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r}¡-
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I-üs riiateri;lles r-¿tili¡:adr:s clebcrán
culnpiir c[rr-]' Jes cr¡nriicir:nes r€ílucridas por
la;É' Ir{it'iri¿is " U lrjIT" r:r}:'r r-,s:}íir:ilie¡:tes. l{icrr-
r-r;¡s
rrL) sc rt,,.1;¿r:tEii cjicl:as llür-}llas sc acld¡:ta-
r'át¡ lal; ASTlniL A-?, A-],1 1, A-i? 'i, .É'-+li cn su
itlrit:,re :',tciaccitinr
lja¡';r
e! i:'i(:r{j de pcriiles,
rerníicl'les, acer:i) fulicli,-lu y friniiición t'espüü-
ii van;cri'i r:, ;r cu)'iis c¿rr ilrJttl'ístit,irli cürl'gspr.,l\-
r{err l;is te'nsÍr;:rEs aclrnisiblr:s cli esta frr¡¡nr¿r.
i¡rs c;r] íjcterístic¿¡s rr-
t'¡
{'i r"lpit}afl tif, t}rll"i;{il lrrlil-
H*ftf-{á
pÁtl
Á
DT
?. Elr r
sisl-':li ti:r c{c
l'ir)fi:S a iaS
Tc¡ r:iiir'r
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l/
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t,tl t.fl t'il.¡i.r
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Ei cie'ctr: que prc¡-
u{rcfi}} so l¡l"e la *sii-uct ura las
qargas
o sat¡r"e-
f i:rgas tj u€ pr-i:ducen ciicqugs, r;scil¿,cic,neri
ü
i ibrac!cites;, r:e io:r:;irlli cn clrcnta niurli;¿¡ite
uri r::¡efici,:¡-,lc ric rrr:r.l¡riif ir:l:ciíiri rp :r áFli c¿il' ir
la intensidad esti¿iica dc ias niis:r:-as. cü...:n
ir,ei{i1ituC, st nü exisit,,:l¡.'a *:;;ic.:iiicióli:n
F¿ri'-
tir-.Ulat'
gn
cu*tr¿il-ii_:. ;:::tlr;i iíjln;il-sc ii:ual a.
ios v¿ilr-.:t'cs !nriicatic:; ¿ fr irriilr uirci,r¡l :
SO¡lurt*s Cl* í¿:iC¡lrl sr.lr5 r,' J-l¡:..fl
=
t¿iu.:¡rt{¿ls . -.. ....,
#
>:.í:ri
Sr;1:r-lrics cic rr,d'-1u, ;l lir iir i:i,i.:na;
)r i] r¡l triü*; iir.
$riportes cJc n:áiitiinas rcrjililLr-
centcs o l'lríltr¡i'cs a rjljlk,:,ir:,1:.,
'
ti {; }'}'1c'l-l
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e
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lii,ii-it
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:
e li:
1*ri.strs.
ii:ü"üz¿.I:;, t'',c. 1 . :i;j
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u:iil;nes- Eier:i,) i'(:ftical ii;i!-
cf.,J¡l al jLC::{r
ljrirpii;
r'rlttt,:l útii
f-
\,t
E, CAHGAS
i
i lltr:i1ir'(¿Lirr¡r. i.,;: r,l
itt'uvecto
tlt'
{::--;il-Llr:i i¡l'a: de-i:¡::f tr- !ir-'l'Sg {fi CUt-nte iaS Si-
¡::,t
i t r itu-r. i'e:-:: Í;; :
aj ili ill,:ii-ti;Jcs:
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{¿r jií.'í ¡}ri;fifi]ic.
¿ 2
T;li;l;:::i:
fi-:iX;:*"
l:
) Acccir; ri as :
lr I \iierrtr:.
b :2 :.--7-
Va:-i¿ir:it¡nes ile irrlrl:s,,1'atL¿ra.
b 3 Ef'ecir:¡s ¡'le ¡¡iiiJiti'r;c
,'1.
üat'gft
'pe
r'fitu"ruerttrp '!J $übt"t¡cftrgfi rf e
t¿1 iii¿r¡cirin J;iríi clr:finiciulres y valur{}s a
t€:i¡er t:lr üuenta p¿¡ra la
(larilin
f"'et'tn;rner¡'r-r:
y
sr-'bi'ec¿rr{ias *:stírticas scl'írn J a$ e$le'blecidas en
.r 4.d ¡
^r¡
i;: Itíürlua
"UNI'I
:i3-4S", Cu¡rndr¡ se trate de
Liar.gas esp*c'i¿tl*s ,quú nü se inclrr¡ren en esa
i'iorrria nj en l,c.¡s l} artícuics siguientes Jos va*
1*r es c{}rrespr:nciiéntes serii¡t estabJecicios €n
a'
*;iria c;i3ü pre.;ia j
us:"tif icación ade cuacla.
cic le
;¡r'ú1.
| .;;:
J . *,^l
#
.F t¿cr':{r.\ ir.ttrii¡l'tzir¡ I*.';
'li
t'tii.rur,'itii,r.t
[ir-r]'
i,i; griias- a
)
En i:¡ rii:'ercirili tlorm¿=,} u J *s
i'ir1i,s r,r-rpu;-te dc
.qr
iras sr tt¡ll¡¿rrii uni.t {:iri'liii
irr¡ri?()nial, cn cu.?luuit'r s(rlt L¡tit.¡, i.r:uili :rl
t0 1ñ cir, la :;urria rie- la i:üi-r::i irtil rrlas e!
ilr:s(l
cicl n1c'ci¡nism* sus¡rctiilir:it), a¡:iicarla etr ii:
piirtr:
sullrrj,--'i' del rici
:Y'
dir:idi,Ja
(.i'r
p:,i.r'ir:s
ii:i¡¡rles errl:-ü l¿s ilcs vi¡:.as.
.[-3 sc iicil-¿l,eiij¡r
i]l',Jv{)üa,-1a
pü [ r:s.t¿t LLlr, r'-
yii
el*,hc s*I' rer:ist:da iinicitr-r¡c'l:irl pri:' *i ci-¡i--
6iiiri e at'qaclr; iie Ja vi qii.
s¡rlior] rjilü r-c tr-:r^.1i.; r
il:'iiü1*¡clancs
csileci¿rics
Fnra
snlicializ;ir'.,;i
r-: t ij rf ccto. tr;tla i¡, v i¡:a
i:¡ iln seilticjtl lt:n¡litutiin¿¡i rir+ it¡. \,i.1:Í¡
sí.,IJcrte se t{:rnará
1:üri*
ef ectu .ie f i. ilÍ}ircit.;r llr-i ir
l.uerza igual ¡rl I S

de la i¿i,rga I a';* i rJ e
'ln
grúa, pesü propio
..r'
cürgfl rlltil, reliiirrt:ciir
fi*r
n:itaiies cnt¡'e iai;, rios viil¿i:.
'i'f;-
Vie nt*. -: t)e!:ii:ri iürrr;ti'sÉ cI¡ iiLicli {;l
Ios esfuerzi):i p]:ot'ücarlos pol r-]

i ttl I til, [iu: t':¡
durarrts el ¡-ncntai tl y co]1:tntc'ciún CtI ed i f i -
cir. r..lr1ú iirs
f,roducidos
e¡] Ja obra termina-
tja.
Lers iuerzas corr€¡;pondientel,s, a introrilrcir
?Ii c.r cá!c liJ o, serán lr¿s cl;trrl:l ecielas r.n i ¡¿s
l-
i\orina.J "UNIT bti-4Ít"; cuanqlo se tratc' clel es-
luc io c(]rrespondieni,c
¿] la eta¡;a cle ff]on tajc
c' construcción
se ilürrrentarán clichos valurcs
en .jú
%.
8- 1I rit'ifr.tii¿¡n
e.s d c: t. e r¿
.jJ
e ra I t¿ r r¡ .
a) Tanto para el cálculo cle st:licitaciones eo-
Dl o
ilara
eJ de I as dii etacin¡: es ü prerr erse se
t:niará uriÍi rrariacicr¡r rle tenll)eratr¡ra igrrai ¿l
-'- 25.'
o a :{.' :J5" scgún que Ja estnretu¡.a s.e
eitcrientre
c¡ no prolegi,ia c(in caráctel'per-
malrente; ei coefi,:ie'¡ite de dilataciti¡: iérn:ica
se trirr;¡r'á igual a l0rf
lri Las cerchss nurr¡inalniente isastári-
('a,i
que írpoyan en rnarnpr-¡5{erí¿t ñt} trcecsilan
tent'r apoyo$ deslizar¡tes ¡nier:t.ras ¡iu luz no
eliceria cle iii rnts. Fara ]uc*s enf,re ls y:r0
:nts- tlebr:rán ten*r Lrr¡ ¿ipr).yn rleslizante conÍ*
riruíric
rx;r
.cuFlerficius irs;is, pr'*fer*ntr:me¡lte
rt!:ij {:cn\¡c)il;
)r
para Jucgs lr"ia.yt:l-es clH 3ü nilt.
t¡Ito de ]o.r: ítiloy(:s clr:bel'á r'st;tr cr)listiLu írio
i-,,)rl
;t;iji:lr-,s u por u¡a póltrJoia
.y
ci t¡lrr¡
ljur
L¡n
pt:rno t] C[rii](] COnve]',tr {ijt}.
En seniidu ¡¡or¡nal il I a lui: <ir }a estl'Li('-
t'.:;"'¡ pr rrtante pl'inci¡ral nc.¡ liabrá r¡e ce:siciad ric.
l-r.'nt..r
€n cL¿crrta las úii¿rtacit:nes cuar¡clc e--<is-
1r¡n jurrtas
de dilataciún a distanci as rro rr,a) c-
rgs de iü rnts.
lríoniaje.
-Er iols casirs en
csf rr¡ctu l'a
)
f orma r-ie
rrrorr la
j
e
rlcberá efectuars(¡ el riilculr.r
,y
ci Cft¡rr¡¡aciunc:i prcrvrigaílas
c) TsHStONEs ASMt$trlrE$
l. Vglorer bc¡sicos
is. Toclo el rnaterial utilrz,;ide¡ en l¿r es-
tructura será calculaclo para las cargas priri-
ci¡.rale:,
{art. 3) r¡tilizanclo las tensir-¡nes arlnri-
sibles básicas que) exlire:¡rclas eri Kfi./crn.r, $G
inclican a continuació¡¡, sujetar: a las iinrita-.
ciones estai:l ecid as er) Jos articul cs lti, l?, ?6
y 38.
\rastago
n ri r:;il
)
rr'rnaches
{see
ciórr }ro*
V;il;ti,g;o
'-tc
bulc)¡]{i:i u otr¡s
¡rartes
ros-
c¿irJas
{s**citin
ncta del nirc}r:o} . . ¡ . . . .
-"é"h, Cornp¡'esión:
En gellc¡'el
{sceción
bruta¡ I .. r i.,,, ¡,
c
)
!'lexión:
Tensiones en l¡¡-s fibras r.l:trt:nrits rle
cl:ir¡:as tr perfilr:s ...'
Tcnsii.rnc.s ttfl las fibr¿is r-xti'emas r]e lc,s
. pcrnos <Je lrrticulación
t
(l13
?ürt
1,100
1"10ü
'q)
(Siendo
li r:drrt
)
1:ji
Clornpres
tsiexión
Tracción
Cr¡rte
14, It{ampasteria.
la su¡rerficie de apCIyo
Pernos de a$r))'l,, I'triiiiios rJe ciiJal.¿r-.
cií,¡i o ulloyiis cLin\fe->iüs, rllt l-Lq.]:rit
{:entínietro rJe ltir:gii uci:
7' ¡'1 rrrrjio en cln. de] e i-
tiü r'
1,lüti
I i0ü
i iJüÜ
:iiirlíl
:l?üii
?1{iü
14(l{l
? 1fJO
Biiü
?i5ü
2ü0
150
Fara el cf¡lculo de
se¡bre marnposterÍa se
:€
*
.
''-;
o*l
r: F r
,*oJ;*
Ab
f*
. *.;{r r
.A .*'
\
p
ct) Ccrie:
Rc:rira cir es
Perr:os ri bulones torncados y ajustados lUüt)
Ilirlrjnes brutos {.ver art. 2,7i .,.. ¡..... ?[i0,
Alm¿r cle vigas sinrples o cümpuestas
'
'
(sección bruta) . +..i.... ¡ ¡.. ..... Süi{
**
*) Aplastanrientü
{cun1
actr clirectc};
{ioru t:$'rte Üc¡t¿ ürlris
cl,J b i,i .sirr
].¡
l e
:80{] 21i}0
IiuJ(ir¡es tclrrc;¡ri(rs
:.'
ajris-
t irlr.,s
B ri lq;¡; e s ¡-.i iJ t i;s
i
ver i¡l'-
tir:it in 24 )
Prrnos
f
i
Area cte cc¡rr.¿rctü.
fi i'{r¿r'rz(i:; u t.¡t ¡':ll; sl-t¡:u.r:ilcig:; cc-
pi i t¡rd as :Utl0
fie'Jr¡t)J'i:cs ajustlrrjos .... ltjt;0
que el
Iu j
us-
dc las
ilrlr
rl
12. Accr'¿, ft¿ndiilo.
-
j-,as
trnsiones d e
corr¡presiútr y apiaslanrientu s{rn iguales a
las establecidas para el auero l;rminaclcr, y las
utras val¡ln cl 75 '; de la.s allí establecirias.
b-undíción.
ión ciirecta, . ¡ . r,. . . . . .
. a a', a . a r a . a l 4 a t a r t r . r t
11. Acero laminad.o.
a) Tracción:
Cirap*s y bairas (seeción
neta)
J
1-100
rl
.',t...
.:1 _\
ú
tr
utiiizaráir las iensi*rie:s eiinljsihies
Laclrill0 f ue11.e ciJit ntc¡..!_L,l.r) r-le
ratataaa¡1,
Piedle trenisca
o r_:uicí,i:,*ii
¡ ¡. .
.'i'
!_: l,'ili'i lt.i]:j
I lulini¡iiirr
Si:-Itl i ttl Lt:i :
, i*r
3o
w{ü-
lrl
tiü
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45.
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{Arq*s
i&r1c€'forf*g, *,..-
Püra €,1 r:irlr:trl¡r
qi.i{.1 it'rr.:lu.),n
lglnillielt [¿¡s; r:Íri.ii,arj uccgsoi"ias
iai'i,j!) $r:'
l)(rri¡:ái'r
l.urriar trrrsiciit s acli-iri:-.i-
h: *s
{S
al¿
r.i) ü{,'i)r-(:r:i
(t
LrÉ, t:si.as Lcrr:;i¡,;llcs }lii-
I:;i{j;:i:i l:j.¡.';jitifjl:tj t¡u*.ilt s¡,:i:ctii,trl r;L¡¡l i.¡.ii lit-: o};i:(.;l^i-
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iC¡:; s(ltTIell; drl:. t'Lrt.ic{¡-':l? rj?t Ir' il C¿1r jj;-r,\ iiC:CeSl:¡l'ias
nl:ri r'¡i r"r si,gr-' r;il.i: rt1r.r¡iñs ij:rI) t¡:¡ il;it¡ r-,es ¿ici rni-;i-
hlci;
fili
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trtj-iViit'e:i ctriri iiit:h;,s tclls,!c,lir:s h¡¡.i-
:iIü ilii
t# /{sJir€?^ro,i r;clini.,'iris" -*-- {-l
t::;fucr";i(l:; É:n ;,ii;1t.urii h;ri'¡'a
(i
parIe
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c'ernl-:iur
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sr¡ilii) it
;t lq lln ¡i r:o rni.; i l: ar:ir:irr d i: l i,s ci i
'.'r:r'i:ii
s
r-;ca qLln estü sürlieticiii ii csLliei"¿ij:;
vi;s,-oi cái.r:iilil cle c:;rit; c1..,nicil1.r-:s sí:
rr:ciii:t-i,-it; l;ls tt-:r-ir,ir;ltú> i.j,.r: it'llJ
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ilicuiiit"üs elllt'(: :ii, i.'üll r i;i terlriiúri i.i¿riíii)ilcls
t
;¿ilí existtit¡ic
l'triIr
u*.,"¡ J;l lerisló* acl*risir¡i*
b::sica rJe t!'f;ür:i,¡l:.
rll: el ci,su cspcriai rie rrlrnlrclrei, il l:rtlrlnr:S
trabaiarrdu
¿r tracciirr: s_r:giirr .iLi t:je' (,r-yi
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ir
r'$[ilt;lIJ.i.]
['t¡l'lililtu (r] s1l l,r¡*i:i:'á, pri,.a te¡r*i.
gb
r'tlrttt ir lli:;
gilnrliciu¡tus
r::llr,i:iaies de i'¿,t-
l:liclicir-rr::
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s(), .';i criti
't.t '

Related Interests


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l)l"iii*
ciiraies ln;i>:il:i¡¿
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ltli¡lii¡ill. r;Ii vciiu.t" aig...i;r ili-
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tltri¡'r (]tic (:rltri¡:l;r
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Ei eS::i':r¡i'lrri¡:illi,; dei lrtatcríal. c{irt ex*
cci-:r:;ili iel iies.iiradc a ii;r'rtr:; o recunr"intie;l*
ttis o ei ai--i rinra de
ireriik::
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.if g_rl:¡lt
liat'a
e:itructul'¿ts expuestrrs a l;t ili-
t c l:-,i:crir: {} í!g_I1*l_rlJl].-
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c.-;trilcr,ufas pr{,rtr;:*
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t t ;.iie ci* ¡:st r'uL'iül'¿rs rj-c inipt-i;'tanci¡ ti*c r.ir"¡.d;:-
l'i;i Lliillru i ¡¡cei'r-li:¡'i,-,s. ;n;i]-Í r,i(::iiil¿rs, pi:q ;if'fl;¡s
tulli"Lot, pfr:Jtil:;, l:1t:,
.
f{u pnrir';ili us¡.ir se ¿ilignlares ril{:'r}r¡r'r*s di:
3g-il-L l
jL-
i:) Cri;-l'r-'sió¡:.
Cu¡nCr¡ las
l)osii:iliCaties cie
q;í.,i
r-osi*5rr
f;r]¿}r) ill¿¡yuI es que ies de Li¡i:I eslrur:lurt¿ {:)::
.
¡:uesta
a l:¡ atn:ós[e¡:a nr:rrlrai. cl es6,(:rr;(]r m i*
¡r. i ni,l cxreCerá clr los [l rr]In.. {'r1 una üü li Lici ¡,, i
lrr:uder:cial
que .sc fijará err cacla c¿ISo, ;t r{-i
ser Llue sr-' Lollit:n
l)recüL¡cirines
r'rip€ciahis piit:ri
SLr
il:'u
l¡:t:ciólr.
c) Ci"r¿rpii$ clrt nu¿lil"
[in !as
(-'ii$fis
inclicnclc-rs {}}l ;t} tl r:til.trr¡i(it'
rie est¿rs challas nü s¡1¡'ii nier¡or clc lü, $
3'
c c'l'¡ :
Y=
Nrl c: nece:¿iie üi--licii' iljitu
i:} i:ls 11c ci¡i;j rrt lr.
It.
=stc¡das
eli¡st i;as e {r}n pir:ias
'"íe-
ij.';l;r¿cii¡,:la.:;fir.r) ilr,l;li:. iill el rti$í)
,it- q"rt: lií.:a Jr{:(:tsaria *st¿-rCiirr" Iu :ifi:uriciad cle
¡'t-'iiir;,tt-¡i ::i()In(;'tiri;ls ;:r t.il] r:Si.;rc[r, t:]ii:;tiCt¡ ,_iuLie
ü
¡)ii;nl
sr: u1;ili'¿rr,;í¡ cutrji) crjterit¡ ,Je t-rjsi*ttlr-
ci:t *l ci itr--'i'ir:¡ rJc l;r rníi:;irir¿r {ill(:r';1ia cle d*fr.¡r-
l:-r¡rc:ion por rJr:;;li.z*¡:rier rl,t.l, {) i:ir.á quc dcllel-á
rterif icarse sj se cLlnl¡.rl.e le sigirienl.u rix -
pr esión:
'
o't- o-r.Q"e
+
O-*t
o bicrr: ri -f trr"
--
rl! r;-, -l-
r1t,'r1d c se desigln a cün tr-
¡
y rl'
¡n'ini:!¡rales
dei cstado elá:;tir:ci,
tensio¡'ros no!'rrial.cs si¡brc cir-r:j
{ }-*,¡
,J C: L)-.r.¡
j l¿ls tt,'rrsi"trnel;
crfn 0-r
Y
{}-" Ias
Lll¿'rliüb'
Ilel-ptlr
t*
F
I
I
I
I
I
t
_l
I
i
i
s mm. ::r-l$psct,i!'arncr):tü y, r*cl*nrás, cuanci* sr,
trate de cerr:has de Juz ffi;iycr de ltíl n¡tri. no
al
srrán ff¡fiiilres cie 1ü nlrrJ.
e
rr..(:rlr atnes
u
o.r¿¿onss.
a)
'
En eI esüudio
del
,rernaühads
sel utili-
zará
=ierr:pre
el diárnetr,u ncn:ina] rlel 'renla-
che nuuvü
1r
t*da* las disposi*io$es referentes
a distaneia:; de CI errtre reh:aches o bulones se
clehen
ttltrf,íri'rj,egrle t:l tent,ru cie los mifin:üs.
,,1
"
b} Cuanelo i*s rcrna,:ltes ter¡gan Lrna
ici:Fi"iiiil iitil fi'raloí que 4 ieccs el diárnetro y
cier-lan
1¡'asnlitir esfuei'r.üs calcul;rtries, su lrúj
rnerü
**
á,.¡,nentará e¡l' I
"Á Flnrr
cada milime-
tra rle longitud en exceso de 1o$ 4 diá¡netl'os
f
ls,
*ir.bel'á üuidarse especialmt:nl,e sü fabrica-
ción v ccli;caci ir,n. Nir clebcrar¡
''utiiisarsrl
re-
¡r . . s;-i*
ilia,:ires cu.

Related Interests

í{ iorjgitud exeeda
(lÉ:
fi diárn,ctI.g,$,
:
t) ltl áre.rr cÍe:c:t
j
i';¡ cit: apiast¿ir¡ ier: tc r.ie
Liul.r:nes y i'er¡ra{:hes ct* ca}:rlr,Ír esf r:rica *s
igr:¡¡t
ji:lrrcCur:tr)
dei rJr¿r¡:clr* elr) remach$
nrLritipli,:;¡rir; pr:t'*I e-sFes()r {.'a e$p*süres ci,,l
t.
apiasiilrni.t:nt"rr. lln Jr¡s terr¡ar:tles cit: cabc¿a
pcrdi<i,a :$:r:
i*].na;.á et;r¡1i} e:;Fesür cfectivü ia
rnitsd ri*J EsFsri*r real cktl r¡rater ial qlrg in-
r:ltryr' l¿t cahear.
*
St*;rtrc,,:i*tt-
ai
.I-;i
dislancia c¡rtre rerlr:lehes o buio-
rneil$r dr::t iliál¡letr¡ls lri n{iÍ: nti íif:ríi ¡-¡lIflt:ñ fnei}$f tlft :t il}Ailreil
i?;ii;¡'cí ie lt¡
.3iár¡etros-
ü-i La d.isteu:cia cle un renrache o hul*n
al b,.:¡.cte c*rcan(] rrr¡ s:erá masr)¡' rje 1? Tece)
nj*sr?esorde}achapanice4cliírmetros.
c) I-a distáncia
'rle
un rernaclie o l:ulnn
at-'
acualquie¡.borderXJserárntnürcIgg:....'
. 1 . S v*cf;s su diárne tr* si
gsr"ur: 'bol,tle
ti*.
: r
r'. '
ealifrdCI.
I , {i, veccs su cii*inretr* si' ss
-
siir¡adi.r etrs cha¡la.
1 .4 vuces $u fiii rn r,t ro si €s
i orfil
laniir¡arlr.l
l'lLr
ü
Lt:.t¡ de bt¡lt;r¿*s tr,r'¡'n*,lcr.lo., .
-:-
Los. bu'
lonel t*rneaclcs cc]oca¿Il:s cn {}r*ifici$s taladra-
tics ft c";caria,Jos puerJeri ser siernpre utiliza-
clr:s en sustitucióli ¿o lus rerna.rhes y deberán
scrr *tiiizadosr cuandu Ja Jr¡ngitucl iiti] ex*ec{a
6 veges cl diárn*tr o {ar1. ¿.ü-b} . La parte lisa
dgl vásing* debe'r:í¡ ü*xss:rl*r r*n I . Íi tntn.
Für,,
.
lr. rnÉn#+i l* lr+n¿4iturl
qle
a;pl**et&mie¡:tq]
¡l
la
srificic y rtn$*
Irln'I.
nr*$ h¿'ut*l
,r,r*'puerJen
$er utilieados e]r sr,rsti-
tuciún cie los remaches, con excepción Ce lo
estat¡lecido en el ai:t. 34,
riara aquella.s unic-
nes er¡ las cuales nrr puede adrnitir"se u.Ir dfi$*
plazarriento relalivo cle i as partes a unir
_v
esp*cialnrente en cstructuras. qt¡* *ri:.ii"Jürten
rria{¡uinarlas a griras cle ¡nás cle Ii tor:eJ¿rrlas,
riE capacidad {¡ bier¡ en enl}ialn:es o r:r¡'i+s dc
las esii'ucturas definidas €T¡ ei art. n i] ric ia
norln-a "U l\íIT-*50".
il
Cuarrdc¡ Ia ct:Jccación cÍe lc,s ijuk nes
bru¡trX se l:caljcc ::¡ediante llaves
jnd.lcarloras
tlc t*t"sión y ctn'
'r¡iqilancia
aelee r¡a$a, estus
pr;dr'árr sel' su.stitlríCos a lcs re:rt1ar-:tles, sic¡Jt-
])re
que su cáJculc se realiec tt;maylcli-l Lrn ei..
rr''¡e': uc ta:::i:iilü-il'::'
H):;:T
:*=u*ir a:
s.i en rlc¡ : be
rfi{.¡r}lent* tsi ¿$r
airliuadrr a ia 1ur,.ii:a
ni{imül I ir: 1 rii.'sr)}' acilrr isliblr:
{}'Ir}"'
'
'
I{¡¡. i:i;r.
llif*rencie
ds Cján:etr** entre
tagu n0 dcb'erá excrder de ü.8
(i'vl¡¡*{
= ^'t^tt'{
Lltt {b1* ati :
33(}{l
t
I
t.
: .l
!
t
I
I
{
I
f#
I
I
t
I
i
I
t
I m p¿¡ra
il .?5 :'
0.5il: '
{.'(}I'te dcbJe ,
}r
super"i.icis¡s
'.
'
,'
sinr¡rle
J*
superficics
,
S€CAI).
!'
si¡,rple v d*ble ccn
supcrficies
:
É*c.eitül*
i'ias ü
Irintqdas.
un harde la=
L¡il boicle Ce
.y
d
'-;
rliíirr:etrr¡ ncmi¡:ai clel bultin) en
'centÍ-
nl cltrr: s.
ll. Barrss con esfuerros
qxiles
A) Fa i'?'{rs r-:o?i¿pfre f.r¿s
,Ssl.¡rl¿es.
**
fia r'elnción cie la kjn {i-
-
tud cle
Fñndes
e{ectiva al radia cle gir"o rní*
nirnc.:de la barra, ]/r, nü excederá de lns vfi-
Jrr¡'*s siguientrsr
iw
ffinr,rgs t#ffip*"Írtrid*rs sfi
g*nerbl ¡ * * ,r
gü{l
.t:
y;
\t
- -
.
'lA
ll
l
Y=f* 'j,
¡t? :
I iiil
í)É
i",
.;-rJtl
;1,@.o
a,)
-J,{t6*
L'Ler\
tltrl-},,*,
(á,^(+;
e4 *+f eI e
qr
Í*
**t*s í*'n
*¡1^:
ibfi; bár.¿o ¡nd;*
rn*lián*lmente
ras,si¡Iuiellt*s
criudi.i;;;=,
.
a) H*qu*¡n&
r:sráii*r¡
).
especiarrne.t€
'v¡**ulos
LrÍen rJefiniclus
err fur.rrra
tal que per_
1*:11"
lrrla defil:iciri'
cie esf
ucr.zos .sin
a¡:.lr¡i-
[1
Li'Jflüd.
b)
Que aumcntalrtit¡
erl u)' lcij
i'; ias
b) Las
7ii.i:t,s crrcr¡riidas
se carcrrr¡r,-i..'
c¿rrgas.de
viento
y/o en un I0
i.í,
1", ,rrlets sc-
cort
!a ten.';itirt
arlrnisii¡lc
bi'.sicl¡ incliceia
e*
Nü#NÁ
"t
{s*s#
cfiffffli#rF
at rri,fF¿lfrtrücío*
w
F\ .r¡¡*
Ét r¡¿ ü-
(r¡
f *)
ri
t.''il ',i,
l;l r:;i i
i{;c }-;t}r
'¿¿:
¡.iari*
¡)..r:"
J;r
i-i?ap,oCIGtq{,*
1
ts{?
v
tu
I
I
*-{
I
I
\.
^S
AJ
\
3
ri¡
f¡r
L
-i:
s
l,s
f
,lÉ
t,
I ,_.,'.'--¿+_
I
I
i
{
rfiü .
#Ée
ir
***-*"i---
*,1*. .J *.
¡*r$
,\
Ys/arss
n' *
.iiV.
=
v
ei ert- I L-a¡
,
utiiizancir: ei área neta de la
rr;isrna
,]
Area,,eí,ettiurs,,,
a- EI- irr.''a i;ruta
dr unü tral-r.i* e:r iguai
a la Flirne tie ics
-1ucci.uc1"ri.s
riei rlip*b(ir-"
l){)r
rl
in,;hr-, l-:t-uic ris r;,:iLu Lt.:-rii
..f
ü.rcics l,::i
q[r:rlt;l-l*
tir: riue círn"iffr i?l{:Ij }a i}rtrr¿}. rileiiiCus nc;rlnal=
ríicr:L,.:;ri ejt: de 1¿r rnjsine.
bi El iu ee r¡el¿i cit* ulla i¡arra rs rguai
a I a sii
rr¡
a tit lr;s j)rr-rgl1¡cti.)$ dci {-::i)rso}'
iir)l'
ei ¿¡:';:i.lt: net"c¡ rie cacl¿¡ ut'in \r i,o*cs .[os ele]irelt-
i..lr; gue Ccf$ptrnr;tr ia ilei'r'a, rJeLernri¡raClO en la
icrrrr'¡ crJtt Íii-' il:drca i¡ corrti;iuación.
_&*lli$
".gft!t.:F*
d_r; li,:tt:_glS Uip,fe
s_qlr.gtt
tJ_i:
üuc el u.iainel,s,; r-lei
r¡rificiu ti.cr:e 3 ¡urli. ¡r¡ás
iillc el riiir¡nei::g
l_tr:¡l'l-,in¡¡!
cie¡l renJacl:Lg9g-ga-
_
1ir.¡¡¡
tii eLt_q.-.-_
El al:ctro neto de Lrfl ele.rnento será obte-
nid,n c¡;icul:rlrctr", piira tr;rJas leis línr:as de i'ot.u-
¡ ri
¡-;t,:-,iiiL'
a
"ravés
eJ e Ci.,r*:r$a.; iíneirs rle re-
r¡^.at:hi;tii';¡ Ie t::{p}f esiún
h6''-'.b d (1
*:X¡
ir-
K
:-::
3"
"l rt
d ttt
i:n Citri¡tie:
bQ
'.==
.ir¡cho neto p:itt la iinea rie rotut'a ele-
i;iüa.
h r::i ancli,l blr-rto Ci: la cliii-,.i o elernenio e]l
el itrí:ir.
ci
=--.,'
tljántetru deJ rcnlar:l:.e-
ij
y g :-.
dista¡¡cia longitr-lrJinal (paso) y
tra¡¡s.;e FS;-rl
{gr-aniil) ,
res¡le cti vamente. cG*
rrs::fir¡nriient,c a cr¡rla p;rr cle rerraches suce*
si',r(is tiiic(-rntra¡j,-rs;l,i l'e(:{}rrer la lÍnea tJe ro*
tura.
i Ji.
..',-*
$iirrt ár tf e itis tr¡
j:ilL;i'cÍ;
$bten idt¡s
li¿t-
l'a r oi'tl:lr lqrg rerriür:lir:s l.ritriaclüs dr¡s a clas q ue
Í:e ü¡ cl Lly en err i a i írr e ¡:i rJ c. l'i: t u ra.
iti i¿ne l]ü ncl¡:, *si ¡-rbt*r¡icJr.r nq p,:*:ll sel-
.
rir3irr¡fjl_u*: el
,:1;icniCo
cicr-irtcienrJ¡-l ciui allclio
f-.rrutt¡ :r.:¡ i,i,ii'.;ñ ii_U¡ll*iri!
¡Sual
at irúme.-
'{-(-¡
ii*: f ila; rle ¡ i:n¡¿rc}¡ex-
L
r,
¿/ tl ._ t^t J
(j)
Cu¡¡rtrir; uli ¿l irarr.'a está {:oristituicia
ljor
ulr án¡gulo sjrnplr: r.) l¡clr cios;irigulcs üo*
rect;iriris l,:,:rü ii ii¡nio y,je uli n:isn¡,¡ la-dr¡ cle
l;. clia¡,a cie ,lircio, eí íi:-'.:a ,lfecfiva
& tcrrrar
pirrá ci
j
r:?¡:a:s tiirr f es ser-e igu;rl sr t ái eff clt¡I ala
u¡¡io¿ Rrá:, Ia i¡lit;rcl derl á¡'*a clcl elg r'rr] u¡lidu,
calculaCas cie acuerdo a lcs apartactos a) ü b)
cie r¡:ís arribe segirn c{irrespi;nda.
Si l.:i. bal'r'a. rjr;tá üírllslitujila
ilrij.',Jos irngu-
j*s
unicios
r-'a(ie
ur].L.a ¡rn.?. charca separacia,
irlil;ri É?R ej ilüSt; ti*:
g*:'r'has
rie ci,.rl:le;1¡l:¿r,
lJe-
ri.) csc¡$ án*gr-i i,-is .:st:i ul:it-k:l e'titr¿ -':í
I3¡,i'
pl;:.-
rias cle r,':lucrzr]
gnl,";*:¡i.ii;,¡s
iti: üt.:i cíi ris] r¡uiiu
ron'r
iJ
sr:;L rrr;sibl e $rl
i:*urir,
si n
r¿:i.¡t
barB*, tü*
ntai cijf^n.l área efec'lir.a
,.:i
t ata! rlei ál'ea.

i)irr¡ e;n^s'iorir:s; '¡'r¿í.tL¿ iItir.q.
a) Los ar¡rjh()s rie las alrs Jil¡re:; cic h:s
ángulo.s É-'n r-lr];=r^;ilr;{:Sir;n tlr.} {-..i('r:d r}l:¿'lr¡ cie lti
vec3:) 5u esil€stli'.
it) El espesor dr: lirs chlpes {jue consl.i*
tu¡r'elt el al¡:¡a cle las pie:,as cr)m;irirniil;rs, t]
.sea I a partc unida a l¿rs cha'ü¡:L:; clri tit tclc, ttt)
$€'r'á rnenür de 113? de la clistancie li}:r-e
(:'::r-
t.re lus ücür{lamie¡rtos corr }as al*s r¡r u:i cású
r1t. perliles l amr nadtls o dc la ctistan,:la {:rr
r.t-s
las lineas cle rerr¡achcs nl¿it p::iixiil)ab, flri r:il
car;() de las t¡tras cha¡-ras que cr¡nst iluv{,n i.ii
-
barra dicha f¡"accirin sct'á i¡¡*al e 1¿4t!-
En unr.l y otro t-t&srl, si¡t t]l?llrargr-r, t-"[iii]irii]
I ¿r tens i ón ex.i$tctr te (a'
I cs rlt cr I rtr 11 ue la ;¡ii-
niisible (o-*u), diclir-r:; deno¡ninsrJu¡'t:s
liüilrii:r
se!' rntrltiplieadris
[rr.rr
;Tffi
c) Ifrr Jas barras uxlurrciicjas ¿irticul;ir:las
ei ál'ea nela en la sÉct: rrir¡ t¡"ansversal cilrreíi-
Iiotlrlie¡rLe
al eje cJcl p*rno r;xcr:clcr:i
lirr
Ia
ntenos erl un
-10
';. al ár'ca nel* tjcl cr-¡i*tl,r¡¡
dc la barra y el fi¡'c;r r-¡eta i:>;ist*nte mirs *lLi
del orilii:ir¡ clcl
llernü
siLila,-l¿r se¡1rirr ei eje !r:rr*
gil.urlirri¡l ri* la l:nrr¿i se r'á pur' la rni-!r1ü$ igual
al árira nefa del cr¡rlpo clc il ban'a. Aciern:is,
en e1' c¡'it¡n d* barras reilrach*.i"1í¡s ¿irticrr!ilrias,
eJ anclri t'tel$ a tr¿rvés tlcl criÍ!.cir:r rt*I pet-nr,.
tlurrsversslrnetrüt.i al ej e rie lt t.¡arr';i. nc) üh.*e*
del"íi rie 3 2 \¡er:e s cl irsF,r'sor c()rresir()r1d.j
g¡li
e.
d) Las bar¡'as cle rrjo t,e¡rclri'tn urr e$iJ(lsü.r'
rlf) nlelliJl' de iti l¡1rr]. 1i lntlnol' riC l
lf¡
Cle} ilt:i*.
cila
"v
ül ctiárl'i€t.r¡) rJirl per'¡r{)
tln *;*r':i rt"tctlt)t'cir.
k¡s
'l
/'¿ del ancha rl'¡ l* b;irr;r tnírs uni.:l'¡;¡ {,irir:
llega al, nuclo.
)
Fln li¡ f il¿r r-::<'trr:n:a ti u rcllt¡Ic'trt::; co it:"
r:¿ttltr:q É.'n Lrna ba¡'ri,tr
--.-i{il)r.e
el nucir}*-r J¿r d¡s-
tanriir t f anr;*¡t?r'süi igrarni i) 11r) *i;ceiltl'ir c{t' f I
Lt iíirir rl t"{);qj
v
ai
r:inr.ple
*n Jas
scoplrmtientrs,
ha r'¡'ns extr.n-
*
.*cr¡rr¡clr.:cio
rte
lla::ü :li*:tj ntü
ri
¡E
j;,
i:!t¡
j;i;,
bí¡tt;;iti
¡rrirl[:i¡,¿¡!r,..;
!;r rlist:rnr,i;i
ttir*
l;::
I+'{uítri}¡l¡n
{¡U[l ,,tt,r,*,*U,*,1]it$
v
lrt,l
tti- s, ,,;;,"
il¡ l'it ,h
f'+,,ri,'t'{r,¡ti
[¡ttt¡rir,lir
+r t
,,,rt,,',ri,,,,,,
fpasn* *o-
t'ftp
fs k ,&ieercidu',vwrm!
{A{ern{,\,}
}r¿,
g}g-
rt-'ri(lrit
fr"eferil¡lclrleil:tü ri* lt tliiril:r-'1.rrrs rii ile
:JL cln. .lln l:arr;x
(,:r)rr)lnlijr;tas
I;üj,
cjcs anguia-
¡'es $*pü¿'arins pci" el {líil}Íjs{.jr lle .l l ciriil:a cje
tll"tifi¡ "\i
lT*li.rttf*t.rir{rl.r
l)iil.
fll..iin,lel:l:_; ri fr.ll-irii;,
r':i;tt:$ pi;iir'án cc¡lr;(.arsc ii u11fi Ci;;tii,ir:¡¿. r)(; nl¿l-
yor rje 1,:0 rnts.
Irri(r
nril"ica habr'á mcllos drr
rit: s in terrn ed ir¡s.
g
.,hi
P¿¡,qo :trlirxil:io t.lt i¿ts l;iri'ras ctrlr¡;ri-
inirlas.
.,
'
:
,
fil pasr¡ rle las rer¡r;r{:i:es quc uJl*r1 ch¿,pil$
)/
ptirfrics no exc{:)riurú rit, ifj uccr::.-. c:l r-si}cst¡r.
(lt,
l¿r cli;rpiL o pcrL-it r:x[.uriur
n¡ii.': de-'l¡¡ari*, r:i
iiu ?0:1"/€ct:s *t. csiisst,l" ile Ja tl¡¡.ifr;r {r pcl.iii
ii:trl,jc¡' mil,ri cielg;rd,:; eJ grarnii
{le u:.lf*.r'cier¿r
cle :i'¿, \¡e:r-r.tS ¡:l És:reh;()r' ,j,:
1a r:}rl:1:;r {i nt,rfil
.
])t á :; cl el
,g
ri c{1.
tixc¡;:rf]r:'t" llr.: fi Ll S cjá¡:,cl
j'rls
]);:r-ii
i;r.i-ra:;
¡;r-ilr-
r:i¡:ta.iL:1.
ii StlcijncJ;:iias rcsirect:r.lrr;,,. rii.*; Ft: r,)
. . el-xt:'gt¡ir¡ rie .i¿l L,c¡r l':¿ ,:i
¡-;;-rsi.r
r](-)
":,:c.;l:t,i-i
i.lltr-¡-
lli:lüi; cit, 4 iilli;-fi¡-'Lr'i.,r-, r. li :¡l ¡L-t iil:.,i;r¡¡ri:,r isr;tii ii
I ii
-riclrcr:-
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itlJt:'r¡{.¡ mr¡tuu ciit'ec:1 r.1., Jils r:lt:r¡l*-,ilir-:,.1 r-li: cIr¡*
lr¿i[n-rc
pueclen sei' p]oyr:ci¿rrlr.rs i:ün el únicr¡
ctrit:ti; r:le rrluritrlnel ias; cio$
¡:ari.ers
cn i-:r-r lr-r¡:,ar,
sir:ryiili'e (¡
Llt' cuaiquir:r' r:sÍ'uCr.z,J
cie I'li,xic¡;r rJltc
¡.ir.:er,1a
iLlJlurjitnr=.rls(i
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lrl¡r'
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Related Interests

.'¡¡ lüs virlrr.::$ íiur¡ tr;rr"r;r'J:ri
cr>cficiente rtr iir:l art.;i',i ai cLlí,i.i-t(ii¡ il ll, u*-,13¡-i-
tcz (lili
sc. ie ¡-ia tJ
t':ilúi'ijijri=r'::ilut"]ei¡uiiii
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si f rlr:-u .{jr-.1.*-
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Related Interests

;.¡iril' .jilJ'j ¡.::rl.)uijtjig¡1tt,
;:r
Hl){i t1c los $l{-'ilrr-::ili.,i¡:i uj:;]¿:.Jo:; {\,i,¡¡l .
Q,.ii.t;.;i¡
(|xcelltti:¿tili:i
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u il; i;.:: lrirt':';¡:: J'
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tllilr.laS tf()I" ilr.r.'; -.li:rr¡1r.,¡ (il¡f:t (.:,rr.¡",ler:
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i.*.¡"i.ü:iri:.
a) ]J;lrr¿is cr;Ii.i|r,'i,,rirl ¿i:;.
El r:SíuCL'i,.i-; ctil'il-¡tr:
t\,'j
ilrri-tTtiil i, I i ,.,,
ir. n.giiurljl¡lll tjr, ,a 1-¡iji.l'cr ¿i ui:ll;;lil un cj t:ji1,,il-.
j*
iir: lrrs b¡'iil:rs,j ceirisi¿rs;c{:i'*r r_iiir:ir;
l}r_ir.i:,
f r',rrn ¡r i;¡
l"l
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r.irjJ,,
v
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t:{}i};ljtll;t"*i¡-i¡ r.iljf.t e¡l ¿'::l riít:1":r.r} s i.,¡,,,,
I'('¡iÍiI'ii-, ü)¡¡
¡:;rr"t
eis i¡tt;rl*s iitlir.*
i*nt* V
t
;jj.;
'i:'.;
í:i::-zit
Cl¿rnr:.; dg c:-¡!c¡Cg pAfalr:iqir; A la
iuel z;, 'ía sean ilsnot;
{
air nai ri dlscr:ntinrrr:s
I
hri.las tt .:r:ir¡.qía't
.
*
Esl¡ctt*z i:¿C.,-ui¿luc¿.
*-
[,ñ $cpa].'acirin
i di er;i.re b..ii,t;:s a elltr-(: ir¡s n,ldrr¡ rjil lrr ('fi*
.'.¡sía :;erá i:rl ri,,ret iii c,t:l)r:i t c¡: {'ri/r.,} clq* i:n,cl:-r
eleir:irritO Cí)i.:::irJCr;;rli,, ajSlariAme¡rt€ nO *yilgeia
üí: la t:rl:*J i.rjz d¡l ia be;:'i:a cn .$ii c(;rr j riri tc t;;lr-
?n
!ii;.:.-it
la;-, l:;ar:'a,:; i::1:l.c;"tdillag cr)rnt)
Ilirra
ias
t:¡;lT;p
i'l ¡'¡:i#.;l *.
#
ilcii,"sí¡r'
ai La incl¡-n;:,r:itj* ti r.lc Iir.q b;rrr'¿rs cle ce-
icsía {:r¡n J. {:,jT)er:tt¡ al eje ie lirs. barras l;ci'á
preir,;r:iL,jcnlenic,rni ntení)r dc 45" pel'a {'tki-
:,ía clr¡bie (r r"it: 6fl",
í);.iJ
a cclr¡L;ía ;;iniple, Cl-¡i¡rr-
tii: iir o..iir;t¿.:¡'ir:ii. entl'e la:. lj¡:{-¡:; ric fclTiiicii;tdo
C¡- rit;.*; t-:ierur,*llt.lS
l;.ii¡'aCCIttf).'; sea nla.!i.rf fiC
{;-¡ r:'}.'s,, :ip
:-:iiii.;,"rtrá
rr:lr).sía ri,-ll.¡Jc, re¡}ii}c}¡"ltr-i¿:r
;-Íi
t:l¡ ¡.¡ri.€:;.,;r.rjiti(j¡i ril 5i.rIt
1:;ilífsirfl$
i.¡i
I-,ü:;
b';lr r:¡:s r.i¿-: cc
jr.:l;ía
se
llt'o)¡ecta
rá n
(:r.¡ji
lu í,',¡:,::¿-rJa. pai'ü
iricr.as
(:{it¡ip}:inri,ias,Jel
a]'i. Zti*a¡ . I,¿i esb +!llr:'t,
tI /r)
cie diclias barrar,
]lo e>lcerlr:r¿i de i4f, n¿rr"a
r:elosía simple ni de
200 piira *eLr¡uía dohk'; ia lue ] se fo¡nal'á igual
ir la dil;'ianc¡a cr¡i.r"e L'cntrL)s dr: reniaclradc¡ cle
t:ada .Tc,gtneutq: üa¡'a c*-losía sirnple o igual ai
?0 ',.1 rle Ja ¡nisma par¿¡ celosíi. doi:le. Er¡ las
harrü.s ril. c{)nl.raventarnientr,r u otros elernen-
[cs rifrjr.rrrcla¡'ics !¡r r:sbcllcz rnáxj¡na podrá lle-
gar a l?5 y 2U0 para celosia sirnplc. y dot¡Je
rr
jspect
i vtilr ¡ Cl') t€.
'-ri
El anciro Ce lt::;
¡:alastr'os
de cclosia
liü será mer.or cle ;i \.'i:ces ei rtiámetro de ltls
r€lllarhcs respectivos; cuarrclo los cordones
'o
ele¡r¡Entr:s de la bai-r'a tengan más cle 125 mm.
cie ancho en cl plano de rcnlachado se culo-
c:ar"¿in pñr 1o rnencs 2 remacirr:s $n cada €H*
t l'en:: idad.
flridas.
a)
'Ioias las b'arras compuestas Jltlvarán
b¡:irias en sus e):trernos
J-
er1 ii.¡ posible cle¡rtrrr
Cc .lus iludos-
gl
espesor tl,: las bl'iclas cri ningún caso
seri, mcrror de I/i$ de ]a tjísl,;¡ncia entre las
linras Cc remache¡* que la.s unen a lus elen'len-
t.os d* Ja harra cua¡tdo se tr¿¡ta de barras prin-
cipales, o de l/70 ci¡an,io se ll'ata de b¿r¡'ras
SecL] frclariaS.
l¡) l-'iezas ctirTrprir¡rirlas.
iit;ln{ji;r.} iir ir¡s l¡r[üi¡s s*;lu-i el r:jr
rirl i;¡
!::lrra ¡iit sci:á rr¡€nrJr i4fie ia rilgtarrr:if; *:iii'* i*s
iínc:as rie rl:üiacl¡cs iilrr: l¡,s ul-ren a k:s ,*lerlr.*n-
t,r,*; clr: it l:ar.ra p3r:a laE' l>ridas .de cx.trr¡lriCe,:t
n i nlenor q Lre l:¡ ¡uit aci ic esa ctista::ci;r püra
las bri':ias irrterr¡reriias. La r¡n ión son i:atla ele-
¡ll*lrter r;r: llará fin¡l 3 r*nt;¡üh*s ü{}mo I'rrí:iirric.¡.
r.'i ['rii:zas. {rxtr:ndi,r'iarr-
H:-, est.r: ctri¡,¡ sc t r.,,trt e ]f los 2/:l rir li;s r,r-
rruet.in-,.¡"¡¡lri:.< i¡¡dic'a¡jos cn i:)
Il:iL-¡r
Ius
¡:iii:ílt,,r
L r-' I r,
¡.
t- i rrr t li ;,1u.
¡¡1, Piezas f ¿exgdss
M titok, de ccilct¿lo,
t.as p!ei:as **olJ.ieiirJas ii, {lr'}tiún
ilrcrirlel
ia¡nir:irclus sinrples. vi;1.is inir'll.ipics
$
en r.:i:-
jíui
o riq;is c¡itrlpHesta;i sel"í.rn c¡rit:rila;liis
Fr:r
*J rnutudu rJt:l nt{)I1le¡:1<¡ tlrl !r,er{:iít, llt,ii.i¿;¡l:iir-r
l")fi,rri
cl lr: i¿i $er.:*iÓ¡r brut.¿i tr:t¡il y *i;l'"ridi*r"ir,iu
la; tensit;lres p;lra la se{:citin c*ta. ücsi¡;r}a.rl-
dr; c()t]
lo:-:.,'- Montentr: cle i¡i*ruia l:ruto,
e y c'
;;:-
clisdancia clcsde la !ínüa ncutra
{de
l:r seccisin bru ta
)
iiasta las f ibr;is
nrás alejad as, r:xienrlicla y rx)¡fr pr"i-
mida. respecfi!'attlente.
A -'-- área bruta del corrlón extenclirtc-
A-
::-:
AI'ea neta det ct:rcli¡n exl.endiilcl,
las terrsit¡nes rnáximas cle tracción
ftri)
y
c{imprcsión (s'e) r:sta}'¿i¡r dadas pür:
#
M
ffs: C'
Is
h{A
ffy::::-.C*
Ie Ar?l
. #
.?ensidn sdn¿¿$-ible en el cordón cütn-
prinñdt^r.
a) La cornpresion en las fibras extrefflüs
de las piezas sr:tnetirlas a flerxión no
¡rr:d,rá
ex-
ceder de la tensión adnrisible (o-,)
"
c¡l:teniCa
clividicntlc la tensión adnli.sible Lrásice rndi-
cacia en el art. J l-c por el r:cef icicnte dei ant-
plificacién \^T daclo
gor,nj*r
exprÉ:siones.$i-
guientes: -,
!.- ..
ld
-aó
.:
--:*
<
1(}0ü :
bt
j
tl
r .t
''li rl
i\o.{.f
t .-
i'r. tl .. :o . ¿- ''..!
'trrt!
.

?
Para
4
w6
1í,r{it}
"
000
t'Ll;rirC:r; ;i€ i¡¡Cfie¿ Clf¡ I
I
:--= Lo'ngidutt lc,te'rulinsr¡ie
lrbre rlr: la
b
:":
üitch$ riel cc,: rjón ccnrllrirrrirlo
f
,'.. espesür cOm¡rlcxi'Vo r-. F_
{:
d
;=:
ajtura de la viga.
Curnd* se tr'¿rts d* ilna ménsula
extrernu lateralnrer¡ie libre se tomará
L
'\
r#*q
lrt
v
"rF
3üú{.iü
itiir'i^:
rcr
F
?'-100S
ttfh-)z
d
d.F
Wr:
t
í:l I
Yr*il
c(}n $u
J)ara
I
?@
;'I Tct

3tlüü0
rcf
-14{,1ü0
{t/h'}'
?4000 (r/h')
-
\Ar
.ceparaeiún d¿'reflrersüs en ttrIl.
espesor clel al¡na €:r1 cm.
1
+
el dc;'nlp de Ia Juz.
il
) Iin barras
¡rrinr:i
¡:aI
ers r.1 ccel iciente
rle esl¡eltez (,r) r)o po<lrá exceder de 3000.
.. -jÉ+ ¡
.W
Flerian eail co?nJlresirin.
a) Las barras .sorr¡eti{.las
, sirnultánea*
nlenlc a mrrr¡ento tlectur y a unñ fuerza cle
c{)mpresión se proyectarán en form;¡ tal que
s,ü clrrnpla la siguiente expresión:
Plt
Wg
-
-l- w¡
-
;': o
**j
o bien
'
$, t)- t
wc -----
+
ttf
----
:.-:= I
f.i' .¡ O-,.¡
, .11
rr.ianriu- srJ indica crln i
,
. r,
'n'(
-. ":
ctueficie'nte rle
l;r.ridcr:
clel art. 26-a.
lt{ ;':- ,:"¡rt:ficiente cie ür¡1¡rliticacirin el} flexiun
iiel arl. 3?,-a
dI¿
'=--
L*:nsii¡n a{,lrnl.si!¡}e básica del al't. 11-b.
_Uj_-- lln !¡ar¡
¿$
_{rr
r¡¡¡rr_r"4l
lg_b.Ifl 1¡u{9t-9,,
_lj^_ l
r,-,_g
l
l q se a gr_g.E r{}'.}
¡ii'-'$í

ly?:g
q xil
ir
ü_L*S3 gr1¡
1t: lt,s
ll+
llci
nrc¡r:¿r¡1.¡r calt:uladtl c{.}m{¡ tr¿lnlr¡
.rnulnlliltq
lti, l1::
..
¿súsl¡il¿ri¿rci clel u(rrru. lii l;t rel a-
altur¿r tii;rc r,nt ¡'c cr¡rir:¡:el,
el espcscl clel alrr¡a. es ñrayr;s'qgr-r ?{i y si ade-
rn¡is t"lq[ u,,^ Í]]r{r,.?,!I'
(iue
440tif}
[#]-
,
8$
Ileiitifiaf:r], ¿ loS eíocios rlc la estai¡ili,{ri de la
illi"snr:tr
r-'r
iloüar rrlc-rltanit:s rltr r*firei"ur) t:€p;t-
r*rii,sr rJrf .'¡ di:;tancia
i$i
rncilicl¿¡ a lo iar.grr clel
*::jc rJe la viga iguut a (fi;:. ?) :
NOPrtf.4 IdS-jff
s €PA,FA Ct O# O{
gitÉ$ña
##
fu
tr
F
$
Q

?
s
tx
ü
ü)
t
a
_s
-.
1\¡ A
I
rr
*4.-t-€
_r
_ C¡'
a,)'
'/ i t
t
I
-f*
a
*
tO
Vslcres rle
li': ajtura libl'c errtrc cilr'¡1{.}r1es clsl alrrra
8l r C:l'l
!3¡
: t: sf ut:r:,.r-¡
'Lelrrgenuja
I rnirxi¡rlr¡ cn el rt:*
c u;iclra erl kg./mtr¡,*.
2.O
r" +á
ción t$
rlt'l¿r
, l'",i En ninÉún üasü J¿r
mryor
(Jue
200¡
.
s) Lgs tlrutrt;llit*s rli" I'*f uc.]:t.{j srji i¿n
lj¡'rj-
ferentemente :iin:irtricr:s i rl$pp(:te¡ i¡l plano f,)'t*-
qJir¡
tle:l sln'r¡{ y er¡l,aran u¡rid¿rs fr ln ¡rriumii pür
r.irL,rci,j¡:
Lry]
s:t ri]
..í i:x-^.:;:i;it i:l; r:e¡i,-i'ad{.r$
;'
e
'.llll
lJ;tlrü
llr) rn¿i:/u-r cltr {i,l Íilr li;
r:lLtri l;e rti:c¡'t;' íi lu
}){.il-.1rriiili,*:l
rii:
i dj.:ir¡e1:::r)¡;
ri) Lr:s:ylcniantcs cie''relluerzo serál ¡:a-
iu¡r:n;. eun uxe altur,a etectivt igui,,i ¡ la 3l-
¡iaces;,ie:;ru,xtar
r¡na iuerza i¡¿ual ai esfuerzu
t'¿ra ]ib.rr: e¡rl¡e r.'ciCorrr:s i¡t.
)'
cr.,li nn ¿lr;i¡c
irr¡^¡rn4;i91.r.¡fá;¡¡¡r¡e"e¡¡el..pal¡el.
¿"lculaAos{.cmcr
ii¡uát a (a.{'- h'i4i p;ir¿,.
(:¡.rgí{r'.-.
en ei e>rircrr:;
.se iidira crt 4i aj.
,t',1.
de;l.a l,iÉ:it
Íl
a
{k :,i-h'/2i Fara
car"gas Íritc-
)
Mytaarrre* ¿" rcyrarttción' ,'"
t.-tT;
el i]asr. de que ::i¡íur:ai; dg estas dor rr.*
'
ai S:i tocl's aquellos lugares u'r qu'e,lle-
,.iti;,,1"""¿"-¡;;;;;;i;;;"p;;,;"*;; .;"
.$an eargas'concentradas
a,gna
yigalrte,átma
*p. p; las v.rgas ¿* ul,,-,, iiena cgmpucs;ts.
ilcra
ecgPuesta
?ri:travér
de, los
"ot'.1_:11:t
'*
ir*"r1,o," --. r-; .;;onrr,ru, ¿*
"r,o*
'
(apoios,i'eaceiones
cle ci¡lur¡nas, etc.) Íje cr.r- .,
,.il.
"'
de las viA¿s cnnrpr¡estüs s(,.r'air
i)r(lv\.ir:iad:rs 1:,:.r-
jcca¡an
montantes de repartición. 'Iales
.nrü¡i-
"*
;-"
"".::
tantcs se¡á¡r calculacl's'corno
"*loorr* "*,
1a
t1lsm1tlr las'tensiones tiitaiss.rie cc'tc.'"-
..*¡u¡.dcl'al¡nar:ntiitt'i(arrle!c.rr^ilaiir;i:'
q¡a.
iuz
librC-jgug.l
A-l_og Ui.
de Ja altura ciel
-'-":" "-"
,-'.--:
l-os empalme$ d€] c(rrdon ¡-el'an pi.rr!'c{la-
alma y estarán uaidos a ésta por q¡L4úmero
,
--
--,
.,.
-dosrJaráde5arro]}arelesfucrzi¡to[a]drllos
-
I !. T
elta_cl e-1j nPlx
9e__tl3:rntrl:t
esSl
3
ca r rr a.
;:
ti
,i";;-"rú,.,#,
**ñ,"éfi;
:
-:'"Hl*:
cort{rd(rs'
'psció
,aI
¡;la¡.ó
n *bio, ¿el ai¡|a, tendrán qn
, il-
cordoi¡ee .
I
.
:
:c$¡tfae{(}
a.iu.stado dliirtra los cord.cr¡resr¡-0.'se-.,.,,.', "a-
'EJ
espesor. cle los eJernentos clel ct¡r-
ri¡¡: aeodiiii,clos y sr:'bxlenderán, normaimen- , dón ccrmprinrirlo norr,r¿¡les al alma ncr será
tÉ.ai a)ma, tan celca clel L¡c;rde¿et coi¿¿n co- ulenr¡r
cle t/-16 del:ancho lib¡:r: respgetiLo:
4i:
.
,k.
ci . Dsl-',er.á ver ificarse Ia eapa(.iriad dct b
)
tll á rg¿
.tei!*i"d,g" i'*"
-p*ii"J."agltrH.*!lkt -*lJ:
i
-, - .-:-.- ,..*--.*-..........-"
ün un e*rcl"il], ns serii rll;l.'fü,f ci*l \*
4A
d*l L" árpa
,rle.4¡'.l¿stamlento
entle cordrin y mon-
.E$Ton l4_c"gl-d?_1l_lg:g_r_q"..tjj1¿g*1._SSiJg.$_44
t¡,nte, tr¡:,r*¡¡rlose en cuenta únicamente aque- *r"i toiir'i?¡i"*ii*ó:r;;i'csñ;";;int'{r,.xt;i
i
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