List of Prepositions

• aboard
• about
• above
• across
• after
• against
• along
• amid
• among
• anti
• around
• as
• at
• before
• behind
• below
• beneath
• beside
• besides
• between
• beyond
• but
• by
• concerning
• considering
• despite
• down
• during
• except
• excepting
• excluding
• following
• for
• from
• in
• inside
• into
• like
• minus
• near
• of
• off
• on
• onto
• opposite
• outside
• over
• past
• per
• plus
• regarding
• save
• since
• than
• through
• to
• toward
• towards
• under
• underneath
• unlike
• until
• up
• upon
• versus
• via
• with
• within
• without
Wal-Mart finds its formula doesn't fit every culture
Wal-Mart is probably the most successful US-based general goods retailer in the world. Yet, after
nearly a decade of trying, it pulled out of Germany. It realised that its formula for success - low
prices and a wide choice of goods - did not wor in marets with their own discount chains and
shoppers with different habits. !It is a good, important lesson,! says "eth #ec, a spoeswoman
for Wal-Mart. $mong other things, Wal-Mart has learned to deal with different corporate cultures
with more sensiti%ity. In Germany, it stopped requiring sales clers to smile at customers,
because some male shoppers interpreted this as flirting. It also stopped re&uiring staff members to
sing the Wal-Martchant e%ery morning. !'eople found these things strange. Germans (ust don!t
beha%e that way,! says )ans-Martin 'orschmann, the secretary of the *erdi union, which represents
+,,,, Wal-Mart employees. In addition, Wal-Mart !didn!t want to ha%e anything to do with unions,! he
says. !-hey didn!t understand that in Germany, companies and unions are closely connected.!
Wal-Mart!s German e.perience also taught it to use local management. -he company initially
installed $merican e.ecuti%es, who had little feel for what German consumers wanted. !-hey tried to
sell pacaged meat, when Germans lie to buy meat from the butcher,! says Mr 'orschmann. $
customer, /oland #ogel, +0, says he ne%er bought groceries at Wal-Mart because food is
cheaper at German discount chains. )e also did not %isit the store often because it was on
the edge of town and he does not own a car. 1inally, Wal-Mart also learned to care less whether its
foreign ++ stores carry the namederived from its founder, Sam Walton, as the German Wal-Marts
did. Se%enty per cent of Wal-Mart!s international sales come from outlets with names lie $sda in
"ritain, Seiyu in 2apan or "ompreco in "ra3il.
Should 56ould 5 Would