Verbs by MANIVS OPELIVS SABINVS

Present Tense
For Conjugation 1 and 2: For Conjugation 3 ONLY: For Conjugation 4 ONLY:
Person Ending Ending Person Ending Ending Person Ending
singular plural singular plural singular
1 o mus 1 o imus 1 o
2 s tis 2 is itis 2 is
3 t nt 3 it unt 3 it
Imperfect (Past) Tense
For Conjugation 1 and 2: For Conjugation 3 ONLY: For Conjugation 4 ONLY:
Person Ending Ending Person Ending Ending Person Ending
s pl. s pl. s
1 ba-m ba-mus 1 ba-m ba-mus 1 ba-m
2 ba-s ba-tis 2 ba-s ba-tis 2 ba-s
3 ba-t ba-nt 3 ba-t ba-nt 3 ba-t
Stems vary
Future Tense
For Conjugation 1 and 2: For Conjugation 3 ONLY: For Conjugation 4 ONLY:
Person Ending Ending Person Ending Ending Person Ending
s pl. s pl. s
1 bo bi-mus 1 am mus 1 am
2 bi-s bi-tis 2 s tis 2 s
3 bi-t bunt 3 t nt 3 t
Stems vary
Nouns
For Declension 1 feminine ONLY: For Declension 2 masculine: For Declension 3 masculine:
No. Case Ending Ending Case Ending Ending Case Ending
s pl. s pl. s
1 N/V a ae N/V (none) i N/V (none)
2 Gen ae arum Gen i orum Gen is
3 Dat. ae is Dat. o is Dat. i
4 Acc. am as Acc. um, om os Acc. em
5 Abl. a is Abl. o is Abl. e
Thematic Vowel "-a" "-o"
For Declension 2 neuter ONLY: For Declension 3 neuter ONLY:
Case Ending Ending Case Ending
s pl. s
N/V um a N/V (none)
Gen i orum Gen is
Dat. o is Dat. i
Acc. um a Acc. (none)
Abl. o is Abl. e
"-o"
For Declension 3 i-stem, m ONLY:
Case Ending
s
N/V is
Gen is
Dat. i
Acc. em
Abl. e
For Declension 3 i-stem, f ONLY:
Case Ending
s
N/V s
Gen is
Dat. i
Acc. em
Abl. e
For Declension 3 i-stem, n ONLY:
Case Ending
s
N/V e
Gen is
Dat. i
Acc. e
Abl. i
General Rules
For Conjugation 4 ONLY:
Ending Conjugations that verbs belong are determined by their thematic vowel: a,e,o and i respectively.
plural
imus Lauda + o = laudo. Same with other verbs. Especially true for verbs of conjugation 1 (beacause their stem ends with -a)
itis
unt Lauda + te = laudate to change to the imperative (command) plural. Singular is the stem.
Lauda + re = laudare to change to the infinitive.
For Conjugation 4 ONLY: Most nouns are in the first three declensions.
Ending
pl. First declension nouns are generally feminine. Know the exceptions.
ba-mus
ba-tis Second declension nouns are generally masculine or neuter. Know the exceptions.
ba-nt
For Conjugation 4 ONLY:
Ending
pl.
mus
tis
nt
For Declension 3 masculine: For Declension 4 ONLY: For Declension 5 ONLY:
Ending Case Ending Ending Case Ending Ending
pl. s pl. s pl.
es N/V us us N/V es es
um Gen us uum Gen ei erum
ibus Dat. ui ibus Dat. ei ebus
es Acc. um us Acc. em es
ibus Abl. u ibus Abl. e ebus
"-u"
For Declension 3 neuter ONLY: For Declension 4 neuter ONLY:
Ending Case Ending Ending
pl. s pl.
a N/V u ua
um Gen us uum
ibus Dat. u ibus
a Acc. u ua
ibus Abl. u ibus
"-u"
For Declension 3 i-stem, m ONLY:
Ending
pl.
es
ium
ibus
es
ibus
For Declension 3 i-stem, f ONLY:
Ending
pl.
es
ium
ibus
es
ibus
For Declension 3 i-stem, n ONLY:
Ending
pl.
ia
ium
ibus
ia
ibus
Conjugations that verbs belong are determined by their thematic vowel: a,e,o and i respectively.
Lauda + o = laudo. Same with other verbs. Especially true for verbs of conjugation 1 (beacause their stem ends with -a)
Nouns with exceptions in gender and/or ending are highlighted in green and so are the source of the exception itself.
Nouns The First Declension The Second Declension The Third Declension
Assigned No. Stem Gen. ending Gender Stem Gen. ending Gender Stem
1 pecuni ae f amic
2 patri ae f agr i m
3 vit ae gener i m
4 agricol ae m magist i m
5 puell ae f socer i m
6 poet ae m libr i m
7 sapienti ae f vesper i m
8 fam ae f signifer i m
9 form ae f puer
10 fortun ae f vir i m
11 ir ae f fili i m
12 naut ae m
13 philosophi ae f
14 poen ae f
15 ros ae f
16 sententi ae f
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
Nouns with exceptions in gender and/or ending are highlighted in green and so are the source of the exception itself.
The Third Declension The Fourth Declension The Fifth Declension
Gen. ending Gender Stem Gen. ending Gender Stem Gen. ending Gender
Verbs The First Conjugation The Second Conjugation
Assigned No. Stem English 1st Person, s Infinitive Stem English 1st Person, s
1 lauda praise(s) laudo laudare mone advise(s) moneo
2 cogita think(s) cogito cogitare vide see(s) video
3 ama love(s) amo amare vale be strong valeo
4 da give(s) do dare debe ought to debeo
5 erra err(s) erro errare salve be well salveo
6 serva preserve(s) servo servare terre frighten(s) terreo
7 conserva conserve(s) conservo conserare responde respond(s) respondeo
8 voca call(s) voco vocare
9 vola fly (flies) volo volare
10 festina hasten(s) festino festinare
11 pecca sin(s) pecco peccare
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
The Third Conjugation The Fourth Conjugation
Infinitive Stem English 1st Person, s Infinitive Stem English 1st Person, s Infinitive
monere duc venti
videre ag senti
valere carp audi
debere
salvere
terrere
respondere
Conjugate verbs in singular form: by MANIVS OPELIVS SABINVS
Conjugation No. 1 2
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
4 da 2 cogitant 1 mone 3 vales
4 da 3 cogitat 1 mone 1 moneo
Conjugate verbs in plural form:
Conjugation No. 1 2
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
3 ama 2 laudant 4 debe 1
3 ama 3 cogitatis 2 vide 1
Conjugate verbs in singular inperfect form:
Conjugation No. 1 2
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
1 lauda 1 3 vale 1
3 ama 1 3 vale 1
Conjugate verbs in plural inperfect form:
Conjugation No. 1 2
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
6 serva 1 3 vale 2
1 lauda 3 4 debe 1
Conjugate verbs in singular future form:
Conjugation No. 1 2
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
3 ama 1 4 debe 3
2 cogita 1 2 vide 1
Conjugate verbs in plural future form:
Conjugation No. 1 2
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
4 da 1 2 vide 2
4 da 2 1 mone 3
Decline nouns (or adjectives) in singular form:
Declension No. 1 2
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
3 vit Gen puellae 2 2 #N/A Dat. 3
2 patri Gen vitae 2 3 #N/A Abl. 5
Decline the nouns (or adjectives) in plural form:
Declension No. 1 2
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
2 patri Abl. vitarum 5 3 #N/A Dat. 3
4 agricol N/V poetas 1 3 #N/A Acc. 4
3 4
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
3 valeo 1 2 videre 1
4 debeo 1 3 valere 1
3 4
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
1 moneo 1 1 monere 1
1 moneo 2 4 debere 3
3 4
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
3 valeo 1 1 monere 1
4 debeo 3 3 valere 3
3 4
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
1 moneo 1 1 monere 3
1 moneo 1 4 debere 3
3 4
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
4 debeo 1 4 debere 2
1 moneo 3 3 valere 1
3 4
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
4 debeo 3 4 debere 1
2 video 1 4 debere 1
3 4
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
5 #N/A Acc. 4 3 #N/A Abl. 5
1 #N/A Abl. 5 3 #N/A N/V 1
3 4
Stem Ending Answer Stem Ending Answer
4 #N/A N/V 1 3 #N/A Gen 2
2 #N/A Abl. 5 4 #N/A Gen 2
5
Stem Ending Answer
3 #N/A Abl. 5
1 #N/A Abl. 5
5
Stem Ending Answer
5 #N/A Gen 2
1 #N/A Acc. 4
Adjectives Feminine, singular Masculine, singular
Case Second Third First person Second Third First person
1 N
2 Gen
3 Dat.
4 Acc.
5 Abl.
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
Masculine, singular Masculine, plural The Fifth Declension
Second Third First person Second Third First person Second Third
Adverbs Conjunctions
Assigned No. Latin English Assigned No. Latin English
1 me me, myself 1 si if
2 quid what 2 sed but
3 nihil nothing 3 et and
4 non not 4 et…et both …and
5 saepe often 5
6 lente slowly 6
7 bis twice 7
8 cito quickly 8
9 9
10 10
11 11
12 12
13 13
14 14
15 15
16 16
17 17
18 18
19 19