
·3' [ pannaga ] n the snake, the serpent; the reptile; the lizard. fem. ·5'|
·<¯ [ pabana ] n wind, air; the Wind-god (cp. Aeolus, Aiolos) (also ·<¯¯¯<¯|). ('|¯, (6<' n. the
speed of the wind, the fast pace of the wind. (¯8¯, ·<¯|:• n. (myth.) Hanuman (-<¯|¯) the son of
the Wind-god. (=<¯' adv. with the speed of the wind, as fast as wind. (|-¯?|¬ n. a gentle undulating
current of air.
·|<A [ pabitra ] a sacred, holy; sanctimonious; sanctified; pure, clean; virtuous. fem. ·|<C| (¯| n.
sacredness, holiness; sanctity; purity, cleanliness; virtuousness. ·|<|E¯, ·|<G|<¯ a. sanctified,
consecrated, made holy or sacred; purified, cleaned. ·|<I|<<º n. sanctification; purification,
cleansing.
·¯¯¯¯ [ pam&ama ] n pomatum, pomade.
·¯ [ pa$a ] n auspiciousness, luck; good fortune.
·¯e [ pa$0 ] n milk; water. (Jº|¬| n. a drain, gutter; a watercourse.
·¯'L< [ pa$agambara ] n (Mus.) a human being accredited as a messenger of God, a prophet.
·¯•|< [ pa$ajra ] n a loose shoe fixed to the foot only by the vamp, a slipper.
·¯¯| [ pa$ad ] n birth; origination; act of begetting. ·¯¯| <<| v. to beget. ·¯¯| -=¯| to be born.
·¯¯|¬|, ·¯¯||¬ [ pa$anl, pa$anli ] n a drain, a gutter; a watercourse.
·¯¯N [ pa$amanta ] a auspicious, lucky; having an auspicious or lucky aspect (·¯¯P Q¯-|<|);
bringing in good fortune (·¯¯S <¯).
·¯¯|¬ [ pa$amla ] a spoiled; annihilated, destroyed.
·¯<| [ pa$ar ] a thin, watery (·¯<| TU = treacle made esp. out of date-palm juice).
·¯¬| [ pa$al ] n the first day of a month; the first. a. (of days of a month) first (·¯¬| &<|Z);
first or best (·¯¬| ¯###BOT_TEXT###lt;). ·¯¬| ¯^¯<< a. the best or the worst (·¯¬| ¯`¯<< ¯b|¬|, ·¯¬| ¯d¯<< ·f).
·¯¯| [ pa$as ] n a pice (= 1/1 rupee; formerly 1/64 rupee); money (<|<|'|<< ·¯¯|); wealth. ·¯¯|
<<| v. to acquire or earn wealth, to make money; to amass money or heapup riches. (=¯|¬| a.
moneyed, wealthy, rich. (<|h n. cash money; wealth. &<-·¯¯| n. half-a pice. |¯|< ·¯¯| a quarter
pice. ·¯¯|< <|• work that yields money, profitable work.
·¯|j¯| [ pa$asbin+ ] a yielding milk, milch (·¯|l¯| '|¯|); full of water, yielding water. n. a
milch-cow; a river.
·¯n [ pa$asya ] a produced of milk. ·¯p q<s a milk-product.
·¯|< [ pa$ra ] n a metrical system of Bengali poetry in which each line consists of fourteen
letters or syllables; a verse composed in this metre.
·¯¯|¯ [ pa$)da ] n the cloud.
·¯¯|<< [ pa$)dhara ] n the cloud; the mammary gland of women; the coconut. ·¯¯|<<|, ·¯¯|<<| n.
a woman (esp. one having well-shaped breasts).
·¯¯||< [ pa$)dhi ] n the ocean, the sea.
·¯¯|¯< [ pa$)muka ] n the cloud.
·¯¯|¯j [ pa$)mukha ] a sweet-tongued.
-·<
3
[ -para
3
] a used as a sfx. denoting: devoted to, observant of, -ish, -ous, -ly (t|·v·<, w|¯·<).
·<
4
[ para
4
] a another, other, different; unrelated, not one's relation or kindred (x¯ &¯|< ·<
¯¯); supreme, chief, best, absolute (·<z{). n. an enemy, a foe (·<}·); a person who is not
present on the spot, a third person (·<¯¯•|); one who is not a kindred, a stranger ·<¯¦; God.
adv. then, after (¯e·<, ·<<¯|). ·¯<< <¯¯ :·|+||< <<| (fig.) to spend another's money as one's own;
(fig.) a steward brags of the property he looks after as if it were his own.
·<=¯|¯|, ·¯<|¯|¯| [ par)$n, par)$n ] n a warrant, a writ; a summons. ·<=¯|¯| •||< <<| to
serve or issue a process or writ.
·<< [ paraka ] a alien.
·<<¬| [ parakal ] n glass; a lens; a mirror.
·<<|¬ [ parakla ] n the world beyond death, the beyond, the hereafter, the eternal world; the
future (·<<|¬ «<«¯<). ·<<|¬ j|=¯|, ·<<|¬ «<«¯< <<|, ·<<|¬ ¯³ <<| v. to ruin one's future; to cause
to go to the bad, to deprave; to consign to spiritual damnation. ·<<|¯¬< <|• an act of piety.
·<<|¯¬< |¯ë| spiritual meditation.
·<<|<<º [ parak+kara-a ] n alienation.
·<<|¯ [ parak+$a ] a relating to or belonging to an other (opp. to own), foreign, alien. ·<<|¯| a.
fem. of ·<<|¯ n. fem. a lady-love who is either unmarried or married to somebody else; a
concubine. ·<<|¯| :¤¯ n. love with a person married to somebody else. ·<<|¯|<|¯ n. a doctrine of
the Vaishnava (`<ª<) philosophy of love.
·<¤º [ parak'a-a ] n the next moment.
·<j [ parakha ] n test; trial; experiment; examination. ·<j <<|, (poet.) ·<j| v. to test; to try; to
experiment; to examine.
·<'¯| [ paragan ] n a former administrative division in India, a pargana.
·<'|¯| [ paragch ] n (bot.) a parasitic plant, a parasite; (fig.) a hanger-on, a sycophant, a
parasite.
·<v||¯ [ paraglni ] n slandering, backbiting, gossip; scandal.
·<¯|< [ paraghari ] a (lit.) of a person living in the house of somebody else; (fig.) dependent on
others, sheltered by others.
·<¯¯| [ paracarc ] n discussion about others behind their back; slandering, backbiting, gossip,
scandal-mongering. ·<¯¯| <<| v. to discuss others; to slander, to gossip about others.
·<¯| [ parac ] n a settlement record.
·<>+ [ paracchanda ] n another's will or pleasure. a. guided by or depending on or
dominated by another's will or pleasure. ·<>+|¡<¯| a. same as ·<>+ (a.) fem. ·<¯+|¡<|¯¯|
·<|>ñ [ paracchidra ] n another's fault or weak point. ·<|>ñ|¯v<º n. fault-finding; captiousness.
·<|>ñ|¯v<º <<| v. to find fault with others, to seek a hole in another's coat. ·<|>ñ|¯v<| a. fault-
finding; captious. fem. ·<|>ñ|¯v|<º|
·<•¯ [ parajanma ] n the next birth; life after the present one.
·<•|<| [ paraj+b+ ] a parasitic, parasitical. n. a parasitic plant or organism, a parasite. ·<•||<¯|
n. parasitism. ·<•|<|¯ a. parasitic.
·<¯
1
[ parata
1
] n a layer, a flake, a plait, a fold. ·<¯¯ ·<¯¯ adv. in every layer.
·<¯
2
[ parata
2
] adv from or in or by another.
·<= [ paratra ] adv in the world beyond death, in the life beyond; in future.
·<¯| [ parad ] n a screen, a curtain; a veil, a zenana, purdah (·<¯|¤·|); a thin skin or
membrane, a film (:¯|¯j< ·<¯|); a covering; a layer, a strip, a flake (=< ·<¯| ¯|¯;|; (of a musical
instrument) a bridge or key; (of voice) a scale (¸¯<< ·<¯|). (¯|·¯ a. (fem.) living be hind the
purdah, living in a zenana. (¤·| n. the purdah-system. :¯|¯j< ·<¯| (fig.) sense of shame, sense of
delicacy.
·<¯|< [ paradra ] n another's wife. ('¯¯ n. the offence of cohabiting with another's wife;
adultery. ·<¯|< '¯¯ <<| v. to co habit with another's wife, to violate another's marriage-bed, to
commit adultery. ('|¯|, ·|<¯||<< a. cohabiting with another's wife; adulterous.
·<|¯¯ [ paradina ] adv. & n next day, the following day.
·<¡ej [ paradu0kha ] n another's affliction or distress. (<|¯< a. feeling pain at another's
affliction, compassionate, commiserated. fem. (<|¯<| (<|¯<¯| n. compassion, commiseration.
·<¯¯· [ parad&#a ] n a foreign country, a foreign land. ·<¯¯|·, (poet.) ·<¯¯|·¯| a. in habiting a
foreign land; foreign. n. a foreigner.
·<¯ï< [ paradb&'a ] n malice, ill-will, spite. ·<¯ï<|, ·<¯ï³| a. malicious, bearing ill-will, spiteful.
fem. ·<¯ï|<º|
·<ñ<ï [ paradrabya ] n another's goods or property, what belongs to another.
·<<¯ [ paradhana ] n another's money or wealth or property. ·<<¯ •-º <<| v. to rob another's
money or wealth or property; to misappropriate another's money or wealth or property, to
defalcate, to embezzle.
·<<¯ [ paradharma ] n another's religion; a religion which is not one's own; a calling or
profession or job which is not one's own. (¤-º n. embracing a faith or religion not one's own;
apostasy.
·<<¯¯ï<| [ paradharmadb&'+ ] a hostile to other's religion or creed, intolerant of others'
religion or of religion not one's own.
·<¯ [ parana ] n act of putting on or wearing. ·<¯¯< <|·; clothing, garments or clothes for
wearing.
·<¯|<| [ paranr+ ] n somebody else's wife, another's wife. ·<¯|<| -<º <<| v. to abduct another's
wife (esp. for immoral purpose).
·<|¯+| [ paranind ] n slander, vilification, animad version. ·<|¯+| <<| v. to slander, to
animadvert.
·<|¯¯< [ paranirbhara ] a dependent on others, dependent on somebody else. (¯| n. dependence
on others.
·<|¯¯<< [ parani'&ka ] n cross-fertilization; cross-impregnation.
·<ë· [ parantapa ] a one who conquers or vanquishes an enemy, victorious; (fig.) self-
restrained.
·<z [ parantu ] conj. & adv moreover; on the other hand; but, still, notwithstanding.
·<·|¯ [ parapati ] n another's husband; the Supreme Lord, God (':¯|<| ·<·|¯ ¯¯¯ ¯¯|# :'|·¯¯
¯¯¯ <|<|< :¬-|').
·<·¯ [ parapada ] n (fig.) the high place or eminent position (usu. of an enemy); (gr.) the
following or latter word. ·<·¯ :¬-¯ <<| to lick a person's boots or shoes, to cringe before a
person, to be abject or servile, to fawn on.
·<·< [ parapara ] adv one after another; successively; consecutively; gradually; side by side.
·<·|< [ parapra ] n the other or opposite bank or shore; the world beyond death, the next
world, the beyond.
·<·||¬¯ [ paraplita ] a brought up or fostered by others, fostered or brought up, by people
other than one's parents.
·<·|;< [ parap+)! ka ] a oppressing others; tyrannous. n. an oppressor, a tyrant; a bully.
·<·|;¯ [ parap+)! na ] n act of oppressing others, tyranny. ·<·|;¯ <<| v. to oppress others, to
tyrannize; to bully.
·<·<< [ parapuru'a ] n a man other than one's husband; the Supreme Being, God; (dial.) the
next or future generation. ('||¯¯| a. fem. committing adultery; adulterous.
·<·³ [ parapu'a ] a fostered or brought up or nourished by a stranger. n. the cuckoo. ·<·³|
a. fem. of ·<·³ n. a prostitute, a harlot.
·<·<| [ parap-rb ] a. fem one who was married or betrothed to (and subsequently estranged
from) another.
·<< [ paraba ] n a feast or festival (esp. a holy one); a fiesta.
·<<¯| [ parabart+ ] a subsequent, next, following, ensuing, succeeding. fem. ·<<|¯¯|
·<<· [ paraba#a ] a subject to another; subject; subservient, dependent; affected with,
overcome by (:=|<·<<·). ·<<·¯|, ·<<·[ n. subjection to another; subjection, subservience,
dependence; the state of being enslaved or overcome by.
·<<|¯
2
[ parabda
2
] n animadversion, censure; retort; reply, answer.
·<<|¯
1
[ parabsa
1
] n another's residence or home or abode or homeland.
·<<¬ [ parabrahma ] n the Absolute Being, the Supreme Being, God.
·<¯|¯'ï|·•|<| [ parabhgy)paj+b+ ] a living upon another's destiny or fortune. fem.
·<¯|¯'ï|·•||<¯|
·<¯ ¦ [ parabh+t ] n one who or that which rears others; the crow.
·<¯¯|•| [ parabh)j+ ] a heterotrophic, parasitical.
·<¯ [ parama ] a first, primordial, true, real (·<¯ <|<º); best, chief, prime, supreme, principal,
highest, greatest, absolute, final (·<¯ ·<<); of the highest degree, greatest or worst (·<¯ ¸j,
·<¯ ¡ej); (sc.) absolute. ·<¯ &·ï||¯¯ most cordially received; highly gratified or pleased. ·<¯ =<<
(phys.) absolute unit. ·<¯ <|<º n. Final or Ultimate Cause, God. ·<¯ <|<|º< a. most merciful or
kind, most gracious. ·<¯ =¯ (phys.) absolute scale. ('|¯ n. the most blessed state after death,
beatitude, heavenly bliss; salvation. (¤< n. the supreme or greatest preceptor; the most
venerable preceptor; the absolute lord (·|¯ ·<¯ ¤<). ·<¯ ¯¯[, ·<¯ ¯¯|× (phys.) absolute
density. (¯( n. final knowledge; (phil.) reality; secrets, mystery; the Absolute Being, God. (·¯
same as ·<¯'|¯ (·¯|· n. intrinsic essence; the Final Cause, God. (|·¯| n. the Heavenly Father,
God. (·<< n. the Absolute Being, God; a divine person, a saint. ·<¯ ¤¯|<, ·<¯ ¤¯|<º (phys.)
absolute expansion. (|<¯ n. a great treasure; an object of the highest value; an object of joy and
hope. (<¬ n. the Absolute Being, God. ·<¯ ¯|¯ (phys.) absolute measurement. ·<¯ ·¯ (phys.)
absolute zero. (¸+< a. most beautiful. fem. ·<¯¸+<| ·<¯ ^•¯¯,j!| (phys.) absolute frequency
of vibration. (-,¯ n. a saint who has attained final knowledge and sanctity.
·<¯¯ [ paramata ] n another's or others' view or opinion; a view or opinion not one's own. (¯|-#
a. tolerant of others' views or opinions. (¯|-%¯| n. tolerance or toleration of others' views or
opinions. ·<¯¯|<¬'| a. guided by or adopting another's view; having no opinion of one's own.
fem. ·<¯¯|<¬|)¯|
·<¯| [ param ] fem of ·<¯ ·<¯| '|¯ same as ·<¯ '|¯ ·<¯| '&( )$ same as &¯+|·|- (./<| n. &
a. fem. extremely handsome, very beautiful.
·<¯|º [ param-u ] n an atom. ·<¯|º-1 n. (phys.) an atomic number. ·<¯|º ¯3, (<|¯ n. the
atomic theory; (phil & psy.) atomism. ˜¯||5<, (<|¯| n. an atomist. a. atomistic. ·<¯|º ¯|· n.
(phys.) atomic heat. ·<¯|º 6<|¯| n. the atom bomb. ·<¯|º ¯|< n. (phys.) atomic weight.
·<¯|8| [ paramtm ] n the Supreme Being or Spirit or Soul, God.
·<¯|:|¯ [ paramtm+$a ] a closely related; intimate. n. a close relative; an intimate friend, a
great friend. fem. ·<¯|<|¯| ·<¯|>|¯¯| n. close relation; intimate friendship.
·<¯|¯< [ paramdara ] n great love or attachment; great care or attention; great cordiality; very
cordial reception.
·<¯|¯¯ [ paramd+ta ] a greatly loved; highly treasured; punctiliously cared for or attended to;
received with great cordial ity. fem. ·<¯|¯¯|
·<¯|¯@ [ paramnanda ] n deepest delight; ecstatic joy, ecstasy; heavenly bliss, beatitude.
·<¯|¯|B¯ a. extremely or greatly delighted; ecstatically joyful.
·<¯|D [ paramnna ] n a sweet dish prepared by boiling rice in milk with sugar and other
ingredients, sweet rice-porridge.
·<¯|¯ [ param$u ] n longevity; life. ·<¯|¯ E¯ -=¯| v. to have one's life-blood running out; to
have one's life or longevity (being) cut down; to droop; to approach one's death.
·<¯|<|<G [ paramrdhya ] a warranting greatest worship or devotion; most venerable. fem.
·<¯|<|<I|
·<¯|·K [ paramrtha ] n the greatest object; the greatest truth, reality; God; religion or spiritual
truth. (|¯M| n. spiritual meditation; meditation about God or reality. (¯O n. (phil.). truths about
reality; theological truths; spiritual truths.
·<¯ j|¯·Q|, ·<¯ j|¯·|S¯| [ paramukhp&k', paramukhp&k'it ] n dependence on another.
·<¯j|¯·U| a. dependent on another. fem. ·<¯j|¯·|Wº|
·<¯¯·, ·<¯¯Y< [ param&#a, param&#bara ] n the Supreme Lord, God. ·<¯¯[<| same as &¯]|·|_

·<`¯b]d [ paramai#barya ] n great wealth; the most valuable treasure or acquisition; a great
éclat.
·<¯¯|f<<h [ param)tkar'a ] n highest excellence.
·<¯¯|j< l [ param)tk+'a ] a most excellent.
·<¯¯|n¯ [ param)nnata ] a elevated or developed or uplifted to the highest degree; advanced to
the farthest extent. ·<¯¯|p|¯ n. highest altitude, zenith; highest elevation; culmination; greatest
development or uplift; farthest advancement.
·<r< [ paraspara ] a serial, successive (·<t< |<<¯¯¯-). ·<v<| n. a serial succession or
sequence; a series. ·<x<|¯, ·<z<||¯¯ adv. serially; seriatim, one after another; in regular
succession. ·<~<|º a. serial, successive.
·<<| [ parara#mi ] n (phys.) a positive ray.
·<<|" [ parar'ra ] n a foreign state or country. (¯||¯ n. (pol.) foreign policy. ·<<|$ ¯&< n. a
foreign office. ·<<|( ¯*& n. the ministry of external affairs. (¯,| n. the minister of external
affairs. (¯|¯< n. a for eign secretary.
·<¯¬|< [ paral)ka ] n the abode of the dead, the world beyond death, the beyond;
death. ('¯, (-|/ a. gone to heaven, dead, deceased. ('¯¯, (0||2 n. death. ·<¯¬|<'¯¯ <<| v. to die.
·<··|·<, ·<·¯|º [ para#apthara, para#ama-i ] n a philosopher's stone.
·<4
1
[ para#u
1
] n. & adv day after tomorrow; day before yesterday.
·<6
2
[ para#u
2
] n a battle-axe; a scimitar. (<|¯ n. the sixth incarnation of Vishnu (|<8) who
carried a battle-axe with which he exterminated kshatriyas (9|;¯) from the face of the earth for
twenty-one times.
·<= [ para#ba ] n. & adv (for.) day after tomorrow; day before yesterday.
·<?¯•|<| [ para#ramaj+b+ ] a living upon the labour of others; living by exploitation; parasitic.
·<A|<|¯< [ para#r+ktara ] a mortified at another's good or prosperity, pained at another's
good fortune or weal, envious. fem. ·<C|<|¯<| (¯| n. envy.
·<¯E
2
[ parasa/ga
2
] n association with others, fellowship, company.
·<G< [ paraspara ] a reciprocal, mutual, one another, each other. adv. reciprocally,
mutually, one another, each other. pro. one another; each other. (|<¯<|< n. mutual opposition;
contradiction, antagonism. (|<IJ, (|<¯<|<| a. mutually opposed or contradictory,
antagonistic. (|<¯<||<¯| n. same as ·<L<|<¯<|<
·<N [ parasba ] n another's property or wealth or money, what belongs to another. (-<º,
·<P|·-<º n. act of robbing what belongs to another; misappropriation of another's property or
money. (-|<|, ·<R|·-|<| a. given to or guilty of robbing what belongs to another; given to or guilty
of misappropriating another's property or money.
·<`T·¯ [ parasmaipada ] n (Sans. gr.) any of the verb-inflections used in the active voice;
(hum.) another's money or wealth or property. ·<`V·¯| a. (Sans. gr.) used in the active voice or
having an inflection used in the active voice; (hum.) done for another (·<`X·¯| «|¯¯¬|);
transferring or transferred to another, entrusted to another belonging to an other (·<`Z·¯|
¯|<|).
·<-

¯ [ parahastagata ] a passed into another's possession; possessed by another.
·<|-,¯< [ parahi2saka ] a malicious, spiteful; envious.
·<|-,¯| [ parahi2s ] n malice, spite, envy.
·<|-¯ [ parahita ] n the good of others; (loos. but pop.) public welfare; philanthropy,
benevolence. (<|¯| a. wishing good to others, doing good to others; philan thropic,
benevolent. (]¯ n. devotion to the welfare of others, benevolence. (^¯| a. devoted to doing good
to others; working for public welfare; altruistic. (¯|<¯ n. act of doing good to others; social
service; philanthropy, benevolence.
·<|-`¯<º| [ parahitai'a- ] n an effort to do good to others; an effort for public welfare;
altruism.
·<|-`¯<| [ parahitai'+ ] a willing and endeavouring to do good to others; endeavouring for
public welfare; altruistic.
·<|-
1
[ par-
1
] pfx denoting; excessiveness, contrariety, opposition etc. (·<|•¯).
·<|
2
[ par
2
] fem of -·<
3
and ·<
4

·<|
3
[ par
3
] a. fem supreme, primordial (·<| _<|¯); highest; final (·<| |<¯a|); (elec.) positive.
·<|
4
[ par
4
] v to put on, to wear (•|¯| ·<|); to put, to paint (|¯· ·<|, <|•¬ ·<|); to tie ¯|e ·<|.
a. wearing, dressed in; bearing, painted with; having tied or fastened (to).
·<|<<º [ parkara-a ] n act of looking down on, contempt, slight, neglect.
·<|<|g| [ park'h ] n highest excellence; extreme altitude or limit; acme, zenith; (often
iron.) culmination.
·<|<¯ [ park+ta ] a looked down on, despised, slighted, neglected.
·<|i¯ [ parkrama ] n strength, power, might; prowess, valour; heroism.
·<|k¯·|¬|, ·<|m¯|, ·<|o|q [ parkrama#l+, parkram+, parkrnta ] a strong, powerful,
mighty; valorous; heroic. fem. ·<|s¯·||¬¯|, ·<|u|w|
·<|' [ parga ] n pollen, farina. (x<·< n. a stamen. (y<|< n. anther. (<|¯| same as ·<|'¯<|<
(|¯¬¯, (z]|' n. pollination. #¯< ·<|'¯]|' n. cross-pollination. {·<|'¯]|' n. self-pollination. (|-|¬| n.
a pollen-sac. ·<||'¯ a. pollinated. ·<||'¯ <<| v. to pollinate.
·<|~j [ par/mukha ] a turning away (from); averse (to); disinclined; shunning, opposed;
unfavourable; desisting from. ·<|¤j -=¯| v. to turn away from; to be averse or disinclined to; to
shun, to avoid; to oppose; to disfavour; to desist from.
·<|•¯ [ parja$a ] n defeat. ·<|•¯ <<º <<| v. to court defeat. ·<|•¯ *|<|< <<| v. to acknowledge
or own defeat; to give in, to yield. ·<|•¯¯< v||¯ disgrace or ignominy or distress or anguish of
defeat.
·<||•¯ [ parjita ] a defeated, vanquished. fem. ·<||•¯| ·<||•¯ <<| v. to defeat, to vanquish, to
conquer.
·<|¯•¯ [ parj&$a ] a (of one) who can be defeated or worsted or vanquished.
·<|º<|¤º [ par-ub+k'a-a ] n (phys.) an ultra microscope.
·<|¯ [ parta ] n a large tray or saucer (usu. made of metal).
·<|¦·< [ partpara ] a higher than the highest, greater than the greatest; supreme. n. God.
·<||<<|< [ pardhikra ] n another's right or jurisdiction or domain or holding or property or
control or domination. (¯¯| n. interference or meddling with other's affairs.
·<|<|¯ [ pardh+na ] a subject; dependent; subordinate; subjugated; subservient; dominated by
another. fem. ·<|<|¯| (¯| n. subjection, bondage; dependence; subordination; subjugation;
subservience; domination by another.
·<|¯¯| [ parn) ] v. & n to cause to wear or put on, to dress; to harness (:¯|;|< ¯|• ·;|¯¯|); to
put, to paint (|¯· <| <|•¬ ·<|¯¯|).
·<|r [ parnna ] n food given in charity by another, unearned or unpaid-for food. (•|<| a. living
on food given by another; eating habitually at another's table; parasitic. n. a
parasite. (·||¬¯, (·³ a. nourished by food given by another. (:¯|•| a. habitually eating at another's
table.
·<|<¯ [ parbarta ] n exchange; interchange; transposition; return, retreat. ·<|<¯< ¯|¤
reverberatory furnace. ·<|<¯¯ n. return; reflection. ·<|<|¯¯ a. turned back; returned; sent back.
·<||<¯ï| [ parbidy ] n knowledge about the Supreme Spirit; spiritual knowledge.
·<|<¯
1
[ parb+tta
1
] n (geom.) a hyperbola.
·<|<¯
2
[ parb+tta
2
] a returned, receded, retreated; fled. ·<|<|¯ n. return, retreat; flight.
·<|¯< [ parbhaba ] n defeat.
·<|¯¯ [ parbh-ta ] a defeated, vanquished. fem. ·<|¯¯|
·<|¯· [ parmar#a ] n counsel; conference; consultation; advice. ·<|¯· <<| v. to confer; to
consult. ·<|¯· :¯=¯| v. to counsel; to advise. ·<|¯· :¯=¯| v. to consult; to take advice. (¯|¯| n. a
counsellor; (in law) a counsel; a conferee; an adviser. (¯¯| n. a conference; a council.
·<|¯< [ parmar'a ] n tolerance, toleration; forbearance, forgiveness.
·<|¯||¯< [ parmnika ] n a barber (by caste or trade).
·<|¯º [ par$a-a ] a (used as a sfx.) devoted to, attached to, addicted to, -ous (*¤<·<|¯º,
¯¯<·<|¯º). fem. ·<|¯º|
·<|¯¯ [ par$atta ] a in possession or under control of another (·<|¯¯ <¯).
·<|· [ parrtha ] n the good or interest or need of others or another. (·<, (·<|¯º a. devoted to
doing good to others, devoted to serving the interest or need of others; altruistic. fem. (·<|¯º|
(·<¯| n. devotion to do good to others, devotion to serve the interest or need of others;
benevolence; altruism. (<|¯, ·<||·¯| n. altruism. ·<|¯· adv. for the sake of others or another.
·<|< [ parrdha ] n. & a hundred thousand million million.
·<|n¯ [ par#ra$a ] n a house or shelter or refuge other than one's own. ·<|n¯| a. resorting to
another for shelter or refuge; (esp. bot.) parasitic, epiphytal (·<|n¯| ¬¯|). ·<|n¯| ¯|ë¯ a parasite,
an epiphyte. ·<||n¯ a. sheltered or protected by another; maintained with food, clothing and
shelter by another. fem. ·<||n¯|
·<|? [ parsta ] a defeated, vanquished, overcome. ·<|? <<| v. to defeat, to vanquish, to
overcome, to conquer. ·<|? -=¯|. v. to be defeated or vanquished or overcome.
·<|- [ parha ] n the next day.
·<|-¯ [ parhata ] a defeated, vanquished, overcome; obstructed, resisted, prevented;
frustrated.
·<|¤ [ parhna ] n afternoon.
·|<
1
[ pari
1
] pfx denoting: thoroughness, expensiveness, excessiveness, especiality, opposition,
decrial etc.
·|<<< [ parikara ] n a companion or assistant; (also used as a sfx.) a girdle, a girth (<+·|<<<).
·|<<¯ [ parikarma ] n act of making one's toilet; dressing. ·|<<¯| n. a servant esp. one attending
to toilet and clothes, a valet.
·|<<< [ parikar'a ] n remarkable improvement; (inc.) culture.
·|<<¯< [ parikalpaka ] n a planner; a deviser; a designer; a planning officer.
·|<<¯¯|, ·|<<¯¯ [ parikalpan, parikalpana ] n planning, devising, designing a plan, a
design. ·|<<¯¯| <<| v. to plan, to devise, to contrive, to design. ·|<<¯¯||<<||<< n. a planning
officer.
·|<<|¯¯ [ parikalpita ] a planned, devised, contrived, designed; intended.
·|<<|º [ parik+r-a ] a thoroughly or extensively scattered or strewn or spread out or diffused or
pervaded.
·|<<|¯¯ [ parik+rtana ] n act of singing or narrating or praising or glorifying emphatically or in
a special manner. ·|<<||¯¯ a. sung or narrated or praised or glorified emphatically or in a special
manner.
·|<¯<+ [ parik&ndra ] n circumcentre. ·|<¯<|+<, ·|<¯<+| a. circumcentric.
·|<=¯, ·|<=¯º [ parikrama, parikrama-a ] n walking or pacing or strolling, ambulation;
travelling or traversing; act of travelling widely or thoroughly, peregrination; act of going
round, circumambulation. ·|<=¯¯ <<| v. to walk, to pace, to stroll; to ambulate, to travel, to
traverse, to travel widely or thoroughly, to peregrinate; to go round, to circumambulate.
·|<=¯<|¬ n. periodic time. ·|<=¯| n. act of going round, rotation (¯]·|<=¯|), circumambulation;
wide travelling, peregrination (¯|··|<=¯|); (fig.) critical survey (¯||-¯ï·|<=¯|).
·|<|z³ [ parikli'a ] a extremely distressed or afflicted or wearied.
·|<|¤« [ parik'ipta ] a scattered; abandoned; surrounded.
·|<¤|º [ parik'+-a ] a extremely thin or dim or emaciated.
·|<¯¤· [ parik'&pa ] n scattering; scattered state; abandonment; act or state of being
surrounded; that which encloses, such as fencing, railing etc.
·|<j| [ parikh ] n a protective ditch around a rampart; a trench, a moat.
·|<'º< [ pariga-aka ] n a reckoner, a computer, an enumerator.
·|<'º¯, ·|<'º¯| [ pariga-ana, pariga-an ] n thorough reckoning, computation,
enumeration; consideration. ·|<'º¯| <<| v. to reckon thoroughly, to compute, to enumerate; to
consider or regard (as).
·|<'|º¯ [ pariga-ita ] a thoroughly reckoned, computed, enumerated; considered or regarded
(as). fem. ·|<'|º¯|
·|<'-|¯ [ parig+h+ta ] a solemnly taken, accepted; put on; won; assumed.
·|<¤- [ parigraha ] n act of taking or accepting solemnly (¯|<·|<¤-); act of putting on or
wearing (:<··|<¤-); act of assuming (<··|<¤-). ·|<¤- <<| v. to take or accept solemnly; to put on,
to wear; to assume.
·|<¤|-< [ parigrhaka ] n one who takes or accepts solemnly; one who puts on or wears; one
who assumes. fem. ·|<¤||-<|
·|<¯ [ parigha ] n a kind of iron cudgel used in war in ancient times.
·|<¯¯ [ parica$a ] n acquaintance; familiarity; introduction; identity; particulars about one's
identity such as name, address, lineage etc.; experience or practice (= <|¯•< ¯¯* ·|<¯¯); a sign, a
token (:¤¯¯< ·|<¯¯); same, reputation (¯||-|¯ï< |-¯|¯< ·|<¯¯); love, amour ('¯<·|<¯¯ <||¬¯| <<<
¯¯¯'). ·|<¯¯ <<| v. to make an acquaintance (with), to acquaint oneself (with); to experience.
·|<¯¯ :'|·¯ <<| v. to conceal one's identity; hide one's identity. ·|<¯¯ :¯=¯| v. to introduce, to
give one's in troduction; to reveal one's identity; to apprise. ·|<¯¯ :¯=¯| v. to ask for one's
introduction; to get acquainted; to learn particulars or details (of). (·= n. a letter of
introduction; credentials.
·|<¯< [ paricara ] n a servant, an attendant; a companion; a nurse; a worshipper.
·|<¯]| [ paricary ] n serving, waiting or attending upon; nursing; worship. ·|<¯]| <<| v. to
serve, to wait or attend upon; to nurse; to worship.
·|<¯¬¯ [ paricalana ] n (phys.) convection.
·|<¯|¯< [ paric$aka ] a introducing, introductory; prefatory; informing; indicative (of.) fem.
·|<¯||¯<|
·|<¯|<< [ paricraka ] n a servant, a serving-man, a valet; a varlet. ·|<¯||<<| n. fem. a maid-
servant; a maid, a female domestic servant.
·|<¯|¬< [ pariclaka ] a one who or that which drives or runs a vehicle etc.; conducting;
managing, directing; leading or guiding; administering, ruling. n. a driver; a conductor; a
manager; a director; a leader; an administrator; a ruler; a chief. ·|<¯|¬< ¯|¯|¯ n. managing
committee.
·|<¯|¬¯, ·|<¯|¬¯| [ pariclana, pariclan ] n act of driving a vehicle etc.; conduction;
management; direction; lead; administration; rule. ·|<¯|¬¯| <<| v. to drive or run; to conduct; to
manage; to direct; to lead; to administer; to rule.
·|<¯||¬<| [ pariclik ] fem of ·|<¯|¬<
·|<¯||¬¯ [ pariclita ] a driven, run; conducted; managed; directed; led; administrated; ruled.
·|<|¯¯ [ paricita ] n acquainted; familiar; known; practised (·|<|¯¯ <¯). ·|<|¯|¯ same as ·|<¯¯
·|<|¯¯ <ï|U an acquaintance.
·|<|¯ë¯ [ paricintana ] n deep or careful thinking or deliberation; planning.
·|<|¯|•¯ [ paricintita ] a deeply or carefully thought out or deliberated; well-planned.
·|<>¯ [ paricchada ] n a covering; a dress; clothing; garment.
·|<>r [ paricchanna ] a clean; tidy; neat, spruce; (of mind etc.) free from impurities or an
gularity; honest and candid. (¯| n. cleanliness; tidiness; neatness; purity. honesty and candour.
·|<|>r [ paricchinna ] a divided, parted; separated; severed; detached; limited, bounded;
individualized; moderate.
·|<¯>¯ [ paricch&da ] n a part, a division; a section; (of books) a chapter; a limit ¤|º|ë<< ·|<¯>¯;
ascertainment; fixation.
·|<•¯ [ parijana ] n a member of a family; a dependent; a friend; a kinsman; a servant, an
attendant. (<' n. pl. the family circle.
·|<F|¯ [ parijñta ] a well-known, familiar; well acquainted, thoroughly cognizant or versed,
aufait. ·|<F|¯ ·|<| v. to know fully, to be fully aware.
·|<F|¯ [ parijñna ] n thorough knowledge or acquaintance; insight.
·|<º¯ [ pari-ata ] a ripe; full-grown; mature (·|<º¯ <|+); resulting in; turned or rendered into;
converted to; advanced (·|<º¯ <¯¯); arrived at the last stage. ·|<º¯ <<| v. to turn or render into.
·|<º¯ -=¯| v. to result in or turn into. ·|<º|¯ n. maturity; ultimate stage or state; conclusion,
end; consequence. ·|<º¯ <¯¯¯ in old or advanced age. (<¯× a. advanced in age or years.
·|<º+ [ pari-addha ] a tied; bound; attached, connected; encircled, girdled, girt.
·|<º¯ [ pari-a$a ] n marriage, wedding. (<|<=). ·|<º¯ -=¯| to be married or wedded to (<º¯, (¯=
n. marriage-tie, wed lock.
·|<º|¯ [ pari-ma ] n last stage or state; conclusion; consequence; change of state, transfor
mation; future. (¯·| a. foreseeing; farsighted. (¯|·¯| n. foresight; farsightedness. (<|¯ n. the theory
of evolution. ·|<º|¯¯ adv. finally, ultimately, in the end; in the long run; in future.
·|<º|- [ pari-ha ] n width; contour.
·|<º|¯ [ pari-+ta ] a married, wedded. fem. ·|<º|¯|
·|<¯º¯| [ pari-&t ] n one who marries; a husband.
·|<¯º¯ [ pari-&$a ] a marriageable; fit for marrying.
·|<¯« [ paritapta ] a very much heated; quite warm; extremely afflicted.
·|<¯|· [ paritpa ] n lament; deep grief or regret; repentance, compunction; remorse. ·|<¯|·
<<| v. to lament; to express deep grief. ·|<¯|¯·< |<<¯ a lamentable affair; a matter of deep regret.
·|<¯³ [ paritu'a ] a well satisfied or gratified; very pleased. fem. ·|<¯³| ·|<¯ ³ <<| v. to satisfy
or gratify or please thoroughly. ·|<¯|³ same as ·|<¯¯|<
·|<¯« [ parit+pta ] a thoroughly satisfied or gratified. ·|<¯ « <<| n. to satisfy or gratify
thoroughly. ·|<¯|« n. thorough satisfaction or gratification.
·|<¯¯|< [ parit)'a ] n thorough satisfaction or gratification; deep pleasure. (·<< adv. with a
great or thorough satisfaction; to the point of satiety or to one's heart's content (·|<¯¯|<·<<
:¯|•¯ <<|). (•¯< a. thoroughly or highly satisfactory or gratifying.
·|<¯ïU [ parityakta ] a given up; left off; abandoned; deserted; relinquished; quitted;
renounced; omitted. fem. ·|<¯ïU|
·|<¯ï|', ·|<¯ï•¯ [ parityga, parityajana ] n act of giving up or leaving off; abandonment;
desertion; relinquishment; quittance; renouncement, renunciation; omission. ·|<¯ï|' <<| v. to
give up; to leave off; to abandon; to desert; to relinquish, to quit; to renounce; to leave out, to
omit.
·|<¯ï|•ï [ parityjya ] a fit to be given up or left off or abandoned or deserted or relinquished
or quitted or renounced or omitted. fem. ·|<¯ï|•ï|
·|<=|º [ paritr-a ] n rescue, deliverance; (theol.) salvation; liberation; relief; exemption;
riddance. ·|<=|º <<| v. to rescue, to deliver; (esp. in theol.) to save; to liberate; to relieve. ·|<=|º
·|=¯| v. to be rescued; (esp. in theol.) to be saved; to be liberated or relieved or exempted; to get
rid of. (<¯| n. a deliverer, a liberator, a saviour. ·|<=|¯º< ·· <| ¯·|¯ path of salvation; way of
escape, way out.
·|<=|¯| [ paritrt ] n a rescuer, a deliverer; (esp. in theol.) a saviour; a liberator; a reliever.
·|<=||- [ paritrhi ] v (imperat.) rescue, deliver, save, relieve. ·|<=||- ¯|< ¯| | to call out or cry for
help.
·|<¯·< [ paridar#aka ] n an observer; an inspector; a supervisor; a probation officer (as of
juvenile offenders), visitor (of an institution.)
·|<¯·¯, ·|<¯· [ paridar#ana, paridar#a ] n (careful) observation; inspection; supervision.
·|<¯·¯ <<| v. to observe (esp. carefully); to inspect; to supervise.
·|<¯·| [ paridar#+ ] a observing (esp. carefully); inspecting; supervising.
·|<¯¬¯|¯ [ parid+#yamna ] a visible all around; thoroughly visible; manifest.
·|<¯³ [ parid+'a ] a observed, noticed; espied; in spected; supervised.
·|<¯¯<¯, ·|<¯¯<¯| [ parid&bana, parid&ban ] n lamentation; wailing; bewailing; repentance.
·|<<|¯ [ paridhna ] n dress, garment, clothes; act of putting on or wearing. ·|<<|¯ <<| v. to put
on, to wear. (<z n. garment, colthes.
·|<|< [ paridhi ] n circumference; periphery; girth. (¯|·< n. perimeter.
·|<¯<¯ [ paridh&$a ] a fit to be put on or worn. n. clothes, garment.
·|<|¯<|º [ parinirb-a ] n the cessation of individual existence, nirvana, salvation, beatitude.
·|<·¤ [ paripakka ] a thoroughly ripe; (thoroughly) mature; well-experienced; thoroughly
habituated or addicted (:¯·|¯ ·|<·¤); very precocious (·|<·¤ :¯¯¬). (¯| n. thorough ripeness;
(thorough) maturity; thorough experience; inveterate habit or addiction; precocity.
·|<·= [ paripatra ] n a circular.
·|<··-| [ paripanh+ ] a unfavourable, adverse; opposing, obstructing, hindering; hostile,
inimical.
·|<·|< [ paripka ] n digestion; assimilation. ·|<·|< <<| v. to digest; to assimilate. (:¯|< n.
digestive trouble. (]s n. the digestive organ, the stomach. (·|U n. digestive power; power of
assimilation.
·|<·||¯ [ paripi ] n orderly arrangement; orderliness; skill. a. arranged in an orderly
manner; orderly; skilful, adroit.
·|<·|¤ [ paripr#ba ] n surroundings, entourage.
·|<·|¬< [ pariplaka ] n one who brings up, a rearer; an administrator.
·|<·|¬¯ [ pariplana ] n act of bringing up or rearing; administration. ·|<·|¬¯ <<| v. to bring
up, to rear, to support; to administrate.
·|<·||¬¯ [ pariplita ] a brought up, reared; administered.
·|<·³ [ paripu'a ] a well-developed; plump, robust and muscular; well-nourished; carefully
brought up. fem. ·|<·³| (¯|, ·|<·|³ n. good development; plumpness; robustness and
muscularity; sound nourishment; careful bringing up.
·|<·<< [ parip-raka ] a completing; fulfilling; (chiefly in geom.) complementary (·|<·<< :<|º).
·|<·<º [ parip-ra-a ] n repletion; act of repleting; fulfilment; completion; act of
complementing. ·|<·<º <<| v. to replete; to fill up; to fulfil; to complete; to complement.
·|<·|<¯, ·|<·º [ parip-rita, parip-r-a ] a replete; teeming; filled up; fulfilled; completed;
complemented. fem. ·|<·º| ·|<·º¯| n. repleteness, repletion.
·|<·U [ parip+kta ] a saturated. ·|<·U <<| v. to saturate. ·|<·|U n. saturation. ·|<· U ñ<
saturated solution.
·|<¯·|<< [ parip)'aka ] a nourishing; cherishing; supporting (·|<¯·|<< ¯¬ï); protecting,
protective.
·|<¯·|<º [ parip)'a-a ] n nourishment; cherishing; support; protection. ·|<¯·|<º <<| v. to
nourish; to cherish; to support; to protect.
·|<¯¤|¤¯ [ paripr&k'ita ] n perspective.
·|<:< [ pariplaba ] n flooding; flood; submersion; inundation; drenching.
·|<:¯ [ paripl-ta ] a flooded; submerged; inundated; drenched, soaked, saturated. fem. ·|<:¯|
·|<:¯ <<| v. to flood; to submerge; to inundate; to drench; to saturate.
·|<<•¯ [ paribarjana ] n complete abandonment or avoidance or casting off or giving up or
renouncement or rejection. ·|<<•¯|¯ a. that which can be or should be abandoned or given up or
renounced.
·|<<|•¯ [ paribarjita ] a completely abandoned or avoided or cast off or given up or renounced
or rejected.
·|<<¯ [ paribarta ] n exchange; barter; a substitute. ·|<<¯ |<<|- marrying a girl into a family and
receiving one in marriage from it, inter-marriage. (< a. & n. one who or that which exchanges or
barters or changes or alters or modifies or transforms or effects a change in circumstances or
metamorphoses or converts or rotates or recedes or returns. ˜¯|¯ a. changing.
·|<<¯¯ [ paribartana ] n exchange; barter; change; al teration; modification; transformation; a
change in circumstances; metamorphosis; conversion; rotation; recession; return. ·|<<¯¯ <<| v.
to exchange; to barter; to change; to alter; to modify; to transform; to effect a change in
circumstances; to metamorphose; to convert; to rotate; to recede; to return. (|<¯j a. not ready or
willing to change; averse to change, conservatism. (|<¯j¯| n. unwillingness to change;
conservatism. (·|¬ a. changeful; changing; full of vicissitude or variety; metamorphic. ·|<<¯¯|¯ a.
exchangeable; that which can be or is to be bartered; changeable; alterable; modifiable;
transformable; capable of suffering a change in circumstances; metamorphic; convertible.
·|<<|¯¯ a. exchanged; bartered; changed; altered; modified; transformed; metamorphosed;
converted; rotated; returned. ·|<<¯| a. changeful; (sc.) alternating. ·|<<¯| :¯|¤º oscillatory
discharge.
·|<<¯¯ [ paribart& ] adv in place of, instead of, in lieu of, in exchange for.
·|<<<< [ paribardhaka ] a. & n one who or that which develops or improves or extends or
magnifies or enlarges or amplifies, promoting or helping development or growth (of). ·|<<<<
<|¯ a magnifying glass.
·|<<<¯ [ paribardhana ] n development; improvement; magnification; enlargement;
amplification.
·|<<|<¯ [ paribardhita ] a developed, magnified; enlarged (·|<<|<¯ ¯,×<º); amplified.
·|<<¬¯ [ paribalana ] n (bot.) circumnutation.
·|<<-º [ paribaha-a ] n transportation, transport, conveyance; (esp. in elec.) conduction.
·|<<-¯ <<| v. to transport, to convey; to conduct. ·|<<-¯ &|<<||<< transport officer.
·|<<|¯ [ paribda ] n disrepute, reproach, blame, slander. ·|<<|¯<, ·|<<|¯| a. reproaching,
blaming. ·|<<||¯¯| a. fem. of ·|<<|¯| n. a seven-stringed musical instrument, a heptachord.
·|<<|< [ paribra ] n a family; a family circle; a wife. ·|<<|< ·|<<¯¯| n. family planning.
·|<<|-¯¤= [ paribhak'&tra ] n (geog.) a basin, a catchment area.
·|<<|-º [ paribha-a ] n conduction.
·|<<||-¯ [ paribhita ] a conducted. ·|<<||-¯ ¯|¯<| transported soil.
·|<<||-¯| [ paribhit ] a. fem of ·|<<||-¯ n. conductivity.
·|<<|-| [ paribh+ ] a conducting. n. a conductor.
·|<<¯ [ parib+ta ] a completely surrounded, encircled, beset; completely covered or overcast.
·|<<|¯ n. encirclement, besetment; thorough covering or over casting.
·|<<¯ [ parib+tta ] n (geom.) a circumcircle.
·|<<|¯ [ parib+tti ] n alteration, change; transition; exchange, barter. (<|¬ n. (phys.) transition
period.
·|<¯<¯| [ parib&tt ] n a younger brother who marries whilst his elder is still unmarried.
·|<¯<¯¯ [ parib&dana ] n act of getting married whilst one's elder brother is still unmarried.
·|<¯<¯¯| [ parib&dan ] n great pain or pang or affliction or distress.
·|<¯<·<, ·|<¯<<< [ parib&#aka, parib&'aka ] n a distributor, a dealer; one who serves food at
table.
·|<¯<·¯, ·|<¯<<º [ parib&#ana, parib&'a-a ] n distribution, act of dealing out; act of serving
food at table. ·|<¯<·¯ <<|, ·|<¯<<º <<| v. to distribute, to deal out; to serve (food at table).
·|<¯<³< [ parib&'aka ] a one who or that which surrounds or goes round or encircles or
encloses.
·|<¯<³¯ [ parib&'ana ] n an enclosure; act of surrounding or going round or enclosing,
encirclement, besetment. ·|<¯<³¯ <<| v. to surround, to go round, to encircle; to enclose. ·|<¯<³¯|
n. entourage, surroundings; fencing, railings, enclosure.
·|<¯<|³¯ [ parib&'ita ] a surrounded, encircled, beset, engirt; enclosed. fem. ·|<¯<|³¯|
·|<<ï|« [ paribypta ] a spread, spread out; extended, expanded. ·|<<ï||« n. spreading, spreading
out; expansion; diffusion; extension.
·|<<•ï| [ paribrajy ] n wandering as a mendicant or wandering asceticism; pilgrimage.
·|<<|•< [ paribrjaka ] n a traveller; a mendicant or wandering ascetic.
·|<<|•¯ [ paribrjana ] n travelling; wandering.
·|<<||•<| [ paribrjik ] fem of ·|<<|•<
·|<¯< [ paribhaba ] n defeat; discomfiture.
·|<¯|<| [ paribh' ] n a technical word or term; technical terminology.
·|<¯¯ [ paribh-ta ] a defeated, discomfited.
·|<¯|¯ [ paribh+ti ] n emolument; wages; salary, pay.
·|<¯¯|' [ paribh)ga ] n thorough enjoyment; sexual intercourse.
·|<¯¯º [ paribhrama-a ] n act of going round, rotation; perigrination; travelling; wandering;
roaming; strolling, walking. ·|<¯¯º <<| v. to go round, to rotate; to perigrinate; to travel; to
wander; to stroll, to walk.
·|<¯³ [ paribhra'a ] a detached and fallen; shed. ·|<¯³ -=¯| v. to get detached and fall down; to
be shed.
·|<=º [ paribhr--a ] n perisperm.
·|<¯·¯¬ [ pariman)ala ] n an orbit; a circle; a circumference; (fig.) a society or sphere;
environment; surrounding, encirclement; a globe; any globular object.
·|<¯|·¯¯ [ pariman)ita ] a well-ornamented, well-decorated, well-adorned; endowed.
·|<¯¬ [ parimala ] n fragrance caused by being anointed (with sandal-paste etc.); fragrance,
perfume, sweet scent; (pop.) nectar of flowers ('·|<¯¬ :¬|¯¯ |¬ &|¯¯| •|¯¬').
·|<¯|º [ parim-a ] n measure, weight, amount, quantity, number, degree; extent. ·|<¯|º <<| v.
to measure, to weigh; (rare) to count; to survey (as land); to assess (as importance). ·|<¯|¯º -=¯|
v. to measure, to weigh; to be adequate in proportion to. (,¬ n. result of measurement or
counting; (arith.) area measure, square measure.
·|<¯|=| [ parimtr ] n (mech.) intensity.
·|<¯|· [ parimpa ] n measurement; weighing; counting; (fig.) assessment (F|¯¯< ·|<¯|·);
measure, weight, amount, quantity, number, degree; land-measure, survey. ·|<¯|· <<| same as
·|<¯|º <<| (see ·|<¯|º). ·|<¯|·< a. measuring; weighing; counting; surveying; assessing. n. a
measurer; weigher; counter; a surveyor (of land); an assessor; a measuring or weighing or
counting or surveying machine. ·|<¯|·¯ n. measuring or weighing or counting or surveying (as
land) or (fig.) assessing.
·|<¯|•¯ [ parimrjana ] n scouring or cleansing; refining or chastening. ·|<¯|•¯| n. scouring or
cleansing; refining; (of a book, a dictionary etc) correction, editing and making up-to-date.
·|<¯||•¯ [ parimrjita ] a scoured; cleansed; refined; corrected and revised; chastened. ·|<¯||•¯
<<| v. to scour; to cleanse; to refine; to correct and revise; to chasten.
·|<|¯¯ [ parimita ] a moderate; temperate, abstemious; measuring or amounting (¯|<-|¯
·|<|¯¯); measured; mensurated; (rare) sufficient, adequate. (<ï¯| a. economic, frugal. ·|<|¯¯|¯|< n.
moderation, temperance. ·|<|¯¯|¯|<| a. temperate.
·|<|¯|¯ [ parimiti ] n measurement; measure; (math.) mensuration.
·|<¯¯¯ [ parim&$a ] a measurable; finite.
·|<¯¯¬ [ parim&la ] n an association. (|¯¯¯|<|¬ n. articles of association. (< n. a memorandum of
association.
·|<"|¯ [ parimlna ] a very pale or jaded or worn out; glum or sombre.
·|<]|º [ pariy-a ] n traffic; migration. ·|<]|º |¯<$|-<, ·|<]|º <&<(-|·< n. a traffic manager. ")*+#%
&<*| n. traffic police.
·|<]|¯| [ pariy$+ ] a trafficking; itinerant; migratory.
·|<<,º [ parirak'a-a ] n preservation; protection; guarding; careful custody or guardianship.
·|<<|.¯ [ parirak'ita ] a preserved; protected; guarded; kept under careful custody or
guardianship.
·|<<0, ·|<<2º [ parirambha, parirambha-a ] n close embrace; sexual intercourse.
·|<¬|4¯ [ parilak'ita ] a noticed; observed.
·|<|¬|j¯ [ parilikhita ] a (geom.) circumscribed.
·|<¯¬j [ paril&kha ] n an outline; an outline sketch.
·|<|·6 [ pari#i'a ] a remaining. n. an appendix, a supplement (as of a book).
·|<·|¬¯ [ pari#+lana ] n practice, study, cultivation; an embrace; anointment. ·|<·||¬¯ a.
practised, studied, cultivated; refined; sophisticated; embraced; anointed.
·|<89 [ pari#uddha ] a meticulously refined or purified or sanctified. ·|<;< <<| v. to re fine or
purify or sanctify meticulously. ·|<>|@ n. meticulous refinement or purity or sanctity.
·|<BC [ pari#u'ka ] a very dry; pale; shrivelled.
·|<¯·< [ pari#&'a ] n remainder; end; the last stage; conclusion; the concluding part. ·|<¯·¯<
adv. at last, in the end; finally, ultimately; in the long run.
·|<¯·|< [ pari#)dha ] n repayment (as of a debt); (fig.) revenge or retaliation. ·|<¯·|< <<| v. to
repay, to pay off, to pay back; (fig.) to avenge or retaliate.
·|<¯·|<¯ [ pari#)dhana ] n meticulous refinement or purification or sanctification.
·|<¯·|<E [ pari#)dhya ] a that which is to be or can be repaid, outstanding or repayable.
·|<G¯ [ pari#rama ] n labour, toil; diligence, industry; effort, endeavour. ·|<I¯ <<| v. to work
hard, to labour, to toil; to work diligently; to endeavour. (<|¯<, (|<¯ j a. averse to hard work, lazy.
·|<K¯| a. hardworking, laborious; diligent, industrious.
·|<M|O [ pari#rnta ] a fatigued, exhausted; tired; wearied. ·|<Q||S n. fatigue, exhaustion;
tiredness, weariness.
·|<<¯, ·|<<U [ pari'ada, pari'at ] n an association, an assembly, a society; a council; (pol.) a
legislative council. ·|<<¯|¯ a. pertaining or relating to or concerning a council or assembly;
legislative; parliamentary.
·|<¯<<< [ pari'&baka ] n a sicknurse, a nurse.
·|<¯<<| [ pari'&b ] n care of the sick, nursing.
·|<¯<|<<| [ pari'&bik ] fem of ·|<¯<<<
·|<W<º [ pari'kara-a ] n cleansing or refining.
·|<Y|< [ pari'kra ] n cleanliness; tidiness; neatness; clarity (as of water). a. clean; cleansed;
clear; tidy; spruce, neat, or derly (·|<[|< <|•); legible (·|<]|< ^¬j|); clearcut, outspoken,
unambigu ous, unequivocal (·|<`|< <·|); beautiful, bright, fair (·|<b|< &¯¬| <| &<-|=¯|);
cloudless (·|<d|< &<|·); free from angularity, frank, straightfor ward, candid, open-hearted,
sincere (·|<f|< ¯¯); intelligent, free from confusion (·|<h|< ¯|·|); free from morbidity, healthy
(·|<j|< <<); musical, sweet (·|<l|< '¬|); keen (·|<n|< ¯|p). ·|<r|< <<| v. to cleanse; to clean; to
clear; to tidy; to free from morbidity or angularity; to wash (<|·v ·|<x|< <<|). (< a. cleansing.
n. a cleaner; a cleansing agent. ·|<z|< ·|<|} a. neat and clean, clean and tidy, spick and span.
·|<•¯ [ pari'k+ta ] a cleansed; cleaned; cleared; tidied; refined; washed (·|<!¯ <#).
·|<¯,j%| [ parisa/khy ] n especially enumerated or tabulated number; statistics. ·|<¯,j'|¯ a.
especially enumerated or tabulated; statistical. ·|<¯,j)|¯ n. statistics. ·|<¯,j+|¯< n. statistician.
·|<¯¯|- [ parisampta ] a ended, finished, concluded, completed. ·|<¯¯||/ n. end, termination;
conclusion; completion.
·|<¯12 [ parisampat ] n assets.
·|<¯< [ parisara ] n extent; area; limit, boundary, end; width, breadth.
·|<¯|¯| [ paris+m ] n limit, bounds; perimeter; end.
·|<|4-|¯ [ parishiti ] n circumstances, situation.
·|<6¯ [ parisphua ] a clearly revealed or expressed; well-developed; manifest, obvious;
blossomed, blooming.
·|<8<º [ parisphura-a ] n vibration; effervescence; manifestation.
·|<:< [ parisraba ] n (biol.) placenta.
·|<<|<º, ·|<><º, ·|<@|¯ [ parisrba-a, parisraba-a, parisruti ] n filtration. ·|<B¯ a. filtered
(·|<D¯ •¬).
·|<¯-¯|¯ [ parisahan+$a ] a laughable, ridiculous; fit to be derided or mocked.
·|<-|< [ parihra ] n giving up; abandonment; avoidance; act of casting off; neglect, disregard;
slight. ·|<-|< <<| v. to give up; to abandon; to avoid, to shun; to cast off; to neglect, to disregard,
to slight.
·|<-|]F [ parihrya ] a avoidable; that which can be given up or renounced or abandoned,
renounceable.
·|<-|¯ [ parihsa ] n a joke, a jest; ridicule; mock ery, derision. ·|<-|¯ <<| v. to poke fun at, to
joke; to ridicule; to mock, to deride, to laugh, to scorn. (G¯¬, (¯¯< adv. jokingly. (|I¯ a. given to
jesting, jestful; witty; fond of joking. (|K¯¯| n. jestfulness; jocular; jocoseness; jocosity;
playfulness.
·|<|-¯ [ parihita ] a clothed, clad, dressed, wearing; that which is put on or worn (·|<|-¯ L·|·|<).
fem. ·|<|-¯|
·<|N< [ par+k'aka ] n a tester; an examiner; a trier; an investigator; an experimenter; a
foreteller, a diviner. ¯'P·<|R< n. a fortune-teller; a soldier of fortune, an adventurer.
·<|Tº [ par+k'a-a ] n act of testing or examining or trying or investigating or foretelling or
divining. ·<|Vº|¯ a. that which or one who is to be tested or examined or tried or investigated or
experimented upon or divined; examinable.
·<|X| [ par+k' ] n a test; an examination; a trial; an ordeal (|Z·<|\|); a cross-examination; an
investigation; an experiment; foretelling, divination, reading (-^¯<j| ·<|`|) ; ¯b·<|d|, ¯|'f·<|h|
n. fortune-telling; act of seeking fortune. ·<|j| <<| v. to test; to examine; to try; to test by an
ordeal; to cross examine; to investigate; to experiment; to divine. ·<|l| m¯=¯| v. to appear at an
examination; to take an examination; to undergo a trial; to submit to an or deal. ·<|o| p¯=¯| v.
to examine, to test; to hold an examination; to test by an examination. ·<|r|¯ ¯¯¯< ]|=¯| v. to
stand a test or scrutiny. ('|<, ('-, (¯<¯, (¯|t<, (·|¬| n. an examination-hall; a laboratory. (<|¯ a. subject
to or under examination or trial or test or investigation or experiment. (·v| a. appearing at an
examination. n. an examinee. fem. ·<|x||·z¯|
·<|||¯¬< [ par+k'm-laka ] a experimental.
·<|~|¯¬<¯|¯< [ par+k'm-lakabhb& ] adv by way of experi ment, experimentally.
·<||¤¯ [ par+k'ita ] a tested; examined; tried; investigated; experimented.
·<|¯¤|¯|º [ par+k')tt+r-a ] a passed at an examination; successful in an examination; one who
has come through a test or ordeal successfully; found suitable or good on trial or test. fem.
·<|¯¤|¯|º| ·<|¯¤|¯|º -=¯| v. to come through or pass an examination or test or ordeal; to stand
a test or ordeal; to be found suitable or good on test or trial.
·<< [ paru'a ] a harsh, rough, rude, haughty, arrogant, cruel (·<< <¯¯). (¯|, ([ n. harshness,
rudeness, haughtiness, arrogance, cruelty.
·¯< [ par& ] adv. & prep after, afterwards (:¯ ·¯< &¯¯¯); thereafter, then (·¯< :]j|¯¯ :'¬|¯); in
future (·¯< <| -¯ <¬| ]|¯ ¯|); after the occurrence of, after that (:ä¯ ¯|<|< ·¯< :¯·¯¯ :·|¯¬|¯); at
the back of (<|¯¯< ·¯< ¬|¯ ]|¯>); below (&¯|< ¯|¯¯< ·¯<# ¯|< ¯|¯); born later (=# ¯|#|¯ &¯|< ·¯<).
·¯<< |¯¯ n. the day after. adv. on the following day.
·¯<|¤ [ par)k'a ] a imperceptible or unseen but known or true, not known directly,
circumstantial (·¯<|¤ ¤¯|º); indirect (·¯<|¤ ¯|U); roundabout (·¯<|¤¯|¯<). ·¯<|¤ << an indirect
tax. ·¯<|¯¤, (¯|¯< adv. behind one's back, in one's absence. ·¯<|¯¤ |¯+| <<| to slander somebody in
his absence, to backbite.
·¯<|¯| [ par) ] n a kind of thin bread fried in oil or clarified butter.
·¯<|·<|< [ par)pakra ] n the good of others; philanthropy, benevolence; (loos. but pop.)
public welfare. ·¯<|·<|< <<| v. to do good to others, to do a good turn (to a person). (<, ·¯<|·<|<|
a. doing good to others; philanthropic, benevolent. fem. ·¯<|·<||<º| ·¯<|·<||<¯| n. act of doing
good to others; philanthropy, benevolence.
·¯<·•|<|, ·¯<|·•|<ï [ par&paj+b+, par)paj+bya ] a living on an other; depending or hanging on
an other for subsistence; parasitic.
·¯<|¯| [ par)$ ] n heedfulness, care (¯·¯¯¯·< ·¯<|¯|); fear, daunt; concern, anxiety. ·¯<|¯| <<| v.
to pay heed to; (esp. in neg.) to care; to be afraid of, to fear; to be concerned or anxious about.
{¯ ·¯<|¯| :¯# no fear; no matter; never mind.
·<|¯, ·<¯| [ parkai, parka+ ] n a kind of fig-tree.
·•¯ [ parjanya ] n thunder-cloud, nimbus; Indra (#+) the thunder-god.
·º [ par-a ] n a tree-leaf, a leaf (·º{|¯<); betel leaf (·º<|<|); a feather, a plume (¸·º). (<|<| n. a
grower of betel-leaves (by trade or caste). ({|¯< n. a hut thatched with tree-leaves; (loos.) a
hut. (:¯|•| a. feeding on tree-leaves; (loos.) gramini vorous. (:¯|¯| a. (bot.) deciduous. (·]ï| n. a bed
made of tree-leaves; (loos.) a pallet. (·|¬| same as ·º{|¯< ·º| a. leafed, leaved; leafy. n. a tree.
··|¯ [ parpai ] n an Ayurvedic (&¯¯<¯|¯) drug made from a herbal plant.
·< [ parba ] n a holy day; a fiesta; a feast, a festival; a knuckle, a joint (as of a finger); (bot.) a
node; (of books) a canto, a chapter.
·<¯ [ parbata ] n a mountain; a hill; a rock; a hillock; a mount. (<+<, (¤-| n. a mountain-cave, a
cave, a cavern. (¯;| n. a peak (of a mountain); a hill-top. (·|¤ n. mountain-side, hillside. (¤¯|º a.
mountain-high, high as a mountain; mountainous; huge. (<|¯| a. living on hills or mountains;
highland. n. a hillman; a highlander. fem. (<||¯¯| (|·j<, (·* same as (¯;| (:n|º n. a mountain
range. (¯,{¬ a. mountainous, having many mountains; hilly. ·<¯|<|< a. looking like a mountain;
mountainous, huge. ·<¯|¯<|-| n. a mountaineer. a. climbing a mountain. ·<¯|¯ a. of or grown
in or living on mountains or hills; mountainous, highland.
·<¯<ï [ parbamadhya ] n (bot.) an internode.
·<|¯^|¯ [ parbsph)a ] n act of snapping a knuckle or knuckles of one's finger(s).
·<|- [ parbha ] n a day of festival; a holy day; a fiesta; a festival.
·]× [ parya/ka ] n a costly bedstead or cot; a couch, a divan; (geog.) a basin (of a river).
·]¯< [ paryaaka ] n a traveller, a perigrinator, a tourist.
·]¯¯ [ paryaana ] n (wide) travel, perigrination, tour. ·]¯¯ <<| v. to travel (widely), to
perigrinate, to tour.
·]ë [ paryanta ] n limit, end, extremity. prep. to (¯|·| :·¯< ·| ·]ë); up to (=# ¯|¯| ·]ë); till or
until (:ä¯ &¯| ·]ë, <|³ ¯| ·|¯| ·]ë). adv. too, also, even (|¯|¯ ·]ë ¯|¯|<¯U ¯¯).
·]|<¯|¯ [ parybasna ] n end, close, termination, conclusion; result; reduction. ·]|<¯|¯ -=¯| v.
to end, to terminate, to conclude; to result in; to be reduced to.
·]<|¯¯ [ paryabasita ] a ended, terminated, concluded; resolved (into); reduced (to); resulting
in.
·]¯<¤< [ paryab&k'aka ] a watching; observing. n. a watcher; an observer.
·]¯<¤º [ paryab&k'a-a ] n watching; observation. ·]¯<¤º <<| v. to watch; to observe. ·]¯<¤|º<|
n. an observatory; a watch tower.
·]¯<|¤¯ [ paryab&k'ita ] a watched; observed.
·]•¯¯ [ paryasana ] n removal; act of throwing all round; scattering.
·]ë [ paryanta ] a removed; thrown all round; scattered; turned upside down, overturned;
reversed.
·]|º [ pary-a ] n saddle; a panel; a caparison.
·]|« [ parypta ] a ample, abundant; sufficient, adequate, enough; moderate, temperate;
capable, competent. ·]||« n. amplitude, abundance, plenty; sufficiency, adequacy,
moderateness, moderation, temperance; capability, competence, competency.
·]|<<º [ parybara-a ] n environment; surroundings; the environs.
·]|<¯ [ paryb+tta ] a periodic. ·]|<|¯ n. periodicity.
·]|¯ [ pary$a ] n a turn; serial order; succession; state, condition, shape, form, series (¯<·]|¯);
a generation (&|¯·<< :·¯< ¯|¯|¯·< ·]|¯); a synonym (usu. ·]|¯·÷); (chiefly in sc.) a period (usu.
·]|¯<|¬). (=¯¯ adv. by turns; serially; successively; alternately. (¯ï|¯, (¯* n. a break in the series, a
break in periodicity; inversion. (·÷ n. synonymous words; related or cognate words. (¯¯ a.
rhyming alternately. (¯|<|º n. (chem.) a periodic table.
·]|¯¬|¯¯, ·]|¯¬|¯¯| [ paryl)cana, paryl)can ] n thorough discussion or study or review.
·]|¯¬|¯¯| <<| v. to discuss or study or review thoroughly.
·]|¯¬||¯¯ [ paryl)cita ] a thoroughly discussed or studied or reviewed.
·]|¯ [ parysa ] n topsyturvy; upset, reverse, a great change; a revolution.
·]¯? [ paryudasta ] a utterly defeated, routed, crushed; completely baffled; prevented or
repulsed; totally forbidden; foiled, marred. ·]¯? <<| v. to defeat utterly, to rout, to crush; to
baffle completely; to prevent or repulse; to forbid totally; to foil, to mar.
·]¯|¯ [ paryudsa ] n utter defeat, rout, crush; complete frustration; prevention or repulse.
·]|<¯ [ paryu'ita ] a stale (·]|<¯¬ r).
·¯]<º, ·¯]<º| [ pary&'a-a, pary&'a- ] n search, investigation; research.
·<<| [ par#uk ] n a rib, a vertebra.
·<¯, ·<¦ [ par'ada, par'at ] n a council, a board.
·¬
1
[ pala
1
] n a measure of time (= 24 seconds); a moment, a while, a very short time; a
measure of weight (= 8 :¯|¬|).
·¬
2
[ pala
2
] n a bevel (·¬-:¯|¬|).
·¬< [ palaka ] n wink or blink (of eyes); a very short time, an instant, a moment; an eyelid.
·¬< ·;| v. (of eyes) to close, to wink, to blink. ·¬< :,¬| v. to wink, to blink. (·|¯ n. closing of
eyelids. (·¯, (-|¯ a. (of eyes) unwinking unblinking; (of sight or look) steadfast, fixed, winkless.
·¬¯< ·¬¯< every moment; in very quick succession. ·¬¯< ¤¬¯ instant disaster (with little or no
warning). ·¬¯<< ¯¯<ï, ·¬¯< adv. in an instant, instantly; in the twinkling of an eye.
·¬<| [ palak ] a brittle, fragile; frail; delicate; unsubstantial.
·¬¯¯ [ palaana ] n an armed force; a platoon.
·¬|¯ [ palai ] v (imperf.) turning back.
·¬¯| [ palat ] n the creeper bearing ·¯¯|¬ (this is used as a bitter pot-herb).
·¬¯¯ [ palat& ] n the wick of a lamp.
·¬-•¯|¬| [ pala-t)l ] a bevelled.
·¬¬ [ palala ] n meat; silt, slime; alluvium. ·¬¬ ¯|¯ n. alluvial soil.
·¬!|<| [ palastr ] n a plaster (esp. one composed of slaked lime, sand and hair, and used for
coating walls etc.). ·¬#|<| $¯=¯| <| ¬|'|¯¯| v. to plaster.
·¬|
1
[ pal
1
] n coral.
·¬|
2
[ pal
2
] n a kind of tiny ladle or spoon.
·¬||& [ palgni ] n bile.
·¬|( [ pal-)u ] n onion.
·¬|¯< [ paltaka ] a fugitive, fleeing; absconding. n. a fugitive; an absconder. fem. ·¬|¯<|
·¬|¯< -=¯| v. to abscond.
·¬|* [ palnna ] n a highly spiced dish of rice and meat boiled in clarified butter, pilau.
·¬|¯¯ [ pal$ana ] n act of running away or fleeing, flight; escape. ·¬|¯¯ <<| v. same as ·|¬|¯¯|
(v.). (·< a. fleeing, fugitive; absconding; escaping. ·¬|¯¯·< +¯¯|<||-¯| the retreating army.
·¬|¯¯¯|¯-¯ a. attempting to flee or escape, about to run away.
·¬|¯¯|¯ [ pal$amna ] a fleeing, fugitive; absconding; escaping. fem. ·¬|¯¯|¯
·¬||¯¯ [ pal$ita ] a fled; absconded; escaped, fem. ·¬||¯¯|
·¬|· [ pal#a ] n a kind of beautiful red flower having no fragrance; its tree, the dhak, the
palas, Butea monosperma.
·|¬ [ pali ] n silt; alluvium. ·|¬ ·1| v. to collect alluvial deposit, to silt. ·|¬-·3| a. silted up. (¯||¯ n.
alluvium, silt; alluvial soil.
·|¬• [ palija ] a alluvial.
·|¬¯ [ palita ] n grey-hairedness, grey-headedness; greyness; grey. a. grey; aged, old. (4<· a.
grey-haired; old, aged.
·¬|¯ [ pal+$a ] n protein.
·¬ [ palu ] n a species of silk-worm living on the mulberry tree.
·¯¬| [ pal) ] n a pail-shaped wicker-basket for catching fish.
·6¬ [ palbala ] n any small pool of water (esp. a shallow one).
·¬8¯¯ [ palya$ana ] n a saddle; a caparison; a panel, a pack-saddle.
·:< [ pallaba ] n a leaf (< <·><, ¯<·@<); a lid (|B·D<); a new tree-leaf; the forepart of a young
shoot or sprout bearing new leaves (&F·H<). (I||-¯| n. surface-grazing; dilettantism; eclecticism;
smattering acquaintance. (J|-| a. dilettantish; smattering. ·L<N|-| O¬|< a dilettante (pl.
dilettanti); a smatterer. ·Q|<¯ a. containing leaves, leafy; full of new leaves; sprouted; detailed,
exhausted; exaggerated (·S|<¯ <ºU¯|).
·|W, ·Y| [ palli, pall+ ] n a small area of human habitation containing a cluster of houses, a
locality (Z'|··|\); a hamlet; a village; a municipal division, a ward. (^¬ n. a rural area;
countryside. ·|` ¯b¯¯ n. village development, rural uplift. ('||¯ n. folksong, village song. (c|¯ n. a
village. (•|<¯ n. rural life, countrylife. (¯¯e n. a country-dance. (<< n. a country-woman, a country-
wife. (<|¬|, (<||¬<| n. a country-girl; a country maid. (<|¯ n. a village home; a country residence; act
of living in a country. (<|¯| a. living in a country, rural; (dero.) rustic. n. a countryman (fem. a
country-woman), a villager. (dero.) a rustic. fem. (<||¯¯| (<|¯| ¯g¯¬|< a country gentleman. (¯<¯ n.
a village home; a country residence; a country-house, a country seat. (¯i¬ ¯|¯|¯ village welfare
society. (¯,'¯¯ n. rural organization, rural development. (¯,k|< n. rural reconstruction; village
upliftment. (¯|¯|¯ n. a village society.
··¯, ··¯¯| [ pa#atu, pa#at) ] n Pushtu, Pushtoo, Pashto, a language of the Afghans.
··¯ [ pa#ama ] n wool; fur. ··¯ ·|<m|< <<| to card or comb wool. ··|¯¯| n. a kind of very fine
woollen cloth. ··|¯ a. woollen; made of fur.
··¬| [ pa#al ] n a short spell of fall (as of rain), a shower.
··| [ pa# ] v (poet.) to enter; to penetrate.
·o [ pa#u ] n a quadruped animal, a beast, a brute; a beastly or brutal man; an attendant of
Shiva (|·<). '<||¯ ·q cattle. '-·||¬¯ ·s a domestic animal; (pl.) livestock. <|¬< ·u a sacrificial
beast. ¯|<<|-| ·w a beast of burden, a draught animal, a pack animal. |·<||< ·y a beast of prey.
|·<|¯<< ·{ a game. (¯¯} n. animal skin; hide; pelt. (¯|<º n. act of grazing cattle, grazing. ·•¯|<º <<| v.
to graze or feed cattle. (¯|<º :¤= n. a pasturage, a grazing-field. (¯|<º¯]|'ï a. pasturable. (|¯|<¦¯< n. a
veterinary surgeon. ([ n. animality; beastliness; brutality. (<¯ n. bestiality; sexual intercourse or
copulation. (<¯| a. bestial; brutal; addicted to excessive sexual intercourse or copulation. (·|¯
Shiva (|·<). (·|¬ a. herd or flock of animals or livestock. (·|¬, (·|¬< n. a herdsman, a cowherd; a
shepherd; a goatherd. (·|¬¯ n. act of rearing and tending and raising livestock, live stock
farming. (·|¬¯|<·|<¯ n. a live stock expert. (<¦ a. beast-like, beastly, bestial, brutal. (<¦ &¯<º
bestiality, brutality. (<|• n. the king of beasts; the lion. (:¬|¯ n. wool; fur. (·|U n. brute force. (·|¬| n.
a zoological garden, a zoo; a cattleshed; a stable. (|·<|< n. game-hunting, hunting. (|·<||< n. a
game-hunter, a hunter (fem. a huntress). (¸¬¯ same as ·<<¦
·¬|¦ [ pa#ct ] adv & prep. after, at or to the back of (·¬|¦ &|¯¯¯¯¯). &square; adv. afterwards,
later (·¬|¦ <¬|); in or to the west. a. living at the back; reverse (·¬|¦ |¯<). n. the back; the
back side, the rear; the future. ·¬|¯¯ adv. behind ('¯-< ·¬|¯¯); later, afterwards (·¬|¯¯ <¬<).
·¬|¦·¯ [ pa#ctpada ] a retreated; withdrawn; turned back; lagging behind. ·¬|¦·¯ -=¯| v. to
retreat; to withdraw; to turn back; to lag behind.
·¬|¯|· [ pa#cttpa ] n repentance, remorse.
·¬|('|¯ [ pa#cdgati ] n retrograde motion, backward movement. ·¬|('¯¯ n. retrogression,
going after, following. ·¬|('¯¯ <<| v. to follow, to go after. ·¬|('|¯| a. following, going after.
·¬|('|¯| -=¯| v. to follow, to go after. ·¬|ï¯| a. lying behind; lagging behind; following, coming
after or behind. ·¬|ï¯| -=¯| v. to lie behind; to lag behind; to follow. ·¬|¯¡¯<º n. act of following;
pursuit. ·•|¯!¯<º <<| v. to follow; to pursue. ·#|¯%¯<º<|<| a. following; pursuing. n. a
follower; a pursuer. fem. ·'|¯)¯<º<||<º|
·+|¯·¯<º [ pa#cdapasara-a ] n retreat.
·-|/|¯ [ pa#cdbh-mi ] n the rear; the background; hinterland.
·1|3|<¯ [ pa#cddhbana ] n act of running after; act of chasing. ·5|7|<¯ <<| v. to run after; to
chase, to pursue.
·9|;||<¯ [ pa#cddhbita ] a running after; chasing, pursuing.
·=|?|' [ pa#cdbhga ] n the backside; the rear; the back. ·A|C|¯' adv. in the rear.
·E|<G [ pa#crdha ] n the lower half of the human body; the lower half; the latter half; the other
half.
·|I¯ [ pa#cima ] n the west; the Occident; the western world, the western hemisphere. a.
final, last, ultimate; subsequent; western. (J¯·|¯ a. of a western country; up-country. (<L n. West
Bengal. ·|N¯ <|¯ P<|- n. westerly winds; the west wind. ·|R¯ ¯|<¯|¯ S|··U n. the West Indies.
·|W¯| a. of the west, western (·|Y¯| <|¯|¯); up country (·|[¯| \¬|<); n. an up country man.
·|^¯|`¬ n. the western part or region. ·|b¯|d a. facing west ward. ·|f|¯ a. western; Occidental.
·h|¯|< [ pa#bcra ] n a form of asceticism characterized by self-restraint, continence and
abstinence from drinking wine and eating meat; beastly conduct, brutality. ·j|¯|<| a. practising
the aforesaid form of asceticism; bestial, brutal.
·l|<¯ [ pa#bdhama ] a even worse than a beast or brute (·n|<¯ <p|r).
·¯<| [ pasar ] n a load or heap of articles of traffic, wares, merchandise (·¯<| ¯|•|¯¯|); a basket
containing articles of traffic (·¯<| ¯|·|¯ <<|); a load, a heap, a basket (<¬¯t<< ·¯<|); an article of
traffic, a commodity.
·¯|<
1
[ pasra
1
] n a market-place, a bazaar; a shop; articles of traffic, wares (u¯|<|¯·¯|<).
·¯|<
2
[ pasra
2
] n a professional man's business practice; good practice (=# ¯|<¬|¯< ·¯|< &¯¯);
good reputation, fame ('|¯<¯w¬|¯¯ ·¯|< <<|).
·¯|<| [ pasr ] v (poet.) to stretch out, to extend (<|y ·¯||<¯|).
·¯||< [ pasri ] n a shopkeeper, a seller, a dealer; a pedlar. fem. ·¯||<|¯
·{|< [ pasuri ] n a measure of weight (about 4.5 kgs.).
·}|¯¯| [ pastn) ] v to repent or rue or regret. ·•||¯ n. repentance; regret.
·|-¬ [ pahila ] a (obs. & poet.) first; early; young. (|- adv. at first.
·|
1
[ p
1
] n (mus.) the fifth note of the diatonic scale of C major, G.
·|
2
[ p
2
] n a leg; a foot; a paw; a leg of an article of furniture. ·| ¯|¯| v. to today, to bootlick. ·|
¯|¬|¯¯| v. to quicken one's steps; to kick, (hum.) to hoof. ·| |¯¯·, ·| |¯¯· |¯¯· adv. on tiptoe;
stealthily. ·| ¯=¯| v. to set foot on; to step in; to come. ·| <<| same as ·|¯¯ <<| ·| <¯¯= ¯| &¯|
v. to avoid visiting or using (a place) out of sheer disgust or abomination. ·| <|$|¯¯| v. to step
out, to go out, to leave (¯< %·¯< ·| <|'|¯¯|); to be on the point of going or setting out or
departing; to set out. ·|¯¯ (¯¬| v. to reject or abandon or shun scornfully, to spurn at (-|¯¯< ¬*|
·|¯¯ +¯¬|). ·|¯¯ ,¯¬ -¯=¯| v. to flatter in a servile manner. ·|¯¯ ¯¬| v. to trample under foot. ·|¯¯
<<| v. to solicit or importune or supplicate humbly. ·|¯¯ ·/| v. to fall at one's feet in
supplication. ·|¯¯< ¯·< ·| |¯¯¯ ·|<| v. (fig.) to lead a carefree life of ease, comfort and indolence.
·|¯¯< ·|¯| n. an instep; a foot. ·|¯¯ <|j| v. to treat or favour or shelter graciously. ·|¯¯ -|¯ 0¯=¯| v.
to touch some one's feet in obeisance. ·|-¯|¯| a. footlicking, bootlicking. ·|-¯|¯| 1¬|< a footlicker, a
bootlicker, a today. ·|-·| <¯< adv. step by step. ·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ adv. at every step (·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ <|<|); (of two
or more persons or creatures) having one another's legs tied together; (of a single person or
creature) having legs tied to gether (·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ <|<|); with slow but steady steps (·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ =¯'|¯¯|);
on the back of, pursuing (2¯ &¯|< ·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ &¯¯¯).
·|# [ pi ] n an obsolete Indian coin (=1/192; rupee), a pie.
·|#< [ pika ] n a foot soldier, an infantryman, a footman; a guard or messenger armed with a
staff and also with other weapons (often a liveried one). ·|#< <<<4|• n. footmen and other
follow ers.
·|#<| [ pik ] n (print.) pica.
·|#· [ pipa ] n a pipe.
·|¯¯|< [ pu)ra ] n powder (esp. cosmetic pow der). ·|¯¯|< 5<|¬|¯¯|, ·|¯¯|< ¯|j| v. to dust or
daub with powder, to powder. ·|¯¯|¯<< 6<|¯¯| a powder-case, a pow der-box. ·|¯¯|¯<< ¯|¬ a
powder-puff.
·|¯8¯ [ pun)a ] n a unit of weight (= 454 grammes); a unit of money (= 2 shillings).
·|¯:|¯ [ purui ] n bread baked in the European fashion. =<¯| ;'|¯| ·|¯=|¯ a loaf of bread. =<
¯<¯<| ·|¯?|¯ a piece or slice of bread.
·|=¯| [ p)n ] a that which ought to be paid or done to one, due. n. due; money due to one;
earnings, income (¯·|< ·|=¯|); assets or outstanding bills (@¯¯|-·|=¯|). ·|=¯| &¯|¯ <<| v. to realize
what is due; to realize a bill or claim. ·|=¯| A¯=¯|, ·|=¯| B¯¯|¯¯| v. to pay what is due; to foot the
bill. ('D¯|, (E·|=¯| n. due; earnings, income. (¯|< n. a creditor.
·|=¯| [ p)$ ] v to get; to receive |¯|¯ ·|=¯|; to obtain (¯|G ·|=¯|); to find (¯|<|< ·|=¯|); to earn
or gain (¯|<| ·|=¯|); to attain, to realize (|¯|I ·|=¯|): to come or happen (J¯j¯¯ ·|=¯|); to have (K¯j|
·|=¯|); to be able (L¯¯¯ ·|=¯|); to inherit (<|¯·< M¯|< ·|=¯|); to feel or to be stricken with (|j¯¯
·|=¯|); to feel like (<|O| ·|=¯|); to enjoy (&<|¯ ·|=¯|); to sense, to be aware of (P¯< ·|=¯|); to be
possessed by (¯¯¯ ·|=¯|). a. obtained, earned (·|=¯| |•|¯¯); possessed by (¯¯¯ ·|=¯| Q¬|<). ·¯S
·|=¯| to get by chance. T•| ·|=¯| to get an opportunity (for gain etc.) ·|=¯|¯¯| v. to cause to get or
obtain or find or earn or gain or attain or inherit or be stricken with or feel like or feel or be
possessed by.
·|,·¯ [ p2#ana ] a bringing disgrace, tarnishing (U¬ ·|,·¯).
·|,W [ p2#u ] n ashes; dust; stain, stigma; vice, sin. a. livid, pale (·|,Y¯j). (<º[ a. ash-
coloured; livid. n. ash-colour. (¬ a. dusty, dust-ridden; stained; vicious, sinful; libidinous. n.
Shiva (|·<). (¬| a. fem. of ·|,]¬ n. the earth.
·|#¯ [ pm#ia ] n a measure of capacity, a pint.
·|< [ pn#ka ] n slime, silt.
·|<|¬ [ pn#kla ] n a kind of eel. a. muddy, miry, clayey.
·|_# [ pn#kui ] n chilblain; foot-sore caused by mud.
·|¯ [ pn#ca ] n. & a five. ·|¯ <·| a lot of talking; many and varied topics; harsh words; a talking-
to; reproof.
·|¯# [ pn#ci ] n the fifth day of a month, the fifth. a. (of the days of a month) fifth.
·|¯•¯ [ pn#cajana ] n (lit.) five persons; (fig.) people at large, others, they.
·|¯a| [ pn#ca)! ] n scabies, itches.
·|¯¯ [ pn#cana ] n a medicinal decoction prepared by boiling different herbs.
·|¯¯< [ pn#canara ] n a five-tiered or five-stringed necklace. ·|¯¯|< a. five-stringed or five-tiered
·|¯¯|< -|<.
·|¯¯,|c¯ [ pn#caph))! na ] n cumin-seed, black cumin seed, fenugreek seed, aniseed and
parsley; these five kinds of spices collectively.
·|¯-||¯ [ pn#cahti ] a five cubits long (·|¯-||¯ ·|¬).
·||¯¬ [ pn#cila ] n a wall.
·|• [ pn#ja ] n a skein or wisp or roll of carded cotton.
·|•<, ·|•<| [ pn#jara, pn#jar ] n the ribs; the thorax; a rib bone, a rib.
·|•|
1
[ pn#j
1
] n a brick-kiln, kiln.
·|•|
2
[ pn#j
2
] n a bundle; a faggot; a pile, a heap. ·|•| <<| v. to bundle; to pile, to heap.
·|•|
3
[ pn#j
3
] n outspread hands forming a stretcher.
·|•|¯<|¬| [ pn#jk)l ] a lifted upon hands outspread in the shape of a stretcher. ·|•|¯<|¬| <<|
v. to lift upon hands outspread in the shape of a stretcher.
·||• [ pn#ji ] n a calendar, an almanac, an ephemeris. (·|· n. ephemerides and scriptures; books
collectively. -|¯¯ ·||• ¯e¬<|< worrying for ascertaining a date with the almanac in hand;
unnecessary groping or search (for a solution that is already there).
·|¯| [ pn#h ] n a he-goat; (dero.) a dunce, a fool. fem. ·||¯ (<|¬ n. sacrifice of a goat by
chopping off its head. ·|¯|< ¯|,¯ goat's meat; (pop.) mutton.
·|g [ pn#)! ] a ripe (·|i ·¯|); inveterate (·|k ¯|¯|¬, ·|m <¯¯|·). n. an inveterate drunkard.
·|¯o [ pn#)! & ] n the family name of some upcountry Brahmans.
·||¯ [ pn#ti ] n a row, a line (¯|¯¯< ·||¯); a line quoted from scriptures as an authority, a
scriptural prescription (·||¯ p¯=¯|); style, manner ('<·|< q¯j ·||¯'); a letter, a note ('<¯¯ -|¯<
<||<¯| |¯s ·||¯'); information about identity, descriptive particulars (•||¯< ·||¯). (·u n. a solemn
marriage-contract drawn up in black and white. ·||¯·w <<| v. to draw up a solemn marriage-
contract in black and white.
·|¯|y [ pn#d)! ] n a dump for sweepings, refuse etc. at the back of a house.
·|·<
1
[ pm#para
1
] n a snack made of the dough of pigeon-pea rolled into thin roundish saucer
and eaten after frying in oil or singeing.
·|·<
2
[ pm#para
2
] n (law) a pauper.
·|¯¯|<| [ pm#$atr ] n act of pacing to find an opportunity to attack or grapple (as in
wrestling); act of bragging before commencing to do something; preliminary preparations.
·|¯¯|<| <<| v. to pace up and down to find a suitable moment to attack or grapple; to brag before
commencing to do something; to make preliminary preparations.
·|· [ pm##a ] n ashes; a worthless or nonsense thing, talk etc. (¯|#·|·). ·|{¯¯ a. ash-coloured;
livid, pale.
·|·}~ [ pm##aku)! ] n dustbin.
·|<
2
[ pka
2
] n cooking; act of condensing by heat (¯¯¯·< ·|<); digestion (·|<"-¬|);
consequence (|<·|<); greyness (¯¯¬ ·|< <<|). ·|< <<| v. to cook. ·|< <<| v. to begin to be
condensed by heat; to begin to turn grey. (|$¯| n. (function or act of) digestion. (%¯¬ n. a
medicinal oil. (·|' same as ·|<)-|¬| (¯+¯ n. chyme. (]- n. the digestive organ, the stomach. ·|<]/-
0¯|- n. inflammation of the stomach, gastritis. (·|¬| a. a kitchen, a cookhouse. (1-¬| n. the
stomach. (2-|¬| n. a cooking pot or utensil. (3·5 n. the ceremony of a bride's serving out food for
the first time to her husband's kinsfolk.
·|<
3
[ pka
3
] n a mythological demon. (·|¯¯ n. Indra (#7), the slayer of Paka (·|<) the demon.
·|<
4
[ pka
4
] n act of going round or winding, circumambulation, revolution, convolution,
circular movement, rotation; a coil or ring (|•|¬|·< ·|<); a twirl or spin; a providential or chance
occurrence (·|¯<¯¯9); an intrigue, a conspiracy, a plot, a tangle. ·|< j|=¯| v. to go round; to have
a walk; to wind; to circumambulate; to revolve, to convolve, to rotate; to twirl, to spin, to twine;
to ravel. ·|< :j|¬| v. to untwist; to unravel, to puzzle out. (¯<¯| n. a circuitous or spiral route that
leads to the top of a mountain. ·|< =¯=¯| v. to go round; to have a walk; to twist, to spin, to
ravel. ·|< ·A|. ·|< ¬|'| v. to be come twisted; to become twisted confusedly, to ravel. ·|< ¬|'|¯¯|
same as ·|< B¯=¯| ·|¯< ·D| v. to be entagled, to be caught in an intrigue; to get into difficulty
or trouble. ·|¯< E,¬| v. to catch in an intrigue; to drive into difficulty.
·|<G [ pka)! ] n arrest, seizure (<<·|<I). ·|<K|= a. seizure, arrest; act of catching with
importunity (¯<|<< •M ¯O|¯< ·|<Q|=). v. imperat. arrest, seize; catch. ·|<S|¯¯| v. to catch; to
seize; to arrest.
·|<¯ [ pkana ] n (obs.) ripening or maturing; (dero.) act of being seasoned or experienced;
(dero.) becoming precocious or depraved; (of hair etc.) act of turning grey.
·|<¬|¯¯| [ pkaln) ] v (poet. & obs.) to redden ('¯U ·|<|¬¯| <¯¬').
·|<| [ pk ] v to ripen (,¬ ·|<|); to attain maturity, to mature (<|W ·|<|, <¯¯ ·|<|); to turn grey
(¯¬ ·|<|); to suppurate (X,|Z| ·|<|; to become seasoned (-|\ ·|<|); to become experienced or
skilled (¯|^||<¯¯ _¯ `·¯<¯¯); to be hardened (<¯¯||·¯¯ ·|<|); to be come depraved or spoilt or
precocious (a¯¯¬¯| ¯|<| b·¯<¯¯). a. ripe; mature; grey; grey-haired (·|<| ¯|·|); skilled,
experienced (·|<| <||<'<); inveterate, hardened (·|<| c¯|<); downright, thorough (·|<| <¯¯|·);
precocious, spoilt, depraved; skilful (·|<| -|¯); set (·|<| d¬j|); durable, fast (·|<| <,); full, nett
(·|<| ·|¯ |<¯¬|); standard (·|<| =•¯); hardened in fire (·|<| #¯) brick-built (·|<| <||f); permanent
(·|<| ¯|<|<); final, settled, fixed (·|<| <·|, ·|<| ¯||<j); pure, genuine, unalloyed (·|<| g¯|¯|);
seasoned (·|<| -|i, ·|<| <|¯); of a high standard (·|<| <¯¯|); tanned (·|<| ¯|¯k|); legally or formally
drawn up (·|<| ¯|¬¬); pucka, pukka. (·|<| =•¯) stan dard weight esp. in which one seer (l¯<) is
equal to 8 tolas (m¯|¬|). ·|<| <·| final word; a promise or word. ·|<| <<| v. to confirm or finalize.
·|<| j|¯| n. finalized book of accounts. ·|<| <|¯¯ ¯# n¯=¯| (lit.) to harrow and destory a field of
ripened paddy; (fig.) to undo an accomplished piece of work; to do incalculable harm to. ·|<| ¯|¯
o<¯¯ ]=¯| undoing of what is almost complete. ·|<| ¯|¯q| leather. (¯¬ n. grey hair; an aged and
experienced man (·|<|¯¯¬< ·<|¯·s t¯=¯|). ·|<| u¯j| v. to visit formally a prospective bride's house
in order to draw up the marriage-contract in black and white. (v¯j| n. a formal visit to a
prospective bride's house in order to draw up the marriage-contract in black and white; the
final view of a girl by the bridegroom's party before she is accepted in marriage. (·||< a. settled,
fixed, finalized; sure. ·|<|·||< <<| v. to settle, to fix, to finalize; to make sure. (w·|y a. permanent;
settled, fixed, finalized; hardened by long practice (·|<|¯·|{ |¬|<); experienced and seasoned;
inveterate (·|<|¯·|~ •¯|<). ·|<| <||# a brick-built house, a building. ·|<| ¯|·| a grey-headed or grey-
haired person; an old or aged person; a wise or experienced person. ·|<| ¯|·|¯ |¯%< ·<| (for a
woman) to have one's husband living even when one becomes hoary-headed. ·|<||¯ n. precocity.
·|<| <|'| a metalled or cobbled road. ·|<| -|,¯) *¯¬|< +¯j|¯¯| to show magical or amazing power or
proficiency even in one's old age. ·|<| -|¯ a set hand; skilled hand; an old hand, an experienced
man; an adept. ·|<| |-¯|< final accounts.
·|<||¯ [ pki ] n a stalk of the jute-plant used as fuel; (fig.) a lean rickety person.
·|<|¯¯ [ pk& ] a wizened.
·|<|¯¯| [ pkn) ] v to twist; to twirl; to ravel; to wring, to writhe (·<|< ·|<|¯¯|); to wizen; to
complicate (,¯ <.|·|<¯|¯< ·||<¯¯¯¯); to organize, to form (¯¬ ·|<|¯¯|); to cook, to ripen; to mature;
to cause to turn grey; to cause to suppurate; to season; to make experienced or skilled; to
harden; to deprave, to spoil, to make precocious. a. twisted; twirled; ravelled; wizened.
·|<|·¯ [ pk#a$a ] n the stomach. (/¯|- n. inflammation of the stomach, gastritis. ·|<|·|¯< a.
stomachal, stomachic; gastric.
·||< [ pki ] a measured by the standard weight in which one seer (0¯<) is equal to 8 tolas
(1¯|¬|), standard (·||< =•¯).
·||<3||¯ [ pkistni ] a of Pakistan. n. a citizen of Pakistan, Pakistani.
·|56 [ pku)! ] n a species of fig-tree, Ficus infectoria.
·|¯<¯¯8, ·|¯<-9<|¯< [ pk&cakr&, pk&-prakr& ] adv by this trick or that, through cunning
devices; somehow; by hook or by crook.
·|;| [ pkk ] a emphatical var. of ·|<| (a).
·||=< [ pk'ika ] a fortnightly. n. a fortnightly journal.
·|j¯| [ pkhan ] n a wing; a feather; a fin.
·|j¬| [ pkhal ] n rubbing and washing, scouring or rinsing (><|¯|-·|j¬|). ·|j¬|¯¯|. v. to rub and
wash; to scour; to rinse.
·|j·|¯ [ pkha#a ] n a blow or a flap of a bird's wings. ·|j·|¯ ¯|<| v. (of a bird) to strike with
wings, to flap one's wings.
·|j| [ pkh ] n a wing; a feather; (rare) a fin; a fan; a propeller; vane or sail (as of a windmill).
¯|¯| ·|j| n. a large fan suspended from a pole and moved by pulling, a punkah, a punka. |<•|¬-·|j|
n. an electric fan. -|¯-·|j| n. a hand fan. ·|j| <<| v. to fan. ·|j| ?¯|<|¯¯| v. to set a propeller or vane
moving; to switch on an electric fan. ·|j| «|·¯|¯¯| v. (of a bird) to flutter or flap wings. ·|j| ¯|¯| v.
to pull a punkah.
·|j|=¯|¬| [ pkh)$l ] a winged; feathered; (rare) finned; having a propeller or vane or sail.
n. a punkah-puller; a dealer in or pedlar of hand-fans; a repairer of electric fans; one who lets
out electric fans on hire.
·||j [ pkhi ] n the bird; a blind (of a window); a spoke (of a wheel); a step or rung of a ladder.
·||j ·A|¯¯| v. to teach or get up by rote, to cram. ·||j< B|º very feeble vitality. ·||j< <|¯| a nest;
(fig.) a very disorderly place or thing (¯|·|¯| C]¯ ·||j< <|¯|).
·|¯j|¯|• [ pkh)$ja ] n a musical instrument of percussion shaped almost like a tom-tom.
·|¯j|¯||• n. one who can play on this instrument.
·|'|E [ pga)! i ] n a turban; a head-cloth. (<|<| n. turbaned.
·|-'||G [ p-g)! i ] n a bicycle; (hum.) the foot or the leg (¯<¯¯¯¯ ¯|¯¬| ·|-'||I).
·|s|· [ p/#a ] n a large silvery-white fish.
·|¯KL¯ [ p/kt&$a ] a fit to be included in the same line or row or class; fit to be allowed to sit
in a community-dinner (see ·|NO¯¯|•¯).
·|Q|·
2
[ p/g#a
2
] a ash-coloured; livid, pale.
·|¯< [ pcaka ] a digestive; gastric; one who cooks. n. a cook. (<¯ n. gastric juice, digestive
fluid.
·|¯¯ [ pcana ] a digestive; gastric. n. a medicinal decoction.
·|¯¯¯S [ pcanatantra ] n digestive system.
·|¯¯<||U [ pcanab)! i ] n a truncheon for driving cattle.
·|¯¯]W [ pcanayantra ] n the digestive or gastric organ.
·|¯|< [ pcra ] n act of finishing or consuming; slaughter, murder; secret removal (and
hiding); kidnapping; smuggling; act or removing secretly and doing away. ·|¯|< <<| v. to finish;
to consume; to slay, to murder, (coll.) to do in; to remove secretly (and conceal); to kidnap; to
smuggle; to remove secretly and do away.
·||¯<| [ pcik ] fem of ·|¯<
·|¯Y [ pcya ] a that which can be or is to be cooked; digestive, digestible.
·|¯ [ pcha ] n the back part, the back.
·|¯[|-·|¯|] [ pcha)! -pcha)! i ] n scuffle, mutual grappling.
·|¯_¯|< [ pchadu$ra ] n a back-door, a postern gate.
·|¯¯¬| [ pchatal ] n the lower half of the body; the back part of a dwelling-house.
·|¯| [ pch ] n the hip, the buttocks; the loins; the posteriors, the rump.
·|¯|-`·¯b [ pch-p&)! & ] a (of a woman's cloth) having a broad lengthwise furbelow in the
middle.
·|¯ [ pchu ] n the back (·|¯ c·¯<). a. flinching, retreated. adv. (dial.) towards one's back,
back (·|¯ d,<|); from behind (·|¯ ¯|<|); afterwards, later on (·|¯ e¯<). prep. on the back of
(&¯|< ·|¯ &¯¯<). ·|¯ ¬|'|. (dial.) v. to chase, to pursue; to tease; to watch one closely with
mischievous intentions. ·|¯ -=¯| v. to flinch, to shrink back; to retreat. ·|¯ ·|¯ adv. & prep. on
the back of, close behind.
·|¯¯ [ pch& ] prep. & adv same as |·¯¯ con. lest. ·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ same as |·¯¯ |·¯¯
·||• [ pji ] a mean, vile; wicked; knavish; mischievous; hare-brained. ·||•< ·| «|g| extremely
mean or vile or wicked or knavish or mischievous. ·||• h¬|< a knave, a villain, a rogue, a
scoundrel; a scapegrace; a varlet.
·|j•l [ pñcajanya ] n (myth.) the conch used to be blown by Krishna (<n) esp. in battles.
·|p<||<r< [ pñcabr'ika ] a quinquennial.
·|t¯¯||¯< [ pñcabhautika ] a of or composed of the five elements namely the earth, water,
fire, air and atmosphere.
·|v||¬ [ pñcli ] n a princess of Panchal (·x|¬); Draupadi of the Mahabharata.
·|z| [ pñj ] n the five playing-cards or dice; the palm of a hand; an impression of the palm; a
letter or permit marked with the impression of the palm of a king or an official authority. ·|||
<<|, ·|~| ¬;| v. to try the strength of each other's wrist by seizing it and trying to turn it down.
·|¯
1
[ pa
1
] n a well-curb.
·|¯
2
[ pa
2
] n words and actions of a character in a play, a part. ·|¯ <<| v. to act one's part.
·|¯
3
[ pa
3
] n silk, linen; jute; a plank, a board (:<|·|< ·|¯); a holy place (n|·|¯); a seat, an official
seat, a throne (·|¯¯ <¯|, ·|¯<||¯); (myth.) the imaginary mountain behind which the sun goes
down whilst setting (¯] ·|¯¯ ¯|¯¯); a fold, a plait (<|·¯;< ·|¯, ¯¯¬< ·|¯). a. royal (·|¯-||¯). ·|¯
<<| v. to fold, to plait, to pleat; (fig.) to give a sound drubbing. ·|¯¯ ¯|¯| v. (of the sun) to set. ·|¯¯
<¯| v. to sit on a throne; to be seated on the official seat; (of the sun) to set. ·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ adv. in or
by folds; in every fold.
·|¯
4
[ pa
4
] n routine duties of a household. ·|¯ :¯|¬|, ·|¯ =¯|¯¯| v. to complete the routine
duties of a household; (fig.) to close down. ·|¯ ¯|<| v. to complete the routine duties of a
household; (fig.) to complete a work.
·|¯¯<¬ [ pak&la ] n a brickbat.
·|¯¯ [ pana ] n a city, a habitation, a settlement (:'|; ·|¯¯); trade and commerce; sea trade.
·|¯¯¯ ]|=¯| v. to set out on sea trade.
·|¯¯|# [ pani ] a grown or produced in Patna; of Patna.
·|¯|¯ [ pani ] n a ferryman; a wharfinger.
·|¯¬ [ pala ] a brick-red, pale and pink-coloured.
·|¯¬|, ·|¯|¬ [ pal, pali ] n the trumpet-flower or its plant.
·|¯·|< [ pa#ka ] n leaves of the jute-plant used as a pot-herb.
·|¯| [ p ] n (of wood) a plank, a board; (of metals) a plate; a face or surface (<¯<< ·|¯|); a
document of purchase or leasehold of land. <¯<< ·|¯| (fig.) courage or daring.
·|¯|¯¯ [ ptana ] n a deck or floor (esp. one made of wood).
·|¯||¬ [ pli ] n a discoid solid tablet of molasses.
·||¯
1
, ·|¯|
1
[ pi
1
, p+
1
] n a finely woven mat of a kind of aquatic grass.
·||¯
2
, ·|¯|
2
[ pi
2
, p+
2
] n orderliness; order, system, method; a row, a line (¯ë·||¯); one of a
pair (•¯¯|< ·||¯); a plait, a pleat (':¯|-¯ ·||¯'); household duties ('¯,¯|¯<< ·||¯'); reckoning by
figures (·|¯|'|º¯).
·||¯'|º¯, ·|·|'|º¯ [ piga-ita, pp+ga-ita ] n arithmetic.
·||¯¯|·¯| [ pispa ] n a kind of sweet patty or pie.
·|¯¯|¯|< [ p)$ra ] n a landowner's or business man's employee who collects rents and keeps
accounts; a manufacturer of haberdashery esp. girdles and strings of beads. a. very much
calculating or cautious about expenditure. ·|¯¯|¯||< n. same as ·|¯¯|¯|< (n.) a. relating to the
aforesaid landowner's or business man's employee; relating to haberdashery; very much
calculating or cautious about expenditure. ·|¯¯|¯||< <|+ shrewd or keen practical sense, keen
consciousness of one's own interest or affairs; circumspection.
·|1| [ p ] n a document of purchase or leasehold of land; a fold, a plait, a pleat (:¯|·|1|); a
thick layer; massive beard ('|¬·|1|). ·|1| :¯=¯| v. to sell or to lease out (land.) ·|1| :¯=¯| v. to
purchase or to take on lease (as land). (¯|¯| n. a lessor. (¯|< n. a leaseholder.
·|¯ [ pha ] n reading, perusal; study; recitation; lesson; a reading of text (·|·< ¯¬ ·|¯); a text-
book. ·|¯ <<| v. to read, to peruse; to study; to reci.e. ·|¯ `¯|< <<| v. to learn or prepare one's
lesson. ·|¯ :¯=¯| v. to give one a lesson. ·|¯ :¯=¯| v. to take lessons (from a teacher). ·|¯< n. a
reader; one who studies; a student, a pupil; a reciter; one who reads out or recites from
scriptures; a professional narrator of mythological stories; a teacher, a reader. (' - n. a reading-
room, a study; a library. ·|¯¯ n. teaching. (=¯ n. a syllabus. (|¯|<³, (¯v a. absorbed in reading or
study. (¯<¯, (¯|+< n. a reading-room, a study; a library; a school. (:¯¯ same as ·|¯|ë< (<¯ a.
engaged in reading or studying. (·|¬| n. a primary school. ·|¯|¡<|' n. fondness for reading;
devotion to study. ·|¯|¡<|'| a. fond of reading; devoted to study. ·|¯|ë< n. another text or a
different text or reading or version. ·|¯|¯ï|¯ <<| v. to learn one's lessons.
·|¯|·| [ phrth+ ] a desirous of reading or studying. n. a student, a pupil; a prospective
student. fem. ·|¯||·¯| ·|¯¯|+|< n. deciphering an obscure piece of writing or passage.
·|¯|¯ [ phna ] n a Pathan, an Afghan.
·||¯<| [ phik ] fem of ·|¯< (see ·|¯).
·|¯|¯¯| [ phn) ] v to send, to despatch; to transmit. :¯¯< ·|¯|¯¯| v. to send for; to summon.
<¯¬ ·|¯|¯¯| v. to send information to some one through a messenger.
·|¯ï [ phya ] a to be read; readable; prescribed for reading. (=¯ n. a syllabus. (¯||¬<| n. a
syllabus; a book-list. ·|¯ï|¯<|¯¯ ¯|¯|¯ the Text-Book Committee. (·?< n. a text-book. (¯|¯ n.
curriculum. ·|¯ï|<¯-| n. student life.
·|;
1
[ p)!
1
] n bank, shore, margin (of a sea, bay, river, lake, pond etc.); a mound of earth
raised round a piece of arable land; a well-curb.
·|;
2
[ p)!
2
] n furbelow, flounce, coloured or decorated border (as of a cloth). ·|; ¬|'|¯¯| v. to
furbelow, to flounce.
·|;
3
[ p)!
3
] n act of pedalling in an up-and-down manner (as a husking-pestle). ·|; :¯=¯| v.
to pedal in an up-and-down manner.
·|;
4
[ p)!
4
] n a cross-beam.
·|;¯ [ p)! na ] n bringing down; lowering; causing to come down.
·|;|
1
[ p)!
1
] v to bring down (¯|<¯<¬ ·|,;|, ¯|< :·¯< ·|;|); to pluck (,¬ ·|•|); to knock down
(¯|¯ <|¯<¯< ·¯$ %,¬¯¬¯); to cause to take to one's bed, to prostrate (&¯< ¯|¯< '·¯) *,¯¬¯¯); to lay
out (|<¯|¯| ·|,| = to make a bed); to lay as eggs (|¯¯ ·|.| = to lay an egg); to pronounce loudly
('|¬ ·|0| = to shout abuses at); to invoke as in solemn appeal (1¯|-|# ·|3| = to invoke as in
solemn appeal, to call down or upon); to remove, to clear (=¯¯| ·|5| = to clear the table).
·|7|
2
[ p)!
2
] n a small area of human habitation containing a cluster of houses, a locality
(8'|¯|¬·|:|). ·|<| =<?|¯¯|. v. to stroll about idly in the neighbourhood, to go round the locality.
·|A|-BD|¬ [ p)! -kun#duli ] a. fem given to constant and boisterous brawling with neighbours,
quarrelsome, cantankerous, (cp.) termagant. n. fem. such a woman, (cp.) a termagant or fire-
eater.
·|F|-'| [ p)! -g ] n a rural area; countryside; a village.
·|H|¯'¯¯ [ p)! g&m#$& ] a rural; rustic (lit. & fig).
·|J|¯¯| [ p)! n) ] v to cause to bring down (,¬ ·|L|¯¯|) or pluck (,¬ ·|N|¯¯|); to induce to (¯¯
·|P|¯¯| = to lull to sleep). ·|R||¯, ·|T||¯¯| a. inducing to, inducive to (¯¯·|V||¯ '|¯). n. one who
brings down fruit esp. from tall trees.
·|X|-·Z|· [ p)! -pa)! #i ] n neighbours; a neighbour. a. dwelling in one's neighbourhood
(·|\|-·^|· _¬|<).
·||º [ p-i ] n the hand. (`-, (a-º, (·|c¯ n. marriage, wedding. ·||ºe-º <<|, ·||º·|g¯ <<| v. to marry,
to wed. (h|·j| n. & a. one willing to marry some body.
·|l<, ·|n¯<¯ [ p-)aba, p-)ab&$a ] n a son of King Pandu of the Mahabharata. ·p·|r< n. the
five sons of King Pandu collectively; (fig.) a set of five persons, a quintette. ·|t<<|•v¯ a. (of lands
and countries) not habitable or worth visiting because avoided even by the Pandavas (·|x<)
during their sojourn; (pop.) uninhabited. ·|z<¯j| n. a friend of the Pandavas; Krishna (<|).
·|~| [ p-) ] n a Brahman priest acting as a guide to pilgrims at holy places; (dero.) a leader, a
ring-leader.
·||¯" [ p-)itya ] n erudition, learning, scholarship; wisdom; expertness, skill; (dero.)
pedantry. (#<|· n. ostentatious display of one's learning by oneself, parade of one's learning;
(iron.) act of betraying one's ignorance or folly. ·||%¯'||¯¯|¯| a. proud of one's learning. fem.
·||)¯+||¯¯||¯¯|
·|- , ·|/< [ p-)u, p-)ura ] n the pale yellow or whitish yellow colour, the mud colour;
jaundice; chlorosis, green sickness. a. pale yellow, white yellow, mud-coloured; pale;
jaundiced; chlorotic, etiolated. ·|1 2<|' n. jaundice, chlorosis.
·|4|¬|·, ·|6¯¬j, ·|8¯¬j: [ p-)ulipi, p-)ul&kha, p-)ul&khya ] n a hand written sheet or
copy, a manuscript; a draft not yet finalized; a (parliamentary) bill.
·|¯
1
[ pta
1
] n a fall or a shower (<|<·|¯); shedding or dropping (<>·|¯); throwing or casting
(¯|@·|¯); incidence, occurrence (|<·B·|¯); ruin, destruction (C¯-·|¯); (astr.) a node (¯E·|¯ = the
ascending node. |¯G·|¯ = the descending node). ·|¯ <<| v. to impair, to ruin, to destroy (·<|< ·|¯
<<¯¯).
·|¯
2
[ pta
2
] n a leaf (as of a tree or book); a sheet or foil (of metal); a leaf of banana or sal (·|¬)
used as a dinner plate. ·|¯ <<| v. to arrange for dinner by laying leaves of banana or sal; to lay
the table; to flatten into a sheet (H¬|-| |·|¯¯¯ ·|¯ <<|). (IJ||¯ n. fem. one who eats others' leavings;
one who stills hunger by eating others' leavings. ·|¯ <|¯| v. to eat off another's table like a
beggar; (fig.) to importune cringingly for another's favour, to fawn on. ·|¯ ·|N| v. (usu. dero.) to
enjoy another's hospitality. (¯|¯| a. given to eating off another's table; (fig.) cringingly
importuning for another's favour, currying favour (with).
·|¯< [ ptaka ] n sin. ·|¯<| a. sinful. n. a sinner. fem. ·|¯|<¯|
·|¯¯j|¬| [ ptakh)l ] n a piece of incompletely burnt potsherd.
·|¯'|¬| [ ptagl ] n sheet-wax.
·|¯P¬ [ ptañjala ] a of or compiled by Patanjali, the Philosopher of ancient India. (¯·R¯ n. the
yoga (S]|') system of philosophy.
·|¯U| [ pta)! ] n a leaf of banana or sal (·|¬) on which food has been taken; a dish of fish or
vegetables fried or singed on a banana-leaf. ·|¯W|-¯|¯| same as ·|¯¯|¯| (see ·|¯
2
).
·|¯¯||Y [ ptat)! i ] n a bundle of palm-leaves used (instead of paper) in writing by a tyro.
·|¯¯||[

Related Interests

|¯|¯¯| v. (lit.) to put away the bundle of palm-leaves when the lesson is over; (fig.) to
depart or decamp, to quit; to depart lock, stock and barrel; (fig.) to close down or wind up (a
business etc.).
·|¯¯ [ ptana ] n act of throwing or hurling down; distillation; spreading; overthrowing; killing;
writing (^<·|¯¯). (]` n. a retort.
·|¯¯|¯| [ ptanm ] n beginning, inception; preface.
·|¯¬| [ ptal ] a diluted (·|¯¬| a<); loose (·|¯¬| ¯|c); thin (·|¯¬| <#); fine (·|¯¬| <|'• <| <|·e);
slender (·|¯¬| f<¯); sparse (·|¯¬| g«|·); light (·|¯¬| ¯¯); delicate (·|¯¬| ·<|<).
·|¯¬¯ [ ptaluna ] n pantaloons; trousers; pyjamas.
·|¯·|-, ·|¯·| [ pta#ha, pta# ] n (Mus.) a king or an emperor, a padishah. ·|¯·||- a. royal;
imperial.
·|¯|
1
[ pt
1
] a (used as a sfx.) one who pre serves or protects (|<i ·|¯|).
·|¯|
2
[ pt
2
] n a leaf (of a tree or a book); a page (of a book); a leaf of banana or sal (·|¬) used
as a dinner-plate; a tree leaf used in writing as a substitute for paper; a pleat, a plait, a braid; a
lid (j¯|¯j< ·|¯|); the flat surface (·|¯¯< ·|¯|). k¯|¯j< ·|¯| the eyelid. ·|¯¯< ·|¯| the instep; the foot.
·|¯| <<| v. to arrange for dinner by laying leaves of banana or sal (·|¬); to lay the table. ·|¯| <|¯|
v. to plait or braid (hair). (-<|¯| a. plaited, braided. ·|¯¯|¯| same as ·|¯¯|¯| (see ·|¯
2
). ·|¯|-·| a. flat-
footed; web-footed. ·|¯| ·|¯| v. same as ·|¯| <<| and ·|¯ ·|m| (see ·|¯
2
). ·|¯| no||¯, (coll.) ·|¯|-
pq|¯ a. fem. earning one's livelihood by collecting dried leaves of trees; extremely indigent. n.
fem. such a woman.
·|¯|
3
[ pt
3
] v to spread, to lay out (|<¯|¯| ·|¯|); to place ready for use (·|¯ ·|¯|); to lay (,|¯
·|¯|); to install (·•|< ¯¯ ·|¯|); to set up, to establish (¯,¯|< ·|¯|, r¯|<|¯ ·|¯|); to set, to employ
(&|t ·|¯|, <|¯ ·|¯|); to stretch out to catch or hold (-|¯ ·|¯|); to bend down submissively (|·¯
·|¯|); to curdle, to congeal, to freeze (¯# ·|¯|).
·|¯|¯¯| [ ptn) ] v to cause to spread or lay out or place ready for use or lay or install or set up
or establish or employ or stretch out for catching or bend down submissively or congeal or
freeze; to form an alliance, relation etc. where nothing natural exists (<vx ·|¯|¯¯|, ¯z{ ·|¯|¯¯|).
a. in all the senses of the v. and esp. formed by mutual consent only (·|¯|¯¯| ¯||¯).
·|¯|<|-|< [ ptbhra ] n a tropical hedge-plant of the Croton genus, the Codiaeum variegatum.
·|¯|¬ [ ptla ] n the netherworld, the under world; Hades; hell. (·<| n. the capital city of the
netherworld, Hades; the netherworld. (<|¯| a. inhabiting or dwelling in the netherworld.
fem. (<||¯¯|
·|¯||¬< [ ptlika ] a (geog.) sedimentary, plutonic (·|¯||¬< |·¬|).
·||¯
1
[ pti
1
] n address, whereabouts.
·||¯
2
[ pti
2
] n a row, a line (<¯<< ·||¯).
·||¯
3
[ pti
3
] a (used as a pfx.) small or inferior. (<|< n. the common house crow. (|¬< n. a variety
of lemon. (|·¯|¬ n. the fox. fem. (|·¯||¬ the vixen. (-|¯ n. (fem.) the duck; (masc.) the drake.
·||¯¯ [ ptita ] a felled; flung down; knocked down; brought down, humbled; distilled.
·||¯¯~ [ ptitya ] n the state of being socially cast out; moral or religious fall, degeneration,
downfall, depravity.
·||¯·||¯ [ ptipti ] adv line by line; minutely; ransackingly. ·||¯·||¯ <<| v. to search line by line;
to search minutely, to ran sack, to rummage, to make a thorough search, to rifle.
·||¯¯" [ ptibratya ] n faithful or loyal devotion of a wife to her husband.
·||¯¬ [ ptila ] n (dial.) a roundish earthen vessel used chiefly for cooking.
·|¯| [ pt+ ] a (used as a sfx.) falling (¯¯$e·|¯|); falling away; included (&e·|¯|); deciduous.
·|(| [ ptt ] n information, news; trace; address, whereabouts. ·|*| <<| same as ·|,| ¬|'|¯¯|
·|.| "#,-# v. to find trace or whereabouts of; (fig.) to be considered of some value or to be of
some account. ·|0| ¯| ·|=¯| v. to lose trace of; (fig.) to be of small account. ·|2| ¯| . 3¯=¯| v. to
treat as of little or no importance, to make light of, to take a dim view. ·|5| ¬|'|¯¯| v. to try to
find trace or whereabouts of.
·|7 [ ptra ] n a pot, a vessel, a utensil, a container; a minister, a counsellor; a deserving man or
an object (8·,¯|< ·|:); a man, a fellow (¯|< ;¯|¬|< ·|= ¯¯); a male character in a play; bride
groom; a prospective bridegroom. ·|? @¯j| v. to interview a prospective bridegroom for
selection; to choose a bridegroom. (·B n. the bridegroom's people or party. (|¯D n. pl. (a
monarch's) courtiers and friends. (E- a. lying on or contained in a pot or vessel; (of a girl)
wedded, married. ·|GH- <<| v. to give (a girl) in marriage, to marry, to wed. ·|J|·|L n. deserving
and undeserving persons. ·|N|·|P|<¯|< n. discrimination between deserving and undeserving
persons. ·|R| n. fem. a deserving woman or a female object; a female character in a play; a bride;
a prospective bride. ·|T| U¯j| v. to interview a prospective bride for selection; to choose a bride.
·|W|·Y n. the bride's people or party. Z]|'\·|^ n. a deserving person; a worthy groom. _]|'a·|c| n. a
worthy bride. ¯e·|g n. same as h]|'j·|l
·|·< [ pthara ] n stone; a stone-made dinner plate; a precious stone, a gem; (fig.) becoming
hardened by grief (me¯j ·|·< -¯¯ ]|=¯|); a stone-hearted or unfeeling person. ·|·¯< ·|¯ |<¬ the
most formidable good fortune or good time. (n|¯ n. a stone-chip; rubble; an aromatic medicinal
herb, stonewort. (-¯|·| a. (fig.) incapable of thriving. (¯¯ n. lime obtained by calcining calcium
carbonate (as limestone). (<||¯ n. a stone-cup.
·|·|< [ pthari ] n (med.) a stone-like concretion formed within the body, calculus, concretion.
¯|¯¯< ·|·|< incrustation of saliva, calcium phosphate etc. forming on the teeth, tartar formed on
teeth.
·|·|< [ pthra ] n the sea, the ocean; a vast expanse of water.
·|·¯< [ pthur& ] a of stone; made of stone (·|·¯< o'¬|¯); full of stones (·|·¯< p¯·); stone hard
(·|·¯< ¯||¯); (fig.) unfeeling or undaunted or impregnable; stony. ·|·¯< <¯¬| stone coal,
anthracite.
·|¯·¯ [ pth&$a ] n travelling expenses; allowance; (chiefly rel.) viaticum.
·|¯
1
[ pda
1
] n (vul.) a fart.
·|¯
2
[ pda
2
] n the foot; the leg; a step or pace (¯r·|¯ ·|t¯¯); bottom, foot (·<v¯¯< ·|¯¯¯·); (of a
tree) root (·|¯·); (of a verse) a line; a quarter (=< ·|¯ <¯x); (geom.) a quadrant; a title of honour
(y¯·|¯). (z{· same as ·¯¯}· (see ·¯). (~|- n. the ankle. (!-º n. act of touching another's feet in
obesiance. (¯|<º|, (¯<º, ·|¯|¯|< same as ·¯¯|<º| (see ·¯). (¯|<| n. a pedestrian. (|¯# same as ·¯|¯% (see
·¯). (¯|<| n. a footnote. (¯¬ n. the sole (of the foot). (&|º n. boot, shoe. (|(¯ • n. (geom.) a pedal
triangle. ()¯· n. the region at or around the foot or root or bottom. (·+ n. feet reverentially
conceived as a pair of lotuses. (·|¯ n. a foot-stool. (·<º n. act of composing the missing line of a
verse etc.; an expletive; (journalese) a short poem or quotation printed to fill up the blank space
at the bottom of a page of a periodical. ·|¯·<º <<| v. to supply the missing line of a verse; to fill
up the blank space. (·- n. the in step. ·|¯/0|¬¯ <<| v. to rub and wash one's feet (and also
legs). (1¯|· n. a footlight; (fig.) limelight. (2-|< n. a kick. ·|¯4-|< <<| v. to kick. (<6¯| n. respect
shown to a revered person by touching his or her feet. (|<< a. travelling esp. on foot,
pedestrian. (|<¯8· same as ·¯|<¯:· (see ·¯). (¯¬ n. the sole (of feet); the heel; the bottom. (;¬-¯
same as ·¯¯¬-¯ (see ·¯). (<·¬ n. a small hill at the foot of a mountain. (=>|¯ n. chilblain;
kibe. (¯,@-|¯ n. (astr.) quadrature.
·|¯· [ pdapa ] n a tree, a plant.
·|¯|<, ·||B [ pdari, pdri ] n a Christian clergyman or ecclesiastical preacher, a padri.
·|¯| [ pd ] v (vul.) to fart.
·|¯|D|¬ [ pd/guli ] n the toe.
·|¯|¯, ·|¯||¯ [ pdna, pdni ] n a footboard.
·|F<| [ pduk ] n boot, shoe, slipper; footwear. ·|H<|-·|<|-¯ a. booted, shoed.
·|¯¯|¯< [ pd)daka ] n the water with which the feet of a gracious or reverend person has been
washed (a few drops of this water is taken by a devotee).
·|¯J [ pdya ] n water for washing the feet (and also legs.)
·|¯
1
[ pna
1
] n betel-leaf. ¯||¯ ·|¯, <|,¬| ·|¯, |¯¯| ·|¯ different kinds of betel-leaves. ·|¯ j|=¯| v.
to chew betel leaf together with betel-nut, catechu, lime etc. ·|¯ K·¯< ¯¯ j¯| v. (fig.) to commit a
very negligible offence or lapse. ·|¯ ¯|•| v. to form a small conical cup of betel leaf after putting
betel-nut, catechu, lime etc. within this cup. ·|¯¯< <|¯| n. a betel-box.
·|¯
2
[ pna
2
] n (of iron and baser metals) temper, annealing; (of gold and noble metals) alloy.
·|¯ L¯=¯| v. to temper, to anneal; to alloy.
·|¯
3
[ pna
3
] n drinking; act of drinking wine (·|¯¯¯|<); (fig.) thorough enjoyment (M¯|O]Q·|¯).
·|¯ <<| v. to drink; to drink wine; (fig.) to enjoy thoroughly.
·|¯# [ pni ] n (obs.) slipper, (esp.) wooden slipper ('<|<| ·|¯# -|¯¯ ¬#=').
·|¯< [ pnaka ] n a drink of sweetened diluted fruit juices, sharbat; water hyacinth.
·|¯¯<||U [ pnakau)! i ] n a species of a diver; the cormorant.
·|¯¯'|W| [ pnag)'h+ ] n a den of drunkards; a drinking party.
·|¯|¯ [ pnati ] n a high-rimmed metal dish (used at dinner, in cooking etc.)
·|¯¯¯| [ pnatu$ ] n a kind of ball-shaped sweet meat made of posset and soaked in a solution
of sugar.
·|¯¯¯|< [ pnad)'a ] n (unwholesome) drinking habit, addiction to drinking.
·|¯·|Y [ pnaptra ] n a drinking-cup; a goblet.
·|¯¯¯|•¯ [ pnabh)jana ] n drinking and eating.
·|¯¯<| [ pnamar ] n (of gold and noble metals) loss in weight owing to alloying.
·|¯¯·|[ [ pna#au-)a ] a given to drinking wine; boozy. ·|¯¯·|] <_|a a drunkard; a boozer.
·|¯|¯ [ pnasi ] n a pinnace.
·|¯¯¯ [ pnas& ] a tasting like water for not being properly cooked (b«|¬¯| ·|¯¯¯); watery in
taste; insipid, dull, milk-and-water (·|¯¯¯ <·|<|¯d| <| e¬j|); lachry mose (·|¯¯¯ f¯¯¯).
·|¯|
1
[ pn
1
] sfx like, resembling, seeming to be (¯|¯·|¯| ¯j).
·|¯|
2
[ pn
2
] n a sweet cold drink, sharbat (g<¯¬< ·|¯|).
·|¯|
3
[ pn
3
] n width, breadth.
·|¯|
4
[ pn
4
] n a kind of aquatic algae, water wort.
·|¯|¯¯| [ pnn) ] v to make a calf such the udders of a cow repeatedly before milking; (of baser
metals) to temper, to anneal; (of noble metals) to alloy.
·|¯|·i< [ pnpukura ] n a pond covered with or full of algae or waterwort; a pond covered all
over with water-hyacinth; a puddle.
·|¯|¯k [ pnsakta ] a addicted to drinking wine, boozy. fem. ·|¯|¯m| ·|¯|¯o <q|s a drunkard.
·|¯|¯|u n. addiction to drinking.
·||¯ [ pni ] n (usu. among Mus. of Bengal) water. (·|¯w n. an up-country Brahman selling or
supplying drinking water (esp. to railway passengers.) (,¬, (dial.) ·|¯,¬ n. an aquatic fruit,
cress(es), (cp.) water-chestnut. (<¯y, (pop.) ·|¯<¯{ n. chickenpox.
·|¯|¯ [ pn+$a ] a that which is drunk; drinkable. n. a drink; a sweet drink, sharbat; a cordial;
an alcoholic or strong drink; a beverage; a potion. ·|¯|¯ •¬ drinking water.
·|¯¯ [ pn& ] prep in the direction of, towards, to (¯j·|¯¯).
·|}| [ pnt ] a old by more than one night; overnight; cooked overnight and kept steeped in
water (·|•| ¯|¯); stale (·|ë| j<<). n. rice cooked overnight and kept steeped in water. (·|ë| ¯|¯¯
|¯ (fig.) unnecessary or ludicrous spending of a good or costly thing.
·|·- [ pnha ] n a traveller, a wayfarer. (¯<, (·|¯· n. traveller's tree or palm, the
Ravenala. (|¯<|¯, (·|¬| n. a caravansarai; an inn; a wayside boarding-house; a hotel; (loos.) a
boarding-house.
·|r| [ pnn ] n emerald.
·|· [ ppa ] n sin, vice; a religious or moral lapse; wickedness; a crime; a troublesome person or
thing, a pest (·|· :'¯¬# <||¯). ·|· <<| v. to commit a sin, to sin. <| ·|· what a plague or pest! (<¯ n.
a sinful or wicked act, a crime. (<¯|, (<¦ a. committing sins; given to vice or wickedness; sinful,
sinning. (¤|¬¯ n. rescue from sins or vice; remission of sins, absolution. ·|·¤|¬¯ <<| v. to rescue
from sins or vice; to absolve. (¤- n. (astrol.) an inauspicious star or planet; (fig.) an unavoidable
evil person. (v a. destroying sins; rescuing from sins. (•¯< a. sinful. (¯|·< same as ·|·v (·× n. the
mire of sin or vice. (ἕ n. virtue and vice, piety and sin. (<|+ a. evil minded, of sinful or wicked
turn of mind or disposition. (¯'| a. sinful; sharing another's sin(s). (¯|¯ same as ·|·<|+ (¯U a.
freed or absolved from sins or vice. (¯|U n. absolution from sins or vice. (:¯|¯¯ same as ·|·¤|¬¯
(:]|' n. (astrol.) an inauspicious or unholy planetary conjunction. (-< same as ·|·v ·|·|¯|< a.
same as ·|·<¯| n. a sinful or wicked act. ·|·|¯|<| a. same as ·|·<¯| fem. ·|·|¯||<º| ·|·|(|
same as ·||·º ·|·|¡º|¯ n. commission of sins, practice of vice. ·|·|·¯ same as ·||·º ·|·|¯U a.
addicted to sin or vice, sinful; habitually committing sin; wicked. ·|·|¯|U n. addiction to sin or
vice.
·|·|; [ ppa)! i ] n a petal (of a flower).
·||·¯| [ ppin+ ] fem of ·|·|
·||·¯| [ ppi$ ] n the Indian nightingale, the hawk-cuckoo.
·||·º [ ppi'ha ] a extremely sinful or wicked. fem. ·||·º|
·|·| [ pp+ ] a sinful; wicked; criminal; depraved. n. a sinner; a wicked person; a criminal; a
depraved person. ·<|¯¯| ·|·| an old or hardened or inveterate offender or sinner or criminal.
·|·|¯¯| [ pp+$as+ ] a. fem sinful; wicked; criminal; adulterous. n. a sinful or wicked woman;
a female criminal; an adulteress.
·|¯·|· [ pp)#a ] n a doormat.
·|< [ pba ] n a joint; a knuckle (as of a finger); (bot.) a node; the space between two nodes (as
of the bamboo).
·|<< [ pbaka ] n fire. a. purifying; sanctifying.
·|<¯| [ pbad ] n a species of fish without scales.
·|<¯ [ pbana ] a (used chiefly as a sfx.) purifying or sanctifying ({¬·|<¯); rescuing or saving
(·|¯¯·|<¯). n. purification or sanctification; fire. ·|<¯| a. fem. of ·|<¯
·|¯< [ pmara ] a most sinful or wicked; vilest; basest; ignorant or low (&·|¯<). fem. ·|¯<|
·|~ [ pmpa ] n a pump. ·|~ <<| v. to pump.
·|¯j|¯| [ p$akhn ] n a latrine, a lavatory, a privy, a toilet, a water-closet. ·|¯j|¯| <<| v. to ease
oneself (of), to defecate, to evacuate.
·|¯¯||< [ p$acri ] n act of walking about (esp. at ease), perambulation; a stroll. ·|¯¯||< <<| v. to
walk about (at ease), to perambulate, to stroll, to pace up and down, to amble.
·|¯•|¯| [ p$ajm ] n slacks, pyjamas.
·|¯¯¬ [ p$adala ] adv walking, on foot.
·|¯<| [ p$ar ] a the pigeon; the dove. ·|¯<|< j|¯|, ·|¯<|< <|¯| a pigeon-house, a dovecot. ·|¯<|<
:j|· a pigeon-hole.
·|¯¯, ·|¯¯|r [ p$asa, p$asnna ] n a sweet dish prepared by boiling rice in milk with sugar
and other ingredients, sweet rice-porridge, (cp. frumenty).
·|¯| [ p$ ] n a leg or foot of an article of furniture; a castor, a trundle; (dero. or hum.)
position or post or vanity. (¯|<| n. vanity for holding a high post; vanity. a. vainglorious of
one's high position; vain.
·|¯| [ p$+ ] a (used as a sfx.) drinking (?¯·|¯|), taking (<¯·|¯|).
·|¯ [ p$u ] n the anus.
·|< [ pra ] n the opposite or the other bank or shore; a bank, a shore, a coast, a margin; a
border, an end, bounds; act of crossing or crossing over or passing beyond; rescue, deliverance.
·|< <<| v. to take or ferry (one) across (a river, a sea etc.); to take (one) to the opposite or the
other bank; to conduct one through (a way), to let pass; to deliver, to rescue. ·|< -=¯| v. to cross;
to cross over to the opposite or the other bank; to pass through; to get through or get over (a
difficulty). ·|¯<< <|; same as ·|<||¯
·|<,'¯ [ pra/gama ] a competent, efficient, capable; proficient (¯<·|z·|<,'¯); (rare) crossed
over to the other bank or shore or end (of a river etc.).
·|<< [ praka ] a capable, competent; dexterous, skilful. (¯| n. capability, competency; dexterity.
·|<<ï [ prakya ] n alienage. (:]|'ï a. alienable.
·|<º, ·|<º| [ pra-a, pra- ] n (act of taking) the first meal after the completion of a fast,
breakfast (in the original sense). ·|<º <<|, ·|<º| <<| v. to break a fast by taking one's meal.
·|<¯sï [ pratantrya ] n dependence on another; subservience.
·|<¯·¯¤ [ pratapak'& ] adv if it is possible or if it can be avoided.
·|<|=< [ pratrika ] a relating to the other world, extra-mundane; spiritual.
·|<¯ [ prada ] n quicksilver, mercury. (|¯n n. an amalgam. (¸= n. (chem.) a column of mercury.
·|<¯·| [ pradar#+ ] a foresighted; experienced, judicious; expert, adept; competent. fem.
·|<¯|·¯| ·|<¯|·¯| n. foresight; experience; judiciousness, expertness, adeptness; competency.
·|<¯||<< [ pradrika ] a guilty of violating another's marriage-bed, adulterous. (¯| n. adultery.
·|<¯|] [ pradrya ] n violation of another's marriage bed, adultery.
·|<<¬ [ praba#ya ] n dependence on another; subservience.
·|<¯|º<, ·|<¯|º|<< [ pram-aba, pram-abika ] a atomic.
·|<¯||·< [ pramrthika ] a concerning the ultimate Reality or God; theological; spiritual.
·|<|¯¯ [ pramia ] n a permit.
·|<~|] [ pramprya ] n serial succession or sequence or regular continuity, sequence. (-|¯ a.
without continuity or regularity; without seriality. (-|¯¯| n. absence of continuity or seriality;
absence of a regular order.
·|<¯¬||<< [ pralaukika ] a concerning the next world, extra-mundane; spiritual; conducive to
the life in the next world; obsequial. ·|<¯¬||<< |=¯| obsequies.
·|<¯· [ pra#& ] n a species of small scaled fish.
·|<|¯ [ prasi ] n the language of Persia, Persian; a Parsee, a Parasi; a Persian. a. Persian; of
the Parsees (·|<|¯ ·||;). ·|<|¯< a. Persian, Iranian. n. a Persian, an Iranian.
·|<^|<< [ prasparika ] a reciprocal; mutual (·|<^|<< ¯~<).
·|<¯ [ prasya ] n Persia, Iran.
·|<|
1
[ pr
1
] n mercury, quicksilver. (¯|¯¯ a. containing mercury, mercurial (·|<|¯|¯¯ ¯¬¯ =
mercurial ointment).
·|<|
2
[ pr
2
] prep. & a (usu. poet.) like, as, resembling (·|'¬·|<|).
·|<|
3
[ pr
3
] v (aux.) to be able, can, may (<<¯¯ ·|<|). v. to do, to perform, to execute, to
manage (:¯ = <|• ·|¯< ¯|); to vie with, to compete with (:¯ ¯|< ¯¯* ·|¯< ¯|).
·|<||¯ [ prni ] n the fare for ferrying, ferriage.
·|<|·|< [ prpra ] n both banks or shores of a river, sea etc.; crossing or ferrying a sea or a
river. ·|<|·|< <<| v. to ferry, to go across, to cross. ·|<|·|< -=¯| v. to be ferried; to cross.
·|<|<¯ [ prbata ] n the pigeon; the dove. <|¯|<|-| ·|<|<¯ a carrier-pigeon.
·|<|<|< [ prbra ] n an ocean, a sea; both shores or banks of a sea, river etc.
·|<|¯º [ pr$a-a ] n completeness, thoroughness; completion; completion of reading a book
within the fixed time.
·||<•|¯ [ prijta ] n (myth.) a never-fading heavenly flower or its plant, (cp.) the amarant(h).
·||<¯¯||<< [ prit)'ika ] n a reward; a prize.
·||<·|¯ï [ pripya ] n orderliness; neatness; tidiness, spruceness.
·||<·||¤< [ pripr#bika ] a surrounding; neighbouring. n. a courtier; a side-actor assisting
the principal one whilst the latter recites the prologue. ·||<·||¤< <¯-| environment,
surroundings.
·||<<||<< [ pribrika ] a pertaining to or restricted to a family; characteristic of a family,
familial. ·||<<||<< <ï|·|< a family affair or matter.
·||<¯||<< [ pribh'ika ] a concerning technical terminology; terminological, technical
(·||<¯||<< ·÷ = technical term).
·||<n|¯< [ pri#ramika ] n remuneration, fee.
·||<<¯ [ pri'ada ] n a courtier; a councillor; a companion (esp. a cringing one); a toady; a
flatterer.
·||<¯|,|jï< [ pris/khyika ] a statistical.
·|<¬ [ prula ] n a species of trumpet-flower or its plant.
·|<< [ pru'ya ] n haughtiness, arrogance; harshness, rudeness; strong language.
·||¯ [ pri ] n a party.
·|·<ï [ prthakya ] n difference; dissimilarity; distinction; (log.) differentia.
·||·< [ prthiba ] a earthly, worldly, mundane; material. n. a king.
·|<º [ prba-a ] n obsequies to be performed on certain lunar days; (usu. ·|<ºn|+); a fast, a
festival, a festive day (:·|<·|<º). ·|<º| n. a present or tip given on feast days (esp. to servants and
employees).
·|<¯, ·|<¯ï [ prbata, prbatya ] a of a mountain or hill; mountainous, hilly; born or living on
a mountain or hill or in a hill-district; highland. ·|<¯| n. Goddess Durga (¡'•|); the daughter of
the Himalayas. ·|<¯ï +¬, ·|<¯ï ¤¯¯· a hill-district, a hilly region or country. ·|<¯ï ¯|ë¯
mountain vegetation. ·|<¯ï •||¯ a hilltribe. ·|<¯ï •||¯< :¬|< a hill-man, a highlander (pl. hill-
folk).
·|¬|¯¯·¯ [ prlm&na ] n a parliament.
·|¤ [ pr#ba ] n a side, a flank (¯|¤º·|¤); end, border (¯'<·|¤); margin, brink, brim, edge (·|¬|<
·|¯¤); bank or shore (of a river, sea etc.); adjacent space, vicinity ('-·|¤); company, presence (z|<
·|¯¤ ·|<|); comparison (¯¯]< ·|¯¤ ¯+ ü|¯). ('¯ a. close to, very near, adjacent. (¤|<¯<j| n. (geog.) a
lateral moraine. (¯< n. a companion; an attendant; a follower, a servant; a toady, a sycophant.
fem. ·|¤¯<| (|¯= n. a profile. (¯ adv. by or from or on or to a side or flank, sidewise, sidewards,
edgeways, sideling, flanking. (:¯· n. a flank, a side. ·|¤-·|<<¯¯ <<| v. to turn upon one
side. (<¯|, (¯- a. staying or situated alongside; neighbouring (·|¤<¯| <|l). fem. (<|¯¯|, (¯-| (¯|' n.
same as ·|¤¯¯· ·|¤||¯¯¯¯| n. (in film or the atre) an actor of a minor or supporting role. ·|¤||¯-
n. ribs; skeleton. ·||¤<, ·|¤|¯ a. lateral. ·||¤< ¯¦=¯ (phys.) lateral inversion. ·|¯¤ adv. & prep. on
or to the side of; sidewise; alongside; by the side of, beside; in company or presence of; in
comparison to.
·|<¯ [ pr'ada ] n a courtier; a councillor; a companion; a today; a flatterer.
·||ª [ pr'-i ] n the heel; the back; the rear (esp. of an army). (¤|- n. an attack from the rear.
·|¯¯¬ [ prs&la ] n a postal parcel. ·|¯¯¬ <<| v. to send by parcel post.
-·|¬
1
[ -pla
1
] a (used as a sfx.) preserving, protecting, defending, keeping (¯-|·|¬, <|•ï·|¬,
<¯·|¬, :'|·|¬).
·|¬
2
[ pla
2
] n a sail (as of a boat). ·|¬ j|¯|¯¯|, ·|¬ :¯|¬| v. to set sail. ·|¬ ¯|¯|¯¯| v. to strike sail.
·|¬-:¯|¬| a. under sail. ¯¯? ·|¬-:¯|¬| full sail.
·|¬
3
[ pla
3
] n mating or coupling (of beasts or birds.) ·|¬ :¯=¯| v. to mate or couple (beasts or
birds); (esp. of horses) to sire.
·|¬
4
[ pla
4
] n (of animals) a flock, a herd, a drove. =<·|¬ {{<¯|¯| a litter of puppies. =<·|¬ ¯¯
a drove of camels. =<·|¬ '<-:¯|< a herd of cattle. =<·|¬ :¯<¯; a pack of wolves. =<·|¬ :¯;| a
flock of sheep. =<·|¬ ¯<|'< ¯|¯| a brood of chickens. =<·|¬ -|<º a herd of deer. ·|¯¬< :'|¯| the
leader of a herd; (dero.) a ring-leader.
·|¬, [ pla ] n a species of spinach used as a pot-herb.
·|¬<
1
[ plaka
1
] n (of birds) a wing; a feather.
·|¬<
2
[ plaka
2
] a one who brings up or rears or nurses or fosters or protects or preserves or
defends or breeds or keeps or observes or maintains. n. an upbringer, a rearer; a fosterer or
nurse; a protector, a preserver, a guardian, a defender; a breeder; a fancier, a keeper; an
observer, a complier, a fulfiller; a maintainer. (|·¯| n. a foster father (fem: a foster-mother).
·|¬|< [ plaki ] n a palanquin, a palki, palkee. ·|¬|<-:<-|<| n. a palanquin-bearer.
·|¬×, ·|¬s
2
[ pla/ka, pla/a
2
] n a costly bedstead or cot; a divan, a sofa. (:·|< n. a bed-cover; a
cover for a divan; a divan and a bed; a divan.
·|¬¯| [ pla ] a contrary, counteracting, revoking, opposing, counter; return; exchanging.
·|¬¯| |¯¯]|' same as ·|¬¯| ¯||¬· ·|¬¯| &=¯º a counter attack. ·|¬¯| &¯sº a return invitation.
·|¬¯| •<|< a retort. ·|¬¯| ¯||¬· a counter charge, a counter complaint. ·|¬¯| ¯|¯¬| a counter case.
·|¬¯| :{¯ a countermand. ·|¬¯|¯¯| v. to revoke; to change, to alter. (·|¬|¯ n. exchange; act of
changing for or with another. ·|¬¯|·|¬|¯ <<| v. to exchange, to change for or with another; to
swap.
·|¬|¯
1
[ plai
1
] a (of a family) being on equal social footing with another making thereby
matrimonial alliance permissible and possible. (¯< n. a family of equal social status or footing.
·|¬|¯
2
, ·|¬|¯¯| [ plai
2
, plai$ ] v. imperf (poet.) returning or turning back.
·|¬¯ [ plana ] n upbringing, rearing (¯ë|¯·|¬¯); nursing or fostering (·¯<< ¯ë|¯ ·|¬¯);
maintenance (:·|<·|¬¯); keeping, breeding, tending (·<·|¬¯); nourish ment (·<|<·|¬¯);
protection, preservation, defence (<|•ï·|¬¯, <¯·|¬¯); observance, compliance (|¯¯¯·|¬¯,
&¯¯··|¬¯); fulfilment (¤|¯n|¯·|¬¯). ·|¬¯ <<| v. to bring up, to rear; to foster or nurse; to
maintain; to keep, to breed, to tend, to fancy; to nourish; to protect, to preserve, to guard, to
defend; to ob serve, to comply (with); to fulfil. (<¯| n. same as ·|¬<
2
(n.). fem. (<=| ·|¬¯|¯ a. to be
brought up or reared or nursed or fostered or maintained or kept or bred or nourished or
protected or preserved or defended or observed or complied (with) or fulfilled or carried out.
·|¬·|<º [ plaprba-a ] n different festivals religious and secular collectively.
·|¬|¬< [ plalika ] a alluvial. ·|¬|¬< |·¬| alluvial rock.
·|¬|
2
[ pl
2
] n a turn (=<|< :¯|¯|< :j¬|< ·|¬|); a period or spell; the story or plot of a drama or a
poem (|¯¯|#¯rï|¯ ·|¬|). (=¯¯ adv. by turns. ('|¯ n. a narrative song or musical play. (¶< n. remittent
or periodic fever.
·|¬|¯ [ plna ] n a panel (of a beast of burden); a packsaddle; a cow's udder or teat.
·|¬|¯¯| [ pln) ] v to flee, to run away, to show a clean pair of heels; to play truant, to mooch,
to mouch. a. runaway; fugitive; truant. See also the for. form ·|¬|¯¯|
·||¬
1
[ pli
1
] n the Pali language, Pali.
·||¬
2
[ pli
2
] n a line; a row; a multitude; an end, a margin; a dry measure of grains (over 2
kilograms).
·||¬<| [ plik ] fem of ·|¬<
2

·||¬¯ [ plita ] a tamed or pet (·||¬¯ ·<·¤|); brought up, reared; nursed or fostered;
maintained, kept, bred; nourished; protected, preserved, defended; observed, complied (with);
fulfilled. fem. ·||¬¯| (<¯| n. fem. a foster-daughter. (· n. a foster-son. (¯"|¯ n. a foster-child.
·||¬¯| [ plin+ ] a. fem (used as a sfx.) same as ·||¬<| (•'$·||¬¯|).
·||¬· [ pli#a ] n polish. ¯·< ·||¬· apparent polish or refinement. ·||¬· <<| v. to polish. (-<<| a.
polished.
·|¬# [ plui ] n a stack (of paddy or hay).
·|¯¬| [ pl) ] n starch obtained from zedoary etc.; gruel of this starch.
·|¯¬|¯|¯ [ pl)$na ] n a wrestler; a gymnast; a burly man. a. burly; adept in gymnastics;
heroic. ·|¯¬|¯||¯ n. burliness; heroism; gymnastics. a. of a wrestler or wrestling; of a gymnast;
gymnastic.
·|&| [ pll ] n a thin layer, a strip (=< ·|(| ¯|¯,|); either of a pair as a leaf of a door (¯<•|< ·|.|);
a lid or shutter moving on a hinge; a scale-pan (¯||0·|2|); a beam of balance, a scale; a mass of
metal used for finding weight, a weight; competition, distance (¯< ·|4|); speed (·|¯¯< ·|6|);
range, reach (<8¯<< ·|:|); hold, grasp, clutches, snares, toils (·|<|¯ ·>|); company, association
(¯@ ¯B|< ·|D|). ·|F| ¯|·|¯¯| v. to put a weight (on a scale-pan). ·|H| I¯=¯| v. to compete (with), to
vie (with). ·|K|¯ ·M| v. to run under the influence of; to get into the clutches of, to be caught in
the toils of; to turn into the company of.
·|·
1
[ p#a
1
] n act of passing an examination; a written permission, a pass (N'¯·|·) a free or
complimentary ticket (O<¯¬< <| |·¯¯¯|¯<< ·|·). a. got through an examination, passed. ·|· <<|
v. to pass (an examination); to sanction or pass. ·|· <<|¯¯| v. to help or make one pass an
examination; to let (one) pass through (as a gate). ·|· -=¯| v. to pass an examination; to be
passed or sanctioned; to be allowed to pass through. ·|· ¯Q< n. (in examination or test) pass
marks.
·|·
2
[ p#a
2
] n an apparatus for spraying, a spray (R'|¬|··|·).
·|·
3
[ p#a
3
] n an ancient Indian missile by throwing which an adversary could be fastened
(cp. lasso); a tie, a noose, a bond, bondage (¯•·|·, ST-·|·); a trap, a snare (¯|¯|·|·); a string, a
rope; a bunch or tuft of longish things (U<··|·).
·|·
5
, ·|·< [ p#a
5
, p#aka ] n (playing) dice.
·|·W|Y| [ p#akr+)! ] n dice-play.
·|·< [ p#aba ] a relating to a beast; beastly, bestial, brutal; inhuman. (¯| n. beastliness,
bestiality, brutality; inhumanity. ·|·< <¬ brute force. (Z<|\ beastly propensity or inclination.
·|·<^ [ p#abaddha ] a entrapped, ensnared.
·|·<||¬· [ p#abli#a ] n a bolster.
·|·|
1
[ p#
1
] n a Turkish title given to gover nors, officials, and men of importance; Pasha.
·|·|
2
[ p#
2
] n (playing) dice. (_j¬| n. dice-play. ·|·| `j¬| v. to play at dice, to cast or throw dice.
·|·|·||· [ p#p#i ] a lying or situated side by side; contiguous; adjacent; adjoining (·|·|·||·
<||b); neighbouring (·|·|·||· =¬|<|). adv. side by side; abreast, cheeck by jowl, alongside.
·|·| [ p#+ ] a armed with the ancient missile for binding an adversary (see ·|·
3
). n. Varuna
(<dº) the river-god or Yama (]¯) the god of death; a hunter, a fowler.
·|f·¯ [ p#upata ] a of Shiva (|·<). n. the name of Shiva's weapon.
·|¯· [ p#& ] adv. & prep on or to the side of; alongside; beside; by the side of; side wise; in
presence or company of.
·|h|¯j, ·|l|no [ p#ctya, p#cttya ] a of the west or the western world, western, occidental;
hinder; following. n. the western world (that is Europe, America and Australia); the West,
the Occident.
·|<q [ p'a-)a ] a atheistic, godless; heretical; in veterately sinful; extremely wicked and hard-
hearted. n. an atheist, a godless person; a heretic; an inveterate sinner; an extremely wicked
and hard hearted person.
·|<|º [ p'-a ] n stone; a weight put on a scale pan to adjust or equipoise a beam of balance;
(fig.) a stone-hearted man (¯|¯ ·|<|º). a. (chiefly used as a sfx.) made of stone; of stone;
stonelike; unfeeling, pitiless; stone-hearted (·|<|º <|·); callous (r·|¯< s·|¯< ·|<|º). (¯¬u a. stone-
like, stony; (fig.) unfeeling, insensate; immobile, unmoved, still. (v¯|< n. a stone-wall. (-|<¯|<< a.
same as ·|<|º¯¯¯| (¯|< n. a weight as heavy as stone. (w¯¯| a. able to pierce even stone; heart-
rending. (¯|¯y n. a stone image, a statue of stone. (z¯¯ a. stone-hearted; pitiless. ·|<|º| n. fem. a
stone-hearted woman.
·|¯<¯, ·|¯<º [ psarana, psara-a ] n (poet.) act of forgetting, oblivion.
·|¯<| [ psar ] v (poet.) to forget.
·|-|| [ ph)! ] n a hill, a rock; a mountain; a dune; a mound (<||¬< ·|-|~); bank or coast (esp. a
steep and high one), upland; (fig.) a heap (¯|<|< <| |¯|< ·|-|$). (¯|¬ n. a valley, a dale; a level tract
of land at the foot of a hill. ·|-||&
1
, ·|-|¯( a. of hills and mountains; hilly; mountainous; lying or
growing or dwelling on hills or mountains; hill-born; highland; (fig.) huge (·|-|¯* +Y¯), terrible
(·|-|¯- .¯¯¯¯|0< = a terrible woman; a virago), inveterate (·|-|¯2 <¯¯|·). "#-||4
2
n. a hillman, a
highlander; a hill-tribe. ·|-||6¯| same as ·|-||8
1
and ·|-||:
2

·|-|<| [ phr ] n watching or guarding; a watch, a watchman, a watcher, a sentinel, a sentry, a
guard, a guardsman. ·|-|<| ;¯=¯| v. to watch, to guard, to sentinel, to patrol. (=¯|¬|, (=¬| n. a watch
man; a constable; a policeman.
·|=¯
1
[ phuna
1
] a (poet. & obs.) stone-hearted. cruel ('·?< ·|A¯').
·|C¯
2
[ phuna
2
] a (poet & obs.) a visitor, one away from home ('<|E ·|G.').
|·¯|< [ piuri ] n a yellow pigment made from the cow's urine.
|·¯|·¯ [ piupiu ] int. & n the note or cooing of the hawk-cuckoo.
|·¯|¯ [ pin#cui ] n mucus or catarrh exuding from eyes. H¯|j |¯¯¯ |·¯|¯ ·J¯¯ eyes are running.
|·•| [ pin#j ] v to open out the fibres of (cotton, wool etc.), to comb or card (wool, cotton,
hemp etc.), to tease; (of cloth) to open out into fibres (¯|¯<j|¯| |·¯• K'¯¯).
|··¯M [ pim#pa)! & ] n the ant.
|·<
1
[ pika
1
] n the cuckoo.
|·<
2
[ pika
2
] n spittle; spittle thrown out after chewing betel-leaves. |·< N,¬| v. to spit; to spit
after chewing betel-leaves.
|·<¯|¯ [ pikatna ] n a cuckoo's call or note.
|·<¯|¯, |·<¯||¯ [ pikadna, pikadni ] n a spittoon.
|·<|¯< [ pikanika ] n picnic.
|·¯<|¯, [ pik&i ] n picketing (as by trade-unionists). |·¯<|¯, <<| v. to picket.
|·P¬ [ pi/gala ] n the yellowish brown colour, mud-colour. a. yellowish brown, mud-
coloured. fem. a. |·R¬|
|·¯
2
[ pica
2
] n a juicy stone-fruit, peach.
|·¯
3
[ pica
3
] n (in cricket) pitch.
|·¯
4
[ pica
4
] n a black residue of distillation of tar, pitch. (-Y|¬| a. pitched, tarred (|·¯ Y|¬| <|T|).
|·¯ U¯=¯|, |·¯ Y|¬| v. to pitch, to tar.
|·¯<||< [ picakri ] n a syringe; a squirt; a spray.
|·¯¯<|¯W [ picab)r)a ] n pasteboard; cardboard.
|·|Y¬, |·[¬ [ picchila, picchala ] a slippery; slabbery.
|·¯, |·¯¯ [ picha, pichana ] n the back; the backside, the rear; (fig.) the past. |·¯¯¯ ¯¬| v. to go
or move backwards; to retrograde; to return or recede. |·¯¯¯ ¯|=¯|, |·¯¯¯ \¯j| v. to look to one's
own back; to look back; (fig.) to look to or consider the past. |·¯¯ |·¯¯, |·¯¯¯ |·¯¯¯ on the back
of, at the heels of. |·¯¯ ],<| v. to turn back; to look back; (fig.) to look to or consider the past.
|·¯¯|¯, |·¯¯¯|¯ n. (lit.) a pull from the back; (fig.) attachment to one's family circle which retards
or impedes one's progress. |·¯·| a. taken aback, recoiled; reluctant. |·¯·| -=¯| v. to be taken
aback, to recoil, to flinch (in fear, pain etc.); to be reluctant. |·¯¯¯|_| a. pinioned at the back.
|·¯¯¯|a| <¯< <|<| to pinion one at one's back. |·¯¯¯ ¬|'| v. to tease or vex (somebody); to make fun
play fully or annoyingly.
|·¯¬|¯¯| [ pichaln) ] v to slip, to slide, to glide.
|·¯|¯¯| [ pichn) ] v to fall back; to recoil, to flinch; to back out; to retreat, to beat a retreat; to
move (towards one's) back; to put off or be put off, to postpone or be postponed, to defer or be
deferred.
|·|¯¬| [ pichil ] a (poet. & obs.) postern ('|·|¯¬| ¯|¯¯ b¯ ¯|¯').
|·¯¯ [ pich& ] prep at the back of; on the back of; towards the back of. adv. backwards;
towards or in the past. |·¯¯ |·¯¯ on the back of, at one's heels, following, pursuing.
|·•¯<|¯d [ pijab)r)a ] n pasteboard.
|·f¯ [ piñjana ] n act of opening out the fibres of cotton, wool, etc.; teasing; an apparatus for
teasing.
|·h< [ piñjara ] n a cage; the ribs; the thorax. |·j<|<l a. incaged. encaged. |·n<|<p <<| v. to
incage, to encage.
|·|r<| [ piñjik ] n a skein or roll or wisp of carded cotton.
|·¯¯| [ pian ] n a small cudgel for ramming the roof or the floor of a building, a rammer.
|·¯|·¯ [ piapia ] int expressing: twitching as of the eye, flickering as of a lamp, peevishness,
fastidiousness or mania for cleanliness. |·¯|·¯ <<|, |·¯|·¯|¯¯| v. (of the eye etc.) to twitch, to bat
(an eyelid); (of a lamp etc.) to flicker; to behave peevishly or fastidiously; to show a mania for
cleanliness. |·¯|·¯||¯ twitching as of the eye; flickering as of a lamp; peevishness; fastidiousness;
a mania for cleanliness. |·¯|·¯¯ a. peevish; fastidious; over-scrupulous; stickler; stricken with a
mania for cleanliness.
|·¯|, |·¯|¯¯| [ pi, pin) ] v to strike, to beat (s¬|-| |·¯|¯¯|); to pound, to batter, to ram (¯|¯
|·¯|); to whip up or switch, to thrash (t«|· |·¯|¯¯|). a. beaten; rammed; thrashed; shaped by
beating, wrought (|·¯| u¬|-|). |·¯|#, |·¯||¯, (pop.) |·¯|¯ n. act of beating or ramming or thrashing; a
drubbing (|·¯|¯ j|=¯|). |·¯|¯ ·|¬· punitive police. |·¯|¯ << <| •|<¯|¯| punitive tax, punitive fine.
|·¯||¬ [ pili ] n a paste made of pounded rice, used as a cooking ingredient.
|·|¯·¯ [ pii#ana ] n a petition. |·|¯·¯ <<| v. to petition. (<|<| n. a petitioner.
|·¯ [ piha ] n the back; the rear; immediate succession (|·¯¯ |·¯¯); a surface or face (=|·¯ =|·¯);
(in a game of cards) a trick. |·¯ ¯|·w|¯¯| v. to pat on the back; to drum one's back lightly, (idio.)
to encourage patronizingly or with an air of superiority. |·¯¯< ¯|¯y| z¯|¬| v. to flog severely. |·¯¯
|·¯¯ back to back; on the back of; immediately succeeding in birth, born next.
|·¯| [ pih ] n a sweet pie, a kind of cake.
|·¯||·|¯ [ pihpihi ] adv. & a same as |·¯¯ |·¯¯ (see |·¯).
|·| [ pi-)a ] n a lump; a conglomerated mass; (loos.) anything ball-shaped, a ball; food offering
to the manes of forefathers; a lump of food; the body (as a conglomerated mass of ·~¯¯ or the
five elements). (j•<, (coll.) |·¯" #j•< n. dates preserved in lumps, lump-dates. (¯, (¯|¯| a.
scripturally authorized to give food-offering to the manes; giving food-offering to the manes;
providing with food. n. such a man. fem. |·%¯|, |·'¯|)| (¯|¯ n. the sacrament of food-offering
to the manes. |·+¯|¯ <<| v. to offer food to the manes. (,¬|· n. extinction or absence of persons
or descendants autho rized to offer food to one's manes; extinction of one's line of descent. (·<|<
n. the body (as a conglomerated mass of ·.¯¯ or five elements).
|·0|<|<, |·2|<|¯ [ pi-)kra, pi-)k+ti ] a shaped like a lump; round and lumpish.
|·|4¯ [ pi-)ita ] a shaped into a lump, conglomerated; conglomerate.
|·6|¯¯ [ pi-)+bh-ta ] a conglomerate.
|·¯8 9j•< [ pi-)& kh&jura ] n dates preserved in lumps, lump-dates.
|·¯e [ pit0 ] int O father (cp. abba).
|·¯¬ [ pitala ] n brass. |·¯¯¬< <||<'< n. a brazier.
|·¯| [ pit ] n father. (¯- n. one's father's father or uncle, a grandfather or a grand uncle; an
appellation of Brahma (:;|). (¯-| n. fem. one's father's mother or aunt, a grandmother or a
grand-aunt.
|·¯ [ pit+ ] n (chiefly used as a pfx.) father. (&=| n. father's command. (>º n. one's obligation to
one's father, filial obligation; debt incurred by one's father (esp. that which should be paid off
by children). (<¯@ same as |·¯<¯B (<D a. father-like, fatherly. n. same as (<¯F (<|]H same as (<¯J
(K¬ n. one's father's line, spearside. (<¯M, (|O¯| n. obsequial rites performed in honour of the
manes of one's father and forefathers. ('º n. (myth.) heavenly sages (collectively) from whom
the human race has evolved; manes of the forefathers of mankind or of an individual; dead
ancestors or forbears or forefathers. ('- n. father's house or family. (¯¯<, (¯|¯|, (P same as |·¯-R|
(¯·Tº n. water-offering to the manes of one's forefather, (cp.) libation. (¯¬V a. father-like,
fatherly. (W n. paternity, fatherhood. (¯Y a. given or transmitted by one's father; (rare) given to
one's father. (¯|¯ n. the solemn obligation of performing the obsequial rites of one's deceased
father. |·¯¯|¯[\ -=¯| v. to be under the solemn obligation of performing the obsequial rites of
one's deceased father. (]¯< n. father looked upon as a deity (used as a term of respect). (<¯ n.
patrimony. |·¯<¯¯,_|a a. patrimonial. (·c n. the dark fortnight immediately preceding the
bright fortnight of the month of Aswin (&|e¯); one's father's side, spearside. (·g< n. an an
cestor, a forefather. (|<¯¯|' n. death or bereavement of one's father. (<i n. a brother of one's
father, an uncle. |·¯<k·m n. son of a paternal uncle, a cousin. (¯o a. devoted or loyal to or fond of
one's father. (¯|q n. devotion to or fondness for one's father, filial piety. (¯|¯¯|¯ n. the solemn
obligation of performing the obsequial rites of one's deceased parents. (¯|¯-|¯ a. be reft of
parents, orphan. |·¯¯¯<, |·¯]s same as |·¯<¯u or |·¯¯·wº (]|¯ n. the route for the journey of the
manes to the lunar heaven or the region of the moon for settling there. (|<|y n. (astrol.) the
location of the zodiacal signs in one's horoscope indicating loss of one's father. (z¬|< n. the
region of the moon where the manes dwell, the lunar heaven. ({·|< n. grief or mourning for one's
deceased father. (||~ n. obsequies of one's deceased father. (<¯| n. a father's sister, an aunt. (¯¯
same as |·¯¯¬" (#¯<| n. act of attending upon or serving one's father devotedly. ($-|¯|¯ a.
deserving to be respected as one's father. (-¯&| n. parricide, patricide. (-¯(|¯¬< a. patricidal. (-*| a.
guilty of parricide or patricide. n. a parricide or patricide. fem. (-,| (-|¯ a. fatherless. fem.
|·¯-|¯|
|·. [ pitta ] n bile, gall. |·0 ·4| v. to lose appetite because of abstinence from food when
hungry. |·6 7|¬| v. to have one's ill-humour roused, to burn or boil with indignation, to get
cross or peered. (8<|< n. the gall-bladder. (9 a. antibilious. (:< n. bilious fever. (¯|· n. abominable
perversion or corruption (from the fact that a fish tastes bitter if its gallbladder is burst open
and its body smeared with bile). (¯||¬ n. bil iary ducts. (¯|·< a. antibilious. (·|·<, (·|·|< n. gall stone,
biliary stone. (|<<|< n. (med.) biliary or bilious trouble or disorder. (<< n. plethora. (<>| n.
appeasement of hunger by taking a small quantity of food; (sarcas.) a mere show of
gratification. |·@<B| <<| v. to appease one's hunger by taking a small quantity of food; (sarcas.)
to make one content or be content with a mere show of fulfilment of one's desire. (·¬ n. biliary
colic.
|·D¬ [ pittala ] n brass. (|¯|¯F¯ a. made of brass, brazen. (,¬< n. a brass-plate.
|·H||¯¯|< [ pitttisra ] n (med.) bilious or biliary diarrhoea.
|·J|·¯ [ pitt#a$a ] n the gall-bladder,
|·L|¬¯ [ pitrla$a ] n father's house (esp. of a married woman).
|·<|¯ [ pidhna ] n a case, a sheath (as of a sword); a lid; a covering.
|·¯ [ pina ] n a pin. |·¯ &¯<|¯¯|, |·¯¯ &¯<|¯¯| v. to pin.
|·¯N [ pinaddha ] a tied, fastened (esp. to one's body); put on, worn.
|·¯|< [ pinka ] n the bow of Shiva (|·<); a bow shaped musical instrument of Shiva; a trident
(esp. that of Shiva). (·||¯ |·¯|<|. n. Shiva (|·<), who carries a |·¯|< in his hand.
|·¯|¬ O<|¯ [ pinla k))a ] n the penal code.
|·Q||< [ pi-)ri ] n a band of mercenary freebooters who operated in India till 1817, the
Pindaris.
|·S¯ [ pindhana ] n (poet. & obs.) act of putting on or wearing.
|·U| [ pindh ] v (obs.) to put on, to wear. |·W|=¬ v. to dress (one) in.
|··|¯| [ pips ] n thirst; (fig.) eager desire. |··|¯| ·|=¯| v. to feel thirsty. |··|¯| X¯¯|¯¯|, |··|¯| ¯<
<<| v. to quench or slake one's thirst; (fig.) to satisfy one's desire. |··|¯|¯Z , |··||¯¯, |··|¯|, |··|\ a.
thirsty; (fig.) eagerly desirous (of.) fem. |··|¯|¯^|, |··||¯¯|,, |··||¯¯|
|··||¬<| [ pip+lik ] n the ant.
|·¯· [ pip& ] n a cask, a barrel, a coop.
|·`|¬, |·b¬| [ pippali, pippal+ ] n a small pungent seed of the pepper genus used in medicine;
long pepper; its plant.
|·¯¯ [ pi$ana ] n a postman, a liveried messenger, a footman, a peon.
|·¯|• [ pi$ja ] n onion. |·¯||• n. a kind of chop made of minced onion; light purple colour;
effrontery, sauciness; impudent waggery. a. of light purple colour.
|·¯|¯| [ pi$d ] n an armed footman; a liveried messenger; a process-server; a bailiff; (in chess)
a pawn.
|·¯|¯¯|
1
[ pi$n)
1
] v (poet.) to make one drink, to cause to drink; to suckle.
|·¯|¯¯|
2
[ pi$n)
2
] n a piano.
|·¯|¬ [ pi$la ] n a kind of nut-tree; its nut or seed.
|·< [ pira ] n a muslim saint.
|·<|¯ [ pirna ] n a loose outer garment usu. worn by men.
|·<||¯¯ [ pirmi)a ] n a pyramid.
|·|<¯ [ pirica ] n a saucer.
|·|<¯, |·|<|¯, |·<|¯, |·<||¯ [ pirita, piriti, pir+ta, pir+ti ] n love, amour; affection; attachment;
secret or illicit love.
|·¬
1
[ pila
1
] n a pill (of medicine).
|·¬
2
[ pila
2
] n the elephant; (in chess) the bishop.
|·¬ <<| [ pila kar ] v (in certain games) to send (a ball or marble) into the pocket; to pocket
('|d |·¬ <<|).
|·¬j|¯| [ pilakhn ] n a stable for housing elephants.
|·¬·| [ pilap ] n a thick pillar. ('||f n. act of building or fixing or planting a pillar to mark out
the boundaries.
|·¬|·¬ [ pilapila ] int expressing: a swarming crowd. |·¬|·¬ <<| v. to swarm. |·¬|·¬ <¯< g<¯<|¯¯|
to come out swarmingly.
|·¬i• [ pilasuja ] n a lamp-stand.
|·¬ [ pilu ] n an Indian musical mode.
|··|¯ [ pi#ca ] n a necrophagous evil spirit, a ghoul; (fig.) a man of vile or cruel or nauseating
or abominable nature. fem. |··|¯|, (inc.) |··||¯¯| (¯k n. demonology. (|¯m a. one who has made a
ghoul one's slave by means of rigorous ascetic practices. fem. (|¯o|
|·|·¯ [ pi#ita ] n flesh; raw meat.
|·q¯ [ pi#una ] a scandal-mongering, talebearing; malicious; cruel.
|·<º [ pi'a-a ] n pulping; pressing; squeezing; kneading; crushing; grinding, pulverization;
pressure; oppression.
|·<|, r·<| [ pi', p&' ] v to render into a paste by crushing, to crush to powder, to pound, to
pulp; to press; to squeeze; to knead; to crush; to grind, to pulverize; to op press. |·<|#, s·<|# n.
cost or charge of grinding; pulping; pressing; squeezing; kneading; crushing (to powder);
pounding, grinding, pulverization. |·<|# <<|, t·<|# <<| v. same as |·<| |·<|¯¯|, u·<|¯¯| v. to cause
to pulp or press or squeeze or knead or crush or grind or pulverize.
|·w [ pi'a ] a pulped; pressed, squeezed; crushed; ground, pulverized; oppressed.
|·y< [ pi'aka ] n a kind of cake or sweet pie.
|·¯¯¯¯| [ pisatut) ] a born of a sister of one's father or father-in-law.
|·¯¯<|¯{ [ pisab)r)a ] n pasteboard.
|·¯·|}|• [ pisa##u)! i ] n. fem a sister of one's father-in-law.
|·¯!"< [ pisa#ba#ura ] n the husband of a sister of one's father-in-law.
|·|¯ [ pisi ] n a father's sister.
|·¯¯ [ pis& ] n the husband of a sister of one's father.
|·$¬ [ pistala ] n a pistol.
|·|-¯ [ pihita ] a sheathed, encased.
·|¯ [ p+ha ] n a low wooden seat on which one may sit in a squatting position; an altar; a seat
or a resort (esp. of a deity); a holy place; (myth.) any of the fifty-one holy places where fell the
pieces cut off from the body of Sati (¯¯|), the wife of Shiva (|·<); an institution or a place
regarded with some sanctity (|<¯&|·|¯).
·|*< [ p+)! ka ] a oppressing, persecuting, tormenting; forcing; insisting, pressing, chastising;
accepting esp. in marriage (·||º·|,<). n. an oppressor; a persecutor, a tormentor; one who
forces or insists (on) or presses; a chastiser; one who accepts esp. in marriage.
·|.¯ [ p+)! na ] n oppression, persecution, torment; forcing; insistence, pressure;
chastisement; acceptance esp. in marriage (·||º·|0¯). ·|2¯ <<|v. to press, to persecute, to
torment; to force; to insist, to chastise; to accept esp. in marriage.
·|4| [ p+)! ] n trouble, pain, suffering, distress, affliction (¯¯e·|6|); a disease, an ailment, a
disorder (7·¯¯< ·|9|) ·|;| <¯=¯| v. to afflict, to distress.
·|>|@A [ p+)! grasta ] a ailing, sick, diseased.
·|C|•¯<, ·|E|¯|¯< [ p+)! janaka, p+)! d$aka ] a distressing, causing illness.
·|G|·||I [ p+)! p+)! i ] n repeated insistence or importunities or forcing. ·|K|·||M <<| v. to insist
(on) or importune or force repeatedly, to pester, to press for.
·||O¯ [ p+)! ita ] a sick, ill, ailing; diseased; afflicted; distressed, oppressed. fem. ·||Q¯|
·|¯S¯|¯ [ p+)yamna ] a in the state of being oppressed or persecuted.
·|¯
1
[ p+ta
1
] a (of a drink) drunk, swallowed.
·|¯
2
[ p+ta
2
] n the yellow colour. a. yellow. (¯U¯ n. yellow sandalwood or a paste made of
it. (V< n. yellow fever. (<X| n. a piece of loin-cloth dyed in yellow esp. one such as worn by Krishna
(<Z). (<|¯, ·|¯|###BOT_TEXT###lt; n. a yellow loin cloth; Krishna (<^). a. wearing a yellow loin-cloth.
·|¯|¯ [ p+tbha ] a yellowish.
·|¯ [ p+na ] a plump, pleasantly fat and rounded, (·¯¯|<< n. a woman's plump breasts.
·|¯¯ [ p+nasa ] n ozaena.
·|¯¯|`¯ [ p+n)nnata ] a plump and jutting out. (·¯¯|<< a woman's plump and prominent breasts.
·|<< [ p+bara ] a plump; corpulent, burly; well developed; sturdy. fem. ·|<<|, ·|<<|
·|]< [ p+y-'a ] n nectar, ambrosia.
·# [ pum#i ] n bassella, the Indian spinach, a creeper used as a pot-herb. ·#¯¯, ·¯¯ a. creeping;
very slender (·#¯¯ ¯|·). ·#¯¯ ·|=¯|, ·¯¯ ·|=¯| v. to be attacked with rickets. ·#¯¯-·|=¯|, ·¯¯-·|=¯|
a. affected with rickets, rickety.
·¯¯< [ pun#cak& ] a tiny.
· • [ pun#ja ] n purulent matter formed in boils, ulcer, wound etc. ·• -=¯|, ·• •¯| v. to
suppurate. · • <|< -=¯| v. to discharge pus, to secrete pus.
·|• [ pun#ji ] n money saved up; cash in hand; capital money, capital; savings; resources;
possessions, belongings; an accumulated heap, an accumulation. (·|¯| n. one's movable and
immovable possessions or assets or property; savings. (<|¯ n. capitalism. (<|¯| a. capitalist,
capitalistic. n. a capitalist.
·¯|¬ [ pun#ali ] n a small bundle or baggage.
·|¯ [ pun#i ] n a tiny fresh-water fish. ·|¯¯|¯¯< a|º (fig.) a short-lived or frail person; a weakling;
a very narrow-minded person. ·|¯¯|¯¯< ,<,<||¯ bragging of a man of little or no importance.
·¯¯ [ pun#& ] n the ends of a kind of bangle; a kind of button.
·|¯ [ pun#ti ] n a kind of small pearl-shaped ball of glass with a small hole through it, bead. ·|¯<
¯|¬| a string of these balls, a string or necklace of beads.
·|· [ pun#thi ] n a book; an ancient manuscript. ·|· <|c|¯¯| v. to lengthen out unnecessarily. ('¯ a.
contained in or available in books only; bookish. ·|·'¯ |<¯e| book-learning. (·g n. books and
papers. (·|¬| n. a library; a museum or a repository of ancient manuscript.
·i< [ pukura ] n a pond, a tank, a pool. ·k< <|¯| v. to excavate a pond. ·m< «|¬|¯¯| v. to dredge a
tank. ·o< p|¯r| <<| v. to perform solemn rites before putting a newly excavated pond to use. (¯|<
n. an unbelievably tremendous fraud.
·t [ pu/kha ] n the bottom part of an arrow. ·v|x·z a. thorough; thorough-going; minute;
detailed; minutely searching or scrutinizing. ·||~·¬ /#01 adv. minutely, thoroughly, in every
detail.
·*< [ pu/gaba ] n the ox; the bull; (as a sfx.) the best or greatest specimen (¯<· *<, ¯··*<).
·> [ puccha ] n the tail; the posteriors; the back part; the rear. (-|¯ a. tailless.
·¯ [ pucha ] n interrogation, questioning; inquiry.
·¯|, :·|¯| [ puch, p)ch ] v to ask, to inquire, to question, to interrogate; to pay heed to, to
attach importance to (¯|¯< :<¯ :·|¯¯ ¯|).
·¬ [ puñja ] n an accumulation, a collection, a heap, a pile, a mass, a multitude; a crowd. (:¯¯ n.
see under :¯¯ ·|¬¯, ·¬|¯¯ a. accumulated, collected, piled up; amassed; crowded, thronged.
·¬|<¯ a. that which has been accumulated or collected or piled up or amassed.
·¬|'|º¯< [ puñj+ga-itaka ] n capital accounts.
·¯
1
[ pua
1
] n the part of the body lying between the top extremity of the spine and the
armpit; the length of this part. (-|¯| n. the measurement of length from the top extremity of the
spine to the wrist.
·¯
2
[ pua
2
] n a container, a vessel, a cup (·º·¯); anything with which some thing is held or
caught or seized or covered (<¤·¯); a crucible for boiling medicinal herbs etc. (·¯·|<).
·|¯, [ pui ] n putty. ·|¯, <<|, ·|¯, :¯=¯| v. to putty.
·|¯¯ [ puita ] a boiled in a crucible; covered; strung (as a garland); kneaded.
·|¯, [ pu)i ] n pudding.
·;¯ [ pu)! na ] n burning; scalding, scorching; calcination; incineration; inflammation; state of
becoming very hot, affliction.
·o<|< [ pu-)ar+ka ] n the white lotus. ·o<|<|¤ n. one with eyes as white as a pair of white
lotuses; Vishnu (|<ª) or Krishna (<ª).
·q, ·q< [ pu-)ra, pu-)raka ] n sugarcane; a sectarian mark on the forehead; an ancient race
of Bengal.
·ºï [ pu-ya ] n virtue, piety. a. (used as a pfx.) holy, sacred; virtuous, pious. (<¯ n. an act of
piety or virtue. (<¯| a. one who does or has done acts of piety or virtue. (<|¬ n. a holy tide. (<||¯ a.
celebrated for piety or virtuousness. (¤¯ n. decay or waning of the strength of one's piety or
virtue. (:¤= (¯|· n. a holy place; a place of pilgrimage. (|¯|· n. an auspicious lunar day for rituals;
an auspicious day or time. (:¯|¯| a. fem. (of rivers) containing holy water. (¯ a. adding to one's
piety or virtue; holy. fem. ·ºï¯| (¯·¯ a. one whose sight adds to another's piety or virtue. (<|¯ n.
a sacred or holy abode; heaven. (,¬ n. the reward of or return for one's piety or virtue. (,¯¬ adv.
in return for acquired or accumulated virtue or merit. (<¯| fem. of ·ºï<|¯ (<¬ n. the strength or
force of one's piety or virtue. (<¯¬ adv. by dint of the force of acquired merit or virtue. (<|¯ a.
pious, virtuous; holy. (¯|¯ n. a holy land. (:]|' n. (astrol.) an auspicious conjunction of stars or an
auspicious time for performing solemn rites. (¬+ a. obtained or earned by dint of one's piety or
virtuousness. (¬|¯ n. attainment or earning of piety or virtue. (:¬|< n. a holy sphere or region;
heaven; a pious or holyman. (:¬|¯ n. earnest desire for attaining or earning piety or virtue. (:¬|¯|
a. earnestly desirous of earning piety or virtue. (·|¬ a. given to performing acts of piety or virtue.
fem. (·|¬| (:d|< a. celebrated for piety or virtuousness; virtuous; holy. (¯+¯ n. accumulation of
piety or virtue. (:|¯ n. holy bath; taking bath on a holy day or in a sacred river.
ἕ|(| [ pu-ytm ] a pious, virtuous; holy.
ἕ|- [ pu-yha ] n an auspicious day for performing solemn rites.
·¯|¬ [ putali ] n a puppet, a doll, a marionette; a favourite or pet (::¯-< ·¯|¬); the pupil of the
eye, the apple of the eye (¯¯¯·¯|¬).
·¯·¯ [ putuputu ] int expressing; excessive carefulness or attention or fondling. ·¯·¯ <<| v. to
take care of or attend on over much, to fondle overmuch.
·¯¬ [ putula ] n a doll, a puppet, a marionette; an instrument in another's hand; one who acts
just as another tells him, a cat's paw, an idol. (:j¬| n. a children's (esp. girls') play in which an
imaginary house-hold is built up with puppets as its members; (fig.) a meaningless action, a
children's play; a triviality. (¯|¯ n. a puppet-show, a puppet-play. ·¯¬ ¯||¯¯¯ n. a puppet-
player. (·¯•| n. (sarcas.) idolatry. (·¯<<) -|¯¯< ·¯¬ a puppet in another's hand, a cat's-paw.
·¯¬ [ puttala ] n a jack-straw, an effigy; a puppet, a doll, a marionette.
·¯|¬
1
[ puttali
1
] n a pupa.
·|¯<| [ puttik ] n the white ant; the bee.
·• [ putra ] n a son; (in affectionate address) one who may be regarded as a son. (<¬= n. son and
wife. (<|¯ a. desirous of having a son. fem. (<|¯| (:·|= n. son and grandson. (:·|=||¯ n. future
generations, posterity. (:·|=||¯=¯¯ adv. from one generation to another, in successive
generations. (<¯| fem. of ·=<|¯ (<¦ a. & adv. like a son. ˜<¦¯¬ a. fond of or affectionate to wards
sons. (<< n. son's wife, daughter-in-law. (<|¯ a. having a son or sons. (<|¦¯¬ï n. love or affection for
sons. (<) n. jewel of a son, a worthy or remarkable son. (:·|< n. grief caused by the death of a son;
the feeling of bereavement at the loss of a son. (¯ë|¯ n. male child. (-|¯ a. sonless. (·=|·| a. desirous
of having or wishing to have a son. (·=|¯· adv. with a view to getting a son. (·=|¯· |=¯¯¯ ¯|]|
marriage only with a view to getting a son. ·|=<| n. a daughter; a foster-daughter; a doll, a
puppet. ·=| n. a daughter; (in affectionate address) one who may be regarded as a daughter.
·=|¯ a. of or for a son. ·¯=|³, ·¯=|³<| n. an oblation performed for the purpose of getting a son.
·|¯¯| [ pudin ] n spearmint, mint.
·¯¯< [ punak& ] a very small, tiny, wee.
·r|' [ punnga ] n the white lotus, the white lily; a kind of flower-plant, the nagakeshara
(¯|'¯<·<).
·r|¯¯<< [ punnmanaraka ] n a region of hell called Put (·¦) to which a sonless person is
condemned.
·<|¬, ·<||¬, ·¯< [ publa, publi, pub& ] a coming or blowing from the east, eastern.
·<
1
[ pura
1
] n relishing ingredients put into an article of food, stuffing.
·<
2
[ pura
2
] n a house, a dwelling-house, an abode (¯+·<); a city, a town, a village (-|?¯|·<). (ï|<
n. the gate of a city or a house. (¯|<| n. fem. a woman usually keeping to the zenana; a housewife;
a female member (esp. a married one) of a family. (+< n. a name of Indra (#+), the king of
gods. (T|, (|T n. a house wife; a married woman having her husband and children living. (<|¯| a. in
habiting a town or a village; living in a family. n. a citizen, townsman, a villager; a member or
inmate of a family. fem. (<||¯¯| (<¤< n. a warder or warden of a house; a city guard. (¬¬¯| n. same
as ·<¯|<| (·|¯< n. a presidency magistrate. (z| same as ·<¯|<|
·<e¯< [ pur0sara ] a advanced. in comp. (used as a sfx.) having in front of, having first made
or done (¤º|¯·<e¯< = having made obeisance).
·<¬¯ [ purañjana ] n the soul, life.
·<¯e [ purat0 ] adv in front, before; formerly.
·<ë [ puranta ] a plump; well-developed; complete; full-grown.
·<¬<º [ pura#cara-a ] n worship of a deity with a view to attaining some end.
·<×|< [ puraskra ] n a reward; a prize; remuneration; meed; cordial reception, welcome
('<¯|#¬| &¯¯¯ ¯|¯< <|< ·<×|<'); honour, felicitation. ·<×|< :¯=¯| v. to reward.
·<|T¯| [ puraskri$ ] n rewarding; act of awarding a prize; act of remunerating; cordial
reception; honouring, felicitation.
·<•¯ [ purask+ta ] a rewarded; remunerated; cordially received; honoured, felicitated. ·<ׯ
<<| v. to reward.
·<|
1
[ pur
1
] adv before, formerly, in the past, in ancient times.
·<|
2
[ pur
2
] a (for.) entire, whole, complete, full; replete (·<| <¬|¯). adv. full, fully (·<| ·|¯
-|¯); completely, thoroughly (·<| •|¯|).
·<|
3
, :·|<| [ pur
3
, p)r ] v to fill (<¬|¯¯¯ •¬ ·<¯¯); to stuff (<ï|¯' <|·; ·<¯¯); to thrust in, to
enter (¯¯j :·|<|); to put into, to confine (:•¯¬ :·|<|), to conceal inside; to be filled (with)
(:¯¯¬·¯¬¯¯ ¯< ·¯<¯¯); to blow or sound as a wind-instrument ('¯¯< :·|<| |¯*| :<¡'); to be satisfied
or realized or attained (&·| ·¯<¯¯); to be completed or accomplished (<|• ·¯<¯¯).
·<|<|¬ [ purkla ] n ancient times.
·<|º [ pur-a ] n a myth or mythology (esp. of Hindus). a. ancient; primordial (·<|º
·<<). (<¯|, (<|< n. an author of a mythology. (·<< n. God. (¤|¯|+ n. mention in the Puranas or
mythology; long-standing fame.
·<|¯( [ purtattba ] n archaeology; antiquities; ancient history. (F , (|<¯ a. versed in archaeology
or antiquities or ancient history. n. an archaeologist; an antiquary, an antiquarian; one
versed in ancient history.
·<|¯¯ [ purtana ] a ancient; old; aged; backdated, out-of-date (·<|¯¯ ,ï|·¯); long-standing
(·<|¯¯ ¤·|); experienced (·<|¯¯ <¯¯|<|); inveterate (·<|¯¯ ·|·|); chronic (·<|¯¯ :<|'). fem. ·<|¯¯|
·<|¯¯ <¯¯|<| an old hand.
·<|¯£< [ purdastura ] adv to the fullest extent; completely; thoroughly, in a downright
manner. a. complete; downright; thorough, out-and-out, thorough-going.
·<|<ï¤ [ purdhyak'a ] n a governor of a city; a warden of a house.
·<|¯¯|
1
[ purn)
1
] a old; ancient; aged; backdated (·<|¯¯| <||¯).
·<|¯¯|
2
[ purn)
2
] v to fulfil, to satisfy; to fill.
·<|·|< [ purpuri ] a complete; thorough; full, entire; downright. adv. completely;
thoroughly; fully, entirely; in a down right manner; in extenso.
·|< [ puri ] n a kind of small and thin saucer shaped brown bread fried in clarified butter.
·|<¯| [ puri$ ] n a tiny packet; a dose of medicine or other articles in a tiny packet; an Indian
musical mode.
·<|
2
[ pur+
2
] n a house, a palace, a residence (<|•·<|, #+·<|); a city; a title of certain ascetics
(*¤<·<|).
·<|< [ pur+'a ] n faeces, excrement, stool; ordure, dung, droppings. ·<|¯<|¦¯' n. evacuation of
ordure on something or somebody.
·< [ puru ] a thick; fat; having a specific number of folds (¯|¯·< <|·;).
·<< [ puru'a ] n man; a man; a male creature; a manly man, a he-man (:¯ j||¯ ·<<); (phil. &
theol.) the soul (·<< = ¤<|¯); God; a generation (<?¯ ·|¯ ·<<); (gr.) person (¯¯¯ ·<< = the first
person; ¯<ï¯ ·<< = the second person; ¤·¯ ·<< = the third person). in comp. male, he (·<<
•z). ·<¯· << n. a superman; God, the Absolute. ·<<<|< n. manliness, prowess; intelligence;
manly effort. ·<<•|¯|¯ a. male; masculine. ([ n. masculinity; manhood; manliness, virility;
vigour; masculine sexual power. ·<<•<|•!¯. ·#<%|<-|¯, ·'<)<|-¯, ·+<-·/, ·1<3-|¯ a. lacking in
masculine sexual power, impotent; unmanly; effeminate; lacking in vigour; faint-hearted.
·5<7-||¯ n. loss of masculine sexual power, impotency. (-·<9<| n. succession of generations,
lineal succession, heredity. (·<;<|=¯¯ adv. from generation to generation, hereditarily. (-·<?<|'¯
a. coming down from generation to generation; inherited; hereditary; traditional. (·A< n. a high
specimen of humanity; a great man; a big man. (B<|¯ n. chief amongst men; (when attributed to
God) Supreme. (<D|F n. a tiger of a man. (¯|H< n. a man; a male; a manly man. (·|JK¬ same as ·M<<O|Q
(RST same as (U<|¯ (|¯,- n. a lion amongst men. (V¬¯ a. common to or befitting a man;
masculine. ·X<|Z n. the male sex-organ, the penis. ·###BOT_TEXT###lt;|<¯ n. the basest or vilest of men; a dirty
fellow; a rascal; an extremely cowardly man. ·^<|`a¯ same as ·c<-·<e<| ·g<|ij|¯< same as
·l<-·<n<|'¯ ·p<|·r n. religious or spiritual attainment, earning of wealth, realization of
desires and attainment of salvation; these four manly pursuits of life; happiness, bliss,
salvation, beatitude. ·t<||¬ n. masculinity; manliness, virility; (of a woman or a girl)
tomboyishness. a. masculine; manly, virile; (of a woman or girl) tomboyish. ·v¯<||¯¯ a.
proper for a man; becoming or befitting a man; manly. ·x¯<|z¯ n. an excellent man; a
superman; the Supreme Being, God, Vishnu (|<|).
·~• [ puru'u ] a (coll.) well-developed, plum.
·¯<|', ·¯<|'|¯| [ pur)ga, pur)gm+ ] a going before in point of time or place, preceding,
leading; pioneering. ·¯<|'¯ a. gone before in point of time or place.
·¯<|¯|· [ pur))#a ] n thick saucer-shaped bread.
·¯<|<| [ pur)dh ] n a priest; a pioneer, avant garde.
·¯<|¯¯| [ pur)n) ] a old; ancient; backdated.
·¯<|<¯!| [ pur)bart+ ] a lying in front; preceding; advanced; apical.
·¯<|¯|' [ pur)bhga ] n the first part or share; the front. "¯$<||-¯|< ·¯<|¯|' the vanguard.
·¯<|¯|¯ [ pur)bh-mi ] n the foreground.
·¯<|]|¯| [ pur)y$+ ] a preceding; leading; inaugurating or founding.
·¯<||-¯ [ pur)hita ] n a priest.
·¬ [ pula ] n a bridge (as on a river).
·¬< [ pulaka ] n horripilation or gooseflesh (usu. caused by a delightful feeling or sensation); a
thrill (of joy or delight); delight or joy. (<&¯|<¯, ·¬|<¯ a. horripilated in delight; (greatly)
delighted. ·¬¯<|(|¯ n. an outburst of delight.
·¬|¯¯ [ pulaisa ] n a poultice.
·|¬
1
[ puli
1
] n Port Blair in the Andamans.
·|¬
2
[ puli
2
] n a kind of sweet roll.
·|¬¯ [ pulina ] n the part of a sandy beach or bank up to which the high-water mark reaches;
(loos.) a sand-bank, a beach, shoal.
·|¬*| [ pulind ] n a packet or bundle or parcel (esp. a small one).
·|¬¯·|¬|= [ pulip)l) ] n deportation to Port Blair; (loos.) deportation, transportation.
·|¬·, ·|¬¯ [ puli#a, pulisa ] n the police; a policeman; a police constable.
·<|, +·|<| [ pu', p)' ] v to bring up; to cherish (¯¯¯ &·| ·<¯¯); to nourish; to feed; to
maintain, to support (·|<•¯¯¯< ,·|<|); to rear; to keep, to breed, to fancy (<|¯< -·|<|, ·||j .·|<|).
·0< [ pu'kara ] n the lotus; water; cloud; the tip of an elephant's trunk; a holy lake near Ajmir.
·2|<º| [ pu'kari-+ ] n a pond, a tank, a pool.
·4 [ pu'a ] a nourished; brought up; bred; developed; grown up; plump; fat; adiposed;
fattened; mature; ripe; cherished. ·6-¯||:¯ n. (phys.) positive electricity. ·<|> a. well-developed;
fat; fattened. ·|@ n. nourishment; up bringing; breeding; development; growth; plumpness;
fatness; adiposity; fattening; maturity; thorough ripeness; nutrition; cherishment. ·|B<<,
·|D•¯<, ·|F¯|<< a. nutritious; nourishing. ·|H¯|<¯ n. nutrition; nourishment. ·|J¯|<¯ <<| v. to
nourish.
·L [ pu'pa ] n flower; blossom; menstrual flux; an eye-disease. (<, (<<· n. the name of Kuvera's
(M¯<<) chariot capable of flying through the air at a great speed. (<<O< n. a flower-basket. (<|¯ a. a
flower-worm. (P<¯¯, (Q<¯ n. one whose banner is made of flowers; Madan (¯¯¯) the god of
love. (RS n. a bunch of flowers. ·U ¯¯¯ <<| v. to pluck or cull flowers. (¯W n. (bot.) a peduncle. (<Y
n. a bow made of flowers; one holding such a bow; Madan (¯¯¯) the god of love. (¯¬ n. a petal. (<[|
n. one holding a bow of flowers; Madan (¯¯¯) the god of love. (|¯]]|¯ n. essence of flower. (·_ n. a
petal; flowers and leaves; (bot.) floral leaves. (·a|<c|¯ n. (bot.) prefloration. (·e< n. a twig with
flowers; flowers and leaves. (·|g n. a saucer for holding flowers (esp. one used in a religious
service). (·¯ n. (bot.) a calyx. (h¯|< n. a floral diagram. (<¯| a. in menstruation, menstruating,
menstruous. (<||¯<|, (<|¯| n. a flower garden (esp. one with a summer-house); a garden-house. (<|º
n. an arrow made of flowers; one using such arrows; Madan (¯¯¯) the god of love. (|<j|¯ n. (bot.)
inflorescence. (< l n. a flower-stalk. (<|n<| n. (bot.) a pedicel. (<|p n. a shower of flowers. (¯<º n. an
ornament made of flowers, a floralornament. (¯r<| n. a flower-bud; a flower stalk. (¯|¬|, (¯|¬t n. a
garland of flowers, a flower-wreath. (¯v¯ n. a chaplet of flowers. (¯x¬ n. a flower-bud. (<•e n.
pollen. (<¯ n. flower-juice, honey. (<|' n. topaz. (y<º n. pollen. (·< same as ·{<|º (·]}| n. a bed of
flowers. (¯,¯<¯ n. (bot.) a floral formula. (¯|< n. essence of flower. (~¯|<¯ n. aroma or fragrance of a
flower. (•<< n. a cluster or bunch of flowers, a bouquet; a wreath. (-|¯, (·! a. divested of flowers;
flowerless. ·#|'¯ n. florescence or its season. ·%|'¯-<|¬ n. the time of florescence; the season of
flowers, the spring. ·'|•|< a. dealing in flowers and flower-wreaths; making flower-wreaths
professionally. n. a florist; a professional maker of flower wreaths. ·)|+|¬ n. an offering of a
handful of flowers to a deity. ·-|/|¬ 0¯=¯| v. to offer a handful of flowers in devotion or
worship. ·2|<|< n. a flower-vase; a flower-pot. ·4|¯<º, ·6|¬,<|< same as ·8¯<º ·:|¯< same
as ·<¯< ·|><| n. (bot.) a floret; the tartar of teeth; the concluding couplet or stanza of poem
containing the author's name. ·|@¯ a. in flower, blossomed. ·|B¯| a. fem. in flower, blossomed;
in menstruation. ·¯D< n. (the Hindu) god of love, (cp.) Cupid (¯¯¯) ·¯F|H'¯ same as ·J|'¯
·¯L|¯N|¯ n. a flower-garden.
·P| [ pu'y ] n (astr.) the eighth of the twenty-seven stars according to Hindu astronomy.
·R< [ pustaka ] n a book. (|<¯T¯| n. a book-seller. (|<·|º n. a book-shop. (<V<¯|¯ n. book
trade. (<X<¯|¯| n. a book-seller. (Y- a. contained or written in a book. ·[<|'|< n. a library. ¯|<|<º
·]|<|'|< a public library. ·_<|¬¯ n. a book-shop; a (rare) library. ·a¯<< b¯|<|¯ a book-shop.
·d|¯, ·f||¯ [ pustani, pustni ] n (in book-binding) a fly leaf.
·h|<<¬¯ [ pustabikalana ] n book-debit.
·|j<|, ·l| [ pustik, pust+ ] n a booklet; a pamphlet.
·•< [ p-jaka ] a employed in worshipping. n. a worshipper, a devotee; a priest; a votary.
·•¯ [ p-jana ] n worship. ·•¯|¯ same as ·•n fem. ·•¯|¯|
·•| [ p-j ] n worship; adoration; devotion; reverence; cordial reception; glorification. v.
poet. form of ·•| <<| ·•| <<| v. to worship; to adore; to revere; to accord cordial reception to,
to welcome; to glorify. ·•| o¯=¯| v. to offer worship (to a deity); to offer presents in homage. ·•|
·|=¯| v. to be worshipped or adored or revered or received cordially or welcomed. (·|<qº n.
religious and social festivals; festive occasions. ·•|<<|· n. vacation during a holy season, the
puja (·•|) holidays or vacation. ·•||< a. employed in worshipping; acting as a professional
priest. n. a worshipper; a devotee; a votary; a priest. fem. ·•||<|¯ (rej.) ·•||<º| ·•|-s same as
·•u ·•||w< n. the daily religious service.
·|•¯ [ p-jita ] a worshipped; adored; revered; cordially received, welcomed; glorified, fem.
·|•¯|
·¯•|·-|< [ p-j)pahra ] n a gift or present offered during a holy festival, a puja (·•|) gift or
present.
·•y [ p-jya ] a worthy of worship or reverence or honour; worshipful; reverend; honourable;
venerable. fem. ·•{| (·|¯ n. one whose feet are worthy of worship or adoration, having
worshipful feet; most reverend or adorable or venerable.
·¯ [ p-ta ] a holy, sacred, sanctified, pure. (|-|¯ n. a sacred or holy place.
·¯|~| [ p-ttm ] a pure-souled; pure-hearted; holy; pious, virtuous.
·|¯ [ p-ti ] n stench, fetid smell. a. fetid (·|¯'º); rotten, putrid (·|¯¯|,¯).
·¯¯|¯< [ p-t)daka ] n holy water.
·· [ p-pa ] n a sweet pie or cake. (<|< n. a baker. (·|¬| n. a bakery.
·] [ p-ya ] n purulent matter formed in an ulcer, wound, boil etc.; pus. ·] •¯|, ·] -=¯| v. to
suppurate. ·] «<| v. to discharge or secretepus.
·<
2
[ p-ra
2
] n fulfilment; filling; completion; a mass of water; a stream.
·<< [ p-raka ] a fulfilling; filling; completing; (geom.) complementary; (arith. & alg.)
multiplying. &square; n. (arith.) a multiplier; (geom.) a complementary angle, a complement
(also ·<< :<|º); act of breathing in yoga (:]|').
·<º [ p-ra-a ] n fulfilment (<|¯¯|·<º); filling (¯¯<·<º); repletion; completion (<|¬·<º); solution
(¯¯¯|·<º); compensation (¤|¯·<º); increase; (arith. & alg.) multiplication. ·<º <<| v. to fulfil; to
fill, to complete; to solve; to compensate; to increase; (arith. & alg.) to multiply. ˜<|¯< a. (arith.)
ordinal. ·<º|¯ a. to be fulfilled or filled or completed or solved.
·<<| [ p-rab+ ] n an Indian Musical mode.
·<|¯¯| [ p-ra$it ] a. & n one who fulfils or fills. fem. ·<|¯=|
·|<¯ [ p-rita ] a thoroughly filled, replete, filled; fulfilled; completed; solved; compensated;
multiplied.
·º [ p-r-a ] a thoroughly filled, replete; full, whole; total; complete, perfect (·º ¸j); fulfilled,
gratified, realized; completed, completely passed (<|¬ ·º -=¯|); accomplished (¯|< ·º -=¯|);
nature; fully grown. ·º <<| v. to fill, to make full to the brim; to replete; to complete; to fulfil; to
pass completely; to accomplish. (<|¯ a. one whose desire has been fulfilled. (<|¬ a. full time. ({? n.
a pitcher completely filled (esp. with water). ('¯| a. fem. in the advanced or last stage of
pregnancy, nearing travail. (¤|¯ n. (astr.) total eclipse. (¯+ n. the full-moon, the hunter's
moon. (:>¯ n. (gr.) a full stop. ·º¯>¯ ·;| v. (fig.) to terminate or be closed for good. (¯|, ([ n.
repleteness, fulness; completeness; fulfilment; completion; accomplishment; maturity; full
growth. (·|= n. a full cup, a full dish, a full plate, a full vessel. (<¯¯ n. full age, maturity. (<¯× a. full-
aged, grown up, major, adult. fem. (<¯×| ·º<¯× -=¯| v. to come of age, to attain majority. (|<<|·¯
a. full-blown; fully manifested. (|<<|· n. full blowing; full manifestation. (:<' n. full speed, full
tilt. (:<¯' adv. at full speed, in full career, at full tilt. (<¬ n. the Absolute Being, God. (¯s| n. a
cabinet minister (in charge of a full portfolio). (¯|=| n. the fullest measure or extent; (of
medicines) a full dose. (¯|=|¯ adv. to the fullest measure or extent; entirely; wholly; thoroughly;
in a downright manner. (¯|¯| same as :·|º¯|¯| (]<< n. a full-grown young man. fem. (]<¯| (¯,jï|
a. (arith.) an integer, a whole number. ·º| fem. of ·º ·º|* a. having all the limbs; complete in
all parts; thorough; fully grown or developed. ·º|*¯| n. completeness in all parts; thoroughness;
full growth or development. ·º|¯+ n. full delight or joy; an appellation of God. ·º|<¯|< n. a
perfect incarnation; an appellation of Nrishingha (¯|¯,-), Rama (<|¯) and Krishna (<ª). ·º|<¯<
same as ·º|* ·º||¯¬|< same as ·º<|¯ ·º|¯¯ a. fully wide or widened or expanded. ·º•|¯ a.
enjoying full longevity or long lease of life, long-lived. ·º|:|¯ n. the final offering; the burnt
offering with which a sacrifice is concluded, the concluding (burnt) offering; (fig.) completion
of self-sacrifice. ·º|:|¯ :¯=¯| v. to offer the concluding (burnt) offering; (fig.) to complete, to
sacrifice oneself.
·º< [ p-r-aka ] n characteristic of a logarithm.
·|º¯| [ p-r-im ] n the full-moon. (|¯|· n. a full moon night. ·|º¯|< ¯|¯ the hunter's moon, the
full-moon.
·¯º¸ [ p-r-&ndu ] n the hunter's moon, the full moon.
·¯º|·¯| [ p-r-)pam ] n (rhet.) a sustained simile.
·¯ [ p-rta ] n public works. (|<¯|' n. the Public Works Department.
·|¯ [ p-rti ] n act of filling, repletion; completion; compensation. ·|¯-|<¯¯¯, ·|¯ ¯|¯| n. a
compensatory allowance.
·< [ p-rba ] n the east; precedence in time or place (·<<|·¯); front; the past (·¯< ñ||<;<| = :¯¯·
<|¯ <<¯). a. first; senior in age; past, former, preceding; eastern. -·<< in comp. having in
advance; having first made or done (¤º|¯·<<); with (¤||¯·<<). (<|·¯ a. aforesaid. (<|¯ n. the upper
part of the body. (<|¬ n. the past; ancient times; former times. (<||¬<, (<|¬|¯ a. of the past, past; of
ancient times, ancient; former times, former. (<¯ a. previously or formerly done; done before
hand; done in anticipation. ('|¯| a. going east or eastwards; going before, preceding; previous;
antecedent. fem. ('||¯¯| (• a. born before, elder. n. an elder brother. (•| a. fem. of ·<• n.
fem. an elder sister. (•¯ n. a previous or former birth. (•¯||•¯ a. acquired during a former or
previous birth. (•|<¯ n. a previous or former birth; the past life; early life (cp. ¯¯<•|<¯). (F|¯ n.
past experiences; knowledge acquired during a former birth; anticipation. (¯¯ a. former;
previous; past. (¯|¤º n. south-east. a. south-eastern. (|¯< n. the east. (¯³ a. previously seen;
anticipated; foreseen. (¯|³ n. foresight. (:¯· n. an eastern country or region, the east, the
orient. (:¯·|¯ a. of an eastern country or region; (rare) oriental. (<|<º| n. preconception,
preconceived notion. (|¯<||¤¯ a. preaudited. (|¯<|·¯ a. predestined; foreordained. (·¤ n. a
complaint; a plaint; (log.) a question, a problem for debate or discussion, the first part of an
argument, a proposition. (·|<<¯¯| n. preplanning. (·|<<|¯¯ a. preplanned. (·|<¯¯ n. previous
acquaintance. (·|<|¯¯ a. acquainted from before, for merly or already known. fem. (·|<|¯¯| (·|<|¯|¯
n. previous acquaintance. (·<< n. an ancestor, a forefather; a former generation. (¤¯|¬¯ a.
formerly current or prevalent, current or prevalent in the past, previously in vogue. (,¯¯| n.
(astrol.) the eleventh of the twenty-seven stars according to Hindu astronomy. (<* Eastern
Bengal, East Bengal. (<¦ adv. as before. a. (log.) a priori. (<|º¯ a. described or narrated before,
aforementioned, aforesaid. (<|¯¯| n. precedence; antecedence; priority; seniority; fore-
existence. (<¯| a. preceding; antecedent; prior; senior; fore-existent; previous; former. fem. (<|¯¯|
(<|¯ n. a complaint. (<|¯| n. a complainant. (¯|' n. the forepart; the front; the eastern
part. (¯|•·¯, (¯|ñ·¯| n. (astrol.) the twenty-fifth of the twenty-seven zodiacal stars according to
Hindu astronomy. (¯|< n. the former or original state or condition. (¯|< n. preface, a foreword. (¯¯
n. the former opinion. (¯|¯|,¯| n. a philosophical treatise by Jaimini the ancient sage;
philosophical doctrine of Jaimini and his followers. (<* n. the prologue (of a drama); a
prelude. (<|' n. amorous attraction felt even before acquaintance with the lover; (inc.)
courtship. (<|= n. the first part or quarter of a night; early night; (loos.) the previous or last
night. (<||= n. last night; the previous night. (<||· n. (math.) antecedent. (¬¤º n. a presage; a
foreboding. ·<¬¤º ¤<|· <<| v. to presage; to forebode. (¯,×|< n. a notion or idea or impression or
habit formed during a former birth or in the past. ·<|¯¬, ·<||ñ n. an imaginary eastern
mountain from behind which the sun is believed to rise daily. ·<|¯¯· n. a previous order. ·<|¯¯·
¤¯ï|-|< <<| to rescind a previous order. ·<||<<|< n. possession or right obtained earlier; priority;
the right or claim of the first-born, primo geniture; former right or claim. ·<|¡<|¯ n.
continuation (of some account already begun). ·<|·< a. (also. adv.) from beginning to end, alpha
and omega, thorough. ·<|·< |<¯<¯¯| <<| to consider the connected line of events, to consider the
pros and cons of a proposal, to look before and after. ·<|·< |<¯<|< n. inconsistency of acts or
contexts of different times. ·<|·<-< ¯ n. (astr.) a prime vertical. ·<|¯·¤| adv. than before. ·<|<|<
adv. from before; since the beginning. ·<|<¯-| n. the former or previous or past state or
condition. ·<|¯|< n. a presage; (dero.) a foreboding; a preface, a foreword; forecast (&<-|=¯|<
·<|¯|<). ·<|¯|< :¯=¯| v. to presage; (dero.) to forebode. ·<|¯ï|¯ n. a previous or former habit or
practice. ·<|< n. the first half; the eastern half; (geog.) the eastern hemisphere. ·<|·| n. the east.
·<|<|)| n. (astrol.) the twentieth of the twenty-seven stars according to Hindu astronomy. ·<|¤
n. the first part or quarter of the day-time; (loos.) the forenoon. ·<||¤< a. of the first part or
quarter of the daytime; to be done during the first part or quarter of the day time. ·|<¯| n.
priority, precedence. ·¯< adv. formerly, previously, before; in the past; in the front; in the east.
·¯<|U a. aforesaid; mentioned before or above. ·¯<||U n. a previous statement; a prefatory
remark or utterance. ·¯<|¯< n. the north-east. ·¯<|+¯ a. quoted before or above.
·<| [ p-' ] n the sun.
·U [ p-kta ] a adjoining, contiguous, attached; associated; incorporated; united; admixed;
saturated; related; connected, concerned.
··< [ p+thaka ] a separate; different; separated; segregated; moved or lying aside;
differentiated; alienated, estranged. adv. separately; severally, differently; apart. ··< <<| v.
to separate; to differentiate; to dissociate; to segregate; to alienate, to estrange; to remove
apart. ([ n. separateness; distinction; difference; individuality. ··< ··<, (¯|¯< adv. separately;
individually. (<<º, ··<|<<º n. separation; differentiation; dissociation; segregation; alienation,
estrangement; act of removing apart. (<¯, ··<|<¯ a. separated; differentiated; dissociated;
segregated; alienated, estranged, removed apart.
··'r [ p+thaganna ] a (of a family) split up or divided into two or more units all having
separate messing arrangements, separated.
··'|(| [ p+thagtm ] a individual; self-conscious.
··|}< [ p+thagbidha ] a of a different kind; different; diverse, various, manifold.
··¯¯¯ [ p+thagbh-ta ] a separated; differentiated; dissociated; segregated; alienated,
estranged, removed apart.
·|·<| [ p+thib+ ] n the earth, the world. (¯¬ n. the surface of the earth, the earth's crust or its
outer part. (·|¯, (·|¬ n. a king; an emperor. (<ï|·|, (¯¯ a. extending all over the world; world-
wide. (¯o¬ n. the orb of the earth; the whole world.
··, ··¬ [ p+thu, p+thula ] a extensive; wide; great; mag nanimous; bulky, fat, heavy; muscular,
robust. ··×º a. with muscular and ro bust shoulders.
··| [ p+thb+ ] n the earth, the world.
·º [ p+'ha ] n the back (of a human being or any other creature); the rear; the region of the
back; the back part, the rear part; the hind part; surface, a face; (bot.) the dorsal surface. ¯º·º n.
the surface of revolution. (¯|¯ n. (phys.) surface tension. (¯¬ n. surface. (:¯· same as ·º (:·|<|< n.
one who stands at the back to give support; a supporter; an upholder; a patron; a customer; a
client. (:·|<<¯| n. support; patronization. ·º¯·|<<¯| <<| v. to support; to uphold; to
patronize. (:·|<º n. act of standing at the back to give support; act of sup porting or upholding;
patronization. (¤¯·¯ n. fleeing, flight. ·º¤¯·¯ <<| v. to flee, to take to one's heels, to run
away. (¤<|- n. (geog.) a surface drift. (<,· n. the backbone, the spinal or vertebral column, the
spine. (<º n. a dorsal carbuncle. (¯* n. act of fleeing (esp. after a defeat). (<¤< n. a bodyguard.
·º<¤| <<| v. to protect or guard the rear; to act as a bodyguard to. (:¬j n. an endorsement.
·º| [ p+'h ] n a page (of a book). ·º|× n. page number.
·¯º|·|< [ p+'h)pari ] adv on the back (of).
:·¯<| [ p&n#k) ] a full of slime or silt, like slime or silt, slimy, silty, miry.
:·|¯ [ p&n#ci ] fem of ·ï|¯|
:·¯· [ p&m#p& ] n the papaw, the pawpaw, the papaya.
:·j¯ [ p&khana ] n (obs. & poet.) seeing.
:·j¯ [ p&khama ] n a peacock's plumage or tail esp. when expanded or spread out like a fan at
the time of dancing. :·j¯ <<|, :·j¯ :,|¬|¯¯| v. (of a peacock) to expand or distend one's plumage
or tail (when dancing); (fig.) to be beside oneself with joy, to be foolishly ostentatious in dress,
to be vainglorious, to peacock.
:·j| [ p&kh ] v (poet. & obs.) to see.
:·¯< [ p&caka ] n (for.) the owl. fem. :·¯<| (·|<< n. an owlet.
-:·|• [ -p&ji ] a. sfx having a specific number of pages (&¯¯·|• ,¯|).
:·¯•||¯ [ p&j)mi ] n baseness; roguishness, roguery, knavishness, knavery;
mischiefmongering. :·¯•||¯ <<| v. to commit an act of roguery or knavery; to make a mischief.
:·¯ [ p&a ] n the belly; the abdomen; the stomach; the womb (:·¯¯< :¯¯¬); the inside, the hold
(•|-|¯•< •·¯); the loins (·¯¯ <|·$ ·|¯< ¯|); (vul.) pregnancy (%·¯ -=¯|); the inmost part of one's
heart (&·¯¯< <·|); subsistence, livelihood ('·¯ ¯|¬|¯¯|). j||¬ (·¯ empty stomach. ¯<| )·¯ full
stomach. *·¯ &¯| v. to get constipated, to have costiveness. +·¯ =¯| v. to have one's belly
distended after a hearty meal. ,·¯ <|¯.|¯¯| v. to have a gnawing pain in the stomach; to have
stomach-pain. /·¯ <|¯1||¯ n. a gnawing pain in the stomach; stomach pain, gripes. 2·¯ j¯| v. to
have an abortion, to miscarry. 3·¯ j¯|¯¯| v. to cause an abortion (esp. unlawfully). (j|<|· n. a
disorder of the stomach. 4·¯ j|<|· -=¯| v. to have or to suffer from a stomach upset or
disorder. ('<¯ n. dyspepsia, indigestion. 5·¯ ¯¬| v. to procure one's minimum or normal food or
appease one's hunger (esp. daily); to make both ends meet. 6·¯ ¯|¬|¯¯| v. to earn just enough to
provide the bare necessities of life, to earn a living or subsistence wage. 7·¯ |¯¯|¯¯ <<| v. to feel a
pinching sensation in the stomach esp. caused by extreme hunger. 8·¯ ¯#¯# <<| v. to have a
suppressed groaning noise in the stomach caused by hunger. 9·¯ :¬| v. to have a burning
sensation in the stomach. ;·¯ ¯|<| v. to have a rumbling noise in the belly as caused by
diarrhoea or indigestion, to have collywobbles. <·¯ <<| v. to be cured of diarrhoea or loose
motions. =·¯ ¯<¯ -=¯| v. to have somewhat loose motions. >·¯ ¯|¯|¯¯| v. to have loose motions, to
have diarrhoea; to purge (one's bowels). ?·¯ ,|·|, @·¯ A,|¬| v. to have one's belly distended owing
to the accumulation of gas, to be affected with flatulence or tympanites. B·¯ <D -=¯| v. to have
the belly distended esp. on account of pregnancy. E·¯ <G·| n. stomach-pain, belly-ache. H·¯ ¯<| v.
to have one's hunger fully satisfied. I·¯ ¯¯< j|=¯| v. to eat one's fill. J·¯ ¯¯< j|=¯|¯¯| v. to give one
a full meal or full feed. (¯|¯| n. food given in lieu of wages, adv. for food in lieu of wages. K·¯
¯<| v. to lose appetite esp. owing to want of sufficient food. (L¯|¯| a. pot-bellied. (M<|'| a. weak in
digestive power; dyspeptic. (¯<OP a. one who loves nothing but a good fare; given to
gourmandising; gluttonous, voracious. (¯<RS <U|W a. belly-god. X·¯ -=¯| v. (vul.) to become
pregnant, to be big with child, to conceive, to be in the family way. Y·¯¯ &¯| v. to be formed in
the womb, to be conceived. Z·¯¯ =< ¯¯j &< insincere or hypocritical talk; double-facedness. [·¯¯
|j¯¯ ¯¯j ¬|• concealment of one's eager desire on account of bashfulness. \·¯¯ ]j¯¬ |·¯¯ ¯¯ (fig.)
troubles are sufferable when they bring in profits, trouble is patiently borne if it is paying; the
mule will not grudge its load if there is the prospect of a good feed. ^·¯¯ ¯¬|¯¯| v. to be accepted
in one's stomach. _·¯¯ ·|<| v. to be accepted in one's stomach; (of a person) to be able to keep
counsel or keep a secret (¯|< `·¯¯ <·| ·|¯< ¯|). a·¯¯ <<| v. to carry in one's womb, to conceive or
bear. b·¯¯ c·¯¯ kept to oneself, kept concealed (d·¯¯ e·¯¯ <·|, f·¯¯ g·¯¯ ·¯¯||¯). h·¯¯ i<|¯| ¯|<¯¬=
|<¯ <|< ¯| -=¯| (fig.) to be utterly lacking in education; completely illiterate. 2"03 4#*# v. to kill or
weaken or subdue one by starving; to deprive one of one's means of livelihood or subsistence.
j·¯¯< lj same as m·¯j|<|· and n·¯¯< o'|¬¯|¬ p·¯¯< <·| the secret of one's heart; a secret
intention. q·¯¯< r'|¬¯|¬ bowels complaint, stomach trouble. s·¯¯< |¯u| bread problem, worries
about a living. v·¯¯< w|¬|, x·¯¯< ¯|¯ smarts of hunger. y·¯¯< ¯|¯¯ impelled or urged by the sting of
hunger or poverty. z·¯¯< ¯|¯ ¯|¬ -=¯| (fig.) to be bewildered with fear or worry. {·¯¯< |¯¯< -|¯-·|
|¯<¯¯| (fig.) to become nonplussed with fear, to feel a cold wave running down one's spine. }·¯¯<
·• a child who causes grief to its mother. ·¯¯ ¯=¯| v. to be accepted in one's stomach.
!·¯< [ p&aka ] n a wicker-basket; a portmanteau, a trunk, a suit-case; a chest.
"·|¯
1
[ p&i
1
] n a waist-band, a belt, a girdle; the breast or middle part of a fish (#·|¯< ¯|¯).
$·|¯
2
[ p&i
2
] n a basket; a chest.
%·¯< [ p&uka ] a gluttonous, voracious, fond of eating. &·¯< '¬|< n. a glutton, a gourmand, a
belly-god.
(·¯¯*¯ [ p&&na ] n a patent. a. protected by a patent, patent; (fig.) monotonous, trite (+·¯¯-¯
·|<-|¯).
.·¯¯¬ [ p&&la ] n the headman of a village; a leader; a faithful supporter or follower.
/·¯¯|
1
[ p&)
1
] a made of jute; related to jute; trading jute (0·¯¯| ¯|¯-<).
1·¯¯|
2
[ p&)
2
] n the rind of a banana tree; a style of braiding hair over one's brow.
2·¯¯|
3
[ p&)
3
] n (coll.) a hand-bomb; a hand-grenade.
3·¯¯|¯| [ p&)$ ] a obedient, faithfully following; cringing; patronized; favourite; dependent.
4·6¬ [ p&rala ] n petrol.
7·;|
2
[ p&)!
2
] n a kind of sweetmeat made by solidifying cow-milk.
<·¯|¯ [ p&tani ] n a female spirit; (sarcas.) an extremely ugly or dirty woman, a hag or a slut.
=·¯|¯< &¯¬| will-o'-the-wisp.
>·¯¬ [ p&tala ] n (dial.) brass.
?·¯
1
[ p&na
1
] n a fountain-pen.
@·¯
2
[ p&na
2
] n pain, inflammation (<¯<< A·¯); labour-pain, travail (B·|¯||¯< C·¯ =¯|).
D·¯·¯ [ p&na#ana ] n a pension. (E¯|'| n. a pensioner.
F·¯|¯¬ [ p&nasila ] n a pencil.
G·¯¯¯ [ p&n&a ] n the circular pedestal of the sacred phallic sign.
H·J¬|¯ [ p&-)ulma ] n a pendulum.
K·¯ [ p&$a ] a drinkable. n. anything drinkable; a drink.
L·¯|• [ p&$ja ] n onion.
M·¯|<
1
[ p&$ra
1
] n (in card-playing) a marriage or a pair, one of a marriage or pair.
N·¯|<
2
[ p&$ra
2
] n caress, fondling; affection; love. O·¯|< <<| v. to caress, to fondle; to treat
with affection; to love. P·¯|¯<< Q¯|S <| <U a close or bosom friend, a chum.
V·¯|<| [ p&$r ] n the guava.
W·¯||< [ p&$ri ] n. fem a favourite; a lover, a sweetheart; Radha (<|<|) the sweet heart of
Krishna (<Y).
Z·¯|¬| [ p&$l ] n a drinking cup, a goblet.
-[·¯¯ [ -p&$& ] sfx footed, legged, -ped (¯|<¯·¯¯ = four-footed, four-legged, quadruped).
\·¯¯ <¯| [ p&$& bas ] v to get advantage; to catch one on the hip.
]·_ [ p&ru ] n the turkey.
`·b¯|¯ [ p&rubh+$a ] a Peruvian.
c·¯<< [ p&r&ka ] n a nail, a wire-nail, a spike.
d·¬< [ p&laba ] a very soft or delicate; gentle; graceful; slim, slender; frail; light; lightsome. (¯| n.
pleasant softness or delicateness; gentleness; grace; slimness, slenderness; frailty; lightness,
lightsomeness.
e·¬| [ p&l ] n a gift or reward given to an artiste at a function; a prop.
f·h|¯ [ p&ll$a ] a huge, enormous; monstrous, gigantic; tremendous.
i·· [ p&#a ] n act of presenting or placing before. j·· <<| v. to present or place be fore; to
submit; to put up; to table.
k··<|< [ p&#akra ] n a bench-clerk. l··<||< n. bench-clerkship.
m··¬ [ p&#ala ] a beautiful, charming; (inc. but pop.) muscular, thewy, robust; brawny.
n··| [ p&# ] n a profession, a trade, a calling; (fig.) a practice, a habit. (¯|< a. professional. (¯||< n.
professionalism. a. professional.
o·|·, p··| [ p&#i, p&#+ ] n a muscle, a tendon; a sheath of a sword, a scabbard. q··|¯ a. relating
to muscles, muscular. (<s¬ a. muscular, brawny, thewy, robust, lusty. (·|u n. power of the
muscles; physical strength. (¯w|¬¯ n. flexing or movement of muscles.
x·¯·|¯| [ p&#)$ ] n a Maratha peshwa.
y·¯·|¯|• [ p&#)$ja ] n a kind of baggy breeches worn by Muslim women or dancing girls.
z·<< [ p&'aka ] a. & n one who or that which pulps or grinds or presses.
{·<º [ p&'a-a ] n pressing; grinding; crushing; kneading, squeezing; pulverization; oppression.
|·<º¯~ [ p&'a-adanta ] n a grinder, a molar tooth.
•·<º]! [ p&'a-ayantra ] n a grinding stone.
"·<|º, #·<º| [ p&'a-i, p&'a-+ ] n a mortar and a pestle; a grindstone, a mill-stone.
$·&| [ p&st ] n pistachio.
'·¯|¯- [ paitmaha ] a relating to a paternal grandfather.
(·¯< [ pait+ka ] a paternal, ancestral ()·¯< |¯¯|, *·¯< ¯,|.); hereditary (/·¯< 0<|').
1·|3<, 4·6 [ paittika, paitta ] a bilious, biliary.
7··|¯ [ pai#ca ] a ghoulish. n. a form of marriage by force or artfulness. 8··||¯< a. ghoulish;
(fig.) nefarious, extremely obnoxious. fem. 9··||¯<| :··||¯<¯| n. ghoulishness; (fig.)
nefariousness, extreme obnoxiousness, fiendlike conduct. ;··|¯| a. fem. of <··|¯
=·?¯, @·BC [ pai#una, pai#unya ] n scandal-mongering, tale bearing; malice, cruelty; villainy.
D·|
2
[ p)
2
] n (vul.) a son or a male descendant (E¯|¯<< F·|).
G·| [ p) ] int denoting: a long and unchanging noise or note as of flute (·|¯|#¯¯< H·| ) . I·| <¯< in
a trice, in a jiffy, instantly, very quickly. J·| <<| v. to give out a long and unchanging note or
sound (as by a flute); (sarcas.) to cringe or fawn (upon), to support blindly and insistently. K·| -
<<| a. cringing, fawning.
L·|¯ [ p)n#ca ] n a coating. M·|¯ N¯=¯| v. to apply a coating (to), to coat. O·|¯S|, T·|¯¬| n. a coating;
a brush for whitewashing made of jute fibres.
U·|¯ [ p)n#cha ] n an instance or act of mopping or swabbing («|W¯·|¯).
X·|¯|
1
[ p)n#ch
1
] n the tail of a fish and the region near about it; the part of the hand from the
wrist to fingertips.
Y·|¯|
2
[ p)n#ch
2
] v to mop, to swab, to wipe; to rub out, to erase. (Z¯| v. to cause to mop or swab
or wipe or rub or erase.
[·|¯¬| [ p)n#al ] n a bundle or baggage.
\·|¯| [ p)n# ] n entrails, intestines, the gut (¯|¯¯< ]·|¯|); (a drop of) nasal catarrh or mucus,
(vul.) snot (¯|¯<< ^·|¯|); (dero.) a little boy, a kiddy.
_·|¯ [ p)n#ta ] n the length of the part of anything buried or implanted underground.
`·|¯|
2
[ p)n#t
2
] v to plant ('|¯ a·|¯|); to drive into (b·¯<< c·|¯|); to bury, to inter. (d¯| v. to cause
to plant or drive into or sow or bury.
e·|¯ [ p)n#da ] n (vul.) the anus; (vul.) the posteriors, the buttocks, the hips.
f·|h [ p)kta ] a strong, firm; durable; lasting; experienced, accustomed; seasoned.
i·|j<|• [ p)kharja ] n topaz.
j·|'l [ p)ga-)a ] n a child between the age of five and fifteen; a cripple.
m·|¯ [ p)a ] n friendly terms; agreement; love. n·|¯ j|=¯| v. to be on friendly terms (with); to
agree (with); to be in love (with).
o·|q [ p))! ] n a spell of burning or scalding or singeing; affliction, distress; a severe ordeal.
r·|t j|=¯| v. to get burnt or scalded or singed. u·|w-j|=¯| a. burnt, scalded, singed; passed
through an affliction or distress or a severe ordeal.
x·|z| [ p))! ] v to burn; to be scalded or singed or calcined; scorched or incinerated; to
inflame; to become very hot ({¯< '| |·|¯~); a. burnt; scalded; scorched; inflamed; incinerated;
calcined; greatly heated. (|¯ n. affliction; distress. (•¯| v. to burn or scald or scorch or calcine or
inflame. ·|$| <·|¬ hard luck, bad luck; (int.) ah me! %·|'|<·||¬ fem. unlucky, unfortunate. mas.
(·|*|<·|¯¬ +·|-|<¯|j a. & n. accursed (one), unfortunate; hateful (one); wicked.
.·|0|¯||¯ [ p))! mi ] n burnt or scorched earth. 1·|3| ¯||¯< <|• terracotta; brownish-red
earthenware or art objects of this material.
4·|¯6¯ [ p))! &na ] n woof.
7·|¯ [ p)ta ] n a boat, a ship, a vessel (º9<¯·|¯, j¯·|¯). :·|¯ ¯|¬|¯¯| v. to captain (a ship); to pilot
(an air-ship or ship). (¯|¬< n. (of a ship) a captain; (of an airship) a pilot. (-|¯]<< n. shipping
agent.
=·|¯|
1
[ p)t
1
] n plinth (of a house).
>·|¯|
2
[ p)t
2
] n (dial.) a son's son, a grandson.
?·|¯||<·|¬ [ p)tdhipla ] n shipping master.
@·|¯|<BC [ p)tdhyak'a ] n a captain or master of a ship; (rare) a pilot of an aeroplane.
D·|¯|¯<|-| [ p)tr)h+ ] a sailing in a ship. n. a pas senger of a ship.
E·|¯|G¯ [ p)t#ra$a ] n a harbour, a haven.
H·|¯ [ p)da ] n a socially depressed caste amongst Hindus.
I·|K|< [ p)ddra ] n a professional examiner of the genuineness of coins; a money changer; a
pawn-broker; a banker, a money-lender. L·|N||< n. the profession of a coin-examiner or money-
changer or pawn-broker or banker or money lender; (sarcas.) display of false authority or
power. ·¯<< <¯¯ O·|Q||< see ·<
3

R·|¯| [ p)n ] n young of fish (esp. of a larger one like trout etc.). (¯|¯ n. a fish of the species of
rui (S#), katla (<|¯¬|), mrigel (¯¯'¬) etc.
T·||¯ [ p)ni ] n a pony, a tattoo.
U·|¯| [ p)$ ] n a fourth part, a quarter; one fourth of a seer (V¯<); half-a-mile. a. one-fourth,
quarter. ¯|<¯·|¯| a. complete, full. (<|¯<| n. a particular throw at dice; (sarcas.) an extraordinary
piece of luck, success in everything, a run of luck, a lucky hit.
W·|¯||¯ [ p)$ti ] a pregnant (X·|¯||¯ <¯); recently delivered of a child (Y¯¯<< ·¯< Z·|¯||¯ [\-
&¯¯). n. a pregnant woman; a woman recently delivered of a child. ]·|¯||¯ -=¯| to conceive, to
be in the family way.
^·|¯|¬ [ p)$la ] n straw.
_·|¯a¯c|¯¯¯| [ p)ramyna) ] n a portmanteau.
d·|¬| [ p)l ] n (vul. & dial.) a son.
e·|¬|= [ p)l) ] n a highly spiced dish of rice and meat boiled in clarified butter, pilau.
f·|¬|
2
[ p)l
2
] n polo.
g·|·|< [ p)#ka ] n dress, garment, clothes; apparel; outfit. h·|·|< ¯|j|, k·|·|< lj|¬| v. to undress
oneself. m·|·|< ¯|o|¯¯|, p·|·|< qj|¬|¯¯| v. to cause to undress. r·|·|< ·<| v. to dress oneself, to put
on one's dress. s·|·|<-·<| a. dressed (in.) t·|·|< ·<|¯¯| v. to dress. u·|·||< a. befitting fashionable
society, fashionable (v·|·||< <·|<|¯x|); official (y·|·||< ¯|¯); elegant, refined (z·|·||< ¯|<|); worn on
formal or festive occasions ({·|·||< •|¯|<|·}); merely formal, insincere, hypocritical (~·|·||<
¯¯|).
!·|<
2
[ p)'a
2
] n taming, domestication; act of bringing under one's control, subdual. "·|<-¯|¯| a.
tame, domesticated; brought under control, subdued; habituated to obedience. #·|< ¯|¯| v. to
become tame or domesticated; to come under control, to be subdued; to be habituated to
obedience; (of a horse) to be broken. $·|< ¯|¯|¯¯| v. to tame, to domesticate; to bring under one's
control, to subdue; to habituate to obedience; to break (as a horse).
%·|<< [ p)'aka ] a cherishing; nourishing; aiding; upholding; supporting; countenancing or
abetting. n. one who or that which cherishes or nourishes; an aider; an up holder; a
supporter; a countenancer or abettor. (¯| n. aiding; upholding, support, countenancing,
abetment. &·|<<¯| <<| v. to aid; to uphold, to support; to countenance, to abet. '·|<< (< (bot. &
zoo.) tapetum.
)·|<º [ p)'a-a ] n upbringing; feeding; maintenance (·|<<|<-*·|<º); cherishment; nourishment;
act of supporting. +·|<º <<| v. to bring up; to maintain; to cherish; to nourish; to support. ,·|<º|¯
var. of -·|/
0·|<| [ p)' ] v pop. var. of ·<| a. tame, domesticated; pet; obediently following. 1·|<| 23<
an obedient dog; a servilely obedient follower.
4·|<|¯¯| [ p)'n) ] v to be sufficient for, to serve one's purpose, to suffice (= ¯|<|¯ 5·|<|¯< ¯|); to
agree with, to pull on well with (¯|< ¯¯7 &¯|< 8·|<|¯< ¯|); to cause to bring up or rear; to pay for
or compensate (9¬|<¯|¯ :·|<|¯¯|); to be able to bear or tolerate (= ·<|¯< =¯ j|¯|¯ ;·|<|¯ ¯|). <·|<||¯ n.
act of making another rear one's domestic animals.
=·|?| [ p)' ] a one who or that which brings up or rears or nourishes.
@·|B|# [ p)'i ] a nutritious, nourishing. n. nu trition, nourishment.
C·|E [ p)'ya ] a worthy of being brought up or fed or maintained or cherished or nourished or
supported; dependent for maintenance. n. (·G n. an adopted son. (<'I n. pl. one's dependants (esp.
those who live in the same family).
J·|L
1
[ p)sa
1
] n the postal system, post; mail (&•¯<< M·|¯O< |¯|¯); an office or appointment, a
post (P|¯<R< S·|U).
V·|X
2
[ p)sa
2
] n a pillar, a post (¬Z|\-]·|_).
`·|b-|,¯ [ p)sa-aphisa ] n a post-office.
c·|e<|¯g [ p)sakr)a ] n a post-card.
h·|j-kl|•¯¯¯ [ p)sa-gryju$&a ] a post-graduate.
m·|o¯|q|< [ p)samsra ] n a postmaster.
r·|t||·¯ [ p)spisa ] n a post-office.
u·|w
1
, x·|z¯|¯| [ p)sta
1
, p)stadn ] n mawseed, poppyseed.
{·|-|¯¯| [ p)hn) ] v to dawn, to end (<|¯ |·|-|¯¯|), to bask (}<|¯ ~·|-|¯¯|); to warm up oneself
(&¤¯ :·|-|¯¯|); to suffer or undergo («|¯¯¬| :·|-|¯¯|).
:·|¯ [ paun#cha ] n reach (:·|¯ ¯| :¯¬|); arrival (:·|¯ j<< = news of arrival.)
:·|¯| [ paun#ch ] v to arrive at, to reach (<||; :·|¯|¬, -|¯ :·|¯¯¯¯); to come within reach; to come
to hand (|¯|¯ :·|¯|¯). (:¯| v. to arrive at, to reach; to come within reach; to come to hand; to escort;
to convey or carry (to); to bring to hand.
:·|¯|¬< [ pauttalika ] a idolatrous. n. an idolater. :·|¯|¬<¯| n. idolatry.
:·|= [ pautra ] n a son's or nephew's son, a grand son. fem. :·|=| a son's or nephew's daughter, a
grand-daughter.
:·|¯e·|¯< [ paun0punika ] a recurring. :·|¯e·|¯< ¯·|¯< recurring decimal. :·|¯e·|¯<¯|, :·|¯e·¯
n. recurrence; recurrency.
:·|¯¯ [ paun& ] a three quarters of, three-fourths (:·|¯¯ =< |¯¯); a quarter to (:·|¯¯ <|¯<|¯|).
:·|< [ paura ] a living in a particular city or house; relating to a city, urban, municipal; relating
to house, indoor; civic. :·|<-|<<|< n. civic rights. (<< n. municipal tax. :·|< |¯|<¦¯< civil
surgeon. (•¯ n. citizens; inmates (of a house). (|¯'¯ n. municipal corporation. (·¯ n.
citizenship. (|·¯| n. a chairman or a mayor (fem. a mayoress). (¤|¯º|¯ n. same as :·|<¯,¯ (<' same
as :·|<•¯ (|<F|¯ n. civics. (¯jï n. an alderman (of a municipal corporation). (¯,¯ n. a
municipality. (¯,¯-<<|º< n. a municipal clerk. (¯,¯-|<¯|<< n. a municipal magistrate. (¯¯| n. a
municipal corporation. (z| same as ·<¯|<| (see ·<
2
).
:·|<< [ pauraba ] a descending from King Puru (·<).
:·|<||º< [ paur-ika ] a pertaining to or versed in Hindu puranas (·<|º) or mythology,
mythical; mythological; ancient. :·|<||º< <||-|¯ a mythological or Puranic tale or episode; a
legend. :·|<||º< ¯|<= a mythological character; a Puranic character. :·|<||º< ¯|¯< a mythological
drama.
:·|<¯<¯ [ pauru'&$a ] a (rare) pertaining to a man, masculine; man-made.
:·|¯<||-¯ï [ paur)hitya ] n the office or profession of a priest, priesthood; presidentship,
presidency (¯¯|< :·|¯<||-¯ï). :·|¯<||-¯ï <<| v. to act as a priest; to preside over (a meeting); to lead
(as a movement).
:·|º¯|¯| [ paur-ams+ ] n the full-moon.
:·|< [ paurba ] a past; of the east, eastern. (:¯|-<, (`¯|-< a. relating to the body of a previous; of a
previous birth.
:·|<|·] [ paurbparya ] n due order or succession; sequence.
:·|<||-< [ paurbhika ] a relating to the previous day.
:·|<||•< [ paurbhnika ] a relating to or due to be done in the first part or quarter of the day or
in the forenoon.
·|<"| [ paurb+ ] fem of #·|<%
&·|¬() [ paulastya ] n of the sons of Pulastya (·¬+,) the sage; Kuvera, Ravana, Kumbha karna,
Bibhisana.
-·|¯¬|¯| [ paul)m+ ] n a daughter of Puloma (·¯¬|¯|) Sachi, Indra's queen.
.·|< [ pau'a ] n Paus, the ninth month of the Bengali calendar from mid December to mid
January. (·|<0º n. the festival of preparing and offering sweet pies made of new rice on the last
day of the month of Paus. (¯,2||4 n. the last day of the month of Paus. 5·|<||¬ a. relating to or
grown in or performed in the month of Paus.
6·||8< [ pau'ika ] a nutritious, nutritive; alimentary. (¯: n. alimentary system. ;·||=< ¯||¬ the
alimentary canal.
·?|< [ pyn#ka ] int denoting the cry of the duck, quack. ·A|<·C|< int. quack! quack!
·E|¯ [ pyn#ca ] n a spiral bend or coil or twist (F< ·H|¯, I¯¯ ·K|¯ L¯=¯|); a screw (·N|¯ &¯|); a
tricky or shrewd turn (<·|< ·P|¯); an intrigue or machination, entanglement, predicament (·R|¯¯
S,¬|); a difficult problem, an intricate or perplexing situation, false position, quandary, cleft
stick (·U|¯¯ ·Y|); complication, intricacy (<[|·|<¯|¯ <] ·_|¯); mutual entwining (¯|a< ·c|¯); a tangle
(d¯¯|< <||f¬¯|¯ ·h|¯ i¬¯'¯¯); (in wrestling etc.) a style of holding; a tricky move (j|l< ·n|¯).
·p|¯| [ pyn#c ] n the owl; (sarcas.) an extremely ugly-looking man or boy. ·r|¯|< ¯|< howling,
hooting, screeching. ·t|¯| ¯|¯< an owl; howls or hoots or screeches. ·v|¯|< <|x| an owlet; (sarcas. -
both masc. & fem.) an extremely ugly-looking person. ·z|¯|< <|¯| an owlery. fem. {·|¯
·}|¯|¯¯| [ pyn#cn) ] v to twist or wring spirally, to screw; to writhe; to make intricate
deliberately; to complicate; to entangle; to involve (¯|¯< = <•|·|¯< ·!|¯|# $<¯); to employ a
shrewd or tricky turn in one's speech. a. twisted or wrung spirally; spiral; intricate,
complicated; entangled; tortuous, full of angularity (·&|¯|¯¯| ¯¯); having shrewd or tricky turns
(·(|¯|¯¯| <·|<|¯*|).
·,|¯||¯ [ pyn#dni ] n (infor.) belabouring or slogging, drubbing. ·.|¯|¯¯| v. to belabour or slog,
or drub; to beat up.
·0|<<|2 [ pykabandi ] a packed in a box, container etc.
·4||<, [ pyki ] n packing; a package, a packet.
·6|¯ ·8|¯ [ pyca pyca ] int denoting the noise caused by going along or wading through a
slimy or miry place (·:|¯ ·<|¯ <¯< ¯¬|). ·>|¯¯·¯¯ a. giving out or resembling the aforesaid noise;
slimy or miry.
·@|¯¯¬ [ py)&la ] n a paddle; paddling. ·B|¯¯¬ <<| v. to paddle.
·D|¯·F|¯ [ pynapyna ] int denoting the noise of complaining or imploring whimperingly or
whiningly. ·H|¯·J|¯ <<|, ·L|¯·N|¯|¯¯| v. to complain or implore whimperingly or whiningly. ·P|¯¯·¯¯
a. given to complaining or imploring whimperingly or whiningly; whimpering or whining.
·R|T¯, ·V|¯¯ [ pyna, pynaa ] n pantaloons; shorts. (,¬) ·X|Z¯ n. trousers. -|,·\|^¯ n. shorts.
·`|b¯|¬¯ [ pynluna ] n pantaloons, trousers; shorts.
·d|f¯|¬, ·h|¯j¯¬ [ pyn)la, pyn)&la ] n a canopy, a temporary shed erected for social or
religious festivals.
·l|<|n¯ [ pyr#ua ] n parachute.
·p|¬| [ pyl ] n a prop; reward or help given to an artiste or somebody.
·r|¯¯t|< [ pys&ñjra ] n a passenger. a. meant for carrying passengers.
u- [ pra- ] pfx denoting excellence, celebrity, abundance, excess, intensity, extensiveness,
inception etc.
v<¯ [ prakaa ] a clearly revealed or exposed; manifest, obvious, evident, clear. (¯ n. clear
revelation or exposition, manifestation. w<|¯¯ a. clearly revealed or exposed.
x<z [ prakampa ] n a severe tremor or quake. (¯ n. severe trembling, shaking or quaking.
{<|}¯ a. severely shaken or trembling or quaking. ~<|¯ <<| v. to cause to tremble or quake
severely. !<|#¯ -=¯| v. to tremble or quake severely.
$<<º [ prakara-a ] n a chapter or a part of a book; a process, a procedure; (self-sufficient) part
of a process or procedure; technique; a context; a discourse. '¯ a. technical; procedural;
contextual.
%<<' [ prakar'a ] n excellence; superiority; amelioration, development.
(<*· [ prakanpa ] n hypothesis. +<|-¯ a. hypothetical; imagined.
.<|0 [ prak-)a ] a huge, colossal, enormous, monstrous, gigantic, stupendous. n. a trunk
of a tree. (<|¯ a. enormous in size, of great bulk, gigantic, monstrous, huge.
1<|¯ [ prakma ] a enough, sufficient.
2<|< [ prakra ] n class, kind, sort, type, species, genus, variety (<45<|< j|¯7); mode, method,
way, manner, procedure, process, means (<| 8<|¯<). <| <| 9<|¯<, :<|¯ ;<|¯< by what means, in
which way, how. <<|¯¯| ¯| =<|¯¯| ><|¯< by some means or other, somehow; by hook or by crook.
?<|<º [ prakra-a ] n variation. |¯<A< B<|<º (bot.) continuous variation. ¯|D< E<|<º (bot.)
discontinuous variation.
F<|<|H< [ prakrntara ] n another or a different sort or mode or way or method or means.
I<|<|K¯< adv. in or by another or a different method or way; in other words; indirectly; (dero)
insinuatingly.
L<|· [ prak#a ] n revelation, exposition (<-N O<|·, ·QR<|·); demonstration, display,
expression (Sej T<|·); suggestion, prognostication; appearance (&VW<|·); rise (¯¯]Y< Z<|·);
efflorescence, blooming (,¯¬< [<|·); publication (\]-_<|·); disclosure, divulgation, divulging
(`a<·| b<|·); a. revealed, transpired; (journ.) stated (c<|· d] = it is stated that). e<|· <<| v. to
reveal, to expose; to demonstrate, to display, to express; to suggest, to prognosticate; to cause
to appear or rise or bloom; to declare, to announce; to publish; to disclose, to divulge. f<|·
·|=¯|, g<|· -=¯| v. to be revealed or exposed; to transpire; to come to light; to appear; to rise; to
bloom; to be published. h<|·< a. revealing, exposing; demonstrating, displaying, expressing;
suggesting; prognosticating; causing to appear or rise or bloom; declaring, announcing;
publishing; disclosing, divulging. n. a revealer, an exposer; a demonstrator, a displayer, one
who or that which expresses or suggests; a prognosticator; one who or that which causes to
appear or rise or bloom; a declarer, an announcer; one who discloses and divulges; a publisher
(esp. of books). fem. i<||·<| j<|·< ¯,¯ n. publishers' association or guild. k<|·¯, l<|·¯| n.
publication (of books). (¯|¬¯ n. a publishing house. (¯|¯ a. that which can be or is to be revealed or
demonstrated or published or disclosed; worth publishing. (¯|¯ a. appearing, rising, blooming; in
the state of being revealed or published. (m]|'o a. fit to be published; fit to be made public or
open. p<||·¯ a. revealed, exposed; transpired; demonstrated, displayed, expressed; suggested,
prognosticated; risen, bloomed; declared, announced; published; disclosed, divulged; (journ.)
stated. q<||·¯<s a. that which is to be revealed or published; fit for or worthy of publication.
t<|v n. that which can be or is to be or will be revealed or demonstrated or suggested or
announced or published; under publication; soon to be made known (w¯· x<|z); open to the
public ({<|} |<¯<·¯); public (~<|¬ ¯-|¯); open (¤<|¬ &¯¬|¯¯|). ¤<|¬ |¯<|¯¬|¯< in broad daylight.
¤<|¯¬, ¤<|¬¯ adv. publicly, into the open.
¤<|º [ prak+r-a ] a scattered or strewn or spread about; scattered or strewn or spread far and
wide; various.
¤<|¯¯ [ prak+rtana ] n wide celebrity; publicity (¯|¯]· ¤<|¯¯).
¤<||¯ [ prak+rti ] n great fame, wide celebrity.
¤<||¯¯ [ prak+rtita ] a greatly famed or famous or renowned, widely celebrated.
¤{|·¯ [ prakupita ] a deeply enraged or angered, incensed, infuriated; excited. fem. ¤{|·¯|
¤<¯ [ prak+ta ] a true, real; genuine, pure; actual; right, correct; veritable (¤<¯
<¯¯|·). (·¯¤, (¤?|¯< adv. in fact; actually; really, truly. (<¯· adv. really; rightly.
¤<¯|· [ prak+trtha ] n true significance, real meaning; inner significance.
¤<|¯ [ prak+ti ] n nature (·|ë¤<|¯); behaviour, habit, instinct (¯¦¤<|¯); natural qualities,
nature (<£¤<|¯); the external world, nature; the power that creates and regulates the world,
Nature; the primordial female energy; (phil.) illusion, maya; people or subjects; (gr.) a root
word. ('¯ a. pertaining to one's nature; instinctive, habitual; pertaining to physical nature,
natural. (•, (•|¯ a. natural; inborn, innate, inherent, native; instinctive. (¯¯ a. given by nature,
natural; innate. (·¬ n. pl. people or subjects. (·•| n. nature-worship, animism. (<|¯ n. naturalism,
materialism; (gr.) consideration of the root meaning of words, use of words in the root-
meaning only, purism. (<|¯| a. naturalistic, materialistic; (gr.) puristic. n. a naturalist, a
materialist; (gr.) a purist. (|<F|¯ n. physics; natural science; natural philosophy. (|<F|¯| n. a
naturalist; a physicist. (|<<+ a. contrary to nature. (¯- a. in one's natural or normal state; come to
one's senses; recovered. ¤<|¯¯- -=¯| v. to come to one's senses; to regain one's mental balance;
to recover.
¤<³ [ prak+'a ] a best, excellent (¤<³ ¯·|¯); most auspicious or favourable or suitable (¤<³
¯¯¯). fem. ¤<³| (¯| n. the state of being the best, excellence; auspiciousness, suitability.
¤¯<|· [ prak)pa ] n virulence, severity (¶¯<< ¤¯<|·); excess (|·¯¯< ¤¯<|·); violent outbreak
(<¯¬<|< ¤¯<|·); great anger, rage; great excitement. (¯ n. excitation, excitement; provocation;
enragement. ¤¯<||·¯ a. excited; provoked; enraged; (of a disease etc.) grown virulent,
aggravated; (of an epidemic etc.) violently broken out. ¤¯<||·¯ -=¯| v. to be excited or provoked
or enraged; to grow virulent, to aggravate; to break out violently.
¤¯<|º [ prak)'ha ] n the part of the hand from the elbow to the wrist, the fore-arm; a room, a
cabin, a compartment; a room near the gate.
¤¯<|·¬ [ prakau#ala ] n technique; procedure.
¤=¯ [ prakrama ] n beginning, commencement.
¤•¯ [ prakra$a ] n chartering.
!|# [ prakrnta ] a begun, commenced; surpassed.
$%º [ prakka-a ] n sound of a lute or a vina (<|º|).
&|(¯| [ prakri$ ] n a process, a procedure, a mode, a method.
)*|¯ [ prakr+ta ] a chartered.
+,|¬¯ [ prak'lana ] n washing. -.|¬¯ <<| v. to wash.
/0||¬¯ [ prak'lita ] a washed.
1|34 [ prak'ipta ] a flung, thrown, cast; placed within or inside; interpolated. 5|78|,· n. an
interpolated part, an interpolation.
9:< [ prak'uddha ] a impassioned; agitated; excited.
=¯?·, @¯B·º [ prak'&pa, prak'&pa-a ] n flinging or casting, a throw; act or an instance of
placing in side or within; an interpolation. C¯E·< a. flinging, casting, throwing, placing inside
or within; interpolating. n. a thrower; one who places inside or within; an interpolator. F¯H·
<<| v. to hurl, to throw; to interpolate.
I¯K|¯ [ prak')bha ] n emotion; impulse; an outburst of passion.
Lj< [ prakhara ] a very sharp or cutting; very acute or keen (Mj< <|O); severe (Pj< ¯|·); harsh
(Qj< <|<S); very strict (Tj< ·|¯¯). fem. Uj<| (¯| n. great sharpness or keenness; severity;
harshness; excessive strictness.
VjX|¯ [ prakhyta ] a famous, renowned, celebrated. (¯|¯| a. one whose name is famous.
Y'[ [ praga-)a ] n the upper arm.

Related Interests

¯ [ pragata ] a departed; past; gone, gone off; uplifted.
]'|¯ [ pragati ] n progress, advancement; (arith.) a progression.
^'|¯<|¯| [ pragatibd+ ] n theory of progress. _'|¯<|¯| a. progressive. n. advocate or
champion or supporter or votary of progress. `'|¯·|¬ a. progressive; modern. a'|¯·|¬¯| n.
progressive outlook, progressiveness; modernity.
b'd¯ [ pragalbha ] a boastful, bragging; voluble; impertinent, saucy, impudent; unhesitating;
smart; intrepid, bold; speaking unhesitatingly or smartly. e'g¯| a. fem. of h'j¯ n. a very
sportive and wanton young woman. (¯| n. boasting; bragging; volubility; impertinence,
sauciness, impudence; absence of hesitation; smartness; intrepidity; unhesitating or smart talk.
k'|¯| [ pragt ] n a singer of Vedic hymns; a reciter of Vedic prayers; a singer or an nouncer.
l'|p [ prag)h! ] a very thick or deep or dense; very severe; profound. (¯| n. great thickness or
depth or density; great severity; profundity.
q'|s [ praghya ] a (law) cognizable.
t¯v [ praca-)a ] a furious, fierce, terrible; formidable; violent, severe. (¯| n. furiousness,
fierceness; terribleness; formidability; severity.
w¯¯ [ praca$a ] n culling; collection; accumulation; a multitude; increase; multiplication.
x¯¬ [ pracala ] a current. n. a convention. (¯ n. act of bringing into practice, introduction
usage, practice; currency. y¯¬¯ <<| v. to bring into practice or currency; to introduce. z¯¬¯ -=¯|
v. to be introduced or practised; to gain currency. {¯|¬¯ a. introduced; current, in vogue or
prevailing taste; customary.
|¯|< [ pracra ] n introduction; currency; an nouncement, proclamation; circulation;
propaganda, publicity; preaching; disclosure; publication. }¯|< <<| v. to in troduce; to give
currency (to); to announce, to proclaim; to circulate; to propagate; to give publicity to, to
publicize; to preach; to disclose; to publish; to make public. ~¯|< -=¯| v. to be introduced; to
gain currency; to be announced or proclaimed or circulated or propagated; to get publicity; to
be preached or disclosed or published; to become public. •¯|<< a. introducing; giving currency
(to); announcing; circulating; giving publicity to; preaching; disclosing; publishing. n. an in
troducer; one who gives currency (to); an announcer, a proclaimer; a circulator; a missionary; a
propagandist, a publicist; a preacher; a discloser; a publisher. ¤¯|<º n. same as ¤¯|< and— a
communique. ¤¯|<º| same as ¤¯|< ¤¯|<-|<<¯| n. director of publicity. (·= n. a pamphlet; a
propaganda magazine. (¯|<ï¯ n. medium for publicity; mass-media. (]s n. same as ¤¯|<¯|<ï¯
¤¯||<¯ a. introduced; that which has gained currency, current; announced, proclaimed;
circulated; propagated; publicized; preached; disclosed; published.
¤¯< [ pracura ] a great in amount or degree or number; plentiful, abundant; profuse; ample;
numerous; enough; sufficient. ¤¯< ·|<¯|¯º adv. in abundance or in abundant quantity.
¤¯¯¯| [ prac&t ] a having a mind never to be perturbed; wise. n. Varuna (<<º) the Water-
god.
¤¯¯³| [ prac&' ] n (repeated or unflagging) effort, endeavour, application, persistent attempt.
¤>¯, ¤>¯·¯ [ pracchada, pracchadapaa ] n a cover or a jacket (esp. of a book).
¤>r [ pracchanna ] a covered; hidden, concealed; secret; invisible; (esp. in bot.) latent. (¯| n.
covertness; concealment; secrecy; invisibility; latency; coverture, disguise. (:<¯· adv. in disguise,
incognito. (¯|¯< adv. covertly; secretly; invisibly; stealthily; latently.
¤>|¯¯ [ pracchdana ] n a cover; a thin wrapper for the upper body. ¤>||¯¯ a. covered,
wrapped.
¤>|¯ [ pracch$a ] n deep shade; a deeply shady place. ¤>|¯| n. (phys.) umbra.
¤•¯ [ prajana ] n breeding (of cattle).
¤•¯¯ [ prajanana ] n begetting, progeniture, generation; procreation; child-bearing; (of
animals) breeding. ¤•|¯<| n. fem. be getter; mother.
¤•¯ [ prajanma ] n a (certain) generation. ¯¯¯ ¤•¯ the new generation. ·<<¯| ¤•¯ the next
generation.
¤•| [ praj ] n created beings, creatures; off spring, progeny, a descendant; citizens
collectively, the people; a citizen; a tenant, a ryot; a subject; the public. (¯s n. a republic. (¯s| a.
republican. (·|¯ n. (myth.) the creator or protec tor of all living creatures; Brahma (<¬|); any one
of the ten sons of Brahma (<¬|); the butterfly. ¤•|·|¯< |¯<º an ordinance or regulation of the
creator or protector of living creatures; (loos.) predestination in marriage. (·|¬< n. a ruler, a
king. (·|¬¯ n. act of protecting or ruling the people. ¤•|·|¬¯ <<| v. to rule over and look after the
people. (·|;< a. oppressive, tyrannical. n. an oppressor; a tyrant. (·|;¯ n. oppression of
subjects, tyranny. (<¯| a. fem. having children or offspring. (<' n. the whole body of subjects or
citizens, the people; the tenantry. (|<|¬ n. act or system of leasing out land and houses on fixed
rents and terms. (<|+ n. multiplication of a race; increase or growth of population. (<¬¯ n.
endeavour to please the people or subjects. a. devoted to please the people or subjects. (·|U n.
(pol.) the power of the people of a state, the popular power. (*[ n. the right of a subject (to
land); the right of the people (to land). (|-¯ n. the wellbeing or good of the subjects.
¤•|¯ [ prajta ] a produced, grown. fem. ¤•|¯|
¤•||¯ [ prajti ] n species.
¤F [ prajña ] a wise, sagacious; knowing.
¤F|« [ prajñapti ] n a communication; a notice.
¤•| [ prajñ ] n superior understanding or intelligence, profound wisdom; knowledge about
philosophical reality. (¯! n. eyes having superhuman or rare power of attaining knowledge;
power to attain knowledge about philosophical reality. a. having superhumanly or
uncommonly knowing eyes; endowed with philosophical insight into the ultimate reality. (¯ a.
well-known or widely known; famous. (¯ n. especial or superior knowledge; knowledge about
philosophical reality; a sign, a token; a hint. (·< n. a propagandist; a publicity man, a publicity
officer. (·¯ n. propaganda; publicity; notification; a communique. (·|<|¯¯| n. culmination of
knowledge; highest knowledge; (in Buddhism) the goddess of knowledge. (<|¯ a. endowed with
the knowledge about philosophical reality; profoundly wise.
"#¬¯ [ prajbalana ] n act of burning strongly; flaming; enkindling, lighting; (fig.) excitation or
rousing.
$%|¬¯| [ prajbalit ] a strongly burning, flaming; enkindled, lighted; (fig.) excited or roused.
&'|¬¯ -=¯| v. to burn strongly; to be aflame or ablaze; to be enkindled or lighted; (fig.) to be
excited or roused.
()|¬¯ [ prajblana ] n act of causing to burn strongly; inflaming; enkindling, ignition, lighting;
(fig.) act of exciting or rousing.
*+||¬¯ [ prajblita ] a caused to burn strongly; in flamed; enkindled, ignited, lighted; (fig.)
excited or roused. ,-||¬¯ <<| v. to cause to burn strongly; to inflame; to enkindle, to ignite, to
light; (fig.) to excite or rouse.
.º¯ [ pra-ata ] a bowed or bent or lying prostrate in obeisance; stooping, bent, inclined. fem.
/º¯| 0º¯ -=¯| v. to bow or bend or lie prostrate in obeisance; to stoop, to bend, to incline. 1º|¯
n. bowing or bending or lying prostrate in obeisance; stooping or bending, inclination.
2º¯4 [ pra-amya ] a one who is to be or fit to be saluted by bowing or bending to touch the
feet.
5º¯ [ pra-a$a ] n love; amour; affection; attach ment; friendship; amicable relation, good
terms. ('|·| n. a love-lyric, a romantic ballad. ('||¯ n. a lovesong, a love-lyric, an amorous
ditty. (¯|¯¯ a. amatory, amorous. (·7 n. a loveletter, a billet-doux. (·|9 n. an object of love; a
lover. (·||=¯ a. love-sick; lovelorn. (<?¯ n. the ties of love; a love-knot, a lover's knot. (¯|•¯ n. same
as @º¯·|B a. worthy of being loved; beloved. (|¬|· same as Cº¯·E (¬|¬| n. a lover's sport, an
amorous sport; (pop.) a love-affair (esp. a secret one), an affaire de coeur. (¯G|<º n. amorous talk.
Hº¯|<|J| n. a longing for love, desire for love. Kº¯|<|M| a. longing for or desirous of love. Nº¯|P<|'
n. love or passion (for). Qº¯|S<|'| a. enamoured of. fem. Tº¯|V<||'¯| Wº¯|¯Y a. in love with;
smitten with love (for). Zº¯|\¯ same as ]º¯¯|•¯
^º¯¯ [ pra-a$ana ] n act of making; composition (_`-bº¯¯), compilation; creation (¯|deº¯¯); act
of drawing up (&#¯ fº¯¯). gº¯¯ <<| v. to make; to compose, to compile; to create; to draw up.
hº¯| [ pra-a$+ ] n a lover; a gallant. a. given to loving; amorous. iº|¯¯| n. fem. a sweetheart, a
lady-love; a mistress. a. fem. of jº¯|
kº|¯ [ pra-ma ] n act of making obeisance by lying prostrate or bending and touching one's
feet (cp. kowtow). lº|¯ <<| v. to lie prostrate or bend and touch one's feet in obeisance. mº|¯| n. a
present or money given at the time of making obeisance (nopº|¯|).
qº|¬| [ pra-l+ ] n a drain; an aqueduct; (geog.) a strait, a channel; a procedure, a mode, a
method, a system. (<s a. methodical, systematic. tº|¬|<v <<| v. to systematize.
wº|· [ pra-#a ] n annihilation, destruction, extinction; death. x¯z a. annihilated, destroyed.
{|º<|¯ [ pra-idhna ] n close attention; profound meditation; deep consideration; earnest
application or employment. ||º<|¯ <<| v. to pay close attention to; to meditate deeply; to
consider deeply; to apply or employ earnestly (to). (}]|'• a. deserving close attention or deep
consideration.
¤|º|< [ pra-idhi ] n a spy; an emissary; a guide (<¯|¤|º|<); close attention; meditation; deep
consideration; earnest application; solicitation.
¤|º¯¯ [ pra-i$ama ] n regulation.
¤º|¯ [ pra-+ta ] a made; composed; compiled; created; drawn up; (of books etc) written.
¤¯º¯| [ pra-&t ] n a maker; a composer; a compiler; a creator; one who draws up. fem. ¤¯º=|
¤¯º|¯¯ [ pra-)dana ] n incitement, instigation; inducement, encouragement.
¤¯º||¯¯ [ pra-)dita ] a incited, induced; encouraged. ¤¯º||¯¯ <<| v. to incite, to instigate; to
induce, to encourage.
¤¯¯ [ pratata ] a wide; widespread; extended; expanded.
¤¯« [ pratapta ] a very much heated or hot or angered or excited.
¤¯< [ pratarka ] n doubt; hesitation; assumption; supposition; consideration.
¤¯|¯ [ pratna ] n (of creepers etc.) tension; a tendril.
¤¯|· [ pratpa ] n might, power; prowess; domineering influence; heat. (·|¬| ¤¯|·||v¯, ¤¯|·| a.
mighty, powerful; domineeringly influential; (of the sun etc.) strongly burning or shining.
¤¯|<< [ pratraka ] n a cheat; a swindler, a sharper; an imposter, a deceiver; a beguiler; a
chicaner.
¤¯|<º|, ¤¯|<º [ pratra-, pratra-a ] n cheating; deception, chicanery; a deceit; a swindle, a
fraud; hoodwinking; beguilement. ¤¯|<º| <<| v. to cheat; to deceive; to swindle; to impose upon;
to hoodwink; to beguile. ¤¯|<º|¯¬< a. fraudulent; deceitful.
¤¯||<¯ [ pratrita ] a cheated; deceived; swindled; beguiled. fem. ¤¯||<¯|
¤|¯
1
[ prati
1
] prep towards ('¯-< ¤|¯); to (·¯=< ¤|¯); regarding, concerning (,¯¬< ¤|¯ &<<º).
¤|¯
2
[ prati
2
] pfx denoting every, each; substi tuting, deputizing, vice-; counter-, re-, proximity,
neighbourhood (¤|¯<|¯|); contrary, anti-; similar, exact (¤|¯¯|¯); equal (¤|¯¯]||'¯|).
¤|¯-&=¯º [ prati-krama-a ] n a counter-attack.
¤|¯<¯| [ pratikart ] a redressing; remedying, avenging; preventing; counteracting. n. a
redresser; an avenger; a preventer; a counteractor.
¤|¯<¯ [ pratikarma ] n redress; remedying; avenging; prevention; counteraction; dressing,
toilet.
¤|¯<¯ [ pratikalpa ] n a substitute. ¤|¯<¯¯ n. substi tution.
¤|¯<|< [ pratikra ] n redress; remedy; revenge; prevention; counteraction. ¤|¯<|< <<| v. to
redress; to remedy; to avenge; to prevent; to counteract.
¤|¯<|] [ pratikrya ] a redressible; remediable; that which can be or is to be avenged or
counteracted; preventible.
¤|¯{¬ [ pratik-la ] a opposed; contrary; hostile, malignant; adverse; unfavourable. (¯| n.
opposition; contrariety; antagonism, hostility, malignancy; adverseness, disfavour. ¤|¯{¬¯| <<|
v. to oppose; to be hostile to; to antagonize. ¤|¯{¬|¯<º n. opposition; antagonism, hostility.
¤|¯{¯¬ prep. against.
¤|¯<¯ [ pratik+ta ] a redressed; remedied; avenged; prevented; counteracted.
¤|¯<|¯ [ pratik+ti ] n a portrait; an image.
¤|¯=¯ [ pratikrama ] n inverse or reverse order.
¤|¯|=¯| [ pratikri$ ] n a reaction; a response; an anti-progressive act or conduct; a swingback;
counteraction. (·|¬ a. (pol.) anti-progressive, reactionary; (rare) responsive, reactive. (·|¬¯| n.
the quality or state of being reactionary; obscurantism; opposition to progressiveness.
¤|¯|=¯|·|¬ -=¯| v. to react; to be reactionary. ¤|¯|=¯|·|¬ <•|! a reactionary.
"|¯$º [ pratik'a-a ] adv every moment; always.
%|¯|'( [ pratik'ipta ] a rebounded. )|¯|+, -=¯| v. to rebound.
-|¯¯/·º [ pratik'&pa-a ] n act of throwing back or rebounding. 0|¯¯2·º <<| v. to throw back,
to rebound.
3|¯'¯¯ [ pratigamana ] n return. 4|¯'¯¯ <<| v. to go back, to return, to recede.
5|¯'|¯| [ pratigm+ ] a returning; receding.
6|¯'-|¯ [ pratig+h+ta ] a accepted.
7|¯9- [ pratigraha ] n acceptance of a gift; acceptance; a gift, a present; a promise, a pledge;
(astrol.) a malignant planet or star. :|¯<-º n. acceptance of a gift; acceptance. =|¯?-º|¯ a.
acceptable.
@|¯B|- [ pratigrha ] n acceptance, acceptance of a gift. C|¯E||-¯ a. caused to accept a gift.
F|¯H|-| a. accepting a gift.
I|¯K|M [ pratigrhya ] a acceptable.
N|¯¯|¯ [ pratighta ] n a counter-stroke, a counter blow. O|¯¯|¯ -|¯| v. to deal (one) a counter-
blow. P|¯¯|¯¯ n. act of killing. Q|¯¯|¯| a. killing. fem. R|¯¯||¯¯|
S|¯|¯U [ praticitra ] a a blue print. (¯W< n. a blue printer.
X|¯Z|¯| [ praticch$ ] n a reflection; a shadow; an image, a likeness; resemblance, likeness.
[|¯|•]| [ pratijihb ] n uvula.
^|¯`| [ pratijñ ] n a solemn resolve or declaration; a vow; a promise, a pledge; (geom.) a
theorem or a problem or a proposition. a|¯c| <<| v. to resolve or declare solemnly; to promise.
d|¯f|¯ a. resolved; promised; accepted; proposed. (·h n. a written promise or agreement, a bond;
a written confession. (·|¬¯ n. act of keeping a prom ise. i|¯k|·|¬¯ <<| v. to keep a promise. (<m a.
bound by a promise, under a pledge. (¯o n. a breach of promise. p|¯r|¯t <<| v. to break a
promise. (¯v<|<| a. promise-breaking. n. a promise-breaker.
w|¯¯y [ pratidatta ] a given in return or exchange; required; returned.
z|¯¯|¯ [ pratidna ] n a gift or payment in return of another; exchange; requital, requite;
retribution; repayment; revenge. {|¯¯|¯ |¯=¯| v. to give in return or exchange; to requite, to
retribute; to repay; to take revenge upon. (-|¯ a. unrequiting.
}|¯|¯¯ [ pratidina ] adv everyday, daily; perdiem, each day (~|¯|¯¯ <¯ ¯•|<); day by day.
•|¯|¯³ [ pratidi'a ] a overruled.
¤|¯¯¯¯ [ pratid&$a ] a that which is to be or can be given in return or exchange; requitable,
retributable.
¤|¯ï+, ¤|¯ï|+¯| [ pratidbandba, pratidbandbit ] n mutual hostility or strife; rivalry;
competition. ¤|¯ï|+¯| <<| v. to fight or contend with; to rival; to vie or compete with.
¤|¯ï|+¯|¯¬< a. competitive. ¤|¯ï+| a. contending; rivalling; competing; hostile. n. a
contender; a rival; a competitor; an adversary. fem. ¤|¯ï|+¯|
¤|¯«|¯ [ pratidhbani ] n an echo, a reverberation. ¤|¯«|¯ <<| v. to echo, to reverberate.
¤|¯«|¯¯ a. echoed, reverberated, resounded.
¤|¯¯¯×|< [ pratinamaskra ] n salutation in reply to a salutation.
¤|¯|¯|< [ pratinidhi ] n a deputy; an agent; a represen tative; a delegate; a substitute; a proxy.
<|•¤|¯|¯|< n. a viceroy. ¤|¯|¯|<[ n. office or tenure of a deputy or agent or representative or
substitute. ¤|¯|¯|<[ <<| v. to deputize; to act as an agent of; to represent; to act as a delegate or
substitute or proxy of. (<' n. a delegation, a deputation, body of representatives. (¯¯| n. a
meeting of delegates or deputies or representatives.
¤|¯|¯<¯¯ [ pratinibartana ] n return; refraining or desistance.
¤|¯|¯<¯ [ pratinib+tta ] a returned; having refrained or desisted (from). ¤|¯|¯< ¯ -=¯| v. to
return (from); to refrain or desist (from). ¤|¯|¯<|¯ same as ¤|¯|¯<¯¯
¤|¯|¯¯¯ [ pratini$ata ] adv every moment, constantly, always.
¤|¯|¯¯¯· [ pratinird&#a ] n cross-reference.
¤|¯·¤ [ pratipak'a ] n the hostile party; the opposite party, the opposition; the opponent; an
enemy; a rival; (in law) a defendant. ¤|¯·¤|¯ a. of the opposite side or party or camp, of the
contending side or camp.
¤|¯·|¯ [ pratipatti ] n honour; good standing; dominating or powerful influence; influence;
power; (rare) proof. (·|¬| (·|¬, (¯~r a. enjoying honour; well-established; having domineering
influence; influential; powerful.
¤|¯·= [ pratipatra ] n a counterfoil.
¤|¯·¯ [ pratipada ] n the first lunar day of a month.
¤|¯·¯¯ [ pratipad& ] adv at every step; constantly.
¤|¯·r [ pratipanna ] a ascertained; corroborated, confirmed; verified; proved, substantiated.
¤|¯·• <<| v. to prove, to substantiate.
|¯·|¯ [ pratipda ] a antipodal. (!-|¯ n. (geog.) the antipodes.
"|¯·|¯< [ pratipdaka ] a ascertaining; corroborating, confirming; verifying; proving,
substantiating; performing.
#|¯·|¯¯ [ pratipdana ] n ascertainment; corroboration, confirmation; verification; proving,
substantiation; accomplishment, performance. $|¯·|¯¯ <<| v. to ascertain; to corroborate, to
confirm; to verify; to prove, to substantiate; to accomplish, to perform. %|¯·|¯¯|¯ same as
&|¯·|¯(
)|¯·||¯<| [ pratipdik ] fem of *|¯·|¯<
+|¯·||¯¯ [ pratipdita ] a ascertained; corroborated, confirmed; verified; proved,
substantiated; accomplished, performed.
,|¯·|¯. [ pratipdya ] a to be ascertained or corroborated or confirmed or verified or proved or
substantiated or accomplished or performed; ascertainable; confirmable; verifiable; provable;
accomplishable, performable.
/|¯·|¬< [ pratiplaka ] a bringing up, rearing, fostering; feeding, maintaining; keeping,
observing; complying, obeying; protecting, looking after the well-being of. n. one who brings
up, a rearer, a fosterer; a feeder, a maintainer; a keeper, an observer; one who complies (with)
or obeys; a protector, a guardian.
0|¯·|¬¯ [ pratiplana ] n upbringing; rearing; fostering (¯2|¯-3|¯·|¬¯); feeding; mainte nance
(·|<•¯-4|¯·|¬¯); keeping, observance (5|¯7|¯-8|¯·|¬¯); act of obeying, compliance (&¯¯·
9|¯·|¬¯); protection, act of looking after the well-being of (:•|-;|¯·|¬¯). <|¯·|¬¯ <<| v. to bring
up; to rear; to foster; to feed, to maintain; to keep, to observe; to comply with, to obey; to
protect, to look after the well-being of. =|¯·|¬¯|¯ same as >|¯·|¬@
A|¯·||¬<| [ pratiplik ] fem of B|¯·|¬<
C|¯·||¬¯ [ pratiplita ] a brought up; reared; fostered; fed; maintained; observed; complied
with, obeyed; protected, taken care of. fem. D|¯·||¬¯|
E|¯·|¬G [ pratiplya ] a worthy of being brought up or reared or fostered or fed or maintained
or kept or observed or complied with or obeyed or protected or taken care of.
H|¯¯·|<< [ pratip)'aka ] a corroborative, bearing out; supporting; aiding.
I|¯¯·|<º [ pratip)'a-a ] n corroboration, act of bearing out; act of supporting or aiding.
J|¯L¯ [ pratiprabha ] a (phys. & bot.) fluorescent. M|¯O¯| n. fluorescence.
P|¯RS [ pratipra#na ] n a counter-question.
T|¯,¬ [ pratiphala ] n retributory punishment, retribution, requite, requital; relation,
revenge; (loos.) punishment. ¯·]V W|¯,¬ just retribution. X|¯,¬ Y¯=¯| v. to mete out
retributory punishment (to); to take revenge upon; to punish. Z|¯,¬ ·|=¯| v. to suffer the
consequences; to be punished.
[|¯,¬¯ [ pratiphalana ] n reflection (as in a mirror). \|¯,¬¯ ]<|º n. (phys.) angle of reflection.
^|¯,|¬¯ a. reflected. _|¯,|¬¯ <<| v. to reflect. `|¯,|¬¯ -=¯| v. to reflect.
a|¯<c [ pratibandha ] n an obstacle, a hindrance; a frustration. a. hindered, obstructed;
frustrated. d|¯<f< a. obstructing, hindering; opposing. n. an obstacle. g|¯<i<¯| same as
j|¯<l (n.). m|¯<o| a. obstructed; obstructing; suffering from physical or mental disability, (inc.
but pop.) handicapped.
p|¯<ºr|<<º [ pratibar-+kara-a ] n transliteration; transcribing in the character or script of
another language. s|¯<ºu|<¯ a. transliterated.
v|¯<¯x¯ [ pratibartana ] n obversion.
y|¯<¬ [ pratibala ] a equally strong or powerful. n. a hostile army or forces.
z|¯<|·¯| [ pratibast-pam ] n (rhet.) a parallel simile.
}|¯<|<• [ pratibkya ] n an answer, a reply; a retort; an adverse comment.
¤|¯<|¯ [ pratibta ] a windward. ¤|¯<|¯¯ adv. wind wards.
¤|¯<|¯ [ pratibda ] n a counter-plea, a counter-argument; a protest; a counter. ¤|¯<|¯ <<| v. to
put forth a counter-plea or counter-argument; to protest. (¯¯| n. a protest meeting. ¤|¯<|¯| a.
pleading against; pleading in reply; protesting; opposing, contending (against). n. (in law) a
defendant, a respondent. fem. ¤|¯<||¯¯|
¤|¯<|¯| [ pratibs+ ] a living or residing in the neighbourhood. n. a neighbour. fem. ¤|¯<||¯¯|

¤|¯|<<|¯ [ pratibidhna ] n a counter-action or counter measure; remedy, redress; revenge.
5|¯|<<|¯ <<| v. to take measures against; to remedy, to redress; to avenge.
¤|¯|<|<¦¯| [ pratibidhits ] n desire of taking measures against or remedying or redressing;
revengefulness. ¤|¯|<|<¦¸ a. desirous of taking measures against or remedying or redressing;
revengeful; avenging.
¤|¯|<¯<¯ [ pratibidh&$a ] a remediable, redressable.
¤|¯|<:< [ pratibiplaba ] n a counter-revolution. ¤|¯|<:<| a. counter-revolutionary.
¤|¯|<v [ pratibimba ] n a reflected image, a reflection, an image. ¤|¯|<v¯ n. act of being
reflected, reflection. ¤|¯|<|v¯ a. reflected.
¤|¯|<< [ pratibi'a ] n an anti-toxin; an antidote.
¤|¯|<|-¯ [ pratibihita ] a remedied, redressed, righted, avenged.
¤|¯¯<¯¯ [ pratib&dana ] n a petition of complaint; a report.
¤|¯¯<· [ pratib&#a ] n dwelling-houses in the neighbourhood; environs, surroundings;
environment. ¤|¯¯<·| same as ¤|¯<|¯| fem. ¤|¯¯<|·¯|
¤|¯¯<|<, ¤|¯¯<|<¯ [ pratib)dha, pratib)dhana ] n manifestation, revelation; awakening;
consolation. ¤|¯¯<||<¯ a. manifested, revealed; awakened; consoled.
¤|¯¯| [ pratibh ] n keen intelligence; presence of mind; inventive or creative faculty; genius;
glow; brilliance. (<|¯ same as ¤|¯¯|<<
¤|¯¯|¯ [ pratibhta ] a brightly appearing, shiningly visible; manifest, clearly revealed; clearly
known; lighted; reflected.
¤|¯¯|<<, ¤|¯¯|·|¬|, ¤|¯¯|¯~r [ pratibhdhara, pratibh#l+, pratibhsampanna ] a keenly
intelligent; endowed with exceptional inventive or creative faculty; endowed with genius.
¤|¯¯|<< <ï|U a man of genius, a genius.
¤|¯¯|< [ pratibhra ] n counter-balance.
¤|¯¯|< [ pratibh'a ] n an answer, a reply.
¤|¯¯|¯ [ pratibhsa ] n radiance, illumination; manifestation; revelation. ¤|¯¯||¯¯ a. radiant;
manifested or revealed.
¤|¯¯ [ pratibh- ] n a representative, a deputy, an agent, a substitute; a hostage.
¤|¯¯|¯-·= [ pratibh-ti-patra ] n bail-bond.
¤|¯¯ [ pratima ] a (in. comp. used as a sfx.) like, resembling, equal to.
¤|¯¯| [ pratim ] n an icon, an image; an idol. (¯º<|<| a. iconoclastic. n. an iconoclast. (¯º¯
iconoclasm. (|¯<¬¯, (|<¯•¯ n. the ceremonial immersion of an idol. (·•< n. an idolater, an
iconolater, an image-worshipper. a. idolatrous. (·•| n. idolatry, iconolatry, image-
worship. (·•||<¯<|<| a. opposed to image-worship; iconoclastic. (|·¯ n. the art of making
images. (|·|¯ n. the artist who makes an image.
¤|¯¯|¯ [ pratimna ] n a model, a pattern; (phys.) balancing, a weight. ¤|¯¯|¯ <<| v. (phys.) to
balance.
¤|¯¯j [ pratimukha ] n a direction towards one; front. a. (mech.) unlike; (bot.) opposite;
facing. ¤|¯¯¯j prep. in the direction of.
¤|¯¯:¯ [ pratimuhurta ] adv every moment; always.
¤|¯¯|¯ [ pratim-rti ] n an image, an icon, a portrait, a likeness; an exactly similar figure or
appearance.
¤|¯¯]|' [ pratiy)ga ] n antipathy; enmity, hostility; quarrel; rivalry; competition. ¤|¯¯]||'¯| n.
rivalry; competition; vying. ¤|¯¯]||'¯| <<| v. to compete or vie (with). ¤|¯¯]||'¯|¯¬<, ¤|¯¯]|'|¯|·º
a. competitive. !|¯¯]|'| a. rivalling; competing; vying; (geom.) conjugate. n. a rival; a
competitor. fem. "|¯¯]||'¯|
#|¯¯]|•¯ [ pratiy)jana ] n (bot.) adaptation.
$|¯¯]|&| [ pratiy)ddh ] n an opponent in duelling, an antagonist, a rival.
'|¯<)| [ pratirak' ] n defence. *|¯<,|-¯.< n. the ministry of defence.
/|¯12 [ pratiruddha ] a prevented; checked, resisted; obstructed; opposed; blockaded; stopped.
3|¯56 <<| same as 7|¯¯<|< <<|
8|¯:· [ pratir-pa ] n an image, a likeness; an exactly similar figure or appearance; a reflected
image, a reflection, likeness, resemblance. a. similar; like, exactly resembling.
;|¯¯<|< [ pratir)dha ] n prevention; check, resistance; obstruction; opposition; an obstacle, a
blockade; stoppage. <|¯¯<|< <<| v. to prevent; to check, to resist; to obstruct; to oppose; to
blockade; to stop. =|¯¯<|<<, >|¯¯<|<| a. preventive; resistant; resisting; obstructive; obstructing;
opposing; blockading; stopping. (·|@ n. the power of or capacity for resistance or opposition.
A|¯¯<||<¯ a. obstructed, resisted; opposed; stopped; prevented.
B|¯|¬|· [ pratilipi ] n a replica, a facsimile, a transcript, a copy.
C|¯¯¬j [ pratil&kha ] n act of copying; transcription; a transcript, a copy. D|¯¯¬j< n. a copyist.
E|¯¯¬j¯ n. copying.
F|¯¯¬|¯ [ pratil)ma ] n reverse, inverse. G|¯¯¬|¯ |<<|- marriage of a high-caste bride with a low-
caste bridegroom. H|¯¯¬|¯• a. born of a low-caste father and a high-caste mother.
I|¯·K [ prati#abda ] n a synonym; an echo.
L|¯·¯, M|¯·¯¯ [ prati#a$a, prati#a$ana ] n a persistent squatting at the temple of a deity for
divine favour or boon. N|¯·|¯¯ a. thus squatting.
O|¯¯·|< [ prati#)dha ] n revenge; requital; retaliation. P|¯¯·|< Q¯=¯| v. to requite; to retaliate; to
take revenge (upon); to pay (a person) in his own coin, to give tit for tat, to avenge.
R|¯T¯ [ prati#ruta ] a promised, pledged; promise bound; covenanted. U|¯W¯ -=¯| v. to pledge
oneself, to commit oneself by a promise. X|¯Z|¯ n. a promise, a pledge; a covenant. [|¯]|¯ ¯_ n.
breach of or withdrawal from a promise or contract or pledge.
`|¯¯<< [ prati'&dha ] n prohibition, forbiddance; prevention; an antidote; therapeutics; a
therapeutical drug. a|¯|<c a. prohibited, forbidden. d|¯¯<<< a. prohibitive; preventive;
prophylactic, therapeutical, antidotal. n. a therapeutical or antidotal drug; an antidote, a
prophylactic.
e|¯g| [ prati'h ] n setting up, establishment, foundation (|<¯i|¬¯-j|¯l|, <,·n|¯p|); solemn
dedication, consecration (·r< s|¯u|); installation (|<w-y|¯{|); observance (of a vow etc.); settling
down, habilitation; good footing or standing, fame, reputation (||¯~|¬|¯). •|¯º| <<| v. to set up,
to establish, to found; to dedicate solemnly, to consecrate; to instal; to make one settle down.
¤|¯º| ·|=¯| v. to gain a good footing or standing; to earn fame or reputation. ¤|¯º|¯| n. an
establisher, a founder; a dedicator; one who instals or causes to settle down. fem. ¤|¯º|=| (|<<|<
n. goodwill (as of a business firm). ¤|¯º|¯ n. an institute, an institution, an establishment. (·< n.
same as ¤|¯º|¯| (·¯ n. setting up, establishment, foundation; solemn dedication, consecration;
installation; settling down, habilitation. (·|¯¯| same as ¤|¯º|¯| fem. (·|¯=| (|·¯ a. set up,
established, founded; solemnly dedicated, consecrated; installed; settled down, habilitated. (<|¯
a. having a good footing or standing; famous, reputed.
¤|¯¯,-|< [ pratisa2hra ] n withholding (of weapons etc.); warding off. ¤|¯¯,-|< <<| v. to hold
back, to withhold; to ward off, to stave off.
¤|¯¯,-¯ [ pratisa2h+ta ] a (of weapons etc.) held back, withheld; warded off.
¤|¯¯¯ [ pratisama ] a symmetrical. ¤|¯¯|¯ï symmetry.
¤|¯¯<º [ pratisara-a ] n (phys.) refraction. ¤|¯¯<º <<| v. to refract. ¤|¯¯<º :<|º angle of
refraction. ¤|¯¯<º|¯ a. refrangible.
¤|¯¯<|× [ pratisar/ka ] n (phys.) refracting index.
¤|¯¯' [ pratisarga ] n (myth.) expansion of the creation after the original one, the secondary
creation; universal dissolution.
¤|¯¯|<º [ pratisra-a ] n removal; withdrawal. ¤|¯¯|<º <<| v. to remove; to draw or lead away,
to withdraw.
¤|¯¯||<¯ [ pratisrita ] a removed; led away.
¤|¯¯|<| [ pratisr+ ] a going in an opposite direction; refracting; going against.
¤|¯¯¯ [ pratis+ta ] a (phys.) refracted.
¤|¯^<| [ pratispardh ] n audacity, arrogance; defiance; challenge; spirit of challenge. ¤|¯^<| a.
arrogant, audacious; challenging; emulative.
¤|¯*|¤< [ pratisbk'ara ] n countersignature. ¤|¯*|¤|<¯ a. countersigned.
¤|¯-¯ [ pratihata ] a checked, prevented; repelled, staved off; obstructed; hurt in return; hurt;
¤|¯-¯ <<| v. to check, to prevent; to repel, to repulse, to stave off, to beat back, to obstruct.
¤|¯-¯¯ [ pratihanana ] n act of killing a slayer.
¤|¯-ë| [ pratihant ] a. & n one who kills a slayer. fem. ¤|¯-s|
¤|¯-|< [ pratihra ] n a gate or a door; a doorkeeper, a gateman, a porter (fem. porteress
portress), a janitor (fem. janitrix, janitress); an armed guard stationed at a door or a gate, act of
giving up, abandonment, avoidance; a race of ancient India. ¤|¯-|<| n. an armed guard stationed
at a door or a gate; a doorkeeper, a gateman, a porter. fem. ¤|¯-||<º|
¤|¯-|] [ pratihrya ] a that which should be given up or abandoned or avoided.
¤|¯|-,¯| [ pratihi2s ] n revenge, retaliation. ¤|¯|-,¯| ¤-º <<| v. to take revenge (upon), to
retaliate, to avenge. (·<|¯º a. vindictive, revengeful, retaliative. ¤|¯|-,|¯¯ a. one upon whom
revenge has been taken.
¤¯|< [ prat+ka ] n a symbol; a sign. (<|¯, (¯| n. symbolism. ¤¯|< <¯¯¯ a token strike. ¤¯|<| a.
symbolic, symbolical. ¤¯||<¯| n. symbolism.
¤¯|¯|º [ prat+k'am-a ] a waiting for, awaiting; expecting, expectant. fem. !¯|#¯|º|
$¯|&| [ prat+k' ] n act of waiting for, awaiting; expectation. '¯|)| <<| v. to wait for, to await;
to expect. (¬¯ n. a waitingroom.
*¯||,¯ [ prat+k'ita ] a awaited; expected.
-¯|/0¯|º [ prat+k'yam-a ] a one being waited for; that is being waited for.
1¯|¯| [ prat+c+ ] n the west; the western world, the western hemisphere, the Occident.
2¯|¯|¯, 3¯|¯5 [ prat+c+na, prat+cya ] a of the west or of the western world, western, occidental.
6¯|¯ [ prat+ta ] a realized, understood, cognized; having formed a notion; believing, convinced.
7¯||¯ n. realization, understanding, cognition; a notion, an impression; a belief, a conviction.
8¯|· [ prat+pa ] a (geom.) vertically opposite; opposite or negative. n. (rhet.) a reversed
simile. (9<|º n. (geom.) a vertically opposite angle. ('|¯ n. retrogression; (astr.) retrograde motion.
:¯|· ¯|· (phys.) negative pressure. ;¯|· <=|¯ (geog.) an anti-current.
>¯|¯¯|¯ [ prat+$amna ] a that which is being or capable of being realized or cognized or
known; suggested (?¯|¯¯|¯ ¯]A), (loos.) evident or visible. B¯|¯¯|¯ -=¯| v. to appear, to wear the
look of; to seem; to be evident, to be manifest.
C¯¬ [ pratula ] n abundance, plenty; prosperity, richness. a. abundant, plentiful.
DE [ pratna ] n ancient, old, (¯G, (|<¯I| n. archaeology. (¯K|<M, (|<¯ n. archaeolo gist; an antiquary, an
antiquarian. (¯O|¯, (¯||Q< a. archaeological; antiquarian.
RS•|<|<¯U| [ pratnaj+babidy ] n palaeontology. V¯X||Z¯|<¯\| n. palaeo-botany. ]^_|º||<¯a| n.
palaeo zoology.
b¯d`f¯¯h [ pratyakcaitanya ] n subconscious, subconsciousness.
i¯kl [ pratyak'a ] a perceptible by senses; perceptible, visible, apparent; manifest, evident,
clear; direct (m¯op <<|). n. senseperception; perception; a percept. q¯st <<| v. to perceive by
senses; to perceive directly; to see, to visualize. u¯wx ¯|z (gr.) direct speech or narration. {¯}~
|¯'ë the visible or apparent horizon. ¤¯ï¤ ,¬ direct or immediate result or consequence; (loos.)
visible consequence. (<< n. a direct tax. (<|<| same as ¤¯ï¤¯·| (:'|¯< a. directly perceptible; visible;
perceptible by senses. (F|¯ n. direct knowledge. ¤¯ï¤¯ adv. apparently. (¯·¯ n. direct perception,
visualization, act of seeing with one's own eyes. (¯·| a. directly perceiving, visualizing, seeing
with one's own eyes. n. an eye-witness. (¤¯|º n. visible evidence, direct proof. (<|¯ n.
materialism; positivism. (<|¯| a. materialistic; positivistic. n. a materialist; a positivist. ¤¯ï¤
¯|¤ï direct evidence. ¤¯ï¤| same as ¤¯ï¤¯·| ¤¯ï¤|<<º n. visualization, witnessing; perception;
sense-perception. ¤¯ï¤|<¯ a. seen with one's own eyes, directly seen, witnessed; perceived;
perceived by senses. ¤¯ï¤|¯¯ a. visible; directly seen; perceived or perceivable by senses.
¤¯ï'|(| [ pratyagtm ] n the Supreme Being, God; the human soul endowed with the
knowledge about theological and philosophical reality.
¤¯ï* [ pratya/ga ] n a subsidiary or minor limb, an appendage; (fig.) a small component or
subsidiary part.
¤¯ïë [ pratyanta ] a lying on or adjoining the border, bordering (on), contiguous, neighbouring.
n. the border; the frontier region, the frontier; (in the Puranas) the land of Mlechhas
(:ü>). (·<¯ n. a hillock beside a mountain. (¤¯¯· n. a neighbouring country; the frontier;
outskirts. (<|¯| a. dwelling on the outskirts of a town or village or country; dwelling on a frontier.
¤¯ï<|¯ [ pratyab$a ] n sin; vice; harm. ¤¯ï<|¯| a. sinful; vicious; harmful.
¤¯ï¯<¤º [ pratyab&k'a-a ] n enquiry; scrutiny; research; supervision.
¤¯ï|¯F|, ¤¯ï|¯F|¯ [ pratyabhijñ, pratyabhijñna ] n recognition.
¤¯ï|¯<|¯, ¤¯ï||¯<|¯¯ [ pratyabhibda, pratybhibdana ] n a salute or salutation in return.
¤¯ï||¯<|¯¯ <<| v. to salute in return, to return a salute.
¤¯ï|¯¯]|' [ pratyabhiy)ga ] n a countercharge. ¤¯ï|¯¯]|' <<| v. to bring a countercharge.
¤¯ï¯ [ pratya$a ] n trust; belief; confidence; conviction; firm impression or notion; (gr.) an
inflection. ¤¯ï¯ <<| v. to believe, to trust, to have confidence (in). (•¯<, (:]|'ï a. trustworthy,
believable, worthy of belief, credible; convincing. ¤¯ï|¯¯ a. trusty. ¤¯ï¯| a. believing; trusting;
confident.
¤¯ï·| [ pratyarth+ ] n (in law) a contestant, a defendant, an opponent, an opposite party; an
accused.
¤¯ï·º [ pratyarpa-a ] n giving back, return, repayment; restoration. ¤¯ï·º <<| v. to give back,
to return, to repay; to restore (to). ¤¯ï|·¯ a. given back, returned, repaid; restored.
¤¯ï- [ pratyaha ] adv everyday; daily; day by day; perdiem.
¤¯ï|<<º [ pratykar'a-a ] n counter-attraction.
¤¯ï|jï|¯ [ pratykhyta ] a rejected, refused; discarded; disallowed; unentertained; (rare)
neglected, slighted.
¤¯ï|jï|¯ [ pratykhyna ] n rejection, refusal; discardment; disallowance, refusal of permission;
refusal to entertain; (rare) neglect, slight. ¤¯ï|jï|¯ <<| v. to refuse to accept, to reject, to refuse;
to discard; to disallow, to refuse permission; to refuse to entertain, to disappoint; (rare) to
neglect, to slight.
¤¯ï|'¯ [ pratygata ] a come-back, returned; (mech.) recoiled. ¤¯ï|'|¯ n. return movement;
return; (mech.) recoil.
¤¯ï|'¯¯ [ pratygamana ] n a come-back; coming back; return. ¤¯ï|'¯¯ <<| v. to come back, to
return; (mech.) to recoil.
¤¯ï|¯|¯ [ pratyghta ] n a counterblow. ¤¯ï|¯|¯ <<| v. to deal a counterblow, to strike back.
¤¯ï||¯³ [ pratydi'a ] a divinely commanded or inspired; voided, repealed.
¤¯ï|¯¯· [ pratyd&#a ] n a divine command or inspiration, a commandment; a divine an
nouncement, an oracle; nullification, voidance, repeal.
¤¯|¯¯¯ [ pratyna$ana ] n bringing back; act of bringing again. !¯#|¯¯¯ <<| v. to bring back; to
bring again.
$¯&|¯|¯ [ pratyn+ta ] a brought back; brought again.
'¯)|<¯+¯ [ pratybartana ] n coming or going back, return. ,¯.|<¯0¯ <<| v. to come or go back, to
return.
1¯3|<|¯¯ [ pratybsana ] n repatriation. 4¯6|<|¯¯ ¯|-|]8 n. repatriation benefit. 9¯;|<||¯¯ a.
repatriated.
<¯>|<@ [ pratyb+tta ] a come or gone back, returned. fem. A¯C|< E| F¯H|< J -=¯| v. to come or go
back, to return.
K¯M|¯¯ [ praty$ana ] n attestation. N¯P||¯¯ a. attested.
Q¯S|¬|W [ pratyl+)h! ] n the kneeling posture of an archer whilst shooting with his right leg
doubled in the front and the left stretched out at the back.
X¯Z|·| [ praty# ] n hope; longing; prospect; expectation; awaiting. [¯]|·| <<| v. to hope or long
(for); to expect; to await. ^¯`||·¯ a. hoped; longed for; prospective; expected; awaited. a¯c|·| a.
hoping or longing for; expectant; awaiting.
d¯f|¯h [ pratysanna ] a very near, contiguous; that which is round the corner; imminent,
impending.
i¯k|-¯ [ pratyhata ] a beaten back, repulsed, warded off, staved off; prevented; obstructed,
resisted; frustrated; foiled.
l¯n|-<º, o¯q|-|< [ pratyhara-a, pratyhra ] n withdrawal; retraction; revocation; repeal;
(phil.) abstraction. r¯t|-<º <<|, u¯w|-|< <<| v. to withdraw; to retract; to revoke, to rescind; to
repeal.
x¯z||¯ [ pratyh+ta ] a withdrawn; retracted; revoked, rescinded; repealed.
}¯•|! [ pratyukti ] n an answer, a reply; a retort.
"¯$¯ [ pratyuta ] con. & adv on the contrary, rather.
%¯'(·* [ pratyutpanna ] a produced on the spur of the moment, extemporaneous; very
prompt. (¯|¯ n. presence of mind, ready wit. a. endowed with presence of mind, ready-
witted. (¯|¯, n. ready wittedness; presence of mind.
-¯/0< [ pratyuttara ] n a retort, rejoinder. 1¯34< <<| v. to retort, to answer back.
5¯7¯|-<º [ pratyudhara-a ] n counter-example; a counter precedent.
8¯:;'¯¯, <¯>?'¯ [ pratyudgamana, pratyudgama ] n going forward or advancing in order to
receive a visitor on the way; seeing off a respected visi tor. @¯BC'¯¯ <<| v. to go forward in order
to receive a visitor on the way; to see off.
D¯F·<|< [ pratyupakra ] n a good turn in return. G¯I·<|< <<| v. to do (one) a good turn in
return. J¯L·<¯N|, O¯Q·<|<| a. & n. one who does (one) a good turn in return. R¯T·<¯ n. benefited
in return.
U¯W<, X¯Z< [ pratyu'a, praty-'a ] n the dawn; daybreak; the morning. [¯]¯< adv. at dawn or
day break, early in the morning.
^¯¯`< [ praty&ka ] a each, every. pro. each, everyone. a¯¯c< d¬|¯<<, e¯¯g¯<< a. of each, of
everybody.
h·¯ [ prathama ] a first; primitive (i·¯ ]'); of the beginning, inceptive (j·¯|<l-|); most
important, chief (m·¯ <·|); eldest (n·¯·p); foremost (q·¯ ¯||<); best (·<|s|¯ t·¯ uv|º¯¯ w·¯).
fem. x·¯| (·<|z|¯) {·¯ -=¯| v. to come or stand first or to top the list (in an examination).
|·¯¯ adv. at first; firstly, in the first place, first. (¯·~¯ n. the first meeting. •·¯¯·¯¯ ¤º¯ love at
first sight. (·|¯ n. the first quarter. (·<< n. (gr.) the third person. (<¯¯ n. the early age; the early
youth. ¤·¯ |<¤]+ the First World War. ¤·¯¯ adv. at first; in the first place, first; in the
beginning; in front, before all. ¤·¯|,· n. the first or early part. ¤·¯¯|U n. the one first spoken of
or referred to first; former.
¤·| [ prath ] n usage, custom, practice; system, method. ('¯ a. customary. (¡' a. in accordance
with custom; customary; conventional. (¡'¯ï n. loyalty or faithfulness to custom or
convention. (¡¯|¯< adv. according to the custom or practice or system, customarily. (¯¯¯| adv.
according to or in accordance with custom or convention; conventionally.
¤|·¯ [ prathita ] a famous, celebrated. (¯|¯| a. one whose name is famous; renowned; widely
famous. (]·| a. widely famous, renowned.
-¤¯ [ -prada ] sfx denotes giving (¯j¤¯).
¤¯|¤º [ pradak'i-a ] n (ori. & ritually) clockwise circumambulation round an object; act of
going around something. ¤¯|¤º <<| v. to circumambulate in a clockwise manner around
something; to go round something.
¤¯¯ [ pradatta ] a given; bestowed; conferred.
¤¯|¯¯ [ pradamita ] a subdued; restrained; suppressed.
¤¯< [ pradara ] n leucorrhoea.
¤¯·< [ pradar#aka ] a showing; exhibiting; displaying; demonstrating. n. one who shows;
one who shows one round, a guide; an exhibitor, a displayer; a demonstrator.
¤¯·¯ [ pradar#ana ] n act of showing or showing round or exhibiting or displaying or
demonstrating; act of seeing or observing thoroughly or minutely or carefully. ¤¯·¯ <<| v. to
see or observe thoroughly or minutely or carefully. ¤¯·¯ <<|¯¯| v. to show; to show one round;
to exhibit; to display; to demonstrate. ¤¯·¯| n. a public show, an exhibition.
¤¯·¯|¬| [ pradar#aml ] n a museum.
¤¯|·<| [ pradar#ik ] fem of ¤¯·<
¤¯|·¯ [ pradar#ita ] a shown; shown round; exhibited; displayed; demonstrated; clearly shown.
-¤¯| [ -prad ] fem of -¤¯
¤¯|¯ [ pradna ] n giving; bestowal; conferring; yielding; imparting. ¤¯|¯ <<| v. to give; to
bestow; to confer; to yield; to impart.
¤¯|¯<, ¤¯|¯| [ prad$aka, prad$+ ] a giving; bestowing; conferring; yielding; imparting. fem.
¤¯||¯<|, ¤¯||¯¯|
¤¯|- [ pradha ] n distress, affliction (¯¯¤¯|-); burning pain, inflammation (:,|;|< ¤¯|-). ¤¯|-|. a.
distressful, afflicting; causing inflammation, inflammatory.
¤¯|· [ prad+pa ] n a lamp, a light; (fig.) one who illuminates or glorifies ({¬¤¯|·). ¤¯|·¯ n. act of
illuminating or exciting; lighting of lamps.
¤¯|« [ prad+pta ] a illuminated, enkindled; brightly burning, blazing; shining; excited. ¤¯|« <<|
v. to illuminate, to enkindle; to excite. ¤¯||• n. illumination; bright glow; lustre; excitement.
¯" [ prad+pta ] a very proud or haughty or arrogant or vulgarly self-assertive or vigorous.
#¯¯¯ [ prad&$a ] a that which is to be or can be given.
$¯¯· [ prad&#a ] n a province; a state; a country; a region; a part.
%¯¯|<, &¯¯|<<|¬ [ prad)'a, prad)'akla ] n evening; nightfall, evening twilight; night.
'¯¯|<|)<|< n. the gloom of the evening.
*¯¯,|¯ [ prady)ta ] n glow; shine; a ray.
-<|¯ [ pradhna ] a chief, main, principal; prime; most important; leading, foremost; pre-
eminent; predominant. in comp. (used as a sfx.) dominated by or chiefly characterized by
(·|¯/<|¯). n. a chief; a headman; a leader; a royal counsellor; God; the primordial female
energy. fem. 0<|¯| 1<|¯ 3 the principal axis. 6<|¯ |¯|· the chief guest. 4<|¯ &<|6< the head
constable. 7<|¯ <|<|º< the head clerk. 8<|¯ <¯:¯|¯< the Chief Secretary. ;<|¯ ¯|<= the principal or
chief or the focal character. ><|¯¯ adv. chiefly, mainly, principally, pre-eminently,
predominantly. ?<|¯¯| n. primeness; supremacy; pre-eminence, predominance. @<|¯ |<¯|<·|¯ the
Chief Justice. (¯B| n. the Prime Minister. (¯¬ (bot.) the tap root. (|·D< the headmaster. fem. (|·|F<|
the headmistress. G<|¯ H¯¯|·|¯ the Commander-in-Chief.
I<|<¯ [ pradhbana ] n act of running rapidly, a quick run; a quick race.
J<||<¯ [ pradhbita ] a running or caused to be running rapidly. 78#)1$ &*# v. to cause to run
rapidly. K<||<¯ -=¯| v. to run rapidly.
L<|¯¯ [ pradh-mita ] a caused to emit smoke profusely; (of anger etc.) caused to be fuming;
(fig.) angered. fem. M<|¯¯| N<|¯¯ <<| v. to cause to emit smoke profusely; to fume. O<|¯¯ -=¯| v.
to be emitting smoke profusely; to fume.
PQ,¯ [ pradhba2sa ] n annihilation, destruction. RS,¯| a. annihilating, destructive.
T¯V [ prana'a ] a utterly lost or ruined or destroyed. W|º|· n. destruction, annihilation.
X·Z [ prapañca ] n extent; illusion, maya; delusion; phenomenal reality; the world; the worldly
life; an error or mistake; untruth; falsehood; a collection, a multitude. (¯¯ a. full of illusions;
illusory. [·|]¯ a. extensive; extended; illusive; illusory; erroneous.
^·| [ prap ] n a place where drinking water is available or distributed, (cp.) a watering-place.
_·|¯ [ prapta ] n fall (of water etc.); a waterfall, a cascade, a cataract. (`<j| n. a fall line.
a|·¯|¯- [ prapitmaha ] n a great-grandfather (on one's father's side). fem. b|·¯|¯-| a great
grandmother (on one's father's side).
c·<º [ prap-ra-a ] n filling up completely.
d·|<¯ [ prap-rita ] a completely filled up.
e¯·|g [ prapautra ] n a grandson of one's son or nephew, a great-grandson. fem. h¯·|j| n. a
grand-daughter of one's son or nephew, a great-granddaughter.
k¯,¯< [ praph&sara ] n a professor. l¯,¯|< n. professorship. m¯,¯|< <<| v. to work as a professor.
n<p| [ prabakt ] n a spokesman; one who is fluent or eloquent in speech. a. eloquent or
fluent in speech.
q<¯¯ [ prabacana ] n an adage, a proverb; an apophthegm, apothegm; a popular or oftquoted
saying; (rare) amplification.
r<t< [ prabañcaka ] n a cheat, a swindler, an imposter, a deceiver; a beguiler.
u<w¯| [ prabañcan ] n cheating; deception; deceit; swindle; fraud; beguilement. x<z¯| <<| v. to
cheat; to deceive; to swindle; to impose upon; to hoodwink; to beguile. (¯¬< a. fraudulent;
deceitful.
{<|}¯ [ prabañcita ] a cheated; deceived; swindled; beguiled. fem. ~<|+¯|
¤<º [ praba-a ] a inclined or sloping (¤<º¯|¯) ; inclined to, prone to, tending to (¯|<¤<º);
attached or addicted to, given to (:¯|]¤<º); eager to, ready to; proficient in. (¯|¯ n. an
escarpment; a declivity. (¯| n. inclination, propensity, declivity; tendency, disposition;
attachment, addiction; eagerness, readiness; proficiency.
¤<º [ prabandha ] n an essay, an article; a dissertation; a treatise; sequence; a trick, a stratagem
(']¯¯< ¤<º <¯< |¯·|¯<'¯º'). (<|< n. an essayist.
¤<< [ prabara ] a (chiefly used as a sfx.) best, excellent (<||¯<¤<<). n. a line of descent,
descent; the originating saint of a line of descent. ¤<< ¯|¯|¯ select committee.
¤<¯< [ prabartaka ] a introducing, bringing into use or currency; inaugurating, starting;
founding, establishing; employing, initiating. n. an introducer, one who introduces or brings
(something) into use; an inaugurator; a pioneer; a founder; an employer, an initiator.
¤<¯¯ [ prabartana ] n bringing into use, introduction; inauguration, start, inception;
establishment; employment, initiation. ¤<¯¯ <<| v. to bring into use or currency, to introduce;
to inaugurate, to start, to begin; to found, to establish; to employ, to initiate. ¤<¯¯| n. initiation;
incitement; inducement; inspiration. ¤<¯¯| <<| <| :¯=¯| v. to initiate; to incite; to induce; to
inspire.
¤<¯|¯¯| [ prabarta$it ] n an initiator; an inciter; an inducer. fem. ¤<¯|¯=|
¤<|¯¯ [ prabartita ] a brought into use, introduced; inaugurated, started, commenced;
established, founded; employed, initiated, induced.
¤<<¯ [ prabardhana ] n increase, augmentation; growth. ¤<<< a. causing growth or increase or
development.
¤<¬ [ prabala ] a very strong or powerful, mighty (¤<¬ ·=, ¤<¬ «;); severe, intense, excessive
(¤<¬ ¡ej, ¤<¬ ¯|·); predominant (<|<ï# ¤<¬). fem. ¤<¬| ¤<¬ «; violent storm. ¤<¬ ¡ej acute or
intense or great sorrow. ¤<¬ ·|¬¯| (<|¯ ) brave west winds. (¯| n. great strength or power;
severity; intensity; predominance. (·<|=¯, (·<|=|ë, (¤¯|· a. extremely powerful or mighty, mightily
influential. ¤<¬ <||<·|¯ heavy shower or downpour.
¤<¯¯ [ prabasana ] n emigration.
¤<|¯¯ [ prabasita ] a emigrated.
¤<- [ prabaha ] n a current, a flow (as of air or a stream). (º n. flow or flowing; blow or
blowing. (·|¬, (¯|¯ a. flowing or blowing. (¯|¯¯| n. flow or flowing movement; stream (¯¯¯¯<
¤<-¯|¯¯|).
¤<|¯ [ prabda ] n a proverb, an adage; hearsay (•¯¤<|¯). ¤<|¯ &¯¯ 9+ there is a saying that, it is
said that. (<|<• n. a proverb.
<|¬ [ prabla ] n coral; a young shoot, a sprout; a new tree-leaf. (<|¯ n. the polyp, polype. (!|· n.
a coral island. ("|¯|< n. a coral reef, a barrier reef.
#<|¯ [ prabsa ] n a spell of staying abroad; a for eign land. (¯ n. sending abroad; banishment;
(inc.) emigration. (¯·|¬ n. the protector of emigrants. $<||¯¯ a. sent abroad; banished; (inc.)
emigrated. %<|¯| a. & n. one who is living abroad. fem. &<||¯¯|
'<|- [ prabha ] n a stream, a current, a flow (as of a river or air); a series, a train (¯¯¯|)<|-,
|¯+|-<|-); (fig.) continuous onward movement (•|<¯/<|-). 0<||-º| a. flowing. n. a river, a
stream. 1<||-¯ a. (of a river) flowing, streaming; (of air, wind etc.) blowing; (fig.) passing or
continuously moving onward. fem. 2<||-¯| 3<||-¯ -=¯| v. to flow, to stream; to blow; (fig.) to
pass, to move onward continuously (¯¯¯ <| •|<¯ 4<||-¯ -=¯|). 5<|-|. a. flowing. 6<|-| >º floating
debt. 7<|-| ·|<¯9: floating assets.
;|<<|¯ [ prabidhna ] n regulation.
<|<> [ prabi'a ] a entered. fem. ?|<A| B|<D -=¯| v. to enter.
E<|º [ prab+-a ] a elderly; aged, old; wise, judicious; well-experienced; skilful; delighted or
consoled ('Fej| G¯¯j H<|º I<|º |¯¯ -¯'). J<|º|. a. fem. elderly or aged. n. an elderly or aged
woman. K<|º¯|, L<|ºN n. elderliness; agedness, oldness; wisdom, judiciousness; well
experiencedness; skilfulness.
O<Q [ prabuddha ] a enlightened; awakened or activized (R< T ¯|<¯); inspired with wisdom; very
wise.
U<W [ prab+tta ] a engaged in, occupied with; induced to; undertaken or commenced. X< Z <<| v.
to set (one) to; to induce. [< ] -=¯| v. to set about, to be engaged in; to commence. ^<|` n. act or
state of being engaged in or occupied with or initiated to, engagement, occupation, initiation;
inclination, tendency; desire; propensity; taste, appetite (&-|¯<< a<|c d¯#). e<|g ¯|'i n. worldly
life (as a way to salvation).
j<l [ prab+ddha ] a very old; overgrown; expanded; (geom.) reflex (m<o¯<|º = a reflex angle).
p¯<· [ prab&#a ] n entrance, entry; admission (<¯¬¯• q¯<·); right or power or freedom of
entrance; access. r¯<· <<| v. to come or go in or into, to enter, to be admitted into. s¯<· <<|¯¯| v.
to cause to enter, to enter, to admit into; to usher; to drive or thrust into (t¯¯- ¯<<||< u¯<·
<<|¯¯|). v¯<· |¯¯<< entrance prohibited; no entrance, no admission, no admittance, no entry.
w¯<·< a. entering. n. an enterer. (x|< n. a gate; an entrance. y¯<·¯ n. entering, entrance; act of
being admitted into, admission; act of causing to enter. (·{ n. entry permit; admit card. (·· n. a
gateway; an entrance. (¯¬} n. entry fee or admission fee. ~¯<·¬|¯ <<| v. to be able to enter; to be
admitted into. •¯<·| poet. form of ¯<· <<| !¯<·||<<|< n. right or freedom of entrance or
admission, entry; access. "¯<·|$¯|¯ n. permission to enter or be admitted into, admittance.
%¯<|·<| a. fem. entering. n. fem. a primary text book (<'|<<º-(¯<|·<|); a ticket, a pass. )¯<|·<|
·<|+| n. the entrance examination (also; the matriculation examination). ,¯<|·¯ a. caused to
enter; admitted (into); ushered. -¯</ a. enterable; permeable (0¯<2 |·¬| = permeable rock).
3¯<5| [ prab&' ] n an enterer.
6¯<|< [ prab)dha ] n consolation, solace; knowledge, enlightenment; manifestation; awakening.
7¯<|< 8¯=¯| v. to console, to solace. 9¯<|< ·|=¯| v. to get consolation. :¯<|< ¯|¯| v. to yield to
consolation; to be consoled; to be amenable to consolation. ;¯<|< ¯| ¯|¯| v. to be disconsolate.
<¯<|<¯ n. consoling; awakening; enlightening. =¯<||<¯ a. consoled; enlightened; awakened.
>?•A| [ prabrajy ] n wandering asceticism. BC•E| F¯=¯| v. to take to wandering asceticism.
GH|•< same as ·|<J|•<
K¯M¯ [ prabhañjana ] n a storm; a violent gust of wind; wind.
N¯< [ prabhaba ] n cause; source; origin; influence; (phys.) generative cause.
O¯| [ prabh ] n glow, radiance; a ray; lustre, brilliance, splendour, brightness. (<< n. the sun. (<|¯
n. the glow-worm. (<|¯ a. radiant, glowing, shining; luminous. fem. (<¯| (¯¯ a. radiant, lustrous,
luminous, refulgent.
P¯|¯ [ prabhta ] n morning; daybreak. Q¯|¯ -=¯| v. to dawn. =j¯ R¯|¯ it is morning. (<|¬ n. the
morning-time, morning. (S,|< n. singing awakening songs in procession through the streets of a
town or village. (<|' n. the morning glow. T¯|¯ -¯¯¯¯ it is dawn. U¯|¯|, V¯||¯ a. of the morning.
n. a morning song or glorification, a matin. W¯|¯¯ X¯¯¯Z<e (fig.) great cry but little wool.
[¯|< [ prabhba ] n authority, power, dominance; influence. \¯|< |<^|< <<| v. to extend one's
influence; to exert one's influ ence (upon); to bear upon. (·|¬| (¯`a a. influential. fem. (·||¬¯|, (¯cd|
e¯|<||g¯ a. influenced; (rare) endowed with the power of influencing. h¯||<¯ a. influenced.
i¯||<¯ <<| v. to influence.
j¯ [ prabhu ] n a master, a lord; an overlord; an employer; a husband; an owner; a king; God; a
superman; a holy or very reverend man. k¯¯|, l¯n n. mastery, authority; predominance;
overlordship, supremacy; ownership; sovereignty, rule. o¯ q <<| v. to lord it over; to rule, to
govern. (<st< a. imperious; authoritative; peremptory; domineering; bossy. (·v| n. fem. a
mistress. (·<|¯º same as w¯¯y (·|¯ n. a title of honour affixed to the names of the religious
teachers of Vaishnavas (z<|<). (¯~ a. devoted or faithful to one's master; loyal. (¯| n. devotion
or faithfulness to one's master; loyalty. (·|" n. governmental power or authority, ruling power;
domination, dominance; authority; influence.
#¯¯ [ prabh-ta ] a profuse, much, abundant, plentiful; (rare) grown or evolved.
$¯|¯ [ prabh+ti ] con et cetera, and the rest, et al, and so on.
%¯¯¯ [ prabh&da ] n distinction, difference; discrimination. &¯¯¯ <<| v. to differentiate; to
distinguish; to discriminate; to separate. '¯¯¯< a. differential.
(¯* [ pramatta ] a inebriate, drunk, intoxicated, tipsy; beside oneself; infatuated, besotted;
reckless; frenzied. fem. +¯-| (¯| n. inebriety, inebriation, drunkenness, intoxication, tipsiness;
the state of being beside oneself; infatuation, besottedness; recklessness; frenzy.
.¯· [ pramatha ] n one of the demi-gods attending on Shiva (|·<).
/¯·¯ [ pramathana ] n act of trampling or routing or subduing or killing.
0¯|·¯ [ pramathita ] a trampled; routed; subdued; killed.
1¯¯·· [ pramath&#a ] n the lord of Pramathas (2¯·); Shiva (|·<).
3¯¯| [ pramad ] n a charming woman; a woman.
4¯| [ pram ] n true or positive knowledge; truth; conviction.
5¯|º [ pram-a ] n proof; evidence; testimony; witness; a precedent; authority; conviction.
a. of the standard size (6¯|º ·|¯8); standard (9¯|º ¯|·); (esp. in phys.) normal (:¯|º ;<<);
equivalent to, resembling (·<>¯@¯|º). A¯|º <<| v. to prove; to demonstrate; to substantiate. B¯|º
C¯=¯| v. to give evidence or proof (of); to prove; to demonstrate; to testify. D¯|º -=¯| v. to be
proved. (< n. a voucher. (EF- n. an authoritative book. (·|H n. a bibliography. (·J n. a document; a
written warrant or affidavit; a voucher; a receipt; a certificate; testimonial. (<|<L n. an
authoritative saying; a citation of precedents. (¯# a. of full measure; up to the mark. (¯|¯·N a.
subject to proof. (|¯P a. established by evidences, proved. Q¯|º|¯|< n. want of evidence or proof.
R¯||º¯, S¯|º|<¯ a. proved; demonstrated; substantiated.
T¯|¯| [ pramt ] a. & n one who proves or demonstrates or substantiates or testifies.
U¯|¯|¯- [ pramtmaha ] n the grandfather or a grand uncle of one's mother, a maternal
greatgrandfather. fem. V¯|¯|¯-| the grandmother or a grandaunt of one's mother, a maternal
great-grandmother.
W¯|·| [ pramth+ ] a trampling; routing; subduing; killing. fem. X¯||·¯|
Y¯|¯ [ pramda ] n inadvertence, carelessness; an error; confusion; oblivion; intoxication;
frenzy; a calamity, a terrible danger or distress (Z¯|¯¯ ·^|). (<·¯, (<¯· adv. inadvertently; by
mistake, through carelessness; erroneously. (·` a. free from error.
a¯|<| [ pramr ] n primero.
b|¯¯ [ pramita ] a sure; ascertained; proved; measured; (esp. in phys.) standardized; (as a sfx.)
measuring (¯|<-|¯ c|¯¯). d|¯¯ <<| v. to ascertain; to prove; to standardize. e|¯¯ f< (phys.) a
standard solution. (<<º n. (phys.) standardization. g|¯|¯ n. measure, true or positive knowledge,
truth; conviction; proof.
h¯|¬| [ pram+l ] n drowsiness; a female character of the Mahabharata; (fig.) a spirited and
domineering woman (i¯|¬|¯¯< j¯¯·); (cp.) an Amazon.
k¯j [ pramukha ] a (used as a sfx.) headed by, beginning with (<||¬¯|¯ l¯j <|<'º).
m¯j|o [ pramukht ] adv from the mouth of; by word of one's mouth; verbally from.
p¯¯¯ [ pram&$a ] a measurable; mensurable; (alg.) commensurable; provable; ascertainable.
q¯¯- [ pram&ha ] n gonorrhoea.
r¯¯|¯ [ pram)da ] n joy, delight; merriment; hilarity; enjoyment; pleasure; recreation; an
entertainment; luxury. (< a. gladdening; pleasing; entertaining. (<|¯¯ n. a pleasure-garden. ('- n. a
pleasure-house, a recreation-room, a recreation-hall. (¯ n. act of gladdening or pleasing or
entertaining. in comp. (used as a sfx.) giving delight or pleasure to, entertaining
(|¯tu¯¯|¯¯). (v¯º n. a pleasure-trip; promenade. w¯¯|¯y¯º <<| v. to be on a pleasure-tirp; to
promenade. z¯¯||¯¯ a. delighted; pleased; recreated, entertained. {¯¯|¯¯|¯}|¯ n. a pleasure-garden.
~] [ prayatna ] n repeated or thorough endeavour or effort, perseverance. !]# <<| v. to
persevere. (¯-<|¯< adv. perseveringly; thoroughly; carefully.
$]& [ prayukta ] a employed; applied, used. prep. for the sake of, owing to, due to, caused
by, actuated by (¯¯(]*). +]|- n. employment; application; a technique. .]|0|<¯2| n. technology.
3]|5|<¯7|'¯ a. technological.
8]•:¯|¯ [ prayujyamna ] a in the state of being applied.
;¯]|=| [ pray)kt ] n an employer; an applier; a performer.
>¯]|•< [ pray)jaka ] a same as ?¯¯|•< n. a producer esp. of motion pictures; a film
producer.
@¯]|•B [ pray)jya ] a applicable. (¯| n. applicability.
C¯|º [ pra$-a ] n departure; (fig.) death. D¯|º <<| v. to depart; (fig.) to die.
E¯|¯ [ pra$ta ] a departed; deceased, passed away, dead and gone.
F¯|¯ [ pra$sa ] n an effort, an endeavour; a hard effort; toil; a desire. G¯|¯ <<| v. to endeavour;
to try or endeavour hard; to toil; to desire. H¯|¯ ·|=¯| v. to endeavour; to make a hard attempt,
to make a sincere and earnest effort; to toil. I¯|¯| a. endeavouring; toiling hard; desirous.
J¯¯|' [ pra$)ga ] n employment; application; use or usage; mention; a precedent, an example;
an instance. K¯¯|' <<| v. to employ; to apply; to use. (L¯|< n. misapplication, wrong or unjust
use. (<|¯ n. (phil.) pragmatism. (<|¯| a. pragmatist. (|<N n. (phys.) a point of application. (·|¬| n. a
laboratory. O|¯¯||'< a. (phil.) empirical.
P¯¯|•< [ pra$)jaka ] a employing; applying; using; performing; introducing; inaugurating or
founding. Q¯¯|•< |S¯| causative verb.
T¯¯|•¯ [ pra$)jana ] n necessity, need; purpose, object, end; motive; cause, occasion; use.
U¯¯|•¯||¯|<W, X¯¯|•¯|¯|¯ a. more than what is necessary; more than enough; superfluous;
unnecessary, redundant. Y¯¯|•¯|[\· a. satisfying needs, just enough to meet (one's)
requirement, adequate, sufficient. ]¯¯|•¯|¯ a. necessary, needful; serviceable, useful. ^¯¯|•¯|¯¯|
n. necessity, need; serviceability, usefulness.
_¯<|¯< [ prar)caka ] a (usu. dero.) inducing, instigating, persuading, inciting. n. an inducer,
an instigator, (law) abettor, a persuader, an inciter, an agent provocateur.
`¯<|¯¯, a¯<|¯¯| [ prar)cana, prar)can ] n (usu. dero.) inducement, instigation, abetment,
persuasion, incitement. b¯<|¯¯| c¯=¯| same as d¯<||¯¯ <<| (see e¯<||¯¯). f¯<|¯¯|¯|¯< a. same as
g¯<|¯< (a.).
h<|¯¯ [ praracita ] a (usu. dero.) induced, instigated, persuaded, incited. i<|¯¯ <<| v. to induce,
to instigate, to persuade, to incite.
j¯<|- [ prar)ha ] n a bud; a shoot, a sprout; a scion; (bot.) an offset.
k¬·¯ [ pralapana ] n raving; delirium; incoherent utterance.
l¬|·¯ [ pralapita ] a raved; uttered in delirium; incoherently uttered.
m¬o [ pralamba ] n an aerial root or a branch of a tree; anything creeping or hanging. p¬r¯ n.
creeping; hanging, suspension; prolongation. (|<t n. (phys.) a point of suspension. u¬|w¯ a.
hanging, suspended; pendent; prolonged; creeping. x¬|z¯ <<| v. to hang, to suspend; to prolong.
{¬¯, |¬¯<|~¯ [ prala$a, prala$akn)a ] n universal dissolution or annihilation; a complete or
very extensive destruction or holocaust; (fig.) a terrible disturbance or affray. •¬¯<|¬ n. the
time of universal dissolution or annihilation. ¬¯,<< a. causing universal dissolution; causing a
complete or very extensive destruction; (fig.) terribly disturbing. !¬¯¯|¯¯, "¬¯¯¯$ n. the
cataclysmal dance of Lord Siva as described in the Puranas. %¬¯·¯¯||< n. the ocean of universal
cataclysm or deluge. &¬¯¬|¬| n. same as '¬¯<|)¯
*¬|· [ pralpa ] n raving; delirium; incoherent utterance. +¬|· <<| v. to rave; to utter delirium;
to talk incoherently. ,¬|·| a. raving; delirious; incoherently talking. fem. -¬||·¯| .¬|¯·||0 same
as 1¬|·
2|¬4 [ pralipta ] a coated or smeared (with); in volved or implicated (in); engaged or employed
(in).
5¬7 [ pralubdha ] a greatly allured or tempted; extremely greedy. fem. 8¬ :| (¯| n. the state of
being greatly allured or tempted; extreme greed.
;¯¬· [ pral&pa ] n a coating; an ointment; act of coating or smearing. <¯¬· =¯=¯| v. to apply a
coating or an ointment (to); to coat or smear (with). >¯¬·< a. coating; smearing. ?¯¬·¯ n.
coating or smearing. @¯¬·¯ <<| v. to coat; to smear.
A¯¬|¯ [ pral)bha ] n very strong greed.
B¯¬|¯¯ [ pral)bhana ] n allurement, temptation, enticement; a tempting object. C¯¬|¯¯ D¯j|¯¯| v.
to bring an allurement (to); to entice, to try to allure or tempt.
E¯¬||¯¯ [ pral)bhita ] a allured, tempted, enticed. F¯¬||¯¯ <<| v. to allure, to tempt, to entice.
G¯¬||¯¯ <¯< |¯¯¯ ]|=¯| v. to entice away.
H·,¯< [ pra#a2saka ] n one who speaks highly of, a praiser, an admirer.
I·,¯¯ [ pra#a2sana ] n act of praising, commendation, extolment, admiration. J·,¯¯|¯ a.
praiseworthy, commendable, laudable, admirable.
K·,¯| [ pra#a2s ] n praise, commendation extolment, laudation, admiration, eulogy,
applause; fame. L·,¯| <<| v. to praise, to commend, to extol, to laud, to admire, to eulogize, to
applaud. (·N n. a certificate of merit; a written address of honour or felicitation. (<|<P (<|¯ n. a
compliment; a eulogy. (¯|•¯ n. an object of praise; a praiseworthy person. (¯¬< a. commendatory,
laudatory, eulogistic. (-R a. praiseworthy, commendable, laudable. (¯¯< same as S·,¯|¯¬<
T·,|¯¯ [ pra#a2sita ] a praised, extolled, admired, eulogized, applauded.
U·¯¯, V·¯ [ pra#amana, pra#ama ] n allayment, soothing; stopping, dissuasion; restraining or
resisting; quelling; (phys.) neutralization; mitigation; pacification. W·¯¯ <<| v. to allay or
alleviate, to soothe; to stop, to dissuade; to check, to restrain, to resist; to subdue, to quell;
(phys.) to neutralize; to mitigate, to make less severe; to pacify. X·¯¬<º n. (chiefly in chem.)
neutral salt. Y·|¯¯ a. allayed, alleviated, soothed; stopped, dissuaded; checked, restrained,
resisted; subdued, quelled; (phys.) neutralized; mitigated; pacified. Z·|¯¯ <<| same as [·¯¯ <<|
\·^ [ pra#asta ] a praiseworthy, commendable; best, excellent; most suitable, fittest (_·a ¯·|¯);
auspicious (b·d ¯¯¯); magnanimous, liberal (e·g h¯¯); wide, broad (¯|<-|¯ ·|<¯|º i·k); spacious,
roomy (l·n <p). (¯| n. praiseworthiness; excellence; suitability; fitness; auspiciousness;
magnanim ity, liberality; width, breadth; spacious.
q·|s [ pra#asti ] n praise; a short laudatory hymn: a eulogium, a panegyric.
t·v [ pra#asya ] a praiseworthy, commendable, laudable.
w·|j| [ pra#kh ] n a branchlet; an offshoot.
x·|z [ pra#nta ] a very calm or quiet or peaceful; tranquil; unperturbed; unruffled. (|¯| a.
enjoying peace or tranquillity at heart, composed, sedate, unagitated. (<¯¯ a. having a tranquil or
calm face or appearance. }·|• ¯-|¯|'< the Pacific Ocean, the Pacific. (¯|¯ a. having a tranquil or
calm or composed appearance. -¯¯ same as ¤·|ë|¯¯ ¤·||ë n. perfect calm or quiet or peace,
tranquillity.
¤·|¯< [ pra#saka ] n administrator.
¤·|¯¯ [ pra#sana ] n administration. ¤·|¯|¯< a. administrative. ¤·|¯¯-&|<<||<< n.
administrative officer. ¤·|¯|¯< <¯ï administrative function. ¤·|¯¯-<¯ï< n. administrative
service.
¤|·¤º [ pra#ik'a-a ] n training. (¤|« a. trained.
¤|·< [ pra#i'ya ] n a disciple's disciple; a pupil's pupil. fem. ¤|·<|
¤: [ pra#na ] n a question; a query; interrogation; inquiry; a point at issue; a problem (<|¯|< ¤:);
a disputed point. ¤: <<| v. to question; to ask; to inquire; to interrogate; to set questions (as for
examinees). (<¯| n. a questioner; an inquirer; an interrogator; one who sets questions (as for
examinees); a papersetter. fem. ¤:<=| (·= n. a set of questions for the examinees, a paper. (<|º
n. questions that pierce or hurt like shafts or darts or arrows or missiles, questions piercing as a
shaft, embarrassing or piercing questions. ¤:<|¯º ••|<¯ <<| to ask too many or volleys of
troublesome questions, to heckle. (:<|<< a. denoting or signifying a question. (:<|<< |¯¤ n. note or
sign of interrogation. (¯|¬| n. a set of questions; (loos.) an exercise (for students). ¤¯:|¯< n. a
question and its answer; a catechism. ¤:¯<| n. a catechism.
¤¤|¯ [ pra#bsa ] n inhalation.
¤n¯ [ pra#ra$a ] n indulgence, latitude, pampering; over-affection; (rare) politeness. ¤n¯ :¯=¯|
v. to give (one) indulgence or latitude, to indulge, to pamper; to treat with over-affection. (¯|¯| n.
one who gives indulgence, an indulger. (¯|¯ v. act of giving indulgence, indulgence. (¤|« a.
indulged, pampered.
¤¯U [ prasakta ] a greatly inclined or attached to, enamoured of; greatly addicted to. ¤¯|U n.
great inclination for or attachment or addiction to.
¤¯* [ prasa/ga ] n a subject for or under discussion; a topic for discussion, narration (<|¯|¯¯
¤¯*); context (¤¯* <º¯|). ¤¯* ¯¯•j·<!< with reference to the context. ("¯¯, #¯%¯ adv. in course of
discussion, incidentally, by the by, by the way. &¯( )¯|¬| v. to refer to. *¯,|.< n. another topic, a
different topic.
/¯1 [ prasanna ] a satisfied, pleased; delighted, glad, happy; gracious, propitious, favourable;
clear, limpid, transparent (2¯4¯|¬¬|); calm and happy, complacent, bright (5¯7 <¯¯). fem. 8¯:|
(¯| n. satisfied or pleased state; complacence, complacency; delightedness, gladness, happiness;
graciousness, propitiousness, favourableness; clarity, limpidity, transparence; brightness. ;¯=
-=¯| v. to be pleased, to smile upon.
>¯< [ prasaba ] n act of bringing forth (a child or young), parturition, delivery; child birth;
production; creation; birth. ?¯< <<| v. to bring forth; to give birth; (of ten facet.) to produce.
@¯< <<|¯¯| v. to deliver of a child or young. (A|< n. the passage of childbirth; the valva. B¯< -=¯| v.
to be delivered of a child or young. (C<¯¯| n. lobour-pain, travail. D¯< E<¯¯| =¯| v. to be in travail,
to be in labour. F¯|<¯|, G¯<| a. giving birth to; producing n. a father, a progenitor; a producer.
H¯|<J|, K¯|<¯| a. fem. bringing forth; producing. n. fem. a mother, a progenitress; a (female)
producer.
L¯< [ prasara ] n act of going, movement; speed; expanse, extent, range, ¯N¯|< O¯< (geog.) the
range of temperature. P¯<º n. strolling; encompassment of enemy forces; expansion, extension;
expanse, extent, range.
Q¯|¯ [ prasda ] n grace, favour, propitiousness (*S<U¯|¯); food-offering to a deity (this is taken
by devotees after the sacrifice); remains of food taken by a superior or venerable person (VW<
X¯|¯); complacency; (of lit. composition) lucidity, clarity, perspicuity (also Y¯|¯[º). \¯|¯ ·|=¯| v.
to enjoy the grace of; to partake of the food offered to a deity or of the remains of food taken by
a superior person. ]¯|¯ ^¯=¯| v. to partake of the food offered to a deity or of the remains of
food taken by a superior person. _¯|¯¯ n. act of pleasing, propitiation. (`|·b| a. & n. one who asks
for or seeks a favour; one desirous of partaking of the food offered to a deity or of the remains
of food taken by a superior person. fem. (c||·e¯| f¯|¯|h adv. through the grace or favour of.
i¯||¯¯ propitiated. j¯|¯| a. (of a food etc.) offered to a deity or partaken of by a superior person.
k¯|<< [ prasdhaka ] a. & n one who dresses or does another's toilet; one who embellishes or
decorates, a decorator.
l¯|<¯ [ prasdhana ] n dressing, toilet, toilette; embellishment, decoration. m¯|<¯ <<| v. to
dress (usu. oneself); to make (one's) toilet; to embellish; to decorate. n¯|<¯| n. a comb; a toilet
article, toiletry, a cosmetic.
o¯||<<| [ prasdhik ] fem of p¯|<<
q¯||<¯ [ prasdhita ] a dressed; toileted; embellished; decorated.
r¯|< [ prasra ] n width; expanse; extent; expansion (<||¯¯•t< u¯|<); spread (|·w|< x¯|<). y¯|<º n.
act of stretching (out); extension; expansion; spreading; spread; (phys.) dilatation, dilation.
z¯|<º <<| v. to stretch (out); to extend; to expand; to spread; (phys.) to dilate. {¯|<|} n. (phys.)
the co-efficient of expansion or dilation. ~¯||<¯ a. stretched (out); extended; expanded; spread
(out). •¯|<| a. extending; expanding; expansive; extensive; wide. ¯¯<-¤¯|<| a. far-reaching, widely
extended, far flung (¸¯<¤¯|<| ¯|ë|•ï).
¤¯|] [ prasrya ] a stretchy; extensible; expansible. (¯|º a. in the process of being stretched (out)
or expanded.
¤|¯+ [ prasiddha ] a famous, renowned, celebrated, well-known, reputed, (dero.) notorious.
fem. ¤|¯+| ¤|¯|+ n. fame, renown, celebrity, reputation.
¤¯|¯ [ pras+da ] v be pleased (¤¯|¯ :- :¯<|).
¤¸« [ prasupta ] a soundly sleeping. ¤¯¯ ·|<| v. to sleep soundly, to be fast asleep. ¤¸|« n. sound
sleep.
¤¯ [ pras- ] n (chiefly used as a sfx. and in an adjectival sense) mother, progenitress. a.
producing (*º¤¯ = auriferous).
¤¯¯ [ pras-ta ] a produced (of); resulted (from), evolved (out of); born (of); brought forth (by),
begotten (by). ¤¯¯|, ¤¯|¯ n. fem. a mother, progenitress; a woman recently delivered of a child; a
(female) producer; (loos.) a woman in travail or a parturient woman. ¤¯|¯¯s n. midwifery. ¤¯|¯
¯¯¯ n. maternity home; a maternity hospital.
¤¯¯ [ pras-na ] n a flower; a fruit; a bud, a blossom.
¤¯¯ [ pras+ta ] a emerged; widened, expanded, extended. ¤¯¯ -=¯| v. to emerge (from); to
widen. ¤¯|¯ n. expansion, extension.
¤? [ prasta ] n a set (=< ¤? <|¯¯); a wad (=< ¤? :¯|¯); a suite (=< ¤? :·|·|<); a spell (=< ¤? <¯<)

¤?< [ prastara ] n stone; rock; pebble; fossil; a jewel. (¯¬ï a. stone-like, stony; (fig.) very hard,
motionless, unfeeling. (|¯|¯¯ a. made of stone, stony. (,¬< n. a stone slab. (¯¯ a. stony, rocky;
made of stone. (¯|¯ n. a stone statue. (¯|¯<¦ a. statuesque; (fig.) motionless or unperturbed. (]' n.
the Stone Age. ¤?<|¯¯ a. petrified; fossilized.
¤?|< [ prastba ] n context; a proposal; a subject for or under discussion, a topic; a discourse; a
motion; (of a book) a chapter, a section. ¤?|< <<| v. to propose; to put up a proposal; to move a
motion; to name (as a candidate for election). ¤?|< :¯|¬| v. to raise a topic; to move a proposal or
motion; to propose. ¤?|<< n. a proposer; a mover (of a motion). ¤?|<¯| n. a proposal;
commencement; (of a drama etc.) a prologue. ¤?||<¯ n. proposed; raised or moved (as a topic);
under discussion.
¤£¯ [ prastuta ] a made; manufactured, formed; prepared, ready. ¤£¯ <<| v. to make, to
manufacture, to form; to prepare, to make ready. ¤£¯ -=¯| v. to be made or manufactured or
formed; to get ready. ¤£|¯ n. making; manufacture, formation; preparation, readiness.
•!-
2
[ prasha
2
] n width, breadth; expanse, extent; level ground, a plain (##$%); a table land, a
plateau. (&'¯ n. (math.) a cross-section.
()-|¯ [ prashna ] n act of going off or setting out, departure; act of going out; (in drama) exit.
*+-|¯ <<| v. to go off; to set out; to depart; to go out. ,--|¯¯|¯/¯ a. on the point of departing or
going out, ready to go. 01-|¯¯|¯¯3|' n. preparation for departure.
4|6-¯ [ prashita ] a gone off; set out; departed; gone out.
78¯, 9:|¯¯ [ prasphua, prasphuita ] a full-blown, in (full) bloom; thoroughly manifested or
revealed or unfolded. fem. ;<|¯¯| =>¯¯ n. act of bloomingfully; full bloom; thorough
manifestation or revelation.
?@<º [ prasphura-a ] n slight vibration or tremor; phosphorescence; effervescence. (·|¬ a.
slightly vibrating or trembling; phosphorescent; effervescent. AB|<¯ a. slightly vibrated or
trembled; phosphoresced; effervesced. CD|<¯ -=¯| v. to vibrate or tremble slightly; to
phosphoresce; to effervesce.
EF|·¯ [ prasbpana ] a soporific, opiate.
GH< [ prasraba ] n an oozing.
IJ<º [ prasraba-a ] n a fountain, a spring; oozing. LeNO<º n. (geog.) an underground spring.
¯·|<QR<º n. (geog.) a surface spring. ¯TUV<º n. a hot spring, a geyser. <|¯< WX<º (geog.) a
mineral spring. ¯|<<|¯ YZ<º (geog.) an intermittent spring.
[\|< [ prasrba ] n urine; urination. ]^|< <<| v. to pass urine or water, to make water, to
urinate; (coll.) to pee. _`|¯<< ·|d| a urinary disease or trouble.
ef¯ [ prasruta ] a oozed or trickled or dripped (from). gh¯ -=¯| v. to ooze or trickle or drip
(from).
i-¯ [ prahata ] a hurt; wounded; beaten, struck (as a drum).
j-< [ prahara ] n a measure of time equal to three hours. k-< l'|¯| (fig.) to pass time in idleness,
to laze; to wait in anxiety or patiently; to bide one's time. m-<|<o n. time equal to one and half
hours.
p-<º [ prahara-a ] n a weapon (usu. one wielded by the hand, that is, not a missile); beating or
striking.
q-<| [ prahar ] n watching or guarding; a watch, a watchman, a watcher, a sentinel, a sentry, a
guard, a guardsman. r-<| s¯=¯| v. to watch, to guard, to sentinel. (<|¯ a. one who is under watch;
guarded, watched. (<¯ a. engaged in watching or guarding or keeping watch.
t-<| [ prahar+ ] n a guard, a watchman, a watcher, a guardsman.
u-¯w| [ prahart ] n a person who beats or strikes.
x-¯¯ [ prahasana ] n a farce; a joke, a banter.
y-|< [ prahra ] n a beating or striking; a blow, a stroke; (dial.) trouble or punishment. z-|< <<|
v. to beat; to strike. {-|< |¯=¯| v. to give one a thrashing or licking. (<, (<¯~| a. & n. one who beats
or strikes. fem. ˜<!|
"#¯ [ prah+ta ] a beaten, smitten; struck.
$%& [ prah+'a ] a very much delighted, very glad or happy. |¯( a. very glad or happy at heart.
)¯-|¬<| [ prah&lik ] n a riddle, an enigma, a puzzle, a mystery. (¯¯ a. enigmatic, riddling,
puzzling, mysterious.
*+|¯ [ prahlda ] n (myth.) an Asura (-<) prince who was very much devoted to Vishnu (|</).
0¯¯2<|¯¬ 34|¯ (fig.) a saint amongst infidels.
5|,7 [ pr2#u ] a tall; high, lofty (8|,: < <); hefty (=|,?¯¯-); long (@|,B¯•).
C|E [ prk ] pfx denoting: prior, pre, eastern. (<¬¯ n. an estimate. (<¬|¯< n. an estimator.
F|<|¯H [ prkmya ] n (ascetical) power of moving or enjoying at will.
I|<|< [ prkra ] n a wall; a bulwark; a rampart; a parapet. (J<|L¯ a. surrounded by a wall.
M|<¯ [ prk+ta ] a natural, physical, unrefined, pertaining to the populace, (cp.) plebeian;
traditional; commonplace, usual, general; base, mean; vulgar. n. the Prakrit language (usu.
N|<¯¯|<|).
O|<|¯< [ prk+tika ] a natural; physical; inorganic. P|<|¯< ¯R a natural scenery. S|<|¯< |¯¯¯ a
law of nature, a physical law. T|<|¯< |¯<V|¯¯ (sc.) natural selection. W|<|¯< |<Y|¯ natural science;
physical science; physics. Z|<|¯< |<·]\¯ natural calamity. ]|<|¯< ¯¯'|¬ physical geography. ^|<|¯<
¯|¯|¯` a physical map.
a|c|¬ [ prkkla ] n previous or former or preceding time; (pop.) immediately preceding time;
eve. d|f||¬<, g|i|¬|¯ a. former, previous. j|l|¯¬ adv. before; (pop.) on the eve of.
m|o¯ [ prktana ] a previous; former; (rare) of a previous birth, earned or acquired or done in a
previous birth. n. (rare) destiny, fate; consequence of an act done in a previous birth (= pej
¯|< q|s¯).
t|¯v•x||¯< [ prgjy)ti'a ] n the ancient name of Kamrup or its inhabitants.
y|'¯|< [ prgabhba ] n (phil.) non-existence of an object prior to its being brought into
existence.
z|'|¯~ [ prgalbhya ] n same as •|'!¯¯| (see "'$¯), and shamelessness of women in love-affairs.
%|'|<|¯< [ prgdhunika ] a pre-modern.
&|() [ prgukta ] a aforesaid; aforementioned.
*|`'|¯-||¯< [ prgaitihsika ] a pre-historic.
+|-¯< [ prgrasara ] a going ahead; prospering, developing; forerunner.
.|0º [ pr/ga-a ] n a courtyard, a compound.
1|3j [ pr/mukha ] a facing eastwards.
4|¯| [ prc+ ] n the east; the eastern hemisphere; the eastern world, the Orient.
5|¯|¯ [ prc+na ] a old; ancient; antique; aged; out of-date; old-fashioned, antiquated. fem. 6|¯|¯|
7|¯|¯¯|, 8|¯|¯: n. oldness; ancientness; antiqueness; agedness; old-fashionedness,
antiquatedness.
;|¯|< [ prc+ra ] n a wall; a rampart; a parapet. (|¯= n. wallpainting, a drawing on the wall. (·? n. a
wallpaper, a wall magazine. (@<|B¯ a. enclosed with a wall, walled (C|¯|<¯<|E¯ ¯'<).
F|¯]H [ prcurya ] n plenty, abundance; affluence, milk and honey; profusion; amplitude;
numerousness; sufficiency.
I|¯K [ prcya ] a eastern, oriental. n. same as L|¯| (M¯· n. an oriental or eastern country.
N|•¯ [ prjana ] n a truncheon for driving cattle.
O|•|·¯Q [ prjpatya ] n the usual Hindu form of marriage. a. relating to Prajapati (R•|·|¯)
the creator or protector of living beings.
S|U [ prjña ] a learned; wise, prudent. fem. V|X| (¯| n. learning, wisdom; prudence.
Y|[¬ [ prñjala ] a easily understood, lucid, perspicuous; precise; clear, transparent. (¯| n.
lucidity, perspicuity, precision, preciseness; clarity, clearness, transparence.
\|º [ pr-a ] n life; the first of the five vital airs (namely, ]|º ·|¯ ¯¯|¯ ¯¯|¯ and <_|¯) or these
five airs collectively; life breath; breath; heart, earnest desire ('`|º ¯|¯ ¯b ¯| ¯|¯'); vitality,
vigour, vivacity (<|¯• c|º d¯#); (in endearment) an extremely beloved person. e|º =g|'¯ -=¯| v.
(rare) to feel like dying; (fig. & pop.) to be extremely harassed or troubled or irritated. h|º ij|¬|
v. to open one's heart, to speak out one's heart. j|º ·|<| v. to remain alive. k|º l¯=¯| same as
m|º¯|¯ <<| n|º o¯=¯| v. to kill; to torture almost to the point of killing. p|º ·|=¯| same as q|º¬|¯
-=¯| r|º <|¯| same as s|º<u| -=¯| v|º <|¯|¯¯| same as w|º<y| <<| z|º <|< <<| v. to make one
out of breath, to exasperate beyond endurance. {|º <|< -=¯|, ||º ]|=¯| v. to breathe one's last; to
become out of breath; to be exasperated. }|º ~¯=¯| v. to take one's life; to kill. •|º -|<|¯¯| v. to
lose one's life, to die; to be killed. (<! n. Krishna (<#) who is regarded by a devotee or a lover as
dear as life; (fig.) a favourite or lover as dear as one's life. ($j|¬| a. open-hearted, frank, candid,
hearty. ('¯ a. lying in one's heart of hearts; inmost; sincere. ('|¯< a. concerning one's life or
living; bodily, physical. (¯|¯| a. life-killing; murderous; deadly, fatal. (¯&¬ a. lively, sprightly,
vivacious. (¯|(¬* n. liveliness, vivaciousness, sprightliness. (¯,|' n. death. -|º¯/|' <<| v. to die. (¯ a.
life-giving; animating, invigorating; resuscitant; life-saving. (¯1¯ n. death sentence, a lifer,
capital punishment. 2|º¯4¯ 5¯=¯| v. to sentence (one) to death, to award capital punishment.
6|º¯| fem. of (¯ (¯|¯| n. a giver of life; an animator, an invigorator; a resuscitant, a resuscitator.
fem. 7|º¯|9| (¯|¯ n. infusion of life (into); animation; invigoration; resuscitation; saving of
life. (¯|¯ <<| v. to infuse life (into); to give life (to); to animate, to invigorate; to give back one's
life, to resuscitate; to save one's life; to sacrifice one's life, to give up one's life. (¯|¯< same as
:|º¯ fem. ;|º¯||¯<| (<|<º n. act of living; sustenance of oneself. <|º<|<º <<| v. to live; to sustain
one self. (¯|· same as =|¯º?< (¯|· same as @|º<< (¯|·< same as A|º¯|¯| (·º n. resolve of doing
something even at the cost of one's life. (·¯º adv. staking one's life, even at the cost of one's
life. (·|¯ same as B|¯ºD< (·||j n. the bird of life imprisoned in the cage of the body; life; life-
breath. Eº·|¯ <<| v. to wreck or lay down or sacrifice one's life; to strain all one's energies. (·ºG
same as H|º<J (K|¯¯ a. resembling life; as dear as life. (L|¯¯| n. the idol of one's life; a woman or
girl as dear as one's life. (M|¯O| n. the rite of investing an idol with life, (cp.) consecration;
infusion of life (into), activization (as of an organization). P|º Q|¯S| <<| v. (eccl.) to invest (an
idol) with life, to consecrate; to infuse life into (an organization); to activize. (T¯ same as U|º¯
(|W¯ a. as dear as life; an object of deep affection; dearer than life. (<< n. a lover as dear as one's
life, a sweetheart. (<< n. killing or slaying, manslaughter. X|º<< <<| v. to kill, to slay, to take a
life. (<Z a. living, alive; animate; lively; vivacious. sprightly; cordial, genial; volatile, active. (<\¯|
n. the state of being alive or living; animation; liveliness, vivacity, sprightliness; cordiality,
geniality, volatility, fullness of activity. (<^¯ same as _|¯ºa< (<|¯ same as b|º¯d¬ (<|¯ n. life-
breath; the first of the five vital airs (namely e|º ·|¯, ¯¯|¯, ¯¯|¯ and <g|¯) or all these airs
collectively. h|º<|¯ <|< -=¯| v. to breathe one's last, to die. (|<¯¯|' n. death. i|º|<¯¯|' -=¯| v. to
die. (|<¯•k¯ n. sacrifice of one's life. l|º|<¯•n¯ o¯=¯| v. to sacrifice one's life. (¯¯ n. fear of losing
one's life, fear of life. (¯¯¯ adv. for fear of life. (¯¯ a. same as p|º<r, and also—the sole object of
one's life. fem. s|º¯¯| t|º¯¯ u<|< (Hindu phil.) the life-cell of the body. v|º<x| <<| v. to save
one's life; to sustain. y|º<{| -=¯| v. to be saved from death; to be saved; to sustain oneself. (¬|¯ n.
act of coming or coming back to life. ||º¬|¯ <<| v. to come or come back to life. (·~ a. lifeless;
inanimate; lacking in liveliness or vivacity or sprightliness, dull, lacking in cordiality or
geniality, cold, inactive, lethargic; callous. (¯,<¯ same as •|º¯,·¯ (¯,·¯ n. possibility of losing
one's life, risk or hazard or peril of one's life. (¯,-|< same as |º<< (¯j| n. a bosom friend. (¯"|<
same as #|º¯|¯ (¯¯ a. equal to life. (-%| n. a slayer, a killer; a murderer (fem. a murderess).
fem. (-'| (-<, (-|<<, (-|<| same as (|º¯|¯| fem. (-<|, (-||<<|, (-||<º| (-|¯ same as )|º·+ ,|º|¯.¯ n.
destruction or loss of life, death; time of death or of loss of life. /|º||<< a. dearer than one's life.
fem. 0|º||<<| 1|º|3 n. termination of life, death. 4|º|6<< a. causing death or termination of life;
(fig.) extremely toilsome or causing extreme suffering. 7|º|9 ·|<¯;¯ n. that which ends in or
extends up to death; (fig.) extreme toil or suffering. <|º|>-·|<@¯ n. extremely toilsome work,
hard toil (likely to cost a person his life.) A|¯º·, B|¯ºD< n. the lord of one's life; a husband; a
lover. E|¯ºG<| n. fem. the mistress of one's life; a wife; a ladylove, a sweetheart. H|¯º|J¯'L n.
sacrifice of one's life. M|¯º|O¯'Q <<| v. to sacrifice one's life.
R|º|¯|¯ [ pr-$ma ] n breath-control as prescribed in the yoga system.
S|º| [ pr-+ ] n a living being, a creature, an animal; a human being, a person (<||W¯¯ X|¯ ¯|Z
[|º|). \|º|^¬ n. the animal kingdom; fauna. _|º|•'a n. the animal kingdom, the animal world.
bº|¯d, e|º||<g|¯, h|º||<¯j| n. zoology. k|º|¯mn , o|º||<q|¯|, r|º||<¯t||<¯ n. a zoologist. u|º|¯w|¯ a.
zoological. x|º||-,¯| n. killing of animals; (rare) cruelty to animals.
y|¯, z|¯e [ prta, prt0 ] n morning; the early morning; (fig.) inception, beginning. {|¯e<¯}
same as ~|¯e<¯ï ¤|¯e<|¬ n. morning; the early morning. ¤|¯e<|¬|¯ a. of or for or in the
morning, morning. ¤|¯e<|¬|¯ ¯,'|¯ a morning song, a matin. ¤|¯e<¯ï, ¤|¯e|=¯| n. the routine
morning duties of evacuation of bowels, personal washing, religious prayer etc. ¤|¯e¯¯×|< n. the
morning salutation, good morning. ¤|¯e¤º|¯ n. the morning obeisance done by touching the
feet of a respected person. ¤|¯e¯¯º, ¤|¯¯¯º n. morning walk. ¤|¯e¯ºï| n. the morning meditation
or devotion; morning prayers. ¤|¯e¯¯|<, ¤|¯e¯¯|<º n. the morning breeze. ¤|¯e:|¯ n. bath at
sunrise; the morning ablution or bath. ¤|¯e¯<º|¯ a. (lit.) one whose name should be recalled or
uttered on waking in the morning; (fig.) of immortal fame, ever memorable.
¤|¯<|·, ¤|¯¯¯|•¯ [ prtar#a, prtarbh)jana ] n the first meal of the day, the morning meal,
breakfast. ¤|¯¯¯|•¯ <<| v. to take the morning meal or the first meal of the day, to breakfast.
¤|¯<|<ï [ prtarbkya ] n the first words uttered on waking in the morning.
¤||¯{¬ï [ prtikulya ] n same as ¤|¯{¬¯| (see ¤|¯{¬ )
¤||¯•|¯< [ prtijanika ] a personal. ¤|¯•|¯< j|¯¯|¯ personal ledger account.
¤||¯·|¯< [ prtipadika ] n (gr.) an uninflected noun or adjective; a root noun or root adjective.
a. (gr.) uninflected.
¤||¯¯||¯< [ prtibhsika ] a apparent but not real or actual, seemingly real.
¤||¯º||¯< [ prti'hnika ] a institutional; organizational; of or about the establishment.
¤||¯|¯< [ prtismika ] a individual; characteristic; personal.
¤|¯ï|-< [ prtyahika ] a daily, diurnal. fem. ¤|¯ï|-<|
¤|·|¯< [ prthamika ] a relating to inception or beginning, initial; early, primitive; primary.
¤|·|¯< ·?< a primer. ¤|·|¯< |<¯ï|¬¯ a primary school. ¤|·|¯< |·¤| primary education.
¤||¯ [ prdi] n (in Sanskrit gr.) ¤ ·<| · ¯¯ |¯ < ¡ |¯¶ ¡¶ |< |¯ |< ¸ ¯¦ ·|< •|¯ |· |¯ ¯·
&: these twenty prefixes collectively. ¤||¯¯¯|¯ n. (gr.) a system of forming compound words by
adding any one of the aforesaid prefixes.
¤|¡¯|< [ prdurbhba ] n appearance; manifestation; serious or terrible outbreak (¡|¯¯¤<
¤|¡¯|<); extensive and terrible prevalence or excess (:<|¯'< <| ¯·|< ¤|¡¯|<); (dero.) act of coming
into power or importance.
¤|¡¯ ¯ [ prdurbh-ta ] a manifested; seriously or terribly broken out; extensively and terribly
prevalent, existing in a large number. ¤|¡¯¯ -=¯| v. to appear; to be come manifest; to break out
seriously or terribly and usu. extensively (:<|' ¤|¡¯¯ -=¯|).
¤|¯¯|·< [ prd&#ika ] a provincial (¤|¯¯|·< *|¯[·|¯¯). ¤|¯¯|·<¯| n. provincialism; parochialism;
insularity.
¤|<|¯ [ prdhnya ] n primeness; supremacy, prominence, pre-eminence, predominance, ¤|<|¯
¯-|·¯ <| |<?|< <<| v. to establish sway; to predominate, to domineer, to lord it over. ¤|<|¯ ·|=¯| v.
to gain supremacy or prominence; to become predominant.
¤||<<|< [ prdhikra ] n authority. ¤||<<||<< n. a special officer.
¤||<<¯ [ prdhik+ta ] a authorized.
¤|ë [ prnta ] n an extremity, an end; a tip; a border, a margin; a brim; a rim; the out skirts
(¯'<¤|ë). (¤|<¯<j| v. (geog.) the terminal moraine. (<¯|, (¯-, (|¯-¯ a. lying or situated in or on or at
the border; terminal; marginal; bordering. (^·| a. (bot.) valvate. ¤||ë<, ¤|ë|¯ a. lying or situated
in or on or at the border; terminal; (esp. in bot.) marginal; bordering; (arith.) extreme. ¤||ë<
¯·¯]|'|¯| marginal utility. <:¤|ë|¯ a. parietal. ¤|ëï a. (esp. in phys.) terminal; marginal.
¤|•< [ prntara ] n a prairie, a wilderness, a waste, a vast expanse of arid land; a large tract of
grass-land.
|·< [ prpaka ] n a delivery-man; a person who receives (something), a recipient.
!|·º [ prpa-a ] n giving delivery or receiving. "|·º|¯ a. obtainable; to be or fit to be obtained.
#||·¯ [ prpita ] a received or delivered through some agency.
$|& [ prpta ] a obtained, got; received; found; acquired, gained, attained, learnt (|·(|*|,);
informed of (¯,<|¯.|0). 1|3 -=¯| v. to obtain, to get; to receive, to be given; to find, to come
across; to acquire, to gain; to attain; to learn; to be informed. (<|¬ a. on the point of death,
dying; having attained the fullness of age. (<¯5 a. one who has attained majority, of age, adult,
grown-up. (<7 a. same as 8|·: (a.). (;]|<¯ a. adult. fem. (<]|<¯|
=||? [ prpti ] n obtaining or getting; receipt; act of finding; acquirement, acquisition, gaining,
attainment; act of learning; income, earnings; (often facet.) profit. (@]|' n. (hum.) run of luck,
unexpected gain or an occasion for some gain. (A]|'C a. same as D|·F (a.) (¯,<|¯ n. news of
receipt. (G-|¯ n. a place from which something may be had. (H|<|< n. acknowledgement of receipt.
I|·K [ prpya ] a obtainable; receivable; acquirable, attainable; to be paid, due (L|·N ·P). n.
due.
Q|<|S< [ prbandhika ] n an essayist.
T|<<º [ prbara-a ] n a thin and large scarf; a covering, a cover.
U|<¬W [ prbalya ] n same as X<¬¯| (see Y<¬).
Z|<|º\ [ prb+-ya ] n same as ]<|º¯| (see ^<|º).
_|<¯, `|<<| [ prb+a, prb+' ] n the rainy season, the rains. a|<|<<, b|< d a. of the rainy
season.
e|¯<|·< [ prb&#ika ] a pertaining to entrance or admission. f|¯<|·< ·<|h| an admission test.
i|¯||¯< [ prbhtika ] a of the morning.
j|¯||º< [ prm-ika ] a authoritative, authentic. (¯| n. authoritativeness, authenticity.
k|¯|ºm [ prm-ya ] n authoritativeness, authenticity. a. same as n|¯||º<
o|¯
1
[ pr$a
1
] adv usually (=¯¯# p¯| q|¯ ¯¯¯); frequently, every now and then, often (r¯ s|¯
=j|¯¯ &¯¯).
t|¯
2
[ pr$a
2
] a (chiefly used in comp. as a sfx.) resembling, like ('¯v|¯); nearing, about, nearly,
a little less than (w|¯ x|¯|¯¯, y|¯ ¬|j ¯|<|).
z|¯
3
[ pr$a
3
] n death by starvation, desire to die of starvation or fasting ({|¯¯|·¯<·¯);
overmuchness.
||]|~< [ pryuktika ] n a technologist.
•|¯¯|'• [ pr$)gaja ] a same as ¤|¯¯||'<
¤|¯¯||'< [ pr$)gika ] a (phil.) pragmatic, empirical; technical.
¤|¯¯|·|<³ [ pr$)pabi'a ] a seated fasting till death; (loos.) on hunger strike.
¤|<+ [ prrabdha ] a commenced, started; taken on hand, undertaken (¤|<+ <¯). n. destiny,
fate; the consequences of activities of a previous birth, which have begun to take effect (':¯|'ï|<|
¤|<¯+< ¤¯')
¤|<? [ prrambha ] n beginning, commencement, outset, inception. ¤|<|?< a. of the begin ning,
initial.
¤|·¯|, ¤|·¯ [ prrthan, prrthana ] n a prayer (secular or religious); act of asking for,
solicitation; supplication; application. ¤|·¯| <<| v. to pray; to say one's prayer; to ask for, to
solicit; to supplicate; to apply (for); to petition. ¤|·¯| ·º <<| to grant a prayer.
¤|· ¯|¯, ¤|·|¯¯<ï [ prrthan+$a, prrtha$itabya ] a worth praying or asking or applying for.
¤||·¯ [ prrthita ] a prayed for, asked for; applied for; desired.
¤||·¯| [ prrthin+ ] fem of ¤|·|
¤|·| [ prrth+ ] a praying for, asking for; applying for; desiring. n. one who prays for or asks
for; an applicant; a candidate; a desirer.
¤|·¯ [ pr#ana ] n act of eating; initiation to eating (r¤|·¯).
¤|¯ [ prsa ] n an ancient missile.
¤|¯|*< [ prsa/gika ] a contextual; relevant, pertinent.
¤|¯|¯ [ prsda ] n a royal residence, a palace; a large building, an edifice. ({¤¯ n. the
pigeon. (¤-<| n. a palace-guard.
¤|-¯|¯< [ prhasanika ] a farcical; satirical; comic or comical.
¤|¤ [ prhna ] n the first part or quarter of the day; (loos.) forenoon.
|¤·¯|< [ prinra ] n a printer.
|¤|÷·|¬ [ prinsipla ] n a principal (of an institution).
|¤|¯ <|¯|÷¬ [ pribhi kunsila ] n the Privy Council (of Great Britain).
|¤¯ [ pri$a ] n a beloved person; a lover; a darling; (chiefly in address) a husband; a friend. a.
dear; beloved; favourite (|¤¯ <£); pleasant. |¤¯,<¯ a. fair-spoken, sweet-tongued. fem. |¤¯,<¯|
(<|<<, (<|<| a. doing agreeable things, causing pleasure by one's actions. fem. (<||<º| (|¯<|<| n.
desire of doing things agreeable to another, desire to do a good turn (to), benevolence. (|¯<|< a.
desirous of doing things agreeable to another, desirous of doing a good turn (to),
benevolent. (•¯ n. a beloved person; a favourite; a kinsman or relative; a friend. (¯¯ a. super. of
|¤¯ n. a most beloved person; a lover; a darling; a husband. fem. (¯¯| (¯< a. compar. of |¯
(a.). (¯·¯ a. good-looking, handsome, comely. fem. (¯·¯| (¯·| a. treating everybody with love or
affection. fem. (¯|·¯| (·|= n. a favourite, a beloved person fem. (·|=| (<¯¯, (<|<ï n. pleasant or
sweet words; adulatory words. (<|¯| same as |¯,<¯ fem. |¯<||¯¯| (|<¯¯|' n. loss or death of a dear
one, bereavement. (|<<- n. separation from one's lover or dear one. (¯|<º n. pleasant or sweet
speech; adulatory speech. (¯|<| same as |¯,<¯ fem. (¯||<º| (¯j (pop.) (¯j| n. a dear or bosom
friend; a boon companion. fem. (¯j| (¯¯|'¯ n. union or re-union with a dear one or dear ones;
visit of dear ones. |¤¯| a. fem. of |¯ n. fem. a lady-love, a sweetheart; a darling; (chiefly in
address) a wife.
|¤¯* [ pri$a/gu ] n a sweet-smelling evergreen creeper, Aglaia roxburghiana.
¤|º¯ [ pr+-ana ] n act of pleasing; (loos.) adulation.
¤|¯ [ pr+ta ] a pleased, satisfied; delighted, gladdened. n. (obs. & poet.) love or love affair.
('{¬<¬|ׯ| -#¡ <|<¯| ¤|¯'); act of pleasing, pleasure ('n|<|¯¯< ¤|¯¯ ¯|# ¯¯j <¬ -|<').
¤||¯ [ pr+ti ] n pleasure, satisfaction; delight, joy; love; affection; attachment; fondness;
friendliness; amicability; amiability; favour (¯·<=¯|¬|< ¤||¯). ||¯ •¯ <<| v. to earn the favour
of; to be pleased or satisfied or delighted. (¯·-|< n. a complimentary gift or present; a gift or
token of love. (<< a. pleasing, pleasant; delightful; agreeable. (·º a. loving; affectionate; friendly;
amicable; amiable; cordial. (¯¯< adv. lovingly; affectionately; in a friendly spirit; amiably;
cordially; with delight. (¯|•¯ n. one deserving love or affection or friendship; a
favourite. (:¯|•, (:¯|•¯ n. a feast or feasting. (¯?|<º n. a cordial or friendly greeting. (¯¯+¬¯ n. a
friendly or cordial meeting or assembly or gathering. (¯¯< a. expressing pleasure or delight;
cordial; friendly.
¤|¯¯|º [ pr+$am-a ] a in the state of being pleased or satisfied or delighted.
¤, [ prupha ] n (print.) a proof or a proof-sheet. , :¯|¬| v. to pull a proof. , :¯j|, ¤, ¯,¯·|<¯
<<| v. to read or correct a proof, to proof-read, to proof-correct. (|<¯|< n. a proof-
reader. (|<|¯,, (¯,¯·|<¯ n. a proof-reading. (¯,¯·|<< n. a proof-corrector, a proof-reader.
:¤¤< [ pr&k'aka ] n a spectator; an onlooker; one of the audience.
:¤¤º [ pr&k'a-a ] n act of seeing or looking on or watching; (loos.) act of seeing and hearing.
:¤|º<| n. an exhibition. :¤º|¯ a. worth seeing or watching; (loos.) worth seeing and hearing;
capable of being seen and heard.
:¤¤| [ pr&k' ] n seeing or viewing or watching; observation; review; act of seeing or (loos.)
seeing and hearing a dramatic or musical performance or a dance. ('|<, ('- n. a theatre-hall, a
theatre; an opera-house; a music-hall; a gallery; (loos.) an auditorium; an observatory.
:¤||¤<| [ pr)k'ik ] fem of :¤<
:¤|¤¯ [ pr&k'ita ] a seen; watched; observed; (loos.) seen and heard.
:¤¯ [ pr&ta ] n an evil spirit, a goblin, a ghoul; a ghost; the spirit or ghost of a dead
person. (<¯, (<|], (<¯ï, (|=¯| n. funeral rites; obsequial rites. (¯( n. spiritism, spiritualism. (¯(|<¯ n. a
spiritist, a spiritualist. (¯·º n. offering of water to the spirit of a deceased person. (:¯- n. a ghost
(of a dead person), an apparition. (¯¯| n. (myth.) the river Baitarini (•<¯<º|) which the soul of the
dead has to cross, (cp.) the Styx. (·¤ n. the dark lunar fortnight ending with the Mahalaya
(¯-|¬¯|). (|··¯ n. lump of food offered to the spirit of a deceased person. (¯|¯ n. a burial ground, a
cremation ground. (·<| n. the abode of the dead, the spirit-world, (cp.) Hades. (¯|¯ n. a ghost, an
apparition. (:]||¯ n. an evil spirit, a goblin, a ghoul. (:¬|< same as :¯·<| ¤¯|(| n. the soul or
spirit of a dead person, a ghost, a spirit. :¯|¯·|¯ n. impurity of one's body caused by carrying a
dead person. :|¯¯| n. fem. a female evil spirit, a female goblin or ghoul.
:¤~ [ pr&psu ] a desirous of getting or obtaining.
:¤¯ [ pr&ma ] n love, amour; universal love (•|¯< :¤¯); affection; attachment; friendliness,
amicability; cordiality; devotion (*¤<¯¤¯). :¯ <<|, :¤¯ :¯=¯| v. to make love; to treat with love
or affection, to love, to court. :¯¯ ·;| v. to fall in love (with.) (:¯|< n. a bond or string of
(mutual) love or affection. (¯|³ n. an amorous or lustful look or glance, a fond look. (·= n. a love-
letter, a billet-doux. (·|= n. a person of love; a beloved one. (·||;¯ a. lovesick, love-lorn. (·º a. full
of love, loving; affectionate; full of devotion. (¤|¯¯| n. an idol or image or embodiment of
love. (<º¯ n. the tie of (mutual) love or affection. (<|º n. a love-shaft, a Cupid's shaft. (<||< n. tears
of devotion or love. (¯|U n. loving devotion. (|¯¤| n. begging for love; wooing, courting. :¯|¯¤|
<<| v. to beg for (the) love (of); to woo, to court. (¯¯ same as :¯·º fem. (¯¯| (¯ + a. passionately
in love, fascinated by love. (¬|¬| n. amorous sports; dalliance; a love-affair, an affaire decoeur. (·<
same as :¯<|º (¯,'|¯ n. a love-song. (-|¯ a. loveless, having no love. :¯|<|¬| n. a longing for
love. :¯|<|¬| a. longing for love. fem. :¤¯|<||¬º| :¤¯|¯+ n. joy or delight of love or devotion.
:¯|¯¬ n. fire of love, burning passion. :¯|¯<' n. emotion or urge of love. :¯|¯¯ n. the ambrosia
or nectar of love. :¯|ñ a. softened with love. :¯|¬|· n. amorous conversation; a wooing. :¯|¬|·
<<| v. to be engaged in amorous conversation, to woo. :¯||¬*¯ n. an amatory or affectionate
embrace. :¯|n same as :¯<||< :¤¯|¯U a. having great amorous or devotional attachment
(to). •|¯< a. given to love, loving; affectionate; devoted. n. a lover, a sweet heart; an
affectionate man; a devotee. fem. |¯<| !¯| a. given to love, loving; devoted, attached.
"#¯ [ pr&$a ] a desired; dear; to one's liking, agreeable.
$%¯¯| [ pr&$as+ ] a. fem most beloved, dearest. n. a lady-love, a sweet-heart, a mistress; a
wife.
&'<< [ pr&raka ] a sending, dispatching (despatching); transmitting; remitting. n. a sender, a
despatcher; a transmitter; a remitter.
()<º [ pr&ra-a ] n act of sending, dispatch, transmission; remittance. *<º <<| v. to send, to
dispatch; to transmit; to remit.
+,<º| [ pr&ra- ] n an urge; an inspiration. -<º| .¯=¯| v. to urge, to impel; to inspire. (/|1 a.
urged; inspired.
23|<¯ [ pr&rita ] a sent, dispatched; transmitted.
45< [ pr&'a ] n (mech. & phys.) pressure. ˜6¯ (¯|¯ n. pressure-gradient. (7<¯¯ n. pressure-
sensation.
89<º, :;<º| [ pr&'a-a, pr&'a- ] n sending, dispatch; transmission; remittance; act of sending
by performing solemn rites; inspiration. <<º| n. fem. (obs.) a female go-between in a love affair.
=<º|¯ a. to be sent or dispatched or transmitted or remitted.
>?<<<A< [ pr&'abardhaka ] n (phys.) a booster.
BC|<¯ [ pr&'ita ] a sent, dispatched; transmitted; remitted; solemnly sent; dependent. fem.
D|<¯|
EFG [ pr&'ya ] a fit to be sent or transmitted or remitted. n. a servant, a foot-man; a
messenger. fem. HJ|
KL¯ [ pr&sa ] n a printing-house, a press.
MN¯|P··¯ [ pr&sakripa#ana ] n a prescription (of a physician).
Q·< [ pai'a ] a of dispatch or transmission; of postal transmission, postal.
R·|T [ p)kta ] a authoritatively spoken or announced (>|<¯V|X).
YZ||¯¯ [ pr)ina ] n protein. [||¯¯¯,¯]< n. protein synthesis.
^_|¯ [ pr)ta ] a strung on thread; inlaid; woven (=¯¯a|¯).
bc|e¯|- [ pr)tsha ] n great zeal or effort, ardour; great incitement or encouragement; a great
incentive or stimulus. f|h¯||-¯ a. greatly incited or encouraged. fem. i|k¯||-¯|
lm|op< [ pr)tsuka ] a very much eager; ardent.
qr||·¯ [ pr)thita ] a planted or driven into; (rare) sowed; buried, interred. |·¯ <<| v. to plant or
drive into; (rare) to sow; to bury; to inter.
st|v¯ [ pr)nnata ] a very high; highly developed, prosperous; highly advanced.
wx|¯<¯ [ pr)b&a ] n (in law) a probate.
yz||<¯ [ pr)'ita ] a gone abroad. (·||<, (¯|]~ n. a man pining on account of separation from his
wife who has gone abroad. (¯¯ <| n. a woman pining on account of separation from her husband
who has gone abroad, (cp.) a grass widow.
!"|& [ prau)h! ] a middle-aged; elderly. (¯|, (' n. the age between youth and old age; elderliness.
()|+| [ prau)h! ] fem of ,|.
/0||2 [ prau)h! i ] n energy; capacity, capability; ardour; zeal; talent.
34|<|¯¯ [ prykaisa ] n repeated performance as a means of acquiring skill, practice; the
exercise of a profession, a professional man's business, practice. P]|<|¯¯ <<| v. to practise
(-|<¯¯||¯¯|¯ <| ¯|6||< 78|<|¯¯ <<|).
9: [ plak'a ] n one of the seven mythological is lands; the fig tree.
;< [ plaba ] n leaping or hopping; swimming; floating; a raft, a float. (<<> n. the centre of
buoyancy. (¯| n. buoyancy. (¯ n. swimming; floating; buoyancy; act of going by leaps, hopping. (¯|¯
a. floating, buoyant. (·|@ n. buoyancy.
A|' [ plga ] n a plug.
B|<< [ plbaka ] a. & n one who or that which floods.
C|<¯ [ plbana ] n a flood, a deluge. (·||F¯ flood stricken (<H|·||J¯ more usual).
K||<¯ [ plbita ] a flooded; overflowed; inundated; streaming with (MN||<¯ O¯|j); drenched or
steeped in (QR||<¯ <¯¯¯). ||<¯ <<| v. to flood; to overflow; to inundate; to cause to stream
with; to drench or steep (in). ||<¯| a. fem. of ||<¯ n. (phys.) buoyance.
S||<¯| [ plbin+ ] fem of T|<|
U|<| [ plb+ ] a flooding; inundating; overflowing; causing to stream with; drenching or steeping
(in).
V|¯
1
[ plsa
1
] n (math.) plus, the plus sign.
W|¯
2
[ plsa
2
] n pliers.
X|¯¯|<, Y|[|< [ plsara, plsra ] n a plaster.
|]¯|< [ pli)ra ] n a pleader. |¯||< n. the profession of a pleader. |¯||< <<| v. to practise as a
pleader.
^|-| [ pl+h ] n the spleen; morbid enlargement of the spleen (also |-| <|`). (a<|' n. enlargement
of the spleen. (¯c n. rupture of the spleen.
d¯ [ pluta ] n (gr.) an extra-long vowel or sound; a protracted sound; a leap or hop; a (horse's)
gallop. a. flooded, inundated; thoroughly drenched or steeped. ('|¯ n. a leaping or hopping
movement; a gallop. a. going leapingly or hoppingly; galloping.
ef' [ pl&ga ] n a deadly epidemic or pestilence, the plague.
gh¯ [ pl&a ] n a plate, a saucer.
ij¯
1
[ pl&na
1
] a plane, flat; plain. k¯ <<| v. to plane; to smooth, to make plane.
lm¯
2
[ pl&na
2
] a plain, simple, ordinary.
no¯
3
[ pl&na
3
] n an aeroplane, a plane.
pq|<|¯s [ plykr)a ] n a placard.
tu|¯,¯w [ plyapharma ] n a railway platform; a dais, a platform.
xy|¯ [ plyna ] n a plan, an outline sketch; a scheme. P]|¯ <<| v. to draw an outline sketch of; to
scheme, to plan.
z{|¯¯¯¯ [ plynac&a ] n planchette.

Related Interests

¯ [ parahastagata ] a passed into another's possession; possessed by another.
·<|-,¯< [ parahi2saka ] a malicious, spiteful; envious.
·<|-,¯| [ parahi2s ] n malice, spite, envy.
·<|-¯ [ parahita ] n the good of others; (loos. but pop.) public welfare; philanthropy,
benevolence. (<|¯| a. wishing good to others, doing good to others; philan thropic,
benevolent. (]¯ n. devotion to the welfare of others, benevolence. (^¯| a. devoted to doing good
to others; working for public welfare; altruistic. (¯|<¯ n. act of doing good to others; social
service; philanthropy, benevolence.
·<|-`¯<º| [ parahitai'a- ] n an effort to do good to others; an effort for public welfare;
altruism.
·<|-`¯<| [ parahitai'+ ] a willing and endeavouring to do good to others; endeavouring for
public welfare; altruistic.
·<|-
1
[ par-
1
] pfx denoting; excessiveness, contrariety, opposition etc. (·<|•¯).
·<|
2
[ par
2
] fem of -·<
3
and ·<
4

·<|
3
[ par
3
] a. fem supreme, primordial (·<| _<|¯); highest; final (·<| |<¯a|); (elec.) positive.
·<|
4
[ par
4
] v to put on, to wear (•|¯| ·<|); to put, to paint (|¯· ·<|, <|•¬ ·<|); to tie ¯|e ·<|.
a. wearing, dressed in; bearing, painted with; having tied or fastened (to).
·<|<<º [ parkara-a ] n act of looking down on, contempt, slight, neglect.
·<|<|g| [ park'h ] n highest excellence; extreme altitude or limit; acme, zenith; (often
iron.) culmination.
·<|<¯ [ park+ta ] a looked down on, despised, slighted, neglected.
·<|i¯ [ parkrama ] n strength, power, might; prowess, valour; heroism.
·<|k¯·|¬|, ·<|m¯|, ·<|o|q [ parkrama#l+, parkram+, parkrnta ] a strong, powerful,
mighty; valorous; heroic. fem. ·<|s¯·||¬¯|, ·<|u|w|
·<|' [ parga ] n pollen, farina. (x<·< n. a stamen. (y<|< n. anther. (<|¯| same as ·<|'¯<|<
(|¯¬¯, (z]|' n. pollination. #¯< ·<|'¯]|' n. cross-pollination. {·<|'¯]|' n. self-pollination. (|-|¬| n.
a pollen-sac. ·<||'¯ a. pollinated. ·<||'¯ <<| v. to pollinate.
·<|~j [ par/mukha ] a turning away (from); averse (to); disinclined; shunning, opposed;
unfavourable; desisting from. ·<|¤j -=¯| v. to turn away from; to be averse or disinclined to; to
shun, to avoid; to oppose; to disfavour; to desist from.
·<|•¯ [ parja$a ] n defeat. ·<|•¯ <<º <<| v. to court defeat. ·<|•¯ *|<|< <<| v. to acknowledge
or own defeat; to give in, to yield. ·<|•¯¯< v||¯ disgrace or ignominy or distress or anguish of
defeat.
·<||•¯ [ parjita ] a defeated, vanquished. fem. ·<||•¯| ·<||•¯ <<| v. to defeat, to vanquish, to
conquer.
·<|¯•¯ [ parj&$a ] a (of one) who can be defeated or worsted or vanquished.
·<|º<|¤º [ par-ub+k'a-a ] n (phys.) an ultra microscope.
·<|¯ [ parta ] n a large tray or saucer (usu. made of metal).
·<|¦·< [ partpara ] a higher than the highest, greater than the greatest; supreme. n. God.
·<||<<|< [ pardhikra ] n another's right or jurisdiction or domain or holding or property or
control or domination. (¯¯| n. interference or meddling with other's affairs.
·<|<|¯ [ pardh+na ] a subject; dependent; subordinate; subjugated; subservient; dominated by
another. fem. ·<|<|¯| (¯| n. subjection, bondage; dependence; subordination; subjugation;
subservience; domination by another.
·<|¯¯| [ parn) ] v. & n to cause to wear or put on, to dress; to harness (:¯|;|< ¯|• ·;|¯¯|); to
put, to paint (|¯· <| <|•¬ ·<|¯¯|).
·<|r [ parnna ] n food given in charity by another, unearned or unpaid-for food. (•|<| a. living
on food given by another; eating habitually at another's table; parasitic. n. a
parasite. (·||¬¯, (·³ a. nourished by food given by another. (:¯|•| a. habitually eating at another's
table.
·<|<¯ [ parbarta ] n exchange; interchange; transposition; return, retreat. ·<|<¯< ¯|¤
reverberatory furnace. ·<|<¯¯ n. return; reflection. ·<|<|¯¯ a. turned back; returned; sent back.
·<||<¯ï| [ parbidy ] n knowledge about the Supreme Spirit; spiritual knowledge.
·<|<¯
1
[ parb+tta
1
] n (geom.) a hyperbola.
·<|<¯
2
[ parb+tta
2
] a returned, receded, retreated; fled. ·<|<|¯ n. return, retreat; flight.
·<|¯< [ parbhaba ] n defeat.
·<|¯¯ [ parbh-ta ] a defeated, vanquished. fem. ·<|¯¯|
·<|¯· [ parmar#a ] n counsel; conference; consultation; advice. ·<|¯· <<| v. to confer; to
consult. ·<|¯· :¯=¯| v. to counsel; to advise. ·<|¯· :¯=¯| v. to consult; to take advice. (¯|¯| n. a
counsellor; (in law) a counsel; a conferee; an adviser. (¯¯| n. a conference; a council.
·<|¯< [ parmar'a ] n tolerance, toleration; forbearance, forgiveness.
·<|¯||¯< [ parmnika ] n a barber (by caste or trade).
·<|¯º [ par$a-a ] a (used as a sfx.) devoted to, attached to, addicted to, -ous (*¤<·<|¯º,
¯¯<·<|¯º). fem. ·<|¯º|
·<|¯¯ [ par$atta ] a in possession or under control of another (·<|¯¯ <¯).
·<|· [ parrtha ] n the good or interest or need of others or another. (·<, (·<|¯º a. devoted to
doing good to others, devoted to serving the interest or need of others; altruistic. fem. (·<|¯º|
(·<¯| n. devotion to do good to others, devotion to serve the interest or need of others;
benevolence; altruism. (<|¯, ·<||·¯| n. altruism. ·<|¯· adv. for the sake of others or another.
·<|< [ parrdha ] n. & a hundred thousand million million.
·<|n¯ [ par#ra$a ] n a house or shelter or refuge other than one's own. ·<|n¯| a. resorting to
another for shelter or refuge; (esp. bot.) parasitic, epiphytal (·<|n¯| ¬¯|). ·<|n¯| ¯|ë¯ a parasite,
an epiphyte. ·<||n¯ a. sheltered or protected by another; maintained with food, clothing and
shelter by another. fem. ·<||n¯|
·<|? [ parsta ] a defeated, vanquished, overcome. ·<|? <<| v. to defeat, to vanquish, to
overcome, to conquer. ·<|? -=¯|. v. to be defeated or vanquished or overcome.
·<|- [ parha ] n the next day.
·<|-¯ [ parhata ] a defeated, vanquished, overcome; obstructed, resisted, prevented;
frustrated.
·<|¤ [ parhna ] n afternoon.
·|<
1
[ pari
1
] pfx denoting: thoroughness, expensiveness, excessiveness, especiality, opposition,
decrial etc.
·|<<< [ parikara ] n a companion or assistant; (also used as a sfx.) a girdle, a girth (<+·|<<<).
·|<<¯ [ parikarma ] n act of making one's toilet; dressing. ·|<<¯| n. a servant esp. one attending
to toilet and clothes, a valet.
·|<<< [ parikar'a ] n remarkable improvement; (inc.) culture.
·|<<¯< [ parikalpaka ] n a planner; a deviser; a designer; a planning officer.
·|<<¯¯|, ·|<<¯¯ [ parikalpan, parikalpana ] n planning, devising, designing a plan, a
design. ·|<<¯¯| <<| v. to plan, to devise, to contrive, to design. ·|<<¯¯||<<||<< n. a planning
officer.
·|<<|¯¯ [ parikalpita ] a planned, devised, contrived, designed; intended.
·|<<|º [ parik+r-a ] a thoroughly or extensively scattered or strewn or spread out or diffused or
pervaded.
·|<<|¯¯ [ parik+rtana ] n act of singing or narrating or praising or glorifying emphatically or in
a special manner. ·|<<||¯¯ a. sung or narrated or praised or glorified emphatically or in a special
manner.
·|<¯<+ [ parik&ndra ] n circumcentre. ·|<¯<|+<, ·|<¯<+| a. circumcentric.
·|<=¯, ·|<=¯º [ parikrama, parikrama-a ] n walking or pacing or strolling, ambulation;
travelling or traversing; act of travelling widely or thoroughly, peregrination; act of going
round, circumambulation. ·|<=¯¯ <<| v. to walk, to pace, to stroll; to ambulate, to travel, to
traverse, to travel widely or thoroughly, to peregrinate; to go round, to circumambulate.
·|<=¯<|¬ n. periodic time. ·|<=¯| n. act of going round, rotation (¯]·|<=¯|), circumambulation;
wide travelling, peregrination (¯|··|<=¯|); (fig.) critical survey (¯||-¯ï·|<=¯|).
·|<|z³ [ parikli'a ] a extremely distressed or afflicted or wearied.
·|<|¤« [ parik'ipta ] a scattered; abandoned; surrounded.
·|<¤|º [ parik'+-a ] a extremely thin or dim or emaciated.
·|<¯¤· [ parik'&pa ] n scattering; scattered state; abandonment; act or state of being
surrounded; that which encloses, such as fencing, railing etc.
·|<j| [ parikh ] n a protective ditch around a rampart; a trench, a moat.
·|<'º< [ pariga-aka ] n a reckoner, a computer, an enumerator.
·|<'º¯, ·|<'º¯| [ pariga-ana, pariga-an ] n thorough reckoning, computation,
enumeration; consideration. ·|<'º¯| <<| v. to reckon thoroughly, to compute, to enumerate; to
consider or regard (as).
·|<'|º¯ [ pariga-ita ] a thoroughly reckoned, computed, enumerated; considered or regarded
(as). fem. ·|<'|º¯|
·|<'-|¯ [ parig+h+ta ] a solemnly taken, accepted; put on; won; assumed.
·|<¤- [ parigraha ] n act of taking or accepting solemnly (¯|<·|<¤-); act of putting on or
wearing (:<··|<¤-); act of assuming (<··|<¤-). ·|<¤- <<| v. to take or accept solemnly; to put on,
to wear; to assume.
·|<¤|-< [ parigrhaka ] n one who takes or accepts solemnly; one who puts on or wears; one
who assumes. fem. ·|<¤||-<|
·|<¯ [ parigha ] n a kind of iron cudgel used in war in ancient times.
·|<¯¯ [ parica$a ] n acquaintance; familiarity; introduction; identity; particulars about one's
identity such as name, address, lineage etc.; experience or practice (= <|¯•< ¯¯* ·|<¯¯); a sign, a
token (:¤¯¯< ·|<¯¯); same, reputation (¯||-|¯ï< |-¯|¯< ·|<¯¯); love, amour ('¯<·|<¯¯ <||¬¯| <<<
¯¯¯'). ·|<¯¯ <<| v. to make an acquaintance (with), to acquaint oneself (with); to experience.
·|<¯¯ :'|·¯ <<| v. to conceal one's identity; hide one's identity. ·|<¯¯ :¯=¯| v. to introduce, to
give one's in troduction; to reveal one's identity; to apprise. ·|<¯¯ :¯=¯| v. to ask for one's
introduction; to get acquainted; to learn particulars or details (of). (·= n. a letter of
introduction; credentials.
·|<¯< [ paricara ] n a servant, an attendant; a companion; a nurse; a worshipper.
·|<¯]| [ paricary ] n serving, waiting or attending upon; nursing; worship. ·|<¯]| <<| v. to
serve, to wait or attend upon; to nurse; to worship.
·|<¯¬¯ [ paricalana ] n (phys.) convection.
·|<¯|¯< [ paric$aka ] a introducing, introductory; prefatory; informing; indicative (of.) fem.
·|<¯||¯<|
·|<¯|<< [ paricraka ] n a servant, a serving-man, a valet; a varlet. ·|<¯||<<| n. fem. a maid-
servant; a maid, a female domestic servant.
·|<¯|¬< [ pariclaka ] a one who or that which drives or runs a vehicle etc.; conducting;
managing, directing; leading or guiding; administering, ruling. n. a driver; a conductor; a
manager; a director; a leader; an administrator; a ruler; a chief. ·|<¯|¬< ¯|¯|¯ n. managing
committee.
·|<¯|¬¯, ·|<¯|¬¯| [ pariclana, pariclan ] n act of driving a vehicle etc.; conduction;
management; direction; lead; administration; rule. ·|<¯|¬¯| <<| v. to drive or run; to conduct; to
manage; to direct; to lead; to administer; to rule.
·|<¯||¬<| [ pariclik ] fem of ·|<¯|¬<
·|<¯||¬¯ [ pariclita ] a driven, run; conducted; managed; directed; led; administrated; ruled.
·|<|¯¯ [ paricita ] n acquainted; familiar; known; practised (·|<|¯¯ <¯). ·|<|¯|¯ same as ·|<¯¯
·|<|¯¯ <ï|U an acquaintance.
·|<|¯ë¯ [ paricintana ] n deep or careful thinking or deliberation; planning.
·|<|¯|•¯ [ paricintita ] a deeply or carefully thought out or deliberated; well-planned.
·|<>¯ [ paricchada ] n a covering; a dress; clothing; garment.
·|<>r [ paricchanna ] a clean; tidy; neat, spruce; (of mind etc.) free from impurities or an
gularity; honest and candid. (¯| n. cleanliness; tidiness; neatness; purity. honesty and candour.
·|<|>r [ paricchinna ] a divided, parted; separated; severed; detached; limited, bounded;
individualized; moderate.
·|<¯>¯ [ paricch&da ] n a part, a division; a section; (of books) a chapter; a limit ¤|º|ë<< ·|<¯>¯;
ascertainment; fixation.
·|<•¯ [ parijana ] n a member of a family; a dependent; a friend; a kinsman; a servant, an
attendant. (<' n. pl. the family circle.
·|<F|¯ [ parijñta ] a well-known, familiar; well acquainted, thoroughly cognizant or versed,
aufait. ·|<F|¯ ·|<| v. to know fully, to be fully aware.
·|<F|¯ [ parijñna ] n thorough knowledge or acquaintance; insight.
·|<º¯ [ pari-ata ] a ripe; full-grown; mature (·|<º¯ <|+); resulting in; turned or rendered into;
converted to; advanced (·|<º¯ <¯¯); arrived at the last stage. ·|<º¯ <<| v. to turn or render into.
·|<º¯ -=¯| v. to result in or turn into. ·|<º|¯ n. maturity; ultimate stage or state; conclusion,
end; consequence. ·|<º¯ <¯¯¯ in old or advanced age. (<¯× a. advanced in age or years.
·|<º+ [ pari-addha ] a tied; bound; attached, connected; encircled, girdled, girt.
·|<º¯ [ pari-a$a ] n marriage, wedding. (<|<=). ·|<º¯ -=¯| to be married or wedded to (<º¯, (¯=
n. marriage-tie, wed lock.
·|<º|¯ [ pari-ma ] n last stage or state; conclusion; consequence; change of state, transfor
mation; future. (¯·| a. foreseeing; farsighted. (¯|·¯| n. foresight; farsightedness. (<|¯ n. the theory
of evolution. ·|<º|¯¯ adv. finally, ultimately, in the end; in the long run; in future.
·|<º|- [ pari-ha ] n width; contour.
·|<º|¯ [ pari-+ta ] a married, wedded. fem. ·|<º|¯|
·|<¯º¯| [ pari-&t ] n one who marries; a husband.
·|<¯º¯ [ pari-&$a ] a marriageable; fit for marrying.
·|<¯« [ paritapta ] a very much heated; quite warm; extremely afflicted.
·|<¯|· [ paritpa ] n lament; deep grief or regret; repentance, compunction; remorse. ·|<¯|·
<<| v. to lament; to express deep grief. ·|<¯|¯·< |<<¯ a lamentable affair; a matter of deep regret.
·|<¯³ [ paritu'a ] a well satisfied or gratified; very pleased. fem. ·|<¯³| ·|<¯ ³ <<| v. to satisfy
or gratify or please thoroughly. ·|<¯|³ same as ·|<¯¯|<
·|<¯« [ parit+pta ] a thoroughly satisfied or gratified. ·|<¯ « <<| n. to satisfy or gratify
thoroughly. ·|<¯|« n. thorough satisfaction or gratification.
·|<¯¯|< [ parit)'a ] n thorough satisfaction or gratification; deep pleasure. (·<< adv. with a
great or thorough satisfaction; to the point of satiety or to one's heart's content (·|<¯¯|<·<<
:¯|•¯ <<|). (•¯< a. thoroughly or highly satisfactory or gratifying.
·|<¯ïU [ parityakta ] a given up; left off; abandoned; deserted; relinquished; quitted;
renounced; omitted. fem. ·|<¯ïU|
·|<¯ï|', ·|<¯ï•¯ [ parityga, parityajana ] n act of giving up or leaving off; abandonment;
desertion; relinquishment; quittance; renouncement, renunciation; omission. ·|<¯ï|' <<| v. to
give up; to leave off; to abandon; to desert; to relinquish, to quit; to renounce; to leave out, to
omit.
·|<¯ï|•ï [ parityjya ] a fit to be given up or left off or abandoned or deserted or relinquished
or quitted or renounced or omitted. fem. ·|<¯ï|•ï|
·|<=|º [ paritr-a ] n rescue, deliverance; (theol.) salvation; liberation; relief; exemption;
riddance. ·|<=|º <<| v. to rescue, to deliver; (esp. in theol.) to save; to liberate; to relieve. ·|<=|º
·|=¯| v. to be rescued; (esp. in theol.) to be saved; to be liberated or relieved or exempted; to get
rid of. (<¯| n. a deliverer, a liberator, a saviour. ·|<=|¯º< ·· <| ¯·|¯ path of salvation; way of
escape, way out.
·|<=|¯| [ paritrt ] n a rescuer, a deliverer; (esp. in theol.) a saviour; a liberator; a reliever.
·|<=||- [ paritrhi ] v (imperat.) rescue, deliver, save, relieve. ·|<=||- ¯|< ¯| | to call out or cry for
help.
·|<¯·< [ paridar#aka ] n an observer; an inspector; a supervisor; a probation officer (as of
juvenile offenders), visitor (of an institution.)
·|<¯·¯, ·|<¯· [ paridar#ana, paridar#a ] n (careful) observation; inspection; supervision.
·|<¯·¯ <<| v. to observe (esp. carefully); to inspect; to supervise.
·|<¯·| [ paridar#+ ] a observing (esp. carefully); inspecting; supervising.
·|<¯¬¯|¯ [ parid+#yamna ] a visible all around; thoroughly visible; manifest.
·|<¯³ [ parid+'a ] a observed, noticed; espied; in spected; supervised.
·|<¯¯<¯, ·|<¯¯<¯| [ parid&bana, parid&ban ] n lamentation; wailing; bewailing; repentance.
·|<<|¯ [ paridhna ] n dress, garment, clothes; act of putting on or wearing. ·|<<|¯ <<| v. to put
on, to wear. (<z n. garment, colthes.
·|<|< [ paridhi ] n circumference; periphery; girth. (¯|·< n. perimeter.
·|<¯<¯ [ paridh&$a ] a fit to be put on or worn. n. clothes, garment.
·|<|¯<|º [ parinirb-a ] n the cessation of individual existence, nirvana, salvation, beatitude.
·|<·¤ [ paripakka ] a thoroughly ripe; (thoroughly) mature; well-experienced; thoroughly
habituated or addicted (:¯·|¯ ·|<·¤); very precocious (·|<·¤ :¯¯¬). (¯| n. thorough ripeness;
(thorough) maturity; thorough experience; inveterate habit or addiction; precocity.
·|<·= [ paripatra ] n a circular.
·|<··-| [ paripanh+ ] a unfavourable, adverse; opposing, obstructing, hindering; hostile,
inimical.
·|<·|< [ paripka ] n digestion; assimilation. ·|<·|< <<| v. to digest; to assimilate. (:¯|< n.
digestive trouble. (]s n. the digestive organ, the stomach. (·|U n. digestive power; power of
assimilation.
·|<·||¯ [ paripi ] n orderly arrangement; orderliness; skill. a. arranged in an orderly
manner; orderly; skilful, adroit.
·|<·|¤ [ paripr#ba ] n surroundings, entourage.
·|<·|¬< [ pariplaka ] n one who brings up, a rearer; an administrator.
·|<·|¬¯ [ pariplana ] n act of bringing up or rearing; administration. ·|<·|¬¯ <<| v. to bring
up, to rear, to support; to administrate.
·|<·||¬¯ [ pariplita ] a brought up, reared; administered.
·|<·³ [ paripu'a ] a well-developed; plump, robust and muscular; well-nourished; carefully
brought up. fem. ·|<·³| (¯|, ·|<·|³ n. good development; plumpness; robustness and
muscularity; sound nourishment; careful bringing up.
·|<·<< [ parip-raka ] a completing; fulfilling; (chiefly in geom.) complementary (·|<·<< :<|º).
·|<·<º [ parip-ra-a ] n repletion; act of repleting; fulfilment; completion; act of
complementing. ·|<·<º <<| v. to replete; to fill up; to fulfil; to complete; to complement.
·|<·|<¯, ·|<·º [ parip-rita, parip-r-a ] a replete; teeming; filled up; fulfilled; completed;
complemented. fem. ·|<·º| ·|<·º¯| n. repleteness, repletion.
·|<·U [ parip+kta ] a saturated. ·|<·U <<| v. to saturate. ·|<·|U n. saturation. ·|<· U ñ<
saturated solution.
·|<¯·|<< [ parip)'aka ] a nourishing; cherishing; supporting (·|<¯·|<< ¯¬ï); protecting,
protective.
·|<¯·|<º [ parip)'a-a ] n nourishment; cherishing; support; protection. ·|<¯·|<º <<| v. to
nourish; to cherish; to support; to protect.
·|<¯¤|¤¯ [ paripr&k'ita ] n perspective.
·|<:< [ pariplaba ] n flooding; flood; submersion; inundation; drenching.
·|<:¯ [ paripl-ta ] a flooded; submerged; inundated; drenched, soaked, saturated. fem. ·|<:¯|
·|<:¯ <<| v. to flood; to submerge; to inundate; to drench; to saturate.
·|<<•¯ [ paribarjana ] n complete abandonment or avoidance or casting off or giving up or
renouncement or rejection. ·|<<•¯|¯ a. that which can be or should be abandoned or given up or
renounced.
·|<<|•¯ [ paribarjita ] a completely abandoned or avoided or cast off or given up or renounced
or rejected.
·|<<¯ [ paribarta ] n exchange; barter; a substitute. ·|<<¯ |<<|- marrying a girl into a family and
receiving one in marriage from it, inter-marriage. (< a. & n. one who or that which exchanges or
barters or changes or alters or modifies or transforms or effects a change in circumstances or
metamorphoses or converts or rotates or recedes or returns. ˜¯|¯ a. changing.
·|<<¯¯ [ paribartana ] n exchange; barter; change; al teration; modification; transformation; a
change in circumstances; metamorphosis; conversion; rotation; recession; return. ·|<<¯¯ <<| v.
to exchange; to barter; to change; to alter; to modify; to transform; to effect a change in
circumstances; to metamorphose; to convert; to rotate; to recede; to return. (|<¯j a. not ready or
willing to change; averse to change, conservatism. (|<¯j¯| n. unwillingness to change;
conservatism. (·|¬ a. changeful; changing; full of vicissitude or variety; metamorphic. ·|<<¯¯|¯ a.
exchangeable; that which can be or is to be bartered; changeable; alterable; modifiable;
transformable; capable of suffering a change in circumstances; metamorphic; convertible.
·|<<|¯¯ a. exchanged; bartered; changed; altered; modified; transformed; metamorphosed;
converted; rotated; returned. ·|<<¯| a. changeful; (sc.) alternating. ·|<<¯| :¯|¤º oscillatory
discharge.
·|<<¯¯ [ paribart& ] adv in place of, instead of, in lieu of, in exchange for.
·|<<<< [ paribardhaka ] a. & n one who or that which develops or improves or extends or
magnifies or enlarges or amplifies, promoting or helping development or growth (of). ·|<<<<
<|¯ a magnifying glass.
·|<<<¯ [ paribardhana ] n development; improvement; magnification; enlargement;
amplification.
·|<<|<¯ [ paribardhita ] a developed, magnified; enlarged (·|<<|<¯ ¯,×<º); amplified.
·|<<¬¯ [ paribalana ] n (bot.) circumnutation.
·|<<-º [ paribaha-a ] n transportation, transport, conveyance; (esp. in elec.) conduction.
·|<<-¯ <<| v. to transport, to convey; to conduct. ·|<<-¯ &|<<||<< transport officer.
·|<<|¯ [ paribda ] n disrepute, reproach, blame, slander. ·|<<|¯<, ·|<<|¯| a. reproaching,
blaming. ·|<<||¯¯| a. fem. of ·|<<|¯| n. a seven-stringed musical instrument, a heptachord.
·|<<|< [ paribra ] n a family; a family circle; a wife. ·|<<|< ·|<<¯¯| n. family planning.
·|<<|-¯¤= [ paribhak'&tra ] n (geog.) a basin, a catchment area.
·|<<|-º [ paribha-a ] n conduction.
·|<<||-¯ [ paribhita ] a conducted. ·|<<||-¯ ¯|¯<| transported soil.
·|<<||-¯| [ paribhit ] a. fem of ·|<<||-¯ n. conductivity.
·|<<|-| [ paribh+ ] a conducting. n. a conductor.
·|<<¯ [ parib+ta ] a completely surrounded, encircled, beset; completely covered or overcast.
·|<<|¯ n. encirclement, besetment; thorough covering or over casting.
·|<<¯ [ parib+tta ] n (geom.) a circumcircle.
·|<<|¯ [ parib+tti ] n alteration, change; transition; exchange, barter. (<|¬ n. (phys.) transition
period.
·|<¯<¯| [ parib&tt ] n a younger brother who marries whilst his elder is still unmarried.
·|<¯<¯¯ [ parib&dana ] n act of getting married whilst one's elder brother is still unmarried.
·|<¯<¯¯| [ parib&dan ] n great pain or pang or affliction or distress.
·|<¯<·<, ·|<¯<<< [ parib&#aka, parib&'aka ] n a distributor, a dealer; one who serves food at
table.
·|<¯<·¯, ·|<¯<<º [ parib&#ana, parib&'a-a ] n distribution, act of dealing out; act of serving
food at table. ·|<¯<·¯ <<|, ·|<¯<<º <<| v. to distribute, to deal out; to serve (food at table).
·|<¯<³< [ parib&'aka ] a one who or that which surrounds or goes round or encircles or
encloses.
·|<¯<³¯ [ parib&'ana ] n an enclosure; act of surrounding or going round or enclosing,
encirclement, besetment. ·|<¯<³¯ <<| v. to surround, to go round, to encircle; to enclose. ·|<¯<³¯|
n. entourage, surroundings; fencing, railings, enclosure.
·|<¯<|³¯ [ parib&'ita ] a surrounded, encircled, beset, engirt; enclosed. fem. ·|<¯<|³¯|
·|<<ï|« [ paribypta ] a spread, spread out; extended, expanded. ·|<<ï||« n. spreading, spreading
out; expansion; diffusion; extension.
·|<<•ï| [ paribrajy ] n wandering as a mendicant or wandering asceticism; pilgrimage.
·|<<|•< [ paribrjaka ] n a traveller; a mendicant or wandering ascetic.
·|<<|•¯ [ paribrjana ] n travelling; wandering.
·|<<||•<| [ paribrjik ] fem of ·|<<|•<
·|<¯< [ paribhaba ] n defeat; discomfiture.
·|<¯|<| [ paribh' ] n a technical word or term; technical terminology.
·|<¯¯ [ paribh-ta ] a defeated, discomfited.
·|<¯|¯ [ paribh+ti ] n emolument; wages; salary, pay.
·|<¯¯|' [ paribh)ga ] n thorough enjoyment; sexual intercourse.
·|<¯¯º [ paribhrama-a ] n act of going round, rotation; perigrination; travelling; wandering;
roaming; strolling, walking. ·|<¯¯º <<| v. to go round, to rotate; to perigrinate; to travel; to
wander; to stroll, to walk.
·|<¯³ [ paribhra'a ] a detached and fallen; shed. ·|<¯³ -=¯| v. to get detached and fall down; to
be shed.
·|<=º [ paribhr--a ] n perisperm.
·|<¯·¯¬ [ pariman)ala ] n an orbit; a circle; a circumference; (fig.) a society or sphere;
environment; surrounding, encirclement; a globe; any globular object.
·|<¯|·¯¯ [ pariman)ita ] a well-ornamented, well-decorated, well-adorned; endowed.
·|<¯¬ [ parimala ] n fragrance caused by being anointed (with sandal-paste etc.); fragrance,
perfume, sweet scent; (pop.) nectar of flowers ('·|<¯¬ :¬|¯¯ |¬ &|¯¯| •|¯¬').
·|<¯|º [ parim-a ] n measure, weight, amount, quantity, number, degree; extent. ·|<¯|º <<| v.
to measure, to weigh; (rare) to count; to survey (as land); to assess (as importance). ·|<¯|¯º -=¯|
v. to measure, to weigh; to be adequate in proportion to. (,¬ n. result of measurement or
counting; (arith.) area measure, square measure.
·|<¯|=| [ parimtr ] n (mech.) intensity.
·|<¯|· [ parimpa ] n measurement; weighing; counting; (fig.) assessment (F|¯¯< ·|<¯|·);
measure, weight, amount, quantity, number, degree; land-measure, survey. ·|<¯|· <<| same as
·|<¯|º <<| (see ·|<¯|º). ·|<¯|·< a. measuring; weighing; counting; surveying; assessing. n. a
measurer; weigher; counter; a surveyor (of land); an assessor; a measuring or weighing or
counting or surveying machine. ·|<¯|·¯ n. measuring or weighing or counting or surveying (as
land) or (fig.) assessing.
·|<¯|•¯ [ parimrjana ] n scouring or cleansing; refining or chastening. ·|<¯|•¯| n. scouring or
cleansing; refining; (of a book, a dictionary etc) correction, editing and making up-to-date.
·|<¯||•¯ [ parimrjita ] a scoured; cleansed; refined; corrected and revised; chastened. ·|<¯||•¯
<<| v. to scour; to cleanse; to refine; to correct and revise; to chasten.
·|<|¯¯ [ parimita ] a moderate; temperate, abstemious; measuring or amounting (¯|<-|¯
·|<|¯¯); measured; mensurated; (rare) sufficient, adequate. (<ï¯| a. economic, frugal. ·|<|¯¯|¯|< n.
moderation, temperance. ·|<|¯¯|¯|<| a. temperate.
·|<|¯|¯ [ parimiti ] n measurement; measure; (math.) mensuration.
·|<¯¯¯ [ parim&$a ] a measurable; finite.
·|<¯¯¬ [ parim&la ] n an association. (|¯¯¯|<|¬ n. articles of association. (< n. a memorandum of
association.
·|<"|¯ [ parimlna ] a very pale or jaded or worn out; glum or sombre.
·|<]|º [ pariy-a ] n traffic; migration. ·|<]|º |¯<$|-<, ·|<]|º <&<(-|·< n. a traffic manager. ")*+#%
&<*| n. traffic police.
·|<]|¯| [ pariy$+ ] a trafficking; itinerant; migratory.
·|<<,º [ parirak'a-a ] n preservation; protection; guarding; careful custody or guardianship.
·|<<|.¯ [ parirak'ita ] a preserved; protected; guarded; kept under careful custody or
guardianship.
·|<<0, ·|<<2º [ parirambha, parirambha-a ] n close embrace; sexual intercourse.
·|<¬|4¯ [ parilak'ita ] a noticed; observed.
·|<|¬|j¯ [ parilikhita ] a (geom.) circumscribed.
·|<¯¬j [ paril&kha ] n an outline; an outline sketch.
·|<|·6 [ pari#i'a ] a remaining. n. an appendix, a supplement (as of a book).
·|<·|¬¯ [ pari#+lana ] n practice, study, cultivation; an embrace; anointment. ·|<·||¬¯ a.
practised, studied, cultivated; refined; sophisticated; embraced; anointed.
·|<89 [ pari#uddha ] a meticulously refined or purified or sanctified. ·|<;< <<| v. to re fine or
purify or sanctify meticulously. ·|<>|@ n. meticulous refinement or purity or sanctity.
·|<BC [ pari#u'ka ] a very dry; pale; shrivelled.
·|<¯·< [ pari#&'a ] n remainder; end; the last stage; conclusion; the concluding part. ·|<¯·¯<
adv. at last, in the end; finally, ultimately; in the long run.
·|<¯·|< [ pari#)dha ] n repayment (as of a debt); (fig.) revenge or retaliation. ·|<¯·|< <<| v. to
repay, to pay off, to pay back; (fig.) to avenge or retaliate.
·|<¯·|<¯ [ pari#)dhana ] n meticulous refinement or purification or sanctification.
·|<¯·|<E [ pari#)dhya ] a that which is to be or can be repaid, outstanding or repayable.
·|<G¯ [ pari#rama ] n labour, toil; diligence, industry; effort, endeavour. ·|<I¯ <<| v. to work
hard, to labour, to toil; to work diligently; to endeavour. (<|¯<, (|<¯ j a. averse to hard work, lazy.
·|<K¯| a. hardworking, laborious; diligent, industrious.
·|<M|O [ pari#rnta ] a fatigued, exhausted; tired; wearied. ·|<Q||S n. fatigue, exhaustion;
tiredness, weariness.
·|<<¯, ·|<<U [ pari'ada, pari'at ] n an association, an assembly, a society; a council; (pol.) a
legislative council. ·|<<¯|¯ a. pertaining or relating to or concerning a council or assembly;
legislative; parliamentary.
·|<¯<<< [ pari'&baka ] n a sicknurse, a nurse.
·|<¯<<| [ pari'&b ] n care of the sick, nursing.
·|<¯<|<<| [ pari'&bik ] fem of ·|<¯<<<
·|<W<º [ pari'kara-a ] n cleansing or refining.
·|<Y|< [ pari'kra ] n cleanliness; tidiness; neatness; clarity (as of water). a. clean; cleansed;
clear; tidy; spruce, neat, or derly (·|<[|< <|•); legible (·|<]|< ^¬j|); clearcut, outspoken,
unambigu ous, unequivocal (·|<`|< <·|); beautiful, bright, fair (·|<b|< &¯¬| <| &<-|=¯|);
cloudless (·|<d|< &<|·); free from angularity, frank, straightfor ward, candid, open-hearted,
sincere (·|<f|< ¯¯); intelligent, free from confusion (·|<h|< ¯|·|); free from morbidity, healthy
(·|<j|< <<); musical, sweet (·|<l|< '¬|); keen (·|<n|< ¯|p). ·|<r|< <<| v. to cleanse; to clean; to
clear; to tidy; to free from morbidity or angularity; to wash (<|·v ·|<x|< <<|). (< a. cleansing.
n. a cleaner; a cleansing agent. ·|<z|< ·|<|} a. neat and clean, clean and tidy, spick and span.
·|<•¯ [ pari'k+ta ] a cleansed; cleaned; cleared; tidied; refined; washed (·|<!¯ <#).
·|<¯,j%| [ parisa/khy ] n especially enumerated or tabulated number; statistics. ·|<¯,j'|¯ a.
especially enumerated or tabulated; statistical. ·|<¯,j)|¯ n. statistics. ·|<¯,j+|¯< n. statistician.
·|<¯¯|- [ parisampta ] a ended, finished, concluded, completed. ·|<¯¯||/ n. end, termination;
conclusion; completion.
·|<¯12 [ parisampat ] n assets.
·|<¯< [ parisara ] n extent; area; limit, boundary, end; width, breadth.
·|<¯|¯| [ paris+m ] n limit, bounds; perimeter; end.
·|<|4-|¯ [ parishiti ] n circumstances, situation.
·|<6¯ [ parisphua ] a clearly revealed or expressed; well-developed; manifest, obvious;
blossomed, blooming.
·|<8<º [ parisphura-a ] n vibration; effervescence; manifestation.
·|<:< [ parisraba ] n (biol.) placenta.
·|<<|<º, ·|<><º, ·|<@|¯ [ parisrba-a, parisraba-a, parisruti ] n filtration. ·|<B¯ a. filtered
(·|<D¯ •¬).
·|<¯-¯|¯ [ parisahan+$a ] a laughable, ridiculous; fit to be derided or mocked.
·|<-|< [ parihra ] n giving up; abandonment; avoidance; act of casting off; neglect, disregard;
slight. ·|<-|< <<| v. to give up; to abandon; to avoid, to shun; to cast off; to neglect, to disregard,
to slight.
·|<-|]F [ parihrya ] a avoidable; that which can be given up or renounced or abandoned,
renounceable.
·|<-|¯ [ parihsa ] n a joke, a jest; ridicule; mock ery, derision. ·|<-|¯ <<| v. to poke fun at, to
joke; to ridicule; to mock, to deride, to laugh, to scorn. (G¯¬, (¯¯< adv. jokingly. (|I¯ a. given to
jesting, jestful; witty; fond of joking. (|K¯¯| n. jestfulness; jocular; jocoseness; jocosity;
playfulness.
·|<|-¯ [ parihita ] a clothed, clad, dressed, wearing; that which is put on or worn (·|<|-¯ L·|·|<).
fem. ·|<|-¯|
·<|N< [ par+k'aka ] n a tester; an examiner; a trier; an investigator; an experimenter; a
foreteller, a diviner. ¯'P·<|R< n. a fortune-teller; a soldier of fortune, an adventurer.
·<|Tº [ par+k'a-a ] n act of testing or examining or trying or investigating or foretelling or
divining. ·<|Vº|¯ a. that which or one who is to be tested or examined or tried or investigated or
experimented upon or divined; examinable.
·<|X| [ par+k' ] n a test; an examination; a trial; an ordeal (|Z·<|\|); a cross-examination; an
investigation; an experiment; foretelling, divination, reading (-^¯<j| ·<|`|) ; ¯b·<|d|, ¯|'f·<|h|
n. fortune-telling; act of seeking fortune. ·<|j| <<| v. to test; to examine; to try; to test by an
ordeal; to cross examine; to investigate; to experiment; to divine. ·<|l| m¯=¯| v. to appear at an
examination; to take an examination; to undergo a trial; to submit to an or deal. ·<|o| p¯=¯| v.
to examine, to test; to hold an examination; to test by an examination. ·<|r|¯ ¯¯¯< ]|=¯| v. to
stand a test or scrutiny. ('|<, ('-, (¯<¯, (¯|t<, (·|¬| n. an examination-hall; a laboratory. (<|¯ a. subject
to or under examination or trial or test or investigation or experiment. (·v| a. appearing at an
examination. n. an examinee. fem. ·<|x||·z¯|
·<|||¯¬< [ par+k'm-laka ] a experimental.
·<|~|¯¬<¯|¯< [ par+k'm-lakabhb& ] adv by way of experi ment, experimentally.
·<||¤¯ [ par+k'ita ] a tested; examined; tried; investigated; experimented.
·<|¯¤|¯|º [ par+k')tt+r-a ] a passed at an examination; successful in an examination; one who
has come through a test or ordeal successfully; found suitable or good on trial or test. fem.
·<|¯¤|¯|º| ·<|¯¤|¯|º -=¯| v. to come through or pass an examination or test or ordeal; to stand
a test or ordeal; to be found suitable or good on test or trial.
·<< [ paru'a ] a harsh, rough, rude, haughty, arrogant, cruel (·<< <¯¯). (¯|, ([ n. harshness,
rudeness, haughtiness, arrogance, cruelty.
·¯< [ par& ] adv. & prep after, afterwards (:¯ ·¯< &¯¯¯); thereafter, then (·¯< :]j|¯¯ :'¬|¯); in
future (·¯< <| -¯ <¬| ]|¯ ¯|); after the occurrence of, after that (:ä¯ ¯|<|< ·¯< :¯·¯¯ :·|¯¬|¯); at
the back of (<|¯¯< ·¯< ¬|¯ ]|¯>); below (&¯|< ¯|¯¯< ·¯<# ¯|< ¯|¯); born later (=# ¯|#|¯ &¯|< ·¯<).
·¯<< |¯¯ n. the day after. adv. on the following day.
·¯<|¤ [ par)k'a ] a imperceptible or unseen but known or true, not known directly,
circumstantial (·¯<|¤ ¤¯|º); indirect (·¯<|¤ ¯|U); roundabout (·¯<|¤¯|¯<). ·¯<|¤ << an indirect
tax. ·¯<|¯¤, (¯|¯< adv. behind one's back, in one's absence. ·¯<|¯¤ |¯+| <<| to slander somebody in
his absence, to backbite.
·¯<|¯| [ par) ] n a kind of thin bread fried in oil or clarified butter.
·¯<|·<|< [ par)pakra ] n the good of others; philanthropy, benevolence; (loos. but pop.)
public welfare. ·¯<|·<|< <<| v. to do good to others, to do a good turn (to a person). (<, ·¯<|·<|<|
a. doing good to others; philanthropic, benevolent. fem. ·¯<|·<||<º| ·¯<|·<||<¯| n. act of doing
good to others; philanthropy, benevolence.
·¯<·•|<|, ·¯<|·•|<ï [ par&paj+b+, par)paj+bya ] a living on an other; depending or hanging on
an other for subsistence; parasitic.
·¯<|¯| [ par)$ ] n heedfulness, care (¯·¯¯¯·< ·¯<|¯|); fear, daunt; concern, anxiety. ·¯<|¯| <<| v.
to pay heed to; (esp. in neg.) to care; to be afraid of, to fear; to be concerned or anxious about.
{¯ ·¯<|¯| :¯# no fear; no matter; never mind.
·<|¯, ·<¯| [ parkai, parka+ ] n a kind of fig-tree.
·•¯ [ parjanya ] n thunder-cloud, nimbus; Indra (#+) the thunder-god.
·º [ par-a ] n a tree-leaf, a leaf (·º{|¯<); betel leaf (·º<|<|); a feather, a plume (¸·º). (<|<| n. a
grower of betel-leaves (by trade or caste). ({|¯< n. a hut thatched with tree-leaves; (loos.) a
hut. (:¯|•| a. feeding on tree-leaves; (loos.) gramini vorous. (:¯|¯| a. (bot.) deciduous. (·]ï| n. a bed
made of tree-leaves; (loos.) a pallet. (·|¬| same as ·º{|¯< ·º| a. leafed, leaved; leafy. n. a tree.
··|¯ [ parpai ] n an Ayurvedic (&¯¯<¯|¯) drug made from a herbal plant.
·< [ parba ] n a holy day; a fiesta; a feast, a festival; a knuckle, a joint (as of a finger); (bot.) a
node; (of books) a canto, a chapter.
·<¯ [ parbata ] n a mountain; a hill; a rock; a hillock; a mount. (<+<, (¤-| n. a mountain-cave, a
cave, a cavern. (¯;| n. a peak (of a mountain); a hill-top. (·|¤ n. mountain-side, hillside. (¤¯|º a.
mountain-high, high as a mountain; mountainous; huge. (<|¯| a. living on hills or mountains;
highland. n. a hillman; a highlander. fem. (<||¯¯| (|·j<, (·* same as (¯;| (:n|º n. a mountain
range. (¯,{¬ a. mountainous, having many mountains; hilly. ·<¯|<|< a. looking like a mountain;
mountainous, huge. ·<¯|¯<|-| n. a mountaineer. a. climbing a mountain. ·<¯|¯ a. of or grown
in or living on mountains or hills; mountainous, highland.
·<¯<ï [ parbamadhya ] n (bot.) an internode.
·<|¯^|¯ [ parbsph)a ] n act of snapping a knuckle or knuckles of one's finger(s).
·<|- [ parbha ] n a day of festival; a holy day; a fiesta; a festival.
·]× [ parya/ka ] n a costly bedstead or cot; a couch, a divan; (geog.) a basin (of a river).
·]¯< [ paryaaka ] n a traveller, a perigrinator, a tourist.
·]¯¯ [ paryaana ] n (wide) travel, perigrination, tour. ·]¯¯ <<| v. to travel (widely), to
perigrinate, to tour.
·]ë [ paryanta ] n limit, end, extremity. prep. to (¯|·| :·¯< ·| ·]ë); up to (=# ¯|¯| ·]ë); till or
until (:ä¯ &¯| ·]ë, <|³ ¯| ·|¯| ·]ë). adv. too, also, even (|¯|¯ ·]ë ¯|¯|<¯U ¯¯).
·]|<¯|¯ [ parybasna ] n end, close, termination, conclusion; result; reduction. ·]|<¯|¯ -=¯| v.
to end, to terminate, to conclude; to result in; to be reduced to.
·]<|¯¯ [ paryabasita ] a ended, terminated, concluded; resolved (into); reduced (to); resulting
in.
·]¯<¤< [ paryab&k'aka ] a watching; observing. n. a watcher; an observer.
·]¯<¤º [ paryab&k'a-a ] n watching; observation. ·]¯<¤º <<| v. to watch; to observe. ·]¯<¤|º<|
n. an observatory; a watch tower.
·]¯<|¤¯ [ paryab&k'ita ] a watched; observed.
·]•¯¯ [ paryasana ] n removal; act of throwing all round; scattering.
·]ë [ paryanta ] a removed; thrown all round; scattered; turned upside down, overturned;
reversed.
·]|º [ pary-a ] n saddle; a panel; a caparison.
·]|« [ parypta ] a ample, abundant; sufficient, adequate, enough; moderate, temperate;
capable, competent. ·]||« n. amplitude, abundance, plenty; sufficiency, adequacy,
moderateness, moderation, temperance; capability, competence, competency.
·]|<<º [ parybara-a ] n environment; surroundings; the environs.
·]|<¯ [ paryb+tta ] a periodic. ·]|<|¯ n. periodicity.
·]|¯ [ pary$a ] n a turn; serial order; succession; state, condition, shape, form, series (¯<·]|¯);
a generation (&|¯·<< :·¯< ¯|¯|¯·< ·]|¯); a synonym (usu. ·]|¯·÷); (chiefly in sc.) a period (usu.
·]|¯<|¬). (=¯¯ adv. by turns; serially; successively; alternately. (¯ï|¯, (¯* n. a break in the series, a
break in periodicity; inversion. (·÷ n. synonymous words; related or cognate words. (¯¯ a.
rhyming alternately. (¯|<|º n. (chem.) a periodic table.
·]|¯¬|¯¯, ·]|¯¬|¯¯| [ paryl)cana, paryl)can ] n thorough discussion or study or review.
·]|¯¬|¯¯| <<| v. to discuss or study or review thoroughly.
·]|¯¬||¯¯ [ paryl)cita ] a thoroughly discussed or studied or reviewed.
·]|¯ [ parysa ] n topsyturvy; upset, reverse, a great change; a revolution.
·]¯? [ paryudasta ] a utterly defeated, routed, crushed; completely baffled; prevented or
repulsed; totally forbidden; foiled, marred. ·]¯? <<| v. to defeat utterly, to rout, to crush; to
baffle completely; to prevent or repulse; to forbid totally; to foil, to mar.
·]¯|¯ [ paryudsa ] n utter defeat, rout, crush; complete frustration; prevention or repulse.
·]|<¯ [ paryu'ita ] a stale (·]|<¯¬ r).
·¯]<º, ·¯]<º| [ pary&'a-a, pary&'a- ] n search, investigation; research.
·<<| [ par#uk ] n a rib, a vertebra.
·<¯, ·<¦ [ par'ada, par'at ] n a council, a board.
·¬
1
[ pala
1
] n a measure of time (= 24 seconds); a moment, a while, a very short time; a
measure of weight (= 8 :¯|¬|).
·¬
2
[ pala
2
] n a bevel (·¬-:¯|¬|).
·¬< [ palaka ] n wink or blink (of eyes); a very short time, an instant, a moment; an eyelid.
·¬< ·;| v. (of eyes) to close, to wink, to blink. ·¬< :,¬| v. to wink, to blink. (·|¯ n. closing of
eyelids. (·¯, (-|¯ a. (of eyes) unwinking unblinking; (of sight or look) steadfast, fixed, winkless.
·¬¯< ·¬¯< every moment; in very quick succession. ·¬¯< ¤¬¯ instant disaster (with little or no
warning). ·¬¯<< ¯¯<ï, ·¬¯< adv. in an instant, instantly; in the twinkling of an eye.
·¬<| [ palak ] a brittle, fragile; frail; delicate; unsubstantial.
·¬¯¯ [ palaana ] n an armed force; a platoon.
·¬|¯ [ palai ] v (imperf.) turning back.
·¬¯| [ palat ] n the creeper bearing ·¯¯|¬ (this is used as a bitter pot-herb).
·¬¯¯ [ palat& ] n the wick of a lamp.
·¬-•¯|¬| [ pala-t)l ] a bevelled.
·¬¬ [ palala ] n meat; silt, slime; alluvium. ·¬¬ ¯|¯ n. alluvial soil.
·¬!|<| [ palastr ] n a plaster (esp. one composed of slaked lime, sand and hair, and used for
coating walls etc.). ·¬#|<| $¯=¯| <| ¬|'|¯¯| v. to plaster.
·¬|
1
[ pal
1
] n coral.
·¬|
2
[ pal
2
] n a kind of tiny ladle or spoon.
·¬||& [ palgni ] n bile.
·¬|( [ pal-)u ] n onion.
·¬|¯< [ paltaka ] a fugitive, fleeing; absconding. n. a fugitive; an absconder. fem. ·¬|¯<|
·¬|¯< -=¯| v. to abscond.
·¬|* [ palnna ] n a highly spiced dish of rice and meat boiled in clarified butter, pilau.
·¬|¯¯ [ pal$ana ] n act of running away or fleeing, flight; escape. ·¬|¯¯ <<| v. same as ·|¬|¯¯|
(v.). (·< a. fleeing, fugitive; absconding; escaping. ·¬|¯¯·< +¯¯|<||-¯| the retreating army.
·¬|¯¯¯|¯-¯ a. attempting to flee or escape, about to run away.
·¬|¯¯|¯ [ pal$amna ] a fleeing, fugitive; absconding; escaping. fem. ·¬|¯¯|¯
·¬||¯¯ [ pal$ita ] a fled; absconded; escaped, fem. ·¬||¯¯|
·¬|· [ pal#a ] n a kind of beautiful red flower having no fragrance; its tree, the dhak, the
palas, Butea monosperma.
·|¬ [ pali ] n silt; alluvium. ·|¬ ·1| v. to collect alluvial deposit, to silt. ·|¬-·3| a. silted up. (¯||¯ n.
alluvium, silt; alluvial soil.
·|¬• [ palija ] a alluvial.
·|¬¯ [ palita ] n grey-hairedness, grey-headedness; greyness; grey. a. grey; aged, old. (4<· a.
grey-haired; old, aged.
·¬|¯ [ pal+$a ] n protein.
·¬ [ palu ] n a species of silk-worm living on the mulberry tree.
·¯¬| [ pal) ] n a pail-shaped wicker-basket for catching fish.
·6¬ [ palbala ] n any small pool of water (esp. a shallow one).
·¬8¯¯ [ palya$ana ] n a saddle; a caparison; a panel, a pack-saddle.
·:< [ pallaba ] n a leaf (< <·><, ¯<·@<); a lid (|B·D<); a new tree-leaf; the forepart of a young
shoot or sprout bearing new leaves (&F·H<). (I||-¯| n. surface-grazing; dilettantism; eclecticism;
smattering acquaintance. (J|-| a. dilettantish; smattering. ·L<N|-| O¬|< a dilettante (pl.
dilettanti); a smatterer. ·Q|<¯ a. containing leaves, leafy; full of new leaves; sprouted; detailed,
exhausted; exaggerated (·S|<¯ <ºU¯|).
·|W, ·Y| [ palli, pall+ ] n a small area of human habitation containing a cluster of houses, a
locality (Z'|··|\); a hamlet; a village; a municipal division, a ward. (^¬ n. a rural area;
countryside. ·|` ¯b¯¯ n. village development, rural uplift. ('||¯ n. folksong, village song. (c|¯ n. a
village. (•|<¯ n. rural life, countrylife. (¯¯e n. a country-dance. (<< n. a country-woman, a country-
wife. (<|¬|, (<||¬<| n. a country-girl; a country maid. (<|¯ n. a village home; a country residence; act
of living in a country. (<|¯| a. living in a country, rural; (dero.) rustic. n. a countryman (fem. a
country-woman), a villager. (dero.) a rustic. fem. (<||¯¯| (<|¯| ¯g¯¬|< a country gentleman. (¯<¯ n.
a village home; a country residence; a country-house, a country seat. (¯i¬ ¯|¯|¯ village welfare
society. (¯,'¯¯ n. rural organization, rural development. (¯,k|< n. rural reconstruction; village
upliftment. (¯|¯|¯ n. a village society.
··¯, ··¯¯| [ pa#atu, pa#at) ] n Pushtu, Pushtoo, Pashto, a language of the Afghans.
··¯ [ pa#ama ] n wool; fur. ··¯ ·|<m|< <<| to card or comb wool. ··|¯¯| n. a kind of very fine
woollen cloth. ··|¯ a. woollen; made of fur.
··¬| [ pa#al ] n a short spell of fall (as of rain), a shower.
··| [ pa# ] v (poet.) to enter; to penetrate.
·o [ pa#u ] n a quadruped animal, a beast, a brute; a beastly or brutal man; an attendant of
Shiva (|·<). '<||¯ ·q cattle. '-·||¬¯ ·s a domestic animal; (pl.) livestock. <|¬< ·u a sacrificial
beast. ¯|<<|-| ·w a beast of burden, a draught animal, a pack animal. |·<||< ·y a beast of prey.
|·<|¯<< ·{ a game. (¯¯} n. animal skin; hide; pelt. (¯|<º n. act of grazing cattle, grazing. ·•¯|<º <<| v.
to graze or feed cattle. (¯|<º :¤= n. a pasturage, a grazing-field. (¯|<º¯]|'ï a. pasturable. (|¯|<¦¯< n. a
veterinary surgeon. ([ n. animality; beastliness; brutality. (<¯ n. bestiality; sexual intercourse or
copulation. (<¯| a. bestial; brutal; addicted to excessive sexual intercourse or copulation. (·|¯
Shiva (|·<). (·|¬ a. herd or flock of animals or livestock. (·|¬, (·|¬< n. a herdsman, a cowherd; a
shepherd; a goatherd. (·|¬¯ n. act of rearing and tending and raising livestock, live stock
farming. (·|¬¯|<·|<¯ n. a live stock expert. (<¦ a. beast-like, beastly, bestial, brutal. (<¦ &¯<º
bestiality, brutality. (<|• n. the king of beasts; the lion. (:¬|¯ n. wool; fur. (·|U n. brute force. (·|¬| n.
a zoological garden, a zoo; a cattleshed; a stable. (|·<|< n. game-hunting, hunting. (|·<||< n. a
game-hunter, a hunter (fem. a huntress). (¸¬¯ same as ·<<¦
·¬|¦ [ pa#ct ] adv & prep. after, at or to the back of (·¬|¦ &|¯¯¯¯¯). &square; adv. afterwards,
later (·¬|¦ <¬|); in or to the west. a. living at the back; reverse (·¬|¦ |¯<). n. the back; the
back side, the rear; the future. ·¬|¯¯ adv. behind ('¯-< ·¬|¯¯); later, afterwards (·¬|¯¯ <¬<).
·¬|¦·¯ [ pa#ctpada ] a retreated; withdrawn; turned back; lagging behind. ·¬|¦·¯ -=¯| v. to
retreat; to withdraw; to turn back; to lag behind.
·¬|¯|· [ pa#cttpa ] n repentance, remorse.
·¬|('|¯ [ pa#cdgati ] n retrograde motion, backward movement. ·¬|('¯¯ n. retrogression,
going after, following. ·¬|('¯¯ <<| v. to follow, to go after. ·¬|('|¯| a. following, going after.
·¬|('|¯| -=¯| v. to follow, to go after. ·¬|ï¯| a. lying behind; lagging behind; following, coming
after or behind. ·¬|ï¯| -=¯| v. to lie behind; to lag behind; to follow. ·¬|¯¡¯<º n. act of following;
pursuit. ·•|¯!¯<º <<| v. to follow; to pursue. ·#|¯%¯<º<|<| a. following; pursuing. n. a
follower; a pursuer. fem. ·'|¯)¯<º<||<º|
·+|¯·¯<º [ pa#cdapasara-a ] n retreat.
·-|/|¯ [ pa#cdbh-mi ] n the rear; the background; hinterland.
·1|3|<¯ [ pa#cddhbana ] n act of running after; act of chasing. ·5|7|<¯ <<| v. to run after; to
chase, to pursue.
·9|;||<¯ [ pa#cddhbita ] a running after; chasing, pursuing.
·=|?|' [ pa#cdbhga ] n the backside; the rear; the back. ·A|C|¯' adv. in the rear.
·E|<G [ pa#crdha ] n the lower half of the human body; the lower half; the latter half; the other
half.
·|I¯ [ pa#cima ] n the west; the Occident; the western world, the western hemisphere. a.
final, last, ultimate; subsequent; western. (J¯·|¯ a. of a western country; up-country. (<L n. West
Bengal. ·|N¯ <|¯ P<|- n. westerly winds; the west wind. ·|R¯ ¯|<¯|¯ S|··U n. the West Indies.
·|W¯| a. of the west, western (·|Y¯| <|¯|¯); up country (·|[¯| \¬|<); n. an up country man.
·|^¯|`¬ n. the western part or region. ·|b¯|d a. facing west ward. ·|f|¯ a. western; Occidental.
·h|¯|< [ pa#bcra ] n a form of asceticism characterized by self-restraint, continence and
abstinence from drinking wine and eating meat; beastly conduct, brutality. ·j|¯|<| a. practising
the aforesaid form of asceticism; bestial, brutal.
·l|<¯ [ pa#bdhama ] a even worse than a beast or brute (·n|<¯ <p|r).
·¯<| [ pasar ] n a load or heap of articles of traffic, wares, merchandise (·¯<| ¯|•|¯¯|); a basket
containing articles of traffic (·¯<| ¯|·|¯ <<|); a load, a heap, a basket (<¬¯t<< ·¯<|); an article of
traffic, a commodity.
·¯|<
1
[ pasra
1
] n a market-place, a bazaar; a shop; articles of traffic, wares (u¯|<|¯·¯|<).
·¯|<
2
[ pasra
2
] n a professional man's business practice; good practice (=# ¯|<¬|¯< ·¯|< &¯¯);
good reputation, fame ('|¯<¯w¬|¯¯ ·¯|< <<|).
·¯|<| [ pasr ] v (poet.) to stretch out, to extend (<|y ·¯||<¯|).
·¯||< [ pasri ] n a shopkeeper, a seller, a dealer; a pedlar. fem. ·¯||<|¯
·{|< [ pasuri ] n a measure of weight (about 4.5 kgs.).
·}|¯¯| [ pastn) ] v to repent or rue or regret. ·•||¯ n. repentance; regret.
·|-¬ [ pahila ] a (obs. & poet.) first; early; young. (|- adv. at first.
·|
1
[ p
1
] n (mus.) the fifth note of the diatonic scale of C major, G.
·|
2
[ p
2
] n a leg; a foot; a paw; a leg of an article of furniture. ·| ¯|¯| v. to today, to bootlick. ·|
¯|¬|¯¯| v. to quicken one's steps; to kick, (hum.) to hoof. ·| |¯¯·, ·| |¯¯· |¯¯· adv. on tiptoe;
stealthily. ·| ¯=¯| v. to set foot on; to step in; to come. ·| <<| same as ·|¯¯ <<| ·| <¯¯= ¯| &¯|
v. to avoid visiting or using (a place) out of sheer disgust or abomination. ·| <|$|¯¯| v. to step
out, to go out, to leave (¯< %·¯< ·| <|'|¯¯|); to be on the point of going or setting out or
departing; to set out. ·|¯¯ (¯¬| v. to reject or abandon or shun scornfully, to spurn at (-|¯¯< ¬*|
·|¯¯ +¯¬|). ·|¯¯ ,¯¬ -¯=¯| v. to flatter in a servile manner. ·|¯¯ ¯¬| v. to trample under foot. ·|¯¯
<<| v. to solicit or importune or supplicate humbly. ·|¯¯ ·/| v. to fall at one's feet in
supplication. ·|¯¯< ¯·< ·| |¯¯¯ ·|<| v. (fig.) to lead a carefree life of ease, comfort and indolence.
·|¯¯< ·|¯| n. an instep; a foot. ·|¯¯ <|j| v. to treat or favour or shelter graciously. ·|¯¯ -|¯ 0¯=¯| v.
to touch some one's feet in obeisance. ·|-¯|¯| a. footlicking, bootlicking. ·|-¯|¯| 1¬|< a footlicker, a
bootlicker, a today. ·|-·| <¯< adv. step by step. ·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ adv. at every step (·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ <|<|); (of two
or more persons or creatures) having one another's legs tied together; (of a single person or
creature) having legs tied to gether (·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ <|<|); with slow but steady steps (·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ =¯'|¯¯|);
on the back of, pursuing (2¯ &¯|< ·|¯¯ ·|¯¯ &¯¯¯).
·|# [ pi ] n an obsolete Indian coin (=1/192; rupee), a pie.
·|#< [ pika ] n a foot soldier, an infantryman, a footman; a guard or messenger armed with a
staff and also with other weapons (often a liver