22 views

save

- Basics I Unit
- Lectura 2
- 3
- Lecture 2
- Conference paper example
- ANI-19 SelectingChargePumpCaps 072406 D
- How a Capacitor Really Works
- Jiang 2015
- cavitation erosion thesis
- unit 2.3 new.
- Temperature Dependences of the Dielectric Properties of Lithium–Titanium Ferrite Ceramics
- Accel Certified Hardware and Network Engineer Sylabus
- APhO2007 Theory Prob2
- Dead Tank vs Live Tank
- nano technology
- Impulse Testing of Transformers
- silicon wafer preparation
- Physics Project Report Ark Dutta
- Checking of Transistor
- 327062028 20 56 TOP Cables Electrical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions and Answers MCQs Preparation for Engineering Competitive Exams
- ES and MS Fields
- Electrostatics
- ch09.pdf
- Lec-12 Nmos Fabricaion Oggod Nptel
- Apostila Clp Omrom BR
- The Dielectric Voltage Withstand Test - Benefits and Limitations
- LCF Meter
- __www.rexresearch.com_elcultpat3_elcultpat3
- YCUL0020-YCUL0070
- 335
- Robotic Printing for Panda
- A Versatile Camera Calibration Techniaue for High-Accuracy 3D Machine Vision Metrology Using Off-the-shelf TV Cameras and Lenses.pdf
- Closed-Form Solution of Absolute Orientation Using Unit Quaternions
- Barfoot-2014-associating-uncertainty-with-3d-poses.pdf
- Risk Assessment
- Calibrating a Mobile Camera's Extrinsic Parameters With Respect to Its Platform
- Risk Assessment Robotic
- bok%3A978-1-4615-4405-0
- Calibration of Wrist-Mounted Robotic Sensors by Solving Homogeneous Transform Equations the Form AX = XB
- Comparison of Approaches to Egomotion Computation.pdf
- Particle Filter
- Robotic assembly for ikea funiture
- ijrr-1162 (1).pdf
- Closed-form solution of absolute orientation using unit quaternions.pdf
- Camera calibration with distortion models and accuracy evaluation.pdf
- A Simple Solution to the Six-point Two-View
- An overview of null space projections for redundant, torque-controlled robots.pdf
- An Efficient Solution to the Five-Point Relative Pose Problem
- An Evaluation of the RGB-D SLAM System
- Automatic A
- Camera Auto-calibration Using a Sequence of 2D Images With Small Rotations
- Architecture for universal construction via modular robotic components.pdf
- Calibrating a Mobile Camera's Parameters
- A Comparison of SLAM Algorithms Based on a Graph of Relations
- An Improved FastSLAM Framework Using Soft Computing
- An Atlas Framework for Scalable Mapping
- An Iterative 5-Pt Algorithm for Fast and Robust Essential Matrix Estimation
- A_Comparison_of_2D-3D_Pose_Estimation_Methods.pdf
- An Open Source, Fiducial Based, Visual-Inertial State Estimation System.pdf
- Automatic Generator of Minimal Problem Solvers

Q1

(a) The room-temperature electrical conductivity of a silicon

specimen is 10

3

(Ω-m)-1. The hole concentration is known to

be 1.0x10

23

m

-3

. Using the electron and hole mobilities for

silicon in Table 18.2, compute the electron concentration.

(b) On the basis of the result in part (a), is the specimen intrinsic,

n-type extrinsic, or p-type extrinsic? Why?

MS1015-TUT6-2

A1

(a) In this problem, for a Si specimen, we are given p and σ, while µ

h

and µ

e

are included in Table 18.2. In order to solve for n we must use Equation

(18.13), which, after rearrangement, leads to

| |

| |

h

e

p e

n

e

σ µ

µ

−

=

( )( )( )

( )( )

3 1 23 3 19 2

19 2

21 3

10 ( ) 1.0 10 1.602 10 0.05 /

1.602 10 0.14 /

8.9 10

m x m x C m Vs

x C m Vs

x m

− − −

−

−

Ω − −

=

=

(b) This material is p-type extrinsic since p (1.0 x 10

23

m

-3

) is greater

than n (8.9 x 10

21

m

-3

).

MS1015-TUT6-3

Germanium to which 10

24

m

-3

As atoms have been added is an extrinsic

semiconductor at room temperature, and virtually all the As atoms may

be thought of as being ionized (i.e., one charge carrier exists for each

As atom).

(a) Is this material n-type or p-type?

(b) Calculate the electrical conductivity of this material, assuming electron

and hole mobilities of 0.1 and 0.05 m

2

/V-s, respectively.

Q2

MS1015-TUT6-4

A2

(a) This germanium material to which has been added 10

24

m

-3

As atoms is n-

type since As is a donor in Ge. (Arsenic is from group VA of the periodic table--

Ge is from group IVA.)

b) Since this material is n-type extrinsic, Equation (18.16) is valid.

Furthermore, each As atom will donate a single electron, or the electron

concentration is equal to the As concentration since all of the As atoms are

ionized at room temperature; that is n = 10

24

m

-3

, and, as given in the

problem statement, µ

e

= 0.1 m

2

/V-s. Thus

( )( )( )

( )

24 3 19 2

1

4

| |

10 1.602 10 0.1 /

1.6 10

e

n e

m x C m Vs

x m

σ µ

− −

−

=

=

= Ω −

MS1015-TUT6-5

At room temperature the electrical conductivity and the electron mobility for

copper are 6.0x10

7

(Ω-m

)-1

and 0.0030 m

2

/V-s, respectively.

(a) Compute the number of free electrons per cubic meter for copper at room

temperature.

(b) If temperature is increased to 150°C, how would you expect the electrical

conductivity to vary (increase or decrease)? Explain.

Q3

MS1015-TUT6-6

A3

(a) The number of free electrons per cubic meter for copper at room

temperature may be computed using Equation (18.8) as

n=

σ

e µ

e

=

6.0 x 10

7

(Ω −m)

−1

1.602 x 10

−19

C

( )

0.0030 m

2

/ V- s

( )

=1.25 x10

29

m

-3

(b) If the temperature is increased to 150°C, the electrical conductivity of

copper will be decreased, due to the increased thermal vibration of the

atoms, which serves as scattering centres of electrons and thus reduces

the electron mobility. The number of conducting electrons in metals is not

affected too much by temperature.

MS1015-TUT6-7

Q4

Consider a parallel-plate capacitor having an area of 6.45 x 10

-4

m

2

and a plate separation of 2 x 10

-3

m across which a potential of 10 V

is applied. If a material having a dielectric constant of 6.0 is

positioned within the region between the plates, compute :

A.the capacitance

B.magnitude of charge stored on each plate

C.dielectric displacement D

D.the polarization

MS1015-TUT6-8

A4

A

C

l

ε

=

r

o

ε

ε

ε

=

( )

( )

12 11

6 8.85 10 / 5.31 10 /

r o

x F m x F m ε ε ε

− −

= = =

( )

4 2

11

3

11

6.45 10

5.31 10 /

2 10

1.71 10

A x m

C x F m

l x m

x F

ε

−

−

−

−

= =

=

(A) Capacitance is calculated using Equation

However, the permittivity e of the dielectric medium must first be

determined from Equation

Thus, the capacitance is

Q

C

V

=

( )

( )

11 10

1.71 10 10 1.71 10 Q CV x F V x C

− −

= = =

(B) from equation

Q can be determined as

MS1015-TUT6-9

(C) Dielectric displacement defined as

( )

11

3

7 2

10

5.31 10 /

2 10

2.66 10 /

V V

D x F m

l x m

x C m

ε ε

−

−

−

= =

=

E =

o

D P ε = E +

( )

( )( )

12

7 2

3

7 2

8.85 10 / 10

2.66 10 /

2 10

2.22 10 /

o o

V

P= D D

l

x F m V

x C m

x m

x C m

ε ε

−

−

−

−

− −

= −

=

E =

(D) Polarization defined in

So

A4

- Basics I UnitUploaded bylokeshwarrvrjc
- Lectura 2Uploaded byDanielAeiounAeioum
- 3Uploaded byTamanna Chaudhary
- Lecture 2Uploaded byKanna Mystic
- Conference paper exampleUploaded byFari Pratomosiwi
- ANI-19 SelectingChargePumpCaps 072406 DUploaded byenggdalam
- How a Capacitor Really WorksUploaded bymikrovolt
- Jiang 2015Uploaded bySalma Farooq
- cavitation erosion thesisUploaded bysgarrab
- unit 2.3 new.Uploaded byMohamed Rizvan
- Temperature Dependences of the Dielectric Properties of Lithium–Titanium Ferrite CeramicsUploaded byehagar60
- Accel Certified Hardware and Network Engineer SylabusUploaded byLalithaMani
- APhO2007 Theory Prob2Uploaded byPopovici Dragan
- Dead Tank vs Live TankUploaded bySharan
- nano technologyUploaded byshiv007ansh
- Impulse Testing of TransformersUploaded bySantosh Vardhan
- silicon wafer preparationUploaded bymuy
- Physics Project Report Ark DuttaUploaded bySparsh Dutta
- Checking of TransistorUploaded bySathish Kumar Karne
- 327062028 20 56 TOP Cables Electrical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions and Answers MCQs Preparation for Engineering Competitive ExamsUploaded byAsit Mahata
- ES and MS FieldsUploaded bybhattparthiv
- ElectrostaticsUploaded byjavedsh
- ch09.pdfUploaded byclaudio
- Lec-12 Nmos Fabricaion Oggod NptelUploaded bySelva Kumar
- Apostila Clp Omrom BRUploaded byreinaldopf2011
- The Dielectric Voltage Withstand Test - Benefits and LimitationsUploaded byJoeDabid
- LCF MeterUploaded byJunjun Bedrijo
- __www.rexresearch.com_elcultpat3_elcultpat3Uploaded byklaus
- YCUL0020-YCUL0070Uploaded byingrith ortiz
- 335Uploaded byNurul Fahmi Arief

- Robotic Printing for PandaUploaded byswongy
- A Versatile Camera Calibration Techniaue for High-Accuracy 3D Machine Vision Metrology Using Off-the-shelf TV Cameras and Lenses.pdfUploaded byswongy
- Closed-Form Solution of Absolute Orientation Using Unit QuaternionsUploaded byswongy
- Barfoot-2014-associating-uncertainty-with-3d-poses.pdfUploaded byswongy
- Risk AssessmentUploaded byswongy
- Calibrating a Mobile Camera's Extrinsic Parameters With Respect to Its PlatformUploaded byswongy
- Risk Assessment RoboticUploaded byswongy
- bok%3A978-1-4615-4405-0Uploaded byswongy
- Calibration of Wrist-Mounted Robotic Sensors by Solving Homogeneous Transform Equations the Form AX = XBUploaded byswongy
- Comparison of Approaches to Egomotion Computation.pdfUploaded byswongy
- Particle FilterUploaded byswongy
- Robotic assembly for ikea funitureUploaded byswongy
- ijrr-1162 (1).pdfUploaded byswongy
- Closed-form solution of absolute orientation using unit quaternions.pdfUploaded byswongy
- Camera calibration with distortion models and accuracy evaluation.pdfUploaded byswongy
- A Simple Solution to the Six-point Two-ViewUploaded byswongy
- An overview of null space projections for redundant, torque-controlled robots.pdfUploaded byswongy
- An Efficient Solution to the Five-Point Relative Pose ProblemUploaded byswongy
- An Evaluation of the RGB-D SLAM SystemUploaded byswongy
- Automatic AUploaded byswongy
- Camera Auto-calibration Using a Sequence of 2D Images With Small RotationsUploaded byswongy
- Architecture for universal construction via modular robotic components.pdfUploaded byswongy
- Calibrating a Mobile Camera's ParametersUploaded byswongy
- A Comparison of SLAM Algorithms Based on a Graph of RelationsUploaded byswongy
- An Improved FastSLAM Framework Using Soft ComputingUploaded byswongy
- An Atlas Framework for Scalable MappingUploaded byswongy
- An Iterative 5-Pt Algorithm for Fast and Robust Essential Matrix EstimationUploaded byswongy
- A_Comparison_of_2D-3D_Pose_Estimation_Methods.pdfUploaded byswongy
- An Open Source, Fiducial Based, Visual-Inertial State Estimation System.pdfUploaded byswongy
- Automatic Generator of Minimal Problem SolversUploaded byswongy