MS1015-TUT4-1

Q1
Cite the phases that are present and the phase compositions for
the following alloys:
a) 15 wt% Sn-85 wt% Pb at 100°C
b) 25 wt% Pb-75 wt% Mg at 425°C
c) 85 wt% Ag-15 wt% Cu at 800°C
d) 55 wt% Zn-45 wt% Cu at 600°C
e) 1.25 kg Sn and 14 kg Pb at 200°C
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A1
This problem asks that we cite the phase or phases present for several alloys
at specified temperatures.
(a) For an alloy composed of 15 wt% Sn-85 wt% Pb and at 100°C, from Figure
9.7, α and β phases are present, and
C
α
= 5 wt% Sn-95 wt% Pb
C
β
= 98 wt% Sn-2 wt% Pb
(b) For an alloy composed of 25 wt% Pb-75 wt% Mg and at 425°C, from
Figure 9.18, only the α phase is present; its composition is 25 wt% Pb-75
wt% Mg.
(c) For an alloy composed of 85 wt% Ag-15 wt% Cu and at 800°C, from
Figure 9.6, β and liquid phases are present, and
Cβ = 92 wt% Ag-8 wt% Cu
C
L
= 77 wt% Ag-23 wt% Cu
MS1015-TUT4-8
(d) For an alloy composed of 55 wt% Zn-45 wt% Cu and at 600°C,
from Figure 9.17, β and γ phases are present, and
C
β
= 51 wt% Zn-49 wt% Cu
C
γ
= 58 wt% Zn-42 wt% Cu
(e) For an alloy composed of 1.25 kg Sn and 14 kg Pb and at
200°C, we must first determine the Sn and Pb concentrations, as
C
Sn
=
1.25 kg
1.25 kg + 14 kg
× 100=8.2 wt%
C
Pb
=
14 kg
1.25 kg + 14 kg
× 100=91.8 wt%
From Figure 9.7, only the α phase is present; its composition is 8.2 wt% Sn-
91.8 wt% Pb.
A1
MS1015-TUT4-9
Determine the relative amounts (in terms of mass fraction) of the phases for
the alloys and temperatures given in the previous problem.
Q2
MS1015-TUT4-10
A2
W
α
=
C
β
− C
o
C
β
− C
α
=
98− 15
98 − 5
=0.89
W
β
=
C
o
− C
α
C
β
− C
α
=
15 − 5
98− 5
=0.11
(a)
(b) Wα = 1.0
W
β
=
C
o
− C
L
C
β
− C
L
=
85− 77
92− 77
=0.53
W
L
=
C
β
− C
o
C
β
− C
L
=
92− 85
92− 77
=0.47
(c)
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W
β
=
C
γ
− C
o
C
γ
− C
β
=
58 − 55
58− 51
=0.43
W
γ
=
C
o
− C
β
C
γ
− C
β
=
55 − 51
58 − 51
=0.57
(d)
(e) Wα = 1.0
A2
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Q3
A 65 wt% Ni- 35 wt% Cu alloy is heated to a temperature within the
alpha+liquid phase region. If the composition of the alpha phase is 70
wt% Ni, determine
a) the temperature of the alloy.
b) the composition of the liquid phase.
c) the mass fractions of both the phases
MS1015-TUT4-13
A3
(a) In order to determine the temperature of a 65 wt% Ni-35 wt% Cu alloy for
which α and liquid phases are present with the α phase of composition 70
wt% Ni, we need to construct a tie line across the α + L phase region of
Figure 9.2a that intersects the solidus line at 70 wt% Ni; this is possible at
about 1340°C.
(b) The composition of the liquid phase at this temperature is determined from
the intersection of this same tie line with liquidus line, which corresponds to
about 59 wt% Ni.
(c) The mass fractions of the two phases are determined using the lever rule,
Equations (9.1) and (9.2) with Co = 65 wt% Ni, C
L
= 59 wt% Ni, and C
α
= 70
wt% Ni, as
W
α
=
C
o
− C
L
C
α
− C
L
=
65 − 59
70 − 59
=0.55
W
L
=
C
α
− C
o
C
α
− C
L
=
70 − 65
70 − 59
=0.45
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Q4
A hypothetical A-B alloy of composition 55 wt% B-45 wt% A at some
temperature is found to consist of mass fractions of 0.5 for both alpha (α)
and beta (β) phases. If the composition of the beta phase is 90 wt%B-10
wt%A, what is the composition of the alpha phase?
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For this problem
Co = 55 (or 55 wt% B-45 wt% A)
Cβ = 90 (or 90 wt% B-10 wt% A)
Wα = Wβ = 0.5
A4
If we set up the lever rule expression for Wα
W
α
=0.5=
C
β
− C
o
C
β
− C
α
=
90 − 55
90 − C
α
and solving for Cα ,
Cα = 20 (or 20 wt% B-80 wt% A)
MS1015-TUT4-16
At 700
o
C, what is the maximum solubility
(a) of Cu in Ag?
(b) of Ag in Cu?
(a) From Figure 9.6, the maximum solubility of Cu in Ag at 700°C corresponds to
the position of the β-(α + β) phase boundary at this temperature, or to about 6
wt% Cu.
(b) From this same figure, the maximum solubility of Ag in Cu corresponds to
the position of the α-(α + β) phase boundary at this temperature, or about 5 wt%
Ag.
Q5
A5