Activity No.

___
Inductive Reasoning
Name: ________________________ Date:
______________________
I - __ Professor:
__________________
I. For nos. 1-3, decide !et!er t!e genera"i#ation is reasona$"e or fa"se. If it%s
fa"se, give a counter e&am'"e.
1( Examples:
Generalization: All four-sided fgures have four right angles.
)( Examples: Jose likes to drink beer and watch football on TV.
Brad likes to drink beer and watch football on TV.
Generalization: All men like to drink beer and watch football on TV.
3( Examples:
( )
2
3 2
2 1 = +

( )
2
4 3
3 2 1 = + +

( )
2
5 4
4 3 2 1 = + + +
Generalization: The sum of the frst N counting numbers is N(N + 1)/2 for N = 2,3,4,…
*( Galileo used inductive reasoning to develo h!otheses about the length of a endulum
and the eriod of a full swing. "se the following data to develo !our own h!othesis.
L +"engt! of
'endu"um(
P +'eriod of a fu""
sing(
# unit # second
$ units #.%# seconds
& units #.'& seconds
% units $ seconds
( units & seconds
)a* +f the attern continues, what is the length of a endulum that has a eriod of % seconds-
)b* .hat is the general relationshi between the length and the eriod-
)c* .rite a formula relating L to P.
)d* "se !our formula from art )c* to estimate the eriod of endulum / units long.
,(
0 )weight on
0arth*
#11
lb
$11
lb
&11
lb
2 )weight on
2ars*
&3 lb '4 lb
##%
lb
)a* An astronaut in a sace suit might weigh about %11 lb on 0arth. +f the attern continued,
what would be her weight on 2ars-
)b* +f someone5s weight doubled on 0arth, what do !ou think would haen to the erson5s
weight on 2ars-
)c* .rite an e6uation relating E to , based uon !our con7ecture.
Activity No. ___
Deductive Reasoning
Name: ________________________ Date:
______________________
I - __ Professor:
__________________
1( Joe and 8ue are the same age. Joe is !ounger than 9aul. 9aul is older than Jane. +s Joe
older than Jane, !ounger than Jane, or is it imossible to tell from the given information-
)( The Three 8tooges are a real ain. .hen !ou ask one of them a 6uestion, the! all answer.
:urthermore, one of them alwa!s lies, and the other two answer truthfull!. + asked them who
is the smartest. The! relied:
;url!: + am not the smartest.
2oe: <arr! is the smartest.
<arr!: ;url! is the smartest.
.ho is reall! the smartest, and who is the liar-
3( .hat conclusions can be drawn about 8and! based uon the following diagram-
*( ;onsider the following 9ica-;entro Game.
-ues
ses
Res'onses
Digits
Pica: .orrect Digit,
/rong Position
.entro: .orrect Digit,
.orrect Position
/ & $ $ 1
% $ & # 1
.hich digit is defnitel! art of the secret number- Justif! !our answer.
,( ;onsider the following 9ica-;entro game.
-ues
ses
Res'onses
Digits Pica: .orrect Digit, .entro: .orrect Digit,
.hite
=ogs
2ale
=achshund
s
8and!
/rong Position .orrect Position
& 1 ' 1 1
$ 4 % # #
4 3 % 1 #
# / & # 1
:ind the secret number.
Activity No. ___
.onditiona" 0tatements
Name: ________________________ Date:
______________________
I - __ Professor:
__________________
1( ;onsider the following statement: +f a fgure is a s6uare, then the fgure has e>actl! four
sides.
)a* +s the statement true-
)b* .rite the converse of the statement-
)c* +s the converse true-
)( ;onsider the following statement: +f !ou have a fever, then !ou are sick.
)a* +s the statement true-
)b* .rite the converse of the statement-
)c* +s the converse true-
3( .rite the following statement in an ?if-then@ format.
)a* Aou ma! be successful if !ou are smart.
)b* A triangle is e6uilateral onl! if it is isosceles.
)c* A triangle is a right triangle if and onl! if it has a right angle.
%* .rite the following two statements as one ?if-and-onl!-if@ statement.
)a* +f !ou are m! arent, then + am !our child.
+f + am !our child, then !ou are m! arent.
)b* +f 2x = 4, then x = 2!
+f x = 2, then 2x = 4.
,( :our friends are tr!ing to decide whether to 7um into a cold swimming ool. Greg will
7um in onl! if ever!one else does. 8uBanne will go in if at least one other erson does. 2ike
will go in onl! if 8uBanne has decided to go in. Gina will 7um in regardless of what the
others do. Cow man! will 7um in the ool-