Contents

ABOUT THIS BOOK ................................5
THE WORDS .............................................7
WORD ANALYSIS ...............................103
IDIOM AND USAGE ............................117
About This Book
English offers perhaps the richest vocabulary of all languages, in
part because its words are culled from so many languages. It is a
shame that we do not tap this rich source more often in our daily
conversation to express ourselves more clearly and precisely.
There are of course thesauruses but they mainly list common
words. Other vocabulary books list difficult, esoteric words that we
quickly forget or feel selfconscious using. !owever, there is a
bounty of choice words between the common and the esoteric that
often seem be "ust on the tip of our tongue. #ocabulary $%%% brings
these words to the fore.
&henever possible, oneword definitions are used. 'lthough
this makes a definition less precise, it also makes it easier to
remember. (any common words appear in the list of words, but
with their less common meanings. )or example, the common
meaning of champion is *winner.+ ' less common meaning for
champion is to support or fight for someone else. ,Think of the
phrase *to champion a cause.+- This is the meaning that would be
used in the list.
's you read through the list of words, mark any that you do
not know with a check mark. Then when you read through the list
again, mark any that you do not remember with two checks.
.ontinue in this manner until you have learned the words.
There are four types of qui//es interspersed in the word list0
(atching, 'ntonyms, 'nalogies, and 1entence .ompletions. The
(atching qui//es, review words that were "ust introduced. 'll the
other qui//es contain words from any part of the list.
THE
WORDS
The Word s 2
A
a cappella without accompaniment
à la ca!e priced separately
a p"#" reasoning based on general
principles
a$ac% unexpected, surprised
a$ac&' counting device
a$a()#( desert, forsake
a$a'e degrade
a$a'* humiliate, embarrass
a$a!e lessen, subside
a$a!e+e(! alleviation
a$$e, monastery
a$$e-"a!e shorten
a$)"ca!e relinquish power or
position
a$)#+e( belly
a$)&c! kidnap
a$ea(! abnormal
a$e! aid, encourage ,typically of
crime-
a$e,a(ce postponement
a$*# detest
a$")e submit, endure
a$.ec! wretched
a$.&e renounce
a$la!e cut away
a$l&!"#( cleansing
a$#)e home
a$#l"'* annul, eliminate
a$#+"(a$le detestable
a$#"/"(al indigenous, native
a$#!"-e unsuccessful
a$#&() be plentiful
a$ea'! sidebyside
a$")/e shorten
a$#a) overseas
a$#/a!e cancel
a$&p! ending suddenly
a$'ce'' infected and inflamed tissue
a$'c#() to run away ,secretly-
a$'#l-e acquit, free from blame
a$'!a"( refrain
a$'!ac! theoretical, intangible
a$'!&'e difficult to understand
a$&! touch, border on
a$,'+al deficient, sub par
a$,'' chasm
aca)e+, school acce)e
yield, agree acce(!&a!e
emphasi/e acce''"#(
attainment of rank
acce''#, attachment, accomplice
accla"+ recognition, fame
accl"+a!e accustom oneself to a
climate, ad"ust
accl"-"!, ascent, incline acc#la)e
applause, tribute acc#++#)a!e
adapt, assist, house
acc#+pl"ce one who aids a
lawbreaker
acc#) agreement
acc#'! to approach and speak to
someone aggressively
acc#&!e equip, clothe
acce)"! authori/e
acce!e grow larger
acc&e accumulate
acc&+&la!e amass
ace$"c caustic, bitter ,of speech-
ac+e summit, /enith
ac#l,!e assistant ,usually to clergy-
ac#&'!"c pertaining to sound
ac0&a"(! familiari/e
ac0&"e'ce agree passively
ac0&"! free from blame
ac") pungent, caustic, choking
ac"+#("#&' caustic, resentful
ac#p*#$"a fear of heights
ac!&a!e induce, start
ac&+e( insight
ac&!e sharp, intense
a) (a&'ea+ to a ridiculous degree
a)1l"$ improvise
a)a/e proverb
a)a+a(! insistent
a)ap! ad"ust to changing conditions
a)ap!a$le pliable
a))e()&+ appendix, supplement
a))&ce offer as example
a)ep! skillful
a)*ee stick to
a)*ee(! supporter
a)"e& farewell
a)"p#'e fatty
a).ace(! next to
a).#&( suspend, discontinue
a).&)"ca!e "udge
a).&(c! addition
a)+"("'!e manage
a)+"''"$le allowable
a)+#("'* warn gently
a)# fuss, commotion
A)#("' a beautiful man
a)#"! skillful
a)&la!"#( applause, worship
a)&l!ea!e contaminate, corrupt
a)&+$a!"#( overshadow
a)-e(! arrival of something important
a)-e(!"!"#&' accidental, extrinsic
a)-e'a, opponent
a)-e'e unfavorable, opposing
a)-e'"!, hardship
a)-"'e give counsel
a)-#ca!e urge, support
ae/"' that which protects, sponsorship
ae"al pertaining to the air
ae#$"c' exercise
2&"3 1 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. '4'1E '. applause
5. '41T'I6 4. caustic
7. '.O89TE . . shorten
$. '4E9'6.E :. applause
;. '4<I:=E E. assistant
>. '..O8':E ) . postponement
?. '.<I(O6IO@1 =. refrain
A. '::@.E !. exercise
2. ':@8'TIO6 I. degrade
3%. 'E<O4I.1 B. offer as example
ae'!*e!"c pleasing to the senses,
beautiful
a66a$le friendly
a66ec! influence
a66ec!a!"#( pretense, showing off
a66")a-"! sworn written statement
a66"l"a!e associate
a66"l"a!"#( connection, association
a66"("!, fondness
a66"7 fasten
a66l"c!"#( illness
a66l&e(! abundant, wealthy
a66a, brawl
a66#(! insult
a6"c"#(a)# devotee, ardent follower
a6#&l entangled, in trouble
a6! rear
a6!e+a!* consequence
a/ape wonder
a/e()a plan, timetable
a/e(! p#-#ca!e& agitator
a//a()"3e exaggerate
a//a-a!e worsen
a//e/a!e total, collect
a//e''# attacker
a//"e-e mistreat
a//"e-e) un"ustly in"ured
a/*a'! horrified
a/"le nimbl e
a/"!a!e stir up
a/(a!e related on the fatherCs side
a/(#'!"c not knowing whether =od
exists
a/a"a( pertaining to farming
a/#(#+, science of crop
production
a" discuss, broadcast
a"' pretension
a%"+$# with hands on hips
a%"( related
al 6e'c# outdoors
alac"!, swiftness al$a!#''
large sea bird al$"(# lacking
pigmentation alc#-e recess,
niche
al"a' assumed name
al"$" excuse
al"e(a!e estrange, antagoni/e
al"/*! land, descend, to happen to
find a place to rest
alla, to reassure
alle/e assert without proof
alle/"a(ce loyalty
alle/#, fable
alle/# fast
alle-"a!e lessen, assuage
all"!ea!"#( repetition of the same
sound
all#ca!e distribute all#!
allocate, ration all&)e
refer to indirectly all,
unite for a purpose
al+a(ac calendar with additional
information
al+' charity
al##6 arrogant, detached
al!eca!"#( argument
al!"!&)e height
al!# low female voice
al!&"'+ benevolence, generosity
a+al/a+a!"#( mixture
a+a'' collect
a+$"e(! surrounding, environment
a+$"/&#&' unclear
a+$"-ale(ce conflicting emotions
a+$&la!#, able to walk
a+el"#a!e improve
a+e(a$le agreeable
a+e() correct
a+e("!"e' courtesies, comforts
a+e("!, pleasantness
a+"a$le friendly
a+") among
a+"'' wrong, out of place
a+"!, friendship, good will
a+(e'!, pardon
a+#al without morals
a+##&' loving, sexual
a+#p*#&' shapeless
a+#!"3e pay by installments
a+p*"$"#&' able to operate in water
and land
a+p*"!*ea!e ovalshaped theater
a+&c% murderous fren/y
a+&le! charm, talisman
a+&'e entertain
a(ac*#("'!"c out of historical order
a(ae#$"c without oxygen
a(a/a+ a word formed by
rearranging the letters of another word
a(al/e'"c painsoother
2&"3 8 4A(!#(,+'5
:irections 0 .hoose the word most opposite in meaning to the capitali/ed word.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. =<'T@ITO@10 ,'- voluntary ,4- arduous ,.- solicitous
,:- righteous ,E- befitting
5. )'88O&0 ,'- fatuous ,4- productive ,.- bountiful
,:- pertinacious ,E- opprobrious
7. (ETT8E0 ,'- ad hoc ,4- perdition ,.- woe ,:- trepidation
,E- apathy
$. 1'#'6T0 ,'- dolt ,4- sage ,.- attachD ,:- apropos comment
,E- state of confusion
;. <I)E0 ,'- multitudinous ,4- blemished ,.- sturdy
,:- counterfeit ,E- sparse
>. '4<I:=E0 ,'- distend ,4- assail ,.- unfetter ,:- enfeeble
,E- prove
?. E<O:I='80 ,'- bountiful ,4- dependent ,.- provident
,:- superfluous ,E- profligate
A. <EF@IE(0 ,'- humility ,4- prerequisite ,.- resolution
,:- reign ,E- hiatus
2. (ETE0 ,'- indict ,4- convoke ,.- hamper ,:- disseminate
,E- deviate
3%. 1E#E<'6.E0 ,'- continuation ,4- dichotomy ,.- astringency
,:- disclosure ,E- remonstrance
a(al#/#&' similar
a(al#/, point by point comparison
a(ac*"'! terrorist, nihilist
a(ac*, absence of government, chaos
a(a!*e+a curse, abomination
a(ec)#!e story
a(e&,'+ bulging in a blood vessel
a(/'! anxiety, dread
a("+a)-e'"#( critical remark
a("+a!e) exuberant
a("+#'"!, dislike
a("+&' hate
a((al' historical records
a((e7 to attach, to take possession of
a(("*"la!e destroy
a((#!a!e to add explanatory notes
a((&l cancel a((&la
ringshaped a(#),(e
pain soothing
a(#"(! consecrate, apply ointment
a(#+al#&' abnormal
a(#(,+"!, state of being
anonymous
a(!a/#("'!"c hostile
a(!a/#("3e harass
a(!ec*a+$e waiting room
a(!e)"l&-"a( ancient, obsolete
a(!*#l#/, collection
a(!*a7 disease, bacterium
a(!"c caper, prank
a(!"pa!*, repulsion, hated
a(!"p#)al exactly opposite
a(!"0&a!e) outdated, obsolete
a(!"0&"!, ancient times a(!"!*e'"'
direct opposite apa!*e") racial
segregation apa!*e!"c unconcerned,
uninterested apa!*, indifference
ape mimic
ape!&e opening
ape7 highest point
ap*a'"a speechless
ap*#"'+ maxim
apl#+$ poise
ap#cal,p!"c ominous, doomed
ap#c,p*al of doubtful authenticity
ap#ple7, stroke
ap#'!a!e one who abandons oneCs
faith
ap#!*e#'"' deification
appall horrify
appa"!"#( phantom
appea'e pacify
appella!"#( title
appe() affix
app#'"!e apt
appe*e('"-e anxious, worried
app"'e inform
app#$a!"#( approval
ap#p#' appropriate
ap! suitable
ap!"!&)e ability
a0&a!"c pertaining to water
a$"!e "udge
a$"!a+e(! final "udgment
a$"!a, tyrannical, capricious
aca(e secret, difficult to understand
ac*a"c antiquated
ac*e!,pe original model, epitome
ac*"pela/# group of island
ac*"-e' public records
a)e(! passionate
a)# passion
a)&#&' hard
a/#(a&!' goldseekers, adventurers
a/#! speciali/ed vocabulary, "argon
a"a operatic song
a") dry, dull
a"'!#ca! nobleman
a+a)a fleet of ships
a+"'!"ce truce
aa"/( indict
aa, arrangement
aea' in debt
a#/a!e sei/e without right
a#,# gully
a'e(al supply, stockpile of weapons
a!6&l skillful, cunning
a!"c&la!e wellspoken
a!"6"ce trick
a!le'' naive, simple
a'ce() rise
a'ce()a(c, powerful state
a'ce!a"( discover
a'ce!"c selfdenying
a'c"$e to attribute
a'ep!"c sterile
a'*e( pale
a'"("(e stupid
a'%a(ce to view with suspicion
a'%e9 crooked
a'pe'"#( slander
a'p*,7"a!e suffocate
a'p"a(! contestant
a'p"a!"#( ambition
a''a"l attack
a''a''"( murderer
a''e(! agree
a''e! affirm a''e''
appraise a''")&#&'
hardworking
a''"+"la!e absorb, integrate
a''#(a(ce partial rhyme
a''&a/e lessen ,pain-
a'!al pertaining to stars
a'!"(/e(! causing contraction,
severe
a'!&!e wise
a'&()e apart, into separate parts
a',l&+ place of refuge
a',++e!"c uneven
a!a-"'!"c exhibiting the characteristics
of oneCs forebears
a!el"e workshop
a!#ll reef
a!#+"3e vapori/e
a!#(e make amends
a!#p*, the wasting away of muscle
a!!e(&a!e weaken, assuage
a!!e'! testify
a!!"e dress
a!!"$&!e ascribe
a!!"!"#( deterioration, reduction
2&"3 3 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. '6'T!E(' '. hard
5. '66I!I8'TE 4. curse
7. '6O('8O@1 . . gully
$. 'E'T!ETI. :. suffocate
;. '<.!'I. E. antiquated
>. '<:@O@1 ) . destroy
?. '<<O9O =. abnormal
A. '1E!9GI'TE !. unconcerned
2. '1T<I6=E6T I. make amends
3%. 'TO6E B. causing contraction
a!,p"cal abnormal
a& c#&a(! well informed, chic
a&)ac"!, boldness
a&)"e(! listening, attentive
a&)"!"#( tryout
a&/+e(! increase, supplement
a&/& predict
a&/&'! noble, ma"estic
a&a atmosphere, emanation
a&'p"ce' patronage, protection
a&'p"c"#&' favorable
a&'!ee harsh, 1partan
a&!*#"3e grant, sanction
a&!#+a!#( robot
a&!#(#+#&' selfgoverning
a&7"l"a, secondary, supportive
a-a"l assistance
a-a(! /a)e vanguard
a-a"ce greed
a-a!a incarnation
a-e'e loath, reluctant
a-e! turn away
a-"a( pertaining to birds
a-") enthusiastic
a-#ca!"#( hobby
a-#&c* attest, guarantee
a-#9 declare
a-&(c&la like an uncle
a9, crooked
a7"#+ selfevident truth
a,e affirmative vote
a3&e sky blue
B
$a$$"!!, smugness
$acc*a(al orgy, drunken celebration
$a)/e pester
$a)"(a/e banter
$a/a!elle nonentity, trifle
$a"l"9"c% area of concern or business
$alee( whalebone
$ale6&l hostile, malignant
$al% hesitate
$al%, hesitant
$alla) song
$alla'! counterbalance
$all"'!"c' study of pro"ectiles
$al+ soothing ointment
$a(al trite
$a(), exchange
$a(e poison, nuisance
$a$a"a( savage
$a) poet
$a#0&e ornate
$a"'!e lawyer
$a'% take pleasure in, sun
$a''# low male voice
$a'!"#( fort
$a!*#' sentimentality
$a!!e( fasten, board up
$a!!e, physical attack
$a&$le trinket
$ea!"6, sanctify
$ea!"!&)e state of bliss
$ec%#( lure
$ec#+"(/ proper
$e)la+ uproar
$e6"! to be suitable
$e/e! produce, procreate
$e/&)/e resent, envy
$e/&"le deceive, seduce
$e*e+#!* monster
$e*e'! command
$e*#l)e( in debt, obliged
$ela$# assail verbally, dwell on
$ela!e) delayed, overdue
$elea/&e besiege
$el6, bell tower
$el"e misrepresent, disprove
$el"!!le disparage
$ell"c#'e warlike
$ell"/ee(! combative
$ell#9 shout
$ell9e!*e leader, guide
$e+#a( lament
$e+&'e) bewildered
$e(c*+a% standard
$e(e)"c!"#( blessing
$e(e6ac!# patron
$e(e-#le(! kind
$e("/( harmless
$e(! determined
$e0&ea!* will
$e0&e'! gift, endowment
$ea!e scold
$eea-e to rob, to deprive somebody of
a love one, especially through death
2&"3 : 4A(!#(,+'5
:irections 0 .hoose the word most opposite in meaning to the capitali/ed word.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. !9EO.<ITI.'80 ,'- forthright ,4- "udicious ,.- circumspect
,:- puritanical ,E- unorthodox
5. #O8@(I6O@10 ,'- obscure ,4- cantankerous ,.- unsubstantial
,:- tenacious ,E- opprobrious
7. )'6'TI.I1(0 ,'-
,:-
delusion
cynicism
,4- fascism
,E- indifference
,.- remorse
$. I6TE<(I6'48E0 ,'- finite ,4- "e"une ,.- tranquil
,:- incessant ,E- imprudent
;. O<6'TE0 ,'- 1partan ,4- blemished ,.- sturdy
,:- counterfeit ,E- temporary
>. (@T'4I8IT90 ,'- simplicity ,4- apprehension ,.- frailty
,:- maverick ,E- tenacity
?. #I<@8E6T0 ,'- benign ,4- intrepid ,.- malignant
,:- hyperbolic ,E- tentative
A. '41TE(IO@10 ,'- timely ,4- immoderate ,.- bellicose
,:- servile ,E- irreligious
2. #E<4O1E0 ,'- subliminal ,4- myopic ,.- pithy
,:- dauntless ,E- ubiquitous
3%. #I1.I:0 ,'- subtle ,4- faint ,.- slick ,:- vicious
,E- difficult
$ee6! deprived of
$e'e% cra/ed with anger
$e'eec* implore, beg
$e'e! harass, encircle
$e'"e/e beleaguer, surround
$e'+"c* slander, sully
$e'pea% attest
$e'!"al beastlike, brutal
$e'!#9 offer, grant
$e!#!*e) engaged
$e-, group
$"$l"#/ap*, list of sources of
information
$"ca+eal having two legislative
branches
$"c%e quarrel
$"e(("al occurring every two years
$"la!eal twosided
$"l"#&' illtempered
$"l% swindle
$"#)e/a)a$le naturally decaying
$"#p', removing tissue for
examination
$"pe) twofooted animal
$"'!# tavern, cafe
$"-#&ac encampment
$la()"'* flatter, grovel
$la'; bored with life
$la'p*e+, insulting =od
$lea% cheerless, forlorn
$l"/*! decay
$l"'' happiness
$l"!*e "oyous
$l#a!e) swollen
$#)e portend
$#/&' forged, false
$#/, bugbear
$#"'!e#&' noisy
$#l! move quickly and suddenly
$#+$a'! pompous speech
$#( -"-a(! gourmet, epicure
$#(a 6")e made in good faith
$#(a(3a a stroke of luck
$##( payoff, windfall
$## vulgar person
$##!le'' unavailing
$##!, loot, stolen goods
$#!c* bungle
$#&/e#"' middle class
$#-"(e cowlike
$#,c#!! abstain in protest
$ac"(/ refreshing
$ac%"'* salty
$a()"'* display menacingly
$a-a)# feigned bravery
$a-&a technically difficult, brilliant
$a9( strength
$e-"!, shortness of expression
$"/a() robber
$"(% edge, threshold
$#ac* bring up a topic for
conversation
$#+")e clichD
$##% tolerate
$#9$ea! to bully
$&'0&e curt
$&c#l"c rustic
$&66e! blow, pummel
$&66##( fool, "oker
$&l9a% fortification
$&(c#+$e empty, showy talk
$&#,a(! floatable, cheerful
$&/e#( sprout
$&le'0&e farce
$&l, husky
$&!!e'' support
<
ca$al a group of conspirators
ca$ae! night club
cac*e hiding place
cac*e! prestige
cac#p*#(, dissonance, harsh noise
ca)a-e corpse
ca)a-e#&' haggard
ca)e(ce rhythm
ca)e! a student of a military academy
ca)/e beg
ca)e small group ca.#le
encourage, coax cala+"!,
disaster calc&la!"(/
scheming cal"$e
ability, character call#&'
insensitive call#9
inexperienced cal&+(,
slander ca+aa)e"e
fellowship ca(a"lle
rabble
ca(a) hoax
ca()") frank, unrehearsed
ca()# frankness
ca("(e pertaining to dogs
ca(#( rule
ca(! insincere speech
ca(!a(%e#&' peevish
ca(!a!a musical composition
ca(-a'' survey
capac"#&' spacious
cap"lla, thin tube
cap"!al most significant, pertaining
to wealth
cap"!#l legislative building
cap"!&la!e surrender
cap"c"#&' fickle, impulsive
cap!"#( title
cap!"#&' fond of finding fault in
others
cap!"-a!e engross, fascinate
caa6e bottle
ca$"(e rifle
cac"(#/e("c causing cancer
cac"(#+a tumor
ca)"(al chief
ca)"#l#/"'! one who studies the
heart
caee( swerve
ca"#( decaying flesh
ca!#/ap*e mapmaker
ca'ca)e waterfall
ca'*+ee fine wool from 'sia
<a''a()a unheeded prophet
ca'!"/a!e critici/e
ca'!a!e remove the testicles
2&"3 5 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. 4E1(I<.! '. unheeded prophet
5. 4I.'(E<'8 4. peevish
7. 4I8'TE<'8 . . pertaining to dogs
$. 4OOT8E11 :. plot
;. 4<'6:I1! E. farce
>. 4@<8E1F@E ) . display menacingly
?. .'4'8 =. unavailing
A. .'6I6E !. twosided
2. .'6T'6HE<O@1 I. having two legislative branches
3%. .'11'6:<' B. sully
ca'&"'!, specious reasoning
ca!acl,'+ catastrophe
ca!a'!#p*"c disastrous
ca!e/#"cal absolute, certain
ca!*a!"c purgative, purifying
ca!*#l"c universal, worldly
ca&c&' meeting
ca&'e c;l=$e celebrated legal case
ca&'!"c scathing ,of speech-
ca&!e"3e to sear
ca-al"e disdainful, nonchalant
ca-ea! warning
ca-ea! e+p!# buyer beware
ca-"l quibble
ca-#! frolic
ce)e transfer ownership, relinquish
cele'!"al heavenly
cel"$a!e abstaining from sex
ce(#!ap* empty tomb, monument
ce('#"#&' condemning speech
ce('&e condemn
cea+"c' pottery
cee$al pertaining to the brain
ce''a!"#( a stoping
c*a6e abrade
c*a/"( embarrassment
c*al"ce goblet
c*a+p"#( defend
c*ape#( escort
c*aa)e pantomime, sham
c*ala!a( quack, imposter
c*a!e&'e greenish yellow
c*a, cautious
c*a'!e pure, virgin
c*a'!e( castigate
c*a!ea& castle
c*ee%, brass, forward
c*e&$ cupid
c*e&$"c sweet, innocent
c*"ca(e, trickery
c*")e scold
c*"+e"cal imaginary, dreamlike
c*#le"c easily angered
c*#!le laugh, snort
c*#("c continual ,usually of illness-
c*#("cle a history, record
c*#(#l#/, arrangement by time
c*&l a boor
c*&!3pa* gall
<"++e"a( dim, unlit
c"p*e /ero, nobody, a code
c"ca about ,of time-
c"c&"!#&' roundabout
c"c&+c"'e remove the foreskin
c"c&+l#c&!"#( roundabout
expression
c"c&+'pec! cautious
c"c&+-e(! evade, thwart
c"!a)el fortress
c"!a!"#( summons to appear in court
cla+# noise
cla( extended family
cla()e'!"(e secret
cla&'!#p*#$"a fear of enclosed
places
clea-e split
cle6! spli t
cle+e(c, forgiveness
cl"0&e a small group
cl#"'!e refuge, monastery
cl#(e duplicate
cl#&! influence
cl#-e( split
cl#, glut, to sicken by excess
cl#,e) "aded
c#1#p! preempt, usurp
c#a/&la!e thicken
c#ale'ce combine
c#)a concluding passage
c#))le pamper
c#)"c"l supplement to a will
c#ec"#( force
c#66e strong box
c#/e(! wellput, convincing
c#/"!a!e ponder
c#/(a!e from the same source
c#/("3a(! aware, mindful
c#/(#+e( family name
c#*a$"! live together
c#*ee stick together
c#*#! an associate
c#"66&e hairdo
c#lla$#a!e work together
c#lla sei/e, arrest
c#lla!eal securities for a debt
c#ll#0&"al informal speech
c#ll#0&, conference
c#ll&'"#( conspiracy
c#l#((a)e row of columns
2&"3 > 4A(!#(,+'5
:irections 0 .hoose the word most opposite in meaning to the capitali/ed word.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. :E<I1IO60 ,'- urgency ,4- admonishment ,.- uniqueness
,:- diversity ,E- acclaim
5. '6TIE'T!90 ,'- fondness ,4- disagreement ,.- boorishness
,:- provocation ,E- opprobrium
7. .'BO8E0 ,'- implore ,4- glance at ,.- belittle
,:- ennoble ,E- engender
$. .E61@<E0 ,'- prevaricate ,4- titillate ,.- aggrandi/e
,:- obscure ,E- sanction
;. ':@8'TIO60 ,'- immutability ,4- reluctance ,.- reflection
,:- defamation ,E- indifference
>. 6OI1O(E0 ,'- salubrious ,4- affable ,.- multifarious
,:- provident ,E- officious
?. .O61E.<'TE0 ,'- curb ,4- destroy ,.- curse
,:- inveigh ,E- exculpate
A. I88@1T<IO@10 ,'- bellicose ,4- ignoble ,.- theoretical
,:- esoteric ,E- immaculate
2. :EI=60 ,'- inveigh ,4- gainsay ,.- speculate ,:- re"ect
,E- laud
3%. 1@4TE<)@=E0 ,'- bewilderment ,4- artlessness ,.- deceit
,:- felicitation ,E- "eopardy
c#+a!#'e stupor
c#+$"(e unite, blend
c#++a()ee sei/e for military use
c#++e+#a!e observe
c#++e() praise
c#++e('&a!e proportionate
c#++"'ea!e empathi/e
c#++"''a, food store
c#++"''"#( authori/ation to
perform a task
c#++#)"#&' spacious
c#++#)"!, product
c#++#)#e naval officer
c#++&("#( fellowship
c#++&!a!"#( exchange,
substitution
c#++&!e lessen punishment
c#+pac! covenant
c#+pa''"#( kindness
c#+pa!"$le wellmatched, harmonious
c#+pa!"#! countryman
c#+pell"(/ convincing, persuasive
c#+pe()"&+ summary
c#+pe('a!e make up for
c#+pe('a!#, redeeming
c#+pe!e(ce skillfulness
c#+p"le collect
c#+place(! selfsatisfied, oblivious
to coming danger
c#+pl"a(! submissive, conforming
c#+pl"c"!, guilt by association
c#+p#! to conduct oneself
c#+p#'e) cool, selfpossessed
c#+p#&() augment
c#+pe*e('"-e thorough
c#+p"'e consist of
c#+p&l'"-e obsessive
c#+p&l'#, obligatory
c#+p&(c!"#( remorse
c#(ca!e(a!e link
c#(ca-e curving inward
c#(ce)e yield, grant
c#(ce!e) done together, intensive
effort
c#(c* spiral shell
c#(c"l"a!#, reconciling, restoring
goodwill
c#(c"'e brief
c#(cl&'"-e convincing, ending doubt
c#(c#c! devise
c#(c#+"!a(! accompanying,
concurrent
c#(c#) accord
c#(c#)a! agreement
c#(c#&'e throng, open space for a
gathering
c#(c&$"(e mistress
c#(c& agree
c#(c&e(! simultaneous
c#()e'ce() patroni/e, talk down to
c#()"+e(! seasoning
c#()#le(ce commiseration
c#()#(e overlook wrong doing,
pardon
c#()&c"-e helping
c#()&"! pipe
c#(6a$&la!e discuss, give a
fictitious account of a past event
c#(6ec!"#( candy
c#(6e)eac, alliance
c#(6e bestow
c#(6ee(ce meeting
c#(6")a(! trusted friend
c#(6")e trust another ,with secrets-
c#(6"'ca!e sei/e
c#(6la/a!"#( large fire
c#(6l&e(ce flowing together
c#(6#&() bewilder
c#(6#(! challenge
c#(6&'e perplex
c#(6&!e disprove
c#(/eal solidify
c#(/e("al friendly
c#(/e("!al inborn, existing from birth
c#(/e"e' pile
c#(/&e(ce conformity
c#("6e#&' bearing cones
c#(.ec!&e hypothesis, speculation
c#(.&/al pertaining to marriage
c#(.&e summon
c#(("-e conspire
c#((#"''e& an expert, gourmet
c#('a(/&"(e#&' related by blood
c#('c"e(!"#&' honorable, upright
c#('c"p!"#( draft, enlistment
c#('eca!e make holy
c#('ec&!"-e one after another
c#('e('&' general agreement
c#('")ee) well thoughtout,
contemplated
c#('"/( assign
c#('#la!"#( comfort, solice
c#('#le comfort
c#('#l")a!e unite, strengthen
c#('#(a(! harmonious
c#('#! spouse
c#('#!"&+ cartel
c#('p"c&#&' obvious
c#('p"e plot
c#('!ella!"#( arrangement of stars
c#('!e(a!"#( anxiety, bewilderment
c#('!a"(e) confined
c#('!&e interpret
c#('&++a!e perfect
c#(!a/"#( infectious agent
c#(!e+pla!e meditate
c#(!e+p! disdain
c#(!e() struggle
c#(!e(!e) satisfied
c#(!e(!"#&' argumentative
c#(!"/&#&' ad"acent, abutting
c#(!"(e(ce selfcontrol
c#(!"(/e(! conditional
c#(!#! twist
c#(!a$a() illicit goods
c#(!ac!"#( shrinkage
c#(!ac!&al related to a contract
c#(!a"e!, opposition
c#(!a'! difference, comparison
c#(!a-e(e oppose
c#(!e!e+p' unfortunate occurrence
c#(!"!e apologetic
c#(!"-e arrange, artificial
c#(!#-e'"al sub"ect to dispute
c#(!#-e! dispute
c#(!&+ac, disobedience
c#(!&'"#( bruise
2&"3 7 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. .O(('6:EE< '. sei/e for military use
5. .O((@6IO6 4. apologetic
7. .O(E'T<IOT . . perfect
$. .O6.E<TE: :. accord
;. .O6.O<: E. done together
>. .O6)8@E6.E ) . pile
?. .O6=E<IE1 =. flowing together
A. .O61O6'6T !. harmonious
2. .O61@(('TE I. countryman
3%. .O6T<ITE B. fellowship
c#(&()&+ pu//le, enigma
c#(-e(e assemble ,a group-
c#(-e(!"#(al customary, standard
c#(-e/e come together
c#(-e'a(! familiar
c#(-e'e opposite
c#(-e7 curving outward
c#(-e, communicate
c#(-"c!"#( strongly held belief
c#(-"-"al sociable, festive
c#(-#ca!"#( gathering
c#(-#%e convene, summon
c#(-#l&!e) twisted, complicated
c#p"#&' abundant
c#0&e!!e a flirt
c#)"al friendly
c#)#( bond, chain, barrier
c#(&c#p"a coneshaped horn filled
with fruit
c##lla, consequence
c##(a!"#( crowning of a sovereign
c#p#eal of the body
c#p' group of people
c#p&le(! fat
c##$#a!e confirm
c#!e/e procession
c#&'ca!e sparkle
c#'+#p#l"!a( worldly, sophisticated
c#''e! coddle c#!e"e small
group c#&(!e(a(ce facial
expression c#&(!e+a()
overrule
c#&(!e'!"%e strike back
c#&(!e-a"l counterbalance
c#&p master stroke, sudden takeover
c#&p )e /?ce final stroke, a blow
of mercy
c#&!1+a!"al military trial
c#&!e'a( prostitute
c#&!"e member of the kingCs court
c#-e(a(! agreement, pact
c#-e! secret
c#-e! desire
c#9e showing fear
ca'' crude
ca-e desire
ca-e( cowardly
ce)e(ce belief
ce)e(3a buffet
ce)&l"!, gullibility
ce)&l#&' believing
cee) belief
ce'ce()# becoming louder
ce'!6alle( de"ected
ce-"ce crack
c"(/e cower
c"!e"#( a standard used in "udging
c"!"0&e examination, criticism
c##( sing
c&e! bottle
c&7 gist, key
c,p!"c mysterious, pu//ling
c&$"'+ a style of painting
c&)/el club
c&l"(a, pertaining to cooking
c&ll pick out, select
c&l+"(a!e climax
c&lpa$le blameworthy
c&lp"! offender
c&l-e! drain
c&+$e'#+e unwieldy
c&+&la!"-e accumulate
c&p")"!, greed
c&$ restrain, block
c&+&)/e#( boor, badtempered
c&"c&l&+ course of study
c&, seek favor by flattery
c&'#, hasty
c&! abrupt, rude
c&!a"l shorten
c,cl#(e storm
c,("cal scornful of the motives or
sincerity of others
c,(#'&e celebrity, center of attention
c3a <ussian emperor
D
)a$ touch lightly
)a"' platform
)all, procrastinate, linger
)a(% cold and damp
)a&(!le'' courageous
)e 6ac!# actual, in effect
)e .&e legally
)e "/&e& very formal, compulsory
)ea)pa( expressionless
)ea!* scarcity
)e$acle a rout, defeat
)e$a'e degrade
)e$a&c* corrupt
3. @E1!OT0 ,'- consequence ,4- descent ,.- annihilation
,:- termination ,E- inception
2&"3 @ 4A(!#(,+'5
:irections 0 .hoose the word most opposite in meaning to the capitali/ed word.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
5. &!ET0 ,'- obscure ,4- blunt ,.- desiccate
,:- imbibe ,E- enervate
7. E<O:I=90 ,'- vacuous comment ,4- hegemony ,.- plane
,:- common occurrence ,E- capitulation
$. '(4@8'TO<90 ,'- immutable ,4- obdurate
,.- hospitali/ed ,:- pedantic ,E- stationary
;. E8'TIT@:E0 ,'- sincere comment ,4- enigmatic comment
,.- hostile comment ,:- disingenuous comment
,E- original comment
>. 1EE(890 ,'- redoubtable ,4- flaccid ,.- imperceptible
,:- indigenous ,E- unbecoming
?. .!'(EIO60 ,'- relinquish ,4- contest ,.- oppress
,:- modify ,E- withhold
A. 'I<0 ,'- release ,4- differ ,.- expose
,:- betray ,E- enshroud
2. EE<T@<4'TIO60 ,'- impotence
,.- prediction
,4- obstruction
,:- equanimity ,E- chivalry
3%0 TE(EE1T@O@10 ,'- prodigal ,4- reticent ,.- serene
,:- phenomenal ,E- accountable
)e$a&c*e, indulgence
)e$"l"!a!e weaken
)e$#(a" sophisticated, affable
)e$"e6 interrogate, inform
)e$&(% refute, expose
)e$&!a(!e a girl debuting into
society
)eca)e(ce decay ,e.g. moral or
cultural-
)eca(! pour
)ecap"!a!e kill by beheading
)eca!*l#( athletic contest
)ece"-e trick
)ec")&#&' shedding leaves
)ec"+a!e destroy
)ec"p*e decode
)ecl"(e decrease in number
)ec#++"''"#( take a ship out of
service
)ec##&' seemly, dignified
)ec#&+ protocol, etiquette
)ecee official order
)ecep"!&)e enfeeblement
)ec, castigate
)e)&ce conclude
)e)&c! subtract
)ee+ "udge
)e6ace mar, disfigure
)e6a+a!"#( ,noun- slander
)e6a+e ,verb- slander
)e6ea!"'! one who is resigned to
defeat
)e6e postpone
)e6ee(ce courteously yielding to
another
)e6"c"! shortage
)e6"le pollute, corrupt
)e6"("!"-e conclusive, final
)e6lec! turn aside
)e6l#9e despoil
)e6a&) swindle
)e6a, pay
)e6! skillful
)e6&(c! extinct
)e/a)e demean
)e*,)a!e dry out
)e"/( condescend
)e"!, a god
)elec!a$le delicious
)ele/a!e authori/e
)ele!e remove
)ele!e"#&' harmful
)el"$ea!e ponder
)el"(ea!e draw a line around, describe
)el"(0&e(! negligent, culpable
)el""&+ mental confusion, ecstasy
)el&)e deceive
)el&/e a flood
)el-e dig, explore ,of ideas-
)e+a/#/&e a politician who appeals
to base instincts
)e+ea( degrade
)e+ea(# behavior
)e+e(!e) deranged
)e+"'e death
)e+#$"l"3e disband
)e+#/ap*, study of human
populations
)e+#al"3e dishearten
)e+#!e lower in rank
)e+& take ,mild- exception, balk
)e+&e sedate, reserved
)e("/a!e defame
)e("3e( dweller
)e(#+"(a!"#( class, sect
)e(#!e signify, stand for
)e(#&e+e(! resolution
)e(#&(ce condemn
)e(&)e strip bare
)epa! leave
)ep"c! portray
)eple!e exhaust
)epl#e condemn
)epl#, arrange forces
)ep#!+e(! behavior, posture
)ep#'"!"#( testimony
)epa-"!, immorality, wickedness
)epeca!e belittle
)epe)a!"#( preying on, plunder
)ep"-e take away
)eac"(a!e uproot
)eel"c! negligent
)e")e ridicule
)e"'"-e mocking
)e#/a!#, degrading
)e"c% crane
)e'eca!e profane, defile
)e'"cca!e dehydrate
)e'"/(a!e appoint
)e'"'! st op
)e'#la!e forsaken
)e'p"ca$le contemptible
)e'p"'e loathe
)e'p#()e(! depressed
)e'p#! tyrant
)e'!"!&!e poor
)e'&e!&)e disuse
)e'&l!#, without direction in life
)e!ac*e) emotionally removed
)e!a"( confine
);!e(!e truce
)e!e(!"#( confinement )e!e
discourage, prevent )e!ee(!
hindrance, disincentive )e!ac!
lessen, undermine )e!ac!# one
who critici/es
)e!"+e(!al harmful
)e!"!&' debris
)e-a'!a!e lay waste
)e-"a!e turn away from
)e-"'e plan
)e-#") empty
)e-#!ee enthusiast, follower
)e-#&! pious
)"a$#l"cal devilish
)"alec!"c pertaining to debate
)"ap*a(#&' sheer, translucent
)"a!"$e long denunciation
)"ce, risky
)"c*#!#+, a division into two parts
)"c!a!e command
)"c!&+ saying
)")ac!"c instructional
)"66")e(! shy
)"/e'' ramble
2&"3 A 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. :E4@6H '. decode
5. :E.IE!E< 4. refute
7. :E:@.E . . conclusive
$. :E)I6ITI#E :. conclude
;. :E)@6.T E. to draw a line around
>. :E8I6E'TE ) . extinct
?. :E6O(I6'TIO6 =. belittle
A. :EE<E.'TE !. sect
2. :E1O8'TE I. pertaining to debate
3%. :I'8E.TI. B. forsaken
)"lap")a!e) neglected
)"la!e enlarge
)"la!#, procrastinating
)"le++a a difficult choice
)"le!!a(!e amateur, dabbler
)"l"/e(! hardworking
)"+"(&!"#( reduction
)"#ce'e district
)"e dreadful
)""/"$le airship, blimp
)"'a$&'e correct
)"'a66ec! alienate
)"'aa, disorder
)"'a-#9 deny, disown
)"'$a() disperse
)"'$&'e pay out
)"'ce("$le visible
)"'ce("(/ observant
)"'cla"+ renounce
)"'c#(ce! confuse
)"'c#('#la!e inconsolable
)"'c#) lack of harmony
)"'c#&'e conversation
)"'cee! prudent
)"'cepa(c, difference, disagreement
)"'ce!e separate
)"'ce!"#( prudence, the ability to
make wellreasoned decisions
)"'c"+"(a!"(/ able to see differences
)"'c&'"-e rambling
)"')a"( contempt
)"'e(/a/e release, detach
)"'6"/&e mar, ruin
)"'/&(!le) disappointed
)"'*e-el muss
)"'"(cl"(a!"#( unwillingness
)"'"(/e(&#&' deceptive, insincere
)"'"(!e unearth
)"'"(!ee'!e) impartial
)"'.#"(!e) disconnected, incoherent
)"'+al gloomy
)"'+a(!le take apart
)"'+a, dread
)"'paa/e belittle
)"'paa!e various
)"'pa"!, difference, inequality
)"'pa''"#(a!e impartial
)"'pa!c* send
)"'pel cause to banish
)"'pe'e scatter
)"'p""! discourage
)"'p#'"!"#( attitude, temper
)"'p#''e'' take away possessions
)"'p&!a!"#&' fond of arguing
)"'p&!e debate
)"'0&"e!&)e anxiety
)"'0&"'"!"#( elaborate treatise
)"'ep&!e disgrace
)"''e+$le pretend, hide true beliefs
)"''e+"(a!e distribute
)"''e(! disagree with the ma"ority
)"''e!a!"#( lecture
)"''")e(ce disagreement
)"''"pa!e scatter, squander
)"''#l&!e profligate, immoral
)"''#l&!"#( disintegration
)"''#(a(ce discord
)"''&a)e deter
)"'!e() swell
)"'!#!"#( misinterpret, lie
)"'!ac! divert
)"'!a"! preoccupied, absentminded
)"'!a&/*! distressed
)"'!&'! suspect
)"!*e move without purpose
)"&(al daily )"-a
prima donna
)"-e/e branch off
)"-e'e varying
)"-e'"#( pastime
)"-e'"!, variety
)"-e'! strip, deprive
)"-")e() distributed profits
)"-"(e foretell
)"-"'"-e causing conflict
)"-&l/e disclose
)#c"le domesticated, trained
)#c% curtail
)#c!"(a"e dogmatic
)#c&+e(! verify
)#))e tremble
)#//e) persistent
)#//eel poor verse
)#/+a!"c certain, unchanging in
opinion
)#lce sweetly and gently
)#l)&+' dullness
)#le6&l sorrowful
2&"3 10 4A(!#(,+'5
:irections 0 .hoose the word most opposite in meaning to the capitali/ed word.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. .@<40 ,'- bridle ,4- encourage ,.- reproach
,:- ameliorate ,E- per"ure
5. :O.@(E6T0 ,'- copy ,4- implement ,.- gainsay
,:- blanch ,E- rant
7. )8@I:0 ,'- radiant ,4- smooth ,.- solid
,:- balky ,E- craggy
$. 4O8T0 ,'- linger ,4- refrain from ,.- subdue
,:- strip ,E- transgress
;. T'48E0 ,'- palliate ,4- acclimate ,.- garner
,:- propound ,E- expedite
>. !'<4O<0 ,'- provide shelter ,4- banish ,.- acquiesce
,:- extol ,E- capitulate
A. 1TEEE0 ,'- desiccate ,4- intensify ,.- pontificate
,:- whet ,E- hamper
2. <E6T0 ,'- reserved ,4- restored ,.- ra/ed
,:- busy ,E- kinetic
3%. EG'.T0 ,'- extract ,4- starve ,.- lecture
,:- menace ,E- condone
)#l##&' gloomy
)#+"c"le home
)#+"("#( area of authority
)#( assume, put on
)#(# contributor
)#+a(! asleep
)#''"e file
)#!a/e senility
)#!"(/ attending
)#&$le1e(!e()e having two
meanings one of which is sexually
suggestive
)#&/*!, resolute, unafraid
)#& sullen )#9a/e
widow )#,e( dean of
a group )ac#("a(
harsh )e/' residue,
riffraff )"-el inane
speech )#ll amusing
)#(e speak in a monotonic voice
)&$"#&' doubtful
)&c!"le stretchable
)&)/e#( resentment, indignant
humor
)&e((a governess
)&e! twosome
)&lce! melodious
)&pe one who is easily trick, victim
)&pl"c"!, deceit, treachery
)&e'' coercion
),(a+"c energetic
E
e$$ recede
e$&ll"e(! exuberant
ecce(!"c odd, weird
eccle'"a'!"cal churchl y
ec*el#( degree, rank
;cla! brilliance
eclec!"c from many sources
ec!#)e+ top layer of skin
ec&+e("cal universal, promoting
unity
e)"c! order
e)"6"ce building
e)"6, instruct
e)"!#"al"3e express an opinion
e)&ce draw forth, evoke
e66ace obliterate
e66e+"(a!e unmanly
e66e-e'ce(ce exuberance
e66e!e worn out e66"cac"#&'
effective e66"cac,
effectiveness e66"/,
likeness, mannequin
e66l#e'ce to bloom
e66#(!e, insolence
e66&l/e(! brilliant
e66&'"#( pouring forth
e/#ce(!"c selfcentered
e/e/"#&' grossly wrong
e/e'' exi t
e.ac&la!e exclaim
e%e supplement with great effort, strain
ela$#a!"#( detailed explanation
ela!e raise spirits
elec!#a!e voters
elee+#',(a, pertaining to charity
ele/a(! refined, exquisite
ele/"ac sad
elep*a(!"(e large
el"c"! provoke
el")e omi t
el"!e upperclass
ell"p'"' omission of words
el#0&e(! wellspoken
el&c")a!e make clear, explain
el&)e evade
el&'"-e evasive
e+ac"a!e) underfed, gaunt
e+a(c"pa!e liberate
e+a'c&la!e castrate, dispirit
e+$a/# restriction
e+$ell"'* exaggerate, adorn
e+$e33le+e(! theft
e+$la3#( imprint, brand
e+$#), personify
e+$ace accept, adopt
e+$a(/le embroil
e+$#"l involve with trouble
e+$,#("c rudimentary, nascent
e+e() correct
e+e/e(! appearing
e+e"!&' retired, but retaining title
e+"(e(! distinguished, famous
e+"''a, messenger
e+#!e to display exaggerated
emotion
e+pa!*, compassion, sympathy
e+pl#, make use of
e+p#9e enable, grant
e+&la!e imitate
e(ac! decree, ordain
e(a+#e) charmed, captivated
e(a!e related on the motherCs side
e(cap'&la!e condense
e(c*a(! charm
e(cla-e area enclosed within another
region
e(c#+"&+ praise
e(c#+pa'' contain, encircle
e(c#e additional performance
e(c#ac* trespass
e(c&+$e burden
e(c,cl#pe)"c comprehensive
e()ea enamor
e()ea-# attempt, strive
e()e+"c peculiar to a particular region
e()#c"(#l#/"'! one who studies
glands of internal secretion
e()#)e+ within the skin
e()#'e approve
e()#9+e(! property, gift
e()&e to suffer without giving up
e(e-a!e weaken
e(6a(c*"'e liberate, grant the right
to vote
e(/a/"(/ enchanting, charming
e(/e()e generate, prompt
e(/a-e carve into a material
e(/#'' captivate
e(/&l6 overwhelm
e(*a(ce improve
e("/+a!"c pu//ling
e(.#"( urge, order, forbid
e(l"/*!e( inform
e(l"'! " oi n
e(+"!, hostility, hatred
e((#$le exalt
e((&" boredom, worldweariness
2&"3 11 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. :O<('6T '. exuberant
5. :O@=!T9 4. pu//ling
7. :@ET . . comprehensive
$. E4@88IE6T :. asleep
;. E))E(I6'TE E. omission of words
>. E88IE1I1 ) . unmanly
?. E('6.IE'TE =. charm
A. E6.!'6T !. liberate
2. E6.9.8OEE:I. I. twosome
3%. E6I=('TI. B. resolute
e(#+"!, large, tragic
e('e+$le musical group
e('*#&) cover, obscure
e('(ae trap, lure
e('&e follow immediately
e(!a"l involve, necessitate
e(!ep"'e undertaking
e(!*all mesmeri/e
e(!"ce lure
e(!#+#l#/, the study of insects
e(!#&a/e assemblage, staff
e(!ea! plead
e(!e(c* fortify
e(!epe(e& businessman
e(&+ea!e count
e(-"a$le desirable
e(-"'"#( imagine, visuali/e
e(-#, messenger
e#( long period of time
ep*e+eal shortlived
ep"c ma"estic, a long narrative poem
ep"c&e gourmet
ep")e+"c spreading rapidly
ep")e+"#l#/, study of the spread
of disease
ep"/a+ saying
ep"'#)e incident
ep"'!e+#l#/, the branch of
philosophy dealing with knowledge
ep"!*e! name, appellation
ep#c* era
ep#7, gl ue
e0&a$le eventempered
e0&a("+"!, composure, poise
e0&"(e pertaining to horses
e0&"!a$le fair
e0&"-#ca!e make intentionally
ambiguous
ea period of time
ea)"ca!e abolish
e/# therefore
e#)e wear away
e mistake, mis"udge
ea(! wandering
ea!"c constantly changing
e#(e#&' mistaken
e'a!3 artificial
e&)"!e learned
e&p! burst forth
e'cala!e intensify
e'capa)e adventure
e'cap+e(! a steep slope
e'c*e9 avoid
e'#!e"c known by only a few
e'pla(a)e boardwalk
e'p#&'e advocate
e'!ee+ respect
e'!*e!"c artistic
e'!"+a$le meritorious
e'!a(/e alienate
e!e(al endless
e!*eeal light, airy
e!*"cal conforming to accepted
standards of behavior
e!*#' beliefs of a group
e!"0&e!!e manners
e!,+#l#/, study of words
e&p*e+"'+ genteel expression
e&p*#"a elation
e&!*a(a'"a mercykilling
e-a)e avoid
e-a(e'ce(! fleeting, very brief
e-a(/el"cal proselyti/ing
e-a'"-e elusive e-e(!6&l
momentous e-e(!&al
ultimate, coming
e-e(!&a!e bring about
e-")e(!"al pertaining to evidence
e-"(ce attest, demonstrate
e-"'cea!e disembowel
e-#%e draw forth
e-#l&!"#( gradual change
e9e female sheep
e7 #66"c"# by virtue of position
e7ace$a!e worsen
e7ac! use authority to force payment
e7ac!"(/ demanding, difficult
e7al! glorify e7a'pea!e
irritate e7cep! selection,
extract e7c"'"#( removal
e7cla"+ shout
e7cl&)e shut out
e7cl&'"-e prohibitive
e7c#++&("ca!e expel
e7c&c"a!e torture
e7eca$le abominable
e7ec&!e put into effect
e7e/e'"' interpretation
2&"3 18 4A(!#(,+'5
:irections 0 .hoose the word most opposite in meaning to the capitali/ed word.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. :I1.O<:0 ,'- agreement ,4- supposition ,.- strife
,:- scrutiny ,E- antithesis
5. HEE60 ,'- concentrated ,4- languid ,.- rash
,:- caustic ,E- voracious
7. I<<E8E#'6T0 ,'- moot ,4- onerous ,.- impertinent
,:- germane ,E- true
$. )'.I8IT'TE0 ,'- appease ,4- expedite ,.- extol
,:- foil ,E- precipitate
;. )E6:0 ,'- absorb ,4- disperse ,.- intensify
,:- reflect ,E- halt
>. EO<T890 ,'- ill ,4- thin ,.- dull
,:- rotund ,E- insipid
?. :EE8ETE0 ,'- tax ,4- annotate ,.- replenish
,:- lecture ,E- vanquish
A. I6.E11'6T0 ,'- intermittent ,4- continual ,.- increasing
,:- enclosing ,E- expanding
2. EE<B@<E0 ,'- absolve ,4- forswear ,.- impeach
,:- authenticate ,E- mortify
3%. E8ET!O<'0 ,'- dishonor ,4- paucity ,.- glut
,:- resolve ,E- deluge
e7e+pla, outstanding
e7e+p! excuse
e7*a&'!"-e thorough
e7*"$"!"#("'! one who draws
attention to himself
e7*#! strongly urge
e7*&+e uncover
e7"/e(c, urgency
e7"/&#&' scant y
e7"le banish
e7#)&' departure, migration
e7#(ea!e free from blame
e7#$"!a(! expensive
e7#c"'e expel
e7pa('e extent of land
e7pa('"-e sweeping
e7pe)"e(! advantageous
e7pe)"!e hasten
e7pel drive out
e7pe!"'e knowledge, ability
e7p"a!e atone
e7ple!"-e curse, invective
e7pl"a!e atone
e7pl"ca!e explain
e7pl"c"! definite, clear
e7pl#"! utili/e, milk
e7p#'e divulge, reveal
e7p#'!&la!e protest
e7p#&() explain
e7p#p"a!e dispossess, confiscate
e7p&(/e erase
e70&"'"!e beautifully made
e7!a(! existing
e7!e+p#"3e improvise
e7!e(! scope
e7!e(&a!e mitigate
e7!"pa!e seek out and destroy
e7!#l praise highly
e7!#! obtain under duress
e7!ac! to pull out, exact
e7!a)"!e deport, deliver
e7!a(e#&' not essential
e7!ap#la!e infer
e7!e+"!, farthest point, boundary
e7!"ca!e disentangle
e7!#-e!e) outgoing
e7!&)e force out
e7&$ea(! "oyous
e7&)e emit
e7&l! re"oice
B
6a$"ca!"#( a lie
6aca)e mask, front of a building
6ace! aspect
6ace!"#&' "oking, sarcastic
6ac"le easy
6ac"l"!a!e make easier
6ac"l"!, ski l l
6ac'"+"le duplicate
6ac!"#( clique, sect
6ac!"#&' causing disagreement
6ac!"!"#&' artificial
6ac!#!&+ handyman
6allac"#&' false
6allac, false belief
6all#9 unproductive, unplowed
6al'e!!# high male voice
6al!e waver
6a(a!"c"'+ excessive /eal
6a(e temple
6a(6ae publicity
6ac"cal absurd, ridiculous
6aa/# mixture
6a'c"'+ totalitarianism, extreme
nationalism
6a'!")"#&' meticulous
6a!al resulting in death
6a!*#+ understand
6a!&"!, foolishness
6a!&#&' inane, stupid
6a&(a animals
6a&7 pa' false step, mistake
6eal!, loyalty
6ea'"$le likely to succeed
6ea! deed, remarkable achievement
6e$"le feverish, delirious
6ec%le'' incompetent
6ec&() fertile
6e"/( pretend
6el"c"!, happiness
6el#("#&' criminal
6e++e 6a!ale a woman who leads
men to their destruction
6e() ward off
6eal untamed, wild
6e+e(! turmoil
6ee! rummage through
6e!"le fruitful
6e-# intensity
6e'!e decay, to make someone
increasingly bitter
6e'!"-e "oyous
6e'!##( decorate
6e!e to honor with an event
6e!") stinking
6e!!e' shackles
6e, eccentric, whimsical
6"a'c# debacle
6"a! decree
6"c%le always changing oneCs mind
6"c!"!"#&' invented, imaginary
6")el"!, loyalt y
6"/+e(! falsehood, fantasy
6"lc* steal
6"l"al son
6"l"$&'!e long speech
6"ll"p stimulus
6"(ale conclusion
6"(e''e skil l
6"e$a() agitator
6"+a+e(! sky
6"'cal monetary
6"!6&l starting and stopping irregularly
6.#) coastal inlet
6la$$e/a'!e) ama/ed, bumdfounded
6la/ella!e whi p
6la/a(! outrageous, blatant
6la"l whip, to thrash something around
uncontrollably and menacingly
6le)/l"(/ "ust beginning, struggling
6l"ppa(! pert, glib, dismissive
6l#") ruddy, ornate
2&"3 13 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. EG!O<T '. free from blame
5. EGO6E<'TE 4. strongly urge
7. EGEO1T@8'TE . . agitator
$. EGT<':ITE :. untamed
;. EG@8T E. debacle
>. )'.TITIO@1 ) . inane
?. )'T@O@1 =. artificial
A. )E<'8 !. deport
2. )I'1.O I. re"oice
3%. )I<E4<'6: B. protest
6l#&! to show disregard for the law or
rules
6l&c!&a!e waver, vary
6#"$le weakness, minor fault
6#"l defeat, thwart
6#"'! palm off a fake
6#+e(! instigate
6#(! source, fountainhead, set of type
6#a/e search for food
6#a, raid
6#$ea abstain, restrain oneself
6#ce +a.e&e superior force
6#e$#)"(/ ominous
6#ecl#'e exclude
6#e('"c pertaining to debate
6#e'"/*! ability to predict the
future
6#e'!all thwart, preempt
6#/# relinquish ,usually voluntarily-
6#'a%e abandon
6#'9ea deny
6#!*"/*! frank
6#!*9"!* immediately
6#!"6, strengthen
6#!"!&)e resilience, courage
6#!&"!#&' lucky
6#'!e encourage, cultivate
6#&()e sink. fail
6aca' noisy fight
6a/"le easily broken
6a/+e(!e) broken into fragments
6a!e("!, brotherhood
6a&/*! filled
6e(e!"c harried, neurotic
6e! worry
6"!!e squander
6"-#l"!, playfulness
6#l"c romp, play
6#() bending tree
6&/al thrifty
6&"!6&l productive
6&"!"#( reali/ation, completion
6&"!le'' unprofitable, barren
6&l+"(a!e denounce, menace
6&l'#+e excessive, insincere
6&+"(/ angry
6&l#&/* leave of absence
6&# commotion
6&!"-e stealthy
6&'"lla)e bombardment
6&!"le hopeless
G
/a66e embarrassing mistake
/a"(6&l profitable
/a"('a, contradict
/al-a("3e excite to action
/a+$"! plot, strategy
/a+&! range, scope
/a/a(!&a( large
/a(e gather
/a("'* decorate
/a#!e stranglehold
/a&l#&' talkative
/a&c*e awkward
/e(eal#/, ancestry
/e(e"c general
/e(e'"' beginning
/e(e!"c' study of heredity
/e(e kind, category
/e(!eel elegant, refined
/e(&6lec! kneel in reverence
/e(&"(e authentic, sincere
/e"a!"c' pertaining to old age
/e+a(e relevant
/*a'!l, horrible
/"$e heckle
/"(/"-"!"' inflammation of the gums
/"'! essence ,of an argument-
/la$#&' without hair
/la&c#+a disorder of the eye
/lea( gather
/l"$ insincere manner
/l#9e stare angrily
/l&! surplus, excess
/l&!!#( one who eats too much
/(al deform
/(#+e dwarflike being
/#a) encourage, provoke
/##/#l a very large number
/#/e stuff, satiate
/#/#( ugly person
/#+a()"3e eat voraciously
/#, bloody
/#''a+e thin and flimsy
G#!*"c medieval style of architecture
/#&/e overcharge
/ac"#&' kindness, politeness
/a)"e(! incline, rising by degrees
2&"3 1: 4A(!#(,+'5
:irections 0 .hoose the word most opposite in meaning to the capitali/ed word.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. '11I(I8'TE0 ,'- strive ,4- adapt ,.- synchroni/e
,:- estrange ,E- officiate
5. I6':#E<TE6T0 ,'- accidental ,4- disingenuous ,.- forthright
,:- inconsiderate ,E- calculated
7. '41.O6:0 ,'- pilfer ,4- replace ,.- glean
,:- substitute ,E- surrender
$. )O(E6T0 ,'- exhort ,4- dissuade ,.- cower
,:- abet ,E- fixate
;. EGTE6@'TE0 ,'- alleviate ,4- preclude ,.- worsen
,:- subdue ,E- "ustify
>. 6O6E'<EI80 ,'- consummate ,4- "uvenile ,.- dutiful
,:- ordinary ,E- choice
?. <EE@:I'TE0 ,'- denounce ,4- deceive ,.- embrace
,:- fib ,E- generali/e
A. 6OGIO@10 ,'-
,:-
diffuse
unique
,4- latent
,E- un"ust
,.- beneficial
2. 1@))<'=E0 ,'- absence of charity ,4- absence of franchise
,.- absence of pain ,:- absence of success
,E- absence of malice
3%. =8E'60 ,'- gaffe ,4- furor ,.- gather
,:- frolic ,E- foist
/a)&al by degrees, changing slowly
/a()"#'e impressive, large
/a(&la grainy
/apple struggle
/a!"' free
/a!"!&)e thankfulness
/a!&"!#&' unwarranted, uncalled for
/a!&"!, tip
/a-a+e( the essential part of an
accusation
/a-"!, seriousness
/e/a"#&' sociable
/"e-#&' tragic, heinous
/"+ace expression of disgust or pain
/"'l, gruesome
/#-el crawl, obey, beg
/&)/"(/ reluctant
/&66a9 laughter
/&"le deceit
/&ll"$le easily deceived
/&'!# great en"oyment
/&!!&al throaty
/,a!e whirl
H
*a$"!a! natural environment
*a$"!&a!e accustom
*ac%(e,e) trite
*a//a) gaunt
*alc,#( serene *ale
healthy *all&c"(a!"#(
delusion *a+pe
obstruct
*aple'' unlucky
*aa(/&e tirade
*aa'' torment
*a$"(/e forerunner
*a$# give shelter, conceal
*a), healthy
*ale0&"( clown
*ap complain incessantly
*a")a( hag
*a#9"(/ distressing
*a, harass
*a&/*!, arrogant
*a-e( refuge
*a-#c destruction, chaos
*ea'a, gossip
*e)#("'+ the pursuit of pleasure in
life
*ee) follow advice
*ee)le'' careless
*e/e+#(, authority, domination
*e/"a a "ourney to a more pleasant
place
*e"(#&' vile, atrocious
*el"#ce(!"c having the sun as a
center
*el"7 a spiral
*el#!' slaves
*eal) harbinger
*e$"-##&' feeding on plants
Hec&lea( powerful, large
*e+e!"c airtight, sealed
*e+"! one who lives in solitude
*epe!#l#/"'! one who studies
reptiles
*e!e#)#7 departing form established
doctrines
*e&"'!"c teaching device or method
*e9 cut
*e,)a, glory days, prime
*"a!&' interruption
*"$e(al wintry
*")al/# nobleman
*")e$#&() pre"udiced, provincial
*")e#&' horrible
*"e to hasten
*"/*$#9 intellectual
*"'&!e bearded
*"'!"#("c overly dramatic
*#l#/ap* written entirely by hand
*#+a/e respect
*#+el, plain *#+"l,
sermon *#+#/e(e#&'
uniform
*#+#(,+ words that are identical in
spelling and pronunciation
*#(e sharpen
*#)e group
*#!a!#, inspiring good deeds
*#'p"ce shelter
*#-el shanty, cabin
*#,)e( tomboy
*&$"' arrogance
*&e color
*&+a(e compassionate
*&+a("!"e' languages and literature
*&+"l"!, humbleness
*&++#c% knoll, mound
*&+&' soil
*&'$a(), management
*,$") crossbreed
*,)#p*#$"a fear of water
*,/"e("c sanitary
*,+e(eal pertaining to marriage
*,+( religious song
*,peac!"-e overactive
*,pe$#le exaggeration
*,pe!e('"#( elevated blood
pressure
*,p#c"!"cal deceiving, twofaced
*,p#/l,ce+"c low blood sugar
*,p#!*e+"a low body temperature
I
"$")e+ in the same place
"c*!*,#l#/, study of fish
"c#(#cla'! one who rails against
sacred institutions
")"#',(ca', peculiarity
"),ll"c natural, picturesque
"/(#$le dishonorable
"l% class, clan "ll"c"!
unlawful "ll"+"!a$le
limitless
"ll&'#, fleeting, deceptive
"ll&'!"#&' famous
"+$"$e drink
"+$&e infuse
"++ac&la!e spotlessly clean
"++a!e"al irrelevant
"++e('e huge
2&"3 15 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. =<'6:IO1E '. drink
5. =<IE#O@1 4. pertaining to marriage
7. !'8.9O6 . . arrogance
$. !'<8EF@I6 :. pre"udiced
;. !E:O6I1( E. teaching device or method
>. !E@<I1TI. ) . the pursuit of pleasure in life
?. !I:E4O@6: =. clown
A. !@4<I1 !. serene
2. !9(E6E'8 I. heinous
3%. I(4I4E B. impressive
"++e'e bathe, engross
"++"(e(! about to happen
"++#$"le still
"++#la!e sacrifice ,especially by fire-
"++&("!, exemption from
prosecution
"++&e build a wall around
"++&!a$le unchangeable, absolute
"+pa" in"ure
"+pale pierce
"+pa!"al not biased
"+pa''e deadlock
"+pa''"#(e) fiery, emotional
"+pa''"-e calm
"+peac* accuse, charge
"+pecca$le faultless
"+pec&("#&' indigent
"+pe)e hinder
"+pe)"+e(! obstacle
"+pel urge, force
"+pe()"(/ approaching, imminent
"+pea!"-e vital, pressing
"+pecep!"$le slight, intangible
"+pe"al"'+ colonialism
"+pe"l endanger
"+pe"#&' domineering
"+pe!"(e(! insolent
"+pe!&$a$le calm, unflappable
"+pe-"#&' impenetrable, unreceptive
"+pe!&#&' impulsive
"+pe!&' stimulus, spark
"+p"(/e encroach, touch
"+pla(! instill
"+pla&'"$le unlikely, improbable
"+ple+e(! carry out, execute
"+pl"ca!e incriminate
"+pl"c"! implied
"+pl#e entreat
"+pl#'"#( bursting inward
"+p#l"!"c unwise, inappropriate
"+p#()ea$le difficult to estimate
"+p#! meaning, significance
"+p#!&(e urgent request
"+p#'"(/ intimidating, stately
"+p#'"!"#( intrusion, burden
"+p#!e(! powerless
"+p#&() sei/e
"+peca!"#( curse, inculcate
"+pe/(a$le invincible
"+pe'a"# promoter
"+pe''"#(a$le susceptible, easily
influenced
"+pe''"#("'+ a style of painting
"+p"+a!& sanction
"+p#+p!& spontaneous
"+p#-"'e invent
"+p&)e(ce insolence
"+p&/( critici/e, accuse
"+p&l'e inclination, sudden desire
"+p&l'"-e to act suddenly
"+p&("!, exemption from harm
"+p&!e charge
"( !#!# in full, entirely
"(a)-e!e(! unintentional
"(a)-"'a$le not recommended
"(al"e(a$le that which cannot be
taken away
"(a(e vacuous, stupid
"(a("+a!e inorganic, lifeless
"(a&)"$le cannot be heard
"(a&/&a!e induct ,with a ceremony-
"($#( innate
"(calc&la$le immeasurable
"(ca()e'ce(! brilliant
"(ca(!a!"#( chant
"(capac"!a!e disable
"(cacea!e imprison
"(ca(a!e embody, personify
"(ce()"a, inflammatory
"(ce('e enrage
"(ce(!"-e stimulus, inducement
"(ce''a(! unceasing
"(ce'! sex among family members
"(c*#a!e "ust begun
"(c")e(!al insignificant, minor
"(c"(ea!e burn
"(c"p"e(! beginning
"(c"'"#( cut
"(c"'"-e keen, penetrating
"(c"!e foment, provoke
"(c"-"l"!, rudeness
"(cle+e(! harsh, stormy
"(cl&'"-e comprehensive
"(c#/("!# disguised
"(c#++&("ca)# unable to
communicate with others
"(c#+paa$le peerless
"(c#+pa!"$"l"!, inability to live
in harmony
2&"3 1> 4A(al#/"e'5
:irections 0 .hoose the pair that expresses a relationship most similar to that
expressed in the capitali/ed pair. 'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. '6'<.!9 0 =O#E<6(E6T 00
,'- confederation 0 state
,4- trepidation 0 courage
,.- serenity 0 equanimity
,:- surfeit 0 food
,E- computer 0 harddrive
5. =alvani/e 0 .harismatic 8eader 00
,'- "eer 0 fan
,4- correct 0 charlatan
,.- impeach 0 Eresident
,:- retreat 0 champion
,E- moderate 0 arbiter
7. E'<<9 0 48O& 00
,'- equivocate 0 question
,4- cower 0 start
,.- boomerang 0 backlash
,:- cast 0 invective
,E- browbeat 0 chastity
$. :I1F@IET@:E 0 '6GIO@1 00
,'- magnitude 0 unabridged
,4- isolation 0 sequestered
,.- cupidity 0 bellicose
,:- embellishment 0 overstated
,E- nonplus 0 perplexed
;. (I8H 0 :<'I6 00
,'- insult 0 commend
,4- abstract 0 distend
,.- extend 0 disregard
,:- exploit 0 employ
,E- assail 0 rescind
>. '41T<@1E 0 .8E'< 00
,'- nondescript 0 conspicuous
,4- highbrow 0 indifferent
,.- affable 0 agreeable
,:- prominent 0 manifest
,E- complex 0 hard
?. O(6I1.IE6T 0 H6O&8E:=E 00
,'- saturnine 0 energy
,4- complete 0 retraction
,.- principled 0 method
,:- inquisitive 0 science
,E- boundless 0 expanse
A. 1TOHE 0 1(OT!E< 00
,'- incinerate 0 heat
,4- animate 0 enervate
,.- contest 0 decry
,:- acknowledge 0 apprehend
,E- garrote 0 asphyxiate
2. O<.!E1T<' 0 (@1I.I'6 00
,'- story 0 comedian
,4- band 0 singer
,.- garden 0 leaf
,:- troupe 0 actor
,E- government 0 lawyer
3%. (@TTE< 0 I6:I1TI6.T 00
,'- define 0 easy
,4- blunder 0 polished
,.- articulate 0 wellspoken
,:- expedite 0 completed
,E- censure 0 histrionic
"(c#(ce"-a$le unthinkable
"(c#(/&#&' out of place, absurd
"(c#('")ea!e thoughtless, insensitive
"(c#('p"c&#&' not noticeable
"(c#(!#-e!"$le indisputable
"(c#p#a!e combine
"(c#"/"$le unreformable
"(ce)&l#&' skeptical
"(ce+e(! step, increase
"(c"+"(a!e accuse
"(c&$&' nightmare
"(c&lca!e instill, indoctrinate
"(c&lpa!e accuse
"(c&+$e(! obligatory
"(c&'"#( raid
"()ece(! offensive, lewd
"()ec##&' unseemly
"()el"$le permanent
"()e+("!, insurance
"()"c! charge
"()"66ee(! unconcerned
"()"/e(#&' native
"()"/e(! poor
"()"/(a(! resentment of in"ustice
"()"'cee! lacking sound "udgment,
rash
"()"'c"+"(a!e random
"()"'pe('a$le vital, essential
"()"'!"(c! blurry, without clear
features
"()#le(! la/y
"()#+"!a$le invincible
"()&$"!a$le unquestionable
"()&ce persuade, provoke
"()&l/e succumb to desire
"()&a!e harden
"()&'!"#&' hardworking
"(e$"a!e intoxicate
"(e66a$le inexpressible
"(e66ec!&al futile
"(el&c!a$le inescapable
"(ep! unfit, incompetent
"(e! inactive
"(e'!"+a$le priceless, immeasurable
"(e-"!a$le unavoidable, predestined
"(e7#a$le relentless
"(6all"$le unerring
"(6a+#&' notorious
"(6a+, shame
"(6a(!, foot soldiers
"(6a!&a!e immature love
"(6e conclude
"(6e(al hellish
"(6")el nonbeliever
"(6")el"!, disloyalty
"(6"l!a!e trespass
"(6"("!e'"+al very small
"(6"+a, clinic
"(6"+"!, ailment
"(6la++a!#, incendiary
"(6l&7 inflow
"(6ac!"#( violation
"(6"(/e encroach
"(6&"a!e enrage
"(6&'e inspire, instill
"(/e("#&' clever, resourceful
"(/a!e ungrateful person
"(/a!"a!e pleasing, flattering,
endearing
"(/e'' entering
"(*ee(! innate, inborn
"(*"$"! restrain
"("+"cal adverse, hostile
"("+"!a$le peerless
"("0&"!#&' un"ust, wicked
"("0&"!, sin, in"ustice
"("!"a!e begi n
"("!"a!"#( induction ceremony
"(.&(c!"#( command
"(%l"(/ hi nt
"((a!e inborn
"((e-a!e invigorate
"((#c&#&' harmless
"((#-a!"-e new, useful idea
"((&e()# insinuation
"(#pp#!&(e untimely
"(#)"(a!e excessive
"(0&e'! investigation
"(0&"'"!"#( interrogation
"(0&"'"!"-e curious
"('a!"a$le gluttonous
"('c"$e engrave
"('c&!a$le cannot be fully
understood
"('e('a!e without feeling
"('")"#&' treacherous, sinister
"('"/("a emblems
"('"(&a!e allude
"('"p") flat, dull
"('#le(! insulting
"('#l-e(! bankrupt
"('#&c"a(! nonchalant
"('!all+e(! portion, payment
"('!a(! at once
"('!"/a!e incite
"('&$#)"(a!e disobedient
"('&66ea$le unbearable
"('&la narrowminded
"('&pea$le insurmountable
"('&/e(! rebellious
"('&ec!"#( uprising
"(!a(/"$le not perceptible by touch
"(!e/al essential
"(!e/a!e make whole
"(!e/a!"#( unification
"(!e/&+e(! a covering
"(!ell"/e(!'"a the intellectual elite
of society
"(!e('"-e extreme, concentrated
"(!e bury
"(!ece)e plead on behalf of another
"(!ecep! prevent, cut off
"(!e)"c! prohibit
"(!e.ec! interrupt
2&"3 17 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. I6.O6=<@O@1 '. harden
5. I6.O61EI.@O@1 4. relentless
7. I6:E.O<O@1 . . hostile
$. I6:I=6'6T :. cannot be fully understood
;. I6:@<'TE E. out of place, absurd
>. I6EGO<'48E ) . not noticeable
?. I6I(I.'8 =. unseemly
A. I61.<@T'48E !. resentment of in"ustice
2. I61O@.I'6T I. nonchalant
3%. I61@EE<'48E B. insurmountable
"(!el#pe intruder
"(!el&)e intermission
"(!e+"(a$le unending
"(!e(ec"(e mutually destructive
"(!ep#la!e insert
"(!ep#'e insert
"(!ee/(&+ interval between two
successive reigns
"(!e#/a!e question
"(!e'pe'e scatter
"(!e'!a!e between states
"(!e-e(e interfere, mediate
"(!e'!a!e leaving no will
"(!"+a!e allude to, hint
"(!ac!a$le unmanageable
"(!a('"/e(! unyielding
"(!ep") fearless
"(!"ca!e complex
"(!"/&e plot, mystery
"(!"('"c inherent
"(!#'pec!"#( selfanalysis
"(&()a!e flood
"(&e accustom, habituate, harden
"(-al")a!e disprove, nullify
"(-ec!"-e verbal insult
"(-e"/* to rail against
"(-e"/le lure, wheedle
"(-e(!"-e cleaver, resourceful
"(-e'e directly opposite
"(-e!ea!e habitual, chronic
"(-")"#&' incurring illwill
"(-"(c"$le cannot be defeated
"(-"#la!e sacred, unchangeable
"(-#ca!"#( calling on =od
"a'c"$le irritable
"a!e angry
"#("c oddly contrary to what is
expected
"a!"#(al illogical
"ele-a(! unrelated, immaterial
"epaa$le cannot be repaired
"e'#l&!e hesitant, uncertain
"e-#ca$le cannot be rescinded
"'#'cele' having two equal sides
"!"(ea(! wandering
"!"(ea, route
C
.a$$e9#c%, nonsense
.a)e) spent, bored with oneCs
situation
.a/#( speciali/ed vocabulary
.a&()"ce) biased, embittered
.ee mock
.e.&(e barren, unsophisticated
.e'! "oke
."l! re"ect, end a relationship promptly
."(/#"'!"c nationalistic, warmongering
.#c&la humorous
.#'!le push, brush against
.#&(e,+a( reliable worker
.#&'! combat between knights on
horses
.&$"la(! in high spirits
.&)"c"#&' prudent
.&//e(a&! unstoppable force
.&/&la throat
.&(c!&e pivotal point in time
.&(#e'0&e stately beauty
.&(!a small ruling group
.&"')"c!"#( domain
.&"'p&)e(ce law
.&'!"6, excuse, mitigate
.&-e(e'ce(! making young, growing
out of infancy and into childhood
.&7!ap#'e to place side by side
K
%ale")#'c#pe series of changing
events
%ee( of sharp mind
%e( purview, range of comprehension
%"()le arouse, inspire
%"()e) similar, related by blood
%"(e!"c pertaining to motion
%"'+e! fate, the will of 'llah
%"!e bad check
%"!'c* trashy art
%lep!#+a("a impulse to steal
%(a-e con man
%(ea) massage, to fold, press, and
stretch a substance into a uniform mass
%(ell sound of a bell K#a(
holy book of Islam %#9!#9
behave obsequiously %&)#'
acclaim
L
la$,"(!* ma/e
lacea!e tear, cut
2&"3 1@ 4A(al#/"e'5
:irections 0 .hoose the pair that expresses a relationship most similar to that
expressed in the capitali/ed pair. 'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. 8OF@'.IO@1 0 ='<<@8O@1 00
,'- harsh 0 kindly
,4- animate 0 weary
,.- gluttonous 0 disloyal
,:- rash 0 impetuous
,E- blithe 0 gloomy
5. E(E'T!9 0 )EE8I6= 00
,'- melancholy 0 "oy
,4- sibling 0 relative
,.- 1partan 0 wickedness
,:- boldness 0 guilt
,E- institution 0 encouragement
7. :E#I'TE 0 8E.T@<E 00
,'- broadcast 0 information
,4- disown 0 friend
,.- welcome0 indifference
,:- entreat 0 solicitation
,E- meander 0 drive
$. 6E4@8O@1 0 )O<( 00
,'- insincere 0 misanthrope
,4- benevolent 0 excellence
,.- insipid 0 taste
,:- discerning 0 hope
,E- composed 0 innocence
;. EE61I#E 0 (E8'6.!O89 00
,'- scornful 0 contempt
,4- confident 0 victory
,.- eloquent 0 optimism
,:- sorrowful 0 indifference
,E- contumacious 0 esteem
>. '6'T!E(' 0 .@<1E 00
,'- hex 0 blessing
,4- admonition 0 censure
,.- incantation 0 discernment
,:- theory 0 calculation
,E- con"ecture 0 truth
?. :I8I=E6T 0 '11I:@O@1 00
,'- suspicious 0 reliable
,4- cautious 0 indecisive
,.- repentant 0 innocent
,:- peerless 0 common
,E- indigent 0 poor
A. 8'(EOO6 0 (O.H00
,'- exalt 0 ennoble
,4- entice 0 disown
,.- prattle 0 talk
,:- entreat 0 controvert
,E- debate 0 heckle
2. I6T@ITI#E 0 .O61I:E<E: 00
,'- impromptu 0 planning
,4- laborious 0 safe
,.- ethereal 0 light
,:- random 0 sequential
,E- rational 0 certain
3%. ETE<6'8 0 EE!E(E<'8 00
,'- equivocal 0 ambiguous
,4- hopeless 0 chance
,.- animated 0 blithe
,:- mysterious 0 perplexing
,E- foreign 0 familiar
lac*,+#'e tearful
lac%e, servant
lac#("c brief, terse
lac!"c derived from milk
lac&(a a missing part, gap
la//a) loafer, slacker
la/("appe bonus
la"!, laymen
la+$e(! softly radiant
la+e(! mourn
la+"(a layer
la+p##( satiri/e
la(/&"'* weaken
la(,a) short rope
lace(, theft
la/e'' generous donation
la'c"-"#&' lustful
la''"!&)e lethargy
la!e(! potential, dormant
la&)a!#, commendable
la&el' fame, success
la-e wash
la-"'* extravagant
la7 loose, careless
la7"!, carelessness
la,+a( nonprofessional
lec!e( reading desk
lee, cautious, doubtful
le/ac, bequest
le/e)e+a"( trickery
le/"$le readable
le/"'la!e make laws
le/"!"+a!e lawful
le("e(! forgiving
le!*a/"c drowsy, sluggish
le-ee embankment, dam
le-"a!*a( a monster
le-"!, frivolity
l"a$le legally responsible
l"a"'#( relationship, affair
l"$e!a"a( one who believes in
complete freedom
l"$e!"(e rouD, rake
l"$")"(#&' lustful
l"ce(!"#&' lewd, immoral
l"e( financial claim
l"e&!e(a(! one who acts in place of
another
l"/a!&e bond
l"/(e#&' woodlike
L"ll"p&!"a( very small
l"+e"c% poem
l"+( portray, describe
l"+p") transparent, clearly
understood
l"(c*p"( something that is
indispensable
l"(ea/e ancestry
l"(/&"'!"c' study of language
l"0&")a!e eliminate
l"''#+e agile, supple
l"'!le'' lacking spirit or interest
l"!a(, list
l"!*e supple
l"!"/a!e contest with a lawsuit
l"!#!e' two negative statement that
cancel to make a positive statement
l"!&/, ceremony
l"-") enraged
l#a!* reluctant
l#a!*e abhor, dislike
l#6!, high
l#/"'!"c' means of supplying troops
l#/# symbol
l#/, sluggish
l#0&ac"#&' talkative
l#!*a"# rake, womani/er
l#&! goon, hoodlum
l&c") clearly understood
l&ca!"-e profitable
l&ce money, profit
l&)"c#&' absurd
l&/&$"#&' extremely sad
l&+"(#&' bright
l&p"(e wolflike
l&e entice
l&") ghastly, sensational
l&'!e gloss,sheen
l&7&"a(! lush, lavish
l,(c* to execute by hanging without a
trial
M
+aca$e gruesome
Mac*"a-ell"a( politically crafty,
cunning
+ac*"(a!"#( plot
+ac#$"#'"' longevity
+ac#'c#p"c visibly large
+ael'!#+ whirlpool
+a/"'!e"al arbitrary, dictatorial
+a/(a("+#&' generous, kindhearted
+a/(a!e a powerful, successful
person ,especially of business-
+a/("!&)e si/e
+a/(&+ #p&' masterpiece
+a"+ in"ure, disfigure
+ala).&'!e) disturbed
+ala)#"! clumsy
+ala), illness
+ala"'e uneasiness, weariness
+alap#p"'+ comical misuse of a
word
+alc#(!e(! one who is forever
dissatisfied
+ale)"c!"#( curse
+ale6ac!# evildoer
+ale-#le(ce bad intent, malice
+al6ea'a(ce wrong doing ,especially
by an official of government-
+al"ce spite
+al"/( defame
+al"/(a(! virulent, pernicious
+al"(/e shirk
+allea$le moldable, tractable
2&"3 1A 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. 8'.!<9(O1E '. trickery
5. 8'=='<: 4. rouD
7. 8'1.I#IO@1 . . very small
$. 8E=E<:E('I6 :. tearful
;. 8I4E<TI6E E. loafer
>. 8I88IE@TI'6 ) . lustful
?. 8OF@'.IO@1 =. talkative
A. ('.!I'#E88I'6 !. comical misuse of a word
2. ('=I1TE<I'8 I. arbitrary, dictatorial
3%. ('8'E<OEI1( B. politically crafty, cunning
+al#)##&' fetid
+a++#!* huge
+a(acle shackle
+a()a!e command
+a()a!#, obligatory
+a()"ll baboon
+a("a madness, obsession
+a("6e'! obvious, evident
+a("6e'!# proclamation
+a("6#l) multiple, diverse
+a('la&/*!e killing another
person without malice
+a(&+"! set free
+a(&'c"p! unpublished book
+a damage +aa&)e
plunderer +a/"(al
insignificant +a"#(e!!e
puppet +a##(
abandon +a'*al array,
mobili/e
+a!"al warlike
+a!"(e! disciplinarian
+a!, sacrifice, symbol
+a'#c*"'! one who en"oys pain
+a'!"ca!e chew +a'!"66
large dog +a'!#)#(
extinct elephant +a!e(al
motherly +a!e("!,
motherhood +a!"ac*
matron
+a!"c&la!e enroll ,usually in school-
+a!"7 array
+a!&!"(al early, morning
+a&)l"( weepy, sentimental
+a&l rough up
+a&'#le&+ tomb
+a-e"c% a rebel, individualist
+a9%"'* sickeningly sentimental
+a,*e+ mutilation, chaos
+ea c&lpa my fault
+ea/e scanty
+ea()e roam, ramble
+e)"a( middle
+e)"#ce average
+e)le, mixture
+e/al"!* ancient stone monument
+ela(c*#l, reflective, gloomy
+elee riot
+ell"6l&#&' sweet sounding
+el#)"#&' melodic
+e+e(!# souvenir
+e+#" autobiography
+e+#a$"l"a things worth
remembering
+e+#a()&+ note
+e(a/e"e /oo
+e()ac"!, untruth
+e()"ca(! beggar
+e("al humble, degrading
+e(!# teacher +eca(!"le
commercial +ece(a,
calculating, venal +ec&"al
changeable, volatile
+e!a+#p*#'"' a change in form
+e!e distribute
+e!e#"c swift, da//ling
+e!e##l#/, science of weather
+e!*#)"cal systematic, careful
+e!"c&l#&' extremely careful,
precise
+e!"e occupation
+e!#(,+, the substitution of a
phrase for the name itself
+e!!le courage, capacity for bravery
+"a'+a toxin fumes
+"e( appearance, bearing
+"/a!e travel
+"l"e& environment
+"l"!a(! combative, activist
+"l"!a!e work against
+"l% extract
+"lle(("&+ thousandyear period
+"(a!#, threatening
+"(ce chop, moderate
+"("#( subordinate
+"('!el troubadour
+"(&'c&le smal l
+"(&!e very small
+"(&!"ae trivia
+"a/e illusion
+"e marsh, a situation that is difficult
to escape from
+"!* "ollity
+"'a(!*#pe hater of mankind
+"'app#p"a!"#( use dishonestly
+"'$e/#!!e( illegitimate, obtained
by dishonest means
+"'ca, abort
+"'ce/e(a!"#( intermarriage between
races
2&"3 80 4A(al#/"e'5
:irections 0 .hoose the pair that expresses a relationship most similar to that
expressed in the capitali/ed pair. 'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. 1EEE.! 0 )I8I4@1TE< 00
,'- race 0 marathon
,4- gift 0 breach
,.- statement 0 digression
,:- detour 0 path
,E- address 0 postage
5. '<I1TO.<'T 0 8'6: 00
,'- bureaucracy 0 enslavement
,4- monarchy 0 abnegation
,.- gentry 0 talent
,:- dignitary 0 rank
,E- "unta 0 anarchy
7. 1@<<EETITIO@1 0 1TE'8T! 00
,'- clandestine 0 openness
,4- guarded 0 effrontery
,.- bombastic 0 irreverence
,:- pernicious 0 bane
,E- impertinent 0 humility
$. EE..':I88O 0 )8'& 00
,'- mediator 0 dispute
,4- grammar 0 error
,.- nick 0 score
,:- forensics 0 "udiciary
,E- invasion 0 putsch
;. 8E#EE 0 <I#E< 00
,'- rampart 0 barrier
,4- cordon 0 throng
,.- broker 0 investment
,:- promontory 0 height
,E- string 0 guitar
>. !E:O6I1T 0 @61TI6TI6= 00
,'- protagonist 0 insignificant
,4- thug 0 aggressive
,.- politician 0 irresolute
,:- benefactor 0 generous
,E- drunkard 0 manifest
?. EG.E<ET 0 6O#E8 00
,'- critique 0 play
,4- review 0 manuscript
,.- swatch 0 cloth
,:- foreword 0 preface
,E- recital 0 performance
A. EGO<.I1( 0 :E(O6 00
,'- matriculation 0 induction
,4- banishment 0 member
,.- qualm 0 angel
,:- heuristic 0 method
,E- manifesto 0 spirit
2. !OEE 0 .96I.'8 00
,'- reticence 0 benevolent
,4- contention 0 bellicose
,.- bliss 0 sullen
,:- homage 0 industrious
,E- unconcern 0 indifferent
3%. Exhibitionist 0 'ttention 00
,'- sycophant 0 turmoil
,4- scientist 0 power
,.- megalomaniac 0 solitude
,:- martyr 0 anonymity
,E- mercenary 0 money
+"'cella(, mixture of items
+"'c#('!&e misinterpret
+"'cea(! evildoer
+"'/"-"(/ doubt, hesitation
+"'(#+e wrongly named
+"'#/,(, hatred of women
+"''*ape( deformed
+"''"-e letter
+"!"/a!e lessen the severity
+(e+#("c' that which aids the
memory
+#$"l"3e assemble for action
+#$#cac, rule by mob
+#)"c&+ pittance
+#)"'* chic
+#)&le unit
+#/&l powerful person
+#le'! bother, sexually assault
+#ll"6, appease
+#l!e( melted
+#+e(!#&' of great importance
+#(#cle eyeglass
+#(#l"!*"c large and uniform
+#(#l#/&e long speech
+#('!#'"!, distorted, abnormal
form
+##! disputable, no longer relevant
+#al ethical
+#ale spirit, confidence
+#a'' swamp, difficult situation
+#a!#"&+ postponement
+#)a(! biting, sarcastic
+#e' moral standards
+#"$&() near death
+##'e sullen
+#p*"(e painkilling drug
+#'el bite, piece
+#!"6, humiliate
+#'0&e temple
+#!e speck
+#!"6 artistic theme
+#!"-e reason for doing something
+#!le, diverse
+#!!le) spotted
+#!!# slogan, saying
+#&(!e$a(% charlatan
+#&', drab, colorless
+&c%a%e reformer
+&66le stifle, quiet
+&lc! defraud
+&l!"6a"#&' diverse, manysided
+&l!"!&)e throng
+&()a(e ordinary
+&("6"ce(! generous
+&+& mutter, mumble
+&'e ponder
+&'!e to gather oneCs forces
+&!a$"l"!, able to change
+&!e silent
+&!"la!e mai m
+&!"(, rebellion
+&!!e murmur, grumble
+&33le restrain, stifle
+,#p"c narrowminded
+,"a) innumerable
+,+")#(' loyal followers
+,'!"0&e mystery, aura
+,!*"cal fictitious
N
(a)" lowest point
(ac"''"'+ selflove
(aa!e tell, recount
(a'ce(! incipient
(a!al related to birth
(a!"-"!, the process of birth
(a!&al"3e grant citi/enship
(eDe1)#19ell loafer, idler
(e$&l#&' indistinct
(ec#+a(c, sorcery
(e6a"#&' evil
(e/a!e cancel
(e/l"/"$le insignificant
(e+e'"' implacable foe
(e#l#/"'+ newly coined expression
(e#(a!al newborn
(e#p*,!e beginner
(ep#!"'+ favoritism
(e-, brash
(e!*e under
(e!!le irritate
(e&#!"c disturbed
(e&!al"3e offset, nullify
(e7&' a link between two or more
people or things
("ce!, euphemism
("c*e nook, an activity that well
suits a personCs talents
("//a)l, stingy
("+$le spry
("-a(a bliss, the attainment of
spiritual enlightenment
(#c!a+$&l"'+ sleepwalking
(#c!&(al pertaining to night
(#c!&(e serenade
(#"'#+e harmful, disgusting
(#+a) wanderer
(#+e(cla!&e terminology
(#+"(al slight, in name only
(#+"(a!e propose, recommend
somebody for a position
(#+"(ee candidate
(#(c*ala(! casual
(#(c#++"!!al neutral, circumspect
(#()e'c"p! lacking distinctive
features
(#(e(!"!, person of no significance
(#(e'&c* paragon, one in a thousand
(#(pae"l unequaled, peerless
(#(pa!"'a( neutral, uncommitted
(#(pl&' confound, befuddle
(#!a$le remarkable, noteworthy
(#!e) famous
(#!#"#&' wicked, widely known
(#&-ea& "c*e newly rich
2&"3 81 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. (I1.E88'69 '. peerless
5. (I11I#E 4. to gather oneCs forces
7. (OOT . . newly coined expression
$. (O@6TE4'6H :. selflove
;. (@8TI)'<IO@1 E. loyal followers
>. (@1TE< ) . letter
?. (9<(I:O61 =. diverse
A. 6'<.I11I1( !. charlatan
2. 6EO8O=I1( I. disputable
3%. 6O6E'<EI8 B. mixture of items
(#-a bright star
(#-el new, unique
(#-"ce beginner
(#7"#&' toxic
(&a(ce shade, subtlety (&$
crux, crucial point (&$"le
marriageable (&/a!#,
useless, worthless (&"'a(ce
annoyance
(&ll"6, void
(&ll"!, nothingness
(&+"'+a!"c' coin collecting
(&!&e nourish, foster
(,+p* goddess
O
#a6 awkward person
#$)&a!e unyielding, hardhearted
#$e"'a(ce homage, deference
#$el"'% tall column, monument
#$e'e fat
#$6&'ca!e bewilder, muddle
#$"!&a, eulogy
#$.ec!"-e ,ad".- unbiased
#$.ec!"-e ,noun- goal
#$.ec!"-"!, impartiality
#$la!"#( offering, sacrifice
#$l"/a!#, required, compulsory
#$l"/e compel
#$l"/"(/ accommodating, considerate
#$l"0&e indirect
#$l"0&"!, perversity
#$l"!ea!e destroy
#$l#(/ elliptical, oval
#$l#0&, slander
#$'c&e vague, unclear
#$'e0&"#&' fawning, servile
#$'e0&, funeral ceremony
#$'e-a(! watchful
#$'#le!e outdated
#$'!"(a!e stubborn
#$'!epe#&' noisy, unruly
#$!a"( gain possession
#$!&'"-e forward, meddlesome
#$!&'e stupid
#$-"a!e make unnecessary
Occ")e(! the &est
#ccl&)e block
#cc&l! mystical, secret, relating to
the supernatural or witchcraft
#c!#/e(a"a( person in her eighties
#c&la optic, visual
#)e poem
#)"#&' despicable
#)#"6e#&' pleasant odor
#),''e, "ourney
#66al inedible parts of a butchered
animal
#66e!#, church collection
#66"c"a!e supervise
#66"c"#&' forward, obtrusive
#66'e! counterbalance
#/le flirt
#/e monster, demon
#lea/"(#&' oily
#l"/ac*, aristocracy
#l"# medley
#+"(#&' threatening
#+("$&' collection, compilation
#+("p#!e(! allpowerful
#+("'c"e(! allknowing
#(e#&' burdensome
#('la&/*! powerful attack
#(!#l#/, the study of the nature of
existence
#(&' burden
#pa0&e nontransparent
#pea!"-e working
#pee!!a musical comedy
#p"a!e narcotic
#p"(e think, express an opinion
#pp#!&(e welltimed, appropriate
#ppe'' persecute
#ppe''"-e burdensome
#pp#$"#&' abusive, scornful
#pp#$"&+ disgrace
#pp&/( assail
#p! decide, choose
#p!"+&+ best condition
#p!"#(al elective
#p&le(ce wealth
#p&' literary work or musical
composition
#acle prophet
#a!"#( speech
#a!# speaker
#$ sphere
#c*e'!a!e organi/e
#)a"( appoint
2&"3 88 4A(al#/"e'5
:irections 0 .hoose the pair that expresses a relationship most similar to that
expressed in the capitali/ed pair. 'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. E'<'=<'E! 0 E11'9 00
,'- trailer 0 automobile
,4- query 0 question
,.- instrument 0 surgery
,:- penmanship 0 essay
,E- shot 0 salvo
5. .O(EO@6: 0 4@I8:I6= 00
,'- classroom 0 campus
,4- department 0 government
,.- tapestry 0 fabric
,:- seed 0 vegetable
,E- commonwealth 0 country
7. .O61TE88'TIO6 0 1T'<1 00
,'- amplifier 0 hearing
,4- ocean 0 water
,.- mosaic 0 tile
,:- tracks 0 train
,E- book 0 paper
$. '..E8E<'TE 0 #E8O.IT9 00
,'- relinquish 0 assets
,4- energi/e 0 stamina
,.- protect 0 parent
,:- pro"ect 0 futility
,E- educate 0 stupor
;. 1I:E<E'8 0 1T'<1 00
,'- platonic 0 radiation
,4- avian 0 fish
,.- corporeal 0 heaven
,:- heliocentric 0 transportation
,E- terrestrial 0 Earth
>. 1T'TE 0 .O6)E:E<'.9 00
,'- apple 0 tree
,4- return address 0 envelope
,.- binoculars 0 sight
,:- velocity 0 acceleration
,E- soldier 0 army
?. !E8E)@8 0 O))I.IO@1 00
,'- difficult 0 incorrigible
,4- maudlin 0 sardonic
,.- apathetic 0 /ealous
,:- true 0 contrary
,E- friendly 0 amiable
A. 1'T@<'TE 0 :'(EE6 00
,'- contaminate 0 pollute
,4- besmirch 0 sully
,.- extol 0 praise
,:- waive 0 donate
,E- pronounce 0 presume
2. &'98'9 0 ':#'6.E(E6T 00
,'- corroborate 0 testimony
,4- amuse 0 "eopardy
,.- condescend 0 fren/y
,:- curb 0 movement
,E- negotiate 0 defeat
3%. (ITI='TE 0 I6B@<9 00
,'- exacerbate 0 recovery
,4- palliate 0 accusation
,.- dampen 0 enthusiasm
,:- darken 0 obscurity
,E- entreat 0 ultimatum
#)el, neat, arranged
#)"(a(ce law
#)(a(ce artillery
#"e(! align, familiari/e
#"'#( prayer
#(a!e lavishly decorated
#("!*#l#/, study of birds
#!*#)#7 conventional
#'c"lla!e waver, swing
#''"6, harden
#'!e('"$le apparent, seeming
#'!e(!a!"#&' pretentious
#'!ac"3e banish, shun
#!*e9#l)l, spiritual
#!"#'e idl e
#&'!e e"ection
#&!+#)e) outofdate
#&!; eccentric
#&!'e! beginning
#-a!"#( applause
#-e&le disallow
#-e!&e advance, proposal
#-e9ee("(/ arrogant, forward
#-e9*el+ overpower
#-e9#&/*! overworked, high
strung
#-&+ egg, cell
E
pac*,)e+ elephant
pac"6"'! one who opposes all
violence
pac"6, appease
pac! agreement
paea( a song of praise
pa/a( heathen, ungodly
pa/e attendant
pa/ea(! exhibition, show
pa"(' great effort, attention to detail
pa"('!a%"(/ taking great care, thorough
pala!"al grand, splendid
pala-e babble, nonsense
Eale#l"!*"c stone age
pale#(!#l#/"'! one who studies
fossils
pall to become dull or weary
pall"a!e assuage
pall") pale, sallow
palpa$le touchable
palp"!a!e beat, throb
pal', paralysis
pal!, scarce
pa( critici/e pa(acea
cureall pa(ac*e
flamboyance
pa()e+"c widespread, plague
pa()e+#("&+ din, commotion
pa()e cater to peopleCs baser
instincts
pa(e/,"c praise
pa(/ short sharp pain
pa(#pl, full suit of armor
pa(#a+a vista
pa(! gasp, puff
pa(!#+"+e mi me
pa(!, storeroom
pap,&' paper
paa$le allegory
paa)"/+ a model
paa/#( standard of excellence
paa+e!e limit
paa+#&(! chief, foremost
paa+#& lover
paa(#") obsessively suspicious,
demented
paa(#+al supernatural
paape! rampart, defense
paap*e(al"a equipment
paap*a'e restatement
pacel package
pac*+e(! paper
pae peel
pae(!*e!"cal in parentheses
pa"a* outcast pa"'*
fold, church pa"!,
equality pala(ce
local speech pala,
increase
pale, conference
pa#c*"al provincial
pa#), imitation, ridicule
pa#le release
pa#7,'+ outburst, convulsion
pa#! mimic
pa, avert, ward off
pa'"+#("#&' stingy
pa'#( clergyman
pa!a%e share, receive, consume
pa!"al incomplete
pa!"al"!, bias
pa!"(/ farewell, severance
pa!"'a( supporter
pa!"!"#( division
pa-e(& newcomer, social climber
pa'0&"(a)e satire
pa''; outmoded
pa''"+ here and there
pa'!el pale
pa'!e&"3e disinfect
pa'!#al rustic
pa!e(! obvious
pa!e(al fatherly
pa!*e!"c pitiful
pa!*#/e( agent causing disease
pa!*#/e("c causing disease
pa!*#' emotion
pa!"c"a( aristocrat
pa!"+#(, inheritance
pa!#("3e condescend
pa!#(,+"c a name formed form the
name of a father
pa!!e walk lightly
pa&c"!, scarcity
2&"3 83 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. O<:6'6.E '. a model
5. O<T!O:OG 4. local speech
7. O@T(O:E: . . convulsion
$. E'8'#E< :. stingy
;. E'6E=9<I. E. agent causing disease
>. E'<':I=( ) . artillery
?. E'<8'6.E =. conventional
A. E'<OG91( !. outofdate
2. E'<1I(O6IO@1 I. babble
3%. E'T!O=E6 B. praise
pa&(c* stomach
pa&pe poor person
pa-"l"#( t ent
pa9( ,noun- tool, stooge
pa9( ,verb- pledge
pa7 peace
pea%e) wan, pale, haggard
peal reverberation, outburst
pecca)"ll# a minor fault
pec&la!e embe//le
pec&l"a unusual pec&l"a"!,
characteristic pe)a/#/"cal
pertaining to teaching pe)a/#/&e
dull, formal teacher pe)a(!
pedagogue
pe)a(!"c bookish
pe))le sell
pe)e'!"a( common
pe)"/ee genealogy
peea/e aristocracy
pee-"'* cranky
pe.#a!"-e insulting
pell1+ell in a confused manner
pell&c") transparent
pe( write
pe(a(ce atonement
pe(c*a(! inclination
pe() depend, hang
pe()"(/ not decided, awaiting
pe("!e(! repentant
pe('"-e sad
pe(&"#&' stingy
pe(&, poverty
pe#( common worker pe
'e in itself pecep!"-e
discerning pec#la!e
oo/e, permeate pe)"!"#(
damnation pee/"(a!"#(
wandering pee+p!#,
dictatorial
pee(("al enduring, lasting
pe6ec!"#("'! purist, precisionist
pe6")"#&' treacherous ,of a person-
pe6#a!e puncture
pe6#ce by necessity
pe6&(c!#, careless
pe"/ee point nearest to the earth
pe"l#&' dangerous
pe"pa!e!"c walking about
pe"p*e, outer boundary
pe"'* die
pe"'*a$le decomposable
pe.&, lying
pe+ea!e spread throughout
pe+&!a!"#( reordering
pe("c"#&' destructive, evil
pe#a!"#( conclusion
pepe()"c&la at right angles
pepe!a!e commit
pepe!&al continuous, everlasting
pepe!&a!e cause to continue
pepe!&"!, eternity
peple7 pu//le, bewilder
pe0&"'"!e reward, bonus
pe'ec&!e harass
pe'e-ee persist, endure
pe'#(a social facade
pe'#(a$le charming, friendly
pe'#(a/e official, dignitary
pe'#("6, embody, exemplify
pe'#((el employees
pe'p"cac"#&' keen
pe'p"cac"!, discernment, keenness
pe'&a'"-e convincing
pe! flippant, bold
pe!a"( to relate
pe!"(ac"#&' persevering
pe!"(e(! relevant
pe!&$a!"#( agitation
pe&'e read carefully
pe-a)e permeate
pe''"+"'! cynic, naysayer
pe'!"le(ce disease
pe!"!e smal l
pe!"!"#( a written request
pe!"6, calcify, shock
pe!#l#/, study of rocks
pe!!"6#//e unscrupulous lawyer
pe!!, trivial, niggling
pe!&la(! irritable, peevish
p*a(!a'+ apparition
p*e(#+e(a unusual natural events
p*"la(!*#p"c charitable
p*"la(!*#p"'! altruist
p*"la!el"'! stamp collector
p*"l"pp"c invective
E*"l"'!"(e barbarian
p*"l#'#p*"cal contemplative
2&"3 8: 4A(al#/"e'5
:irections 0 .hoose the pair that expresses a relationship most similar to that
expressed in the capitali/ed pair. 'nswers are on page 3%3.
3. 1E.8@1IO6 0 !E<(IT 00
,'- wealth0 embe//ler
,4- ambition 0 philanthropist
,.- domination 0 athlete
,:- turpitude 0 introvert
,E- in"ustice 0 lawyer
5. '1.ETI. 0 1E8):E6I'8 00
,'- soldier 0 safety
,4- official 0 charity
,.- thug 0 acceptance
,:- benefactor 0 competition
,E- profligate 0 squandering
7. Ehilanthropist 0 'ltruism 00
,'- authoritarian 0 indulgence
,4- polemicist 0 (arxist
,.- benefactor 0 heir
,:- pragmatist 0 hardliner
,E- libertarian 0 liberty
$. <'.O6TE@< 0 '6E.:OTE 00
,'- cynosure 0 interest
,4- politician 0 corruption
,.- athlete 0 perfection
,:- writer 0 publication
,E- nonentity 0 fame
;. E'TE6T 0 ('6I)E1T 00
,'- credulous 0 gullible
,4- truculent 0 nonchalant
,.- lissome 0 spiritless
,:- covert 0 prolific
,E- cloyed 0 insufficient
>. .E61O<IO@1 0 .O6:O6I6= 00
,'- inattentive 0 neglectful
,4- cursory 0 inept
,.- defunct 0 exquisite
,:- perfunctory 0 thorough
,E- munificent 0 generous
?. E@<=E 0 OEEO6E6T 00
,'- entrench 0 comrade
,4- elevate 0 criminal
,.- liquidate 0 politician
,:- desalini/e 0 salt
,E- assuage 0 reactionary
A. I18'6: 0 'TO88 00
,'- peninsula 0 archipelago
,4- fire 0 spring
,.- hand 0 glove
,:- utensil 0 fork
,E- smock 0 instrument
2. (6E(O6I. 0 (E(O<9 00
,'- demonstration 0 manifestation
,4- pacemaker 0 heartbeat
,.- sanction 0 recall
,:- rhetoric 0 treatise
,E- impasse 0 fruition
3%. E'T 0 =O<=E 00
,'- sprint 0 "og
,4- snicker 0 smirk
,.- read 0 write
,:- disengage 0 attack
,E- drink 0 gu//le
p*le/+a!"c sluggish
p*#$"a fear
p*#e("7 rebirth
p*,'"c laxative, cathartic
p*,'"0&e frame, musculature
p"cae'0&e roguish, adventurous
p"ca,&(e trifling
p"ece+eal one at a time
p"e) mottled, brindled
p"e!, devoutness
p"l6e steal
p"lla/e plunder
p"ll#, punish by ridicule
p"(e languish, to long for someone
or something
p"((acle highest point
p"#&' devout, holy
p"0&a(! tarttasting, spicy
p"0&e sting, arouse interest
p"'c"(e pertaining to fish
p"!e#&' sorrowful, pathetic
p"!*, concise
p"!"a$le miserable, wretched
p"!!a(ce alms, driblet
p"!!a(ce trifle
p"-#!al crucial
p"7"la!e) eccentric, possessed
placa) poster
placa!e appease
plac") serene
pla/"a"3e pirate, counterfeit
pla"(!"-e expressing sorrow
pla!"!&)e trite remark
pla!#("c nonsexual
pla&)"! acclaim
plea'a(!, banter, persiflage
ple$e"a( common, vulgar
ple$"'c"!e referendum
ple(a, full
ple(!"6&l abundant
ple#(a'+ redundancy, verbosity
ple!*#a overabundance
pl"a$le flexible
pl"a(! supple, flexible
pl"/*! sad situation
pl&c%, courageous
pl&+$ measure
pl&++e! sudden shart fall
pl&!#ca! wealthy person
pl&!#("&+ radioactive material
p#ac* steal
p#)/, fat
p#)"&+ stand, rostrum
p#/#+ massacre, mass murder
p#"/(a(! pungent, sharp, heartbreaking
p#le+"c a controversy
p#l"!, methods of government
p#l!##( dastard
p#l,c*#+a!"c manycolored
p#l,/a+"'! one who has many
wives
p#()e muse, reflect
p#()e#&' heavy, bulky
p#(!"66 bishop
p#(!"6"ca!e to speak at length
p##!##( coward
p#c"(e piglike
p##&' permeable, spongy
p#")/e stew
p#!e() signify, augur
p#!e(! omen
p#!l, large
p#!+a(!ea& suitcase
p#'"! stipulate
p#'!e"# rear, subsequent
p#'!e"!, future generations
p#'!*a'!e hastily
p#'!*&+#&' after death
p#'!&la!e supposition, premise
p#!e(! powerful
p#!e(!a!e sovereign, king
p#!"#( brew
p#!p#&" medley
p#!!e aimlessly busy
pa/+a!"c practical
pa!e babble
pa!!le chatter pea+$le
introduction peca"#&'
dangerous, risky
pece)e(! an act that serves as an
example
pecep! principle, law
pec"(c! neighborhood
pec"p"ce cliff
pec"p"!a!e cause
pec"p"!#&' steep
p;c"' summary
pec"'e accurate, detailed
pecl&)e prevent
pec#c"#&' more developed than is
expected at a particular age
pec#(cep!"#( pre"udgment, pre"udice
pec&'# forerunner
pe)ac"#&' plundering
pe)ece''# one who proceeds
pe)e'!"(e foreordain
pe)"ca+e(! quandary
pe)"ca!e to base an opinion on
something
pe)"lec!"#( inclination
pe)"'p#'e) inclined
pee+"(e(! supreme
pee+p! commandeer
pee( groom
pe6a$"ca!e) readybuilt
pe6ec! magistrate
pe6ee(ce choice
pe6e+e(! promotion
pela!e primate, bishop
pel"+"(a, introductory
pel&)e introduction
pe+e)"!a!e plan in advance
pe+#("!"#( warning
pe(a!al before birth
2&"3 85 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. E!OE6IG '. cliff
5. EI88O<9 4. inclination
7. EITT'6.E . . warning
$. E8'@:IT :. acclaim
;. E8ET!O<' E. overabundance
>. EO=<O( ) . after death
?. EO1T!@(O@1 =. massacre
A. E<E.IEI.E !. rebirth
2. E<E:I8E.TIO6 I. punish by ridicule
3%. E<E(O6ITIO6 B. trifle
pep#()ea(ce predominance
pep#''e''"(/ appealing, charming
pep#'!e#&' ridiculous
pee0&"'"!e requirement
pe#/a!"-e right, privilege
pe'a/e omen
pe'c"$e urge
pe'e(!a$le acceptable, wellmannered
pe'")e direct, chair
pe''"(/ urgent
pe'!")"/"!a!# magician
pe'!"/e reputation, renown
pe'&+e assume, deduce
pe'&+p!&#&' assuming,
overconfident
pe'&pp#'e assume pe!e('e
affectation, excuse pe!e(!"#&'
affected, inflated pe!e(a!&al
abnormal, supernatural pe!e7!
excuse
pe-a"l triumph
pe-a"l"(/ common, current
pe-ale(! widespread
pe-a"ca!e lie
p"c% puncture
p"//"'* pedantic, affected
p"+ formal, prudish
p"+al first, beginning
p"+a!e head, master
p"+#/e("!&e firstborn child
p"+p groom
p"(cel, regal, generous
p"'+a!"c manycolored, sparkling
p"'!"(e pure, unspoiled
p"-a!"#( hardship
p"-, aware of private matters
p#$e examine
p#$"!, integrity
p#$le+a!"c uncertain, difficult
p#$#'c"' snout
p#ce)&e method, process
p#cee)' profit
p#cla"+ announce
p#cl"-"!, inclination
p#cea!e beget
p#c!# supervise
p#c&e acquire
p#c&e pander
p#) urge
p#)"/al wasteful
p#)"/"#&' marvelous, enormous
p#)"/, a person with extraordinary
ability or talent
p#6a(e blasphemous
p#6e'' affirm, admit
p#66e bring forward for consideration
p#6"c"e(! skillful p#6"!ee
extortionist p#6l"/a!e
licentious, prodigal p#6#&()
deep, knowledgeable p#6&'"#(
overabundance
p#/e("!# ancestor
p#/e(, children
p#/(#'"' forecast
p#/(#'!"ca!e foretell
p#/e''"-e advancing, liberal
p#le!a"a! working class
p#l"6ea!e increase rapidly
p#l"6"c fruitful, productive
p#l"7 longwinded
p#l#/&e introduction
p#l#(/ lengthen in time
p#+e(a)e stroll, parade
p#+e!*ea( inspirational
p#+"'c&#&' sexually indiscreet
p#+#(!#, headland, cape
p#+p! induce
p#+p!e reminder
p#+&l/a!e publish, disseminate
p#(e inclined, predisposed
p#pa/a()a publicity, misinformation
p#pella(! rocket fuel
p#pe('"!, inclination
p#p*e! prognosticator
p#p*,lac!"c preventive
p#p"(0&"!, nearness
p#p"!"a!e satisfy
p#p"!"#&' auspicious, favorable
p#p#(e(! supporter, advocate
p#p#!"#(a!e commensurate
p#p#'"!"#( offer, proposal
p#p#&() propose
p#p"e!# manager, owner
p#p"e!, decorum
p#'a"c uninspired, flat
p#'ce("&+ platform, rostrum
p#'c"$e prohibit p#'el,!"3e
recruit, convert p#'#), study of
poetic structure
2&"3 8> 4A(al#/"e'5
:irections 0 .hoose the pair that expresses a relationship most similar to that
expressed in the capitali/ed pair. 'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. .'88O@1 0 19(E'T!9 00
,'- flawless 0 excellence
,4- histrionic 0 theatrics
,.- outgoing 0 inhibition
,:- indiscreet 0 platitude
,E- categorical 0 truism
5. I61IEI: 0 T'1TE 00
,'- curt 0 incivility
,4- apathetic 0 /est
,.- immaculate 0 brevity
,:- trite 0 unimportance
,E- discriminating 0 scholarship
7. 'pocryphal 0 .orroboration 00
,'- didactic 0 instruction
,4- fraudulent 0 forgery
,.- tyrannical 0 poise
,:- esoteric 0 commonality
,E- sacrilegious 0 piety
$. 6E4@8O@1 0 :I1TI6.TIO6 00
,'- guileless 0 deceit
,4- antipathetic 0 abhorrence
,.- sublime 0 disrespect
,:- magnanimous 0 anxiety
,E- amorphous 0 inchoation
;. T'<6I1! 0 #ITI'TE 00
,'- beleaguer 0 console
,4- abrogate 0 flicker
,.- ensconce 0 corrupt
,:- bemuse 0 stupefy
,E- inundate 0 squelch
>. 6O.T@<6'8 0 .I((E<I'6 00
,'- exacting 0 lax
,4- prudish 0 indulgent
,.- contentious 0 affluent
,:- stark 0 embellished
,E- specious 0 illusory
?. .O6#O.'TIO6 0 (EETI6= 00
,'- bargain 0 market
,4- supplication 0 prayer
,.- issue 0 referendum
,:- speech 0 podium
,E- harvest 0 fall
A. O1T<I.! 0 4I<: 00
,'- dusk 0 day
,4- fish 0 ocean
,.- tunnel 0 mountain
,:- hat 0 coat
,E- sirocco 0 storm
2. #I<@1 0 O<='6I1( 00
,'- vegetable 0 mineral
,4- testtube 0 bacteria
,.- microcosm 0 world
,:- microfiche 0 computer
,E- watch 0 wrist
3%. (ercurial 0 Temperament 00
,'- capricious 0 interest
,4- tempestuous 0 solemnity
,.- staid 0 wantonness
,:- phlegmatic 0 concern
,E- cynical 0 naivetD
p#'pec!"-e expected, imminent
p#'pec!&' brochure
p#'!a!e supine
p#!a/#("'! main character in a story
p#!ea( changing readily
p#!;/; ward, pupil
p#!#c#l code of diplomatic etiquette
p#!#( particle
p#!ac! prolong
p#!&$ea(ce bulge
p#-e()e food
p#-e$ maxim
p#-e$"al wellknown
p#-")e(ce foresight, divine
protection
p#-")e(! having foresight, thrifty
p#-")e(!"al fortunate
p#-"(ce bailiwick, district
p#-"(c"al intolerant, insular
p#-"'"#(al temporary
p#-"'# stipulation
p#-"'#, conditional
p#-#ca!"#( incitement
p#-#ca!"-e titillating
p#-#%e incite
p#9e'' strength, expertise
p#7"+"!, nearness
p#7, substitute, agent
p&)e puritan
p&)e(ce discretion, carefulness
p&)e(! cautious, using good
"udgment
p&)"'* puritanical
p&"e(! lewd
p'e&)# false
p'e&)#(,+ alias
p',c*"c pertaining the psyche or
mind
p',c*#pa!* madman
p',c*#!"c demented
p&$e!, adolescence
p&c%"'* impish, mischievous
p&e"le childish
p&/"l"'+ boxi ng
p&/(ac"#&' combative
p&"''a(! strong
p&lc*"!&)e beauty
p&lp paste, mush
p&lp"! platform, priesthood
p&l'a!e throb
p&l-e"3e crush
p&( wordplay
p&(c!"l"#&' meticulous
p&()"! learned or politically astute
person
p&(/e(! sharp smell or taste
p&("!"-e punishing
p&(, weak, small
p&$l"() obtuse, stupid
p&/a!"-e cathartic, cleansing
p&/a!#, limbo, netherworld
p&/e cleanse, remove
p&"!a("cal prim
p&l"e&' environs, surroundings
p&l#"( steal
p&p#! claim to be
p&p#!e) rumored
p&p#'e6&l determined
p&'&a(! following, according
p&-e, deliver, provide
p&-"e9 range of understanding, field
p&'"lla("+#&' cowardly
p&!a!"-e reputed
p&!e6, decay
p&!'c* a sudden attempt to overthrow
a government
p,/+, dwarf
p,#!ec*("c' fireworks
p,*"c a battle won with
unacceptable losses
2
0&ac% charlatan
0&a)e(("al occurring every four
years
0&a)"lle square dance
0&a)&pe) four foot animal
0&a66 drink
0&a/+"e difficult situation
0&a"l shrink, cower
0&a"(! oldfashioned, charming
0&al"6"e) limited
0&al+' misgivings
0&a()a, dilemma
0&a(!&+ quantity, particle
0&aa(!"(e detention, confinement
0&a, prey, game
0&a!e residence, district
0&a'* put down, suppress
0&a'" seeming, almost
0&a-e tremble
0&a, wharf
0&ea', squeamish
0&ee odd
0&ell suppress, allay 0&e(c*
extinguish, slake 0&e&l#&'
complaining 0&e'!"#((a"e
survey, feedback 0&e&e line
0&"$$le bicker
0&"c%e( revive, hasten
0&"))"!, essence, an unimportant or
trifling distinction
0&"e'ce(! still, motionless
0&"e!&' a cessation of activity
0&"ll feather, pen
0&"p "oke
0&"% eccentricity, a strange and
unexpected turn of events
0&"-e tremble
0&"7#!"c impractical, romantic
0&"33"cal odd, questioning
0&#&+ the minimum number people
who must be present to hold a meeting
0&#!a a share or proportion
0&#!")"a( daily
2&"3 87 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. E<OTE'6 '. bulge
5. E<OT@4E<'6.E 4. changing readily
7. E<O#I1IO6'8 . . steal
$. E@6:IT :. ma"ority
;. E@<8OI6 E. temporary
>. E@<EO<T ) . a cessation of activity
?. F@'#E< =. line
A. F@E@E !. tremble
2. F@IET@1 I. claim to be
3%. F@O<@( B. politically astute person
R
a$$le crowd
a$") mad, furious
ac%e!ee gangster, swindler
ac#(!e& storyteller
a)"cal revolutionary
a66"'* rowdy, dashing
a"l rant, harangue
a"+e(! clothing
a%e womani/er
all, assemble
a+$&(c!"#&' boisterous
a+"6"ca!"#( consequence
a+pa/e run amuck
a+pa(! unbridled, raging
a+#) rod
a(c") rotten
a(c# resentment
a(), vulgar
a(%le cause bitterness, resentment
a(! rage, scold
apac"#&' grasping, avaricious
ap")"!, speed
ap"e sword
ap"(e plunder
app#! affinity, empathy
app#c*e+e(! reconciliation
ap!&e bliss
a'* hasty, brash
a'p scrape
a!"6, approve
a!"#( allowance, portion
a!"#(ale "ustification
a-a/e plunder, ruin
a-"'* captivate, charm
a3e destroy or level a building
eal+ kingdom, domain
ealp#l"!"% cynical interpretation of
politics
eap harvest
e$&66 re"ect, snub
e$&%e critici/e, reprimand
e$&' picture pu//le
e$&!!al reply, counterargument
ecalc"!a(! stubbornly resisting the
authority of another
eca(! retract a previous statement
ecap"!&la!e restate, summari/e
ece)e move back
ecep!acle container
ecep!"-e open to ideas
ec")"-"'+ habitual criminal activity
ec"p"e(! one who receives
ec"p#cal mutual, return in kind
ec"!al performance, concert
ec"!a!"#( recital, lesson
ecl&'"-e solitary
ec#"l flinch, retreat ec#llec!
remember ec#+pe('e repay,
compensate ec#(c"le ad"ust,
balance ec#()"!e mystical,
profound ec#((a"''a(ce
surveillance
ec#((#"!e to survey, to scout
,especially for military purposes-
ec#&(! recite ec#&p
recover ec#&'e
appeal, resort ecea(!
cowardly
ec"+"(a!"#( countercharge,
retaliation
ec&"! draftee
ec!"6, correct, to make right
ec&+$e(! reclining
ec&pea!"#( recovery
ec& repeat, revert
e)ee+ buy back, "ustify, restore
yourself to favor or to good opinion
e)ee+e savior
e)e+p!"#( salvation
e)#le(! fragrant
e)#&$! fort
e)#&$!a$le formidable, steadfast
e)e'' restitution, compensation
e)&()a(! repetitious
ee% smell
eel stagger, to lurch backward as
though struck by a blow
e6ee()&+ vote
e6"(e) purified, cultured
e6l&7 ebb
e6ac!"#( bending, deflection
e6ac!#, obstinate, disobedient
e6a"( abstain
e6&$"'* remodel, renovate
e6&!e disprove, contradict
e/al royal
e/ale entertain
e/al"a emblems
2&"3 8@ 4A(al#/"e'5
:irections 0 .hoose the pair that expresses a relationship most similar to that
expressed in the capitali/ed pair. 'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. E8@((ET 0 )'88 00
,'- rifle 0 search
,4- accelerate 0 stop
,.- interdict 0 proscribe
,:- rake 0 scour
,E- precipitate 0 ascend
5. :<O6E 0 E(OTIO6 00
,'- sprint 0 "ourney
,4- annoy 0 emollient
,.- stupefy 0 erudition
,:- deadpan 0 expression
,E- scuttle 0 ship
7. ('<OO6 0 1EF@E1TE< 00
,'- transfix 0 emote
,4- exhaust 0 innervate
,.- tranquili/e 0 qualify
,:- select 0 rebuff
,E- entreat 0 beseech
$. TOTTE< 0 &'8H 00
,'- annex 0 land
,4- fathom 0 enlightenment
,.- distend 0 contusion
,:- efface 0 consolation
,E- stutter 0 speech
;. 8I=!T 0 :I( 00
,'- indictment 0 investigate
,4- protest 0 muffle
,.- heat 0 radiate
,:- solid 0 incinerate
,E- ornament 0 decorate
>. 4E6I=6 0 EE<6I.IO@1 00
,'- ostentatious 0 tawdry
,4- mortified 0 nefarious
,.- apocryphal 0 categorical
,:- discerning 0 keen
,E- pe"orative 0 vicarious
?. :emagogue 0 (anipulator 00
,'- champion 0 defender
,4- lawyer 0 mediator
,.- mentor 0 oppressor
,:- soldier 0 landowner
,E- capitalist 0 socialist
A. =<E='<IO@1 0 .O6=E6I'8 00
,'- suspicious 0 trusting
,4- pedantic 0 lively
,.- bellicose 0 militant
,:- singular 0 nondescript
,E- seminal 0 apocalyptic
2. :I1!E'<TE6E: 0 !OEE 00
,'- enervated 0 ennui
,4- buoyant 0 effervescence
,.- amoral 0 ethics
,:- munificent 0 altruism
,E- nefarious 0 turpitude
3%. E<'TT8E 0 1EE'H 00
,'- accept 0 re"ect
,4- stomp 0 patter
,.- heed 0 listen
,:- promenade 0 walk
,E- e"aculate 0 shout
e/"+e a government
e/"+e(! infantry unit
e/e!!a$le lamentable, unfortunate
e/&/"!a!e vomit, repeat
e*a'* wearily discuss again
e"/( rule, influence
e"( curb, restrain
e"(ca(a!"#( rebirth
e"!ea!e repeat, say again
e.#"ce celebrate
e.#"()e answer, retort
e.&-e(a!e make young again
elap'e recurrence ,of illness-
ele/a!e assign to an inferior
position
ele(! soften, yield
ele(!le'' unstoppable
el"c antique
el"(0&"'* release, renounce
el"'* savor
e+e)"al corrective
e+"'' negligent
e+"! forgive, send payment
e+(a(! residue, fragment
e+#('!a(ce protest
e+#'e guilt
e+&(ea!"#( compensation
e(a"''a(ce rebirth
e(a'ce(! reborn
e() to tear apart
e()e deliver, provide
e()e3-#&' a meeting
e()"!"#( version, interpretation
e(e/e break a promise
e(#&(ce disown
e(#9( fame
e(! tear, rupture
epaa!"#( amends, atonement
epa!ee witty conversation
epa!"a!e to send back to the native
land
epelle(! causing aversion
epe(! atone for
epec&''"#( consequence
epe!#"e stock of works
ep"(e fret
eple("'* refill
eple!e complete
epl"ca copy
epl"ca!e duplicate
ep#'e rest
epe*e('"$le blameworthy
epe'' suppress
ep"e-e temporary suspension
ep"+a() rebuke
ep"'al retaliation
ep"'e repetition
ep#ac* blame
ep#$a!e miscreant
ep#-e rebuke
ep&)"a!e disavow
ep&/(a(! distasteful, revolting
ep&l'e repel
ep&l'"-e repugnant
ep&!e status, reputation, esteem
ep&!e) supposed, presumed, alleged
e0&"e+ rest, a mass for the dead
e0&"'"!e necessary
e0&"'"!"#( order, formal demand
e0&"!e to return in kind
e'c"() revoke
e'e-e selfcontrol
e'")e dwell
e'")&e remaining part
e'"/(e) accepting of a situation
e'"l"e(ce ability to recover from an
illness or a setback
e'#l&!e determined
e'#l&!"#( determination
e'#l-e determination
e'#(a(! reverberating
e'#! recourse
e'#&() echo
e'#&ce6&l inventive, skillful
e'pec!"-el, in that order
e'p"e breathe
e'p"!e rest, temporary delay
e'ple()e(! shining, splendid
e'!"!&!"#( reparation, amends
e'!"-e nervous, uneasy
e'&/e(ce revival
e'&ec!"#( rebirth
e'&'c"!a!e revive
e!a"( keep
e!a"(e advance fee
e!al"a!e revenge
e!c* vomit
e!"ce(! reserved
e!""(/ modest, unassuming
e!#! quick reply
e!e(c* cut back, economi/e
e!"$&!"#( reprisal
e!"e-e reclaim
e!#/a)e regress
e!#'pec!"-e reminiscent, display
e-a+p recast
e-e"lle bugle call
e-el frolic, take "oy in
e-el, merrymaking
e-e(&e income
e-ee honor
e-ee(! respectful
e-e"e daydream
e-e! return to a former state
e-"le denounce, defame
e-"'"#( new version
e-"-e renew
e-#%e repeal
e-&l'"#( aversion
*ap'#), ecstasy
*e!#"c elocution, grandiloquence
*e&+a!"'+ inflammation
"$al) coarse, vulgar
2&"3 8A 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. <E=I(E '. vulgar
5. <EBOI6:E< 4. quick reply
7. <E(@6E<'TIO6 . . uneasy
$. <E6:EI#O@1 :. necessary
;. <E6T E. miscreant
>. <EE<O4'TE ) . rupture
?. <EF@I1ITE =. a meeting
A. <E1TI#E !. compensation
2. <ET<I4@TIO6 I. retort
3%. <I4'8: B. a government
"c%e!, shaky, ramshackle
"c#c*e! carom, rebound
"6e widespread, abundant
"66a66 dregs of society
"6le search through and steal
"6! a split, an opening, disagreement
"/*!e#&' upright, moral
"/# harshness, precise and exacting
"+e crust
"p#'!e counterthrust
"'"$le laughable
"'0&; offcolor, racy
"-e! engross
#$&'! vigorous
#/&e scoundrel
#"'!e bluster
#+p frolic
#'ea!e rosy, optimistic
#'!e list of people
#'!&+ podium
#&; libertine
#&'e awaken, provoke
#&! vanquish, cause to retreat
&$"c&() ruddy complexion
&c% the common herd
&)"+e(! beginning, kernel
&e regret
&66"a( brutal person
&+"(a!e ponder
&++a/e hunt, grope
&(el stream
&'e trick
&'!"c rural
S
Sa$$a!* day of rest
'a$$a!"cal vacation
'a$e sword
'a$#!a/e treason, destruction
'acc*a"(e sugary, overly sweet
tone
'ace)#!al priestly
'ac% pillage
'aca+e(! rite
'ace) c#9 idol, taboo
'ac"le/e blasphemy
'ac#'a(c! sacred
'a))le encumber
'a)"'! one who takes pleasure in
hurting others
'a6a" expedition
'a/a story
'a/ac"#&' wise
'a/e wise person
'alac"#&' licentious
'al"e(! prominent
'al"(e salty
'all#9 sickly complected
'all, sortie, attack
'al&!a, good, wholesome
'al&!a!"#( salute, greeting
'al-a!"#( redemption
'al-e medicinal ointment
'al-# volley, gunfire
'a(c!"6, consecrate
'a(c!"+#("#&' selfrighteous
'a(c!"#( approval
'a(c!&a, refuge
'a(/16#") coolness under fire
'a(/&"(a, gory, murderous
'a(/&"(e cheerful
'a(' without
'ap") interesting
'ap"e(! wise
'ac#p*a/&' stone coffin
'c#(6&l scornful, sarcastic
'a!#"al pertaining to clothes
'a!a("c pertaining to the :evil
'a!c*el bag
'a!e satisfy fully
'a!"a!e satisfy fully
'a!"e ridicule
'a!&a!e soak
'a!&("(e gloomy
'a!, demigod, goatman
'a&(!e stroll
'a-a((a grassland
'a-a(! scholar
'a-#"16a"e tact, polish
'a-# en"oy, relish
'a-#, appeti/ing
'a--, perceptive, shrewd
'ca$#&' difficult
'ca(! inadequate, meager
'cape/#a! one who takes blame for
others
'ca"6, critici/e
'ca!*e in"ure, denounce
2&"3 30 4A(al#/"e'5
:irections 0 .hoose the pair that expresses a relationship most similar to that
expressed in the capitali/ed pair. 'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. T!I(48E 0 )I6=E< 00
,'- glove 0 hammer
,4- stitch 0 loop
,.- branch 0 flower
,:- talon 0 eagle
,E- smock 0 apparel
5. '6'<.!9 0 O<:E< 00
,'- desolation 0 annihilation
,4- ineptitude 0 skill
,.- bastion 0 aegis
,:- chaos 0 disarray
,E- parsimony 0 elegance
7. 8'6: 0 )'88O& 00
,'- automobile 0 expensive
,4- politics 0 innovative
,.- orchard 0 fruitful
,:- mountain 0 precipitous
,E- ship 0 decommissioned
$. !E@<I1TI. 0 TE'.! 00
,'- parable 0 obfuscate
,4- performer 0 entertain
,.- pedant 0 construct
,:- actor 0 incite
,E- virus 0 prevent
;. <@1E 0 :E.EI#E 00
,'- pretext 0 mollify
,4- invective 0 laud
,.- cathartic 0 cleanse
,:- artifice 0 disabuse
,E- calumny 0 confuse
>. <ETI.E6T 0 &'6TO6 00
,'- lithe 0 supple
,4- exemplary 0 palpable
,.- pe"orative 0 opprobrious
,:- quiescent 0 rampant
,E- provincial 0 virulent
?. =@88I48E 0 :@EE 00
,'- artless 0 demagogue
,4- (achiavellian 0 entrepreneur
,.- cantankerous 0 curmudgeon
,:- disputatious 0 patron
,E- optimistic 0 defeatist
A. OE'F@E 0 8I=!T 00
,'- porous 0 liquid
,4- undamped 0 vibration
,.- unrelenting 0 barbarian
,:- diaphanous 0 metal
,E- hermetic 0 air
2. F@IGOTI. 0 E<'=('TI. 00
,'- romantic 0 fanciful
,4- dispassionate 0 "ust ,.-
auspicious 0 sanguine
,:- malcontent 0 "ingoistic
,E- optimistic 0 surreal
3%. .O8O6 0 I6T<O:@.E 00
,'- hyphen 0 "oin
,4- semicolon 0 transfer
,.- dash 0 shorten
,:- apostrophe 0 intensify
,E- comma 0 possess
'cep!e a rod, staff
'c*e+e plot, system, diagram
'c*"'+ rift
'c"(!"lla speck
'c"(!"lla!e sparkle
'c"#( offspring
'c#66 "eer, dismiss
'c#(e biscuit
'c#( disdain, re"ect
'c#&()el unprincipled person
'c#& clean by rubbing, search
'c#&/e affliction
'c&ple' misgivings
'c&p&l#&' principled, fastidious
'c&!"("3e examine closely
'c&6 dandruff
'c&"l#&' abusive, insulting
'c&, move quickly
'c&!!le to sink ,a ship-
'c,!*e long, curved blade
'ea burn
'e$ace#&' like fat
'ece)e withdraw
'ecl&)e) remote, isolated
'ecl&'"#( solitude
'ec!a"a( denominational
'ec&la worldly, nonreligious
'ec&e make safe
'e)a!"#( state of calm 'e)e(!a,
stationary, inactive 'e)"!"#(
treason, inciting rebellion 'e)&ce
lure
'e)&l#&' diligent
'ee), rundown, ramshackle
'ee+l, proper, attractive
'ee!*e fume, resent
'e"'+"c pertaining to earthquakes
'e"'+#l#/, study of earthquakes
'el61e66ac"(/ modest
'e+a(!"c' study of word meanings
'e+$la(ce likeness
'e+"(al fundamental, decisive
'e+pe 6")el"' always loyal
'e(e'ce(ce old age
'e(e'ce(! aging
'e("#"!, privilege due to length of
service
'e('a!"#(al outstanding, startling
'e('"$le wise, prudent
'e('#, relating to the senses
'e('&al"'! epicure
'e('&#&' appealing to the senses,
en"oying luxury
'e(!e(!"#&' concise
'e(!"e(! conscious
'e(!"(el watchman
'ep&lc*e tomb
'e0&ac"#&' dependent
'e0&el continuation, epilogue
'e0&e'!e segregate
'eap*"c angelic
'ee()"p"!, a knack for making
fortunate discoveries
'ee(e peaceful
'epe(!"(e winding and twisting
'e"e) sawtoothed
'e&+ vaccine 'e-"le
slavish 'e-"!&)e
forced labor
'e''"le permanently attached
'e''"#( meeting
'e!!ee seat, sofa
'e-e cut in two
'e-ea(ce division
'*all#! oni on
'*a+ pretense, imposter
'*a+$le' disorder, mess
'*a) sharp fragment of glass
'*ee( luster
'*eep"'* shy, embarrassed
'*"$$#le!* password
'*"% evade ,work-
'l"-e fragment, shaving
'*#al reef
'*#"(/ supporting
'*#!c#+"(/' personal deficiencies
'*e9 virago
'*e9) clever, cunning
'*"ll highpitched
'*&( avoid, spurn
'*&(! turn aside
'*,'!e unethical lawyer
'"$"la(! a hissing sound
'"$l"(/ brother or sister
'"c%le semicircular blade
'")eeal pertaining to the stars
'")le move sideways, slither
'"e/e blockade
'"ea mountain range
'"e-e strainer
'"/(a!#, signer
'"/(e! a seal
'"l*#&e!!e outline, profile
'"l# storage tower
'"+"a( monkey
'"+"le figure of speech
'"+pe smile, smirk
'"+&lac&+ vague likeness
'"(ec&e position with little
responsibility
'"(e9, fibrous, stringy
'"(/e burn "ust the surface of
something
'"(/l, one by one, individually
'"(/&la unique, extraordinary
'"("'!e evil, malicious
'"("'!al lefthanded
'"p*#( extract, tap
'"e forefather, to beget
'"e( temptress
'"!e location
'%ep!"cal doubtful
'%"(6l"(! mi ser
'%"+"'* a small battle
2&"3 31 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. 1.<@E8E1 '. figure of speech
5. 1.9T!E 4. proper, attractive
7. 1EE(89 . . long, curved blade
$. 1E6TE6TIO@1 :. lefthanded
;. 1E<E6:IEIT9 E. pertaining to the stars
>. 1!I44O8ET! ) . signer
?. 1I:E<E'8 =. making fortunate discoveries
A. 1I=6'TO<9 !. password
2. 1I(I8E I. misgivings
3%. 1I6I1T<'8 B. concise
'%"!!"'* excitable, wary, "umpy
'%&l% sneak about
'%&ll)&//e, trickery
'la%e quench
'la()e defame
'la!e list of candidate
'la-e drivel, fawn
'la, ki l l
'le"/*! dexterity, skill
'le9 an abundance
'l"!*e slide, slink
'l#/a( mot t o
'l#!* la/iness
'l#-e(l, sloppy
'+a!!e"(/ superficial knowledge
'+el! refine metal
'+"% smug look
'+"!e strike, afflict
'+#c% apron
'(ae trap
'(")e sarcastic, spiteful
'("ppe! morsel, small piece
'("-el whine, sniff
'(&$ ignore, slight
'(&66 extinguish
'#$"e!, composed, abstinent, sober
'#$"0&e! nickname
'#c"al"!e one who is prominent in
society
'#c"#l#/, study of society
'#)al"!, companionship
'#))e( soaked
'#.#&( trip, stopover
'#lace consolation, comfort
'#l)e fuse, weld
'#lec"'+ ungrammatical construction
'#le+( serious, somber
'#le+("!, seriousness
'#l"c"! request
'#l"c"!#&' considerate, concerned
'#l"l#0&, monologue
'#l'!"ce furthest point
'#l&$le dissolvable
'#l-e(! financially sound
'#+a!"c pertaining to the body
'#+$e gloomy, solemn
'#+(a+$&l"'! sleepwalker
'#+(#le(! sleepy
'#((e! short poem
'#(##&' resonant, ma"estic
'#p morsel, compensation, offering
'#p*"'!, specious reasoning
'#p#"6"c sleep inducing
'#pa(# high female voice
'#)") foul, ignoble
'##"!, sisterhood
'#&$e!!e actress, ingenue
'#&'e a drunk
'#-ee"/( monarch
'pa fight
'pa'+#)"c intermittent, fitful
'pa!e sudden outpouring
'pa9( produce
'pec"+e( sample
'pec"#&' false but plausible reasoning
'pec!acle public display
'pec!al ghostly
'pec!&+ range, gamut
'pec&la!e con"ecture
'pele#l#/"'! one who studies caves
'pe9 e"ect
'p"()le shaft
'p"()l, tall and thin
'p"('!e old maid
'p"e pinnacle
'p""!e) lively
'p""!&#&' alcohol, intoxicating
'p"!e malice, grudge
'p"!!le spi t
'pla, spread apart
'plee( resentment, wrath
'ple(e!"c peevish
'pl&/e indulge
'p#(!a(e#&' extemporaneous
'p#a)"c occurring irregularly
'p#!"-e playful
'p, nimble
'p&+e foam, froth
'p&"#&' false, counterfeit
'p&( to re"ect a person with scorn
'0&al") filthy '0&all
rain storm '0&a()e
waste '0&elc* crush,
stifle
'!a/(a(! stale, motionless
'!a") demure, sedate
2&"3 38 4A(al#/"e'5
:irections 0 .hoose the pair that expresses a relationship most similar to that
expressed in the capitali/ed pair. 'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. EE<1EI.'.IO@1 0 I61I=!T 00
,'- ardent 0 quickness
,4- warm 0 temperature
,.- wealthy 0 scarcity
,:- rapacious 0 magnanimity
,E- churlish 0 enmity
5. @nprecedented 0 Erevious Occurrence 00
,'- naive 0 harmony
,4- incomparable 0 equal
,.- improper 0 vacillation
,:- eccentric 0 intensity
,E- random 0 recidivism
7. 16'HE 0 I6#E<TE4<'TE 00
,'- dolphin 0 fish
,4- eagle 0 talon
,.- boa constrictor 0 backbone
,:- penguin 0 bird
,E- bat 0 insect
$. 8I(E<I.H 0 EOE( 00
,'- monologue 0 chorus
,4- sonnet 0 offering
,.- walt/ 0 tango
,:- skull 0 skeleton
,E- aria 0 song
;. I6TE<E1T 0 O41E11IO6 00
,'- faith 0 caprice
,4- nonchalance 0 insouciance
,.- diligence 0 assiduity
,:- decimation 0 annihilation
,E- alacrity0 procrastination
>. <E1O8@TE 0 &I88 00
,'- violent 0 peacefulness
,4- fanatic 0 concern
,.- balky 0 contrary
,:- notorious 0 infamy
,E- virtuous 0 wholesomeness
?. 'TO( 0 ('TTE< 00
,'- neutron 0 proton
,4- vegetable 0 animal
,.- molecule 0 element
,:- component 0 system
,E- pasture 0 herd
A. '.TO<1 0 T<O@EE 00
,'- plotters 0 cabal
,4- professors 0 tenure
,.- workers 0 bourgeoisie
,:- diplomats 0 government
,E- directors 0 cast
2. .O))E< 0 #'8@'48E1 00
,'- mountain 0 avalanche
,4- book 0 paper
,.- vault 0 trifles
,:- sanctuary 0 refuge
,E- sea 0 waves
3%. 8IO6 0 .'<6I#O<E 00
,'- man 0 vegetarian
,4- ape 0 ponderer ,.-
li/ard 0 mammal
,:- buffalo 0 omnivore
,E- shark 0 scavenger
'!al9a! pillar, strong, loyal
'!a+"(a vigor, endurance
'!a(c* loyal
'!a(c*"#( prop, foundation
'!a(3a division of a poem
'!a% desolate
'!a!le surprise
'!a!el, impressive, noble
'!a!"c inactive, immobile
'!a!&e regulation
'!a&(c* loyal
'!a-e ward off
'!ea)6a'! loyal
'!eal!* secrecy, covertness
'!eepe) soaked, infused
'!e(#/ap*, shorthand
'!e(!#"a( loud or declamatory in tone
'!el"(/ high quality
'!e( strict
'!e-e)#e longshoreman
'!"6le suppress
'!"/+a mark of disgrace
'!"le!!# dagger
'!"l!e) formal, stiff
'!"+&la!e excite
'!"(! limit, assignment
'!"pe() payment
'!"p&la!e specify, arrange
'!#)/, stuffy, pompous
'!#"c indifferent to pain or pleasure
'!#%e prod, fuel
'!#le long scarf
'!#l") impassive
'!#&! stocky
'!a"! distress
'!a!a/e+ trick, military tactic
'!a!"6, form into layers
'!a!&+ layer
'!"a!e to mark with stripes
'!"c!&e censure, restriction
'!"6e conflict
'!"%"(/ impressive, attractive
'!"(/e(! severe, strict
'!"-e endeavor
'!&)"#&' diligent
'!&l!"6, inhibit, enfeeble
'!&(!e) arrested development
'!&pe6, deaden, dumfound
'!&pe()#&' astounding
'!&p# lethargy
'!,l"3e formali/e, artificial artistic
style
'!,+"e hinder, thwart
'&a-e smooth, charming
'&$ #'a in secret
'&$c&!a(e#&' beneath the skin
'&$)&e conquer
'&$.&/a!e suppress
'&$le! subcontract
'&$l"+a!e to redirect forbidden
impulses ,usually sexual- into socially
accepted activities
'&$l"+e lofty, excellent
'&$l&(a, earthly
'&$+"! yield, acquiesce
'&$#)"(a!e lower in rank
'&$'e0&e(! succeeding, following
'&$'e-"e(! servile, submissive
'&$'")e diminish
'&$'")"a, subordinate
'&$'")"3e financial assistance
'&$'!a(!"a!e verify
'&$'!a(!"-e substantial
'&$!e6&/e cunning, ruse
'&$!ea(ea( underground
'&$-e! undermine
'&cc# help, comfort
'&cc&le(! "uicy, delicious
'&cc&+$ yield, submit
'&66"ce adequate
'&66a/e vote
'&66&'e pervade, permeate
'&//e'!"-e thoughtprovoking, risquD
'&lle( sulky, sour
'&ll, st ai n
'&l!, sweltering '&++#(
call for, arraign '&+p!&#&'
opulent, luscious '&()e split
'&(), various
'&pe$ excellent
'&pec"l"#&' arrogant
'&pee#/a!#, wanton, superfluous
'&pe6l&#&' overabundant
'&pe"+p#'e cover, place on top of
'&pe"(!e() supervise
'&pela!"-e superior
'&pe(&+ea, subordinate
'&pe'e)e supplant
'&pe-e(e ensue, follow
'&pe-"'e oversee
'&p"(e lying on the back
'&ppla(! replace
'&ppl"ca!"#( prayer
'&ppe'' subdue
'&6e"! overabundance
'&l, rude, crass
'&+"'e to guess
'&+#&(! overcome
'&(a+e family name
'&pa'' exceed, excel
'&eal dreamlike
'&ep!"!"#&' secretive
'&#/a!e substitute
'&-e"lla(ce close watch
'&'cep!"$le vulnerable
'&'pe() stop temporarily
'&'!e(a(ce food
'&'&a(! whispering
'&!&e surgical stitch
'-el!e slender
'9a(% fashionable
'9a!*, dark ,as in complexion-
2&"3 33 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. 1T'#E '. distress
5. 1TE#E:O<E 4. diligent
7. 1T<'IT . . ward off
$. 1T@:IO@1 :. longshoreman
;. 1@4B@='TE E. various
>. 1@4TE<)@=E ) . overabundant
?. 1@6:<9 =. suppress
A. 1@EE<)8@O@1 !. cunning
2. 1@EI6E I. dreamlike
3%. 1@<<E'8 B. lying on the back
'9a!c* strip of fabric
'9el!e"(/ hot
'9"-el a pivot
',$a"!e pleasureseeker
',c#p*a(! flatterer, flunky
',lla$"ca!e divide into syllables
',lla$&' schedule
',lp* a slim, graceful girl
',l-a( rustic
',+$"#!"c cooperative, working in
close association
',++e!, harmony, congruence
',+p#'"&+ panel ,discussion-
',+p!#+a!"c indicative
',(a/#/&e temple
',()"ca!e cartel
',()#+e set of symptoms
',(#) council
',(#p'"' brief summary
',(!*e'"' combination
','!#le heart contraction
T
!a$e(acle temple
!a$le postpone
!a$lea& scene, backdrop
!a$## prohibition
!a$&la!e arrange
!ac"! understood without being spoken
!ac"!&( untalkative
!ac!6&l sensitive
!ac!"c' strategy
!ac!"le tangible
!a"(! pollute
!al"#( punishment
!all, count
!al#( claw
!a()e+ two or more things together
!a(/ strong taste
!a(/e(!"al peripheral
!a(/"$le touchable
!a(!al"3e tease
!a(!a+#&(! equivalent
!ape candle
!a"66 tax on imported or exported
goods
!a( small lake
!a("'* taint
!a, linger
!a&"(e bulllike
!a&! tight
!a&!#l#/"cal repetitious
!a9), gaudy
!ec*(#l#/, body of knowledge
!e)"#&' boring, tiring
!ee+ swarm, abound
!e+e"!, boldness
!e+pea!e moderate
!e+pe'! storm
!e+pe'!&#&' agitated
!e+p# speed
!e+p#al pertaining to time
!e+p! entice
!e(a$le defensible, valid
!e(ac"#&' persistent
!e()e(!"#&' biased
!e(e+e(! decaying apartment building
!e(e! doctrine
!e('"le stretchable
!e(!a!"-e provisional
!e(&#&' thin, insubstantial
!e(&e status given after a period of
time
!ep") lukewarm
!e+"(al final
!e+"(#l#/, nomenclature
!e(a, triple
!ep'"c*#ea( related to dance
!ea"( the feature of land
!eap"( turtle
!ee'!"al earthly
!e'e concise
!e'!a+e(! covenant
!e'!, petulant
!e!*e tie down
!*ea!"c' histrionics
!*e#l#/"a( one who studies religion
!*e'a&&' book of synonyms
!*e'"' proposition, topic
!*e'p"a( actor
!*e9' muscles
!*#(, difficult
!*all slave
!*ea)$ae tattered
!*"-e prosper
!*#e' anguish
!*#(/ crowd
!*#!!le choke
!*9a! to foil
2&"3 3: 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. 1&'T.! '. to foil
5. 196O: 4. anguish
7. T'.IT . . concise
$. T'8O6 :. provisional
;. T'@<I6E E. agitated
>. TE(EE1T@O@1 ) . bulllike
?. TE6T'TI#E =. claw
A. TE<1E !. understood without being spoken
2. T!<OE1 I. council
3%. T!&'<T B. strip of fabric
!"aa crown
!")"(/' news, information
!"66 fight
!"+$e tonal quality, resonance
!"+##&' fearful, timid
!"(c!&e trace, vestige, tint
!"('el tawdriness
!"a)e scolding speech
!"!a( accomplished person
!"!a("c huge
!"!e laugh nervously
!"!*e donate onetenth
!"!"a( auburn
!"!"lla!e arouse
!"!&la in name only, figurehead
!#a), fawner, sycophant
!#c'"( alarm bell, signal
!#"l drudgery
!#+e large book
!#(al pertaining to sound
!#p#/ap*, science of map making
!#+e(! harass
!#p") lethargic, inactive
!#") scorching, passionate
!#'"#( twisting
!#&' doughnut shaped ob"ect
!#!!e stagger
!#&c*'!#(e standard
!#&'le) disheveled
!#&! praise, brag
!#7"c#l#/"'! one who studies poisons
!ac!a$le docile, manageable
!a)&ce slander
!a(0&"l"3e calm, anestheti/e
!a('c"$e write a copy
!a('6"/&e transform, exalt
!a('6"7 impale !a('6&'e
insert, infuse !a('/e''"#(
trespass, offense !a('"e(!
fleeting, temporary
!a('"!#, fleeting
!a('l&ce(! clear, lucid
!a('p"e happen
!a('p#'e interchange
!a&+a in"ury
!a-a"l work, drudgery
!a-e'e cross
!a-e'!, caricature, farce
!ea!"'e book, dissertation
!e% "ourney
!e(c*a(! incisive, penetrating
!ep")a!"#( fear
!"a) group of three
!"$&(al court
!"$&!a, river
!"!e commonplace, insincere
!#/l#),!e cave dweller
!#ll#p harlot
!#&$l#&' disturbed
!#&(ce thrash
!#&pe group of actors
!&c%le yield
!&c&le(! fierce, savage
!&)/e march, slog
!&"'+ selfevident truth
!&(ca!e shorten
!&(c*e#( club
!,'! meeting, rende/vous
!&+$le drinking glass
!&+e6, swell !&+&l!
commotion !&$")
muddy, clouded !&/")
swollen !&p"!&)e
depravity
!&''le fight
!&''#c% cluster of glass
!&!ela/e guardianship
!9a"( t wo
!9"(/e pai n
!,a(("cal dictatorial
!,a((, oppression
!,# beginner
U
&$"0&"!#&' omnipresent, pervasive
&l!e"# hidden, covert
&l!"+a!&+ demand
&l&la!e howl, wail
&+$a/e resentment
&(a$a'*e) shameless, bra/en
&(a$a!e) ceaseless
&(a66ec!e) natural, sincere
&(a("+"!, agreement
&(a''&+"(/ modest
&(a-a"l"(/ useless, futile
&(a9ae' suddenly, unexpectedly
&($ec#+"(/ unfitting
&($")le) unrestrained
2&"3 35 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. TI:I6=1 '. incisive
5. TITE< 4. omnipresent
7. TIT@8'< . . lethargic
$. TO<EI: :. figurehead
;. T<':@.E E. unrestrained
>. T<E6.!'6T ) . news
?. @4IF@ITO@1 =. laugh nervously
A. @8@8'TE !. ceaseless
2. @6'4'TE: I. wail
3%. @64<I:8E: B. slander
&(ca((, mysterious, inexplicable
&(c#('c"#(a$le unscrupulous
&(c#&!* uncultured, crude
&(c!&#&' insincere
&()e+"(e weaken
&()ep"( support
&()e'c#e emphasi/e
&()e'!&), a standin
&()e9#l) criminal world
&()e9"!e agree to finance,
guarantee
&()&e un"ust, excessive
&()&la!e surge, fluctuate
&()&l, excessive
&(e0&"-#cal unambiguous,
categorical
&(e7cep!"#(a$le beyond criticism
&(6a"l"(/ steadfast, unfaltering
&(6a!*#+a$le pu//ling,
incomprehensible
&(6la//"(/ untiring, unrelenting
&(6lappa$le not easily upset
&(6#c% discharge
&(6&l open up, spread out
&(/a"(l, awkward
&("6#+"!, sameness
&("la!eal action taken by only one
party
&("+peac*a$le exemplary
&("'#( together &(%e+p!
disheveled &(+"!"/a!e)
complete, harsh &(+#-e)
firm, steadfast
&(pece)e(!e) without previous
occurrence
&(e+"!!"(/ relentless
&('a-#, distasteful, offensive
&('ca!*e) unhurt
&('ea! displace
&('ee+l, unbecoming, improper
&('!"(!"(/ generous
&('&ll"e) spotless, pure
&('&(/ neglected, not receiving "ust
recognition
&(!e(a$le cannot be achieved
&(!#9a) perverse, unseemly
&(9aa(!e) un"ustified
&(9"el), awkward
&(9"!!"(/ unintentional
&p'*#! result
&$a(e refined, worldly
&'"(e bearlike
&'&p sei/e, to appropriate
&'&, lending money at high rates
&!"l"!a"a( pragmatic, useful
&!#p"a paradise
&!!e complete
&7#"#&' a doting husband
F
-ac"lla!e waver
-ac&#&' inane, empty
-a/a, whim
-a"( unsuccessful
-a"(/l#"#&' conceited
-ale)"c!"#( farewell speech
-al"a(! brave
-al")a!e affirm, authenticate
-al# bravery
-a(/&a) leading position
-a(0&"'* conquer -ap")
vacuous, insipid -a"a(ce
discrepancy -a''al sub"ect,
subordinate -a&(! brag
-e*e+e(! adamant
-e(al mercenary, for the sake of
money
-e()e!!a grudge, feud
-e(ee false front, facade
-e(ea$le revered
-e("al excusable
-e(#+ poison, spite
-e(!&e risk, speculate
-e(!&e'#+e bold, risky
-e(&e location
-eac"!, truthfulness
-ea()a porch
-e$a!"+ word for word, literal
-e$#'e wordy
-e)a(! green, lush
-e)"c! decision, "udgment
-e(ac&la common speech
-e!"/# di//iness
-e'!"/e trace, remnant
-e!# re"ect
-e7 annoy
-"a$le capable of surviving, feasible
-"a)&c! waterway
2&"3 3> 4Ma!c*"(/5
(atch each word in the first column with its definition in the second column.
'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. @6.O@T! '. disheveled
5. @6:@89 4. capable of surviving
7. @6)8'==I6= . . awkward
$. @6HE(ET :. uncultured
;. @61TI6TI6= E. truthfulness
>. @6TE6'48E ) . whim
?. @6&IE8:9 =. unrelenting
A. #'='<9 !. cannot be achieved
2. #E<'.IT9 I. generous
3%. #I'48E B. excessive
-"a() food
-"c"#&' evil, cruel
-"c"''"!&)e changing fortunes
-"c!&al' food
-"e compete
-"/"l watch, sentry duty
-"/"la(! on guard
-"/(e!!e scene
-"/# vitality
-"l"6, defame, malign
-"()"ca!e free from blame
-"()"c!"-e revengeful
-""le manly, strong
-"!&#'# highly skilled artist
-"&le(! deadly, poisonous, infectious
-"'a/e facial expression
-"'c") thick, gummy
-"'"!a!"#( a formal visit
-"!al necessary
-"!"a!e spoil, ruin
-"!e#&' glassy
-"!"#l"c scathing
-"!&pea!"-e abusive, critical language
-"-ac"#&' lively, highspirited
-"-") lifelike, clear
-"-"'ec!"#( experimentation on
animals, dissection
-#ca!"#( occupation
-#c"6e#&' adamant, clamoring
-#/&e fashion, chic
-#la(! agil e
-#la!"le unstable, precarious
-#l"!"#( free will
-#l&$le talkative
-#l&+"(#&' bulky, extensive
-#ac"#&' hungry
-#!a, fan, aficionado
-#&c*'a6e confer, bestow
-&l/a"!, obscenity
-&l(ea$le susceptible
-&lp"(e foxlike, cunning
W
9a/e bet
9a//"'* playful
9a"-e forego
9all#9 indulge
9a( pale, pallid, listless
9a(e dissipate, wither
9a(! need, poverty, lack of
9a(!#( lewd, abandoned, gratuitous
9aa(! "ustification
9a, guarded, cautious
9a'!el spendthrift
9a,la, ambush, accost
9ea( remove from nursing, break a
habit
9e" dam
9el!e confusion, hodgepodge
9*ee)le to coax with flattery
9*e! stimulate
9*"66le vacillate
9*"+'"cal capricious, playful
9"el) exercise control
9"ll6&l deliberate, wanton
9"l, shrewd, crafty
9"(ce cringe
9"()6all bonus, boon
9"((#9 separate
9"('#+e charmingly innocent
9"'!6&l sad yearning, melancholy
9"!*e shrivel
9"3e(e) shriveled
9#e anguish, despair
9#(! custom, habit
9## court, seek favor
9a"!* ghost
9a!* anger, fury
9ea% to inflict something violent
9e'! snatch
9e!c*e) miserable
9"! summons, court order
9"!*e contort, thrash about
9, twisted, ironic sense of humor
G
7e(#p*"ll"c attraction to strangers
7e(#p*#$"a fear of foreigners
7,l#p*#(e musical percussion
instrument
Y
,a( story, tale
,ea( desire strongly
,e( desire, yearning
,#e long ago
Y#&(/ T&%' reformers
H
3eal earnestness, passion
3eal#! fanatic
3e("!* summit
3ep*, gentle bree/e
2&"3 37 4Se(!e(ce <#+ple!"#('5
.omplete each sentence with the best available word. 'nswers are on page 3%5.
3. Though most explicitly sexist
words have been replaced by
genderneutral terms, sexism
$. :espite all its , a
stint in the diplomatic core is
invariably an uplifting experience.
thrives in the
many words.
,'- indistinctness
,4- similitude
,.- loquacity
,:- implications
,E- obscurity
of
,'- merits
,4- compensation
,.- effectiveness
,:- rigors
,E- mediocrity
;. <obert &illiamsC style of writing
5. The aspiring candidateCs per
has an air of 0 "ust
formance in the debate all but
any hope he may have
had of winning the election.
,'- nullifies
,4- encourages
,.- guarantees
,:- accentuates
,E- contains
when you think the story line is
predictable, he suddenly takes a
different direction. 'lthough this
is often the mark of a beginner,
&illiams pulls it off masterfully.
,'- ineptness
,4- indignation
,.- reserve
,:- "ollity
,E- capriciousness
7. 1he is the most person I
>. 8iharev talks about being both a
have ever met, seemingly with an
endless reserve of energy.
,'- "e"une
,4- vivacious
,.- solicitous
,:- impudent
,E- indolent
nihilist and an atheist during his
life, yet he never does
faith in =od.
,'- affirm
,4- lose
,.- scorn
,:- aver
,E- supplicate
>. Though a small man, B Egar
!over appeared to be much larger
behind his deskJ for, having
skillfully designed his office, he
2. This argues well that Erikson
exercised less free will than
&arnerJ for even though Erikson
was aware that he was misdirected,
he was st i l l unabl e t o
was
perspective.
,'- augmented
,4- comforted
,.- apprehended
,:- lessened
,E- disconcerted
by the
,'- defer
,4- facilitate
,.- proscribe
,:- prevent
,E- exert
free will.
?. Existentialism can be used to
rationali/e evil0 if one does not
like the rules of society and has
no conscience, he may use
existentialism as a means of
a set of beliefs
that are advantageous to him but
in"urious to others.
,'- thwarting
,4- proving
,.- promoting
,:- "ustifying
,E- impugning
A. These categories amply point out
the fundamental desire that people
have to express themselves and
the cleverness they display in that
expressionJ who would have
believed that the drab, mundane
:(# woul d become the
such creativityK
3%. (an has no choice but to seek
truth, he is made uncomfortable
and frustrated without truthLthus,
the quest for truth is part of what
makes us .
,'- noble
,4- different
,.- human
,:- intelligent
,E- aggressive
,'- catalyst for
,4- inhibitor of
,.- disabler of
,:- referee of
,E- censor of
A('9e' !# 2&"33e'
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Word Analysis
&ord analysis ,etymology- is the process of separating a word into
its parts and then using the meanings of those parts to deduce the
meaning of the original word. Take, for example, the word
I6TE<(I6'48E. It is made up of three parts0 a prefix I6 ,not-, a
root TE<(I6 ,stop-, and a suffix '48E ,can do-. Therefore, by
word analysis, I6TE<(I6'48E means *not able to stop.+ This
is not the literal meaning of I6TE<(I6'48E ,endless-, but it is
close enough. )or another example, consider the word
<ET<O1EE.T. It is made up of the prefix <ET<O ,back- and the
root 1EE.T ,to look-. !ence, <ET<O1EE.T means *to look back
,in time-, to contemplate.+
&ord analysis is very effective in decoding the meaning of
words. !owever, you must be careful in its application since words
do not always have the same meaning as the sum of the meanings
of their parts. In fact, on occasion words can have the
opposite meaning of their parts. )or example, by word analysis
the word '&)@8 should mean *full of awe,+ or aweinspiring.
4ut over the years it has come to mean "ust the oppositeLterrible.
In spite of the shortcomings, word analysis gives the correct
meaning of a word ,or at least a hint of it- far more often than not
and therefore is a useful tool.
E7a+ple'I
INDEBATIGABLE
'nalysis0 I6 ,not-J :E ,thoroughly-J )'TI= ,fatigue-J '48E ,can do-
(eaning0 cannot be fatigued, tireless
<IR<UMSEE<T
'nalysis0 .I<.@( ,around-J 1EE.T ,to look-
(eaning0 to look around, that is, to be cautious
ANTIEATHY
'nalysis0 '6TI ,against-J E'T! ,to feel-J 9 ,noun suffix-
(eaning0 to feel strongly against something, to hate
OMNIS<IENT
'nalysis0 O(6I ,all-J 1.I ,to know-J E6T ,noun suffix-
(eaning0 allknowing
3%$ Vocabulary 4000
)ollowing are some of the most useful prefixes, roots, and suffixes.
Ee6"7e'
3. a$ from aberration
5. a) Lalso acJ a6J a/J alJ
a(J apJ aJ a'J a!
to adequate
7. a+$" both ambidextrous
$. a(Lalso a without anarchy
;. a(!" against antipathetic
>. a(!e before antecedent
?. $e throughout belie
A. $" two bilateral
2. ca!a down catacomb
3%. c"c&+ around circumscribe
33. c#+ Lalso c#(J c#lJ
c#J c#/J c#
together confluence
35. c#(!a against contravene
37. )e down ,negative- debase
3$. )eca ten decathlon
3;. )ece+ ten decimal
3>. )" two digraph
3?. )"a through, between dialectic
3A. )"' apart ,negative- disparity
32. )& two duplicate
5%. ),' abnormal dysphoria
53. ep" upon epicenter
55. e0&" equal equitable
57. e7 out extricate
5$. e7!a beyond extraterrestrial
5;. 6#e in front of foreword
5>. *e+" half hemisphere
5?. *,pe excessive hyperbole
5A. *,p# too little hypothermia
52. "( Lal so "/J "lJ "+J " not inefficient
7%. "( Lal so "lJ "+J " in, very invite, inflammable
73. "(!e between interloper
75. "(!#Lalso "(!a inside introspective
77. %"l # one thousand kilogram
7$. +e!a changing metaphysics
7;. +"c# small microcosm
7>. +"l"Lalso +"ll " one thousand millipede
7?. +" ' bad, hate misanthrope
7A. +#(# one monopoly
72. +&l!" many multifarious
$%. (e# new neophyte
$3. ("lLalso ("*"l nothing nihilism
$5. (#( not nonentity
$7. #$ Lalso #cJ #6J #p against obstinate
$$. pa( all panegyric
$;. paa beside paranormal
$>. pe throughout permeate
$?. pe" around periscope
$A. p#l , many polyglot
$2. p#'! after posterity
;%. pe before predecessor
;3. p"+ first primitive
;5. p# forward procession
;7. 0&a) four quadruple
;$. e again reiterate
;;. e!# backward retrograde
;>. 'e+" half semiliterate
;?. '&$ Lalso '&cJ '&6J
'&/J '&pJ '&'
under succumb
;A. '&peLalso '&pa above superannuated
;2. ',( Lalso ',+J ',l together synthesis
>%. !a(' across transgression
>3. &( not unkempt
>5. &(" one unique
R##!'
<oo t (eanin g Example
3. ac bitter, sharp acrid
5. a/#/ leader demagogue
7. a/"Lalso a/a" field agriculture
$. al " other alienate
;. al! high altostratus
>. al!e other alternative
?. a+ love amiable
A. a(" + soul animadversion
2. a(!*#p man, people anthropology
3%. ac* ruler monarch
33. a&) hear auditory
35. a&!# self autocracy
37. $ell " war bellicose
3$. $e( good benevolence
3;. $"$l" # book bibliophile
3>. $" # life biosphere
3?. cap take caprice
3A. cap"! head capitulate
32. ca( flesh incarnate
5%. ce) go accede
53. cele swift accelerate
55. ce(! one hundred centurion
57. c*#( time chronology
5$. c")e cut, kill fratricide
5;. c"! to call recite
5>. c" - citi/en civility
5?. c#) heart cordial
5A. c#p body corporeal
52. c#'+ universe cosmopolitan
7%. ca! power plutocrat
73. ce) belief incredulous
75. c& to care curable
77. )e$ debt debit
7$. )e+ people demagogue
7;. )"c to say :ictaphone
7>. )#c to teach doctorate
7?. ),(a+ power dynamism
7A. e/# I egocentric
72. e to wander errant
$%. e& good euphemism
$3. 6ac Lalso 6"cJ 6ecJ 6ec! to make affectation
$5. 6all false infallible
$7. 6e to carry fertile
$$. 6") faith confidence
$;. 6"( end finish
$>. 6#! strong fortitude
$?. /e( race, group genocide
$A. /e# earth geology
$2. /e+ vital part germane
;%. /e'! carry gesticulate
;3. /(#'" know prognosis
;5. /a)Lalso /e'' step transgress
;7. /ap* writing calligraphy
;$. /a- heavy gravitate
;;. /e/ crowd egregious
;>. *a$"! to have, live habituate
;?. *e+aLalso *e+# blood hemorrhage
;A. *e!e# different heterogeneous
;2. *#+# same homogeni/ed
>%. *&+ earth, man humble
>3. .acLalso .ec throw inter"ection
>5. .&) "udge "udicious
>7. .&(c!Lalso .#"( combine dis"unctive
>$. .&'Lalso .& law, to swear ad"ure
>;. l e/ law legislator
>>. l"$e free libertine
>?. l"c permit illicit
>A. l #c place locomotion
>2. l #/ word logic
?%. l#0& speak soliloquy
?3. +ac# large macrobiotics
?5. +a/( large magnanimous
?7. +al bad malevolent
?$. +a(& by hand manuscript
?;. +a! mother matriarch
?>. +e)" middle medieval
??. +e!e measure perimeter
?A. +"!Lalso +"'' send missive
?2. +#p* form, structure anthropomorphic
A%. +&! change immutable
A3. (a!Lalso (a'c born nascent
A5. (e/ deny renegade
A7. (#+e( name nominal
A$. (#- new innovative
A;. #+(" all omniscient
A>. #peLalso #p&' work operative
A?. pacLalso pla"' please complaisant
AA. pa!eLalso pa! father expatriate
A2. pa!* disease, feeling pathos
2%. pe)Lalso p#) foot pedestal
23. pelLalso p&l' push impulsive
25. pe( hang appendix
27. p*" l love philanthropic
2$. p"c! paint depict
2;. p#l " city metropolis
2>. p#! carry deportment
2?. p#'Lalso p#( to place posit
2A. p#! power potentate
22. p&! think computer
3%%. ec!Lalso e/ straight rectitude
3%3. ")"Lalso "'" laughter derision
3%5. #/ beg interrogate
3%7. &p! break interruption
3%$. 'a(c! holy sanctimonious
3%;. 'a(/&" blood sanguinary
3%>. 'a! enough satiate
3%?. 'c" know conscience
3%A. 'c"$Lalso 'c"p! to write circumscribe
3%2. 'e0&Lalso 'ec& follow sequence
33%. '"+"lLalso '"+&l resembling simile
333. '#l-Lalso '#l&! loosen absolve
335. '#p* wisdom unsophisticated
337. 'pec look circumspect
33$. 'p" breathe aspire
33;. '!"c!Lalso '!"(/ bind astringent
33>. '!& build construe
33?. !ac!Lalso !a(/J !"/ touch intangible
33A. !ec*(" skill technique
332. !e+p# time temporal
35%. !e( hold tenacious
353. !e+ end interminable
355. !e earth extraterrestrial
357. !e'! to witness testimony
35$. !*e god theocracy
35;. !*e+ heat thermodynamics
35>. !#+ cut epitome
35?. !#!Lalso !#' twist distortion
35A. !ac! draw, pull abstract
352. !"$ bestow attribute
37%. !&)Lalso !&' push protrude
373. !&"!Lalso !&! teach intuitive
375. &l!"+a last penultimate
377. &l!a beyond ultraviolet
37$. &$ city urbane
37;. -ac empty vacuous
37>. -al strength, valor valediction
37?. -e( come adventure
37A. -e true veracity
372. -e$ word verbose
3$%. -e'! clothe travesty
3$3. -"c change vicissitude
3$5. -"!Lalso -"- alive vivacious
3$7. -#c voice vociferous
3$$. -#l wish volition
1uffixes determine the part of speech a word belongs to. They are
not as useful for determining a wordCs meaning as are roots and
prefixes. 6evertheless, there are a few that are helpful.
S&66"7e'
1uffix (eanin g Example
3. a$leLalso "$le capable of legible
5. ac, state of celibacy
7. a(! full of luxuriant
$. a!e to make consecrate
;. eJ # one who censor
>. 6" c making traffic
?. " ' + belief monotheism
A. " '! one who fascist
2. " 3e to make victimi/e
3%. #") like steroid
33. #l #/, study of biology
35. #'e full of verbose
37. #&' full of fatuous
3$. !&)e state of rectitude
3;. &e state of, act primogeniture
E7ec"'eI
'naly/e and define the following words. 'nswers begin on page 337.
Example0 RETROGRADE
'nalysis0 retro ,backward-J grade ,step-
(eaning0 to step backward, to regress
3. <IR<UMNAFIGATE
'nalysis0
(eaning0
5. MISANTHROEE
'nalysis0
(eaning0
7. ANAR<HY
'nalysis0
(eaning0
$. AUTOBIOGRAEHY
'nalysis0
(eaning0
;. IN<REDULOUS
'nalysis0
(eaning0
>. EGO<ENTRI<
'nalysis0
(eaning0
?. INBALLIBLE
'nalysis0
(eaning0
A. AMORAL
'nalysis0
(eaning0
2. INBIDEL
'nalysis0
(eaning0
3%. NONENTITY
'nalysis0
(eaning0
33. <OREULENT
'nalysis0
(eaning0
35. IRREEARABLE
'nalysis0
(eaning0
37. INTROSEE<TIFE
'nalysis0
(eaning0
3$. IMMORTALITY
'nalysis0
(eaning0
3;. BENEBA<TOR
'nalysis0
(eaning0
3>. DEGRADATION
'nalysis0
(eaning0
3?. DISEASSIONATE
'nalysis0
(eaning0
3A. AEATHETI<
'nalysis0
(eaning0
S#l&!"#(' !# E7ec"'e
3. <IR<UMNAFIGATE
'nalysis0 .I<.@( ,around-J 6'# ,to sail-J 'TE ,verb suffix-
(eaning0 To sail around the world.
5. MISANTHROEE
'nalysis0 (I1 ,bad, hate-J '6T!<OE ,man-
(eaning0 One who hates all mankind.
7. ANAR<HY
'nalysis0 '6 ,without-J '<.! ,ruler-J 9 ,noun suffix-
(eaning0 &ithout rule, chaos.
$. AUTOBIOGRAEHY
'nalysis0 '@TO ,self-J 4IO ,life-J =<'E! ,to write-J 9 ,noun suffix-
(eaning0 OneCs written life story.
;. IN<REDULOUS
'nalysis0 I6 ,not-J .<E: ,belief-J O@1 ,ad"ective suffix-
(eaning0 :oubtful, unbelieving.
>. EGO<ENTRI<
'nalysis0 E=O ,self-J .E6T< ,center-J I. ,ad"ective suffix-
(eaning0 1elfcentered.
?. INBALLIBLE
'nalysis0 I6 ,not-J )'88 ,false-J I48E ,ad"ective suffix-
(eaning0 .ertain, cannot fail.
A. AMORAL
'nalysis0 ' ,without-J (O<'8 ,ethical-
(eaning0 &ithout morals.
6ote0 '(O<'8 does not mean immoralJ rather it means neither
right nor wrong. .onsider the following example0 8ittle 1usie,
who does not reali/e that it is wrong to hit other people, hits little
4obby. 1he has committed an '(O<'8 act. !owever, if her
mother explains to 1usie that it is wrong to hit other people and she
understands it but still hits 4obby, then she has committed an
immoral act.
2. INBIDEL
'nalysis0 I6 ,not-J )I: ,belief- (eaning0 One
who does not believe ,of religion-.
3%. NONENTITY
'nalysis0 6O6 ,not-J E6TIT9 ,thing-
(eaning0 ' person of no significance.
33. <OREULENT
'nalysis0 .O<E ,body-J 8E6T ,ad"ective suffix-
(eaning0 Obese.
35. IRREEARABLE
'nalysis0 I< ,not-J <EE'< ,to repair-J '48E ,can do-
(eaning0 1omething that cannot be repairedJ a wrong so egregious
it cannot be righted.
37. INTROSEE<TIFE
'nalysis0 I6T<O ,within-J 1EE.T ,to look-J I#E ,ad"ective suffix-
(eaning0 To look inward, to analy/e oneself.
3$. IMMORTALITY
'nalysis0 I( ,not-J (O<T'8 ,sub"ect to death-J IT9 ,noun ending-
(eaning0 .annot die, will live forever.
3;. BENEBA<TOR
'nalysis0 4E6E ,good-J )'.T ,to do-J O< ,noun suffix Mone whoN-
(eaning0 One who does a good deed, a patron.
3>. DEGRADATION
'nalysis0 :E ,downLnegative-J =<':E ,step-J TIO6 ,noun suffix-
(eaning0 The act of lowering someone socially or humiliating them.
3?. DISEASSIONATE
'nalysis0 :I1 ,awayLnegative-J E'11 ,to feel-
(eaning0 :evoid of personal feeling, impartial.
3A. AEATHETI<
'nalysis0 ' ,without-J E'T! ,to feel-J I. ,ad"ective ending-
(eaning0 &ithout feelingJ to be uninterested. ,The apathetic voters.-
Idiom & Usae
The field of grammar is huge and complexLtomes have been
written on the sub"ect. This complexity should be no surprise since
grammar deals with the process of communication.
@sage concerns how we choose our words and how we express
our thoughts0 in other words, are the connections between the
words in a sentence logically sound, and are they expressed in a
way that conforms to standard idiomK &e will study six ma"or
categories0
O E#(#&( E#'
O S&$.ec!1Fe$ A/ee+e(!
O M"'place) M#)"6"e'
O Ba&l!, Eaallel"'+
O Ba&l!, Fe$ Te('e
O Ba&l!, I)"#+
33A Vocabulary 4000
El&al
we, us
they
them
these
those
some
that
both
ourselves
any
many
few
several
others
B#!* S"(/&la
a() El&al
any
none
all
most
more
who
which
what
you
!RO"OU" ERRORS
' pronoun is a word that stands for a noun, known as the
antecedent of the pronoun. The key point for the use of pronouns is
this0
O Eronouns must agree with their antecedents in both number
,singular or plural- and person ,3
st
, 5
nd
, or 7
rd
-.
E7a+pleI
1teve has yet to receive his degree.
!ere, the pronoun his refers to the noun
Steve.
)ollowing is a list of the most common pronouns0
ERONOUNS
S"(/&la
I, me
she, her
he, him
it
anyone
either
each
many a
nothing
one
another
everything
mine
his, hers
this
that
Idiom & Usage 332
<eference
O ' pronoun should be plural when it refers to two nouns "oined
by and.
E7a+pleI
Bane and Hatarina believe they passed the final exam.
The plural pronoun they refers to the compound sub"ect Jane
and Katarina.
O ' pronoun should be singular when it refers to two nouns
"oined by or or nor.
Ba&l!, U'a/e
6either Bane nor Hatarina believes they passed
the final.
.orrect
6either Bane nor Hatarina believes she passed the final.
O ' pronoun should refer to one and only one noun or compound
noun.
This is probably the most common pronoun error. If a pronoun
follows two nouns, it is often unclear which of the nouns the
pronoun refers to.
Ba&l!, U'a/e
The breakup of the 1oviet @nion has left nuclear
eapons in the hands of unstable, nascent
countries. It is imperative to world security that
they be destroyed.
'lthough one is unlikely to take the sentence to mean that the
countries must be destroyed, that interpretation is possible from
the structure of the sentence. It is easily corrected0
The breakup of the 1oviet @nion has left nuclear
eapons in the hands of unstable, nascent
countries. It is imperative to world security that
these weapons be destroyed.
Ba&l!, U'a/e
In 1omalia, they have become "aded by the
constant warfare.
This construction is faulty because they does not have an ante
cedent. The sentence can be corrected by replacing they with
people0
4etter0
In 1omalia, people have become "aded by the
constant warfare.
The people of 1omalia have become "aded by the
constant warfare.
O In addition to agreeing with its antecedent in number, a pronoun
must agree with its antecedent in person.
Ba&l!, U'a/e
!ne enters this world with no responsibilities.
Then comes school, then work, then marriage
and family. 6o wonder, you look
longingly to retirement.
In this sentence, the sub"ect has changed from one ,third
person- to you ,second person-. To correct the sentence either
replace one with you or vice versa0
"ou enter this world with no responsibilities.
Then comes school, then work, then marriage
and family. 6o wonder, you look
longingly to retirement.
!ne enters this world with no responsibilities.
Then comes school, then work, then marriage
and family. 6o wonder, one looks
longingly to retirement.
D"ll I
In each of the following sentences, part or all of the sentence is underlined. The
answerchoices offer five ways of phrasing the underlined part. If you think the
sentence as written is better than the alternatives, choose ', which merely
repeats the underlined partJ otherwise choose one of the alternatives. 'nswers
begin on page 3$5.
3. !ad the EresidentCs 'dministration not lost the vote on the budget reduction
package, his first year in office would have been rated an '.
,'- !ad the EresidentCs 'dministration not lost the vote on the budget
reduction package, his first year in office would have been rated an '.
,4- If the 'dministration had not lost the vote on the budget reduction
package, his first year in office would have been rated an '.
,.- !ad the EresidentCs 'dministration not lost the vote on the budget
reduction package, it would have been rated an '.
,:- !ad the EresidentCs 'dministration not lost the vote on its budget
reduction package, his first year in office would have been rated an '.
,E- If the Eresident had not lost the vote on the budget reduction package,
the 'dministrationCs first year in office would have been rated an '.
5. The new law requires a manufacturer to immediately notify their customers
whenever the government is contemplating a forced recall of any of the
manufacturerCs products.
,'- to immediately notify their customers whenever the government is
contemplating a forced recall of any of the manufacturerCs products.
,4- to immediately notify customers whenever the government is
contemplating a forced recall of their products.
,.- to immediately, and without delay, notify its customers whenever the
government is contemplating a forced recall of any of the manufac
tureCs products.
,:- to immediately notify whenever the government is contemplating a
forced recall of any of the manufacturerCs products that the customers
may have bought.
,E- to immediately notify its customers whenever the government is
contemplating a forced recall of any of the manufacturerCs products.
7. &orld &ar II taught the @nited 1tates the folly of punishing a vanquished
aggressorJ so after the war, they enacted the (arshall Elan to rebuild
=ermany.
,'- after the war, they enacted the (arshall Elan to rebuild =ermany.
,4- after the war, the (arshall Elan was enacted to rebuild =ermany.
,.- after the war, the (arshall Elan was enacted by the @nited 1tates to
rebuild =ermany.
,:- after the war, the @nited 1tates enacted the (arshall Elan to rebuild
=ermany.
,E- after the war, the @nited 1tates enacted the (arshall Elan in order to
rebuild =ermany.
$. In the 32;%Cs, integration was an anathema to most 'mericansJ now,
however, most 'mericans accept it as desirable.
,'- to most 'mericansJ now, however, most 'mericans accept it as
desirable.
,4- to most 'mericans, now, however, most 'mericans accept it.
,.- to most 'mericansJ now, however, most 'mericans are desirable of it.
,:- to most 'mericansJ now, however, most 'mericans accepted it as
desirable.
,E- to most 'mericans. 6ow, however, most 'mericans will accept it as
desirable.
;. =eologists in .alifornia have discovered a fault near the famous 1an
'ndreas )ault, one that they believe to be a trigger for ma"or quakes on the
1an 'ndreas.
,'- one that they believe to be a trigger for
,4- one they believe to be a trigger for
,.- one that they believe triggers
,:- that they believe to be a trigger for
,E- one they believe acts as a trigger for
>. ' bite from the tsetse fly invariably paraly/es its victims unless an antidote
is administered within two hours.
,'- its victims unless an antidote is administered
,4- its victims unless an antidote can be administered
,.- its victims unless an antidote was administered
,:- its victims unless an antidote is administered to the victims
,E- its victims unless they receive an antidote
SUB#ECT$%ERB A&REE'E"T
&ithin a sentence there are certain requirements for the relationship
between the sub"ect and the verb.
O The sub"ect and verb must agree both in number and person.
E7a+pleI
&e have surpassed our sales goal of one million dollars.
!ere, the first person plural verb have agrees with its first
person plural sub"ect e.
6ote, ironically, third person singula r verbs often end in s or
es0 !e seems to be fair.
O Intervening phrases and clauses have no effect on sub"ectverb
agreement.
E7a+pleI
Only one of the EresidentCs nominees was confirmed.
!ere, the singular verb as agrees with its singular sub"ect one.
The intervening prepositional phrase o# the $resident%s
nominees has no effect on the number or person of the verb.
O &hen the sub"ect and verb are reversed, they still must agree in
both number and person.
E7a+pleI
&ttached are copies of the contract.
!ere, the plural verb are attached agrees with its plural sub"ect
copies. The sentence could be rewritten as
'opies of the contract are attached.
D"ll II
'nswers and solutions begin on page 3$>.
3. The rising cos t of government bureaucracy have made it all but impossible
to reign in the budget deficit.
,'- The rising cost
,4- 1ince the rising costs
,.- 4ecause of the rising costs
,:- The rising costs
,E- <ising cost
5. In a copublication agreement, ownership of both the material and its means
of distribution are equally shared by the parties.
,'- its means of distribution are equally shared by the parties.
,4- its means of distribution are shared equally by each of the parties.
,.- its means of distribution is equally shared by the parties.
,:- their means of distribution is equally shared by the parties.
,E- the means of distribution are equally shared by the parties.
7. The rise in negative attitudes toward foreigners indicate that the country is
becoming less tolerant, and therefore tha t the opportunities are ripe for
extremist groups to exploit the illegal immigration problem.
,'- indicate that the country is becoming less tolerant, and therefore that
,4- indicates that the country is becoming less tolerant, and therefore
,.- indicates that the country is becoming less tolerant, and therefore
that
,:- indicates that the country is being less tolerant, and therefore
,E- indicates that the country is becoming less tolerant of and therefore
that
$. The harvest of grapes in the local valleys decreased in 322% for the third
straight year but were still at a robust level.
,'- The harvest of grapes in the local valleys decreased in 322% for the
third straight year but were
,4- The harvest of grapes in the local valleys began to decrease in 322%
for the third straight year but were
,.- In 322%, the harvest of grapes in the local valleys decreased for the
third straight year but were
,:- The harvest of grapes in the local valleys decreased for the third
straight year in 322% but was
,E- The harvest of grapes in the local valleys began decreasing in 322% for
the third straight year but was
;. Each of the bookCs protagonistsL(ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r.
ThomasLhas a powerful, dynamic personality.
,'- Each of the bookCs protagonistsL(ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r.
ThomasLhas
,4- Each of the bookCs protagonistsL(ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r.
ThomasLhave
,.- 'll the bookCs protagonistsL(ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r.
ThomasLhas
,:- (ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r. ThomasLthe bookCs protagonistsL
each has
,E- Each of the bookCs protagonistsL(ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r.
ThomasLcould have had
'IS!(ACED 'ODI)IERS
O 's a general rule, a modifier should be placed as close as
possible to what it modifies.
E7a+pleI
)ollowing are some useful tips for protecting
your person and property from the )4I.
's written, the sentence implies that the )4I is a threat to your
person and property. To correct the sentence put the modifier
#rom the ()I next to the word it modifies, tips0
)ollowing are some useful tips from the )4I for
protecting your person and property.
O &hen a phrase begins a sentence, make sure that it modifies the
sub"ect of the sentence.
E7a+pleI
.oming around the corner, a few moments
passed before I could recogni/e my old home.
's worded, the sentence implies that the moments were coming
around the corner. The sentence can be corrected as follows0
's I came around the corner, a few moments
passed before I could recogni/e my old home.
or
.oming around the corner, I paused a few
moments before I could recogni/e my old home.
D"ll III
'nswers and solutions begin on page 3$2.
3. 4y focusing on poverty, the other causes of crimeLsuch as the breakup of
the nuclear family, changing morals, the loss of community, etc.Lhave
been overlooked by sociologists.
,'- the other causes of crimeLsuch as the breakup of the nuclear family,
changing morals, the loss of community, etc.Lhave been overlooked
by sociologists.
,4- the other causes of crime have been overlooked by sociologistsLsuch
as the breakup of the nuclear family, changing morals, the loss of
community, etc.
,.- there are other causes of crime that have been overlooked by
sociologistsLsuch as the breakup of the nuclear family, changing
morals, the loss of community, etc.
,:- crimesLsuch as the breakup of the nuclear family, changing morals,
the loss of community, etc.Lhave been overlooked by sociologists.
,E- sociologists have overlooked the other causes of crimeLsuch as the
breakup of the nuclear family, changing morals, the loss of
community, etc.
5. @sing the !ubble telescope, previously unknown galaxies are now being
charted.
,'- @sing the !ubble telescope, previously unknown galaxies are now
being charted.
,4- Ereviously unknown galaxies are now being charted, using the !ubble
telescope.
,.- @sing the !ubble telescope, previously unknown galaxies are now
being charted by astronomers.
,:- @sing the !ubble telescope, astronomers are now charting previously
unknown galaxies.
,E- &ith the aid of the !ubble telescope, previously unknown galaxies are
now being charted.
7. The bitter cold the (idwest is experiencing is potentially life threatening to
stranded motorists unless wellinsulated with protective clothing.
,'- stranded motorists unless insulated
,4- stranded motorists unless being insulated
,.- stranded motorists unless they are insulated
,:- stranded motorists unless there is insulation
,E- the stranded motorist unless insulated
$. Traveling across and shooting the vast expanse of the 1outhwest, in 32$;
'nsel 'dams began his photographic career.
,'- Traveling across and shooting the vast expanse of the 1outhwest, in
32$; 'nsel 'dams began his photographic career.
,4- Traveling across and shooting the vast expanse of the 1outhwest,
'nsel 'dams began his photographic career in 32$;.
,.- !aving traveled across and shooting the vast expanse of the
1outhwest, in 32$; 'nsel 'dams began his photographic career.
,:- 'nsel 'dams, in 32$; began his photographic career, traveling across
and shooting the vast expanse of the 1outhwest.
,E- In 32$;, 'nsel 'dams began his photographic career, traveling across
and shooting the vast expanse of the 1outhwest.
)AU(T* !ARA((E(IS'
O )or a sentence to be parallel, similar elements must be
expressed in similar form.
O &hen two ad"ectives modify the same noun, they should have
similar forms.
E7a+pleI
The topology course was both rigorous and a
challenge.
1ince both rigorous and a challenge are modifying course, they
should have the same form0
The topology course was both rigorous and
challenging.
O &hen a series of clauses is listed, the verbs in each clause must
have the same form.
E7a+pleI
:uring his trip to Europe, the Eresident will
discuss ways to stimulate trade, o##er economic
aid, and trying to forge a new coalition with
moderate forces in <ussia.
In this example, the first two verbs, discuss and o##er, are
active. 4ut the third verb in the series, trying, is passive. The
form of the verb should be active0
:uring his trip to Europe, the Eresident will
discuss ways to stimulate trade, o##er economic
aid, and try to forge a new coalition with
moderate forces in <ussia.
O &hen the first half of a sentence has a certain structure, the
second half should preserve that structure.
E7a+pleI
To ac*noledge that one is an alcoholic is
ta*ing
the first and hardest step to
recovery.
The first half of the above sentence has an infinitive structure,
to ac*noledge, so the second half must have a similar structure0
To ac*noledge that one is an alcoholic is to
ta*e
the first and hardest step to
recovery.
D"ll IF
'nswers and solutions begin on page 3;5.
3. .ommon knowledge tells us that sensible exercise and eating properly will
result in better health.
,'- eating properly will result
,4- proper diet resulted
,.- dieting will result
,:- proper diet results
,E- eating properly results
5. This century began with war brewing in Europe, the industrial revolution
wellestablished, and a nascent communication age.
,'- war brewing in Europe, the industrial revolution wellestablished, and
a nascent communication age.
,4- war brewing in Europe, the industrial revolution surging, and a
nascent communication age.
,.- war in Europe, the industrial revolution wellestablished, and a nascent
communication age.
,:- war brewing in Europe, the industrial revolution wellestablished, and
the communication age beginning.
,E- war brewing in Europe, the industrial revolution wellestablished, and
saw the birth of the communication age.
7. It is often better to try repairing an old car than to "unk it.
,'- to try repairing an old car than to "unk it.
,4- to repair an old car than to have it "unked.
,.- to try repairing an old car than to "unking it.
,:- to try and repair an old car than to "unk it.
,E- to try to repair an old car than to "unk it.
$. Burassic Eark, written by (ichael .richton, and which was first printed in
32AA , is a novel about a theme park of the future in which dinosaurs roam
free.
,'- Burassic Eark, written by (ichael .richton, and which was first
printed in 32AA,
,4- Burassic Eark, written by (ichael .richton and first printed in 32AA,
,.- Burassic Eark, which was written by (ichael .richton, and which was
first printed in 32AA,
,:- &ritten by (ichael .richton and first printed in 32AA, Burassic Eark
,E- Burassic Eark, which was written by (ichael .richton and first printed
in 32AA,
)AU(T* %ERB TE"SE
' verb has four principal parts0
1. Ee'e(! Te('e
a. @sed to express present tense.
+e studies hard,
b. @sed to express general truths.
-uring a recession. people are cautious about ta*ing on
more debt,
c. @sed with ill or shall to express future time.
+e ill ta*e the S&T ne/t year,
8. Ea'! Te('e
a. @sed to express past tense.
+e too* the S&T last year.
3. Ea'! Ea!"c"ple
a. @sed to form the present per#ect tense, which indicates that
an action was started in the past and its effects are
continuing in the present. It is formed using have or has
and the past participle of the verb.
+e has prepared thoroughly #or the S&T,
b. @sed to form the past per#ect tense, which indicates that an
action was completed before another past action. It is
formed using had and the past participle of the verb.
+e had prepared thoroughly be#ore ta*ing the S&T,
c. @sed to form the #uture per#ect tense, which indicates that
an action will be completed before another future action. It
is formed using ill have or shall have and the past
participle of the verb.
+e ill have prepared thoroughly be#ore ta*ing the S&T,
:. Ee'e(! Ea!"c"ple 4-ing 6#+ #6 !*e -e$5
a. @sed to form the present progressive tense, which indicates
that an action is ongoing. It is formed using is, am, or are
and the present participle of the verb.
+e is preparing thoroughly #or the S&T,
b. @sed to form the past progressive tense, which indicates
that an action was in progress in the past. It is formed
using as or ere and the present participle of the verb.
+e as preparing #or the S&T,
c. @sed to form the #uture progressive tense, which indicates
that an action will be in progress in the future. It is formed
using ill be or shall be and the present participle of the
verb.
+e ill be preparing thoroughly #or the S&T,
E'11I#E #OI.E
The passive voice removes the sub"ect from the sentence. It is
formed with the verb to be and the past participle of the main verb.
Eassive0
'ctive0
The bill as resubmitted by the Senator,
The Senator has resubmitted the bill,
@nless you want to deemphasi/e the doer of an action, you should
favor the active voice.
D"ll F
'nswers and solutions begin on page 3;;.
3. In the past few years and to this day, many teachers of math and science had
chosen to return to the private sector.
,'- had chosen to return to the private sector.
,4- having chosen to return to the private sector.
,.- chose to return to the private sector.
,:- have chosen to return to the private sector.
,E- have chosen returning to the private sector.
5. (ost of the homes that were destroyed in last summerCs brush fires were
built with woodshake roofs.
,'- (ost of the homes that were destroyed in last summerCs brush fires
were
,4- 8ast summer, brush fires destroyed most of the homes that were
,.- (ost of the homes that were destroyed in last summerCs brush fires
had been
,:- (ost of the homes that the brush fires destroyed last summerCs have
been
,E- (ost of the homes destroyed in last summerCs brush fires were being
7. 'lthough &orld &ar II ended nearly a half century ago, <ussia and Bapan
still have not signed a formal peace treatyJ and both countries have been
reticent to develop closer relations.
,'- have not signed a formal peace treatyJ and both countries have
been ,4- did not signed a formal peace treatyJ and both countries have
been ,.- have not signed a formal peace treatyJ and both countries
being
,:- have not signed a formal peace treatyJ and both countries are
,E- are not signing a formal peace treatyJ and both countries have been
$. The :emocrats have accused the <epublicans of resorting to dirty tricks by
planting a mole on the :emocratCs planning committee and then used the
information obtained to sabotag e the :emocratCs campaign.
,'- used the information obtained to sabotage
,4- used the information they had obtained to sabotage
,.- of using the information they had obtained to sabotage
,:- using the information obtained to sabotage
,E- to have used the information obtained to sabotage
Accep!KE7cep!I
IDIO' & USA&E
&ccept means *to agree to+ or *to receive.+ 0/cept means *to
ob"ect to+ or *to leave out.+
&e will accept ,receive- your manuscript for review.
6o parking is allowed, e/cept ,leave out- on
holidays.
Acc#&(! 6#I
&hen explaining something, the correct idiom is account
#or0 &e had to account #or all the missing money.
&hen receiving blame or credit, the correct idiom is account
to0 9ou will have to account to the state for your
crimes.
A)ap!e) !#K6#K6#+I
&dapted to means *naturally suited for.+ &dapted #or means
*created to be suited for.+ &dapted #rom means *changed to be
suited for.+
The polar bear is adapt e d t o the sub/ero
temperatures.
)or any *6ew Order+ to be successful, it must be
adapted #or the continually changing world power
structure.
8ucasC latest release is adapted #rom the 32;%
4movie *'ttack of the 'ma/ons.+
A66ec!KE66ec!I
0##ect is a noun meaning *a result.+
Increased fighting will be the e##ect of the failed peace
conference.
&##ect is a verb meaning *to influence.+
The rain a##ected their plans for a
picnic.
All ea), -'. Alea),I
&ll ready means *everything is ready.+
&lready means *earlier.+
Al#! -'. A l#!I
&lot is nonstandardJ a lot is the correct form.
A+#(/KBe!9ee(I
)eteen should be used when referring to two things, and among
should be used when referring to more than two things.
The young lady must choose beteen two suitors.
The fault is spread evenly among the three defendants.
Be"(/ !*a! -'. S"(ceI
)eing that is nonstandard and should be replaced by since.
1(aulty2 )eing that darkness was fast
approaching, we had to abandon the
search.
1)etter2 Since darkness was fast approaching, we
had to abandon the search.
Be'")eKBe'")e'I
'dding an s to beside completely changes its meaning0 )eside
means *next to.+ )esides means *in addition.+
&e sat beside ,next to- the host.
)esides ,in addition-, money was not even an issue
in the contract negotiations.
<e(!e #( -'. <e(!e a#&()I
'enter around is colloquial. It should not be used in formal writing.
1(aulty2 The dispute centers around the effects of
undocumented workers.
1'orrect2 The dispute centers on the effects of
undocumented workers.
<#(6#+ !# 4(#! with5I
1tewartCs writing does not con#orm to standard literary
conventions.
<#('e('&' #6 #p"("#(I
'onsensus o# opinion is redundant0 consensus means *general
agreement.+
<#e'p#() !#K9"!*I
'orrespond to means *in agreement with+0
The penalty does not correspond to the severity of the crime.
'orrespond ith means *to exchange letters+0
!e corresponded ith many of the top European
leaders of his time.
D"66ee(! 6#+KD"66ee(! !*a(I
The preferred form is di##erent #rom. Only in rare cases is di##erent
than acceptable.
The new .adillacs are very di##erent #rom the
imported luxury cars.
D#&$le (e/a!"-e'I
1(aulty2 Scarcely nothing was learned during the seminar.
1)etter2 Scarcely anything was learned during the
seminar.
D#&$! !*a! -'. D#&$! 9*e!*eI
-oubt hether is nonstandard.
1(aulty2 I doubt hether his new business will succeed.
1'orrect2 I doubt that his new business will succeed.
Ba!*eKB&!*eI
@se #arther when referring to distance, and use #urther when
referring to degree.
They went no #urther ,degree- than necking.
!e threw the discs #arther ,distance- than the top
seated competitor.
Be9eKLe''I
@se #eer when referring to a number of items. @se less when
referring to a continuous quantity.
In the past, we had #eer options.
The impact was less than what was expected.
I)e(!"cal 9"!* 4(#! to5I
This bid is identical ith the one submitted by you.
I( c#(!a'! !# 4(#! of5I
In contrast to the conservative attitudes of her time,
(ae &est was quite provocative.
I()epe()e(! #6 4(#! from5I
The "udiciary is independent o# the other branches of
government.
N#! #(l, L $&! al'#I
In this construction, but cannot be replaced with and.
1(aulty2 Eeterson is not only the top salesman in
the department and also the most
proficient.
1'orrect2 Eeterson is not only the top salesman in
the department but also the most
proficient.
O( acc#&(! #6 -'. Beca&'eI
)ecause is always better than the circumlocution on account o#.
1$oor2 !n account o# his poor behavior, he was
expelled.
1)etter2 )ecause he behaved poorly, he was expelled.
O(e a(#!*eKEac* #!*eI
0ach other should be used when referring to two things, and one
another should be used when referring to more than two things.
The members of the basketball team ,more than two-
congratulated one another on their victory.
The business partners ,two- congratulated each other on
their successful first year.
El&' -'. A()I
:o not use plus as a con"unction meaning
and.
1(aulty2 !is contributions to this community are
considerable, plus his character is beyond
reproach.
1'orrect2 !is contributions to this community are
considerable, and his character is beyond
reproach.
6ote0 $lus can be used to mean and so long as it is not being used
as a con"unction.
1&cceptable2 !is generous financial contribution
plus his donated time has made this
pro"ect a success.
In this sentence, plus is being used as a preposition. 6ote that the
verb has is singular because an intervening prepositional phrase
,plus his donated time- does not affect sub"ect verb agreement.
Re/a) -'. Re/a)'I
@nless you are giving best wishes to someone, you should use
regard.
1(aulty2 In regards to your letter, we would be
interested in distributing your product.
1'orrect2 In regard to your letter, we would be
interested in distributing your product.
Re/a)le'' -'. Ie/a)le''I
3egardless means *not withstanding.+ !ence, the *ir+ in
irregardless is redundant. 3egardless is the correct form.
Re!#ac!"-e !# 4(#! from5I
The correct idiom is retroactive to0
The tax increase is retroactive to )ebruary.
Spea% !#K9"!*I
To spea* to someone is to tell them something0
&e spo*e to Bennings about the alleged embe//lement.
To spea* ith someone is to discuss something with them0
1teve spo*e ith his friend :ave for hours yesterday.
T*e ea'#( "' $eca&'eI
This structure is redundant. Equally common and doubly
redundant is the structure the reason hy is because.
1$oor2 The reason hy I could not attend the
party is because I had to work.
1)etter2 I could not attend the party because I had
to work.
W*e!*e -'. A' !# 9*e!*eI
The circumlocution as to hether should be replaced by hether.
1$oor2 The @nited 6ations has not decided as to hether
to authori/e a trade embargo.
1)etter2 The @nited 6ations has not decided hether to
authori/e a trade embargo.
W*e!*e -'. I6I
Whether introduces a choiceJ i# introduces a condition. ' common
mistake is to use i# to present a choice.
1(aulty2 !e inquired i# we had decided to keep the gift.
1'orrect2 !e inquired hether we had decided to keep the
gift.
D"ll FI
'nswers and solutions begin on page 3;?.
3. <egarding legali/ation of drugs, I am not concerned so much by its
potential impact on middle class 'merica but instead by its potential impact
on the inner city.
,'- but instead
,4- so much as
,.- rather
,:- but rather
,E- as
5. @nless you maintain at least a 5.% =E', you will not graduate medical
school.
,'- you will not graduate medical school.
,4- you will not be graduated from medical school.
,.- you will not be graduating medical school.
,:- you will not graduate from medical school.
,E- you will graduate medical school.
7. The studioCs retrospective art exhibit refers back t o a simpler time in
'merican history.
,'- The studioCs retrospective art exhibit refers back to
,4- The studioCs retrospective art exhibit harkens back to
,.- The studioCs retrospective art exhibit refers to
,:- The studioCs retrospective art exhibit refers from
,E- The studioCs retrospective art exhibit looks back to
$. :ue to the chemical spill, the commute into the city will be delayed by as
much as 5 hours.
,'- :ue to the chemical spill, the commute into the city will be delayed
by as much as 5 hours.
,4- The reason that the commute into the city will be delayed by as much
as 5 hours is because of the chemical spill.
,.- :ue to the chemical spill, the commute into the city had been delayed
by as much as 5 hours.
,:- 4ecause of the chemical spill, the commute into the city will be
delayed by as much as 5 hours.
,E- The chemical spill will be delaying the commute into the city by as
much as 5 hours.
E#"(!' !# Re+e+$e
3. ' pronoun should be plural when it refers to two nouns "oined
by and.
5. ' pronoun should be singular when it refers to two nouns
"oined by or or nor.
7. ' pronoun should refer to one and only one noun or compound
noun.
$. ' pronoun must agree with its antecedent in both number and
person.
;. The sub"ect and verb must agree both in number and person.
>. Intervening phrases and clauses have no effect on sub"ectverb
agreement.
?. &hen the sub"ect and verb are reversed, they still must agree in
both number and person.
A. 's a general rule, a modifier should be placed as close as pos
sible to what it modifies.
2. &hen a phrase begins a sentence, make sure that it modifies the
sub"ect of the sentence.
3%. )or a sentence to be parallel, similar elements must be
expressed in similar form.
33. &hen two ad"ectives modify the same noun, they should have
similar forms.
35. &hen a series of clauses is listed, the verbs must be in the
same form.
37. &hen the first half of a sentence has a certain structure, the
second half should preserve that structure.
3$. ' verb has four principal parts0
I. Ee'e(! Te('e
a. @sed to express present tense.
b. @sed to express general truths.
c. @sed with ill or shall to express future time.
II. Ea'! Te('e
a. @sed to express past tense.
III. Ea'! Ea!"c"ple
a. @sed to form the present per#ect tense, which indi
cates that an action was started in the past and its
effects are continuing in the present. It is formed
using have or has and the past participle of the verb.
b. @sed to form the past per#ect tense, which indicates
that an action was completed before another past
action. It is formed using had and the past participle
of the verb.
c. @sed to form the #uture per#ect tense, which indicates
that an action will be completed before another future
action. It is formed using ill have or shall have and
the past participle of the verb.
IF. Ee'e(! Ea!"c"ple 4-ing 6#+ #6 !*e -e$5
a. @sed to form the present progressive tense, which
indicates that an action is ongoing. It is formed using
is, am, or are and the present participle of the verb.
b. @sed to form the past progressive tense, which indi
cates that an action was in progress in the past. It is
formed using as or ere and the present participle
of the verb.
c. @sed to form the #uture progressive tense, which
indicates that an action will be in progress in the
future. It is formed using ill be or shall be and the
present participle of the verb.
3;. @nless you want to deemphasi/e the doer of an action, you
should favor the active voice.
S#l&!"#(' !# D"ll I
3. !ad the EresidentCs 'dministration not lost the vote on the budget reduction
package, his first year in office would have been rated an '.
,'- !ad the EresidentCs 'dministration not lost the vote on the budget
reduction package, his first year in office would have been rated an '.
,4- If the 'dministration had not lost the vote on the budget reduction
package, his first year in office would have been rated an '.
,.- !ad the EresidentCs 'dministration not lost the vote on the budget
reduction package, it would have been rated an '.
,:- !ad the EresidentCs 'dministration not lost the vote on its budget
reduction package, his first year in office would have been rated an '.
,E- If the Eresident had not lost the vote on the budget reduction package,
the 'dministrationCs first year in office would have been rated an '.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect because his appears to refer to the
$resident, but the sub"ect of the subordinate clause is the
$resident%s &dministration, not the $resident.
.hoice ,4- changes the structure of the sentence, but retains the
same flawed reference.
In choice ,.-, it can refer to either the $resident%s
&dministration or the budget reduction pac*age. Thus, the refer
ence is ambiguous.
.hoice ,:- adds another pronoun, its, but still retains the same
flawed reference.
.hoice ,E- corrects the flawed reference by removing all
pronouns. The answer is ,E-.
5. The new law requires a manufacturer to immediately notify their customers
whenever the government is contemplating a forced recall of any of the
manufacturerCs products.
,'- to immediately notify their customers whenever the government is
contemplating a forced recall of any of the manufacturerCs products.
,4- to immediately notify customers whenever the government is
contemplating a forced recall of their products.
,.- to immediately, and without delay, notify its customers whenever the
government is contemplating a forced recall of any of the
manufactureCs products.
,:- to immediately notify whenever the government is contemplating a
forced recall of any of the manufacturerCs products that the customers
may have bought.
,E- to immediately notify its customers whenever the government is
contemplating a forced recall of any of the manufacturerCs products.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect because the plural pronoun their cannot
have the singular noun a manu#acturer as its antecedent.
'lthough choice ,4- corrects the given false reference, it
introduces another one. Their can now refer to either customers or
government, neither of which would make sense in this context.
.hoice ,.- also corrects the false reference, but it introduces a
redundancy0 immediately means *without delay.+
.hoice ,:- corrects the false reference, but its structure is very
awkward. The direct ob"ect of a verb should be as close to the verb
as possible. In this case, the verb noti#y is separated from its direct
ob"ect cust omers by the clause 4that the government is
contemplating a #orced recall o# any o# the manu#acturer%s products
that,5
.hoice ,E- is correct because the singular pronoun its has the
singular noun a manu#acturer as its antecedent. The answer is ,E-.
7. &orld &ar II taught the @nited 1tates the folly of punishing a vanquished
aggressorJ so after the war, they enacted the (arshall Elan to rebuild
=ermany.
,'- after the war, they enacted the (arshall Elan to rebuild =ermany.
,4- after the war, the (arshall Elan was enacted to rebuild =ermany.
,.- after the war, the (arshall Elan was enacted by the @nited 1tates to
rebuild =ermany.
,:- after the war, the @nited 1tates enacted the (arshall Elan to rebuild
=ermany.
,E- after the war, the @nited 1tates enacted the (arshall Elan in order to
rebuild =ermany.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect. 1ince United States is denoting the
collective country, it is singular and therefore cannot be correctly
referred to by the plural pronoun they.
.hoice ,4- is not technically incorrect, but it lacks precision
since it does not state who enacted the (arshall Elan. )urther, it
uses a passive construction0 4as enacted,5
.hoice ,.- states who enacted the (arshall Elan, but it retains
the passive construction 4as enacted,5
.hoice ,E- is secondbest. The phrase 4in order5 is
unnecessary.
.hoice ,:- corrects the false reference by replacing they with
the United States. )urther, it uses the active verb enacted instead of
the passive verb as enacted. The answer is ,:-.
$. In the 32;%Cs, integration was an anathema to most 'mericansJ now,
however, most 'mericans accept it as desirable.
,'- to most 'mericansJ now, however, most 'mericans accept it as
desirable.
,4- to most 'mericans, now, however, most 'mericans accept it.
,.- to most 'mericansJ now, however, most 'mericans are desirable of it.
,:- to most 'mericansJ now, however, most 'mericans accepted it as
desirable.
,E- to most 'mericans. 6ow, however, most 'mericans will accept it as
desirable.
The sentence is not incorrect as written. !ence, the answer is choice
,'-.
.hoice ,4- creates a runon sentence by replacing the
semicolon with a comma. &ithout a connecting wordLand. or. but,
etc.Ltwo independent clauses must be "oined by a semicolon or
written as two separate sentences. 'lso, deleting 4as desirable5
changes the meaning of the sentence.
.hoice ,.- uses a very awkward construction0 are desirable o#
it.
.hoice ,:- contains an error in tense. The sentence progresses
from the past to the present, so the verb in the second clause should
be accept, not
accepted.
.hoice ,E- writes the two clauses as separate sentences, which
is allowable, but it also changes the tense of the second clause to
the future0 ill accept.
;. =eologists in .alifornia have discovered a fault near the famous 1an
'ndreas )ault, one that they believe to be a trigger for ma"or quakes on the
1an 'ndreas.
,'- one that they believe to be a trigger for
,4- one they believe to be a trigger for
,.- one that they believe triggers
,:- that they believe to be a trigger for
,E- one they believe acts as a trigger for
.hoice ,'- is incorrect since the relative pronoun that is redundant0
the pronoun one, which refers to the newly discovered fault, is
sufficient.
'lthough choice ,.- reads more smoothly, it still contains the
double pronouns.
.hoice ,:- is incorrect. =enerally, relative pronouns such as
that refer to whole ideas in previous clauses or sentences. 1ince the
second sentence is about the fault and not its discovery, the
pronoun that is appropriate.
.hoice ,E- is very tempting. It actually reads better than
choice ,'-, but it contains a subtle flaw. !ne is the direct ob"ect of
the verb believes and therefore cannot be the sub"ect of the verb
acts. 1ince they clearly is not the sub"ect, the verb acts is without a
sub"ect.
.hoice ,4- has both the correct pronoun and the correct verb
form. The answer is ,4-.
>. ' bite from the tsetse fly invariably paraly/es its victims unless an antidote
is administered within two hours.
,'- its victims unless an antidote is administered
,4- its victims unless an antidote can be administered
,.- its victims unless an antidote was administered
,:- its victims unless an antidote is administered to the victims
,E- its victims unless they receive an antidote
.hoice ,'- is incorrect since it is unclear whether the victim or the
fly should receive the antidote.
.hoice ,4- is incorrect since is is more direct than can be.
.hoice ,.- is incorrect. ' statement of fact should be
expressed in the present tense, not the past tense.
.hoice ,:- is wordy. ' pronoun should be used for the phrase
the victims.
.hoice ,E- is the answer since they correctly identifies who
should receive the antidote.
S#l&!"#(' !# D"ll II
3. The rising cos t of government bureaucracy have made it all but impossible
to reign in the budget deficit.
,'- The rising cost
,4- 1ince the rising costs
,.- 4ecause of the rising costs
,:- The rising costs
,E- <ising cost
.hoice ,'- is incorrect because the plural verb have does not agree
with its singular sub"ect the rising cost.
4oth ,4- and ,.- are incorrect because they turn the sentence
into a fragment.
.hoice ,E- is incorrect because rising cost is still singular.
.hoice ,:- is the correct answer since now the plural verb
have
agrees with its plural sub"ect the rising
costs.
5. In a copublication agreement, ownership of both the material and its means
of distribution are equally shared by the parties.
,'- its means of distribution are equally shared by the parties.
,4- its means of distribution are shared equally by each of the parties.
,.- its means of distribution is equally shared by the parties.
,:- their means of distribution is equally shared by the parties.
,E- the means of distribution are equally shared by the parties.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect. <ecall that intervening phrases have no
effect on sub"ectverb agreement. In this sentence, the sub"ect
onership is singular, but the verb are is plural. :ropping the
intervening phrase clearly shows that the sentence is ungrammatical0
In a co6publication. agreement onership are e7ually
shared by the parties,
.hoice ,4- is incorrect. 6either adding each o# nor inter
changing shared and e7ually addresses the issue of sub"ectverb
agreement.
.hoice ,:- contains a faulty pronoun reference. The
antecedent of the plural pronoun their would be the singular noun
material.
.hoice ,E- is incorrect since it still contains the plural verb
are. The answer is choice ,.-.
7. The rise in negative attitudes toward foreigners indicate that the country is
becoming less tolerant, and therefore tha t the opportunities are ripe for
extremist groups to exploit the illegal immigration problem.
,'- indicate that the country is becoming less tolerant, and therefore that
,4- indicates that the country is becoming less tolerant, and therefore
,.- indicates that the country is becoming less tolerant, and therefore that
,:- indicates that the country is being less tolerant, and therefore
,E- indicates that the country is becoming less tolerant of and therefore
that
.hoice ,'- has two flaws. )irst, the sub"ect of the sentence the rise
is singular, and therefore the verb indicate should not be plural.
1econd, the comma indicates that the sentence is made up of two
independent clauses, but the relative pronoun that immediately
following there#ore forms a subordinate clause.
.hoice ,.- corrects the number of the verb, but retains the
subordinating relative pronoun that.
.hoice ,:- corrects the number of the verb and eliminates the
subordinating relative pronoun that. !owever, the verb being is less
descriptive than the verb becoming0 's negative attitudes toward
foreigners increase, the country becomes correspondingly less
tolerant. )eing does not capture this notion of change.
.hoice ,E- corrects the verbCs number, and by dropping the
comma, makes the subordination allowable. !owever, it introduces
the preposition o# which does not have an ob"ect0 less tolerant of
whatK
.hoice ,4- both corrects the verbCs number and removes the
subordinating relative pronoun that. The answer is ,4-.
$. The harvest of grapes in the local valleys decreased in 322% for the third
straight year but were still at a robust level.
,'- The harvest of grapes in the local valleys decreased in 322% for the
third straight year but were
,4- The harvest of grapes in the local valleys began to decrease in 322%
for the third straight year but were
,.- In 322%, the harvest of grapes in the local valleys decreased for the
third straight year but were
,:- The harvest of grapes in the local valleys decreased for the third
straight year in 322% but was
,E- The harvest of grapes in the local valleys began decreasing in 322% for
the third straight year but was
.hoice ,'- is incorrect since the singular sub"ect the harvest
requires a singular verb, not the plural verb ere.
.hoice ,4- is illogical since it states that the harvest began to
decrease in 322% and then it states that it was the third straight year
of decrease.
In choice ,.- the plural verb ere still does not agree with its
singular sub"ect the harvest.
.hoice ,E- contains the same flaw as choice ,4-.
.hoice ,:- has the singular verb as agreeing with its singular
sub"ect the harvest. )urther, it places the phrase in 8990 more
naturally. The answer is ,:-.
;. Each of the bookCs protagonistsL(ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r.
ThomasLhas a powerful, dynamic personality.
,'- Each of the bookCs protagonistsL(ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r.
ThomasLhas
,4- Each of the bookCs protagonistsL(ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r.
ThomasLhave
,.- 'll the bookCs protagonistsL(ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r.
ThomasLhas
,:- (ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r. ThomasLthe bookCs protagonistsL
each has
,E- Each of the bookCs protagonistsL(ark 1treit, (ary Eby, and :r.
ThomasLcould have had
The sentence is grammatical as written. The answer is ,'-.
&hen each, every, or many a precedes two or more sub"ects
linked by and, they separate the sub"ects and the verb is singular.
!ence, in choice ,4- the plural verb have is incorrect.
.hoice ,.- is incorrect since the singular verb has does not
agree with the plural sub"ect all.
&hen each follows a plural sub"ect it does not separate the
sub"ects and the verb remains plural. !ence, in choice ,:- the
singular verb has is incorrect.
.hoice ,E- also changes the meaning of the original sentence,
which states that the protagonist d o have powerful, dynamic
personalities.
S#l&!"#(' !# D"ll III
3. 4y focusing on poverty, the other causes of crimeLsuch as the breakup of
the nuclear family, changing morals, the loss of community, etc.Lhave
been overlooked by sociologists.
,'- the other causes of crimeLsuch as the breakup of the nuclear family,
changing morals, the loss of community, etc.Lhave been overlooked
by sociologists.
,4- the other causes of crime have been overlooked by sociologistsLsuch
as the breakup of the nuclear family, changing morals, the loss of
community, etc.
,.- there are other causes of crime that have been overlooked by
sociologistsLsuch as the breakup of the nuclear family, changing
morals, the loss of community, etc.
,:- crimesLsuch as the breakup of the nuclear family, changing morals,
the loss of community, etc.Lhave been overlooked by sociologists.
,E- sociologists have overlooked the other causes of crimeLsuch as the
breakup of the nuclear family, changing morals, the loss of
community, etc.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect since it implies that the other causes o# crime
are doing the focusing.
.hoice ,4- has the same flaw.
.hoice ,.- is incorrect. The phrase by #ocusing on poverty
must modify the sub"ect of the sentence, but there cannot be the
sub"ect since the construction there are is used to introduce a
sub"ect.
.hoice ,:- implies that crimes are focusing on poverty.
.hoice ,E- puts the sub"ect of the sentence sociologists imme
diately next to its modifying phrase by #ocusing on poverty. The
answer is ,E-.
5. @sing the !ubble telescope, previously unknown galaxies are now being
charted.
,'- @sing the !ubble telescope, previously unknown galaxies are now
being charted.
,4- Ereviously unknown galaxies are now being charted, using the !ubble
telescope.
,.- @sing the !ubble telescope, previously unknown galaxies are now
being charted by astronomers.
,:- @sing the !ubble telescope, astronomers are now charting previously
unknown galaxies.
,E- &ith the aid of the !ubble telescope, previously unknown galaxies are
now being charted.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect because the phrase using the +ubble
telescope does not have a noun to modify.
.hoice ,4- is incorrect because the phrase using the +ubble
telescope still does not have a noun to modify.
.hoice ,.- offers a noun, astronomers, but it is too far from the
phrase using the +ubble telescope.
In choice ,E-, the phrase ith the aid o# the +ubble telescope
does not have a noun to modify.
.hoice ,:- offers a noun, astronomers, and places it immedi
ately after the modifying phrase using the +ubble telescope. The
answer is ,:-.
7. The bitter cold the (idwest is experiencing is potentially life threatening to
stranded motorists unless wellinsulated with protective clothing.
,'- stranded motorists unless insulated
,4- stranded motorists unless being insulated
,.- stranded motorists unless they are insulated
,:- stranded motorists unless there is insulation
,E- the stranded motorist unless insulated
.hoice ,'- is incorrect. 's worded, the sentence implies that the
cold should be well insulated.
.hoice ,4- is awkwardJ besides, it still implies that the cold
should be well insulated.
.hoice ,:- does not indicate what should be insulated.
.hoice ,E-, like choices ,'- and ,4-, implies that the cold
should be well insulated.
.hoice ,.- is the answer since it correctly implies that the
stranded motorists should be well insulated with protective clothing.
$. Traveling across and shooting the vast expanse of the 1outhwest, in 32$;
'nsel 'dams began his photographic career.
,'- Traveling across and shooting the vast expanse of the 1outhwest, in
32$; 'nsel 'dams began his photographic career.
,4- In 32$;, 'nsel 'dams began his photographic career, traveling across
and shooting the vast expanse of the 1outhwest.
,.- !aving traveled across and shooting the vast expanse of the
1outhwest, in 32$; 'nsel 'dams began his photographic career.
,:- 'nsel 'dams, in 32$; began his photographic career, traveling across
and shooting the vast expanse of the 1outhwest.
,E- Traveling across and shooting the vast expanse of the 1outhwest,
'nsel 'dams began his photographic career in 32$;.
.hoice ,'- has two flaws. )irst, the introductory phrase is too
long. 1econd, the sub"ect 'nsel 'dams should immediately follow
the introductory phrase since it was 'nsel 'damsLnot the year
32$;L who was traveling and shooting the 1outhwest.
.hoice ,4- is incorrect because the phrase 4traveling across:
Southest5 is too far from its sub"ect 'nsel 'dams. 's written, the
sentence seems to imply that the photographic career was traveling
across and shooting the 1outhwest.
.hoice ,.- is inconsistent in verb tense. )urther, it implies that
'dams began his photographic career after he traveled across the
1outhwest.
.hoice ,:- is awkward.
The best answer is choice ,E-.
S#l&!"#(' !# D"ll IF
3. .ommon knowledge tells us that sensible exercise and eating properly will
result in better health.
,'- eating properly will result
,4- proper diet resulted
,.- dieting will result
,:- proper diet results
,E- eating properly results
.hoice ,'- is incorrect since eating properly ,verbadverb- is not
parallel to sensible e/ercise ,ad"ectivenoun-.
.hoice ,4- offers two parallel nouns, e/ercise and diet.
!owever, a general truth should be expressed in the present tense,
not in the past tense.
.hoice ,.- is not parallel since it pairs the noun e/ercise with
the gerund ,a verb acting as a noun- dieting.
.hoice ,E- makes the same mistake as choice ,'-.
.hoice ,:- offers two parallel nounsLe/ercise and dietLand
two parallel verbsLtells and results. The answer is ,:-.
5. This century began with war brewing in Europe, the industrial revolution
wellestablished, and a nascent communication age.
,'- war brewing in Europe, the industrial revolution wellestablished, and
a nascent communication age.
,4- war brewing in Europe, the industrial revolution surging, and a
nascent communication age.
,.- war in Europe, the industrial revolution wellestablished, and a nascent
communication age.
,:- war brewing in Europe, the industrial revolution wellestablished, and
the communication age beginning.
,E- war brewing in Europe, the industrial revolution wellestablished, and
saw the birth of the communication age.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect. 'lthough the first two phrases, ar
breing in 0urope and the industrial revolution ell6established,
have different structures, the thoughts are parallel. !owever, the
third phrase, and a nascent communication age, is not parallel to the
first two.
.hoice ,4- does not make the third phrase parallel to the first
two.
.hoice ,.- changes the meaning of the sentence0 the new
formulation states that war already existed in Europe while the
original sentence states that war was only developing.
.hoice ,E- is not parallel since the first two phrases in the
series are noun phrases, but sa the birth o# the communication
age is a verb phrase. &hen a word introduces a series, each
element of the series must agree with the introductory word. 9ou
can test the correctness of a phrase in a series by dropping the other
phrases and checking whether the remaining phrase agrees with the
introductory word. In this series, each phrase must be the
ob"ect of the preposition ith0
This century began ith war brewing in Europe
This century began ith the industrial revolution wellestablished
This century began ith saw the birth of the communication age
In this form, it is clear the verb sa cannot be the ob"ect of the
preposition ith.
.hoice ,:- offers three phrases in parallel form. The answer is
,:-.
7. It is often better to try repairing an old car than to "unk it.
,'- to try repairing an old car than to "unk it.
,4- to repair an old car than to have it "unked.
,.- to try repairing an old car than to "unking it.
,:- to try and repair an old car than to "unk it.
,E- to try to repair an old car than to "unk it.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect since the verb repairing is not parallel to the
verb ;un*.
In choice ,4-, the construction have it ;un*ed is awkward.
)urther, it changes the original construction from active to passive.
.hoice ,.- offers a parallel construction ,repairing<;un*ing-,
but it is awkward.
.hoice ,:- also offers a parallel construction ,repair<;un*-, but
the construction try and is not idiomatic.
.hoice ,E- offers a parallel construction ,repair<;un*-, and the
correct idiomLtry to. The answer is ,E-.
$. Burassic Eark, written by (ichael .richton, and which was first printed in
32AA , is a novel about a theme park of the future in which dinosaurs roam
free.
,'- Burassic Eark, written by (ichael .richton, and which was first
printed in 32AA,
,4- Burassic Eark, written by (ichael .richton and first printed in 32AA,
,.- Burassic Eark, which was written by (ichael .richton, and which was
first printed in 32AA,
,:- &ritten by (ichael .richton and first printed in 32AA, Burassic Eark
,E- Burassic Eark, which was written by (ichael .richton and first printed
in 32AA,
.hoice ,'- is incorrect since the verb ritten is not parallel to the
construction hich as : printed.
.hoice ,4- is the correct answer since the sentence is concise
and the verb ritten is parallel to the verb printed.
.hoice ,.- does offer a parallel structure ,hich as
ritten<hich as printed-J however, choice ,4- is more concise.
.hoice ,:- rambles. The introduction Written by : 89== is
too long.
.hoice ,E- also offers a parallel structure ,hich as
ritten<>hich as? printed-J however, choice ,4- again is more
concise. 6ote that hich as need not be repeated for the sentence
to be parallel.
S#l&!"#(' !# D"ll F
3. In the past few years and to this day, many teachers of math and science had
chosen to return to the private sector.
,'- had chosen to return to the private sector.
,4- having chosen to return to the private sector.
,.- chose to return to the private sector.
,:- have chosen to return to the private sector.
,E- have chosen returning to the private sector.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect because it uses the past perfect had chosen,
which describes an event that has been completed before another
event. 4ut the sentence implies that teachers have and are
continuing to return to the private sector. !ence, the present
perfect tense should be used.
.hoice ,4- is incorrect because it uses the present progressive
tense having chosen, which describes an ongoing event. 'lthough
this is the case, it does not capture the fact that the event began in
the past.
.hoice ,.- is incorrect because it uses the simple past chose,
which describes a past event. 4ut again, the sentence implies that
the teachers are continuing to opt for the private sector.
.hoice ,:- is the correct answer because it uses the present
perfect have chosen to describe an event that occurred in the past
and is continuing into the present.
.hoice ,E- is incorrect because it leaves the thought in the
sentence uncompleted.
5. (ost of the homes that were destroyed in last summerCs brush fires were
built with woodshake roofs.
,'- (ost of the homes that were destroyed in last summerCs brush fires
were
,4- 8ast summer, brush fires destroyed most of the homes that were
,.- (ost of the homes that were destroyed in last summerCs brush fires
had been
,:- (ost of the homes that the brush fires destroyed last summerCs have
been
,E- (ost of the homes destroyed in last summerCs brush fires were being
.hoice ,'- is incorrect because the simple past ere does not
express the fact that the homes had been built before the fire
destroyed them.
.hoice ,4- merely rearranges the wording while retaining the
simple past ere.
.hoice ,.- is the correct answer because it uses the past
perfect had been to indicate that the homes were completely built
before they were destroyed by the fires.
.hoice ,:- is incorrect because it uses the present perfect have
been, which implies that the homes were destroyed before being
built.
.hoice ,E- is incorrect. 'lthough dropping the phrase that
ere makes the sentence more concise, the past progressive ere
being implies that the homes were destroyed while being built.
7. 'lthough &orld &ar II ended nearly a half century ago, <ussia and Bapan
still have not signed a formal peace treatyJ and both countries have been
reticent to develop closer relations.
,'- have not signed a formal peace treatyJ and both countries have
been ,4- did not signed a formal peace treatyJ and both countries have
been ,.- have not signed a formal peace treatyJ and both countries
being
,:- have not signed a formal peace treatyJ and both countries are
,E- are not signing a formal peace treatyJ and both countries have been
The sentence is grammatical as written. The present perfect verb
have : signed correctly indicates that they have not signed a peace
treaty and are not on the verge of signing one. )urther, the present
perfect verb have been correctly indicates that in the past both
countries have been reluctant to develop closer relations and are still
reluctant. The answer is ,'-.
In choice ,4-, the simple past did does not capture the fact that
they did not sign a peace treaty immediately after the war and still
have not signed one.
.hoice ,.- is very awkward, and the present progressive being
does not capture the fact that the countries have been reluctant to
thaw relations since after the war up through the present.
In choice ,:-, the present tense are leaves open the possibility
that in the past the countries may have desired closer relations but
now no longer do.
In choice ,E-, the present progressive tense are : signing, as
in choice ,:-, leaves open the possibility that in the past the
countries may have desired closer relations but now no longer do.
$. The :emocrats have accused the <epublicans of resorting to dirty tricks by
planting a mole on the :emocratCs planning committee and then used the
information obtained to sabotag e the :emocratCs campaign.
,'- used the information obtained to sabotage
,4- used the information they had obtained to sabotage
,.- of using the information they had obtained to sabotage
,:- using the information obtained to sabotage
,E- to have used the information obtained to
sabotage
.hoice ,'- is incorrect because the simple past obtained does not
express the fact that the information was gotten before another past
actionLthe sabotage.
.hoice ,4- is incorrect because used is not parallel to o#
resorting.
.hoice ,.- is correct because the phrase o# using is parallel to
the phrase o# resorting. )urther, the past perfect had obtained
correctly expresses that a past actionLthe spyingLwas completed
before another past actionLthe sabotage.
.hoice ,:- is incorrect because using is not parallel to o#
resorting and the past perfect is not used.
.hoice ,E- is incorrect because to have used is not parallel to
o# resorting and the past perfect is not used.
S#l&!"#(' !# D"ll FI
3. <egarding legali/ation of drugs, I am not concerned so much by its
potential impact on middle class 'merica but instead by its potential impact
on the inner city.
,'- but instead
,4- so much as
,.- rather
,:- but rather
,E- as
The correct structure for this type of sentence is not so much by
as by , The answer is ,E-.
5. @nless you maintain at least a 5.% =E', you will not graduate medical
school.
,'- you will not graduate medical school.
,4- you will not be graduated from medical school.
,.- you will not be graduating medical school.
,:- you will not graduate from medical school.
,E- you will graduate medical school.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect. In this context, graduate requires the word
#rom0 *you will not graduate #rom medical school.+
The use of the passive voice in choices ,4- and ,.- weakens
the sentence.
.hoice ,:- is the answer since it uses the correct idiom
graduate #rom.
.hoice ,E- changes the meaning of the sentence and does not
correct the faulty idiom.
7. The studioCs retrospective art exhibit refers back t o a simpler time in
'merican history.
,'- The studioCs retrospective art exhibit refers back to
,4- The studioCs retrospective art exhibit harkens back to
,.- The studioCs retrospective art exhibit refers to
,:- The studioCs retrospective art exhibit refers from
,E- The studioCs retrospective art exhibit looks back to
.hoice ,'- is incorrect. 3etrospective means looking back on the
past. !ence, in the phrase re#ers bac*, the word bac* is redundant.
.hoice ,4- is incorrect because har*ens bac* is also redundant.
.hoice ,.- is correct. :ropping the word bac* eliminates the
redundancy.
.hoice ,:- is incorrect because the preposition #rom is non
idiomatic.
.hoice ,E- is incorrect because loo*s bac* is also redundant.
$. :ue to the chemical spill, the commute into the city will be delayed by as
much as 5 hours.
,'- :ue to the chemical spill, the commute into the city will be delayed
by as much as 5 hours.
,4- The reason that the commute into the city will be delayed by as much
as 5 hours is because of the chemical spill.
,.- :ue to the chemical spill, the commute into the city had been delayed
by as much as 5 hours.
,:- 4ecause of the chemical spill, the commute into the city will be
delayed by as much as 5 hours.
,E- The chemical spill will be delaying the commute into the city by as
much as 5 hours.
.hoice ,'- is incorrect. 'lthough many educated writers and
speakers begin sentences with due to, it is almost always incorrect.
.hoice ,4- is incorrect0 it is both redundant and awkward.
.hoice ,.- is incorrect. The past perfect had been delayed
implies the delay no longer exists. !ence, the meaning of the
sentence has been changed.
.hoice ,:- is correct. In general, due to should not be used as
a substitute for because o#. oing to. by reason o#, etc.
.hoice ,E- is incorrect. The future progressive ill be
delaying is unnecessary and ponderous. !ad choice ,E- used
the simple future ill delay, it would have been better that choice
,:- because then it would be more direct and active.