MS1015-TUT5-1

Q1
For a brass alloy, the stress at which plastic deformation begins is
345 MPa, and the modulus of elasticity is 103 GPa.
(a) What is the maximum load that may be applied to a specimen
with a cross-sectional area of 130 mm
2
without plastic
deformation?
(b) If the original specimen length is 76 mm, what is the maximum
length to which it may be stretched without causing plastic
deformation?
MS1015-TUT5-2
A1
(a) This portion of the problem calls for a determination of the maximum load that
can be applied without plastic deformation (Fy). Taking the yield strength to be
345 MPa, and using the relation
( )( )
6 2 6 2
345 x 10 N/m 130 x 10 m
y y o
F A σ

= =
o
F
A
σ = EQ (6.1)
leads to = 44850 N (10000lbf)
(b) The maximum length to which the sample may be deformed without plastic
deformation is determined from
i o
o o
l l l
l l
E
ε
σ ε
− ∆
= =
=
EQ (6.2)
EQ (6.5)
thus,
( ) ( )
3
345
1 76 1 76.25 mm 3.01 inch
103 10
i o
MPa
l l mm
E x MPa
σ
| | (
= + = + =
|
(
\ . ¸ ¸
MS1015-TUT5-3
Q2
A cylindrical rod 120 mmlong and having a diameter of 15.0 mmis to be
deformed using a tensile load of 35,000 N. It must not experience either
plastic deformation or a diameter reduction of more than 1.2×10
-2
mm. Of
the materials listed below, which are possible candidates? J ustify your
choice(s).
Material Modulus of
Elasticity
(GPa)
Yield Strength
(MPa)
Poisson's
Ratio
Aluminium alloy 70 250 0.33
Titanium alloy 105 850 0.36
Steel alloy 205 550 0.27
Magnesium alloy 45 170 0.20
MS1015-TUT5-4
A2
This problem asks that we assess the four alloys relative to the two criteria
presented. The first criterion is that the material not experience plastic
deformation when the tensile load of 35,000 N is applied; this means that the
stress corresponding to this load not exceed the yield strength of the material.
Upon computing the stress
σ =
F
A
o
=
F
π
d
o
2
|
\

|
.
|
2
=
35,000 N
π
15x 10
−3
m
2
|
\


|
.
|
|
2
= 200 x 10
6
N/m
2
= 200 MPa
Of the alloys listed in the table, the Al, Ti and steel alloys have yield strengths
greater than 200 MPa.
MS1015-TUT5-5
Relative to the second criterion, it is necessary to calculate the change in diameter
d for these two alloys and compare with -1.2×10
-2
mm. From Equation (6.8)
Now, solving for ∆d from this expression,
For the aluminum alloy
Therefore, the Al alloy is not a candidate.
For the steel alloy
Therefore, steel is a candidate.
For the Ti alloy
Hence, the titanium alloy is also a candidate.
A2
( )( )( )
( )
2
3
0.33 200 15
1.41 10
70 10
MPa mm
d x mm
x MPa

∆ = − = −
MS1015-TUT5-6
A cylindrical specimen of aluminumhaving a diameter of 0.505 in. (12.8 mm) and
a gauge length of 2.000 in. (50.800 mm) is pulled in tension. Use the load–
elongation characteristics tabulated belowto complete parts (a) through (f).
(a) Plot the data as engineering stress
versus engineering strain.
(b) Compute the modulus of elasticity.
(c) Determine the yield strength at a
strain offset of 0.002.
(d) Determine the tensile strength of this
alloy.
(e) What is the approximate ductility, in
percent elongation.
(f) Compute the modulus of resilience.
Q3
MS1015-TUT5-7
A3
This problem calls for us to make a stress-strain plot for aluminum, given its tensile
load-length data, and then to determine some of its mechanical characteristics.
(a) The data are plotted below on two plots: the first corresponds to the entire
stress-strain curve, while for the second, the curve extends just beyond the elastic
region of deformation.
MS1015-TUT5-8
(b) The elastic modulus is the slope in the linear elastic region:
E =
∆ σ
∆ε
=
200 MPa − 0 MPa
0.0032 − 0
=62.5 x 10
3
MPa=62.5 GPa 9.1 x 10
6
psi
( )
(c) For the yield strength, the 0.002 strain offset line is drawn dashed. It
intersects the stress-strain curve at approximately 285 MPa (41,000 psi ).
(d) The tensile strength is approximately 370 MPa (53,500 psi), corresponding
to the maximum stress on the complete stress-strain plot.
(e) The ductility, in percent elongation, is just the plastic strain at fracture,
multiplied by one-hundred. The total fracture strain at fracture is 0.165;
subtracting out the elastic strain (which is about 0.005) leaves a plastic
strain of 0.160. Thus, the ductility is about 16%EL.
(f) From Equation (6.14), the modulus of resilience is just U
r
=
σ
y
2
2E
Using data computed in the problem, this yields a value of
U
r
=
(285 MPa)
2
(2) 62.5 x 10
3
MPa
( )
=6.5 x 10
5
J /m
3
93.8 in.- lb
f
/in.
3
( )
A3
MS1015-TUT5-9
Q4
A fatigue test was conducted in which the mean stress was 70 MPa
and the stress amplitude was 210 MPa.
(a) Compute the maximum and minimum stress levels.
(b) Compute the stress ratio.
(c) Compute the magnitude of the stress range.
MS1015-TUT5-10
A4
(a) Given the values of σ
m
(70 MPa) and σ
a
(210 MPa) we are asked to
compute σ
max
and σ
min
. From Equation (8.14)
σ
m
=
σ
max
+ σ
min
2
=70 MPa
or,
σ
max
+ σ
min
= 140 MPa
Furthermore, utilization of Equation (8.16) yields
σ
a
=
σ
max
− σ
min
2
=210 MPa
σ
max
- σ
min
= 420 MPa
or,
Simultaneously solving these two expressions leads to
σ
max
= 280 MPa (40000 psi)
σ
min
= -140 MPa (-20000 psi)
MS1015-TUT5-11
R =
σ
min
σ
max
=
−140 MPa
280 MPa
=− 0.50
(b) Using Equation (8.17) the stress ratio R is determined as follows:
(c) The magnitude of the stress range σ
r
is determined using Equation (8.15) as
σ
r
= σ
max
– σ
min
= 280 MPa - (-140 MPa)
=420 MPa (60000 psi)
A4
MS1015-TUT5-12
Q5
A cylindrical component constructed froma low carbon-nickel alloy (Figure
8.28) has a diameter of 19.1 mm. Determine the maximumload that may be
applied for it to survive 10,000 h at 538
o
C.
MS1015-TUT5-13
A5
We are asked in this problem to determine the maximum load that may be applied
to a cylindrical low carbon-nickel alloy component that must survive 10,000 h at
538°C. From Figure 8.28, the stress corresponding to 10
4
h is 70 MPa (10,000
psi). Since stress is defined in Equation (6.1) as σ = F/A
o
, and for a cylindrical
specimen,
A
o
= πr
o
2
F =σA
o
=σπ
d
o
2
|
\

|
.
|
2
= 70 x 10
6
N/m
2
( )
(π)
19.1 x 10
−3
m
2
|
\


|
.
|
|
2
=20,000 N (4420 lb
f
)
then
MS1015-TUT5-14
…extra questions….
(Question 6.17 in the textbook)
A cylindrical specimen of a hypothetical metal alloy is stressed in
compression. If its original and final diameters are 30.00 and 30.04 mm,
respectively, and its final length is 105.20 mm, compute its original length if
the deformation is totally elastic. The elastic and shear moduli for this alloy
are 65.5 and 25.4 Gpa, respectively.
MS1015-TUT5-15
A6.17
MS1015-TUT5-16
…extra questions….
(Question 6.46 in the textbook)
A cylindrical specimen of a brass alloy 10 mmin diameter and 120 mmlong is
pulled in tension with a force of 11,750 N; the force is subsequently released.
(a) Compute the final length of the specimen at this time. The tensile stress-
strain behavior for this alloy is shown in Figure 6.12.
(b) Compute the final specimen length when the load is increased to 23,500 N
and then released.
MS1015-TUT5-17
A6.46
MS1015-TUT5-18
…extra questions….
(Question 8.28 in the textbook)
A 15.2 mm diameter cylindrical rod fabricated from a 2014-T6 aluminum
alloy (Fig 8.44) is subjected to a repeated tension-compression load cycling
along its axis. Compute the maximum and minimum loads that will be
applied to yield a fatigue life of 1 x 10
8
cycles. Assume that the stress plotted
on the vertical axis is stress amplitude, and the data were taken for a mean
stress of 55 Mpa.
MS1015-TUT5-19
A8.28