- Sqp Maths Xii
- ima
- airmassandfrontsawebquest
- Mp i II Syllabus 2014
- cbse class 12 math ncert contents
- Coriolis Acceleration is Ficticious
- Hrvatko engleski rječnik temeljnihh matematičkih pojmova
- ANSYS Version 10
- 6._TL1050_Fundamentals_of_Dynamics.pdf
- MATHEMATICAL COMBINATORICS (INTERNATIONAL BOOK SERIES), Volume 2 / 2008
- Test Bank for Survey of Economics 9th Edition by Tucker
- Applied Linear Algebra
- Math a Course
- Engineering Maths Curr1
- B01cExtra.doc
- 2.11) Add Math Module 11 (Coordinate Geometry)
- Motion Lab Report
- Math works #06
- Equilibrium Conditions of a Tensegrity Structure by Williamson, Skelton, Han 2002
- Math Dummy
- 1929 MONONOBE on the Determination of Earth Pressure During Eartquakes
- Probs1Solved
- phy2048-ch2_new-2
- Chapter 1
- Vaughn_Climenhaga Advanced_Linear_Algebra_I.pdf
- Recidual Force Equation
- lab4
- An Algebra of Facial Expressions.pdf
- Formulas of Motion - Linear and Circular
- 4310_HW4.pdf
- Murdock
- Second Stress Equation Shells
- Single Parent
- Secular Ization
- Load on Shells
- Types of Schools
- Software
- p=kd.pdf
- p=kd
- Conjugal Roles
- Joint Displacement
- Steel Section 1
- Social Mobility
- Fem
- Common Crimes
- Analysis
- Ef Flores Cence
- Efflorescence n Spalling
- Recommendations for Improvement of River Network
- Shearing Force
- River Morphology
- Shear Force
- Smearing Test
- Shearing Force.pdf
- Recommendations for Improvement of the Network
- Structural Software
- Piezometer Readings
- s Palling
- Transversely Loaded Piles
- Proportional Weir and Parsall Flume

**1. Revision of vector algebra, scalar product, vector product
**

2. Triple products, multiple products, applications to geometry

3. Diﬀerentiation of vector functions, applications to mechanics

4. Scalar and vector ﬁelds. Line, surface and volume integrals, curvilinear co-ordinates

5. Vector operators — grad, div and curl

6. Vector Identities, curvilinear co-ordinate systems

7. Gauss’ and Stokes’ Theorems and extensions

8. Engineering Applications

3. Diﬀerentiating Vector Functions of a Single Variable

• Your experience of diﬀerentiation and integration has extended as far as scalar functions of single and multiple

variables

d

dx

f (x) and

∂

∂x

f (x, y, t)

• No surprise that we often wish to diﬀerentiate vector functions.

• For example, suppose you were driving along a wiggly road with

position r(t) at time t.

• Diﬀerentiating r(t) should give velocity v(t).

• Diﬀerentiating v(t) should yield acceleration a(t).

• Diﬀerentiating a(t) should yield the jerk j(t).

r

o

Diﬀerentiation of a vector 3.2

Diﬀerentiation of a vector 3.3

• By analogy with the deﬁnition for a scalar function, the derivative of a vector function a(p) of a single parameter

p is

da

dp

(p) = lim

δp→0

a(p + δp) −a(p)

δp

.

• If we write a in terms of components relative to a FIXED coordinate system (ˆı,ˆ,

ˆ

k constant)

a(p) = a

1

(p)ˆı + a

2

(p)ˆ + a

3

(p)

ˆ

k

then

da

dp

(p) =

da

1

dp

ˆı +

da

2

dp

ˆ +

da

3

dp

ˆ

k .

To diﬀerentiate a vector function deﬁned wrt a ﬁxed coordinate system,

diﬀerentiate each component separately

All the familiar stuﬀ works ... 3.4

• This means that

– All the familiar rules of diﬀerentiation apply

– they don’t get munged by operations like scalar product and vector products.

• For example:

d

dp

(a ×b) =

da

dp

×b + a ×

db

dp

d

dp

(a · b) =

da

dp

· b + a ·

db

dp

.

• NB! (obvious really): da/dp has

– a diﬀerent direction from a

– a diﬀerent magnitude from a.

Position, velocity and acceleration 3.5

• Suppose r(t) is the position vector of an object moving w.r.t. the orgin.

r(t) = x(t)ˆı + y(t)ˆ + z(t)

ˆ

k

• Then the instantaneous velocity is

v(t) =

dr

dt

=

dx

dt

ˆı +

dy

dt

ˆ +

dz

dt

ˆ

k

• and the acceleration is

a(t) =

dv

dt

=

d

2

r

dt

2

.

Chain rule: more good news 3.6

• Likewise, the chain rule still applies.

• If u = u(p):

da(p)

dp

=

da

du

du

dp

• This follows directly from the fact that the vector derivative is just the vector of derivatives of the components.

♣ Example of chain rule 3.7

• The position of vehicle is given by r(u) where u is amount of fuel used by time t, so that u = u(t).

• Its velocity must be

dr

dt

=

dr

du

du

dt

• Its acceleration is

d

2

r

dt

2

=

d

2

r

du

2

_

du

dt

_

2

+

dr

du

d

2

u

dt

2

♣ Example: direction of the derivative 3.8

Question

3D vector a has constant magnitude, but is varying over time.

What can you say about the direction of da/dt?

Answer

Using intuition: if only the direction is changing, then the vector must be tracing out points on the surface of a sphere.

So da/dt is orthogonal to a???

To prove this write

d

dt

(a · a) = a ·

da

dt

+

da

dt

· a = 2a ·

da

dt

.

But (a · a) = a

2

= const.

So

d

dt

(a · a) = 0 ⇒2a ·

da

dt

= 0 (QED)

Integration of a vector function 3.9

• As with scalars, integration of a vector function of a single scalar variable is the reverse of diﬀerentiation.

• In other words

_

p

2

p

1

_

da(p)

dp

_

dp = a(p

2

) −a(p

1

)

Eg, from dynamics-ville

_

t

2

t

1

a dt = v(t

2

) −v(t

1

)

• However, other types of integral are possible, especially when the vector is a function of more than one variable.

• This requires the introduction of the concepts of scalar and vector ﬁelds.

See lecture 4!

Geometrical interpretation of derivatives 3.10

• Position vector r(p) traces a space curve.

• Vector δr is a secant to the curve

δr/δp lies in the same direction as δr(p)

• Take limit as δp →0

dr/dp is a tangent to the space curve

δr

r

(p) r

p) δ (p +

• Nothing special about the parameter p – may be various ways of parametrizing a particular curve.

• Consider helix aligned with z-axis. Could parametrize by for example:

z, the “height” up the helix, or

s, the “length” along the curve

Geometrical interpretation of derivatives /ctd 3.11

• If the parameter s is arc-length or metric distance, then we have:

|dr| = ds

so ¸

¸

¸

¸

dr

ds

¸

¸

¸

¸

= 1

and

dr/ds is a unit tangent to r at s

• For s arc-length and p some other parametrization, we have

dr

dp

=

dr

ds

ds

dp

and

¸

¸

¸

¸

dr

dp

¸

¸

¸

¸

=

¸

¸

¸

¸

dr

ds

¸

¸

¸

¸

ds

dp

=

ds

dp

Geometrical interpretation of derivatives /ctd 3.12

• To repeat, the derivative dr/dp is a vector

• Its direction is always a tangent to curve r(p)

• Its magnitude is ds/dp, where s is arc length

• If the parameter is arc length s, then dr/ds is a unit tangential vector.

• If the parameter is time t, then magnitude |dr/dt| is the speed.

ds

1

r

r δ

r δ

dr

(s +

r (s)

r δ

r δs)

(t)

(t + t)

r d

dt

ds

dt

SPEED

♣ Example 3.13

Question: Draw the curve

r = a cos(

s

√

a

2

+ h

2

)ˆı + a sin(

s

√

a

2

+ h

2

)ˆ +

hs

√

a

2

+ h

2

ˆ

k

where s is arc length and h, a are constants.

Answer

♣ Example ctd 3.14

r = a cos(

s

√

a

2

+ h

2

)ˆı + a sin(

s

√

a

2

+ h

2

)ˆ +

hs

√

a

2

+ h

2

ˆ

k

Show that the tangent dr/ds to the curve has a constant elevation angle w.r.t the xy-plane, and determine its

magnitude.

Answer

dr

ds

= −

a

√

a

2

+ h

2

sin ()ˆı +

a

√

a

2

+ h

2

cos ()ˆ +

h

√

a

2

+ h

2

ˆ

k

Projection on the xy plane has magnitude a/

√

a

2

+ h

2

Projection in the z direction h/

√

a

2

+ h

2

So the elevation angle is tan

−1

(h/a), a constant.

We are expecting |dr/ds| = 1, and indeed it is!

2 2

a/ a + h

d

ds

r

2

h/ a + h

2

x

y

z

Length

Length

Why can’t we say any old parameter is arc length? 3.15

• Arc length s parameter is special because ds = |dr|,

• Or, in integral form, whatever the parameter p,

Accumulated arc length =

_

p

1

p

0

¸

¸

¸

¸

dr

dp

¸

¸

¸

¸

dp .

• Using Pythagoras’ theorem on a short piece of curve. In the limit

as ds tends to zero

ds

2

= dx

2

+ dy

2

+ dz

2

.

So if a curve is parameterized in terms of p

ds

dp

=

¸

_

dx

dp

_

2

+

_

dy

dp

_

2

+

_

dz

dp

_

2

.

z

y

x

δ

y

δz

δ x

δ

s

Arc length is special /ctd 3.16

• Suppose we had parameterized our helix as

r = a cos pˆı + a sin pˆ + hp

ˆ

k

• p is not arc length because

¸

¸

¸

¸

dr

dp

¸

¸

¸

¸

=

¸

_

dx

dp

_

2

+

_

dy

dp

_

2

+

_

dz

dp

_

2

=

_

a

2

sin

2

p + a

2

cos

2

p + h

2

=

_

a

2

+ h

2

= 1

• So if we want to parameterize in terms of arclength, replace p with s/

√

a

2

+ h

2

.

Curves in 3D 3.17

• Let’s look more closely at parametrizing a 3D space curve in terms of arclength s.

• Introduce

– orthogonal coord frames for each value s

– each with its origin at r(s).

• To specify a coordinate frame we need

– three mutually perpendicular directions

– should be intrinsic to the curve

– NOT ﬁxed in an external reference frame.

r

(s)

O

Curves in 3D 3.18

• Rollercoaster will help you see

what’s going on ...

• But it has a specially shaped

rail or two rails that deﬁne the

twists and turns.

• We are thinking about a 3D curve – just a 3D wire.

Does the curve itself deﬁne its own twist and turns?

The Fr´enet-Serret Local Coordinates 3.19

Yes: method due to French mathematicians F-J. Fr´enet and J. A. Serret

1. Unit tangent

ˆ

t Obvious choice is

ˆ

t = dr(s)/ds

2. Principal Normal ˆ n

Proved earlier that if |a(t)| = const then a · da/dt = 0. So

ˆ

t =

ˆ

t(s), |

ˆ

t| = const ⇒

ˆ

t · d

ˆ

t/ds = 0

Hence the principal normal ˆ n is deﬁned from

κˆ n = d

ˆ

t/ds

where κ ≥ 0 is the curve’s curvature.

n

t

d

ds

t

s increasing

3. The Binormal

ˆ

b

The third member of a local r-h set is the binormal,

ˆ

b =

ˆ

t ×ˆn .

Deriving the Fr´enet-Serret relationships 3.20

Tangent

ˆ

t, Normal ˆn : d

ˆ

t/ds = κˆ n, Binormal

ˆ

b =

ˆ

t ×ˆ n

• Since

ˆ

b ·

ˆ

t = 0, if we diﬀerentiate wrt s ...

d

ˆ

b

ds

·

ˆ

t +

ˆ

b ·

d

ˆ

t

ds

=

d

ˆ

b

ds

·

ˆ

t +

ˆ

b · κˆ n = 0

from which

d

ˆ

b

ds

·

ˆ

t = 0.

• This means that d

ˆ

b/ds is along the direction of ˆ n:

d

ˆ

b

ds

= −τ(s)ˆ n(s)

where τ is the space curve’s torsion.

Deriving the Fr´enet-Serret relationships 3.21

Tangent

ˆ

t, Normal ˆ n, Binormal

ˆ

b =

ˆ

t ×ˆn

d

ˆ

t/ds = κˆ n, d

ˆ

b/ds = −τ(s)ˆ n(s)

• Diﬀerentiating ˆ n ·

ˆ

t = 0:

(dˆ n/ds) ·

ˆ

t + ˆ n · (d

ˆ

t/ds) = 0

(dˆ n/ds) ·

ˆ

t + ˆ n · κˆ n = 0

(dˆ n/ds) ·

ˆ

t = −κ

• Now do the same to ˆ n ·

ˆ

b = 0:

(dˆ n/ds) ·

ˆ

b + ˆ n · (d

ˆ

b/ds) = 0

(dˆ n/ds) ·

ˆ

b + ˆn · (−τ)ˆ n = 0

(dˆ n/ds) ·

ˆ

b = +τ

• HENCE

dˆ n

ds

= −κ(s)

ˆ

t(s) + τ(s)

ˆ

b(s).

Summary of the Fr´enet-Serret relationships 3.22

These three expressions are called the Fr´enet-Serret relationships:

• d

ˆ

t/ds = κˆ n

• dˆ n/ds = −κ(s)

ˆ

t(s) + τ(s)

ˆ

b(s)

• d

ˆ

b/ds = −τ(s)ˆ n(s)

• They describe by how much the intrinsic coordinate system changes orientation as we move along a space curve.

♣ Example 3.23

Question Derive κ(s) and τ(s) for the curve

r(s) = a cos (s/β)ˆı + a sin (s/β)ˆ + h (s/β)

ˆ

k

where β =

√

a

2

+ h

2

Answer:

• Denote sin, cos(s/β) as S and C.

We found the unit tangent earlier as

ˆ

t = (dr/ds) = [−(a/β) S, (a/β) C, (h/β)] .

• Hence

κˆ n =

_

d

ˆ

t/ds

_

=

_

−

_

a/β

2

_

C, −

_

a/β

2

_

S, 0

¸

• The curvature must be positive, so

κ =

_

a/β

2

_

ˆn = [−C, −S, 0] .

• So the curvature is constant, and ˆ n parallel to the xy-plane.

♣ Example /continued 3.24

• Recall

ˆ

t = [−(a/β) S, (a/β) C, (h/β)] ˆ n = [−C, −S, 0] .

• So the binormal is

ˆ

b =

ˆ

t ×ˆ n =

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

ˆı ˆ

ˆ

k

(−a/β)S (a/β)C (h/β)

−C −S 0

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

¸

=

__

h

β

_

S, −

_

h

β

_

C,

_

a

β

__

• Hence

_

d

ˆ

b/ds

_

=

__

h/β

2

_

C,

_

h/β

2

_

S, 0

¸

=

_

−h/β

2

_

ˆ n

• So the torsion

τ =

_

h/β

2

_

again a constant.

Derivative (eg velocity) components in plane polars 3.25

In plane polar coordinates, the radius vector of any point P is given by

r = r (cos θˆı + sin θˆ) = rˆe

r

where we have introduced the unit radial vector

ˆe

r

= cos θˆı + sin θˆ .

The other “natural” unit vector in plane polars is orthogonal to ˆe

r

and

is

ˆe

θ

= −sin θˆı + cos θˆ

so that ˆe

r

· ˆe

r

= ˆe

θ

· ˆe

θ

= 1 and ˆe

r

· ˆe

θ

= 0.

ˆe

r

ˆe

θ

ˆı

ˆ

θ

r

P

Aside: notation 3.26

• Some texts will use the notation

ˆr,

ˆ

θθθ

to denote unit vectors in the radial and tangential directions

• I prefer the more general notation

ˆe

r

, ˆe

θ

(as used in, eg, Riley).

• You should be familiar and comfortable with either

Derivative (eg velocity) components in plane polars 3.27

• Now suppose P is moving so that r is a function of time t.

• Its velocity is

˙ r =

d

dt

(rˆe

r

) =

dr

dt

ˆe

r

+ r

dˆe

r

dt

=

dr

dt

ˆe

r

+ r

dθ

dt

(−sin θˆı + cos θˆ)

=

dr

dt

ˆe

r

+ r

dθ

dt

ˆe

θ

= radial + tangential

ˆe

r

ˆe

θ

ˆı

ˆ

θ

r

P

• Note that

dˆe

r

dt

=

dθ

dt

ˆe

θ

dˆe

θ

dt

=

d

dt

(−sin θˆı + cos θˆ) = −

dθ

dt

ˆe

r

Acceleration components in plane polars 3.28

• Recap ...

˙ r =

dr

dt

ˆe

r

+ r

dθ

dt

ˆe

θ

;

dˆe

r

dt

=

dθ

dt

ˆe

θ

;

dˆe

θ

dt

= −

dθ

dt

ˆe

r

• Diﬀerentiating ˙ r gives the accel. of P

¨r =

d

2

r

dt

2

ˆe

r

+

dr

dt

dθ

dt

ˆe

θ

+

dr

dt

dθ

dt

ˆe

θ

+ r

d

2

θ

dt

2

ˆe

θ

−r

dθ

dt

dθ

dt

ˆe

r

=

_

d

2

r

dt

2

−r

_

dθ

dt

_

2

_

ˆe

r

+

_

2

dr

dt

dθ

dt

+ r

d

2

θ

dt

2

_

ˆe

θ

Acceleration components in plane polars 3.29

• We just saw

¨r =

_

d

2

r

dt

2

−r

_

dθ

dt

_

2

_

ˆe

r

+

_

2

dr

dt

dθ

dt

+ r

d

2

θ

dt

2

_

ˆe

θ

• Three obvious cases:

θ const : ¨r =

d

2

r

dt

2

ˆe

r

r const : ¨r = −r

_

dθ

dt

_

2

ˆe

r

+ r

d

2

θ

dt

2

ˆe

θ

r and dθ/dt const : ¨r = −r

_

dθ

dt

_

2

ˆe

r

Fixed, varying, and instrinsic coordinates 3.30

Rotating systems 3.31

• Body rotates with constant ω about axis passing

through the body origin.

Assume the body origin is ﬁxed.

We observe from a ﬁxed coord system Oxyz.

ω

ρ

• If ρ is a vector of constant mag and constant direction in the rotating system, then in the ﬁxed system it must be

a function of t.

r(t) = R(t)ρ ⇒

dr

dt

=

˙

Rρ =

˙

RR

⊤

r

* dr/dt will have ﬁxed magnitude;

* dr/dt will always be perpendicular to the axis of rotation;

* dr/dt will vary in direction within those constraints;

* r(t) will move in a plane in the ﬁxed system.

Rotating systems 3.32

Consider the term

˙

RR

⊤

• Note that RR

⊤

= I, hence

˙

RR

⊤

+ R

˙

R

⊤

= 0

˙

RR

⊤

= −R

˙

R

⊤

• Thus

˙

RR

⊤

is anti-symmetric:

˙

RR

⊤

=

_

_

0 −z y

z 0 −x

−y x 0

_

_

• Application of a matrix of this form to an arbitrary vector has precisely the same eﬀect as the cross product

operator, ω×, where ω = [xyz]

⊤

.

• Thus

˙ r = ω ×r

Rotating co-ordinate systems 2 3.33

• Now ρ is the position vector of a point P in the rotating body, but which is moving too, with respect to the rotating

system

r(t) = R(t)ρ(t)

• Diﬀerentiating with respect to time:

dr

dt

=

˙

Rρ + R˙ ρ =

˙

RR

⊤

r + R˙ ρ

• The instantaneous velocity of P in the ﬁxed frame

is

dr

dt

= R˙ ρ + ω ×r

δρ

δ

P at t+

r=

at t ρ

r

P at t

δ t

ω

(ω

r) δ t

• Second term is contribution from the rotating frame

• First term is linear velocity in the rotating frame, referred to the ﬁxed frame

Rotating co-ordinate systems 3.34

• Now consider second diﬀerential:

¨r = ˙ ω ×r + ω × ˙ r +

˙

R˙ ρ + R¨ ρ

• If angular velocity constant, ﬁrst term is zero

• Now substituting for ˙ r we have

¨r = ω ×(ω ×r + R˙ ρ) +

˙

R˙ ρ + R¨ ρ

= ω ×(ω ×r) + ω ×R˙ ρ +

˙

RR

⊤

R˙ ρ + R¨ ρ

= ω ×(ω ×r) + ω ×R˙ ρ + ω ×R˙ ρ + R¨ ρ

= ω ×(ω ×r) + 2ω ×(R˙ ρ) + R¨ ρ

• The instantaneous acceleration is therefore

¨r = R¨ ρ + 2ω ×(R˙ ρ) + ω ×(ω ×r)

Rotating co-ordinate systems 3.35

• The instantaneous acceleration is

¨r = R¨ ρ + 2ω ×(R˙ ρ) + ω ×(ω ×r)

* Term 1 is P’s acceleration in the rotating frame.

* Term 3 is the centripetal accel: magnitude ω

2

r and direction −r.

* Term 2 is a SURPRISE!

It is a coupling of rotation and velocity of P in the rotating frame.

It is the Coriolis acceleration.

♣ Examples 3.36

Q Find the instantaneous acceleration as observed in a ﬁxed frame of a projectile ﬁred along a line of longitude (with

angular velocity of γ constant relative to the sphere) if the sphere is rotating with angular velocity ω.

A In the rotating frame

˙ ρ = γ ×ρ

¨ ρ = γ × ˙ ρ

= γ ×(γ ×ρ)

In ﬁxed frame, instantaneous acceleration:

¨r = γ ×(γ ×r) + 2ω ×(γ ×r) + ω ×(ω ×r)

In rotating frm + Coriolis + Centripetal

r

γt

ω = ωˆ m

ˆ m

ˆ n

ˆ

ℓ

γ = γ

ˆ

ℓ

♣ Example /ctd 3.37

Repeated: ¨r = γ ×(γ ×r) + 2ω ×(γ ×r) + ω ×(ω ×r)

1) As γ = γ

ˆ

ℓ, ρ = Rcos(γt) ˆ m+Rsin(γt)ˆ n ⇒acceleration in rotating frame

is

γ ×(γ ×ρ) = −γ

2

r

2) Centripetal accel due to rotation of sphere is

ω ×(ω ×r) = −ω

2

Rsin(γt)ˆ n

r

γt

ω = ωˆ m

ˆ m

ˆ n

ˆ

ℓ

γ = γ

ˆ

ℓ

3) The Coriolis acceleration is

2ω × ˙ ρ = 2

_

_

0

ω

0

_

_

×

_

_

_

_

γ

0

0

_

_

×

_

_

0

Rcos(γt)

Rsin(γt)

_

_

_

_

= 2ωγRcos(γt)

ˆ

ℓ

♣ Example /ctd 3.38

Recap:

• Accel in rotating frame −γ

2

r

• Centripetal due to sphere rotating −ω

2

Rsin(γt)ˆ n

• Coriolis acceleration: 2ωγRcos(γt)

ˆ

l

2ωγRcos(γt)

ˆ

l

−ω

2

Rsin(γt)ˆ n

−γ

2

r

r

r

γt

ω = ωˆ m

ˆ m

ˆ n

ˆ

ℓ

γ = γ

ˆ

ℓ

♣ Example /ctd 3.39

• Consider a rocket on rails which stretch north from the equator.

• As rocket travels north it experiences the Coriolis force exerted by the rails:

2 γ ω Rcos(γt)

ˆ

ℓ

+ve -ve +ve +ve

• Coriolis force is in the direction opposed to

ˆ

ℓ (i.e. opposing earth’s rotation).

(NB instantaneously common to earth’s surface and rocket)

Tangential component of velocity

Rocket’s velocity in direction of meridian

Tangential velocity of earth’s surface

♣ Coriolis acceleration 3.40

• Because of the rotation of the earth, the Coriolis acceleration is of great importance in meteorology

♣ Coriolis acceleration 3.41

Summary 3.42

• We started by diﬀerentiating vectors wrt to a ﬁxed coordinate system.

• Then looked at the properties of the derivative of a position vector r with respect to a general parameter p and the

special parameters of arc-length s, and time t

• considered derivatives with respect to other coordinate systems, in particular those of the position vector in polar

coordinates with respect to time.

• derived Fr´enet-Serret relationships — a method of describing a 3D space curve by describing the change in a intrinsic

coordinate system as it moves along the curve.

• discussed rotating coordinate systems; we saw that there is coupled term in the acceleration, called the Coriolis

acceleration.

- Sqp Maths XiiUploaded byAbhishek Goyal
- imaUploaded bypiotroxp
- airmassandfrontsawebquestUploaded byapi-264090085
- Mp i II Syllabus 2014Uploaded byKalaiarasu Subramanian
- cbse class 12 math ncert contentsUploaded byAbhishek Kumar Chaudhary
- Coriolis Acceleration is FicticiousUploaded byJoseph Stanovsky
- Hrvatko engleski rječnik temeljnihh matematičkih pojmovaUploaded byGoran Igaly
- ANSYS Version 10Uploaded bypankaj0983
- 6._TL1050_Fundamentals_of_Dynamics.pdfUploaded byHosamMohamed
- MATHEMATICAL COMBINATORICS (INTERNATIONAL BOOK SERIES), Volume 2 / 2008Uploaded byscience2010
- Test Bank for Survey of Economics 9th Edition by TuckerUploaded bya192629839
- Applied Linear AlgebraUploaded bysooncho1
- Math a CourseUploaded byMuhammad Ahmad
- Engineering Maths Curr1Uploaded byMusa Mohammed
- B01cExtra.docUploaded byisele1977
- 2.11) Add Math Module 11 (Coordinate Geometry)Uploaded byKeman Mj
- Motion Lab ReportUploaded byLatasha Mack
- Math works #06Uploaded byLucius Lunáticus
- Equilibrium Conditions of a Tensegrity Structure by Williamson, Skelton, Han 2002Uploaded byTensegrity Wiki
- Math DummyUploaded byJohnSmith
- 1929 MONONOBE on the Determination of Earth Pressure During EartquakesUploaded byEugenio Durban
- Probs1SolvedUploaded byPaul Kaplan
- phy2048-ch2_new-2Uploaded byDan Altman
- Chapter 1Uploaded byCesar Ramos Villa
- Vaughn_Climenhaga Advanced_Linear_Algebra_I.pdfUploaded byIrving José
- Recidual Force EquationUploaded byGirish Deshmukh
- lab4Uploaded bymlee523
- An Algebra of Facial Expressions.pdfUploaded byFelice Chew
- Formulas of Motion - Linear and CircularUploaded byyarzar17
- 4310_HW4.pdfUploaded byGag Paf

- MurdockUploaded bylawekush
- Second Stress Equation ShellsUploaded bylawekush
- Single ParentUploaded bylawekush
- Secular IzationUploaded bylawekush
- Load on ShellsUploaded bylawekush
- Types of SchoolsUploaded bylawekush
- SoftwareUploaded bylawekush
- p=kd.pdfUploaded bylawekush
- p=kdUploaded bylawekush
- Conjugal RolesUploaded bylawekush
- Joint DisplacementUploaded bylawekush
- Steel Section 1Uploaded bylawekush
- Social MobilityUploaded bylawekush
- FemUploaded bylawekush
- Common CrimesUploaded bylawekush
- AnalysisUploaded bylawekush
- Ef Flores CenceUploaded bylawekush
- Efflorescence n SpallingUploaded bylawekush
- Recommendations for Improvement of River NetworkUploaded bylawekush
- Shearing ForceUploaded bylawekush
- River MorphologyUploaded bylawekush
- Shear ForceUploaded bylawekush
- Smearing TestUploaded bylawekush
- Shearing Force.pdfUploaded bylawekush
- Recommendations for Improvement of the NetworkUploaded bylawekush
- Structural SoftwareUploaded bylawekush
- Piezometer ReadingsUploaded bylawekush
- s PallingUploaded bylawekush
- Transversely Loaded PilesUploaded bylawekush
- Proportional Weir and Parsall FlumeUploaded bylawekush